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  • 11651.
    Wang, Qinghua
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap.
    Huang, Xin
    England.
    Mengistu, Dawit
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för datavetenskap. dawit.mengistu@hkr.se .
    Session key agreement for end-to-end security in time-synchronized networks2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11652.
    Wang, Qinghua
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Design och datavetenskap.
    Yigitler, Huseyin
    Finland.
    Huang, Xin
    Kina.
    Jäntti, Riku
    Finland.
    Localizing multiple objects using radio tomographic imaging technology2016In: IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, ISSN 0018-9545, E-ISSN 1939-9359, Vol. 65, no 5, p. 3641-3656Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Low data rate wireless networks can be deployed for physical intrusion detection and localization purposes. The intrusion of a physical object (or human) will disrupt the radio frequency magnetic field, and can be detected by observing the change of radio attenuation. This gives the basis for the radio tomographic imaging technology which has been recently developed for passively monitoring and tracking objects. Due to noise and the lack of knowledge about the number and the sizes of intruding objects, multi-object intrusion detection and localization is a challenging issue. This article proposes an extended VB-GMM (i.e. variational Bayesian Gaussian mixture model) algorithm in treating this problem. The extended VBGMM algorithm applies a Gaussian mixture model to model the changed radio attenuation in a monitored field due to the intrusion of an unknown number of objects, and uses a modified version of the variational Bayesian approach for model estimation. Real world data from both outdoor and indoor experiments (using the radio tomographic imaging technology) have been used to verify the high accuracy and the robustness of the proposed multi-object localization algorithm.

  • 11653.
    Wang, Qinghua
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Design och datavetenskap. Aalto University, Finland.
    Yigitler, Huseyin
    Aalto University, Finland.
    Jäntti, Riku
    Aalto University, Finland.
    System monitoring and fault diagnosis in wireless sensor systems2012In: Aalto University Workshop on Wireless Sensor Systems, WoWSS 2012, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we discuss fault diagnosis for wireless sensor systems. Fault diagnosis is only possible if comprehensive system monitoring is in place. We thus also present architecture for in-depth system monitoring.

  • 11654.
    Wang, Shuang
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Xiang, Linjing
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Xing, Fei
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Green food development in China: focus on the east2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose/aim

    The aim of our dissertation is to increase consumers’ buying awareness of green food and promote green food consumption in eastern China.

    Approach

    We collect data through a questionnaire and present hypotheses through reading related scientific articles. The data analysis includes description of samples and statistical tests in the form of cross tabulations, chi squares and frequency tables.

    Findings

    The questionnaire researches consumers’ income and education levels, ages and price of green food, etc. We find ages and education levels have a significant influence on frequency of buying green food, while income levels and price have no strong influence.

    Originality/value

    An original idea is to research the current green food market, and based on it to increase the consumers’ buying awareness and promote green food consumption. Further, the empirical data is collected from different cities in the east where there is a higher demand of green food. The study has value for the debate concerning the group of people who are older and have lower education levels as our great target consumers. The result of income levels and price means consumers are more lay attention to green food quality.

  • 11655.
    Wang, T.
    et al.
    Kina.
    Jiang, H.
    Kina.
    Westergren, Albert
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Wang, JK.
    Kina.
    Wang, L.
    Kina.
    The Minimal Eating Observation Form-II (MEOF-II): cross-cultural validation of the Chinese version for people with stroke2016In: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice, ISSN 1356-1294, E-ISSN 1365-2753, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 207-212Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationale, Aims and Objectives: Eating difficulties are common among patients affected by stroke. A valid, reliable instrument for assessing eating difficulties in people with stroke is needed. The aim of this study was to translate the Minimal Eating Observation Form - version II (MEOF-II) for patients with stroke into Chinese and to comprehensively evaluate its reliability and validity.Methods: The scale of the original MEOF-II form was translated into Chinese using the cross-culture translation method, and 125 participants with stroke were assessed. Data were analysed by content validity index, Cronbach's alpha, correlations and exploratory factor analysis (EFA).Results: Reliability and validity were demonstrated for the scale. A three-factor structure was illustrated by EFA, and construct validity was demonstrated by good convergent and discriminant validity.Conclusions: The Chinese version (Ch-MEOF-II) shows good reliability and validity in this study and can be applicable to assess eating difficulties in people with stroke; The Ch-MEOF-II allows the early recognition of eating difficulties and thus provides guidance of proper clinical interventions. For future study, a confirmatory factor analysis may need to confirm the three-factor structure identified in this study. Furthermore, a cross-cultural comparison can be conducted with the availability of the three different validated language versions of the MEOF-II form.

  • 11656.
    Wang, Yu
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Zhu, Gang
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Hu, Zhiang
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Headquarters relocation of Chinese domestic firms within China——case study of a fashion firm in Ningbo 2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Headquarters relocation of Chinese domestic firms within China is a new economic phenomenon in recent years. Domestic firms’ headquarters relocation has a tremendous influence on the economy of the cities and these firms. We believe this phenomenon can be explained by the classical economic rules. The purpose of this dissertation is to find the factors explaining headquarters relocation from the perspectives of internal and external areas of the Chinese firms. On the basis of relevant literature review and our case study of headquarters relocation, a model, which can be used to evaluate the situation of firms that plan to relocate their headquarters, is developed. Two types, seven internal factors and seven external ones, are integrated in our model. To test this model, we have developed two hypotheses, made a questionnaire within Zhejiang province of China and interviewed two managers. The result from the survey indicates that the thirteen factors listed in the questionnaire were considered important. Four factors are the core factors. Meanwhile, the result also shows that, “the different wishes of the most staff to the headquarters relocation”(the staff’s opinions toward relocation differed), need not to be considered to most firms when they make a decision of headquarters relocation. This is a weak factor. Hence, we revise our model to remove this factor. On the other hand, we can see the general analysis of the four core factors in headquarters relocation available still in firms of different industries.

  • 11657.
    Wanlu, Song
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Bobbie in the Railway Children: The Harmony Seeker2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11658.
    Wann-Hansson, Christine
    et al.
    Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University.
    Hagell, Peter
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Willman, A.
    School of Health Science, Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Risk factors and prevention among patients with hospital-acquired and pre-existing pressure ulcers in an acute care hospital2008In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 17, no 13, p. 1718-1727Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe and identify risk factors associated with hospital-acquired pressure ulcers among adults in an acute care hospital compared with patients with pre-existing pressure ulcers present on admission. A further aim was to identify the preventive measures performed with both groups respectively.

    BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers occur most often in older and immobile persons with severe acute illness and neurological deficits. However, few studies have addressed risk factors that are associated with hospital-acquired pressure ulcers compared with patients with pre-existing pressure ulcers.

    DESIGN: A point prevalence study with a cross-sectional survey design was conducted at a Swedish university hospital.

    METHOD: Data on 535 patients were recorded using a modified version of the protocol developed and tested by the European Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel, including the Braden scale for risk assessment.

    RESULTS: The prevalence of pressure ulcers was 27% (95% confidence interval, 23-31%). Higher age and a total Braden score below 17 were significantly associated with the presence of pressure ulcers. Among individual risk factors higher age, limited activity level and friction and shear while seated or lying down were associated with hospital-acquired pressure ulcers, whereas only higher age and friction and shear were associated with the presence of pressure ulcers in the overall sample. There was an overall sparse use of preventive measures to relieve pressure.

    CONCLUSION: The findings of the present study revealed that pressure ulcers and the insufficient use of preventive measure to relieve pressure is still a problem in acute care settings. A continued focus must be placed on staff training in identifying patients at risk for pressure ulcers development.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Increasing the ability to identify patients who are at risk for pressure ulcer development can assist in preventing unnecessary complications and suffering as well as reduce costs.

  • 11659.
    Wann-Hansson, Christine
    et al.
    Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University.
    Klevsgård, Rosemarie
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Hagell, Peter
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Cross-diagnostic validity of the Nottingham Health Profile Index of Distress (NHPD)2008In: Health and quality of life outcomes, ISSN 1477-7525, Vol. 6, p. 47-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The Nottingham Health Profile index of Distress (NHPD) has been proposed as a generic undimensional 24-item measure of illness-related distress that is embedded in the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP). Data indicate that the NHPD may have psychometric advantages to the 6-dimensional NHP profile scores. Detailed psychometric evaluations are, however, lacking. Furthermore, to support the validity of the generic property of outcome measures evidence that scores can be interpreted in the same manner in different diagnostic groups are needed. It is currently unknown if NHPD scores have the same meaning across patient populations. This study evaluated the measurement properties and cross-diagnostic validity of the NHPD as a survey instrument among people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD).

    METHODS: Data from 215 (PD) and 258 (PAD) people were Rasch analyzed regarding model fit, reliability, differential item functioning (DIF), unidimensionality and targeting. In cases of cross-diagnostic DIF this was adjusted for and the impact of DIF on the total score and person measures was assessed.

    RESULTS: The NHPD was found to have good overall and individual item fit in both disorders as well as in the pooled sample, but seven items displayed signs of cross-diagnostic DIF. Following adjustment for DIF some aspects of model fit were slightly compromised, whereas others improved somewhat. DIF did not impact total NHPD scores or resulting person measures, but the unadjusted scale displayed minor signs of multidimensionality. Reliability was > 0.8 in all within- and cross-diagnostic analyses. Items tended to represent more distress (mean, 0 logits) than that experienced by the sample (mean, -1.6 logits).

    CONCLUSION: This study supports the within- and cross-diagnostic validity of the NHPD as a survey tool among people with PD and PAD. We encourage others to reassess available NHP data within the NHPD framework to further evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of this simple patient-reported index of illness-related distress.

  • 11660.
    Wanstadius, Maria
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Andersson, Katarina
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Health Sciences.
    Att motivera ungdomar till fysisk aktivitet och bra kostvanor2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Övervikt och fetma är i dag ett snabbt ökande hälsoproblem i Sverige och övriga världen, framförallt bland barn och ungdomar. En betydande orsak till att övervikten i Sverige ökat är en felaktigt sammansatt kost och att vi blivit fysiskt inaktiva i allt större omfattning. Genom att motivera barn och ungdomar att delta i fysiska aktiviteter och äta hälsosammare kan positiva hälsokonsekvenser uppnås. Syftet var att undersöka kost- och motionsvanor bland elever i skolår 9, samt jämföra hur flickor respektive pojkar kan motiveras till bra kost- och motionsvanor. Vi valde att genomföra en enkätundersökning på elever i skolår 9 i Kristianstads kommun, där sammanlagt 235 elever besvarade enkäten. Resultatet visade att eleverna i skolan skulle kunna motiveras av fler idrottslektioner, gratis frukt på rasterna samt att få möjlighet att påverka såväl skollunchen som idrottslektionernas innehåll. En könsskillnad som framkom var att inom skolidrotten motiverades flickor i högre grad än pojkar av prova-på-dagar utan tävlingsmoment, medan pojkarna främst motiverades av idrottsturneringar som skolan anordnar. Slutsatsen av denna studie är att skolan är en viktig arena för att motivera barn och ungdomar till bra kost- och motionsvanor. Genom att utveckla undervisningen i idrott och hälsa och främja hälsosamma kostvanor i skolmiljön, kan skolan bidra till att skapa bestående motivation och intresse för kost och motion hos eleverna.

  • 11661.
    Ward, Anna
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Teacher Education.
    Bör fantasylitteratur bli en verklighet i svenskundervisningen?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen handlar om fantasylitteraturens plats i svenskundervisningen och nyttan med fantasyromaner. Min undersökning utgår ifrån en enkätundersökning med 56 deltagande elever och intervjuer, tre enskilda och tre via mail. Syftet med undersökningen är att få reda på om fantasylitteraturen har sin plats i svenskundervisningen enligt eleverna och om de ser någon nytta med att läsa fantasyromaner. Enkätundersökningen visade att majoriteten var negativ till att plocka in fantasy i undervisningen. Intervjuerna visade att de ungdomar som läser fantasyromaner ser fantasylitteraturen som en självklar del av svenskundervisningen och litteraturen ställde sig i de flesta fall positiv till fantasygenren.

  • 11662.
    Warvsten, Anna
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Björnfors, Martin
    Lund University.
    Arvidsson, Michael
    Lund University.
    Vaziri-Sani, Fariba
    Lunds universitet.
    Jönsson, Ida
    Lund University.
    Olsson, Gert E
    SLU, Umeå.
    Ahlm, Clas
    Umeå University.
    Elding Larsson, Helena
    Lund University.
    Lernmark, Åke
    Lund University.
    Nilsson, Anna-Lena
    Lund University.
    Islet autoantibodies present in association with Ljungan virus infection in bank voles (Myodes glareolus) in northern Sweden2017In: Journal of Medical Virology, ISSN 0146-6615, E-ISSN 1096-9071, Vol. 89, no 1, p. 24-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Bank voles are known reservoirs for Puumala hantavirus and probably also for Ljungan virus (LV), a suggested candidate parechovirus in type 1 diabetes etiology and pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to determine whether wild bank voles had been exposed to LV and if exposure associated to autoantibodies against insulin (IAA), glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GADA) or islet autoantigen-2 (IA-2A). Serum samples from bank voles (Myodes glareolus) captured in early summer or early winter of 1997 and 1998, respectively, were analyzed in radiobinding assays for antibodies against Ljungan virus (LVA) and Puumala virus (PUUVA) as well as for IAA, GADA and IA-2A. LVA was found in 25% (189/752), IAA in 2.5% (18/723), GADA in 2.6% (15/615) and IA-2A in 2.5% (11/461) of available bank vole samples. LVA correlated with both IAA (p = 0.007) and GADA (p < 0.001) but not with IA-2A (p = 0.999). There were no correlations with PUUVA, detected in 17% of the bank voles. Compared to LVA negative bank voles, LVA positive animals had higher levels of both IAA (p = 0.002) and GADA (p < 0.001) but not of IA-2A (p = 0.205). Levels of LVA as well as IAA and GADA were higher in samples from bank voles captured in early summer.

    IN CONCLUSION: LVA was detected in bank voles and correlated with both IAA and GADA but not with IA-2A. These observations suggest that exposure to LV may be associated with islet autoimmunity. It remains to be determined if islet autoantibody positive bank voles may develop diabetes in the wild. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  • 11663.
    Wastring, Emma
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    En ny teknikkultur: äkthet i sociala medier2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis gives increased knowledge of how a digital artifact in social media might encourage genuineness, as an antithesis to profiling in order to create a balance between profiling and genuineness. The thesis treats the area of “ how and why we present ourselves in a certain way in social media”. This is understood and discussed with the help of two endpoints; profiling and genuinness in social media. The study also discusses the role of the designer in this context.

    The thesis explores the area through a literature, but also conduct its own study in the form of semi-structured group interviews. The study shows that stakeholders feels pressure to profiling from social media. Public areas seems to benefit profiling, while smaller context favors genuinness. When it comes to the form of communication it seems that profiling is favored from the forms of communication that come as far from the physically real meeting as possible, while the communicatonforms that provide the experiences similar to a physically real meeting is perceived to be the most genuine.

    The thesis suggests that an digital artefact in social media that aim to encourage genuinness should create a safe environment, where everything is not always for everyone and where the forms of communication that promotes genuinness is encouraged.

  • 11664.
    Wayele, Ban
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Nezami, Rashida
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Förekomst av parodontit och karies hos typ 2 – diabetiker2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of gingivitis, periodontitis and dental caries in individuals with type 2 – diabetes. The study was conducted in a form of a general literature review with the restricted to the following conditions: human studies, English, and articles published between 2007 - 2012. Articles lacking a control group were excluded. The data were collected through searches of the medical database PubMed. A compilation of 11 scientific articles was examined.

    In individuals with diabetes mellitus type 2, the presence of gingivitis was identified in 3 articles, periodontitis in 10, and dental caries in 3 articles. The 3 articles that showed presence of gingivitis demonstrated that individuals with type 2 – diabetes had a higher prevalence of gingivitis compared to non-diabetic individuals. A higher prevalence of periodontitis in individuals with type 2 – diabetes mellitus was found in 10/10 publications. Theses studies demonstrated in individuals with type 2 – a significantly higher incidence of deep pocket depths, attachment loss, recession defects and with higher plaque and gingival index scores. The three articles that showed the presence of dental caries also demonstrated a higher prevalence of dental caries in individuals with type 2 – diabetes mellitus. 

    The articles included in the literature study showed statistically significant higher prevalence of gingivitis, periodontitis, and dental caries in individuals with type 2 – diabetes mellitus than in individuals without a diagnosis of diabetes.

    Keywords: Type 2 – Diabetes, Gingivitis, Periodontitis and Dental Caries

  • 11665.
    Waylen, A.
    et al.
    England.
    Ness, A. R.
    England.
    Wills, A. K.
    England.
    Persson, Martin
    England.
    Rumsey, N.
    England.
    Sandy, J. R.
    England.
    Cleft Care UK study. Part 5: child psychosocial outcomes and satisfaction with cleft services2015In: Orthod Craniofac Res, Vol. 18 Suppl 2, p. 47-55Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To describe the impact of cleft service centralization on parental perceptions of child outcomes and satisfaction with care from the Cleft Care UK (CCUK) study and compare them to the Clinical Standards Advisory Group (CSAG) study that took place 15 years earlier. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: A subgroup of respondents from a UK multicentre cross-sectional study (CCUK) of 5-year-olds born with non-syndromic unilateral cleft lip and palate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on parents' perceptions of child self-confidence and their satisfaction with treatment outcomes and service provision were collected via self-report questionnaires. Data were compared with findings from the 1998 CSAG study. RESULTS: Fewer parents in the CCUK study perceived their children as having poor self-confidence than in the 1998 CSAG study (8 and 19%, respectively). At least 81% of parents report satisfaction with the child's facial features after surgery and 98% report being satisfied with the care received. These results are similar to those reported in 1998. There is no evidence of an adverse impact on families' ability to attend appointments at the cleft clinic following centralization. Levels of reported problems (around 30%) with attendance were similar to those reported by CSAG. CONCLUSION: Centralization of cleft services appears to have improved parental perceptions of some child outcomes but has made little difference to already high levels of parental satisfaction with cleft care services. Centralization is not associated with an increase in the proportion of families who find it difficult to attend appointments.

  • 11666.
    Weihao, Du
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Ji, Qin
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    Liaoming, Wang
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Business Administration.
    The Relationship Between Human Resources and Urban Competitiveness A case study of Ningbo city 2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Nowadays the competitiveness is a hot subject being studied all over the China. This dissertation is dedicated to analyzing the relationships between human resources and economic development, innovation and technology, and industrial cluster. The main purpose of this dissertation is to find out the extent to which human resource plays an important role in the competitiveness of one city, one economic region, even one state, and also to give some insight in how to accelerate the competitiveness enhancement by adjusting the quantity, quality, collocation, and structure of human resources, and so on.

    Literature review was conducted in the context of our theoretical framework discussion. Theories of Porter from USA and theory of competitiveness of Ni Pengfei from China were discussed. Then, a new model was created and, a deductive method was adopted. From different angles, three aspects associated with competitiveness were analyzed respectively. An in-depth case study of the city Ningbo, China was conducted. Our theoretical framework and model were tested in the case study.

    We came to conclusion that human resources has significant effect on the economic development, innovation and technology and industrial cluster. It is apparent that human resources is one of the crucial variables prompting competitiveness. Finally, further researches and practical implications of our study were discussed.

  • 11667.
    Weisser, Johan J.
    et al.
    Danmark.
    Hansen, Martin
    Danmark.
    Björklund, Erland
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för molekylär analys. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment MoLab.
    Sonne, Christian
    Danmark.
    Dietz, Rune
    Danmark.
    Styrishave, Bjarne
    Danmark.
    A novel method for analysing key corticosteroids in polar bear (Ursus maritimus) hair using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry2016In: Journal of chromatography. B, ISSN 1570-0232, E-ISSN 1873-376X, Vol. 1017, p. 45-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the development and evaluation of a methodology for extraction, clean-up and analysis of three key corticosteroids (aldosterone, cortisol and corticosterone) in polar bear hair. Such a methodology can be used to monitor stress biomarkers in polar bears and may provide as a useful tool for long-term and retrospective information. We developed a combined pressurized liquid extraction (PLE)-solid phase extraction (SPE) procedure for corticosteroid extraction and clean-up followed by high pressure liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) analysis. This procedure allows for the simultaneous determination of multiple steroids, which is in contrast to previous polar bear studies based on ELISA techniques. Absolute method recoveries were 81%, 75% and 60% for cortisol, corticosterone and aldosterone, respectively. We applied the developed method on a hair sample pooled from four East Greenland polar bears. Herein cortisol and corticosterone were successfully determined in levels of 0.32 +/- 0.02 ng/g hair and 0.13 +/- 0.02 ng/g hair, respectively. Aldosterone was below limit of detection (LOD<0.17 ng/g). The cortisol hair concentration found in these East Greenland polar bears was consistent with cortisol levels previously determined in the Southern Hudson Bay and James Bay in Canada using ELISA kits. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 11668.
    Welander-Vatn, Audun
    et al.
    Institute of Clinical Medicine, Section of Psychiatry, University of Oslo.
    Jensen, Jimmy
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Otnaess, Mona K
    Institute of Clinical Medicine, Section of Psychiatry, University of Oslo.
    Agartz, Ingrid
    Institute of Clinical Medicine, Section of Psychiatry, University of Oslo.
    Server, Andres
    Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Section of Neuroradiology, Oslo University Hospital.
    Melle, Ingrid
    Institute of Clinical Medicine, Section of Psychiatry, University of Oslo.
    Andreassen, Ole A
    Institute of Clinical Medicine, Section of Psychiatry, University of Oslo.
    The neural correlates of cognitive control in bipolar I disorder: an fMRI study of medial frontal cortex activation during a Go/No-go task2013In: Neuroscience Letters, ISSN 0304-3940, E-ISSN 1872-7972, Vol. 549, p. 51-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In addition to dysregulation of mood, bipolar I disorder (BD I) is characterized by abnormalities in the execution of cognitive control. Hypoactivation of a specific sub-region in the cognitive control network, located in the medial frontal cortex, has been described among BD I patients. The aim of this study was to investigate whether patients with BD I showed decreased activation in this brain region as compared to healthy controls when performing a cognitive control task. Twenty-four BD I patients and 24 healthy controls performed a Go/No-go task during a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) session. Performance and response times were recorded. The BD I subjects had significantly slower response times and more patients made errors of omission compared to the healthy controls during the task. Both BD I subjects and healthy controls demonstrated activations in the brain region of interest during the task, but analyses revealed no statistically significant differences between groups. Although the patients display some deviances in behavioural measures, this study reveals no significant differences between BD I subjects and healthy controls in recruitment of the medial frontal cortex during a Go/No-go task.

  • 11669. Welander-Vatn, Audun S
    et al.
    Jensen, Jimmy
    Institute of Psychiatry, University of Oslo & Department of Psychiatry, Ulleval University Hospital, Oslo.
    Lycke, Christine
    Agartz, Ingrid
    Server, Andres
    Gadmar, Øystein Bech
    Melle, Ingrid
    Nakstad, Per Hjalmar
    Andreassen, Ole A
    No altered dorsal anterior cingulate activation in bipolar II disorder patients during a Go/No-go task: an fMRI study.2009In: Bipolar Disorders, ISSN 1398-5647, E-ISSN 1399-5618, Vol. 11, no 3, p. 270-279Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: It has been reported that one of the core features in patients with bipolar disorder II (BD II) is increased impulsivity. The aim of this study was to investigate whether patients with BD II showed decreased activation in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dACC) as compared to healthy controls when performing a task sensitive to impulsivity.

    METHODS: Twenty-seven BD II patients and 28 healthy controls performed a Go/No-go task during a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) session. Eleven of the patients were unmedicated, and possible group differences between medicated and unmedicated patients were also assessed. Results: The groups did not differ in behavioral performance on the Go/No-go task. Both BD II subjects and healthy controls demonstrated dACC activity during the task, and analyses revealed no statistically significant group differences. Medicated and unmedicated patients also did not differ in the degree of fMRI activation.

    CONCLUSIONS: These findings do not support the hypothesis of abnormal dACC activity during a Go/No-go task in BD II patients.

  • 11670.
    Welff Nantas, Christina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Teacher Education.
    Persson, Sofia
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Teacher Education.
    En jämförelse mellan ett engelskspråkigt klassrum i Sverige respektive Litauen2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta arbete jämförs två engelskspråkiga klassrum som bygger på två olika samhällssystem, ett litauiskt och ett svenskt. Syftet är att upptäcka skillnader och likheter genom att se olika existerande kulturer i klassrummen. Avsikten är att tydliggöra vilka faktorer som skapar förutsättningar för en gynnsam språkutveckling i engelska. Två fallstudier och två intervjuer med en engelsklärare från respektive land har genomförts. Studiens resultat visar att det litauiska klassrummet tryckte mer än det svenska på kortare lektioner, mindre grupper och hög aktivitet av målspråket. Det svenska klassrummet betonade elevens personliga utveckling och möjligheter till inflytande, men samtidigt blev användningen av målspråket inte kontinuerligt eftersom de svenska eleverna ofta saknade relevant ordförråd.

  • 11671.
    Welin, Diana
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    "Man blir opererad i magen men det sitter egentligen i huvet": En kvalitativ studie kring livskvalitet hos magsäcksopererade kvinnor i viktminskningssyfte2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background: Obesity and overweight leads to complications and problems with secondary diseases is increasing every year. A method for the treatment of obesity and obesity is becoming more common is gastric banding that restricting food intake.

    Objective: The aim of the study was to find out how gastric surgery informants themselves reason about their experiences in dealing with their quality of life in relation to gastric banding as a method for weight loss. How to get the knowledge to deal with her ​​new life and how they feel that they can handle their new lifestyle?

    Method: The study was qualitative and was based on semi-structured interviews with five women who have undergone stomach surgery to lose weight. The interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The interviews revealed that an operation is the last resort when other options for weight loss have failed. Living with obesity means being exposed to stigma and a low quality of life. The knowledge they need to manage their new lifestyle are not from health care, but it provides on the internet in forums with other gastric surgery.

    Conclusion: The quality of life improved after a gastric surgery, but information about how the new life and what can be expected and any problems that arise are up to the individual to learn. An increased understanding and coordinated methods needs to be developed for more health promotion work in the public health system.

  • 11672.
    Welin, Josefine
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Communities - Nätgemenskap ut ett sociologiskt perspektiv 2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är en kvalitativ, kvantitativ och teoretisk studie om människor och communities.

    Utifrån bland annat teoretiker som Giddens belyses ämnen som postmodernism och vart den har först oss. Utifrån Israels sammanfattning av teoretiker kan man ta del av Bourdieus tankar om socialt och kulturellt kapital, samt sociala fält.

    De egna teorierna har uppstått ur kvalitativa undersökningar såsom intervjuer. Även kvantitativa undersökningar har gjorts på medlemmar på community Helgon.

    I analyskapitlet sammanvävs frågeställningarna med teoretikerna och undersökningarna.

    Studien visar att communities används som en marknad för att synas. Detta är inget nytt fenomen utan även människor i de förmoderna samhällena ville sticka ut. Vad postmodernismen har gett oss är ett nytt fält att leva ut detta behov.

  • 11673.
    Wellbro, Emma
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Levin, Karolina
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Hur patienter med övervikt- eller fetmaproblematik upplever vårdpersonalens bemötande i samband med hälso- och sjukvårdskontakter: En litteraturstudie2009Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Övervikt och fetma är ett globalt problem som ökar bland befolkningen. Ett liv med övervikt eller fetma kan medföra en vardag med diskriminering och fördomar. Patienter med övervikt eller fetma kan uppleva brister i vårdpersonals bemötande i samband med hälso- och sjukvårdskontakter. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa hur patienter med övervikt eller fetma upplever vårdpersonalens och framförallt sjuksköterskans bemötande i samband med hälso- och sjukvårdskontakter. Metod: Fördjupningsarbetet genomfördes som en allmän litteraturstudie vilken baserades på sex vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat: Patienter med övervikt eller fetma upplevde vårdpersonals bemötande såväl positivt som negativt. Patienterna upplevde att vårdpersonals kunskap om övervikt och fetma var otillräcklig. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor och övrig vårdpersonal har inte tillräcklig acceptans och förståelse för patienter med övervikt- eller fetmaproblematik. Det är därför av betydelse att vårdspersonal får kunskap om och erfarenhet av denna patientgrupp för att patienter ska uppleva sig väl bemötta, vilket i sig medför ökad motivation att klara av den livsstilsförändring de behöver göra.

  • 11674.
    Wemby, Annika
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Crafting a Dual-Market Strategy: A case study of Burberry2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s competitive environment, companies compete for the same customers. Therefore, it is important to be able to satisfy the ever changing needs of customers. Companies can satisfy customer demand by learning about the customer and by alternating offerings in accordance to changing needs. These are actions undertaken by market driven companies. Alternatively, market driving companies satisfy customer demand by being creative and by focusing on customers’ future needs, an action which implies educating customers. However, there are also companies which pursue both of these strategies simultaneously. The purpose of this dissertation is to examine how companies implement a dual-market strategy, and how the strategy is incorporated into the business. Based on literature on closely related research fields, a framework is developed. This framework suggests that certain components influence a dual-market strategy. A study is conducted on the luxury fashion company Burberry. Through semi-structured interviews with employees at Burberry, this study investigates how the company’s use of a dual-market strategy affects the organisational culture and vision. The results indicate that the phenomenon of duality is noticeable in the company’s culture and vision. Due to the lack of research on a dual-market strategy, this study attempts to provide a deeper understanding of the phenomenon of duality. Companies can use the conclusions drawn from this study, as guidelines for how to pursue a dual-market strategy. However, more research is necessary before any generalisations can be made.

  • 11675.
    Wendel, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Barnen bakom missbruket: yrkesverksammas erfarenheter av gruppen som stöd2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay was to study how the communities work with groups as a support to children with addictive parents, and to increase my understanding of the groups meaning as a support. My main questions have been: How are the child group sessions formed? What kind of experience does the group leaders have regarding their functions? The study is a qualitative investigation that has been turned to prefessionals in the subject area and  is based on 6 interviews and secondary sources. The material has been analyzed from a narrativ theory as well as a salutogent perspective. Research shows that children growing up in an addictive environment often have decreased psychological health and are overrepresented amongst those who developed a future addiction. During the 1990- ies the first groups for children in addicted enviroments developed in Sweden and since then the groups have improved intensely. Reasearch shows that support is an important part for children with addictive parents and those who has managed well in life has had an adult to support and confirm them. All of my interviews worked with children are people too (CAP) as a method but the shape of the groups were formed differently. They showed the importance of meeting with other children in the same situations and rebuilding their self esteem. It was important that the child was aware that the parents addiction wasn´t their fault and nothing they could change. My result clearly shows the importance of the group existence and describes that the children progressivly opened up and could talk about their experiences. The need of the group sessions felt as large but the difficulty lies in how to get the children to enter the group. In the matter of development my interviews wanted the public to be more aware of these problems and let them know that these groups existed.

    Keywords: children, addictive parents, groups, support, professionals perspective

  • 11676.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    A Multisensorial Challenge2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden is a multitechnical research institute with some 1300 employees. Many of the activities aim to connect academia to industry, and the work is both national and international. The institute is out of tradition strong in technical research, however, the amount of human related factors in the research is growing. As a part of this a multisensorial laboratory is developing at SP, taking the existing auditory facilities as point of departure. The human senses are of uttermost importance for safety and sustainability, including enjoyment of life and evaluation of everyday goods and services. Evaluation of products and services can be performed by measurements on the product itself, by measurements on and by humans. The goal is analytical psychophysical measurements as well as hedonic evaluations. Some examples within the areas of safety an ageing will be mentioned.

  • 11677.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). RISE., SP – Sveriges Tekniska Forskningsinstitut, SP Food and Bioscience, Flavour.
    Aktivt åldrande – individuellt anpassade måltidslösningar för hälsa och livskvalitet hos äldre: slutrapport2016Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, as most parts of the world, the proportion of elderly is increasing. Thenumber of the elderly will shortly exceed the number of younger people. Between2010 and 2030, the number of Europeans aged over 65 will rise by nearly 40%.According to the UN, the increase in life expectancy is mainly due toimprovements in nutrition and hygiene. The growing number of older peopleposes major challenges, but also opportunities for society, business andentrepreneurship.Health issues, primarily food, and quality of life are in focus and strongly relatedto autonomy. It should be possible to live an active and independent life, andpossible to make independent choices, regardless of age, disease and disability.This adds to Quality of Life! To achieve this we created a project in collaborationbetween partners from academia, research institutes, business, industry andsociety. The idea was in a first step to identify target groups along with their needsand desires. Then to design foods and meals adapted to the elderly’s needs andpreferences. Further to develop packaging of the meals that can be used forinformation as well as in the distribution chain. The project invented value chainsfor different types of ordering and distribution of the foods and meals as well as toinclude waste management. The outcome of the project are new knowledge aswell as food products available on the market and other products soon ready to beput on the market.

  • 11678.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Appetizing and healthy muffins for older consumers2016In: EC Nutrition, Vol. 4, no 5, p. 962-964Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The prevalence of malnutrition among elderly is a serious health problem. This study aims to develop protein enriched muffins in order to increase the intake of protein. The muffins were ensiched by proteins from almond , soy take away proetin protein and whey. It was possible to enrich muffins and the most appreciated muffin was the muffin enriched by almond protein.

  • 11679.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Doft: en viktig ingrediens i smaken2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Visste du att luktsinnet är en förutsättning för att vi ska kunna känna jordgubbsmak, chokladsmak, kaffesmak mm? Håll för näsan nästa gång du äter och du får en annorlunda smakupplevelse! Vårt luktsinne spelar en viktig roll för upplevelsen av mat, vad vi väljer att äta och vad vi gillar. Redan innan vi föds kan vi känna lukter och lära oss att känna igen sådana dofter som vi ofta utsätts för. Vad vi sedan gillar eller ogillar är något som vi oftast lär oss och dessutom allsomoftast förknippar med en specifik doft.

  • 11680.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Maten smakade bättre förr2017In: Äldre i Centrum, ISSN 1653-3585, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 28-30Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Maten smakar annorlunda när lukt- och smaksinnet försämras. Även om de flesta äldre kan särskilja grundsmakerna sött, salt, surt, bittert och umami såbehövs ökad koncentration av dem – men svamparom och kaneldoft känner vi hela livet. Mer forskning behövs dock kring det åldrande smaksinnet.

  • 11681.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Matens konsistens2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Så många som 70% av äldre, 70+, lider av dysfagi, dvs tugg- och sväljsvårigheter. Det kan vara problem med att svälja pga muntorrhet, pga att sväljmuskulaturen och dess koordination inte fungerar som den ska eller att tuggningen inte fungerar tillfredsställande. Bakomliggande orsaker kan vara neurologisk sjukdom, medicinering, bristande tandhälsa eller ålder. Följderna av dysfagi är undernäring, eller malnutrition vilket för den enskilde kan innebära stort lidande med bl a ökad risk för sjukdom, längre vårdtider och depression.

    Föreläsningen innefattar en sammanfattning av nationella och internationella guidelines om  konsistensanpassning av mat till personer som lider av dysfagi. Hur denna mat kan produceras och vad man bör tänka på för att uppnå kvalitet i sväljbarhet, nutrition och sensoriska egenskaper. Vidare diskuteras rön inom aktuell forskning.

  • 11682.
    Wendin, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Kristianstad University, Resrarch environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Verksamhetsberättelse 2014: Mat och Måltid vid Högskolan Kristianstad2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    År 2014 var händelserikt. Jubileum, kvalitetsutvärdering, lärarlyft, forskningspublikationer och nya projekt. Ett hårt arbete som lönat sig. Vi har blivit uppmärksammade i media vid ett flertal tillfällen och fått goda vitsord från flera håll. Forskningen inom Mat och Måltid har fått en skjuts framåt genom etableringen av forskningsmiljön MEAL.

  • 11683.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Department of Domestic Sciences.
    Aaby, K
    Edris, A
    Ellekjaer, M R
    Albin, R
    Bergenstahl, B
    Johansson, L
    Willers, E P
    Solheim, R
    Low-fat mayonnaise: Influences of fat content, aroma compounds and thickeners1997In: Food Hydrocolloids, ISSN 0268-005X, E-ISSN 1873-7137, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 87-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of fat content and thickeners, propylene glycol alginate (PGA; 1.40%) and guar gum (1.55%), on sensory and instrumental quality descriptors on reduced fat mayonnaises (15 and 30% fat) with and without added aroma compounds, citral (semi-polar) and pyroligneous acid (polar), were investigated. One mayonnaise, 82% fat, without added thickener or aroma compounds was used as reference. Sensory evaluation (quantitative descriptive analysis; QDA), rheological analysis (yield stress, maximum viscosity, G' and G''), measurements of particle size and headspace CC-MS analyses were carried out. Correlations between the results were developed Perceived and instrumental texture, and perceived smell and flavour, changed differently in magnitude and direction due to fat content and type of thickener.

  • 11684.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Department of Food Science, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen.
    Allesen-Holm, Bodil H.
    Bredie, Wender L. P.
    Do facial reactions add new dimensions to measuring sensory responses to basic tastes?2011In: Food Quality and Preference, ISSN 0950-3293, E-ISSN 1873-6343, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 346-354Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Basic taste solutions induce sensory perceptions via taste receptors and give rise to specific facial reactions. Many of these have been shown to be innate. The aim of this study was to explore relationships between the sensory perception of basic taste solutions at different concentrations and facial reactions. Basic taste solutions each at three levels plus water were served to a panel. The assessors individually identified quality, intensity and pleasantness. They were recorded during tasting and their facial reactions (based on FACS) were coded and analysed. Facial reactions indicated both quality and concentration of the stimuli. The intensity of most facial reactions increased with increasing stimulus concentration, most pronounced for sourness (lips) and bitterness (eyes and forehead). Pleasantness ratings decreased with increasing concentrations of all basic tastes. Water and the lowest sucrose concentration were perceived as the most pleasant samples and gave rise to the lowest intensity of facial reactions. The study showed that a combination of sensory analyses and facial expressions was successful in adding further insight to the knowledge of perception of basic tastes.

  • 11685.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Amiryarahmadi, Nata
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Carlsson, Björn
    SP.
    Lunden, Peter
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Bergman, Penny
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Glebe, Dag
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Multi challenges for a multisensory panel2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sensory science is defined  as a scientific method used to evoke, measure, analyze, and interpret those responses to products as perceived through the senses of sight, smell, touch, taste, and hearing (Stone and Sidel, 1993). This definition encompasses both analytical methods, such as descriptive and discriminative testing and hedonic methods, including qualitative and quantitative consumer testing used to address sensory research objectives. 

     

    To select and train a sensory panel with the purpose of using all their senses in evaluating products is a challenge. There are different types of standards on how to select and train sensory analytical panels. However, there are no standard covering all senses.

     

    The challenges for a multisensory approach are many. In this paper our focus is on:

    1. Select an analytical multisensory panel
    2. Train and keep a multisensory panel updated

    Some guidance to select and train a multisensory panel might be found in the ISO standard ISO8586:2012. Criteria for tastes and odours are clear and concise. Some advices concerning tactile senses (perception of texture) and vision (colour vision) are given.  To find guidance in measuring the sensorial perception of audio and vision the literature might be consulted eg by Zackarov and Bech (2006), Legarth and Zacharov (2009) and Rossi (2013). 

    The poster will show suggestions and experiences on how to select a multisensory panel.

  • 11686.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Birch, Karina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Insects as food: a review of sustainability, nutrition and consumer attitudes2019In: Food and Society Proceedings / [ed] CardiffMet, Cardiff, 2019, p. 145-152Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interest in the use of insects as food is increasing, not least because they are both nutritious and sustainable! Despite these factors, the vast majority of people, mostly in Western cultures, are reluctant to put insects into their mouths. In some European countries the use of insects as food is prohibited by law. The aim of this review is to give an overall insight into insects as food from the perspectives of sustainability, nutrition, consumer attitudes and European legislation.

  • 11687.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Birch, Karina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Äta insekter: nyttigt och hållbart, eller?2018In: nutritionsfakta.seArticle in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Intresset för insekter som mat är stort, inte minst därför att de anses vara både nyttiga och klimatsmarta. Trots dessa argument är de allra flesta, främst i västerländska kulturer, tveksamma till att stoppa dem i munnen. Enligt svensk lagstiftning är de hittills förbjudna att använda som mat, åtminstone kommersiellt.

  • 11688.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Blucher, AnnaLinnéuniversitetet.
    Mat och måltidsteknik för ett hälsosamt och oberoende åldrande2018Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att äta är något som för många är en självklar och till stora delar oreflekterad aktivitet. Mat är inte sällan en källa till glädje och samvaro, till gemenskapoch samhörighet. För andra är ätandet en daglig kamp, en kamp som inte bara innebär att få maten och drycken i munnen, att tugga och svälja, utan som också innebär en ständig strävan att försöka uppträda på ett sätt som överensstämmer med de kulturella och normativa aspekterna kring måltiden. En måltid handlar inte bara om maten på tallriken, utan också om matens sociala,fysiska och tidsmässiga inramning.

  • 11689.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Bredie, Wender
    Danmark.
    Maitre, Isabelle
    Frankrike.
    Matullat, Imke
    Tyskland.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Kremer, Stefanie
    Holland.
    Giboreau, Agnes
    Frankrike.
    Ueland, Oydis
    Norge.
    Appetite for life: reflections on how to increase food intake in the elderly2017In: MENU, Journal of Food & Hospitality Research, ISSN 2275-5748, Vol. 6, no November, p. 25-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Maintaining appetite for foods at old and very old age is important for keeping a reasonable healthstatus and quality of life in this growing group of citizens. Since the personal health status and livingcondition change for people at higher age a loss of independence in the way they are accustomed toprepare and consume foods is often a consequence. This may lead to changes in consumptionpatterns and a deteriorated living condition. Full attention should be given to different approacheson how quality of life and appetite for food can be maintained in this group of citizens. The presentshort communication addresses this topic from multiple angles and presents the results from adiscussion by experts on the topic.

  • 11690.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Brunosson, Albina
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Bryntorp, Anna
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Håkansson, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Höjier, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Nyberg, Maria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. Kristianstad University, Resrarch environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Sepp, Hanna
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Food and Meal Science – a part of academic life The Research Group MEAL – Food and Meal for Everyday Life, Food and Meal Science, Kristianstad University, Sweden2015Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Food and Meal Science is an interdisciplinary research and education field at Kristianstad University with a vision to create a sustainable and healthy society. Here gastronomists (BSc in Food and Meal Science) and teachers in home and consumer studies (MSc in Subject Education) are educated. The field include the areas “Nutrition and Health”, “Food Science” and “Food Culture and Communication”. The BSC-programme comprise science, craftsmanship and creativity. Theory is turned into practice through laborative exercises and working life placements. In 2014, the programme was evaluated to be of “Very high quality” by the Swedish educational authority. Approximately 25 gastronomists graduate yearly and find work opportunities within industry, eg innovations and product development and within the public meal sector.Currently, efforts are made to develop a Masters degree programme for students interested in higher education. The research group MEAL was founded 2013. One of the aims is to reach a holistic understanding of food and meals. Research projects include sensory, consumer and nutritional aspects in relation to age, culture and health. Food habits and behavior are of interest as well as sociological aspects. Further key concepts, such as “cooking” and “meal“, are explored from different angles of the field. The research is a key factor in the academisation of the field and will lay a stable ground for education at MSc-level. Food and meal science has a great opportunity to combine and use aspects from the different areas in order to form a holistic understanding within research and education.

  • 11691.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Egan, Paul
    SLU.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Forsberg, Sarah
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Nilsson, Annika
    Kiviks Musteri.
    Stenberg, Johan
    SLU.
    Is there a best woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca)?: a consumer survey of preferred sensory properties and cultivation characteristics of woodland strawberries2019In: International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science, ISSN 1878-450X, E-ISSN 1878-4518, Vol. JulyArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to guide strawberry breeders, consumers' preferences and attitudes regarding fruit traits and cultivation practices were investigated. Differences and similarities between consumers of different age and gender were also explored. Consumer data from a total of 176 Swedish respondents showed that the most important factors influencing the consumers' preferences were the characteristic flavour of the woodland strawberry, the sweetness and the naturalness. Regarding visual appearance, it was shown that colour intensity, roundness and seed density could explain why the consumers' preferences for the fruits varied. These results may guide the breeding of new strawberry cultivars in the future.

  • 11692.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    SIK Swedish Inst. Food & Biotechnol, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Ekman, Susanne
    Bülow, Margareta
    Ekberg, Olle
    Johansson, Daniel
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Department of Clinical Nutrition, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Go ¨ teborg, Sweden.
    Stading, Mats
    Objective and quantitative definitions of modified food textures based on sensory and rheological methodology.2010In: Food & Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-6628, E-ISSN 1654-661X, Vol. 54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Patients who suffer from chewing and swallowing disorders, i.e. dysphagia, may have difficulties ingesting normal food and liquids. In these patients a texture modified diet may enable that the patient maintain adequate nutrition. However, there is no generally accepted definition of 'texture' that includes measurements describing different food textures.

    OBJECTIVE: Objectively define and quantify categories of texture-modified food by conducting rheological measurements and sensory analyses. A further objective was to facilitate the communication and recommendations of appropriate food textures for patients with dysphagia.

    DESIGN: About 15 food samples varying in texture qualities were characterized by descriptive sensory and rheological measurements.

    RESULTS: Soups were perceived as homogenous; thickened soups were perceived as being easier to swallow, more melting and creamy compared with soups without thickener. Viscosity differed between the two types of soups. Texture descriptors for pâtés were characterized by high chewing resistance, firmness, and having larger particles compared with timbales and jellied products. Jellied products were perceived as wobbly, creamy, and easier to swallow. Concerning the rheological measurements, all solid products were more elastic than viscous (G'>G''), belonging to different G' intervals: jellied products (low G') and timbales together with pâtés (higher G').

    CONCLUSION: By combining sensory and rheological measurements, a system of objective, quantitative, and well-defined food textures was developed that characterizes the different texture categories.

  • 11693.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Dept of Domestic Sciences.
    Ellekjaer, M R
    Solheim, R
    Fat content and homogenization effects on flavour and texture of mayonnaise with added aroma1999In: Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + Technologie, ISSN 0023-6438, E-ISSN 1096-1127, Vol. 32, no 6, p. 377-383Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The influence of fat content (700 and 820 g/kg) and homogenization on the texture and flavour of mayonnaise with added citral (semi-polar) or pyroligneous acid (polar) was investigated. The quality of mayonnaise was described by sensory descriptive profiling. Mayonnaise containing 820 g fat/kg had the highest intensity of sour smell, sour taste, thickness and fattiness. Increased fat content, from 700 to 820 g/kg, did not significantly affect the perception of smoke flavour due to pyroligneous acid, or lemon flavour due to citral. Homogenization increased sweetness and whiteness, and depressed thickness and fattiness in mayonnaises with added pyroligneous acid.

  • 11694.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Forsberg, Sarah
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Nilsson, Annika
    Kiviks Musteri.
    Egan, Paul
    SLU.
    Stenberg, Johan
    SLU.
    Is there a best woodland strawberry (Fragaria vesca)?: a consumer survey of preferred sensory properties and cultivation characteristics of woodland strawberries2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction       

    Resistant varieties are important to combat agricultural pathogens and pests in strawberry and other crops. Consequently, plant breeders aim to develop crop varieties with higher resistance in order to increase sustainability. However, plant resistance may affect quality, e.g. sensory properties of the fruits, and thereby consumer acceptance. The development of new varieties may also affect consumer attitudes.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate consumers’ preferences and attitudes regarding woodland strawberry.

    Methods

    Consumer data from a total number of 176 (78% women and 22% men, >18 years) Swedish respondents were collected via a web based survey during two weeks in September 2017. Data were processed using descriptive and analytical statistics.

    Results

    The most preferred fruits have a significant flavor of woodland strawberry and are high in sweetness. Further, “naturalness” and “free from pesticides” were of importance to the respondents. Women were significantly more concerned of “naturalness”, especially the older women. The younger claimed that “organic production” was more important.

    The older consumers were significantly more interested in “healthiness” than the younger, they also found it significantly more important than the younger that strawberries could resist grey mould and pest insects.

    All the respondents preferred to eat strawberries fresh.

    Discussion

    In line with earlier studies, taste and flavor are the most preferred properties for consumers. In woodland strawberry, the compound methyl anthranilate is responsible for the characteristic flavor of the fruit, together with sweetness from saccharides. However, also in accordance with earlier studies, factors such as naturalness, healthiness and organic production are of greatest importance to the consumer. Though it was also apparent that different consumer groups prioritized different factors. However, common for all respondents was a strong preference to eat strawberries fresh!

  • 11695.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    SIK, The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology AB.
    Hall, G
    Influences of fat, thickener and emulsifier contents on salad dressing: Static and dynamic sensory and rheological analyses2001In: Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + Technologie, ISSN 0023-6438, E-ISSN 1096-1127, Vol. 34, no 4, p. 222-233Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects of contents of fat, thickener and emulsifier in salad dressing were investigated. Twelve types of dressings were produced according to a full factorial design, whereby the fat content was set at three levels, the thickener and the emulsifier contents at vivo levels. The dressings were analysed by a sensory panel, using both quantitative descriptive profiling and time-intensity (TI) evaluation, and by instrumental/rheological measurements. The two sensory methods were related to each other and the instrumental results were related to tire sensory results. All design parameters had a significant influence on the properties of salad dressing, mainly on texture and mouthfeel. Fat content was the most influencing parameter. Inter-action effects were found and it can he concluded that the content of the emulsifier was less critical when the fat and thickener contents increased Dynamic and descriptive sensory analyses,ere mainly related to each other in the fattiness attribute. There were strong relations between instrumental and sensory analysis according to rheological and texture attributes, /r/ greater than or equal to 0.7 (Pearson correlation coefficient)for most texture attributes.

  • 11696.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Höglund, Evelina
    RISE Research Institutes of Swedend.
    Andersson, Malin
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Protein enriched foods and healthy ageing: effects of protein fortification on muffin characteristics2017In: Agro Food Industry Hi-Tech, ISSN 1722-6996, E-ISSN 2035-4606, Vol. 28, no 5, p. 16-18Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sarcopenia is a common problem among elderly. To maintain muscle mass, strength and function adequate dietary protein intake is of importance. The aim is to enable the development of high-quality fortified foods to improve protein status in elderly. Current study aimed to investigate how sensory and physical characteristics of a popular snack in the form of muffins change when increasing protein content. A reference muffin was compared to muffins fortified with soy flour, almond flour or whey protein, respectively. A focus group evaluated the sensory properties. Physical properties included colour measurement, water activity, weight and heights. All fortifiers affected the muffins differently, sensory as well as physical characteristics, showing the complexity of adding different fortifiers to muffins.

  • 11697.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Höjier, Karin
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Sepp, Hanna
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Kristianstad University, Resrarch environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Barns smakpreferenser och matvanor2014In: Nordisk Nutrition, ISSN 1654-8337, no 3, p. 19-22Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 11698.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    SIK, The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology AB.
    Janestad, H
    Hall, G
    Modelling and analysis of dynamic sensory data2003In: Food Quality and Preference, ISSN 0950-3293, E-ISSN 1873-6343, Vol. 14, no 8, p. 663-671Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Time intensity (TI) data from earlier reported studies on cream cheese and salad dressing were used to develop models based on both polynomials and ordinary differential equations (ODE) that can be used to describe and interpret TI-data. Polynomials were thus fitted to experimental data. By taking the first and second derivatives of the polynomials one gets new polynomials that express how the perceived intensity changes with time. By integrating the original polynomial one gets a new polynomial that expresses how the classical TI-parameter "Area Under the Curve" is accumulated with time. Graphical display of all these types of polynomials gives an immediate and easily interpretable impression of the influence of different experimental factors on the time dependent perception. In the ODE models experimental factors, both formula and process conditions, were taken into account. Thus it was possible to develop equations that can be used for prediction of TI-curves for intermediate experimental settings.

  • 11699.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen.
    Kylefors, Martin
    Mjörnell, Kristina
    En åldrande befolkning: slutrapportering av nationell strategisk forskningsagenda2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The background to the Agenda is the increasing proportion of elderly, it means both challenges and opportunities for society, business and entrepreneurship. The long term vision is to create a sustainable society for the aging population. The aim is to create and develop easily accessible goods, services and network – according the elderly people’s needs and demands. These products should be able to solve the complex situation for the elderly and to meet personal needs. The group of elderly is large and heterogeneous, in Sweden most elderly are healthy and live an independent life. But there are also those who are frail and sick, with great need of assistance and care. The work within the research agenda has been multidisciplinary in order to find new interaction effects. The agenda goal was to form collaborations through meetings and workshops where ideas and innovation chains with a holistic view were created. The Goal was achieved through four workshops with some 30 organizations. Smaller meetings were also held, as well as collaboration with other agendas. Three priority areas have been identified: housing, nutrition and health. To achieve this vision, it is important to work with preventions from an individual approach in a holistic perspective. Simple and robust regulatory frameworks and structures should benefit the individual's independence. Welfare technology that makes existing technology adapted, accessible and useful for the elderly would take us closer to the vision. This can be done through collaborations!

    Key

  • 11700.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    SIK, The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology AB.
    Langton, M
    Caous, L
    Hall, C
    Dynamic analyses of sensory and microstructural properties of cream cheese2000In: Food Chemistry, ISSN 0308-8146, E-ISSN 1873-7072, Vol. 71, no 3, p. 363-378Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Flavour and texture in cream cheese depend on the microstructure. The objective of this work was to study the influence of fat content, salt content and homogenisation pressure on the microstructure and sensory properties of cream cheese. Twelve types of cream cheese were produced according to a full-factorial design, whereby the fat content was set at three levels, the salt content at two levels and the homogenisation pressure at two levels. The cheeses were analysed by a sensory panel, using both quantitative descriptive profiling and time intensity (T1) evaluation, and by using a confocal laser scanning microscope, CLSM, whereby the microstructure of the cheeses was analysed. All the design parameters had a significant influence on the flavour and texture, although fat had the largest effect. Interaction effects between the design parameters were also found to influence the character of cream cheese. The results showed that it is possible to create a cream cheese with lower fat content and with sensory attributes similar to the attributes in cream cheese with high fat content, by modification of production parameters.

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