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  • 10001.
    Rovio-Johansson, Airi
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lumsden, Marie
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Undervisning och lärande: systematisk variation och invarians som lärandets villkor i ämnet redovisning i civilekonomiprogrammet2007In: Eskilsson, Olle, Redfors, Andreas (red.), Ämnesdidaktik ur ett nationellt och internationellt perspektiv: rapport från Rikskonferensen i ämnesdidaktik 2006, Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2007, p. 245-254Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10002.
    Rozijan, Åsa
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Motiverande samtal enligt MI-metoderna: användbarhet och begränsningar2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The reason of people visiting health care centers often depends on their health behavior. They often need to make a change. The aim of the study: The aim of the study was to describe in which way motivational interviewing has been successful to make lifestyle changes. Method: The study was carried out as a literature review. Associations were made with three of the theories which motivational interviewing is based upon: Bem’s "Self perception theory", Roger’s "Non-directive counseling theory" and "The transtheoretical model of behavior change". Result: The nurse made use of the MI techniques by actively listening, asking open questions and encouraging the patients to take their own responsibility. The limitations, from the nurse’s point of view were problems with the new way of thinking. Extended training and coaching in MI were important for the implementation activities. The studies included showed in most cases that MI as a method wasn´t more effective than any other type of counseling. Conclusion: In MI it´s crucial to put the focus on the patient, to help the patient find the motivation and confidence to make changes. For the implementation of MI it is important to include education, practice and coaching sessions.

  • 10003.
    Rozijan, Åsa
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Motiverande samtal enligt MI-metoderna: användbarhet och begränsningar2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The reason of people visiting health care centers often depends on their health behavior. They often need to make a change. The aim of the study: The aim of the study was to describe in which way motivational interviewing has been successful to make lifestyle changes. Method: The study was carried out as a literature review. Associations were made with three of the theories which motivational interviewing is based upon: Bem’s “Self perception theory”, Roger’s “Non-directive counseling theory” and “The transtheoretical model of behavior change”. Result: The nurse made use of the MI techniques by actively listening, asking open questions and encouraging the patients to take their own responsibility. The limitations, from the nurse’s point of view were problems with the new way of thinking. Extended training and coaching in MI were important for the implementation activities. The studies included showed in most cases that MI as a method wasn´t more effective than any other type of counseling. Conclusion: In MI it´s crucial to put the focus on the patient, to help the patient find the motivation and confidence to make changes. For the implementation of MI it is important to include education, practice and coaching sessions.

  • 10004.
    Rubenson, Maria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Lärande om avdunstning: hur en lektion förändrar etiopiska elevers uppfattningar om avdunstning på mikroskopisk nivå2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I min uppsats har jag undersökt hur lärares undervisning om avdunstning på partikelnivå påverkar elevernas uppfattningar av fenomenet. Undersökningen genomfördes i fem niondeklasser i Etiopien.Som teoretisk grund har jag utgått från fenomenografin och variationsteorins perspektiv – i vilka man utgår från att lärande är synonymt med förändring i människors sätt att erfara världen. Enligt dessa teorier är variation av perspektiv och aspekter av det aktuella objektet avgörande för vilket lärande som kan ske.Studier om elevers uppfattningar om avdunstning på mikroskopisk nivå visar att partikelbegreppet är viktigt för elevers förståelse för avdunstning. Elever vet ofta att materia är uppbyggt av partiklar men inte hur de ska förklara det, de äger inte partikelbegreppet.Med hjälp av kvalitativa halvstrukturerade intervjuer före och efter undervisningssituationen tog jag reda på hur elevernas uppfattningar förändrades av lektionen. Resultatet av intervjuerna relaterades sedan till den grad av variation som kunde uppmärksammas i de observationer som gjordes av undervisningen.Studien visade att det var få elever vars uppfattningar förändrades av lektionen, oberoende av hur mycket variation som kunde uppmärksammas. I de fall lärande kunde påvisas fanns dock samband med graden av variation.

  • 10005.
    Rubin, Maria
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning grundskola, gymnasium och specialpedagogik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Malmö University.
    Språkliga redskap - Språklig beredskap: en praktiknära studie om elevers ämnesspråkliga deltagande i ljuset av inkluderande undervisning2019Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 10006.
    Rubin, Sandra
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Sjöberg, Emelie
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Föräldrars frågor och åsikter i samband med vaccination av sina barn på BVC - ur BVC-sköterskans perspektiv2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The statistics for child vaccinations in Sweden are high, only a few parents choose not to follow the Swedish vaccination program. However, previous studies show that parents can have questions and opinions regarding the vaccines content and effects. From the BVC nurses experience of the parent´s questions and opinions in relation to the vaccination of their child at the BVC, a BVC nurse can through this study be better equipped to meet parents. This should be able to contribute to creating additional sense of security with regards to the vaccination of the child. Goal: The aim of this study was to analyse the BVC nurses experience of a parent´s questions and opinions in relation to the vaccination of their child at the BVC. Method: The study has a qualitative inductive approach. Fourteen semi-structured interviews were carried out with BVC nurses that have worked at a BVC for a duration of one to 37 years. The data material was analysed with the help of qualitative content analysis. Result: The result shows that a parent´s questions and opinions more than ever tend to revolve around both handling traditional questions regarding pain and side effects and an ever more trending challenge as the high information stream that parents meet today. The result is summarised in two categories; Questions and opinions regarding whether to vaccinate or not and Questions and opinions regarding the vaccine and its consequences. Conclusion: Previous studies show that BVC nurses have experience with regards to the parents that have questions and opinions about vaccines. The study can contribute with considerate knowledge of how parent´s search for information and in such case gice possibilities for improvement. 

  • 10007.
    Rudenstam, Nils-Gunnar
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Holmberg, Leif
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Organisatorisk Samverkan.
    Inter-organizational cooperation: a rehabilitation project based on cooperation between health care and three social service agencies2014In: Health, ISSN 1949-4998, E-ISSN 1949-5005, Vol. 6, no 5, p. 342-349Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Cooperation between organizations is an often-suggested remedy for handling unsolved borderland problems. However, actual projects aiming at cooperation are seldom very successful. The purpose here is to highlight obstacles related to cooperation between different organizations based on a case study of a rehabilitation project where health care and several social service organizations (social insurance, social welfare, and the local employment agency) were involved. Data were gathered through participation and interviews. Findings: It seems that efficient cooperation requires an understanding of the participating organizations’ differences in work logic as well as work practices. Furthermore, only certain fairly standardized “normal” problems may be handled through organized cooperation while non-routine exceptional problem requires a more fully integrated work organization. Implications: Obstacles to cooperation are highlighted and ways to improve the possibilities of cooperation between organizations are suggested although such possibilities are generally hampered by differences in work logic.

  • 10008.
    Rumander Kilsgård, Christel Jeanette
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Mythological References in Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 10009.
    Rumpunen, Kimmo
    et al.
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Rosander, Ulla
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Sepp, Hanna
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Annika, Nilsson
    Kiviks musteri.
    Olsson, Torben
    Kristianstad University.
    Rosander, Pia
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Smoothie kan förbättra uppmärksamheten hos skolbarn!2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10010. Rundqvist, Sara
    et al.
    Hedenas, Henrik
    Sandstrom, Anneli
    Emanuelsson, Urban
    Swedish Biodiversity Center, Uppsala.
    Eriksson, Håkan
    Jonasson, Christer
    Callaghan, Terry V.
    Tree and Shrub Expansion Over the Past 34 Years at the Tree-Line Near Abisko, Sweden2011In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 40, no 6, p. 683-692Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Shrubs and trees are expected to expand in the sub-Arctic due to global warming. Our study was conducted in Abisko, sub-arctic Sweden. We recorded the change in coverage of shrub and tree species over a 32– to 34-year period, in three 50 × 50 m plots; in the alpine-tree-line ecotone. The cover of shrubs and trees (<3.5 cm diameter at breast height) were estimated during 2009–2010 and compared with historical documentation from 1976 to 1977. Similarly, all tree stems (≥3.5 cm) were noted and positions determined. There has been a substantial increase of cover of shrubs and trees, particularly dwarf birch (Betula nana), and mountain birch (Betula pubescens ssp. czerepanovii), and an establishment of aspen (Populus tremula). The other species willows (Salix spp.), juniper (Juniperus communis), and rowan (Sorbus aucuparia) revealed inconsistent changes among the plots. Although this study was unable to identify the causes for the change in shrubs and small trees, they are consistent with anticipated changes due to climate change and reduced herbivory.

  • 10011.
    Ruse, Vidal
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Hue combinations in web design for Swedish and Thai users: Guidelines for combining color hues onscreen for Swedish and Thai users in the context of designing web sites2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Users can assess the visual appeal of a web page within 50 milliseconds and color is the first thing noticed onscreen. That directly influences user perception of the website, and choosing appealing color combinations is therefore crucial for successful web design. Recent scientific research has identified which individual colors are culturally preferred in web design in different countries but there is no similar research on hue combinations. Currently no effective, scientifically based guidelines on combining hues for web designers exist either, since recent research by Ou et al and Szabo et al, among others, proves the classic color harmonies invalid. Therefore this study aims to identify guidelines for culturally appropriate hue combination in context of web design. The study is limited to culturally appropriate combining of hues in Thai and Swedish web design.

  • 10012.
    Ruse, Vidal
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för design.
    Faraon, Montathar
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för design.
    Wetterstrand, Martin
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    Hue combinations for the web: towards a repertoire of design guidelines for combining color hues based on cultural background2019In: ICCTA 2019 Proceedings of the 2019 5th International Conference on Computer and Technology Applications, New York, 2019, p. 63-70Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Existing research shows that users tend to assess the visual appeal of a web page within 50 ms and color is the first thing that is noticed on a screen. This directly influences the user's perception of a website, and a choice of appealing color combinations may, therefore, be crucial in successful web design. This article aims to identify, formulate, and evaluate design guidelines to support designers in the process of combining color hues for websites in the context of the Swedish and Thai cultures. A quantitative approach was used to evaluate the proposed design guidelines. The results show that culture plays a role in the evaluation of color hue combinations; Thai participants rated Thai designs significantly more highly than the Swedish participants, but the reverse was not true, and Thai designs were rated more highly than Swedish designs by all participants. The results may have implications for practitioners working in the field of web design and for the broader debate of cultural influence on color preference.

  • 10013.
    Ruzsovics, Beata
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Teacher Education.
    Henriksson, Linda
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Teacher Education.
    Andraspråksinlärning – betydelsen av naturlig inlärning hos andraspråkselever 2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet handlar om andraspråksinlärning och olika sätt att undervisa andraspråkselever. Vår litteraturgenomgång visar att naturliga inslag i undervisningen kan främja språkinlärningen. Med naturliga inslag i undervisningen menar vi att lärarna ger eleverna många och rika möjligheter att prata om sådant som ligger nära elevernas vardag och erfarenheter. Vårt syfte har varit att undersöka om lärare använder sig av naturliga undervisningssituationer i klasserna i så stor utsträckning som de tycker att de gör. För att få svar på vår frågeställning har vi varit ute och observerat olika klassrumssituationer och intervjuat klasslärarna på två olika skolor. De aktiviteter vi observerade delade vi upp i naturlig respektive ej naturlig inlärning. Resultatet vi fick fram visar att lärarna är medvetna om att naturliga situationer leder till språkinlärning och att de även använder dessa i stor utsträckning: tio av de tolv aktiviteter vi observerade klassades som naturliga då eleverna oftast fick arbeta utifrån sina egna förutsättningar och erfarenheter.

  • 10014.
    Rydberg, Hannes
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Tillskottsvatten i spillvattennätet i Hultafors och Olsfors: Åtgärdsplan för mätningar och kontroller2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hultafors och Olsfors är två mindre samhällen i utkanten av Bollebygds kommen. Samhällena har ett gemensamt spillvattennät med reningsverk i Olsfors. Spillvattnet som kommer till reningsverket är speciellt efter stora nederbördsmängder utspätt av en stor mängd tillskottsvatten. Det beror på att förutom det vatten som spolas ut i fastigheternas avlopp läcker en stor mängd ovidkommande vatten såsom dagvatten, grundvatten, sjövatten och markvatten in i ledningssystemet på olika sätt. Tillskottsvatten i stora mängder för med sig problem med bräddningar då reningsverket inte hinner ta emot de stora flöden som ibland uppstår. Att spillvattnet blir utspätt leder också till högre kostnader för pumpning och behandling av spillvattnet. I projektet som beskrivs i denna rapport studeras några rapporter om tillskottsvatten. Vanliga metoder för att lokalisera källorna till tillskottsvatten sammanställs och utgör grunden för ett förslag till åtgärdsplan. Syftet med åtgärdsplanen är att systematisera det pågående arbetet med att identifiera källor till tillskottsvatten i ledningsnätet i Hultafors och Olsfors. Även ett antal nyckeltal för spillvattennätet tas fram. Dessa nyckeltal visar på mängd och typ av tillskottsvatten som förekommer. Genomförande av åtgärdsplanen kommer att innebära ytterligare planering inför vilken bland annat krav och tillgång till resurser behöver specificeras.

  • 10015. Rydberg Sterner, Therese
    et al.
    Ahlner, Felicia
    Blennow, Kaj
    Dahlin-Ivanoff, Synneve
    Falk, Hanna
    Havstam Johansson, Lena
    Hoff, Maria
    Holm, Mathias
    Hörder, Helena
    Jacobsson, Tina
    Johansson, Boo
    Johansson, Lena
    Kern, Jürgen
    Kern, Silke
    Machado, Alejandra
    Mellqvist Fässberg, Madeleine
    Nilsson, Johan
    Ribbe, Mats
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research Environment Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Rydén, Lina
    Sadeghi, André
    Sacuiu, Simona
    Samuelsson, Jessica
    Sigström, Robert
    Skoog, Johan
    Thorvaldsson, Valgeir
    Waern, Margda
    Westman, Eric
    Wetterberg, Hanna
    Zetterberg, Henrik
    Zetterberg, Madeleine
    Zettergren, Anna
    Östling, Svante
    Skoog, Ingmar
    The Gothenburg H70 Birth cohort study 2014-16: design, methods and study population.2019In: European Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0393-2990, E-ISSN 1573-7284, Vol. 34, no 2, p. 191-209Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To improve health care for older persons, we need to learn more about ageing, e.g. identify protective factors and early markers for diseases. The Gothenburg H70 Birth Cohort Studies (the H70 studies) are multidisciplinary epidemiological studies examining representative birth cohorts of older populations in Gothenburg, Sweden. So far, six birth cohorts of 70-year-olds have been examined over time, and examinations have been virtually identical between studies. This paper describes the study procedures for the baseline examination of the Birth cohort 1944, conducted in 2014-16. In this study, all men and women born 1944 on specific dates, and registered as residents in Gothenburg, were eligible for participation (n = 1839). A total of 1203 (response rate 72.2%; 559 men and 644 women; mean age 70.5 years) agreed to participate in the study. The study comprised sampling of blood and cerebrospinal fluid, psychiatric, cognitive, and physical health examinations, examinations of genetics and family history, use of medications, social factors, functional ability and disability, physical fitness and activity, body composition, lung function, audiological and ophthalmological examinations, diet, brain imaging, as well as a close informant interview, and qualitative studies. As in previous examinations, data collection serves as a basis for future longitudinal follow-up examinations. The research gained from the H70 studies has clinical relevance in relation to prevention, early diagnosis, clinical course, experience of illness, understanding pathogenesis and prognosis. Results will increase our understanding of ageing and inform service development, which may lead to enhanced quality of care for older persons.

  • 10016.
    Rydell Petersson, Linda
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    Norm och variation i läroplaner: en jämförelse av synen på språklig norm och variation i Lpo94 och Lgr112019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka Lgr11 och Lpo94:s tal om språklig norm och variation samt att se om någon kunskapssyn går att utläsa. Den metod som används är närläsning, där varje läroplan analyseras med hjälp av begreppsdefinitioner. Läroplanerna läses, tolkas och läses om med så objektiva ögon som möjligt. Den teoretiska ram som utgör arbetet är syner på språklig norm och variation, sociokulturellt lärande och genrepedagogiken. Resultatet av studien är en av många möjliga tolkningar av de svenska styrdokumenten. Resultatet visar att båda läroplanerna ger läraren möjlighet att undervisa om både norm och variation, men Lgr11 är mer explicit i sitt Innehåll och i sin form. Lpo94 utgår ifrån ett sociokulturellt lärande och Lgr11 är influerad av genrepedagogiken. Den största skillnaden mellan de båda är den explicithet som finns i Lgr11 och skiftet från det sociokulturella till det genrepedagogiska. Något som båda läroplanerna har gemensamt är synen på språklig norm och i vilka situationer elever ska kunna använda ett korrekt språk.

  • 10017.
    Ryding, Erik
    et al.
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Lund.
    Decety, Jean
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Lund.
    Sjöholm, Hans
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Lund.
    Stenberg, Georg
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Lund.
    Ingvar, David H.
    Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, University Hospital, Lund.
    Motor imagery activates the cerebellum regionally: a SPECT rCBF study with 99mTc-HMPAO1993In: Cognitive Brain Research, ISSN 0926-6410, E-ISSN 1872-6348, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 94-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our earlier findings of a cerebellar activation during motor imagery (Brain Res., 535 (1990) 313-317) were made with a technique with low regional resolution. Therefore we could not elucidate the distribution of the cerebellar activation. In the present study the cerebellar regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) changes during motor imagery (MI) was measured with a single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) rCBF method (99mTc-HMPAO) with higher regional resolution during (1) silent counting, and (2) MI (which included silent counting) in 17 normal subjects. Comparing the SPECT results from the two tasks revealed the regional activations during MI. We confirmed that the most pronounced regional activations during MI were found in the cerebellum, especially in its infero-lateral parts on both sides.

  • 10018. Ryding, Erik
    et al.
    Stenberg, Georg
    University of Lund.
    An example of analysis of regional significance levels in a multiregional CBF measurement with the t-moment test1991In: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, vol. 11, Suppl. 2, 1991, Vol. 11, no Suppl. 2, p. S453-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10019.
    Rydsten, Carina
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Wester, Åsa
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Närståendes behov av stöd vid vård i hemmet av vuxna cancersjuka i livets slutskede2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A growing number of seriously ill cancer patients prefer home care. Relatives are an integral part of modern palliative care and it is an essential task for the palliative care providers to support them as well. Aim: The aim of this literature based study was to highlight relatives’ need for support during home care of terminally ill adult cancer patients. Method: 14 scientific articles from 2001 to 2011 were used as the basis of this study. Results: The result showed that relatives’ need for support in their role as caregiver to cancer patients can be divided into three categories and six subcategories. It was shown how important it is for the relatives to be prepared, to receive support in handling their new everyday situation and to be recognised in their role as caregivers. Conclusion: It is imperative that relatives feel part of the decision process regarding home care of the cancer patient. Equally, it is significant to give relatives time on their own for dialogues with professional caregivers and for them to be acknowledged in their caregiving role. Relatives failed to see the deterioration and personality change in the cancer patient, due to that life was coming to an end.

  • 10020.
    Rydström, Helene
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Arbetstillfredsställelse och personlighet: Har människors personlighet någon betydelse för vad som får dem att trivas på arbetet?2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om arbetstillfredsställelse påverkas av hygien- respektive motivationsfaktorer samt att ta reda på hur introvert-extrovert personlighet påverkar dessa samband. Studien utgår från Herzbergs arbetsmotivations teori och Furnhams studier av personlighet och arbetstillfredsställelse. En enkätstudie genomfördes på en grupp (N=48) arbetstagare, huvudsakligen kollektivanställda. Resultatet visade att både en hög närvaro av motivationsfaktorer och en hög närvaro av hygienfaktorer gav upphov till hög arbetstillfredsställelse. Detta resultat ger stöd åt Herzbergs teori. Däremot fanns det inga skillnader mellan introverta och extroverta vad gäller i vilken utsträckning arbetstillfredsställelse påverkas av hygien- respektive motivationsfaktorerna. Detta innebär att resultaten i Furnhams studier inte kunde bekräftas. Genom att se till att hygien- och motivationsfaktorer är närvarande på arbetsplatser kan man se till att de anställda trivs, och därmed också höja företagets produktivitet och främja företagets utveckling.

  • 10021.
    Rydström, Helene
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Extraversion i relation till arbetstillfredsställelse, utbildning, yrkesval samt utåt- eller inåtorienterat arbete2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka på vilket sätt extraversion

    är relaterat till arbetstillfredsställelse, val av yrke med hög eller låg utbildning samt utåt- eller inåtriktat arbete. En enkätstudie genomfördes på anställda inom olika företag (N=140). Studien har delvis sina utgångspunkter i Furnhams studier av personlighet och arbetstillfredsställelse samt Hollands teori om arbetstillfredsställelses relation till val av yrke. Hypotesen var att deltagarna kommer att redovisa högre arbetstillfredsställelse om de har ett arbete som överensstämmer med deras personlighet. Resultaten pekar på att individer med höga och låga extraversionspoäng redovisar högre arbetstillfredsställelse om de har ett arbete som ligger nära deras personlighet. Därmed ger studien stöd åt både Furnhams studie och Hollands teori. Hypotesen om att det fria yrkesvalet fungerar bäst för personer med högre utbildning vilket innebär att personlighets överensstämmande yrkesval är vanligare för högutbildade bekräftades inte. Individer som upplever självförverkligande, meningsfullhet och som trivs antas utföra sitt arbete väl.

  • 10022.
    Rydén Mogvall, Malin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Sandberg, Anton
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Skoug, Therese
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Eld som naturvårdare: Kärlväxtflora och vegetationsutveckling efter naturvårdsbränning i två småländska naturreservat2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study has taken place in two nature reserves in the municipality of Uppvidinge in the Kronoberg region in southern Sweden. These have been chosen by the County Administrative Board to be part of a bigger landscape of fire affected nature, and prescribed fire has been implemented in these. The areas are called Ösjöbol and Berga fly and have been burned 2012 and 2013 respectively. Non-burned areas have been inventoried as well. Vascular plants and mineral soil have been inventoried with the Hult-Sernander-Du Rietz scale of five levels.

     

    Issues emanate from the County Administrative Board’s goals for prescribed fire: how sticks and herbs were affected, how much soil was uncovered, how the structure and fire favoured species were affected, and how deciduous trees and spruces (Picea abies) were affected.

     

    The study shows that the soil increased, as well as the fire favoured species. The structure of species was changed to being more dominated by herbs than sticks. New spruces were not found, and no aspens (Populus tremula) grew on the fire site. Generally, the forest is more open and richer in number of species, but to maintain a continuously dynamic forest, more fires are needed.

  • 10023. Rydén Persson, Mathias
    Restaurering av våtmarker; Inventering av vadare och andfåglar vid Norra Lingenäset2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 10024. Ryegård, Å.
    et al.
    Apelgren, K.
    Olsson, T.
    Antman, L.
    Winka, K.
    Rexling, K.
    Oldsjö, F.
    Tågerud, Y.
    Karlsson, Leif
    Kristianstad University, Learning Resource Centre.
    Brorsson, K-Å.
    Englund, B.
    Giertz, B.
    Att belägga, bedöma och belöna pedagogisk skicklighet. NU 2010, Dialog för lärande. Oktober, Stockholm.2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 10025.
    Rylander, Malin
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Thörnberg, Sofia
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Revisorns tystnads- och anmälningsplikt: tala är silver, tiga är guld?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish accountants are, amongst other laws, controlled by a couple of so called duties. One of those is the professional secrecy, which guarantees the safety of company secrets and other important information that the accountant needs to know but shouldn’t tell anybody. Since 1999 Swedish accountants also need to follow the regulations of the reporting duty. In short, this means that in some cases of suspected crime within a company, auditors are obliged to report this to the authorities. Some auditors consider these two duties to be in conflict with one another. This specific conflict is very rarely touched upon in other media than essays.A few auditors have, in case of a suspected crime with very vague evidence, gone against the law by getting rid of their client thus not having to take the risk of being sued because of violation of the professional secrecy by reporting the crime in vain. This fact, that some auditors even break the law, is reason enough to investigate why some auditors consider the two duties to be in conflict with one another.During our study, personal interviews with four auditors and two persons of authority were carried out. None of them have experienced any negative emotions about the reporting duty, but when it comes to the auditors that in fact do consider the two duties to be in conflict with one another, the opinions start to differ. Some say that it is practically impossible to get rid of a client by the above reasons without reporting the suspected crime, while others claim the opposite. A possible explanation for the different opinions regarding the two duties could be due to the fact that the regulations surrounding the reporting duty are very differently interpreted by different people. Does the law guarantee the safety of the auditor, or does it not? Is there a conflict between the two duties or not?We are of the opinion that there is absolutely a need to thoroughly investigate this topic, possibly by deciding upon which interpretation of the law is the right one. Swedish accounting organizations need to take this case more seriously than they have so far. Or could it be that they simply don’t want to?

  • 10026.
    Ryman, Anna-Lena
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Teacher Education.
    Uttrycksfulla pojkar och felstavande flickor – finns de? Några lärares attityder till manligt och kvinnligt språk 2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolforskningen har ofta intresserat sig för hur flickor och pojkar presterar i skolan sett ur ett könsperspektiv. Hur lärarna ser på könstillhörigheten som en faktor för hur elever klarar av skolan har stått mindre i fokus. Vilka uppfattningar har lärare om könets betydelse för vad eleverna presterar? Kan lärarnas attityder och förutfattade meningar till och med hindra dem från att se det som eleverna verkligen presterar? För att få en uppfattning om detta har jag intervjuat sex svensklärare på högstadiet och gymnasiet om deras syn på manliga och kvinnliga elevers skrivande i skolan. Jag har dessutom tittat på ett antal elevtexter som jag fått från dessa lärare. Lärarnas uppfattningar och attityder har jag sedan ställt i relation till tidigare forskning och till de resultat som jag har fått fram vid en mindre analys av elevtexterna. Det visade sig att tidigare forskning, lärarnas attityder och elevtexterna inte helt stämde överens. Det förefaller som om lärarna, tenderar att i viss mån överskatta skillnaderna om man jämför med texterna. Forskningen pekar på ännu större skillnader än de lärarna tycker sig se. Det är inte bara flickorna som kan stava, och även pojkarna kan uttrycka känslor. Samtidigt pekar lärarna på andra faktorer än könet som viktiga för elevernas prestationer när det gäller skrivande.

  • 10027.
    Rytterström, Andy
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Tvångsavslutning av appar: en undersökning kring varför användare tvångsavslutar mobila appar regelbundet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I have observed some users that force-quit apps regularly. It's interesting to know why users do this because multiple sources indicate that it probably use more battery-power than not doing it. Representatives from both Google and Apple confirm that force-quitting apps regularly on Android and iOS devices may be more battery-demanding. Relative to this is how the battery-icon is designed in the mobile operative system where a research report that users have a hard time know for certainty how much battery there is left. There is also a research from 2009 that report that users in their studie did not know that there was energysaving funktions available to use in the mobile operatingsystem. My study started with a pilot study that checked why users force-quit apps on their mobile devices. There are several reasons why users force-quit apps regularly on mobile devices. It was shown in the study that 46% of all participants in the pilot-study force-quitted apps regularly on mobile devices to save battery power. My pilot-study shows that the second biggest reason for force-quitting regularly is that users want to have control over which apps are open. That is 7% of all the participants in the pilot-study. The main reason that users force-quit apps regularly is to save battery power. This category of users constitutes 28% of all the participants in the pilot-study. Based on the data from the pilot-study, interviews with smartphone users were made to find out more about what users think about this function. Multiple participants in the interviews do force-quit apps on their smartphone. They even told us why they do it. Most of the participants in the interviews that force-quit apps do it because they think it will save battery. This research is made to get data about if users force-quit apps on mobile devices and why they do it. This research report is made to help and inform designers to design interfaces from this data provided. 

  • 10028.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    et al.
    Högskolan i Malmö.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Petersson, Pia
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Developing health and social care planning in collaboration2015In: Journal of Interprofessional Care, ISSN 1356-1820, E-ISSN 1469-9567, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 354-358Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaboration between different professions in community care for older people is often both difficult and complex. In this project, a participatory action research (PAR) was conducted in order to support the professions involved in the care for older people to develop individualized health and social care plans. Cases from daily work were discussed in different professional groups over a period of one year. A key finding was that lack of knowledge regarding the other professions' field of expertise and their underlying professional culture and values was a barrier in their collaboration. However, as the continuous reflective dialogue process progressed, the participants began to reflect more about the importance of collaboration as a prerequisite to achieve the best possible care for the recipient. This process of reflection led to the often complex needs of the care recipients being given a more central position and thus care plans being better tailored to each person's needs.5

  • 10029.
    Rämgård, Margareta
    et al.
    Malmö Högskola.
    Peterson, Pia
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education.
    Vården som system2017In: Omvårdnad & äldre / [ed] Kerstin Blomqvist, Anna-Karin Edberg, Marie Ernsth Bravell, Helle Wijk, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2017, p. 553-564Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10030. Rämgård, Margareta
    et al.
    Petersson, Pia
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society. Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Att vårda i blindo: om professioners samverkan inärsjukvården2012Report (Refereed)
  • 10031.
    Rådén, Helen
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    Oskarsson, Sarah
    Kristianstad University College, School of Teacher Education.
    Litteratur - en nyckel till livet2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 10032.
    Röjerstrand, Eva-Linn
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Kosttillskott – kroppsbyggares användande och inställning 2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att kosten har betydelse för optimala träningsresultat och för den allmänna hälsan diskuteras dagligen i media och är något som de flesta nog har insikt och håller med om idag. Ett ämne som har fått mer uppmärksamhet på sistone, och som är mycket mer omdebatterat, är kosttillskott och dess inverkan på vår träning och hälsa. Idag kan man hitta diverse tillskott i vart och vartannat hem men i kroppsbyggarens skafferi har dessa haft en trygg plats under en längre tid. Syftet med det här arbetet var att försöka få en inblick i hur en grupp kroppsbyggares användning av kosttillskott ser ut och vad han/hon har för inställning till dessa. Datainsamlingen gjordes dels genom en webbaserad enkätundersökning som besvarades av 701 gymtränande personer från hela Sverige, och dels genom en intervjuundersökning där sju kroppsbyggare deltog. Resultatet visar att en majoritet av respondenterna använde någon form av kosttillskott varje dag och ansåg sig behöva dessa för att nå de träningsrelaterade resultat man var ute efter. Det främsta motivet till användningen var att bygga muskler och de vanligaste tillskotten som användes var protein i olika former, kreatin, omega-3 och koffein. Man såg i första hand på kosttillskotten som ett komplement till en i övrigt väl balanserad kost och inte som ett substitut till vanlig mat. Den svenska kroppsbyggaren lägger stor vikt vid att optimera sitt näringsintag för att få ut bästa möjliga resultat av träningen.

    Nyckelord: kroppsbyggare, kosttillskott, användande, inställning

  • 10033.
    Rönkkö, Kari
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för design.
    An activity tracker and its accompanying app as a motivator for increased exercise and better sleeping habits for youths in need of social care: field study2018In: JMIR mhealth and uhealth, E-ISSN 2291-5222, Vol. 6, no 12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The number of mobile self-tracking devices connected to the Web has exploded in today’s society. With these wearable activity trackers related to Web 2.0 apps and social media have come new ways of monitoring, measuring, representing, and sharing experiences of the human body. New opportunities related to health and new areas of implementation for professionals have appeared, and one identified area that can benefit from mobile health technologies is social work.

    Objective: There are still only a small number of papers reporting the results from studying wearable activity trackers and accompanying apps in the context of agency-based social work. This study aimed to contribute to the identified shortage by presenting results from a research project framed by the following overarching question: What effects will the studied youths in need of social care experience in relation to exercise and sleep as the result of using a wearable activity tracker and its accompanying app?

    Methods: A field study framed by action research was performed. The study concerned vulnerable youths living in a Swedish municipality’s care and accommodation home that tried out an activity tracker and its accompanying app.

    Results: The results from the study confirm previously published research results reporting that instant graphical feedback, sharing information, and being part of a social community can have a positive impact on lifestyle changes. In addition, this study’s main results are that (1) the most important factor for positive health-related lifestyle changes was the establishment of personal long-term goals and (2) professional social workers found the studied technology to function as a valuable counseling tool, opening up avenues for lifestyle talks that otherwise were hard to undertake.

    Conclusions: This study demonstrates how an activity tracker and its accompanying app can open up a topic for discussion regarding how vulnerable youths can achieve digital support for changing unhealthy lifestyle patterns, and it shows that the technology might be a valuable counseling tool for professionals in social work.

  • 10034.
    Rönkkö, Kari
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Making methods work in software engineering: method deployment - as a social achievement2005Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The software engineering community is concerned with improvements in existing methods and development of new and better methods. The research approaches applied to take on this challenge have hitherto focused heavily on the formal and specifying aspect of the method. This has been done for good reasons, because formalizations are the means in software projects to predict, plan, and regulate the development efforts. As formalizations have been successfully developed new challenges have been recognized. The human and social role in software development has been identified as the next area that needs to be addressed. Organizational problems need to be solved if continued progress is to be made in the field. The social element is today a little explored area in software engineering. Following with the increased interest in the social element it has been identified a need of new research approaches suitable for the study of human behaviour. The one sided focus on formalizations has had the consequence that concepts and explanation models available in the community are one sided related in method discourses. Definition of method is little explored in the software engineering community. In relation to identified definitions of method the social appears to blurring. Today the software engineering community lacks powerful concepts and explanation models explaining the social element. This thesis approaches the understanding of the social element in software engineering by applying ethnomethodologically informed ethnography and ethnography. It is demonstrated how the ethnographic inquiry contributes to software engineering. Ethnography is also combined with an industrial cooperative method development approach. The results presented demonstrate how industrial external and internal socio political contingencies both hindered a method implementation, as well as solved what the method was targeted to do. It is also presented how project members’ method deployment - as a social achievement is played out in practice. In relation to this latter contribution it is provided a conceptual apparatus and explanation model borrowed from social science, The Documentary method of interpretation. This model addresses core features in the social element from a natural language point of view that is of importance in method engineering. This model provides a coherent complement to an existing method definition emphasizing formalizations. This explanation model has also constituted the underpinning in research methodology that made possible the concrete study results.

  • 10035.
    Rönkkö, Kari
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Software practice from the inside: ethnography applied to software engineering2002Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Empirical methodologies have recently attracted increasing attention from the broader software engineering community. In particular, organisational issues and the human role in software development have been addressed. Qualitative research approaches have been identified as necessary for understanding human nature. One qualitative methodology which has become increasingly recognised in the software engineering community is ethnography. It is also the qualitative approach that is addressed in this thesis, i.e. ethnography in relation to software engineering. Ethnography emphasises the members point of view in an effort to understand the organisation of a social, cultural and technical setting. Until now, only a handful of ethnographic studies focusing on software engineering have been carried out in accordance with the original conception of ethnography; these studies have traditionally been performed by sociologists. The understanding and application of ethnography by software engineers differ from that of sociologists as it gives up the studied people's point of view in the analysis of data. The thesis is based on two independent ethnographic studies where the ‘inside’ perspective which complies with the original understanding of the methodology is applied. Using these examples as a basis, the relation between ethnography and software engineering research is explored. The objective of this thesis is to promote ‘ethnographic knowledge’ by giving an overview of ethnographic work within software engineering, presenting an original understanding of ethnography, comparing software engineers' understanding of ethnography with the original understanding of ethnography, demonstrating how the different implicit research attitudes of ethnographers and software engineers produce different research discourses, and finally pointing to an opportunity to combine ethnography, which contributes an ‘inside perspective’, with software engineering's need for constant improvement.

  • 10036.
    Rönkkö, Kari
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Design och datavetenskap.
    Bergman, Anna-Karin
    FoU Helsingborg.
    Svensson, Måns
    Lund University Internet Institute.
    Danielsson, Pernilla
    PArT Helsingborg.
    Rosengren, Calle
    Lund University Internet Institute.
    Åström, Fredrik
    Lund University Internet Institute.
    Lundin, Therese
    PArT Helsingborg.
    Digital teknik och socialt arbete: att motivera socialt utsatta ungdomar med stöd avmotivationsappar och hälsoarmband2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Digital teknik och socialt arbete är en pilotstudie som syftat till att undersöka effekter av att använda aktivitetsarmband med tillhörande motivationsapp för att stärka ungdomars motivation till fysisk aktivitet och goda sömnvanor. Projektet har präglats av ett explorativt angreppsätt i det att vi undersökt hur introduktion av ny digital teknik mottas av olika målgrupper inom socialtjänsten.

    Forskning har visat sig att det finns en tydlig koppling mellan ökad fysisk aktivitet och minskad psykisk ohälsa. Sömnen är ytterligare faktor som spelar en betydande roll för barn och ungas hälsa. Vi har denna kunskap om fysiska aktivitet och sömn i samhället idag samtidigt som barn och ungas psykiska och fysiska hälsosituation utgör ett uppmärksammat folkhälsoproblem. Att barn rör på sig för lite syns hos alla grupper av barn och unga oavhängigt faktorer som familjeförhållanden, arbetsmarknadsstatus och föräldrars samhällsekonomiska status. Enligt Socialstyrelsen (2013) är det av extra vikt att barn och unga uppnår bästa möjliga hälsa eftersom det visat sig att nedsatt hälsotillstånd i unga år kan få betydelse för resten av individens liv. Insatser för att preventivt främja våra barns och ungas hälsa är därför en önskvärd och god samhällsinvestering både för den enskilda individen och för allas vår gemensamma hållbara framtid. Denna rapport beskriver resultatet av ett forsknings-och utvecklingsprojekt där vi undersökt hur appar och aktivitetsarmband skulle kunna användas för att motivera barn och unga till ökad fysisk aktivitet samt bättre sömnvanor. 

    Våra undersökningar av tidigare forskning inom problemområdet har visat på att det finns en tydlig koppling mellan ökad fysisk aktivitet och minskad psykisk ohälsa, såsom t.ex. att fysisk aktivitet kan minska depression och ångest. Fysisk aktivitet har samma effekt som psykologisk behandling och medicinering, men ger betydligt färre biverkningar än medicinering. Det finns också framgångsrika försök med viktminskningsgrupper som arbetat med stöd av digitala lösningar. Tekniken i sig kan bidra med att sätta mål, motivera, och följa upp resultat. Sociala funktioner för att kunna följa andras framsteg har visat sig öka motivation gällande att vara mer fysiskt aktiv. Angreppsätt där man låter användare mäta och följa sitt eget beteende ger den största positiva effekten för att åstadkomma hälsofrämjande beteendeförändringar. 

    Om fysisk aktivitet är bra för hälsa är sömn om möjligt ännu viktigare. Forskning inom sömn visar att det en tydlig koppling mellan sömn och vardagligt välbefinnande. Det har konstaterats att olika typer av sömn har olika funktioner. REM-sömnen har t.ex. påvisat koppling till bättre mönsterigenkänning medan djupsömnen har en påverkan på minnet. Forskning visar också att sömnlöshet påverkar immunförsvaret negativt vilket i sin tur kan bidra till sömnstörningar och övervikt hos ungdomar.

    Vad gäller teknik så visar forskning att professionell kompetens inom hälsa och medicin inte alltid används vid framtagning av teknik, vilket utgör ett återkommande problem. Det är inte enbart är tekniken som måste fungera för att insatsen ska kunna lyckas, attityden till e-hälsa bland befolkningen generellt sett kan också ha en avgörande betydelse. Om den generella bilden av tekniken bland befolkningen är negativ så är det svårt att införa och lyckas med teknikstöd. Teknikutvecklingen är snabb, och vi står inför en dramatisk ökning av olika informations- och telekommunikationsteknologier vars syfte är att förbättra och utveckla egenvård och omsorg. Frågor om integritet hamnar ofta i skymundan. Flertalet av de identifierade relevanta publikationerna fokuserade mer på tekniken än det hälsobefrämjande stödet.

    Vår bibliografiska undersökning visar att det finns förhållandevis lite av samband mellan begrepp som är relaterade till hälsoappar och egenvård kontra motivationsarbete och socialt arbete. De starkaste sambanden av intresse för oss hittade vi i ett gränsland mellan medicin och datavetenskap. Sammanfattningsvis kan vi säga att flertalet av de här identifierade akademiska publikationerna diskuterar de tekniska lösningarna i sig, eller presenterar användarvalidering av olika lösningar; snarare än socialt arbete, eget motivations- och förändringsarbete av dåliga vanor och livsmönster - som är vårt intresseområde i denna studie.

    För att bättre förstå och bidra till utmaningarna så har ett samarbete initierats mellan Helsingborgs stads Forsknings- och utvecklingsenhet för social hållbarhet (FoU Helsingborg), Preventivt arbete tillsammans (PART) från Helsingborgs stad och forskare från både Lunds Internet institut (LUii), Lunds Universitet samt Digital design, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle på Kristianstad Högskola (HKR). Ett internt utvecklingsprojekt har genomförts av PART med stöd av FoU i Helsingborgs stad. I samband med utvecklingsprojektet har ett gränsöverskridande samarbete initierats där aktionsforskning ramat in utvecklingsprojektets empiriska studie och möjliggjort en gemensam yta för ett bredare kunskapsskapande. Vårt fokus har varit ett kunskapsbildande vad gäller aktivitetsarmband och motivationsappar för barn och unga som löper risk för ohälsa. Denna rapport presenterar en akademisk kunskapsöversikt, samt resultatet från ett utvecklingsprojekt där vi tillsammans undersökt effekterna av att använda aktivitetsarmband och tillhörande social app. Vi har beforskat vilken påverkan dessa kan ha på ungdomars egen motivation till fysisk aktivitet och goda sömnvanor.

    Syftet med pilotprojektet har varit att kartlägga forskningen på området, undersöka de upplevda effekter av att använda aktivitetsarmband med tillhörande motivationsapp för att stärka deltagares motivation till fysisk aktivitet och förbättrade sömnvanor, samt undersöka hur vi kan förstå de faktorer som verkar vara mest betydande för att uppnå effekter. Det senare har vi gjort genom att fokusera på fyra övergripande områden: Användandet av motivationsapp - Hur länge och med vilken frekvens använder deltagarna armband och motivationsapp? Värdeskapande för ungdomar - Till vilka positiva resultat bidrar armband och motivationsapp? Negativa bieffekter - Kan armband och motivationsapp orsaka negativa bieffekter hos deltagarna? Om så, till vilka områden hänför sig dessa bieffekter? Värdeskapande för personal – Vilken nytta ser personalen av armband och motivationsapp i sitt arbete?

    Ur ett forskningsperspektiv så är studien att betrakta som mindre, varvid dess värde skall beaktas utifrån detta. Mer forskning behövs i området motivationsappar och socialt arbete. Studieresultatet visar på faktorer som har betydelse för frågeställningarna, som också kan identifieras i tidigare forskning. Positiva upplevelser har varit att ungdomarna fått en märkbart ökad medvetenhet om sina egna levnadsmönster vad gäller motion och sömn. Tydligast märktes den nya medvetenhet som växte fram runt egna sömnvanor, även att dessa inte alltid gick att åtgärda på egen hand. Det var också uppenbart att den nya medvetenheten ledde ökad motivation och fysisk aktivitet. Identifierade negativa bieffekter var att stress kunde uppstå när ungdomarna var förhindrade att själva öka sitt stegantal samtidigt som de såg andra ungdomars resultat öka. Det rapporterades problem med att sköta den dagliga laddningen av aktivitetsarmbandet, samt att aktivera sömnmätningen när de skulle lägga sig. Ett stort värde för personalen var att de fick ett instrument som berikade kommunikationen utifrån “objektiv” data genererad av ungdomarnas egna mätningar av motion och sömn. Ett verktyg som utgjorde god hjälp för samtal, som i sig kunde bidra till bättre struktur i ungdomars liv.

  • 10037.
    Rönkkö, Kari
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Dittrich, Yvonne
    Danmark.
    Randall, Dave
    England.
    When plans do not work out: how plans are used in software development projects2005In: Computer Supported Cooperative Work, ISSN 0925-9724, Vol. 14, no 5, p. 433-468Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on empirical material from the area of software engineering, this articlediscusses the issue of plans and planning as an integral part of and prerequisite for software development work. It relates observed practices to literature produced by the Computer Supported Cooperative Work community. Empirical studies of software development practice seldom address re-planning. By analyzing the empirical material from one project we are able to show how certain kinds of co-ordination problems arise and how they may be dealt with. The empirical research does not focus primarily on the character of plans; instead, it raises the question ‘what means are necessary and should be provided in order to cope with situations when plans do not work out? In relation to plans, especial emphasis is on ‘‘due process’’, i.e. how the project plan and the company wide project model are maintained to enable the identification and articulation of deviations from it. On the basis of our empirical analysis we propose to support the articulation and coordination work necessary in situations where plans do not adequately work out.

  • 10038.
    Rönkkö, Kari
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Lindeburg, O
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Dittrich, Y
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    'Bad practice' or 'bad methods': are software engineering and ethnographic discourses incompatible?2002In: 2002 INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON EMPIRICAL SOFTWARE ENGINEERING, PROCEEDINGS, 2002, p. 204-210Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational problems in industry have evoked increased interest in empirical methodologies in the broader software engineering community. In this article ethnography and its relation to software engineering is addressed. Until now sociologists have performed the majority of ethnographic studies on software development. But how useful are these studies for software engineering? Ethnography emphasizes the members' point of view in order to understand the social. Studies from the members' perspective can be interpreted, as revealing 'bad methods' that do not work in complex work situations. From a sofiware engineering point of view, they just as easy point to the opposite as 'bad practice', bad application of existing methods. The objective of this paper is to promote ethnography and its contribution to sofiware engineering by revealing the different research attitudes of ethnographers and software engineers. Possibilities how to combine ethnographic studies with software method improvement are indicated.

  • 10039.
    Rönkkö, Kari
    et al.
    Lund University Internet Institute.
    Svensson, MånsLund University Internet Institute.Palmqvist, LindaLund University Commissioned Education.
    Social innovation in a digital context: change projects within the academic scholarship programme -  final reports, 2012-20132014Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 10040.
    Rönkkö, Kari
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Design och datavetenskap.
    Svensson, Måns
    Lund University.
    Svensson, Lupita
    Lund University.
    Carlsson, Hanna
    Lund University.
    Empirisk studie av sociala medier i professionella organisationer 2013-2016: skola, social omsorg, och bibliotkek2017Report (Other academic)
  • 10041.
    Rönkkö, Kari
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Design och datavetenskap.
    Urinboyev, Rustam
    Lund University.
    Svensson, Måns
    Lund University.
    Svensson, Lupita
    Lund University.
    Carlsson, Hanna
    Lund University.
    Literature review of social media in professional organisations 2000-2015: work, stress, power relations, leadership, librarians, teachers, and social workers2017Report (Other academic)
  • 10042.
    Rönkkö, Kari
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Winter, Jeff
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Hellman, Mats
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Inside information 2 - usability and user research: eight years of research and method development cooperation2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is a follow up to the Inside Information – Usability and User Research at UIQ Technology report that was made available in October 2006. The initial report was written from an industrial point of view aimed to market UIQ Technology through the demonstration of the UIQ usability and user research philosophy. UIQ Technology Usability Metrics (UTUM) was important result here. UTUM was considered an extremely cost-effective method for keeping in focus what is important for users and handset makers. It was a tool for guiding development decisions as well as for validating the worthiness of design concepts. The two parts in UTUM was perceived by the company as an innovation in their software development practice. The first part was the relationship to users and attitude to their participation in the design process. The second part was how the company immediately and directly incorporated this usability understanding into the software development process. UTUM, together with other usability methods and results presented in this report, have been produced in an action research manner. Due to the closure of the company, the main author of the 2006 report, and the same researchers who also supported the writing of the initial report, decided to produce a follow-up and closure version of the initial report; as a way to summarize the results from the academic and industrial cooperation. In this updated version, eight years of joint action research and cooperative method development surrounding usability and user research is concluded.

  • 10043.
    Rönn Emsfors, Åsa
    et al.
    Central Hospital Kristianstad.
    Elgán, Carina
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Patients´ experiences of a period of intravitreal injection treatment for wet macular degeneration2013In: International Journal of Ophtahalmic Practice, ISSN 2044-5504, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 4-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:

    To describe patients' experiences of intravitreal injections for wet macular degeneration.

    Method:

    16 informants, aged 62–89 years (11 women and _five men) were interviewed after a treatment period of intravitreal injections (IVI). The first question was open ended: ‘Can you please describe, in as much detail as possible, your experiences of the period when you received three IVI?’. Qualitative content analysis was employed to analyse the transcribed interviews.

    Results:

    The main theme demonstrated that the patients submitted themselves to and allowed the process to run its course. Four categories emerged: handing over responsibility — they placed their trust in the healthcare professionals; being given an opportunity — they appreciated that action was taken; enduring discomfort — they endured physical discomfort and mental unease; having nothing to lose — they accepted the treatment offered.

    Conclusions:

    It is necessary to strengthen patient participation during IVI treatment. The ophthalmic nurse can inform the patient about the effects of the treatment in a pedagogical manner. Patient participation can be strengthened by increased knowledge of the treatment effects.

  • 10044.
    Rönn Emsfors, Åsa
    et al.
    Central Hospital Kristianstad.
    Elgán, Carina
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Patients' experiences of nursing actions during intravitreal treatment for wet age-related macular degeneration2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim was to identify and describe nursing actions performed by nursing staff in which patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) experience good nursing care.

    Method: An explorative and descriptive qualitative design based on the Critical incident technique (CIT) was used. A strategic sample of 16 patients, aged 61-87 years (eleven women and five men) with wet AMD who received intravitreal treatment were interviewed.

    Results: Two main areas of good nursing care was identified during intravitreal treatment Being perceived as an individual and Creating confidence during visits, each area contained two categories. The two categories in the area Being perceived as an individual were; acting respectfully and being engaged. Acting respectfully was perceived when the nursing staff had a benevolent attitude and answered questions kindly and polite. The patients considered to be seen as an individual when the nursing staff were available for conversation and were present. The two categories in the area Creating confidence during visits were; encourage participation and inspiring confidence. Encouraging participation was perceived when the nursing staff continuously provided information. The nursing staff created confidence and trust by keeping promises and being honest.

    Conclusion: The interaction in the encounter between patient and caregiver is fundamental for patients' experience of good nursing care. It emphasise the importance of personal centred care even though the time for each patient is limited and the nursing staff have a demanding schedule. It would be desirable with specific guidelines for care of patient who gets intravitreal treatment. Without specific guidelines makes it difficult to implement person centred care and more quality time would benefit the patient.

                                                                                                   

  • 10045.
    Rönnbom, Marianne
    Kristianstad University College.
    Meningsfulla matematikuppgifter enligt eleverna: en utvärdering av ett verklighetsbaserat arbetssätt under skolår 4-72004In: Tsunami, ISSN 1651-5803, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Många forskare har visat på vikten av att verklighetsanknyta matematik-undervisningen. Att eleverna har förståelse för orden, kan visualisera matematiken och kan identifiera sig i de matematikuppgifter de ska lösa, har också stor betydelse för om de kan lösa dem. Däremot finns det lite forskning vad gäller meningsfullheten med olika typer av matematikuppgifter sett ur ett elevperspektiv. Jag har under många år undervisat i två parallellklasser och arbetat med ett undersökande arbetssätt i matematik utan någon speciell lärobok under skolår 4 – 6. Vi har i möjligaste mån utgått från vår gemensamma verklighet i våra matematikuppgifter. Rapporten visar en utvärdering av detta arbetssätt. Enkäter har besvarats av klasser jag har undervisat i, och som vid undersöknings-tillfället gick i skolår 7 och på gymnasiet. Några frågor har också besvarats av två klasser i skolår 4. Intervjuer med elever i åk 7 har förtydligat svaret på frågan om vilken typ av matematikuppgifter eleverna anser vara meningsfulla. Resultatet av utvärderingen visar att elever tycker det är viktigt att matematikuppgifter - är verklighetsanknutna (”Man ska förstå vad det handlar om.”) - är sådana att man kan skapa sig en bild - är av ett sådant slag, att man får rita eller bygga - gärna kan diskuteras i grupp - har rätt svårighetsgrad (”Man ska känna att man lyckas med en liten inte för svår utmaning. Då blir det också roligare.”) - är av varierande slag.

  • 10046.
    Rönström, Anna
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Sjöblom, Inga-Lill
    Kristianstad University College, Department of Behavioural Sciences.
    Barns språkutveckling Om samband mellan språklig medvetenhet och läs- och skrivutveckling 2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie syftar till att undersöka vilka tankar och erfarenheter som finns hos fem yrkeskategorier kring sambandet mellan barns språkutveckling 0-6 år, språklig medvetenhet, kommande läs- och skrivutveckling, språkbefrämjande metoder samt synen på specialpedagogens roll. Undersökningen genomförs med hjälp av litteraturstudier och semistrukturerade intervjuer med åtta respondenter, som arbetar med eller kring barn i förskoleålder. Då barns språkutveckling ligger till grund för uppsatsens övriga avsnitt har vi valt att redogöra för densamma. Under studien framkom en samstämmighet mellan tidigare forskning och våra resultat vad det gäller den språkliga medvetenhetens betydelse för en god läs- och skrivutveckling. Dock råder oenighet om vad språklig medvetenhet är. Att samtala med barn beskrivs både i litteraturen och av respondenterna vara det som har störst betydelse för språkutvecklingen. Samtal är också en av de bästa metoderna att kartlägga var barn befinner sig i sin språkutveckling. Det framkommer att ett medvetet förhållningssätt är nödvändigt med tanke på genusperspektivet. Respondenterna menar att specialpedagogens roll i arbetet med barns språkutveckling kan vara att handleda barn och pedagoger, vara tillgängliga för föräldrar och samarbeta med andra yrkeskategorier.

  • 10047.
    Rösler, Sandra
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Erbjud ungdomarna trygghet och kunskap, de kommer att tacka ja!: en studie om hälsoinformation gällande den sexuella hälsan bland gymnasieungdomar2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children and youth are one of the most important main target groups in terms of public health work because of the habits that are established at an early age often affect the rest of their lives. Habits regarding sexual health may, with lack of knowledge, provide both physical and mental health consequences for the individual, but also for future public health in general. In Sweden, the number of chlamydia cases since 1995 has been tripled among young people, with a behavior change regarding sexuality as a possible cause. The purpose of this study is to describe how young people perceive information about sexual health and where they choose to seek information, to clarify the need of information for young people. A quantitative web-based survey was conducted on high school students (n = 98) and as a complement, a qualitative study in the form of interviews (n = 5) as well. The results showed that young people are looking for safe and informative sources for information regarding sexual health. The source that reaches most of all young people, i.e. school, was not experienced as sufficient by the young people that it should, for them to not be exposed to risks that could affect their sexual health. The conclusion reveals that youths need to be offered guidance in their search for information, which good knowledge of the subject and in various educational methods, could contribute with, and at the same time offer the youth safe and secure sources based on the needs of the individual's.

  • 10048.
    Rösler, Sandra
    et al.
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Olsson , Maria
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Utomhusmiljöns betydelse för hälsa och lärande: en enkätundersökning om gymnasieungdomars upplevelser2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    One of our big public health problems in Sweden is that human beings are too inactive in outdoor settings. That is why stress related diseases increase and influence humans both mentally and physical. The physical activity is halved among many children when they start school and the older they become the less they enjoy school. It is also an increasing problem that children and youth in today's society have lack of worthwhile experiences in the nature. The aim of this study was therefore to examine how the experience of outdoor environment had importance for health and learning on upper secondary school pupils. The study is used a questionnaire survey where 192 upper secondary school pupils in nature and farm focused programs, respectively social programs participated. Of the result it emerged that the outside environment was a positive place in order to create health and learning. Although social- and farm focused pupils had different opinions about good outside environments and where they rather learned, the pupils at the social program were less pleased with their outside environment at school, although they already had what they wanted. The pupils at the social program also wanted more outdoor education and more practical education, as the farm focused pupils considered positive for health and learning. Our conclusion is that the pupils’ wishes should be noticed and a more varying education, that include the outdoor environment and experiences in nature, should be introduced in more schools, even in the cities, since the school also is an arena where young people spends a lot of their time. If the school creates an interest for nature it can last for the rest of life.

  • 10049.
    Saari, Amira
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    Svensson, Thapanee
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education.
    Flerspråkighet i förskolan: En intervjustudie om hur förskollärare arbetar med flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet med vår undersökning är att ta reda på vilka strategier förskollärarna använder sig av för att stimulera och stödja flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling i förskolan. Metoden vi har valt för att ta reda på detta är intervjuer. Den teoretiska ansats vi har valt för vår studie är språkteorin och det sociokulturella perspektivet, där språk, kommunikation och samspel är i fokus. Huvudresultatet som framkommit i vår studie är att majoriteten av förskolorna främst fokuserar på att barnen ska lära sig svenska. Resultatet visar även att förskolorna använder sig av liknande hjälpmedel för att stödja de flerspråkiga barnens språkutveckling. Samtliga förskollärare nämner att de har en viktig roll i förskolan där de behöver lyssna, vara närvarande och tydliga i arbetet med barnen. De nämner även att konkret material, små grupper och att stötta samt utmana barnen är viktigt för att de ska utvecklas och lära sig. I arbetet utgår de alltid från barnens intresse, förståelse och behov.

  • 10050.
    Sabanovic, Adis
    Kristianstad University College, School of Health and Society.
    Business Intelligence Software Customers’ Understanding, Expectations and Needs 2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Modern companies operate in incredibly complex and dynamic environments. This is clearly characterized by constant changes in technology and in various market forces as well as by enormous amounts of data and information that need to be gathered and analyzed every day. Governmental regulations and ongoing competitor pressures, among other external and internal factors, are issues that managers and decision makers in a company must take into a consideration when making decisions. The need for BI systems is growing stronger and businesses in various industries demand such tools that will help them stay on the edge in order to be competitive. Hence the purpose of this paper is to find out what their companies desire when choosing a BI system to work with. What are their needs and what do they expect and understand from this technological system that will hopefully make them work easier and gain their knowledge about the business they operate in.

    A web questionnaire is aimed at 67 Swedish companies from various industries and the answers have been summarized and analyzed in different cross tables for comparison reasons. Respondents from the Manufacturing industry were those with the highest response rate. A model called The PET-model of BI implementation was created, as a result of the theoretical findings, and this model is used to finalize the results and the conclusions of this paper.

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