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  • 51.
    Einarson, Daniel
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    A communication framework in a multi-threaded environment2000In: Proceedings of NWPER'2000, 2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Einarson, Daniel
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    Active vs passive entities2002Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 53.
    Einarson, Daniel
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    Aspects of transparent time concepts2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 54.
    Einarson, Daniel
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    Aspects on communication and models vs processes in a model oriented language1997In: Proceedings of the 23rd conference of the ASU, 1997Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Einarson, Daniel
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    CDIO, en introduktion: diskussioner kring ett ramverk för verksamhetsintegrerat lärande2015In: Högskolepedagogisk debatt, no 2, p. 87-112Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Einarson, Daniel
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    Communication and hierarchical modelling in Model Oriented Programming1999In: Proceedings of the 25th conference of the ASU, 1999Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Einarson, Daniel
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    Discussion on "An exercise for SIMULA users"1997In: ASU Newsletter, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 1-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Einarson, Daniel
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    Inheritance and coroutines1998In: ASU Newsletter, Vol. 24, no 3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 59.
    Einarson, Daniel
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    Model Oriented Programming: progress in concepts and implementation issues1998In: Proceedings of the 24th conference of the ASU, 1998Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 60.
    Einarson, Daniel
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    On bounds between time flow of hierarchically organized bases of time2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Einarson, Daniel
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    On transparent distributed systems2001In: Proceedings of the 27th conference of the ASU, 2001Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Einarson, Daniel
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    Passing control over nested quasi-parallel systems1997In: ASU Newsletter, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 1-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Einarson, Daniel
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    Separately compiled nested classes1999In: ASU Newsletter, Vol. 25, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Einarson, Daniel
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    The goals of graduate studies and the process of getting there2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Einarson, Daniel
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    Towards consistent concepts of hierarchical modeling2003Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 66.
    Einarson, Daniel
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    Saplacan, Diana
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap.
    Addressing integrated learning through project-based courses: five years of improvements2017In: Proceedings of the 13th International CDIO Conference in Calgary, Canada, June 18-22 2017, 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Project-based educational forms are at the core of the CDIO concept, where students should be trained in contexts of complex enough tasks to prepare for the complexity of industry projects. Besides from fulfilling a project in itself, CDIO points out the importance of achieving integrated learning skills, including personal and interpersonal skills (CDIO Syllabus sections 2 and 3), where those are desired to meet the challenges of the working processes.

    Projects in education moreover correspond to active learning, where students are encouraged to learn through solving the problems required to fulfill the goals of a project. Being active in the process of completing a project, does not only imply disciplinary training, but also training in achieving generic skills, such as experimentation, knowledge discovery, system thinking, teamwork, and communication. All in all, a conclusion is that student activities in project-based teaching and learning relate to all four sections of the CDIO Syllabus, and hence active learning will here contribute to integrated learning. Thus, activating students in project-based courses should have several positive values.

    However, experiences show that one problem in project-based courses is that of activating a major part of a student group. Here, a common pattern is that some students are not contributing enough, resulting in other students covering up for them, or risking the whole project. Therefore, teaching efforts should be put on finding ways to widen the group of active students.

    The project-based course Software Engineering 2, at Kristianstad University, Sweden, has undergone several years of improvements in order to, on one hand reduce the number of passive students, and on the other hand increase values of generic skills from the CDIO Syllabus. This paper will present development steps of that course. Methods, where some have been inspired from the Software Engineering industry, will be covered, and results of using those will be provided. A major result is that of increasing values of integrated learning, where this in itself contributes to the core of CDIO.

  • 67.
    Einarson, Daniel
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment of Computer science (RECS).
    Wiklund, Peter
    Digitala stöd för mental hälsa2018Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 68.
    Elhassan, Mohammed
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap. University of Copenhagen.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Langton, Maud
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Quality aspects of insects as food: nutritional, sensory, and related concepts2019In: Foods, E-ISSN 2304-8158, Vol. 8, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    n the search for another appealing source of future food to cover the increasing need for nutrients of a growing global population, this study reviewed the potential of insects as human food. Most previous reviews have dealt with insects as a group, making it difficult to evaluate each individual insect species as food because of the generalized data. This study assessed some common edible insects, but concentrated on mealworms. Insects, especially mealworms, have a similar or higher nutritional value than many conventional food sources. For example, the protein content of mealworm larvae is reported to be almost 50% of dry weight, while the fat content is about 30% of larval dry weight. Mealworms can be cooked by different methods, such as hot air drying, oven broiling, roasting, pan frying, deep frying, boiling, steaming, and microwaving. Oven broiling in particular gives a desirable aroma of steamed corn for consumers. Changes in the flavor, taste, and texture of mealworm products during storage have not been studied, but must be determined before mealworms can be used as a commercial food source. Factors controlling the shelf-life of mealworms, such as their packaging and storage, should be identified and considered with respect to the feasibility of using mealworms on a commercial scale.

  • 69.
    Elhassan, Mohammed
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Langton, Maud
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Review paper: the appeal of insects as human food -with emphasis on mealworm texture, taste, and flavor2019In: International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science, ISSN 1878-450X, E-ISSN 1878-4518, Vol. 8, no 95, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the search for another appealing source of future food to cover the increasing need fornutrients of a growing global population, this study reviewed the potential of insects as humanfood. Most previous reviews have dealt with insects as a group, making it difficult to evaluate eachindividual insect species as food because of the generalized data. This study assessed some commonedible insects, but concentrated on mealworms. Insects, especially mealworms, have a similar orhigher nutritional value than many conventional food sources. For example, the protein content ofmealworm larvae is reported to be almost 50% of dry weight, while the fat content is about 30% oflarval dry weight. Mealworms can be cooked by different methods, such as hot air drying, ovenbroiling, roasting, pan frying, deep frying, boiling, steaming, and microwaving. Oven broiling inparticular gives a desirable aroma of steamed corn for consumers. Changes in the flavor, taste, andtexture of mealworm products during storage have not been studied, but must be determined beforemealworms can be used as a commercial food source. Factors controlling the shelf-life of mealworms,such as their packaging and storage, should be identified and considered with respect to the feasibilityof using mealworms on a commercial scale.

  • 70.
    Elmberg, Johan
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Goose poop in the park2018In: Bottom Line Health, ISSN 1092-0129, Vol. 32, no 6Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 71.
    Elmberg, Johan
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Rekordmånga lyckade häckningar av vitrygg2018In: Vår fågelvärld, ISSN 0042-2649, Vol. 77, no 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 72.
    Elmberg, Johan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Arzel, Celine
    Finland.
    Gunnarsson, Gunnar
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Holopainen, Sari
    Finland.
    Nummi, Petri
    Finland.
    Pöysä, Hannu
    Finland.
    Sjöberg, Kjell
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Population change in breeding boreal waterbirds in a 25‐year perspective: what characterises winners and losers?2019In: Freshwater Biology, ISSN 0046-5070, E-ISSN 1365-2427Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]
    1. Understanding drivers of variation and trends in biodiversity change is a general scientific challenge, but also crucial for conservation and management. Previous research shows that patterns of increase and decrease are not always consistent at different spatial scales, calling for approaches combining the latter. We here explore the idea that functional traits of species may help explaining divergent population trends.
    2. Complementing a previous community level study, we here analyse data about breeding waterbirds on 58 wetlands in boreal Fennoscandia, covering gradients in latitude as well as trophic status. We used linear mixed models to address how change in local abundance over 25 years in 25 waterbird species are associated with life history traits, diet, distribution, breeding phenology, and habitat affinity.
    3. Mean abundance increased in 10 species from 1990/1991 to 2016, whereas it decreased in 15 species. Local population increases were associated with species that are early breeders and have small clutches, an affinity for luxurious wetlands, an herbivorous diet, and a wide breeding range rather than a southern distribution. Local decreases, by contrast, were associated with species having large clutches and invertivorous diet, as well as being late breeders and less confined to luxurious wetlands. The three species occurring on the highest number of wetlands all decreased in mean abundance.
    4. The fact that early breeders have done better than late fits well with previous research about adaptability to climate change, that is, response to earlier springs. We found only limited support for the idea that life history traits are good predictors of wetland level population change. Instead, diet turned out to be a strong candidate for an important driver of population change, as supported by a general decrease of invertivores and a concomitant increase of large herbivores.
    5. In a wider perspective, future research needs to address whether population growth of large‐bodied aquatic herbivores affects abundance of co‐occurring invertivorous species, and if so, if this is due to habitat alteration, or to interference or exploitative competition.
  • 73.
    Elmberg, Johan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Berg, Charlotte
    Lerner, Henrik
    Sprider gäss och svanar smittsamma sjukdomar?2018In: Fakta för förvaltare: gäss och svanar: kunskapssammanställning om bete, övergödning, smittspridning och skyddsjak / [ed] Johan Elmberg & Johan Månsson, Stockholm: Naturvårdsverket , 2018, p. 49-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    • Swans and geese occur in larger numbers near more people than ever before, in Sweden as well as in Western Europe.

    • Increasing populations sometimes lead to problems and conflicts. On agricultural land geese and swans can cause costly damage to growing crops. Intense grazing by these birds may also affect natural vegetation, sometimes leading to conflict with conservation and biodiversity goals.

    • Geese and swans are obligate herbivores, consuming leaves, stems, seeds and  root parts of terrestrial and aquatic plants. • Grazing on growing crops may cause conflicts of interest also when geese and swans congregate in large numbers in wetlands adjacent to cropland.

    • Geese and swans provide a multitude of ecosystem services, for example viewing, hunting, meat, and eco-tourism revenues. GEESE AND SWANS AS VECTORS OF DISEASE

    • A large number of disease agents has been recorded in geese and swans, viz. viruses, bacteria and unicellular parasites. • Some of these have the capacity to infect other bird species and mammals.

    • Geese and swans are highly mobile and often occur close to humans and in our agricultural landscape. As a consequence, they are sometimes suspected of  transmitting disease to livestock and humans

  • 74.
    Elmberg, Johan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Hagman, Mattias
    Stockholms universitet.
    Löwenborg, Kristin
    Stockholms universitet.
    Pettersson, Gustav
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Anais, Voisin
    Stockholms universitet.
    Kärvemo, Simon
    Stockholms universitet & Uppsala universistet.
    Movements and habitat choice of resident and translocated adult female grass snakes (natrix natrix) during the egg-laying period2019In: Herpetological Journal, ISSN 0268-0130, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 245-251Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We used externally applied transmitters to study movements of female grass snakes (Natrix natrix) during the egg-laying period in a near-urban landscape in Sweden. Half of the studied snakes were residents while the other half were translocated individuals with no previous experience of the area. As predicted, resident females moved more goal-oriented and shorter distances than did translocated individuals. Habitat use did not differ between resident and translocated snakes; they were typically found in bushes, reeds, and tall vegetation. Habitat preference (use in relation to availability) showed that bushy habitats, tall grassy vegetation and reedbeds were over-used in proportion to availability, whereas forest and open grass lawns were used less than expected based on availability. Our study highlights the importance of preserving and restoring linear habitat components providing shelter and connectivity in conservation of grass snakes. We suggest that externally applied transmitters are a better option than surgically implanted ones in movement studies of grass snakes, and that translocation as a conservation method for snakes has drawbacks.

  • 75.
    Elmberg, Johan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Månsson, JohanSveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Fakta för förvaltare: gäss och svanar: kunskapssammanställning om bete, övergödning, smittspridning och skyddsjakt2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    GÄSSEN I SVERIGE blir allt fler. De flesta gåsarter ökar i antal och med växande populationer ökar också konflikterna mellan samhällsintressen och människor som berörs av gässen. Ändrade flyttningsmönster är ett annat exempel på hur  förutsättningarna för förvaltningen av gäss och svanar påverkas. I den strategi för svensk viltförvaltning som Naturvårdsverket har tagit fram betonas en förvaltning byggd på kvalitetssäkrad kunskap och förvaltningen av gäss är ett bra exempel på vikten av aktuell kunskap när omständigheterna förändras. Viltstrategin beskriver de vägval som Naturvårdsverket avser att genomföra för att utveckla och stärka Sveriges viltförvaltning fram till år 2020. Bland annat ska arbetet med att förebygga skador och andra problem som vilt orsakar utvecklas, tillsammans med övriga berörda organisationer. Strategin betonar också att svensk viltförvaltning ska bygga på den bästa tillgängliga kunskapen och att Naturvårdsverket har ett stort ansvar för att se till att aktuell kunskap kommer till användning. Forskarna Johan Elmberg och Johan Månsson har på uppdrag av Naturvårdsverkets vetenskapliga kommitté för viltforskning gjort en litteraturöversikt om befintlig kunskap om gäss och om framtida kunskapsbehov. Kunskapssammanställningen ligger också till grund för ett större gåsforskningsprojekt under ledning av Johan Elmberg och Johan Månsson, med start 2017. I Naturvårdsverkets arbete med att ta fram vetenskapligt underlag till stöd för viltförvaltningen är gåsprojektet en viktig pusselbit som är tänkt att under de kommande åren kunna ge ytterligare kunskap till en gåsförvaltning i förändring. Författarna svarar ensamma för rapportens innehåll, slutsatser och rekommendationer

  • 76.
    Elmberg, Johan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Olsson, Camilla
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Månsson, Johan
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Gäss i jordbrukslandskapet: utmaningar och möjligheter2018In: Man and biosphere health: en komplett akademisk miljö / [ed] A-S Rehnstam-Holm, Kristianstad: Högskolan Kristianstad , 2018, p. 34-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 77.
    Elmberg, Johan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Söderquist, Pär
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Gunnarsson, Gunnar
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Utsatta änder inte som vilda2018In: Svensk Jakt, no 10, p. 51-51Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 78.
    Elmberg, Johan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Tombre, Ingunn
    Påverkar betande gäss och svanar jordbruket2018In: Fakta för förvaltare: gäss och svanar: kunskapssammanställning om bete,övergödning, smittspridning och skyddsjakt / [ed] Johan Elmberg & Johan Månsson, Stockholm: Naturvårdsverket , 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Swans and geese occur in larger numbers near more people than ever before,  in Sweden as well as in Western Europe.

    • Increasing populations sometimes lead to problems and conflicts. On agricultural land geese and swans can cause costly damage to growing crops. Intense grazing by these birds may also affect natural vegetation, sometimes leading to conflict with conservation and biodiversity goals.

    • Geese and swans are obligate herbivores, consuming leaves, stems, seeds and root parts of terrestrial and aquatic  plants.

    • Grazing on growing crops may cause conflicts of interest also when geese and swans congregate in large numbers in wetlands adjacent to  cropland.

    • Geese and swans provide a multitude of ecosystem services, for example viewing, hunting, meat, and eco-tourism revenues.

    GEESE AND SWANS AS   HERBIVORES

    • As their diet is very rich in fibres and water, geese and swans must consume large amounts of plant material in order to obtain enough nutrients (mainly proteins and carbohydrates).

    • Geese and swans have a highly developed capability to assess the nutrient compo- sition of different species and parts of plants. This is true for proteins and easily digestible carbohydrates, and also for components that are hard to digest or unpala- table. As a consequence, these birds are very selective feeders, if given a   choice.

    • Nutrient needs vary over the year; in autumn and spring relatively more proteins are consumed, whilst plants rich in energy are favoured in winter.

    • In general, agricultural crops contain more nutrients than the natural food plants of geese and swans. As a result, feeding on agricultural land is almost always marter choice’ for them.

  • 79.
    Enehall, Josefine
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    ”Jag tänker mycket på min hälsa, men inte så mycket på vad som är nyttigt.”: Unga kvinnors syn på relationen mellan kost och hälsa2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The interest around healthy food seems to be larger than ever. Daily we receive different advice from experts, bloggers, authority and friends who tell us what we should eat to achieve good health. The advice is often different depending who the sender is. This could lead to a confused image of health and what dietary advice you as a consumer should follow.

    The aim of this study is to examine young women’s view of what characterizes a healthy diet. The purpose is to obtain a deeper understanding around different perceptions regarding the relation between food and health.

    This study includes a qualitative method and focus groups. The data has been analyzed through Belasco’s theory about the culinary triangle of contradictions.

    The results show that healthy food is a balance between for example the enjoyable and the forbidden. The women have a subjective perception of what they consider healthy and the concept is therefore characterized by an individual interpretation. Furthermore healthy food is seen as something that is homemade. The results also show that healthy food is a pressure. For example the informants are experiencing demands to perform and anxiety regarding eating in a particular way. The women receive their information from different sources, but depend mostly on their own assessments. Factors that have an impact on the choice of food for the young women are mainly linked to identity and responsibility for the environment and their own health.

    Based on this study conclusions can be drawn that healthy food is perceived individually different. What is seen as healthy varies between individuals. To achieve balance and well being young women create their own picture of health. Based on public advice and advice from family and friends, women form a personal view of healthy food, which is seen as most reliable. It can thus be seen as a challenge for authorities to reach out to the public with evidence based advices regarding health and food. 

  • 80.
    Eriksson, Eva
    et al.
    SPF seniorerna.
    Brunegård, Gudrun
    Landstinget Kalmar län.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Undernäring dubbelt så kostsam som fetma2018In: Dagens samhälle, p. 9-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Undernäring är en dold epidemi. Trots att det är ett stort folkhälsoproblem talar nästan ingen om den. Men det finns i hemmen, på sjukhus och på äldreboenden. En ny rapport, som har kartlagt dess omfattning, visar att uppskattningsvis 400 000 svenskar befinner sig i riskzonen.

  • 81.
    Ersgård, Henrik
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Naturens vandringshinder är kulturens dammar: Kulturmiljöernas betydelse vid restaurering av vattendrag med exempel från Hallstahammars kommun, Västmanlands län2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is focusing on Kolbäcksåns lower part in Hallstahammar municipality, Västmanlands county in Sweden, aiming on how cultural heritage and it’s importance is treated when changes in the landscape is about to be done. Many of the historic free rivers has due to dams been divided, and the water has gone from rapid to still. If changes is about to be done to acchive approved ecological status, the risk on damaging the cultural heritage sites is palpable. Data, that’s been analyzed, has been collected through interviews with respondents from five instances in Västmanlands county. The Majority of the answers analysed reveals that a cultural heritage site is definied by the affect made by humans, that there is a historical connection and that the site is seen as a unit in the landscape. A cultural heritage site is affected whilst a natural environment site can be both affected and non-affected. When landscape changes that affects cultural heritage sites is performed, it reveals that different interests are colliding and the importance of an early collaboration between interests is performed. The thematic analyze of the answers from the interviews revealed several potential indications on conflicts and potential solutions.  

  • 82.
    Filipsen, Nadja
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Tidfält Braun, Rebecka
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Ekens historiska utbredning och kvalitet i Lösen socken, Blekinge län: en studie utifrån ekinventeringsprotokoll från år 1819 och 18322018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Miljöer med äldre ekar hyser höga naturvärden och är viktiga för den biologiska mångfalden. Under århundraden var ekar i Sverige reglerade av kronan i syfte att kontrollera tillgången på skeppsvirke, det var således förbjudet att avverka ek på krono- och skattejord. Sedan 1800-talet har Sveriges ekbestånd fragmenterats som följd av en rad faktorer. Dessa förändringar har haft en negativ inverkan på ekberoende arter, vars livsmiljöer idag endast är spillror av vad de en gång har varit. Med syfte att ge en ökad förståelse för dagens eklandskap i samband med naturvårdens arbete har ekens historiska utbredning och kvalitet kartlagts i Lösen socken i östra Blekinge. Undersökningen grundar sig på ekinventeringsprotokoll från år 1819 och 1832, men även historiskt kartmaterial. Genom att gå ner på by- och hemmansnivå har platser med hög ektäthet under 1800-talet lokaliserats i landskapet. En studie på denna detaljnivå har aldrig tidigare utförts för Blekinge län. Resultatet visar att ektätheten för tvåhundra år sedan var högst i Lösen sockens södra och mellersta delar, närmast kusten. Dagens skyddade ekmiljöer återfinns främst i socknens sydvästra delar, vilket visar på en kontinuitet. De mellersta och sydöstra delarna omfattas däremot inte av några områdesskydd idag. En stor del av ekarna i socknen benämns i protokollen som skadade samt som ”knut- och risekar”. Böndernas åverkan på träden och socknens naturgivna förhållanden ses som möjliga faktorer till detta. Dessa ekar dög inte till skeppsvirke, men kunde å andra sidan ha utgjort viktiga livsmiljöer för vedlevande arter.

  • 83.
    Filling, Julia
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Human Urine: can it be applied as fertilizer in agricultural systems?2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In cities today, vast amounts of nutrients are being wasted. Improvement in nutrient management within agriculture can contribute to a more sustainable society. Reusing nutrients in agriculture could aid in creating a more circular system, where organic fertilizers can be used instead of chemical fertilizers. Urine is a liquid which has a high nutrient content. According to the Swedish environmental protection agency, human urine can replace mineral fertilizers, by using methods such as source separation, where urine is divided from faeces. This is a cheap, effective and sustainable fertilizer management system that can be easily achieved. In this study, urine fertilizers were compared with ecological and conventional fertilizers (NPK and cow manure). The study examined the effect of different urine fertilizers compared with organic and inorganic ones on plant growth, nutrient content, pH value and microbial growth. The plant growth experiment was carried out in the greenhouse facilities in Alnarp, Sweden. The results from the experiment show that cow manure has a better outcome when it comes to plant growth, but Aurin, one of the urine fertilizers, had the highest uptake of nitrate. Non-diluted urine had a stable result in all analyses. According to this study human urine is a fertilizer which can be used in crop cultivation systems, and can deliver good agricultural results.

  • 84.
    Fjelkner, Annika
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Library & Higher Education Development.
    Håkansson, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Rosander, Pia
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för psykologi.
    Do personality traits matter?: a comparative study of student preferences for TLAs and assessment modes in two different majors2019In: Teaching & Learning Inquiry, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 78-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What, then, do we need to know about our students to better provide for more equitable outcomes? Who will succeed depend on many factors, and student personality traits is one factor less discussed in the engagement and First year experience literature. The aim of this study is to add to the teaching in higher education discussion by exploring how student differ regarding personality traits profile (IPIP-NEO-PI test; Goldberg, 1999), approaches to learning (R-SPQ-2F test; Biggs, Kember & Leung, 2001), and preference for teaching and learning activites and assessment modes. The on-line survey study was carried out in a small, teaching intensive Swedish university on students in a Business (n=144) and Pre-school teacher education program (n=179). Findings were that there seem to be systematic differences between the types of modes preferred, and also significant differences between the two majors regarding learning approach, motive and strategy. Findings are discussed in relation to Jarvis’ (2010) model of learning and disjuncture, Biesta’s (2005) discussion on educational relationships and risk, and Trowler’s (2008) concept of teaching and learning regimes (TLRs). There are two clear risks that teachers and curriculum developers face. First, teachers who are new or come from a different TLR may face the risk of alienating students and exposing them to extreme anxiety if using TLAs and assessment modes students are uncomfortable with and unused to. Second, teachers and curriculum developers run the risk of not challenging students enough, thus depriving them of valuable learning experiences.

  • 85.
    Forsman, Robin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap.
    Jönsson, Jimmy
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap.
    Artificial intelligence and Machine learning: a diabetic readmission study2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The maturing of Artificial intelligence provides great opportunities for healthcare, but also comes with new challenges. For Artificial intelligence to be adequate a comprehensive analysis of the data is necessary along with testing the data in multiple algorithms to determine which algorithm is appropriate to use. In this study collection of data has been gathered that consists of patients who have either been readmitted or not readmitted to hospital within 30-days after being admitted. The data has then been analyzed and compared in different algorithms to determine the most appropriate algorithm to use.

  • 86.
    Freij, Maria
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humaniora.
    Edfors, Ellinor
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Ljung Djärf, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Umans, Timurs
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    Rehnstam-Holm, Ann-Sofi
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Pedagogisk karriärstege vid Högskolan Kristianstad: några reflektioner från beredningsgruppens arbete2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 87.
    Frick, E.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Månsson, Erika
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Den kommunala måltidsutvecklaren: En studie om en framväxande profession2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every day, about three million meals are served in the public sector, where Sweden is one of three countries offering a free meal in preschool, school and elderly care. The law states that the meal should be nutritious and it is the meal developer who, together with meal and diet manager, is working with the experience of the meal. As a tool for developing the meals, the FAMM model and the Food Agency's meal model are recommended to use. Over the years, the professional role as meal developer has emerged in the municipality and contributed with work related to the development of public meals. The profession as a meal developer in the municipality is relatively new and can be seen as quite unspecified regarding education, qualifications and tasks. For that reason, it was interesting to investigate the profession more closely.

     

    The aim of this study is to examine the profession as a meal-developer with regard to the content and qualifications of the profession, as well as perceptions and expectations of the professional role of meal developers and diet / meal managers in Scanian municipalities. The aim is followed by four questions about the meal developer, linked to tasks, education, competence and challenges as well as their view on the public meal.

     

    This study is based on four semi-structured interviews with meal developers and a questionnaire answered by diet / meal managers in Region Scanian.

     

    The result of the study showed that the profession as a meal developer was multifaceted with regard to content, qualifications and education, but also tasks and expectations related to the profession. The profession was perceived as relatively self-directed, with different areas of responsibility, depending on the municipality, working methods and what management the meal developer belonged to.

     

    There are perceptions and expectations that the meal developer should have a broad knowledge of the meal area. There were both pros and cons noticed of working in a politically controlled organization. The meal developers work with the meal from a broad perspective and believe that the meal is important for the society in terms of sustainability and health.

  • 88.
    Frohm, Hanna
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Titerbestämning av anti-A och anti-B i trombocytenheter för transfusion över ABO gränsen: utvärdering av rutinanalys och utveckling av en screeningmetod2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Platelets are suspended in plasma containing antibodies to the blood group antigen missing on the erythrocytes. To minimize the risk of hemolytic reaction, the titrers of anti-A and anti-B are determined. The gel test is used to detect antibody-and antigen responses and is based on agglutinations in gel. The purpose was to investigate the titers of anti-A and/or anti-B in platelets. A routine analysis was evaluated and a screening method was implemented. In the study, units of blood group O and A were analyzed. They were checked against anti-A and anti-B for both IgG and IgM antibodies. A screening method was developed to screen the O-units and a limit of 1:100 and 1:250 was used. The results showed great difference in titers between O and A units. The titers differ significantly depending on whether the titers are determined in plasma or from the finished (diluted) unit. A screening method at 1:100 showed that 86 % of the units was rated as high titer while a screening method of 1:250 showed that this was reduced to 31 %. Gel technology is a sensitive method and is dependent on competent staff when reading the agglutinations. Some studies show similar results, but the proportion of high titer units, methods and critical titers varies. It proves the difficulty in determining a critical titer and predicting risks for the patient. Other factors are also believed to influence the risks. Implementation of a 1:250 screening method is believed to increase the number of units that can be transfused over the ABO barrier.

  • 89.
    Galway, Lindsay P
    et al.
    Canada.
    Beery, Thomas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Jones-Casey, Kelsey
    USA.
    Tasala, Kirsti
    Canada.
    Mapping the solastalgia literature: a scoping review study2019In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 16, no 15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Solastalgia is a relatively new concept for understanding the links between human and ecosystem health, specifically, the cumulative impacts of climatic and environmental change on mental, emotional, and spiritual health. Given the speed and scale of climate change alongside biodiversity loss, pollution, deforestation, unbridled resource extraction, and other environmental challenges, more and more people will experience solastalgia. This study reviewed 15 years of scholarly literature on solastalgia using a scoping review process. Our goal was to advance conceptual clarity, synthesize the literature, and identify priorities for future research. Four specific questions guided the review process: (1) How is solastalgia conceptualized and applied in the literature?; (2) How is solastalgia experienced and measured in the literature?; (3) How is 'place' understood in the solastalgia literature?; and (4) Does the current body of literature on solastalgia engage with Indigenous worldviews and experiences? Overall, we find there is a need for additional research employing diverse methodologies, across a greater diversity of people and places, and conducted in collaboration with affected populations and potential knowledge, alongside greater attention to the practical implications and applications of solastalgia research. We also call for continued efforts to advance conceptual clarity and theoretical foundations. Key outcomes of this study include our use of the landscape construct in relation to solastalgia and a call to better understand Indigenous peoples' lived experiences of landscape transformation and degradation in the context of historical traumas.

  • 90.
    Gashi Krasniqi, Lauresha
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Jämförelse av två enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays: mätning av diabetesspecifika autoantikroppar i en adult population2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Type- 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease with insulin deficiency caused by degradation of insulin- producing betacells in pancreas. Four different autoantibodies that target beta- cell specific antigenes have been identified: insulinautoantibodies (IAA), glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GADA), islet antigen2-antibodies (IA-2A) and antibodies against zinktransporter 8 (ZnT8A). In this study, a comparison between 2screen islet cell autoantibody ELISA-kit (RSR, Cardiff, UK) coated with GAD65/IA-2 and 3screen islet cell autoantibody ELISA- kit (RSR, Cardiff, UK) coated with GAD65/IA-2/ZnT8, was performed to investigate whether results from these two kits provide comparable sensitivity and specificity in an adult population of new onset patients with T1D and healthy adults. RSR 2screen obtained 1 % higher specificity (98 %) in comparison to RSR 3screen (97 %) on the same sensitivity (92 %) and is recommended primarily for screening of autoantibodies in a population of adult patients at increased risk for T1D and healthy adults blood donors.

  • 91.
    Gerberich, Johanna
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Umans, Timurs
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Lidén, Alina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Learning teams' diversity and innovative capacity: the case of gastronomy students.2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Gastronomy program at Kristianstad University has since many years been working with innovative processes and have created a number of courses aimed at developing innovative generic skills among their students. One of such courses is “Creative concept and product development in the foodstuff”.  The course presents the students an opportunity to develop new and exciting food stuff products in team of learners. The course has now run for 4 years and students have expressed satisfaction with their innovative skill development and the usefulness of skills acquired in their future career.  While the course have received many positive evaluations, a systematic evaluation of its structure and implementation has not yet been performed. This project aimed at evaluating how different aspects of team work (e.g. diversity and experiences) relate to students' development of innovative skills within the course. The study’s theoretical base lays in the field of collaborative learning (e.g. Bruffee, 1993), team learning (Slavin, 1978) and well as acquisition of generic skills in the collaborative and team learning processes. The project utilized an Input-Process-Output (Ilgen, et al. 2005) model where exploration diversity, team process and self-perceived outcomes and relationship between those have been investigated by the means of qualitative and quantitative methods. Relying on the surveys and reflective diaries of the course participants the study showed how various diversity aspects of the teams related to their processes and self-assessed outcomes, as well as show how students reason about collaboration in diverse groups. Based on the findings the study puts forward suggestion of how to manage the team work in increasingly diverse classes in the institutions of higher education and which method both students and instructors could employ to rip the benefits of this diversity.  

  • 92.
    Ghahfarokhi, Sina
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Ketzer, Mercelo
    Linnaeus University.
    Yu, Changxun
    Linnaeus University.
    Lindquist, Therese
    Linnaeus University.
    Djerf, Henric
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Åström, Mats
    Linnaeus University.
    Contamination of Kristianstad biosphere reservoir by metal bound sediments2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 93.
    Granberg, Albina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Koka sjuda steka: ett sociokulturellt perspektiv på matlagning i hem- och konsumentkunskap på grundsärskolan2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Swedish schools, the subject Home Economics (HE) is the formal setting for teaching and learning about food and how to cook. All students are obliged to learn HE, but in schools for students with mild intellectual disabilities (ID) students are offered four times as much teaching in the subject than students in regular schools. However, this learning context is underexplored. This thesis aims to create an understanding of what cooking in HE is by studying the teaching content in regard to HE cooking practices for students with mild ID through a sociocultural standpoint. Accompanying observations and qualitative semi-structured interviews were used for data collection. The observations included 16 lessons in HE in schools for students with mild ID. The interviews were conducted with 22 qualified and experienced HE teachers. Field notes from the observations and transcripts from the interviews were analyzed using a thematic analysis. A sociocultural perspective, along with the concept of cuisine, constituted the theoretical framework. The findings reveal that the teaching of cooking in HE is focused on one particular artifact, the recipe. This causes difficulties for the students concerning skills related to the design, purport and arithmetic of the recipe. The prominent role of the recipe in cooking in HE was hence captured in a novel concept, recipe literacy. The teachers also reported using a task-centered approach to teaching certain techniques and methods, such as frying, kneading and simmering. The cuisine that is represented in the data from the observations and interviews is framed within baking, primarily sweet baking. The focus on sweet baking and the students’ various difficulties when using recipes limited the possibilities for students to learn how to cook proper meals for everyday life. Thereby, a conscious choice of dishes and attention to didactics is necessary to improve the validity of the subject. By overcoming such obstacles, opportunities can therefore be created for students with mild ID to learn how to cook.

  • 94.
    Granberg, Albina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Brante, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment. University of Gothenburg.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Mattsson Sydner, Ylva
    Uppsala universitet.
    Knowing how to use and understand recipes: what arithmetical understanding is needed when students with mild intellectual disabilities use recipes in practical cooking lessons in Home Economics?2017In: International Journal of Consumer Studies, ISSN 1470-6431, Vol. 41, no 5, p. 494-500Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore what arithmetical understanding is needed when students with mild intellectual disabilities use recipes during practical cooking lessons in Home Economics. The settings were compulsory schools in Sweden attended by students with intellectual disabilities. Sixteen lessons in Home Economics during which cooking took place were observed. In total, 37 students and three teachers participated. All students had a mild intellectual disability. Their ages varied, but most were between 13 and 14 years old. The sociocultural perspective on learning, combined with a literacy framework, was used as a theoretical foundation for the study. Main findings are that students need an arithmetical understanding of (i) how to interpret numbers, (ii) how to interpret and use units, and (iii) how to compute when using recipes. The knowledge and skills needed to be able to use a recipe are featured in the concept recipe literacy, capturing both theoretical, declarative knowledge and the more practical, procedural knowledge. Recipe literacy can be used to theorize the use of recipes when learning to cook, as in Home Economics.

  • 95.
    Granberg, Albina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Uppsala University.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Mattsson Sydner, Ylva
    Uppsala University.
    Teaching and learning cooking skills in Home Economics: what do teachers for students with mild intellectual disabilities consider important to learn?2017In: British Food Journal, ISSN 0007-070X, E-ISSN 1758-4108, Vol. 119, no 5, p. 1067-1078Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore which elements of cooking skills Home Economics (HE) teachers in schools for students withmild intellectual disability (ID) consider important for their students to learn. Design/methodology/approach - In total, 22 qualitative interviews with HE teachers of students with mild ID were conducted. The transcripts were analyzed thematically using the sociocultural approach on learning and knowledge as a theoretical framework. Findings - The elements of cooking skills that were emphasized included mastering the language of cooking, measuring, following recipes, representing an instrumental and task-centered - knowledge on cooking. Practical implications - The results of this study provide an insight into cooking lessons in HE in schools, not only regarding the focus that teachers give to cooking skills, but also to how cooking skills can be understood on a theoretical level. This has implications for both regular schools and schools for students with mild IDs since the elements that teachers consider important then guide what the students are given to learn. Teachers should be conscious that the planning of lessons should also be based on the students' specific circumstances and context. Originality/value - To the authors' knowledge, this is the first study that provides knowledge about how HE teachers reason regarding which cooking skills they consider important for students to learn. HE is taught to both children and adolescents, and it is important to investigate teachers' perceptions about the subject and how the teaching is organized, including cooking skills.

  • 96.
    Green, Andy J.
    et al.
    Spain.
    Elmberg, Johan
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Lovas-Kiss, Adam
    Hungary.
    Beyond Scatter-Hoarding and Frugivory: European Corvids as Overlooked Vectors for a Broad Range of Plants2019In: Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, E-ISSN 2296-701X, Vol. 7, article id 133Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is well-known that some members of the crow family (Corvidae) are important for seed dispersal either via frugivory (e.g., when feeding on berries) or by scatter hoarding (e.g., of nuts). Dispersal via gut passage of seeds within a fleshy fruit can be considered "classical endozoochory." However, corvids are rarely recognized as vectors of plants lacking a fleshy fruit, or a large nut (such as plants with a dry achene, capsule or caryopsis). Dispersal of such seeds via gut passage can be considered "non-classical endozoochory." A century ago, Heintze (1917a,b); Heintze (1918) reported on extensive field studies of seed dispersal by 11 species of European Corvidae. His work is overlooked in contemporary reviews of corvid biology. We resurrect his work, which suggests that contemporary views about seed dispersal by corvids are too narrow. Heintze identified 157 plant taxa from 42 families which were dispersed by corvids by endozoochory, as well as another nine taxa only dispersed by synzoochory (which includes scatter-hoarding). Most (54%) of the plant species dispersed by endozoochory lack a fleshy fruit and have previously been assigned to other dispersal syndromes, mainly associated with wind (10%), self-dispersal (22%) or epizoochory (18%). Plants lacking a fleshy fruit were particularly well-represented from the Caryophyllaceae (12 species), Poaceae (14 species), and Polygonaceae (8 species). Of 27 taxa germinated by Heintze from seeds extracted from corvid pellets or feces (71% of those tested), 20 lack a fleshy fruit. Similarly, of 32 taxa he recorded as seedlings having germinated from pellets in the field, 11 lacked a fleshy fruit. However, Heintze's quantitative data show that classical endozoochory is dominant in Magpies Pica pica and Hooded Crows Corvus cornix, for which 97% of seeds dispersed were fleshy-fruited. Corvids overlap with waterfowl as vectors of terrestrial plants dispersed by non-classical endozoochory, and 56 species are dispersed by both corvids and dabbling ducks according to the lists of Heintze and Soons et al. (2016). Finally, Heintze's data show that corvids were already dispersing alien plants in Europe a century ago, such as the North American Dwarf Serviceberry Amelanchier spicata.

  • 97.
    Gulsrud, Natalie M.
    et al.
    Denmark.
    Raymond, Christopher M.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Rutt, Rebecca L.
    Denmark.
    Stahl Olafson, Anton
    Denmark.
    Plieninger, Tobias
    Denmark.
    Sandberg, Mattias
    University of Gothenburg.
    Beery, Thomas H.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    ‘Rage against the machine’?: the opportunities and risks concerning the automation of urban green infrastructure2018In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 180, p. 85-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary society is increasingly impacted by automation; however, few studies have considered the potential consequences of automation on ecosystems and their management (hereafter the automation of urbangreen infrastructure or UGI). This Perspective Essay takes up this discussion by asking how a digital approach to UGI planning and management mediates the configuration and development of UGI and to whose benefit? This is done through a review of key issues and trends in digital approaches to UGI planning and management. We first conceptualize automation from a social, ecological, and technological interactions perspective and use this lens to present an overview of the risks and opportunities of UGI automation with respect to selected case studies. Results of this analysis are used to develop a conceptual framework for the assessment of the material and governance implications of automated UGIs. We find that, within any given perspective, the automation of UGI entails a complex dialectic between efficiency, human agency and empowerment. Further, risks and opportunities associated with UGI automation are not fixed but are dynamic properties of changing contextual tensions concerning power, actors, rules of the game and discourse at multiple scales. We conclude the paper by outlining a research agenda on how to consider different digital advances within a social-ecological-technological approach.

  • 98.
    Gulsrud, Natalie
    et al.
    University of Copenhagen.
    Raymond, Christopher
    SLU, Alnarp.
    Rutt, Rebecca
    University of Copenhagen.
    Stahl Olafsson, Anton
    University of Copenhagen.
    Plieninger, Tobias
    University of Göttingen, University of Kassel.
    Sandberg, Mattias
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Beery, Thomas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    ‘Rage against the machine’? The opportunities and risks concerning the automation of urban green infrastructure2019In: ISPM 2019: Let the People Map. Book of Abstracts., 2019, p. 25-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary society is increasingly impacted by automation; however, few studies have considered the potential consequences of automation on ecosystems and their management (hereafter the automation of urban green infrastructure or UGI). This Perspective Essay takes up this discussion by asking how a digital approach to UGI planning and management mediates the configuration and development of UGI and to whose benefit? This is done through a review of key issues and trends in digital approaches to UGI planning and management. We first conceptualize automation from a social, ecological, and technological interactions perspective and use this lens to present an overview of the risks and opportunities of UGI automation with respect to selected case studies. Results of this analysis are used to develop a conceptual framework for the assessment of the material and governance implications of automated UGIs. We find that, within any given perspective, the automation of UGI entails a complex dialectic between efficiency, human agency and empowerment. Further, risks and opportunities associated with UGI automation are not fixed but are dynamic properties of changing contextual tensions concerning power, actors, rules of the game and discourse at multiple scales. We conclude the paper by outlining a research agenda on how to consider different digital advances within a social-ecological-technological approach.

  • 99.
    Gustafsson, Matilda
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Mikkelsen, Florina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    "Kanske för mycket vetebröd": Attityder till och vanor kring mellanmål bland personer över 65 år2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Food and meals are of great importance for preventing age-related health problems. Older adults need more dietary protein to support good health and a snack is a great way for them to get more protein. Studying attitudes and habits among people over the age of 65 can provide a deeper understanding of what kind of food and snacks choices they make. This can also be used as a basis for health promotion intended for elderly people. Aim: To study attitudes and habits towards snacks among people over 65 years. The questions asked in the study focused on what factors influencing the choices of snacks, if high-protein dairy products are eaten as a snack and how these products are regarded. Material and method: A quantitative study was conducted using a survey, where a convenience sampling was made. Results: A majority ate one-two snacks per day and these mostly consisted of fruit/vegetables, sandwiches or cookies/pastries. The main motive for snacking was to drink forenoon/afternoon coffee. There was some difference between men and women when it came to attitudes to snacks. The factors that affected the choices of snacks the most were that they should be tasty, simple and healthy. That the snack should be high in protein was of least importance. Conclusion: Snacking was associated with drinking forenoon/afternoon coffee and consequently future efforts to promote and develop protein-enriched cakes, cookies and pastries can help people over 65 years to easier acquire their protein need. Awareness about the importance of high-protein snacks appears to be lacking in the targeted population, however the generalisation of the results from this study is limited because of the convenience sampling.

  • 100.
    Gårdefalk, Louise
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Förändringar i jordbrukslandskapet och fältviltspopulationens utveckling på Högestads gods, Skåne 1923-19752019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker om landskapsförändringar som skett i jordbrukslandskapet under 1900-talet kan ha ett samband med fältviltspopulationens minskning under 1900-talet. Fältvilt är ett begrepp för arter som lever i det öppna jordbrukslandskapet, rapphöna, fasan och fälthare är arter som ingår i gruppen fältvilt. I studien undersöks också populationerna för rådjur och gräsand, då det är arter som förekommer i det öppna odlingslandskapet. Studieperioden är åren 1923-1975. Flygfoto över Högestads gods från åren 1938,1957 och 1975 används i arbetet. Flygfotona har använts till att utläsa vilka landskapsförändringar som skett i området under studieperioden. Studien baseras också på avskjutningsstatistik för godset från åren 1923-1969, sammanställd av Skånska Jägarsällskapet. Under denna period har det skett landskapsförändringar i hela Sverige och så även i skånska Högestad. Undersökningsområdet har genomgått en stor förändring i jordbrukslandskapet under studieperioden; åkermarken har gått från mindre naturanpassade fält till större rektangulära sammanhängande ytor. I och med detta bör andelen och mängden kantzoner minskat. Kantzonerna är på många sätt en viktig faktor i landskapet för fältviltet. Studien undersöker också om predatorer som rödräv och grävling har någon påverkan på arterna som nämns ovan. Denna undersökning tyder på att rapphönan har påverkats mer av landskapsförändringar än av predation från räv och grävling. Fältharen tycks å andra sidan ha blivit påverkad av predation från räv. Möjligtvis har tillgången på fälthare varit bättre och de kan därför ha blivit ett relativt enkelt byte för räven. Den minskande andelen kantzoner kan vara en av faktorerna till rapphönsstammens minskning. Minskar kantzonerna minskar också växtdelar och insekter som rapphönan livnär sig på. Kantzonerna är också ett bra skydd mot predatorer och rovfåglar för viltet som lever i det öppna jordbrukslandskapet. Om dessa arter ska finnas kvar i landskapet i framtiden bör mer fokus riktas på att förbättra deras livsmiljöer.

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