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  • 51.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    The Storyline approach: promoting learning through cooperation in the second language classroom2015In: Education 3-13, ISSN 0300-4279, E-ISSN 1475-7575, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 40-54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Storyline approach, a fictive world is created in the classroom, with learners working in small groups, taking on the role of characters in a story. The story develops as they work on a range of tasks which integrate the practical and theoretical content of the curriculum. This article reports on a study based on the syllabus for English, in which a class of Swedish 11-13 year olds took on the roles of families who had moved into a new sreet in England, and highlights the role played by cooperative group work in the second language learning process.

  • 52.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humaniora.
    The storyline approach in teacher education2016In: Lärarlärdom 2016: Högskolan Kristianstad / [ed] Claes Dahlqvist & Stefan Larsson, Högskolan Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    For many primary student teachers, English at school was characterized by a diet of textbooks, public teacher correction and peer ridicule. Such students approach English in teacher education with a lack of enthusiasm, even dread. If we are to produce competent, enthusiastic professionals, this must change. In English didactics, the objectives at Kristianstad University are 1) that students develop language proficiency and theoretical knowledge 2) understand how English can be taught creatively and be able to demonstrate this in practical and written assignments.

    Classroom relationships are often said to lie at the heart of successful language learning (Stevick, 1980). One example of a relational pedagogy, which fosters cooperation and mutual support, is Storyline, in which a fictive world is created in the classroom. A story develops as learners, in small groups as characters in a story, work on a range of meaningful tasks, combining theoretical and aesthetic subjects. At Kristianstad University, student teachers work for two weeks intensively on a Storyline about families moving into a new street in a fictive English town, using English in different ways. At the same time, they analyse what they are learning and how. This has a number of benefits. By working with Storyline, as opposed to just reading about it, the students experience its pedagogical benefits, and not just for the teaching of English. At the same time, their proficiency develops, not least because they are working closely and intensively together on motivating tasks in a supportive classroom atmosphere.

    Hattie (2009) contends that achievement is higher where there is enjoyment. Storyline helps to raise achievement levels because it engages affectively and cognitively, helps to forge closer classroom relationships and through practical work makes visible abstract content (for example, educational and linguistic theories), thus facilitating student learning, as this paper will demonstrate.

  • 53.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humaniora.
    Using Storyline to develop speaking skills in teenage learners of English2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 54.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    `When it's fun you learn more!´: Storyline and the young language learner2012In: English for young learners - forum 2012: proceedings from the conference in Uppsala 19 June 2012 / [ed] Maria Allström, Annamaria Pinter, Uppsala: Centre for Professional Development and Internationalisation in Schools, Uppsala University , 2012, p. 28-38Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Storyline approach a fictive world is created in the classroom. Working in small groups, the learners create characters to people a story, speaking and writing in role. The story develops as the learners work on open key questions, based on curriculum content and integrating linguistic and practical skills. A word often used by participants in a Storyline topic is `fun´. I investigated which features of the Storyline approach particularly appealed to a class of 11-13 year-olds who took part in Our Sustainable Street and what impact working in this way had on their learning of English This paper reports on that study, which concluded that the Storyline approach offers significant benefits for the development of communicative competence, and shows how Storyline can meet the requirements of the curriculum.

  • 55.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Young learner writing and the Storyline approach2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 56.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Lugossy, Réka
    University of Pécs, Hungary.
    Stories and Storyline2015Book (Other academic)
  • 57.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humaniora.
    Lugossy, Réka
    Hungary.
    Stories and storyline2015Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of stories is widely recognised in language teaching. Stories engage the imagination and expose the reader/listener to language patterns and to a rich array of vocabulary in context. Storyline shares these features. In the Storyline approach a fictive world is created in the classroom. Learners work in small groups over a period of typically four to six weeks as characters in a story. Working on open key questions, which drive the story and which carry the curriculum content, learners use and develop their language skills within a meaningful context. And they have fun!This book is about the power of story to engage and motivate, leading to effective learning: a programme of work based on stories and Storyline is truly learning-centred, allowing the teacher to adapt the level of the task to suit an individual learner's needs, enabling a sense of progress in the learner, enhanced motivation and continued learning.The book combines a wealth of practical ideas related to teaching with stories and Storyline, and at the same time also inspires teachers to undertake small scale explorations in their own classrooms. It is unique in its uncompromising attention to making links between everyday classroom practice, underlying theory and research opportunities that every teacher can take advantage of.

  • 58.
    Ahlqvist, Kerstin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Palla, Marta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Närhet och tillgänglighet i undervisning: i form av verksamhetsförlagd utbildning, VFU2016In: Högskolepedagogisk debatt, ISSN 2000-9216, no 1, p. 95-120Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 59.
    Ahlström, My
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Hendriksson, Sanna
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Stevic, Bojan
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Den hälsosamma kosten: uppfattningar, resonemang och livsmedelsval2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Most consumers today are very health conscious and wish to eat a healthy diet, but they are faced with several problems in their everyday lives. Food and product choices can be about taking a stance and showing your identity, whether that is as a price conscious or environmentally conscious customer. As such many factors are in play when the consumer decides what a healthy diet is. The choice of diet and food thus becomes a complex everyday challenge. This is influenced by the debate around food and health in what is termed the mass media. The purpose of the study was to show how a sample of Swedish consumers percieve a healthy diet, the relation of said perception to comming nutrition reccommendations and the consumers’ views of diet and health. The study used semi-structured interviews as well as a web-based food frequency questionnaire with fourhundred respondents. Interviews centered on concepts of healthy diet and unhealthy diet, as well as the meaning of words frequently used in the debate around diet and health in mass media. The consumer’s view of a healthy diet mainly coincides with Swedish Nutritional Recommendations from 2004 and the proposal for Nordic Nutrition Recommendations from June, 2012. There are differences in the opinions of male and female subjects between self-estimated food consumption, the view of what a healthy diet should look like and on how often the defined food items should be consumed. A higher frequency of consumption of food items that the proposal for the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations have recommended be reduced, such as sausages, snacks and sweets was more acceptable to men than to women. Women’s perception of a healthy diet included a higher frequency of consumption of food items that the proposal for the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations have recommended be increased, such as fruits, berries and vegetables. Over all, the subjects were well informed and knowledgeable about what constitutes a healthy diet.

  • 60.
    Ahlzén, Karl Fredrik
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Kan problemen vara lösningen?: en studie om elevers olikheter i metoden att lösa ett bestämt matematiskt problem i årskurs 9.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen är främst skriven till grundskolelärare för årskurs 6-9 i matematik. Uppsatsen behandlar rika matematiska problem och niondeklassares olika strategier och representationer som eleverna uppvisar för att lösa rika matematiska problem.

    Bakgrunden till uppsatsen grundar sig på mitt eget stora intresse för att undervisning skall vara utformad för att se och bemöta elevers olikheter som något positivt. Undervisning där man ser och utgår ifrån elevers olikheter och erfarenheter gör att elever kommer att vara olika djupt och långt i kursen. Här är det viktigt för läraren att vara uppmärksam och stötta alla elever, så att ingen kommer efter i lärandet. Att göra undervisningen mer personlig och meningsfull kan vara ett steg i riktning mot att höja intresset för matematik men kommer givetvis krävas mera av läraren.

    I teoridelen redogörs delar av rika matematiska problem och dess historia. Vidare tar jag upp vikten av att se till den enskilda individen och dess förutsättningar, samt olika möjligheter till att möta den enskilda individen i matematikundervisningen.

    Det empiriska materialet hanteras anonymt för att garantera anonymitet. Problemen löstes av samtliga elever i årskurs 9 på en skola i södra Sverige. Resultatet visade att det förekommer olika representationer för hur elever tänker kring ett bestämt problem. Att nivågrupperingar skulle vara att föredra kan inte bekräftas ur resultatet. Resultatet visade att den blandade gruppen hade en djupare förståelse totalt sett.

  • 61.
    Ahlén, Ingemar
    et al.
    SLU.
    Angelstam, Per
    SLU.
    Bensch, Staffan
    Lunds universitet.
    Elmberg, Johan
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Enemar, Anders
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Fagerström,, Torbjörn
    SLU.
    Green, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Gustafsson, Lars
    Uppsala universitet.
    Gustafsson, Lena
    SLU.
    Mikael, Hake
    SLU.
    Dennis, Hasselquist,
    Lunds universitet.
    Hedenström, Anders
    Lunds universitet.
    H-Lindgren, Christina
    Umeå universitet.
    Lindberg, Peter
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lindström, Åke
    Lunds universitet.
    Michanek, Gabriel
    Luleå tekniska universitet.
    Nilsson, Leif
    Lunds universitet.
    Nilsson, Sven G
    Lunds universitet.
    Pärt, Tomas
    SLU.
    Sundberg, Jan
    Uppsala universitet.
    Svensson, Sören
    Lunds universitet.
    Tjernberg, Martin
    SLU.
    Ulfstrand, Staffan
    Uppsala universitet.
    Brusewitz, Gunnar
    Stockholms universitet.
    Edman, Stefan
    Chalmers tekniska högskola.
    Jonsson, Lars
    Uppsala universitet.
    Landell, Nils-Erik
    Wahlstedt, Jens
    Emanuelsson, Urban
    Centrum för biologisk mångfald.
    Ingelög, Torleif
    Artdatabanken.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    Svenska naturskyddsföreningen.
    Kristoferson, Lars
    WWF.
    Lindell, Lars
    Sveriges Ornitologiska Förening.
    Nya järnvägen hotar unikt naturområde2002In: Aftonbladet, ISSN 1103-9000Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 62.
    Ahmed, Aden
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Utveckling av en PCR-baserad metod för detektion av plasmidburna kolistinresistens, mcr-1 och mcr-3 gener i extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producerande enterobacteriaceae2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kolistin är ett gammalt polypeptidantibiotikum och används som sista utväg för behandling av allvarliga infektioner orsakad av multiresistenta gramnegativa bakterier. Nya studier har påvisat kolistinresistensgener, mcr (mobil colistin resistance), hos extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producerande Enterobacteriaceae. Mcr-genen ligger i plasmider som kan överföras mellan bakterier, vilket innebär att det är mycket svårare att behandla människor och djur vid infektion orsakad av patogen som erhållit denna resistens. Syfte med detta projekt var att utveckla en PCR-baserad metod för detektion av mcr-1 och mcr-3 gener. I denna studie optimerades en PCR-metod och sedan screenades 60 ESBL-isolat från Kristianstads vattenrike. Därefter undersöktes PCR-produkt med hjälp av agarosgelselektrofores. Resultatet visade att 51oC är den optimala annealingtemperaturen vid multiplex-PCR för detektion av mcr-1 och mcr-3. Ingen av mcr-generna kunde detekteras i de 60 ESBL-isolaten. Positiva kontrollstammar med specifika primers kunde detekteras i PCR-analyser som genomfördes i denna studie, vilket tyder på att den optimerade PCR metoden kan vara pålitlig för detektion av mcr-1 och mcr-3 generna.

     

  • 63.
    Ahmetovic, Semra
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Förskollärares uppfattningar av fenomenet fysik som innehåll i förskolans verksamhet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka förskollärares uppfattningar av fenomenet fysik som innehåll i förskolans verksamhet.  Tidigare forskning och litteratur visar att arbetet med de olika naturvetenskapliga ämnena finns i verksamheten men på grund av förskollärares olika erfarenheter och kompetenser så blir fysikämnet inte synliggjort. Studien har en fenomenografiskt inspirerad ansats. För att få svar på studiens frågeställning användes intervju som metod. Två förskollärare från tre olika förskolor intervjuades, d v s totalt sex respondenter.

    Resultatet visar att förskollärare uppfattar att fysik som innehåll i förskolan kan vara vuxenstyrt genom att man utgår från experiment, eller med utgångspunkt i vardagserfarenheter där man arbetar utifrån barns intresse för att synliggöra fysikinnehållet. 

  • 64.
    Ahxner, Robert
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Davidsson, Tomas
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    I gränslandet mellan hemmet och fritidshemmet: -Om vårdnadshavarens och pedagogens syn på kommunikation och samspel mellan hem och fritidshem.2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats handlar om samspelet mellan hemmet och fritidshemmet och hur det

    kan påverka elevens trygghet, trivsel och personliga utveckling på fritidshemmet.

    Syftet med denna studie är att i viss mån studera vad rektorer men främst vad

    pedagoger och vårdnadshavare anser om kommunikation och samverkan mellan hem

    och fritidshem. Vi redogör för vad skolans föregående och gällande styrdokument

    menar om samverkan med hemmet samt ger en teoretisk bakgrund som beskriver vad

    forskning och litteratur säger om ämnet. Vårt teoretiska perspektiv i uppsatsen är det

    sociokulturella perspektivet som utgår från lärande, kommunikation, kontext och

    artefakter. Av dessa nyckelbegrepp fokuserar vi på kommunikation och det lärande

    som sker mellan pedagoger och vårdnadshavare när eleven sätts i centrum för

    diskussionerna. Genom skriftliga frågeformulär till vårdnadshavare, pedagoger och

    rektorer på fyra utvalda skolor samlades en mängd data in för att kunna belysa detta

    område. I analysen av dessa uppgifter framkom att de flesta är nöjda med dagens

    samverkan men att det finns några förbättringsområden, främst rörande vilken typ av

    information som ges mellan respektive pedagoger och vårdnadshavare. Resultatet

    visar att samarbetet kring eleven till stor del beror på relationen mellan

    vårdnadshavaren och pedagogen och att en fungerande relation ger en fungerande

    samverkan, som i sin tur kan gynna elevens personliga utveckling.

  • 65.
    Aili, Carola
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Breaks for stress and breaks for rest: a study of teachers' work breaks. Paper presenterat vid Nordisk Förening för Pedagogisk Forskning (NFPF) 33:e kongress, Oslo, Norge.2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 66.
    Aili, Carola
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Familjecentraler i perspektivet av välfärdsprinciper2011In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 88, no 2, p. 180-192Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In light of four welfare principles are family centres analyzed as they emerge in Sociomedical Journals special issue on family centers. The principles are: 1. welfare as a social compensatory 2. welfare as a social guarantee 3. welfare as social services, and 4. welfare as social investment. The question is whether and how they compete for attention and what impact it may have. The results shows that three of the four welfare principles appear as complementary in the vision of family centres while they appear as being in conflict when the texts are dealing with professionals everyday work. The organizational form, the form of family centres, seems to help the professionals in their dealing with conflicts between different principles in some types of work situations.

  • 67.
    Aili, Carola
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    Hur gör lärare?: recension av Gannerud, E., Rönnerman, K. Att fånga lärares arbete: bilder av vardagsarbete i förskola och skola2008In: Pedagogiska magasinet, ISSN 1401-3320, no 2, p. 89-90Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att lärare gör många saker samtidigt framgår av en ny bok. Men författarna lägger för mycket krut på att skilja ut innehåll från organisering. De skulle hellre lyft fram studiet av vardagsrutiner.

  • 68.
    Aili, Carola
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Hård styrning är inget framgångsrecept2012In: Kristianstadsbladet, ISSN 1103-9523, no 2/7, p. B4-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den ökade kontrollen i dag gör inte att de elever läraren har i dag når bättre resultat, sannolikt når de sämre resultat, eftersom lärares hantering av den allt mer omfattande dokumentstyrningen sker på bekostnad av att komma väl förberedda till nästa dags undervisning.

  • 69.
    Aili, Carola
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    Kan jag få jobba klart nå'n gång?: tidsgeografiska perspektiv på lärararbetet2008In: Läraren i blickpunkten: olika perspektiv på lärares liv och arbete / [ed] Aili, Carola, Blossing, Ulf, Tornberg, Ulrika, Stockholm: Lärarförbundets förlag , 2008, p. 121-139Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 70.
    Aili, Carola
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Något ska väl uträttas? Recension av John Ohlsson (red.), Arbetslag och lärande : lärares organiserande av samarbete i organisationspedagogisk belysning2007In: Pedagogiska magasinet, ISSN 1401-3320, no 1, p. 90-Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 71.
    Aili, Carola
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Professionen som marknadsvara. Recension av Katrin Hjort (red.), De professionelle, samt Per Fibæk Laursen(red.), Relationsprofessioner:  2005In: Pedagogiska magasinet, ISSN 1401-3320, no 2, p. 96-97Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 72.
    Aili, Carola
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    PS: det lärarna inte presenterat, det får inte finnas, inte användas2008In: Pedagogiska magasinet, ISSN 1401-3320, no 2, p. 91-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 73.
    Aili, Carola
    Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Quality driven teacher work: reflection on a concept2014In: NWLC 2014: Sessions and download of paper, 2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the concept of Quality driven teacher work and its usefulness. The concept is discussed from four different perspectives: 1) the teachers’ and school leaders' views; 2) the dominating quality discourse; 3) teachers' discretionary work; 4) by using results from sub‐studies in an ongoing research project. The concept helps focusing on teachers’ discretionary work and highlights new time‐consuming tasks that threaten the quality of teaching. This is consistent with new research that shows that professional work is changing. Professionalism is more conceptually framed as a matter of technical proficiency. Teachers must be able to follow guidelines from predefined cases in detail. Being skilled becomes a question of being update on laws, rules, guidelines, and obligation to do documentary work in different quality systems. Skill then is less a question on being competent within a knowledge field from where they analyzed and make discretionary judgments. The concept of Quality driven teacher work highlights teachers day to day work to improve quality in their lessons. In conclusion the concept helps visualizing daily work of teachers’ attempts in transforming plans, policies and strategies into good teaching practices. Furthermore it helps to highlight the competition from other work task some of them connected with the new technical proficiency professionalism.

  • 74.
    Aili, Carola
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Ska andra yrkesgrupper få mer kontroll över skolan?2004In: Pedagogiska Magasinet, ISSN 1401-3320, no 3, p. 92-93Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 75.
    Aili, Carola
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Vem har rätt till vilken guldkant?2006In: Universitetsläraren, ISSN 0282-4973, no 18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 76.
    Aili, Carola
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Villkor för lärararbetets organisering: delrapport 1 : kvalitetsdrivande lärararbete – inledande analys av lärares arbetsuppgiftsfokuserade e-dagböcker2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten visar att de undersökta lärarna uppger att de har många arbetsdagar där de inte alls hinner ägna sig åt arbete som är kvalitetsdrivande för den närliggande undervisningen, trots att de bedömer att det behövs. Lärarna rapporterar 46 % av de undersökta dagarna som dagar då de inte gjort något kvalitetsdrivande arbete. Några få lärare rapporterar att de medvetet försöker samla sådant till några få tillfällen i veckan.

    Rapporten visar att viktigt, ibland helt avgörande arbete, inte endast handlar om pedagogiska överväganden, utan att även arbete som att beställa, plocka fram och hantera olika typer av material kan vara avgörande. Lärare har identifierat kvalitetsdrivande arbete som utöver pedagogiska överväganden, handlar om olika former av administrativt arbete, teknik hantering och elevsocialt arbete. En del av detta är arbete som skolorganisationen relativt enkelt kan bistå lärare med att säkra att de utförs annat är av olika skäl knutet till person och måste utföras av specifik lärare. Studien visar också att viss typ av arbete ibland kan ha direkt betydelse för undervisningen, ibland inte. Det gäller till exempel arbete med individuella utvecklingsplaner, där något precis ska kommuniceras föräldrar och elev och därför viktigt för kommande undervisning. Medan arbete med utvecklingsplaner ibland snarare hindrar det kvalitetsdrivande arbetet för närliggande undervisning, därför att de tar tid och inte har betydelse för den närliggande undervisningen.

  • 77.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    Blossing, UlfKarlstads universitet.Tornberg, UlrikaÖrebro universitet.
    Läraren i blickpunkten: olika perspektiv på lärares liv och arbete2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Brante, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Developing categories to study teachers daily work in a perspective of organising2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 79.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Brante, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Kvalificerande arbete: lärares vardagliga arbete som bas för lärarprofessionens autonomi2006Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 80.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Brante, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Organisatoriska formativa krafter i lärares vardagliga arbete: en fallstudie2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 81.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Brante, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    What teachers do in their teaching free time in a perspective of qualified, semi-qualified and unqualified work2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 82.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Brante, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning Design (LeaD).
    Gannerud, Eva
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lindgren, Ulla
    Umeå universitet.
    Ottosson, Torgny
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Not only teaching: teachers' ways of organising their work. Paper presented at the Nordic Educational Research Association Congress, Tallinn, Estland, 7–9 March2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 83.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    Hjort, Katrin
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    OCTOPUS in EDUCATION: new models of welfare – new demands on the teachers' profession2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Nordic countries the Welfare State has a broad political base, but the meaning given the concept of welfare appears to be changing. The welfare state is not only talked about in terms of common responsibilities towards citizens in need of help or as a duty to protect citizenship and civic rights. Welfare is also talked about as a “service” directed to the individual and as an investment to insure the best possible development of national competitiveness in a global world. This transformation or displacement brings new demands on the knowledge and competence professionals need to be able to manage their daily work.

    Drawing on empirical examples from research projects looking into everyday school work in Pre-school, Elementary school and Secondary school in Denmark and Sweden this study claims that the welfare state transformation introduces fields of tensions that teachers have to cope with. In this context raise new questions of professionalization understood as building up new bases of knowledge, developing new strategies for work organisation and time management and creating new spaces for ethical or democratic reflections.

    The paper draws on empirical examples from 4 research projects studying teachers work in Pre-school, Primary School and Secondary school in Denmark and Sweden.

  • 84.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Hjort, Katrin
    Syddansk universitet, Odense.
    Prioriteringskompetens: konkurerande välfärdsprinciper och nya krav på lärarprofessionen2010In: Dilemman i skolan: aktuella utmanignar och professionella omställningar / [ed] Göran Brante & Katrin Hjort, Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2010, p. 8-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 85.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    IT och lärarkårens professionalisering2001Manuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 86.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Permer, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Permer, Lars Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Tullgren, Charlotte
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Problems in pre-school: a study of how problems are constituted and handled within the discursive practicies of the Swedish pre-school2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 87.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Permer, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Permer, Lars-Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Tullgren, Charlotte
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    What is identified as a "problem" in pre-schools?2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 88.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Tullgren, Charlotte
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Att göra alla nöjda: om ansvarsgörande i förskolearbetets lokala arbetsdelningsprocesser2010In: Dilemman i skolan: aktuella utmanignar och professionella omställningar / [ed] Göran Brante & Katrin Hjort, Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2010, p. 39-53Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 89.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Nilsson, Lars-Erik
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Dual learning – a challenge for higher education in the new landscape of governance2015In: Tertiary Education and Management, ISSN 1358-3883, E-ISSN 1573-1936, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 277-292Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In many countries, practice-oriented programmes have been recast as university programmes, fuelling debate on the purpose of higher education. We highlight two ways of talking about the challenges for higher education we think are already familiar to readers. We label them ?political-worry discourse? and ?academic-worry discourse?. We argue for a third position that gives due recognition to the turn in governance. Professional work today is performed in a new landscape where maintaining the conditions for autonomy and discretionary work is more important than ever. This has implications for the pedagogic focus of higher education institutions. The proposed ?dual learning? concept addresses this challenge through educating students about governance and allowing students to position themselves in relation to the governance of their professions. By discussing governance, we contribute to a previously neglected field and support the position that higher education may indeed be the best place to provide professional education.

  • 90.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Nilsson, Lars-Erik
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Implementing supervised placement: diversity and change in different professional programs. Paper presenterat vid Professionsnätverkets konferens Kunskap profession och expertis i Växjö, Sverige, 28 – 29 september2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to start a discussion about the variation in how work-based training is described and performed in different academic programs. Every year, for three years, heads of academic programs have been interviewed about their implementation the local reform for supervised placement. The interviews have been conducted at a university that aims to have supervised placement in all programs. Our findings suggest that there are major differences in how to think ”where professional education is good”. Placement may take the form of training at campus, virtual placement and training at work. Different programs have varying resources to support placement. The ideas about what students should do vary from observation to practical work.

  • 91.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Nilsson, Lars-Erik
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Kvalitetsutmaningar i högskolans VFU-satsning: programmen i press mellan en byråkratisk och professionell implementeringsstruktur?2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en rapport från en pågående studie av den verksamhetsförlagda utbildningens organisation och organiseringsprocesser. Det som undersöks är hur Högskolan Kristianstads vision att utbilda Sveriges mest anställningsbara studenter genom Kristianstadmodellen för verksamhetsförlagd utbildning blir till som praktik ute i utbildningsprogrammen.

    Rapporten är i första hand avsedd för det interna kvalitetsarbetet och ska belysa hur den lokala organisationen tar form under det som medarbetare uppfattar som villkor för arbetet samt ge några verktyg för dem som arbetar med VFU till att analysera villkor och möjligheter. Rapporten är skriven utifrån perspektivet ”Strategy as practice” som vi avser skall ligga till grund för fortsatta studier av hur Högskolan Kristianstads strategi för Verksamhetsförlagd Utbildning omsätts. Eftersom denna rapport i första hand är avsedd för det interna arbetet har emellertid detta perspektiv tonats ned.

     

    Studien utgår ifrån frågor om hur medarbetare skapar mening och agerar för att hantera det som de urskiljer som villkor för att införa och bedriva verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och vilken typ av organiseringsprocesser som sätten att uppfatta villkoren leder till. Det är med andra ord aspekter av ett praktiskt strategiarbete som studeras. Vi är särskilt intresserade av i vilken mening VFU-satsningen leder till anpassningsinriktat arbete som byråkratiska implementeringsprocesser kännetecknas av och i vilken mening det leder till utvecklingsinriktat arbete så som professionella implementeringsprocesser kännetecknas av.

  • 92.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Nilsson, Lars-Erik
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Preparing higher education students for the new landscape of governance2016In: Tertiary Education and Management, ISSN 1358-3883, E-ISSN 1573-1936, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 249-265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Studies have demonstrated that neoliberal governance dismantles professionals' will to critique, counteracting efforts to improve quality by preventing professionals in all sectors of the labour market from grounding work in their professional convictions. Managing attempts at governance has therefore become an important professional competence. This paper investigates how higher education prepares students for work under neoliberal forms of control. How are they trained to analyse and describe the effects of governance and prepared to work with the standards, manuals and documentation that influence quality in their lines of work? 'Interruptive focus group conversations' were performed with students from various professional programmes at a Swedish university. Student reasoning about governance is explored using theories of governance and subjectification. The results demonstrate that students are aware of the ways in which their professions are governed, the need to conduct discretionary work, but do not have skills to deal with governance critically. This latitude for pedagogical intervention is underutilized.

  • 93.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    Nilsson, Lars-Erik
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    Rehearsing accountability: how pre-school teachers go about appearing professional2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s professionals appear to be under constant pressure to be able to account for their actions and to do boundary work because there are not any evidently borders for what can be a work task. We want to contribute to a discussion about what demands pre-school teachers has to handle to perform as good professionals in these specific circumstances. From our example I pre-school settings we want to answer the question: what do professionals need to rehearse? And what new forms for this rehearsing accountability are growing up. In a seminal article Lyman and Scott argued that accounting for ones actions is a basic human activity and we use Goffman’s theory about team performance to understand these types of accounting in professional settings.

  • 94.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Nilsson, Lars-Erik
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Standardization meets practice: the case of integrating research-based work placement2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A local reform, with the vision to educate Sweden’s most employable students was adopted by the board at a Swedish university. An important means for reaching the vision was a work placement. Students in all 28 programs at the university should be guaranteed at least five weeks supervised research based practice and learning in companies and organizations. Following the decision, activities were initiated in all Higher education programs to implement the placement reform. To document strategy work, yearly interviews were conducted with the head of the programs, course heads and teachers. Syllabi were collected and changes kept track of. Program dialogues were followed using ethnographic field work methods. University and program strategizing is explored from three questions: 1/ how did staff make sense of and turn strategy into practice? 2) what resources became important to strategy work? and 3) what kind of placement, what kind of examinations, what kind of supervision etcetera were the result. A strategy as practice-perspective is used to explore what became of the standardized model for placement envisioned in the university boards strategy. The result show that standardized placement was not possible for the programs. Instead different understandings of the reform based on the programs different conditions, led to a variation in what kind of placement they introduced.

  • 95.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Nilsson, Lars-Erik
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Universiteten har en viktig roll i det förändrade styrlandskapet2015In: Universitetsläraren, ISSN 0282-4973, no 6, p. 38-39Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 96.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Nilsson, Lars-Erik
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Verksamhetsrapport: VFU-forskningen 2012: Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Plattformen är ett led i Högskolan Kristianstads satsning på anställningsbarhet. Detta är en rapport från plattformens fjärde år med en sammanställning av de fyra årens sammanlagda verksamhet i bilagor.

    Plattformen hade i slutet av 2012 19 pågående projekt med 23 deltagare. 14 seminarier har hållits i seminarieserien, som samlar en bred representation från olika programområden och discipliner. I snitt har seminarierna haft 19 deltagare. Plattformen har under 2012 dragit in 3 miljoner i externa medel. Ingen refereegranskad artikel har publicerats under året. Fyra artiklar är emellertid accepterade för publicering under 2013. Vidare har fyra artiklar som inte är refereegranskade publicerats. Härutöver har 23 externa presentationer gjorts genom t.ex. konferensbidrag, bokkapitel, icke refereegranskade artiklar och debattartiklar. Totalt har forskningen kommunicerats 56 gånger under året.

  • 97.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Construing and re-construing quality driven teacher work2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 98.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    How do teachers think quality? Poster presented at 16th Biennial Conference on Teachers and Teaching July 1-5, 2013 - Ghent, Belgium2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How do teachers think quality? This question is important since the teaching profession seems to be characterized by constant work intensification (Sarfatti-Larson, 1980). Repeated research show a steady increase in the number of tasks teachers are expected to perform (Apple 1989, Faber 1991, Hargreaves 1994, Day 2000, Grundy & Bonser 2000, Sutton 2007, Day & Gu 2007, Aili & Brante 2007, Chang 2009, Steen-Olsen & Eikseth, 2010). Teachers must therefore constantly prioritize between competing tasks and (to the extent they are pursuing quality of teaching) the question that arises is - how do they construct  realtions between tasks that are performed before the lesson and the teaching quality.

    In this paper we present an explorative study of how teacher formulate themselves about their daily work tasks in relation to the quality of their teaching. 60 teachers were invited to answer a semi structured web-questionnaire about work tasks they had perform during the day, once a day during two weeks. They were asked to choose two tasks that, from their perspective, had impact on the quality of their teaching in the nearest future. In addition to this they were asked to give each task a name, describe its content and under which circumstances it had been performed, and to specify in which way the task had impact on the teaching nearby. The material includes total 325 respectively 12 received questionnaires.

    The analysis focus is on teachers’ meaning-making of what quality is, and the relation between the work before teaching and the outcome of the teaching. A grounded content analysis was performed. The seven tasks identified by the teacher teams in the second questionnaire were analyzed in conjunction with a random sample of answers from the individual questionnaire regarding the same tasks. These tasks are labeled by the teachers name for the work task: Work with individual development plans, Planning of next day’s teaching, Planning of thematic work, Planning a school cinema visit, Production of material and Pupils’ choice.

    Some categories for the type of quality impact the teachers report have been construed such as for example “Absolute conditions” for links to a work task to the teaching such as the necessity to have ordered the groceries  before a lesson in cooking or ordered a bus for the transport to a school cinema visit. Another example is “Quality in a presentation” for links between high concentration works such as putting pedagogical considerations into a specific content. The way the teachers construe the reasons for tasks being important to quality are discussed in relation to earlier research about teachers’ professional language, characterization of teacher work, and teacher thinking.

     

    Aili, C. & Brante, G,. (2007). Qualifying Teacher Work: Everyday Work as Basis For the Autonomy of the Teaching Profession. Teachers & Teaching, 13 (3), pp. 287-306.

    Apple, M., (1989). Teachers and texts. New York: Routledge & Keegan.

    Chang, M-L., (2009). An Appraisal Perspective of Teacher Burnout: Examining the Emotional Work of Teachers. Educational Psychology Review 21 (3), pp. 193-218.

    Day, C., (2000). Stories of change and professional development: The costs of commitment, In C. Day, A. Fernandez, T. Hauge & J. Møller (Eds). The life and work of teachers. International perspectives in changing times. London: Falmer Press.

    Day, C. & Gu, Q., (2010). The New Lives of Teachers, London: Routledge.

    Farber, B., (1991). Crisis in Education: Stress and Burnout in The American Teacher. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

    Grundy, S. & Bronser, S., (2000). The New Work Order and Australian Schools, In: C. Day, A. Fernandez, T. Hauge & J. Møller (Eds). The life and work of teachers. International perspectives in changing times. London: Falmer Press.

    Hargreaves, A., (1994). Changing teachers, changing times. Teachers’ work and culture in postmodern age. London: Cassell.

    Sarfatti-Larson, M,. (1980) The Rise of Professionalism: A Sociological Analysis},University of California Press.

    Steen-Olsen, T. & Eikseth, A., (2010). The Power of Time: Teachers' Working Day--Negotiating Autonomy and Control. European Educational Research Journal, 9(2), pp. 284-295.

    Sutton, R., (2007). Teachers’ Anger, Frustration, and Self-regulation. In P. Schutz & R. Pekrun. (Eds), Emotions in Education. pp. 259-274. San Diego: Elsevier.

  • 99.
    Aili, Carola
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Kvalitetsdrivande lärararbete - ett varannandagsuppdrag? Power  point-presentation presented at Dialogkonferens - Pedagogisk forskning i Skåne2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 100.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Eriksson, Urban
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    A semiotic analysis of the disciplinary affordances of the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram in astronomy2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the central characteristics of disciplines is that they create their own particular ways of knowing the world. This process is facilitated by the specialization and refinement of disciplinary-specific semiotic resources over time. Nowhere is this truer than in the sciences, where it is the norm that disciplinary-specific representations have been introduced and then refined by a number of different actors. As a consequence, many of the semiotic resources used in the sciences today still retain some traces of their historical roots.

    In this paper we analyse one such disciplinary-specific semiotic resource from the field of Astronomy—the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram. We audit the potential of this semiotic resource to provide access to disciplinary knowledge—what Fredlund et al (2012) have termed its disciplinary affordances. Our analysis includes consideration of the use of scales, labels, symbols, sizes and colour. We show how, for historical reasons, the use of these aspects in the resource may differ from what might be expected by a newcomer to the discipline.

    We suggest that some of the issues we highlight in our analysis may, in fact, be contributors to alternative conceptions and therefore propose that lecturers pay particular attention to the disambiguation of these features for their students.

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