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  • 301.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Brynolf, Margrethe
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Rektors ledarskap: komplexitet och förändring2012 (ed. 2)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att vara rektor innebär att ständigt bli inkastad i olika händelser. Rektor förväntas ta ansvar för och lösa alla problem som uppstår i skolan oavsett om det handlar om ett läckande rör, en elev som inte uppnår målen eller ett ekonomiskt underskott som ska vändas till plus.

    Författarna erbjuder i denna bok verktyg för att bättre kunna förstå och hantera den faktiska vardagen som rektor eller skolledare. Dessa verktyg gör det möjligt för skolledare att utveckla förmågan att manövrera i en komplex och föränderlig värld, där paradoxer som kontroll och icke-kontroll är ständigt närvarande. Genom att skapa strukturer där människor tillåts hantera komplexiteten på egna villkor utvecklas mening och passion för verksamheten. Det innebär att rektor har ett medansvar snarare än ett odelat ansvar som ledare.

    Denna andra upplaga innehåller ett nytt kapitel om chefers eget lärande, nyare forskning har inarbetats och fler tips om hur man kan hantera den komplexa vardagen har lagts till.

    Boken vänder sig i första hand till blivande och verksamma ledare inom skolan – förskolechefer, rektorer och skolledare inom grund- och gymnasieskola och arbetslagsledare – men är relevant för alla med intresse för organisation och styrning.

  • 302.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Brynolf, Margrethe
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Rektors ledarskap: komplexitet och förändring2009Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att vara rektor innebär att ständigt bli inkastad i olika händelser. Rektor förväntas ta ansvar för och lösa alla problem som uppstår i skolan oavsett om det handlar om ett läckande rör, en elev som inte uppnår målen eller ett ekonomiskt underskott som ska vändas till plus.

    Med verkligheten som utgångspunkt erbjuder författarna rektorer och skolledare på olika nivåer verktyg för att bättre kunna förstå och hantera den faktiska vardagen. Att som ledare utveckla sin förmåga att manövrera i en värld som är komplex och föränderlig, där paradoxer som kontroll och icke-kontroll ständigt finns närvarande. Författarna belyser och diskuterar hur den komplexa vardagen kan förstås och hur människor konstruerar mening. Genom att skapa strukturer där människor tillåts hantera komplexiteten på dess egna villkor utvecklas mening och passion för verksamheten. Detta innebär att rektorn har ett medansvar som ledare i nära samverkan med all personal.

    Boken vänder sig i första hand till blivande och verksamma ledare inom skolans verksamheter, rektorer och skolledare inom grund- och gymnasieskola samt förskolechefer, arbetslagsledare och andra som är intresserade av skolans organi-sation och styrning.

  • 303.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Is it possible to design for sustainable work systems?: exploring the conjunction between regenerative work and complexity2008Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this paper is to explore the social challenge of sustainable work systems and regenerative work. This is done by using complexity theory to grasp and understand the vision of sustainable work systems. A comprehensive literature review generated a theoretical framework for both sustainable work systems and understanding of complexity and in addition these two phenomena’s point of contact. Two case studies provide an empirical example and illustrate the potential in the conjunction of sustainability and complexity.A sustainable work system can be described as a simultaneous development and convergence between different levels and interests interrelated to the work organisation; from the individual perspective to the surrounding world of the organisation. A sustainable work system is characterised by having the capacity to regenerate and support the growth of the individual’s (employees) cognitive and emotional resources and at the same time maintain or increase competitiveness of the organisation. From the employee’s perspective this paper suggests that in order to reinforce and strengthen the individual, these same resources must be both recognised, adopted and have satisfactory support in the work organisation.This paper suggests that work organisations ought to create a work environment condition that supports self organisation, and acknowledge complexity and uncertainty as the normal state of reality.

  • 304.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Mellanrummet2011In: Skiss: konst, arbetsliv, forskning: nio rapporter / [ed] Anders Widoff, Stockholm: Konstfrämjandet , 2011, p. 140-157Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 305.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Om samtalets organisering för hälsa i arbetet - begripliggörande processer om arbetet tillsammans med andra2019In: Hälsopromotion i teori och praktik - olika arenor och målgrupper / [ed] Bringsen, Åsa. Nilsson Lindström, Petra, Malmö: Liber, 2019, 1Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 306.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    On principles of sustainability and complexity: a qualitative quest for regenerative work2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 307.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    On the complexity of being a principal - emerging identities and performance in a new work reality2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is the first piece of a jigsaw puzzle in an effort to study the conditions that enable

    Swedish principals and preschool leaders to do a good job, create an identity and safeguard

    health. The present study is the first step to approach the overarching aim of understanding

    how principals’ and preschool leaders’ assignments are interpreted and construed and of who

    or what enables or prevents them from doing a good job. The primary aim of this paper is to

    narrow down how the assignment (the task)) is interpreted and to identify the markers for how

    principals and preschool leaders look upon the chances of doing a good job. These markers

    will subsequently form the basis of an in-depth qualitative study we have begin.

  • 308.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Planering i komplexa verksamheter2013In: Chefstidningen, ISSN 2000-3498, no 3, p. 48-51Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 309.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    På spaning efter hållbara förutsättningar för individens välbefinnande och utveckling i arbetet: en betraktelse genom komplexitetsteorier2009In: Arbetslivsforskning och hållbarhet: empiriska illustrationer och framtidsvisioner, Växjö: Växjö Universitet , 2009, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 100-113Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 310.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Sustainable work systems and complexity: a social challenge2008In: / [ed] B.Frostell, Å. Danielsson, L. Hagberg, B.-O. Linnér, E. Lisberg Jensen, Uppsala: Föreningen Vetenskap för Hållbar Utveckling (VHU) , 2008, p. 231-238Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 311.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Pettersson, Pär
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    On the organisation of sustainable prerequisites for the subjective well-being and growth of individuals2012In: Vulnerable Groups & Inclusion, ISSN 2000-8023, Vol. 3, p. 18938-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects that work has on individuals are not unknown. The importance of work in terms of the subjective well-being and growth of individuals through their work, however, is not as extensively discussed and documented. Risk factors and unhealthy factors have long been discussed at the expense of positive conditions for well-being and personal growth. We like to call work with that type of potential regenerative work. Hence, that is the type of work that we have chosen to focus on in this study. The following research objectives have guided us through the study: Which everyday work processes may contribute to sustainable prerequisites for the subjective well-being and growth of individuals? The study takes an explorative approach to two workplaces - a care unit at a hospital and a manufacturing company. Our aim is to increase the understanding of prerequisites for the well-being and growth of individuals through their work. Three themes emerged in this type of regenerative work: performance, general overview and participation, and dialogue. These themes are problemised by looking at their potential in relation to the organisation of the work. Prerequisites for performance, general overview and participation, and finally dialogue prove to be more efficient in contexts where the complexity of the work and organisation is acknowledged and where there is room for inter-subjective sense-making and self-organising.

  • 312.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Rakar, Fredrik
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Organisation ur nya och gamla perspektiv: ett kollage2018 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 313.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Fröjmark, Daniel
    Hansson, Jesper
    Skolinspektionen - exempel på "funktionell dumhet"?2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 314.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Germundsson, Lisa
    SLU-Alnarp.
    Lidén, Alina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Collaborative learning and evaluation in the multi-actor context of an innovation intermediary: How can intermediary organisations be understood and developed through the lenses of complexity and learning theories2020In: Farming Systems Facing Climate Change and Resource Challenges, 2020Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 315.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Karlsson, Jessica
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    On evaluation of base-groups in headmasters academic leadership program2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The effects of leadership training are disputed in research. Evaluations of participants’ training experiences are commonplace. Studies are seldom made which investigate and problematize the impressions that can be left in their complex practice by training, and which can have an effect on their practical duties and on the leaders’ capacity to deal with leadership in their everyday complexity. 

    Empirical material

    The 3-year Headmaster Training Course in Sweden which offers 30 Swedish university credits, equivalent to 30 ECTS, comprises approximately 500 headmasters and pre-school leaders. The leaders of the base groups are university staff. During the course the groups meet 6 times, each time containing a different theme. Curiosity dictated that we should ascertain what work and discussions took place within the base groups, how this is experienced, and how it contributes to the participants’ professional development. 

    Method

    In order to study what happens in the base-group meetings, two of the university base-group staff kept a diary noting down the contents and discussions from each specific session. Recorded interviews were made with 21 participants from 4 base groups. Part of the result of this part of the study has been tested on other base-group leaders from the university (7 people). In order to handle the empirical material we turn to narrative organizational research. The method involves a systematic interpretation of other people’s sense-making of the worlds they experience, here basic group meetings. The interpretation is based on how people create meaning in the experiences of what happens in the groups using perspectives from their everyday complexity as leaders.

    Result

    Preliminary results show an ongoing frustration related to their perception of having too limited resources to allow them to do a good job as headmasters. Within the base groups they are given the opportunity, together with others in similar situations, to exchange experiences and feelings regarding the complex, tangible, everyday work duties they carry out. The frustration felt by the leaders about the complexity of their workday was dealt with by the participants by taking advantage of common discussions held outside of the organizational hierarchy. Within the base groups they can talk and negotiate with colleagues about their complex workday as leaders in schools and pre-schools. According to the participants, they were able to solve common puzzles, even a health puzzle. The base-group meetings were also perceived as energizing them in their practical role as leaders.

    The study will be of significance for the continued structuring of base groups as a support for the education and development of headmasters and pre-school leaders. A questionnaire will now be sent to a random number of participants who have completed the headmaster training course.

  • 316.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Liden, Alina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    Rapport pilotundersökning: underlag för utvärdering Partnerskap SLU Alnarp2019Report (Other academic)
  • 317.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Paulsson, Lars
    Region Västra Götaland.
    Collaboration: balancing on an unsecured association : collaboration between public sectors as complex organizing and Learning2011In: EGOS 2011 Göteborg: sub-theme 18, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 318.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Paulsson, Lars
    Collaboration in public sector: complex organizing2012In: Multi-faceted nature of collaboration in contemporary world / [ed] Tamara Besednjak Valic, Dolores Modic, Ursa Lamut, London: Vega Press , 2012, 1, p. 61-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 319.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Petersson, Pia
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    On discharge planning  : dynamic complex processes – uncertainty, surprise and standardisation2015In: Journal of Research in Nursing, ISSN 1744-9871, E-ISSN 1744-988X, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 39-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    How can discharge planning (DP) for patients who require care in the home following a period in hospital be understood and developed through the lenses of complexity theory? With the help of complexity theory and practice-based narrative research this study discloses the formal routines and complex dynamic practices that are associated with DP. A study of the literature established that there was an almost total absence of complexity-theoretical perspectives on interpreting and developing DP.                 

    The researchers collected narratives about the DP processes using qualitative interviews with the nurses responsible for this in a hospital ward: these were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. They also participated in and documented meetings where these nurses, as a group, discussed DP.                 

    The findings show that nurses have to continuously deal with uncertainty, surprises and the unknown. They have to make sense and take charge of dynamic complex events and new knowledge, and manage complex relations and information. The researchers argue that looking upon practice from the lenses of complexity theory, and therefore accepting the complexity of practice, could facilitate the development of nurses' skills in order to guarantee good quality in DP.

  • 320.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Richard, Elvi
    Linné university.
    Balansering och brobyggande med svårigheter : en studie av de kliniska lärarnas vardag i vården inom Region Skåne2006Report (Other academic)
  • 321.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Richard, Elvi
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Jämställdhet och diskriminering: om strukturer och sociala handlingar2013Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 322.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Särnholm-Ericsson, Stefan
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    On framing headmasters leadership training for leading socially complex, processual and emergent organization2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives:

    If leadership and organization are in constant flux, what are the consequences for the design of headmaster leadership training? 

    Background:

    What do leaders do, why do they do it the way they do it, and how is what we call organizing done? Starting on the educational design track should begin with a deep understanding of what leadership and organizing mean in practice, but neither with the illusion about what happens, nor the illusion of what should happen. 

    Method

    Leadership training for headmasters and preschool heads at Linnaeus University in Sweden has been the starting point of testing the ontological approach to organization as flux. As background material we used focus group interviews with the participants after the completion of the course. In our paper, however, we limit ourselves for reasons of space to evaluating an experiment containing a new design of the Whats and Hows of the headmaster leadership course, comprising two groups with 50 participants each. The starting point was the flux of [the] practice. 

    Results

    The evaluations from both occasions show surprisingly great similarities. In all answers, superlatives are frequent in the assessment of the days of training and their contribution to the participants’ practice.  The evaluations also contain criticism. However, one conclusion is that a course that makes use of the social complexity, flux and organizational becoming has a chance of making an impact on the participants’ practising. Preliminary results also demonstrate that a course which is adapted to the notion of leadership and organization involving flux can also be experienced as meaningful and useful, as has also been confirmed by management research. 

    Conclusions

    Our conclusion about  management education programs is that  the starting point ought to be a/ an understanding of organizing as social complexity, b/ flux, emergent and organizational becoming, c/ what leadership ‘may be in practice’ ,and d/ participants’ experiences of social complexity and leadership as practising. In addition to including knowledge based on management and organizing as flux (What), the education should also be designed in a way which at least partly resembles the participants’ practice. Thus, the How and What of the course are related to the character of the practice.  The result may have possible effects on the latter, although research shows that this is hard to achieve.  It seems at least that the results are better than if illusions about the practice are allowed to guide the educational contents (What and How). Furthermore, since the practice has the character of flux, parts of the education should also be designed with this in mind (How). Besides, the insight that each participant and each activity is unique, at least in detail and in the long run, should have consequences for the design of the What and How of the training. Academic leadership education with its traditions must incorporate flux and organizational becoming in the choice of literature, lectures, learning situations and examination.  

  • 323.
    Aurora, Pirraku Eriksson
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Lundgren, Fredrik
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Medias rapportering av IT-relaterade brott2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I uppsatsen har problemställningen varit om det finns det någon skillnad mellan hur olika typer av publikationer, Aftonbladet.se och IDG.se, väljer att publicera nyheter om IT-relaterade brott. Metoden har varit att genom en kvantitativ innehållsanalys använda en kodningsmanual för att undersöka relevanta artiklar från två mediehus, Aftonbladet.se, som har en webbtidning och IDG.se, som har en rad teknikinriktade (speciellt datorteknik) tidningar på webben. Vi har valt att hämta artiklar från åren 2012 till och med 2014. Den teori som valts som grund för analysen i uppsatsen är den så kallade skandalteorin där en skandal karaktäriseras av att något exceptionellt inträffar genom att en eller flera personer inte uppför sig som han eller hon borde, vilket resulterar i ett förtroendebrott. Under perioden 2012-2014 har utvecklingen av artiklar som handlar om IT-relaterade brott legat mellan 150 – 250 artiklar per år med något fler från IDG.se. Aftonbladet.se har en publik som utgörs av privatpersoner där den ”säljande” skandalen också mer naturligt är en händelse där en privatperson är offret medan IDG.se har en publik som i högre grad utgörs av företag och offentliga organisationer eller de som är intresserade av teknik i relation till företag.

  • 324.
    Avdic, Nasiha
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Badran, Israa
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    How do consumers perceive online advertising?: a cross cultural comparison between Sweden and China2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate cultural differences in consumer perception of online advertising. As the Internet grows it has become important for companies to adjust website design to cultural differences in online advertising. Internet users are more comfortable with website design related to their own culture. There have been a limited number of previous investigation regarding website design and our study aims to fill this gap.

    Schwartz cultural values are used to investigate cultural differences on a micro level. Our study aims to compare Sweden and China based on cultural values. The two countries were chosen because of the cultural differences. Schwartz cultural values have been selected since Schwartz investigates cultural differences on an individual level.

    The result of the dissertation indicates that there are other factors than colour text and image that influence consumers’ perception of the website design. One of the challenges in the dissertation was to connect the conceptual model to the collected data from the focus group interviews. However, some of the Schwartz’s cultural values could be captured where the participants were motivated by the culture in the responses. The result of the study can be used for companies and their website design in connection to Swedish and Chinese culture. The investigation gave us more understanding regarding the area of online advertising in connection to website design. 

  • 325.
    Avdijaj, Egzona
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Jacobson, Emelie
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Hur påverkar kvalitetskontroller revisorers arbetsrutiner?2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze how auditors are affected by quality controls and if audit practice changes because of quality controls. To fulfill the purpose of this study there has been interviews made with five auditors. The conclusion by this study is that the interviewed auditors work practices are affected by quality controls and that the extent and effect depends on the auditor and the office that the auditor works in. The auditors who worked as quality reviewers at the agencies where they are employed at, we felt that they were more secured in the response towards quality controls. This may be because they are quality reviewers themselves and they know what the quality control requires and what must be met to be approved. One of the key elements of a quality control is feedback and suggestions for improving the next audit. This seems to be appreciated by all auditors and an important tool to help the auditors evolve in the profession. The majority of the auditors believe that mandatory education is one of the most important steps into keeping themselves updated on new standards. To summarize the result of the study we conclude that quality controls can affect the audit practice, but this comes to expression in different ways depending on the auditors experiences of quality control and what agency the auditor work in.     

  • 326.
    Awad, Hanna
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Ungas syn på integration: En kvalitativ studie om invandrarungdomars syn på integration2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay was to acquire an enhanced knowledge about young immigrants’ point of view of integration. During a former practical training semester I became interested in what the young immigrants thought about their own integration, what their conception was about this issue. I found that it had different meaning to different persons, to some it meant assimilation, to others it meant being able to interact with the opposite gender. To examine this I used interviews and interviewed an amount of young immigrants in different stages of their studies in Swedish. The essential theme throughout the work was to determine what the young people’s point of view was. I found that there is a profound interest from the professionals working with integration, to make the integration process as good as possible for the individuals undergoing it. But the most frequent opinion was that communication is most essential in this issue, the newly arrived young people couldn’t learn Swedish fast enough so that they would be able to communicate with there peers and the rest of the society.

  • 327.
    Aweida Hafez, Hanna
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Savo, Narin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Diabetes mellitus typ 2 och parodontit hos äldre2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 328.
    Aweidah, Nasim
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Pagels, Veronica
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    What makes generation Y jump: en kvantitativ studie av hur den nya generationen bankanställda motiveras av monetära och icke-monetära incitament2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Right now a major generational change is taking place within the banking sector. The new generation entering the labor market is often referred to as generation Y and it consists of individuals born between 1980 and 1995. Previous research has shown that the banking industry as a whole put a widespread emphasis on monetary incentives within the reward system. At the same time several studies highlight that individuals from generation Y are rather motivated by primarily non-monetary incentives.

    The aim of this dissertation is to explain how various monetary and non-monetary incentives affect the motivation of bank employees from generation Y. A positivistic research philosophy has been used with a deductive approach and a quantitative research method.

    This study indicates that bank employees from generation Y are motivated by retirement savings as well as a personal mentor or chief who draws attention to their development. Their motivation is also affected to some degree by freedom to control their own time. This study even indicates that bank employees from generation Y primarily appreciate the following incentives along with the previously stated: Continuous training, career plan, discount on loans and pay increases

    The respondents in this study were mainly employees of banks where monetary incentives were not used to any great extent. This can be seen as a limitation as well as the fact that the respondents where solely employed within Swedish banks. Given this, there is a scope for further studies of generation Y within the banking sector.

    Research regarding which incentives bank employees from generation Y are motivated by, has so far been absent. This dissertation may be of value for banks that want to be at ease that they are doing everything to keep their employees highly motivated. 

  • 329.
    Axelsson, Carolina
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    A cross-sectional pre- and postintervention study of hygiene routines amongst health care workers combined with a screening of microbes in wounds2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the fall of 2005 and the spring of 2006, there was a nosocomial infection outbreak caused by a multiresistant Escherichia coli producing Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL) in a unit at the Central Hospital in Kristianstad. The bacteria were believed to be transmitted through patient contact with the hands of staff members. Since five of the cases of ESBL-producing E. coli were found in wounds of patients from the unit, wounds in other units needed to analyzed. In Sweden, patients with wounds are treated in hospitals as well as in municipal health care settings. The aim of this study was to investigate, improve and evaluate hygiene routines among the hospitals’ and municipal health care facilities’ staff members. In addition, a screening for the microbial flora, including multi antibiotic resistance, in patients’ wounds in these facilities was carried out.

    The study used a cross-sectional pre- and postintervention design. The data collection was designed as naturalistic observational study with participant observations and interviews. The study was performed at two central general hospitals, three general hospitals and six counties municipal health care settings in Sweden. The coverage area were 370 000 inhabitants. The data from the investigation in 2006 were analyzed and presented in individually written reports for each unit. The national regulations on basic hygiene were implemented in 2007. A poster was distributed to all participating units and displayed for patients and visitors. The message of the poster stated: “[We respect patient hygiene safety by: wearing short sleeves; long hair wearing up; have short unpainted nails; not wearing jewellery on our hands or arms; disinfect our hands before and after every patient and care procedure. Please remind us if we forget!]“. In 2006, 214 units, 2541 staff members in a patient care situation and 218 staff members were observed when treating wounds. In 2008, 221 units, 2339 staff members in a patient care situation and 142 staff members were observed when treating wounds.

    The working clothes provided by the employer significantly increased for municipal staff members (from 39% to 62%) as did the use of plastic aprons also (from 53% to 75%). Staff members with either short hair or long hair wearing it up was significantly decreased for municipality staff members (from 94% to 88%). The correct absence of jewellery increased significantly (from 53% to 69%), as did the correct absence of nail polish, build up nails, and infected cuticles (from 74% to 77%)). The use of gloves increased significantly for all staff members (from 83% to 89%). The staff members were observed during a wound treatment situation, and the correct absence of jewellery increased for hospital staff members (from 75% to 89%). The use of gloves decreased (from 91% to 80%). The use of plastic apron significantly increased (from 27% to 52%). In the microbiology screening study, a total of 394 patients with 438 wounds were included. The most frequent microbe was Gram-positive cocci, which was found in 458 (60%) of the 760 isolates and in 353 (81%) of the wounds. Two ESBL-producing isolates were found, one Escherichia coli and one Enterobacter aerogenes.

    The findings suggest that the combined interventions and the method used with multidisciplinary teams as well as multiple strategies for interventions might have a positive effect on focusing on hygiene routines. Knowledge of the local bacteria flora and their antibiotic resistance as well as the type of wounds, is of importance when deci ing what antimicrobial treatment to suggest, and the monitoring needs to be continuing.

  • 330.
    Axelsson, Carolina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Ulander, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Westergren, Albert
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Fallriskbedömning med Downton Fallrisk Index: studenter på sjuksköterskeprogrammet använder och utvärderar instrumentet i oktober 20082009Report (Other academic)
  • 331.
    Axelsson, Emelie
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Nedmar, Sara
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av compassion fatigue: en litteraturöversikt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Compassion fatigue är ett nytt begrepp och är en respons på stress som kan påverka sjuksköterskors hälsa och skapa svårigheter att ge en god vård.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av compassion fatigue.

    Metod: Denna litteraturöversikt grundades på tio vetenskapliga artiklar med kvalitativ ansats. Artiklarna granskades, analyserades och sammanställdes till ett nytt resultat och en ny helhet.

    Resultat: Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskorna involverade sig för mycket och kände stark ansvarskänsla för patienter. En påfrestande arbetsmiljö i kombination med svårigheter att hålla professionella gränser i patientkontakten, kan vara orsaken till att compassion fatigue uppstår. Compassion fatigue påverkade arbetslivet genom att sjuksköterskorna använde distansering till patienter och anhöriga för att undvika känslomässigt svåra situationer. Sjuksköterskor hade behov av organisatoriska förändringar för att inte drabbas av tillståndet. Compassion fatigue kan förebyggas och motverkas på individnivå genom att ha en hälsosam balans mellan yrkesliv och privatliv. För att minska risken att drabbas av compassion fatigue, är det viktigt med reflektion om sina tankar och känslor för att kunna bearbeta dem.

    Diskussion: Sjuksköterskor som känner stark ansvarskänsla och involverar sig för mycket i patientkontakten har en ökad risk att drabbas av tillståndet. Distansering är en osund strategi som sjuksköterskor använder för att bevara sin hälsa, men som sänker kvaliteten i omvårdnaden. Nyexaminerade sjuksköterskor löper större risk att drabbas av compassion fatigue. Genom att införa information och öka kunskapen om tillståndet redan på utbildningsnivå kan det skapa en medvetenhet och förbereda sjuksköterskestudenter inför det kommande arbetslivet. 

  • 332.
    Axelsson, Lars
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Edén, Lena
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Inequalities of quality of life in unemployed young adults: a population-based questionnaire study2007In: International Journal for Equity in Health, ISSN 1475-9276, E-ISSN 1475-9276, Vol. 6, p. 1-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: It is well known that unemployment is a great problem both to the exposed individual and to the whole society. Unemployment is reported as more common among young people compared to the general level of unemployment. Inequity in health status and lifesatisfaction is related to unemployment. The purpose of this population-based study was to describe QOL among unemployed young people compared to those who are not unemployed, and to analyse variables related to QOL for the respective groups.

    Methods: The sample consisted of 264 young unemployed individuals and 528 working or studying individuals as a reference group. They all received a questionnaire about civil status, educational level, immigration, employment status, self-reported health, self-esteem, social support, social network, spare time, dwelling, economy and personal characteristics. The response rate was 72%. The significance of differences between proportions was tested by Fisher's exact test or by χ2 test. Multivariate analysis was carried out by means of a logistic regression model.

    Results: Our results balance the predominant picture of youth unemployment as a principally negative experience. Although the unemployed reported lower levels of QOL than the reference group, a majority of unemployed young adults reported good QOL, and 24% even experienced higher QOL after being unemployed. Positive QOL related not only to good health, but also to high self-esteem, satisfaction with spare time and broad latitude for decision-making.

    Conclusion: Even if QOL is good among a majority of unemployed young adults, inequalities in QOL were demonstrated. To create more equity in health, individuals who report reduced subjective health, especially anxiety need extra attention and support. Efforts should aim at empowering unemployed young adults by identifying their concerns and resources, and by creating individual programmes in relation not only to education and work, but also to personal development.

  • 333.
    Axelsson, Lars
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Andersson, Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Håkansson, Anders
    Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö, Family Medicine, Lund University.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Work ethics and general work attitudes in adolescents are related to quality of life, sense of coherence and subjective health: a Swedish questionnaire study2005In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 5, p. 103-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Working life is an important arena in most people's lives, and the working line concept is important for the development of welfare in a society. For young people, the period before permanent establishment in working life has become longer during the last two decades. Knowledge about attitudes towards work can help us to understand young people's transition to the labour market. Adolescents are the future workforce, so it seems especially important to notice their attitudes towards work, including attitudes towards the welfare system. The aim of this study was to describe and analyse upper secondary school students' work attitudes, and to explore factors related to these attitudes. METHODS: The sample consisted of 606 upper secondary school students. They all received a questionnaire including questions about quality of life (QOL), sense of coherence (SOC), subjective health and attitudes towards work. The response rate was 91%. A factor analysis established two dimensions of work attitudes. Multivariate analyses were carried out by means of logistic regression models. RESULTS: Work ethics (WE) and general work attitudes (GWA) were found to be two separate dimensions of attitudes towards work. Concerning WE the picture was similar regardless of gender or study programme. Males in theoretical programmes appeared to have more unfavourable GWA than others. Multivariate analyses revealed that good QOL, high SOC and good health were significantly related to positive WE, and high SOC was positively related to GWA. Being female was positively connected to WE and GWA, while studying on a practical programme was positively related to GWA only. Among those who received good parental support, GWA seemed more favourable. CONCLUSION: Assuming that attitudes towards work are important to the working line concept, this study points out positive factors of importance for the future welfare of the society. Individual factors such as female gender, good QOL, high SOC and good health as well as support from both parents, positive experience of school and work contacts related positively to attitudes towards work. Further planning and supportive work have to take these factors into account.

  • 334.
    Axelsson, Lars
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Brorsson, A.
    Håkansson, A.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Variations in perception of unemployment and actions as unemployed: interviews with sixteen young adultsArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 335.
    Axelsson, Lars
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Self-reported health, self-esteem and social support among young unemployed people: a population-based study2002In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 11, no 2, p. 111-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A population-based study was performed in southern Sweden in the autumn of 1998. The aim was to study connections between self-reported health, self-esteem and social support among unemployed (≥ three months) young people. The sample consisted of 264 unemployed individuals aged 20–25 years, and 528 individuals of the same age, randomly selected from the population register and not registered as unemployed. The response rate was 72%. Defined by means of factor analysis, mental health consisted of the symptoms tearfulness, dysphoria, sleeping disturbance, restlessness, general fatigue and irritability. The unemployed had more mental health problems than young people who were working or studying. Restlessness and dysphoria were significantly over-represented in the unemployed among both sexes. However, good social support seemed to predict mental health. Support from parents was most important, particularly in males. Those with low self-esteem and poor parental support were especially vulnerable.

  • 336.
    Axelsson, Linn
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Jonskog Eriksson, Elinor
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Sambandet mellan parodontit och KOL2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic lung disease. The disease is the fourth leading cause of death and more than 5 percent of the adult population worldwide is affected.

    The aim of this study was to investigate the association between periodontitis and COPD.

    Search for material for the literature review was done in the medical database PubMed where the keywords were: "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" and "Periodontal health or periodontal disease". The result is based on twelve studies that were extracted and analyzed. The studies have investigated pocket depth, attachment loss, plaque index, bleeding on probing and bone loss. Ten studies compared a COPD group with a healthy control group, one study compared two COPD groups and one study examined a COPD group and a group with other lung diseases.

    Most studies found that people with COPD had a higher incidence of pocket depth, attachment loss, plaque index, bleeding on probing and bone loss. The conclusion of the literature review is that there is an association between periodontitis and COPD and that smoking is a link between the two diseases.  

  • 337.
    Axelsson, Malin
    et al.
    Malmö University.
    Persson, Lena
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Höglund Nielsen, Birgitta
    Danmark.
    Living in the wake of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Long-Term Oxygen Therapy2016In: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 6, p. 376-385Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the fourth leading cause of death in the world. COPD is a progressive disease that could lead to chronic hypoxemia, which requires treatment as domiciliary Long-Term Oxygen Therapy (LTOT). There is a need for increased knowledge about self-care strategies used by individuals living with COPD and LTOT. Objective: The aim was to explore experiences and self-care strategies in patients living with both COPD and LTOT. Sample: The sample consisted of five men and five women diagnosed with COPD being prescribed LTOT for more than one year. Method: Ten interviews were undertaken and analyzed for both manifest and latent content. Results: Living with COPD and LTOT was associated with experiences of guilt although there were doubts about what had caused the lung disease. Both the lung disease and the oxygen therapy had a negative impact on their self-image. Anxiety was expressed when thoughts about the remaining time occurred. There was a constant balance between diminishing abilities and increasing restrictions related to the lung disease and the therapy. In order to compensate for arising imbalance, self-care strategies had been initiated aimed at preserving the present state of health, enabling and facilitating physical activity and promoting a positive attitude. Conclusion: The current study suggests that individuals living with COPD and LTOT are encouraged to adopt self-care strategies directed towards maintaining stability with regard to the lung disease, the oxygen therapy, physical capability and emotional reactions.

  • 338.
    Axelsson, Philippe
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Sånge, Catarina
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Vad kan sjuksköterskan göra för att underlätta för vuxna personer med stickrädsla?: en litteraturstudie2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Inom vården är möten med vuxna patienter som känner obehag inför blodprovstagning eller rädsla vid situationer där stick är inblandat vanligt förekommande. Studier visar att det rör sig om cirka tio procent av den vuxna befolkningen som känner stickrädsla. Sjuksköterskan har därvid ett stort ansvar att hjälpa patienterna genom de ibland påfrestande situationer som kan uppstå på grund av stickrädslan. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva vad sjuksköterskan kan göra för att underlätta för den vuxna patienten med stickrädsla vid sticksessioner. Metod: Studien är en litteraturstudie där resultatet baserats på kvantitativa och kvalitativa originalartiklar. Artiklarna har granskats, analyserats och sammanställts. Resultat: Resultatet visar att det finns olika sätt att underlätta för den stickrädda vuxna patienten. Det är möjligt genom att smärtlindra patienten, genom att miljön och den medicinska utrustningen är sådan att den kan minska stressen för den stickrädda vuxna patienten, samt genom kommunikation, där lyhördhet och respekt ingår, med patienten. Slutsats: Vårdpersonal som möter vuxna stickrädda patienter i samband med sticksessioner behöver ha kunskap om stickrädsla hos vuxna och redskap för att underlätta för dem och ge dem ett gott bemötande.

  • 339.
    Axgart, Robert
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Hellman, Adam
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Redovisningsval: en studie om faktorer som påverkar bostadsrättsföreningars val av regelverk2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In early 2014 introduced a new framework for how companies and economic associations must end their fiscal year. Not until the media began to report on the issue earlier this year, the debate has been launched and several organizations have made statements and simplifications. They have proven to be difficult to interpret and implement, and for some housing associations, the application may be fatal. The choice is between two sets of rules in the K-project. Depending on the choice that the Board make, the consequences of the different choices differ markedly.The purpose of the study is that the basis of condominium associations' perspective, exploring the factors that influence and how they are affected, depends on the accounting elections board does. This will be carried out by studying financial managers that provide boards with information and recommendations. The problem of the study is therefore what factors affect board election of the regulations.The study will be based on an abductive reasoning which is essential for an exploratory study. Along with theories of rational decisions, the principal- agent relationship, stakeholders and risk, we will create an understanding of how associations make decisions. To achieve this goal and get a good overall picture, we will start from qualitative research with semi-structured interviews. In order to prove the reliability of the study, we started from reliable methods that are a central part of good research. We have been consistent and impartial where we started from the same material at all interviews, to research the matter shall be correctly performed.By analyzing empirical data, we have been able to create examples of possible scenarios in the financial statements for easier linkage to theory. Results of the study found that there are several factors affecting the choice that the board does. It turned out that the Board is dependent on information from outside and that there are multiple stakeholders who have a vested interest in the election.

  • 340.
    Axgart, Robert
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Hellman, Adam
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Redovisningsval: en studie om faktorer som påverkar valet och dess konsekvenser2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In early 2014 introduced a new framework for how companies and economic associations must end their fiscal year. Not until the media began to report on the issue earlier this year, the debate has been launched and several organizations have made statements and simplifications. They have proven to be difficult to interpret and implement, and for some housing associations, the application may be fatal. The choice is between two sets of rules in the K-project. Depending on the choice that the Board make, the consequences of the different choices differ markedly.

    The purpose of the study is that the basis of condominium associations' perspective, exploring the factors that influence and how they are affected, depends on the accounting elections board does. This will be carried out by studying financial managers that provide boards with information and recommendations. The problem of the study is therefore what factors affect board election of the regulations.

    The study will be based on an abductive reasoning which is essential for an exploratory study. Along with theories of rational decisions, the principal- agent relationship, stakeholders and risk, we will create an understanding of how associations make decisions. To achieve this goal and get a good overall picture, we will start from qualitative research with semi-structured interviews. In order to prove the reliability of the study, we started from reliable methods that are a central part of good research. We have been consistent and impartial where we started from the same material at all interviews, to research the matter shall be correctly performed.

    By analyzing empirical data, we have been able to create examples of possible scenarios in the financial statements for easier linkage to theory. Results of the study found that there are several factors affecting the choice that the board does. It turned out that the Board is dependent on information from outside and that there are multiple stakeholders who have a vested interest in the election.

  • 341.
    Bachiller, Patricia
    et al.
    University of Zaragoza.
    Grossi, Giuseppe
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Great expectations but poor results: financial and social performance of the Toscana Energia merger2012In: Public Money & Management, ISSN 0954-0962, E-ISSN 1467-9302, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 69-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the importance of mergers in the public sector , analysing the case of T oscana Energia—a gas supplier in Italy. T oscana Energia was formed by merging three entities. There was no improvement in financial performance after the merger. Realistic merger benefits include competitive gains and, in this case, a better deal for consumers. P oliticians under pressure to merge should insist on the public sector being the majority owner in utilities. The best merger outcomes are of smaller municipal enterprises.

  • 342.
    Backesten, Joel
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Legetth, Jacob
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Vad är skillnaden mellan finansiella instrument ur en investerares perspektiv?: en kvantitativ studie om skillnader mellan olika finansiella instrument emitterade av samma bolag.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this dissertation is to enhance investor’s understanding about the differences between various financial securities that are issued by the same company.

    Introduction: The development of the financial markets has created an increased range of financial securities. Same companies have also issued various financial securities, which means that the investors face the dilemma of choosing between the options. Previous researches disagree on how these various securities differ from each other, because their results have shown to be dependent on the location of investigation.

    Method: Previous studies have been used as the basis for the formulation of this study’s hypothesis, which means that it has a deductive character. The purpose of the study requires large amounts of data to be analyzed, which entails that a quantitative method has been used. The study has analyzed Swedish companies that have issued at least two different securities. By creating various portfolios that contain each security class we have been able to analyze the differences and to answer our research question.

    Conclusion: The result shows that there are some differences between various financial securities issued by the same company. This means that investor must carefully evaluate their options before implementing an investment, since the risk is greater for securities with superior voting power.

     Key Words: Risk, return, risk-adjusted return, financial securities, investors

  • 343.
    Backström, Jens
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Obstinat och rabiat eller lat och flat?: En diskursanalys av medias framställning av socialtjänsten.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay was to deepen the knowledge of how child-protection-work is illustrated by massmedia. The essay takes it stand in discourse analysis to explain what image is displayed of social work concerning child-protection that is published in news media during 2007 in one of Sweden’s most read evening-papers. The result of the study is that social workers involved in child-protection-work often are categorized as either too zealous or too uncommitted, in the media. The result reflected the current discourse concerning how social workers do their duties in the modern society.

  • 344. Badersten, Anita
    et al.
    Birkhed, D
    Lundgren, T
    Renvert, Stefan
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Tandhälsovård1986 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 345.
    Baeza, Julia
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Ånmo, Caroline
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Brand origin: how does it impact brand awareness and brand image2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As globalization influences today’s world markets, many brands are becoming international and global. When a brand is in an international market it creates an opportunity for perceived brand origin to influence the consumers. Brand origin effect refers to the different ways that the perceived origin of a brand influences the consumers, for example, the consumer brand equity or purchase behaviour. The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate brand origins effect on brand image and brand awareness. There has been research on this in the past; however, only few of them have focused on emerging markets. Therefore, we will investigate the brand origin effect in emerging markets. The study is performed in Ecuador, and the data is collected through structured interviews within the target population. The dissertation was done in collaboration with the Swedish company Husqvarna. Therefore, it was the brand awareness and image of Husqvarna in particular that was studied. The results of this dissertation indicate that there are relationships between the variables brand origin, brand image and brand awareness. First of all, there were indications that consumers in emerging markets prefer brands from developed countries. The second relationship that the results indicate is that a more positive image of perceived brand origin means a more positive image of brand image. The last relationship is that a more positive image of perceived brand origin, leads to a higher sense of brand awareness. However, it is necessary to mention that none of these relationships could be proven to be significant through statistical testing. As a result of this, this dissertation provides a good foundation for future research where the relationships should be further studied.

  • 346.
    Bajgora, Ardiana
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Bogren, Hanna
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Vilka kunskaper, färdigheter och andra förmågor anses vara relevanta för revisorsassistenter?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Revision är ett professionsyrke och med det menas yrken som baseras på vetenskaplig kunskap och vetenskaplig forskning. Advokater, präster och läkare är exempel på sådana professioner. Till exempel behöver en läkare studera kroppens anatomi för att kunna utöva sitt yrke och därmed säger man att läkaryrkets kunskapsbas är tydlig, det vill säga, man vet vad en läkare bör kunna. Vi började fundera på: hur ser denna kunskapsbas ut för revisorsyrket? Litteraturen visar att revisorns kunskapsbas är otydlig och detta bidrog till att vi ville försöka ta reda på vad man bör kunna som revisor.

    Vi valde att koncentrera oss på revisorsassistenter som endast har arbetat ett par år eftersom vi ansåg att de skulle kunna ge oss de mest relevanta svaren då de har arbetat ett tag samtidigt som det inte är så länge sedan de utbildade sig och därmed borde de kunna tala om för oss vilka kunskaper som de tyckte har varit till stor nytta när de kom ut i arbetslivet. Därför lyder vår uppsats frågeställning: "Vilka kunskaper, färdigheter och andra förmågor är relevanta för revisorsassistenter?

    För att erhålla vårt empiriska material har vi, efter att studerat fyra sekundära material, gjort sex stycken telefonintervjuer. Målpopulationen blev revisorsassistenter från de större revisions- och redovisningsbyråerna i Sverige.

    Att inte veta exakt vad det är för slags utbildning och kunskaper som bör läras ut inför revisorsyrket har vi kommit fram till är en bidragande faktor till varför dagens högskolor- och universitets ekonomprogram som riktar sig till blivande revisorer är ganska generella. Att revisionsprofessionen är otydlig leder till en ovisshet om vad som bör läras ut, vilket i sin tur bidrar till att ekonomstudenter istället lär sig lite om mycket. Vi har kommit fram till att detta inte måste ses som en nackdel eller något negativt utan tvärt om. Vi tror snarare att det är en fördel att man som studerande lär sig lite av varje inom ekonomiområdet och att man senare ges möjlighet att genomgå en internutbildning då man kommer ut i arbetslivet och att man på så vis kan specialisera sig till sin arbetsplats inom ett eller flera områden.

  • 347.
    Bala, Sidona-Valentina
    et al.
    Lund University & Helsingborg Hospital.
    Samuelson, Karin
    Lund University.
    Hagell, Peter
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Lund University & Jönköping University.
    Forslind, Kristina
    Helsingborg Hospital & Lund University.
    Svensson, Björn
    Lund University.
    Thomé, Bibbi
    Lund University.
    Living with persistent rheumatoid arthritis: a BARFOT study2016In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 26, no 17-18, p. 2646-2656Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM AND OBJECTIVE: To describe and understand the meaning of living with persistent rheumatoid arthritis.

    BACKGROUND: A considerable number of patients with rheumatoid arthritis live with an ongoing active and symptomatic illness despite access to potent antirheumatic treatment. There is, however, a lack of knowledge about the meaning of living with this severe long-term illness, defined as persistent rheumatoid arthritis.

    DESIGN: A descriptive design based on a hermeneutic phenomenological method was used.

    METHODS: Ten adults with persistent rheumatoid arthritis and at least five years disease duration were interviewed. The interviews were analysed according to van Manen's method.

    RESULTS: Living with persistent rheumatoid arthritis revealed four overall themes: an existence dominated by painful symptoms and treatment, radical changes and limitations in one's life, a continual struggle to cope with one's life and to master the illness, and a dependency on those who are close by and the world around. The lifeworld was affected to a varying extent and in various ways by the illness but also by the dependence on its treatment and care that was not experienced as sufficiently meeting needs in terms of security, access to and coordination of care as well as team and rehabilitation services.

    CONCLUSIONS: Persistent rheumatoid arthritis and its treatment entail a radical effect on the person's life and quality of life. Current ordinary rheumatology care does not seem to meet the individual needs of the person with persistent rheumatoid arthritis in an optimal way.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: A greater knowledge about and understanding of the person who lives with persistent rheumatoid arthritis is important for facilitating the development of care and the relief of suffering. A holistic alternative to conventional clinical practice, such as person-centred care, could be tested as an innovative model of care. Our findings might serve as material for educational and counselling purposes for healthcare professionals.

  • 348.
    Bala, Sidona-Valentina
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Samuelson, Karin
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Hagell, Peter
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE.
    Svensson, Björn
    Section of Rheumatology at the Institution of Clinical Science, Lund University.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Hesselgard, Karin
    Corpporate office, Skåne Regional Council, Malmö.
    The experience of care at nurse-led rheumatology clinics2012In: Musculoskeletal Care, ISSN 1478-2189, E-ISSN 1557-0681, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 202-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective To describe how people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) experience the care provided by Swedish nurse-led rheumatology outpatient clinics. Methods Eighteen adult people with a diagnosis of RA who had had at least three documented contact sessions with a nurse-led clinic were interviewed. The interviews were analysed with qualitative content analysis. Results Care was expressed in three categories: social environment, professional approach and value-adding measures. A social environment including a warm encounter, a familial atmosphere and pleasant premises was desired and contributed to a positive experience of care. The nurses' professional approach was experienced as empathy, knowledge and skill, as well as support. The care was described as person centred and competent, as it was based on the individual's unique experience of his/her disease and needs. The nurses' specialist knowledge of rheumatology and rheumatology care was highly valued. The offered care represented added value for the participants, instilling security, trust, hope and confidence. It was perceived as facilitating daily life and creating positive emotions. The nurse-led clinics were reported to be easily accessible and provided continuity of the care. These features were presented as fundamental guarantees for health care safety. Conclusion The experiences emphasized the need for a holistic approach to care. In this process, the organization of care and the role and skills of the nurse should be focused on the individual's needs and perspectives. The social environment, professional approach and value-adding measures are particularly relevant for optimal care at nurse-led rheumatology outpatient clinics.

  • 349.
    Bala, V.
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Fridlund, B.
    Jönköping University.
    Forslind, K.
    Lund University.
    Svensson, B.
    Lund University.
    Hagell, Peter
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Towards measurement of person-centered care outcomes in outpatient nurse-led clinics2017In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 76, p. 1520-1520Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Person-centered care (PCC) is increasingly emphasized as a key component of effective illness management and of developing high quality of care. Despite considerable progress of PCC in many areas of care there is currently a gap and a need for means to assess PCC practice in outpatient care. In rheumatology, PCC is considered an unmet need and further development and evaluation of this approach to care is thus of high priority.

    Objectives To develop an instrument for measuring person-centered care from the perspective of the person with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in nurse-led outpatient clinics.

    Methods A conceptual framework of PCC in the outpatient context and focusing on the meeting between the person with RA and the nurse and on the patient as an active care partner was undertaken. Based on this framework, qualitative interviews (1,2) and a literature review, a 35-item questionnaire was proposed and qualitatively tested regarding acceptability and content validity among 50 persons with RA attending a nurse-led outpatient clinic. Two versions of the questionnaire were tested: one using four response categories (0 = Totally disagree; 3 = Completely agree), and one using two response categories (0 = Disagree; 1 = Agree). Content validity was estimated by calculating Content Validity Index of the individual items (I-CVI) and of the overall instrument (S-CVI).

    Results Respondents found the items easy to understand (77%) and relevant (93%). Seventy-three percent of the respondents preferred the questionnaire version with four response categories. This version took a mean (SD) of 5.3 (2.5) minutes to complete. I-CVI values ranged from 0.87 to 1.00 and S-CVI was 0.94. About 80% of the respondents considered some items to be redundant. This resulted in a reduced 24-item draft questionnaire that yield a total score between 0–72.

    Conclusions A preliminary 24-item patient-reported PCC questionnaire was developed. Psychometric testing is needed for validation of this tool before implementation.

  • 350.
    Balachandran, Chanchal
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Umans, Timurs
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS).
    Wennberg, Karl
    Linköping University.
    Diversity in New Venture Boards2017Conference paper (Other academic)
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