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  • 101.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Swedish families' responses to military deployment2019In: The politics of military families: state, work organisations, and the rise of the negotiation household / [ed] Rene Moelker, Manon Andres, and Nina Rones, Routledge, 2019, p. 253-266Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines emergent responses in Swedish families when a family member working in the Swedish Armed Forces get deployed in an international military operation. A descriptive design encompassing eight years of dialogical participatory action research was used. During this period, 110 adults and 25 children participated in individual and/or group dialogical interviews. Qualitative content analysis was applied and emergent suggestions were subsequently validated in dialogues with participants. This eventually resulted in six ideal types of responses: Partnership; Supporting and mobilizing; Normalizing – ordinary life; Adjusting and negotiating; Emotional reacting; Suffering. The types, recognized by participating family members, including the soldiers, emerge as a matrix for the narrations of experiences and connected responses to the deployment. The Swedish families reject the notion that the general concept of military families captured ‘who we are’. We discuss the meaning of this in the context of organization (the Swedish Armed Forces) and society (family, government/politics).

  • 102.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society. NATO – HFM RTG 258 The impact of military life on children from military families - HFM RTG 258 (Human Factors and Medicine, Research Task Group 258).
    Permatz, Maria
    Swedish Armed Forces.
    The framework of children’s well-being in Sweden including the children with a parent working as soldier or officer living in a so-called military family2017Report (Other academic)
  • 103.
    Olsson, Carolin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Olsson, Sanna
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Svåra Samtal: En kvalitativ studie om hur professionella inom socialt arbete uppfattar svåra samtal2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to research how social-work professionals apprehend, manage and influence difficult conversation.  This study is based on a qualitative method and we did qualitative interviews with eleven social-work professionals in three municipalities located in southern Sweden. In addition to our research on difficult conversation we decided to study easy conversation. Our result show that there isn’t any special subjects that creates difficult conversation, but it is the absent of conversation that makes it difficult. There are several different ways of managing difficult conversation; some social-work professionals use conversation methods others use different strategies. Social-work professionals can also find support from other colleagues and guidance from an instructor. The influence on the conversation can be divided into two different levels; one is the professionals control over the conversation. The other is that their thoughts and emotions can influence. Implemented interviews in this study show that the easy conversation is the opposite of difficult conversation; it is easy to carry on a conversation when the client is motivated. Our study also shows catchall terms to make a good conversation; create a good alliance, reaffirm, listen, show empathy and curiosity. The most important conclusion drawn from our study is that difficult conversation is the absent of conversation.

  • 104.
    Olsson, Sven-Erik
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    En myndighet till - skulle det hjälpa barnen?2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 105.
    Olsson, Sven-Erik
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Ny myndighet ökar inte barnskyddet2014In: Aftonbladet, ISSN 1403-9656Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 106.
    Oredsson, Susanna
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    "Man kan säga att båda sänder signaler men på olika frekvenser": en kvalitativ studie om partners upplevelse av att vara i ett parförhållande där den andra partnern har Aspergers syndrom2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Being in a relationship where the partner has Asperger's syndrome makes you indirectly affected by their disability as it affects not only the disabled but also the partner. The partner may be faced with a lack of understanding from their partner with Asperger's syndrome and from its surroundings, where the syndrome including causes, limits ability in social interaction and communication.

    The study is a qualitative study based on six asynchronous interviews conducted via email with partners who are in a relationship with a partner who has Asperger's syndrome.

    The aim of the study was to increase understanding and to highlight partners experience to be in a relationship where the other partner has Asperger's syndrome and how outside support from the environment is perceived. Results of the study showed that all six partners felt that everyday life was structured around the partner with Asperger's syndrome. There was a perceived feeling of loneliness because of the partner with Asperger's syndrome not caring about the partner and of being the one taking the greatest responsibility in everyday life for it to work. There was a feeling of stress, anxiety, lost confidence and frustration but there was also a strong desire and commitment to their partner with Asperger's syndrome. There was a strong love for the partner with Asperger's syndrome and a willingness to get the couple relationship to work. The results show that partners need and want support from the environment. It is important that they receive the support they need. The type of support needed varies but the important thing is that it is flexible, tailored and personalized for the couple or the individual partner's needs. The results indicate that there is a benefit for the couple relationship when the partner with Asperger's syndrome has a diagnosis. Both parties can thus get a better understanding of why certain things are the way they are and then work from there.

  • 107.
    O'Shea, Ausra
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Barnperspektivet: i vårdnads-, boende- och umgängesfrågor/-tvister2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The biggest consequence of the parents’ decision to go separate ways bears the third part of the family- the children. Still it is they who have the right to a safe upbringing and development that should be satisfied by their parents. How can children's perspectives be stressed and not end up in the shadow of the parents perspective? Are there clear lines of how the child's perspective should be emphasized?  By whom can the children expect support during the difficult time? How can the ill-tempered situation between the parents concerning custody, housing and socializing disputes be reduced? The purpose of the paper is to investigate the status of children as a group, after legislative changes in the “Föräldrabalken” (FB) July 1, 2006 on matters /disputes relating to concerning custody, housing and socializing. In that context I also aims to investigate who gives the family (including children) support during the hard period and what are the opinion of the professionals. The right of both parents, joint custody and alternately living was and is a part of the public rhetoric about children's upbringing. The results of the research forces us to recognize that children do not feel well to be subject to the rights of parents over their obligations and court decisions, because the children and parents' disagreement is not visible and there are no rights for children to speak in civil cases concerning the custody, housing, socializing. I chose a qualitative design and a non-probability, purposeful sampling, semi-structured interview with professionals to examine the paper’s issues. I have used rational choice theory, cognitive theory, Meads taking over the role theory and social constructionist theory for performance analysis. It can be noted that children as a group had more influences after the legislative changes in “FB” July 1, 2006 in matters /disputes relating them about custody, housing and socializing, but this influence is not sufficient so the child's perspective will not likely to be overran by the adults perspective. To prevent this we first and foremost need a clear definition of the child's best and guidelines who to interpret it. Interpretation is an important moment, and includes children's legal rights. Interpretation should coincide with the children's best in the end, but it is not always the case today. The support today from society to families (including children) is not enough and that is shown both in my study and in previous research.

  • 108.
    Peltonen, Jessica
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Fridlund, Anna
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Upplevelser av arbetslöshet: ur ungdomars egna berättelser2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study has been to get an understanding of how unemployed young people can experience their situation. The data was collected through ten interviews with unemployed young people between ages 20-25 years and who had been unemployed during a time of at least three months. Two theoretical perspectives have been used for our analysis, Marie Jahoda´s deprivationtheory and Mikael Nordenmark´s PEN-model.

    The results of the interviews have we presented through portraits. Trough citations we have tried to emphasize young people´s different experiences of unemployment. From the portraits you can deduce that the young people experience their economic situation as difficult. One of the consequences of unemployment was the lack of money required to move to an own place and therefore been forced to remain in their parental home. Even experiences like stress, sleeping difficulties, anxiety, drabness and a frustration of just being at home occur in their stories. Shame is also something that emerge in the interviews, but then unemployment is so commonly existent phenomena in today´s society it´s worth mentioning that experiences like not feel any shame at all of being unemployed, even existed in the young people´s stories.

     

  • 109.
    Persson, Johan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Svensson, Jenny
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Diskretionärt handlingsutrymme: en kvalitativ studie av socialsekreterares bedömningsgrunder vid ansökan om ekonomiskt bistånd2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With this study, our purpose has been to achieve profounded knowledge and understanding regarding the use of discretion among social workers specialized in social allowance issues. The Social Services Act, structured as a framework law in the Swedish context, provides the social worker with a certain degree of discretion, in order to enable accommodated decisions depending on client case specifics. This study problematizes these aspects of legal security, and our intention has been to examine which factors impact the assessments social workers carry out in statutory decisions of social allowance applications. To attain this, we narrowed down our intention into a number of distinct and delimitated research questions: (1) Which elements of the client case impact the social worker’s assessment? (2) Which external aspects influence the social worker’s assessments and decisions? (3) How do social workers decide the client’s credibility?

     

    In order to establish answers to our research questions, we have utilized a qualitative approach of research by exerting qualitative interviews in addition to a vignette study. We have conducted five interviews with social workers specialized in social allowance issues. The empirical material was analyzed and illustrated in the view of Lipsky’s descriptive theory of street-level bureaucracy, and in the light of different theories of authoritarian power, as constituted by Lukes and Foucault.

     

    Within the municipality subject to our research, our vignette study establishes the fact disparities exist among the assessments social workers decide from an application of social allowance. The result of our study exhibit social workers’ grounds of assessment are influenced by a number of aspects. These facets of impact compose internal factors existing within the client case frame. Related to the unique characteristics of a client’s situation, the internal factors also depend on the relation created between social worker and client. Furthermore, the social worker’s assessment is affected by external factors including colleague consultation, supervisor influence and contemporary work load levels. Additionally, our study implies aspects influencing decision-making of social workers occurring on a meta level, which we have opted to denominate semi-external factors. These factors embrace levels of client credibility as well as aspects of power present in the social worker – client relation.

  • 110.
    Persson, Jonna
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Svensson, Emelie
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Samverkan mellan socialtjänst och polis, när ett barn misstänks för ett brott: - En kvalitativ studie, ur ett myndighetsperspektiv2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our study is to see how the interaction between the social services and police work when a child under 15 years is suspected of crimes.

    What happens to the child from an agency perspective? How is the experience for the child and how do they get their voices heard? How is the professional perspective for a child when a child is suspected of a crime? What do the various authorities for short-term and long-term measures for the child?

    We have chosen to do a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews. The study includes six interviews with two police officers, three field secretaries and a social worker in two different municipalities. A medium sized municipality, and a larger community.

    The people we interviewed think differently about collaboration. The municipality have different workforms. In the smaller municipality works a social worker at the police station once or twice a week. While in the larger municipality the police and social worker work separately but together nonetheless. The result shows that they are not completely satisfied with the interaction that is today, but it takes a lot of time to build it up and it can always be better. Furthermore, the study shows that the lack of time and resource issues control much of social service work. For the analyzes we have used a theory of interaction. The result shows that the professionals are using the children’s perspective a lot when they are working with children who are suspected of crime.

  • 111.
    Persson, Matilda
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    "Är jag tillräcklig?": - Diakoners hantering av möjligheter, begränsningar och inre konflikter2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a press release from the Swedish church it says that the pressure from people who are in need is increasing on the deacons in Sweden and that it’s getting higher each year. This study contains the search of knowledge about the deacons of the Swedish church, if they actually feel an increasing pressure and in what way, how they are handling the possible pressure from people in need, if that pressure is too high and if the deacons feel that they can assist the people seeking their help. The study also aim to provide more knowledge about the deacons experiences of the opportunities and boundaries (or obstacles) they meet in their line of work and how they handle the boundaries when/if they can’t provide the help that the people need. This is a qualitative study, using interviews as a tool to get the appropriate information to answer the questions at hand. Six deacons in different parishes in Blekinge and Skåne participated and the interviews took place at the parishes. The empirical material has been analyzed thematically. The theoretical viewpoints has been liberation theology, solution focused approach and empowerment. The analysis shows that the deacons experience an increasing pressure from the people seeking help especially from some groups in the community, especially from people feeling lonely. It shows that the deacons especially feel like the people mostly turn to them because they have a need to talk to someone, for example about their difficulties in life. It also shows that the deacons want to be sufficient, enough, and when they leave their work at the end of the day they want to feel that they’ve done everything they can to help the people in need. It also shows that they want to see the boundaries more as challenges to find new solutions. The analysis also shows that the deacons seem to use empowerment and that they have a solution focused approach in their work with the people in need. They also seem to have a viewpoint that looks like liberation theology. When the deacons experience that they have internal conflicts the analysis shows that they use different ways to deal with these. For example retreat, their faith, supervision/tutoring and a balanced free time.

  • 112.
    Qatanani, Farah
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Svensson, Jennifer
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Polisens arbete med unga prostituerade: en kvalitativ studie om polisens syn på och arbete med unga prostituerade2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Prostitution is a large and multifaceted subject. In this study, the purpose is to gain an insight into how the police officers work and act when they get in contact with young prostitutes. The study contains answers and opinions from five police officers which were conducted through semi-structured interviews in this qualitative study. The results were analysed based on a social constructive perspective and Goffman’s stigma theory. According to our result the police work differs depending on which city it is, even though all police stations should be working the same way. All five respondents defined young prostitution similar; they used the legal definition of it. Right now there is a restructuring going on in which 21 police districts are becoming one. When this is through, the respondents think that it will result in more equivalent work, and more room for action.

  • 113.
    Quist, Sofie
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Helgesson, Elin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Att arbeta enligt BBIC: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares upplevelser av att arbeta enligt BBIC - Barns Behov i Centrum2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children's Need In Focus (BBIC) is a processing and documentation system used in child welfare cases to investigate, plan and monitor interventions. The BBIC has had a breakthrough in Sweden and out of the country's 290 municipalities, there are 284 that use the system daily as a tool in cases involving children. The purpose of this study was to examine how social workers experience the BBIC as a working system and what strengths and weaknesses there are in the BBIC concept. We wanted our study to examine how the BBIC could possibly enhance the quality of childcare matters, but also how the BBIC could potentially increase children's participation in cases. We have performed qualitative interviews with eight social workers who work in four different municipalities where the BBIC is applied daily. The result of the interviews shows that the social workers feel there are both strengths and weaknesses in the system. It is a common opinion among the respondents that their work becomes structured and the majority thinks that the child's perspective has been strengthened as a result of the BBIC. Social workers in the study also feel that the BBIC is a comprehensive system and many of them ask for increased resources.

  • 114.
    Rintamaa, Johan
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    ”... att alltid ge bifall. Slippa avslagen. Men det funkar ju inte.”: Frontlinjebyråkrater och handlingsutrymme2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This investigation aimed to shed light on the terms of the dispensing and the retaining of municipal social benefits granted by Swedish social services, this in regard of a less visible societal subgroup; citizens who cannot attain or retain housing of their own.

    Through qualitative interviews with six municipal social workers in Skåne, the plight of these citizens is revealed from a policy-making perspective in respect of views on discretion and individual appreciation. How may the applicant impact the application process and how does social subletting operate as a service effort?

    Further analysis of the accounts of informants’ views on change and the reasons for change, sketched an image of a society where public acceptance and tolerance are crucial factors for citizens hoping to achieve a homestead through means of municipal intervention.

    In conclusion, flexible attitudes towards job description are of major import to the possibility of offering client support in under-staffed municipal environs. Furthermore, reflexive social workers allying with the applicant throughout the process, from application to intervention are decisive for efficacious, long-term social work.

  • 115.
    Sandberg, Malin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Nilsson, Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    En hjälpande hand: Medlarens metoder och förhållningssätt i arbetet med gärningspersoner och brottsoffer2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine the mediators' views on their work; mediation by reason of the breach. The starting point was to find out the mediator's approach and attitude in relation to the perpetrator and victim, and the prevailing regulatory framework. After review of the literature, we came to the realization that knowledge of this area was very limited and thus presents an unexplored topic. It emerged from the results that the mediators emphasize the importance of maintaining impartiality and neutrality in the process of mediation and that it is important to create a good relationship with both parties. The methods used by the mediators is not so different much about, but the mediators apply Crime Prevention Council handbook. Since mediation is a rather lonely profession when they are not very many, are the mediators to network with other municipalities to exchange experiences and knowledge and through this develop their professional role and mediation activities.

  • 116.
    Sjögren, Linnéa
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Definitioner av mobbing: Menar kuratorn samma sak som forskaren och eleven?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bullying can have serious consequences on everyone involved. Consequently it is important that school counselors are able to intervene. Thereby they need an unambiguous definition and knowledge about bullying that has been produced from research so they do not make mistakes that could lead to further damaging of the students. Thus the aim of this study was to examine how school counselors define bullying compared to the views held by scientists and students in secondary school. Through a review of previously done research the definitions of scientists and schoolchildren was summarized. To establish the school counselors’ definitions a qualitative interview based method was used. Data was collected by semi-structured interviews using an interview guide with open-ended questions. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed by the method of phenomenological concentration of its meaning. By the theory of logic-in-use and reconstructed logic the definitions of school counselors’, pupils and researchers was compared. Results showed that school counselors hold similar definitions to scientists and children but differ in some aspects. The results also indicate that the school counselors mainly have created their definitions through former experiences and knowledge and not through science and they also seem to experience difficulties in identifying bullying situations.

  • 117.
    Skärheden, Michelle
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Persson, Micaela
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Är man motiverad till behandling finns alla möjligheter i världen: Socialarbetares syn på motivationsarbetet med misshandlade missbrukande kvinnor2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study which purpose is to examine how the social workers in a medium-sized municipality in southern of Sweden are experiencing the different forms of housing that the municipality has for disposal. The purpose is also to examine opinions - belonging to the social workers’ representatives - concerning the value of motivational work in changing the lifestyles of assaulted and addicted women. The questions we have decided to examine are; how is the social services' work with assaulted and addicted women designed, how do the social workers experiences the situation on these forms of housing and what the social workers believe is promoting and inhibiting factors for motivation with assaulted and addicted women. The results in this study are built on qualitative semi-structured interviews with social workers where both sexes are represented. The responses that emerged during the interviews have been analyzed and then associated with theory and previous research.

    According to the informants the attitudes and commitment shown by social workers are extremely important in order to motivate an assaulted and addicted woman. It has also emerged that there is no specific treatment for women who are abused or active substance abusers. In general the informants do not think that it is optimal to place women on one of the housings that the municipality has for disposal

  • 118.
    Smith, Helena
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Att tala om det otalbara: En kvalitativ studie av yrkesverksammas syn på mötet med kvinnor som blivit våldtagna i krigssituationer2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    All around the world there are several armed conflicts, where rape is used as a weapon of war against the civilian population. Many take refuge from their countries of origin and may end up in Sweden, where they build a new life for themselves. What preparation is there to welcome these women and help them obtain a deeper sense of psychological well-being? The aim of this study was to reach an understanding of how professionals view the meeting between themselves and women who have been subjected to rape in times of armed conflict, as well as how the work with this group could be improved. The study had a qualitative approach and has been carried out with semi-structured interviews. The empirical material has subsequently been analyzed thematically. The theoretical viewpoints have been critical theory, and Nancy Fraser’s thoughts on how needs are legitimized in a welfare state, as well as communication theory. The result shows that the question of rape was difficult to ask about and was asked when professionals knew, or had a strong suspicion that this had taken place. There was a conception among the professionals that several meetings are required to build up trust with the client before you can ask the question. The subject was viewed as taboo, and was the reason for the delicacy needed to handle the situation as well as why the women could have difficulties talking about it. One part that was viewed as having an influence on the meeting, had to do with cultural aspects, such as language and social norms, for example the willingness to talk about what happened. A second part was the possibility for help and support in the Swedish welfare system, which were viewed as lacking. The study implies that more resources are necessary to help these women; to prioritize this need, better co-operation between actors, more education, and in the long run change existing norms concerning rape and immigration.

  • 119.
    Svensson, Veronica
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Att förebygga hot och våld mot socialsekreterare2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine if and how the social service and the social welfare secretary provides against threat and violence in the encounter with clients. The study is qualitative and carried out with six semi-structured interviews with social welfare secretaries and participation observations at the social welfare offices in three municipalities. The theoretical starting points used were symbolic interactionism and strange loops. The result shows that social service and social welfare secretaries both use measures to prevent threat and violence to occur. The precautionary measures mainly used by social services are ; looked doors, alarm device, loose objects removes and interview rooms are furnish in purpose for the social welfare secretary to flee the room at urgent need. Measures used by the social welfare secretary where focusing on their manner of behaving in their encounter with clients. Some of the important factors where to act respectful, professional, calmly, honestly and to posses`knowledge. The result also shows that measures such as looked doors, removing loose objects and the use of alarm device might be perceived by clients as insulting, provocative, a feeling of being inferior and losing control of their situation. The study implies that an increased knowledge of if and how the surroundings and the precautionary measures used by social service affect clients. The aim should be to create a more open then closed social service office.

  • 120.
    Thelander, Joakim
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Jacobsson, Katarina
    Lunds universitet.
    Den motvillige administratören: om pappersgöra och datorjobb på vårdcentralen2016Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med rapporten är att analysera dokumenteringspraktiker inom det medicinska fältet med hjälp av kvalitativa metoder och en etnografisk ansats. Observationer och intervjuer genomfördes vid tre vårdcentraler i Skåne. I rapporten studeras förutsättningarna för, konsekvenserna av och förhållningssätten till expanderande dokumenteringspraktiker med avseende på två delvis överlappande aspekter: a) de dokumenteringspraktiker som är kopplade till dokumenten samt b) vilken mening och funktion aktörerna tillskriver dessa praktiker. Ett tydligt resultat är att det vid de studerade vårdcentralerna förekommer en stor mängd dokumenteringspraktiker, beträffande såväl produktion av egen dokumentation som konsumtion av andras dokumentation. Personalen beskriver i många fall en spänning mellan dokumenteringsarbetet och det direkta patientarbetet. Det finns tecken på en dokumenteringskritik, särskilt i de fall där dokumenteringen uppfattas som onödigt tidskrävande, krånglig eller dåligt fungerande. I förhållande till detta är det en utmaning att trots kritiken ändå urskilja medicinskt och kollegialt meningsfull dokumentering, där rimligtvis professionerna bör tillskrivas expertisen inom området.

  • 121.
    Thomasson, Marie
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Bremberg, Charlotte
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Kläder: En kvalitativ undersökning om klädernas betydelse för socialsekreterare2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of our study is to explore social workers view on the importance of clothing. We want to know how and if social worker reflects on the importance of their clothing and how it may affect their clients. Dresses social workers differently due to different work situations? Play client`s clothes any role in the social welfare officers? Can client`s clothing affect the assessment of their problem?

    The study is based on a qualitative method. The data consists of two focus group interviews with four social workers in each group, containing three women and one man in each focusgroup, with a total of eight informants.

    The results of our study indicate that the clothes are important in meeting with clients and especially as to help create a relationship with the client. The result also indicate that client`s clothing acts as a marker for the clients health.

  • 122.
    Torgersen, Lorraine
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society. Malmö Högskola.
    Mer djur i socialt arbete?: socionomers röster2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on the use of animals in social work from the perspective of social workers. The purpose of this study is to examine social workers’ experiences of animal assisted social work and how social workers view the integration of animals in various fields of social work. The research is based on a qualitative method and four semi-structured interviews were conducted with social workers. The theories incorporated in the study are Attachment Theory and Sense of Coherence (SOC).

    The following results are presented: Social workers are considered to have a more comprehensive understanding of clients compared to their associates who do not hold a degree in Social Work. The Social Work Programme prepares you for work in various roles in numerous work places and the social workers claim to sympathise with the many aspects which affect clients. Some of the positive aspects of incorporating animals in social work include opportunities to experience the outdoors and exercise when spending time with the animals but also the additional satisfaction of being able to offer clients these benefits. The social workers are aware of potential safety risks in handling and associating with the animals and these safety risks appear to have a negative impact on animal assisted social work. According to the social workers, animal allergies can be minimized and should not be the focal point. SOC and its three components – Comprehensibility, Manageability and Meaningfulness have been applied to the social workers experiences of animal assisted social work and their experiences shared indicate that animals can hold properties of an attachment figure. Animals have a calming effect on clients, and assist in the connection between social worker and client.

  • 123.
    Tuovila, Sara
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Ander, Rebecca
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    För barnets bästa?: En kvalitativ undersökning om förskollärare och rektorers tankar kring sin anmälningsskyldighet2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    We came across the discussion about the so-called duty to report (14 kap 1 § SoL) and we found some previous research, showing that preschool teachers are hesitant to report, and that they want real evidence that children are being mistreated, even though the duty to report clearly states that they have to report as soon as they suspect that a child is being mistreated. Our purpose became to study what tendencies and conditions preschool teachers and principals, placed in the municipalities of Hässleholm and Kristianstad, have to fulfil their duty to report according to the social services act, when there is a well founded suspicion that a child is being mistreated.  We split the purpose into the following research questions:

     

     

    • Do local guidelines about how preschool teachers should act when suspecting that a child is being mistreated exist, and are they being followed? To what degree does the staff has knowledge about these guidelines?
    • How do preschool teachers experience the treatment from colleagues, principals and social welfare officers when they´ve done or wanted to do a report?
    • How do preschool teachers experience the reactions of a report from custodians?

     

    We did conversational interviews with two principals, one from the municipality of Hässleholm, and one from the municipality of Kristianstad. We also made focusgroup interviews with the staff, three persons each from one of their respective preschools. Our conclusion is that preschool teachers are unwilling to report mistreatment. They prefer to, together with the principal and other professional people in the municipality, attempt to solve the problems within the organization of the school. The teachers do not stand behind the report themselves, instead it´s the principal. Unless the principal, who´s not always around to see the children in first-hand, thinks that a report should be made, a report will not be done.  We also have seen that the view on reports is homogenous for all the staff within the same workgroup. The staff affects each other, thus creating a norm telling them how to act in situations concerning a mistreated child.

  • 124.
    Valentinsson, Sandra
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Henningsson, Eleonor
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Ett sätt att leva - en livsstil: En kvalitativ studie om hur familjehemsföräldrar ser på sitt uppdrag2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our study was to investigate how foster-parents regard their task based on the following:

    • Which motives and expectations do foster-parents have to become a foster-home?
    • How does the task as foster-home influence the relations of the family?
    • Do the foster-homes have any need of alleviance from their task?
    • Do the foster-homes have any need of guidance in their task?
    • How do foster-parents think regarding the financial part of their task?

    The study was carried out from the basis of qualitative interviews, in which we together interviewed 9 different foster-homes connected to the council of Kristianstad. In 7 of the interviews, both foster-parents participated, in 2 interviews one of the foster-parents participated; in total 16 responders. The interviews were transcribed, analysed and thereafter presented in two different ways. From coding categories, the result was presented both in idealtypes and thematically from quotes.

    The foster-parents in our study appear to have a common view as couples in how they regard their task, and that they work well together. In our study we found 5 different idealtypes, who illustrate how they regard various issues. The foster-homes felt that their task had become a way of living, a life style. There were also foster-homes that viewed their task as a profession, where the placed children at the same time were a part of the family.

    The foster-homes in our study had taken on the task as foster-home because of personal experiences and contact with other foster-homes in their vicinity. Regarding their view of guidance, the foster-parents agreed that they were in need of guidance mostly in the beginning of a task. The opinions are somewhat varied among foster-parents, regarding alliviance. The foster-parents think that the financial part of their task comes natural.

  • 125.
    Veselinovic, Jelena
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    ''Jag lever i ett förhållande där min kvinna slår mig'': en kvalitativ studie om kvinnors våld mot män i nära relationer2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of women's violence against men in intimate relationships, get an idea of ​​what forms of expression that this type of violence has and to highlight the men's experiences of violence.

    There is little scientific research in the field in Sweden. Crime Prevention Council has determined that eight percent of all complaints involving domestic violence in 2010, reported by men over 18 years. You can only speculate on how large number of unreported cases is among abused men. The international studies highlight that the abused men feel ashamed of having been subjected to violence by a female partner.

    I have been based this essay on two theoretical premises, Per Isdal theory of "violence perspective" and Elaine Bergqvist's definition of the suppression technique.

    The study was conducted through a qualitative content analysis. This type of method used to interpret the various texts, and to this study, three autobiographies was analyzed.    The results from the survey highlights that all men have been subjected to extensive financial, material, latent and psychological violence. Two men have been subjected to regular physical violence and one of the men has been the victim of sexual violence. The discussion highlighted that violence against men in intimate relationships is undetectable and taboo and that the phenomenon must be recognized and made more visible. The conclusion of this study was that the abused men feel ashamed to seek help but that is also exists lack of adequate help and support to give to men which has been abused.

  • 126.
    Walldén- Mårtensson, Jessica
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Wemfors, Anna
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Om att leva i den "snåla världen": En kvalitativ studie om ensamstående föräldrars och barns upplevelser och strategier i dagens konsumtionssamhälle.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Poverty among children has received a great deal of attention in the media the past few years. The group in which poverty among children has increased most is among single parents; therefore we have chosen to examine this group in this study. The purpose of this study is to take part in single parents and their children’s experiences of living within a very tight budget and the strategies they use. We found it interesting to put this information in relationship to the consumer society we live in today. Single parents and some of their children have participated in this study.

    Using focus groups in which the constellations were different group discussions were led that were based on different themes that are relevant to this study. A qualitative study has been done in which interest in the interviewed peoples own experiences and stories has been in focus. This has been done using an abductive approach. With the help of previous knowledge and literature studies we have found our preliminary theories. These theories were then applied to the interviewers; this led to the theories used in the study. The theoretical perspective used is from Bourdieus thoughts about the concept lifestyle along with Goffmans reasoning about the importance of rolls in the social scene where individuals act to reflect themselves. We have even found a perspective of stress theories to be interesting.

    One conclusion in this study is that the choice of strategies can be reflected in the individual’s lifestyle.  

     

     

  • 127.
    Wendel, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Barnen bakom missbruket: yrkesverksammas erfarenheter av gruppen som stöd2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay was to study how the communities work with groups as a support to children with addictive parents, and to increase my understanding of the groups meaning as a support. My main questions have been: How are the child group sessions formed? What kind of experience does the group leaders have regarding their functions? The study is a qualitative investigation that has been turned to prefessionals in the subject area and  is based on 6 interviews and secondary sources. The material has been analyzed from a narrativ theory as well as a salutogent perspective. Research shows that children growing up in an addictive environment often have decreased psychological health and are overrepresented amongst those who developed a future addiction. During the 1990- ies the first groups for children in addicted enviroments developed in Sweden and since then the groups have improved intensely. Reasearch shows that support is an important part for children with addictive parents and those who has managed well in life has had an adult to support and confirm them. All of my interviews worked with children are people too (CAP) as a method but the shape of the groups were formed differently. They showed the importance of meeting with other children in the same situations and rebuilding their self esteem. It was important that the child was aware that the parents addiction wasn´t their fault and nothing they could change. My result clearly shows the importance of the group existence and describes that the children progressivly opened up and could talk about their experiences. The need of the group sessions felt as large but the difficulty lies in how to get the children to enter the group. In the matter of development my interviews wanted the public to be more aware of these problems and let them know that these groups existed.

    Keywords: children, addictive parents, groups, support, professionals perspective

  • 128. Wenestam, Claes-Göran
    Socialvård i en social värld: en studie av hur mannen på gatan uppfattar vissa aspekter av socialvården1979Report (Other academic)
  • 129.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Is it possible to be a caring and efficient manager?: problems, dilemmas and paradoxes handled by Swedish social care managersArticle in journal (Refereed)
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