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  • 51. Rosander, Ulla
    et al.
    Rumpunen, Kimmo
    SLU.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Åström, Mikael
    Department of biostatistics, StatCons.
    Rosander, Pia
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Psykologi.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Methodological considerations in a pilot study on the effects of a berry enriched smoothie on children’s performance in school2017In: Food & Nutrition Research, Vol. 61, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Berries contain bioactive compounds that may affect children’s cognitive function positively, while hunger and thirst during lessons before lunch affect academic performance negatively. This pilot study addresses methodological challenges in studying if a berry smoothie, offered to schoolchildren as a mid-morning beverage, affects academic performance.

    The objective was to investigate if a cross-over design can be used to study these effects in a school setting.

    Therefore, in order to investigate assay sensitivity, 236 Swedish children aged 10–12 years were administered either a berry smoothie (active) or a fruit-based control beverage after their mid-morning break. Both beverages provided 5% of child daily energy intake. In total, 91% of participants completed the study. Academic performance was assessed using the d2 test of attention. Statistical analyses were performed using the Wilcoxon signed rank test in StatXact v 10.3.

    The results showed that the children consumed less of the active berry smoothie than the control (154 g vs. 246 g). Both beverages increased attention span and concentration significantly (p = 0.000). However, as there was no significant difference (p = 0.938) in the magnitude of this effect between the active and control beverages, the assay sensitivity of the study design was not proven. The effect of the beverages on academic performance was attributed the supplementation of water and energy.

    Despite careful design, the active smoothie was less accepted than the control. This could be explained by un-familiar sensory characteristics and peer influence, stressing the importance of sensory similarity and challenges to perform a study in school settings. The employed cross-over design did not reveal any effects of bioactive compound consumption on academic performance. In future studies, the experimental set up should be modified or replaced by e.g. the parallel study design, in order to provide conclusive results.

  • 52.
    Rosander, Ulla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Rumpunen, Kimmo
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Åström, Mikael
    StatCons.
    Rosander, Pia
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön ForFame.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Methodological considerations in a pilot study on the effects of a berry enriched smoothie on children's performance in school2016In: Food & Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-6628, E-ISSN 1654-661X, Vol. 60, no 1, article id Poster presentation no. P307Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims: In many countries, the consumption of fruit, berries, and vegetables is about half the recommended. Berries contain bioactive compounds that may affect cognitive functions. School children are often hungry and thirsty during the lectures before lunch and this affects performance. Could a berry-smoothie decrease thirst and hunger, and thereby affect school performance? The aim was to investigate if a cross-over design can be used to study the effects of a smoothie on performance in a school setting.

    Methods: Methodological challenges included developing an appetizing berry-smoothie and choosing a suitable experimental design that could be adapted to school conditions.

    In the pilot study, 236 Swedish children aged 10–12 years participated in a cross-over design and were administered either a berry-smoothie or a fruit-based placebo after the midmorning break. Both beverages provided 5% of the daily energy intake. Performance was assessed using the d2 Test of Attention measuring attention span and concentration. Statistical analyses were performed using the Wilcoxon signed rank test in StatXact v 10.3.

    Results: The consumption of both the smoothie and the placebo increased the attention span and concentration significantly.

    Conclusion: The children's performance in the d2 Test of Attention was positively affected by beverage consumption. The effect was attributed to the supplementation of water and energy. In this design, the study did not permit any conclusive results regarding the effect of bioactive compounds on performance. In a coming study, a third group, receiving no beverage, should be included aiming to identify the cause of the effect.

  • 53.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Ekman, Susanne
    SIK, The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Bülow, Margareta
    Diagnostic Centre of Imaging and Functional Medicine, Malmö University Hospital, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Möller, Katarina
    Findus Sverige AB, Bjuv, Sweden.
    Svantesson, Julie
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Wendin, Karin
    SIK Swedish Inst. Food & Biotechnol, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Texture-modified meat and carrot products for elderly people with dysphagia: preference in relation to health and oral status2007In: Scandinavian Journal of Food and Nutrition, ISSN 1748-2976, E-ISSN 1748-2984, Vol. 51, no 4, p. 141-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Reduced taste and smell, chewing problems and swallowing dysfunction are common among elderly people and affect perception, food choice and the ability to eat. Objective: To study the preference for texture-modified carrot and meat products in elderly people aiming to meet the needs of people with impaired chewing and/or swallowing. Design: Data were collected using questionnaires focusing on health, oral status and preference for the products. Altogether, 108 elderly people in ordinary housing (OH) and 50 living in special housing (SH) in Malmö (SH-M) and Göteborg (SH-G) participated. Results: 19% had a body mass index 522, predominantly in SH (24%). Stroke was reported by 20% of the subjects in SH. Among those with subjectively experienced difficulties in swallowing (12%), 58% reported coughing, 21% a gurgly voice in association with food intake and 50% obstruction during swallowing. Only 20% with subjective swallowing difficulties had been specifically examined regarding this problem. All the tested products were easy to masticate and swallow. Compared with OH, people in SH-M found the meatproducts easier to masticate and swallow. Compared with OH, subjects in SH found the carrot products easier to masticate. Conclusions: There is a need to develop tasty texture-modified nutritious food products for people with mastication and/or swallowing problems. Possible factors for differences in preference between groups, in this study OH and SH, may be related to health status in general and specifically mastication and swallowing functions.

  • 54.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Resrarch environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Resrarch environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Borås.
    Texture modification of food for elderly people2015In: Modifying food texture, volume 2: sensory analysis, consumer requirements and preferences / [ed] Jianshe Chen and Andrew Rosenthal, Cambridge: Woodhead Publishing (Elsevier) , 2015, p. 163-185Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 55.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. Kristianstad University, Resrarch environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    The ageing palate2015In: Food Science and Technology (London), ISSN 0015-6639, E-ISSN 2304-8158, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 2-5Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Sepp, Hanna
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Höijer, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Barns matvanor ur ett sensoriskt och pedagogiskt perspektiv2016Report (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Sommarlund, Petra
    et al.
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Mätteknik.
    Wendin, Karin
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Food and Bioscience, Flavour.
    Andersson, Albin
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Energi och Bioekonomi.
    Petersson, Niclas
    RISE, SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Mätteknik.
    Borgenstierna, Catharina
    Bestic AB.
    Westerlund, Hanna
    Bestic AB.
    Ruben, Katarina
    Temabo, Ribbingsbacke Äldreboende.
    Nygren, Mats
    Förenade Care, Soltorps Äldreboende.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    En fungerande måltid – innovation mot undernäring: slutrapport - utmaningsdriven innovation steg 1, initiering, hösten 20162016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med projektet "En fungerande måltid - innovation mot undernäring" är att förebygga undernäring bland äldre genom ett holistiskt grepp av måltidssituationen. Fokus är att utveckla en mätmetod för att identifiera risker för fel- och undernäring på verksamhets- samt individnivå, samt att rekommendera åtgärder som minimerar riskerna. Visionen är ett samhälle där måltidssituationens alla beståndsdelar är så välfungerande att undernäring inte längre är ett problem inom omsorg och sjukvård. Runt detta har byggts tjänster och produkter som skapat tillväxt i Sverige. Det finns en stor potential för detta.

    I initieringsprojektet har fokus legat på måltidssituationen på äldreboenden (särskilt boende). Projektet har arbetat tillsammans med två demensboenden samt genomfört två tvärfunktionella workshops, för att skapa förståelse för måltidssituationen, vilka problem som finns, hur de skulle kunna mätas och åtgärdas samt vilka aktiviteter som sker på boendet i relation till måltidssituationen.

    Risken för undernäring är allra högst bland äldre som bor i ordinärt boende, dvs hemma i sin egen bostad med eller utan hemtjänst. Därmed ämnar projektet i steg 2 inkludera denna boendeform parallellt med särskilt boende och utveckla stöd både för den äldre själv, hens anhöriga samt hemtjänstpersonal och omsorgspersonal på boendet. Den rekommenderade lösningen är ett digitalt verktyg för äldre, anhöriga och personal att logga och följa verksamhetens kvalitet i måltidssituation samt individens näringsstatus och som också ger åtgärder för ökad kvalitet och förbättrad näringsstatus.

    Projektet har letts från SP Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, enheten Mätteknik, och haft deltagare från Bestic AB, Högskolan Kristianstad, SP Food and BioScience, SP Service Labs samt två stycken boenden i privat drift; Soltorp från Förenade Care och Ribbingsbacke från Temabo. Både Soltorp och Ribbingsbacke har 32 demensplatser. Soltorp har utöver detta en korttidsavdelning med 9 platser och Ribbingsbacke har en somatisk avdelning med 16 platser. För att driva projektet framåt planeras inkludering av hemtjänstverksamhet, kommunal omsorg, tillagningskök samt tillverkare av lösningar för hur måltidssituationen kan förbättras inklusive personalutbildning. Synergieffekter med nätverket Måltid Sverige som verkar för den offentliga måltiden förväntas i att spridas kunskap i samhället om måltidens viktiga roll i relation till vår hälsostatus.

  • 58.
    Stenberg, Elin
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Arnesson, A
    Swedish Universtity of Agricultural Sciences.
    Wallin, Karin
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). University of Copenhagen.
    Karlsson, A.H.
    Swedish university of Agricultural Sciences.
    Arvidsson Segerkvist, Katarina
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    How four typical Swedish production systems for lambs affect sensory attributes of the meat2018In: Proceedings 27th European Grassland Federation General Meeting: Sustainable Meat and Milk Production from Grasslands / [ed] B. Horan; M. O'Donovan; E. Kennedy; B. McCarthy;.J.A. Finn; B. O'Brien, 2018, Vol. 23, p. 780-782Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the four most typical producdon systems for Swedish lamb on sensory atrributes of meat, including appearance, texture, taste and flavour using an analytical panel. The experiment included four production treatments for weaned intact male lambs: (1) indoor fed with grass and clover silage ad libitum and 0.8 kg concentrate daily per lamb; (2) grazing on cultivated pasture with; or (3) without 0.3 kg concentrate supplementation daily per lamb; and (4) grazing on semi natura! pasture; eight lambs per producdon treatment were used. Feed radons, pasture height and live weight of the lambs were recorded. At slaughter, live weight, carcass conformation, fatness, pH and temperature decline in musde during 24 hoursafi:er slaughter were registered. Sensory and technological meat quality parameters were tested in cooked samples of M longissimus dorsi. Meat colour was not affected by treatment. Most sensor attributes were unaffected by producdon system hut for 'hay odour' and 'resistance to cutting; differences between the systems were manifested.

  • 59.
    Svederberg, Eva
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Wendin, Karin
    SIK Göteborg & Department of Food Science, University of Copenhagen.
    Swedish consumers' cognitive approaches to nutrition claims and health claims2011In: Food and Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-6628, Vol. 55, p. 5929-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction and Aim: Studies show frequent use of nutrition claims and health claims in consumers’ choice offood products. The aim of the present study was to investigate how consumers’ thoughts about these claimsand food products are affected by various types of food-related experiences.Material and Methods: The data collection comprised 30 individual interviews among Swedish consumersaged 25 to 64 years.Results: The results indicated that participants who expressed special concern for their own and their families’health were eager to find out the meaning of concepts and statements made. A lack of understanding and lackof credibility of concepts and expressions often caused suspicion of the product. However, in some cases thiswas counterbalanced by confidence in manufacturers, retailers, and/or the Swedish food legislation.Discussion and Conclusion: To achieve effective written communication of food products’ health-conduciveproperties on food labels, there is a need to consider the importance many consumers attach to understandingthe meaning of concepts and expressions used and the importance of credibility in certain expressions.Consumers’ varying cognitive approaches are suggested as a basis for pre-tests of nutrition claims and healthclaims.

  • 60.
    Svederberg, Eva
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Wendin, Karin
    Enheten för sensorik och arom, SIK.
    Är hälsopåståenden begripliga?2011In: Nordisk nutrition, ISSN 1654-8337, no 2, p. 33-35Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns ett glapp mellan hur konsumenter förväntas förstå närings- och hälsopåståenden och hur de faktiskt förstår dessa. För att få konsumenterna att förstå budskapet bör man utgå från hur de förstår innebörden i de begrepp och uttryck som används, och trovärdigheten i specifika uttryck. Konsumenter med olika sätt att ta till sig hälsobudskap bör involveras i utformandet av påståenden.  

  • 61. Undeland, I
    et al.
    Hall, G
    Wendin, Karin
    SIK, Swedish Inst. Food & Biotechnol. Flavour & Sensory, Gothenburg.
    Gangby, I
    Rutgersson, A
    Preventing lipid oxidation during recovery of functional proteins from herring (Clupea harengus) fillets by an acid solubilization process2005In: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, ISSN 0021-8561, E-ISSN 1520-5118, Vol. 53, no 14, p. 5625-5634Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has previously been found that a process based on solubilization at pH 2.7 gives high yields of herring muscle proteins with good functionality. In this study, the development of lipid oxidation during acid processing of herring mince was studied. It was tested how modifications of the process conditions and/or additions of antioxidants could prevent lipid oxidation during the actual process and then during ice storage of the protein isolates. Processing parameters evaluated were prewash of the mince, exposure time to pH 2.7, inclusion or exclusion of a high-speed centrifugation, and addition of antioxidants. Antioxidants tested were erythorbate (0.2%, 9.3 mM), sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP; 0.2%, 5.4 mM), ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA; 0.044%, 1.5 mM), and milk proteins (4%). The first three antioxidants were added in the prewash or during the homogenization step, whereas milk proteins were added to the final precipitate. At time 0, all isolates were analyzed for pH, moisture content, and thiobarbituric reactive substances (TBARS). Selected isolates were also analyzed for lipid and protein content. Stability during ice storage was followed in terms of odor, TBARS, and color (a*/b* values). Extensive lipid oxidation took place using the "control" process without high-speed centrifugation. This was not significantly (p <= 0.05) affected by a prewash or varied exposure time to pH 2.7. Including high-speed centrifugation (20 min, 10000g) significantly (p <= 0.05) reduced TBARS values, total lipids, a* values and b* values. Erythorbate alone, or in combination with STPP/EDTA, significantly (p <= 0.05) reduced lipid oxidation during processing if added in the prewash or homogenization step. During ice storage, better stability was gained when antioxidants were added in both of these steps and when EDTA was used instead of STPP.

  • 62.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    A Multisensorial Challenge2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden is a multitechnical research institute with some 1300 employees. Many of the activities aim to connect academia to industry, and the work is both national and international. The institute is out of tradition strong in technical research, however, the amount of human related factors in the research is growing. As a part of this a multisensorial laboratory is developing at SP, taking the existing auditory facilities as point of departure. The human senses are of uttermost importance for safety and sustainability, including enjoyment of life and evaluation of everyday goods and services. Evaluation of products and services can be performed by measurements on the product itself, by measurements on and by humans. The goal is analytical psychophysical measurements as well as hedonic evaluations. Some examples within the areas of safety an ageing will be mentioned.

  • 63.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Food and Bioscience, Flavour.
    Aktivt åldrande – individuellt anpassade måltidslösningar för hälsa och livskvalitet hos äldre: slutrapport2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, as most parts of the world, the proportion of elderly is increasing. Thenumber of the elderly will shortly exceed the number of younger people. Between2010 and 2030, the number of Europeans aged over 65 will rise by nearly 40%.According to the UN, the increase in life expectancy is mainly due toimprovements in nutrition and hygiene. The growing number of older peopleposes major challenges, but also opportunities for society, business andentrepreneurship.Health issues, primarily food, and quality of life are in focus and strongly relatedto autonomy. It should be possible to live an active and independent life, andpossible to make independent choices, regardless of age, disease and disability.This adds to Quality of Life! To achieve this we created a project in collaborationbetween partners from academia, research institutes, business, industry andsociety. The idea was in a first step to identify target groups along with their needsand desires. Then to design foods and meals adapted to the elderly’s needs andpreferences. Further to develop packaging of the meals that can be used forinformation as well as in the distribution chain. The project invented value chainsfor different types of ordering and distribution of the foods and meals as well as toinclude waste management. The outcome of the project are new knowledge aswell as food products available on the market and other products soon ready to beput on the market.

  • 64.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Appetizing and healthy muffins for older consumers2016In: EC Nutrition, Vol. 4, no 5, p. 962-964Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The prevalence of malnutrition among elderly is a serious health problem. This study aims to develop protein enriched muffins in order to increase the intake of protein. The muffins were ensiched by proteins from almond , soy take away proetin protein and whey. It was possible to enrich muffins and the most appreciated muffin was the muffin enriched by almond protein.

  • 65.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Doft: en viktig ingrediens i smaken2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Visste du att luktsinnet är en förutsättning för att vi ska kunna känna jordgubbsmak, chokladsmak, kaffesmak mm? Håll för näsan nästa gång du äter och du får en annorlunda smakupplevelse! Vårt luktsinne spelar en viktig roll för upplevelsen av mat, vad vi väljer att äta och vad vi gillar. Redan innan vi föds kan vi känna lukter och lära oss att känna igen sådana dofter som vi ofta utsätts för. Vad vi sedan gillar eller ogillar är något som vi oftast lär oss och dessutom allsomoftast förknippar med en specifik doft.

  • 66.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Maten smakade bättre förr2017In: Äldre i Centrum, ISSN 1653-3585, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 28-30Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Maten smakar annorlunda när lukt- och smaksinnet försämras. Även om de flesta äldre kan särskilja grundsmakerna sött, salt, surt, bittert och umami såbehövs ökad koncentration av dem – men svamparom och kaneldoft känner vi hela livet. Mer forskning behövs dock kring det åldrande smaksinnet.

  • 67.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Matens konsistens2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Så många som 70% av äldre, 70+, lider av dysfagi, dvs tugg- och sväljsvårigheter. Det kan vara problem med att svälja pga muntorrhet, pga att sväljmuskulaturen och dess koordination inte fungerar som den ska eller att tuggningen inte fungerar tillfredsställande. Bakomliggande orsaker kan vara neurologisk sjukdom, medicinering, bristande tandhälsa eller ålder. Följderna av dysfagi är undernäring, eller malnutrition vilket för den enskilde kan innebära stort lidande med bl a ökad risk för sjukdom, längre vårdtider och depression.

    Föreläsningen innefattar en sammanfattning av nationella och internationella guidelines om  konsistensanpassning av mat till personer som lider av dysfagi. Hur denna mat kan produceras och vad man bör tänka på för att uppnå kvalitet i sväljbarhet, nutrition och sensoriska egenskaper. Vidare diskuteras rön inom aktuell forskning.

  • 68.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Kristianstad University, Resrarch environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Verksamhetsberättelse 2014: Mat och Måltid vid Högskolan Kristianstad2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    År 2014 var händelserikt. Jubileum, kvalitetsutvärdering, lärarlyft, forskningspublikationer och nya projekt. Ett hårt arbete som lönat sig. Vi har blivit uppmärksammade i media vid ett flertal tillfällen och fått goda vitsord från flera håll. Forskningen inom Mat och Måltid har fått en skjuts framåt genom etableringen av forskningsmiljön MEAL.

  • 69.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Aaby, K
    Edris, A
    Ellekjaer, M R
    Albin, R
    Bergenstahl, B
    Johansson, L
    Willers, E P
    Solheim, R
    Low-fat mayonnaise: Influences of fat content, aroma compounds and thickeners1997In: Food Hydrocolloids, ISSN 0268-005X, E-ISSN 1873-7137, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 87-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of fat content and thickeners, propylene glycol alginate (PGA; 1.40%) and guar gum (1.55%), on sensory and instrumental quality descriptors on reduced fat mayonnaises (15 and 30% fat) with and without added aroma compounds, citral (semi-polar) and pyroligneous acid (polar), were investigated. One mayonnaise, 82% fat, without added thickener or aroma compounds was used as reference. Sensory evaluation (quantitative descriptive analysis; QDA), rheological analysis (yield stress, maximum viscosity, G' and G''), measurements of particle size and headspace CC-MS analyses were carried out. Correlations between the results were developed Perceived and instrumental texture, and perceived smell and flavour, changed differently in magnitude and direction due to fat content and type of thickener.

  • 70.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Department of Food Science, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen.
    Allesen-Holm, Bodil H.
    Bredie, Wender L. P.
    Do facial reactions add new dimensions to measuring sensory responses to basic tastes?2011In: Food Quality and Preference, ISSN 0950-3293, E-ISSN 1873-6343, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 346-354Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Basic taste solutions induce sensory perceptions via taste receptors and give rise to specific facial reactions. Many of these have been shown to be innate. The aim of this study was to explore relationships between the sensory perception of basic taste solutions at different concentrations and facial reactions. Basic taste solutions each at three levels plus water were served to a panel. The assessors individually identified quality, intensity and pleasantness. They were recorded during tasting and their facial reactions (based on FACS) were coded and analysed. Facial reactions indicated both quality and concentration of the stimuli. The intensity of most facial reactions increased with increasing stimulus concentration, most pronounced for sourness (lips) and bitterness (eyes and forehead). Pleasantness ratings decreased with increasing concentrations of all basic tastes. Water and the lowest sucrose concentration were perceived as the most pleasant samples and gave rise to the lowest intensity of facial reactions. The study showed that a combination of sensory analyses and facial expressions was successful in adding further insight to the knowledge of perception of basic tastes.

  • 71.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Amiryarahmadi, Nata
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Carlsson, Björn
    SP.
    Lunden, Peter
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Bergman, Penny
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Glebe, Dag
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Multi challenges for a multisensory panel2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sensory science is defined  as a scientific method used to evoke, measure, analyze, and interpret those responses to products as perceived through the senses of sight, smell, touch, taste, and hearing (Stone and Sidel, 1993). This definition encompasses both analytical methods, such as descriptive and discriminative testing and hedonic methods, including qualitative and quantitative consumer testing used to address sensory research objectives. 

     

    To select and train a sensory panel with the purpose of using all their senses in evaluating products is a challenge. There are different types of standards on how to select and train sensory analytical panels. However, there are no standard covering all senses.

     

    The challenges for a multisensory approach are many. In this paper our focus is on:

    1. Select an analytical multisensory panel
    2. Train and keep a multisensory panel updated

    Some guidance to select and train a multisensory panel might be found in the ISO standard ISO8586:2012. Criteria for tastes and odours are clear and concise. Some advices concerning tactile senses (perception of texture) and vision (colour vision) are given.  To find guidance in measuring the sensorial perception of audio and vision the literature might be consulted eg by Zackarov and Bech (2006), Legarth and Zacharov (2009) and Rossi (2013). 

    The poster will show suggestions and experiences on how to select a multisensory panel.

  • 72.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Bredie, Wender
    Danmark.
    Maitre, Isabelle
    Frankrike.
    Matullat, Imke
    Tyskland.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Kremer, Stefanie
    Holland.
    Giboreau, Agnes
    Frankrike.
    Ueland, Oydis
    Norge.
    Appetite for life: reflections on how to increase food intake in the elderly2017In: MENU, Journal of Food & Hospitality Research, ISSN 2275-5748, Vol. 6, no November, p. 25-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Maintaining appetite for foods at old and very old age is important for keeping a reasonable healthstatus and quality of life in this growing group of citizens. Since the personal health status and livingcondition change for people at higher age a loss of independence in the way they are accustomed toprepare and consume foods is often a consequence. This may lead to changes in consumptionpatterns and a deteriorated living condition. Full attention should be given to different approacheson how quality of life and appetite for food can be maintained in this group of citizens. The presentshort communication addresses this topic from multiple angles and presents the results from adiscussion by experts on the topic.

  • 73.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Brunosson, Albina
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Bryntorp, Anna
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Håkansson, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Höjier, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Nyberg, Maria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. Kristianstad University, Resrarch environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Sepp, Hanna
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Food and Meal Science – a part of academic life The Research Group MEAL – Food and Meal for Everyday Life, Food and Meal Science, Kristianstad University, Sweden2015Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Food and Meal Science is an interdisciplinary research and education field at Kristianstad University with a vision to create a sustainable and healthy society. Here gastronomists (BSc in Food and Meal Science) and teachers in home and consumer studies (MSc in Subject Education) are educated. The field include the areas “Nutrition and Health”, “Food Science” and “Food Culture and Communication”. The BSC-programme comprise science, craftsmanship and creativity. Theory is turned into practice through laborative exercises and working life placements. In 2014, the programme was evaluated to be of “Very high quality” by the Swedish educational authority. Approximately 25 gastronomists graduate yearly and find work opportunities within industry, eg innovations and product development and within the public meal sector.Currently, efforts are made to develop a Masters degree programme for students interested in higher education. The research group MEAL was founded 2013. One of the aims is to reach a holistic understanding of food and meals. Research projects include sensory, consumer and nutritional aspects in relation to age, culture and health. Food habits and behavior are of interest as well as sociological aspects. Further key concepts, such as “cooking” and “meal“, are explored from different angles of the field. The research is a key factor in the academisation of the field and will lay a stable ground for education at MSc-level. Food and meal science has a great opportunity to combine and use aspects from the different areas in order to form a holistic understanding within research and education.

  • 74.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    SIK Swedish Inst. Food & Biotechnol, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekman, Susanne
    Bülow, Margareta
    Ekberg, Olle
    Johansson, Daniel
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Go ¨ teborg, Sweden.
    Stading, Mats
    Objective and quantitative definitions of modified food textures based on sensory and rheological methodology.2010In: Food & Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-6628, E-ISSN 1654-661X, Vol. 54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Patients who suffer from chewing and swallowing disorders, i.e. dysphagia, may have difficulties ingesting normal food and liquids. In these patients a texture modified diet may enable that the patient maintain adequate nutrition. However, there is no generally accepted definition of 'texture' that includes measurements describing different food textures.

    OBJECTIVE: Objectively define and quantify categories of texture-modified food by conducting rheological measurements and sensory analyses. A further objective was to facilitate the communication and recommendations of appropriate food textures for patients with dysphagia.

    DESIGN: About 15 food samples varying in texture qualities were characterized by descriptive sensory and rheological measurements.

    RESULTS: Soups were perceived as homogenous; thickened soups were perceived as being easier to swallow, more melting and creamy compared with soups without thickener. Viscosity differed between the two types of soups. Texture descriptors for pâtés were characterized by high chewing resistance, firmness, and having larger particles compared with timbales and jellied products. Jellied products were perceived as wobbly, creamy, and easier to swallow. Concerning the rheological measurements, all solid products were more elastic than viscous (G'>G''), belonging to different G' intervals: jellied products (low G') and timbales together with pâtés (higher G').

    CONCLUSION: By combining sensory and rheological measurements, a system of objective, quantitative, and well-defined food textures was developed that characterizes the different texture categories.

  • 75.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Dept of Domestic Sciences.
    Ellekjaer, M R
    Solheim, R
    Fat content and homogenization effects on flavour and texture of mayonnaise with added aroma1999In: Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + Technologie, ISSN 0023-6438, E-ISSN 1096-1127, Vol. 32, no 6, p. 377-383Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of fat content (700 and 820 g/kg) and homogenization on the texture and flavour of mayonnaise with added citral (semi-polar) or pyroligneous acid (polar) was investigated. The quality of mayonnaise was described by sensory descriptive profiling. Mayonnaise containing 820 g fat/kg had the highest intensity of sour smell, sour taste, thickness and fattiness. Increased fat content, from 700 to 820 g/kg, did not significantly affect the perception of smoke flavour due to pyroligneous acid, or lemon flavour due to citral. Homogenization increased sweetness and whiteness, and depressed thickness and fattiness in mayonnaises with added pyroligneous acid.

  • 76.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    SIK, The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology AB.
    Hall, G
    Influences of fat, thickener and emulsifier contents on salad dressing: Static and dynamic sensory and rheological analyses2001In: Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + Technologie, ISSN 0023-6438, E-ISSN 1096-1127, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 222-233Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of contents of fat, thickener and emulsifier in salad dressing were investigated. Twelve types of dressings were produced according to a full factorial design, whereby the fat content was set at three levels, the thickener and the emulsifier contents at vivo levels. The dressings were analysed by a sensory panel, using both quantitative descriptive profiling and time-intensity (TI) evaluation, and by instrumental/rheological measurements. The two sensory methods were related to each other and the instrumental results were related to tire sensory results. All design parameters had a significant influence on the properties of salad dressing, mainly on texture and mouthfeel. Fat content was the most influencing parameter. Inter-action effects were found and it can he concluded that the content of the emulsifier was less critical when the fat and thickener contents increased Dynamic and descriptive sensory analyses,ere mainly related to each other in the fattiness attribute. There were strong relations between instrumental and sensory analysis according to rheological and texture attributes, /r/ greater than or equal to 0.7 (Pearson correlation coefficient)for most texture attributes.

  • 77.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Höglund, Evelina
    RISE Research Institutes of Swedend.
    Andersson, Malin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Protein enriched foods and healthy ageing: effects of protein fortification on muffin characteristics2017In: Agro Food Industry Hi-Tech, ISSN 1722-6996, E-ISSN 2035-4606, Vol. 28, no 5, p. 16-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sarcopenia is a common problem among elderly. To maintain muscle mass, strength and function adequate dietary protein intake is of importance. The aim is to enable the development of high-quality fortified foods to improve protein status in elderly. Current study aimed to investigate how sensory and physical characteristics of a popular snack in the form of muffins change when increasing protein content. A reference muffin was compared to muffins fortified with soy flour, almond flour or whey protein, respectively. A focus group evaluated the sensory properties. Physical properties included colour measurement, water activity, weight and heights. All fortifiers affected the muffins differently, sensory as well as physical characteristics, showing the complexity of adding different fortifiers to muffins.

  • 78.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Höjier, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Sepp, Hanna
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Kristianstad University, Resrarch environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Barns smakpreferenser och matvanor2014In: Nordisk Nutrition, ISSN 1654-8337, no 3, p. 19-22Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 79.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    SIK, The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology AB.
    Janestad, H
    Hall, G
    Modelling and analysis of dynamic sensory data2003In: Food Quality and Preference, ISSN 0950-3293, E-ISSN 1873-6343, Vol. 14, no 8, p. 663-671Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Time intensity (TI) data from earlier reported studies on cream cheese and salad dressing were used to develop models based on both polynomials and ordinary differential equations (ODE) that can be used to describe and interpret TI-data. Polynomials were thus fitted to experimental data. By taking the first and second derivatives of the polynomials one gets new polynomials that express how the perceived intensity changes with time. By integrating the original polynomial one gets a new polynomial that expresses how the classical TI-parameter "Area Under the Curve" is accumulated with time. Graphical display of all these types of polynomials gives an immediate and easily interpretable impression of the influence of different experimental factors on the time dependent perception. In the ODE models experimental factors, both formula and process conditions, were taken into account. Thus it was possible to develop equations that can be used for prediction of TI-curves for intermediate experimental settings.

  • 80.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen.
    Kylefors, Martin
    Mjörnell, Kristina
    En åldrande befolkning: slutrapportering av nationell strategisk forskningsagenda2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The background to the Agenda is the increasing proportion of elderly, it means both challenges and opportunities for society, business and entrepreneurship. The long term vision is to create a sustainable society for the aging population. The aim is to create and develop easily accessible goods, services and network – according the elderly people’s needs and demands. These products should be able to solve the complex situation for the elderly and to meet personal needs. The group of elderly is large and heterogeneous, in Sweden most elderly are healthy and live an independent life. But there are also those who are frail and sick, with great need of assistance and care. The work within the research agenda has been multidisciplinary in order to find new interaction effects. The agenda goal was to form collaborations through meetings and workshops where ideas and innovation chains with a holistic view were created. The Goal was achieved through four workshops with some 30 organizations. Smaller meetings were also held, as well as collaboration with other agendas. Three priority areas have been identified: housing, nutrition and health. To achieve this vision, it is important to work with preventions from an individual approach in a holistic perspective. Simple and robust regulatory frameworks and structures should benefit the individual's independence. Welfare technology that makes existing technology adapted, accessible and useful for the elderly would take us closer to the vision. This can be done through collaborations!

    Key

  • 81.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    SIK, The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology AB.
    Langton, M
    Caous, L
    Hall, C
    Dynamic analyses of sensory and microstructural properties of cream cheese2000In: Food Chemistry, ISSN 0308-8146, E-ISSN 1873-7072, Vol. 71, no 3, p. 363-378Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Flavour and texture in cream cheese depend on the microstructure. The objective of this work was to study the influence of fat content, salt content and homogenisation pressure on the microstructure and sensory properties of cream cheese. Twelve types of cream cheese were produced according to a full-factorial design, whereby the fat content was set at three levels, the salt content at two levels and the homogenisation pressure at two levels. The cheeses were analysed by a sensory panel, using both quantitative descriptive profiling and time intensity (T1) evaluation, and by using a confocal laser scanning microscope, CLSM, whereby the microstructure of the cheeses was analysed. All the design parameters had a significant influence on the flavour and texture, although fat had the largest effect. Interaction effects between the design parameters were also found to influence the character of cream cheese. The results showed that it is possible to create a cream cheese with lower fat content and with sensory attributes similar to the attributes in cream cheese with high fat content, by modification of production parameters.

  • 82.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Langton, Maud
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Norman, Cecilia
    RISE.
    Forsberg, Sarah
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Davidsson, Fredrik
    Geoloc AB.
    Josell, Åsa
    Atria Scandinavia.
    Prim, Mia
    RISE.
    Berg, Johan
    RISE.
    Eat’em or not?: insects as a culinary delicacy2017In: Exploring Future Foodscapes: PROCEEDINGS ICCAS 2017 Copenhagen / [ed] Mikkelsen B, Ofei KT, Olsen Tvedebrink TD, Quinto Romano A and Sudzina F, 2017, p. 100-106Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The world´s population is increasing and thus the pressure on the earth´s resources. To ensure food supply and sustainability, food habits in western societies have to change. By reducing the ecological footprint of food consumption, e.g., decrease meat consumption, significant contribution to global sustainability can be achieved. Advantages concerning nutrition and sustainability have been found by inclusion of insects in the diet. Insects as food has a large potential, and the “culinary way” seems to be an effective way to reach consumer acceptance for insect based food products. The aim was to examine consumer acceptance and neophobia related to the use of insects as ingredients in food.

    Methods: Food neophobia, attitudes and acceptance was surveyed by a web-based questionnaire answered by 150 respondents.

    Results: Preliminary results showed significantly higher acceptance for insect protein added to foods as “insect-flour” than for added whole insects in a food. The interest of buying insect protein as a powder was higher than of buying whole insects. Further, 24 of the respondents (corresponding to 16%) could be considered as neophobic.

    Discussion: To reach acceptance of insect protein culinary food could include “non-visible” insects. This is in line with the fact that food neophobia and acceptance are influenced by the good taste and benefits of the actual food. Further, neophobia varies over the life course.

    Conclusions: The use of insect protein in food as a powder has a higher acceptance than use of whole insects. 16% of the respondent were considered as neophobic.

  • 83.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Normann, Cecilia
    RISE.
    Forsberg, Sarah
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Davidsson, Fredrik
    Geoloc AB.
    Josell, Åsa
    Atria Scandinavia AB.
    Prim, Mia
    RISE.
    Langton, Maud
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Insects as a culinary ingredient: consumer acceptance and neophobia2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The world´s population is increasing and thus the pressure on the earth´s resources. To ensure food supply and sustainability, food habits in western societies have to change. A significant contribution to global sustainability can be achieved by, for example, decreasing meat consumption 1. Advantages concerning nutrition and sustainability have been found by inclusion of insects in the diet2. Insects as food has a large potential, and the “culinary way” seems to be an effective way to reach consumer acceptance for insect-based foods3. The aim was to examine consumer acceptance and neophobia related to the use of insects as ingredients in food.

    Methods: Food neophobia4, attitudes and acceptance were surveyed by a web-based questionnaire answered by 150 respondents.

    Results: Significantly higher acceptance was shown for insect protein added to foods as a “powder”, with invisible insects than for added visible insects. The interest of buying insect protein as a powder was higher than of buying whole insects. Further, 24 of the respondents (16%) were considered neophobic.

    Discussion: To reach acceptance of insect protein, culinary food could include “non-visible” insects. This is in line with the fact that food neophobia and acceptance are influenced by the sensory attributes and benefits of the actual food. Further, neophobia varies over the life course 5.

    Conclusions: The use of insect protein in food as a powder has higher acceptance than use of whole insects. 16% of the respondent were neophobic.

    References:

    1. WWF. Living Planet Report 20

    2. Yen. Edible insects: Traditional knowledge or western phobia? Entomological   Research 2009

    3. Astrup Pedersen. Disgusting or delicious, MSc Thesis, Copenhagen University 2014    

    4. Pliner, Hobden. Development of a scale to measure the trait of food neophobia in humans. Appetite 1992

    5. Pliner, Salvy. Food neophobia in humans. Shepherd, Raats, ed. The psychology of food choice. 2006

  • 84.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Olshov, Anders
    Matmomsen måste höjas så att vi inte äter ihjäl oss2018In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 6 juniArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I somras blev de överviktiga och feta i Sverige i majoritet över normal­viktiga och smala personer. Utvecklingen är alarmerande både ur folkhälso- och miljösynpunkt. Vi föreslår höjd matmoms, skatt på kött, fett och socker och att intäkterna används till riktade satsningar för bättre mat bland annat i skolan, skriver Karin Wendin och Anders Olshov.

  • 85.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Olshov, Anders
    Äter vi ihjäl oss?: mattrender på tvärs mot hälsa och hållbarhet2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Idag äter vi så mycket att fler dör av fetma och övervikt än av undernäring. Konsekvenserna av människans växande aptit är enorma, inte bara för de individer som drabbas av fetma och dess följdsjukdomar som typ 2-diabetes och hjärt-kärlsjukdomar, utan också för växter, djur och klimat. Vi får i oss för mycket energi, vilket gör oss feta, och vi äter mer kött och fisk, vilket tär på jordens resurser. I Sverige har andelen överviktiga och feta ökat från 46 till 51 procent i åldersgruppen 16-84 år under tioårsperioden 2006-2016. De direkta och indirekta samhällskostnaderna för fetma och övervikt beräknas till 70 miljarder kronor av Folkhälsomyndigheten. Fortsätter fetman att öka i samma takt som under det senaste decenniet når kostnaderna 95 miljarder kronor om tio år, enligt myndigheten. Det skulle motsvara statens utgifter för rättsväsendet, försvar och samhällets krisberedskap. De globala årliga utgifterna relaterat till fetmaepidemin ligger på 18 000 miljarder kronor, runt 2,8 procent av hela världens samlade bruttonationalprodukt. Omkring fem procent av alla dödsfall globalt kan relateras till fetma. Fetma är även den enskilt största riskfaktorn för diabetes. Görs inget kan 1,4 miljarder vuxna (22 procent av alla vuxna) leva med fetma 2045 och 736 miljoner med diabetes (12 procent). Diabetesrelaterade hälsoutgifter skulle då stiga till över 8 000 miljarder kronor och orsaka stort individuellt lidande. I Sverige har köttkonsumtionen fördubblats sedan 1990 från 27 till 53 kilo per person och år och den totala konsumtionen från 230 till 527 miljoner kilo. Det följer en internationell trend där ekonomisk tillväxt och ökade disponibelinkomster ökar efterfrågan på kött och mejeriprodukter. Som följd tas allt större landarealer i anspråk och skövlas skog på andra håll i världen, minskar biodiversiteten och ökar utsläppen i form av växthusgaser från djur. Globalt ger utsläppen från matdjuren (kor, får, getter, grisar och kyckling) 6 miljarder ton växthusgaser per år, vilket motsvarar knappt en femtedel av det totala utsläppet av växthusgaser. Nästan hälften av all skog som en gång täckte jordens yta är borta. Grundvattenkällorna minskar då jordbruken använder stora vattenmängder. Cirka en tredjedel av fiskbestånden är överfiskade. Då jordens befolkning förväntas öka från dagens 7,6 miljarder till knappt 10 miljarder invånare år 2050 och livsmedels- och köttkonsumtionen samtidigt ökar skulle livsmedelsproduktionen, enligt FAO, behöva öka med 70 procent om maten ska räcka till alla. Det är svårt eftersom de areella resurserna och vattenresurserna är begränsade. Det är inte heller hållbart mot bakgrund av den globala uppvärmningen och andra hållbarhetsmål. Åtgärder för att skapa en hållbar livsmedelskonsumtion brådskar. Sänkningarna av matmomsen 1992 och 1996, EU-medlemskapet och den globala konkurrensen inom livsmedel har gjort mat billigare relativt andra varor. I kombination med ökade inkomster gör det att konsumenter lägger en allt mindre andel av hushållsbudgeten på matinköp och att de har råd att äta skadligt mycket. Höjd matmoms samt införande av kött-, fett- och sockerskatter är ekonomiska styrmedel som kan användas för att minska matkonsumtionen och valet av mat samtidigt som skatteintäkterna kan används till riktade satsningar för bättre skolmat, bättre måltider inom äldreomsorgen och till ekonomiskt svaga grupper.För att få till stånd en strukturell beteendeförändring måste samhället även på andra sätt ge medborgare och verksamheter incitament att agera i mer hälsosamma och miljövänliga riktningar. Det kan röra sig om informations- och utbildninginsatser, allmänna folkhälsoundersökningar, mer vegetariskt och mindre kött  i skolorna, införandet av ett licenssystem för att att få bort godis och läskförsäljningen från livsmedelsbutikerna, åtgärder för att minska matsvinnet och främjande av cykling och idrott. En rimlig ambition är att Sverige verkar för att bli en internationell förebild med världens friskaste folk.  

  • 86.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Sepp, Hanna
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Nyberg, Maria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Agerhem, Halina
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Develop Sensory Science from a tool in product development into a research subject at university level2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 87.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Pajalic, Zada
    Örtman, Gerd
    Blücher, Anna
    Andersson, Håkan
    Lindborg, Ann-Louise
    Fogelberg, J
    Borgenstierna, C
    Nyberg, Maria
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Westergren, Albert
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Mat, Näring och Robotar2014In: Dietistaktuellt, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 18-20Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 88.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Solheim, R
    Allmere, T
    Johansson, L
    Flavour and texture in sourmilk affected by thickeners and fat content1997In: Food Quality and Preference, ISSN 0950-3293, E-ISSN 1873-6343, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 281-291Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When reducing fat content or replacing fat with thickener in reduced fat foods, flavour and texture may change. The objective of this study was to investigate effects of thickener and fat content on flavour and texture in low-fat foods. We used sourmilk with 0.1% or 4.2% fat where odour compounds with differing polarity, maltol or ethyl 2-methylbutyrate, were added. Sourmilk with: O.1 g 100 ml(-1) or 0.5 g 100 ml(-1) gelatine; 0.05 g 100 ml(-1) or 1.O g 100 ml(-1) pectin; or 0.65 g 100 ml(-1) or 0.9 g 100 ml(-1) xanthan added, and sourmilk without any thickener added, for each of the two odour compounds were manufactured. Sensory evaluation by descriptive profiling and viscosity measurements by Bohlin VOR were made. Perceived thickness increased with higher fat content and with increased concentration of thickener. Viscosity (measured by a Bohlin rheometer) did also increase with higher fat content and with increased concentration of thickener. Smell and flavour of maltol increased with higher fat content, while smell and flavour of ethyl 2-methylbutyrate were unaffected. Smell and flavour of the maltol were unaffected by all the thickeners, while smell and flavour of the ester were affected. Sourness was masked by all the thickeners.

  • 89.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Ueland, Öydis
    Nofima.
    Tuorila, Hely
    University of Helsinki.
    Bredie, Wender
    University of Copenhagen.
    APPETITE-FOR-LIFE in a sensory perspective2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The ageing populations in many countries are growing and has become a major human, societal, economic and health concern. One of the main obstacles is undernourishment, which is a significant and neglected public health problem among the elderly (Bülow et al., 2003). The negative consequences of poor nutrition lead to a general decline in the quality of life and associated costs for health care (Arvanitakis et al., 2008).

    Appetite is a key factor in food intake (Edfors and Westergren, 2012). Loss of appetite is however common and due to many factors, eg decreased ability to perceive sensory attributes, the meal situation, health etc (Nyberg et al., 2014). The EU funded project HealthSense (2000-2003) between 24 laboratories collected and reported a remarkable body of information, but since then no major effort to tackle the problem has been undertaken. More knowledge is needed on elderly people’s food preferences and perception, culinary preparations and how to organize meals and food intake.

    The aim of the workshop is to find new ideas on how to increase appetite in elderly from a sensory perspective and put this into the holistic view of appetite for life!

     Outlines of workshop

    • Introduction Appetite-for-life
    • Five minutes presentations by invited speakers concerning how to increase appetite from sensory perspectives
    • Interactive session where the workshop audience is divided into groups. Each group discuss on the basis of a case and with inspiration from the picture above
    • Short presentations from each group
    • Common discussion
    • Conclusions and end of workshop

     Invited Speakers:

    1)     Giboreau, A., Institut Paul Bocuse, Ecully Cedex, FRANCE

    2)     Kremer, S. WUR, Wageningen, NETHERLANDS

    3)     Matullat, I., TTZ, Bremerhaven, GERMANY

    4)     Olsson, V., Kristianstad University, SWEDEN

    5)     Sulmont-Rossé, C., Issanchou, S. INRA, Dijon, or Maître, I : LUNAM Angers, France

     

  • 90.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Uggla, Madeleine
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Styrketår en bärkraftig innovation för nya hälsosamma drycker: ett nutritions- och utvecklingsprojekt med äldre i fokus2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vid Centrum för Innovativa drycker vid SLU Balsgård, har vi utvecklat hälsosamma och

    välsmakande berikade drycker för äldre, baserade på råvaror från lokalt producerade frukter

    och bär. Projektet är tvärvetenskapligt och fokuserar på hela värdekedjan från

    primärproducent/odlare via produktutveckling av drycker och upphandling i offentlig sektor

    fram till slutkonsument. Deltagarna i projektet representerar de olika delarna inom

    värdekedjan. Berikade drycker av lokalt odlad frukt/bär, rapsolja och växtprotein

    Drycker baserade på äpple, svarta vinbär och jordgubbar har energiberikats med rapsolja.

    Proteinkällor såsom havreprotein och sojaprotein har provats och sedan använts i dryckerna.

    Analyser av bioaktiva ämnen och näringsinnehåll har utförts vid SLU Alnarp.

    Dryckerna har provats och utvärderats i fokusgrupper vid tre äldreboende i Skåne för att

    studera målgruppens upplevelse och val av drycker. Innovativ upphandling där

    kvalitetskraven kommer i fokus har studerats av forskare från Lunds universitet. Projektet

    finansieras av Länsstyrelsen i Skåne. Högskolan Kristianstad har varit projektägare.

  • 91.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Westergren, Albert
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Blücher, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Andersson, Håkan
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Lindén, Maria
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Nyberg, Maria
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Pajalic, Zada
    Norge.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Örtman, Gerd
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Högberg, Ann-Marie
    Anhörigas Riksförbund.
    Borgstierna, Catharina
    Bestic AB.
    Stuhr Olsson, Gunnel
    Findus AB.
    Toll, Birgitta
    Borås stad.
    Mer krävs för att undvika svält bland äldre2015In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 23 decemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 92.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. SP Technical Research Institute, Sweden & University of Copenhagen, Dept of Food Science, Denmark.
    Åström, Annika
    SP Technical Research Institute, Sweden.
    Ståhlbröst, Anna
    Luleå University of Technology.
    Exploring differences between central located test and home use test in a living lab context2015In: International Journal of Consumer Studies, ISSN 1470-6423, E-ISSN 1470-6431, Vol. 39, no 3, p. 230-238Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of Living Labs (LLs) has evolved to support the creation of experience-based development of innovations in real-life, user-driven and open environments. Two types of consumer product tests used generally are central location tests (CLT) and home use tests (HUT) where the acceptability or liking of a product or group of products is determined together with the view of whether one product is preferred over other products. This article explores the similarities and differences between CLT and HUT test results in a LL context. In both settings, the acceptance of five flavoured chocolate bars was evaluated for appearance, odour, taste/flavour, texture and overall liking. Apart from the mean values of liking in the two tests, data were analysed to identify consumer segments. Qualitative data were also collected by asking for consumer comments on the tested samples. The results show that independent of test method the bars were evaluated equally and all accepted by the consumers. A clear difference between CLT and HUT testing was that CLT consumers significantly differed from the HUT consumers, giving the test samples lower scores. For example, the mean values of the overall acceptance scores given by HUT consumers varied between 6.0 and 6.6, while for CLT consumers the corresponding values varied from 5.4 to 5.9. Another difference was the number of comments from consumers. CLT consumers richly commented on the products in a verbose way, while HUT consumers used the opportunity to comment very sparingly. Considering the cluster analysis as yet another difference between the testing methods, clusters from the CLT were more distinct and the number was higher with five clusters in CLT and four in HUT. Clusters where consumers liked all the products in both test settings were twice as many for HUT than in CLT. Applying the LL approach, there is a need for methods and approaches that capture a rich picture of consumers during test performance without being intrusive or obstructive of activities and context. The approach offers the opportunity for companies to have consumers not only test products but also offer input that can stimulate new innovations and give consumers more power and influence.

  • 93.
    Westergren, Albert
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Hagell, Peter
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Sjödahl Hammarlund, Catharina
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society. Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education.
    Conceptual relationships between the ICF and experiences of mealtimes and related tasks among persons with Parkinson’s disease2016In: Nordic journal of nursing research, ISSN 2057-1585, E-ISSN 2057-1593, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 201-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to investigate experiences of mealtimes and related tasks among people with Parkinson’s disease (PD) and to link these conceptually to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Data were collected by use of semi-structured interviews of 19 people with PD. Inductive content analysis resulted in five categories: 1) Managing mealtime preparations and related tasks, 2) Compromised physical control, 3) Difficulties enjoying meals, 4) Difficulties eating together with others, and 5) Strategies to maintain conventional norms and independence. Deductive content analysis linked the categories to the ICF categories: body functions (mental, sensory, neuromusculoskeletal and movement-related functions); activities (self-determination and chores); participation (interpersonal interactions and relationships); and environmental factors (conventional norms, attitudes of friends and strangers). Emotional and involuntary movement functions were represented in all five inductively derived categories. Eating difficulties may have negative consequences on participation and the emotional wellbeing of people with Parkinson’s disease.

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