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  • 101.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    När visioner ställs mot principer: en rapport från arbetet med att utforma en ämnes- och lärosätesövergripande nätutbildning2006Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Utveckling av breddmagisterprogrammet Teamarbete i hemvård har skett som ett projekt med stöd från myndigheten för Sveriges nätuniversitet. Avsikten med utbildningen var skapa förutsättningar för teamarbete i omsorg, vård och rehabilitering av äldre personer och personer med funktionshinder. Behov av denna slags utbildning hade tidigare uttryckts i utredningen om samanhållen hemvård. Där påtalades bland annat vikten av att arbeta tvärprofessionellt i omsorg, vård och rehabilitering av äldre personer och personer med funktionshinder. Utbildningen har framför allt inriktats på att träna perspektivmedvetenhet genom att jämföra och kontrastera synpunkter hos äldre personer/personer med funktionshinder, närstående och personal med olika yrkesbakgrund inom omsorg och vård.

    Utvecklingen och genomförandet har skett i samarbete mellan Högskolorna i Kalmar, Kristianstad, Jönköping, Blekinge och Växjö Universitet. En idé bakom upplägget var att kursutbud och lärarkompetensen skulle öka om högskolor och universitet valde att samverka i stället för att konkurrera. Modern informations- och kommunikationsteknik skulle möjliggöra ett flexibelt samarbete och flexibilitet i lärandet.

    Att samverka mellan lärosäten innebar många oväntade hinder och svårigheter. Olika lärosäten hade skilda rutiner, olika sätt att tolka regelverk, olika sätt att se på lärande och kunskap och använde olika lärplattformar. I rapporten ges en närmare beskrivning av hinder och hur dessa har hanterats.

    Casemetodik har fungerat som ett pedagogiskt redskap för att träna perspektivmedvetenhet och förståelse för brukarens perspektiv. Genom att konsekvent bygga upp en utbildning utifrån människors berättelser och genom att arbeta med dem strukturerat var avsikten att ge studenterna ett redskap som de kan använda i sin egen handledning av team.

    Även om hindren varit många har det funnits uppenbara vinster med att amarbeta mellan olika discipliner och mellan lärosäten. När människor med olika bakgrund kommer samman finns det mycket att lära av varandra. Detta gäller oavsett om samverkan sker i team inom omsorg vård och rehabilitering eller mellan lärare från olika lärosäten och med olika yrkesbakgrund.

  • 102.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Närsjukvård: vad innebär det i Region Skåne?2007Inngår i: FoU-tidningen, nr 6, s. 7-8Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I forskningsplattformens uppdrag ingick att följa och dokumentera närsjukvårdsutvecklingen i regionen. Som ett första steg i detta arbete intervjuades 97 medborgare, medarbetare och beslutsfattare om vad de lade in i begreppet närsjukvård. Avsikten var att ta reda på hur olika grupper såg på vad närsjukvård var eller borde vara. Ett vanligt svar bland framför allt medborgare och medarbetare var att de hade hört talas om närsjukvård men att termen var tvetydig, oklar och kunde förstås på olika sätt. I avsaknad av en klar definition försökte de förstå genom att associera till orden nära och sjukvård.

  • 103.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Smärta hos personer med demens2007Inngår i: Jakobsson, Ulf (red), Långvarig smärta, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2007, s. 107-118Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 104.
    Boklund, Linda
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Petersson, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ungdomars upplevelse av astma - en litteraturstudie Adolescents experience of asthma - a literature review2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Background: Asthma is an illness that many adolescents have today. The symtom can prevent them to live like contemporaries and the development phase they experience makes asthma difficult to get control of. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe adolescent’s experience of living with asthma. Method: The literature review was performed by reviewing nine scientific articles. Results: The categories which developed were social, physical and psychical experiences. Adolescents experienced poor quality of life and their feelings were described with words like fear, anxiety, anger and depression. Physical activities experience troublesome by the adolescents and they experienced support from friends and teachers were not enough. To be like everyone else and experience ego became an expression from the adolescents. Discussion: Experience of physical activities, quality of life, enhanced understanding and adolescents view at the future were discussed with Antonovskys concept of KASAM and integrated with the nurse competence. Conclusion: Adolescents experience of living with asthma is frustration, fear and anxiety. They sometimes don’t medicate because they want to be like their friends. Understanding from friends and teachers could be better. Suggestions for new reaserch are teachers understanding and friend’s apprehension about the person which is suffering from asthma.

  • 105.
    Borg, Christel
    et al.
    Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Hallberg, Ingalill R
    Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Life satisfaction among older people (65+) with reduced self-care capacity: the relationship to social, health and financial aspects.2006Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 607-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at investigating life satisfaction and its relation to living conditions, overall health, self-care capacity, feeling lonely, physical activities and financial resources among people (65+) with reduced self-care capacity. BACKGROUND: Knowledge about factors related to low life satisfaction among older people with reduced self-care capacity is sparse, although this is important in health care and nursing so that the care is adapted to their needs and perspective. Previous research has mainly focused on isolated aspects such as pain in relation to life satisfaction among older people in general and less among so those with reduced self-care capacity in general. DESIGN AND METHOD: A subsample of 522 persons was selected from a randomly selected cross-sectional survey using a modified form of the Older Americans' Resources Schedule and Life Satisfaction Index Z. RESULTS: The mean age in the total sample was 77.9; women (79.5) were significantly older than men (77.0). Low life satisfaction was found among women, as well as those living in special accommodations. Life Satisfaction Index Z was 15.3 (SD 5.6) in the total sample. Gender and living conditions did not explain life satisfaction whilst poor overall self-reported health and poor financial resources in relation to needs had the strongest explanatory value. Also of significant importance were loneliness, the degree of reduced self-care capacity and feeling worried. CONCLUSION: Life satisfaction in older people with reduced self-care capacity is determined by several factors, with social, physical, mental and financial aspects probably interacting with each other; especially feeling lonely, degree of self-care capacity, poor overall health, feeling worried and poor financial resources in relation to needs. These factors need to be considered in the care of these people to preserve or improve their life satisfaction. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Nursing interventions in terms of preventive home visits, rehabilitation, health education directed towards physical, psychological, social and economic aspects of importance may help to preserve or improve life satisfaction for those with reduced self-care capacity.

  • 106.
    Borg, Malin
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Jönsson, Emma
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Barn med astma - resultatet av sjuksköterskans information och utbildning till barnet och dess familj2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Asthma is the most common chronic illness in children. Re-admissions to hospital are common and asthma has a significant impact on children and their families. The purpose of this study was to describe the outcome of the nurses’ information and education handed to the family. The result of this literature study was based on 14 scientific articles which evaluated the families’ knowledge and the illness’ impact on daily life after different ways of asthma information and education. The result of this study showed that self-management education and repeated information reduced emergency department visits, hospitalizations and costs related to pediatric asthma care. Information and education helped the family to feel secure enough to handle the disease at home, which led the family towards a more stable and predictable lifestyle.

  • 107.
    Borgeland, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Brorsson, Stina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Franzén, Angelica
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Vårdtagarens perspektiv på sjuksköterskans bemötande2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Every day in medical care the nurse and the patient meet, they are not just

    represented as the care giver and the care taker, but also as two unique

    individuals. The meeting is a very important part in caring and few studies have

    been made on this topic from the patient.s perspective. The purpose of this study

    was to describe the patient.s perspective on the meeting with the nurse. The study

    is a literature review, where articles have been reviewed, encoded, and then

    categorized. The result builds on our four main categories, confirmed as a unique

    indidual, the meaning of the information according to the patient, the humanistic

    side of the nurse, and the importance of humor in the meeting. The patients.

    experiences of the meeting with the nurse are presented under these categories. To

    be treated as a unique individual was the main conclusion of this study.

    Furthermore, the information, and how the nurse gave the information, was of

    great importance in order for the patient to feel security.

  • 108.
    Borgström, Hägneryd, Jennie, Marie-Louise
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Yrksverksamma tandhygienisters arbetsuppgifter och dess tidsåtgång - en observationsstudie Dental hygienists working tasks and the time they use carrying them out: – an observation study2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    ABSTRACT

    The aim of the observation study was to examine the dental hygienists working tasks and the time they used carrying them out. Four dental hygienists where observed during four days each. The total time the dental hygienists used with patients during sixteen fulltime days come to a sum of 89 hours of the possible 111 hours. Twelve hours was late cancels and time when patients didn’t come to their appointment and ten hours were used for meetings. Of the total clinical hours approximately a quarter of the total time were used for scaling and one quarter for cleaning, journal notes and administration. Only five minutes of total patient time (89 h) were used for tobacco prevention. Still only a small part of the working tasks the dental hygienists perform can be seen as active health work.

  • 109.
    Brandin, Therese
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Hedström, Emma
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Föräldrars erfarenhet av barn med autistic spektrum disorder2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    The parents of a developmentel disordered child live with much sorrow and anguish. Despite that, they often talk about hope, joy and love for their child. The autistic spectrum disorder includes different stands. Three of them are Autism, Aspergers syndrome and Disintegrative disability. An article overview has been made with the purpose to examine parents experiences of having a child that develops autism or a diagnosis within the autistic spectrum. The articles have been analyzed with a qualitative subject analyze and the authors have structured the result after found themes in the articles. The result shows that an early diagnosis is very important and that the parents receive good and proper support. If they get good support they can handle the situation much better. Parents of these children adapt remarkably over time and they feel mentaly a lot better. There is still a traditional deviation between mothers and fathers in these homes. The mothers are doing most of the practical chores in the home and with the child while the father mostly works. It appears from the study that most of the parents with children within the autistic spectrum have a positive view on life when they had accepted the diagnosis. As nursing staff it is of great importance to take these parents worry seriously. It is also important to understand that mothers and fathers handle the situation differently and with this knowledge give an individual care.

  • 110.
    Bredmar, Frida
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Holmqvist, Anna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Levin-Cansund, Towe
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Sjuksköterskors skattning av patienters postoperativa smärta - en litteraturstudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Background: Patients postoperative pain is often underestimated. Untreated or undertreated pain decreases the chance of optimal recovery after surgery. Pain assessment is an important factor of efficient pain relief. Aim: The aim of the literature study was to describe factors of importance for nurses´ assessment of postoperative pain in patients. Method: A literature study was done where qualitative and one quantitative article was reviewed. Eleven articles were analyzed. Results: The analysis resulted in four categories; nurses´ ability to assess patients´ postoperative pain through verbal communication, nurses´ ability to assess patients’ postoperative pain through non-verbal communication, nurses knowledge and experience and nurses attitudes. Discussion: Nurses ability to receive patients´ pain signals varies. Assessment of patients´ postoperative pain is seldom planned, but rather randomly made. Nurses seldom use tools for pain assessment; instead they rely on what the patients tell them and assess the pain from that information. Nurses with a specific pain education have a more positive attitude towards tools for pain assessment. Conclusion: Nurses attitudes affect the ability to communicate both verbal and non-verbally. Nurses´ attitudes are of importance for assessment of postoperative pain in patients. Education has shown itself to have a positive effect on nurses´ attitudes towards pain assessment and tools for assessing the pain.

  • 111.
    Bringsén, Åsa
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    The process of a workplace health promotion project at a hospital ward in the south of Sweden2004Inngår i: Workplace health promotion: practice and evaluation / [ed] Timo Leino & Karin Olsson, Helsinki: NIVA , 2004, s. 70-75Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 112.
    Bringsén, Åsa
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Andersson, Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Planering av hälsofrämjande utvecklingsarbete inom sjukvården2004Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 113.
    Bringsén, Åsa
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Andersson, Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Workplace health promotion programs can change employees’ health for the worse?2007Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has shown that health in working populations are related to the individual, the workplace and the social context outside work. Together with current pressure on employers to help the employees practice healthy behavior, employers might be influenced to invest in workplace health promotion (WHP) programs outside traditional working hours.

     Aim

    The aim was to explore opinions about WHP programs outside traditional working hours among health care staff working in two hospital wards in the south of Sweden.

     Method

    A focus group study with 77 nurses and assistant nurses participating in 18 focus groups, was conducted during 2002 - 2003. A PhD student (ÅB) was present to facilitate the process. The interviews were tape recorded and sections where the participants expressed their opinions about WHP programs were transcribed and analyzed using axial coding.

     Results

    Two patterns of employees’ opinions have been revealed. Some of the respondents were positive and considered WHP programs after traditional working hours being an indication of employers’ thoughtfulness. These respondents considered WHP being a natural and obvious part of a health promoting workplace. The other pattern was instead characterized by a more negative description. This category was represented by participants’ feelings of autonomy intrusion in relation to WHP outside traditional working hours. These employees referred to a health promoting workplace with a distinct boundary between work and leisure in general.

     Conclusion

    WHP programs outside traditional working hours can be related to both positive and negative feelings among participating health care staff. Negative feelings form the base for psychological and biological processes that might have a negative impact on health. It is therefore important to reflect on how we pursue WHP, for participants to have positive experiences with opportunities for sustained or improved health.

  • 114.
    Brink, Sandra
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Karlsson, Annika
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Nyoszoli, Cathrine
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Att leva med psoriasis - En litteraturstudie2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Att leva med en synlig sjukdom som psoriasis påverkar det dagliga livet på flera olika sätt. Psoriasis är en kronisk och ärftlig sjukdom som medför förtjockad, röd och fjällande hud. Eftersom huden är kroppens största organ blir sjukdomen mycket synlig för utomstående. Det dagliga livet kan påverkas av långa och tidskrävande behandlingar, men även påverkas ekonomiskt i form dyra behandlingar. Även det sociala livet påverkas då den drabbade lätt känner skam för sitt utseende. Känslan av att vara märkt finns med genom hela livet hos många med psoriasis. Eventuella blickar och kommentarer från omgivningen bidrar till att personen med psoriasis lätt drar sig undan och blir isolerad. Isolering kan i sin tur leda till depression och en upplevelse av försämrad livskvalité.

  • 115.
    Broberg, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Johansson, Sofie
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Paulsson, Katarina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Unga kvinnors upplevelser av abort2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Background: How a young woman approaches an abortion

    and how she handles its emotional impact is influenced by

    many factors. Mixed emotions about

    terminating a pregnancy are common to women of all

    backgrounds and circumstances. Aim: To illuminate young

    women´s experiences of abortions. Method: The study was

    based on literature from online databases and printed

    materials and involved the analysis of ten articles and one thesis.

    Result: Women contemplating abortion experience mixed

    emotions before, during, and after an abortion. Despite mixed

    or conflicting feelings of guilt, grief, and shame, in addition to

    relief, most women do not regret having an abortion. A woman’s

    ability to accept the experience, and her feelings about it, is

    affected by the support and understanding of her family,

    friends and health care staff. Conclusion: Further studies in this

    field are requested in order to gain additional knowledge and

    increase nurses understanding on how to treat women who have

    an abortion.

  • 116.
    Broström, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Hortevall, Anna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Sjunnesson, Helen
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Sjuksköterskors upplevelser av stressfaktorer inom somatisk sjukvård2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Någon gång under sitt yrkesverksamma liv kommer sjuksköterskor att uppleva stress. Orsakerna varierar och omvårdnadsyrket kan vara påfrestande både fysiskt och psykiskt. När kunskaperna om stressfaktorerna samt hur de upplevs av sjuksköterskor i sin yrkesroll påvisats, kan åtgärder vidtas och arbetsförhållanden förbättras. Syfte: Syftet med studien är att beskriva hur sjuksköterskor upplever olika stressfaktorer inom yrket. Metod: Systematisk litteraturstudie med kvalitativ ansats, där tio vetenskapliga artiklar granskades. Resultat: Innehållsanalysen resulterade i åtta kategorier: Hög arbetsbelastning, Personalbrist, Moralisk stress, Brist på återkoppling och uppskattning, Brist på stöd, Bristande kommunikation och samarbete, dålig arbetsmiljö samt oregelbundna arbetstider. Diskussion: Enligt resultatet påverkar stressfaktorerna sjuksköterskorna och deras arbete negativt. Det var i slutändan vården av patienterna som blev lidande. Slutstats: Sjuksköterskorna har för lite inflytande i sitt arbete och får dålig uppskattning från arbetsgivare, vilket resulterar i negativa upplevelser av stress. Ledningen behöver lyssna mer på sjuksköterskor för att de ska bli mindre stressade och kvaliteten på omvårdnaden bibehållas.

  • 117.
    Carlbark, Glenn
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ett folkhälsoperspektiv på tillhörighet – dess relation till hälsan och känslan av sammanhang 2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Tillhörighet är ett grundläggande mänskligt behov som bäst kan förstås i sitt sammanhang. Familjen, religionen och skolan är alla samhälleliga tillhörighetsarenor för lärande. Syftet med denna uppsats var att undersöka hur tillhörighet, kontextuellt betraktat, kan främja hälsan och känslan av sammanhang och hur denna känsla av tillhörighet skapas. Detta gjordes genom en djupdykning i form av en fallstudie, där metoden bestod av ingående intervjuer. Resultatet belyste vad församlingstillhörighet betyder för fem personer som tillhör en religiös församling. Tre kategorier fick utgöra en förklaringsmodell, bestående av: ”Grundläggande” (den gemensamma värdegrundens globala natur), ”Upplivande” (hälsofrämjande känslor av förståelse, uppmuntran, glädje, beröm, delaktighet, acceptans och kärlek) och ”Meningsfyllda” (upplevelser av meningsfullhet, begriplighet, hanterbarhet och förutsägbarhet). Själva församlingstillhörigheten skapades genom den gemensamma värdegrundens globala natur, delaktighet i församlingsgemenskapen samt genom Årsboken där känslan av den gemensamma värdegrundens globala natur bekräftades.

    Resultatets relevans för folkhälsan påtagliggjordes då det kontextualiserades i skolans värld. Skolan har uppenbara problem att hantera och omsätta sin värdegrund i den pedagogiska praktiken. För att elever i större utsträckning ska känna tillhörighet och uppnå god hälsa samt få möjlighet att personligen dra nytta av skolans värdegrund föreslogs Involveringspedagogiken som ett redskap för att underlätta denna process med förbehåll att den betraktas som en princip där användningsområdet varierar med varje skolas unika villkor och de resursbidragande erfarenheterna. Med utgångspunkt i hur känslan av tillhörighet bildades och hälsan främjades i församlingen kan detta i skolans värld skapas genom omsorgsorienterade relationer, gemensamma aktiviteter och delaktighet i beslutstagande och målsättningar.

  • 118.
    Carlsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Tibell, Jessica
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Föräldrars erfarenheter av att vårda ett vuxet barn med schizofreni2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Schizofreni är en sjukdom vars orsak ännu är okänd och ungefär 1 procent av befolkningen drabbas. Sjukdomen kan påverka både personen med schizofreni och de anhöriga på ett negativt sätt. När ett barn insjuknar är det ofta föräldrarna som tar på sig ansvaret för att vårda barnet. Syftet var att beskriva föräldrars erfarenheter av att vårda ett vuxet barn med schizofreni. Litteraturstudien genomfördes genom att vetenskapliga artiklar inom ämnet granskades, analyserades och sammanställdes till ett resultat. Föräldrar berättade om kaos vid sjukdomens utbrott, känslor av kris då diagnos fastställdes samt erfarenheter av negativt bemötande från vårdpersonal. Föräldrar sörjde förlusten av sitt friska barn och de förhoppningar de haft inför barnets framtid. De upplevde att stöd från omgivningen, speciellt från andra föräldrar i samma situation, gjorde att omvårdnaden av barnet upplevdes som lättare. Föräldrar uttryckte både positiva och negativa aspekter av att vårda sitt vuxna barn. Ofta upplevdes vårdandet som ett livslångt åtagande. Flera föräldrar berättade även att de blivit utsatta för våld av sitt vuxna barn. Vårdpersonal bör ha adekvat utbildning för att de ska kunna bemöta föräldrar till ett barn med schizofreni. Att föräldrars erfarenheter värdesätts och att deras upplevelser tas på allvar kan innebära att deras livskvalitet förbättras.

  • 119.
    Carlsson, Matilda
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Michelini, Elisabeta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Patienters smärtupplevelser i samband med scaling under tandhygienistbehandling - en enkätstudie 2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this study was to investigate patients’ experiences of pain during dental hygienist treatment and scaling. The study is based on a questionnaire and includes 129 patients, from four dental clinics in Skåne, Sweden. The questionnaire consisted of ten questions with a Visual Analogue Scale as a main question. Questions about age, gender and dental anxiety were also included. The mean of VAS was overall 2.2. Among the questions about what kind of scaling instrument that causes most pain, the results were ambiguous. If only one kind of instrument was used, the handinstrument was most painful. If both instruments were used, the ultrasonic scaler proved to be more painful than the hand instrument. The results of this study show that women experienced a higher level of pain than men, but there were no statistical significant difference. The reason to why the patients experienced more pain from the ultrasonic scaler, when both ultrasonic scaler and handinstrument were used, could be that the patients had the opportunity to compare the different instruments. Another reason to the higher level of pain could be the discomfort of sound and water from the ultrasonic scaler. The conclusion of this study is that a visit to a dental hygienist, including scaling, is not very painful, independent of instrument being used and whether you experience dental anxiety or not.

  • 120.
    Carlsson, Patricia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Sjöstedt, Marie
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ena dagen student nästa dag nyutexaminerad sjuksköterska2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Background: Every year about 4600 nurses are examined in Sweden. The work as a nurse is responsible and she is often working under time pressure. Aim: To describe nurse’s understandings about her professional role during her first year after the examination. Method: Systematic literature review, where 10 scientific articles were examined. Findings: Five categories were found: To be alone with the responsibility; To have insufficient knowledge in nursing; to experience time pressure; to develop a profession and become a member of the team; To feel satisfaction by being a nurse. Discussion: Newly examined nurses require support from experienced nurses during their first year. Time pressure caused stressful situations. To little time with each patients were frustrating for them. Conclusion: An important issue is to have support from a preceptor during the first year or to participate in a trainee program.

  • 121.
    Carlén, Pontus
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Omvårdnad av självmordsnära patienter inom psykiatrin - En kvalitativ intervjuundersökning utifrån ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Suicide and attempted suicide frequently occur in society today and represent a major public health problem. In inpatient psychiatric care the nurse have a central role when caring for suicidal patients. Few systematic studies exists that address the nurse’s practical work with these patients. The purpose of this study was therefore to describe the nursing care of suicidal patients as it was perceived by registered clinical expert nurses. The study has a qualitative approach and was conducted with open thematic interviews with eleven nurses. During the analysis, preformed as a qualitative content analysis, two different themes emerged. These were nursing care as change and nursing care as control/none-control. Change incorporated that the nurse mediated hope, created dialog, carried the patient’s suffering, inspired safety and provided basic nursing care. Control had its’ origin in an inner threat of suicide on the ward which constituted a none-control. Non-control has a paradoxical relation to control since it resulted in an increased activity to assess, observe and control the patient’s behaviour. The control strategies used was according to the nurses stressful both for patient and nurse. Self-examinations and explanations characterised the time after the none-control that a suicide constituted.

  • 122.
    Casparson, Ida
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Johansson, Erika
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Riskfaktorer för självmordsförsök hos depressiva ungdomar och omhändertagandet för att förhindra självmord - en litteraturstudie 2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Hos cirka två tredjedelar av alla ungdomar med depression finns självmordstankar. Ungefär 37 ungdomar i åldrarna 15-19 år begår varje år fullbordat självmord i Sverige. Det kan tyda på att depressioner bland ungdomar är vanligt. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att beskriva riskfaktorer för självmordsförsök hos depressiva ungdomar och omhändertagandet för att förhindra självmord. Metod: En litteraturstudie baserad på analys av elva vetenskapliga artiklar gjordes. Resultat: Resultatet visar att riskfaktorerna för att begå självmord fanns inom familjära faktorer, social samhörighet med andra, brist på copingstrategier, tidigare självmordsförsök och beteendeförändring. Resultatet visade också att socialt stöd är viktigt i omhändertagandet av ungdomar och att rådgivning var en vanlig vård åtgärd. Diskussion: En metod för att förhindra självmordsförsöket kan vara att sjuksköterskan bildar en relation med ungdomarna. I relationen är det viktigt att sjuksköterskan vågar fråga ungdomarna om hans/hennes självmordstankar. Slutsats: Vidare forskning inom området är viktigt då sjuksköterskor med ökad kunskap och förståelse kan höja kvalitén i omvårdnaden av dessa ungdomar.

  • 123.
    Celin, Sabina
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Karlsson, Cecilia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Kunskaper, attityder och beteende gällande kost och motion – en enkätundersökning bland elever för vidareutveckling av ett överviktsprojekt i Svedala kommun2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    The proportion of overweight children is increasing rapidly in Sweden. International and National goals of public health aim to improve diet and physical activity. Health promotion consists of preventing illness and promoting health. Within the school a well planned health promoting work proceed from students, parents and teachers. The aim of this study was to investigate knowledge, attitudes and behaviour pertaining to diet and physical activity among students from 6th to 9th grade at Klågerupskolan in the community of Svedala. The aim was also to investigate what influences the students dietary habits and physical activity. The objective was to contribute with knowledge to a health project according to overweight in the community of Svedala. The study was carried out through a questionnaire among 157 students. The result showed that more than half of the students ate lunch at school every day. The girls were more anxious than the boys to learn more about diet and physical activity. The boys thought that the number of lessons in physical activity was to few, while the girls found them more adequate. The students had many proposals how to learn more about diet and physical activity and how to encourage more students to eat healthy and exercise more. The responsible persons for the project regarding overweight have to listen more to the students in order to further develop the project.

  • 124.
    Christiansson, Anabel
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Lindberg, Maja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Erfarenheter av akupunktur vid förlossningssmärta 2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract på svenska:

    Bakgrund: Vid en förlossning upplever kvinnan oftast svår eller extrem smärta. På senare år har efterfrågan på alternativ till traditionella smärtlindringsmetoder ökat och akupunktur har visat sig kunna ge både smärtlindring och avslappning. Syfte: Att belysa erfarenheter och upplevelser av akupunktur vid förlossningssmärta. Metod: En litteraturstudie genomfördes genom granskning och analys av åtta vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat: Analysen resulterade i fyra kategorier: Erfarenheter av smärtlindring, erfarenheter av avslappning, minskat behov av traditionell smärtlindring och akupunkturens inverkan vid förlossningens samtliga skeden. Konklusion: Akupunktur vid förlossningssmärta kan ha en smärtstillande och avslappnande effekt och kan även minska användandet av traditionella smärtlindringsmetoder. Efterfrågan på alternativ till traditionella smärtlindringsmetoder har ökat och det finns behov av mer forskning inom området.

    Abstract in english:

    Background: During childbirth the woman often experience pain that is severe or extreme. In later years, the demands for alternative analgesic methods has grown larger, and acupuncture has proved to be effective as relaxation and pain relief method. Aim: To illuminate experiences of acupuncture during labour pain.

    Methods: The study was carried out through a literature search. Overall, the study included eight articles, which were reviewed and analysed. Results: The analysis resulted in four categories: Experiences of pain relief, experiences of relaxation, a reduced need for traditional pain relief, and acupuncture’s effect on the total outcome of the delivery. Conclusion: Acupuncture during labour pain can be effective as a relaxation and pain relieving method, and it can also reduce the need for traditional pain relief. The demands for alterative analgesic methods have increased and there is a need for more research.

  • 125.
    Christiansson, Camilla
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Lund, Ida
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    I väntan på vårt barn - En studie kring kraven och förväntningarna på blivande adoptivföräldrar: Expect an addition to family - A study about the demands and expectations on the future adoptive parents.2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    To be able to adopt, the future adoptive parents must participate in parental education and have a home investigation done. The home investigation is extensive and great demands are made on the parents. The purpose with this study was to get an insight and understanding in the parents’ thoughts and feelings about the demands and expectations that are made on them during an international adoption. To answer this, we used these questions: Which demands and expectations are made on the future adoptive parents by the home investigator and the parental educator? How do the future adoptive parents experience the demands and expectations that are made on them before an adoption? Does the apprehension about the demands and expectations differ between the future adoptive parents and the home investigator contrary the parental educator? We used a qualitative method, interviewing four couples of parents, one home investigator and one parental educator. The result showed that there are both similarities and differences in the respondents’ apprehensions about the demands and expectations.

  • 126.
    Claffey, Noel
    et al.
    School of Dental Sciences, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.
    Clarke, Emily
    School of Dental Sciences, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.
    Polyzois, Ioannis
    School of Dental Sciences, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Surgical treatment of peri-implantitis2008Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051X, Vol. 35, nr 8 Suppl, s. 316-32Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To review the literature on surgical treatment of peri-implantitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A search of PubMed and as well as a hand search of articles were conducted. Publications and articles accepted for publication up to November 2007 were included. RESULTS: A total of 43 studies were selected for the review. Only 13 of these were studies in humans and only one study directly addressed disease resolution. Thus the available evidence for surgical treatment of peri-implantitis is extremely limited. ANIMAL STUDIES: Re-osseointegration can occur on previously contaminated surfaces. The surface characteristics are decisive for regeneration and re-osseointegration. No single surface decontamination method appears to be distinctly superior. Open debridement with surface decontamination can achieve resolution. HUMAN STUDIES: Access surgery has been investigated in one study demonstrating that resolution occurred in 58% of the lesions. No single method of surface decontamination (chemical agents, air abrasives and lasers) was found to be superior. The use of regenerative procedures such as bone graft techniques with or without the use of barrier membranes has been reported with various degrees of success. However, it must be stressed that such techniques do not address disease resolution but rather merely attempt to fill the osseous defect.

  • 127.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Berg, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Family intervention sessions: one useful way to improve schoolchildren's mental health2008Inngår i: Journal of Family Nursing, ISSN 1074-8407, E-ISSN 1552-549X, Vol. 14, nr 3, s. 289-313Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the effectiveness of therapeutic conversations with families (through family sessions) in alleviating health complaints among adolescent girls in a school setting. Four girls with recurrent, subjective health complaints and their families were included in the study. Three sessions were held with each family, using genograms, ecomaps, interventive questions, and other family nursing interventions; practicing school nurses were also present. A therapeutic letter was sent to each family at the end of the sessions. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was used as a pre- and posttest measure. Evaluative interviews were carried out with the families and with school nurses. The families reported feeling relief and described positive affective, behavioral, and cognitive changes as a consequence of the interventions. The school nurses experienced the family sessions as time-saving and easy-to-use tools in their work. Involving the family when schoolchildren's recurrent mental health problems are addressed may reduce future suffering.

  • 128.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Köhler, Lennart
    Nordic School of Public Health, Göteborg.
    Berg, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ethical challenges for school nurses in documenting schoolchildren's health2008Inngår i: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 40-51Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored Swedish school nurses' experiences of school health record documentation. Fifty per cent of a representative sample of Swedish school nurses (n = 129) reported difficulties with documenting mental and social health problems in family relationships, schoolchildren's behaviour, and school situations. Ethical considerations concerning fears of misinterpretation and practical barriers to documentation were expressed as reasons for their worries. Mental and social ill health is an increasing and often dominating problem among schoolchildren, thus proper documentation is a basic issue, both for individuals and for the population as a whole. School nurses obviously need professional guidance regarding documentation and ethical challenges. Systematic effort should be directed towards recognition and support of these nurses' unique opportunities to consider, follow and promote all aspects of schoolchildren's health.

  • 129.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Köhler, Lennart
    Nordic School of Public Health, Göteborg.
    Berg, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Schoolchildren's health as judged by Swedish school nurses: a national survey2008Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 36, nr 7, s. 690-697Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS: To use school nurses' knowledge and experience for a better understanding of schoolchildren's health problems and their association to socioeconomic background and gender. METHODS: Mail questionnaires were sent to a nationally representative, random sample of Swedish school nurses (n=129). The questionnaire included structured and open-ended questions asking for school nurses' judgement of schoolchildren's health status; changes over the previous two years; estimation of schoolchildren's most common reasons for consulting the school nurse; and estimation of factors influencing schoolchildren's health. RESULTS: Swedish school nurses judged schoolchildren's mental health to have deteriorated during the previous two years with increasing health complaints, especially among girls and in disadvantaged housing areas. Disturbed family relations were considered as one important explanatory factor. Girls were more inclined to consult school nurses with subjective health complaints. Boys more often consulted the nurses with physical injuries. CONCLUSIONS: School nurses work closely with the children and meet them continuously during the school age period. They have a genuine knowledge of schoolchildren's health, which should be used even more, both in research and practice. The results may be applicable in other countries with similarly organized school health systems.

  • 130.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Petersson, Kerstin
    Lund University, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine.
    Berg, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    School nurses' view of schoochildren's health and their attitudes to document it in the school health record: a pilot study2003Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 392-398Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study highlights school nurses' view of schoolchildren's health and their attitude to document it in the school health records. A strategic sample of 12 school nurses was interviewed. The interviews were semistructured and analysed with qualitative content analysis. The findings showed that the school nurses' viewed schoolchildren as physical healthy although they called attention to growing problems related to a changed lifestyle. Psychosocial ill-health was however increasing and the most common reason for visiting the school nurse was psychosomatic expressions. According to the nurses' descriptions, health was related to the individual, the school and the family situation. The family situation was mentioned as one of the most important factors of schoolchildren's health. The nurses described no problem to document schoolchildren's physical health. Ethical consideration, tradition, lack of time and the structure of the record were however factors that were said to hinder the documentation of the psychosocial health. In order to promote, protect and recover schoolchildren's health, more research is needed about how beliefs, experience, ethical consideration and resources influence the school nurse's daily work with schoolchildren's health.

  • 131.
    Cronstedt, Lisa
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Öberg, Charlotta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Att sticka ett oroligt barn - sjuksköterskans möjligheter att lindra / To prick children: Nurses' possibilities to relieve distress2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Background: Children frequently exhibit high levels of distress while undergoing routine blood sampling or injections. If the child is not treated with appropriate care, the feelings of distress may increase over time and result in needle-phobia. Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe nurses´ possibilities to relieve distress in children undergoing needle sticks. Method: A systematic literature review was conducted through database search and screening of reference lists. Ten research articles with a quantitative approach were included, coded for quality and then analyzed. Results: Main results were presented in two categories, the effect of preparation and the effect of distraction. To prepare children with information failed to reduce children’s distress, but in combination with application of EMLA the effect could reach significance. The effect of distraction was inconsistent but distress seemed to decrease when nurses interacted in distracting the child. Conclusions: Children´s distress while undergoing needle sticks are affected by many different variables and this study failed to present generalizable ways for nursing care. Nurses are important and have the potential to make a difference in caring for the child. However there is little guidance for nurses on how to relieve children´s distress in recent literature. Future research should focus on nurses´ possibilities through a wider perspective to reach holistic guidance in this matter.

  • 132.
    Dahl Lindqvist, Anna
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Lausen, Åsa
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Faktorer som bidrar till att göra en arbetsplats hälsofrämjande: En intervjuundersökning på ett försäkringskassekontor.2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Today we spend a lot of time at our place of work. Changes in the Swedish labour market have caused illness for many people. This has contributed to that many people have been reported sick. The purpose with this study was to investigate and deskribe factors the staff, at a social insurance office, identify as important for health at a place of work. Ten employees at the social insurance office took part in the study. The collecting of data was made with semi-structured interviews. The work up of the material resulted in five different themes. The results showed for example that the participants identified working climate, managementship, participation, access to prophylaxis and ergonomic design of the office, as specifically important factors. Our conclusions are that focus of the health promotion must be put on promoting a good working climate and developing a good managementship. It is important to look at the individual from a comprehensive view.

  • 133.
    Dahlberg, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Larsson, Jenny
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    ”Jag tyar inte idag!” En kvalitativ studie om motivationsfaktorer till fysisk aktivitet i samarbete med Centralsjukhuset i Kristianstad2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Physical activity is required for a good health and science shows a clear connection between exercise and a lower risk for disease. Still, the physical activity among the population is far from good. It is the individuals own responsibility to exercise, but the society also has a responsibility to give opportunities to exercise for the population. The aim with the study was to investigate what motivated the group of physical active people to use the Central hospital in Kristianstad’s health program. A qualitative interview study was made in the hospital’s emergency ward. The result of the study showed that individuals want to see some kind of results from their practice of physical activity, for example weight reduction and improved condition. What motivates people to exercise is individual, but social support is very important. There was opportunities for physical activity but because the lack of information it did not reach out to the staff. This means that the health program did not reach them who, maybe, needed it the most.

  • 134.
    Dalshad, Nazar
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Jönsson, Jessica
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Plackindex, gingivalindex och erhållna munhygienåtgärder hos patienter i åldern 20-26 år som har behandlats vid tandhygienistprogrammet i Kristianstad -journalstudie2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of the study was to examine plaqueindex, gingivalindex and oral hygiene measure among patients between 20-26 years of age, who were treated at the Dental Hygienist Programme at the University of Kristianstad. The study was performed as a dental record. All 126 subjects with records in this age were including in the study. Sixteen records (13 %) were excluded because the criteria were not fulfilled. Plauqeindex, gingivalindex and oral hygiene measures were registered from 110 records. In 55 of 110 patients at least two plaqueindex were taken during the treatment period. The result shows that the value for gingivalindex was 24 % (range 0-89 %), the value for the first plaqueindex (PI 1) was 56 % (range 15-100 %) and the last plaqueindex (PI 2) in the treatment was 53 % (range 11-100 %). Eighty five percent had got some kind of oral hygiene instruction. The most usually oral hygiene measure was instruction by toothbrush (60 %). The least usually measure was instruction in toothpick (n = 1). The conclusion was that the patients had a high plaqueindex, both at the first and least occasion. The recommendations at own care were fairly low despite the high plaqueindex.

  • 135.
    Danielsson, Malin
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Lennartsson, Lina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Olsson, Sandra
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Women’s thoughts, expectations and desires in the presence of their next delivery after a caesarean section2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduction: The caesarean section rate has increased significantly in the last twenty years. The fact that a woman has delivered by caesarean section once does not automatically mean that she will again. Some women want a repeat caesarean section while others want a vaginal birth. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe women’s thoughts, expectations and desires in the presence of their delivery after a previous caesarean section. Methods: A systematic literature review through study of scientific articles. Thirteen articles were analyzed and combined. Results: Yearning for a vaginal delivery was what most of the women expressed. To be involved in the decision making process was important. The women wanted individually suited information and support. The women had a more realistic understanding of the birthing experience after the previous caesarean and had a greater understanding for the fact that caesarean sometimes is inevitable. Their attitude was to expect the unexpected and to be more humble in their expectation. Conclusion: Through increased knowledge regarding women’s thoughts, expectations and desires in the presence of their next delivery after a previous caesarean section, the caregivers can give support and individual information at a greater extent.

  • 136.
    Drevfors, Yvonne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Steinwall, Marita
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Distriktssköterskans prevention - omfattning av prevention och dokumentation2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Studies in Sweden have shown that the districtnurses had no time for health promotion. The Swedish government also indicate that there is a lack of health promotion and preventive care in Sweden.

    The purpose of this study was to describe into which extent the districtnurses in the middle and southwest area of Region Skåne worked with preventive care in their profession and into which extent they documented their achievement.

    The inquiry was answered by 45 districtnurses about background, present situation, preventive care, secondary prevention, tertiary prevention, health promotion and documentation.

    Results of this study shows that the districtnurses worked mostly with tertiary prevention. Tertiary prevention was followed by primary prevention. All the 45 districtnurses felt competitions of giving advices for directions of preventive care. Seven districtnurses did not document their preventive care.

  • 137.
    Duckert, Linda
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Persson, Emelie
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Hur sjuksköterskor på Sri Lanka arbetar och beskriver trycksårsprevention2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Trycksår är en vanligt förekommande komplikation i samband med sjukdom och därpå följande vård och behandling. De flesta trycksår går att förebygga genom primär prevention. Studiens syfte var att belysa hur sjuksköterskor på Sri Lanka uppfattar och bedömer trycksår samt beskriver trycksårsprevention. Metod: Studien bygger på 8 semistrukturerade intervjuer med srilankesiska BSc-studerande sjuksköterskor. Insamlad data analyserades genom innehållsanalys. Resultatet visade tre huvudfynd; att mätinstrument inte används för att riskbedömma patienter, hur preventiv omvårdnad utförs samt anhörigas delaktighet i basal omvårdnad. Slutsats: För att ge alla patienter bästa möjliga vård bör sjuksköterskor ständigt hålla sig uppdaterade med senaste evidensbaserad forskning.

  • 138.
    Dychawy-Rosner, Irena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Forskningscirklar för utveckling av närsjukvården i Bromölla kommun2007Inngår i: FoU-tidningen, nr 6, s. 11-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 139.
    Dychawy-Rosner, Irena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Samtal om närsjukvården i Bromölla2007Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 140.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Att möta personer med demens2002Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 141.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Att möta personer med demens2002Inngår i: Att möta personer med demens / [ed] Anna-Karin Edberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2002, s. 13-27Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 142.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Edfors, Ellinor
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Nursing care for people with frontal-lobe dementia: difficulties and possibilities2008Inngår i: International psychogeriatrics, ISSN 1041-6102, E-ISSN 1741-203X, Vol. 20, nr 2, s. 361-374Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Nursing care for people with dementia diseases affecting the frontal lobes places special demands on staff, but there is little information available about how best to tailor nursing care. The aim of this study was to describe nurses' experience of difficulties and possibilities in caring for people with dementia diseases with frontal-lobe dysfunction.METHOD: The study was carried out as a descriptive qualitative study. Data collected during interviews with nursing staff (n = 10) were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.RESULTS: The difficulties experienced were related to the patients' lack of inhibition and judgment, anxiety, agitation, reduced ability to deal with physical needs, egocentricity, imbalance between rest and activity and depressed mood. The possibilities were seen in relation to the nursing staff's professional encounters, characterized as being clear and consistent, a step ahead, flexible, calm and creating a positive atmosphere, close and trusting and being and doing things together. Continuous feedback and support were prerequisites for the engagement of the staff.CONCLUSION: Nursing care in this context involves ethical issues whereby the residents' integrity must be balanced against a safe and secure environment. Nursing care is a sensitive but also demanding task, where nurses' actions can reduce the negative effects of the disease. It is therefore important to support staff in nursing care so they are able to manage their work and reduce the risk of emotional exhaustion.

  • 143.
    Edfors, Ellinor
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    "Man får vara deras vikarierande pannlob" Möjligheter och svårigheter i omvårdnaden av personer med frontallobsskador vid demenssjukdom/ ”You have to be their deputy frontal lobe” Possibilities and difficulties in nursing care of persons having dementia with frontal lobe dysfunction 2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Nursing care of persons having dementia diseases affecting the frontal lobes, sets special demands on the staff, but the knowledge about how to best tailor nursing care is sparse. The aim of the study was to illuminate possibilities and difficulties in nursing care of persons having dementia diseases with frontal lobe dysfunction and was carried out as a descriptive, qualitative study, based on a review of medical records and interviews with nursing staff (n=10) that was analysed with qualitative content analysis. The difficulties were related to the patients lack of inhibition and judgement, anxiety, agitation, reduced ability to care for physical needs, egocentrism, imbalance between rest and activity, and depressed mood. The possibilities were seen in relation to the nursing staffs professional encounter, characterised by being distinct and consequent, being a step ahead, being flexible and catch the moment, being calm and create a positive atmosphere, being close and trusting and being and doing together. To receive continuous feedback and support was a prerequisite for the staffs’ engagement. The result showed that the nurse patient encounter is of importance to gain a high quality nursing care where each patient, despite illness, is seen as a unique and valuable person.

  • 144.
    Edvardsson, Annette
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Håkansson, Eva-Marie
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Faktorer som kan leda till utbrändhet hos sjuksköterskor - en litteraturstudie2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Arbetsrelaterad stress som leder till ohälsa hos sjuksköterskor är ett problem speciellt i yrken med människokontakt. Svårigheter att hinna med ålagda arbetsuppgifter har blivit vanligare. Utbrändhet hos sjuksköterskor innefattar en oförmåga att koncentrera och engagera sig i problemlösning och beslutsfattande processer som behövs i vårdarbetet, vilket kan leda till negativa konsekvenser för patienten. Syfte: Att belysa faktorer i arbetslivet som kan leda till utbrändhet hos sjuksköterskor. Metod: Litteraturstudie med artikelsökning av kvalitativa och kvantitativa vetenskapliga studier. Systematisk granskning och innehållsanalys genomfördes. Resultat: Analysen resulterade i fem kategorier av faktorer som kan leda till utbrändhet hos sjuksköterskor; arbetsmiljö, arbetsbörda, obalans mellan krav och resurser, relationer och brist på stöd. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskan ska ha kontinuerlig handledning för att få återkoppling i professionen. Organisatoriska och arbetsledande förändringar måste ske, som eliminerar de orsaker i verksamheten som gör det möjligt för de faktorer som leder till utbrändhet att utvecklas.

  • 145.
    Edén, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Ekström, Britt Inger
    Central Office, Social Insurance Board of Skåne, Kristianstad.
    Johansson, Yvonne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Leden, Ido
    Rheumatology Section, Department of Medicine, Central Hospital, Kristianstad.
    Characteristics of disability pensioners returning to work: an interview study among individuals with musculoskeletal disorders2007Inngår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 29, nr 22, s. 1720-1726Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. To explore adaptation patterns among disability pensioners with musculoskeletal disorders returning to work by means of the Swedish law on 'resting disability pension'. Method. Qualitative analyses of interviews with 17 individuals going back to work. Results. Three adaptation patterns were identified: The Go- getter, the Realist and the Indifferent. These differed regarding influence factors, own expectations, motive, morals and mentality. Conclusion. Several actors may support a return to work for individuals who received a disability pension due to musculoskeletal disorders. In order to succeed, however, it is essential that the disability pensioner is motivated for a reconstruction of his/ her life.

  • 146.
    Edén, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Andersson, Ingemar H.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Ekström, Britt Inger
    Försäkringskassan, Kristianstad.
    Johansson, Yvonne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Leden, Ido
    Centralsjukhuset, Kristianstad.
    Petersson, Jan
    Socialhögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Return to work still possible after several years as a disability pensioner due to musculoskeletal disorders: a population-based study after new legislation in Sweden permitting "resting disability pension"2006Inngår i: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 147-155Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Different strategies have been used to stimulate a return to work (RTW) among individuals suffering from long-term ailments. In Sweden a new law on "resting disability pension" permits disability pensioners to go back to work without jeopardising their benefits. In this study different variables related to RTW during 2000 by means of this legislation were identified among disability pensioners with musculoskeletal disorders. Individuals in the study group, when compared to a control group, had more often been disability pensioners for several years, had additional education, estimated their previous job to have been physically strenuous to a lesser degree, were more satisfied with the treatment at the social insurance office and had a more positive self-image. This study shows that it may be meaningful to continue/resume rehabilitation efforts and to try to motivate an individual suffering from musculoskeletal disorders to return to work even after several years as a disability pensioner.

  • 147.
    Edén, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Petersson, Jan
    Socialhögskolan, Lund.
    Quality of life among early retirees1999Inngår i: Experimental Aging Research, 25(4), 1999, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 471-475Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Explanatory variables concerning poor quality of life (QL) were established among disability pensioners with musculoskeletal disorders and a control group. In both groups health status, leisure time activities, and social network were important for QL. Among the retirees immigration, employment before retirement and a negative attitude to the disability pension were related to poor QL.

  • 148.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Karlsson, Leif
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Folkhälsovetenskap och pedagogik integreras vid Högskolan Kristianstad2000Inngår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, nr 2, s. 160-163Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 149.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Larsson, Emma
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Workplace factors predict good health but not good quality of life: a population-based Swedish questionnaire study2006Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 16, nr Suppl. 1, s. 173-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 150.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Edén, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Leden, Ido
    Centralsjukhuset, Kristianstad.
    Predictors of positive health in disability pensioners: a population-based questionnaire study using Positive Odds Ratio2002Inngår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 2, s. 20-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Determinants of ill-health have been studied far more than determinants of good and improving health. Health promotion measures are important even among individuals with chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to find predictors of positive subjective health among disability pensioners (DPs) with musculoskeletal disorders. METHODS: Two questionnaire surveys were performed among 352 DPs with musculoskeletal disorders. Two groups were defined: DPs with positive health and negative health, respectively. In consequence with the health perspective in this study the conception Positive Odds Ratio was defined and used in the logistic regression analyses instead of the commonly used odds ratio. RESULTS: Positive health was associated with age > or = 55 years, not being an immigrant, not having fibromyalgia as the main diagnosis for granting an early retirement, no regular use of analgesics, a high ADL capacity, a positive subjective health preceding the study period, and good quality of life. CONCLUSION: Positive odds ratio is a concept well adapted to theories of health promotion. It can be used in relation to positive outcomes instead of risks. Suggested health promotion and secondary prevention efforts among individuals with musculoskeletal disorders are 1) to avoid a disability pension for individuals <55 years of age; if necessary, to make sure rehabilitation actions continue, 2) to increase efforts to support immigrants to adjust to circumstances connected to ill-health and retirement, 3) to pay special attention to individuals with fibromyalgia and other general pain disorders, and 4) to strengthen ADL activities to support an independent active life among disability pensioners.

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