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  • 1.
    Arvidsson, Emil
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Buchholtz, Kristina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    “En ytlig bransch”: en kvalitativ studie om upplevd hälsa och kroppsuppfattning bland träningsinstruktörer som arbetar på gym2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A poor body perception can affect well being in a negative way and lead to detrimental results for both physical and mental health. Previous research about the phenomenon body perception is limited, especially work related, which makes it harder to understand how work can affect body perception. Purpose: To study body perception and the existence of well being amongst training instructors working at the gym. The objective is to increase the understanding of potential factors that may affect body perception and well being. Method: The study was implemented by using a qualitative methodology in the form of individual semi-structured interviews with a total of ten participants. Results: In summary the result shows that most of the participants experienced both negative and positive thoughts about their own body, although the positive thoughts were more common. A well conditioned body was considered a valuable asset in attracting clients since this was preferred. Some of the participants also competed in bodybuilding; however, this tended to have a negative impact on their well being. In a social setting there is a greater expectation about a women’s appearance than it is for men. The participants view on health can be summarized as a holistic approach where several components contributed. Conclusion: Due to the existence of limited research, there is a need for further studies about body perception from a qualitative and quantitative point of view to give a better picture of possible additional factors that affect it.

  • 2.
    Ejlertsson, Lina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap. Lund University.
    Heijbel, Bodil
    Lund University.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Andersson, Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Recovery, work-life balance and work experiences important to self-rated health: a questionnaire study on salutogenic work factors among Swedish primary health care employees2018In: Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 59, no 1, p. 155-163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: There is a lack of information on positive work factors among health care workers.

    OBJECTIVE: To explore salutogenic work-related factors among primary health care employees.

    METHOD: Questionnaire to all employees (n = 599) from different professions in public and private primary health care centers in one health care district in Sweden. The questionnaire, which had a salutogenic perspective, included information on self-rated health from the previously validated SHIS (Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale), psychosocial work environment and experiences, recovery, leadership, social climate, reflection and work-life balance.

    RESULTS: The response rate was 84%. A multivariable linear regression model, with SHIS as the dependent variable, showed three significant predictors. Recovery had the highest relationship to SHIS (1 = 0.34), followed by experience of work-life balance (1 = 0.25) and work experiences (1 = 0.20). Increased experience of recovery during working hours related to higher self-rated health independent of recovery outside work.

    CONCLUSION: Individual experiences of work, work-life balance and, most importantly, recovery seem to be essential areas for health promotion. Recovery outside the workplace has been studied previously, but since recovery during work was shown to be of great importance in relation to higher self-rated health, more research is needed to explore different recoverystrategies in the workplace.

  • 3.
    Ekelund, Elin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Sabzandam, Paria Petra
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    "Det känns ju meningsfullt att gå till arbetet": en intervjustudie kring upplevelsen av hälsofrämjande arbetsmiljöfaktorer på en mottagningsenhet för nyanlända2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Work related illness is based on the growth of psychiatric diagnosis. By working preventive and promotive in the workplace, the work related health can be strengthened and developed. Given that workplace health promotion has a strong link to work effectiveness, this health work needs to be emphasized. Due to the fact that the 2015 refugee flow resulted in a high workload for integration workers, this study found an interest in studying health promotion features at a municipal receiving unit for new arrivals. Purpose: To study whether employees on a receiving unit for new arrivals experienced health promotive factors at their workplace. Method: The study was implemented by using a qualitative method. Interviews of nine fulltime employees represented the results. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed with a content analysis. Results: Work task, social community, opportunity for participation, capacity building, leadership and daily health promotion activities at work time was proven to be substantial health promoting factors at the workplace. Conclusion: Because of the linkage to sence of coherence, savoring and empowerment, the activities were related as health promotive factors. The factors are important given that they can positively improve employee health. Henceforth it is vital that these factors can be strengthened and maintained to promote integration work.

  • 4. Fält, Isabel
    et al.
    Jangenmo, Marcus
    Bringsén, Åsa
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    "När jag har haft PULS-pass så spinger jag till klassrummet och känner att jag är jätteglad": En kvalitativ studie om skolbarns beskrivningar av självupplevt välbefinnande och fysisk aktiviitet i skolmiljö2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hälsoutvecklingen bland skolbarn i Sverige vittnar om att psykosomatiska besvär ökaroch att barnens självskattade hälsa minskar med stigande ålder. Samtidigt minskarockså andelen barn som uppnår tillräckliga nivåer av fysisk aktivitet, medan stillasittandeistället ökar. Interventioner för mer fysisk aktivitet i skolan är ett sätt problematikenskulle kunna bemötas med. Fysisk aktivitet fungerar som en skyddsfaktor motflera livsstilsrelaterade sjukdomar och mer fysisk aktivitet i skolan har bland annatvisats leda till förbättrade kognitiva förmågor och ökat välbefinnande. Syftet med studienvar att undersöka barns beskrivningar av välbefinnande i relation till deltagandei PULS-projektet på Degebergaskolan, en intervention för mer fysisk aktivitet i skolan.Via fokusgruppsintervjuer med elever som deltog i PULS-projektet erhölls studiensempiri, från vilken vidare induktiv kvalitativ innehållsanalys genomfördes. Resultatenfrån studien påvisade att det viktigaste för erhållandet av subjektivt välbefinnandevar att ha roligt och att känna glädje. Vidare visade resultaten att deltagarna erhöllökat subjektivt välbefinnande från sitt deltagande i PULS-projektet och att utövandetav fysisk aktivitet hade en betydande roll för välbefinnande, både i skolan och påfritiden. Detta är viktiga fynd då hälsointerventioner för mer fysisk aktivitet i skolanmedför möjligheter att motverka den negativa hälsoutveckling som förekommer blandskolbarn i Sverige. Djupare förståelse för hur barn själva definierar välbefinnande ochvilken inverkan interventioner som PULS-projektet har för deras subjektiva välbefinnandebidrar till att det skapas underlag för att också möta barnens självupplevda behovoch därmed utveckla och förbättra utformandet av lika interventioner ytterligare.

  • 5.
    Hallberg, Anna
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Atladóttir, Sif
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    ”Att inte gamla till sig”: en kvalitativ studie om betydelsen av idrottsskola för ett hälsosamt åldrande2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The introduction presents Skåneidrottens project Senior Sport School, which is based on the four cornerstones of prosperous ageing, i.e. physical activity, social connections, meaningfulness and dietary education. Senior Sport School encourages seniors to a lifelong sport participation. Previous research emphasizes the importance of maintaining physical functionality, social connections and good dietary habits in older age to promote self-reliance and independence from health care. The aim of the study is to investigate pensioners´ views on their participation in activities conducted at Senior Sport School, and whether their experiences can be related to healthy ageing. The method is qualitative semi-structured interviews and participants in the study were selected based on previous participation in Senior Sport School. The results are produced through the themes of the interviews. The themes are healthy ageing, social connections, education and the importance of sporting culture. The discussion emphasizes that Senior Sport School is perceived as an important social platform. The hidden education that seniors receive through Senior Sport School has a central role. Senior Sport School is a support in the seniors´ education process so that they can understand and use the information to improve their health. The conclusion is that a sport school for seniors plays an important role in healthy ageing. Social connections and physical activity is highlighted by the participants as significant, but Senior Sport School is also an important part of seniors´ education development. The study´s results are positive for public health, but further research is needed to engage other groups in society.

  • 6.
    Hellstrand, Julia
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    stark, Frida
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    “När arbetsgivaren bjuder till med tiden för vårt välbefinnande så ökar den goda känslan för att sen ta över helt.”: en kvalitativ studie om hur ett friskvårdsprojekt har inverkat en arbetsgrupp utifrån fysisk aktivitet och ett fokus på salutogent perspektiv.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Working life has an impact on the health of many individuals during a larger part of life, therefore a big significance for public health. Work environment is important for the well-being of the employees and the development of the business and unhealthy lifestyles can increase absence for example. Being physically active can contribute to comprehensive benefits, such as a better focus and performance at the workplace. Even research has shown increased awareness and interest in health promotion and its effects, the workplace becomes a central arena for these efforts.

    Aim: The aim was to study what impact a healthcare project has had on a working group on physical activity with a focus on salutogenic perspective

    Method: A qualitative study was conducted with focus groups as a method. A non-random selection was conducted by the study’s gatekeeper. A content analysis was conducted when the result was analyzed.

    Result: The study found that employee well-being and community had increased and strengthened. They had become more aware of the benefits of physical activity. They felt secure when they felt support from the employer. There was also some negative experience to the healthcare project linked to its activities performed on work related time or was prevented to be a part because of physical difficulties.

    Conclusion: The workplace is an important place for the health of the individual and the importance of working with health promotion has been shown more. Both for the individual and for the group, but also from a social perspective, as it has a value for public health. Where physical activity is an initiative that not only prevents people's diseases but also promotes social interaction and interaction between individuals. Therefor, physical activity is a good way to work with health promotion.

  • 7.
    Lindelöw, Caroline
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Molin, Emilia
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    "Skolan är en nyckelfaktor för att få barn att röra sig mer": en kvalitativ studie om högstadielärares attityder till fysisk aktivitet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More interventions with physical activity and movement during school time, have positive effects on the students health and performance in class, and reduces the time spent on sedentary activities. Physical activity is a health-promoting activity which decreases the risk of becoming ill in common public diseases and creates good opportunities for the public health. Sedentary lifestyle increases in the society and is a risk factor for developing chronic diseases and further to early death. physically active decreases, regarding both everyday- and intentional activities. The school is a suitable arena for increasing the physical activity, since it contains a wide target group and can offer equal conditions. The aim was to study secondary teachers attitudes to physical activity and movements during the school time for students in age 13-16, as a health-promoting intervention for a good public health. The empirical data was collected through individual interviews and a final focus group interview with the same participants. Further an inductive qualitative content analysis was conducted. The result showed that the participants were aware of the positive effects of physical activity on the students health, but the individual teacher wasn't responsible to implement more physical activity at school time. physical activity was connected to pulse-raising activities, which should be scheduled or should take place outside the lessons, suggested during the breaks and be arranged by a leisure teacher. The responsibility for the students to be less sedentary and more physically active during the school day, lays on other actors than the teachers themselves. The teachers expressed a need to gain deeper understanding and increased knowledge of physical activity and how they could continue with implementation of it to improve the conditions for the students. Increased implementation of physical activity in school with the teachers as a resource, may be of great importance to further public health interventions and individuals health. The result from the study can increase awareness of health promoting interventions, which could be applied in schools for a better public health.

  • 8.
    Nilsson Lindström, Petra
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Bringsén, Åsa
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Co-worker dialogue: a tool for health, personal development, and an empowering development culture in the workplace2018In: Society, health and vulnerability, E-ISSN 2002-1518, Vol. 9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores managers' perspective on how co-worker dialogue [CWD] can foster co-worker health and personal development, and contribute to an empowering development culture in the workplace. The interview study was performed at a hospital in Sweden. Seventeen hospital managers participated. The managers, both men and women, worked in different areas, and a majority had 30-40 co-workers. To uncover underlying pattern phenomena in the interview data, a six-step inductive qualitative thematic analysis was conducted. The findings present three themes, each highlighting different prerequisites for CWD to function as a resource for the co-workers and the workplace: (1) Utility; (2) Content, and (3) Implementation. The study provides suggestions for and problems of practical implications from the findings. To make the findings useful in other organizations, practical implications are presented and discussed in the light of workplace health promotion [WHP]. The CWD is not focusing on performance the way traditional PA does. The CWD is therefore an important complement to PA in annual co-worker meetings, to also highlight the co-worker perspective. If managers realize the value of working with both PA and CWD, opportunities for health, personal development, and an empowering development culture are created.

  • 9.
    Persson, Linda
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Faktorer som påverkar medarbetares välbefinnande: en kvalitativ studie inom detaljhandeln2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Customer contact in retail has become increasingly psychological and emotionally demanding. A meeting between the employed and the customer is usually a friendly meeting and the customer are usually satisfied with the service. However, in recent times, situations of threats and violence, insecure employment and high workload have increased for retail workers which may cause the employees to experience negative stress and insecurity. Still, many remain and enjoy their work in retail.

    The purpose of the study is to identify factors that affect the psychosocial working environment in retail and employee health and well-being. Method: Data collection was done through two individual interviews and two group interviews.

    The results of the study show that community and support, clear and direct communication and influence in your work, experienced a positive impact on employee health and well-being. Lack of recovery, inadequate leadership and unclear delegation were a few factors that adversely affected employee health. Knowledge and understanding of the impact of the psychosocial work environment on both the profitability of the business and above all for the individual should be met. Knowledge and understanding can have a positive impact on national economi and the public health.

  • 10.
    Schön Persson, Sophie
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Lund University.
    Lindström, Petra Nilsson
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Pettersson, Pär
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för arbetsliv.
    Andersson, Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Workplace relationships impact self-rated health: a survey of Swedish municipal health care employees2018In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assessment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 60, no 1, p. 85-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The impact of positive social relationships on the health of municipal employees in the elder care sector in Sweden needs further examination.

    OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between health and relationships among elderly care employees using a salutogenic perspective.

    METHOD: Survey of all employees (n = 997) in special housing, home care and Disabled Support and Services in a Swedish municipality. The questionnaire, which had a salutogenic perspective, included information on self-rated health from the previously validated SHIS (Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale), psychosocial work environment and experiences, social climate, and health-promoting workplace relationships.

    RESULTS: The response rate was 69% . Results of a multivariable linear regression model showed four significant predictors of health: general work experiences, colleague belongingness and positive relationships with managers and care recipients. In another model, colleague belongingness was significantly related to satisfaction with care recipients, work, length of employment as well as general work experiences and relationships with managers.

    CONCLUSION: Strengthening of positive work relationships, not only between workmates but also with managers and care recipients, seems to be an essential area for employee health promotion. Colleague belongingness may be deepened by development of a positive work climate, including satisfactory work experiences, positive manager relationships and a stable work force.

  • 11.
    Schön Persson, Sophie
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Lund University.
    Nilsson Lindström, Petra
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Pettersson, Pär
    Nilsson, Marie
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Resources for work-related well-being: a qualitative study about healthcare employees' experiences of relationships at work.2018In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 27, no 23-24, p. 4302-4310Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore municipal healthcare employees' experiences of relationships with care recipients and colleagues. The specific research questions were when do the relationships enhance well-being, and what prerequisites are needed for such relationships to occur?.

    BACKGROUND: Employees in health and social care for older people often depict their work in negative terms, and they often take a high number of sick leaves. Despite the heavy workload, other employees express well-being at work and highlight social relationships as one reason for this. However, a greater understanding of how these relationships can act as resources for workplace well-being is needed.

    DESIGN: The design of the study was qualitative and exploratory.

    METHODS: Qualitative interview studies were conducted with twenty-three healthcare employees in municipal healthcare. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the data.

    RESULTS: Two themes were identified as resources for promoting relationships between employees and care recipients or colleagues: (i) Being personal - a close interpersonal relationship to a care recipient - and (ii) Colleague belongingness - a sense of togetherness within the working group. Spending quality time together, providing long-term care and providing additional care were antecedents for a close interpersonal relationship with care recipients. Trust, mutual responsibility and cooperation were antecedents for a sense of togetherness within the working group.

    CONCLUSIONS: The findings provide an empirical base to raise awareness of relationships with care recipients and colleagues as health aspects. Relationships among employees in healthcare are vital resources that must be considered to create sustainable workplaces, and consequently improve the quality of care. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  • 12.
    Sinanovic, Miran
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Hur mår gymnasieflickorna?: en kvalitativ studie om flickors tankar kring kroppsideal, levnadsvanor och utseende2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mental illness is increasing among high school girls. At the same time the use of social media is increasing which is considered to be a major part of Western society. Increased body weight is considered to be associated with dissatisfaction whit the appearance. A dissatisfaction whit body perception can lead to problems such as depression, anorexia nervosa, self-injury and drug abuse. Never before has it been considered as difficult as it is today to fit into the today's society regarding apperance and it has been a negative trend over recent years. Through increased self-confidence and physical activity can body perception be improved. The purpose of the study was to investigate the thoughts of high school girls regarding how body perception, body ideals and living habits affect their health. Through semistructured interviews of six high school girls the study's empirical content was obtained from which further a inductive qualitative concentanylsis was conducted. The results of the study showed that the thoughts differ and aspects which affect the health most are considered to be the circle of friends and social media. Furthermore, the result showed that the individuals need to find factors in life to create and maintain good health, these factors differ from each individual. In addition to this, the result showed that physical activity, in excessive amounts, did contribute to a better health. From a public-health perspective is it important to increase the health of the population and prevent mental illness, especially among the young people who are the future of Sweden. Further studies on the subject can lead to more and better methods and strategies to prevent mental illness among high school girls.

  • 13.
    Williamson, Heidi
    et al.
    England.
    Antonelli, Paolo
    Italien.
    Bringsén, Åsa
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Davies, Gareth
    Nederländerna.
    Déttore, Davide
    Italien.
    Harcourt, Diana
    England.
    Hedin, Gita
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education.
    Jurgutis, Arnoldas
    Litauen.
    Stepukonis, Faustas
    Litauen.
    Tural, Umit
    Turkiet.
    Dilara Yalcin, Ayse
    Turkiet.
    Persson, Martin
    England.
    Supporting patients with body dissatisfaction: a survey of the experiences and training needs of european multi-disciplinary healthcare professionals2018In: NursingPlus Open, ISSN 2352-9008, Vol. 4, p. 8-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Appearance-related concerns resulting from disfigurement or pressure to conform to beauty ideals, indiscriminately affect patients’ mental and physical health. Healthcare professionals face the challenge of addressing patients’ support needs. Therefore a European University Consortium developed a course to address learning needs. Prior to its design, a study with multi-disciplinary European healthcare professionals was conducted to maximize its relevance and acceptability. Healthcare professionals (n = 718; 48% nurses, 30% doctors, 22% allied health professionals) were surveyed regarding the nature and impact of patients’ appearance concerns, confidence in key areas associated with detecting/addressing concerns, and training/educational needs. Participants reported that this subject is highly relevant and 70% described the psychosocial impact of appearance concerns across the lifespan resulting from disfiguring conditions, disability, neurological disease, ageing and weight/shape dissatisfaction. Participants, irrespective of their experience, self-reported inadequate knowledge regarding appearance-specific care, 87% requested further information and 70% wanted access to an accredited course; barriers deterring participation in training were identified. Healthcare professionals across multiple specialties are caring for patients with a wide-range of appearance concerns that impact on physical and mental health and want to increase their appearance-specific knowledge and expertise. Results have informed training/courses which have the potential to improve patient care and ameliorate health-related outcomes.

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