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  • 11801.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Att orientera sig i text och bild: tre läsares vägar över text och bild via ögonrörelseinspelning och intervjuer2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11802.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Captives in the classroom2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11803.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    Content before method when planning: is that possible?2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11804.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    Double representation, less comprehension?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11805.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Gothenburg University.
    "I don’t know what it is to be able to read": students with dyslexia experience their reading impairment2013In: Support for Learning, ISSN 0268-2141, E-ISSN 1467-9604, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 79-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Better understanding of the diverse reading abilities of people with dyslexia is necessary for the design of more effective learning situations, which are vital both to students with dyslexia and to their teachers. Seven individuals with dyslexia currently or formerly in higher education were interviewed about their reading experiences to learn how they themselves understand and describe their reading. The interviews are treated as individual profiles. Although the respondents were adult experienced readers, aware of their impairments, none could identify any strategy for overcoming dyslexia other than investing much time in homework and study. Each profile is unique, yet they share some characteristics, including strong parental support and a refusal to accept the label of ‘stupid’. Teachers need to recognise the diverse effects of dyslexia in order to improve the chances of dyslexic students – especially those who cannot rely upon strong parental support – of continuing to higher education.

  • 11806.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Identifying critical aspects from learners' perspective2010In: The 4th International Multi-Conference on Society, Cybernetics and Informatics. Proceedings Volume I: June 29th - July 2nd, 2010, Orlando, Florida, USA / [ed] Carrasquero, J. V., Holmqvist, M., McEachron, D., Tremante, A., Welsch, F., Winter Garden, FL, USA: International Institute of Informatics and Systematics , 2010, p. 24-29Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11807.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Jag plockar de bästa bitarna2011In: Skolan och läraruppdraget: att bli och vara lärare / [ed] Mona Holmqvist, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, p. 53-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11808.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Kampen om tiden: hur lärare gör för att synkronisera tid och arbete2005Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenska skolor är målstyrda. En konsekvens av det är att lärares arbete delvis är odefinierat. Gräsrotsbyråkrater, en grupp som lärare tillhör, konfronteras ofta med dilemmat att tiden inte räcker till i förhållande till arbetsuppgifter och måldokument. Det är av vikt för lärare att definiera sitt arbete och organisera sin tid så att tid och arbete blir synkroniserade. Den här artikeln syftar till att förstå hur synkroniseringen av arbete och tid hanteras. Synkroniseringsarbetet är möjligt att studera i arbetslagsmöten. Data i form av bandinspelningar har samlats in från 12 arbetslagsmöten på ett gymnasium. Analysen utgår ifrån positioneringsteorin. Resultaten visar att lärare under möten ofta placerar antingen sig själva eller andra i positionen som tidsvakt eller tidstjuv. Varje position innehåller rättigheter, skyldigheter och förpliktelser, vilka undersöks och beskrivs i artikeln. I diskussionen lyfts tre aspekter av resultatet fram; hur man vaktar sin personliga tid på ett effektivt sätt; styrkan i att vakta tiden kollektivt och; lärares medvetenhet om sitt läraruppdrag. Samtidigt försvåras fullföljandet av läraruppdraget genom att lärares arbetsförhållanden präglas av gräsrotsbyråkrati.

  • 11809.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    Lust att sluta2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11810.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Lust att sluta: en livsberättelseintervju med en lärare som lämnat skolan2010In: Dilemman i skolan: aktuella utmanignar och professionella omställningar / [ed] Göran Brante & Katrin Hjort, Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2010, p. 25-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11811.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education. Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning Design (LeaD).
    More words say less: comparing quantity and quality in verbal answers in an eye-tracking study with dyslexics2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11812.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Möte med multimodalt material: Vilken roll spelar dyslexi för uppfattandet av text och bild?2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 11813.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Non-congruent pictures effects on reading comprehension: differences and similarities in patterns of transition between text and picture among young adults with and without dyslexia2015Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 11814.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Stand together or fall alone: narratives from former teachers2012In: Narrative Works, ISSN 1925-0622, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 20-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2004 as many as 25% of teachers in Sweden, Denmark, and England were willing to leave their profession immediately; in the United States much effort has been invested in studying why teachers leave the profession. In this paper, four teachers who left the profession were interviewed from within the life-story tradition. In the narratives, which were rendered in a poetic style during the analysis, colleagues were mentioned both positively and negatively. The theme of having colleagues, and especially trust or mistrust between colleagues, was thus explored. The existence or non-existence of lateral trust between teachers can be connected both to school development and to student learning outcomes.

  • 11815.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Talk about content on two continents2010In: Active citizenship: abstracts, Malmö: Nordic Educational Research Association (NERA) , 2010, p. 62-63Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11816.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    The ways students with dyslexia explain their impairment2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11817.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Time-struggle2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11818.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    Unsustainable work?2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11819.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Verksamhetsförlagd utbildning i annat land2011In: Skolan och läraruppdraget: att bli och vara lärare / [ed] Mona Holmqvist, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, p. 251-263Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11820.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    Where to look, when to do it and for what reason?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11821.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Holmqvist Olander, Mona
    University of Gothenburg.
    Nyström, Marcus
    Humanities Lab, Lund.
    Exploring the impact of contrasting cases in text and picture processing2013In: Journal of Visual Literacy, ISSN 1051-144X, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 15-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Multimodal learning materials are frequently met in education assuming enhanced learning outcomes. This study examined whether contrasts in such materials are likely to support reading comprehension for all readers. Young adults (n=46) met either text-only or text+picture material. Participants (19 with low phonological awareness [PA] and 27 controls with high PA) thereafter answered open interview questions to check for reading comprehension. Learning materials were designed to focus readers on aspects critical to understanding the content by the use of contrasts; eye-tracking was used as method. Well-known pictures aided information recall, but contrasts described in the text were most effective for learning.

  • 11822.
    Wernberg, Anna
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Att undersöka och utveckla undervisning: Learning Study som metod2008In: Rönnqvist, Carina, Vinterek, Monika (red). Se skolan: forskningsmetoder i pedagogiskt arbete, Umeå: Fakultetsnämnden för lärarutbildning, Umeå universitet , 2008, p. 103-121Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11823.
    Wernberg, Anna
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Lärare lär om elevers lärande med hjälp av learning study2006In: Holmqvist, Mona (red). Lärande i skolan: learning study som skolutvecklingsmodell, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, p. 51-66Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11824.
    Wernberg, Anna
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Lärare lär om elevers lärande med hjälp av learning study2006In: Lärande i skolan: learning study som skolutvecklingsmodell / [ed] Holmqvist, Mona, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, p. 51-67Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11825.
    Wernberg, Anna
    Kristianstad University, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Variationsteorin i praktiken2005In: Forskningsarbete pågår: Nationella forskarskolan i pedagogiskt arbete (NaPA) / [ed] Erixon, Per-Olof, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2005, p. 316-332Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under sin tid på lärarutbildningen, och även som verksam lärare, läser och diskuterar studenter och lärare olika teorier om lärande. Samtalen resulterar inte alltid i att teorierna genomsyrar lärarens praxis, även om det i många fall varit syftet. I stället är det ofta tankar kring hur man kan utforma undervisningen som blir det bestående av en utbildning eller fortbildning. Behövs det då verkligen ännu en teori om lärande? Så länge lärare vill försöka lära elever finns det behov av sätt att uttrycka hur detta lärande konstitueras. Variationsteorin är en teori som fokuserar det intentionella lärandet i ett klassrum eller liknande. Det är emellertid inte hur vi arbetar i skolan som den vill belysa, utan vad vi vill att eleverna skall lära och varför de lär i en situation men inte i en annan. I denna artikel beskrivs variationsteorin med exempel från en nyligen genomförd studie i ämnet matematik (studien ingår i forskningsprojektet Lärandets Pedagogik, som pågår åren 2003–2005 finansierat av Vetenskapsrådet. Projektledare Mona Holmqvist, Högskolan Kristianstad). 

  • 11826.
    Wernersson, Anders
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Klassteorier: en kritisk jämförelse och vetenskapsteoretisk utvärdering av fyra teorier om klass2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet är en litteraturstudie över fyra olika teorier om klasser, nämligen Marx, Weber, Erikson och Goldthorpe samt Wrights teori om klasser. Teorierna beskrevs, jämfördes med varandra samt utvärderades utifrån deras förmåga att nå upp till den vetenskapsteoretiska läran falsifikationismens ideal. För att förklara materialet användes diskursanalys där avsikten var att se hur senare texter om klass byggde på tidigare – d.v.s. diskursiva praktiker. Den teori som användes för att bedöma teoriernas vetenskaplighet var Karl Poppers falsifikationism. Utöver detta bedömdes de huruvida de kunde förklara sociala fenomen på ett bra sätt. Vid jämförelsen noterades att samtliga teorier betonade ägandets betydelse för klasspositionen. Marx såg dock ägandet som mer centralt än de övriga som även betonade andra saker som exempelvis kunskaper, ansvar, arbetskontrakt och auktoritet. Marx och Eriksons teori var lika i det hänseendet att de ansåg klassens betydelse var stor för att förklara sociala fenomen i jämförelse med Weber och Erikson och Goldthorpe som mer såg klasser som tillfälliga positioner. Både Marx och Wright ansåg att exploatering var ett viktigt vetenskapligt och moraliskt begrepp vilket författaren till detta arbete även gjorde. Vid en analys av klassindelning bedömdes Marx ha den enklaste klassindelningen medan Weber bedömdes ha den mest differentierade klassindelningen. Däremellan hamnade Wright och Erikson och Goldthorpe vilka var ungefär lika differentierade. Samtliga teorier befanns ha svårigheter att nå upp till falsifikationismens ideal om att kunna ge exakta förutsägelser och falsifieras genom observationer. Wrights teori var dock den som ansågs vara den bästa.

  • 11827.
    Werntoft, Elisabet
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Division of Nursing, Lund University.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Department of Health Sciences, Division of Nursing, Lund University.
    Decision makers' experiences of prioritisation and views about how to finance healthcare costs2009In: Health Policy, ISSN 0168-8510, E-ISSN 1872-6054, Vol. 92, no 2-3, p. 259-267Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: Prioritisation in healthcare is an issue of growing importance due to scarcity of resources. The aims of this study were firstly to describe decision makers' experience of prioritisation and their views concerning willingness to pay and how to finance healthcare costs. An additional aim was to compare the views of politicians and physicians.

    METHODS: The study was a cross-sectional study based on a questionnaire administered to 700 Swedish politicians and physicians. This was analysed using both quantitative and qualitative methods.

    RESULTS: A majority of the decision makers (55%) suggested that increasing costs should be financed through higher taxation but more physicians than politicians thought that higher patient fees, private health insurance and a reduction in social expenditure were better alternatives. Prioritisation aroused anxiety; politicians were afraid of displeasing voters while physicians were afraid of making medically incorrect decisions.

    CONCLUSIONS: This study do not answer the question about how to make prioritisation in health care but the result highlights the different ways that the decision makers view the subject and thereby elicit that publicly elected politicians and physicians perhaps not always work with the same goal ahead. There are needs for more research but also more media focus on the subject so the citizens will be aware and take part in the debate.

  • 11828.
    Werntoft, Elisabet
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Division of Nursing, Lund University.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society. Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Lack of support structures in prioritization decision making concerning patients and resources: interviews with Swedish physicians2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 39, no 6, p. 627-633Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate physicians' experiences in relation to prioritization and financing in health care in order to gain a deeper understanding of the reasons behind their standpoints. Methods: Eighteen physicians, seven women and eleven men, aged 30 to 69 years were interviewed and the text was analyzed using an inductive approach, also described as conventional qualitative content analysis. Results: Experience of setting healthcare priorities and difficult decision making differed widely among the physicians and seemed to be related to the number of years in professional practice. Their view of how resources should be allocated between disciplines/patients showed that they wanted politicians to make the decisions, with support from medical professions. The overwhelming impression of their reasoning showed that they lacked support structures for their decision making and could be understood under the following categories: Prioritisation, easier in theory than in practice, and Increasing costs threaten the Swedish welfare model. Conclusions: The findings of this study highlight the importance of practical national guidelines concerning vertical prioritization, also as an important measure to make prioritization more distinct and transparent. The physicians further had a need for tools to increase patients' awareness of their health. The findings of this study also showed that an awareness of the actual costs involved might increase the responsibility among both physicians and patients. The physicians' lack of support structures implies an urgent need for practical national guidelines, especially concerning vertical prioritization. This will also make prioritization appear clear and transparent for citizens.

  • 11829.
    Werntoft, Elisabet
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Lunds universitet.
    Swedish politicians’ view of obstacles when dealing with priority settings in health care2015In: Journal of Health Organisation & Management, ISSN 1477-7266, E-ISSN 1758-7247, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 532-542Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to identify and describe main obstacles for politicians when dealing with healthcare priority setting.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The study had an exploratory descriptive design based on interviews with 18 politicians from two different county councils in Sweden. The interviews were analyzed using inductive qualitative content analysis.

    Findings

    The politicians highlighted the importance of, and difficulties in, communicate political missions; the politicians in this study saw the media as not always being fair watchdogs, implying that possibly important but unpopular prioritizing decisions were not made because of the risks of being badly reported and therefore not re-elected. Breaking up established structures in care practice is difficult and change takes time, partly because of existing higher level financing and rules and the system’s traditional separation of facilities and services. Although the politicians highlighted their limited power to influence and control resource allocation they could give small and “lower profile”, low-prioritized disciplines control of their own budgets and base payments on the results the disciplines accomplished.

    Originality/value

    This study highlights the difficulties that politicians experience, for example, having to take unpleasant decisions and thereby run the risk of being scrutinized by media, which in turn could influence how effectively tax money is being used.

  • 11830.
    Werntoft, Elisabet
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Lunds universitet.
    The views of physicians and politicians concerning age-related prioritisation in healthcare.2009In: Journal of Health Organisation & Management, ISSN 1477-7266, E-ISSN 1758-7247, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 38-52Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to describe the view of age-related prioritisation in health care among physicians and healthcare politicians and to compare their views regarding gender and age.

    DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: Swedish physicians (n=390) and politicians (n=310), mean age 52 years, answered an electronic questionnaire concerning age-related priority setting in healthcare. The questionnaire had fixed response alternatives with possibility of adding comments.

    FINDINGS: A majority of the participants thought that age should not influence prioritisation, although more physicians than politicians thought that younger patients should be prioritised. There were also significant differences concerning their views on lifestyle-related diseases and on who should make decisions concerning both vertical and horizontal prioritisation. The comments indicated that the politicians referred to ethical principles as a basis for their standpoints while the physicians often referred to the importance of biological rather than chronological age.

    RESEARCH LIMITATIONS/IMPLICATIONS: Web-based surveys as a method has its limitations as biased samples and biased returns could cause major problems, such as limited control over the drop-outs. The sample in this study was, however, judged to be representative.

    PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: The results indicate that supplementary guiding principles concerning prioritisation in healthcare are needed in order to facilitate decision-making concerning resource allocation on a local level.

    ORIGINALITY/VALUE: This paper adds important knowledge about decision makers' views on age-related priorities in healthcare, thus contributing to scientific base for prioritisation in healthcare and the ongoing debate in society.

  • 11831. Werntoft, Elisabet
    et al.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Department of Health Sciences, Division of Gerontology and Caring Sciences, Lund University.
    Rooke, Liselotte
    Hermerén, Göran
    Elmståhl, Sölve
    Hallberg, Ingalill Rahm
    Older people's views of prioritization in health care: the applicability of an interview study2005In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 14, no 8B, p. 64-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: Older people's views of prioritization in health care. The applicability of an interview study. Old age has been stated as a criterion for prioritization in health care, although older people are seldom asked for their opinions. The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the applicability of a questionnaire as a base for an interview study to explore older people's experiences and views of prioritization in health care.

    DESIGN: Descriptive, with a qualitative and quantitative approach. Fifty-four persons, 32 women and 22 men (aged 60-93 years), were asked to participate in a structured, tape-recorded interview covering their experience and views of the priorities applied in health care.

    RESULTS: The questions in the interview manual appeared to be applicable for collecting data concerning views of prioritization, but the analysis revealed that certain questions, particularly on economic matters, were missing. The procedure, a personal structured interview had advantages, for example, in capturing the respondents' reflections on the questions. The respondents emphasized the equal value of all human beings and that age is not a basis for prioritization within health care. The respondents also showed an unwillingness to precede anyone in rank.

    IMPLICATIONS: The questions used proved to be adequate but to be really complete further questions need to be added. This pilot study indicates that older people's views on priorities in health care differ from those expressed by the younger population. The study therefore needs to be replicated in a larger sample to be fully able to understand older people's views of prioritization, which will require exploring gender and age differences as well as other aspects that may explain variations.

  • 11832.
    Werntoft, Elisabet
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Hallberg, Ingalill R.
    Lund University.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Lund University.
    Older people's reasoning about age-related prioritization in health care2007In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 399-412Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe the reasoning of people aged 60 years and over about prioritization in health care with regard to age and willingness to pay. Healthy people (n = 300) and people receiving continuous care and services (n = 146) who were between 60 and 101 years old were interviewed about their views on prioritization in health care. The transcribed interviews were analysed using manifest and latent qualitative content analysis. The participants' reasoning on prioritization embraced eight categories: feeling secure and confident in the health care system; being old means low priority; prioritization causes worries; using underhand means in order to be prioritized; prioritization as a necessity; being averse to anyone having precedence over others; having doubts about the distribution of resources; and buying treatment requires wealth.

  • 11833.
    Werntoft, Elisabet
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Hallberg, Ingalill R
    Lunds universitet.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Lunds universitet.
    Prioritization and resource allocation in health care: the views of older people receiving continuous public care and service.2007In: Health Expectations, ISSN 1369-6513, E-ISSN 1369-7625, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 117-128Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the views of people, 65 years and over, receiving continuous public care and service, on prioritization and resource allocation in health care, in relation to gender, age, housing, health-related quality of life (QoL) and degree of activities of daily living (ADL) dependency.

    BACKGROUND: How older people receiving continuous public care and service view prioritization and resource allocation in health care is sparsely investigated, although this group most certainly has the experience and also often is the target in discussions concerning prioritization. It is necessary, for democracy and for the development of new models of service delivery, to find out how people receiving long-term care and service view these issues.

    DESIGN: 146 persons, 34 men (23%) and 112 women (77%), aged 66-100 years were interviewed face to face, following a structured questionnaire.

    RESULTS: The respondents thought that the patients' well-being, way of living and family situation should affect prioritization, not age per se. Resourcing of several health-care services were considered to be below what is required by a majority of the respondents. The respondents wanted doctors to decide on prioritization at an individual level and wanted higher taxes to finance increasing health-care costs. Although the respondents wanted publicly financed health care, a relatively high number were willing to pay for treatment.

    CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge of how older people receiving care and services, view prioritization and resource allocation has not previously been available. It seems that their views are in line with the Swedish Parliamentary Priority Commission which suggested that no account should be taken of age when allocating resources within the health-care system. Respondents' age, gender, housing, health-related QoL and degree of dependency in ADL had limited influence on their views of resource allocation.

  • 11834.
    Werntoft, Elisabet
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Rahm Hallberg, Ingalill
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Elmståhl, Sölve
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Older people's views of prioritization in health care2005In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319, Vol. 17, no 5, p. 402-411Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate and compare older people's views of prioritization in health care with specific regard to age, gender and HRQoL.

    METHODS: The sample was collected from a prospective longitudinal cohort study, the GAS project (Good Ageing in Skane) that is in progress in Sweden. For this study, 902 persons, 424 men and 478 women, aged between 60 and 93 years, were invited consecutively over a period of 17 months to participate in an additional structured interview based on an interview manual. Socio-demographic and HRQoL data were collected from the GAS project. For the analysis, the sample was divided into age groups: young-old, old-old, and oldest-old.

    RESULTS: Older people in general did not want age as a criterion for prioritization in health care. When pain was added as a criterion, age became even less important than when it was the sole criterion. The oldest-old, to a higher degree than the other age groups, prioritized younger patients, as did men, while women, more than men, preferred "old age" as an indicator for prioritization. The respondents' views on prioritization were also more associated with age and gender than HRQoL.

    CONCLUSIONS: Older people's views of priorities seem to differ from previous population-based studies, in that age per se as a criterion for selection between patients was not favored; health and wellbeing were more important. Differences were, however, found within the group of older people, as regards both age and gender.

  • 11835.
    Werntoft, Elisabet
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Rahm Hallberg, Ingalill
    Lunds universitet.
    Elmståhl, Sölve
    Lunds Universitet.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Lunds universitet.
    Older people's views on how to finance increasing health-care costs2006In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 497-514Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this paper are to investigate both older people's views about ways in which to finance health-care costs and their willingness to pay for treatment themselves, along with variations in these views by age and gender. The data are from the Good Ageing in Skåne (GAS) prospective longitudinal cohort study in Sweden, which involved medical examinations and a survey of living arrangements and socio-economic conditions. For the analysis reported in this paper, 930 GAS respondents aged 60–93 years were invited to participate in an additional structured interview, and 902 (97%) accepted. The sample was divided into the ‘young-old’ (aged 60–72 years), ‘old-old’ (78–84 years) and ‘oldest-old’ (87–93 years). It was found that the participants recommended increasing health-care funding by higher taxes and that they were willing to pay themselves for specific treatments, e.g. cosmetic surgery and medication to combat impotence and obesity. Many were also willing to pay privately for cataract surgery, to shorten the wait, although the respondent's financial circumstances associated with this willingness. Significantly more men than women, and of the ‘young-old’ than of the other two age groups, would pay for cataract surgery. The views of people aged 85 or more years differed from those of the young-old, e.g. significantly fewer believed that older people's health care received too little resource. Views about how to finance health care thus differed among the age groups and between men and women.

  • 11836.
    Wersäll, Britt-Louise
    Kristianstad University, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Introduktion1998In: Om barndom, djurmänniskor, könsideal och krisgrupper: litteraturvetenskapliga och sociologiska innehållsanalyser / [ed] Britt-Louise Wersäll, Kristianstad: Högskolan Kristianstad , 1998, p. 5-9Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11837.
    Wersäll, Britt-Louise
    Kristianstad University, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Könsideal och moral i 1800-talets populärpress1998In: Om barndom, djurmänniskor, könsideal och krisgrupper: litteraturvetenskapliga och sociologiska innehållsanalyser / [ed] Britt-Louise Wersäll, Kristianstad: Högskolan Kristianstad , 1998, p. 35-46Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11838.
    Wersäll, Britt-Louise
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Lärares professionalism: en problematisering i ljuset av aktuell forskning2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande rapport ger en översikt av främst svensk och j anglosaxisk forskning om lärares professionalism och professionalisering. Följande frågor och nyckelbegrepp behandlas.

    Hur kan professionalism och professionalisering definieras?

    Vilka tidsförändringar har skett ifråga om professionalisering?

    Vilka nya grundkrav har vuxit fram på lärarrollen?

    När och hur har professionalismen och lärares makt minskat över tid? Varför?

    Vilka ideal och realiteter finns då det gäller lärares etik, politiska förhållanden och påverkan?

    Vilken betydelse har läraridentiteten?

    Vad innebär kunskap och kompetens i ett professionellt sammanhang? samt

    Vilka strategier bör samhället och lärarna använda for att öka lärarprofessionalismen?

  • 11839.
    Wersäll, Britt-Louise
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Lärarrollen i verkligheten: åtta grundskollärare berättar2005Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    |Rapporten redovisar resultatet av en empirisk undersökning av åtta grundskollärares uppfattningar och upplevelser ifråga om lärarrollen och dess förändring, främst under de senaste decennierna. Intervjuerna utfördes i fyra strategiskt och stratifierat utvalda skolor med hjälp av narrativ metod. Denna metod utgår från en kvalitativ ansats, som innebar att lärarna själva berättade relativt fritt utifrån en frågeguide.

    En medveten avgränsning gjordes i undersökningen: ett kategoriserat innehållsfokus fanns, där substansen betraktades som det viktiga, inte berättelsernas former eller strukturer. Frågorna behandlade, förutom bakgrund och motiv till yrkesvalet, upplevelser av lärararbetet och lärarutbildningen, uppfattningar om läroplaner, lärarens upplevelse av sin livssituation (viktiga levnadshändelser), vidare lärarens synpunkter på skolans organisation och ekonomi över tid. Andra viktiga frågor berörde deras uppfattningar om samhällsförändringar, skolans värdegrunder samt risken for utbrändhet bland lärare.

    Resultaten visade att professionalismen behövde stärkas. Några av lärarna kände sig nedvärderade i samhället och i massmedierna, de ansåg sig behöva bättre stöd för sin sociala elevfostran, önskade klarare moralisk gränssättning, mer hjälp för svagare elever, for att kunna använda nya pedagogiska modeller och verktyg på rätt sätt. Sociala och kulturella skillnader kräver mer resurser. Skolor har visserligen flera stödorgan, men mer samarbete med föräldrarna önskas. Ifråga om samhällets förändring brister lokaldemokratin, enligt flera lärare. Arbetsuppgifter hopar sig och detta resulterar ofta i tidsbrist och stress. Men flera förslag till förbättringar för lärare och skola framläggs av de intervjuade, såväl resursstöd utifrån som omorganisation av det egna arbetet och skolverksamheten.

  • 11840.
    Wersäll, Britt-Louise
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    Manlighetsideal, livsstil, moral: avtryck i populärpress från 1900-talets början2008In: Beskow, P., Borgehammar, S., Jönsson, A. (red), Förbistringar och förklaringar: festskrift till Anders Piltz, Lund: Språk- och litteraturcentrum, Lunds universitet , 2008, p. 687-694Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11841.
    Wersäll, Britt-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Maskulinitetens förändring: teoretiska utblickar och medieinnehållen som representativa praktiker2011In: Ett sociologiskt kalejdoskop: aktuell forskning om ett mångskiftande samhälle / [ed] Eduardo Naranjo, Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2011, p. 41-62Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11842.
    Wersäll, Britt-Louise
    Kristianstad University, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    Om barndom, djurmänniskor, könsideal och krisgrupper: litteraturvetenskapliga och sociologiska innehållsanalyser1998Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 11843.
    Wersäll, Britt-Louise
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Samhällsförändringar och nya lärarroller2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport beskrivs översiktligt ett flertal samhällsförändringar, vilka varit av betydelse för att skapa och förändra nya sociala och kulturella lärarroller. Beskrivningen grundar sig på såväl svensk som internationell forskning.

    Följande problemställningar har väglett översikten.

    Vilka är samhällsförändringarnas innebörd och vilka konsekvenser har de haft för lärares arbete?

    Vilka hinder eller möjligheter för lärare utpekas av forskarna?

    Vad orsakar lärares utbrändhet och hur kan denna motverkas?

    Vad betyder ny informations- och kommunikationsteknik (IKT) för lärares roller?

    En viktig slutsats är att skola och lärare borde få mer resurser till kompetensutveckling för att klara de nya sociala och kulturella rollerna, särskilt med tanke på fostran, mångkulturalism och kommunikationspedagogik. Lärare borde även få träna i proaktiv stresshantering för att minska risken för senare utbrändhet. Ifråga om IKT behövs mer ideologisk reflektion, mål- och värdeinriktning samt pedagogisk och organisatorisk vidareutveckling.

  • 11844.
    Wersäll, Britt-Louise
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Skolans värdegrunder2003Report (Other academic)
  • 11845.
    Wersäll, Britt-Louise
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Skolkultur och lärarroll2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten behandlar översiktligt olika perspektiv, teorier och tidigare empiriska undersökningar om skolkultur. Följande frågor vägleder rapporten.

    Hur kan skolkulturbegreppet definieras? Vad ingår i skolkulturen?

    Vilka perspektiv har tidigare forskare utgått ifrån och vad innebär dessa perspektiv?

    Vilka aspekter framhävs och vilka resultat finns i svensk respektive utländsk forskning?

    Hur kan en strategisk positiv skolutveckling genomföras?

    I slutet av rapporten preciseras skolkulturens byggstenar med hjälp av kategorierna skolförbättring, skoleffektivitet, undervisningskultur, organisationskultur, avgränsad normativ kultur samt lärarkultur.

    Byggstenarna antas utgöra kontexter, vilka inramar lärarrollen på mellannivå. Denna nivå befinner sig mellan de yttre ramarna för lärarrollen (t.ex. statliga styrdokument) och den individuella lärarens inre egenskaper, attityder, erfarenheter, känslor och förmågor.

    Med utgångspunkt i skolkulturens byggstenar formuleras slutligen j strategiska råd angående en positiv skolkulturell utveckling. Dessa råd är viktiga förutsättningar för framtidens lärarroll. De kategoriserade strategiska råden skulle även kunna användas metodologiskt som en grund för operationaliseringar eller påståenden i strukturerade enkäter eller intervjuer då skolkulturer i bred bemärkelse inom olika typer av skolor skall undersökas och analyseras.

  • 11846.
    Wersäll, Britt-Louise
    Kristianstad University, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences.
    TV-etik, mediejuridik och mediepolitik: om värden och våld2000Book (Other academic)
  • 11847.
    Wessberg, Elsa
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Ringius, Ewa
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Barns skrivglädje En väg till att bli en god läsare? 2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vårt syfte med den här studien är, att undersöka om barns skrivglädje kan vara en väg till att bli en god läsare. Barns skrivande hamnar då i fokus för läsinlärningen. Utgångspunkter för vårt arbete har varit kommunikativa teorier av Montessori, Piaget och Vygotskij, samt skrivningar i olika styrdokument, främst om skrivning, vilka vi kopplat samman med delar av nutida forskning. En kvalitativ undersökning genomfördes i form av en semistrukturerad intervju med respondenter från olika yrkeskategorier i förskolan och grundskolan. Resultatet av vår undersökning visar att barns skrivglädje kan leda till att de blir goda läsare. Det framgår av studien att genom faktorer som skriftlig stimulering och uppmuntran, vistelse i en språkrik miljö, medvetenhet om språkets funktioner, vuxnas bemötande utifrån allas olika individuella förutsättningar, har betydelse för barns och elevers lärande.

  • 11848.
    Wessberg, Susanne
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Schultz, Lotta
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Läs- och skrivsvårigheter Om hur specialpedagoger arbetar för att främja en god läs- och skrivinlärning 2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med arbetet är att undersöka hur specialpedagogen arbetar i år f-5 för att främja en positiv läs- och skrivutveckling hos elever i läs- och skrivsvårigheter. Studien baseras på tio semikvalitativa intervjuer med specialpedagoger inom en medelstor skånsk kommun.

    Arbetet ger en översikt av tidigare forskning om hur läs- och skrivutvecklingen främjas gällande inlärningsprocess och utveckling samt metodval. Den belyser även specialpedagogens roll och adekvata teorier.

    Sammanfattningsvis pekar resultatet på att informanterna ansåg sig ha en viktig roll i att främja en god läs- och skrivutveckling hos elever i svårigheter. Majoriteten av respondenternas arbetsuppgifter var förlagd till undervisning av enskilda elever. Deras arbete präglades av en helhetssyn där elevens behov, intresse och förmåga fanns i fokus. Metodval anpassades utifrån individen, vilket gjorde att olika metoder kombinerades för optimal inlärning. Vikten av tidiga, intensiva insatser som oftast skedde enskilt betonades av alla medverkande. Samtliga ansvarade för genomförandet av de test som kommunen antagit för att kartlägga behovet av stöd, vilket var ett betydande kriterium. Beslutsfattare för det specialpedagogiska stödet varierade från skola till skola.

  • 11849.
    Wessel, Sandra
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Olsson, Anna
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Det mesta som kan göras inomhus kan även göras utomhus: En studie av pedagogers uppfattningar om utomhuspedagogik och utemiljön som pedagogisk resurs2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien handlar om pedagogers uppfattningar om utomhuspedagogik och utemiljön som pedagogisk resurs. Syftet med studien är att få en bild av hur utemiljön nyttjas i skola och fritidsverksamheter och om utemiljön uppfattas som en pedagogisk resurs. Vår huvudfråga är: Hur uppfattar pedagoger som arbetar med barn mellan sex till tolv år vad som kan menas med utomhuspedagogik och miljön som pedagogisk resurs? Tidigare forskning visar på att utevistelser kan främja lärande, där fysiska och psykiska aktiviteter kan kombineras. Studien har utförts på tre kommunala skolor och en I Ur och Skur- skola. Vårt urval gjordes utifrån skolverksamheternas läge och dess närmiljö. Det för att se om närheten till utemiljön eller andra faktorer inverkade på utövandet. I urvalet utgick vi också från verksamheternas pedagogik, för att kunna se om pedagogernas uppfattningar skiljer sig åt. En I Ur och Skur- verksamhet använder utemiljön ständigt i undervisningen. Val av forskningsmetod föll på kvalitativa intervjuer, där vi hade direktkontakt med informanterna. På så sätt samlade vi information om pedagogernas egna, uppfattningar, vilket var vårt syfte. Studien visar att begreppet utomhuspedagogik är svåridentifierat, medan metoder kring utövandet är det som pedagogerna i studien har mest kunskap om. Användandet av utomhusmiljön varierar i verksamheterna, vilket beror på vissa inverkande faktorer. De kan handla om tids- och personalbrist, dåligt väder och dåliga kläder.

  • 11850.
    Wesslén, Annika
    et al.
    Department of Domestic Sciences, Uppsala University.
    Sepp, Hanna
    Department of Domestic Sciences, Uppsala University.
    Fjellström, Christina
    Department of Domestic Sciences, Uppsala University.
    Swedish preschool children's experience of food2002In: International Journal of Consumer Studies, ISSN 1470-6423, E-ISSN 1470-6431, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 264-271Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Focus group interviews were carried out at 12 preschools. The aim was to investigate children's perceptions and experiences of food, and the possibility of using focus group techniques with children aged 3–5 years. A total of 103 children participated. The children associated food and eating with rules and norms. Most children described these rules and norms as well as what they were and were not allowed to do. They knew very well the difference between acceptable and non-acceptable mealtime behaviour, and were especially aware of what they were not allowed to do. When children were asked to rate foods they 'disliked', they spoke instead about their favourite foods. They did not categorize food as good or bad, as adults often do, but as 'food' and 'non-food', for example, sweets were not food. The method used in this study, the focus group interview, was judged to be a useful tool for exploring how children think about and jointly reflect upon food.

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