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  • 1.
    Borgman, Sofie
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap.
    Ericsson, Ida
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap.
    Clausson, Eva
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    The relationship between reported pain and depressive symptoms among adolescents2018Ingår i: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Pain and depressive symptoms are common reasons for adolescents to contact the school nurse. The aim was to describe the prevalence of pain (headache, abdominal pain, and back pain) and depressive symptoms among adolescents and to examine whether there is an association between pain and depressive symptoms. This cross-sectional survey included students ( N = 639) in Sweden (median age: 16 years). Over half of the female participants (56%) and one third of male participants (33%) had weekly headaches, abdominal pain, or back pain. Almost every second girl (48%) and one in four boys (25%) had depressive symptoms (as measured by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, scores ≥ 16). There was a significant association between having pain (headache, abdominal pain, or back pain) and having depressive symptoms. It is of great importance for school nurses to adequately identify and treat the cause of pain and other factors contributing to depression.

  • 2.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Cowell, Julia Muennich
    Migration, school nursing, and school health services2019Ingår i: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 35, nr 5Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 3.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Berg, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Väst.
    Janlöv, Ann-Christin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Challenges of documenting schoolchildren's psychosocial health: a qualitative study2015Ingår i: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 205-211Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore school nurses’ experience of challenges related to documenting schoolchildren’s psychosocial health in Sweden. Six focus group discussions were carried out. Areas for discussions included questions about situations, especially challenging to document as well as what constrains and/or facilitates documenting psychosocial health problem issues. Qualitative content analysis was used for interpreting the data. The analysis resulted in one overarching theme: having to do one’s duty and being afraid of doing wrong; and three subthemes: uncertainty related to one’s own ability, concerns related to future consequences, and strategies to handle the documentation. School nurses relying on their intuition and using a structured documentation model may increase the opportunities for a reliable documentation. To further develop their professional skills with regular, clinical supervision can be of great importance. This in turn may increase contributions to research and development for the benefit of schoolchildren’s psychosocial health.

     

     

  • 4.
    Ellertsson, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    Region Skåne.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Lund University.
    Clausson, Eva
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Health Among Schoolchildren From the School Nurse’s Perspective2017Ingår i: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 33, nr 5, s. 337-343Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate Swedish school nurses’ perceptions of schoolchildren’s health. The study is based on two national surveys in which school nurses responded to questions about schoolchildren’s health in 2015 (n = 181) and 2005 (n = 129). A statistical comparison showed that physical and mental health of schoolchildren in high-risk areas was perceived as worse than that of children in low-risk areas. There were no differences regarding the number of spontaneous visits or consulting reasons related to gender in high- and low-risk areas. A national framework for data collection and reporting of schoolchildren’s health may be important for school nurses to demonstrate the need for increased support in, for example, high-risk areas. By paying attention to factors that can affect schoolchildren’s health, school nurses can also direct health promotion to areas where it is needed. Increased cooperation among school health professionals may also prevent illness and improve health.

  • 5.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    School Health Care, Klostergårdsskolan, Lund.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Nyberg, Per
    Development and psychometric evaluation of a new instrument for measuring sleep length and television and computer habits of Swedish school-age children2012Ingår i: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 138-143Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to develop a new instrument for measuring length of sleep as well as television and computer habits in school-age children. A questionnaire was constructed for use when children visit the school health care unit. Three aspects of the validity of the questionnaire were examined: its face validity, content validity, and construct validity. Test-retest reliability was assessed by giving the questionnaire twice, 2 weeks apart, to the respondents. The questionnaire was assessed as being reasonably valid, the test-retest results (n = 138) showing 90.4% of the estimates regarding bedtime on weeknights on the two survey occasions to lie within +/- 30 min of each other, the test-retest agreement also being rather close (kappa > .600) regarding both sleep and media habits. The instrument can be a valuable tool in a clinical setting, both for measuring sleep habits in a class and for discussing sleep with individual school children and their families.

  • 6.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Center for Primary Health Care Research, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Steen Carlsson, Katarina
    Lund University.
    Berg, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Evaluation of a school-based program aimed at preventing depressive symptoms in adolescents2015Ingår i: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 31, nr 2, s. 117-125Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the implementation of a universal school-based cognitive behavioral program whose target is to prevent depressive symptoms in adolescents. The study had a quasi-experimental design with pretest, posttest, and a 1-year follow-up and provides an illustrative calculation for the implementation costs of the intervention. Sixty-two students (aged 14) and seven tutors participated. A majority of the students and all of the tutors were satisfied with the intervention. The students, both females and males, rated their depressed symptoms as significantly lower after the course; and for the females, this was maintained 1-year postintervention. The implementation costs for the initial 2 years were about US$300 per student. Positive effects of a universal school-based cognitive behavioral intervention aiming at preventing depressive symptoms in adolescents were found, especially among females.

  • 7.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Nyberg, Per
    Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Centre for Primary Health Care Research, Lund University.
    Sleep and television and computer habits of Swedish school-age children2012Ingår i: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 28, nr 6, s. 469-476Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate sleep, television and computer habits and enjoyment and feelings of tiredness in school of school-age children and adolescents in Sweden. An instrument found to be valid and reliable here was distributed to 3,011 children aged 6, 7, 10, 14, and 16 years. Those sleeping less than the median length of time reported a significantly lower degree of enjoyment of school. Short sleep was found to be associated with having a bedroom TV, spending more than 2 hr a day at the TV or the computer, being tired in school, and having difficulties both in waking up and in sleeping. Discussing sleep and media habits with schoolchildren and their parents regarding matters of optimal sleep and of how media habits affect sleep and learning is seen to be an important task of the school health service.

  • 8.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Lund University.
    Ward, Teresa M.
    USA.
    Sleep habits and nighttime texting among adolescents2018Ingår i: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 121-127Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine sleep habits (i.e., bedtimes and rising times) and their association with nighttime text messaging in 15- to 17-year-old adolescents. This cross-sectional study analyzed data from a web-based survey of adolescent students attending secondary schools in southern Sweden ( N = 278, 50% female). Less than 8 hr of time in bed during school nights was significantly associated with more sleep difficulties, wake time variability on school days and weekends, daytime tiredness, and less enjoyment at school (all ps < .05). Sending and/or receiving text messages (Short Message Service [SMS]) at night was significantly associated with later bedtimes, shorter time in bed, daytime tiredness during school, and irregular sleep habits ( p < .05). These findings highlight the importance of regular, consistent sleep habits and the problems associated with sleeping with a cell phone in the bedroom.

  • 9.
    Hansson, Annika
    et al.
    Zurich International School, Baden, Switzerland .
    Clausson, Eva
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Janlöv, Ann-Christin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    International school children's health needs: school nurses' views in Europe2012Ingår i: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 144-152Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Rapid globalization and the integration of national economies have contributed to the sharp rise in enrollment in international schools. How does this global nomadism affect international school children and their individual health needs? This study attempts to find an answer by interviewing 10 school nurses, with varying degrees of experience in international schools in Sweden, Germany, and Switzerland. Through qualitative semistructured interviews, the school nurses described that the international school children expressed common health needs similar to the ones faced by children in other school settings. However, children in the international schools expressed additional context-specific health needs related to their transient lifestyle, such as language and cultural difficulties, emotional distress, vulnerability, homesickness, alienation, and increased physical health needs related to their expatriate lifestyle. These factors often present a challenge for the school nurse whose profession is to interpret the child’s health needs, which may be obscured by cultural diversity.

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