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  • 351. Wendt, P. E.
    et al.
    Risberg, J.
    Ingvar, David H.
    Stenberg, Georg
    University of Lund.
    Rosén, Ingmar
    Ethanol makes occipital responses symmetrical1993Ingår i: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, vol. 13, Suppl. 1, 1993, Vol. 13, nr Suppl. 1, s. 387-Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 352. Wendt, Peter E.
    et al.
    Risberg, Jarl
    Stenberg, Georg
    Rosen, Ingmar
    Ingvar, David H.
    Ethanol reduces asymmetry of visual rCBF responses1994Ingår i: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, ISSN 0271-678X, E-ISSN 1559-7016, Vol. 14, nr 6, s. 963-973Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Visual regional CBF (rCBF) responses were measured in 10 healthy male subjects before and after an ethanol dose of 1 g/kg body weight. This dose induces well-established cerebral vasodilatation. However, significant bilateral occipital increases were found in both conditions. Apparently, the coupling between neuronal activity and rCBF is preserved following ethanol. The occipital and posterior parietal flow increases were, however, larger on the right than the left side in the sober state. During inebriation the asymmetry disappeared, possibly representing a more undifferentiated processing of visual information. We propose that ethanol causes a reduced inhibition of the left posterior cortex and a reduction of right-hemisphere information processing.

  • 353.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    Department of Teacher Education, Abo Akademi University, Vasa.
    A critique of research on cognition and cognitive processes1993Ingår i: British Journal of Educational Psychology, ISSN 0007-0998, E-ISSN 2044-8279, Vol. 63, nr 1, s. 34-45Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article it is pointed out that there exists a methodological contradiction in most research on cognition and cognitive processes, which makes such research invalid in the strongest meaning of the term. When the aim is to study cognitive processes very often the researcher uses attributes of the learning material to be the standard or the template against which any outcome of the subjects can be analysed and made the ground for inferences about cognition and cognitive processes. This way of doing research is considered to be based on false theoretical assumptions and also proven invalid by a number of empirical studies. It is suggested in the article that the researcher must distinguish between an educational and a cognitive perspective and avoid mixing them in order to carry out successfully research on cognitive processes.

  • 354.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Barns associationer till ordet död: bidrag till NFPF:s kongress 23/10-26/10 1980 i Göteborg1980Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 355. Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    En grupp 70-åringars föreställningar av döden. Bidrag presenterat vid Nordisk Förening för Pedagogisk Forsknings (NFPF) kongress i Linköping, 14-17 mars1985Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 356.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Figurativ språkförståelse hos 7-12-åringar. Bidrag presenterat vid Nordisk Förenings för Pedagogisk Forskning 21:a kongress, 11-13 mars, Linköping, Sverige1993Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 357.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Horisontalisering: ett sätt att missuppfatta det man läser1978Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 358.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Hur vi skapar mening i det vi erfar: en introduktion1984Ingår i: Att uppfatta sin omvärld: varför vi förstår verkligheten på olika sätt / [ed] Marton, Ference, Wenestam, Claes-Göran, Stockholm: AWE/Geber , 1984, s. 17-51Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 359.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Människors uppfattningar av döden1986Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 360.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Om barns tänkande om döden1989Ingår i: Psykisk hälsa, ISSN 0033-3212, Vol. 30, nr 3, s. 229-236Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 361.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    University of Göteborg.
    Qualitative age-related differences in the meaning of the word "death" to children1984Ingår i: Death Studies, ISSN 0748-1187, E-ISSN 1091-7683, Vol. 8, nr 5&6, s. 333-347Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In an attempt to expand our knowledge of what death means to children, 112 children, ranging in age from 4 to 18 years, drew a picture of what the word “death” means to them and attached a comment to explain their drawing. Three themes were evident in the drawings, resulting in these categories: (a) violence or aggression, (b) religious and cultural symbols, and (c) the experience of dying. The themes were significantly related to age, with the drawings of the youngest children more likely to portray violence and the drawings of the oldest children more likely to portray themes of the experience of dying. This relationship to age may be due to age-specific sociocultural contexts that provide children at each age with a certain type of information about death and dying. Several children described the dying process with images similar to those used by people who describe a “near death” experience. These descriptions seem to reflect universal, archetypical ideas about the experience of dying.

  • 362.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    Göteborgs univesitet.
    Qualitative analysis of figurative language competence among children 7 to 12 years of age1992Ingår i: International Journal of Psychology, 27(3 & 4), 1992, s. 574-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 363.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Qualitative differences in retention1980Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 364.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Lärarutbildning.
    Swedish children's drawings of the outside and inside of their bodies2010Ingår i: Active citizenship: abstracts, Malmö: Nordic Educational Research Association (NERA) , 2010, s. 42-43Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
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  • 365.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    University of Göteborg.
    The impact of violence and aggression in children's thinking about death1988Ingår i: Growing into a modern world: an international interdisciplinary conference on the life and development of children in modern society. Vol. 3 / [ed] Ekberg, Karin, Mjaavatn, Per Egil, Dragvoll: Norwegian centre for child research, Univ. of Trondheim , 1988, s. 1239-1248Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 366.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Uppfattningar av atemporal karaktär: det kollektiva tänkandet över tid i form av individuella uppfattningar vid en viss tidpunkt1988Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 367.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Uppfattningar oberoende av tid och rum: kollektiv kognition1989Ingår i: Som vi uppfattar det: elva bidrag om inlärning och omvärldsuppfattning, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 1989, s. 77-101Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 368.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Vad bestämmer valutors värde?1984Ingår i: Att uppfatta sin omvärld: varför vi förstår verkligheten på olika sätt / [ed] Marton, Ference, Wenestam, Claes-Göran, Stockholm: AWE/Geber , 1984, s. 92-108Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 369.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Vuxnas tankar och förhållningssätt till döden1986Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 370.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Gonzales, V.
    Interviewing children about figurative meanings. Paper presented at the 19th Annual Meeting of the Nordic Society for Educational Research, March 7-9, Copenhagen, Denmark1991Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 371.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Lärarutbildning.
    Skyvell Nilsson, Maria
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Samarbete, beslutsrationaliteter och olika kunskapsformer2010Ingår i: Samarbete för hälsa / [ed] Dychawy Rosner, Irena, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2010, s. 51-77Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 372. Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    et al.
    Wass, H.
    Almerico, G.
    Qualitative cross-cultural comparison of children's thinking about death. Paper presented at the 8th Annual Conference of the Forum for Death ducation and Counseling, Atlanta, Georgia, April 18-201986Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 373.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    et al.
    University of Göteborg.
    Wass, Hannelore
    University of Florida.
    Swedish and U.S. children's thinking about death: a qualitative study and cross-cultural comparison1987Ingår i: Death Studies, ISSN 0748-1187, E-ISSN 1091-7683, Vol. 11, nr 2, s. 99-121Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study was two-fold: (a) to investigate the qualitative differences in children's death-related thinking regardless of nationality, and (b) to discover what qualitative differences exist between Swedish and U.S. children in their concepts of death. Phase I of the study included a sample of 316 Swedish and U.S. children, ages 4-19, 53 percent of which were girls. Phase II consisted of a cross-cultural comparison of 124 Swedish and 122 U.S. children matched for age and sex. The children participated in this study as intact classroom groups. They were asked to draw what they thought of when they heard the word “death”, or, in the case of the young children, the word “dead”. They were also asked to give a brief verbal commentary on what they had drawn. Each child's drawing and comments were analyzed as a unit. The drawings were assigned to one of ten qualitatively different categories identified post hoc. The categories were found to be age-related and in accord with previous studies of the development of concepts of death in children. The cross-cultural comparison indicated considerable similarities in the qualities of Swedish and U.S. children's depictions of death. Some cross-cultural differences were also observed, but these are differences in frequency or emphasis rather than in quality of depictions. More Swedish children depicted cultural and religious practices and symbols, whereas more U.S. children depicted violent causes of death. Possible explanations of these differences are suggested, and recommendations for future cross-cultural research in this area are made.

  • 374.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Möte med multimodalt material: Vilken roll spelar dyslexi för uppfattandet av text och bild?2014Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 375.
    Westberg, Peter
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Lundh, Lars-Gunnar
    Lunds universitet.
    Jönsson, Peter
    Lunds universitet.
    Implicit associations and social anxiety2007Ingår i: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, ISSN 1650-6073, E-ISSN 1651-2316, Vol. 36, nr 1, s. 43-51Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to test whether an Implicit Association Test (IAT) with self- and social anxiety-words is sensitive to differences in trait social anxiety, and to an experimental induction of social anxiety. This was performed in the context of a partial replication of a previous study, in which Mauss et al. (2004) compared high and low trait socially anxious individuals before and after a social anxiety induction (an impromptu speech). Mauss et al.'s findings were replicated; that is, (i) the social anxiety induction produced increases in self-rated anxiety, self-rated physiological responses, and actual physiological arousal; and (ii) higher trait social anxiety was associated with stronger self-rated anxiety and stronger self-rated physiological responses, but not with stronger actual physiological responses. In addition, the results showed higher IAT social anxiety scores, both (i) as a result of the social anxiety induction, and (ii) as a function of self-reported trait social anxiety. It is suggested that the IAT may be a useful method for the experimental study of automatic evaluational thought patterns.

  • 376.
    Wiberg, Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning.
    Political bias in hiring: people consider political opponents as less hireable than others without weighting criteria to justify why2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies have shown that characteristics like gender and ethnicity can affect the possibility to be hired. Decisions in hiring may also be justified by weighting the importance of hiring criteria and can thus seem unbiased. In other areas, bias due to political affiliation have been noted to be even more pronounced than bias due to ethnicity. However, effects of candidates’ political affiliation in hiring are not equally researched. This study aimed to fill this blank. Participants (N= 283) were randomized to a between-subjects design; A third read a resumé from a candidate affiliating with the The Left Party, a third read a resumé from a candidate affiliating with The Sweden Democrats, a party at the right end of the spectrum, and a third read a resumé from a candidate with no political affiliation. After reading the resumés, participants evaluated the hireability of their candidate. They also stated which hiring criteria, experience or education, was considered most important in this evaluation. Results showed that participants evaluated candidates with divergent political affiliation from the own as less hireable than candidates with unknown political affiliation, or a politicalaffiliation more similar to the own. Cues of political affiliation may thus be a disadvantage for an individual, applying for a job. However, biased evaluations were not justified to seem unbiased by weighting criteria. It is suggested that social norms do not imply hiding political bias to the same degree as bias due to for example gender or ethnicity.

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  • 377. Wirsen, A.
    et al.
    Stenberg, Georg
    Rosen, Ingmar
    Ingvar, David H.
    Quantified EEG and cortical evoked responses in patients with chronic traumatic frontal lesions1992Ingår i: Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology / Evoked Potentials Section, ISSN 0168-5597, E-ISSN 1872-6224, Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, Vol. 84, nr 2, s. 127-138Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Eighteen frontal trauma patients and 17 age-matched control subjects had quantified EEGs and measurements of sensory (SEP) and auditory evoked potentials (P300) using a Biologic Brain Atlas III system. The findings were compared to the conventional paper EEG, and to the frontal lesion volumes, severity of head injury, and outcome variables. The quantified EEG confirmed the pathological findings detected by visual inspection, but some regional abnormalities were more easily detected by topographic mapping. The regional distribution of pathological slowing corresponded well with the morphological lesions in most patients. The modal frequency of EEG correlated both with lesion volume and injury severity and with the outcome variables. There were no pathological findings in the SEPs, and all but one patient had clearly distinguishable P300 responses. There was a significant reduction in P300 amplitude in the frontal patients at the anterior, but not at the posterior electrodes. The topographical distribution of the P300 changes corresponded well with the morphological lesions. Our findings indicate that the P300 potential is, in part, dependent upon the prefrontal cortical areas. The present study thus supports P300 investigations which have shown amplitude reduction in other disorders (e.g., schizophrenia) with a presumed prefrontal dysfunction.

  • 378.
    Zlatev, Jordan
    Lund University.
    Lenninger, Sara M.
    Lund University.
    Persson, Tomas
    Lund University.
    Sayehli, Susan
    Lund University.
    Sonesson, Göran
    Lund University.
    van de Weijer, Joost
    Lund University.
    Understanding communicative intentions and semiotic vehicles by children and chimpanzees2013Ingår i: Cognitive development, ISSN 0885-2014, E-ISSN 1879-226X, Vol. 28, nr 3, s. 312-329Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Developmental and comparative studies of the ability to understand communicative intentions using object-choice tasks raise questions concerning the semiotic properties of the communicative signals, and the roles of rearing histories, language and familiarity. We adapted a study by Tomasello, Call, and Gluckman (1997), in which a “helper” indicated the location of a hidden reward to children of three ages (18, 24, and 30 months) and to four chimpanzees, by means of one of four cues: Pointing, Marker, Picture and Replica. For the chimpanzees, we controlled for familiarity by using two helpers, one unfamiliar and one highly familiar. Even 18-months performed well on Pointing and Marker, while only the oldest group clearly succeeded with Picture and Replica. Performance did not correlate with scores for the Swedish Early Communicative Development Inventory (SECDI). While there were no positive results for the chimpanzees on the group level, and no effect of familiarity, two chimpanzees succeeded on Pointing and Marker. Results support proposals of a species difference in understanding communicative intentions, but also highlight the need to distinguish these from the complexity of semiotic vehicles and to consider both factors.

  • 379.
    Åberg, Caroline
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Lärarutbildning.
    Finns det ett samband mellan komvuxelevers aktuella livssituation, attributionsstrategi, känsla av sammanhang i tillvaron och skoltrötthet?2009Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning belyste sambanden mellan komvuxelevers livssituation, känsla av sammanhang i tillvaron och trötthet. Tidigare studier har visat att det finns samband mellan trötthet och kontroll över arbetssituationen samt mellan trötthet och depression. Tidigare studier har även påvisat samband mellan KASAM och livssituation och mellan trötthet och depression. Studier har även påvisat att individer som upplever sig ha en inre kontroll över händelser i livet tror sig kunna hantera sin livssituation och uppnår bättre studieresultat jämfört med individer som upplever att kontrollen ligger utanför dem själva. Av de 102 vuxenstuderande som deltog i undersökningen var 72 kvinnor och 30 män. Studien påvisade att det finns ett signifikant samband mellan trötthet och kön. Kvinnor visade sig vara tröttare än männen. Variabler som bidrog till att minska tröttheten var trygghet och hanterbarhet medan variabler som bidrog till att öka tröttheten var sårbarhet och att vara kvinna.

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  • 380.
    Önning, Gunilla
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Hillman, Magnus
    Lunds universitet.
    Hedin, Maria
    Lunds universitet.
    Montelius, Caroline
    Probi AB.
    Eriksson, Joakim
    Lunds universitet.
    Ahrné, Siv
    Lunds universitet.
    Jönsson, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Psykologi.
    Intake of Lactobacillus plantarum HEAL9 reduces the inflammatory markers soluble fractalkine and CD163 during acute stress: a randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled study2020Ingår i: Physiology and Behavior, ISSN 0031-9384, E-ISSN 1873-507X, Vol. 225Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The intestine and the brain are connected via the brain-gut axis and the intestinal microbiota influences the immune activation and signaling molecules that are involved in the stress response. The aim of the study was to investigate if intake of the probiotic strain Lactobacillus plantarum HEAL9 (LPHEAL9) for four weeks could counteract elevated cortisol and inflammation levels in subjects with chronic stress that are exposed to an acute stress test (Trier Social Stress Test, TSST). Seventy participants were included, and 63 participants completed the study (LPHEAL9, n=32; placebo, n=31). Cardiovascular reactivity and cortisol levels were affected by the TSST, but no differences between the groups were observed. Intake of LPHEAL9 did, however, result in significantly decreased plasma levels of two inflammatory markers (soluble fractalkine and CD163) compared to placebo. In conclusion, intake of LPHEAL9 for four weeks may reduce inflammatory markers coupled to acute stress in chronically stressed individuals.

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  • 381.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Att gestalta och omgestalta sitt ledarskap: verksamhetsnära chefer inom kommunal omsorgsverksamhet reflekterar över chefsroll och arbetets innehåll2013Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The present doctoral thesis aimed to explore what it means to be a first-level manages in a Swedish municipal social care administration, seen from the managers’ perspective. The empirical data derives from a participative, constructivist project which intended to contribute to new practice-based knowledge and to the learning and development of the participating managers. The participating managers reflected over their work and their managerial role by the use of a combination of repertory grid interviews, personal diaries and group discussions. Qualitative descriptive phenomenological analyses of the extensive material painted a vivid and nuanced picture of their work situation and professional role. In Paper I the project and the used methods were described in detail. Short extracts of data illustrated the potential of the general approach of combining constructivist techniques in participative and action oriented projects. The first brief results illustrated by “A day in a team manager’s working life” and by three “leadership dilemmas”: The spider in the web; The border patrol; and The open door, presented a picture of the managers’ complex work situation and how they were stimulated to address the problems arising. Paper II showed the many facets of social care management, where six “faces” portrayed the complex managerial role. The results indicated that managers in this and other welfare organizations need to construe and re-construe their managerial role in order to balance the contrasting demands on their role, thereby ac-complishing a personal equilibrium. Paper III further explored the managers' leadership role ideal, grounded in the concept of care. Several aspects of the managers' work situation resulted, on their own or in conjunction, in difficul-ties fulfilling their caring leadership ideal. These difficulties of which the managers spoke were arranged into three distinct patterns: problems, dilemmas and paradoxes. The results gave insight of the nature of these difficulties, the implications which these might have on the managers, their staff and the delivery of service, and the discussed remedies. Taken together the results raises new questions about municipal managers’ abilities and possibilities to handle ideals and requirements which are difficult to consoli-date particularly in times or resource scarcity. Is it possible to be an at the same time caring and efficient manager? How can mangers’ options to handle the complexity of modern welfare organisations be strengthened?

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  • 382.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Construing and re-construing individual experiences by combing repertory grid interviews and diary-in-group method2004Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 383.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Construing teachers’ quality work: a principal view2014Ingår i: The 7th Nordic Working Life Conference - Threats and Possibilities Facing Nordic Working Life: Book of Abstracts and Programme / [ed] Tommy Isidorsson, Göteborg, 2014, s. 187-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Teachers are the most important school based factor for students’ learning outcomes and educational success. Whereas teachers’ pro-spects of enhancing their students’ development and study results, are significant for their work satisfaction and wellbeing. This suggests that the endorsement of quality teaching will improve student results and teacher wellbeing. Many teachers have difficulties performing in accordance to their professional standards, sick rates are alarmingly high, and several teachers leave the profession. This calls for a re-search approach where teachers’ prospects of performing quality teaching, are related to their options to perform quality-driven profes-sional teacher work, i.e. the work performed to support quality teach-ing. Such an approach take into account factors related to local school leadership, and the organisation of teacher work. This paper aims to bring together teachers’ and principals’ perspectives on quality-driven professional teacher work, in order to gain new knowledge and give implications for praxis. The principals and teachers construe teachers’ options to perform quality-driven professional work in relation to the implementation of a new curriculum and a new grading system, quali-ty certification processes and an ongoing work hour project, and to some extent also to the teachers’ personality and ambitions. The teachers’ also mention factors related to local oranisation processes, and the relations to pupils and fellow teachers. 

  • 384.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Head teachers: street level bureaucrats or pedagogues?2003Ingår i: Psychological constructivism and the social world / [ed] Chiari, Gabriele & Nuzzo Maria Laura, EPCA Publications , 2003, s. 213-219Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 385.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Is there a perfect match?: Construing and re‐construing leadership, quality and professional development in a social care organisation 2014Ingår i: Refresh your constructs!: Constructive alternativism in education, psychological care and democracy, 2014, s. 24-25Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Social care organisations provide services vital to the care recipients’ health and wellbeing.

    The qualified work tasks performed in these organisations are performed and often led by professionals with considerable professional jurisdiction, such as nurses and physiotherapists.

    This paper discuss the effects of an organisational change process in a social care organisation, from the professionals’ and the managers’ perspectives.

    From the professional point of view, the team organisation, designed to meet requirements for increased efficiency and quality, had brought on several contra productive effects.

    These professions, formerly organised in specialist units, were assigned to several teams and therefore required to report to several managers.

    Both managers and professionals found unclear managerial roles and jurisdictional conflicts bothersome.

    The professional groups feared that loss of peer-group and managerial support would lead to de‐professionalisation.

    Their perceived remedies were scheduled meetings with all staff categories, and increased options to develop their professional knowledge.

  • 386.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Looking into the box: Swedish social care managers make meaning of their work and role2011Ingår i: Personal Construct Theory & Practice, ISSN 1613-5091, Vol. 8, s. 38-49Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a participative project where Swedish social care managers explored their work and their managerial role by means of repertory grid interviews and collegial reflection. The qualitative, phenomenological data analysis provides a multifaceted picture of what it means to be a social care manager, seen from the managers’ perspective. The results indicate that managers in this and other welfare organisations need to construe and re-construe their managerial role in order to balance the contrasting demands on their role, thereby accomplishing a personal equilibrium. The managers’ meaning-making process can be supported by constructivist techniques such as those used in this project.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Österlind 2011
  • 387.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    “What have you bee up to today?”: construing and re-construing head teacher’s work and role2014Ingår i: Refresh your constructs!: constructive alternativism in education, psychological care and democracy, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Head teachers are expected to be pedagogic leaders who support their teachers’ professional development in order to improve long term teaching quality and goal achievement. Research shows that many heads perform a multitude of administrative and hands-on tasks, while trying to balance diverging and sometimes incomprehensive objectives and expectations.

    This paper reports from a project where six Swedish head teachers reflected over their tasks and role, using the diary- in-group-method.

    The results show how the participants construe their role in relation to their complex and multifaceted work situation, and to their personal and professional ambitions. They all seem to have a personal approach to their role, which allow them to balance the contrasting demands and to accomplish a personal equilibrium.

    The participants appreciated the research process, which provided individual reflection on the diverse tasks that filled their days, and collegial feedback and reflection on important aspects of their professional role.

  • 388.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Denicolo, Pamela M.
    School of Health and Social Care, University of Reading.
    Extending the catalytic and transformative potential of grids using a congruent technique: an exemplar study of management development2006Ingår i: Personal Construct Theory & Practice, ISSN 1613-5091, Vol. 3, s. 38-51Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a project where constructivist techniques (repertory grid interview, focus group and diary-ingroup) were combined in participative, action research. The process sustained the development of leadership and praxis through (1) individual reflection grounded in personal experiences and (2) group reflection through the shared and revised construing of pertinent issues. Throughout the project the participating managers addressed matters important to them in their professional role. The short extracts of data presented give an insight in the managers’ complex work situation, the dilemmas that they are facing and how they were stimulated to address the problems arising.

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    fulltext
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