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  • 51.
    Dahl Petersson, Charlotta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Rojas Carvajal, Carlos
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Uhlmann, Jenny
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Svenska baljväxter från förr: en sensorisk beskrivning2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Legumes have many favourable health and environmental benefits and are predicted to be the diet of the future. Sweden sits on a cultural treasure when it comes to legumes from the past that have been collected by The programme of cultivated diversity, POM. A sensory description would be a valuable tool to reach the consumer and a way to increase the consumption and value of the product.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to identify and bring forward sensory descriptive words for six Swedish legumes from the past. This thesis will also describe the Swedish legumes using the sensory descriptive words to evaluate whether there are sensory differences.

    Method: Six different types of legumes were used in the two surveys. The first survey consisted of a qualitative group discussion and the goal was to bring forward sensory descriptive words for the legumes. The second survey consisted of a quantitative intensity evaluation of the legumes. Both surveys were made by a panel of experts, chosen for their knowledge of legumes.

    Result: The sensory words which best describes the legumes are sweet, sour/acidic, bitter, chestnut, nutty, buttery, fresh, rich taste and with variations in aftertaste. The mouthfeel can be described as mealy, crisp, solid and tender. The evaluation of intensity proved the legumes to have few taste varieties, but despite the sensory descriptions each of the six legumes were possible to distinguish.

    Conclusion: The sensory descriptive words that this thesis have lead to can help the consumer to chose the right product, increase the value of the product an at the same time preserve a cultural treasure of Sweden. It is also possible for the consumer to create a cultural identity with all the good benefits that the legumes possess.

  • 52.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Lozic, Vanja
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Problematizing parents: representations of multi-ethnic areas, youth and urban unrest2017In: Reimagineering the nation: essays on twenty-first-century Sweden / [ed] Aleksandra Ålund, Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Anders Neergaard, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, p. 209-233Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The causes of and solutions to juvenile delinquency and social unrest amongthe youth in so-called Swedish multi-ethnic urban areas are frequently represented inpublic-institutional discourse as related to migrant parents. These are, the authors argue,consequently exposed to policies for ‘activation’, ‘responsibilisation’ and ‘normalisation’.

  • 53.
    Dilek, Maya
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Nordin, Anna-Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Skåne - en stark dryckesregion?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine consumers and producers view on beverages and it’s meaning for Skåne (a region in southern Sweden) and how to create a strong culinary region using beverages. It gets more common to connect food and tourism, where food and beverages can be used to attract visitors. The research methods used were qualitative and quantitative and the data was collected by survey and semi-structured interviews. The respondents weren’t aware of current beverage projects in the region. Most of the respondents expressed that products from Skåne brings added value, the informants shared the same view. The informants also expressed the importance of collaboration and solidarity, the problems of communication and visibility by the customers and finally the importance to experience the beverages as more than just a ‘drink’. There are many advantages by marketing beverages and region together, and it can be positive for both parts.

  • 54.
    Dychawy-Rosner, Irena
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Forskningscirklar för utveckling av närsjukvården i Bromölla kommun2007In: FoU-tidningen, no 6, p. 11-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Dychawy-Rosner, Irena
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Samtal om närsjukvården i Bromölla2007Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 56.
    Ellbäck, Carolin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Livsmedelsaktörernas syn på spårbarhet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: There’re not many areas that affect so many people that provisions and provisional consumption does. We all consume different provisions in one way or another, even if it is with very different perspectives. Neither is what you consume calculable, but is changing at the different situations life brings. Consumption meets the different needs of different individuals and is very affecting in one's choice. The road from the farmer to the consumer is getting longer which means that consumers want more information about the final products to be able to evaluate the product within their own frames of references.

    Background: Provisions that are produced and sold in the store should be obvious to consumer as safe to consume. But because of previous provisions scandals in Europe where traceability has been scarce, and with increased consumer awareness the safety also comes into question. It is assumed that the provisions produced are safe to ingest.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe how food companies look at internal and external traceability. The EC regulation aimed at food companies have to rely on external traceability by always checking one step forward and one step back in the grocery chain. The regulation does not, however, require internal traceability.

    Method: With a phenomenographically approach four qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted in personal and via phone to get the detailed information about the current traceability as a phenomenon.

    Results: The results indicated that the food companies' view on traceability and internal traceability was similar but the approach was different depending on what part of the grocery chain they belong to and the operational layout of each individual company. The regulation was nothing strange for the companies since it was natural wanting to produce safe provisions. However, there were outsiders claim to stay constantly updated, customer and consumer demands, media and other climatic conditions that were much more extensive than the regulation the companies worked towards in order to not lose important customers and consumers.

    Discussion: The external demands towards the regulation produced results showing that the companies are doing more than what is required by the regulation. Some parts of the grocery chain, in this case retail put greater demands on their suppliers that also affected other companies, such as delivering comprehensive solutions and services to these suppliers to retail.

    Conclusion: In a constantly changeable phenomenon such as traceability companies are keeping themselves up-to-date and constantly working towards satisfying its customers and consumers, enabling them to act more than regulation ordains. The procedure for complaints, flow of returns and withdrawals showed participants were more than eager keep the trust of its customers and consumers.

  • 57.
    Emtfors, Sandra
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Holgersson, Lisbeth
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Friedrich, Robert
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Smaksatt proteinberikad havredryck: en vegetabilisk dryck fri från allergener2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are constantly new studies with various health advice regarding diet and physicalactivity on how to avoid obesity, hypertension and cardiovascular disease. The interestof the protein's effect on building muscle during physical activity has increased. Thishas resulted in a variety of different drinks with protein supplements on the market,mainly derived from animal origin.The purpose of this report was to develop a vegetable protein enriched oat drink that isexpected to help the body during recovery. The work meant to develop a recipe basedon the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations 2004 (NNR) with a focus on protein,carbohydrates and fat. The target was also to exclude allergens. The drink was based onan average from the physically active and older people's nutritional needs, in order tobroaden the prospective drink's target audience.Four flavored drinks were made with different energy content from two oat drinks, oneplain and one oat drink enriched with calcium. To evaluate the public's perception of thedifferent beverages composition a consumer test was performed. The results of theconsumer test showed that there was a statistically significant difference on texture,taste and appearance. However, the majority of respondents were positive about thebeverages sensory properties.

  • 58.
    Erlingsson, Christen L.
    et al.
    Department of Health and Behavioural Sciences, University of Kalmar.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Department of Health and Behavioural Sciences, University of Kalmar.
    Berg, Agneta C.
    Department of Health and Behavioural Sciences, University of Kalmar.
    Perception of elder abuse in Sweden: voices of older persons2005In: Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention, ISSN 1474-3310, E-ISSN 1474-3329, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 213-227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of elder abuse held by older persons in Sweden. Six focus group interviews were conducted. Through qualitative content analysis, the text revealed four themes: causes of elder abuse, conceptions of elder abuse, consequences of elder abuse, and coping with elder abuse. Changing society and families, as well as individual determinants, were believed to be causes of elder abuse. The main conception of elder abuse was that of robbery or assault, and the main consequence was fear. Coping with abuse included individual strategies and improvements in society. Issues of age discrimination were intrinsic in the findings. Gender differences were evident in the group dynamics. Nurses and other health care personnel need to be aware of what older persons believe to be the cause of elder abuse and what they consider abusive. Awareness of the results of this study can help in refining interview and assessment techniques and in designing training manuals.

  • 59.
    Forsberg, Sarah
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Winsa, Mira
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Vegetabiliska skolmåltider: hållbara alternativ till blandkost som inspiration till skolkök2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim was to develop recipes and prepare sustainable and vegetarian lunch alternatives based on a mixed diet menu. Ten vegetarian dishes were developed with creative design and the main focus was that the meals should be tasty and nutritious according the Nordic recommendations (2012). The nutritional value was estimated through the program dietist Net and an appreciation test and a group discussion was performed with 19 high school students. The resulting feedback was used to improve the taste and appreciation of the dishes among the adolescents. It was concluded that by planning the menu after dishes and vegetables that adolescents already enjoy, there would be no reason why they would not enjoy the dishes. There were also no difficulties in developing vegetarian recipes, but it was difficult to meet the Nordic recommendations (2012) regarding vitamin D, zinc and iron, and it was difficult to avoid high levels of salt in the dishes. To generate cost-estimates there were no noticeable differences, generally vegetables are cheaper than meat.   Oatlys enriched oat drink and iMat was important to ensure adequate amounts of B12 and vitamin D in the meals, however they were also the most costly ingredients in the vegetarian dishes. Economically, it can be easily adjusted depending on the goals the school set out with the vegetarian diet. By combining the vegetable meals with mixed diet meals or using dairy products in the recipes instead, it is possible to bring down the prices of the meals.

  • 60.
    Franzén, Kristofer
    et al.
    Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Department of Health and Behavioural Science, University of Kalmar.
    Impact of chronic heart failure on elderly persons' daily life: a validation study2006In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 137-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Knowledge about how elderly persons perceive the impact of chronic heart failure (CHF) on daily life is important when planning nursing care. For this purpose, disease specific instruments are needed. However, few instruments have been developed or tested specifically on elderly persons. AIM: To validate a Swedish version of the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (LHFQ) on elderly persons with CHF, and use it to describe the impact of CHF on daily life in the same population. METHODS: The sample comprised of 357 persons, aged between 65 and 99, diagnosed with CHF. A questionnaire including background data, the LHFQ and the SF-12 was used. RESULTS: A factor analysis resulted in four dimensions: physical, emotional, treatment and pleasure. LHFQ showed convergent validity and ability to discriminate between known groups. Cronbach's alpha for the total scale was 0.94. Impairments in the physical dimension were most common, especially fatigue (88%) and shortness of breath (87%). CONCLUSIONS: The LHFQ showed satisfying psychometric properties in an elderly Swedish population with CHF and can, with minor alterations, be recommended for research and clinical use. The impact of chronic heart failure on daily life was mostly physical, but other impairments were also common.

  • 61.
    Franzén, Kristofer
    et al.
    Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Saveman, Britt-Inger
    Department of Health and Behavioural Science, University of Kalmar.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Predictors for health related quality of life in persons 65 years or older with chronic heart failure2007In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 112-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    A main goal in nursing care of persons with chronic heart failure (HF) is to strengthen their health related quality of life (HRQoL). This presupposes knowledge about the relation between heart failure and HRQoL. Existing studies have shown incongruent results about whether HRQoL is affected differently depending on age or sex of elderly persons with chronic HF.

    Aim

    This study aimed to investigate if age, sex, disease severity, comorbidity and living conditions predict health related quality of life among persons 65 years or older with chronic HF.

    Methods

    The study included a sample of 357 persons. HRQoL was measured by the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire and the Short Form-12 Health Survey Questionnaire. Multiple regression analyses were performed to analyse the relation between the predictors and HRQoL.

    Results

    The main finding was that self-rated disease severity was strongly associated with HRQoL, but also age, sex, diabetes and respiratory diseases was associated with some of the dimensions of HRQoL.

    Conclusions

    Interventions aimed at delaying the progress of the disease, assist persons' to cope with the disease and maintain the domains of HRQoL that are still feasible could be important to improve HRQoL in elderly persons with chronic HF.

  • 62. Glimelius Petersson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jakobsson, Liselotte
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Persson, Lena
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Sjuksköterskors registrering ochupplevelser av vårdtyngd på en intensivvårdsavdelning2002In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 63, no 22, p. 25-30Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 63.
    Grac, Suncica
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Bergentz, Christine
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Måltidskvalitet i förskolan: bidrag till ett kvalitetsbedömningssystem2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The quality of meals is included in the constant improvement of each preschool. The study is carried out on behalf of the City of Malmö and Environmental Management and focuses on this quality work. By compiling a checklist of meal quality and by identifying what the meal quality means for persons working with the meal (managers, cooks, educators and parents), it is our wish that this will be a help in their quality work.

     

    To inspire the composition various organizations working methods and ways to manage, evaluate and make use of different models and tools to improve the dining quality, has been studied.

     

    In the literature, the work has received confirmation of theories that emerged during the analysis work of what a meal is and how quality can be measured. The results show that food quality is described as a complex concept consisting of different parts, where the food, atmosphere, service, together form the meal quality. The semi-structured interviews and the inquiry form, have given an indication of the preschool work with quality in the meal activities and it shows that on a wide range and large differences. When various occupational groups were asked, what ”meal quality” means, the responses are consistent to the food, that it was good, appetizing, organic or where locally produced.

     

    It turned out that the cooperation between managers and other employees worked but that there were no directives "from above" which regulate the work concerning meals.

    Teamwork between the kitchen and preschool teachers, which is so important in quality work, was very insignificant and they were looking for ways to solve this.

    The criteria for the Check list that includes headings as, "Food and quality of raw materials", "Dining" situation", “Work environment and collaboration" and "Education and development" are based on the results we received from interviews, literature studies and field trips.

  • 64.
    Grundén, Ingrid
    et al.
    Göteborg University.
    Ottosson, Torgny
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Making sense of the body: physiotherapists' way of talking about body and learning2000In: Qualitative research methods in the service of health / [ed] Fridlund, Bengt; Hildingh, Cathrine, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2000, p. 116-131Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Gulsrud, Natalie M.
    et al.
    Denmark.
    Raymond, Christopher M.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Rutt, Rebecca L.
    Denmark.
    Stahl Olafson, Anton
    Denmark.
    Plieninger, Tobias
    Denmark.
    Sandberg, Mattias
    University of Gothenburg.
    Beery, Thomas H.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    ‘Rage against the machine’?: the opportunities and risks concerning the automation of urban green infrastructure2018In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 180, p. 85-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary society is increasingly impacted by automation; however, few studies have considered the potential consequences of automation on ecosystems and their management (hereafter the automation of urbangreen infrastructure or UGI). This Perspective Essay takes up this discussion by asking how a digital approach to UGI planning and management mediates the configuration and development of UGI and to whose benefit? This is done through a review of key issues and trends in digital approaches to UGI planning and management. We first conceptualize automation from a social, ecological, and technological interactions perspective and use this lens to present an overview of the risks and opportunities of UGI automation with respect to selected case studies. Results of this analysis are used to develop a conceptual framework for the assessment of the material and governance implications of automated UGIs. We find that, within any given perspective, the automation of UGI entails a complex dialectic between efficiency, human agency and empowerment. Further, risks and opportunities associated with UGI automation are not fixed but are dynamic properties of changing contextual tensions concerning power, actors, rules of the game and discourse at multiple scales. We conclude the paper by outlining a research agenda on how to consider different digital advances within a social-ecological-technological approach.

  • 66.
    Göransson, David
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Lundström, Emma
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Bönor i skolmaten: en pilotstudie i att öka konsumtionen av baljväxter i grundskolan2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Beans have been proven to habit many healthy qualities, such as a profitable distribution of macro nutrients and water, low contents of calories, low share of fat, presence of slow carbohydrates and important minerals. In addition, Livsmedelsverket (the Swedish National Food Agency) recommends a fourfold increase of the intake of legume for the Swedish population. By partly replacing animal protein with protein from legumes, Livsmedelsverket claim that the intake of saturated fatty acids and superfluous energy may decrease, and thereby reduce the risk to develop obesity or cardiac diseases.The purpose of the study was to examine what attitude a group of elementary school students have towards legumes, with a focus on beans and lentils, and to examine how much beans and lentils they eat in the current situation. The study also want to test if the student can get a more positive attitude towards beans and lentils if they are exposed to different meal accessories based on beans during this period. Envelopes were sent out before and after the experiment, measuring the differences in attitude toward legumes among the students, with questions towards their attitude to legumes and vegetarian food.The results showed an improved attitude towards legumes. The compiled result of the study showed a positive change of attitude amongst the students. Increasing the consumption of legumes requires new ideas in the creating of attractive dishes and side meals, and this study provides several examples of how to continue the work in future projects.

  • 67. Hallberg R., Ingalill
    et al.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Arlehamn, Leni
    The parallel process in clinical supervision with a schizophrenic client1994In: Perspectives in psychiatric care, ISSN 0031-5990, E-ISSN 1744-6163, Vol. 30, no 2, p. 26-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors analyze a male nurse's account of how he experienced his interaction with a female schizophrenic client during sessions of systematic clinical supervision. Notes taken during 15 sessions were analyzed by means of open coding. The analysis revealed the importance of being aware of the parallel process that occurs among the client, the primary nurse, and the unit staff.

  • 68.
    Holm, Anne Lise
    et al.
    Department of Nursing Education, Stord/Haugesund University College, Helse-Fonna, Haugesund.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Severinsson, Elisabeth
    Families and Children's Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Vestfold Univesity College, Tönsberg.
    Longing for reconciliation: a challenge for women with borderline personality disorder2009In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 30, no 9, p. 560-568Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore the way in which traumatic childhood experiences influenced the daily life of women with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). An explorative design comprising in-depth interviews and a qualitative content analysis was used. The findings revealed one main theme—Longing for Reconciliation—comprising two themes: (1) Living with a sense of shame and guilt and (2) Struggling to be released from a sense of being trapped. Longing for reconciliation influenced the women's daily life as well as their search for the meaning of traumatic childhood experiences. New meaning can emerge through change, forgiveness, and reconciliation, thus helping women with BPD overcome their struggle and gain the insight and strength to look into their secret knowledge. Meaning can emerge and help them to develop an empathic understanding of themselves in the context of past and present relationships.

  • 69.
    Holmberg, Leif
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Professional or administrative value patterns?: clinical pathways in medical problem-solving processes2007In: Health Services Management Research, ISSN 0951-4848, E-ISSN 1758-1044, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 238-243Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A health-care organization simultaneously belongs to two different institutional value patterns: a professional and an administrative value pattern. At the administrative level, medical problem-solving processes are generally perceived as the efficient application of familiar chains of activities to well-defined problems; and a low task uncertainty is therefore assumed at the work-floor level. This assumption is further reinforced through clinical pathways and other administrative guidelines. However, studies have shown that in clinical practice such administrative guidelines are often considered inadequate and difficult to implement mainly because physicians generally perceive task uncertainty to be high and that the guidelines do not cover the scope of encountered deviations. The current administrative level guidelines impose uniform structural features that meet the requirement for low task uncertainty. Within these structural constraints, physicians must organize medical problem-solving processes to meet any task uncertainty that may be encountered. Medical problem-solving processes with low task uncertainty need to be organized independently of processes with high task uncertainty. Each process must be evaluated according to different performance standards and needs to have autonomous administrative guideline models. Although clinical pathways seem appropriate when there is low task uncertainty, other kinds of guidelines are required when the task uncertainty is high.

  • 70.
    Holmberg, Leif
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Professional or administrative value patterns: clinical pathways in medical problem-solving processes2007Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A health care organization simultaneously belongs to two different institutional value patterns: a professional and an administrative value pattern. At the administrative level medical problem-solving processes are generally perceived as the efficient application of familiar chains of activities to well-defined problems; and a low task uncertainty is therefore assumed at the work-floor level. This assumption is further reinforced through clinical pathways and other administrative guidelines. However, studies have shown that in clinical practice such administrative guidelines are often considered inadequate and difficult to implement mainly because physicians generally perceive task uncertainty to be high and that the guidelines do not cover the scope of encountered deviations. The current administrative level guidelines impose uniform structural features that meet the requirement for low task uncertainty. Within these structural constraints physicians must organize medical problem-solving process to meet any task uncertainty that may be encountered. Medical problem-solving processes with low task uncertainty need to be organized independently of processes with high task uncertainty. Each process must be evaluated according to different performance standards and needs to have autonomous administrative guideline models. Although clinical pathways seem appropriate when there is low task uncertainty, other kinds of guidelines are required when the task uncertainty is high.

  • 71.
    Hommel, Ami
    et al.
    Department of Orthopedics, Lund University Hospital.
    Bjorkelund, Karin B.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Thorngren, Karl-Göran
    Department of Orthopedics, Lund University Hospital.
    Ulander, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    A study of a pathway to reduce pressure ulcers for patients with a hip fracture2007In: Journal of Orthopaedic Nursing, ISSN 1361-3111, E-ISSN 1873-4839, Vol. 11, no 3-4, p. 151-159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to an ageing population the numbers of patients with hip fractures are increasing. They often suffer from concomitant diseases and are therefore prone to be affected by complications such as pressure ulcers. The prevention of pressure ulcers among patients with a hip fracture is crucial. The aim of this study was to improve the quality of care and patient safety in patients with a hip fracture. A new evidence based clinical pathway was introduced to prevent hospital acquired pressure ulcers. Furthermore, the purpose was to bring attention to pressure ulcer prevention and to facilitate changes in clinical practice to improve quality of care and patient safety. A total of 478 patients with a hip fracture were consecutively included between April 2003 and March 2004. The new evidence based clinical pathway was introduced on October 1st 2003. The results from the first 210 patients in the control group and the last 210 patients in the intervention group are presented in this article. In the intervention group, hospital acquired pressure ulcers decreased by 50% (p < 0.007). It is possible to reduce the development of hospital acquired pressure ulcers among elderly patients with a hip fracture even though it is not possible to eliminate the effect of factors such as increased age and the patients’ medical status which are often the two main risk factors.

  • 72.
    Höijer, Karin
    Department of Food, Nutrition and Dietetics, Uppsala University.
    Contested food: a focused ethnography of how food and food practices are made sense of in Swedish home economics2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation reports from a focused ethnographic study on how teachers of Swedish Home Economics and their students in collaboration with each other and objects make sense of food. The study was based on a social constructionist perspective in combination with theories on space and culture. Food in Home Economics offers a challenging complexity. On the one hand Swedish Home Economics is a school subject with a long history, framed by certain conditions such as the syllabus and issues of time. Here, teachers and students meet according to plan with the expressed intention to teach and learn about food. On the other hand we as humans use food to make sense of the world. Home Economics can thus be conceived of as a space where a rich array of interests, beliefs, traditions and norms relating to food coexist and are being transformed. This study was conducted through what can be described as a focused ethnography where attention was directed towards a particular setting and by giving emphasis to particular behaviour in particular settings rather than attempting to portray a whole cultural system. Data gathering was initially broad and explorative with observations to find ways to proceed, which was followed by focus group interviews with students and teachers. Formal data gathering thus began in early 2007 with a short fieldwork and concluded with focus group interviews with teachers in the spring of 2009. This work resulted in three different data sets that was analysed both separately and in conjunction with each other with the help of different analytical theories. The main finding was that food in Swedish Home Economics could be described as contested: teachers and students made sense of food in opposing ways.

  • 73.
    Höijer, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen.
    Omstridd mat: är det olika mellan hur lärare och elever uppfattar maten i hem- och konsumentkunskap?2016Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 74.
    Idvall, Ewa
    et al.
    Kalmar County Council and Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Patient assessment of postoperative pain management: orthopaedic patients compared to other surgical patients2008In: Journal of Orthopaedic Nursing, ISSN 1361-3111, E-ISSN 1873-4839, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 35-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We used a 14-item patient questionnaire, Strategic and Clinical Quality Indicators in Postoperative Pain Management, to describe how orthopaedic patients assessed the quality of care they received. The patients highest and lowest assessments were compared to assessments by other groups of surgical patients as reported in studies being published. Our study included 300 inpatients from four different orthopaedic wards in two county councils in Sweden. Patients answered a questionnaire on the day of discharge. The response rate was 74%, and 44% of the respondents were male. Elective surgery was the main reason for admission, and the mean length of stay was 7.3 days. One of the items rated highest was that pain relief was given quickly when requested. A literature review showed that this item also received a high rating in other studies using the same patient questionnaire. The item rated lowest concerned the regular use of a pain assessment instrument, which also received a low rating from patient groups other than the orthopaedics in this study. In conclusion, we found that orthopaedic patients and other groups of surgical patients gave similar assessments concerning the highest and lowest assessments of postoperative pain management. Nevertheless, further improvement is needed.

  • 75.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    et al.
    Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Hallberg , Ingalill Rahm
    Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Westergren, Albert
    Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Exploring determinants for quality of life among older people in pain and in need of help for daily living2007In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 16, no 3a, p. 95-104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives. The aim of the study was to investigate the quality of life and related factors among older people who are in pain and in need of help to manage daily living. Background. To intervene against the low quality of life in nursing care knowledge about factors affecting it is needed and this is especially important for vulnerable people such as those who suffer from pain and who are in need of help to manage daily living. Methods. Five hundred and twenty-six people, aged 75–102 years participated in this study. Results. Those in pain reported a significantly higher degree of all complaints and lower quality of life in all measures compared with those not in pain. Overall quality of life was associated with mobility problems, sleeping problems and depressed mood, while health-related quality of life was associated with living in special accommodations, walking problems, mobility problems and fatigue. Conclusions. Those in need of help to manage daily living and in pain seem to be at higher risk of lowered quality of life than those not in pain and the lower quality of life among those in pain is probably caused by the complex of complaints rather than pain per se. Relevance to clinical practice. Daily nursing care should identify and treat the complex of complaints related to pain as well as pain itself, to improve everyday life and quality of life for older people in pain.

  • 76.
    Jansson, Marcus
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Lindberg, Sandro
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Ätligt eller oätligt?: En kvalitativ studie om attityder till inälvsmat2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka attityder till inälvsmat. Synen på inälvor som mat är varierande beroende på land och kulturella skillnader och ses i vissa kulturer som delikatess och i andra som skräp. Med inälvsmat menas ätliga organ ifrån slaktdjur. För att få veta om benägenheter att konsumera inälvsmat finns måste de faktorer som avgör personens matval studeras. För att svara på denna fråga utformades en egen teori som beskriver de beståndsdelar som ligger till grund för människors konsumtionsval. Under fokusgrupp diskuterades om inälvsmat är en ätligt eller oätligt råvara, deltagarnas kunskaper inom tillagning och om det finns några kulturella skillnader i synen på inälvor. Deltagarna som medverkade i studien fick även under observation tillaga rätter bestående av inälvor och avslutningsvis diskutera om dess attityd till inälvor förändrats. Resultat från studien visar att deltagarnas kulturella bakgrund speglar vilken attityd som existerar till inälvsmat. De medverkande personerna hävdade att de saknade kunskap om tillagning av inälvor och det förekom också en stor variation i vad deltagarna bedömde vara ätlig respektive oätlig inälvsmat. Dessa faktorer kopplas till den framtagna teorin med syfte att uppnå förståelse för människors konsumtionsval av inälvor. I studien ses ett samband mellan konsumtionsval, kulturell bakgrund och attityder till inälvsmat. 

  • 77.
    Joelsson-Alm, Eva
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm.
    Nyman, Claes R.
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm.
    Lindholm, Christina
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Ulfvarson, Johanna
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm.
    Svensén, Christer
    Department of Clinical Science and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Södersjukhuset, Stockholm.
    Perioperative bladder distension: a prospective study2009In: Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology, ISSN 0036-5599, E-ISSN 1651-2065, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 58-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. Postoperative urinary retention and bladder distension are frequent complications of surgery. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of perioperative bladder distension in a surgical setting and to identify predisposing factors among patients undergoing common general and orthopaedic procedures. Material and methods. This was a prospective observational study of 147 adult patients admitted to orthopaedic and surgical departments. Bladder volumes were measured with an ultrasound scanner on three occasions: after emptying the bladder before being transported to the operating theatre, and then immediately before and after surgery. Results. Thirty-three patients (22%) developed bladder distension (500 ml), eight preoperatively and 25 postoperatively. A total of 21 patients (14%) had a bladder volume 300 ml immediately before surgery. Orthopaedic patients were more likely to develop preoperative bladder distension than surgical patients and had significantly higher postvoid residual volumes. In the binary logistic regression analysis age, gender and time of anaesthesia could not predict bladder distension. Patients undergoing orthopaedic surgical procedures, however, were prone to bladder distension (odds ratio 6.87, 95% confidence interval 1.76 to 26.79, p=0.006). Conclusions. This study shows that orthopaedic surgical patients are more prone to bladder distension perioperatively. The conventional method of encouraging patients to void at the ward before being transported to the operating theatre does not necessarily mean an empty bladder at the start of the operation.

  • 78.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Beery, Thomas H.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    van Dijk, Jiska
    Norge.
    Bongard, Terje
    Norge.
    Seidl, Roman
    Schweiz.
    Stålhammar, Sanna
    Lund University .
    Managing the transformation –: perspectives from human evolution and human behavioral ecology2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Transforming the current society towards sustainability is a formidable task, requiring changes at many levels of society. Reductions in our use of natural resources and environmental impacts of human societies are necessary, while maintaining a progress in satisfying human well-being in a growing world population. Considerable efforts in developing low impact economy and technology will be needed to change societies towards more sustainable social-ecological systems. However, perhaps the most challenging aspect of this transformation is to manage the very roots of the problem: the human mind. Implicit in many, if not all, of the well-known causes of environmental degradation (e.g., externalities of businesses and individual behavior, tragedy of the unmanaged commons, conspicuous consumption) are a human mind originally evolved to maximize individual reproductive success within short-sighted perspectives and small social groups. We are therefore ill equipped to take responsibility for long-term global environmental problems. We argue that an understanding of human evolution and the functioning of the brain as an adaptive unit underlying human behavior will be necessary in order to create societal reorganization and incentives that successfully deal with the challenges of the Anthropocene. Cooperation and altruistic behavior are certainly part of the human repertoire but only if social contexts are arranged to support these behaviors. We believe that evolutionary approaches to human behavior can no longer be left out of the discussion on the environmental crisis, and in environmental policy, and that managing the transformation will also require applying evolutionary science to human behavior.

  • 79.
    Klingberg-Allvin, Marie
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Binh, Nguyen
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Johansson, Annika
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    One foot wet and one foot dry: transition into motherhood among married adolescent women in rural Vietnam2008In: Journal of Transcultural Nursing, ISSN 1043-6596, E-ISSN 1552-7832, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 338-346Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores married Vietnamese adolescents' perceptions and experiences related to transition into motherhood and their encounter with health care service. In-depth interviews were conducted with 22 women younger than 20 who were either pregnant or had newly delivered. It emerged from the narratives that young women experienced ambivalence in the transition to motherhood in that they felt too young but also happy to be able to please their husband and the extended family. Patterns were shown indicating that the participants experienced lacking power with regard to decisions in relation to pregnancy, delivery, and contraceptive usage. Feelings of being patronized and ignored in the encounter with health care providers were seen in the narratives. Findings might be used for reproductive health care providers, social workers, and educators in their contact with young mothers to empower them to make their own decisions with regard to marriage, childbearing, and contraception.

  • 80.
    Koinberg, Ingalill
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Engholm, G.-B.
    Department of Oncology, Örebro University Hospital.
    Genell, A.
    Oncological Center, West Health Care Region, University Hospital Gothenburg.
    Holmberg, L.
    Department of Surgical Sciences, Division of Surgery, Uppsala University.
    A health economic evaluation of follow-up after breast cancer surgery: results of an rct study2009In: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 48, no 1, p. 99-104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. Breast cancer follow-up programmes consume large resources and despite the indications that several alternative approaches could be used effectively, there is no coherent discussion about costs and/or cost-effectiveness of follow-up programmes. Patient and methods. In a prospective trial there were 264 breast cancer patients, stage I and II, randomised to two different follow-up programmes- PG (physician group) and NG (nurse group). The trial period was 5 years. The women in the two intervention groups did not differ in anxiety and depression, their satisfaction with care, their experienced accessibility to the medical centre or their medical outcome as measured by recurrence or death. The analyses were done from different lists representing costs at three hospitals in Sweden according to the principles of a cost minimization study. Results: The cost per person year of follow-up differed between the groups, with (sic)630 per person year in PG compared to (sic)495 per person year in NG. Thus, specialist nurse intervention with check-ups on demand was 20% less expensive than routine follow-up visits to the physician. The main difference in cost between the groups was explained by the numbers of visits to the physician in the respective study arms. There were 21% more primary contacts in PG than NG. Discussion. The difference in cost per year and patient by study arm is modest, but transforms to nearly (sic)900 per patient and 5-year period, offering a substantial opportunity for reallocating resources since breast cancer is the most prevalent tumour worldwide.

  • 81.
    Larsson, Brita
    et al.
    Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hässleholm Hospital.
    Johannesson, Anton
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Ortopedteknik AB, Kristianstad Hospital.
    Andersson, Ingemar H.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Atroshi, Isam
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Department of Orthopedics, Hässleholm and Kristianstad Hospitals.
    The Locomotor Capabilities Index: validity and reliability of the Swedish version in adults with lower limb amputation2009In: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, ISSN 1477-7525, E-ISSN 1477-7525, Vol. 7, no 44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Locomotor Capabilities Index (LCI) is a validated measure of lower-limb amputees' ability to perform activities with prosthesis. We have developed the LCI Swedish version and evaluated its validity and reliability. Methods: Cross-cultural adaptation to Swedish included forward/backward translations and field testing. The Swedish LCI was then administered to 144 amputees (55 women), mean age 74 (4093) years, attending post-rehabilitation prosthetic training. Construct validity was assessed by examining the relationship between the LCI and Timed "Up-and-Go" (TUG) test and between the LCI and EQ-5D health utility index in 2 subgroups of 40 and 20 amputees, respectively. Discriminative validity was assessed by comparing scores in different age groups and in unilateral and bilateral amputees. Test-retest reliability (1-2 weeks) was evaluated in 20 amputees (14 unilateral). Results: The Swedish LCI showed good construct convergent validity, with high correlation with the TUG (r = -0.75) and the EQ-5D (r = 0.84), and discriminative validity, with significantly worse mean scores for older than younger and for bilateral than unilateral amputees (p < 0.01), and high internal consistency (Cronbach alpha 0.95). In test-retest reliability the intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.91 (95% CI 0.79-0.96) but for the unilateral amputees was 0.83 (95% CI 0.56-0.94). Ceiling effect occurred in 23%. Conclusion: The Swedish version of the LCI demonstrated good validity and internal consistency in adult amputees. Test-retest reliability in a small subsample appears to be acceptable. The high ceiling effect of the LCI may imply that it would be most useful in assessing amputees with low to moderate functional abilities.

  • 82.
    Leppänen, Vesa
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Coping with troublesome clients in home care2008In: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 18, no 9, p. 1195-1205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    I describe methods used by home carers to cope with troublesome clients and analyze how the organizational context affects their use. Empirical data consist of participant observation and field interviews with 14 home carers in three municipalities in southern Sweden. Home carers might try to avoid working with troublesome clients, prepare themselves mentally before visiting them, try to withhold them psychologically, try to understand them and explain their behavior, try to change their behavior, and vent experiences with colleagues. Although some of these methods are practiced frontstage, in interactions with clients, others take place backstage, only involving staff. Their use is influenced both by properties of frontstage work, for instance, the intimate nature of many tasks and the experienced need to keep up a "good" relationship with clients, and by the organization of backstage work, for instance, the organization of staff meetings and supervisors' understanding of coping processes.

  • 83.
    Lindh, Inga-Britt
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Severinsson, Elisabeth
    Nordic School of Public Health, Göteborg.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Exploring student nurses' reflections on moral responsibility in practice2008In: Reflective Practice, ISSN 1462-3943, E-ISSN 1470-1103, Vol. 9, no 4, p. 437-448Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Student nurses are faced with a demand for moral responsibility during their clinical education. In order to gain an understanding of how they reflect on the phenomenon of moral responsibility in nursing practice, repeated focus group interviews were conducted. Fourteen student nurses in their final year of the three year baccalaureate programme in nursing were interviewed during their final placement. The interpretive content analysis disclosed the manifestations of moral responsibility as being available for the patient, shielding the patient and being confronted with the voice of conscience. The findings highlighted the importance of space given to ethical reflection on a regular basis as a joint activity. This included by both student nurses and professionals.

  • 84.
    Lindh, Inga-Britt
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Severinsson, Elisabeth
    University of Stavanger.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Moral responsibility: a relational way of being2007In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 129-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports a study exploring the meaning of the complex phenomenon of moral responsibility in nursing practice. Each of three focus groups with a total of 14 student nurses were conducted twice to gather their views on moral responsibility in nursing practice. The data were analysed by qualitative thematic content analysis. Moral responsibility was interpreted as a relational way of being, which involved guidance by one's inner compass composed of ideals, values and knowledge that translate into a striving to do good. It was concluded that, if student nurses are to continue striving to do good in a way that respects themselves and other people, it is important that they do not feel forced to compromise their values. Instead they should be given space and encouragement in their endeavours to do good in a relational way that advances nursing as a moral practice.

  • 85.
    Lindh, Inga-Britt
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Severinsson, Elisabeth
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Vestfold University College, Tønsberg.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Nurses' moral strength: a hermeneutic inquiry in nursing practice2009In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 65, no 9, p. 1882-1890Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. This paper is a report of a study to interpret nurses' experiences of moral strength in practice. Background. Moral strength is said to be beneficial in providing nursing care for patients, thereby contributing to high qualitative care. However, few studies focus on the meaning of nurses' moral strength. Methods. This study included eight Registered Nurses working in different aspects of health care in southern Sweden. Individual interviews were conducted in 2006 and 2007. We recorded, transcribed verbatim, and interpreted the interviews by a method grounded in hermeneutics. Findings. Three themes were interpreted on three different levels: the action level as 'having courage to act on one's convictions', the relational level as 'being attentive and recognizing vulnerability', and the existential level as 'facing the unpredictable'. Overall, moral strength was understood as a driving force to be someone special in the care of patients, i.e. someone who makes a difference. Conclusion. The value of nurses' moral strength in patient care should be recognized. Attention must be given to aspects outside the individual, e.g. professional and institutional processes that influence the work environment. Clinical team supervision can help make such processes visible and supportive.

  • 86.
    Lindholm, Christina
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Debridering av nekrotiska sår2007In: Sår, ISSN 1653-9591, no 4, p. 10-12Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 87.
    Lindholm, Christina
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Kirurgisk debridering2007In: Sår, ISSN 1653-9591, no 4, p. 20-21Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 88.
    Lindholm, Christina
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    PUCLAS: elektroniskt hjälpmedel för att klassificera trycksår2007In: Sår, ISSN 1653-9591, no 3, p. 10-15Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 89.
    Lindholm, Christina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Axelsson, Carolina
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Westergren, Albert
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ulander, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Trycksår i Nordöstra Skåne: blev det någon skillnad?: jämförelse mellan 2005 och 2006: trycksårsförekomst, trycksårsgrader och lokalisation, prevention och riskbedömning i Nordöstra Skåne: två prevalensstudier omfattande fyra sjukhus och fyra kommuner2008Report (Other academic)
  • 90.
    Lindholm, Christina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Klang, B.
    Svensson, I.
    Kohl, E.
    Arnkiol, A.
    Benner, G.
    Olsson, K.
    Persson, C.
    Trycksår: signifikant minskning genom vårdprogram och utbildning2007In: Sår, ISSN 1653-9591, no 3, p. 18-19Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 91.
    Lindholm, Christina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Lundgren, M.
    Mätning av såryta med bärbar digital planimeter2007In: Sår, ISSN 1653-9591, no 1, p. 28-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 92.
    Lindholm, Christina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Olsson, B.
    Axelsson, C.
    Dopplerskolor för distriktssköterskor2007In: Sår, ISSN 1653-9591, no 2, p. 10-12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 93.
    Lindholm, Christina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Olsson, Birgitta
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ringar på vattnet HT 2005: certifieringsutbildning: bensår för distriktssköterskor2007Report (Other academic)
  • 94.
    Lindholm, Christina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Torfadóttir, Ólina
    Fjordungssjukrahusid, Akureyri.
    Axelsson, Carolina
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ulander, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hygiene standards and wound microbiology at Fjordungssjukrahusid, Iceland, in cooperation with Kristianstad University, October 20062008Report (Other academic)
  • 95.
    Lindholm, Christina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Torfadóttir, Ólina
    Fjordungssjukrahusid, Akureyri.
    Axelsson, Carolina
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ulander, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Pressure ulcers 2005: "we have none at our ward": a prevalence study at the hospital in Akureyri, Iceland in cooperation with Kristianstad University2007Report (Other academic)
  • 96.
    Lindholm, Christina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Torfadóttir, Ólina
    Fjordungssjukrahusid, Akureyri.
    Axelsson, Carolina
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ulander, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Pressure ulcers: prevalence and prevention at Akureyri hospital, Iceland, 2005 and 20072008Report (Other academic)
  • 97.
    Lindholm, Christina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Wallin, A-M.
    Vacuumterapi: allt vanligare i vården2007In: Sår, ISSN 1653-9591, no 2, p. 16-19Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 98.
    Lindholm, Christina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Westergren, Albert
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Axelsson, Carolina
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ulander, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Trycksår i Skåne: rapport från punktprevalensstudien 2006 omfattande sex sjukhus och sex kommuner2007Report (Other academic)
  • 99.
    Lindholm, Christina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Westergren, Albert
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Axelsson, Carolina
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ulander, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Trycksår VT 2005: "det har vi inga på vår avdelning": en punktprevalensstudie omfattande fyra sjukhus och fyra kommuner i samarbete med Högskolan Kristianstad2007Report (Other academic)
  • 100.
    Lindholm, Christina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Westergren, Albert
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Axelsson, Carolina
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ulander, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Verksamhetsberättelse 2007: Forskargruppen för klinisk patientnära forskning2008Report (Other academic)
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