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  • 1. Abdel Ghani, Rania Mahmoud
    et al.
    Khalaf, Atika
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    A structured evidence-based approach to decrease cardiovascular complications among pregnant women with rheumatic disease: a pilot randomized controlled trial2010Ingår i: An annual Research Day in King Khalid University, 2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 2.
    Abdel Ghani, Rania Mahmoud
    et al.
    Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University.
    Khalaf, Atika
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Abdel Fadeel, Nagwa
    Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University.
    A structured evidence-based approach to decrease cardiovascular complications among pregnant women with reumatic disease: a pilot randomized controlled trial2010Ingår i: Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Science, ISSN 2078-0273, nr 1, s. 8-15Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Recent reports from the developing world have documented rheumatic fever (RE) incidence rates as high as 206/100 000 and Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) prevalence rates as high as 18.6/1000. The high frequency of RHD in the developing world necessitates aggressive prevention and control measures. Aim: The aim of the study was to examine the effect of intensive antenatal follow up program on decreasing cardiovascular complications among rheumatic pregnant woman. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: This study was conducted at El Kasr-EL Aini, maternity hospital- Cairo- University Hospitals. Sample: A total of 100 rheumatic pregnant women that attended the antenatal clinic at El Kasr-EL Aini, maternity hospital who could read and write, had functional class I and II cardiac disease, primigravida, nullipara with single fetus were recruited to this study and assigned randomly into two groups. Procedure: Women who met the inclusion criteria were interviewed and baseline assessment was done. The intervention was an intensive antenatal follow up program for decreasing cardiovascular complications among rheumatic pregnant woman. Patients in the study group (SG) were offered an intervention at three levels, basic, intermediate and comprehensive. Evaluation of the program was carried out in term of assessment of maternal and neonatal outcome. Results: There were several significant differences between the study group (SG) and control group (CG). In the SG, antepartum complications was less common, gestational age at birth was higher, postnatal hospital stay shorter, birth weight higher, more had vaginal deliveries with episiotomy, fewer had caesarean section, forceps deliveries and termination of pregnancy, and cardiac class was better at follow up as compared to the CG. Conclusion: The difficult issues in pregnancy complications by cardiac disease are best managed through a team approach. Establishing a pre-pregnancy plan will foster a better therapeutic relationship between all parties and allow for better understanding of the patient’s beliefs regarding pregnancy, her disease and attitude towards medications.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Johannsen, A.
    Division of Periodontology and Dental Hygiene, Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge.
    The invisible work with tobacco cessation: strategies among dental hygienists2012Ingår i: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, ISSN 1601-5029, E-ISSN 1601-5037, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 54-60Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective:  This study elucidates dental hygienists’ experiences of work with tobacco cessation among patients who smoke or use snuff.

    Methods:  Data were obtained and categorized by interviewing 12 dental hygienists, who worked actively with tobacco cessation interventions. Qualitative content analysis was used for analysis.

    Results:  The latent content was formulated into the core category ‘the invisible oral health promotion work’. The informants thought that they had a responsibility to work with tobacco cessation. They perceived the financial system in which they perform the activity as frustrating, because tobacco cessation has no treatment code in the dental care insurance. This was one of several reasons why they had to integrate it in other treatment procedures. The results identified three categories: ‘balance in the meeting’, ‘possibilities and hindrance’ and ‘procedures’. In the narratives, both positive and negative aspects were displayed.

    Conclusions:  The financial conditions for tobacco cessation interventions need to be reformed and the activity has to be given a higher priority in the organization of dental care. Practical training in performing tobacco cessation interventions is important during the dental hygiene education; otherwise, tobacco cessation interventions will remain invisible in oral health promotion in the future.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Johannsen, Annsofi
    Karolinska institutet.
    Strategier för tobaksavvänjning: det osynliga munhälsoarbetet2011Ingår i: Tandhygienisttidningen, ISSN 1102-6146, nr 3, s. 26-27Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Westergren, Albert
    Department of Nursing, Medical Faculty, Lund University.
    Karlsson, Siv
    North-east Skåne Health Care District, Central Hospital, Kristianstad.
    Rahm Hallberg, Ingalill
    Department of Nursing, Medical Faculty, Lund University.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Oral health and nutritional status in a group of geriatric rehabilitation patients2002Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 311-318Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this study were to evaluate the oral health status and nutritional status in a group of geriatric rehabilitation patients, and to analyse the relationship between these two parameters. Nurses at the ward performed structured assessments of oral and nutritional status using the Revised Oral Assessment Guide and the Subjective Global Assessment form in 223 newly admitted patients. Most oral health problems were found among patients who stayed longer at the hospital and were more dependent on help as compared with the healthier patients. Thirty-four per cent of the patients were either severely undernourished, at risk or suspected to be undernourished (UN). Oral health problems were more common among UN patients (p < 0.0005) compared with well-nourished patients. The most frequent oral health problem was found on teeth or dentures (48%). Problems related to the tongue and lips were also common among UN patients (56 and 44%, respectively). Oral health status was correlated (r = 0.32) to nutritional status. Problems with swallowing had the strongest association to the nutritional status (OR 6.05; 95% CI 2.41-15.18). This study demonstrated that poor oral health status was related to undernourishment.

  • 6.
    Aronsen Torp, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Erlandsson, Lena-Karin
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Weight status among Somali immigrants in Sweden in relation to sociodemographic characteristics, dietary habits and physical activity2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 7.
    Aronsen Torp, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Lund university.
    Erlandsson, Lena-Karin
    Lund university.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Weight status among Somali immigrants in Sweden in relation to socio-demographic characteristics, dietary habits and physical activity2015Ingår i: Open Public Health Journal, ISSN 1874-9445, Vol. 8, s. 10-16Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Immigrants are considered globally to be a vulnerable subpopulation. Vulnerable population groups have a higher prevalence of obesity than the general population. Despite increased immigration of people from Somalia to Sweden in recent years, little research has been undertaken about obesity and obesity-related health risks among Somali immigrants. The present study aimed to investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity, as well as possible relationships between weight status and socio-demographic characteristics, dietary habits and physical activity (PA) among Somali immigrants in Sweden.

    Methods:This quantitative cross-sectional study included 114 respondents. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire covering socio-demographic factors, PA and dietary habits. Weight and height were also measured.

    Results:Of the 114 respondents, 50.9% had a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or above.In bi-variate analysis, there were no statistically significant differences between those with a BMI below 25 and those with a BMI of 25 or more regarding PA or dietary habits. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that female gender and being married were associated with having a BMI of 25 or above.

    Conclusion: Socio-demographic factors may be more strongly associated with high BMI than PA or dietary habits among the targeted group and should be taken into account as an issue affecting Somali immigrants in Sweden that warrants further research.

  • 8.
    Bladh, Stina
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Maria
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hariz, Gun-Marie
    Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Hobart, Jeremy
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Peninsula Medical School, Plymouth, UK.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Psychometric performance of a generic walking scale (Walk-12G) in multiple sclerosis and Parkinson's disease2012Ingår i: Journal of Neurology, ISSN 0340-5354, E-ISSN 1432-1459, Vol. 259, nr 4, s. 729-738Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Walking difficulties are common in neurological and other disorders, as well as among the elderly. There is a need for reliable and valid instruments for measuring walking difficulties in everyday life since existing gait tests are clinician rated and focus on situation specific capacity. The Walk-12G was adapted from the 12-item multiple sclerosis walking scale as a generic patient-reported rating scale for walking difficulties in everyday life. The aim of this study is to examine the psychometric properties of the Walk-12G in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and Parkinson’s disease (PD). The Walk-12G was translated into Swedish and evaluated qualitatively among 25 people with and without various neurological and other conditions. Postal survey (MS, n = 199; PD, n = 189) and clinical (PD, n = 36) data were used to test its psychometric properties. Respondents considered the Walk-12G relevant and easy to use. Mean completion time was 3.5 min. Data completeness was good (<5% missing item responses) and tests of scaling assumptions supported summing item scores to a total score (corrected item-total correlations >0.6). Coefficient alpha and test–retest reliabilities were >0.9, and standard errors of measurement were 2.3–2.8. Construct validity was supported by correlations in accordance with a priori expectations. Results are similar to those with previous Walk-12G versions, indicating that scale adaptation was successful. Data suggest that the Walk-12G meets rating scale criteria for clinical trials, making it a valuable complement to available gait tests. Further studies involving other samples and application of modern psychometric methods are warranted to examine the scale in more detail.

  • 9.
    Blom, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I.
    Petersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    The SBAR model for communication between health care professionals: a clinical intervention pilot study.2015Ingår i: International Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 1791-5201, E-ISSN 1792-037X, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 530-535Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: SBAR has been suggested as a means to avoid unclear communication between health care professionals and in turn enhance patient safety in the healthcare sector.

     

    Aim: to evaluate hospital-based health care professionals experiences from using the Situation, Background, Assessment and Recommendation (SBAR) communication model.

     

    Methodology: A quantitative, descriptive, comparative pre- and post-intervention questionnaire-based pilot study before and after the implementation of SBAR at surgical hospitals wards. Open comments to questionnaire items were analyzed qualitatively.

     

    Results: The introduction of SBAR increased the experience of having a well-functioning structure for oral communication among health care professionals regarding patients’ conditions. Qualitative findings revealed the categories: Use of SBAR as a structure, Reporting time, Patient safety, and Personal aspects.

     

    Conclusions: SBAR is perceived as effective to get a structure of the content in patient reports, which may facilitate patient safety.

  • 10.
    Blom, Lisbeth
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    SBAB: en modell för kommunikation mellan vårdpersonal - en klinisk interventionsstudie2012Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund:

    Otydlig  kommunikation  mellan  vårdpersonal  är  en  vanlig bakomliggande  orsak  till  patientskador  inom  vården.  Varje  gång  som information ska överföras från en person till en annan riskerar den att bli förändrad på något sätt. Utan gemensam förståelse fås då ett otillräckligt underlag  för  att  t  ex  läkaren  ska  kunna  fatta  rationella  medicinska beslut   och   för   sjuksköterskan  att   göra   adekvata   omvårdnadsåtgärder.

    Syftet:

    Syftet var att utvärdera effekterna av införandet av SBAR – en modell för kommunikation mellan vårdpersonal.

    Metod:

    Studien har haft en kvantitativ, deskriptiv, jämförande pre- och postinterventions design. Metoden som har använts var enkät med strukturerade frågor. Enkäten har använts före och efter införandet av SBAR som modell för kommunikation mellan vårdpersonal. Öppna frågor (kommentarer till respektive fråga) i enkäten analyserades kvalitativt.

    Resultat:

    Vårdpersonalen ansåg i större utsträckning att det genom införandet av SBAR fanns en väl fungerande struktur för innehållet i den muntliga kommunikationen kring patientens tillstånd. Kvalitativa fynd presenteras under fyra teman såsom: Användning av SBAR som struktur, Tiden för rapportering, Patientsäkerhet och Personberoende.

    Slutsats:

    SBAR en modell för kommunikation mellan vårdpersonal är effektiv för att få en struktur på innehållet samt för patientsäkerheten vid rapportering av patienter. Den här använda metodiken för framtagande, implementering och utvärdering av modellen för kommunikation mellan vårdpersonal kan med fördel användas inom andra områden som är i behov av utveckling.

  • 11.
    Blücher, Anna
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Borgenstierna, Catharina
    Camanio Care AB.
    Lindborg, Ann-Louise
    Mälardalens Högskola.
    Lindén, Maria
    Mälardalens Högskola.
    Nyberg, Maria
    Mälardalens Högskola.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Wendin, Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Mat och måltidsteknik för ett hälsosamt och oberoende åldrande2018Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 12.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Hellström, Ylva
    Blekinge tekniska högskola.
    Hagberg, Bo
    Lunds universitet.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Lunds universitet.
    Westergren, Albert
    Lunds universitet.
    Hallberg, Ingalill Rahm
    Lunds universitet.
    Psychometric testing of a quality of life scale among Swedish people 75 years and above in need of help with Activities of Daily Living or not2006Ingår i: Clinical Effectiveness in Nursing, ISSN 1361-9004, E-ISSN 1532-9275, Vol. 9, nr Supplement 1, s. e25-e43Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Few Quality of Life (QoL) instruments in use today were originally developed for older populations (75+). Information on their validity and reliability in this age group is sparse. The current study investigated the psychometric properties of the Life Quality Gerontological Centre Scale (LGC), a general QoL instrument designed for use among older people. A further aim was to describe and compare QoL with gender and in people needing help with Activities of Daily Living and those not needing such help. A postal questionnaire surveyed 1093 people (mean age 82.7, SD 5.3). Principal component analysis revealed that LGC was reasonably stable as the construct-and cross validation more or less replicated the suggested QoL factors. The instrument differentiated between needing help and not and between men and women. LGC needs further development with respect to reliability, face and content validity but is potentially useful as a diagnostic or an outcome assessment after interventions among older people. Individuals in need of help and women had lower scores in several QoL areas and in total QoL scores compared to those not needing help and men. Older people’s QoL may be improved by interventions directed to areas beyond health and physical functioning. Men and women might also benefit from different interventions directed towards QoL.

  • 13.
    Edfors, Ellinor
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Hedin, Gita
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Forskning, Utbildning & Samverkan i Sjuksköterskeutbildningen (FUSS): studentmedverkan i forskning under verksamhetsförlagd utbildning2011Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 14.
    Edfors, Ellinor
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Home-living elderly people’s views on food and meals2012Ingår i: Journal of Aging Research, ISSN 2090-2204, s. 761291-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background.

    The aim of the study was to describe home-living elderly people’s views on the importance of food andmeals. Methods. Semistructured interviews with twelve elderly people. The interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results.

    Respondents described how their past influenced their present experiences and views on food and meals. Increased reliance on and need of support with food and meals frequently arose in connection with major changes in their life situations. Sudden events meant a breaking point with a transition from independence to dependence and a need for assistance from relatives and/or the community. With the perspective from the past and in the context of dependency, respondents described meals during the day, quality of food, buying, transporting, cooking, and eating food.

    Conclusions.

    Meeting the need for optimal nutritional status for older people living at home requires knowledge of individual preferences and habits, from both their earlier and current lives. It is important to pay attention to risk factors that could compromise an individual’s ability to independently manage their diet, such as major life events and hospitalisation. Individual needs for self-determination and involvement should be considered in planning and development efforts for elderly people related to food and meals.

  • 15.
    Edfors, Ellinor
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    "Om man ska ha mat, ska det vara god mat": äldre personers upplevelser av mat och måltider i ordinärt boende2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte med studien var att utifrån äldre personers upplevelser och erfarenheter undersöka och kartlägga mat och måltider i ordinärt boende. Metod: Semistrukturerade intervjuer, med tolv äldre personer, utifrån instrumentet ”Seniors in the community: Risk evaluation for eating and nutrition, version II” (SCREEN II). Intervjuerna analyserades med manifest och latent innehållsanalys. Resultat: Analysen av intervjuerna visade att respondenternas tidigare liv i hög grad påverkade nuvarande upplevelser av och syn på mat och måltider. Ökat beroende och behov av stöd uppkom inte sällan i samband med en större förändring i livssituationen. Resultatet visar att SCREEN II är ett användbart instrument för att mäta risk för malnutrition under svenska förhållanden. Konklusion: Äldre personers kunskaper kring god och näringsriktig mat samt individuella behov av självbestämmande och delaktighet bör beaktas i planering och utveckling av insatser kopplade till mat och måltider i ordinärt boende. För att uppmärksamma riskfaktorer som kan leda till malnutrition kan SCREEN II vara ett lämpligt instrument att använda i samband med förebyggande hembesök. Det finns ett behov av mer omfattande forskning inom området.

  • 16.
    Edfors, Ellinor
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    "Om man ska ha mat, ska det vara god mat": äldres upplevelser av mat och måltid i ordinärt boende2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Malnutrition, vilket inkluderar både undernäring och övervikt/fetma, är ett vanligt problem bland äldre personer, som kan leda till fysiska och psykiska funktionsnedsättningar. Flertal äldre personer i ordinärt boende som lever ensamma har svårigheter med att införskaffa, tillaga och äta sin mat. Genom förebyggande åtgärder kan uppkomst och försämring av malnutrition, ökat beroende, behov av institutionell vård och försämrad livskvalitet förebyggas.

    Syfte: Syfte med studien var att utifrån äldre personers upplevelser och erfarenheter undersöka och kartlägga mat och måltider i ordinärt boende.

    Metod: Semistrukturerade intervjuer, med tolv äldre personer, utifrån instrumentet ”Seniors in the community: Risk evaluation for eating and nutrition, version II” (SCREEN II). Intervjuerna analyserades med manifest och latent innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Analysen av intervjuerna visade att respondenternas tidigare liv i hög grad påverkade nuvarande upplevelser av och syn på mat och måltider. Ökat beroende och behov av stöd uppkom inte sällan i samband med en större förändring i livssituationen. Resultatet visar att SCREEN II är ett användbart instrument för att mäta risk för malnutrition under svenska förhållanden.

    Slutsats: Äldre personers kunskaper kring god och näringsriktig mat samt individuella behov av självbestämmande och delaktighet bör beaktas i planering och utveckling av insatser kopplade till mat och måltider i ordinärt boende. För att uppmärksamma riskfaktorer som kan leda till malnutrition kan SCREEN II vara ett lämpligt instrument att använda i samband med förebyggande hembesök. Det finns ett behov av mer omfattande forskning inom området.

  • 17.
    Edfors, Ellinor
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Lindh, Inga-Britt
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Petersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Interkollegialt lärande för handledning och bedömning av examensarbete2013Ingår i: Högskolepedagogisk debatt, ISSN 2000-9216, nr 1, s. 27-37Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I sjuksköterskeutbildningen vid Högskolan Kristianstad har sedan 2008 använts en modell för handledning och examination av examensarbetet med fokus på studenternas lärande. Trots att handledningsmodellen varit i bruk under några år visade genomförda kursutvärderingar att studenter uppfattade att det fanns skilda uppfattningar hos handledare och examinatorer om hur examensarbetet ska genomföras. På grund av detta ansöktes medel från Lärande Resurs Centrum (LRC) och Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle för att i kollegiet skapa möjligheter att diskutera vilka pedagogiska möjligheter och svårigheter som finns samt hur likheter och olikheter i syn på kunskap kan främja såväl som hindra studenternas lärandeprocess under examensarbetet. I denna rapport beskrivs projektets upplägg och genomförande samt centrala aspekter från den dialog som fördes i kollegiet under projektets gång.

  • 18.
    Hagell, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Alvariza, Anette
    Ersta Sköndal University College.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Kristofer, Årestedt
    Linnaeus University.
    Assessment of burden among family caregivers of people with Parkinson’s disease using the Zarit Burden Interview2017Ingår i: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, ISSN 0885-3924, E-ISSN 1873-6513, Vol. 53, nr 2, s. 272-278Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Context: Previous studies have supported the psychometric properties of the 22-item Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI-22) scale among family caregivers of people with various disorders, including Parkinson´s disease (PD). However, its short-forms have not been psychometrically tested among PD family caregivers, and available psychometric analyses have not accounted for the ordinal nature of item-level data.

    Objectives: To assess the psychometric properties of the ZBI-22 and its short forms among family caregivers of people with PD, while taking account for the ordinal nature of data.

    Methods: Cross-sectional postal survey ZBI-22 data from 66 family caregiver members (59% women; mean age, 69.6 years) of a local Swedish PD society branch were analysed according to classical test theory methods based on polychoric/polyserial correlations.

    Results: Missing item responses were ≤5%. Corrected item-total correlations were ≥0.42 and floor-/ceiling effects were <20%, besides for the briefest (4- and 1-item) short-forms (20% and 40% floor effects, respectively). Reliability was good for all scales (ordinal alpha, 0.89-0.95).  External construct validity was in general accordance with a priori expectations. Short-forms demonstrated good criterion-related validity (rs 0.87-0.99) and discriminative ability (AUC, 0.91-0.98) relative to the full ZBI-22.

    Conclusion: This study provides support for the reliability and validity of the ZBI-22 and its various short forms for use among PD family caregivers. In studies where caregiver burden is a central outcome, either ZBI-22 or -12 is suggested for use; other short-forms can be used when caregiver burden is of less central focus or for clinical screening.

  • 19.
    Hagell, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Broman, Jan-Erik
    Uppsala University.
    Hellström, Amanda
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Fagerström, Cecilia
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Willman, Ania
    Malmö University.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I.
    Measurement properties of the Minimal Insomnia Symptom Scale (MISS) as an insomnia screening tool among adults and the elderly2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Minimal Insomnia Symptom Scale (MISS) has been suggested as a brief 3-item screening tool for detecting insomnia. Each item has an ordered 5-category (0-4) response scale and the instrument yields a total score between 0-12 (higher scores = more insomnia). Available MISS evaluations have been based on classical test theory (CTT) approaches. Different cut-offs for identifying insomnia have been suggested for adults (aged 20-64) and elderly (aged 65+). For adults, a cut-off of ≥6 has been suggested, while a cut-off of ≥7 has been suggested for the elderly, as determined from applications of the Youden index.

    Aim: To test the measurement properties of the MISS using the Rasch measurement model, with special emphasis on Differential Item Functioning (DIF) by age, and to explore implications for the two suggested cut-off scores.

    Design: Cross-sectional MISS data from adult (n=1075) and elderly (n=548) populations were analysed by the unrestricted polytomous Rasch measurement model using the RUMM2030 software program. To avoid an inflated type I error rate, sample size was algebraically adjusted to 500 in the calculation of P-values while leaving all other aspects of data (e.g., locations, fit residuals) unaltered.

    Results: Mean person location was -1.095 (SD, 1.28), i.e. items tend to represent more severe levels of insomnia than that experienced by the sample. However, for the purpose of screening this may be considered acceptable. There were no statistically significant deviations from model expectations, with a non-significant overall item-trait interaction (χ2 = 26.94, P=0.173). Reliability (PSI) was 0.59 suggesting that the MISS can separate approximately two statistically distinct groups of people (1.92 strata). The highest Information Function (IF) was found at -0.2 logits. There were no disordered response category thresholds. There was uniform DIF by age for all three items, which disappeared following adjustment (split by age group) for the most pronounced DIF, suggesting that DIF was artificial for two items. Examination of raw scores-to-location estimates between the two age groups revealed differences at the lower and higher ends of the scale. The raw score cut-off of ≥6 was associated with a smaller logit difference between age groups than the ≥7 cut-off (0.09 vs. 0.23). That is, at a raw score of 6 the two age groups were comparable regarding their logit location estimates. This raw score (representing a logit value of -0.03 for the pooled sample) was also the one closest to the location of the highest IF (i.e., -0.2 logits).

    Summary and implications: This study provides general support for the measurement properties of the MISS. However, caution should be exercised in comparing MISS scores between age groups, but applying a ≥6 raw score cut-off appears to allow for valid comparisons between adults and elderly regarding the presence of insomnia. Nevertheless, additional studies are needed to determine the clinically optimal cut-score for identification of insomnia. 

  • 20.
    Hagell, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Edfors, Ellinor
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education.
    Hedin, Gita
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Sjödahl Hammarlund, Catharina
    Lund University.
    Group concept mapping for evaluation and development in nursing education2016Ingår i: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 20, s. 147-153Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The value of course evaluations has been debated since they frequently fail to capture the complexity of education and learning. Group Concept Mapping (GCM), a participant-centred mixed-method was explored as a tool for evaluation and development in nursing education and to better understand students' learning experiences, using data from a GCM-based evaluation of a research training assignment integrating clinical practice and research data collection within a Swedish university nursing program. Student nurses (n = 47) participated in a one-day GCM exercise. Focus group brainstorming regarding experiences from the assignment that the students considered important and instructive yielded 98 statements that were individually sorted based on their student-perceived relationships, and rated regarding their importance/instructiveness and need for development. Quantitative analysis of sort data produced a 2-dimensional map representing their conceptual relationships, and eight conceptual areas. Average cluster ratings were plotted relative to each other and provided a decision aid for development and planning by identifying areas (i.e., "Research methodology", "Patients' perspectives", and "Interviewer role") considered highly important/instructive and in high need for development. These experiences illustrate the use and potential of GCM as an interactive participant-centred approach to evaluation, planning and development in nursing and other higher health science educations.

  • 21.
    Hagell, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Smith, Steve
    Storbritannien.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I.
    Manual for translation and cultural adaptation of the Minimal Eating Observation and Nutrition Form – Version II (MEONF-II)2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the procedure for translation and cultural

    adaptation of the Minimal Eating Observation and Nutrition Form –

    Version II (MEONF-II) from Swedish or U.K. English for use in other

    languages and countries, including adaptations from Swedish and

    U.K. English to other Swedish (e.g., Finland) and English speaking

    regions (e.g., United States, Canada, Australia), respectively. The

    prescribed methodology is based on the dual-panel approach for

    patient-reported rating scales, but modified for clinical assessment

    tools used by health care professionals. The approach emphasises the

    importance of achieving conceptual rather than linguistic equivalence,

    as well as ease and immediacy of the translation. The procedure

    comprises three main steps: (1) A panel of 3-7 bilingual health care

    professionals work together to produce a first draft target language

    version; (2) Review the first draft target language version by a second

    panel of 3-7 monolingual nurses and/or final year student nurses

    native in the target language; (3) Clinical field-testing of the new

    target language version by 15-30 hospital ward nurses/final year

    student nurses using the MEONF-II with at least five patients each to

    evaluate its user-friendliness and appropriateness. Following a written

    report including all major discussions and difficulties experienced by

    the panels and during field-testing, there is a need for evidence of the

    equivalence of the translated MEONF-II relative to the original

    version, before it can be recommended for general implementation

    into clinical practice. This final step is not covered in any detail here,

    but only outlined in summary. The procedures described here provide

    an easy to follow step-by-step practically oriented manual to facilitate

    the production of high quality translations and adaptations of the

    MEONF-II into new linguistic and cultural settings. This will ease the

    process for nurses and others who are interested in implementing the

    MEONF-II as a means of improving nutritional care for hospital

    inpatients.

  • 22.
    Hagell, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Measurement properties of the SF-12 Health Survey in Parkinson's disease2011Ingår i: Journal of Parkinson's Disease, ISSN 1877-7171, E-ISSN 1877-718X, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 185-196Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The 12-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) is an abbreviated version of the SF-36, one of the most widely used patient-reported health outcome rating scales. Similar to the SF-36, it yields summary scores of physical and mental health (PCS and MCS, respectively). However, SF-36 derived PCS and MCS scores have not been found valid in neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD). Here we used modern psychometric methodology (Rasch analysis) to test the SF-12 in PD, and explored the appropriateness of a total SF-12 score representing overall health. SF-12 data from 150 non-demented people with PD (56% men; mean age/PD-duration, 70/5 years) were analyzed regarding Rasch model fit for the PCS, MCS, as well as for the full SF-12. Data showed some signs of misfit to the Rasch model for all three scales (overall item-trait interaction, P ≥ 0.003; reliability, ≥ 0.85). For example, all scales exhibited signs of dependency between item responses, and the PCS measured with relatively low precision. Model fit (but not measurement precision) was improved following deletion of one PCS and one MCS item (overall item-trait interaction, P ≥ 0.387; reliability, ≥ 0.82). These observations suggest that the SF-12 can be used as a coarse health survey tool in PD and that a total SF-12 may be useful as a measure of overall health. However, its appropriateness as an outcome measure can be questioned and it is somewhat unclear exactly what the derived scores represent. As such, the SF-12 should probably be considered an assessment tool (or index) rather than a measurement instrument.

  • 23.
    Hagell, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I.
    Sample size and statistical conclusions from tests of fit to the Rasch measurement model according to the RUMM2030 program2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sample size is a major contributor to statistical null hypothesis testing, which is the basis for many approaches to testing Rasch model fit. To allow for taking this into account, the RUMM2030 Rasch analysis software has the ability to adjust n in the calculation of its chi-2 based fit statistics. This paper examines the effects of such post-hoc adjustments on the statistical conclusions, and explores the occurrence of type I errors with Rasch model fit statistics implemented in RUMM2030. Data simulations of Rasch model fitting 25-item dichotomous scales with sample sizes ranging from n=50-2500 were generated an analysed regarding fit with and without adjusted sample sizes corresponding to the same n values as those simulated. Results suggest that post-hoc downward sample size adjustment is a useful procedure to avoid type I errors when working with relatively large data sets (n≥500). The value of upward adjustment with small data sets is less clear, particularly regarding the total item-trait chi-2 test, which tends to falsely signal misfit. Under the assumption of Rasch model fit, our observations suggest that a sample size around 250 (up to about 500) provides a good balance for the statistical interpretation of RUMM2030 fit statistics.

  • 24.
    Hagell, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Sample size and statistical conclusions from tests of fit to the Rasch model according to the Rasch Unidimensional Measurement Model (RUMM) program in health outcome measurement2016Ingår i: Journal of Applied Measurement, ISSN 1529-7713, Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 416-431Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Sample size is a major factor in statistical null hypothesis testing, which is the basis for many approaches to testing Rasch model fit. Few sample size recommendations for testing fit to the Rasch model concern the Rasch Unidimensional Measurement Models (RUMM) software, which features chi-square and ANOVA/F-ratio based fit statistics, including Bonferroni and algebraic sample size adjustments. This paper explores the occurrence of Type I errors with RUMM fit statistics, and the effects of algebraic sample size adjustments. Data with simulated Rasch model fitting 25-item dichotomous scales and sample sizes ranging from N=50 to N=2500 were analysed with and without algebraically adjusted sample sizes. Results suggest the occurrence of Type I errors with N≥500, and that Bonferroni correction as well as downward algebraic sample size adjustment are useful to avoid such errors, whereas upward adjustment of smaller samples falsely signal misfit. Our observations suggest that sample sizes around N=250 to N=500 may provide a good balance for the statistical interpretation of RUMM fit statistics studied here with respect to Type I errors and under the assumption of Rasch model fit within the examined framed of reference (i.e., about 25 item parameters well targeted to the sample).

  • 25.
    Hagell, Peter
    et al.
    Division of Gerontology and Caring Sciences, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Westergren, Albert
    Division of Gerontology and Caring Sciences, Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    The significance of importance: an evaluation of Ferrans and Powers’ Quality of Life Index2006Ingår i: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 15, nr 5, s. 1251-1256Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ferrans and Powers' Quality of Life Index (QLI) defines and assesses quality of life (QoL) in terms of importance-weighted life satisfaction. This study assessed the value of such weights and explored the relationship between weighted and unweighted (satisfaction only) scores and single-item rated overall life satisfaction (LS) and QoL. Data were collected by a postal survey to 81 Parkinson's disease patients (88% response rate). Correlations between weighted and unweighted QLI scores were >or=0.96, except for one subscale (r ( s ) = 0.85). Item non-response rates ranged between 4.2 and 45.1% and 1.4 and 38% for the weighted and unweighted QLI, respectively. Cronbach's alpha exceeded 0.7 for weighted and unweighted versions of two out of the four subscales and the total score. Scaling success rates were similar for weighted and unweighted scores and did not support the current subscale structure. Unexpectedly, weighted total scores correlated stronger with LS than with QoL, and unweighted scores displayed the opposite pattern. This study found no advantages by using importance-weighted satisfaction scores. The correlational pattern with overall LS and QoL challenges the QLI approach to QoL, although these observations may relate to the use of multiplicative item weights. This study has implications also beyond the QLI regarding, e.g., the use of multiplicative weights and the relationship between life satisfaction and QoL.

  • 26.
    Hagell, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Hariz, Gun-Marie
    Umeå University.
    Hobart, Jeremy
    England.
    Wictorin, Klas
    Lund University.
    Measuring the impact of drug-induced dyskinesias in Parkinson’s disease: the PDYS-26 revisited2018Ingår i: International Conference on Probabilistic Models for Measurement, 2018Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Drug-induced dyskinesias (DID) are a common long-term complication of dopaminergic drug therapy for Parkinson’s disease (PD). The 26-item PD dyskinesia scale (PDYS-26) is a patient-reported rating scale intended to quantify the everyday impact of DID. However, its measurement properties have not been scrutinized since its development some 10 years ago.

    AIM: To examine the measurement properties of the PDYS-26 using Rasch Measurement Theory (RMT).

    DESIGN: The PDYS-26 was administered to people with PD and varying degrees of DID recruited from six Swedish (n=172) and three British (n=150) outpatient movement disorder clinics. RMT analyses were conducted using the RUMM2030 software.

    RESULTS: RMT model fit was generally good with only three items exhibiting relatively minor misfit. Response categories worked as intended and targeting was acceptable and reliability was 0.96. There was no differential item functioning (DIF) by age, PD duration or time, but three items exhibited DIF by country and one by sex, neither of which appear to notably bias person measurement. Item hierarchy review suggested a variable of dubious clinical/theoretical coherence. Therefore, a recently proposed three-dimensional reduced (21-item) PDYS version was explored. Results were similar to those from the original scale but with improved conceptual coherence, albeit with close to a 2- to 3-fold decrease in measurement precision. 

    SUMMARY AND IMPLICATIONS: The PDYS-26 appears useful for measuring the impact of DID, and yields sufficiently invariant measurement across core patient subgroups. Scale reconceptualization improves the meaning of scores, but at the cost of measurement uncertainty.

  • 27.
    Hagell, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Janelidze, Shorena
    Lund University.
    Hansson, Oskar
    Lund University.
    The Swedish SCOPA-SLEEP for assessment of sleep disorders in Parkinson's disease and healthy controls2016Ingår i: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 25, nr 10, s. 2571-2577Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: SCOPA-SLEEP is a rating scale for night-time sleep and daytime sleepiness (DS) proposed for use among people with Parkinson's disease (PD) as well as others. We translated it into Swedish and assessed its psychometric properties in PD and age-matched healthy controls.

    METHODS: Following translation according to the dual-panel approach, the Swedish SCOPA-SLEEP was field-tested regarding comprehensibility, relevance and respondent burden (n = 20). It was then psychometrically tested according to classical test theory (data completeness, scaling assumptions, targeting, reliability and construct validity) using data from 149 people with PD and 53 age-matched healthy controls from the prospective Swedish BioFINDER study.

    RESULTS: SCOPA-SLEEP took a mean of 3.5 min to complete and was considered easy to use and relevant. Missing item responses were <8 %, corrected item-total correlations were ≥0.47 (except for one DS item among controls), factor analyses suggested one dimension per scale, floor/ceiling effects were ≤17 %, reliability was ≥0.85 except for the DS scale among controls (0.65) and construct validity was supported.

    CONCLUSIONS: Observations concur with previous evaluations, thus providing initial support for the Swedish SCOPA-SLEEP among people with PD. Further studies are needed to establish its generic properties and to understand its measurement properties in better detail.

  • 28.
    Hagell, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linnaeus University, Linköping University.
    Beware of the origin of numbers: Standard scoring of the SF-12 and SF-36 summary measures distorts measurement and score interpretations2017Ingår i: Research in Nursing & Health, ISSN 0160-6891, E-ISSN 1098-240X, Vol. 40, nr 4, s. 378-386Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) is a generic health rating scale developed to reproduce the Physical and Mental Component Summary scores (PCS and MCS, respectively) of a longer survey, the SF-36. The standard PCS/MCS scoring algorithm has been criticized because its expected dimensionality often lacks empirical support, scoring is based on the assumption that physical and mental health are uncorrelated, and because scores on physical health items influence MCS scores, and vice versa. In this paper, we review the standard PCS/MCS scoring algorithm for the SF-12 and consider alternative scoring procedures: the RAND-12 Health Status Inventory (HSI) and raw sum scores. We corroborate that the SF-12 reproduces SF-36 scores but also inherits its problems. In simulations, good physical health scores reduce mental health scores, and vice versa. This may explain results of clinical studies in which, for example, poor physical health scores result in good MCS scores despite compromised mental health. When applied to empirical data from people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and stroke, standard SF-12 scores suggest a weak correlation between physical and mental health (rs .16), whereas RAND-12 HSI and raw sum scores show a much stronger correlation (rs .67-.68). Furthermore, standard PCS scores yield a different statistical conclusion regarding the association between physical health and age than do RAND-12 HSI and raw sum scores. We recommend that the standard SF-12 scoring algorithm be abandoned in favor of alternatives that provide more valid representations of physical and mental health, of which raw sum scores appear the simplest.

  • 29.
    Hommel, A
    et al.
    Malmö högskola.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Ekman, Inger
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Gunningberg, Lena
    Uppsala universitet.
    Rasmussen, B
    Lunds universitet.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet.
    Wallin, Lars
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Wengström, Y
    Karolinska institutet.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Öhlén, J
    Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Lägg förslaget om förändrad utbildning i papperskorgen2016Ingår i: Dagens medicin, ISSN 1104-7488Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Skapa specialist­utbild­ningar för sjuksköterskor som motsvarar vårdens behov både i dag och i framtiden, skriver Ami Hommel, ordförande Svensk sjuksköterskeförening, och nio vårdprofessorer.

  • 30.
    Hommel, Ami
    et al.
    Malmö Högskola.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Ekman, Inger
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Gunningberg, Lena
    Uppsala universitet.
    Kristensson Hallström, Inger
    Lunds universitet.
    Rasumssen, Birgit
    Lunds universitet.
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet.
    Wallin, Lars
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Öhlén, Joakim
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Öka satsningarna på forskning i omvårdnad2017Ingår i: Dagens Medicin, ISSN 1104-7488, nr 19 januariArtikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Långsiktiga satsningar för välfärdsforskning är bra, men för att nå ända fram och minimera hälsoklyftorna är det nödvändigt att även forskning inom omvårdnad prioriteras, skriver tio debattörer.

  • 31.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Klevsgård, Rosemarie
    Lund University.
    Westergren, Albert
    Lund University.
    Rahm Hallberg, Ingalill
    Lund University.
    Old people in pain: a comparative study2003Ingår i: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, ISSN 0885-3924, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 625-636Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To investigate the prevalence of pain in older people (75+), compare those in pain to those without regarding demographics, social network, functional limitations, fatigue, sleeping problems, depressed mood and quality of life (QOL), and identify variables associated with pain, a cross-sectional, prospective survey was conducted in an age-stratified sample of 4,093 people aged 75-105 years old. Those reporting pain (n=1,654) were compared with those who did not (n=2,439). Pain was more common with higher age, as were all complaints among those in pain and among those without, except sleeping problems. Lower QOL was found with higher age, as well as with pain. Pain was found to be associated with functional limitations, fatigue, sleeping problems, depressed mood, and QOL. These data highlight the importance of identifying old people in pain. Those who are older and those affected by pain are at greater risk of also being troubled by other problems, such as functional limitations and lowered QOL.

  • 32.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Rahm Hallberg, Ingalill
    Lund University.
    Westergren, Albert
    Lund University.
    Overall and health related quality of life among the oldest old in pain2004Ingår i: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 125-136Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To compare the oldest old (85 years and above) in pain with those with no pain across gender, regarding demographic data, living conditions, social network/support, walking/mobility problems, fatigue, sleeping problems, depressed mood and quality of life (QoL). The aim was also to test how these variables were related to QoL among the oldest old in pain. Methods: The study comprised 1622 people aged 85–105 years, of whom 47% reported pain. SF-12 and the LGC questionnaire were used to measure QoL. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with QoL. Results: Functional limitations, fatigue, sleeping problem and depressed mood were significantly more prevalent and QoL was significantly lower among those in pain than those not in pain, and among women compared to men. These complaints, along with financial problems, living in sheltered housing and living alone, were associated with low QoL among those in pain. Conclusion: Pain is common among the oldest old and coexists with several other complaints that together negatively affect QoL. By identifying those in pain and coexisting factors, actions can be taken to contribute to QoL, also in late life.

  • 33.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Rahm Hallberg, Ingalill
    Lund University.
    Westergren, Albert
    Lund University.
    Pain management in elderly persons who require assistance with activities of daily living: a comparison of those living at home with those in special accommodations2004Ingår i: European Journal of Pain, Vol. 8, nr 4, s. 335-344Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To describe and compare the methods of pain management used by elderly individuals with chronic pain and re-quiring assistance with activities of daily living, depending on whether they live alone, with someone, at home or in special ac-commodations.Methods: This study comprised 294 people aged 76–100 years, identified as having chronic pain and requiring assistance withactivities of daily living. Pain and pain management methods were compared using the Multidimensional Pain Inventory, Swedishversion, and the Pain Management Inventory.Results: Those living in special accommodations reported more pain than those living at home. Those living with someonereported more pain and interference in daily life than those living alone, despite using more pain-relief methods and having greatersocial support. The median number of pain-relieving methods used was 3.0 (75th–25th percentile: 5–2). Some (3.8%) did not use anymethod to relieve their pain. The most frequently used methods were prescribed medicine (20%), rest (20%) and distraction (15%).The methods rated most effective were using cold, exercise, hot bath/shower and consuming alcohol.Conclusion: Participants had only a small repertoire of pain management methods and these were mostly conventional in nature.Few non-pharmacological methods were used. The findings suggest the importance of thorough assessment, and the need to fullydiscuss pain management options with the elderly.

  • 34.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Enkätmetodik – en svår konst [Construction of questionnaires – a difficult task]2005Ingår i: Vård i Norden, Vol. 25, nr 3, s. 72-73Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Construction of questionnaires isnot as easy as it first may seem.There are several issues to consi-der. This to avoid problems laterin the analysis of the results. Thisarticle aim at presenting a selec-tion of possible methodology pro-blems related to the constructionand use of questionnaires.

  • 35.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Westergren, Albert
    Lund University.
    Statistical methods for assessing agreement for ordinal data2005Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 427-431Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Evaluation of various methods in clinical practice is often based on interpretations by two or more observers. Such data need to be analysed with correct statistics, or the results and conclusions may be misleading. In this study, the use of measures of agreement for ordinal data in five international nursing journals is reviewed and various methods for measuring agreement are presented and discussed. Analyses of agreement did not seem to be very common in nursing research, but a great variation was found regarding the choice of method for analysing agreement. Both acceptable and unacceptable methods were found in the articles reviewed. When choosing among various methods for agreement the weighted κ-coefficient is probably the most useful for ordinal data, but several issues of concern arise and need to be taken into consideration when using these types of analyses.

  • 36.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Lindskov, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Department of Geriatrics and Neurology, Central Hospital, Kristianstad.
    Hagell, Peter
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Construct validity of the SF-12 in three different samples2012Ingår i: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice, ISSN 1356-1294, E-ISSN 1365-2753, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 560-566Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationale, aims and objectives  Studies have challenged the validity and underlying measurement model of the physical and mental component summary scores of the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey in, for example the elderly and people with neurological disorders. However, it is unclear to what extent these observations translate to physical and mental component summary scores derived from the 12-item short form (SF-12) of the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey. This study evaluated the construct validity of the SF-12 in elderly people and people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and stroke.

    Methods  SF-12 data from a general elderly (aged 75+) population (n = 4278), people with PD (n = 159) and stroke survivors (n = 89) were analysed regarding data quality, reliability (coefficient alpha) and internal construct validity. The latter was assessed through item-total correlations, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses.

    Results  Completeness of data was high (93–98.8%) and reliability was acceptable (0.78–0.85). Item-total correlations argued against the suggested items-to-summary scores structure in all three samples. Exploratory factor analyses failed to support a two-dimensional item structure among elderly and stroke survivors, and cross-loadings of items were seen in all three samples. Confirmatory factor analyses showed lack of fit between empirical data and the proposed items-to-summary measures structure in all samples.

    Conclusions  These observations challenge the validity and interpretability of SF-12 scores among the elderly, people with PD and stroke survivors. The standard orthogonally weighted SF-12 scoring algorithm is cautioned against. Instead, when the assumed two-dimensional structure is supported in the data, oblique scoring algorithms appear preferable. Failure to consider basic scoring assumptions may yield misleading results.

  • 37.
    Johannsen, Annsofi
    et al.
    Division of Periodontology, Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Johannsen, Gunnar
    Department of Periodontology, Dana-Clinic, Stockholm.
    Dental implants from the patients perspective: transition from tooth loss, through amputation to implants – negative and positive trajectories2012Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051X, Vol. 39, nr 7, s. 681-687Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim The aim of this study was to explore patients' expectations on and experiences from dental implant treatment through deep-interview technique. Material & Methods A qualitative study design was chosen and 17 patients were interviewed by open-ended questions. All patients in the study had a previous history of periodontal disease with, in most cases, many years of treatment. The interviews were transcribed; a coding process was used according to qualitative conventional content analysis. Results In the analysis, a core category was identified as “Transition from tooth loss, to ‘Amputation’, and to implants – negative and positive trajectories”. When the patients faced the fact that it was not possible to keep the teeth any longer, a period of fear, shame and denial, which also affected their social life negatively followed. After they received their implants and the chewing ability and appearance became better, it also improved their quality of life. Conclusion Treatment with dental implants improved function, enhanced self-esteem, social life and, thus quality of life. In clinical practice, information about dental implants and motivational strategies are needed during the period before getting dental implants. Follow-up is important thereafter, capturing both the pros and cons with implants.

  • 38.
    Karlsson, Staffan
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Westergren, Albert
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Hallberg, Ingalill Rahm
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Functional ability and health complaints among older people with a combination of public and informal care vs. public care only2008Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 136-148Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate functional ability and health complaints of people, 65+, living in special accommodation (equivalent to nursing home) and their counterparts who live at home and receive municipal care or a combination of municipal and informal care. Persons (n = 1958) receiving municipal care were assessed in terms of functional ability, health complaints, and level of informal and municipal care and services. The results showed that more home care, services and help with Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) were provided to those receiving only municipal care at home, while more home care and services associated with Personal Activities of Daily Living (PADL) as well as nursing care were provided to those receiving informal care in addition to formal care. Cohabitation was a predictor of a combination of municipal and informal care in the home (OR: 5.935), while assistance with IADL provided by municipal home care and services predicted municipal care only (OR: 0.344). Care in special accommodation was predicted by advanced age (OR: 1.051), dependency in IADL (OR: 19.883) and PADL (OR: 2.695), and impaired cognitive ability (OR: 3.849) with receiving municipal care only as a reference. Living alone (OR: 0.106), dependency in IADL (OR: 11.348) and PADL (OR: 2.506), impaired cognitive ability (OR: 3.448), impaired vision or blindness (OR: 1.812) and the absence of slowly healing wounds (OR: 0.407) were predictors of special accommodation with a combination of informal and municipal care at home as a reference. The distribution of municipal care divided older people into three distinct groups. The most frail and elderly people who had no cohabitants received care in special accommodation, determined by their level of physical and cognitive dependency. The frailest individuals living at home were cohabiting and received a combination of municipal and informal care, while those who were less dependent mainly had help with IADL from municipal care only. The results indicate that there is a shift from the substitution to the complementary model and highlights that attention to the family carers is needed.

  • 39.
    Karlsson, Staffan
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Westergren, Albert
    Research and Development Unit, Central Hospital, Kristianstad.
    Hallberg, Ingalill Rahm
    Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Older people receiving public long-term care in relation to consumption of medical health care and informal care2008Ingår i: The Open Geriatric Medicine Journal, ISSN 1874-8279, Vol. 1, s. 1-9Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate medical health care and informal care consumption among older people receiving public long-term care, and factors associated with medical health care consumption. 1958 persons aged 65 years and over were included. Data were collected from two registers, including demography, functional ability and received long-term, informal and medical health care. 35% of those at home were admitted to hospital and 76% had contact with outpatient care by physician compared to 26% and 87% respectively of those in special accommodation. Living in special accommodation was associated with more contacts with primary health care and fewer contacts with specialist care other than psychiatric care. Informal care was associated with more contacts with primary health care, specialist care, admissions to and days in hospital. More elderly people being cared for at home may mean more hospital and outpatient care consumption.

  • 40.
    Khalaf, Atika
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Al-Hazzaa, Hazzaa
    3Exercise Physiology Laboratory, and Obesity Research Chair, King Saud University, Riyadh.
    Bergström, Staffan
    Department of Public Health Sciences, The Division of Global Health (IHCAR), Karolinska Institute.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Undernutrition risk, overweight/obesity, and nutritional care in relation to undernutrition risk among inpatients in southwestern Saudi Arabia: a hospital-based point prevalence study2011Ingår i: Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy, Vol. 1, nr 2, s. 104-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Undernutrition is a problem in institutional care, where 20–46% of all inpatients are classified as being “at nutritional risk”. This study explores the prevalence of undernutrition risk and overweight/obesity and the targeting of nutritional care in relation to undernutrition risk among inpatients in southwestern Saudi Arabia.

    Methods:

    A cross-sectional, point prevalence study was carried out in a Central hospital in southwestern Saudi Arabia. The subjects were inpatients, over the age of 18 who had their nutritional status assessed. Moderate/high undernutrition risk was defined as the occurrence of at least two of: weight loss, low BMI, and/or eating difficulties. Overweight/obesity was graded by using Caucasian and Asian cut-offs for BMI.

    Results:

    Out of 219 patients 166 (76%) agreed to participate (106 men and 60 women) with a significantly higher drop-out among women (n=35, 37% vs. men n=18, 14%). There was no significant difference in the prevalence of moderate/high undernutrition risk between men and women (40% vs. 38%) but more women (29% or 40%, depending on cut-off) than men (10% or 23%) were obese. Among patients at moderate/high undernutrition risk, more women (61%) than men (31%) were served small portions.

    Conclusions:

    There is a need to increase awareness about nutrition among nurses, to implement nutritional guidelines and to do more research regarding overweight/obesity among the female population. Motivational strategie  need to be developed to focus on increasing the Saudi female participation in research.

  • 41.
    Khalaf, Atika
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Bergström, Staffan
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Prevalence of low and high bodymass indes in a hospital in Saudi Arabia: comparisons with other countries and between men and women2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 42.
    Khalaf, Atika
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Caring for undernourished patients in an orthopaedic setting2010Ingår i: Annual Research Day in King Khalid University, 2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 43.
    Khalaf, Atika
    et al.
    University Hospital, Malmö.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Caring for undernourished patients in an orthopaedic setting2009Ingår i: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 5-18Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study elucidates the nursing of undernourished patients as experienced by eight registered clinical nurses and five nursing assistants by using content analysis. The participants' narratives describe the inner perspective of caring for undernourished patients, known in Sweden as `the thin ones'. Categories identified were: frustration in nursing, joy in nursing and that undernourishment is taboo. The taboo was narrated as feelings of guilt and shame. Frustration in nursing could be seen as feeling stressed, exposed, lonely, powerless, helpless, and being torn between demands and needs. Joy in nursing was experienced when creating a trusting relationship, promoting pleasure in the meal situation and working with respect for each individual's life-style and context of life. Understanding staff members' views is important when implementing guidelines as well as in the teaching situation in order to identify where staff stand with regard to knowledge and attitudes.

  • 44.
    Khalaf, Atika
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Berggren, Vanja
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Al-Hazzaa, H.
    Determinants of physical activity (PA), sedentary behaviors, and BMI among female university students in South Western Saudia Arabia (KSA)2012Ingår i: Clinical Nutrition Supplements, 2012, 7(1), page 263, 2012, s. 263-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationale: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence and determinants of PA, sedentary behaviors, and BMI among female university students in south western KSA.

    Methods: This cross-sectional study included 663 female students who were randomly selected from a female university centre. Logistic regressions were used to identify determinants for moderate and vigorous PA, sedentary behaviors, and overweight/obesity and underweight.

    Results: The females reported moderate PA in 49% and vigorous PA in 21% of cases, as defined by the American College of Sports Medicine recommendations. Total energy expenditure in METs-min/week increased with increased BMI (1216 among underweight, 1474 among normal weight, and 1810 among overweight). Sedentary behaviors were found among 15% of participants. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 24%, and underweight 19%. Significant predictors for moderate PA were found to be present of one obese parent (negative relation), proximity to parks, and BMI (positive relation) while vigorous PA was predicted by age, fathers' level of education, waist-height ratio (negative relation), mothers' level of education, proximity to molls and parks, and BMI (positive relation). Sedentary behaviours were only predicted by proximity to parks. Overweight and obesity were found to correlate to the number of sisters (negative relation), presence of one obese parent, obese siblings, and proximity to molls (positive relation). On the other hand, both age and presence of obese parents were found to be negatively and significantly correlated to underweight.

    Conclusion: A minority of the subjects met with current recommendations for PA. Intervention studies and implementation of national nutritional and PA guidelines are needed and should be integrated in the education of the adolescents and young adults.

  • 45.
    Khalaf, Atika
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Gymnasik- och indrottshögskolan, Stockholm.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Al-Hazzaa, H.
    Saudiarabien.
    Prevalence and determinants of obesity and physical inactivity among female university students in South Western Saudi Arabia2011Ingår i: Clinical Nutrition Supplements: abstracts of the 33rd ESPEN congress, 2011, Vol. 6(1), s. 100-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationale: The prevalence of obesity in Saudi Arabia (KSA) is a growing challenge to public health, it may affect and be related to the levels of physical activity. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of overweight and obesity, physical activity, and unhealthy food intake among female university students in Saudi Arabia. In addition, determinants for levels of physical activity and unhealthy food intake were examined.

    Methods: This cross-sectional study included 663 female students in a university centre in KSA. Measures included anthropometric, socioeconomic, environmental, cultural, and life style factors such as physical activities, sedentary activities and eating habits. Logistic regressions were used to identify predictors of physical activity and unhealthy food intake respectively.

    Results: The prevalence of overweight was 19% and obesity 6%. Physically active females were 41%, as defined by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommendations for moderate physical activity (Haskell et al. 2007). Concerning vigorous physical activity, only 17%, of the subjects met the current recommendations. According to WHO’s recommendations for physical activity levels 55% were minimally active and 12% active. Significant predictors for moderate/vigorous physical activity were found to be proximity to parks, mothers’ education (positive relation), lack of knowledge, and number of brothers (negative relation). It also emerged that 88% of the participants had unhealthy food intake with the fathers’ level of education as the only significant predictor.

    Conclusion: A minority of the subjects met with current recommendations for physical activity. Intervention studies and implementation of national nutritional guidelines are needed and should be integrated in the education of the adolescents and young adults.

  • 46.
    Khalaf, Atika
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Åstrand Laboratory of Work Physiology, The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm.
    Kowalski, Jan
    National Childhood Obesity Center, Departments of Pediatrics and of Clinical Science, Intervention, and Technology, Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institute.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institute.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Al-Hazzaa, Hazzaa
    Pediatric Exercise Physiology Research Laboratory, College of Education and Obesity Research Chair, King Saud University, Riyadh.
    Female university students’ physical activity levels and associated factors: a cross-sectional study in southwestern Saudi Arabia2013Ingår i: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 10, nr 8, s. 3502-3517Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The high prevalence of physical inactivity in Saudi Arabia is a growing challenge to public health. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of physical activity (PA) and associated factors among female university students. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 663 randomly selected female university students who completed the Arab Teens Life Style questionnaire. Data included measurements of anthropometric, socioeconomic and environmental factors, as well as self-reported PA. Ordinal regression was used to identify associated factors with low, moderate and high PA levels. Results: The mean age of participants was 20.4 years (SD 1.5). Mean BMI of the students in relation to PA were 23.0, 22.9, 22.1 for high, moderate and low levels of activity, respectively. The analysis revealed significantly higher PA levels among married students, those with high educated mothers, and those who lived far from parks, and lower activity levels among underweight students. Conclusions: This study raises four important determinants for female university students’ PA levels. These factors could be of great importance in the endeavor to prevent the health-threatening increase in physical inactivity patterns and thus non-communicable diseases and obesity where the focus should be on the specific situation and needs of women in Saudi Arabia.

  • 47.
    Khalaf, Atika
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Nurses’ views and experiences of caring for malnourished patients in surgical settings in South Western Saudi Arabia (KSA)2012Ingår i: Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0261-5614, E-ISSN 1532-1983, Vol. 7, nr Suppl. 1, s. 264-265Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 48.
    Khalaf, Atika
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Ekblom, Örjan
    Al-Hazzaa, Hazzaa
    Associated factors to female university students’ dietary habits and body weight in Saudi ArabiaArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 49.
    Khalaf, Atika
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Lund University.
    Ekblom, Örjan
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences, Stockholm.
    Al-Hazzaa, Hazzaa M.
    King Saud University, Riyadh.
    Prevalence and association of female weight status and dietary habits with sociodemographic factors: a cross-sectional study in Saudi Arabia2015Ingår i: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 18, nr 5, s. 784-796Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: Research about the prevalence of underweight and overweight/obesity in the Saudi Arabian female population is limited. The aim of the present study was to examine the dietary habits and the prevalence of underweight and overweight/obesity and associated factors among female university students.

    DESIGN: A cross-sectional study.

    SETTING: A university centre for female students in south-western Saudi Arabia.

    SUBJECTS: The study involved 663 randomly selected female university students who self-reported their physical activities, nutritional habits and socio-economic factors. Multiple linear and logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with the students' BMI, dietary variables, underweight and overweight/obesity.

    RESULTS: The majority of the university females were normal weight (56·9 %), but a high prevalence of underweight (19·2 %) and overweight/obesity (23·8 %) occurred. Social factors significantly associated with BMI were the presence of obese parents and siblings as well as physical activity levels, marital status, number of sisters, father's level of education and more frequent intake of French fries/potato chips (>3 times/week). Several variables were found to correlate with dietary habits, underweight and overweight/obesity. Of special interest is the association between the number of siblings and the participants' BMI and dietary intake in both negative and positive ways.

    CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this research have implications for health promotion and prevention of malnutrition among college-aged females. Health-care providers and policy makers need to involve the whole family when promoting females' physical activity. The study serves as an evidence-based background for planning and implementation of interventions targeting improvement of highly educated populations' nutritional habits.

  • 50.
    Khalaf, Atika
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Karolinska Institute.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Lund University.
    Ekblom, Örjan
    The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences.
    Hazzaa, A-H
    Saudi Arabia.
    Perceived and ideal body image in young women in South Western Saudi Arabia2015Ingår i: Journal of Obesity, Vol. 2015, s. 1-7-, artikel-id 697163Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives. The aim of this study was to investigate perceived and ideal body image (BI) and associated factors among female university students in Saudi Arabia. Methods. This cross-sectional study included 663 university female students. Anthropometric measurements including weight, height, BMI, and BI perception (the 9-figure silhouette) were obtained. Descriptive and logistic regression analysis were conducted. Results. An agreement between actual, perceived, and ideal BI was found in 23% of the participants. Behavioral (activity levels), social (presence of obese parents and fathers’ level of education), and economic factors (households’ monthly income, number of cars in the household, and kind of residence) were positively and significantly associated with the desire to be thinner. Similarly, socioeconomic associations (number of sisters and number of cars in the household) correlated positively and significantly with the desire to be heavier. Conclusions. The whole family should rather be considered in interventions related to appearance concerns and BI discrepancies. Furthermore, campaigns targeting improvement of adolescents’ physical self-image should be a major priority of the public health sector.

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