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  • 12001.
    Xia, Yan
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Politeness Strategies in English Adjacency Pairs: A Gender Differentiated Study on Greetings, Compliments and Directives2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12002.
    Xiaoxia, Pan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Xiaoxia, Pan
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Jing, Wu
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Transformational Leadership VS: Transactional Leadership. The Influence of Gender and Culture on Leadership Styles of SMEs in China and Sweden2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Transformational and transactional leadership, which focus on the relationship between leaders and employees, are the most recent development of leadership theories. Yet studies on the impact of gender and culture on transformational and transactional leadership styles are limited. This Master Dissertation therefore aims to shed new light on that issue. First, it attempts to compare leadership styles adopted by managers of SMEs in China and Sweden. Second, it tries to evaluate which element - gender or culture - exerts a more important influence upon leadership styles.

    Based on empirical researches, ten hypotheses are formulated and a new model is developed in the dissertation. In addition, the deductive approach is chosen as methodology and quantitative data is gathered with the help of an empirical study of an online questionnaire.

    Eventually, the present research indicates that both Chinese managers and Swedish managers of SMEs are prone to be more transformational than transactional. It also shows that there is no gender influence upon leadership styles. In contrast, culture exerts a little more impact on leadership styles of SMEs in China and Sweden.

    Key words:

  • 12003.
    Xu, Lixia
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    A Correlation Study on Lexical Chunks and Business Correspondence Writing in EFL in China2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12004.
    Xu, Lixia
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Teacher Education.
    Power Adjustment in Professional Women’s Language: An investigation into the use of directives in the TV-series Cashmere MafiaStudent thesis
  • 12005.
    Xu, Minjie
    et al.
    Kristianstad University. felicia2013xu@hotmail.com.
    Lindén, Louise
    Kristianstad University. louiselinden@live.se.
    Upplevelsen av att vara närstående till en person som drabbats av cancer.: En litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Statistik visar att var tredje person i Sverige under sin livstid kommer att drabbas av cancer och att antalet cancerfall har ökat under de senast decennierna. Majoriteten av de som får en cancerdiagnos har närstående som sitt närmaste stöd. Detta gör också att rollen som närstående har en stor betydelse för både personen med cancer och dennes vård. Målet med denna studie är därför att sätta närstående i centrum och belysa hur dom påverkas och upplever när någon i deras närhet drabbats av cancer. Syfte: Studiens syfte var att undersöka närståendes upplevelser när någon i nära relation drabbats av cancer. Metod: Byggd på en allmän litteraturstudie med kvalitativ ansats, där 13 vetenskapliga artiklar valdes ut. Analysmetod gjordes i form av en manifest innehållsanalys. Resultat: Studien är uppbyggt på tre kategorier Känslomässig utmaning, Förändrad livsvärld och Upplevelser av sjukvården och följt av två vardera underkategorier. Slutsats: Det framkom att sjuksköterskans bemötande och kunskap har en stor betydelse för närståendes upplevelser inom cancervården. Vården ska också utgå från ett helhetsperspektiv, där hela familjen som en enhet bör inkluderas.

  • 12006. Xu, Xing
    et al.
    Valtonen-André, Camilla
    Sävblom, Charlotta
    Halldén, Christer
    Department of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Clinical Chemistry, Lund University.
    Lilja, Hans
    Klein, Robert J.
    Polymorphisms at the Microseminoprotein-beta locus associated with physiologic variation in beta-microseminoprotein and prostate-specific antigen levels2010In: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention, ISSN 1055-9965, E-ISSN 1538-7755, Vol. 19, no 8, p. 2035-2042Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: rs10993994, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at the genetic locus encoding β-microseminoprotein (β-MSP), is associated with both prostate cancer risk and levels of blood prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a biomarker used in prostate cancer screening. Therefore, we wished to determine the association between SNPs at MSMB, the gene encoding β-MSP, and the levels of prostate-produced biomarkers β-MSP, PSA, and human kallikrein 2 (hK2) in blood and semen.

    Methods: Blood and semen from 304 healthy young Swedish men (ages 18-21) were assayed for β-MSP, PSA, and hK2. SNPs around MSMB were genotyped from matched DNA and analyzed for quantitative association with biomarker levels. Empirical P values were multiple test–corrected and the independence of each SNP's effect was determined.

    Results: rs10993994 was significantly associated with the blood and semen levels of β-MSP (both P < 1.0 × 10−7) and PSA (P = 0.00014 and P = 0.0019), and semen levels of hK2 (P = 0.00027). Additional copies of the prostate cancer risk allele resulted in lower β-MSP but higher PSA levels, and singly explained 23% and 5% of the variation seen in semen β-MSP and PSA, respectively. Additional SNPs at MSMB are associated with β-MSP and PSA independently of rs10993994.

    Conclusions: SNPs at MSMB correlate with physiologic variation in β-MSP and PSA levels in the blood and semen of healthy young Swedish men. In particular, rs10993994 has a strong effect on β-MSP levels.

    Impact: Our results suggest a mechanism by which rs10993994 might predispose to prostate cancer and raise the possibility that genetic variation might need to be considered in interpreting the levels of these biomarkers.

  • 12007.
    Xu, Yingying
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Teacher Education.
    How male and female characters have been portrayed: An investigation on the use of nouns and adjectives in Pride and Prejudice from the perspective of linguistic sexismIndependent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12008.
    Xu, Yingying
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    Network-building and Vocabulary Memorization for Beginners2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12009.
    Xu, Youqing
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    Gender Differences in Mixed-Sex Conversations: A Study of Interruptions2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12010.
    Xu, Youqing
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education. Kristianstad University.
    Test-Taking Processes for Banked Cloze Tests: Implications for Vocabulary Acquisition2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12011.
    Xu, Yuanzhong (Victor)
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    A Study on the Relationship between Public Relations and Brand Strategy2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Brand strategy is a useful way to strengthen competitive competence of products. However, the researches on how to implement a successful brand strategy using public relations were rarely found in the existing literature.

    The main purpose with my dissertation is to investigate the relationship between public relations and brand strategy. In addition, I hope the dissertation can give some suggestions to Chinese companies when they want to implement a brand strategy using public relations.

    A combination of interview and questionnaire was used to find research questions. My sample is a famous enterprise named Lenovo Group in China.

    The research indicated that public relations is a useful tool to implement brand strategy. Public relations plays an important role in the five stages of executing a brand strategy.

  • 12012.
    Yaglikcilar, Håkan
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Islam i religionsboken: hur har islam och muslimer skildrats i läroböcker i religionskunskap på gymnasiet?2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta examensarbete är att undersöka hur islam har skildrats och hur muslimer har porträtterats i läroböcker i religionskunskap för gymnasieskolan mellan åren 1994-2010. Vidare är syftet att se hur läromedlen stämmer in med teorin om Eurabien samt de analyser som Edward Said och Samuel Huntington gör. Till detta fogar jag aspekten huruvida skildringarna av islam och muslimer har förändrats över tid, gynnat eller missgynnat islamofobi samt vilka problem som läromedlen skapar för läraren. Metoden som jag använder mig utav är sakorienterad hermeneutik och urvalet är gjort för att få en så stor spridning som möjligt mellan olika författare under de årtal som undersökningen är avgränsad till. Den teoretiska grunden består av dels Edward Saids och Samuel Huntingtons analyser men även av Mattias Gardells, Andreas Malms och Mats Bergenhorns bidrag till vetenskapen. Resultatet av undersökningen visar på att muslimer i de äldre läroböckerna beskrivs som oförnuftiga, samtidigt som det finns beskrivningar av muslimen som en individ vars identitet är helt fylld av Koranen och islam. Vid sidan av detta går det även att se hur Gud görs främmande för kristna och judiska läsare genom en selektiv översättning av den muslimska trosbekännelsen. Kvinnoförtryck och fundamentalism görs i läroböckerna till centrala element av islam, men samtidigt finns det från 1997 och framåt i de undersökta böckerna uttryck av antiislamofobiska, antirasistiska och antikulturalistiska budskap. Läroböckerna kantas även av problematiska generaliseringar som ibland är positiva och ibland är negativa. Läroböckerna bekräftar dels Huntingtons teori samtidigt som de visar tecken på att de kan vara påverkade av Saids analys av orientalismen. Angående föreställningen om ett Eurabien finns det vissa delar av läromedlen som är i samklang med teorin. När det gäller läromedlens roll i skapandet eller motverkande av islamofobi var det en omöjlighet att ge ett svar på var läromedlen vilar då det finns ett flertal olika tendenser som pekar åt olika riktningar, men det är tänkbart att de både kan skapa och motverka islamofobiska åsikter. Vad som dock kan sägas är att de nyare läroböckerna innehåller färre negativa skildringar av islam och muslimer än de äldre läroböckerna.

  • 12013.
    YANG, JIE
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Gender Differences in Advertisements: A Study of Adjectives and Nouns in the Language of Advertisements2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12014.
    Yang, Jie
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Storytelling as a Teaching Method in ESL Classrooms2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Until now, a lot of work has been done to explore methods for teaching English as a Second Language (ESL). Considering the nature of human beings as storytellers, teachers can use storytelling as a teaching method in English classrooms. The aim with this study is to discuss the storytelling teaching method adopted in ESL Classroom. The study is based on class observations on three Internet lessons, namely lessons of English vocabulary, grammar and spoken English. Videos on the Internet are wacthed and the narrative parts in these lessons are recorded. Previous studies related to this subject is on narration in the field of rhetoric and on methods for second language teaching and learning. Some earlier studies concern about  children’s education and military training. The main focus of present study is to analyze stories told by the teacher in the three classes—what they consist of, what effects they would achieve, and how many types of stories are used. In a classroom setting, the teacher is the narrator, students are the audience. Five types of stories are used: stories that are made up by the teacher, cultural backgrounds, stories told with physical responses, personal experiences and everyday life experiences. Anyway, narration is helpful in making the teacher and students closer.

    Hopefully with the help of present study on the selected lessons, one can find out how teachers use narration in general classroom settings.

  • 12015.
    Ye, Zhen
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    A Study of Metaphor in the State of Union Adress, 20102011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12016.
    Ye, Zhen
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Using TPR Method in Teaching English Adjectives2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this study is using Total Physical Response (TPR) in teaching English adjectives to 11-year-old pupils. The objective of this study is to investigate whether the TPR method is effective in teaching English adjectives.

    The researcher used a quasi-experiment to design this study. The population was the pupils aged 11 in a middle school in Kristianstad. 30 pupils were selected as samples and divided into two groups: one experimental group and one control group. The steps of this experiment were: (1) the experimental group was taught by the TPR method; (2) the control group and the experimental group were given the same post-test. In order to investigate whether there is a necessity to adopt new English vocabulary teaching technique for these pupils, two questionnaires were deliberated; the first questionnaire was for all testees and the second questionnaire was just for the experimental group.

    The result of the study showed the pupils’ achievements in the experimental group were improved by the TPR method. The mean score of the experimental group was much higher than that of the control group. The p-value of this test was 0.0002 less than 0.01 which showed strong evidence that the results were not achieved coincidentally. The effect size of this study was 2.59 more than 0.8 which indicated that the TPR method has significant effectiveness in teaching English adjectives. The questionnaires indicated that TPR was the new English vocabulary teaching technique that the pupils need.

  • 12017.
    Yermakovych, Iryna
    et al.
    Ukraina.
    Mårtensson, Lennart
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Svensson, Britt-Marie
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Samoilenko, Natalia
    Ukraina.
    Investigation of Hard Biodegradable Pharmaceuticals Pollutants Treatment of Hospital Wastewaters2014In: Book of abstracts, 2014, p. 173-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    According to the results of the research performed in the different modern research laboratories the remnants of drugs and their derivatives are found in surface waters in France, USA, UK, Germany, Denmark and Sweden. These substances also can be found in sewage sludge, river and ocean sediments and in the municipal landfills filtrates. Some species have been found even in drinking water and ice, grou nd and ocean waters. Many studies confirmed the data of the annual drug releasing into the environment, which counts several hundred of kilograms. Thus, the investigations of negative impact of pharmaceutical substances and their derivatives on aquatic organisms have been performed  during more  than 20 years and showed an extremely negative presence of any drugs in the waters. Now, they are still  considering  as  emerging organic contaminants in the different type of waters. The main sources of water pollution by pharmaceuticals and their derivatives are wastewater from hospitals, clinics, pharmaceutical industries and domestic sewage as well. However, the main percentage of pharmaceuticals dumped into wastewaters is coming from the hospitals. This is typical for large cities, where is situated a great n um ber of hospitals and health care institutions. In the opinion of one study hospital wastewaters have been found in a 15 times higher potential ecotoxicity than the general urban have. The negative effect of pharmaceuticals influence into environment can be decrease due to application of different kinds of additional wastewater treatment as Advanced Oxidation Processes (AOPs). The main approaches of hospitals wastewater treatment in Ukraine and Sweden by implementation of AOPs method were considered in this study. The main data of this research will be presented. 

  • 12018.
    Yin, Dandan
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Implications of Tests for Building English Speaking Skills: A comparative study of the TOEFL iBT and TOEIC speaking tests2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Oral ability is an embodiment of the ability to communicate in the language. Language researchers pay increasing attention to speaking nowadays. It is well reflected in the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) and the Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC). This essay employs the speaking sections of TOEFL iBT (internet-based test), the most widely accepted English proficiency test for academic uses, and TOEIC, the much used English proficiency test for commercial uses, as subjects to carry out a comparative study of target skills so as to find implications for English learners. English learners can make use of language tests to learn what skills they should focus on. From this study, it is found that speaking skills are not merely about speaking. It is a combination of listening and reading skills. Thus, English learners should practise listening and reading as well as speaking in order to build their English speaking skills.

  • 12019.
    Yin, Dandan
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    The Embodiment of Racism in Brick Lane by Monica Ali2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12020.
    Yingying, Wang
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education. Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Can Conceptual Metaphor Awareness Facilitate Chinese College EFL Learners’ Vocabulary Retention? - an Empirical Study: Can Conceptual Metaphor Awareness Facilitate Chinese College EFL Learners’ Vocabulary Retention? - an Empirical Study2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Much research has been made in the vocabulary field (e.g. Meara, 1989; Nation, 1990; Arnaud & Bejoint, 1992). Few researchers, however, have given methodological suggestions on how to improve vocabulary acquisition, The theory of Conceptual Metaphor provides a new proposal to be applied in vocabulary teaching and learning. Many studies have proved that raising EFL learners’ metaphor awareness can facilitate their vocabulary learning, espacially polysemous words and idiomatic expressions (e.g., Lazar 1996; Herrera and White 2000; Kondaiah 2004; Csabi 2004; Boers 2004).

     

    Based on the conceptual metaphor theory and its role on semantic change, the author aims to find out whether the vocabulary teaching strategy which focuses on raising students’ metaphor awareness can facilitate Chinese students’ performance in vocabulary (especially polysemous words and idioms) acquisition and help short-term and long-term vocabulary retention.

     

    An experiment was carried out to check the effect of the application of CMT (conceptual metaphor theory) on vocabulary acquisition and retention. Two parallel classes participated as the EC (the experimental class) and the CC (the controlled class), the EC was taught with conceptual metaphor instruction while the CC was taught in a traditional way, an immediate test and a one- week delayed test were carried out to check the experiment results. The results indicate that the CMT application can facilitate short-term vocabulary understanding, and it has positive influence on the long-term vocabulary retention.

  • 12021.
    Yli Panula, Eija
    et al.
    Finland.
    Persson, Christel
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Sustainable development. Biodiversity and species identification - all are various concepts: I can´t connect them to each other in my mind2017In: Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the Australian Association for research in Education in Melbourne, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to investigate what kind of conceptions do the elementary pre-service teachers (EPT) have of the concepts: species identification (SI), biodiversity (BD) and sustainable development (SD) and how well they understand the relationships between these three concepts? The data of this survey has been collected in Finland and Sweden in 2011. The EPTs (186) were asked to describe the three concepts SI, BD and SD and their relationships. Special emphasis was given to use of e.g. mind maps or concept maps to explain the relationships. In inductive content based analysis EPTs´ understanding of the three concepts and their relationships were studied. The results show, firstly, the three concepts were connected to each other via EPTs´ knowledge or understanding, e.g. the importance of conserving the nature and the understanding of its function as well as man´s interest in the nature and understanding of the basic biological phenomena were emphasized as important matters necessary for comprehending the multifaceted concepts. Secondly, the concepts were connected to each other via man´s actions, e.g. when describing the relationships between the concepts man´s actions were repeatedly mentioned. Man´s action and the way of living have an effect on conservation of the BD. Furthermore, people benefit from BD and take this into account when evaluating the importance of SD. Thirdly, the relationships of the concepts was difficult to understand by the students. In this case the connections between the concepts were not identified at all or the connections were not clearly described. Especially the relationships between SI knowledge and BD or SD were difficult to understand.

  • 12022.
    Yli-Panula, Eija
    et al.
    Turku University.
    Eloranta, Varpu
    Turku University.
    Persson, Christel
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Finnish and Swedish students' drawings of the landscape they want to conserve and how the drawings reflect their environmental conceptions2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

     

    It is important to find out the children´s and adolescents’ future views of the environment and in this way to listen to their “voices”. This study is part of the bigger projects were children´s, adolescents´ and teacher students´ future views about the landscape and environment worth to conserve have been studied dealing in some European countries and will be studied also worldwide. The theoretical basis lies on human geography, on environmental psychology, on environmental ecology and on education for sustainable development.

    The aim was to analyze the drawings of a group of Finnish (n=311) and Swedish (n=246) students in age of 11-16 years and to identify the landscape they would like to conserve, and also to find out students’ conceptions of the environment.

    In this research the opinions of the Finnish and Swedish students have been studied using a qualitative and phenomenographical approach, while the focus is to study students’ conceptions of a landscape and environment worth preserving as a phenomenon.

    The results show that all three landscape groups; nature, built and social environment were present among Finnish and Swedish drawings in all studied age groups. The landscape most commonly represented environment as a place including living things and very few of them represented relational focus between the drawer and environment. In general, students demonstrated positive relation to the environment and in the written text the worries about the environment were expressed. The Swedish students seemed to focus in their drawn landscapes more into the nature conservation and taking care of the environment, while Finnish students seem to want to conserve an environment which they have experienced.

    The drawings together with the written text can be used as a kind of “teaching tool” to evaluate the students’ future views of the environment. This study gives important information for the teachers in their work for sustainable development education. Teachers are the most influential in educating children and adolescents to be leaders of tomorrow in conserving and protecting our environment.

  • 12023.
    Yli-Panula, Eija
    et al.
    Finland.
    Persson, Christel
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Jeronen, Eila
    Finland.
    Eloranta, Varpu
    Finland.
    Pakula, Heini-Marja
    Finland.
    Landscape as experienced place and worth conserving in the drawings of Finnish and Swedish students2019In: Education sciences, ISSN 2227-7102, Vol. 9, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children explore their environment through experiences and each experience is meaningfulin developing their environmental consciousness and identity. On the basis of the drawn landscape experiences, the present qualitative study set out to find out what landscapes the participating students deemed worth conserving. The data consisted of the drawings of 11- to 16-year-old Finnish (n = 311) and Swedish (n = 246) students. Deductive and inductive content analyses were used to analyse the data. The results showed that all three landscape types; nature, built, and social were presented in the drawings. Nature and built landscapes were the most frequent types, with the proportion of nature landscapes increasing and that of built landscapes decreasing with age. There were gender and cultural preferences: boys drew built landscapes more often than girls; and Finnish students drew summer cottages, a cultural phenomenon typical of Finnish landscapes, which was not found in Swedish drawings. Similarities in Finnish and Swedish data were identified e.g., in forest and water and “cultural landscapes”. Some of the students displayed a more distant, observing role, whereas others adopted an active one in relation to all three landscape types. The results are discussed inconnection to the landscape theories and earlier findings of the drawn environments.

  • 12024. Yli-Panula, Eija
    et al.
    Persson, Christel
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Pollari, Heini
    The consciousness of the Finnish and Swedish pre service teachers of the relationships of the concepts – species identification, biodiversity and sustainable development2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12025.
    Ylipää, Björn
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    How to use storytelling as a tool for regional food promotion2015In: Interdisciplinary perspectives on local and regional food in the South Baltic Region / [ed] Anton Petrenko and Bitte Müller-Hansen, Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2015, p. 131-141Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12026.
    Ymsén, Melinda
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Lövgren, Sanna-Lie
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    "För att man ska ha nåt kul, förutom raster…": En intervjuundersökning om flickors syn på skolämnet idrott och hälsa i årskurs 5 och 92010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolämnet idrott och hälsa ska ge eleverna ett bestående intresse för fysisk aktivitet. Av undervisningen krävs då att den är varierad och har intellektuella, praktiska, sinnliga, estetiska och fysiska perspektiv på lärandet. Både för flickor och pojkar. Studier har visat att pojkar och flickor behandlas olika i undervisningen i idrott och hälsa. Syftet var att med kvalitativa intervjuer undersöka hur 12 flickor i årskurs 5 och 9 ser på skolämnet idrott och hälsa. I databearbetningen fokuserades essensen i flickornas erfarenheter och upplevelser. Resultatet visade att flickorna såg ämnet som "rekreation", "arena för att lära sig bollspel", "något de har nytta av i framtiden" eller visade "osäkerhet om vad ämnet är bra för". Slutsatsen är att undervisningen i idrott och hälsa behöver förtydliga ämnets uppnåendemål för flickorna i studien.

  • 12027.
    Yrjö Collin, Sven-Olof
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP. Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS).
    ABK borde arbeta mer effektivt för att minska segregationen2016In: Kristianstadsbladet, ISSN 1103-9523, no 9 november, p. B2-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12028.
    Yrjö Collin, Sven-Olof
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP. Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS).
    Högskolan kan vara socialt hållbar genom att låta flyktingar avlasta lärare2017In: Kristianstadsbladet, ISSN 1103-9523, no 1 april, p. B2-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12029.
    Yrjö Collin, Sven-Olof
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP. Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS).
    Varför ska vi ha banker: en fråga som måste debatteras2017In: Kristianstadsbladet, ISSN 1103-9523, no 11 maj, p. B3-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12030.
    Yrjö Collin, Sven-Olof
    et al.
    Kristianstad University.
    Smith, Elin
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    The management of independent directors: a praxis hypothesis2019In: Research handbook on boards of directors / [ed] Gabrielsson, J., Khlif, W. and Yamak, S., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019, p. 193-209Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12031.
    Yu, Chennan
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    A Study on Students' Categorizing Abilities and the Implications for Vocabulary Teaching in a Private Training School in China2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12032.
    Yu, Chennan
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Teacher Education.
    Metaphors in Food Advertising Slogans2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12033.
    Yu, Huiping
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Exploring Teachers’ Personal Practical Knowledge about Teaching Reading Comprehension in English: A Study of Teacher Knowledge at a University in China2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Teachers’ personal practical knowledge is the knowledge of teachers which is principally known and produced by teachers themselves. Greatly inspired by Meijer, Verloop and Beijaard (1999), this study uses a questionnaire and an interview to continue the line of their investigation. The study aims to describe and illustrate the content of 13 teachers’ personal practical knowledge about teaching reading comprehension to non-English majors at a university in China. The study is also to examine similarities (shared knowledge) and differences in teacher knowledge, and potentially relevant background variables in it. As a result, detailed information about these teachers’ personal practical knowledge about teaching reading comprehension has been found. Meijer et al. (1999) could not find shared knowledge by investigating teachers from different schools. In this study, by investigating teachers from the same school, shared knowledge could not be found either. Thus, by comparing these teachers’ personal practical knowledge, they can be classified into three groups: subject-matter-oriented, student-oriented and student-learning-oriented teachers. Each group is illustrated by describing one teacher’s knowledge as a typical example. Moreover, six potentially relevant background variables are discussed in this study. By matching the six background variables to the responses of these teachers, three patterns in potentially relevant background variables have been developed: professional-growth teachers, student-centered teachers, and authority-maintaining teachers.

  • 12034.
    Yu, Huiping
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Gossip in Face-to-Face Conversations: A Study of Gender Differences in Gossip in the American Movie Couples Retreat (2009)2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12035.
    Yu, Li
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Zhao, Sibin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Design and implementation of an e-healthcare subsystem for chronic renal failure patients2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This degree project deals with the analysis, design and implementation of an e-healthcare subsystem. The subsystem is a prototype for the patients in the chronic renal failure unit. The main purpose of this project is to make research on information and communication technology (ICT) applied on health care system and data presentation. The expected result is that a worked e-healthcare subsystem is implemented to demonstrate the application of modern ICT, and a good foundation for applying for new e-healthcare projects.

  • 12036.
    Yu, Liu
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Contradictions Between Thought and Action as a Source of Tension in Louisa M. Alcott’s Little Women2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12037.
    Yu, Liu
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Vocabulary Recognition and Memorization: A Comparison of Two Methods2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates which of two vocabulary learning methods best promotes long-term retention of the meaning and spelling of words. The first method is rote learning, i.e. learning by word lists, which requires pupils to memorize the meaning of new words by L1 translation. The second method is learning by sentence writing, which requires pupils to memorize new words by making up their own sentences in order to establish links between old and new knowledge.

     

    16 pupils took part in the experiment; all were approximately 11 years old. The participants were randomly assigned to two groups. All the participants were given one receptive and one productive recall test, both in the immediate and delayed post-tests. The result demonstrates that pupils who learn words using word lists only remember words in the short-term retention, while the sentence writing method results in greater long-term retention.

  • 12038.
    Yu, Taochang
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Tong, Pan
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Net Disk: net disk for private network2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the continuous development of computer and network techniques as well as the extensive application of modern means of communications, computer plays an important role in the social life of modern society. It is always associated with a large number of files which are frequently used. Although new computer hardware products provided by various makers help people to solve the problem that have arisen in carrying files, people still face some difficulties in carrying storage devices. This project will partly realize the basic function of the net hard disk. The net hard disk is used to store the files of users on the internet, making it easy for users to carry files and share files with their friends. The uses are able to download, upload, copy, move and delete files and create a new file folder. They can also create, freeze, delete and alter their account. People can retrieve the file they want from the hard disk without anytime at any place.

  • 12039.
    Yu, Tongbo
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Zhu, Weidong
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Zheng, Luhong
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Objective Management and Assessment on Special Equipments Security - A Case Study of Elevators Security 2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Under the era of globalization, as China's rapid economic development, the amount of special equipments has been in the dramatic increase, which has brought a major challenge on how to ensure the safety in special equipments. The overall security situation in special equipments in China is not optimistic.

    This dissertation takes elevators as a case study to build the dynamic security administration model of special equipments, make an assessment on the model and analyze the model under different social circumstances of state level and global level.

    In this article the dynamic security administration model is created to achieve the management objective --- safety, based on the analysis and study of various processes and management entities of elevators, effectively making use of social resources to tighten the control over special equipments manufacture, installation, maintenance, operation, inspection, and supervision. AHP is used to determine assessment factors of multi-level analysis and weight of all factors. And it takes Fuzzy mathematic method to calculate assessment result, pointing out factors with existing issues, which can be rectified and perfected by continuous improvement.

    We also try to analyze the influence of five social environment factors: government administration, market economy, information technology, education and regulations on special equipments safe administration. Then we compare the differences of this model applying to Sweden and global level.

  • 12040.
    Zander, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Butler, Christina
    Storbritannien.
    Mockaitis, Audra
    Australien.
    Herbert, Kendall
    Australien.
    Lauring, Jakob
    Danmark.
    Mäkelä, Kristiina
    Finland.
    Paunova, Minna
    Danmark.
    Umans, Timurs
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Zettinig, Peter
    Finland.
    Team-based global organizations: the future of global organizing2015In: The future of global organizing: progress in international business research / [ed] Verbeke, Alain, van Tulder, Rob, Drogendijk, Rian, Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015, 10, p. 227-243Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    We propose team-based organizing as an alternative to more traditional forms of hierarchy-based organizing in global firms.

    Methodology/approach

    Advancements in the study of global teams, leadership, process, and outcomes were organized into four themes: (1) openness toward linguistic and value diversity as enhancing team creativity and performance, (2) knowledge sharing in team-based organizations, (3) the significance of social capital for global team leader role success, and (4) shared leadership, satisfaction, and performance links in global virtual teams.

    Findings

    We identify questions at three levels for bringing research on team-based organizing in global organizations forward. At the within-team individual level, we discuss the criticality of process and leadership in teams. At the between-teams group level, we draw attention to that global teams also need to focus on relationships and interactions with other teams within the same global firm, for example, when sharing knowledge. With respect to the across-teams organizational level, we highlight how bringing people together in global teams from different organizational units and cultures creates the potential for experiential individual and team-based learning, while making the firm more flexible and adaptable.

    Theoretical implications

    The potential of the relatively underexplored idea of global team-based firms as an alternative to hierarchy open up questions for empirical research, and further theorizing about the global firm.

    Practical implications

    Practitioners can learn about organizational, team, and individual challenges and benefits of global team-based organizing.

    Originality/value

    A century-old dominant organizational form is challenged when moving away from hierarchy- and hybrid-based forms of organizing toward team-based global organizing of work.

  • 12041.
    Zaunders, Linda
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Simonsson, Angelica
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Kommunikation mellan patienter med Aspergers Syndrom och sjuksköterskor2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The syndrome is characterized by difficulties in social interaction and communication, mostly nonverbal. It has been shown that genetic factors are important and that brain injury may be an underlying cause of Asperser’s syndrome. Therefore they often fall outside of social contexts. Due to the low prevalence, the staff of the health-care has limited knowledge about meeting with people who have AS. The communication problems which is seen in AS may cause difficulties in their meeting with the health system. Purpose: To investigate what factors the nurse should take into account to create a communication in conversation with a patient who has Asperser’s syndrome. Method: The study is a general literature study in which fourteen articles were used. Results: The results showed that social disadvantage is one of the characteristics of AS that the nurse should take into account. Misunderstandings occur relatively easy when people with AS often perceive things very concretely. Integrity of communication between two people, body language and words, may not be linked to people with AS. Conclusion: The nurse should have a clear communication in interactions with patients, especially with patients with AS.

  • 12042.
    Zeba, Cecilia
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Sedeki, Ismail
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vilken information och instruktion om munhygien, kost, fluor och tobak med hänsyn till diagnos får patienter som behandlas av tandhygieniststuderande vid Högskolan Kristianstad?2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ABSTRACT

    What kind of information and instructions with the consideration to diagnosis do patients, treated by the dental hygienist students at the University Kristianstad, get regarding oral hygiene, diet, flour and tobacco.

    The aim of this study was to examine what kind of information and instructions regarding oral hygiene, diet, flour and tobacco have patients treated by the dental hygienist students at the University Kristianstad, if they had the diagnosis caries or periodontitis. The study is based on a review of dental records of adult patients from twenty years on a supportive treatment program. In all 640 patients were enrolled at the clinic, 20050309. A selection of 100 patients treated at the clinic from 2000 was made. Fifty off the dental records should have the diagnosis caries and fifty the diagnosis periodontitis.

    Between 70-90 percent of the records had no data regarding information about caries, gingivitis or periodontitis. Furthermore, there between 8-68 percent of the records hade no data regarding information and instruction in oral hygiene, flour products or approximal dental aids. Nineteen patients used tobacco according to available data. In the records of 7 patients with the diagnosis caries and 3 patients with the diagnosis periodontitis, no data was available on tobacco use and its consequences. The conclusion for this study is that the records obtained by dental hygienist students are inadequate.

  • 12043.
    Zeigler, Cecilia C
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Persson, G. Rutger
    University of Berne, Berne, Switzerland & University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.
    Wondimu, Biniyam
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Marcus, Claude
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sobko, Tanja
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Modéer, Thomas
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Microbiota in the oral subgingival biofilm is associated with obesity in adolescence.2012In: Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), ISSN 1930-739X, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 157-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To test the hypothesis whether microbiota in oral biofilm is linked with obesity in adolescents we designed this cross-sectional study. Obese adolescents (n = 29) with a mean age of 14.7 years and normal weight subjects (n = 58) matched by age and gender were examined with respect to visible plaque index (VPI%) and gingival inflammation (bleeding on probing (BOP%)). Stimulated saliva was collected. They answered a questionnaire concerning medical history, medication, oral hygiene habits, smoking habits, and sociodemographic background. Microbiological samples taken from the gingival crevice was analyzed by checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization technique. The sum of bacterial cells in subgingival biofilm was significantly associated with obesity (P < 0.001). The link between sum of bacterial cells and obesity was not confounded by any of the studied variables (chronic disease, medication, VPI%, BOP%, flow rate of whole saliva, or meal frequency). Totally 23 bacterial species were present in approximately threefold higher amounts, on average, in obese subjects compared with normal weight controls. Of the Proteobacteria phylum, Campylobacter rectus and Neisseria mucosa were present in sixfold higher amounts among obese subjects. The association between obesity and sum of bacterial cells in oral subgingival biofilm indicates a possible link between oral microbiota and obesity in adolescents.

  • 12044.
    Zenthio, Anna
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Svantesson, Madelaine
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Dagligt liv för personer med schizofreni - En litteraturstudie i omvårdnad2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Schizofreni är en psykisk sjukdom där personen har förändrade verklighetsuppfattningar såsom vanföreställningar, tankestörningar, förvirring och hallucinationer. Schizofreni kan ge svårigheter i exempelvis relationer och arbete. Genom att fokusera på att förstå händelser i personens dagliga liv får sjuksköterskan kunskap om problem och varför dessa uppstått. Sådan kunskap kan hjälpa sjuksköterskan att utforma omvårdnadsåtgärder som matchar personens behov. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa dagligt liv för personer med schizofreni och därmed öka sjuksköterskans kunskap om personens omvårdnadsbehov.

    Metod: En allmän litteraturstudie baserad på fem kvalitativa artiklar och 15 kvantitativa artiklar. Resultat: De faktorer som påverkade dagligt liv för personer med schizofreni var relationer, sysselsättning och hälsotillstånd.

    Slutsats: Litteraturstudien visar att personer med schizofreni har problem i sitt dagliga liv som kan åtgärdas med hjälp av meningsfulla aktiviteter, möjlighet till arbete, förbättrade sociala färdigheter och ökad motivation. Sjuksköterskan kan motivera och stödja personen att skaffa ett arbete eller annan meningsfull aktivitet för att stärka personens självförtroende och självständighet. Vidare forskning behövs om hur sjuksköterskan kan motivera en person med schizofreni till att börja arbeta och utföra dagliga aktiviteter i hemmet.

  • 12045.
    Zettergren, Caroline
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    Åtgärdsprogram i matematik och hur vi arbetar med dem i praktiken: En text- och intervjustudie i grundskolans tidigare år2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to illuminate and problematize supportive educational measures in mathematics and to examine how they are applied in reality and how they interpret educational measures. Further, it aims at finding guidelines for how Supportive educational measures should be written to become a living document to be a support for the students and teachers. The study was conducted with two methods, document analysis and semi-structured qualitative interviews. First an analysis of four supportive educational measures was performed and then the analysis was followed up by interviews of two special educators in mathematics and two teachers. The respondents came from two different schools. The results of the study indicate that there is a significant difference between teachers and special educators in mathematics about how they think about supportive educational measures. The teachers don’t think that they work with the supportive educational measures in an efficient way but the special educators in mathematics find it to be a living document. But all four respondents found that it nowadays is easier and better to work with supportive educational measures since they started it use the digital tool UNIKUM. All four students in this study were offered supportive education measures, where they had several appointments per week with the special educator in mathematics. At these appointments the students receive individual, intensive training regarding basic numeracy and worked together with the educator to achieve the goal of a higher level of mathematics self esteem and motivation. Another result of the study was that several schools that was contacted didn’t have any supportive educational measures written in mathematics. Instead their efforts where maid by doing general adjustments for all students in the classroom.

  • 12046.
    Zetterstrand, Frida
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Ibland blir 1+1 inte 2: En undersökning om mellanstadielärares kunskaper om att använda hjälpmedel och strategier för att hjälpa elever med dyskalkyli2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att ta reda på mer om dyskalkyli, vad det innebär och vad mellanstadielärare i årskurs 4-6 har för kunskaper om att använda hjälpmedel och strategier för att hjälpa elever med dyskalkyli. I undersökningen deltog 23 lärare från nio skolor i två olika kommuner. Undersökningen genomfördes med hjälp av en enkät med öppna svarsalternativ och är därmed en både kvalitativ och kvantitativ studie.  I arbetet kommer resultatet av enkäterna att redogöras och kopplas till litteratur samt diskuteras. Målet med detta arbetet har varit att undersöka vad lärare har för kunskaper om att använda sig av hjälpmedel och strategier för att hjälpa elever med dyskalkyli. Kunskapen om dyskalkyli och hur lärare ska arbete kring detta bör förbättras. Ett flertal av lärarna i undersökningen har inte fått någon utbildning om dyskalkyli och känner därmed att deras kunskaper om att använda sig av hjälpmedel och strategier för att hjälpa elever med dyskalkyli inte är tillräckliga.  

  • 12047.
    Zhang, Bei
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    The Awakening of Nazneen’ Independent Consciousness in Brick Lane2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12048.
    Zhang, Erik
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Andersson, Filip
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Is the financial crisis a threat for the luxury business?2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background/problem: Many business and industries have been hardly influenced of the occurrence of this financial crisis which is expected to be the worst financial crisis since 1929. Historically the luxury business has always been immune to uncertainties and crisis. It is of great interest to see how the luxury business reacts in the financial crisis from a marketing strategy perspective.

    Purpose: To explain the impact of the financial crisis on the luxury business by using and identifying the nature of luxury and the suitable marketing strategies.

    Methodology: A deductive philosophical approach and a positivistic and interpretative research approach are applied in this thesis.Findings: The luxury business has not been influenced by the financial crisis based on the interviews. The main reasons behind it are interpreted as the nature of luxury itself and its unique customers.

    Conclusion: Based on our study and the involved companies, it is assumed that the luxury business is invulnerable to the financial crisis.

  • 12049.
    ZHANG, HENG
    Kristianstad University College. Kristianstad University College, Department of Teacher Education.
    A Journey of Racial Neutrality: the symbolic meaning of the Mississippi in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12050.
    ZHANG, HENG
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    Assessing test Reliability: Comparing Two Versions of Reading Comprehension Testin the TOEFL test2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the two test forms used by TOEFL: IBT and PBT. The analysiswill focus on the reading comprehension section, its design features, content, andscoring results. The aim is to assess the reliability of the two test forms as well as toidentify factors influencing candidate performance in the reading comprehension test.Three factors are identified: test setting, test difficulty and scoring methods and results.The latter two will be focused on because test difficulty consistency directly decides thetest result consistency. And as the goal of the candidate is to achieve as high a score aspossible, and success is measured in terms of numbers, score reliability is a primaryconcern for both candidate and examining body alike.

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