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  • 251.
    Persson, H. Thomas R.
    Danmark.
    Centra a periferie sportu2011In: Socialni Studia, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 149-151Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 252.
    Persson, H. Thomas R.
    Danmark.
    Danish sport governance: tradition in transition2011In: Social capital and sport governance in Europe / [ed] Groenevald, M., Houlihan,B & Ohl,F., London: Routledge, 2011, p. 63-84Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 253.
    Persson, H. Thomas R.
    Malmö University.
    Good governance and the Danish Football Association: between international and domestic sport governance2011In: International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics, Vol. 3, no 3, p. 373-384Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Danish Football Association (FA) is about to become the first Danish sport governing body to adopt corporate social responsibility (CSR). This article identifies a number of governance events in Danish sport and football over the last 4 years in order to provide a picture of the current governance climate. Professionalization, value- and norm-based leadership, transparency, ability and democracy, together with law and order as well as a concept of social responsibility, are all central to the overhaul of Danish sport governance. It is argued that they are all part of building trust and that governance practices are therefore to be viewed through a lens integrating ‘good governance’, CSR and social capital in the context of multi-level governance. ‘Good governance’ is consequently seen as embedded in the context of its economic actions and social relations in and with society at large

  • 254.
    Persson, H. Thomas R.
    Danmark.
    Idrottens CSR: om att uppnå trovärdighet genom transparens och en snurra2014In: Forum for IdottArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last decade FIFA and UEFA have increasingly stressed the importance of CSR and to work according to Good Governance-principles. Although with great opportunities for improvement, the Danish FA has come out on top in Scandinavian comparisons of the different FAs’ CSR engagement according to Good Governance praxis. However, there is little known about the CSR-activities amongst the Danish PL-clubs. With a point of departure in the FA’s CSR agenda and work, this study examines to what extent the DPL-clubs work with CSR and to what extent this is communicated according to principles of Good Governance with transparency as a motto. The findings show low CSR-activities and, or alternatively low transparency. Based on the result, the study proposes a CSR model and tool to simplify a transparent and effective CSR-accounting with moderate efforts.

  • 255.
    Persson, H. Thomas R.
    Danmark.
    Scandinavia2013In: Sport Governance: international Case Studies, / [ed] Ian O'Boyle, Trish Bradbury, Routledge , 2013, p. 167-183Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter introduces the reader to Scandinavian sport governance and the central issues facing sport governance in a Scandinavian context. It uses football governance in the three countries as a case study to discuss the development of good governance and social responsibility (or corporate social responsibility).

    (Governance has become a hugely important issue within sport. Issues of corruption and ‘bad governance’ have become synonymous with some aspects of sport and closer scrutiny than ever before is being applied to ensure organisations are following international best practice in respect to how they are governed. As sport organisations are required to become more professional and to adopt a more transparent and accountable approach to their operations, it has become important for all students, researchers and professionals working in sport to understand what good governance is and how it should be achieved. This book is the first to examine sport governance around the world. It offers a series of in-depth case studies of governance policy and practice in 15 countries and regions, including the US, UK, China, Australia, Canada, South Africa, Latin America and the Middle East, as well as chapters covering governance by, and of, global sport organisations and international sport federations. With an introduction outlining the key contemporary themes in the study of sport governance, and a conclusion pointing at future directions for research and practice, this book is essential reading for any course on sport management, sport policy, sport development, sport administration or sport organisations, and for any manager or policy-maker working in sport and looking to improve their professional practice.)

  • 256.
    Persson, H. Thomas R.
    Danmark.
    Social capital and social responsibility in Denmark: more than gaining public trust2008In: International Review for the Sociology of Sport, Vol. 43, no 1, p. 35-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Strong focus on the promotion of health and social integration aspects in society means the state has increased pressure on sport associations to deliver its social policy agenda. The building of (corporate) social responsibility is offered as a possible progressive response to changes in Danish state sport policy and as a way to increase its social capital. A correlation between (corporate) social responsibility and social capital is established and visualized in the official stand on social responsibility of individual and umbrella sport governing bodies, and Danish state policy. Ness’s definition of corporate social esponsibility as the necessity and the duty of companies to behave responsibly, ethically and sustainably, and to be transparently accountable to their stakeholders, is transferred to sport associations. Social capital could be defined as the relational resources that we as individuals or as part of a collective, such as a sport association, inherit or intentionally construct to achieve our own goals. Depending on the structural and normative characteristics of the social system in which it operates, it can facilitate but also limit individual and collective action. Development of a contemporary grounded social responsibility by the sport governing bodies suggests a gain in social capital, new memberships and future assurance of financial and social support.

  • 257.
    Persson, H. Thomas R.
    Danmark.
    Socialt ansvar och socialt kapital: idrottens nya utmaningar2007In: Idrottsforum, E-ISSN 1652–7224Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 258.
    Persson, H. Thomas R.
    Danmark.
    Swedish integration policy documents: a close dialogic reading2006Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden as the great welfare state where everybody is equally welcomed and cared forhas for long been the prevailing view. Although Swedish integration policy seems toconfirm this view, this is far removed from many people's experienced reality. I argue that part of this disharmony lies in how West European languages contain and relate toan `identity' construction, which perpetuates and is perpetuated through dichotomies that strengthen the social and political cogency of concepts such as `race', ethnicity and culture. Based on this, I carry out a discourse analysis of Sweden's major integration policy documents from the mid 1970s up to today. After an eclectic reading of discourses on migration and integration terminology,`identity' and language, I assert the centrality of `identity' construction to everything wedo. With this in mind, taking the dialogism promoted by the Bakhtinian Circle as thedichotomy to monologism, I carry out a close dialogic reading in the tradition of LynnPearce (1994) and Peter Stallybrass and Allon White (1986). Contextualizing the policy documents, I present the history of migration and integrationfrom a Swedish perspective. Focusing on the last five decades, I divide the different historic tendencies into themes ranging from: emigration to labour migration, refugee migration and the European Union, and from immigrant policy to integration policy. Believing that the conceptualisation and the handling of categorisation, segregation,culture, discrimination and racism are all central to a successful integration policy, Ianalyse the policy documents thematically accordingly. I show how the interdependenceof the common `identity' constructions and language sometimes obscures and frequentlycounteracts the intention of the author. As a result, I argue that the Bakhtinian Circle holds the key to a better understanding of the invincibility of stereotyping withinracialized discourses, through applying absolute `identity' constructions in monologic speech, and how this may be counteracted in order to strive for a dialogic approach to the world.

  • 259.
    Persson, H. Thomas R.
    et al.
    Danmark.
    Lagergren, Lars
    Malmö universitet.
    Mapping leisure and life through the ages in Sweden: the search for good governance2017In: Leisure and life through the ages: studies from Europe / [ed] Ishwar Modi and Teus J. Kamphorst, Rawat Publications, 2017Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Leisure and Life through the Ages is a comprehensive account of eighteen countries from Europe to record developments in the field of leisure from a worldwide and comparative perspective. The coverage of the volume extends to Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, England, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain and Sweden. The book also has a summarising article on Europe in the beginning which provides the basic general characteristics of leisure in Europe. Yet it may as well be said that in spite of certain basic features of leisure in Europe many of these countries are entertaining different practices and characteristics. All these papers have a thorough discussion on the broader perspective of leisure as it has existed during different periods of history in respective countries. The book will appeal to all those interested in the fields of leisure studies, cultural studies and sociology in general.

  • 260.
    Persson, H. Thomas R.
    et al.
    Danmark.
    Normark, Gun
    Malmö högskola.
    CSR: av, med och genom idrott2009In: SVENSK IDROTTSFORSKNING, Vol. 18, no 3Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), ibland översatt till företagsansvar eller företagens sociala ansvar, är ett relativt nytt fenomen i Sverige och ännu nyare i kontexten av svensk idrott. Inom svensk idrottsforskning har det fram till nu i princip lyst med sin frånvaro. CSR-arbete med idrotten som förgrundsfigur är inte nödvändigtvis idrotts- eller idrottsliga initiativ, därför har det också vanligtvis varit tal om ett CSR genererat genom idrotten. I denna artikel argumenterar vi för att man bör vidga denna förståelse till att också inbegripa ett CSR genererat av och/eller med idrotten.

  • 261.
    Persson, H. Thomas R.
    et al.
    Danmark.
    Numerato, Dino
    Tjeckien.
    To govern or to dispute?: remarks on the social nature of dispute resolutions in Czech and Danish Sports Associations2009In: Entertainment and Sports Law Journal, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the dispute resolution mechanisms in sport, with particular attention paid to non-professional sport and its governance. Providing a brief summary of the literature on the topic, we argue that mainly two aspects of dispute resolution mechanisms have been highlighted in academic discussion: their ethical and moral character and their legal nature. Yet, except for these two relevant approaches, a more sociological approach of understanding the nature of these processes in the context of informal networks, unwritten rules and struggles over power is largely missing. To grasp this missing piece, we identify the mechanisms used by sport associations and their members to anticipate the disputes and we distinguish between three different types of dispute resolution mechanisms: proto-disputes, formal disputes, and meta-disputes. The paper draws on rich empirical evidence gathered during a multi-sited ethnographic study focused on both sport practice and governance, carried out in the Czech Republic and Denmark.

  • 262.
    Persson, H. Thomas R.
    et al.
    Danmark.
    Numerato, Dino
    Baglioni, Simone
    The dark side of sport management2012In: Managing sport: social and cultural perspectives / [ed] Hassan, David ; Lusted, Jim, London: Routledge, 2012, p. 284-300Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Conflicts of interest, financial irregularities, misuse of power, lack of transparency, manipulation of trust, ideological struggles, social exclusion; these are different examples of the dark sides challenging contemporary sport governance. Although the emergence of various dark sides has been inherent to sports associations since their origins, recent literature on sport management has argued that their frequency has increased, hand in hand with the growing encroachment of sport with politics, mass media, sponsorship and business. Notwithstanding the relatively high importance of the dark sides in contemporary sport governance, academic attention on this phenomenon has rather limited. To reduce this gap in the literature, this chapter summarizes existing scholarship about the phenomenon and considers potential future developments within SGBs in relation to their dark sides. We define as the dark sides of sport governance those behaviours that are detrimental for sport, sport associations and their civil and democratic nature, or those behaviours violating legal or organizational norms, or those that are deliberately harmful for sporting people, specific social groups or even for the whole society.  Frequently, the dark sides of sport governance are expressed through power games, allegiances or various forms of corruption. On the other hand, the dark sides of sport governance shall not be confused with any form of struggle and conflict, which can be an inherent part of sport governance and democratic discussion among members and governance boards. Throughout this chapter we emphasize also that an emergence of the dark sides in sport governance cannot be grasped solely in terms of mere personal and isolated scandals as it is frequently represented in the media portrayal of single scandals and affairs related to sport management. Additionally, the dark sides of sport governance must be viewed as a product of structural and systematic developments of contemporary sport, governance and overall society. In other words, the dark sides of sport governance must not be perceived exclusively as particular conflicts, struggles or plots organized by single persons or small groups, but rather as the results of more general social processes and developments, the increasing interconnection of sport business, media and sponsorship and encroachment with politics. This happens not only at a global level of sport governance and management related to professional and elite sport, but also at national levels of sport governance and management of amateur sport.

  • 263.
    Petersson, Pia
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Coordinated care planning in public health care in Sweden2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to describe, increase the understanding of, and contribute to a theoretical development of how to look at care planning in public health care in Sweden. By transferring some of the medical care from hospitals to a patient's actual home in the 1990s, valuable beds at hospitals were made available to other patients. Patients who have been properly medically treated at hospitals should be discharged from the hospital as soon as possible. This enables a transferral of aftercare to the patient's home or to a municipally organised living accommodation for e.g. the elderly. In order to make sure that patients receive continued care after their discharge from the hospital, Sweden introduced a law concerning co-ordinated care planning (SOSFS 2005:27). This law prescribed that professionals at hospitals should work together with the patient, close kin and caretaker representatives (primarily in the patient's municipal) in order to agree on the need for continued care. In practice this means that an assistance administrator (the person who makes decisions concerning municipal care efforts) a nurse from the municipal home health care system, a nurse from the hospital department at which the patient was admitted, alongside with the patient and his or her close kin should form a care planning team who meet in order to plan the continued need for care. Ultimately the doctors have formal responsibility. In addition to this law, there are agreements between the county council responsible for the medical care and municipals responsible for home health care, well prepared routines for practical approaches, as well as IT support making sure that information is properly transferred to safeguard the safety of the patient and smooth processes (Region Skåne 2011). Despite legislations, governing and control, there are a number of problems when it comes to actual co-ordinated care planning, why is that so? (Augustinsson 2010; Judge 2003; Czarniawska and Lindberg 2006; Lidén 2009; Lindström 2011). This was the basis of the research assignment, i.e. studying actual events behind co-ordinated care planning and developing theoretical models that may be of use to the care planning team. Rather than focusing on the research objective, we asked "What happens in the process of co-ordinated care planning?" This question formed the basis of ten semi-structured interviews with nurses working with co-ordinated care planning at a hospital. We focused on events, interpretations, experiences and emotions in order to follow up with questions that could offer more details on descriptions and analyses. At the introductory phase of the analysis of the transcribed interviews, we asked the following questions "What is going on here?" and "What do the natives [professionals] think they are up to?" From these analyses of the empirical material (interviews as well as documents) and previous theoretical viewpoints of researchers and their knowledge of the field, one overall question emerged: "What happens in the gap between formal structure such as legislations, routines and standardised procedures, and the informal meaning actual co-ordinated planning processes?" The empirical material also included observations of mutual meetings at the hospital between nurses working with co-ordinated planning. The empirical material, based on the answers to the questions above, have later been addressed from various theoretical aspects in order to open up and create new perspectives on events and new theoretical models. This approach means that neither empirical material nor theories are taken for granted. The conclusion of the study, albeit preliminary, is that too many routines and regulations in a co-operation will make professionals unable to see solutions found outside of the predetermined boundaries. The detail level of regulations may be such a problem. This has been frequently discussed and is a known phenomenon among researchers studying knowledge development, safety and quality in organisational work (Dreyfus and Dreyfus 2003; Weick 2009).

  • 264.
    Petersson, Pia
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Lindskov, Cecilia
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Aktionsforskning2012In: Vetenskaplig teori och metod: från idé till examination inom omvårdnad / [ed] Maria Henricson, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, p. 289-1§302Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 265.
    Petersson, Pia
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Springett, Jane
    Health Promotion and Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Telling stories from everyday practice an opportunity to see a bigger picture: a participatory action research project about developing discharge planning2009In: Health and Social Care in the Community, ISSN 0966-0410, Vol. 17, no 6, p. 548-556Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of laws, rules and routines, findings from Swedish as well as international research show that discharge planning is not a simple matter. There is considerable knowledge about discharge planning, but the quality of the actual process in practice remains poor. With this in mind, a research and developmental health and social care network decided to use participation action research to explore the discharge planning situation in order to generate new ideas for development. This paper reports on the research process and the findings about our enhanced understanding about the discharge planning situation. Story dialogue method was used. The method is based on stories from everyday practice. The stories are used as ‘triggers’ to ask probing questions in a dialogical and structured form. Local theory is developed to help the participants to find solutions for action in the practice. Our findings were that the discharge planning situation could be seen as a system including three interconnected areas: patient participation, practitioners’ competence and organizational support. To reach good quality in discharge planning, all these three issues need to be developed, but not only as routines and forms. Rather, when developing a discharge planning situation, a system where relational aspects such as confidence and continuity are essential and thus needs to be considered. To achieve a change, the core problem needs to be clarified. When the issue is complex, the solution needs to consider the bigger picture and not just the parts. Telling stories from everyday practice, and to systematically reflect and analyse those in interprofessional groups can create opportunities for enhanced understanding, as well as be a vehicle for future change of practice.

  • 266.
    Petersson, Pia
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Springett, Jane
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    The triumph of hope over experience: using peoples’ experiences to inform leg ulcer care through participatory action research2009In: Journal of Nursing and Healthcare of Chronic Illness, ISSN 1752-9816, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 96-104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. To explore how people experienced leg ulcer care so as to inform practitioners about the patients' view as a vehicle for a changed leg ulcer care practice.

    Background. Great numbers of people suffer from chronic leg ulcers and many have to live with their illness for a long time. Even when the illness is controlled by medical treatment, the person with leg ulcers has to deal with physical, emotional, cognitive and social problems and long-term encounters with practitioners.

    Method. A Participatory Action Research approach was used. Nine older persons with chronic leg ulcers, treated in primary care, were asked about their experiences of the care. Content analysis and reflective dialogues with practitioners and persons with chronic leg ulcers was performed. The study was undertaken from autumn 2004 to spring 2005.

    Result. Although the persons with chronic leg ulcers experienced their encounters with practitioners as satisfying, findings illuminated low participation in their own care and low practitioner involvement in issues about their daily living with chronic illness. In addition, the participatory action research project did not proceed from problem identification towards development and change.

    Conclusion. Participation is about negotiation and transferring power and authority from practitioners towards patients and from researchers towards practitioners and patients. Undertaking a participatory action research project that brings sustainable change requires substantial work to involve practitioners in initiating and planning the research.

    Relevance to clinical practice. Participation requires true partnership. To reach participation between researchers, practitioners and patients would need a significant change in attitude of all parties as well as a change in the care culture. Changing attitudes is not enough as long as practitioners and patients are stuck in a hierarchical structure with predetermined and taken for granted roles and relations in the medical culture.

  • 267.
    Pihl, Håkan
    Kristianstad University, Vice-chancellor's office, Ledningskansliet. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Pricing carbon: a climate coalition as a complement to UN negotiations.2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes insufficiencies in UN negotiations and identifies a set of characteristics that would make a complementary institutional design efficient. A coalition among nations with high climate ambitions is suggested. Such a coalition should introduce measures that leaders can control and be accountable for—measures that are short-term and fewdimensional, and that incentivize efficient reductions, prevent leakages to outside nations, and sanction non-compliance. A coalition should also provide incentives to outside emitters and encourage new members. A Climate Coalition that harmonizes minimum national carbon prices (i.e. carbon taxes), introduces a common carbon tariff, and welcomes new members would meet the criteria and have the potential to emerge at a global level.

  • 268.
    Pihl, Håkan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Vice-chancellor's office.
    Kvist, Ulf
    Kristianstad University, Vice-chancellor's office.
    Har Kristianstad en högskola om tio år?2019In: Kristianstadsbladet, ISSN 1103-9523, no 21/1, p. B3-B3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 269.
    Price, Patricia E.
    et al.
    Department of Wound Healing, School of Medicine, Cardiff University.
    Fagervik-Morton, Hilde
    Department of Wound Healing, School of Medicine, Cardiff University.
    Mudge, Elizabeth J.
    Department of Wound Healing, School of Medicine, Cardiff University.
    Beele, Hilde
    Dienst Huidziekten, UZ Gent.
    Ruiz, Jose Contreras
    Clínica Interdisciplinaria de Cuidado de Heridas y Estomas. Hospital General 'Dr. Manuel Gea Gonzalez', Mexico City.
    Nystrøm, Theis Huldt
    Hudpoliklinikken i Namsos.
    Lindholm, Christina
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Maume, Sylvie
    Hospital Charles Foix, Ivry sur Seine.
    Melby-Østergaard, Britta
    Copenhagen Wound Healing Centre, Bispebjerg Hospital, Copenhagen.
    Peter, Yolanda
    Fachleiterin Wundbehandlung, Bulach.
    Romanelli, Marco
    Dipartimento di Dermatologia, Ospidale Santa Chiara, Via Roma, Pisa.
    Seppänen, Salla
    Health Department, Mikkeli University of Applied Sciences.
    Serena, Thomas E.
    Pennsylvania North Centre for Advanced Wound Care, Warren, PA.
    Sibbald, Gary
    Women's College Hospital, Toronto.
    Soriano, Jose Verdú
    Department of Community Nursing, Preventive Medicine, Public Health and History of Science, School of Nursing, University of Alicante.
    White, Wendy
    Monash University, Wound Foundation of Australia/NSW Branch, Sydney.
    Wollina, Uwe
    Department of Dermatology and Allergology, Hospital Dresden-Friedrichstadt, Dresden.
    Woo, Kevin Y
    Women's College Hospital, Toronto.
    Wyndham-White, Carolyn
    HEdS Geneve.
    Harding, Keith G.
    Department of Wound Healing, School of Medicine, Cardiff University.
    Dressing-related pain in patients with chronic wounds: an international patient perspective2008In: International Wound Journal, ISSN 1742-4801, E-ISSN 1742-481X, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 159-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This cross-sectional international survey assessed patients' perceptions of their wound pain. A total of 2018 patients (57% female) from 15 different countries with a mean age of 68.6 years (SD = 15.4) participated. The wounds were categorised into ten different types with a mean wound duration of 19.6 months (SD = 51.8). For 2018 patients, 3361 dressings/compression systems were being used, with antimicrobials being reported most frequently (n= 605). Frequency of wound-related pain was reported as 32.2%, 'never' or 'rarely', 31.1%, 'quite often' and 36.6%, 'most' or 'all of the time', with venous and arterial ulcers associated with more frequent pain (P= 0.002). All patients reported that 'the wound itself' was the most painful location (n= 1840). When asked if they experienced dressing-related pain, 286 (14.7%) replied 'most of the time' and 334 (17.2%) reported pain 'all of the time'; venous, mixed and arterial ulcers were associated with more frequent pain at dressing change (P < 0.001). Eight hundred and twelve (40.2%) patients reported that it took <1 hour for the pain to subside after a dressing change, for 449 (22.2%) it took 1-2 hours, for 192 (9.5%) it took 3-5 hours and for 154 (7.6%) patients it took more than 5 hours. Pain intensity was measured using a visual analogue scale (VAS) (0-100) giving a mean score of 44.5 (SD = 30.5, n= 1981). Of the 1141 who reported that they generally took pain relief, 21% indicated that they did not feel it was effective. Patients were asked to rate six symptoms associated with living with a chronic wound; 'pain' was given the highest mean score of 3.1 (n= 1898). In terms of different types of daily activities, 'overdoing things' was associated with the highest mean score (mean = 2.6, n= 1916). During the stages of the dressing change procedure; 'touching/handling the wound' was given the highest mean score of 2.9, followed by cleansing and dressing removal (n= 1944). One thousand four hundred and eighty-five (80.15%) patients responded that they liked to be actively involved in their dressing changes, 1141 (58.15%) responded that they were concerned about the long-term side-effects of medication, 790 (40.3%) of patient indicated that the pain at dressing change was the worst part of living with a wound. This study adds substantially to our knowledge of how patients experience wound pain and gives us the opportunity to explore cultural differences in more detail.

  • 270.
    Rehnstam-Holm, Ann-Sofi
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Man and Biosphere Health: en komplett akademisk miljö2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom forskningsmiljön Man and Biospere Health, förkortat MABH (hkr.se/mabh), bedrivs forskning inom biologi, kemi, biomedicin och psykologi, men också mycket tvärvetenskaplig forskning, med fokus kring människans påverkan på ekosystem och dess effekter på biologiskt liv, mångfald och hälsa. Forskare inom MABH är också involverade i åtgärdsprogram och utveckling av nya tekniker och metoder för att kunna undersöka de negativa effekterna av människans aktiviteter. Forskningsmiljön MABH bildades 2009 med syfte att samla högskolan forskning inom bland annat ekologi, miljöteknik, kemi och biomedicin under ett paraply. Ambitionen var att utveckla tvärvetenskapliga projekt såväl inom som utanför gruppen.

  • 271.
    Rehnstam-Holm, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Axelsson, Carolina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Forskningsanknuten grundutbildning: utbildningsanknuten forskning?2018In: Man and Biosphere Health: en komplett akademisk miljö / [ed] Ann-Sofi Rehnstam-Holm, Kristianstad: Högskolan Kristianstad , 2018, p. 8-15Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Begreppet forskningsanknuten utbildning kan definieras på ett flertal sätt. Idealt ska studenterna inom sin utbildning stöta på forskning genom att få kännedom om aktuell forskning och vara praktiskt involverade i forskningsprojekt. För att detta ska uppnås bör majoriteten av lärarna vara forskningsaktiva inom för utbildningen relevanta områden och att ett vetenskapligt förhållningssätt till kunskap förmedlar på bästa pedagogiska sätt också detta förankrat i forskning. I den här artikeln ger vi exempel på hur studenter har involverats i våra forskningsprojekt både på högskolan, på universitetssjukhuset i Lund och vid internationella universitet och forskningsstationer.

  • 272.
    Richnau, Gustav
    et al.
    Landscape Management, Design and Construction, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp.
    Angelstam, Per
    Faculty of Forest Sciences, School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Skinnskatteberg.
    Valasiuk, Sviataslau
    Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
    Zahvoyska, Lyudmyla
    Institute of Ecological Economics, Ukrainian National Forestry University, Lviv.
    Axelsson, Robert
    Faculty of Forest Sciences, School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Skinnskatteberg.
    Elbakidze, Marine
    Faculty of Forest Sciences, School for Forest Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Skinnskatteberg.
    Farley, Joshua
    Department of Community Development and Applied Economics, UVM College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Burlington.
    Jönsson, Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Man and Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Soloviy, Ihor
    Institute of Ecological Economics, Ukrainian National Forestry University, Lviv.
    Multifaceted value profiles of forest owner categories in south Sweden: the river Helge å catchment as a case study2013In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 188-200Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Forest landscapes provide benefits from a widerange of goods, function and intangible values. But whatare different forest owner categories’ profiles of economicuse and non-use values? This study focuses on the complexforest ownership pattern of the River Helge a ̊catchmentincluding the Kristianstad Vattenrike Biosphere Reserve insouthern Sweden. We made 89 telephone interviews withinformants representing the four main forest owner cate-gories. Our mapping included consumptive and non-con-sumptive direct use values, indirect use values, and non-usevalues such as natural and cultural heritage. While thevalue profiles of non-industrial forest land owners andmunicipalities included all value categories, the forestcompanies focused on wood production, and the SwedishEnvironmental Protection Agency on nature protection. Wediscuss the challenges of communicating different forestowners’ economic value profiles among stakeholders, theneed for a broader suite of forest management systems, andfora for collaborative planning.

  • 273.
    Rosengren, Calle
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Ottosson, Mikael
    School of IMER, Malmö University.
    From white dress to white collar: a historical perspective on the hospital ward administrator2007In: Aili, C., Nilsson, L-E., Svensson, L.G., Denicolo, P. (eds), In tension between organization and profession: professionals in Nordic public service, Lund: Nordic Academic Press , 2007, p. 155-167Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 274.
    Saii, Kena
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Distriktssköterskans arbetssituation i en föränderlig organisation2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Primary care has undergone major organizational changes over the years which also had repercussions on the district nurse's work situation and health. The purpose of this study was to describe district nurses´ experience of their work situation in primary care. The study is qualitative and the empirical material was collected through interviews with twenty district nurses in twenty different health care centers in Southern Sweden. The interviews have been processed inductively based on conventional content analysis. The analysis resulted in two  main categories: Not getting to be and act as district nurse and to do justice to oneself; an oscillation between frustration and satisfaction above all because of the district nurses´ perception of their work situation meant that they were torn between not to practice their profession in accordance with what is characteristic of this profession in accordance with their professional identity. The optimum work situation for district nurses were to be working delimited and special oriented because of extended space to display their skills and to use their knowledge from a salutogenic perspective.

  • 275.
    Scharnell, Madeleine
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Stjärnkvist, Krister
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Pedagogens vikt på sikt: Pedagogernas tankar kring leken på fritidshemmet ur ett genusperspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att studera leken på fritidshemmet ur ett genusperspektiv. Utgångspunkten är forskning kring genus i leken. I studien har tre fritidspedagoger intervjuats. I intervjuerna framgår att fritidspedagogerna uppfattar att eleverna fortfarande väljer könsbundna lekar men att det håller på att förändras och att eleverna allt oftare väljer utifrån det egna intresset. Pedagogerna i studien tycker att de kan se förändring av könsmönster och könsroller och att lekarna inte är så könsbundna som de varit tidigare.

  • 276.
    Sepp, Hanna
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Concept and strategies to integrate food in educational activities in preschool: a meal education project in a Swedish municipality2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 277.
    Sepp, Hanna
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Mat och måltid i den svenska förskolan2015In: Barn, mat och måltider / [ed] J. Benn & K. Hjälmeskog, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, p. 73-92Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

     

  • 278.
    Sepp, Hanna
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen.
    Måltidspedagogik: mat- och måltidskunskap i förskolan2013Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Maten och måltidens roll på förskolan har skiftat genom åren och har alltid haft en central del i förskolans verksamhet. Förskollärare förväntas ha kunskaper i allt från betydelsen av god hygien, till sin egen roll som förebild vid måltiderna. De förväntas dessutom ha kunskaper kring bra mat för barn och får ofta frågor från föräldrarna kring mat och måltider. Boken är tänkt att fungera som bakgrund, inspiration och stöd till alla förskollärare i arbetet med mat och måltider i förskolan. Utgångspunkten är lärande om och med mat och måltider med grund i såväl mat- och måltids­kunskap och pedagogik som läroplanen för förskolan och de nationella folkhälsomålen.

    Boken omfattar två delar. Första delen vilar på disciplinerna i mat- och måltidskunskap i förskolan, medan den andra delen presenterar praktiska tillämpningar, övningar och exempel på hur personalen kan arbeta med mat och måltider. Innehållet i boken är mat- och måltidskunskap som omfattar matkultur och kommunikation, livsmedelsvetenskap samt näring och hälsa där kreativitet, hantverk och vetenskap går hand i hand kopplat till barn och verksamheten i förskolan.

    Syftet med boken är att lyfta maten och måltidens roll i den pedagogiska verksamheten på förskolan samt att öka kunskapen kring mat och hälsa.

    Boken vänder sig särskilt till lärare och barnskötare i förskolan, föräldrar och alla andra som är intresserade av barn och mat.

  • 279.
    Sepp, Hanna
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Höijer, Karin
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Food as a tool for learning in everyday activities at preschool: an exploratory study from Sweden2016In: Food & Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-6628, E-ISSN 1654-661X, Vol. 60, no 1, article id 32603Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is a need for research both in relation to food education at preschools and in relation to how the individual teacher can handle and relate to the many different scientific facts and paradigms that are prevalent in relation to food, health, and a sustainable lifestyle.

    Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences and meanings that preschool teachers associate with involving food as a tool for learning in planned educational activities.

    Design: An exploratory study was conducted in 14 preschools with 131 teachers. Twenty semi-structured individual or group interviews with 45 preschool staff were conducted, and 10 interviews were selected for analysis.

    Results: According to participants, both children and teachers developed a sensory language; children became more positive towards tasting and teachers discovered new possibilities for interdisciplinary work. However, the results also show that an allowing system, with both an interested and confident teacher who recognises the competent child and a supportive organisation, is needed in order to make food a meaningful tool for learning in preschool.

    Discussion: According to previous studies, food has the potential to play an important part in everyday activities at preschool, both in planned educational activities as well as at meal situations. Our results imply that a holistic understanding of food in preschool is required for long-term work with food as a natural part of the everyday activities.

    Conclusion: The results imply that it is fun and meaningful for both children and teachers, and quite possible, to work with food as a tool for learning in everyday activities at preschool. In order to include food as a way to work with the preschool curriculum for a sustainable lifestyle, an allowing system is needed.

  • 280.
    Sepp, Hanna
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Höijer, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Food as a tool for learning in preschool: an exploratory study from Sweden2016In: Abstract book NERA 2016: social justice, equality and solidarity in education, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 281.
    Sepp, Hanna
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Höijer, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Barns matvanor ur ett sensoriskt och pedagogiskt perspektiv2016Report (Other academic)
  • 282.
    Silva, Joakim
    Kristianstad University.
    Tjänsteplanering kräver samverkan2013In: Universitetsläraren, ISSN 0282-4973, no 16, p. 23-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 283.
    Skyvell Nilsson, Maria
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Wenestam, Claes-Goran
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Rationalitet och variation vid diagnostisering av misstänkt akut appendicit: en kvalitativ studie av handläggningsprocessen2006Report (Other academic)
  • 284.
    Sollerhed, Ann-Christin
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för humaniora.
    Skärmar riskerar skada förskolebarns hälsa2019In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, no 09Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Ökad digitalisering i förskolan strider mot samlad forskning om skärmtid för små barn. Barnens totala skärmtid riskerar att bli oförsvarlig, skriver universitetslektor Ann-Christin Sollerhed.

  • 285.
    Springett, Jane
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Förändring inifrån i ett perspektiv utifrån: den svenska modellen sedd med främmande ögon2007In: FoU-tidningen, no 6, p. 6-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Springett, Jane
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Höglund, Birgitta
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Säthersten Haraldsson, Sara
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Dychawy Rosner, Irena
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Hägglöf, Susanna
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Johansson, Yvonne
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Lindell, Lisbeth
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Lindskov, Cecilia
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Nilsson, Marie
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Olsson, Ingela
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Olsson, Sven-Erik
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Petersson, Pia
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Närsjukvård: bakgrund, erfarenheter och pilotstudie2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Närsjukvård är ett centralt begrepp i ett förändringsarbete som för genomförs i nordöstra Skåne för att utveckla hälso- och sjukvårdsväsendet. Det ingår därmed som en av de centrala delarna av Region Skånes vision om hälso- och sjukvård: Skånsk livskraft – vård och hälsa. Syftet med denna rapport är att ge en bakgrund till begreppet (Del A) och att presentera en del preliminära rön beträffande hur olika aktörer i nordöstra Skåne uppfattar begreppet (Del B). Del A ger en översikt kring ursprunget till begreppet Närsjukvård inom ramen för de förändringar i hälso- och sjukvården som sker i Sverige i stort. Den beskriver sedan vilka slags förändringar som har planerats på politisk nivå och som nu håller på att genomföras under detta paraplybegrepp, nationellt, regionalt och lokalt. För detta syfte används statliga dokument och publicerade utvärderingsstudier i stor utsträckning som källmaterial. Denna del ska därför inte ses som en heltäckande översikt. Del B inriktas på att belysa hur långt förverkligandet av idén om Närsjukvård har kommit inom regionen. Avsnittet är en kartläggning av olika aktörers förståelse av Närsjukvård i den nordöstra delen av Region Skåne. Forskningsfrågorna inriktades på hur folk pratade om Närsjukvård, det vill säga på hur de förstod och använde begreppet.

  • 287.
    Stenzelius, Karin
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Hallberg, Ingalill Rahm
    The Swedish Institute for Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Westergren, Albert
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Bowel function among people 75+ reporting faecal incontinence in relation to help seeking, dependency and quality of life2007In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 458-468Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim was to compare faecal incontinence and related bowel symptoms among men and women and being dependent or not (aged >or=75 years) and furthermore to identify which bowel symptoms predicted help seeking, dependency and low quality of life (QoL). BACKGROUND: Faecal incontinence (FI) in old age is a common condition and influences daily life to a great extent, although few actually seek medical help. METHODS: A total of 248 people with reported difficulties controlling faeces answered a postal questionnaire or were interviewed with questions about FI-related bowel symptoms. A factor analysis resulted in four areas of bowel symptoms and was used in logistic regression with help seeking, dependency and low QoL as dependent variables. RESULTS: Of all the subjects, 56.4% had leakage, 54.7% did not reach the toilet in time, 55.6% had incomplete emptying, 27.9% had hard stool, 36.8% bother from moisture from the anus, 32.2% could not withstand urgency for five minutes and 17% had red skin or wounds in the genital region. Women and those dependent were most affected. Totally 40.8% had sought help and 30.1% used protective aids. Leakage, discomfort, consistency and contractibility symptoms were the categories of bowel symptoms related to FI. Discomfort predicted help seeking (OR 3.0), dependency (OR 1.5) and physical QoL (OR 1.7). Leakage predicted help seeking (OR 1.9) but not dependency and QoL. CONCLUSIONS: Overall bowel function was disturbed among those with FI and unmet needs seem problematic especially for women and those needing help in Activities of Daily Living (ADL). Encouragement to seek and get medical help and to use protective aids may improve the very low quality of life in this group. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Older people with FI should be asked about, assessed for and examined for overall bowel function to get adequate treatment and be encouraged to use protection.

  • 288.
    Stjernkvist, Emma
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Thuresson, Malin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Prinsessor tacklar alltid hårdast: hur förmedlar två utvalda barnböcker genus till barn i förskolan?2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vårt examensarbete var att undersöka hur två utvalda barnböcker framställer genus och vad som då förmedlas till barn i förskolan, samt hur barnen reagerar på böckernas sätt att framställa genus.

    För att fördjupa oss och belysa böckernas sätt att förmedla genus valde vi att börja med en noggrann bokanalys av de utvalda barnböckerna. Därefter genomfördes en intervju med slumpmässigt utvalda barn som deltagare. Vi valde sedan att läsa böckerna för barnen. Dokumentationen, videofilmning, gjorde det möjligt för oss att analysera barnens spontana reaktioner under intervjun och läsningen.

    Vi såg att barnens tidigare erfarenheter speglade deras uppfattning kring vad som anses vara flicksaker respektive pojksaker. Barnens uttryck i intervjun kring materiella saker uppfattade vi könsstereotypiskt. Däremot var barnen öppna för nya synvinklar under läsningen av böckerna. Barnen konstaterade i diskussionen att alla kan leka med allt och de ifrågasatte inte när böckerna överskred könstypiska normer.

  • 289.
    Suhonen, Riitta
    et al.
    Health Care District of Forssa.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Idvall, Ewa
    Kalmar County Council.
    Kalafati, Maria
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Athens.
    Katajisto, Jouko
    Department of Statistics, University of Turku.
    Land, Lucy
    Birmingham City University.
    Lemonidou, Chryssoula
    Faculty of Nursing, University of Athens.
    Schmidt, Lee A.
    Niehoff School of Nursing, Loyola University Chicago, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood.
    Välimäki, Maritta
    Department of Nursing Science/Hospital District of South-Western Finland, University of Turku.
    Leino-Kilpi, Helena
    Department of Nursing Science/Hospital District of South-Western Finland, University of Turku.
    European orthopaedic and trauma patients' perceptions of nursing care: a comparative study2009In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 18, no 20, p. 2818-2829Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To compare English, Finnish, Greek and Swedish orthopaedic and trauma patients' perceptions of nursing care received during hospitalisation. BACKGROUND: Patient perceptions are important when evaluating nursing care delivery. Evaluations usually take place sub-nationally though European citizens may be treated throughout the European Union. International comparative studies are possible because of the universal nature and philosophical roots of quality in nursing care. They are needed to assist in improving care outcomes. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, comparative study design was used. METHOD: The Schmidt Perception of Nursing Care Survey was used to obtain data from orthopaedic and trauma patients in acute hospitals in four countries: Finland (n = 425, response rate 85%), Greece (n = 315, 86%), Sweden (n = 218, 73%) and UK (n = 135, 85%). Data were first analysed using descriptive statistics, then between-country comparisons were computed inferentially using a one-way analysis of variance and a univariate analysis of covariance. RESULTS: Between-country differences were found in patients' perceptions of the nursing care received. Over the whole Schmidt Perception of Nursing Care Survey the Swedish and Finnish patients gave their care the highest assessments and the Greek patients the lowest. The same trend was seen in each of the four sub-scales: Seeing The Individual Patient, Explaining, Responding and Watching. Responding was given the highest assessments in each participating country and Seeing the Individual Patient the lowest except in Greece. CONCLUSIONS: Further research is needed to consider whether the between-country differences found are caused by differences between cultures, nursing practices, roles of healthcare personnel or patients in the different countries. The Schmidt Perception of Nursing Care Survey is suitable for the assessment of European orthopaedic and trauma patients' perceptions of nursing care received during hospitalisation. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The results are useful in evaluating and developing nursing care in hospitals from different European countries.

  • 290.
    Suhonen, Riitta
    et al.
    Health Care District of Forssa.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Idvall, Ewa
    Kalmar County Council.
    Kalafati, Maria
    University of Athens, Faculty of Nursing.
    Katajisto, Jouko
    University of Turku, Department of Statistics.
    Land, Lucy
    University of Central England, Birmingham.
    Lemonidou, Chryssoula
    University of Athens, Faculty of Nursing.
    Välimäki, Maritta
    University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science.
    Leino-Kilpi, Helena
    University of Turku, Department of Nursing Science.
    Individualised care from the orthopaedic and trauma patients' perspective: an international comparative survey2008In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 45, no 11, p. 1586-1597Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Although individualised nursing care is considered a core value in nursing in different countries, international comparative studies in this area are rare. In Western countries, common hospitalised patients, e.g. orthopaedic patients, often perceive health care as impersonal rather than individualised; a term which may also have different connotations in different cultures. OBJECTIVES: To describe and compare orthopaedic and trauma patients' perceptions of individuality in their care in four European countries. DESIGN: A cross-sectional comparative study. SETTINGS: 24 orthopaedic and trauma wards in 13 acute care hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: Data were collected from orthopaedic and trauma patients in Finland (n=425, response rate 85%), Greece (n=315, 86%), Sweden (n=218, 73%) and UK (n=135, 58%) between March 2005 and December 2006. METHODS: Questionnaire survey data using the Individualised Care Scale (ICS) were obtained and analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics including frequencies, percentages, means, standard deviations, 95% confidence intervals (CI), one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), chi2 statistics and univariate analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). RESULTS: Patients perceived that nurses generally supported their individuality during specific nursing interventions and perceived individuality in their care. There were some between-country differences in the results. Patients' individuality in the clinical situation and in decisional control over their care were also generally well supported and taken into account. However, patients' personal life situation was not supported well through nursing interventions and these patients perceived lower levels of individualised care. CONCLUSIONS: North-South axis differences in patients' perceptions of individualised care may be attributed to the way nursing care is defined and organised in different European countries. Differences may be due to the differences in regional samples, and so no firm conclusions can be made. Further research will be needed to examine the effect of patient characteristics' and health care organisation variables in association with patients' perceptions of individualised care.

  • 291.
    Svensson, Monica
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Co-workers continuing professional development from a salutogenic perspective: Leaders views2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. The aim of this study was to explore unit leaders’ views of, and their role as facilitators, of co-workers’ continuing professional development (CPD) in hospital settings. Background. CPD is an important and necessary part of work, but how is it facilitated in a reality of cost cuttings and a priority to run a ward? Methods. This is a qualitative study with a salutogenic perspective. Ten unit leaders described their experiences in semi-structured interviews that were performed in cooperation with another researcher who studied organizational culture. The data was analyzed with qualitative conventional content analysis and the procedure was inductive. Findings. The unit leaders meant that CPD was meaningful and health promoting, but an accepting attitude from the organization and co-workers was desired. CPD was sometimes a requirement from the organization, but the unit leaders’ orders were to prioritize to run the ward, which could affect the possibility to perform CPD. The unit leaders explained that co-workers wanted and needed to work with development, it could be a requirement for staying at work. The unit leaders found it important to drive change and development, but it should be performed by the coworkers. Roles, responsibilities, and work conditions needed to be clarified, which could increase the feeling of involvement and participation and thereby make development of work possible. Conclusion. Goals for CPD needs to be clarified and the valuation and priority increased. Involvement, responsibility and CPD are connected.

  • 292.
    Södergren, Peter
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Vi kan och vill utvecklas: en undersökning om parkarbetares dagliga arbete inom en kommunal teknikförvaltning2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kommunala parkarbetare är en ”tyst” yrkesgrupp vars arbetssituation och framtida utvecklingsmöjligheter sällan uppmärksammas eller diskuteras i kommunala arbetsgivarsammanhang. Det finns ett brett forskningsfält som intresserar sig för arbetsförhållanden inom serviceyrken som i olika hög utsträckning kan jämföras med parkarbetaryrket. Någon forskning där parkarbetares specifika arbetssituation belyses har däremot inte gått att finna. Detta gör föreliggande undersökning mer angelägen.

    Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka vad det innebar att arbeta som parkarbetare inom en kommunal teknikförvaltning med utgångspunkt i de medverkandes känsla av sammanhang (KASAM) i arbetet. För att uppnå syftet användes deltagarorienterande metoder som gav de medverkande parkarbetarna tillfällen till reflektion över det egna arbetet: projektmöte, brainstorming, fokusgrupp, medföljning samt informella grupp- och individsamtal. Undersökningsresultaten återkopplades och diskuterades kontinuerligt med de medverkande parkarbetarna. Dessa har också i efterhand utvärderat undersökningsprocessen.

    Den kvalitativa analysen av det omfattande materialet utmynnade i ett antal kategorier som ligger till grund för undersökningsresultatens presentation.

    Undersökningen visade att deltagarna upplevde en stark känsla av sammanhang när det gällde arbete och arbetskamraterna. Det handlar om arbetsgruppens yrkesstolthet och professionella förhållningssätt gentemot medborgarna och i utförandet av arbetsuppgifterna. Begreppen handlar om vikten att hjälpas åt, fördelning av arbetsuppgifter och att ha roligt tillsammans. Resultaten visar att initierat pilotprojekts varaktighet var otydligt vilket innebar en svag känsla av sammanhang. En svag känsla av sammanhang sågs också avseende utveckling som handlar om arbetsgruppens önskemål om nya arbetsuppgifter, effektivare arbetssätt och att ledningen ska ta tillvara på nya idéer. En svag känsla av sammanhang upplevdes också i förhållande till arbetsledare/chef som deltagarna anser ska vara en central person för dem. Deltagarna efterlyste en öppen dialog innehållande delaktighet och möjlighet till att påverka och att utforma tydliga mål tillsammans.

    Sammantaget innehåller uppsatsen noggranna beskrivningar av tillvägagångssätt, analyser och resultat avseende undersökningens empiriska genomförande och litteraturgenomgång. Beskrivningarna underlättar bedömningar av metodernas användbarhet och resultatens tillförlitlighet. De kan också utgöra en inspiration och vägledning vid eventuella framtida utvecklingsarbeten.

  • 293.
    Söderholm, Sara
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Hermansson, Anders
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Sociometrisk status och arbetstilfredsställelse: en kvantitativ studie av olika prediktorer för arbetstillfredsställelse2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a quantative study that aims to examine differentfactors effecting job satisfaction. Thevariables measured as potential predictors are; sociometric status in accordance to sociometer theory, socioeconomic status, personal sense of power and the personality trait extraversion. The data consists of (N= 128) participantsemployed by a medium sized company. This study is based on a similar studyThe Local-Ladder Effect: Social Status and Subjective Well-Being (Anderson, Kraus, Galinsky & Keltner, 2012) which studies Subjective Well-Being and sociometric status. Job satisfactionwas measured by the MSQ (Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire). Sociometric status and personal sense of power weremeasured according to similar claims by Anderson, Kraus et al. (2012), further described in detail in the methodssection. Socioeconomic status wasmeasured based on income and educational background. The personality trait extraversion wasmeasured with questions from the personality test IPIP. The question being asked is; what predicts job satisfaction-socioeconomic-or sociometric status? Also what rolethe personality trait extraversion plays as a predictor was a question in this study. The hypothesis is formulated on the basis that the sociometer theory isa better predictor of job satisfactionthan income/socioeconomic statusis. The collected responses from the survey were processed and analyzed in SPSS version 22 through a multiple regression analysis and correlation analyzes. Only personal sense of powerreceived significant support in the regression analysis when all variables were included as predictors, but after a mediation analysis, we received support for sociometric status as a predictor ofjob satisfaction throughpersonal sense of power. The results of the regression analysis (model Enter) showed that personal sense of power was the best predictor of job satisfaction(β =.50, p< .05). Correlationsshowed the same way. The strongest correlation was found between job satisfaction and personal sense of power,which partly explains sociometric status(r =.57, p <.05).

  • 294.
    Tegelberg, Elin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Bodell, Malin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Olaga förföljelse: Ett samhällsproblem?2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi har använt oss av semistrukturerade intervjuer med jurister, poliser och kvinnojoursaktiva för att utreda och analysera fenomenet olaga förföljelse. Det åsikter som framkom i intervjuerna har tolkats och analyserats utifrån den symboliska interaktionismen samt från Beckers (1997) begrepp outsiders och moraliska entrepenörer. Olaga förföljelse innehåller flera brottsrubriceringar, definitionen av olaga förföljelse är när en gärningsperson begår systematiska och upprepade handlingar mot en ett offer. Offret i sin tur upplever kontakten som oönskad, negativ och kränkande. Lagen är nystiftad och ger begränsad uppfattning om huruvida det är ett socialt problem. Åsikterna gällande detta är delad. Dels ses det som ett problem på individnivå medan andra anser att det ska klassas som ett socialt problem. Kriminaliseringen har enligt respondenterna skett till följd av att det fanns krav, från rättsväsendet, polis och kvinnojoursaktiva, på högre straffskala och ökat stöd för offren. Den definitionsprocess som konstruerar ett socialt problem anses, av två av respondenterna, många gånger startas i medier.

  • 295.
    Thelander, Joakim
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Den metodologiska labyrinten: erfarenheter och vägval inom samhällsvetenskaplig forskning2014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en bok om samhällsvetenskaplig forskningsmetod. Det finns många läroböcker om metod, men ambitionen har inte varit att skriva en traditionell lärobok. Snarare rymmer boken ett antal personliga betraktelser och diskussioner av metodfrågor och forskningspraktik, i en del fall baserade på erfarenheter från skribenternas konkreta forskningsprojekt. Förhoppningen är att kunna bidra med reflektioner och perspektiv som kan vara till hjälp vid de metodologiska vägval som är en del av samhällsforskarens vardag. Boken kan användas såväl i undervisningssammanhang som av forskare eller andra med intresse för samhällsvetenskaplig metod.

  • 296.
    Tholén, Lennart
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Vilka personliga egenskaper krävs för en framgångsrik individuell karriärutveckling?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 297.
    Törnquist Agosti, Madelaine
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Andersson, Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Janlöv, Ann-Christin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Shift work to balance everyday life: a salutogenic nursing perspective in home help service in Sweden2015In: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 2-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Nurses in Sweden have a high absence due to illness and many retire before the age of sixty. Factors at work as well as in private life may contribute to health problems. To maintain a healthy work–force there is a need for actions on work-life balance in a salutogenic perspective. The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of resources in everyday life to balance work and private life among nurses in home help service.

    Methods: Thirteen semi-structured individual interviews and two focus group interviews were conducted with home help service nurses in Sweden. A qualitative content analysis was used for the analyses.

    Result: In the analyses, six themes of perceptions of recourses in everyday life emerged; (i) Reflecting on life. (ii) Being healthy and taking care of yourself. (iii) Having a meaningful job and a supportive work climate. (iv) Working shifts and part time. (v) Having a family and a supporting network. (vi) Making your home your castle.

    Conclusions: The result points out the complexity of work-life balance and support that the need for nurses to balance everyday life differs during different phases and transitions in life. In this salutogenic study, the result differs from studies with a pathogenic approach. Shift work and part time work were seen as two resources that contributed to flexibility and a prerequisite to work-life balance. To have time and energy for both private life and work was seen as essential. To reflect on and discuss life gave inner strength to set boundaries and to prioritize both in private life and in work life. Managers in nursing contexts have a great challenge to maintain and strengthen resources which enhance the work-life balance and health of nurses. Salutogenic research is needed to gain an understanding of resources that enhance work-life balance and health in nursing contexts.

  • 298.
    Ulander, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Hälsosammare matvanor och ökad matglädje hos äldre: utvärdering av utvecklingssatsningen "Kost, sensorik, 70+"2008Report (Other academic)
  • 299.
    Ulander, Kerstin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Torfadóttir, Ólina
    Sjúkrahúsid, Akureyri.
    Axelsson, Carolina
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Westergren, Albert
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Lindholm, Christina
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Eatning and nutrition 2006 and 2007: at Sjúkrahúsid at Akureyri, Iceland, in cooperation with Kristianstad University, Sweden2009Report (Other academic)
  • 300.
    Ulander, Kerstin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Westergren, Albert
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Torfadóttir, Ólina
    Fjordungssjukrahusid, Akureyri.
    Axelsson, Carolina
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Lindholm, Christina
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Point prevalence study of eating and nutrition March 2006: at Fjordungssjukrahusid, Akureyri, Iceland in cooperation with Kristianstad University2007Report (Other academic)
34567 251 - 300 of 325
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