hkr.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
123 51 - 100 of 129
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 51.
    Hurtig Åkerberg, Alexandra
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    De ensammas sjukdom: tankar och önskemål kring stöd vid viktreducering2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Obesity and overweight is the worst public health related disease today, and it is a constantly increasing problem in societies all over the world. In Sweden the number of overweight persons has been doubled in the last 20 years. Today about 500 000 persons suffer from obesity and overweight.The aim of this study was to investigate obese and overweight people´s thoughts and wishes regarding what support they would like, in order to be able to successfully manage a weightreduction. The study is qualitative and conducted through six interviews, the material was analysed with content analysis. The result of the analysed interviews led to four categories:offered support, wished support, are you strong enough to find support by your own and mental wellbeing.The conclusion of this study is that overweight person’s biggest wish is to get continuous and personal support from the health care system. Sometimes the support needs to be life long. This is what all the interviewed persons think is most important in order to be able to handle a weight reduction. A common understanding among the participants was also that the society needs to take more responsibility in order to prevent more people from getting overweight,and to help people who already are overweight. A feeling of stigmatization is something that all the interviewed feels on a daily basis.

  • 52.
    Huus, Karina
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Olsson, Lena, M
    Jönköping University.
    Elgmark Andersson, Elisabeth
    Jönköping University.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University.
    Augustine, Lilly
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Perceived needs among parents of children with a mild intellectual disability in Sweden2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 307-317Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parents of children with a mild intellectual disability experience more distress and require more support than other parents. The aim was to investigate the perceived family needs of parents of children with an MID and to investigate the relationship between parents’ perceived self-efficacy in their parental role and in collaborating with professionals as well as with their perceived needs for support. Interviews were based on questionnaires to the parents of 38 children. The results revealed that parents perceived need for information, respite, and venues in which to meet other parents in similar situations. The informational needs were related to parental self-efficacy and obtaining support. A lower need for information was related to higher perceived control over services. In conclusion, it appears that professionals need to work to strengthen parents’ ability to ask for support and to express the needs. Well-informed parents will develop stronger parental self-efficacy and perceived control over services.

  • 53.
    Isufi, Blerim
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Sahlin, Annica
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Skola och kompetensutveckling, viktiga faktorer för socialisationsprocessen: En studie om ensamkommande barns socialisation i deras nya samhälle2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study discloses unaccompanied children´s socialization in their new society. The purpose of the study is to investigate how unaccompanied children's schooling is an important factor in their socialization and skills development in their new society. For example, we have chosen to illustrate how their school works and if and whether the teachers receive the support they need in order to help children develop their skills so they can find their way in society. The research is based on three different methods. The first method is based on literature research. The second one is a qualitative method and in doing so we have made use of a semi – structured method of interviewing. This method’s importance lies in how individuals perceive and interpret their social reality. The third method is participant observation, and it is a method that allows observing the interaction while it takes place, and gives us a good opportunity to analyze the role that context plays in people´s actions and attitudes, which results that you get a deeper understanding of the researched phenomenon. The study showed that unaccompanied children´s schooling and skills development are important factors of socialization in their new country. In some interview responses and the literature reviewed, revealed that teachers do not get adequate support from school authorities.

  • 54.
    Jacobsson, Katarina
    et al.
    Socialhögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Thelander, Joakim
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Wästerfors, David
    Sociologiska institutionen, Lunds universitet.
    Sociologi för socionomer: en stående inbjudan2010Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilken betydelse har sociologin för praktiskt socialt arbete? Vad menas med sociologins avslöjande ambition? Hur tänker och resonerar en sociolog?

    Den här boken tar avstamp i det sociala arbetets verksamhetsfält. Den bjuder in socionomer till ämnet sociologi genom nedslag i studier av det sociala arbetets praktik. Författarna diskuterar en rad sociologiska fynd från områden där socionomer är aktiva och de lyfter fram den kunskap som sociologiska perspektiv kan ge. Det handlar om allt från varför socialbidrag är vanligare i vissa samhällsskikt än i andra, till varför socialarbetare kan bli så förtjusta i möten att själva föremålet – klienten -kommer i skymundan.

    Boken innehåller ett litet lexikon som ger inblick i grundläggande sociologiska begrepp och fenomen.

    Boken är avsedd som kurslitteratur för socionomstudenter och studenter i närliggande ämnen. Den riktar sig också till verksamma inom socialt arbete.

  • 55.
    Jeppsson, Amelie
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Zander, Ann-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Barn och föräldrar i den sociala barnavården: då och nu2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The social policy defines what is social problems. There is no clear scientific explanation to why children fare badly and unity in what constitutes a bad parenthood that leads to deficiency of care (Sundell&Egelund 2000). The society's values are fickle and influences what to be defined as social problems. In the prevailing period, the discourse produces the social norm (Claezon 2004).

    The aim with this study was to examine which children that fare badly and attitudes about it the good and the insufficient parenthood between 1921-1923 and 1997-2007. The survey was a qualitative file study in witch we studied child welfare. Resemblances and differences have also been studied between these two periods.  This in order to get a grasp on what has been changed and what is left of the old times and still influence the modern society in child welfare.

    Our theoretical starting point is the power of the discourse.Children that are considered fare badly and the attitude of what defines good parenthood is shaped by the cultural values of society that is made visible in child welfare. Through this theoretical perspectives, children, young people and parents that are defined as deviant with shortcomings and imperfection that is to be corrected by the society’s measures. Fahlgren (1999) claims that discourse vary both historically and cultural in the society and its aim is to create order and truth within different areas and is also based on views about interpretation in the society. This is how norms are created of what is considered to be normal.

    The result of our study shows that the social welfare of children is influenced by attitudes within society. The prevailing discourse influence how society defines which children fare badly and that the conception is about good respective insufficient parenthood. This is changed over time and characterized of the society's cultural and historical contexts.

     

    Keywords: child welfare, children fare badly, parenthood

  • 56.
    Johansson, Sandra
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Eriksson, Linda
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Jag & min framtid: En kvalitativ studie om HVB-hemplacerade ungdomars syn på sig själva och sin framtid.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies have shown that young people in residential care homes tend to be low achievers in school and are at high risk of entering adulthood with a low level of education. This group has also shown tendency to adverse psychosocial outcomes. The aim with this study is to reach an understanding of how teenagers and young adults view themselves and their future, what ambitions they have in life and how they see their opportunities to realize their goals. The study is based on a qualitative method and was conducted with semi structured personal interviews with five youngsters 15-21 years old in two different residential care homes. The theoretical viewpoints have been based on E.H Erikson’s theory about identity as well as the theory about resilience.The result of this study indicates that the persons we have interviewed have expressed difficulties in describing themselves. They also express a wish to finish their primary school with complete grades. All of them described what professions they would like to work with. It also came clear that they do not like to plan too far ahead, instead they take one day at a time.The young people that we interviewed expressed a positive view about their future, most of them knew what they want in life, but they find it difficult to describe the way to get there.

  • 57.
    Johansson, Yvonne
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Tensions in the field of health care: knowledge networks and evidence-based practice: an action research approach2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Empirically, this thesis has focused on nine research and development (R&D) networks set up to promote a professional approach to care and strengthen the collaboration between health care sectors in a Swedish health care setting. The research project was embedded in an action research approach intended to encourage network development by means of a dialogical process. The specific research question was: What are the actors‟ perceptions of knowledge networks and how might we account for the networks‟ evolution, role and ways of working? Bourdieu‟s concepts reproduction and symbolic violence were used as analytical tools and were chosen as a way of answering and explaining the empirical story line. Data was collected by use of a multi-method approach consisting of 39 interviews, observations, document review and reflexive notes. The intention was to elicit data that supported both network development and the theoretical explanation to come. It appeared that the networks concerned had several advantages, such as being a forum for internal dialogue and exchange of experiences. In addition, two main patterns emerged: Firstly, most of the participants within the networks were advocates of a linear top-down model of implementation of evidence-based knowledge into practice. Secondly, they experienced inertia in the transfer process. From the collaborative process undertaken it emerged that their linear top-down model of knowledge transfer seemed to be firmly rooted. Theoretically, the thesis contributes to an understanding of why the process of knowledge transfer was considered by the participants within the networks to be a sluggish process. The thesis also contributes to an explanation of why they adhered to the macro-discourse of evidence-based medicine at the expense of involving practitioners outside the networks in horizontal patterns of exchange. It is argued that the networks had a symbolic value and were also a product of and reproduced the evidence-based discourse and the prevailing structures within their field. This contrasted with the role of networks as arenas for generation of local knowledge in the network literature. A major challenge facing health care sectors is that of how to support practitioners in the incorporation of new practices resulting in actual changes.

  • 58.
    Jonasson, Josefine
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Andersson, Johanna
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Det som håller oss vid liv: Livskvalitet inom hemtjänsten2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of our study is to examine experience of the quality of life for elderly people with assisted living from their own, and caretakers, perspectives. We also aim to examine how elderly people in assisted living, and caretakers, experiences that they could affect the elderly people´s quality of life.

     

    The study is based on a qualitative method and the data is collected by interviews with four recipient of care and three care takers.

     

    The result shows that there are many factors that have an importance when it comes to quality of life for the recipient of care. It has shown in the study that the recipient of care and the caretakers put emphasize in the same factors. These factors are health, the affect of assisted living, happiness, relationships and self-determination. The result has shown that the assisted living has a major importance when it comes to the quality of life for the recipient of cares.

  • 59.
    Jönsson, Oskar
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment. Malmö högskola.
    Hermansson, Sofie
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment. Malmö högskola.
    Ingen fara på taket: skolpersonal om anmälningsskyldighet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 60.
    Karlsson, Raimond
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Lindqvist, Marina
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Mäns rätt till behandling & Eldsjälars betydelse: En uppsats om behandling för män som utövar våld2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine certain aspects of work with men who use violence in intimate relationships. In a Government bill in late 90s the Government presented its action plan on what is expected to be done in each municipality, but investigations show that the work is stationary. 46 percent of the men, who are in treatment, choose to cancel it. We wanted to find out how society will meet up with men who use violence in their intimate relationship and how to go about in the meeting.

     Those who lead us to the answers in this qualitative method are three social workers and a therapist who has the task of helping these men. The study is based on interviews from three municipalities in southern Sweden, the municipalities made ​​as in between 30-60 000 residents and businesses are startups; theoldest has been in operation for five years.

    The results showed that they had chosen to put these activities under the sections of the Social Services but is counted as a separate project, as the driving force may apply for funding via the County Council. A strong commitment shines through these projects and go- getter momentum is necessary. The interviewees express great concern that the men are those who fall away unless they receive more money next year. The meetings with these clients are like with the other clients, at any time, you treat them with respect and curiosity for the person you have in front of you. The main work of social welfare officers do is to motivate them to come to the therapist. The therapist is the one late to capture the man and persuade him to remain in treatment, through the verse and effluents and recognition.

  • 61.
    Kläfverud, Maria
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap och integrerad hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Barn i barnahus: före, under och efter besök på barnahus -trygghetspersoner2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 62.
    Kläfverud, Maria
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap och integrerad hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Children in Barnahus - an interdisciplinary research study from childen's perspective: children in Barnahus-before, during and after being in CH2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    When a parent is suspected for child abuse, the court in Sweden appoints a lawyer who can decide about the child’s participation in CH without parent’s knowledge or consent. The lawyer brings the child to CH. A familiar person, for example a teacher, accompanies the child. In the study children and their parents are interviewed about their experience and understanding of CH.

  • 63.
    Knutagård, Hans
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    [Förord samt fackgranskning till:] Pamela Trevithick. Socialt arbete2008In: Socialt arbete: Teori och praktik, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2008, 1, p. 7-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Knutagård, Hans
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Krantz, Britt
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Begreppet mentalisering: ett verktyg för handlingskompetens i och genom PPU?2012In: Personlig och professionell utveckling inom socionomutbildningen: en antologi / [ed] Magnus Ottelid, Östersund: Institutionen för socialt arbete, Mittuniversitetet , 2012, p. 68-78Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 65.
    Konstantinou Kiouzeli, Polyxeni
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Kommunala myndigheters och en frivilligorganisations stödinsatser till våldsutsatta invandrarkvinnor2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this degree project is to obtain a greater understanding of how the support for abused immigrant women is designed and if these measures respond to the women’s own wishes and needs. I also want to investigate the possible advantages and disadvantages, there are under the social ser­vi­ces and voluntary organizations (NGOs) and women themselves when it comes to spe­cific sup­port measures for immigrant women. On which basis have these support measures been designed and what experience or research starting points are based on? To what extent do they answer to women’s needs according to the staff, and to the women's own view?

    The study is based on qualitative data consisting of five interviews and one case report of an abused woman. The participants I interviewed were three social workers from two different de­partments in Kristianstad administrations, one coordinator from the women’s support centre in Kristianstad and one pre-school teacher from the Family house Näsby in Kristianstad and one abused woman. To contextualize the information gathered, the normalization process by Eva Lundgren and stigma theory by Goffman have been used. The empirical material from my five semi-structured interviews and the case report has been analyzed on the basis of the normalization process and stigma theory, as well as literature and expert knowledge on abused immigrant women. Through this study I have come to the conclusion that the support measures to an abused immigrant women was based on her own needs. I have also noticed in my results that the professionals have different work procedures and different ways to refute abused immigrant women depending on their knowledge of other countries’ culture.

     

  • 66.
    Krusell, Sandra
    Kristianstad University.
    Familjehemmens biologiska barn: Berättelser om att växa upp med fostersyskon2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children, who grow up in families, where their parents have decided to take care of a foster child on a commission of the social welfare services, are not often given the possibility to tell about their experience of having foster siblings, in research and other studies. The aim of this study was to give biological children, in these families, a chance to tell their narratives of growing up with foster siblings, creating opportunities for families, who might have plans to take care of foster children in the future. They can get a picture of how it could be for the family´s own children. The biological children got the opportunity to tell their narrative stories including the relationships in their families and how they were looking forward into their own future and family life. The used theory takes part in systemic thinking, looking at the family as an organization and how identities are created in relationships and in communication. The method was interviews with six “children” and analyze of the text material. The result is presented in short summaries and quotation. The result shows that the children have been influenced in different ways by living with foster siblings and they have a large empathize for their parents and the situation. It also shows that the relations between the biological children and the foster children can be lasting for their future and the biological children can see the foster child as a “real” sibling. Communication and the feeling of participation were important for the children. All stories are individual but some conclusions appear. One is that the children is involved in everything that happens around them and they have own strategies to handle it.

  • 67.
    Kylmäniemi, Frida
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Silvegren, Sara
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Åtta röster gällande omplaceringar i skolan2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about relocated students in the school. Research in this area is limited and the aim is to illuminate the area by listening to different people's voices that have been close to or involved in relocations. The study was made of a qualitative method and the collection of data was through interviews. A total of eight people were included in the study. The selected municipality is located in Sweden. The sample was head teachers, counselors, special educators, social services, relocated student and parent of a relocated student. In the results and analysis the weight were placed on the interviewees votes. Theoretical starting points were selected based on the results of the interviews. The theories used were Bachtin's theory regarding voices, Goffman's theory of stigma, group process and then also Schutz FIRO-model that is about the group's various phases, and Dewey's theory of school. Results from the study showed that relocating because of bullying was rare. An important factor in a successful relocation is the pupil's participation and that the class must be prepared for a new member into the group. Relocation is seen as a last resort and that all other resources should be exhausted before a decision about relocation becomes an option.

  • 68.
    la Fleur, Ida
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Nord, Ann-Charlotte
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Att leva med en diagnos: Utifrån föräldrars berättelser2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our study was to identify and present experiences encountered by parents with a child with diagnosis. Those narratives are made open for the public. Data has been collected through ten interviews with parents having children with a diagnosis. These interviews have also been complemented by interviews with one child and one youth. The parents and the children who have been interviewed, all have their own stories and experiences of how it is to live with a diagnosis in the family and for all families there are different diagnosis. Some of the families have had the diagnosis confirmed, and some are living with overlapping diagnosis, everything dependent on the symptoms picture of the child. A qualitative research method has been used using semi structured interviews. The interviews have been analysed using a narrative method, which in our case resulted in nine different stories. The narrative way of doing analysis in this study has been chosen, as the purpose of the study has been to make the different narratives public. The narratives are tied to the following theories: normality, stigmatization, categorization and economic motives. This study concludes, based on the family interviews, that there is no strong correlation to support any firm conclusion due to different experienced in all cases. However, one result which is evident in all cases is that the families are continuously struggling to get help in school, to get special support from society.

  • 69.
    Larsson, Jane
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Wernram, Emma
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Andra vägar för att tillgodose barnets behov: en kvalitativ studie om kommuner som använder andra arbetsvertyg eller modeller än BBIC2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    BBIC (Barns Behov I Centrum) är ett arbetsverktyg för utredning, dokumentation och uppföljning inom barnavårdsutredningar. Vi ville göra en studie angående BBIC och när vi fick reda på att endast fem utav Sveriges 290 kommuner inte hade implementerat verktyget ville vi undersöka varför. Vi ville studera orsakerna till varför det inte är implementerat och vad de använder sig av för verktyg istället. Vi genomförde två telefonintervjuer och upptäckte att de flesta av våra intervjupersoner är tveksamma till verktyget och hur man använder det i utredningar. Eftersom tre utav de fem kommunerna ligger i Dalarna valde vi att göra telefonintervjuer, även med de som ligger i Skåne. Vi valde detta eftersom vi ville att informanterna skulle kunna svara på frågorna under samma förutsättningar. I vårt resultat fann vi att bristen på pengar och resurser är en av anledningarna till att kommunerna ännu inte implementerat BBIC.

  • 70.
    Larsson, Lisbeth
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Föräldrar till barn med funktionshinder: upplevelser av samhällets stöd2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to study how parents to children with learning disability experences the support they get from society. My main question has been: what kind of support offer does society offer this parents? What is good and what is less satisfactory in this support? The study is based on a qualitative method. Five parents with children who has learning disabilities has been used as base. The material has been analysed with a narrative, hernmeneutic perspective.The study concludes that the parents, use in this case, find that society does not offer the necessary understanding for their problem of their family. The parents situation are demanding. The result in this study shows there is a difference between the experience of social support in social service and in school. There are small difference in experience of medical service.

  • 71.
    Larsson, Rebecka
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Simonsson, Martina
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Överväganden vid val familjehem: En kvalitativ studie av fammiljehemssekreterare.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about what considerations foster home secretary may face in their profession and how they use themselves as a tool. We were interested in the family home secretaries as a profession and we found that this area is relatively unexplored. The essay is based on semi-structured interviews with ten family home secretaries from seven different municipalities. To interpret our results, we used Mead's theory of "Mind, Self and Society". Our paper shows that family secretaries are faced with a variety of considerations in the selection of foster homes. We have also presented several different criteria that foster secretaries put on families to enable them to become current foster home. All the family home secretary saw themselves as tools in the process to match children with foster homes, but it proved to be difficult for them to put this into words and describe how they used themselves. One of our research questions concern how experience affects their work. It turned out that the experience also gave answers to our other questions.

  • 72.
    Lenninger, Sara M.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola. Lunds Universitet.
    Barns semiotiska frihet och om rätten att bli hörd2019In: Perspektiv på Barnkonventionen / [ed] Lina Ponnert, Anna Sonander & Per Wickenberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Leppänen, Vesa
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Besvärliga relationer mellan personal och vårdtagare inom hemtjänsten2008In: Socionomens forskningssupplement, ISSN 0283-1929, no 23, p. 28-41Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 74.
    Leppänen, Vesa
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Dahlberg, Lars
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Arbetsvillkor och trivsel bland anställda inom hushållsnära tjänster2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The number of  domestic workers decreased continuously in Sweden over the course of  the twentieth century. As a share of the total workforce, the proportion of waged domestic workers had fallen to 2.9% in 1950 and 0.05% by 1990, largely because of the mechanization of domestic work, the growth of public child-care and eldercare, a shortage of labour, and increased taxes on labour. Yet at the end of the twentieth century the demand for domestic services increased, and there were signs that the informal sector was growing. In 2007 the Swedish Parliament decided to make domestic services—domestic cleaning, cooking, clothes care, snow removal, gardening, child-care, and help with personal hygiene—tax deductible for private persons. For many this reduced the cost of home help by 50%. The reform started a political debate (the ‘maid debate’), with opponents of  the reform arguing it would create a new, low-pay sector of  female and immigrant workers, characterized by asymmetric power relations between families and domestic workers, exploitation, and bad working conditions in general. Following the reform, the number of  domestic service businesses and employees increased rapidly. In the second half  of  2007, 46,000 people applied for the tax deduction, and by 2011 their number was almost 416,000. From 2009 to 2011, the number of hours of waged domestic work doubled to the equivalent of 61,400 full-time jobs a year.

    A previous report, which was based on the same data used here, describes various characteristics of the workers (for example, gender, age, birth, educational background, previous career, reasons for taking the job, and experience of  informal work in the domestic sector) (http://hkr.diva- portal.org/smash/record.jsf ?pid=diva2:556163). The present study describes working conditions and job satisfaction among domestic workers employed by Swedish firms. The empirical data were collected by means of a questionnaire sent to employees of companies with five or more employees in the four southernmost counties of Sweden (Skåne, Blekinge, Halland, and Kronoberg), which together have a population of 1.9 million out of national total of 9.45 million. A total of 249 questionnaires were returned by domestic workers from 86 companies.

    Almost 70% of respondents were in permanent employment. About 80% were female (of the total workforce in Sweden, 88% of men and 83% of women were in permanent employment, and among cleaners in general 64%). About 28% said they had managerial functions. One possible explanation for this high percentage was that their workplaces were rather small and geographically scattered (about 30% reported their workplaces had 5–9 employees, and 36.5% reported that their workplaces had 10–19 employees.)

    About 54% work full time (35 hours or more per week). According to a national survey in Sweden, 76.6% of the workforce work full time. Male domestic workers are more likely to work full time (76%) than female workers (about 49%), and those with managerial functions work are more likely to work full time (74%) than those without managerial functions (47%). Of those who work fewer than 30 hours per week, only 43% reported that their employer could not offer them more hours.

    Most of the respondents did routine, weekly domestic cleaning (89%). A majority also did one- off cleaning (62%) and end-of-tenancy cleaning (58%), and about half of them also did window cleaning (46%). Other common tasks were clothes care and shopping. Only a small proportion reported providing care for the elderly (7.7%), the disabled (1.2%), or children (2%). One explanation for the low percentage of care work is that the public sector provides most of these services in Sweden, while such gaps as exist are largely covered by private care companies (funded by the public purse).

    Tasks are divided by gender. For example, 34% of male workers did odd jobs, compared to 3.5% of the female workers, and while almost 48% of the male workers shovelled snow, only 8% of the female workers did. The female workers performed tasks that are traditionally considered to be female, namely routine domestic cleaning, one-off cleaning, clothes care, and child-care and eldercare.

    Most of the domestic workers’ wages included time spent travelling between jobs (73%) and most of them had their travel costs paid for by their employers (84.5%). Most of them took their breaks in other places than their company’s break room (74%).

    When asked about their relationships with managers, 90.5% agreed with the statement that they received help and support from their managers (compared with a national survey of  general cleaners in Sweden, of whom 28% said they rarely or never received support from supervisors); 74% agreed with the statement that they planned their work with their supervisors (again, 22% of  general cleaners in the national survey said they had difficulty getting information from their supervisors about what should be given priority); and when asked about their relationships with co-workers, 86% agreed with the statement that they got help and support from their co-workers. About 50% agreed with the statement that they did not meet their co-workers often enough, although not all domestic workers longed for co-workers: 20% said they took the job because it entailed little interaction with co-workers. Meanwhile, 19% took the job because it entailed few interactions with customers.

    In the ‘maid debate’ prompted by the Swedish Parliament’s deliberations about the tax reform, opponents argued it would create a new and exploitative low-pay sector for female and immigrant workers, with poor working conditions. The debate thus contributed to the public image of working conditions in domestic service as generally bad. We therefore asked the respondents if they felt that others looked down upon their work, and 25.5% agreed with the statement, while almost 9% said that they were ashamed of their work and chose not tell others what they did for a living.

    This public image and the shame felt by some of the domestic workers are in sharp contrast to how they felt about the work per se. Almost 94% agreed with the statement ‘I enjoy my work’, and 78% with the statement that the work was more fun than they thought it would be. When asked what they thought was best about their work, the most common answer referred to customers in some way (57%)—for example, meeting them, helping them, and pleasing them. The second source of satisfaction was flexibility and self-determination (43%)—for example, being able to influence how many hours they had to work, when to work, and how to do the work. In answering another question, 85% agreed with the statement that they preferred cleaning because the hours were flexible. A large number said that the work was varied, that they liked the contact they had with their supervisors, and that it was a form of physical exercise.

    When asked about the worst aspects of their work, many said it was stressful (24%), physically demanding (21%), and low paid (11%), and that some customer interactions could be difficult.

    Given the well-documented health risks of cleaning work, we asked if they thought their work affected their health: 31% agreed with the statement that the work had an adverse effect on their health, and about 50% agreed with the statement, ‘I believe my work will have an adverse effect on my health in the long term’.

  • 75.
    Liljedahl, Anne
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Svensson, Helén
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Självskadebeteende: Bemöter kuratorer ungdomar med självskadebeteende omedvetet olika?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this study was to learn about the experiences of field workers and welfare officers in the field of possible self-harm behavior among young people.Our problem was: Do field workers and welfare officers treat young people with deliberate self-harm differently and - How do field workers and welfare officers describe deliberate self- harm?

    Our study was conducted through qualitative semistructured interviews with twelve interviewee’s.The result of this study shows that there is a difference in how young people with self-harm behavior are being treated - based on their gender.One possible cause for this result could be the old tradition mindset of viewing boys and girls differently – and thus, treating them differently when they seek help.Our study shows there is a possibility of treating boys and girls differently – which shows that we made a thought-provoking point

  • 76.
    Lindberg, Josefin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Malmqvist, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Att vara familjehemmets biologiska barn2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this study is to find out the experience of growing up in a family where the biological parents, has taken the assignment as family child caregiver’s. We have taken the help from the following question formulations to immerse ourselves in the subject. How do the biological children experience their relationship to their parents? How do the biological children experience their relationship to the children who are placed in their home? How do the biological children experience their participation in the family home? How do the biological children experience the need for support from outside the family? We have used a qualitative research method and interviewed six respondents with help from a semi-structured interview guide to get the respondents unique experiences told. In this way the respondents own perspective is presented in a phenomenological way, without coloring their stories with our own naive theories. We have processed the material with help from topics that affect our question formulation. Sibling relationship, relations to parents, participation and support from social welfare and also the family home assignment. The results from the interviews are introduced with help from the Attachment theory, KASAM, Systems theory, literature and research in the subject. Our conclusions are that the biological children have had a participation in the decisions concerning the family home. We have also established that the biological children in our study rarely had to take responsibility for the children placed in their home. The result also shows that the biological children experience varying relationships to the children placed in their home. Some respondents describe it as a sibling relationship while some describes their relationship to the placed children more like a friendly relationship. Our respondents experiences to their parents are good with some exceptions during some particular troublesome periods in their growth. Everyone told us that they could talk to their parents about most of the things regarding the family home but they also said that they felt the need of a person outside the family to talk to, like some support from the social services.

  • 77.
    Lozic, Vanja
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Normalisering av ungdomar i problem genom styrning av föräldrar: från strukturella orsaksförklaringar till familjecentrerade lösningar2016In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 53, no 2, p. 151-174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Normalizing problematized youth by governing their parents: From structural explanations to family-centred solutions The current article explores the ways that organizational representatives outline the causes of and propose solutions to the problematic behaviour of youth living in, what is described as, an immigrant neighbourhood in a Swedish city. The empirical material, consisting of interviews with representatives from various organizations (such as the police, schools, social services and NGOs) as well as field observations, has been analyzed using the theory of governmentality. The causes of problematic youth behaviour are related to disadvantaged immigrant urban space, unemployment, unstable home situations and family relations, and parents’ deviant norms, knowledge and culture. In the discourses about causes and solutions, a recurring frame of reference is the issue of immigration in general and parent’s migrant background in particular. In spite of the complexity of the proposed causes, the pronounced solutions are directed towards the fostering of immigrant parents, the establishment of zones of communication and early prevention. Hence, the prevailing solutions are permeated by discourses of activation of parents.

  • 78.
    Lövkvist, Christina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Höglind, Therese
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Chefer i rehabiliteringskedjan2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Vocational rehabilitation is an ongoing issue that directly or indirectly affects everyone at a workplace. In recent years, laws and rules have changed. The 1st July 2008 changes were made in the General Insurance Act (SFS 1962:381). These changes have meant that there is now a so-called rehabilitation chain.  The rehabilitation chain contains time frames for when sick people will have their ability to work tested against their normal work or to other jobs. If a person is considered having enough capacity to be able to work he or she will lose their entitlement to sick pay.

    The aim of our study is to investigate managers’ perceptions of the new rehabilitation chain, with a focus on vocational rehabilitation of long-term sick to get them back to work.

    The method used was qualitative and data collection was done through nine semi-structured interviews. The results showed that the managers we interviewed believe that their primary responsibility in the rehabilitation work is to be the link between sick leave and workplace. The managers generally think that the introduction of the rehabilitation chain is a good thing. It has become clearer with what to do when an employee becomes ill and the timeframes provides a degree of security as the managers know when different things will happen. Our results also show that managers believe that cooperation with external actors such as social insurance has become easier since the rehabilitation chain was introduced. Some believe that the timeframes may be too tight and they are worried that the individual is forgotten in the process. The conclusion of our study was that there has been a need for a more active and transparent process of rehabilitation and this need has been met by the rehabilitation chain. Although the managers think that the rehabilitation work has become clearer, there is some disagreement in the way of working with sick leave. Some managers say for example that they are still doing so-called rehabilitation investigations, although it shifted responsibility from themselves to the Social Insurance Agency.

  • 79.
    Majvall, Sara
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Rasmusson, Sara
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Den nya skollagen och skolorganisationen i Malmö stad: en kvalitativ undersökning om skolkuratorernas upplevelse2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our studyis to investigate how the changed Education Act in Malmoe affects the work of school counselor in elementary school and how it further may affect the work. We were also investigating counselors’ views on the politically increasing transparency of student health that comes as a result of the new school organization in Malmoe. To obtain our results, we have chosen to use a qualitative research interview, where we have chosen a semi-structured interview form. We have chosen two theories, Foucault -power and discipline and organizational theory. With the help of our results, we have come to the conclusions that the law is not sufficiently clear about what is meant by "access to the counselor" with the result that there are loopholes to apply. This can lead to students being assisted but not getting enough help. Despite the clear in the law that one should work more preventive, there is not enough time to work on value issues. This inturn means that most of the time out of their work is devoted to emergency situations. The school counselors in Malmoe believe that the new school organization probably is an act out of political interaction and not a way of exercising power. They set themselves very positive about the increasing transparency, because it will require competence by the counselor. The school counselors hope to have a head of student health that are proficient in student health work and understand what the counselors have for education. They want a manager who takes responsibility for the students, a manager that the counselors can discuss their work with and thus develop their professional skills.

  • 80.
    Maki, Noriko
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Integrationsprocesser bland 6 invandrade japanska personer i Sverige2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research outlines studies about the relationship between social integration process of Japanese immigrants in Sweden and how social media assists in this process. The purpose of this research includes: To find out the reasons of migration to Sweden for six Japanese immigrants, any difficulties that they faced at the beginning of their immigration process and/or any positive qualities that they found in living in Sweden, whether they have accessed social media since they have moved in, if they do so, how the social media has been used and also, whether the social media has had a role to play in contributing to help their social integration process. In addition, it has been considered whether the participants have plans to return to Japan. In Sweden, there is relatively small Japanese migrant population. This social science research paper is the first in Sweden which explores the immigration process of Japanese migrants into Sweden. This research will help to deepen the understanding of Japanese migrants’ experiences and contributes in assisting the social services community as well as other migrants.

  • 81.
    Malmberg, Vilhelmine
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Hur hanterar skolor hot och våld?: En fallstudie av ansvarsfördelning och implementering av riktlinjer på skolan2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How schools handles threat and violence among pupils could have an effect on the surrounding world, since schools reflect society at large. This study attempts to explore how this is handled within two schools, one secondary school and one upper secondary school. How do the schools work with violence and threats amongst pupils? Who is responsible for what? Is this work based on school guidelines? Why/why not? The theoretical starting-points have been Lundquists implementation-based control-model and an organizational point-of-view using theories about open and closed systems, primarily Meyer and Rowans neo-institutionalism. To gain validity, the study has been carried out by way of triangulation, i.e. using different methods. In this study, the methods have been: conversational interviews with school principals, focused group interviews with school staff combined with the vignette method, and a literary study of school guidelines. The analysis of the empirical material has been primarily thematic which was mainly guided by empirics, but a minor analysis of the discourse is also included in the study. The results show that there are many obstacles to overcome in the implementation of school guidelines, which, on the other hand, are not always up-to-date. The major obstacle is a lack of resources, primarily among the teachers, such as time pressure and insufficient education on the subject. This study also implies that there is somewhat of a power imbalance between the school staff and the pupils, as well as the pupils‟ parents. There also seems to be a lack of collaboration with agents outside the schools, primarily the social services and the police, because of strict boundaries. At last, the study provides several issues and different perspectives as a starting point for further research, such as experiences of threats and violence at school among pupils and parents, and their influence, as well as the issue of threats and violence against school staff.

  • 82.
    Malmqvist, Emelie
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Ekholm, Lovisa
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Den könlöse ledaren: En kvalitativ studie om genus och ledarskap2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study aimed to examine how gender is expressed in leadership. The question which we have chosen to examine is how the male and female managers in social work looks at their leadership. We have investigated how male and female manager describes their leadership, their leadership skills and how they describe other people's qualityfications. We have chosen to define the words gender, sex, leadership, masculine and feminine. These words contain many interpretations. Results of the study are based on qualitative interviews with male and female managers in social work. We believe it is important to describe how gender expresses in leadership, as the male most often is seen as the norm for leadership, however, social work has since several decades been associated to females. Something we have found in this study is that the informant often describes that other leaders often posses typical male and female traits, but that they themselves don’t apply this description onto themselves.Keywords: Leadership, Gender, male, fThis is a qualitative study aimed to examine how gender is expressed in leadership. The question which we have chosen to examine is how the male and female managers in social work looks at their leadership. We have investigated how male and female manager describes their leadership, their leadership skills and how they describe other people's qualityfications. We have chosen to define the words gender, sex, leadership, masculine and feminine. These words contain many interpretations. Results of the study are based on qualitative interviews with male and female managers in social work. We believe it is important to describe how gender expresses in leadership, as the male most often is seen as the norm for leadership, however, social work has since several decades been associated to females. Something we have found in this study is that the informant often describes that other leaders often posses typical male and female traits, but that they themselves don’t apply this description onto themselves.

  • 83.
    Mazrimaite, Orinta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Michanek, Angelica
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Hur integreras fosterhemsplacerade barn i fosterhem?2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to better understand, from a foster parent perspective, how the integration process of the foster child is carried out in the foster family. The purpose is to identify the challenges and success factors in the process. The study is based on a qualitative method. The data consist of interviews with six foster families. The study’s theoretical framework is mostly based on system theory and also on the theory of ambivalence.

    The results show that most of our families considered five factors to be important in order to facilitate the integration process. The foster family needs to bond with the foster child, let the foster child in into the family system, open up and be who they really are, respect each other and reserve time to be able to satisfy the needs of foster child. The results emphasize that the foster parents should treat the foster child in the same way as the biological child.  We have also been able to identify factors that may have an impact on integration, like the age of the foster child.

    Our results suggest that foster parents experience different varieties of ambivalence to both the foster child and the foster child's biological parents. Those children who have a poor relationship with their biological parents and are of relatively young age tend to be over-integrated in the foster family.

  • 84.
    Mohlin, Zanitha
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Good enough?: En studie om omsorgsförmåga hos föräldrar med intellektuell begåvningsnedsättning kopplat till barns behov.2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to investigate what factors are relevant for the caring ability of parents with learning disability regards to children’s needs, from professional point of view.

    I have focused on two main issues:

    · What difficulties in parenthood, can parents with learning disability come across   and what does the difficulties depend on?

    ·What factors are decisive when a child’s fundamental need has to be taken care of?

     

     

    I have chosen a qualitative approach as I want to find out more about the difficulties a parent with intellectual disability is facing, according to the professional. I conducted six interviews with professional social workers who work daily with intellectual challenged parents.

    The theories I have used the attachment theory as a starting point for the study and the objectrelation theory. In the latter I am using the key concept “good enough” in my analysis. Apart from the theories above I have also used key concepts relevant to this study.

    The result of this study shows that awareness of the disability is of very high importance in many ways. For the parent with intellectual disability it is a necessity to realize and confess the disability in order to dare asking for help and to expand the possibilities to learn. For the professionals it is very important how they treat the intellectually disabled parent. My respondents have learned that with respect and meeting the intellectually disabled parents on their level it is easier to work with the parents and to develop an inspiring relationship.

    The respondents all agree that one of the largest problems for a parent with intellectual disability is when the disabled parent needs to transfer learning from one situation to another.

    The factors above is of importance but the main topic of this study is the attachment between the child and the parent, how wrong it can be, in many ways, if it does not work.

     

     

  • 85.
    Månsson, Elin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Nordbeck, Anne
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Konflikter på jobbet: En kvalitativ studie om enhetschefens dialog med medarbetarna i konfliktsituationer2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to get knowledge of the communicationprocess between the branch head and the co-worker in communal geriatric care. To narrow it down we focused on how the branch head experience the communicationprocess in conflictsituations between co-workers and what she or he usually do to resolve the conflict. We made qualitative interviews with ten of the branch heads in communal geriatric care, in four communes. The questions we had in mind throughout the study was based on four keywords (communication, leadership, conflict and conflict management) of which we created a narrative story from every interviewing person to get hold of the experience and knowledge behind their interviews. In our analysis as theoretical perspectives we used system theory, communication theory, attribution theory and the philosophy of Dialogue by Martin Buber. Our result show that the communication between both co-workers and the branch head is the most important tool for conflict management. Here lies a well functioning dialogue where the co-workers get the chance to question, be heard and mark their limit. Based on the interviews we saw that no matter how the branch head treat and lead the co-workers, conflict will rise. However, there are a few things pointed out as important to ease the effect on conflict and that is to communicate with straight and forward messages, inform the co-workers what goal the organization has and strive after a mutual relationship between everyone in the organization. The response then show a group of prosperous co-workers that accept the fact that they can have different opinions and yet work in harmony together and come to decisions that benefit the client. Most of our interviewing persons believe that leadership is about self-reflection, humbleness to oneself and others and to know the right time when to set clear boundaries.

  • 86.
    Nadine, Giuffrida
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society. Malmö Högskola.
    "Jag kan se i dina ögon att någonting är fel": en studie om hur några BVC-sjuksköterskor arbetar för att upptäcka postpartum depression hos nyblivna pappor2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this study is to examine how some child health nurses work to illuminate and detect postpartum depression among new fathers. The study's empirical material is based on qualitative semi-structured interviews. A total of eight child health nurses were interviewed and seven of the interviews have been used to present the study's results. The theoretical framework consists of Travelbees Nursing theory, Von Bertalanffys General Systems theory, and Antonovsky's SOC. The result shows that the child health nurses are not actively working to illuminate and detect postpartum depression among new fathers, but some of them occasionally have offered the father an EPDS-screening or conversation with the father. All of the child health nurses would however like an implementation of continuous conversation with fathers in the base program for child health nurses, that they in the future will have the tools that they think are needed in order to work more actively to detect the possible psychiatric health of the father.

  • 87.
    Nilsson, Cassandra
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Månsson, Malin
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Jag var hopplös innan, men sen jag började här känner jag att jag förstår varför jag ska lära mig saker: En studie om ungdomars upplevelser om pågående vistelse på resursskola2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    In this essay our starting point was the question:” How youth experience their ongoing sojourn in the resource school”? We did a qualitative study with interviews. We interviewed totally eight youth with different backgrounds. The head question was youth´s positive and negative experiences about ongoing sojourn in the resource school compared with their home school. In the result, we came until that most of the youth were pleased with their sojourn in the resource school. We chose to compare the results with Erikson's psychosocial development theory and the conspiracy theory, in which we found many links. It showed in the survey that all youth that participated in the study could to see they succeed in the future, with correct resources are we convinced that most of the youth will be fine.

     

  • 88.
    Nilsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    B Friström, Petra
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    ”Jag menar inte att det är acceptabelt att vi ska fara illa i det, men det ingår att klara av det” : En kvalitativ studie om handläggares berättelser om hot och våld från klienter.2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att undersöka handläggares berättelser och upplevelser av hot och våld från klienter. Vi ville även veta hur de hanterade hot och våld från klienter och om hot och våld påverkade dem och i så fall på vilket sätt.

     

    Det är en kvalitativ studie där data har samlats in genom intervjuer med tolv handläggare från socialförvaltningen. I analysen använde vi oss av det teoretiska perspektivet om professioner.

     

    Hot och våld mot handläggare är ett aktuellt ämne som uppmärksammats i media. Det framkom i vår studie att det förekom hot och våld från klienter men att det inte var vanligt förekommande. Hot och våld uppstod bl.a. då klienter kände sig förorättade eller fick negativa besked av handläggarna. Vanligast var de verbala hoten. Det framkom också att det var svårt att avgöra om det var ett hot eller inte eftersom det var så individuellt hur man uppfattade det. Vidare visade studien att handläggarna blev mer påverkade privat än på arbetsplatsen. De hade svårt för att sova, de var hela tiden observanta när de vistades utanför arbetsplatsen och hade skyddat telefonnummer. Handläggarna hanterade hot och våld genom kunskap och erfarenhet. Då de hade träffat många klienter lärde de sig läsa av signaler hos klienten som tydde på att en hotfull situation kunde uppstå. De hade lärt sig att man kunde förebygga hotfulla situationer genom detta. Vikten av ett professionellt bemötande innehållande respekt, tydlighet och ödmjukhet hade också stor betydelse för att förebygga hot och våld.

     

  • 89.
    Nilsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Svensson, Emma
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Möte och bemötande: handläggarnas känslor i deras profession2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this research is to investigate how the client's emotions can affect the social worker and how the social worker manages these feelings in order to make the right decisions. We have used a qualitative approach in our investigation. We have interviewed six social workers at social welfare bureaux in southern Sweden. Our theories are ‘Naïve Theory’ and ‘Affect Theory’. The social workers have told us about their experiences in meetings and how they handle the clients' feelings. According to the social workers that we have been in contact with, the clients can show all sorts of emotions, ranging from clients that are happy to those that are angry. It is more common that clients show irritation or frustration against the social worker. The main conclusions are that it is important that the social workers are aware of the feelings that they encounter in meetings with clients, and that they may be affected in different ways. The co-worker of the social workers is important when it comes to the handling of emotions. A client's emotions can affect a social worker and if the social worker does not pay attention to these feelings and learn how to handle them, this may cause the social worker unable to perform their work or that they bring the emotions home. 

  • 90.
    Nilsson, Liselotte
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Barn och ungdomar som begår sexuella övergrepp: Socialsekreterares perspektiv2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The National Board of Health and Welfares conclusion was that today there was a low awareness about children who act sexually toward others and how their problems can be handled. This requires extensive work by school personnel and social workers to give the children the support they need. Aim: The aim was to investigate social workers perception in cases concerning children and adolescents who committed sexual assault. Method: A qualitative method was utilized with semi-structured interviews to describe social workers perceptions in cases concerning children and adolescents who committed sexual assault. Four social workers from different communities were interviewed in southern Sweden. Results: The result described social workers experiences from working with these cases, investigations, treatments and preventative work. Analysis: The study shows that social worker experience the work with children and adolescents who committed sexual assault as difficult. It could be hard to decide which sexual behavior that was normal in the different ages. Teamwork between schools and social services are important to detect these cases. It is also important to work with children- and adolescent psychiatry and private companies that specialize in investigation and treatments in these cases. Conclusion: Children and adolescents who commit sexual assault seem to be an unknown area even within the social field. With more education to personnel who work with children and adolescents knowledge can be improved in this subject. The personnel need knowledge about which signs to be aware of.

  • 91.
    Nolin, Emmi
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Larsson, Sebastian
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    En ständig balansgång: en studie om självbestämmande ur ett personalperspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In front of you is now a study concerning the subject of self-determination from a perspective of professionals. The study is based on a qualitative approach where empirical data was collected using semi- structuring interviews. The questions posed in this study were: How can staff working with persons with disabilities, in their professional approaches and practices while considering the individuals self-determination? When staff and the individual have different opinions on what to decide in matters concerning the individual, how then develops the autonomy of the individual? What norms and values can become dominating in the professional approach when disagreements arise between staff and the individual about what should be determined for him/her? The key finding from this study is that the staff is experiencing a difficulty in that the individual should decide for yourself while getting support and help.

  • 92.
    Ohlsson, Malin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Avdyli, Shkurta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Samverkan för barnets bästa: Yrkesverksammas erfarenheter kring samverkan i mottagandet av ensamkommande barn2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children and adolescents without a parent, or other representative, annually come to seek asylum in Sweden. In the work with unaccompanied children there are many actors who have different responsibilities and interaction between these actors is essential to meet the unaccompanied children’s needs. Our purpose with this study was to generate knowledge for professionals for a possible development in the receipt of unaccompanied children. We have conducted a qualitative study, through interviews with eight professionals. In the result, we concluded that the interaction of these actors exist in varying degrees. The difference in the extent of interaction depends mainly on the authorities involved in the interaction but also on the individual officials within the authorities. There is an expectation of an improved and developed collaboration in the future between authorities.

  • 93.
    Olausson, Amanda
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Persson, Gina
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Vändpunkten Kristianstad: en stödgruppsverksamhet2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has been to investigate children and adolescent development in ”The turning point” children´s and adolescent program in Kristianstad. We also wanted to find out the support group leaders experiences concerning the children´s and the adolescents development in programs and how they apprehended their role as a support group leader. Our intension was also to study how the adolescent and the children considered their own development in the program. To carry through this study, we used two types of qualitative methods i.e. qualitative interviews with the support group leaders who used the ”Turning point”  method in their work with the children’s and adolescents groups. We also used qualitative content analysis on the children’s and the adolescents written answers in their evaluation forms. The support group leaders and the adolescents described a positive development through the programs. Both parts states that this development has been noticed by an increased openness about the abuse in the family. Other results was that the children and the adolescent answered that they had realized that they were not alone in their situation, had been helped by the programs, felt happier and had come to realize that they had an identity of their own. 

  • 94.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Anhörig forskning: internationell militär insats2018In: Anhörigforskningen: Internationell Militär INsats / [ed] Invidzonen, 2018Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 95.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Anhörigforskning  i Sverige: soldaten och dennes anhöriga i samband med internationella militära insatser2018In: Anhörigforskning / [ed] Försvarsmakten, Stockholm, 2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 96.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Barnens röster. Om förälders deltagande i internationella militära insatser: i barnens perspektiv2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2012–2017 har dialogisk deltagande aktionsforskning (DPAR) bedrivits tillsammans med svenska soldater, utlandsveteraner och deras familjer. De har berättat om hur de lyckats få hemmafronten att fungera och upprätthålla levande relationer i dialogiskt samarbete och med hjälp av många samtal hemmavid och på distans. I studien berättade 25 barn i dialogiska samtalsintervjuer om att leva med en förälder som ska delta i, deltar och som deltagit i internationell militär insats och om vilka strategier de använde sig av. Dessutom berättade barnens föräldrar, och i förekommande fall syskon, om hur de uppfattade hur barnen påverkas och hanterar situationen liksom hur de själva berördes och agerade. Resultatet visar att för att en soldat som förälder ska kunna lämna sitt barn under en längre tid, som utlandstjänstgöring innebär, rekommenderas

    •  Att barnet kontinuerligt har tillgång till den andre föräldern eller annan anknytningsperson, och att denne tar emot och får stöd så att uppdraget som anknytningsperson kan fullgöras framgångsrikt.

    •  Att barnets föräldrar utvecklar föräldraskap som också kan överbrygga avstånd skapar närhet på distans mellan barn och föräldern som är iväg som soldat. Innebär relationsarbete för den hemmavarande föräldern med påminnelse om den frånvarande förälderns existens och kärlek, påminnelser om att denne är på jobbet. Hemmavarande kan behöva underlätta distanskommunikationen mellan barn – föräldern/soldaten.

    •  Att barns och familjers nätverk mobiliseras till stöd för barnet och dennes familj.

    •  Att ta del av utbudet i Försvarsmaktens anhörigstöd som främst har en förebyggande inriktning.

    •  Att vuxna på förskola och skola informeras om föräldern deltagande i insats.

    •  Att den militära föräldern besöker på skolan, eventuellt i uniform, och informerar barnets kamrater om militära insatser, kan fungera bra i vissa skolor och sammanhang och för vissa barn, men behöver noga övervägas i samråd med skola och i familjen beaktande vad besöket och informationen senare Rapport V Barnens röster och perspektiv. Erfarenhe ter av att ha förälder iväg på mission och föräldraskap vid deltagande i internationella militära insatser PhD Ann-Margreth E. Olssonkan skapa mellan barnen och särskilt för det berörda barnets skolsituation på gott och ont. Lyssna också på det egna barnet.

    •  Barnet kan vilja ha och eftersträva att förskola och skola ska vara ”fredade zoner” där barnet inte vill påminnas om att föräldern deltar i utlandsmission

    •  Att eget nätverk vid behov kan förstärkas genom att inte vara rädd för att involvera med samhälleliga resurser som BVC, förskola och skola, samt Försvarsmaktens anhörigstöd. Deltagande barnfamiljer visar stor kapacitet och resiliens. Föräldrarna har barnets bästa i fokus och håller sitt föräldraskap levande både hemmavid och på distans. Berörda barn vänder sig främst till den hemmavarande föräldern för stöd och samtal, men också äldre syskon och några utvalda vänner. De äldre barnen, tonårsbarnen, tar på sig mer ansvar i hemmet vilket de upplever som god förberedelse för eget självständigt liv. Utan föräldern som arbetar som soldat närvarande, blir familjelivet mer firare och nya rutiner växer fram. För att känslomässigt hantera frånvaron/förlusten av fadern iväg på insats, använder barnen huvudsakligen kognitiva strategier som ”att inte tänka på”, ”tänka bort”, ”tänka hela vägen igenom”, ”tänka på annat positivt” och råder andra barn att göra detsamma.

  • 97.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Barns deltagande och medskapande i socialautredningar om barns och familjers behov och resurser: "barnavårdsutredningar” och Barnahus2017In: Barnsliga sammanhang: forskning om barns och ungdomars hälsa, välbefinnandeoch delaktighet / [ed] Bo Nilsson & Eva Clausson, Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2017, p. 21-33Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I kapitlet belyses, utifrån tre forskningsstudier, hur barns delaktighet och deltagande i sociala utredningar kan utvecklas genom socialsekreterares invitationer. Studierna har bedrivits som dialogisk deltagande aktionforskning där deltagande socialsekreterare och deras ledare deltagit i studien i intervjuande samtal och med reflektioner på återkopplingar av resultat liksom samskapande av nya frågeställningar. I två av studierna har forskaren handlett och coachat socialsekreterarna som en pågående aktion inom forskningsstudien. Kapitlet syftar till att belysa hur barns medskapande kan tas tillvara genom att beakta barns rättigheter till del- aktighet och deltagande inom det sociala arbetets praktik och i synnerhet i utredningsarbete. Den aktuella kontexten handlar om utredningsprocesser inom socialtjänsten. Kontexten innehåller också den institution som i Norden kommit  att  kallas  Barnahus  (Johansson,  2012). Inom Barnahusverksamheten samarbetar polis, åklagare, rättsmedicin, barnmedicin liksom barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin samt socialtjänsten när ett barn misstänks vara eller varit utsatt för våld eller övergrepp (Rikspolis- styrelsen, Rättsmedicinalverket, Socialstyrelsen, & Åklagarmyndigheten, 2008). Det kan också handla om att barnet har bevittnat våld i nära relationer (Broberg et al., 2015). På Barnahuset samordnas myndigheternas inledande insatser. Barnet förhörs av polis och för att barnet inte ska behöva upprepa sin berättelse, iakttas förhöret av andra involverade professionella inklusive barnets socialsekreterare genom videokoppling till ett medhörningsrum i närheten av förhörsrummet.

  • 98.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Different stories lived and told in different perspectives of primary family members: from within in a military deployment cycle including periods of leave at home2019In: Military families / [ed] Rene Moelker and Maron Andres, Lissabon, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Deployed family members meet different responses from within their families in context of deployments. In a dialogical participatory action research study involving Swedish soldiers and their families, 110 adults and 25 children narrated about their experiences of being or living with a deployed family member. In use of systemic and narrative ideas in combination with Appreciative Inquiry, the study focused on how soldiers and their families manage socially and relationally before, during and after deployments. Areas in focus were emerging interplay and communication; support needed, developed and used; solutions; recommendations to other families and different family members. Dialogical interviews were conducted with the whole participating family and/or some of the family members. Twenty-nine of the families (n=59) were followed before, during and after deployment. Twelve families were also interviewed later on – three years after the last interview closely after the deployment. With ethical considerations, the interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim and thematic analyzed by the researcher. Result of the study: Narratives in different perspectives (soldier, veteran, home-staying partner, child, parent, sibling and others) lived and told, exposing different responses to and understanding of the phases of the on-going deployment cycle including for Swedish soldiers two periods of leave at home.

  • 99.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Kommunikation, dialog och responser i familjer med soldater i internationell militär insats2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Dialogisk deltagande aktionsforskningsstudie har under åren 2012–2017 bedrivits omsvenska soldater, utlandsveteraner och deras familjer. Fokus i studien är sociala aspekteroch hur relationerna utvecklas mellan de anhöriga, vilket stöd de behöver inklusiveegna lösningar som de använder och rekommenderar för familjer när en familjemedlemtjänstgör som soldat i internationell militär insats. I studien har deltagit 110 vuxnavarav 42 soldater/utlandsveteraner, 42 hemmavarande partners, 21 föräldrar till soldatoch 10 vuxna syskon till soldat. Några deltagare har dubbel tillhörighet, t.ex. ärbåde utlandsveteran och hemmavarande partner. Dessutom ingår 37 barn till soldat/utlandsveteran varav 25 intervjuats i egna samtal och 12 deltagit och observerats vidfamiljesamtal. Totalt är 59 familjer representerade.I denna rapport fokuseras på den kommunikation som soldater och anhöriga har medvarandra samt de responser som familjerna samskapar när familjemedlem ger sig ivägoch deltar i insats utomlands. Genom olika strategier i kommunikationen kan de upprätthållakänslan av närhet till varandra också på avstånd. De håller varandra informeradeoch/eller bekräftar varandra känslomässigt. Olika strategier utvecklas om när,var, hur, vad och vem soldaten kontaktar och hur de anhöriga kommunicerar medvarandra. Hänsyn tas till säkerhet. Kontakt upprätthålls i telefonsamtal, privata mobiltelefoner,när så medges i insatsområdet, genom sociala medier kompletterat medpaketförsändelser och brev, samt i begränsad omfattning, videokamera indirekt (förinspelat)eller direkt (Skype). Studien visar att fungerande kommunikation, både teknologisktoch mellanmänskligt, har avgörande betydelse för utvecklingen i familjenoch för familjemedlemmarnas välmående och kapacitet. Soldatens rätt till integritetsskyddadoch regelbunden kommunikation bör säkras. Utbildning och träning i dialogiskasamtal, kan med fördel ingå i förberedelserna inför deltagande i insats såväl försoldat som anhöriga och dem tillsammans.

  • 100.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Responsive understanding from within conducting social investigations in social work2014In: Beyond Professional Monologue.: Rendering Oppressed Voices Audible in Reflexive Dialogial Practice and Research / [ed] Gail Simon, Stockholm: Royal Institute of Art, The 15th International Bakhtin conference , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]
    1. Responsive understanding from within conducting social investigations in social work

      Ann-Margreth E. Olsson

      This is about an action research study exploring dialogical coaching in social work in Sweden. The clients, one another and others. The investigating social workers had traditionally been trained to seek neutral approach and external clarity (cf. Bakhtin, 1986). In the study the social workers started to invite the children to participate as partners in conducting the social investigations. This created increased mutual involvement in dialogical interplay. When the social workers addressed the children, inviting the children and their families into a mutually involving dialogical participation, exploring and inquiring about both the risks and the strengths of the responsive understanding (cf. Bakhtin, 1986, 1991, Shotter, 2004), that is, getting an understanding from within the family s perspective.

      In dialogical conversation it becomes easier for the social worker to be invited into the narratives of the child from within the child perspective when the child has been invited to participate and his/her requests about and choices in the participation are respected. Hearing the voice of the child, in the way the child chooses to speak, gives the social worker an idea of the of v of Bakhtin about how every unique speech experience is shaped and developed in continuous hem their own expression, their own evaluative tone, which we assimilate, rework, and re- Bakhtin, 1986 p. 89).

123 51 - 100 of 129
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf