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  • 51.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Department of Mathematics and Science Education. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education.
    Leden, Lotta
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Department of Mathematics and Science Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Sciences specializing in Pre-School and After School Care, Teaching and Learning. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Samtal om ”naturvetenskapernas karaktär” i förskolan med utgångspunkt i bilderböcker2021In: Forum förforskningsbaserad NT‐undervisning: bidrag från konferensen FobasNT1917‐18 oktober 2019 i Norrköping / [ed] Larsson, Andreas, Stolpe, Karin, Höst, Gunnar, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press , 2021, p. 1-176Chapter in book (Other academic)
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  • 52.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Leden, Lotta
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education.
    Teaching nature of science in preschool with a starting point in children’s picture books2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 53.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Leden, Lotta
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola.
    Teaching “nature of science” with picture books for children2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Science education research emphasizes the importance of not only focusing on specific phenomena in the teaching of science, but also on the Nature of Science (NOS). However NOS research has mostly focused on older students, and there is almost no NOS research focusing the preschool level. Research shows that stereotypical images are frequent, in school as well as in media, both concerning scientific knowledge and its processes and concerning researchers. As an example it is common that science is communicated as indisputable facts. This is part of the facts-tradition in school where scientific knowledge processes are often not mentioned. In a similar way a common image of the researcher is a white man, wearing lab coat and glasses, carrying a test tube. A pilot study (Hansson & Leden, 2016) on picture books for children, showed how this kind of stereotypical images of science and scientists often are strengthened, but sometimes also challenged in different ways. With a starting point in the results from the pilot study the aim of this presentation is to describe and discuss an upcoming study which will try out ways to use picture books to raise NOS issues in discussions between children and teachers in a preschool setting. This could mean highlighting issues such as How do we know this? What does the knowledge processes look like in science? Can knowledge change? What do a researcher do and what does he/she look like? Our assumption is that an inclusion of such issues in science teaching is important if common stereotypical images are to be challenged. Discussions about NOS in preschool could be a means to avoid reproducing the facts-tradition, and instead open up for more nuanced images of science and scientists, and thereby open up science for more children.

  • 54.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Leden, Lotta
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola.
    Teaching NOS in preschool through book talks2019In: / [ed] Fanny Seroglou & Vassilis Koulountzos, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 55.
    Hellberg, Lina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Förskollärares konstruktion av ett fysikaliskt lärandeobjekt2019In: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 242-256Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2010 the Swedish national curriculum was revised and learning goals concerning chemistry and physics were introduced. That has induced a need for further understanding of teaching and learning of specific content in preschool. Focus in this article is how physics content is constructed as an object of learning during preschool teachers’ planning of teaching. The result of a phenomenographic analysis focusing themes of the conversation concerning the intended object of learning reveals a complex process. Occurrences in the activities with the children, available tools at the preschool, the preschool teachers’ perceptions of the mission and understanding of the learning object, contribute to the construction of the learning object. All these aspects are discussed and implications for preschool practice are suggested.

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  • 56.
    Hermansson, Carina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Regeringen sviker förskolan2011In: Kristianstadsbladet, ISSN 1103-9523, no 26/11, p. A49-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 57.
    Hjort, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Kvalificerade samtal mellan handledare i ett VFU-projekt. Presentation på Nätverket ”Specialpedagogik och kvalificeradesamtal” Mälardalens högskola2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Hjort, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Practitioners' voices regarding pre-school and professional dialogues with student teachers. Paper presented at the EECERA (European Early Childhood Educational Association) Conference, Birmingham 6 - 8 September, 20102010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 59.
    Hjort, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Pramling, Niklas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Den blivande förskollärarens formering: en studie av verksamhetförlagda handledningssamtal, argumentationstraditioner och metaforik2014In: Nordisk Barnehageforskning, ISSN 1890-9167, E-ISSN 1890-9167, Vol. 7, no 10, p. 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie analyserar vi hur erfarna förskollärare i rollen som handledare introducerar förskollärarstudenter i professionen. Studien genomförs mot bakgrund av ett delvis nytt uppdrag som förskolan fått under senare år, som bland annat yttrar sig i att förskolan nu är en del av utbildningssystemet. Med utgångspunkt i det teoretiska begreppet argumentationstraditioner och genom att analysera metaforiken i deltagarnas resonerande, studeras hur erfarna och blivande förskollärare navigerar spänningar centrala för professionen. Deltagarnas betoning av vissa argumentationstraditioner och användningen av viss metaforik diskuteras i termer av vad de implicerar för utvecklingen av de barn som deltar i en förskoleverksamhet som formas av dessa.

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  • 60.
    Hjort, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Sjöberg Larsson, Carita
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Steen, Ann
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    VFU-projekt: samtalsguide: vägledning för handledningssamtal i den verksamhetsförlagda delen av lärarutbildningen2012Report (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Hjort, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Steen, Ann
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Samtal i mötet mellan teori och praktik: en väg att synliggöra den verksamhetsförlagda utbildningen mot förskola och förskoleklass2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Hjorth, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Barns tankar om lek2003In: Barnens lek / [ed] Folke-Fichtelius, Maria, Jancke, Harriet, Wiklund Dahl, Eva, Solna: Fortbildningsförl. , 2003, p. 26-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 63.
    Hjorth, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Children's thoughts about play: a study of how children conceptualize play in preschool1998Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Hjorth, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Handledares röster om förskolans verksamhet i relation till handledning av lärarstudenter2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Hjorth, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    de Jong, M.
    Gender differenses with regard to choice of play space in a Swedish day care center. Paper presented at the international conference “Building identies. Gender perspectives on children and urban space” 11-13 April 1995 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands1995Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 66.
    Holmqvist, Mona
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning Design (LeaD).
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Wernberg, Anna
    Generative learning: learning beyond the learning situation2007In: Educational action research, ISSN 0965-0792, E-ISSN 1747-5074, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 181-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article an educational action research study, based on a phenomenographic approach, is reported in which unexpected results have been possible to gather thanks to the inductive design of the study. The aim is to describe the ways in which contrasts of critical aspects of a learning object affect the students' generative learning found by analysing three learning studies based on the theory of variation. Variation is in this article defined as the varied ways a phenomenon can be discerned. By contrasting critical aspects (i.e. main features needed to understand a phenomenon) in a dimension of variation, the learning object (i.e. the targeted ability or knowledge taught) can change form and be experienced in different ways that influence the students' ability to learn. To investigate in which ways the contrasts affect the students' learning outcome was the primary focus of the study, but the results also show an interesting pattern of how students' learning outcomes in the short-term and long-term perspective are affected. In this study we have worked with learning study as a method, and the results are based on analyses of three learning studies made up of three lessons each. The results show how one pattern of contrasts allows the students to look critically upon their previous knowledge and make them find new ways of seeing the object of learning. This pattern has also been found to be more powerful in preparing students for future learning, since it seems to generate new learning (generative learning) after the learning situation itself. 

  • 67.
    Holmqvist, Mona
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Wernberg, Anna
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Variation theory: an organizing principle to guide design research in education2008In: Handbook of design research methods in education: innovations in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics learning and teaching / [ed] Kelly, A.E., Lesh, R.A., Baeck, J.Y., New York: Routledge , 2008, p. 111-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 68.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Ad hoc i lärarvardagen med IKT som intention och realitet2006In: Education widens democracy: Nordisk Förening för Pedagogisk Forskning (NFPF) 34:e kongress, Örebro, Sverige, 9-11 mars 2006, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 69.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Att skapa läroplan för de yngsta barnen i förskolan: barns perspektiv och nuets didaktik2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis takes as one point of departure the concept of the expanded curriculum where curricula encompass both the formal steering documents, as well as that which goes on within the framework of preschool education and through the actors in preschools. The overarching purpose is therefore to generate knowledge about what conditions for learning the work of teachers make possible when curricula are created in preschool settings for children aged between 1 and 3. The purpose is also to contribute with knowledge about what these created curricula would mean for children’s agency, and the importance they can have for children’s opportunities for learning and development. The three empirical studies consist of digitally recorded interviews with teachers and video observations with a focus on teachers’ communication with children in preschool. The discussion in the overarching text is constructed around three aspects that emerge in the overall results of the studies. First, the studies reveal how teachers’ work can be likened to a limiting curriculum which, on the one hand, is entirely child-centered, with the children as seen actors, but, on the other, can be interpreted as entirely teacher-centered. Secondly, there is the discussion about the affirmative curriculum, where children are presented as affirmed actors. In other words, content becomes those things that children are interested in, and their modes of expression are seen, affirmed and often repeated. Finally there is the discussion about the possibilities and dilemmas related to an expanding curriculum where children are regarded and treated as real actors in the sense that their intentions and expressions are taken seriously as relevant challenges. The current curriculum text for Swedish preschool can, in this sense, be seen as an obstacle in that its formulations are extremely broad-based, as discussed related to the results of this thesis.

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  • 70.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Barn och läroplan möts i undervisning: exemplet snö2016In: Naturvetenskap i ett förskoleperspektiv: kreativa lärandeprocesser / [ed] Susanne Thulin, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, p. 125-135Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 71.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Communication with young children in preschool: the complex matter dealing with child perspectives and curriculum2012In: 22nd EECERA conference: pre-birth to three: identities, learning, diversities, 2012, p. 218-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation aims to share results from a study concerning the preschool teacher as a curriculum-maker to preschool. The research question addressed is “what is characteristic for the curriculum offered, as it appears in one teacher’s verbal communication with 1-3 year old children?”. The study is carried out in Sweden and the research area is motivated by the need for knowledge about the implications that a goal-oriented preschool curriculum and broad discretion for teachers might imply for activities in preschool. A qualitative case study with a narrative approach has been adopted and follows the Swedish research council guidelines and ethical rules in social science research. Empirical data consists of videotaped observations of communication between a single teacher and a number of children aged between 1 and 3 during one morning in preschool. The results show that the teacher has an idea of bringing up and to conceptualize children’s near surroundings. Further on there is an idea of inclusion and to teach children different abilities. They also show that the teacher frequently uses questions as a means of communication, where a large number of shifts between different children and different issues are particularly characteristic. Although this contributes to a child perspective, it also implies a teacher-centred position and a fragmented way of exercising the discretion vis-à-vis the curriculum. The findings are discussed and related to curriculum theory and to early childhood perspectives. This research is expected to have impact on understandings of how preschool teachers deal with their teaching assignment for the youngest children in preschool.

  • 72.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Creating curriculum in preschool context: focus on qualitative differences in teachers' communication with the youngest children2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to describe and analyze how teachers ways to communicate with children in preschool contribute to conditions for children's learning and development, and thereby to how curriculum is created. The curriculum as concept (Gundem, 1997; Vallberg Roth, 2001) is used both for the policy documents concerning preschool and for what is actually said and done in pedagogical contexts. Central to the preschool educational work is the communication that takes place between teachers and children. Hundeide (2002) describes communication as a dialogic interaction with verbal, non-verbal and physical interaction between adults and children. This means that adults’, in this case teachers, speech and actions are considered dependent on what children express and a sense of caring is created between people who interact (ibid.). Communication can in turn be said to contribute to the shaping of a social structure which, according to Giddens (1984) takes place at different levels of consciousness and whose duration varies. With that as a starting point communication between children and teachers in preschool can be studied as a contribution to the preschool curriculum is created, maintained and changed over time, but also as a contribution to how children's learning conditions here and now can be understood. The underlying data is from an observational study conducted in Swedish preschool where teachers communicate with 1-3 year old children. 4 teachers were shadowed (Czarniawska, 2007) and filmed during their everyday work in preschool. Ethical issues in research in all events are crucial (Research Council, 2002) and especially when it involves people who, like the youngest children, can not make their case or assess potential research impact (Heikkilä & Sahlström, 2003). This has been the subject of specific ethical considerations in this study. Shiers model (2001) for children's participation has in a qualitative analysis inspired the construction and use of analytical concepts. The study's results show qualitative differences in teachers' communication of content and in how they listen into and make use of children's own expressions. Overall, it contributes to a curriculum in which teachers' awareness of and challenge of children's perspectives and opportunities in conjunction with the formulated intentions of the curriculum seems both limiting and expanding. The discussion highlights the findings related to curriculum theory (Evans, 1975, 1982), social theory (Giddens, 1984), and childhood perspectives (Halldén, 2003; Pramling Samuelsson & Asplund Carlsson, 2003).

  • 73.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Förskollärares handlingsutrymme och barns perspektiv i förskola för de yngsta barnen2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Förskollärares kommunikation med de yngsta barnen i förskolan: med fokus på kvalitativa skillnader i hur ett innehåll kommuniceras2016In: Nordisk Barnehageforskning, ISSN 1890-9167, E-ISSN 1890-9167, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to describe and analyze how preschool teacher’s ways to communicate with the youngest children in preschool contributes to conditions for children's learning. Data has been gathered from four Swedish preschools where observations were conducted to study teachers' communication with 1-3 year old children. The results of the study showed qualitative differences in teachers’ communication about a content. One conclusion is that a broad repertoire of ways to communicate seems to favor conditions for children as actors to jointly expand the content in focus. Another conclusion is that the repertoire of children's actions and expressions made possible appears to be related to qualitative differences in teachers’ communication.

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  • 75.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Kvalitativa skillnader i lärares kommunikation med de yngsta barnen i förskolanManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 76.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Nuets didaktik: förskolans lärare talar om läroplan för de yngsta2011Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien som ligger till grund för detta licentiatarbete syftar till att utveckla kunskap om hur den läroplan för de yngsta ser ut så som den beskrivs av förskolans lärare. Fokus läggs på den beskrivna läroplanens innehåll och arbetsformer och på vad som karakteriserar verksamheten för de yngsta barnen i förskolan. De teoretiska utgångspunkter som används är läroplansteori för yngre barn samt i viss mån även barndomsperspektiv med koppling till barndomspsykologi, barndomssociologi och barndomspedagogik. Det är en kvalitativ studie vars empiri består av data från 15 transkriberade och analyserade samtalsintervjuer med lärare som arbetar med förskolans yngsta barn i åldrarna 1-3 år. Metodansatsen är fenomenografisk vilket i analysen gett verktyg att urskilja kvalitativt skilda beskrivningskategorier av innehåll, arbetsformer och karakteristiska drag för förskolans verksamhet. Resultaten visar att läraruppdraget framstår som unikt på det sättet att arbetet med barns lärande och utveckling huvudsakligen tycks ske här och nu och i mindre utsträckning utifrån en planerad verksamhet. Det har resulterat i begreppet nuets didaktik. Begreppet grundar sig i lärares beskrivningar av innehåll och arbetsformer i vilka gemensamma drag är konkretion, tidsaspekten samt ett tydligt barnperspektiv kopplat till didaktikens utgångspunkter vad, hur, varför, vem, var och när. Vidare visar resultaten att för dessa lärare är personlighetsutveckling och social anpassning det ojämförbart väsentligaste syftet med de yngsta barnens lärande och utveckling samt att lek har samma dignitet som specifika innehåll så som naturvetenskap och matematik. Ett starkt barnperspektiv reser frågor kring barns och lärares ansvar i lärandeprocessen såväl som utveckling respektive bevarande av förskolans verksamhet. I studien diskuteras även det karakteristiska i verksamheten för de yngsta relaterat till kontinuitet i utbildningssystemet.

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  • 77.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Nuets didaktik i undervisning med förskolans yngsta barn2017In: Förskolans yngsta barn: perspektiv på omsorg, lärande och lek / [ed] Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid & Jonsson, Agneta, Stockholm: Liber, 2017, p. 211-222Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 78.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Nåets didaktik i undervisning med barnehagens yngste barn2018In: Barnehagens yngste barn: perspektiver på omsorg, læring og lek / [ed] Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid och Jonsson, Agneta, Bergen: Fagbokförlaget , 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 79.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Preschool teachers talk about curriculum for the youngest children: What happened to aesthetics in preschool?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this presentation is to discuss the role of education in preschool for children 1-3 years of age. It´s one angle of a study made in some Swedish preschools in 2009. The main study aims to develop knowledge concerning what the curriculum looks like that is described by teachers working with the youngest children in early childhood education. Focus is on descriptions of the what and the how in the curriculum, eg. what children should learn and how they can learn and also what is characteristic for early childhood education concerning the youngest children. A theoretical mapping of Scandinavian preschool research shows that only a few of the studies concern the youngest children, which contributes to the direction of this study’s interest. An interviewstudy with semistructured questions was carried out with 15 teachers who are working with children 1-3 years old in five different preschools. In this presentation I discuss and analyze some of the findings from the main study related to curriculumtheory and to different paradigms holding childhood perspectives. Childhood sociology, childhood psychology and childhood pedagogy constitutes a background to questions concerning child perspectives and the children and teachers as actors doing preschool. The results show that teaching assignment seem to be unique while the responsibility is to deal with and manage a large amount of care, education and learning on the spot. One concept evolved from the study is “a didactic in terms of the present moment”. It’s closely connected to the didactic questions what, how, why, who, where and when and important aspects are time, concreteness and a child perspective. In these teacher’s descriptions, children’s interests and needs seem to be more strong guidelines than intentions of the curriculum. Corresponding to childhood perspectives (Sommer, Pramling Samuelsson & Hundeide, 2010; Corsaro, 2005), this indicates a view of the child as competent and having the equal rights as adults. Another result is teacher’s sayings that self-esteem and self-confidence are prime abilities for children to achieve before they can learn anything else. This at the same time indicates an opposing view of the child as incompetent to learn until they reach certain amounts of these abilities. Further in these teachers’s outspoken curriculum the role of play is described as essential in preschool as science and mathematics while aestethics is hardly mentioned. I argue that this is can be seen as a sign of an approach to more school-like activities. This is in contrast to  other research where preschool teachers position themselves as being against “schoolifying” in preschool (Enö, 2005). Related to curriculumtheory (Evans, 1982) for the youngest the results show a childcentered position and a broad interpretation of what are characteristic grounds for preschool activities. Teachers in preschool have an important work in order to achieve quality in children’s learning and development (Sheridan, 2001). Therefore it’s essential to discuss what could be the consequences if children never choose or are interested in some pedagogical content as aestethics and if teachers follow children’s intentions more than the curriculum.

  • 80.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Preschool teachers talk about curriculum for the youngest children. What is essential to learn in preschool?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this presentation is to discuss the role of education in preschool for children 1-3 years of age. It´s one angle of a study made in some Swedish preschools in 2009. The main study aims to develop knowledge concerning what the curriculum looks like that is described by teachers working with the youngest children in early childhood education. Focus is on descriptions of the what and the how in the curriculum, eg. what children should learn and how they can learn and also what is characteristic for early childhood education concerning the youngest children. A theoretical mapping of Scandinavian preschool research shows that only a few of the studies concern the youngest children, which contributes to the direction of this study’s interest. An interviewstudy with semistructured questions was carried out with 15 teachers who are working with children 1-3 years old in five different preschools. In this presentation I discuss and analyze some of the findings from the main study related to curriculumtheory and to different paradigms holding childhood perspectives. Childhood sociology, childhood psychology and childhood pedagogy constitutes a background to questions concerning child perspectives and the children and teachers as actors doing preschool. The results show that teaching assignment seem to be unique while the responsibility is to deal with and manage a large amount of care, education and learning on the spot. One concept evolved from the study is “a didactic in terms of the present moment”. It’s closely connected to the didactic questions what, how, why, who, where and when and important aspects are time, concreteness and a child perspective. In these teacher’s descriptions, children’s interests and needs seem to be more strong guidelines than intentions of the curriculum. Corresponding to childhood perspectives (Sommer, Pramling Samuelsson & Hundeide, 2010; Corsaro, 2005), this indicates a view of the child as competent and having the equal rights as adults. Another result is teacher’s sayings that self-esteem and self-confidence are prime abilities for children to achieve before they can learn anything else. This at the same time indicates an opposing view of the child as incompetent to learn until they reach certain amounts of these abilities. Further in these teachers’s outspoken curriculum the role of play is described as essential in preschool as science and mathematics. I argue that this is can be seen as a sign of an approach to more school-like activities. This is in contrast to  other research where preschool teachers position themselves as being against “schoolifying” in preschool (Enö, 2005). Related to curriculumtheory (Evans, 1982) for the youngest the results show a childcentered position and a broad interpretation of what are characteristic grounds for preschool activities. Teachers in preschool have an important work in order to achieve quality in children’s learning and development (Sheridan, 2001). Therefore it’s essential to discuss what could be the consequences if children never choose or are interested in some pedagogical content and if teachers follow children’s intentions more than the curriculum.

  • 81.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    På stående fot2012In: Förskoletidningen, ISSN 1402-7135, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 6-11Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 82.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Samlingsrapport för forskningscirkel med inriktning Förskola för de yngsta barnen Högskolan Kristianstad HT 15-VT 162016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 83.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Samlingsrapport för forskningscirkel med inriktning Förskola för de yngsta barnen-språk och kommunikation Högskolan Kristianstad HT 15-VT 162016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 84.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Samlingsrapport för forskningscirkel med inriktning Genus i förskolan: Högskolan Kristianstad HT 16-VT 17.2017Collection (editor) (Other academic)
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  • 85.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    What is special for preschool education?2010In: Active citizenship: abstracts, Malmö: Nordic Educational Research Association (NERA) , 2010, p. 41-Conference paper (Other academic)
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  • 86.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lek och undervisning hand i hand för de yngsta barnen i förskolan?2017In: Förskolans yngsta barn: perspektiv på omsorg, lärande och lek / [ed] Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid & Jonsson, Agneta, Stockholm: Liber, 2017, p. 91-100Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 87.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Att göra bruk av barns perspektiv2013In: Barndom, lärande och ämnesdidaktik / [ed] Ingrid Pramling Samuelsson, Ingegerd Tallberg Broman, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, p. 43-58Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 88. Jonsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola.
    Barns frågor i lek2019In: Forskning om undervisning och lärande, ISSN 2000-9674, E-ISSN 2001-6131, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 86-97Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, which is part of a larger project on play-responsive teaching in preschool,we analyze the questions children ask when they play. Questions are understoodas verbal actions that renders something in the foreground and something else in the background. Questions indicate what is in focus of children’s attention when they play and are considered important to respond to with an ambition to design teaching responsive to play. The purpose is therefore to contribute with insights about what we can learn from children’s questions with an interest in teaching in play. The study is based on an analysis of all questions children ask in 51 video documentation where teachers and children play. The results show that children primarily (94 of 104questions) ask about matters in or about the play they are engaged in (’as if ’), while the rest of the questions (10) concern something actualized in play but concerning conceptual matters outside the play (’as is’). The implications for teaching in preschool are discussed.

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  • 89.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Ljung Djärf, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Ways of dealing with science learning: a study based on Swedish early childhood education practice2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish school system offers curriculum-based early childhood education (ECE) organised as preschool (for 0–5-year-olds) and preschool class (for 6-year-olds).The intention to create a playful and educational environment based on children ’s perspectives, interests, and questions is strongly based on historical and cultural traditions. This article develops knowledge of ECE teachers ’approaches to science-learning situations. The study applies a phenomenographic approach.The analysis is based on approximately 9.5 hours of video documentation of teacher-led and child-initiated Swedish ECE science activities. We identified two descriptive categories and four subcategories dealing with science-learning situations: (A) making anything visible, containing the three subcategories (Aa) addressing everyone, (Ab) addressing everything, and (Ac) addressing play and fantasy; and (B) creating a shared space for learning (Ba) addressing common content. These categories are related to how efforts to take advantage of children ’s perspectives are interpreted and addressed in educational practice. The article discusses and exemplifies the use of various categories and their potential implications for ECE learning practice.

  • 90.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Williams, Pia
    Department of Education, Communication and Learning, University of Gothenburg.
    Communication with young children in preschool: the complex matter of a child perspective2013In: Early Child Development and Care, ISSN 0300-4430, E-ISSN 1476-8275, Vol. 183, no 5, p. 589-604Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses results obtained from a study on the contribution of the preschool teacher as a curriculum-maker in preschool. The research question addressed is ‘what is the characteristic for the curriculum offered, as it appears in one teacher's verbal communication with 1–3-year-old children?’ The research area is motivated by the need for knowledge about the implications that a goal-oriented preschool curriculum and broad discretion for teachers might imply for activities in preschool. This study was carried out in Sweden, and the empirical data consist of videotaped observations of communication between a single teacher and a number of children aged between one and three during one morning in preschool. The results show that the teacher frequently uses questions as a means of communication, where a large number of shifts between different children and different issues are particularly characteristic. Although this contributes to a child perspective, it also implies a teacher-centred position and a fragmented way of exercising the discretion vis-à-vis the curriculum. The findings are discussed and related to curriculum theory and to early childhood perspectives.

  • 91.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Williams, Pia
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Teaching toddlers in preschool2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 92.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Williams, Pia
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Undervisningsbegreppet och dess innebörder uttryckta av förskolans lärare2017In: Forskning om undervisning och lärande, ISSN 2000-9674, E-ISSN 2001-6131, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 90-109Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to analyse the preschool staff’s reflections on teaching the youngest children in preschool. Conversations in focus groups with preschool staff have been used for data collection. Theoretically the study considers Billigs concept concerning argumentation that has influence on discourses in change. The concept is used to view that an utterance about something that belongs to a particular discussion, stating that teaching can be understood as an explicit or implicit contradiction to the same discussion. The results point out two discourses where the demands and rights are seen as fields of tensions where an argument for something can, at the same time constitute arguments against something. Teaching the youngest children is part of a preschool in change. With that in mind, we understand the arguments as contradictory when the concept of teaching in preschool is described by the staff, something which can be seen both within and between discourses.

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  • 93.
    Leden, Lotta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Department of Mathematics and Science Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education.
    Hansson, Lena
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Department of Mathematics and Science Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Sciences specializing in Pre-School and After School Care, Teaching and Learning. Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education.
    Bilderböcker som möjlig utgångspunkt för samtal om naturvetenskapernas karaktär i förskolan2021Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 94.
    Leden, Lotta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Department of Mathematics and Science Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education.
    Hansson, Lena
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Department of Mathematics and Science Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Sciences specializing in Pre-School and After School Care, Teaching and Learning. Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education.
    Boksamtal för att prata om naturvetenskaplig forskning och forskare i förskolan – ett forskningsprojekt i samarbete mellan förskollärare och forskare2021Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet bygger på en idé om att diskutera forskning och forskare genom att använda boksamtal kopplade till både fakta-böcker och sagoböcker med ett naturvetenskapligt innehåll. Data samlades in genom ljudinspelningar av boksamtal (N=152) i barngrupper (ålder 2-6 år). Boksamtalen leddes av 5 förskollärare som också deltog i fokusgrupper och workshops, vilka också lujdinspelades (N=9). Resultaten från projektet visar på möjligheter för rika diskussioner om vetenskapliga metoder och redskap samt mänskliga och sociala aspekter av naturvetenskap. Resultaten visar också att den sortens samtal var möjliga att föra oberoende av bok-typ, men om boken inte hade några explicita hänvisningar till forskning och forskare behövde läraren hitta andra sätt att rikta barnens uppmärksamhet mot den sorters diskussioner. Vidare visade resultaten att förskollärarna upplevde att boksamtalen gav spin-off-effekter på barnens nyfikenhet, att barnen ställde nya frågor och att de fick ett ökat intresse för egna undersökningar. Resultaten pekar därför på att diskussioner om forskning och forskare har potentialen att bidra till barns egenmakt och agens, vilket i sin tur är viktigt i en verksamhet som byggs upp kring demokrati och rättvisa. Med utgångspunkt i resultaten presenterar vi en didaktiska modell som kan vägleda förskollärare när de introducerar den här sortens diskussioner i sina barngrupper.    

     

  • 95.
    Lenninger, Sara
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola.
    On children's semiotic freedom and the right to be heard2019In: Anticipation and Change / [ed] Morten Tønnessen, Stavanger, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding what others mean in a communicative situation, and to be self-understood, are key factors to be able to participate in and have influence on decisions that concern oneself. This is especially important in contexts where the person who is actually affected by a decision does not have the decisive power. Such a decision situation is many times relevant in relation to decisions concerning children, children's health, education and living conditions. According to Article 12 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) children have the right to be heard in connection with decisions concerning them. The article also expresses a reservation for this right due to age and maturity of the child.In this presentation, children’s right to be heard in connection with decisions concerning them is noted. It is claimed that knowledge of children's semiotics (cf. children’s meaning making and understanding of meanings) is required in order for such rights to be met in, for example, children's conversations with adults. A starting point for the discussions is that stories and narrative descriptions are semiotic recourses which meanings partly depend on the interpreter’s perception and habit of what “story telling” is in the first place. This condition applies to both those who tell and to those who listen to someone's story.Interestingly, even if a story is perceived by both a child and an adult in a conversational situation (and thus can be expected to be effective in a communication), such beliefs - from the point of view of the adult - can also be a barrier to the fact that the adult actually understands the conversation and the situation from the child's point of view (James & Prout 1997). The adult's habit and understanding of the narrative affect his or her interpretation in the conversation. Research on children's semiotic interactions has shown that even though children from early years participate in adult communication with pictures or stories, it takes many years of meaning making and communication for children to perceive these meanings in a manner similar to adults. Studies in children’s semiotic development suggest that a decisive factor for this gap in communication is related to differences in the use of sign relations (DeLoache 2004, Lenninger 2012, Piaget 1930, 1945, Vygotsky 2001).Moreover, in this presentation this difference is also discussed in terms of differences in semiotic freedom (cf. Hoffmeyer 2010). Semiotic freedom is about the ability to perceive and use different types of meanings in different contexts. Semiotic freedom follows the ability to navigate in, and affect, one’s social and communicative environment in a communicative situation.If we take the CRC seriously, the commitment lies with the authorities and itsrepresentatives to understand the child's perspective in meaning creation - not in children to understand the nuances of adult communication saturated with sign relations.

  • 96.
    Lenninger, Sara
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Lund University.
    When similarity qualifies as a sign: a study in picture understanding and semiotic development in young children2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The general goal of this thesis is to elucidate children’s early understandings of pictorial meanings, and how one can know anything about them. My central aim is to explore how picture comprehension develops during children’s first 3 years of life, through semiotic-theory-derived analyses of meaning relations. In so doing, I hope to contribute to the study of both semiotic theory’s psychological basis and the role of semiotic processes in cognitive development: specifically, in children’s experiences of pictorial meanings. In an experimental object retrieval test, including pictures, I show the importance of studying concrete instances of children’s experiences. Among its key results is that, for a group of children who are close to the threshold of being able to use the picture to solve the retrieval task, indexical cuing assists their understanding. One central claims is that the picture sign reflects a dual semiotic process: on the one hand, picture understanding relies on recognition of perceptual similarities; on the other, it draws on communicative processes that are intrinsic to all sign constructions. This duality is particularly interesting when it comes to looking at children’s development of picture understanding. Through similarity relations, children perceive accurate – but initially private and incomplete – understanding of pictures. At the same time though, children are alert to communicative meanings from the start.

  • 97.
    Lenninger, Sara M.
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Lunds Universitet.
    Inverting cultures: the pictorial ceremonial of a suicide bomber and the“unhomeliness” of the photographic picture2017In: 13th IASS-AIS World Congress of Semiotics ” / 10thconference for The Nordic Association for Semiotic Studies (NASS), 2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    On the 14th of January in 2004, Reem Raiyshi killed herself and four Israeli soldiers in a terrorist attack at a border crossing between Israel and Gaza. Soon after the deed, pictures on Reem and her young son were sent to media agencies in Europe - and to circulate on the Internet. Although the picture of Reem is her picture, it is not unique but forms part of a subculture: the ceremonial of the suicide bombers seemed, at that time, to require the pictorial rendering of the perpetrator/victim in his or her declaration of the action before completing the act. Published on Internet, and circulating in mass media, the picture addresses not only the Ego culture of the perpetrator /victim, but also that of the attacked culture. To come into speaking terms with the external culture - or to alter between being "alien" or to be "one of ones own” for teh other – one must submit to a meaning already known by the other culture (Lotman 2009). To insert  “alien” elements, integrated with the meaning taken for granted, can be understood as a strategy in pictorial rhetoric in order to evade norm grounded predictability and invert cultural hierarchies.This case study adds to the complication of when the same picture confirming both to the status of Ego culture and as the “threat” of an intruding other-culture in the dynamics of regulating the perception of “us and them”.

  • 98.
    Lenninger, Sara M.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Sciences specializing in Pre-School and After School Care, Teaching and Learning. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Narratives and the semiotic freedom of children2021In: Sign System Studies, ISSN 1406-4243, E-ISSN 1736-7409, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 216-234Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Both adults’ habits-of-thought and their understanding of children’s stories shape how adults interpret children’s participation in conversations. In the light of the requests on children’s rights that follow from the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) this paper stresses the relevance of authorities having semiotically informed knowledge on children’s meaning-making within conversations with adults. In Article 12, the CRC stipulates the right of children to participate in and to be heard about decisions that affect their everyday lives. According to the same Article, however, these rights can be restrained, based on the authority’s judgements of the child’s age and maturity. Sociological studies have highlighted the importance of adopting the child’s perspective in judging matters that concern her. The present paper further suggests that narrow conceptualization of the sign can help one to observe different levels of meaning in adults’ and children’s conversations better. Although Paul Ricoeur did not investigate children’s narratives per se, his theory of narratives and narrativity offers a phenomenological approach to development that allows for better theoretical discriminations of narrative as a semiotic resource, and can thus assist adults in truly listening to children.

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  • 99.
    Lenninger, Sara M.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Sciences specializing in Pre-School and After School Care, Teaching and Learning. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Lunds Universitet.
    Om visuella yttranden med bild och andra meningsskapande ytor med likhet2021In: Estetikens möjligheter: Om konstnärligt utforskande, estetisk pedagogik och semiotiska perspektiv / [ed] Elisabeth Malmström, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2021, p. 49-73Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att utforska med flera sinnen är ett naturligt sätt att närma sig sin omvärld och små barn som är förspråkliga uttrycker sig gärna via estetiska symboler. Estetik, människans utforskande av sinnliga och konstnärliga erfarenheter, marginaliseras ofta när det snarare är en central del i ett barns uppväxt. Att åter skapa utrymme för att lyfta estetikens många möjligheter kräver kunskap. Författarnas förhoppning är att pedagoger inom olika områden kommer att bli motiverade att på olika sätt lyfta fram det så berikande konstnärliga utforskandet; genom bild, form, dans och musik. Det handlar om att skapa möjligheter för alla att hitta och använda sina egna estetiska röster. Boken belyser estetikens många möjligheter, men även begränsningar inom utbildning och undervisning. Genom författarnas samlade erfarenheter inom estetisk, teoretiskt såväl som praktiskt, får läsaren ta del av en bred kunskap. Estetiska ämnen har befriande få begränsningar, som i ett exempel ur denna bok där dinosauriedans blir en spännande arena för nya kunskaper.

  • 100.
    Lenninger, Sara M.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Lunds universitet.
    Persson, Tomas
    Lunds universitet.
    van der Weijer, Joost
    Lunds universitet.
    Sonesson, Göran
    Lunds universitet.
    Mirror, peephole and video: the role of contiguity in children’s perception of reference in iconic signs2020In: Frontiers in Psychology, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study looked at the extent to which 2-year-old children benefited from information conveyed by viewing a hiding event through an opening in a cardboard screen, seeing it as live video, as pre-recorded video, or by way of a mirror. Being encouraged to find the hidden object by selecting one out of two cups, the children successfully picked the baited cup significantly more often when they had viewed the hiding through the opening, or in live video, than when they viewed it in pre-recorded video, or by way of a mirror. All conditions rely on the perception of similarity. The study suggests, however, that contiguity – i.e., the perception of temporal and physical closeness between events – rather than similarity is the principal factor accounting for the results.

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