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  • 11951.
    Ylipää, Björn
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    How to use storytelling as a tool for regional food promotion2015In: Interdisciplinary perspectives on local and regional food in the South Baltic Region / [ed] Anton Petrenko and Bitte Müller-Hansen, Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2015, p. 131-141Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11952.
    Ymsén, Melinda
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Lövgren, Sanna-Lie
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    "För att man ska ha nåt kul, förutom raster…": En intervjuundersökning om flickors syn på skolämnet idrott och hälsa i årskurs 5 och 92010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolämnet idrott och hälsa ska ge eleverna ett bestående intresse för fysisk aktivitet. Av undervisningen krävs då att den är varierad och har intellektuella, praktiska, sinnliga, estetiska och fysiska perspektiv på lärandet. Både för flickor och pojkar. Studier har visat att pojkar och flickor behandlas olika i undervisningen i idrott och hälsa. Syftet var att med kvalitativa intervjuer undersöka hur 12 flickor i årskurs 5 och 9 ser på skolämnet idrott och hälsa. I databearbetningen fokuserades essensen i flickornas erfarenheter och upplevelser. Resultatet visade att flickorna såg ämnet som "rekreation", "arena för att lära sig bollspel", "något de har nytta av i framtiden" eller visade "osäkerhet om vad ämnet är bra för". Slutsatsen är att undervisningen i idrott och hälsa behöver förtydliga ämnets uppnåendemål för flickorna i studien.

  • 11953.
    Yrjö Collin, Sven-Olof
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP. Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS).
    ABK borde arbeta mer effektivt för att minska segregationen2016In: Kristianstadsbladet, ISSN 1103-9523, no 9 november, p. B2-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11954.
    Yrjö Collin, Sven-Olof
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP. Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS).
    Högskolan kan vara socialt hållbar genom att låta flyktingar avlasta lärare2017In: Kristianstadsbladet, ISSN 1103-9523, no 1 april, p. B2-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11955.
    Yrjö Collin, Sven-Olof
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP. Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS).
    Varför ska vi ha banker: en fråga som måste debatteras2017In: Kristianstadsbladet, ISSN 1103-9523, no 11 maj, p. B3-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11956.
    Yrjö Collin, Sven-Olof
    et al.
    Kristianstad University.
    Smith, Elin
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    The management of independent directors: a praxis hypothesis2019In: Research handbook on boards of directors / [ed] Gabrielsson, J., Khlif, W. and Yamak, S., Edward Elgar Publishing, 2019, p. 193-209Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11957.
    Yu, Chennan
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    A Study on Students' Categorizing Abilities and the Implications for Vocabulary Teaching in a Private Training School in China2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11958.
    Yu, Chennan
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Teacher Education.
    Metaphors in Food Advertising Slogans2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11959.
    Yu, Huiping
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Exploring Teachers’ Personal Practical Knowledge about Teaching Reading Comprehension in English: A Study of Teacher Knowledge at a University in China2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Teachers’ personal practical knowledge is the knowledge of teachers which is principally known and produced by teachers themselves. Greatly inspired by Meijer, Verloop and Beijaard (1999), this study uses a questionnaire and an interview to continue the line of their investigation. The study aims to describe and illustrate the content of 13 teachers’ personal practical knowledge about teaching reading comprehension to non-English majors at a university in China. The study is also to examine similarities (shared knowledge) and differences in teacher knowledge, and potentially relevant background variables in it. As a result, detailed information about these teachers’ personal practical knowledge about teaching reading comprehension has been found. Meijer et al. (1999) could not find shared knowledge by investigating teachers from different schools. In this study, by investigating teachers from the same school, shared knowledge could not be found either. Thus, by comparing these teachers’ personal practical knowledge, they can be classified into three groups: subject-matter-oriented, student-oriented and student-learning-oriented teachers. Each group is illustrated by describing one teacher’s knowledge as a typical example. Moreover, six potentially relevant background variables are discussed in this study. By matching the six background variables to the responses of these teachers, three patterns in potentially relevant background variables have been developed: professional-growth teachers, student-centered teachers, and authority-maintaining teachers.

  • 11960.
    Yu, Huiping
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Gossip in Face-to-Face Conversations: A Study of Gender Differences in Gossip in the American Movie Couples Retreat (2009)2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11961.
    Yu, Li
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Zhao, Sibin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Design and implementation of an e-healthcare subsystem for chronic renal failure patients2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This degree project deals with the analysis, design and implementation of an e-healthcare subsystem. The subsystem is a prototype for the patients in the chronic renal failure unit. The main purpose of this project is to make research on information and communication technology (ICT) applied on health care system and data presentation. The expected result is that a worked e-healthcare subsystem is implemented to demonstrate the application of modern ICT, and a good foundation for applying for new e-healthcare projects.

  • 11962.
    Yu, Liu
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Contradictions Between Thought and Action as a Source of Tension in Louisa M. Alcott’s Little Women2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11963.
    Yu, Liu
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Vocabulary Recognition and Memorization: A Comparison of Two Methods2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study investigates which of two vocabulary learning methods best promotes long-term retention of the meaning and spelling of words. The first method is rote learning, i.e. learning by word lists, which requires pupils to memorize the meaning of new words by L1 translation. The second method is learning by sentence writing, which requires pupils to memorize new words by making up their own sentences in order to establish links between old and new knowledge.

     

    16 pupils took part in the experiment; all were approximately 11 years old. The participants were randomly assigned to two groups. All the participants were given one receptive and one productive recall test, both in the immediate and delayed post-tests. The result demonstrates that pupils who learn words using word lists only remember words in the short-term retention, while the sentence writing method results in greater long-term retention.

  • 11964.
    Yu, Taochang
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Tong, Pan
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Net Disk: net disk for private network2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With the continuous development of computer and network techniques as well as the extensive application of modern means of communications, computer plays an important role in the social life of modern society. It is always associated with a large number of files which are frequently used. Although new computer hardware products provided by various makers help people to solve the problem that have arisen in carrying files, people still face some difficulties in carrying storage devices. This project will partly realize the basic function of the net hard disk. The net hard disk is used to store the files of users on the internet, making it easy for users to carry files and share files with their friends. The uses are able to download, upload, copy, move and delete files and create a new file folder. They can also create, freeze, delete and alter their account. People can retrieve the file they want from the hard disk without anytime at any place.

  • 11965.
    Yu, Tongbo
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Zhu, Weidong
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Zheng, Luhong
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Objective Management and Assessment on Special Equipments Security - A Case Study of Elevators Security 2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Under the era of globalization, as China's rapid economic development, the amount of special equipments has been in the dramatic increase, which has brought a major challenge on how to ensure the safety in special equipments. The overall security situation in special equipments in China is not optimistic.

    This dissertation takes elevators as a case study to build the dynamic security administration model of special equipments, make an assessment on the model and analyze the model under different social circumstances of state level and global level.

    In this article the dynamic security administration model is created to achieve the management objective --- safety, based on the analysis and study of various processes and management entities of elevators, effectively making use of social resources to tighten the control over special equipments manufacture, installation, maintenance, operation, inspection, and supervision. AHP is used to determine assessment factors of multi-level analysis and weight of all factors. And it takes Fuzzy mathematic method to calculate assessment result, pointing out factors with existing issues, which can be rectified and perfected by continuous improvement.

    We also try to analyze the influence of five social environment factors: government administration, market economy, information technology, education and regulations on special equipments safe administration. Then we compare the differences of this model applying to Sweden and global level.

  • 11966.
    Zander, Lena
    et al.
    Uppsala University.
    Butler, Christina
    Storbritannien.
    Mockaitis, Audra
    Australien.
    Herbert, Kendall
    Australien.
    Lauring, Jakob
    Danmark.
    Mäkelä, Kristiina
    Finland.
    Paunova, Minna
    Danmark.
    Umans, Timurs
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Zettinig, Peter
    Finland.
    Team-based global organizations: the future of global organizing2015In: The future of global organizing: progress in international business research / [ed] Verbeke, Alain, van Tulder, Rob, Drogendijk, Rian, Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015, 10, p. 227-243Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    We propose team-based organizing as an alternative to more traditional forms of hierarchy-based organizing in global firms.

    Methodology/approach

    Advancements in the study of global teams, leadership, process, and outcomes were organized into four themes: (1) openness toward linguistic and value diversity as enhancing team creativity and performance, (2) knowledge sharing in team-based organizations, (3) the significance of social capital for global team leader role success, and (4) shared leadership, satisfaction, and performance links in global virtual teams.

    Findings

    We identify questions at three levels for bringing research on team-based organizing in global organizations forward. At the within-team individual level, we discuss the criticality of process and leadership in teams. At the between-teams group level, we draw attention to that global teams also need to focus on relationships and interactions with other teams within the same global firm, for example, when sharing knowledge. With respect to the across-teams organizational level, we highlight how bringing people together in global teams from different organizational units and cultures creates the potential for experiential individual and team-based learning, while making the firm more flexible and adaptable.

    Theoretical implications

    The potential of the relatively underexplored idea of global team-based firms as an alternative to hierarchy open up questions for empirical research, and further theorizing about the global firm.

    Practical implications

    Practitioners can learn about organizational, team, and individual challenges and benefits of global team-based organizing.

    Originality/value

    A century-old dominant organizational form is challenged when moving away from hierarchy- and hybrid-based forms of organizing toward team-based global organizing of work.

  • 11967.
    Zaunders, Linda
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Simonsson, Angelica
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Kommunikation mellan patienter med Aspergers Syndrom och sjuksköterskor2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The syndrome is characterized by difficulties in social interaction and communication, mostly nonverbal. It has been shown that genetic factors are important and that brain injury may be an underlying cause of Asperser’s syndrome. Therefore they often fall outside of social contexts. Due to the low prevalence, the staff of the health-care has limited knowledge about meeting with people who have AS. The communication problems which is seen in AS may cause difficulties in their meeting with the health system. Purpose: To investigate what factors the nurse should take into account to create a communication in conversation with a patient who has Asperser’s syndrome. Method: The study is a general literature study in which fourteen articles were used. Results: The results showed that social disadvantage is one of the characteristics of AS that the nurse should take into account. Misunderstandings occur relatively easy when people with AS often perceive things very concretely. Integrity of communication between two people, body language and words, may not be linked to people with AS. Conclusion: The nurse should have a clear communication in interactions with patients, especially with patients with AS.

  • 11968.
    Zeba, Cecilia
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Sedeki, Ismail
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Vilken information och instruktion om munhygien, kost, fluor och tobak med hänsyn till diagnos får patienter som behandlas av tandhygieniststuderande vid Högskolan Kristianstad?2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    ABSTRACT

    What kind of information and instructions with the consideration to diagnosis do patients, treated by the dental hygienist students at the University Kristianstad, get regarding oral hygiene, diet, flour and tobacco.

    The aim of this study was to examine what kind of information and instructions regarding oral hygiene, diet, flour and tobacco have patients treated by the dental hygienist students at the University Kristianstad, if they had the diagnosis caries or periodontitis. The study is based on a review of dental records of adult patients from twenty years on a supportive treatment program. In all 640 patients were enrolled at the clinic, 20050309. A selection of 100 patients treated at the clinic from 2000 was made. Fifty off the dental records should have the diagnosis caries and fifty the diagnosis periodontitis.

    Between 70-90 percent of the records had no data regarding information about caries, gingivitis or periodontitis. Furthermore, there between 8-68 percent of the records hade no data regarding information and instruction in oral hygiene, flour products or approximal dental aids. Nineteen patients used tobacco according to available data. In the records of 7 patients with the diagnosis caries and 3 patients with the diagnosis periodontitis, no data was available on tobacco use and its consequences. The conclusion for this study is that the records obtained by dental hygienist students are inadequate.

  • 11969.
    Zeigler, Cecilia C
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Persson, G. Rutger
    University of Berne, Berne, Switzerland & University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.
    Wondimu, Biniyam
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Marcus, Claude
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sobko, Tanja
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Modéer, Thomas
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Microbiota in the oral subgingival biofilm is associated with obesity in adolescence.2012In: Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.), ISSN 1930-739X, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 157-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To test the hypothesis whether microbiota in oral biofilm is linked with obesity in adolescents we designed this cross-sectional study. Obese adolescents (n = 29) with a mean age of 14.7 years and normal weight subjects (n = 58) matched by age and gender were examined with respect to visible plaque index (VPI%) and gingival inflammation (bleeding on probing (BOP%)). Stimulated saliva was collected. They answered a questionnaire concerning medical history, medication, oral hygiene habits, smoking habits, and sociodemographic background. Microbiological samples taken from the gingival crevice was analyzed by checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization technique. The sum of bacterial cells in subgingival biofilm was significantly associated with obesity (P < 0.001). The link between sum of bacterial cells and obesity was not confounded by any of the studied variables (chronic disease, medication, VPI%, BOP%, flow rate of whole saliva, or meal frequency). Totally 23 bacterial species were present in approximately threefold higher amounts, on average, in obese subjects compared with normal weight controls. Of the Proteobacteria phylum, Campylobacter rectus and Neisseria mucosa were present in sixfold higher amounts among obese subjects. The association between obesity and sum of bacterial cells in oral subgingival biofilm indicates a possible link between oral microbiota and obesity in adolescents.

  • 11970.
    Zenthio, Anna
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Svantesson, Madelaine
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Dagligt liv för personer med schizofreni - En litteraturstudie i omvårdnad2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Schizofreni är en psykisk sjukdom där personen har förändrade verklighetsuppfattningar såsom vanföreställningar, tankestörningar, förvirring och hallucinationer. Schizofreni kan ge svårigheter i exempelvis relationer och arbete. Genom att fokusera på att förstå händelser i personens dagliga liv får sjuksköterskan kunskap om problem och varför dessa uppstått. Sådan kunskap kan hjälpa sjuksköterskan att utforma omvårdnadsåtgärder som matchar personens behov. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa dagligt liv för personer med schizofreni och därmed öka sjuksköterskans kunskap om personens omvårdnadsbehov.

    Metod: En allmän litteraturstudie baserad på fem kvalitativa artiklar och 15 kvantitativa artiklar. Resultat: De faktorer som påverkade dagligt liv för personer med schizofreni var relationer, sysselsättning och hälsotillstånd.

    Slutsats: Litteraturstudien visar att personer med schizofreni har problem i sitt dagliga liv som kan åtgärdas med hjälp av meningsfulla aktiviteter, möjlighet till arbete, förbättrade sociala färdigheter och ökad motivation. Sjuksköterskan kan motivera och stödja personen att skaffa ett arbete eller annan meningsfull aktivitet för att stärka personens självförtroende och självständighet. Vidare forskning behövs om hur sjuksköterskan kan motivera en person med schizofreni till att börja arbeta och utföra dagliga aktiviteter i hemmet.

  • 11971.
    Zettergren, Caroline
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    Åtgärdsprogram i matematik och hur vi arbetar med dem i praktiken: En text- och intervjustudie i grundskolans tidigare år2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to illuminate and problematize supportive educational measures in mathematics and to examine how they are applied in reality and how they interpret educational measures. Further, it aims at finding guidelines for how Supportive educational measures should be written to become a living document to be a support for the students and teachers. The study was conducted with two methods, document analysis and semi-structured qualitative interviews. First an analysis of four supportive educational measures was performed and then the analysis was followed up by interviews of two special educators in mathematics and two teachers. The respondents came from two different schools. The results of the study indicate that there is a significant difference between teachers and special educators in mathematics about how they think about supportive educational measures. The teachers don’t think that they work with the supportive educational measures in an efficient way but the special educators in mathematics find it to be a living document. But all four respondents found that it nowadays is easier and better to work with supportive educational measures since they started it use the digital tool UNIKUM. All four students in this study were offered supportive education measures, where they had several appointments per week with the special educator in mathematics. At these appointments the students receive individual, intensive training regarding basic numeracy and worked together with the educator to achieve the goal of a higher level of mathematics self esteem and motivation. Another result of the study was that several schools that was contacted didn’t have any supportive educational measures written in mathematics. Instead their efforts where maid by doing general adjustments for all students in the classroom.

  • 11972.
    Zetterstrand, Frida
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Ibland blir 1+1 inte 2: En undersökning om mellanstadielärares kunskaper om att använda hjälpmedel och strategier för att hjälpa elever med dyskalkyli2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att ta reda på mer om dyskalkyli, vad det innebär och vad mellanstadielärare i årskurs 4-6 har för kunskaper om att använda hjälpmedel och strategier för att hjälpa elever med dyskalkyli. I undersökningen deltog 23 lärare från nio skolor i två olika kommuner. Undersökningen genomfördes med hjälp av en enkät med öppna svarsalternativ och är därmed en både kvalitativ och kvantitativ studie.  I arbetet kommer resultatet av enkäterna att redogöras och kopplas till litteratur samt diskuteras. Målet med detta arbetet har varit att undersöka vad lärare har för kunskaper om att använda sig av hjälpmedel och strategier för att hjälpa elever med dyskalkyli. Kunskapen om dyskalkyli och hur lärare ska arbete kring detta bör förbättras. Ett flertal av lärarna i undersökningen har inte fått någon utbildning om dyskalkyli och känner därmed att deras kunskaper om att använda sig av hjälpmedel och strategier för att hjälpa elever med dyskalkyli inte är tillräckliga.  

  • 11973.
    Zhang, Bei
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    The Awakening of Nazneen’ Independent Consciousness in Brick Lane2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11974.
    Zhang, Erik
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Andersson, Filip
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Is the financial crisis a threat for the luxury business?2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background/problem: Many business and industries have been hardly influenced of the occurrence of this financial crisis which is expected to be the worst financial crisis since 1929. Historically the luxury business has always been immune to uncertainties and crisis. It is of great interest to see how the luxury business reacts in the financial crisis from a marketing strategy perspective.

    Purpose: To explain the impact of the financial crisis on the luxury business by using and identifying the nature of luxury and the suitable marketing strategies.

    Methodology: A deductive philosophical approach and a positivistic and interpretative research approach are applied in this thesis.Findings: The luxury business has not been influenced by the financial crisis based on the interviews. The main reasons behind it are interpreted as the nature of luxury itself and its unique customers.

    Conclusion: Based on our study and the involved companies, it is assumed that the luxury business is invulnerable to the financial crisis.

  • 11975.
    ZHANG, HENG
    Kristianstad University College. Kristianstad University College, Department of Teacher Education.
    A Journey of Racial Neutrality: the symbolic meaning of the Mississippi in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11976.
    ZHANG, HENG
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    Assessing test Reliability: Comparing Two Versions of Reading Comprehension Testin the TOEFL test2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the two test forms used by TOEFL: IBT and PBT. The analysiswill focus on the reading comprehension section, its design features, content, andscoring results. The aim is to assess the reliability of the two test forms as well as toidentify factors influencing candidate performance in the reading comprehension test.Three factors are identified: test setting, test difficulty and scoring methods and results.The latter two will be focused on because test difficulty consistency directly decides thetest result consistency. And as the goal of the candidate is to achieve as high a score aspossible, and success is measured in terms of numbers, score reliability is a primaryconcern for both candidate and examining body alike.

  • 11977.
    Zhang, Hongxia
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    A study on ESL writing anxiety among Chinese English majors: Causes, effects and coping strategies for ESL writing anxiety2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 60 credits / 90 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to measure the level of ESL writing anxiety experienced by Chinese English majors. The effects of ESL writing anxiety on English writing performance, the students’ perception of the main causes of ESL writing anxiety and their learning style preferences in ESL writing class were also examined, which provided pedagogical implications of successful learning and teaching strategies for reducing ESL writing anxiety. This study was based on quantitative research and three questionnaires were used to collect data. The results of the SLWAI showed that there is a high level of ESL writing anxiety among Chinese English majors, and the Cognitive Anxiety is the most common type of ESL writing anxiety. The differences in the level of English writing anxiety between the groups of freshmen and sophomores reached the level of statistical significance. The sophomores were found to suffer significantly higher levels of English writing anxiety than the freshmen. Correlation analysis results suggested a negative relationship between measure of ESL writing anxiety and measures of writing performance (course grade and timed writing grade). An in-depth analysis of the causes of ESL writing anxiety revealed that linguistic difficulties, insufficient writing practice, fear of tests (TEM), lack of topical knowledge and low self-confidence in writing performance constitute the main sources of ESL writing anxiety experienced by Chinese English majors. Furthermore, suggestions on learning and teaching strategies for reducing ESL writing anxiety were provided on the basis of the acknowledge of sources of ESL writing anxiety and students’ learning style preferences in ESL writing class.

  • 11978.
    Zhang, Hongxia
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Who dominates the class, boys or girls?: A study on gender differences in English classroom talk in a Swedish upper secondary school2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11979.
    Zhang, Linfan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Zheng, Shuang
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Enhancing QR Code Security2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Quick Response code opens possibility to convey data in a unique way yet insufficient prevention and protection might lead into QR code being exploited on behalf of attackers. This thesis starts by presenting a general introduction of background and stating two problems regarding QR code security, which followed by a comprehensive research on both QR code itself and related issues. From the research a solution taking advantages of cloud and cryptography together with an implementation come after. We also give an objective evaluation on the outcome in comparison to existing QR products. They are based on the purpose of enhancing QR code security and aim to interpret how we have tackle the specified problems meanwhile to suggest possible further work for bringing security of QR code to a higher level. 

  • 11980.
    Zhang, Lu
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    The Lost White Settlers in Michael Crummey's River Thieves2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In River Thieves, the white settlers are responsible for the vanishing of the Beothuk which reflects the spiritural loss of the white settlers. The major themes of truth, regret and guilt are discussed in the novel.

  • 11981.
    Zhang, Ying
    et al.
    Ericsson AB.
    Arvidsson, Åke
    Ericsson AB.
    Understanding the characteristics of cellular data traffic2012In: CellNet 2012 / [ed] Li Erran Li och Morley Mao Zhuoqing, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Because of rapidly growing subscriber populations, advances in cellular communication technology, increasingly capable user terminals, and the expanding range of mobile applications, cellular networks have experienced a significant increase in data traffic, the dominant part of which is carried by the http protocol. Understanding the characteristics of this traffic is important for network design, traffic modeling, resource planning and network control. In this study we present a comprehensive characterization study of mobile http-based traffic using packet level traces collected in a large cellular network. We analyze the traffic using metrics at packet level, flow level and session level. For each metric, we conduct a comparison between traffic from different applications, as well as comparison to traffic in a wired network. Finally, we discuss the implications of our findings for better resource utilization in cellular infrastructures.

  • 11982.
    Zhang, Ying
    et al.
    USA.
    Arvidsson, Åke
    Ericsson AB.
    Siekkinen, Matti
    Finland.
    Urvoy-Keller, Guillaume
    Frankrike.
    Understanding HTTP flow rates in cellular networks2014In: Networking 2014 / [ed] Bjarne Helvik, Deep Medhi och Bin Liu, IFIP , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Data traffic in cellular networks increased tremendously over the past few years and this growth is predicted to continue over the next few years. Due to differences in access technology and user behavior, the characteristics of cellular traffic can differ from existing results for wireline traffic. In this study we focus on understanding the flow rates and on the relationship between the rates and other flow properties by analyzing packet level traces collected in a large cellular network. To understand the limiting factors of the flow rates, we further analyze the underlying causes behind the observed rates, e.g.,network congestion, access link or end host configuration. Our study extends other related work by conducting the analysis from a unique dimension, the comparison with traffic in wired networks, to reveal the unique properties of cellular traffic. We find that they differ in variability and in the dominant rate limiting factors.

  • 11983.
    Zhang, Yongwei
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Teng, Anda
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Lu, Xinjian
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Explaining the growth of an industrial luster: theories tested on the Ningbo die and mould cluster.2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Explaining the Growth of an Industrial Cluster

    - Theories Tested on the Ningbo Die & Mould Cluster

    Authors: David, Eagle & Chris

    Purposes: The aim of our dissertation is to find an applicable theoretical framework that could explain the growth of the Ningbo Die & Mould Industrial Cluster. The theoretical framework is also expected to be applicable in the Ningbo Endogenous Industrial Clusters.

    Theoretical framework: Mainly based on Porter Diamond Model, supplemented by other relevant models and our working experience, we have set up our own theoretical model, in which a factor hierarchy with five category factors and 29 sub-factors was structured. Meanwhile, a specific cluster, the Ningbo Die & Mould Cluster, was selected to conduct the survey of questionnaires. The different managers of the enterprises were chosen as respondents and we tried to test the validity of our own theoretical model.

    Results: The collected data from the survey was analyzed through the SPSS program, we adopted Factor Analysis, Descriptive Statistics, Correlation Analysis to draw conclusions. The findings of our dissertation suggest the local government should put more emphases on different factors in the course of clusters’ growth.

    Key words: Porter Diamond Model Double Diamond Model Nine-Factor Model Factor The Ningbo Die & Mould Cluster Correlation Analysis

  • 11984.
    ZHANG, YUNHAO
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Plant Metaphors in  English Economic Newspaper Texts2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11985.
    Zhang, Yunhao
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    The Use of Vocabulary Learning Strategies by Good and Poor Language Learners: A case study of Chinese non-English major sophmores2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The use of vocabulary learning strategies is one crucial factor that affects the success of foreign vocabulary acquisition. This case study investigated a group of Chinese sophmores’ employment of learning strategies in their learning process in order to identify the most frequently used strategies and the least frequently used strategies, and compared good language learners with poor learners. A 26-item five-scale point questionnaire was employed for data collection. Through careful calculation and detailed discussion, it was found that both good and poor language learners used many effective strategies for vocabulary learning. This group of students were found that they tended to carry a pocket dictionary to look up new words while they were least likely to look up new words in an English-English dictionary. Good language learner were found to employ learning strategies more frequently than poor leaners in 21 strategies, which revealed that vocabulary learning strategies were positively related to learning outcomes.

  • 11986.
    Zhao, Fei
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    An Analysis of Gender Differences in Interruption based on the American TV series Friends2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11987.
    Zhao, Ying
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    An empirical study of L2 learners' use of lexical chunks and language production2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay attempts to investigate the use of lexical chunks in an empirical way. It tries to probe into the possible relationship between L2 learners competence of lexical chunks and their language production through analysing results from a multiple-choice chunk test and a writing test.

  • 11988.
    Zhen, Zhen
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Transformational and Pseudotransformational Leadership in Narnia2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11989.
    Zheng, Lingzhen
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    Contemporary American Political Speeches: A Study of Sexist LanguageStudent thesis
  • 11990.
    Zheng, Lingzhen
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    Strategies in Vocabulary Learning and Teaching: A study of vocabulary acquisition in a Chinese University2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11991.
    Zhifeng, Zhu
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Mingjiang, Tang
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Yin, Hi
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Web site & customer value: from a marketing perspective2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this dissertation is to find the key factors of web site which influence customer value. Through literature review, we find the role of web site from a marketing perspective is a medium of marketing, enhancing the marketing mix and endowing the marketing mix with new features; we also find that customer value is a comparison of benefit and cost, having both psychic value and utility value and covering the whole customer activity. On base of these, we identify eight factors of web site which, we hypothesize, influence customer value: Attractiveness, Ease of use, Accuracy, Customization, Responsiveness, Community, Comparison and Assurance. Then a survey with questionnaire method was employed. As to the design and analysis of the questionnaire, the Kano model was used. The result of our survey showed that seven factors of web site - Assurance, Ease of use, Accuracy, Responsiveness, Customization, Attractiveness and Comparison, have positive influence to customer value while Factor of Community, has little influence to customer value. In addition, we introduced Importance index and Indifference index to evaluate influence during analyzing; under this way, we proved the validity and reliability of our investigation.

  • 11992.
    Zhou, Ningjue
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Learning how to Learn: a study of English vocabulary learning strategies among English major students at a Chinese university2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on the study of the strategy use of Chinese English majors in vocabulary learning; the individual differences between effective and less effective learners in employing vocabulary learning strategies and the relationship between their strategies and their outcome in English learning. In this research, 118 junior English majors inChineseUniversitywere investigated. The participants were asked to take a vocabulary test and complete a vocabulary-learning questionnaire.

     

    The data collected was analyzed using the SPSS (the Statistical Package for Social Science) and the result indicates that there are significant differences between effective and less effective learners. Effective learners use strategies more frequently and flexibly, while less effective learners turn out to be rote learners. They employ repetition strategy more often and they rely more on their mother tongue, Chinese, in vocabulary learning. Thus the translation strategy was extensively used among them. The result also shows that seven strategies, namely applied, categorization, self-monitoring, cooperation, media, elaboration and dictionary strategy are positively correlated with the vocabulary test scores and the Test for English Majors (Grade 4) scores. The above findings have certain implication for both learners and teachers.

  • 11993.
    Zhou, Ningjue
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Taboo Language on the Internet: An Analysis of Gender Differences in Using Taboo Language2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11994.
    Zhou, Xujia
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap.
    Flora, Eduardo
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap.
    Comparison of Performance and Power Consumption Between GPS and Sigfox Positioning Using Pycom Modules2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sigfox is one of the newly-emerging LPWAN (Low Power Wide Area Network) technologies aiming to provide power-efficient solutions to the world of IoT. This study presents a comparison between Sigfox Geolocation and GPS (Global Positioning System) in terms of power consumption and performance which includes three metrics: accuracy and precision, response rate and response time. This study includes for the first part a series of lab tests where Sigfox Geolocation and GPS were studied in a single Sleep, Wake up, Idle, Tx/Rx cycle. For the second part, field tests with different geographical parameters (altitude, population, mobility) were conducted. Results of lab tests show that power consumption difference between Sigfox and GPS is a linear function of Idle time. In field tests, GPS presents a far superior performance than Sigfox in all metrics and marginally better power efficiency for relatively short Idle interval. For both GPS and Sigfox, a correlation between power efficiency and performance was observed. Results show that GPS operates best in rural environments while Sigfox stands out in urban ones. Payload size was observed to affect Sigfox in both power consumption and performance while different transmission rates only affect power consumption but do not seem to impact the other metrics. A solution based on the outcome of this study is suggested for a freight-monitoring system where geolocation is handled by GPS and the coordinates transmitted via Sigfox. As an emerging technology under constant development, Sigfox Geolocation is expected to have improved performance in the near future.

  • 11995.
    Zhou, Yanping
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    The Metaphorical Use of Plant Words in Everyday Language2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11996.
    Zhou, Ying
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    IELTS Preparation Courses in China: the Reading Comprehension Task2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    More and more private language schools provide IELTS preparation courses for candidates who want to sit the test for admission to undergraduate and postgraduate courses in English-speaking countries. This essay investigates whether the IELTS preparation course in a language school in China offers an adequate preparation for candidates. The study focuses on one preparation course for the IELTS reading test (other modules are beyond the scope of the present study). A questionnaire and interview questions concerning both the IELTS reading test and the preparation course were given to 20 candidates and two teachers by e-mail.This study first analyzed the reading skills tested in the IELTS reading test and discussed possible test difficulties. It then investigated the IELTS reading preparation course by means of candidate feedback on course expectations, course structure, teaching materials and teaching methods. The feedback shows that the course fulfilled the candidates’ expectations, i.e. it taught them useful test-taking techniques and reading skills. The teachers’ responses indicate that the course achieved its objective to familiarize candidates with the IELTS reading test. The study results demonstrate that the preparation course is test-based, teaching candidates IELTS test-taking strategies, which effectively prepare candidates for the IELTS test. Candidates and teachers also offered suggestions for future course improvement.

  • 11997.
    Zhou, Ying
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    The Path to Jo’s Self-Realization in Little Women and Good Wives2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11998. Zidén, L.
    et al.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    The band aid is the evidence: eight women's knowledge and understanding of their hip fracture, the care and the surgical treatment. Paper presented at the 19th Annual Meeting of the Nordic Society for Educational Research, March 7-9, Copenhagen, Denmark1991Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11999.
    Zidén, Lena
    et al.
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology/Physiotherapy, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg.
    Hansson Scherman, Marianne
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology/Physiotherapy, Department of Clinical Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg.
    Wenestam, Claes-Goran
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    The break remains: elderly people's experiences of a hip fracture 1 year after discharge2010In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 103-113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. To explore experienced long-term consequences of a hip fracture and conceptions of what influences hip fracture recovery among community-living elderly people 1 year after discharge. Method. Fifteen subjects (13 females and 2 males), aged 66-94, were interviewed. The phenomenographic method was used for analysis. Results. Experiences of insecurity and restricted life dominated the interviews. The descriptive categories within experienced consequences of a hip fracture were: (1) isolated life with more restricted activity and fewer social contacts, with the two sub-categories (a) more insecure and afraid and (b) more limited ability to move, (2) disappointed and sad that identity and life have changed and (3) satisfied with the situation or feeling even better than before the fracture. The categories within conceptions of what influences hip fracture recovery were: (4) own mind and actions influence recovery, (5) treatment and actions from others influence recovery and (6) you cannot influence recovery. Conclusion. The findings accentuate that the negative consequences of a hip fracture are substantial and long-lasting. As it strikes mostly elderly people, who may have experienced earlier losses and growing disabilities, a hip fracture could add to the risk of losing important life values. Furthermore, the findings indicate that all health care professionals who meet the patients need to consider the patients' own experiences and possible fear and not merely focus on the physical injury and disabilities.

  • 12000.
    Zidén, Lena
    et al.
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg.
    Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    Hansson-Scherman, Marianne
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg.
    A life-breaking event: early experiences of the consequences of a hip fracture for elderly people2008In: Clinical Rehabilitation, ISSN 0269-2155, E-ISSN 1477-0873, Vol. 22, no 9, p. 801-811Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To explore and describe the consequences of an acute hip fracture as experienced by home-dwelling elderly people shortly after discharge from hospital.Design: Semi-structured interviews using the phenomenographic method.Subjects and setting: Eighteen subjects were interviewed in their own homes one month after discharge.Results: The interviewees described experiences of changes in their relation to the body, themselves, to others and to their whole life situation. These experiences were described as being limited in movement, having lost confidence in the body, becoming humble and grateful, respecting oneself and one's own needs, becoming more dependent on others, gaining more human contact and being treated in a friendly way by others, being secluded and trapped at home, feeling old, closer to death and having lost their zest for life, and taking one day at a time and being uncertain about the future.Conclusion: Experienced consequences of a hip fracture were multidimensional and involved dramatic changes in the interviewees' life situation, including existential thoughts and reappraisal of the years of life that remained. The results indicate that the fracture seemed not only to break the bone but also to cause social and existential cracks, as experienced in the early phase after the injury.

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