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  • 12001.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Health Care Delivery System: Sweden2014In: The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopedia of Health, Illness, Behavior, and Society / [ed] William C. Cockerham & others, Wiley-Blackwell, 2014, p. 866-872Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden it is a public sector duty to finance and facilitate the provision of health care. It is thus a “Beveridge” health care system. All residents have accordingly the right to obtain the publicly financed health care. The system is decentralized and includes 21 county councils and 290 municipalities. Furthermore, it rests on a democratic platform: each of these authorities is governed by a parliament, with its representatives elected for a four-year period at every general election.

  • 12002.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Integrated care development in Sweden: state of the art and future challenges2008In: E-P-A newsletter, no Edition 4, p. 10-11Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12003.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Integration, not fragmentation2012In: Public service review. Health and social care, ISSN 2045-2357, no 31, p. 75-76Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12004. Åhgren, Bengt
    Intraprenad ett sätt att göra personalen delaktiga2005In: Dagens medicin, ISSN 1104-7488, no 34, p. 33-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12005. Åhgren, Bengt
    Inventering av FoUU-kostnader inom hälso- och sjukvården i norrlandstingen2005Report (Other academic)
  • 12006.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Is competition and integration incompatible conditions?2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12007.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Is it better to be big? The reconfiguration of 21st century hospitals: Responses to a hospital merger in Sweden2008In: Health Policy, ISSN 0168-8510, E-ISSN 1872-6054, Vol. 87, no 1, p. 92-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Swedish hospital mergers seem to stem from a conviction among policy makers that bigger hospitals lead to lower average costs and improved clinical outcomes. The effects of mergers in the form of multisited hospitals have not been systematically evaluated. The purpose of this article is to contribute to this area of knowledge by exploring responses to the merger of Blekinge Hospital.

    Methods: The evaluation was guided by the philosophy of triangulation. A questionnaire was sent to 597 randomly selected employees, that is 24% of the health care staff. Four hundred ninety-eight employees answered the questionnaire, giving a response rate of 83%. Furthermore, interviews of different groups of stakeholders were conducted.

    Results: A moderate increase of quality was assessed, which, a low proportion of the employees perceived had decisively or largely to do with the merger. The majority perceives economical incentives as the drivers of change, but, at the same time, only 10% of this group believes this target was reached completely or to a large extent.

    Conclusions: The employees believe the merger has neither generated economy of scale advantages nor substantial quality improvement. Instead, it seems more rewarding to promote cross-functional collaboration together with clinical specialisation. Needs for both integration and differentiation could thereby be fulfilled. (c) 2008 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 12008. Åhgren, Bengt
    Kartläggning av akut- och ambulansverksamheten i Kronoberg2006Report (Other academic)
  • 12009. Åhgren, Bengt
    Konkurrens och samverkan: oförenliga vårdpolitiska strategier2013In: Om samverkan: för utveckling av hälsa och välfärd / [ed] Runo Axelsson, Susanna Bihari Axelsson, Studentlitteratur AB, 2013, p. 107-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12010. Åhgren, Bengt
    Konsekvensanalys av fyra scenarier om framtida akutverksamhet i Landstinget Kronoberg2007Report (Other academic)
  • 12011. Åhgren, Bengt
    Managing and developing integrated care in Sweden: the unbroken chain of care2005In: Managing integrated care for older persons: European perspectives and good practices / [ed] Marja Vaarama and Richard Pieper, Helsinki: Stakes & EHMA , 2005, p. 180-199Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12012.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Mutualism and antagonism within organisations of integrated health care2010In: Journal of Health Organisation & Management, ISSN 1477-7266, E-ISSN 1758-7247, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 396-411Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to explore the concepts of Swedish integrated health care, their state of development and interdependence, and, furthermore, evaluate whether the theoretical framework used improves the comprehension of why integrated health care arrangements endure or cease.

    DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The study is founded on descriptive data gathered from a literature search on integrated health care in Sweden. With inspiration from ecology theory, these data were analysed guided by a theoretical model based on a continuum of symbiotic effects, from antagonism to mutualism.

    FINDINGS: The era of Swedish integrated health care started in the 1990s, when a kind of clinical network called chains of care was launched. At the beginning the chain of care development was predominantly surrounded by non-integrative conditions, which had a restraining effect on these efforts. Even so, it seems that chains of care are here to stay. This faith in chains of care can to some extent be explained by the crucial role they have as connectors in the emerging local health care systems. Thus, these systems need chains of care to evolve and chains of care seem to require the integrative framework of local health care to progress and endure. Integrated health care performance could be troublesome, unless such mutualistic conditions are in place. States of commensalism may also be promoted, but the advantages are unilateral and therefore there is a risk of disloyalty by the unaffected part, which, in turn, can create a breeding-ground for an antagonistic liaison.

    ORIGINALITY/VALUE: A theoretical approach founded on what may be called "Health Care System Ecology" appears to enhance the understanding of the complex logic of integrated health care.

  • 12013. Åhgren, Bengt
    Mätningar av integration kan underlätta förändring2006In: Dagens medicin, ISSN 1104-7488, no 12, p. 39-Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12014. Åhgren, Bengt
    Närvård/närsjukvård: specialistvårdens omfattning på ön2007Report (Other academic)
  • 12015.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Patient choice and health care integration: a review of the consistency between two Swedish policy concepts2010In: International Journal of Integrated Care: Volume 10, 6 December 2010, 2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Despite of an insignificant track record of quasi market models in Sweden, new models of this kind have recently been introduced in health care; commonly referred to as ‘choice of care’. This time citizens act as purchasers; choosing the primary care centre or family physician they want to be treated by, which, in turn, generates a capitation payment to the chosen unit. Policy makers believe that such systems will be self-remedial, that is, as a result of competition the strong providers survive while unprofitable ones will be eliminated. Because of negative consequences of the fragmented health care delivery, policy makers at the same time also promote different forms of integrated health care arrangements. One example is ‘local health care’, which could be described as an upgraded community-oriented primary care, supported by adaptable hospital services, fitting the needs of a local population. This paper reviews if it is possible to combine this kind of integrated care system with a competition driven model of governance, or if they are incompatible.

    Theory: Inter-organisational and interprofessional collaboration, accessibility of services, and provider continuity.

    Method: Literature-based review.

    Results and conclusions: The findings indicate that some choice of care schemes could hamper the development of integration in local health care. However, geographical monopolies like local health care, enclosed in a non-competitive context, lack the stimulus of competition that possibly improves performance. Thus, it could be argued that if choice of care and local health care should be combined, patients ought to choose between integrated health care arrangements and not among individual health professionals.

  • 12016.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health, Göteborg, Sweden.
    The Art of Integrating Care: Theories Revisited2012In: Open Public Health Journal, ISSN 1874-9445, Vol. 5, p. 36-39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Integration of care is high on public health agendas all around the world. The development and implementation of integrative arrangements has been promoted for more or less two decades. Despite this every so often extensive history, there are recognised needs to take research into areas yet poorly explored, which include measures and outcomes of integrated care. On the other hand, existing evidence and knowledge can probably become more ennobled and thereby contribute to a deeper understanding of the compound art of integrating of health care services. Accordingly, the aim of this article is to re-evaluate and synthesise some revisited theories for the facilitation of sustainable integrated care solutions.

    This exploration shows it is important to have crucial prerequisites for integration in place: both functional and interactional conditions. This appears to be an organic process where the stakeholders go through gradual changes until the optimum level of integration as well as mutualistic interactions are established.

    It could be argued that refined knowledge could be excerpted from existing research. Then again, this strategy does not exclude actions for new research in poorly explored areas. Both approaches are important for the development of sustainable integrated care.

  • 12017.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    The mutualism between chains of care and local care2008In: International Journal of Integrated Care – Vol. 8, 4 June 2008, 2008, p. e13-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    There is a growing interest in compensating for the fragmented delivery of care by promoting integrated care. This movement is a feature of national and local policy, and it is being supported and encouraged amongst care providers.

    Aims

    Discuss the concepts of Swedish integrated care and their impact on care delivery systems.

    Results

    The chain of care concept is commonly regarded as a means to make a care delivery system better adapted to the needs of patients. In many county councils, this transformation is supported by policies focusing on quality and comprehensiveness. Despite several years of experience, a vast majority of the county councils regard themselves as unsuccessful in developing chains of care.

    In addition, many county councils have changed their delivery systems during recent years and implemented ‘Local Care’, an upgraded family- and community-oriented primary care supported by a flexible hospital system. It is unusual to find a high degree of organisational cohesiveness in the implementation of local care. Instead these solutions are in many cases supposed to be built on chains of care.

    Conclusions

    Chains of care are increasingly regarded as building stones of local care, which means that chains of care are embraced in a context and by conditions more favourable than former non-integrative care delivery systems. In this sense, chains of care may have a renaissance, after assuredly being high on the policy agendas but with several years of modest development results. Thus, local care needs chains of care to evolve and chains of care need the integrative framework of local care to sustain.

  • 12018. Åhgren, Bengt
    Utvärdering av Blekingesjukhuset2005Report (Other academic)
  • 12019. Åhgren, Bengt
    Utvärdering av integration inom närsjukvård2007In: Folkhälsa i samverkan mellan professioner, organisationer och samhällssektorer / [ed] Runo Axelsson och Susanna Bihari Axelsson, Studentlitteratur AB, 2007, p. 305-321Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12020.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Utvärdering av samverkan2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12021.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Whys and Wherefores of Integrated Health Care2008In: Integrated Health Care Delivery / [ed] Leonie A. Klein and Emily L. Neumann, Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2008, p. 137-150Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12022.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Working In Teams (Better Partnership Working Series): book review2008In: International Journal of Integrated Care, ISSN 1568-4156, E-ISSN 1568-4156, Vol. 8, p. e65-Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 12023.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Översyn av operations- och anestesiverksamheten inom länssjukvården i Landstinget Kronoberg2004Report (Other academic)
  • 12024. Åhgren, Bengt
    Översyn av operations- och anestesiverksamheten vid Länssjukhuset Ryhov2004Report (Other academic)
  • 12025.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    et al.
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Axelsson, Runo
    Determinants of integrated health care development: chains of care in Sweden2007In: International Journal of Health Planning and Management, ISSN 0749-6753, E-ISSN 1099-1751, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 145-157Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Local health care in Sweden is an emerging form of integrated care, linked together by chains of care. Experiences show, however, that the development of chains of care is making slow progress. In order to study the factors behind this development, an embedded multiple-case study design was chosen. The study compared six health authorities in Sweden, three with successful and three with unsuccessful chain of care development. Three major determinants of integrated health care development were identified: professional dedication, legitimacy and confidence. In more detail, space for prime movers and trust between participants were crucial success factors, while top-down approaches targeting at the same time a change of management systems were negative for the development of chains of care. Resistance from the body of physicians was a serious obstacle to such a development. Local health care depends on developed chains of care, but it seems that health care managers do not have the management systems necessary to run these clinical networks, mainly due to a lack of acceptance from the medical profession. This is an impossible situation in the long run, since the number of chains of care is likely to increase as a result of the emerging local health care. Copyright (c) 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 12026.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    et al.
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Axelsson, Runo
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Evaluating integrated health care: a model for measurement2005In: International journal of integrated care, ISSN 1568-4156, Vol. 5, no Jul-Sep, p. e01-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: In the development of integrated care, there is an increasing need for knowledge about the actual degree of integration between different providers of health services. The purpose of this article is to describe the conceptualisation and validation of a practical model for measurement, which can be used by managers to implement and sustain integrated care.

    THEORY: The model is based on a continuum of integration, extending from full segregation through intermediate forms of linkage, coordination and cooperation to full integration.

    METHODS: The continuum was operationalised into a ratio scale of functional clinical integration. This scale was used in an explorative study of a local health authority in Sweden. Data on integration were collected in self-assessment forms together with estimated ranks of optimum integration between the different units of the health authority. The data were processed with statistical methods and the results were discussed with the managers concerned.

    RESULTS: Judging from this explorative study, it seems that the model of measurement collects reliable and valid data of functional clinical integration in local health care. The model was also regarded as a useful instrument for managers of integrated care.

    DISCUSSION: One of the main advantages with the model is that it includes optimum ranks of integration beside actual ranks. The optimum integration rank between two units is depending on the needs of both differentiation and integration.

  • 12027.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    et al.
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Axelsson, Runo
    Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg University.
    Integrated Care: Pathfindings from Sweden2013In: Integrated care for Ireland in an international context: challenges for policy, institutions and specific service user needs / [ed] Tom O'Connor, Cork, Ireland: Oak Tree Press , 2013, p. 90-102Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12028.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    et al.
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Axelsson, Susanna Bihari
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Axelsson, Runo
    Nordic School of Public Health.
    Evaluating intersectoral collaboration: a model for assessment by service users2009In: International journal of integrated care, ISSN 1568-4156, Vol. 9, p. e03-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: DELTA was launched as a project in 1997 to improve intersectoral collaboration in the rehabilitation field. In 2005 DELTA was transformed into a local association for financial co-ordination between the institutions involved. Based on a study of the DELTA service users, the purpose of this article is to develop and to validate a model that can be used to assess the integration of welfare services from the perspective of the service users.

    THEORY: The foundation of integration is a well functioning structure of integration. Without such structural conditions, it is difficult to develop a process of integration that combines the resources and competences of the collaborating organisations to create services advantageous for the service users. In this way, both the structure and the process will contribute to the outcome of integration.

    METHOD: The study was carried out as a retrospective cross-sectional survey during two weeks, including all the current service users of DELTA. The questionnaire contained 32 questions, which were derived from the theoretical framework and research on service users, capturing perceptions of integration structure, process and outcome. Ordinal scales and open questions where used for the assessment.

    RESULTS: The survey had a response rate of 82% and no serious biases of the results were detected. The study shows that the users of the rehabilitation services perceived the services as well integrated, relevant and adapted to their needs. The assessment model was tested for reliability and validity and a few modifications were suggested. Some key measurement themes were derived from the study.

    CONCLUSION: The model developed in this study is an important step towards an assessment of service integration from the perspective of the service users. It needs to be further refined, however, before it can be used in other evaluations of collaboration in the provision of integrated welfare services.

  • 12029.
    Åhgren, Bengt
    et al.
    Nordic School of Public Health, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Nordgren, Lars
    Lunds universitet.
    Is choice of care compatible with integrated health care?: an exploratory study in Sweden2012In: International Journal of Health Planning and Management, ISSN 0749-6753, E-ISSN 1099-1751, Vol. 27, no 3, p. e162-e172Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Competitive and integrative policy actions are simultaneously being promoted in Swedish primary care; citizens' choice of care is launched while primary care is expected to integrate its activities with other providers for the creation of ‘local health care’. Competition tends, however, to fragment the provision of services. The aim of this study is, accordingly, to explore whether or not these policies are compatible in practice. For this purpose, strategically designed group interviews were conducted with citizens. When citizens make active choices, they are under the influence of self-perceived conditions: that is, the accessibility of the care, its continuity and the treatment offered by the care provider, conditions which, in turn, have a lot in common with the guiding principles of local health care. On the other hand, citizens who choose passively, because of not being in contact with primary care, have no difficulties in being disloyal to the chosen unit when becoming patients. In doing so, they also contribute to the fragmentation of local health care. Making entirely free choices when it comes to primary care seems to be incompatible with local health care. However, choice of care only partly equals the conditions of free choice. Choice of care and local health care would thus seem to be compatible, in practice, for the majority of patients.

  • 12030. Åhgren, Bengt
    et al.
    Romberg, Rune
    Avveckling av sjukhusbolagen: Bevaras frihetsformade värden när leden rättas? - Slutrapport2004Report (Other academic)
  • 12031.
    Åkerberg, Matilda
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    Pedagogiskt arbete i ett smärthanteringsprogram: en intervjustudie med arbetsterapeuter2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns ett behov av att sammanföra pedagogik och sjukvård i multidisciplinära behandlingsteam. Syftet var att undersöka vilka pedagogiska verktyg arbetsterapeuter använder under ett smärthanteringsprogram för patienter med långvarig smärta samt vilken syn de har på pedagogiska utmaningar och arbetssätt i detta arbete. Tre arbetsterapeuter intervjuades. Resultatet visade att teamarbete var basen för arbetet. De pedagogiska verktyg som användes var: gruppverksamhet, behandlingsplan med mål, samtal, praktisk och teoretisk undervisning, veckoschema och video/biofeedback. Arbetet utgick från det biopsykosociala synsättet. Det fanns en tydlig uppfattning hos informanterna att arbetet till stor del handlar om pedagogik i såväl teoretiska som praktiska moment inom smärthanteringsprogram. Momenten veckoschema, aktivitet i verkstan och problemlösning ger kopplingar till att lärande under programmen sker erfarenhetsbaserat. Undersökningen kunde inte ge ett tydligt svar på vilka grunder pedagogiska verktyg väljs.

     

     

    Nyckelord:

    Pedagogik, smärthanteringsprogram, arbetsterapeut, erfarenhetsbaserat lärande, teori, praktik

  • 12032.
    Åkerberg, Therése
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Teacher Education.
    Skönlitterärt urval i Sveriges gymnasieskolor - karaktäristika, motiveringar och yttre styrande faktorer 2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Åtskilliga gånger har skolans litteraturundervisning varit föremål för diskussioner som hand-lat om det litterära urval som görs i svenskundervisningen och debatter om kanon har förts. Föreliggande studie syftar till att undersöka gymnasielärares urval av fristående skönlitterära verk, som läses i sin helhet i svenskundervisningen, samt bakomliggande motiveringar och yttre faktorer som styr lärarnas urval. Studien genomfördes som en kvantitativ enkätunder-sökning i vilken 56 gymnasielärare i svenska vid 24 gymnasieskolor i Sverige deltog. Resul-tatet visar att det i dagens gymnasieskola inte kan talas om en kanon av fristående skönlitte-rära verk i någon traditionell mening, men väl om en tradition dominerad av August Strind-berg, samt av manliga och västerländska författarskap. Dock kan det idag även talas om en utveckling som gör att författare som Jan Guillou och Jonas Gardell får ett väsentligt utrym-me i undervisningen och att urvalet domineras av 1900-talslitteratur och har en stark internationell prägel. Gymnasielärarna väljer främst verk som speglar och/eller kan relateras till nutida förhållanden och de motiverar sina val främst med fokus på eleverna och deras per-sonliga och kommunikationsmässiga utveckling. Styrande för urvalet är främst gymnasielärarnas eget intresse för verken och eleverna, men även gymnasieskolans styrdokument, dess utbud av verken och undervisningens syfte, mål och schemamässiga planering.

  • 12033.
    Åkerberg, Ylva
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Vad är gällande rätt? - En studie i skuld och straff i skattebrott2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte

    Syftet är att undersöka gällande rätt, befintlig lagstiftning och utifrån dessa se hur domstolen värderar gärningspersonens uppsåt. Jag vill även se hur uppsåtet i sin tur påverkar straffpåföljden. En komplikation jag även stötte på var vilken bestraffningsrätt Skatteverket har, sett till lagen och till legalitetsprincipen. Hur kan staten delegerar ansvaret till ett statligt verk? Hur är det förankrat i lagen, rättssäkerheten och i demokratin?

    Metod

    Jag kommer att tolka och systematisera gällande rätt utifrån rättsdogmatiken, med utgångspunkt i Aleksander Peczeniks tolkning av den allmänna rättsläran.

    Slutsats

    Jag kom fram till att det råder diskrepans mellan doktrin och praxis, men att den lag som tillämpas är att anse som gällande rätt. När domstolen värderar gärningspersonens uppsåt tillämpas inte doktrinen, istället finns det processuella tillvägagångssätt, för att uppnå en neutral hållning i uppsåtsprövningen. De subjektiva rekvisiten tillämpas inte och borde heller inte prägla doktrinen.

    Dessutom har jag försökt att belysa skattetilläggets roll med hänsyn till rättssäkerheten, efter att Europadomstolen och HD har fastslagit att skattetillägget är att betrakta som ett straff, och inte en avgift. Skatteverket är inte en bestraffande organisation, ändå har Europadomstolen och HD fastställt att skattetillägget är ett straff. Jag anser att legalitetsprincipen och rättssäkerheten förloras genom ett sådant förfarande.

  • 12034.
    Åkesson, Amanda
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Vu, Duy-An
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Secondhand shopping is (not) for all!: Generation Y's Consumer Behavior regarding seconhand shopping2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish newspapers and media sites write that secondhand shopping is a growing consumption trend in today’s society. People’s consumer behavior affect their choice of purchasing brands and products, where secondhand shopping is a choice.

    The aim with this study is to explore and analyze college-aged Generation Y’s consumer behavior and attitudes towards subcultures and brand community in secondhand shopping. To conduct the research, we have used a qualitative method with a hermeneutic approach.

    The research was performed by using a model we called the Modified Identity Prism, which has been constructed and defined by us, based on Kaprefer’s (1997) Brand Identity Prism. With help of the Modified Identity Prism’s different facets, we have been able to understand and interpret Generation Y’s consumer behavior and the drivers for their opinions and attitudes toward secondhand shopping.

    The study shows that even though secondhand shopping is a growing consumption trend in the society, the majority of our respondents do not purchase products and brands secondhand. Empirical findings show that different factors affect consumer behavior in different ways, where consumers’ self-identity and the relationship to surroundings are significant key factors influencing consumer behavior. Furthermore, findings show that our interviewed students, overall, have negative attitudes to secondhand products.

    We have taken practical and social implications to consideration in our study. Our study contributes to a deeper understanding of college-aged Generation Y’s consumer behavior to secondhand shopping. Moreover, results of the study aims to be used as guidelines for companies with focus on secondhand consumption.

  • 12035.
    Åkesson, Anette
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Worth, Annika
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    "Barn som lär tillsammans lär sig att leva tillsammans": Barn med autismspektrumstörning i en inkluderande skola.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med följande arbete har varit att vi velat undersöka vilka anpassningar i ett klassrum som krävs för att göra undervisningen tillgänglig för barn med autismspektrumstörning i grundskolans lägre årskurser, utifrån synsättet att alla i skolan ska känna delaktighet och gemenskap i en inkluderande miljö. Vilka individuella anpassningar behövs kring eleven med autismspektrumstörning för att öka lärande och delaktighet? Vilka anpassningar behövs i klassrummet i den fysiska miljön för att den ska vara hanterbar och begriplig för barn med autismspektrumstörning? Vilka anpassningar behövs kring samspelet mellan eleverna för att öka förståelsen för problematiken att ha en autismspektrumstörning? Hur ser stödet ut på organisationsnivå? Vilken samverkan behövs med personer utanför skolan för att öka elevens med autismspektrumstörning, lärande och delaktighet i skolan? Med hjälp av intervjuer, med kvalitativ ansats har vi försökt få svar på våra frågor av pedagoger i olika verksamheter och yrkesroller. Litteraturdelen i vårt arbete ger en översikt av tidigare forskning när det gäller definition av autismspektrumstörning, förutsättningar och konsekvenser i ett lärandeperspektiv samt anpassningar för att göra utbildningen tillgänglig. Vi har också tagit ett specialpedagogiskt perspektiv på förhållandet mellan elev-skola samt specialpedagogens roll i detta. Resultatet visar att kunskap om autismspektrumstörning, kunskap om och en positiv inställning till delaktighet och inkludering hos dem som finns i närmiljön är avgörande för att elever med autismspektrumstörning ska känna delaktighet och vara inkluderad. Vi fann också i resultatet vikten av att utgå från elevens förutsättningar och behov i både lärandet och fysisk miljö, för att göra undervisningen tillgänglig. Verksamheternas grundsyn genomsyrades av att försöka se till varje individs behov och förutsättningar. Samarbete med främst hemmet och stödet från rektor i verksamheten, ansågs gynna barnet. Informanternas tolkning av begrepp som integrering- inkludering- delaktighet- tillgänglighet skiljde sig åt, vilket visades i synsätt men också hur verksamheterna hade organiserats i respektive kommun. Resultatet har ställts i relation till litteratur i ett specialpedagogiskt perspektiv.

  • 12036.
    Åkesson, Anna Carin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Storbarnsgrupp: en välfungerande stor barngrupp?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Stora barngrupper är idag i fokus för en allmän samhällsdebatt. Anledningarna till dessa diskussioner är flera, men pedagogernas bristande möjligheter att uppfylla styrdokumentens mål på grund av barngruppernas storlek anses vara en. Tidigare forskning, både nationell och internationell, påvisade inga entydiga belägg för att barngruppens storlek skulle vara avgörande för förskolan kvalitet, utan pedagogens kompetens var istället den faktor som ansågs påverka mer än antalet barn i gruppen. Syftet med föreliggande examensarbete var att utifrån ett kritiskt perspektiv studera om en begränsning av barngruppernas storlek var en nödvändighet för att förskoleverksamheter skulle kunna nå måluppfyllelse. För att synliggöra alternativa perspektiv antogs ett kritiskt perspektiv, grundad i Alvesson och Deetz (2000). Ett val gjordes att avgränsa arbetet till barngrupper med fler än 27 barn mellan 3 och 6 år. Gruppen skulle också hållas intakt under den större delen av dagen. Utifrån dessa kriterier valdes tre verksamheter ut. Metoden för insamling av huvudstudiens empiriska datamängd var intervjuer och tre förskollärare med montessoriutbildning intervjuades. En förhoppning fanns att arbetet skulle kunna bidra med nya perspektiv till diskussioner kring barngruppers storlek. Resultatet relaterades till förskolans bildningsideal, lärarens förhållningssätt samt verksamhetens organisation, vilka i tidigare forskning framträder som viktiga aspekter för kvalitet i förskola.  Resultatet påvisade att en begränsning av barngrupperna inte är nödvändig för kvalitet, utan att pedagogernas kompetens, inställning samt verksamhetens utformning ansågs som viktigare aspekter att förhålla sig till. Avslutningsvis framlades några förslag till vidare forskning baserat på nya frågeställningar som uppkommit under arbetet.

  • 12037.
    Åkesson, Bengt
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Dags att planera för framtiden eller bara för 2016?2015In: Kristianstadsjournalen, no Jul & nyår, p. 32-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12038.
    Åkesson, Bengt
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Deklarationsdags - i år igen!2016In: Kristianstadsjournalen, no Maj, p. 30-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12039.
    Åkesson, Bengt
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    Det omöjligt möjligas konst2019In: KristianstadsJournalen, no April 2019, p. 58-58Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 12040.
    Åkesson, Bengt
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Finns det skatt i paradiset?2017In: Kristianstadsjournalen, no December, p. 54-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12041.
    Åkesson, Bengt
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Funderingar i hösttider2017In: Kristianstadsjournalen, no November, p. 54-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12042.
    Åkesson, Bengt
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Fåmansföretagarutredningen föreslår att det blir dyrare och bättre...?2016In: Kristianstadsjournalen, no DecemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12043.
    Åkesson, Bengt
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och Arbetsliv.
    Nytt år och nya förutsättningar - och då är det kanske dags för löneväxling?2016In: Kristianstadsjournalen, no April, p. 54-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12044.
    Åkesson, Bengt
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Regeringen har sjösatt ett program mot skatteflykt och skatteundandragande2017In: Kristianstadsjournalen, no April, p. 46-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12045.
    Åkesson, Bengt
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Skatt i vänstersväng2018In: Kristianstadsjournalen, no Mars, p. 46-46Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12046.
    Åkesson, Bengt
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Skattefunderingar i juletid2017In: Kristianstadsjournalen, no Jul & nyår, p. 50-50Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12047.
    Åkesson, Bengt
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    Skattefunderingar mellan julskinkan och nyårsskumpan2018In: Kristianstadsjournalen, no Jul & Nyår, p. 60-60Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12048.
    Åkesson, Bengt
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Skatteverket goes sexy2017In: Kristianstadsjournalen, no Maj, p. 58-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12049.
    Åkesson, Bengt
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Sommar och sol - då kommer många utlandssvenskar hem2016In: Kristianstadsjournalen, no SommarArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12050.
    Åkesson, Bengt
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Är november årets onödigaste månad?2016In: Kristianstadsjournalen, no NovemberArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
238239240241242243244 12001 - 12050 of 12160
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