hkr.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
3456789 251 - 300 av 478
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 251.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Likvärdig bedömning genom nationella prov?2013Ingår i: Grundskoletidningen, ISSN 1652-7844, nr 1, s. 6-10Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 252.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Lärande bedömning2017 (uppl. 4)Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här boken ges ett särskilt perspektiv på bedömning. Det visar hur bedöm­ning kan användas i lärandets tjänst, så att eleverna i skolan ges möjlighet att lära sig så mycket och så bra som möjligt. Med hjälp av aktuell forskning visas hur bedömningen kan stötta elevernas lärande på ett effektivt sätt. Boken försöker bland annat svara på följande frågor:

    • Hur kommunicerar man mål och kriterier till eleverna?
    • Hur tar man reda på vad eleverna kan i förhållande till mål och kriterier?
    • Hur hjälper man eleverna att utvecklas mot målen?
    • Hur kan man engagera eleverna i själv- och kamratbedömning?

    Budskapet i ”Lärande bedömning” är viktigare och mer aktuellt än någonsin. Trots att ”bedömning för lärande” fått starkt fäste i Sverige, används formativ bedömning i stor utsträckning för att höja elevernas resultat på prov, snarare än som ett redskap för en allsidig kunskapsutveckling, eller för att stödja elevernas ansvar för det egna lärandet. Ofta saknas ett formativt förhållningssätt och skolans långsiktiga mål har i flera sammanhang ersatts med ett fokus på provresultat.

  • 253.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Lärande bedömning2011 (uppl. 2)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här boken ges ett särskilt perspektiv på bedömning. Det visar hur bedömning kan användas i lärandets tjänst, så att eleverna i skolan ges möjlighet att lära sig så mycket och så bra som möjligt. Med hjälp av aktuell forskning visas hur bedömningen kan stötta elevernas lärande på ett effektivt sätt. Boken försöker bland annat svara på följande frågor: 

    • Hur kommunicerar man mål och kriterier till eleverna?

    • Hur tar man reda på vad eleverna kan i förhållande till mål och kriterier?

    • Hur hjälper man eleverna att utvecklas mot målen?

    • Hur kan man engagera eleverna i själv- och kamratbedömning?

    Med hjälp av praktiska exempel visas flera olika sätt att bedöma elevernas prestationer. I bokens andra upplaga är alla exempel anpassade till kursplanerna i Lgr11.

  • 254.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Meeting the needs of low-achieving students in Sweden: an interview study2018Ingår i: Frontiers in Education: Special Educational Needs, Vol. 3, nr 63Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In 1994, a major curriculum reform was implemented in Sweden. A norm-referenced grading system was replaced by national goals and performance standards. The intention was that students not reaching the minimum standards would be identified and support provided. This optimistic vision has not been entirely realized. In 2017, 25.9% of all Swedish students graduated from compulsory school without receiving a passing grade in all subjects. To understand how students at risk of not receiving passing grades are identified and provided with support, interviews have been conducted at 10 Swedish schools. Findings suggest that the schools in the sample are successful in identifying students in need of support, but not necessarily in identifying the specific needs of individual students. The identification may also differ between students with learning difficulties and students with behavioral problems. Furthermore, the findings suggest that schools and teachers in the sample have different approaches when providing support to low-achieving students. This support can be categorized as supporting and relational, simplifying, or general and practical. These approaches, in turn, may provide different opportunities for students’ engagement with schoolwork and eventually their performance. By discussing the findings in relation to self-determination theory and self-efficacy, the combination of challenging tasks and scaffolding support, as well as providing structure in combination with caring relationships, are identified as important facilitators of increased student motivation and effort.

  • 255.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Om evidens och att iscensätta forskningsresultat i klassrummet2019Ingår i: Skola och samhälle, ISSN 2001-6727Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Diskussionen om evidens tenderar att ramla in i den gamla vanliga ”antingen eller” mentaliteten kring mätbarhet och generaliserbarhet. Anders Jönsson efterlyser en pragmatisk syn på forskning, som utgår från vad som är användbar kunskap, istället för en polariserad uppdelning mellan kvantitativa och kvalitativa data.

  • 256.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Prov eller bedömning?: att tolka och använda provresultat och omdömen2017 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vad är prov respektive bedömning och varför ser de ut som de gör? Den mest grundläggande skillnaden består i att prov och bedömningar används för att dra slutsatser om olika saker. Genom prov vill man pröva elevernas kunskaper, medan man genom bedömning vill pröva kvaliteten på elevernas lösningar. Eftersom elevernas lösningar är observerbara kan de bedömas direkt och omdömen formuleras. Elevernas kunskaper är däremot inte omedelbart tillgängliga och måste därför mätas indirekt, genom att sammanställa resultat från provuppgifter till ett provresultat. Denna grundläggande skillnad ger i sin tur upphov till skillnader i hur prov och bedömningar utformas och genomförs, samt hur utfallet kan tolkas och användas. 

    Prov och bedömning är alltså i grunden är olika saker, trots att man ibland använder dem som synonymer. Detta får konsekvenser för hur man tolkar provresultat respektive omdömen från bedömningar, samt hur man använder dem på ett rimligt sätt för formativa och summativa ändamål. 

  • 257.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Själv- och kamratbedömning2012Ingår i: Grundskoletidningen, ISSN 1652-7844, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 21-24Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 258.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Skolans märkliga mätpolitik2017Ingår i: Skola och samhälle, ISSN 2001-6727Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 259.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Student performance on argumentation task in the Swedish National Assessment in science2016Ingår i: International Journal of Science Education, ISSN 0950-0693, E-ISSN 1464-5289, Vol. 38, nr 11, s. 1825-1840Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of content knowledge on students’ socio- scientific argumentation in the Swedish National Assessment in biology, chemistry and physics for 12-year-olds. In Sweden, the assessment of socio-scientific argumentation has been a major part of the National Assessment during three consecutive years and this study utilizes data on student performance to investigate (a) the relationship between tasks primarily addressing argumentation and tasks addressing primarily content knowledge as well as (b) students’ performance on argumentation tasks, which differ in relation to content, subject, aspect of argumentation and assessment criteria. Findings suggest a strong and positive relationship between content knowledge and students’ performance on argumentation tasks.The analysis also provides some hypotheses about the task difficulty of argumentation tasks that may be pursued in future investigations.

  • 260.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Vad är egentligen ”fakta”?2017Ingår i: Skola och Samhälle, ISSN 2001-6727, nr 11 decemberArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 261.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Varför är det så svårt att sätta likvärdiga betyg?2018Ingår i: Skola och samhälle, ISSN 2001-6727Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 262.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Är “grit” kejsarens nya kläder?2017Ingår i: Skola och samhälle, ISSN 2001-6727Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 263.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Är kriterier bra eller dåliga?2018Ingår i: Skola och samhälle, ISSN 2001-6727Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 264.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Återkoppling: formativ återkoppling i stora studentgrupper2016Ingår i: Högskolepedagogisk debatt, ISSN 2000-9216, nr 2, s. 60-76Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 265.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Balan, Andreia
    City of Helsingborg.
    Analytic or holistic: a study of agreement between different grading models2018Ingår i: Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, ISSN 1531-7714, E-ISSN 1531-7714, Vol. 23, nr 12Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on teachers’ grading has shown that there is great variability among teachers regarding both the process and product of grading, resulting in low comparability and issues of inequality when using grades for selection purposes. Despite this situation, not much is known about the merits or disadvantages of different models for grading. In this study, a methodology for comparing two models of grading in terms of (a) agreement between assessors (reliability) and (b) justifications for the grades assigned (validity) was used with a small sample of teachers (n = 24). The design is experimental, with teachers being randomly assigned to two conditions, where they graded the same student performance using either an analytic or a holistic approach. Grades have been compared in terms of agreement and rank correlation, and justifications have been analyzed with content analysis. Findings suggest that the analytic condition yields substantively higher agreement among assessors as compared to the holistic condition (66 versus 46 percent agreement; Cohen's kappa .60 versus .41), as well as higher rank correlation (Spearman's rho .97 versus .94), without any major differences in how the grades were justified. On the contrary, there was a relatively strong consensus among most raters in the sample.

  • 266.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Balan, Andreia
    Effects on student motivation and performance by increased transparency in assessment: EARLI-konferensen2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that sharing explicit assessment criteria with student may positively affect student performance, reduce anxiety, as well as support students’ use of self-regulated learning strategies (Panadero & Jonsson, 2013). Furthermore, it is suggested that students’ motivation for learning is positively affected by their understanding of learning goals and performance criteria (Ellis & Tod, 2015). But there are also indications of students becoming more performance oriented, as opposed to learning oriented, when being provided with explicit assessment criteria. Other fears voiced against the practice of sharing criteria with students is that students may not understand the criteria or that the use of criteria may turn students’ attention away from productive learning towards surface strategies and “criteria compliance” (e.g. Sadler, 2009; Torrance, 2007).    

    Since there is a lack of studies systematically investigating how students are influenced by the use of explicit criteria, it is currently not fully understood under which circumstances it is productive for student learning and motivation to share explicit assessment criteria. Furthermore, there is a lack of studies making a distinction between how students with different goal orientations are affected by the use of explicit criteria. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate the influence of increased transparency in assessment on student motivation and performance, with a specific focus on students’ goal orientations.

    The overall design of this study is an intervention study, where the use of transparency in assessment is increased successively over four teaching sequences. During the first sequence, students are provided with feedback based on criteria, but the criteria are not shared with the students. During the second sequence, students are provided with exemplars, which are chosen to exemplify the criteria. But again, the criteria are not shared with the students. During the third sequence, students are provided with rubrics, which include explicit criteria. Finally, during the fourth sequence, students are provided with both rubrics and exemplars.

    The study uses a complex design, with a total of eight groups of students from four different primary schools (students 12-13 years old; n = 145). On each school, the same teacher teaches two classes of students. During the first sequence, all students are taught the same (science) content and experience the same level of transparency. During the second sequence, all students are also taught the same content, but while the level of transparency is increased for six of the groups, two groups remain on the first level. Similarly, during the third sequence, all students are taught the same content, but the level of transparency is increased for four of the groups, while two remain on the second level and two on the first. Finally, during the fourth sequence, all students are taught the same content, but the level of transparency is increased for two of the groups, while two remain on the third level, two on the second level and two on the first.

    Data collection will be carried out in relation to the four teaching sequences, which are spread over the academic year of 2016-17. For all of the groups, performance tests and motivation questionnaires are distributed before the intervention and after each sequence. The performance tests are composed of items from previous national tests in science, addressing a content similar (but not identical) to the sequence taught. The motivation questionnaire is composed of scales for self-efficacy, performance orientation, and self-regulation (except for one of the self-regulation scales, which has a low alpha value, internal consistency is acceptable for all scales used). There are also shorter questionnaires, with only six items, distributed during each teaching sequence, which target students’ perceptions of transparency.

    Data from performance tests and motivation questionnaires is analyzed with descriptive statistics, as well as with ANOVA based models, in order to track changes within each group, but also to compare between the groups. Analyses will be made with students’ goal orientations both as a dependent variable and as a moderating variable.

    Initial analyses show that:

    1. The correlations between students’ perceptions of transparency and self-efficacy/self-regulation are moderate to strong.
    2. One of the schools in the sample differs significantly from the others with respect to self-efficacy, self-regulation och achievement goals (i.e. means are lower on these scales). Since this is the school that will hold a constant (low) level of transparency during the study, it can be assumed that this observed difference will increase.
    3. Students generally rate their self-efficacy and perception of self-regulation strategies as relatively high (4.72 and 4.53 respectively, on a 6 point scale). Furthermore, according to the pre-test questionnaire students’ ratings on the achievement goals scale is substantially higher (5.38) as compared to the performance goals scale (3.14). If the use of explicit criteria makes students more performance oriented, this relationship is expected to change. According to previous research, ratings on the self-efficacy and self-regulation scales should also be expected to increase.

    Despite the widely spread practice of sharing explicit criteria with students, for instance in the shape of scoring rubrics, few studies have systematically addressed the question of how students are influenced by transparency in assessment. This study therefore have great significance for both future research and educational practice.

  • 267.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Balan, Andreia
    Formative feedback on primary students’ mathematical reasoning2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to investigate the use of an approach, where heuristics for mathematical problem solving is taught by the use of process level formative feedback (Hattie & Timperley, 2007; Shute, 2008). This means that (detailed, domain-specific, and situation-specific) feedback is provided on students’ attempts to solve mathematical problems, so that heuristics are taught not as general rules or in the abstract, and that the feedback only addresses those shortcomings that are identified in the specific situation, to avoid excessive and/or overwhelming information. Such an approach requires, however, that teachers are able to accurately assess students’ solutions, as well as their reasoning, and provide feedback that may aid the students in developing their problem-solving skills. In order to support the teachers, they were provided with a scoring rubric for mathematical reasoning, which could help them in assessing student performance, as well as supporting them in providing future-directed feedback (or “feedforward”) (Panadero & Jonsson, 2013; Smit & Birri, 2017). Specifically, this study investigated: (a) how the teachers provided feedback to the students with the support of a rubric, and (b) how students’ reasoning was affected by this feedback.

  • 268.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Balan, Andreia
    Helsingborg stad.
    Increased explicitness of assessment criteria: effects on student motivation and performance2018Ingår i: Frontiers in Education: Assessment, Testing and Applied Measurement, Vol. 3, artikel-id 81Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of increased explicitness ofassessment criteria on students’ performance and motivation. Successive levels ofexplicitness, from feedback based on (implicit) criteria to a combination of exemplarsand explicit criteria, were implemented in eight classes at four schools (n = 153 students,12–13 years old) during four teaching sequences in science. Data was collected on: (a)student performance through knowledge tests, (b) student motivation (self-efficacy, goalorientations, and self-regulation) through questionnaires, and (c) perceived clarity of goalsand criteria through “exit tickets.” Findings show that student performance improvedfrom pre-, to post-tests at all schools (effect sizes from 0.82 to 1.38), but not in relationto the level of explicitness. There was also an increase in self-efficacy for low-performingstudents, but, again, not in relation to explicitness. These changes are instead assumedto be an effect of the formative feedback provided as part of the intervention. The onlychange related to the level of explicitness, was an increase in self-regulation scores byhigh-performing students when having access to both exemplars and explicit criteria.Findings therefore suggest that low to medium levels of explicitness in assessment haveno discernable effects on students’ performance or motivation.

  • 269.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Ekberg, Margareta
    Malmö högskola.
    Lindahl, Britt
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Löfgren, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Bedömning i NO: grundskolans tidiga år2013Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Undervisning i biologi, fysik och kemi ska ge eleverna förutsättningar att bland annat ta ställning i frågor med naturvetenskapligt innehåll, genomföra undersökningar och använda begrepp för att beskriva och förklara olika fenomen och sammanhang. Men hur vet man i vilken utsträckning eleverna har utvecklat dessa förmågor? Och hur kan man stödja elevernas fortsatta utveckling?

    I den här boken diskuteras vilka aspekter som ska bedömas i förhållande till de förmågor som beskrivs i kursplanerna för NO-ämnena samt hur bedömningen kan genomföras för att hjälpa eleverna att utveckla dessa förmågor. Huvudfokus ligger på strategier för formativ bedömning – hur man kommunicerar förväntningar till eleverna, ger konstruktiv återkoppling och låter eleverna arbeta med själv- och kamratbedömning – men boken tar även upp skriftliga omdömen, betyg, likvärdighet, nationella prov och sambedömning. 

    Boken riktar sig i första hand till lärare, och blivande lärare, som undervisar i NO-ämnena i grundskolans årskurs 1–6. En stor del av innehållet är dock relevant även för andra årskurser och andra ämnen. Författarna har varit ansvariga för utvecklingen av Skolverkets diagnosmaterial i NO för årskurs 1–6 (DiNO) samt medverkar i konstruktionen av de nationella proven i biologi, fysik och kemi för årskurs 6.

  • 270.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Eriksson, Urban
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Nationellt resurscentrum för fysik, Lunds universitet.
    Formative assessment in higher education –: an example from astronomy2019Ingår i: Handbook of Formative Assessment in the Disciplines / [ed] H. L. Andrade, R. E. Bennett, and G. J. Cizek, London & New York, NY: Routledge, 2019Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter addresses the challenges and potential of implementing formative assessment in higher education with a specific focus on astronomy. We emphasize the use of formative assessment strategies as a coherent whole and a learning environment that encourages student autonomy and divergent thinking.

  • 271.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Eriksson, Urban
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Formative assessment in higher education: an example from astronomy2019Ingår i: Handbook of Formative Assessment in the Disciplines / [ed] H. L. Andrade, R. E. Bennett, & G. J. Cizek, Routledge, 2019, s. 146-169Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter addresses the challenges and potential of implementing formative assessment in higher education with a specific focus on astronomy. We emphasize the use of formative assessment strategies as a coherent whole and a learning environment that encourages student autonomy and divergent thinking.

  • 272.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Finlayson, Odilla
    Irland.
    McLoughlin, Eilish
    Irland.
    McCabe, Deirdre
    Irland.
    Teacher education in inquiry and assessment across Europe – the SAILS approach2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Strategies for Assessment of Inquiry-based Learning in Science (SAILS) project (2012-2015) aims to support teachers in adopting inquiry-based science education (IBSE) at second level (www.sails-project.eu). This project is focused on improving science classroom practice with students aged 12-18 years, in twelve European countries (Ireland, United Kingdom, Hungary, Belgium, Turkey, Portugal, Sweden, Germany, Denmark, Poland, Slovakia and Greece), by providing teachers with inquiry-based teaching and learning and assessment materials supplemented with teacher education programs.  The SAILS project has three main objectives: (1) to enhance existing IBSE teaching and learning materials by incorporating inquiry assessment strategies and frameworks; (2) to partner with teachers to identify and implement assessment strategies and frameworks to evaluate key IBSE skills and competences in the classroom; and (3) to provide teacher education programmes in IBSE and promote a self-sustaining model to encourage teachers to share experiences and practice of inquiry approaches to teaching, learning and assessment - by supporting a community of practice. This paper discusses the third objective, specifically development of the SAILS Teacher Education Programme.  This programme aims to develop teachers’ confidence and competence in inquiry approaches and in their assessment of inquiry skills within their classrooms.  Based on experience and research findings, core elements were identified that were considered necessary for the programme while additional elements identified that were useful if timing was available or that were required to adapt to local conditions. Despite variations across the 12 countries involved, similar issues were identified in teacher education programmes.

  • 273.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Holmstedt, Pernilla
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning grundskola, gymnasium och specialpedagogik.
    Aspelin, Jonas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning grundskola, gymnasium och specialpedagogik.
    Learning to see new things: using criteria to support pre-service teachers’ discernment in the context of teachers’ relational work2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Assessment is a two tier process, where the first stage involves the discernment of distinguishing properties (i.e. criteria) in the performance to be assessed. The second stage involves making a judgment about the quality of the performance, based on the identified criteria. In the context of student self-assessment, this means that students first have to be able to discern the criteria, as they are operationalized in their performance, in order to make a valid judgment of quality. In this paper, we present and discuss findings from a study investigating how the access to explicit criteria affected preservice teachers’ discernment of significant dimensions of quality in teachers’ relational work (i.e. the capacity to create and maintain supportive relationships between teacher and students). Digital video was used as a tool for preservice teachers to analyze classroom interaction focusing on teachers’ relational competency. Data used was preservice teachers’ written analyzes of classroom interactions, simulated through digital video before and after the access to explicit criteria. Findings suggest that the access to explicit criteria positively affected preservice teachers’ capacity to discern significant dimensions of quality in teacher performance, which is evidenced by the quality and focus of their analyzes.

  • 274.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Leden, Lotta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    The ambiguous influence of high-stakes testing on science teaching in Sweden2019Ingår i: International Journal of Science Education, ISSN 0950-0693, E-ISSN 1464-5289Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Tests convey messages about what to teach and how to assess. Bothof these dimensions may either broaden or become more uniformand narrow as a consequence of high-stakes testing. This studyaimed to investigate how Swedish science teachers wereinfluenced by national, high-stakes testing in science, specificallyfocusing on instances where teachers’ pedagogical practices werebroadened and/or narrowed. The research design is qualitativethematic analysis of focus group data, from group discussions withSwedish science teachers. The total sample consists of six teachers,who participated in 12 focus group discussion during threeconsecutive years. Findings suggest that the national testsinfluence teachers’ pedagogical practice by being used as asubstitute for the national curriculum. Since the teachers do notwant their students to fail the tests, they implement new contentthat is introduced by the tests and thereby broaden their existingpractice. However, when this new content is not seen as alegitimate part of teachers’ established teaching traditions, theinterpretation and implementation of this content may replicatethe operationalisations made by the test developers, even thoughthese operationalisations are restricted by demands forstandardisation and reliable scoring. Consequently, the testssimultaneously broaden and narrow teachers’ pedagogical practices.

  • 275.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Lundahl, Christian
    Department of Educational Studies, Karlstad University.
    Anders, Holmgren
    Education Department, Borås.
    Evaluating a large-scale implementation of Assessment for Learning in Sweden2015Ingår i: Assessment in education: Principles, Policy & Practice, ISSN 0969-594X, E-ISSN 1465-329X, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 104-121Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reports on a large-scale implementation of Assessment for Learning (AfL) in a Swedish municipality. The implementation was founded on two principles: (1) teaching should be informed by educational research; (2) to be successful teachers’ professional development needs to be based in everyday classroom practice. From these principles, AfL was chosen as a strand of educational research to inform teaching and ‘Teacher Learning Communities’ were chosen as a vehicle for professional development and for implementing AfL practices. Findings indicate that the project has been successful in bringing about a change in how teachers talk about teaching and learning and in changing teachers’ pedagogical practice towards AfL. Findings also suggest that AfL practices are mostly teacher-centred, which means that the teachers still take most of the responsibility for the assessment. This leads to high workload for the teachers and may also hinder students from taking responsibility for their learning.

  • 276.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Lundahl, Christian
    Örebro universitet.
    Klapp, Alli
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Using data in grading: using grades as data2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The practice of grading students’ knowledge is as old as education itself (Lundahl 2006). Yet, it has not been an issue of great concern in teacher education, nor in the educational sciences, until rather recently. This means that current knowledge is limited regarding questions such as how teachers decide upon a grade, the specific competencies needed for grading, the weight assigned by teachers to different aspects of student knowledge, the relationship to official demands on formal grading, and to what degree tradition and/or colleagues affect teachers’ grading. The first part of this presentation is concerned with research on teachers’ grading practices – i.e. the assessment data teachers use when grading – both from a historical and a contemporary perspective. The presentation draws on systematic research reviews and a reading of more than 6,000 peer-reviewed articles on the topic (Hultén, Klapp, Lundahl & Mickwitz 2015, Klapp 2016, Lundahl 2017), as well as on a recent empirical study investigating teachers’ rationales for awarding grades in English. The second part of the presentation reports from an interview study, investigating how grades and assessment data are used as a basis for making decisions about the provision of supplemental support in compulsory school in Sweden. Findings indicate that grades and assessment data are used differently depending on students’ difficulties. This means, for instance, that students with learning difficulties are identified and provided support with greater precision, as compared to students with behavioral or motivational problems.  

     Even if we recognise a growing body of knowledge on teachers’ grading, we also find that the use of grades as data by teachers and schools is basically a white spot on the research map. We have found some indications in the literature that curriculum and assessment-system designs have neglected the perspective of teachers, leading to a de-coupling between professional assessment practice and formal expectations on data use in grading and using grades as data.

  • 277.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Mattsson, Matts
    University of Tromsö.
    Assessing teacher competency during practicum2011Ingår i: A practicum turn in teacher education / [ed] Matts Mattsson, Tor Vidar Eilertsen & Doreen Rorrison, Rotterdam: Sense Publishers , 2011, s. 169-186Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta kapitel redovisar en undersökning av hur lärarstudenter examineras under den verksamhetsförlagda utbildningen vid lärarutbildningarna i Stockholm och Malmö.

  • 278.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Odenstad, Christina
    Bedömning i SO: för grundskolan2014 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 279.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Panadero, Ernesto
    Spanien.
    The use and design of rubrics to support assessment for learning2017Ingår i: Scaling up assessment for learning in higher education / [ed] David Carless, Susan M. Bridges, Cecilia Ka Yuk Chan, Rick Glofcheski, Singapore: Springer Singapore , 2017, s. 99-111Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Rubrics are assessment instruments designed to assist in identifying and evaluating qualitative differences in student performance. Research into scoring rubrics has shown that they can serve two purposes: (1) aid assessors in achieving higher levels of consistency when scoring performance tasks and (2) promote learning and/or improve instruction by making assessment expectations explicit and aiding the feedback process. In this chapter we summarise research on the formative use of rubrics, in order to identify how the use and design of rubrics may be optimised for the purpose of supporting student learning in an environment that often stresses independence and management of own learning. The presentation is organised around two different pathways through which rubrics may support student learning. These are through (a) facilitating the understanding and use of feedback and through (b) supporting students’ self-regulated learning. We also analyse what is known about the implementation of rubrics in higher education, with a particular focus on more sustained and widespread implementations. The implications of these findings for both practice and future research on rubrics are discussed.

  • 280.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Panadero, Ernesto
    Spanien.
    The use of rubrics to support AfL in higher education2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on the use of rubrics has shown that rubrics can aid assessors in achieving acceptable levels of consistency when scoring performance tasks. However, by making assessment expectations explicit the use of rubrics has also been shown to promote learning and/or improve instruction. In this contribution we draw on four systematic reviews on the use of rubrics, as well as some other significant publications. From this research we propose and present two different ways in which the transparency provided by rubrics have been shown to support student learning, together with examples of relevant studies. These two ways are through (1) facilitating the understanding and use of feedback and through (2) facilitating students’ self-regulated learning. Based on the same research, we have also sketched recommendations for how to design and use rubrics to support formative-assessment practices. Examples of such recommendations are to use an analytic scoring strategy, several quality levels, task-level specificity and direct criteria, but also to make the rubrics accessible to the students. Furthermore, we have addressed some of the important critique that have been voiced against the use of rubrics, such as the “indeterminacy of criteria”. This paper, however, only focus on the two ways in which the use of rubrics facilitate student learning.

  • 281.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Panadero, Ernesto
    Spanien.
    Juan, Botella
    Spanien.
    Self-assessment, self-regulated learning and self-efficacy: a meta-analysis2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Research about student self-assessment (SSA) has shown that academic performancetends to increase for students trained in SSA, but also that SSA training may increasethe use of self-regulated learning (SRL) strategies. Consequently, there is widespreadadvocacy for SSA, not least through the “assessment for learning” reform agenda. The educational gains from SSA are suggested to be related to the enhancement ofownership of learning and use of self-regulatory strategies. In addition, SSA has beensuggested to support students’ self-efficacy (SE). These relationships between SSA andSRL/SE, have been claimed theoretically, but without proper empirical support. Thisstudy therefore uses meta-analytic methodology to explore the relationships betweenSSA and SRL/SE. The 21 studies included in the analysis were found by a databasesearch and meta-analyses were conducted using a random-effect model. Inter-studyvariance was estimated by the maximum likelihood method. The findings from thisstudy confirms the theoretical connection between SSA and SRL/SE. By training inSSA, students’ use of self-regulating strategies for learning increase, while their use ofperformance/avoidance strategies decrease. SSA interventions also support students’ SE(.73), meaning that they have a more adequate perception of their own capabilities. Thefindings also confirm what has been noted in some of the individual studies on theeffects on SRL/SE from SSA interventions that girls tend to benefit more from suchinterventions, at least in relation to SE.

  • 282.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Rietz, Louise
    Lunds universitet.
    Lundström, Mats
    Malmö universitet.
    Students’ use of justifications in socio-scientific argumentation2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to explore upper secondary school students’ written argumentation regarding a socioscientific issue (SSI). Focus lies on how students justify their claims. The data consists of student texts and was collected at the end of an intervention designed to develop skills related to high quality argumentation.

    SSI has the potential to put science content into a meaningful and relevant context and also to prepare students for life as citizens in a democratic society. Results in studies focusing on students’ use of knowledge and values as support for their claims in argumentative activities show that students tend to base their arguments on values rather than knowledge. Students also have difficulties to construct arguments where claims and evidence connects to one another in a adequate way.

    The intervention took place in a chemistry class in a Swedish upper secondary school. A number of 24 students (age 16-17) from the science-, and technology-major programs participated in the study. The intervention was performed in eight steps during five weeks where the students practiced argumentation in several different ways and studied the issue of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in every-day products. At the end of the intervention, the students had to take a stand in whether they would buy products containing PFAS.

    The results show that after being taught about argumentation and the context surrounding the SSI, the students mainly based their arguments on content knowledge. This applies for both supporting-, and counter arguments. Value justifications are present in the students’ texts, but they constitute a smaller proportion. The justifications in the argumentative texts contain a great breadth of different subject areas, where chemistry knowledge plays an important role. This study shows that subject knowledge can constitute an important part in student argumentation.

  • 283.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Rosenlund, David
    Malmö högskola.
    Alvén, Fredrik
    Malmö högskola.
    Complement or contamination: a study of the validity of multiple-choice items when assessing reasoning skills in physics2017Ingår i: Frontiers in education - Assessment, Testing and Applied Measurement, Vol. 2, artikel-id 48Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the validity of using multiple-choice (MC) itemsas a complement to constructed-response (CR) items when making decisions about student performance on reasoning tasks. CR items from a national test in physics have been reformulated into MC items and students’ reasoning skills have been analyzed in two substudies. In the first study, 12 students answered the MC items and were asked to explain their answers orally. In the second study, 102 students from five randomly chosen schools answered the same items. Their answers were scored, and the frequencyof correct answers was calculated for each of the items. The scores were then compared to a sample of student performance on the original CR items from the national test. Findings suggest that results from MC items might be misleading when making decisions about student performance on reasoning tasks, since students use other skills when answering the items than is intended. Results from MC items may also contributeto an overestimation of students’ knowledge in science.

  • 284.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Thornberg, Pia
    Sambedömning: effektiv kompetensutveckling eller redskap för likvärdigbedömning i skolan?2014Ingår i: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, E-ISSN 2001-3345, Vol. 19, s. 386-402Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    På senare tid har sambedömning, det vill säga att lärare tillsammans genomför eller diskuterar bedömning och/eller betygssättning, förts fram som en strategi for att få lärarnas bedömning och betygssättning mer likvärdig. Samtidigt har flera kommuner i Sverige gjort omfattande satsningar på olika former av sambedömning, men mer med anledning av sambedömningens förmodade positiva effekter på lärarnas bedömningskompetens och -praktik i riktning mot formativ bedömning an av likvärdighetsskäl. En intressant fråga är därmed vad som händer i mötet mellan kommuners och skolors strävan att förändra klassrumsbedömningen mot formativ bedömning å ena sidan och statsmakternas krav på ökad likvärdighet i bedömning av nationella prov och betygsättning å den andra. Syftet med denna artikel är att, utifrån en systematisk översikt om forskning kring sambedömning, diskutera möjligheten för sambedömning att leva upp till förväntningarna vad gäller ökad likvärdighet samtidigt som man har ett ökat fokus på kompetensutveckling och formativ bedömning.

  • 285.
    Jönsson, Anders
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Vallberg Roth, Ann-Christine
    Malmö högskola.
    Bedömning och dokumentation i förskola, skola och vuxenutbildning2014Ingår i: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, E-ISSN 2001-3345, Vol. 19, nr 4-5, s. 243-245Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 286.
    Keinonen, Tuula
    et al.
    Finland.
    Palmberg, Irmeli
    Finland.
    Ylia-Panula, Eija
    Finland.
    Kukkonen, Jaari
    Finland.
    Persson, Christel
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Vilkonis, Rytis
    Litauen.
    Higher education students’ perceptions of environmental issues and media coverage2016Ingår i: Discourse and Communication for Sustainable Education, ISSN 2255-7547, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 5-22Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to find higher education students’ perceptions about environmental issues and how the perceptions are related to perceptions of media coverage. This study investigates higher education students’ perceptions of the seriousness of environmental issues and their relation to perceptions of media coverage. Higher education students perceived a global problem, lack of clean water, as most serious environmental problem. Media has had an effect on students’ perceptions on environmental issues: when students perceived the problem as serious they also perceived the information in media concerning it appropriate. Students perceived that the media underestimate and obscure some environmental problems such as biological diversity and global warming. It was concluded that higher education educators need more knowledge of students’, future decision makers’ concerns and perceptions about environmental issues to develop more effective teaching practices in higher education. Through education environmental issues literacy, which is a precursor for engaged protection of the environment, can be fostered. This study offers some insights into higher education students’ perceptions of the media’s role in environmental issues.

  • 287.
    Keinonen, Tuula
    et al.
    University of Eastern Finland.
    Yli-Panula, Eija
    University of Turku.
    Svens, Maria
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Vilkonis, Rytis
    Siauliai University.
    Persson, Christel
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Palmberg, Irmeli
    Åbo Akademi University.
    Environmental issues in the media: students' perceptions in the three Nordic-Baltic countries2014Ingår i: Journal of Teacher Education for Sustainability, ISSN 1691-4147, E-ISSN 1691-5534, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 32-53Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The media, as a source of information, is supposed to have a significant role in effecting people's environmental knowledge and attitudes. The purpose of this study was to find students' perceptions of environmental issues as presented in the media and how students in Finland, Lithuania and Sweden used these media sources in the matters related to environmental issues. The most important source of environmental knowledge was found to be the Internet, followed by newspapers, television, school and education. In their own lives, students discussed environmental issues every day and, to some extent, in social media, discussion forums and blogs. In Finland, newspapers represented the most important source of environmental knowledge; in Lithuania, environmental organisations were the most prevalent, and, in Sweden, it was in a school or educational context. Based on these results, it was concluded that, in order to reach both genders of students in different countries and to more greatly benefit from all sources of information, a variety of media should be used in education for sustainability.

  • 288.
    Klapp, Alli
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Skippa idén om likvärdiga betyg i grundskolan2019Ingår i: Dagens nyheter (DN), ISSN 1101-2447Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige lägger vi väldigt mycket tid och pengar på grundskolebetygen, trots att dessa bara är viktiga för ett fåtal elever. I stället borde fokus ligga på gymnasieskolan, där urvalssituationen till högskoleutbildningar är avgörande för en betydligt större andel av eleverna.

  • 289.
    Kyza, Eleni
    et al.
    Cyprus University of Technology.
    Herodotou, Christothea
    Cyprus University of Technology.
    Nicolaidou, Iolie
    Cyprus University of Technology.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Hansson, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Schanze, Sascha
    Leibniz Universität Hannover.
    Saballus, Ulf
    Leibniz Universität Hannover.
    Papadouris, Nicos
    University of Cyprus.
    Michael, Georgia
    University of Cyprus.
    Adapting web-based inquiry learning environments from one country to another: the CoReflect experience2014Ingår i: Topics and trends in current science education: 9th ESERA Conference Selected Contributions / [ed] Catherine Bruguière, Andrée Tiberghien, Pierre Clément, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014, s. 567-582Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 290.
    Lauvås, Per
    et al.
    Norge.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Ren formativ bedömning: nn ny bedömningspraktik2019Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Kunskapsbedömning kan – kanske mer än något annat man gör som lärare – påverka elevernas kunskapsutveckling och motivation i skolan. Men denna påverkan är inte nödvändigtvis positiv. Bedömningen kan ge kraftigt negativa effekter för elevernas kunskapsutveckling och motivation, såväl som kraftigt positiva. Vilka effekterna blir, beror i stor utsträckning på hur man arbetar med bedömning, inte minst vad gäller relationen mellan formativ och summativ bedömning. Det som börjar bli alltmer tydligt, ju mer vi lär oss om formativ och summativ bedömning, är nämligen att de inte fungerar så väl ihop. En bedömningspraktik där man blandar formativ och summativ bedömning, tycks vara den som ger flest negativa effekter – samtidigt som det troligen är just en sådan bedömningspraktik, som är vanligast i både skola och högre utbildning idag. I den här boken ges därför ett delvis nytt perspektiv på bedömning, vars viktigaste princip är att summativ och formativ bedömning hålls åtskilda i så hög grad som möjligt, så att den formativa bedömningen är ”ren formativ bedömning”.

  • 291.
    Leden, Lotta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Black & white or shades of grey: teachers' perspectives on the role of nature of science in compulsory school science teaching2017Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Avhandlingen utforskar lärares perspektiv och förhandlingar gällande vilken roll “naturvetenskapens karaktär” (engelska ”nature of science”, NOS) kan spela i grundskolans NO-undervisning. Tidigare forskning har visat att NO-undervisning ofta har ett starkt fokus på naturvetenskapliga begrepp och strukturerade laborationer med ett implicit fokus på ”korrekta svar”. I den sortens undervisning ges sällan en bild av de människor och kontexter som är av betydelse för naturvetenskaplig kunskapsproduktion. I avhandlingen diskuteras den här beskrivningen av naturvetenskap och NO-undervisning som “svart-vit”. Inom ramen för forskning om naturvetenskapernas didaktik har förslag lagts fram som handlar om att bredda bilden av naturvetenskap. En sådan breddning skulle kunna medföra att fler elever kan identifiera sig med naturvetenskap och att mål som handlar om naturvetenskaplig literacitet (scientific literacy) lättare skulle kunna nås. I linje med dessa mål, har forskningen föreslagit att NOS inkluderas i NO-undervisningen. Att inkludera NOS i NO-undervisningen innebär att det skapas spänningar i förhållande till rådande undervisningstraditioner. Här blir lärare en viktig faktor eftersom de befinner sig i gränslandet mellan naturvetenskap och undervisning om densamma. I detta gränsland får policy, styrdokument och traditioner betydelse för vilken undervisningspraktik som blir möjlig. Avhandlingens metoder för att utforska lärarnas perspektiv är: enkäter, intervjuer och fokusgruppdiskussioner. Fokusgruppdiskussionerna, som var återkommande under tre år, är särskilt viktiga för att belysa olika perspektiv och spänningar. Ett teoretiskt ramverk som består av fem övergripande NOS-teman utvecklades och användes som en guide för fokusgrupperna och delar av analysen. Avhandlingen inkluderar fyra artiklar, med egna syften och specifika forskningsfrågor. Huvudresultaten från dessa artiklar sammanfattas och diskuteras i relation till policy och traditioner som omger NO-undervisning. Resultaten visar att den NOS-praktik som konstrueras genom lärarnas förhandlingar: a) syftar till en bred snarare än djup NOS-förståelse (d.v.s. inkluderar många NOS-områden, men undviker filosofiskt djup), b) är kontextualiserad och integrerad i laborations- eller kommunikationspraktiker, och c) syftar till att utveckla elevers intresse och engagemang samt att nå kunskapsmål som går utöver lärandet av naturvetenskapliga begrepp. Den här konstruktionen av NOS-praktik resulterar i starka spänningar i relation till traditionell NO-undervisning (t.ex. undervisning av begrepp och modeller), vilket i sin tur innebär att lärar- och elevroller utmanas. Däremot, blir NOS ett medel i arbetet med att utvidga laborationspraktiken och en katalysator i formandet av en kommunikationspraktik (t.ex. att reflektera kring naturvetenskap och dess relation till samhället både från ett inom- och utomvetenskapligt perspektiv). Motståndet mellan undervisningen av NOS och naturvetenskapliga begrepp medför att dessa inte integreras utan blir delar i formandet av parallella praktiker. Som En följd av denna uppdelning får eleverna möta olika bilder av naturvetenskap som sällan jämförs eller förhandlas. Ett förslag för framtida forskning och lärarutbildning är att skapa strukturer för att sammanfoga parallella praktiker som ett led i att minska spänningar och utvidga den begrepps-fokuserade traditionen.

  • 292.
    Leden, Lotta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Malmö University.
    From black & white to shades of grey: teachers’ ways of making meaning of NOS teaching2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional science teaching often has a focus on ready-made facts. Including nature of science (NOS) in science teaching has been discussed as a way to broaden the images of science. However, there is a gap between research on NOS teaching and practice. As teachers are important keys to what takes place in the classroom this study has focused on their perspectives and ways of making meaning of NOS as an element of science teaching. Six science teachers took part in a longitudinal study on NOS and NOS teaching that spanned three years. The data consists of questionnaires, interviews, classroom observations, and focus-group discussions. The main data source is the recorded and transcribed focus-group discussions from all three years (N=12). A qualitative content analysis was performed and teachers’ perspectives were interpreted through the theoretical frameworks of scientific literacy and science teaching traditions. The results show that teachers talked about NOS teaching as something new that differed from their traditional teaching of “facts and lab-work”. However, they often welcomed NOS teaching as a way to challenge stereotypical, black-and-white images of science, as well as a means to reach overarching goals of science education such as developing students’ abilities for critical thinking.

  • 293.
    Leden, Lotta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Teaching nature of science in school year 4-9: teachers’ perspectives2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Nature of science (NOS) has for a long time, and for a number of reasons been regarded a key ingredient in the teaching for scientific literacy. Much has been written about teachers’ views of NOS and how NOS is taught in the science classroom, but little is known about teachers’ views of the teaching of NOS. To be able to better understand how NOS becomes (or does not become) a part of science education, teachers’ ways of making meaning of NOS teaching needs to be investigated. Therefore, in this project, we try to shed light on teachers’ perspectives on NOS teaching at different levels in compulsory school. We also explore how the teaching of NOS is planned for, and implemented, throughout a three-year research project. The participants are Swedish in-service science teachers (n=12) in grades 3-9. They are teachers who, initially, have no specific training in NOS or NOS teaching (something they have in common with most science teachers in Sweden), but expected to teach NOS according to the national curriculum. During the project the teachers meet in focus groups, guided by a researcher, and discuss NOS and the teaching of NOS. Sources of data are questionnaires, interviews, focus-group discussions and classroom observations. The analytical framework used in this study is an elaboration of the NOS tenets in Lederman (2007) from an interdisciplinary Science Studies perspective. The results from the first part of the study indicate that although the teachers have access to different ways of speaking about NOS their ways of speaking become less elaborated in reference to NOS teaching. The teachers discuss both possible pros (e.g. student motivation, and NOS as a counterpart to the image of science as “black-and-white”) and cons (e.g. “good students” will be disadvantaged and difficulties for students to handle abstract topics.

  • 294.
    Leden, Lotta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Hansson, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Introducing the human elements of science through a context rich thematic project2019Ingår i: / [ed] Fanny Seroglou & Vassilis Koulountzos, 2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 295.
    Leden, Lotta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Hansson, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Nature of science progression in school year 1–9: a case study of teachers’ suggestions and rationales2019Ingår i: Research in science education, ISSN 0157-244X, E-ISSN 1573-1898, Vol. 49, nr 2, s. 591-611Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The inclusion of nature of science (NOS) in science education has for a long  time been regarded as crucial. There is, however, a lack of research on appropriate NOS aspects for different educational levels. An even more neglected area of research is that focusing on teachers’ perspectives on NOS teaching at different levels. The aim of this article is to examine NOS progression in the light of teachers’ suggestions and rationales. In order to obtain teachers’ informed perspectives, we chose to involve six teachers (teaching grades 1–9) in a 3-year research project. They took part in focus group discussions about NOS and NOS teaching as well as implemented jointly planned NOS teaching sessions. Data that this article builds on was collected at the end of the project. The teachers’ suggestions for NOS progression often relied on adding more NOS issues at every stage, thereby creating the foundations of a broader but not necessarily deeper understanding of NOS. Five rationales, for if/when specific NOS issues are appropriate to introduce, emerged from the analysis of the teacher discussions. Some of these rationales, including practice makes perfect and increasing levels of depth can potentially accommodate room for many NOS issues in the science classroom, while maturity and experience instead has a restricting effect on NOS teaching. Also, choice of context and teaching approaches play an important role in teachers’ rationales for whether specific NOS issues  should be included or not at different stages. The article discusses the implications for teacher education and professional development.

  • 296.
    Leden, Lotta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Hansson, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Nature of science progression in school year 1-9: an analysis of the Swedish curriculum and teachers’ suggestions2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Science education research on nature of science (NOS) has mostly focused students’ and teachers’ views of NOS, while less attention has been paid to the appropriateness of various NOS aspects at different levels in the educational system. Even more scarce is research focusing teachers’ perspectives on these matters. The aim of this study is to: 1) analyze NOS progression in the Swedish national curriculum, and 2) investigate science teachers’ perspectives on a NOS progression for year 1-9. Participants in the study are Swedish in-service science teachers (grades 1-9) who took part in a three-year research-project focusing NOS teaching. Throughout the project the teachers met in focus-group discussions. They also planned and implemented NOS lessons in their classrooms. Sources of data are: 1) curriculum material, and 2) two focus groups meetings about NOS progression (recorded and transcribed). The results show that many NOS aspects are, at least implicitly, part of the Swedish curriculum, but no specific progression is described. The teachers’ suggestions for NOS progression are based on arguments concerning the level of abstractness. Theoretical approaches and unfamiliar contexts are considered abstract, while hands-on activities, everyday contexts, and historical cases are considered concrete approaches to NOS.

  • 297.
    Leden, Lotta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Hansson, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning.
    Ideland, Malin
    Malmö University.
    The mangle of school science practice: Teachers’ negotiations of two nature of science activities at different levels of contextualization2019Ingår i: Science Education, ISSN 0036-8326, E-ISSN 1098-237XArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Nature of science (NOS) has increasingly been emphasized

    as an important element in science education. This paper

    engages in the question of how teachers negotiate different

    approaches to and contexts for NOS teaching. This

    exploratory study is part of a three

    ‐year longitudinal project

    where six in

    ‐service teachers developed and negotiated

    their NOS

    ‐teaching practices. Pickering’s (1995) theory of

    the mangle of practice

    is used for the analysis of teachers’

    focus

    ‐group discussions. In a mangled practice, school

    science traditions, policy documents, and students

    ’ and

    teachers

    ’ expectations and identities are rubbed against

    each other. As part of the project teachers planned,

    implemented, and reflected on two NOS activities at

    different levels of contextualization. The concepts alignment,

    resistance, and accommodation are used as an

    analytical tool to understand the processes of the mangle

    in relation to teachers

    ’ negotiations concerning the two

    activities during the focus groups. The results of the

    mangle are presented in relation to a backdrop of three

    teaching traditions (facts, lab

    ‐work, and discussions) that

    the teachers

    ’ claim to depart from. The results show how

    the alignment and resistance of different components of the

    mangle lead to various accommodations as regards both

    the activities and the three traditions. The article concludes

    by discussing how the teachers

    ’ negotiations highlight

    what becomes possible and what becomes challenging

    when NOS meets existing traditions, and what this means in

    respect of possibilities for NOS learning.

  • 298.
    Leden, Lotta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Hansson, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Redfors, Andreas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Context-rich vs. context-stripped approach to NOS teaching: teachers’ reflections2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The inclusion of nature of science (NOS) in science education, has for a long time been regarded a crucial component in the teaching for scientific literacy. Much has been written about teachers’ views of NOS and how NOS is taught in the science classroom, but less is known about the teachers’ views of the teaching of NOS. To be able to better understand how NOS becomes (or does not become) a part of science education, teachers’ views of the teaching of NOS needs to be investigated. Therefore, in this project, we aim to shed light on teachers’ ways of coping with two different approaches to NOS teaching – contextualized and decontextualized. We explore how the teaching of NOS is planned for, and communicated in the science classroom, as well as what difficulties and gains the teachers experience with the different approaches. The participants are Swedish in-service science teachers (n=6) in grades 3-9. During the project the teachers meet in focus groups, guided by a researcher, and discuss NOS and the teaching of NOS. Sources of data are audio recorded focus-group discussions and classroom observations. The results indicate that both approaches have benefits. A larger amount and more complex NOS aspects are addressed in the context-rich approach. However, the teachers in this study find the decontextualized task easier to fit within the traditional science-teaching frame.

  • 299.
    Leden, Lotta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Hansson, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    From black and white to shades of grey: a longitudinal study of teachers’ perspectives on teaching sociocultural and subjective aspects of science2017Ingår i: Science and Education, ISSN 1573-1901, Vol. 26, nr 5, s. 483-511Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditional school science has been described as focused on indisputable facts where scientific processes and factors affecting these processes become obscured or left undiscussed. In this article, we report on teachers’ perspectives on the teaching of sociocultural and subjective aspects of the nature of science (NOS) as a way to accomplish a more nuanced science teaching in Swedish compulsory school. The teachers (N = 6) took part in a longitudinal study on NOS and NOS teaching that spanned 3 years. The data consists of recorded and transcribed focus group discussions from all 3 years. In the analysis, the transcripts were searched for teachers’ suggestions of issues, relevant for teaching in compulsory school, as well as opportunities and challenges connected to the teaching of these issues. The results of the analysis show that (a) the number of suggested issues increased over the years, (b) teachers’ ways of contextualizing the issues changed from general and unprecise to more tightly connected to socio-scientific or scientific contexts, and (c) the number of both opportunities and challenges related to NOS teaching increased over the years. The most evident changes occurred from the beginning of year 2 when the focus group discussions became more closely directed towards concrete teaching activities. Tensions between the opportunities and challenges are discussed as well as how these can be met, and made use of, in science teacher education.

  • 300.
    Leden, Lotta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Hansson, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Socio-cultural aspects of science in the science classroom: teachers' perspectives2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Students' interest in science is declining. Science teaching often have science as facts as its main focus. In such science teaching there is often little room for socio-cultural aspects of science. It has, however, been shown that students could gain more interest in science if broader perspectives are included. Making socio-cultural aspects a topic in the science classroom is considered hard. In order to gain more knowledge about issues related to the implementation of socio-cultural aspects in the science classroom we have focused on teachers' perspectives. In this presentation we will provide results from a three-year research-project. It is a case study of six teachers, teaching science in grades 1-9. During the project the teachers met in focus groups four times a year and discussed different aspects of science. During the focus-group meetings they also planned and reflected on classroom activities with a focus on socio-cultural issues, which they implemented between meetings. Questionnaires, interviews and classroom observations where used in addition to the data collected from the focus groups. The results provide information on teachers' perspectives on appropriate approaches and activities for different years, as well as information about teachers' perspectives on both challenges and benefits from implementing socio-cultural aspects.

3456789 251 - 300 av 478
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf