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  • 151.
    Tullgren, Charlotte
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Learning Study projects in Swedish Childhood Education: possibility and challenge2012In: Abstracts book, 2012, p. 97-98Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally Swedish pre-schools have been awarded full value, where a path of development and education has often been included. School preparatory learning was rarely emphasized (Brembeck, Johansson & Kampmann, 2004). In recent years pre-school has been given a clearer and partially changed mandate related to children's learning and development (Swedish National Agency for Education, 2010). This new tradition of increased focus on learning and goal achievements is challenging for the teachers (Ljung-Djärf & Tullgren, 2010). With this background the aim of the presentation is to give an overview of Swedish Learning Study projects among pre-school children and how these could impact on the teaching and learning in pre-school settings. The presented studies are Learning Studies and consist of two or three micro-cycle studies. Theoretically they are based upon variation theory and the concepts discernment, simultaneity and variation (Marton & Booth, 1997; Marton & Pang, 2006). When learning it is important for the learners to discern critical aspects of the learning object, discern different aspects simultaneously and whit variation and contrast in representation forms. In the studies special focus is put on generative learning (Holmqvist, Gustavsson & Wernberg, 2007) which could be described as the ability to develop knowledge about the learning object beyond the learning situation in the learning study. The studies show that it is possible to accomplish a Learning Study among young children. Learning Study offers the children, and the teachers, to put focus on a certain object of learning. Also more complex and compounded learning objects are possible for the children to gain and develop knowledge about. Learning Study not only enables the teachers to be aware of their on expectations of the children´s learning, but also spot the importance of the teachers and the teaching when it comes to the children´s learning.

  • 152.
    Tullgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Bäckström, Lena
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    How do we define and evaluate preschool quality?: Swedish pre-school teachers in a discoursive crossfire2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 153.
    Tullgren, Charlotte
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Bäckström, Lena
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Palla, Linda
    Malmö högskola.
    Relations and reflexivity meet measurability and effectivness: rearticulated and transformed quality ideals in the Swedish preschool2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 154.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Att gestalta och omgestalta sitt ledarskap: verksamhetsnära chefer inom kommunal omsorgsverksamhet reflekterar över chefsroll och arbetets innehåll2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The present doctoral thesis aimed to explore what it means to be a first-level manages in a Swedish municipal social care administration, seen from the managers’ perspective. The empirical data derives from a participative, constructivist project which intended to contribute to new practice-based knowledge and to the learning and development of the participating managers. The participating managers reflected over their work and their managerial role by the use of a combination of repertory grid interviews, personal diaries and group discussions. Qualitative descriptive phenomenological analyses of the extensive material painted a vivid and nuanced picture of their work situation and professional role. In Paper I the project and the used methods were described in detail. Short extracts of data illustrated the potential of the general approach of combining constructivist techniques in participative and action oriented projects. The first brief results illustrated by “A day in a team manager’s working life” and by three “leadership dilemmas”: The spider in the web; The border patrol; and The open door, presented a picture of the managers’ complex work situation and how they were stimulated to address the problems arising. Paper II showed the many facets of social care management, where six “faces” portrayed the complex managerial role. The results indicated that managers in this and other welfare organizations need to construe and re-construe their managerial role in order to balance the contrasting demands on their role, thereby ac-complishing a personal equilibrium. Paper III further explored the managers' leadership role ideal, grounded in the concept of care. Several aspects of the managers' work situation resulted, on their own or in conjunction, in difficul-ties fulfilling their caring leadership ideal. These difficulties of which the managers spoke were arranged into three distinct patterns: problems, dilemmas and paradoxes. The results gave insight of the nature of these difficulties, the implications which these might have on the managers, their staff and the delivery of service, and the discussed remedies. Taken together the results raises new questions about municipal managers’ abilities and possibilities to handle ideals and requirements which are difficult to consoli-date particularly in times or resource scarcity. Is it possible to be an at the same time caring and efficient manager? How can mangers’ options to handle the complexity of modern welfare organisations be strengthened?

  • 155.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Construing teachers’ quality work: a principal view2014In: The 7th Nordic Working Life Conference - Threats and Possibilities Facing Nordic Working Life: Book of Abstracts and Programme / [ed] Tommy Isidorsson, Göteborg, 2014, p. 187-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Teachers are the most important school based factor for students’ learning outcomes and educational success. Whereas teachers’ pro-spects of enhancing their students’ development and study results, are significant for their work satisfaction and wellbeing. This suggests that the endorsement of quality teaching will improve student results and teacher wellbeing. Many teachers have difficulties performing in accordance to their professional standards, sick rates are alarmingly high, and several teachers leave the profession. This calls for a re-search approach where teachers’ prospects of performing quality teaching, are related to their options to perform quality-driven profes-sional teacher work, i.e. the work performed to support quality teach-ing. Such an approach take into account factors related to local school leadership, and the organisation of teacher work. This paper aims to bring together teachers’ and principals’ perspectives on quality-driven professional teacher work, in order to gain new knowledge and give implications for praxis. The principals and teachers construe teachers’ options to perform quality-driven professional work in relation to the implementation of a new curriculum and a new grading system, quali-ty certification processes and an ongoing work hour project, and to some extent also to the teachers’ personality and ambitions. The teachers’ also mention factors related to local oranisation processes, and the relations to pupils and fellow teachers. 

  • 156.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Diary-in-Group method: contributions to new practice-based knowledge and to the learning and development of the participants2013In: SAGE Research MethodsArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This case describes the Diary-in-Group method (personal diary notations combined with group sessions) as used in a participative and action-oriented project which intended to contribute to new practice-based knowledge on what it means to be a first-level manager in a Swedish municipal social care administration, and to the learning and development of the participating managers. The project's methodological framework derived from personal construct psychology and phenomenology. The method generated a large amount of data which were analysed using a qualitative descriptive phenomenological approach. The analyses aimed to give voice to the impromptu views and opinions of the managers, thereby contributing to an understanding of the complexity of the managers' organisation and work situation as well as of how this was reflected in their experiences in which various aspects collided. The results raised new questions about municipal managers' ability to handle ideals and requirements which are difficult to consolidate, particularly in times or resource scarcity. In this case, the Diary-in-Group method and its function, and the quality and relevance of the results, are discussed in relation to the project aims.

  • 157.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Is it possible to be a caring and efficient manager?: problems, dilemmas and paradoxes handled by Swedish social care managersArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 158.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Spiders Caught Up by the Web : Social Care Managers Reflect Over Their Work Situation2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Swedish municipal social care managers and their staff often feel inadequate in their efforts to live up to legal requirements, organisational quality objectives, and their own professional ideals

    This study reports from a constructivist and participative project in which Swedish social care managers reflected over their work and their managerial role by the use of repertory grid interviews, personal diaries and group discussions.

    The qualitative phenomenological analyses of the extensive material show that the managers construed time as a crucial factor in relation to their work situation and managerial role, the staff members and the quality of the services produced.

    The results give a vivid and nuanced picture of the managers’ experiences of time consuming work processes, time shortage, time thieves and other time related difficulties, but also of time managing strategies and alternative solutions.   

    Managers’ insights regarding their own work are of major importance in terms of performance and efficiency and their personal health. In this project the managers’ meaning making processes were supported by the use of constructivist techniques.

  • 159.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Time to care? : Pictures from a social care organisation2012In: Raising Constructivist Voices: anticipating 21st century challenges, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     Swedish municipal social care managers and their staff often feel inadequate in their efforts to live up to legal requirements, organisational quality objectives, and their own professional ideals

    This study reports from a constructivist and participative project in which Swedish social care managers reflected over their work and their managerial role by the use of repertory grid interviews, personal diaries and group discussions.

    The qualitative phenomenological analyses of the extensive material show that the managers construed time as a crucial factor in relation to their work situation and managerial role, the staff members and the quality of the services produced.

    The results give a vivid and nuanced picture of the managers’ experiences of time consuming work processes, time shortage, time thieves and other time related difficulties, but also of time managing strategies and alternative solutions.   

    Managers’ insights regarding their own work are of major importance in terms of performance and efficiency and their personal health. In this project the managers’ meaning making processes were supported by the use of constructivist techniques.

  • 160.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Villkor för lärararbetets organisering: delstudie 2 - lärares kollegiala reflektioner över arbetet2013Report (Other academic)
  • 161.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    “What have you bee up to today?”: construing and re-construing head teacher’s work and role2014In: Refresh your constructs!: constructive alternativism in education, psychological care and democracy, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Head teachers are expected to be pedagogic leaders who support their teachers’ professional development in order to improve long term teaching quality and goal achievement. Research shows that many heads perform a multitude of administrative and hands-on tasks, while trying to balance diverging and sometimes incomprehensive objectives and expectations.

    This paper reports from a project where six Swedish head teachers reflected over their tasks and role, using the diary- in-group-method.

    The results show how the participants construe their role in relation to their complex and multifaceted work situation, and to their personal and professional ambitions. They all seem to have a personal approach to their role, which allow them to balance the contrasting demands and to accomplish a personal equilibrium.

    The participants appreciated the research process, which provided individual reflection on the diverse tasks that filled their days, and collegial feedback and reflection on important aspects of their professional role.

  • 162.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Tullgren, Charlotte
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Bäckström, Lena
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Relation or evaluation?: Swedish preschool teachers' expressions concerning quality work2012In: The 40th Annual Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association, 8 – 10 March 2012: abstract book, Aarhus: Department of Eduation, Aarhus University , 2012, p. 160-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish preschools are welfare institutions required to achieve and demonstrate high quality. The preschool teachers are responsible not only for the quality of the daily activities at the preschool, but also for the evaluation and development of these activities. The latter can be problematic especially in times of diminishing financial resources. This raises question on how quality is defined and evaluated.

    Our analysis of the national steering documents showed two coexisting discourses concerning quality and quality work in the Swedish preschools: I) a relational discourse within which quality was closely related to relations and reflections, and II) a new public management (NPM) discourse within which quality was related to measurability and effectiveness.

    A following study of discursive expressions of quality and quality work among preschool teachers showed that the participants’ statements to a high extent corresponded with the relational discourse found in the national steering documents. The teachers regarded themselves responsible for maintain good relations to the children and their parents, and to their colleagues. The relational discourse was to some extent challenged by the NPM discourse. This discourse was found in statements stressing a correspondence between activities and curriculum, and the local guiding principle: perform, evaluate, and develop. Evaluations were made by mandatory reports to the municipal administration and locally produced inquiry forms to the parents.

    In this paper we present a study which aims to explore discursive expressions about how quality could be achieved in preschool work among preschool teachers. The methodological frame of reference is inspired by critical discourse analysis, which enables the study of discourses and their relations to socio cultural practices, hereby allowing a critical perspective on society. Data was collected during a seminar where preschool teachers reflect upon their work and how they define quality or lack of quality.

1234 151 - 162 of 162
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