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  • 51.
    Sepp, Hanna
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Måltidspedagogik i förskolan: ett lustfyllt lärande2017Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Måltidspedagogik utgår från att det är roligt att upptäcka och lära sig nya saker och bli nyfiken på olika livsmedel och maträtter. Det okända blir känt när barnen får bekanta sig med råvaran innan de smakar på den.

    Varje avsnitt i boken inleds med en teoretisk del som ger bakgrund till respektive område och följs av övningar som skapar förutsättningar för barn, kockar och pedagoger att arbeta tillsammans med mat och måltider i den pedagogiska verksamheten. Utgångspunkten är att det ska vara lustfyllt och spännande för barnen och att förskolan ska skapa grund för goda matvanor.

    Boken Måltidspedagogik i förskolan bygger på forskning och beprövad erfarenhet. Den vänder sig till yrkesverksamma förskollärare, barnskötare, kockar och köksbiträden i förskola och pedagogisk omsorg. Men även till studerande vid förskollärarutbildningen.

  • 52.
    Stenberg, Elin
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Arnesson, A
    Swedish Universtity of Agricultural Sciences.
    Wallin, Karin
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). University of Copenhagen.
    Karlsson, A.H.
    Swedish university of Agricultural Sciences.
    Arvidsson Segerkvist, Katarina
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    How four typical Swedish production systems for lambs affect sensory attributes of the meat2018In: Proceedings 27th European Grassland Federation General Meeting: Sustainable Meat and Milk Production from Grasslands / [ed] B. Horan; M. O'Donovan; E. Kennedy; B. McCarthy;.J.A. Finn; B. O'Brien, 2018, Vol. 23, p. 780-782Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the four most typical producdon systems for Swedish lamb on sensory atrributes of meat, including appearance, texture, taste and flavour using an analytical panel. The experiment included four production treatments for weaned intact male lambs: (1) indoor fed with grass and clover silage ad libitum and 0.8 kg concentrate daily per lamb; (2) grazing on cultivated pasture with; or (3) without 0.3 kg concentrate supplementation daily per lamb; and (4) grazing on semi natura! pasture; eight lambs per producdon treatment were used. Feed radons, pasture height and live weight of the lambs were recorded. At slaughter, live weight, carcass conformation, fatness, pH and temperature decline in musde during 24 hoursafi:er slaughter were registered. Sensory and technological meat quality parameters were tested in cooked samples of M longissimus dorsi. Meat colour was not affected by treatment. Most sensor attributes were unaffected by producdon system hut for 'hay odour' and 'resistance to cutting; differences between the systems were manifested.

  • 53.
    Tjärnemo, Heléne
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Södahl, Liv
    Naturskyddsföreningen.
    Swedish food retailers promoting climate smarter food choices: trapped between visions and reality?2015In: Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, ISSN 0969-6989, E-ISSN 1873-1384, Vol. 24, p. 130-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Food retailers are important actors in the development of a more environmentally sustainable food system. They are powerful in their procurement role and have the potential to promote and encourage consumers to buy climate smarter food. While food retailers have developed environmental visions, policies and goals, a major question is to what extent these commitments translate into action in the products sourced and promoted. This paper aims to explore the ways and extent to which food retailers assist consumers to make climate smarter food choices, more specific to reduce their meat consumption, and to identify potential and perceived difficulties towards doing this. The empirical data is based on interviews with 17 Swedish food retail representatives. The findings indicate that food retailers address climate change in their environmental policy statements and have environmental targets for retail operations, such as energy and transport efficiency and recycling of waste. Moreover, retailers promote and encourage consumers to buy organic, local, and seasonal food and to minimize food waste. No initiatives are taken to help consumers reduce their meat consumption. Yet, there is a growing consensus among scientists that meat production is a large contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. Food retailers seem reluctant to guide consumers to climate smarter food choices if it means reducing the meat range or the promotion of meat. To broaden the range of high quality and more expensive meat is seen as a more feasible option. The meat category is perceived as important to attract new and keep loyal customers.

  • 54.
    Wahlgren, Jannice
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Sjöberg, Isabelle
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Saltkonsumtion till saltreduktion - sensorisk skillnad i saltreducerad industriell rotfruktssoppa2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Man has always been dependent of salt in order to live, but in today's society we are overconsuming salt, which is also a contributing factor in common lifestyle diseases such as cardiovascular problems. Many companies in the food industry today works actively to reduce salt in their products, and this work is a challenge in which the sensory attributes such as taste, aroma and texture should not be changed. The present study therefore aims to find out whether the reduced salt content as well as an exchange for a salt substitute product industrial Root vegetable soup contributes to the difference in the sensory experience to the reference product. It is also of interest to study the assessors' attitude of lower sodium. By making root vegetable soup in two salt-­reduced versions where triangle tests used to see if there where any difference between these and the soup in its original version. Triangle tests showed that the soups had a difference of significance compared to the original product. The evaluators were also asked to write qualitative comments for flavor, aroma and texture which mainly showed that the assessors considered the reduced soups as something more mild in flavor. However, it turned out that the assessors had a relatively positive attitude for the soups, regardless performance of the soups.

  • 55.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Food and Bioscience, Flavour.
    Aktivt åldrande – individuellt anpassade måltidslösningar för hälsa och livskvalitet hos äldre: slutrapport2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, as most parts of the world, the proportion of elderly is increasing. Thenumber of the elderly will shortly exceed the number of younger people. Between2010 and 2030, the number of Europeans aged over 65 will rise by nearly 40%.According to the UN, the increase in life expectancy is mainly due toimprovements in nutrition and hygiene. The growing number of older peopleposes major challenges, but also opportunities for society, business andentrepreneurship.Health issues, primarily food, and quality of life are in focus and strongly relatedto autonomy. It should be possible to live an active and independent life, andpossible to make independent choices, regardless of age, disease and disability.This adds to Quality of Life! To achieve this we created a project in collaborationbetween partners from academia, research institutes, business, industry andsociety. The idea was in a first step to identify target groups along with their needsand desires. Then to design foods and meals adapted to the elderly’s needs andpreferences. Further to develop packaging of the meals that can be used forinformation as well as in the distribution chain. The project invented value chainsfor different types of ordering and distribution of the foods and meals as well as toinclude waste management. The outcome of the project are new knowledge aswell as food products available on the market and other products soon ready to beput on the market.

  • 56.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Doft: en viktig ingrediens i smaken2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Visste du att luktsinnet är en förutsättning för att vi ska kunna känna jordgubbsmak, chokladsmak, kaffesmak mm? Håll för näsan nästa gång du äter och du får en annorlunda smakupplevelse! Vårt luktsinne spelar en viktig roll för upplevelsen av mat, vad vi väljer att äta och vad vi gillar. Redan innan vi föds kan vi känna lukter och lära oss att känna igen sådana dofter som vi ofta utsätts för. Vad vi sedan gillar eller ogillar är något som vi oftast lär oss och dessutom allsomoftast förknippar med en specifik doft.

  • 57.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Maten smakade bättre förr2017In: Äldre i Centrum, ISSN 1653-3585, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 28-30Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Maten smakar annorlunda när lukt- och smaksinnet försämras. Även om de flesta äldre kan särskilja grundsmakerna sött, salt, surt, bittert och umami såbehövs ökad koncentration av dem – men svamparom och kaneldoft känner vi hela livet. Mer forskning behövs dock kring det åldrande smaksinnet.

  • 58.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Kristianstad University, Resrarch environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Verksamhetsberättelse 2014: Mat och Måltid vid Högskolan Kristianstad2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    År 2014 var händelserikt. Jubileum, kvalitetsutvärdering, lärarlyft, forskningspublikationer och nya projekt. Ett hårt arbete som lönat sig. Vi har blivit uppmärksammade i media vid ett flertal tillfällen och fått goda vitsord från flera håll. Forskningen inom Mat och Måltid har fått en skjuts framåt genom etableringen av forskningsmiljön MEAL.

  • 59.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Birch, Karina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Insects as food: a review of sustainability, nutrition and consumer attitudes2019In: Food and Society Proceedings / [ed] CardiffMet, Cardiff, 2019, p. 145-152Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in the use of insects as food is increasing, not least because they are both nutritious and sustainable! Despite these factors, the vast majority of people, mostly in Western cultures, are reluctant to put insects into their mouths. In some European countries the use of insects as food is prohibited by law. The aim of this review is to give an overall insight into insects as food from the perspectives of sustainability, nutrition, consumer attitudes and European legislation.

  • 60.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Birch, Karina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Äta insekter: nyttigt och hållbart, eller?2018In: nutritionsfakta.seArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Intresset för insekter som mat är stort, inte minst därför att de anses vara både nyttiga och klimatsmarta. Trots dessa argument är de allra flesta, främst i västerländska kulturer, tveksamma till att stoppa dem i munnen. Enligt svensk lagstiftning är de hittills förbjudna att använda som mat, åtminstone kommersiellt.

  • 61.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Egan, Paul
    SLU.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Forsberg, Sarah
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Nilsson, Annika
    Kiviks Musteri.
    Stenberg, Johan
    SLU.
    Is there a best woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca)?: a consumer survey of preferred sensory properties and cultivation characteristics of woodland strawberries2019In: International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science, ISSN 1878-450X, E-ISSN 1878-4518, Vol. JulyArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to guide strawberry breeders, consumers' preferences and attitudes regarding fruit traits and cultivation practices were investigated. Differences and similarities between consumers of different age and gender were also explored. Consumer data from a total of 176 Swedish respondents showed that the most important factors influencing the consumers' preferences were the characteristic flavour of the woodland strawberry, the sweetness and the naturalness. Regarding visual appearance, it was shown that colour intensity, roundness and seed density could explain why the consumers' preferences for the fruits varied. These results may guide the breeding of new strawberry cultivars in the future.

  • 62.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Forsberg, Sarah
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Nilsson, Annika
    Kiviks Musteri.
    Egan, Paul
    SLU.
    Stenberg, Johan
    SLU.
    Is there a best woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca)?: a consumer survey of preferred sensory properties and cultivation characteristics of woodland strawberries2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction       

    Resistant varieties are important to combat agricultural pathogens and pests in strawberry and other crops. Consequently, plant breeders aim to develop crop varieties with higher resistance in order to increase sustainability. However, plant resistance may affect quality, e.g. sensory properties of the fruits, and thereby consumer acceptance. The development of new varieties may also affect consumer attitudes.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate consumers’ preferences and attitudes regarding woodland strawberry.

    Methods

    Consumer data from a total number of 176 (78% women and 22% men, >18 years) Swedish respondents were collected via a web based survey during two weeks in September 2017. Data were processed using descriptive and analytical statistics.

    Results

    The most preferred fruits have a significant flavor of woodland strawberry and are high in sweetness. Further, “naturalness” and “free from pesticides” were of importance to the respondents. Women were significantly more concerned of “naturalness”, especially the older women. The younger claimed that “organic production” was more important.

    The older consumers were significantly more interested in “healthiness” than the younger, they also found it significantly more important than the younger that strawberries could resist grey mould and pest insects.

    All the respondents preferred to eat strawberries fresh.

    Discussion

    In line with earlier studies, taste and flavor are the most preferred properties for consumers. In woodland strawberry, the compound methyl anthranilate is responsible for the characteristic flavor of the fruit, together with sweetness from saccharides. However, also in accordance with earlier studies, factors such as naturalness, healthiness and organic production are of greatest importance to the consumer. Though it was also apparent that different consumer groups prioritized different factors. However, common for all respondents was a strong preference to eat strawberries fresh!

  • 63.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Langton, Maud
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Norman, Cecilia
    RISE.
    Forsberg, Sarah
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Davidsson, Fredrik
    Geoloc AB.
    Josell, Åsa
    Atria Scandinavia.
    Prim, Mia
    RISE.
    Berg, Johan
    RISE.
    Eat’em or not?: insects as a culinary delicacy2017In: Exploring Future Foodscapes: PROCEEDINGS ICCAS 2017 Copenhagen / [ed] Mikkelsen B, Ofei KT, Olsen Tvedebrink TD, Quinto Romano A and Sudzina F, 2017, p. 100-106Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The world´s population is increasing and thus the pressure on the earth´s resources. To ensure food supply and sustainability, food habits in western societies have to change. By reducing the ecological footprint of food consumption, e.g., decrease meat consumption, significant contribution to global sustainability can be achieved. Advantages concerning nutrition and sustainability have been found by inclusion of insects in the diet. Insects as food has a large potential, and the “culinary way” seems to be an effective way to reach consumer acceptance for insect based food products. The aim was to examine consumer acceptance and neophobia related to the use of insects as ingredients in food.

    Methods: Food neophobia, attitudes and acceptance was surveyed by a web-based questionnaire answered by 150 respondents.

    Results: Preliminary results showed significantly higher acceptance for insect protein added to foods as “insect-flour” than for added whole insects in a food. The interest of buying insect protein as a powder was higher than of buying whole insects. Further, 24 of the respondents (corresponding to 16%) could be considered as neophobic.

    Discussion: To reach acceptance of insect protein culinary food could include “non-visible” insects. This is in line with the fact that food neophobia and acceptance are influenced by the good taste and benefits of the actual food. Further, neophobia varies over the life course.

    Conclusions: The use of insect protein in food as a powder has a higher acceptance than use of whole insects. 16% of the respondent were considered as neophobic.

  • 64.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Mårtensson, Lennart
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Sensory quality of drinking water in relation to chemical and microbiological composition2019In: 13th Pangborn Sensory Scinece Symposium, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is well known that tap water tastes different due to where the water is tapped, ie its chemical and microbiological compositions. Taste competitions have been performed in different countries to find out the most preferred tap water. With some few exceptions, no studies have been performed in which the taste of tap water is objectively described by analytical sensory methods. The purpose of this study was to evaluate quality of Swedish drinking water from different dwells with emphasis on sensory, chemical and microbiological analyses.

     

    Tap water origin from surface water and from groundwater was collected from the Swedish municipalities Svalöv and Kristianstad. The water samples were collected in 3 points in each municipality: 1. waterworks; 2. near waterworks; 3. far from waterworks. In addition the commercial water Evian was included in the analyses. Analytical sensory analyses (triangle test and quantitative descriptive analysis) were performed along with chemical and microbiological standard analyses according to Swedish drinking water standards.

     

    The results from the triangle test showed significant sensory differences between tap water from surface water and groundwater, as well as in surface water samples collected in different points. The descriptive analysis showed large differences in the perception of bitterness, minerals and off flavours. The perceived differences are in line with earlier studies pointing out inorganic ions as responsible for the taste sensations. The chemical analyses showed that the major difference between the two types of tap water was a higher mineral content and higher alkalinity in the groundwater compared to the surface water. The microbiological analyses did not show any measurable concentrations in any of the samples. There is a need for further research of chemical and microbiological effects on the flavour of tap water, with focus on microorganisms and chemical compounds in low concentrations.

  • 65.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Olshov, Anders
    Intelligence Watch.
    Allt fler i Skåne äter för mycket och fel. Hälften av Skånes befolkning är överviktig eller fet. Vi föreslår ett batteri av åtgärder2018In: Sydsvenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1652-814X, no 10 dec., p. A3-A3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I Skåne uppgår de direkta och indirekta samhällskostnaderna för fetma och övervikt i form av ökade vårdkostnader och förlorad produktion till ca 10 miljarder kronor per år.

  • 66.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Forsberg, Sarah
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Gerberich, Johanna
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Birch, Karina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap. karina.birch@hkr.se .
    Berg, Johan
    RISE.
    Langton, Maud
    SLU.
    Davidsson, Fredrik
    Geoloc.
    Stuffe, Sofia
    Atria.
    Andersson, Peter
    Solina Group.
    Rask, Susanne
    Solina Group.
    Cedergardh, Fanny
    TetraPak.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Insects as food: a pilot study for industrial production2019In: 13th Pangborn Sensory Science Symposium, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the many papers reporting on disgust factors of eating insects in Western cultures, the interest of insects as food is increasing, not least because they are nutritious, sustainable and tasty! The time has come to take the next step by making insects available not only as delicious restaurant food, but also for industrial production of foods and meals based on insects. The sensory attributes are of greatest importance to increase understanding of insects as a main ingredient in production and shelf life.

     

    By the use of factorial designs with mealworms as main ingredient, the aim was to evaluate the sensory impact of additions such as salt, oil/water and antioxidant agent. Also the impact of particle size of the mealworms was evaluated.

    Cooked fresh mealworms cut or ground into different particle sizes, oil, water, salt and rosemary were blended according to a factorial design. The resulting products were evaluated by descriptive sensory analysis in addition to instrumental measurements of viscosity and colour. Nutritional contents were calculated. 

    Results showed that particle size of the mealworms had a great impact, ie an increased particle size increased the yellowness and the perceived coarseness. Further, both viscosity and crispiness increased. An increased particle size also meant a decreased odour, probably due to decreased exposure of particle surface. Increased salt content did, as expected, increase saltiness. It also increased the nutty flavour, probably due to the polarity of Sodium Chloride. Different ratios of oil/water did not seem to impact the sensory properties. With reference to the anti-oxidative effects of carnosic acid and carnosol, addition of rosemary had a significant impact on shelf life in terms of decreased rancidity and colour changes. All samples were high in protein content.

     

    All factors, but especially particle size of the mealworm fraction, influenced the sensory attributes.

  • 67.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Forsberg, Sarah
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Gerberich, Johanna
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Birch, Karina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Berg, Johan
    RISE.
    Langton, Maud
    SLU.
    Davidsson, Fredrik
    Geoloc AB.
    Stuffe, Sofia
    Atria Skandinavia.
    Andersson, Peter
    Solina Group.
    Rask, Susanne
    Solina Group.
    Cedergårdh, Fanny
    TetraPak.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Insects as food: a pilot study for industrial production2019In: Book of Abstracts of the EAAP 70th Annual  Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science: Animal Farming for a Healthy World, Ghent, 2019, p. -161Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the many papers reporting on disgust factors of eating insects in Western cultures, the interest of insects as food is increasing, not least because they are nutritious, sustainable and tasty! The time has come to take the next step by making insects available not only as delicious restaurant food, but also for industrial production of foods and meals based on insects. The sensory attributes are of greatest importance to increase understanding of insects as a main ingredient in production and shelf life. 

    By the use of factorial designs with mealworms as main ingredient, the aim was to evaluate the sensory impact of additions such as salt, oil/water and antioxidant agent. Also the impact of particle size of the mealworms was evaluated.

    Cooked fresh mealworms cut or ground into different particle sizes, oil, water, salt and rosemary were blended according to a factorial design. The resulting products were evaluated by descriptive sensory analysis in addition to instrumental measurements of viscosity and colour. Nutritional contents were calculated. 

    Results showed that particle size of the mealworms had a great impact, ie an increased particle size increased the yellowness and the perceived coarseness. Further, both viscosity and crispiness increased. An increased particle size also meant a decreased odour, probably due to decreased exposure of particle surface. Increased salt content did, as expected, increase saltiness. It also increased the nutty flavour, probably due to the polarity of Sodium Chloride. Different ratios of oil/water did not seem to impact the sensory properties. With reference to the anti-oxidative effects of carnosic acid and carnosol, addition of rosemary had a significant impact on shelf life in terms of decreased rancidity and colour changes. All samples were high in protein content.

     

    All factors, but especially particle size of the mealworm fraction, influenced the sensory attributes.

  • 68.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Langton, Maud
    SLU.
    Mealworms as Food Ingredient—Sensory Investigation of a Model System2019In: Foods, E-ISSN 2304-8158, Vol. 8, p. 1-11, article id 319Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of insects as food is a sustainable alternative to meat and as a protein source is fully comparable to meat, fish and soybeans. The next step is to make insects available for use in the more widespread production of food and meals. Sensory attributes are of great importance in being able to increase the understanding of insects as an ingredient in cooking and production. In this pilot study, mealworms were used as the main ingredient in a model system, where the aim was to evaluate the impact on sensory properties of changing particle size, oil/water ratio and salt content of the insects using a factorial design. Twelve different samples were produced according to the factorial design. Further, the effect of adding an antioxidant agent was evaluated. Sensory analysis and instrumental analyses were performed on the samples. Particle size significantly influenced the sensory attributes appearance, odor, taste and texture, but not flavor, whereas salt content affected taste and flavor. The viscosity was affected by the particle size and instrumentally measured color was affected by particle size and oil content. The addition of the antioxidant agent decreased the changes in color, rancidity and separation.

  • 69.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Ueland, Öydis
    Nofima.
    Tuorila, Hely
    University of Helsinki.
    Bredie, Wender
    University of Copenhagen.
    APPETITE-FOR-LIFE in a sensory perspective2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The ageing populations in many countries are growing and has become a major human, societal, economic and health concern. One of the main obstacles is undernourishment, which is a significant and neglected public health problem among the elderly (Bülow et al., 2003). The negative consequences of poor nutrition lead to a general decline in the quality of life and associated costs for health care (Arvanitakis et al., 2008).

    Appetite is a key factor in food intake (Edfors and Westergren, 2012). Loss of appetite is however common and due to many factors, eg decreased ability to perceive sensory attributes, the meal situation, health etc (Nyberg et al., 2014). The EU funded project HealthSense (2000-2003) between 24 laboratories collected and reported a remarkable body of information, but since then no major effort to tackle the problem has been undertaken. More knowledge is needed on elderly people’s food preferences and perception, culinary preparations and how to organize meals and food intake.

    The aim of the workshop is to find new ideas on how to increase appetite in elderly from a sensory perspective and put this into the holistic view of appetite for life!

     Outlines of workshop

    • Introduction Appetite-for-life
    • Five minutes presentations by invited speakers concerning how to increase appetite from sensory perspectives
    • Interactive session where the workshop audience is divided into groups. Each group discuss on the basis of a case and with inspiration from the picture above
    • Short presentations from each group
    • Common discussion
    • Conclusions and end of workshop

     Invited Speakers:

    1)     Giboreau, A., Institut Paul Bocuse, Ecully Cedex, FRANCE

    2)     Kremer, S. WUR, Wageningen, NETHERLANDS

    3)     Matullat, I., TTZ, Bremerhaven, GERMANY

    4)     Olsson, V., Kristianstad University, SWEDEN

    5)     Sulmont-Rossé, C., Issanchou, S. INRA, Dijon, or Maître, I : LUNAM Angers, France

     

  • 70.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Uggla, Madeleine
    Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet.
    Styrketår en bärkraftig innovation för nya hälsosamma drycker: ett nutritions- och utvecklingsprojekt med äldre i fokus2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vid Centrum för Innovativa drycker vid SLU Balsgård, har vi utvecklat hälsosamma och

    välsmakande berikade drycker för äldre, baserade på råvaror från lokalt producerade frukter

    och bär. Projektet är tvärvetenskapligt och fokuserar på hela värdekedjan från

    primärproducent/odlare via produktutveckling av drycker och upphandling i offentlig sektor

    fram till slutkonsument. Deltagarna i projektet representerar de olika delarna inom

    värdekedjan. Berikade drycker av lokalt odlad frukt/bär, rapsolja och växtprotein

    Drycker baserade på äpple, svarta vinbär och jordgubbar har energiberikats med rapsolja.

    Proteinkällor såsom havreprotein och sojaprotein har provats och sedan använts i dryckerna.

    Analyser av bioaktiva ämnen och näringsinnehåll har utförts vid SLU Alnarp.

    Dryckerna har provats och utvärderats i fokusgrupper vid tre äldreboende i Skåne för att

    studera målgruppens upplevelse och val av drycker. Innovativ upphandling där

    kvalitetskraven kommer i fokus har studerats av forskare från Lunds universitet. Projektet

    finansieras av Länsstyrelsen i Skåne. Högskolan Kristianstad har varit projektägare.

  • 71.
    Wennerlund, Maria
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Melander, Andrée
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Upplevelser av måltidsmiljön: Små förändringar kan göra skillnad2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För att få nöjda gäster eller kunder är det för företag och verksamheter viktigt att arbeta med upplevelser. Speciellt gäller det för verksamheter med tjänstebaserade produkter. I denna explorativa studie undersöks om måltidsmiljön, i ett tjänstebaserat företag, kan påverka helhetssynen av företaget. I undersökningen genomfördes en förändring på måltidmiljön, mellan två olika grupper. Undersökningen tillämpades på konferensanläggningen Krinova Science Park, Kristianstad. Förändringens syfte var att se om gästernas upplevelse hos verksamheten påverkades utifrån olika måltidsmiljöer. De två undersökta grupperna tilldelades en och samma enkät där påståenden berörde olika aspekter i måltidsmiljön. Aspekterna byggde på olika delar som på ett eller annat sätt påverkar individers sinnen. Det fanns skillnader i gruppernas svar gällande måltidsmiljöns påverkan på helhetsupplevelsen hos konferensanläggningen. Det kan tyda på att de små förändringarna som gjordes i måltidsmiljön påverkade gästernas svar. Till exempel visade resultatet i påståendet om dekorationen att fler individer i gruppen som upplevde förändringen, svarade mer positivt till lokalens dekoration. Samt instämde fler respondenter, som upplevde förändringen, helt till påståendet om måltidsmiljön påverkade helhetsupplevelsen av besöket hos Krinova Science Park. Resultaten styrks även av tidigare vetenskapliga studier inom ämnet måltidsmiljö och upplevelser. Slutsatser som dras i studien är att olika måltidsmiljöer faktiskt påverkar gäster syn på verksamheten som helhet. Dock kan inte generella slutsatser dras av enkätundersökningens resultat.

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