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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Bing, Vibeke
    Tema: Familjecentraler: vad är en familjecentral?2011Inngår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 88, nr 2, 98-99 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 2.
    Abrahamsson, Sanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Socialtjänsten och mödrahälsovårdens arbete och samarbete kring gravida risk- och/eller missbrukare2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with my study is to highlight, illuminate and examine the social and maternal health care motivational work of pregnant women with a risk or abuse of alcohol and / or drugs, and what actions can be considered for these women. In addition, the aim is to explore how social services and maternity care might interact in this type of case. The aim is to convey the subjective experience of each of the interviewees. For the purposes of this study, I have chosen to use the qualitative research method. I have interviewed social workers in individual and family care, and midwives. Study interview results show that pregnant misusers priority for both maternity care and social services. By the AUDIT, conducted by the maternal health care, shows that the woman has a risk and / or abuse woman offered a variety of activities that may be in the form of talks, drug testing and treatment. Cooperation is the key to success in this motivational work, and it's mainly collaboration between social services, maternal health and child health care. Cooperation seems to work fine, but could be improved with more time and more staff.

  • 3.
    Adiléus, Jim
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Johansson, Martin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Moral över lag: beslutsfattande dilemman2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper has been to reach a greater understanding in how moral inflicts social workers way of handling everyday situations. In what way, if in any way, moral comes to play a part in the making of decisions. In order to reach this understanding we have interviewed two different groups of social workers which we also later on came to compare . One of the groups contained six interviewees and the other group contained five interviewees. Both of these groups were in the ages between 27 – 52.To shed some light over this phenomenon did we use two theoretical perspectives, first Kant’s morale theory and second, consequentialistic utilitarism theory.

    As a result from the interviews we’ve made, we came to an understanding that the meaning of morale and in what way it can be applied in the everyday work differs between these two professional groups. One of the greater conclusions we came to make, is that one key role is the differences between both work environments, both on a social and a structural level.

  • 4.
    Adrian, Magdalena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Integrationsprocessen och invandrare: Intervjuundersökning med sex invandrarkvinnor2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats har jag använt mig av en kvalitativ metod. Data har samlats in genom intervjuer som har behandlat integrationsprocessen utifrån invandrare perspektiv. I dessa intervjuer har jag använt mig av en intervjuguide. Jag valde ut sex kvinnor med invandrar bakgrund som vistats i Sverige från fyra till närmare tjugo år. Syftet var att ge en inblick i integrationsprocessen utifrån invandrarens perspektiv där bemötande från samhällets sida, språkkompetens och socialt nätverk ingår. De teoretiska utgångspunkterna utgick ifrån social integration. Vidare fortsatte jag med symbolisk interaktionism där fokus läggs på språk och mening. Jag fokuserade också på social kategorisering, socialisation och Erikssons identitetsteori. Mitt resultat visade att deltagande och tillhörighet till olika grupper i samhället bidrar till att individer upplever sig som delaktiga och genom det integrerade i det svenska samhället. I detta fall där socialt nätverk består av både landsmän och svenskarna kan det ha positiv inverkan på socialisationsprocessen i Sverige. När det gäller bemötande visade resultatet att svenskarna bemöter invandrare olika beroende på situationen. Det framkom även att bra kunskaper i svenska är avgörande för en lyckad integration.

  • 5.
    Alioska, Milifer
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Integration av mångkulturella elever i skolan: En kvalitativ studie från skolkuratorers perspektiv2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish school in today’s society is multicultural. One of the main questions is how to integratethese students in the Swedish society. The purpose with the study is to explore how schoolcounsellors’ work to promote the integration of multicultural students and what factors can influencethe integration of these students. To clarify this, the terms integration and multicultural are explainedand discussed.It is an qualitative study consisting of interviews. The interviewed informants are all school counsellors.These are specifically chosen based on that they work in schools with a high number ofmulticultural students. The work with integration has failed in Sweden, where it exists a separationbetween ”us” and ”them”, which makes them feel like outsiders. This separation also exists in theschool environment.Integration is a process in which Swedes and people with foreign background live together andwhere people understand each other and each others culture. A multicultural youngster is one who isgrappling to find himself between two cultures: who asks himself “who am I? and “who do I wantto be?” These school counsellors strive to work for an understanding between them and multiculturalstudents. An understanding for each others cultures and values. One factor that can hamperthe integration is if the student’s parents do not want their children to participate in classes whichare supposed to be against their religion or culture. Another factor that hampers the integration aresegregated schools and neighborhoods. In which these students never really participate in the Swedishsociety but live as they would in their homeland.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Bergwall, Emelie
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Personlig Assistans: utifrån assistentens perspektiv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Personal assistants ' descriptions of their own professional role are usually removed for the benefit of users ' description of the profession. The purpose of this study is to investigate how the assistants perceive their profession by providing assistants a possibility to talk about their experiences of the profession. Data has been collected by twelve interviews with active working personal assistants aged 22-57 years. Assistants interviewed have different experiences and working with people with various disabilities. The method used is a qualitative method with a narrative analysis method, where the twelve interviews have been merged into four fictional stories. The theoretical basis used is the role of theory in which personal assistant may act according to different roles. The result shows that the assistants in our study enjoy their profession more than previous studies have shown. However, experience also assistants in this study to the status of the profession and salary is low.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Andersson, Carolina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    - Jag kunde prata med min son: En fokusgruppsstudie av föräldrars deltagande i föräldragrupp2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our study is to examine how parents experienced their participation and their involvement in a solution-focused parenting group. The parenting groups are a part of the social welfare system in a town in south of Sweden. The study is conducted as a qualitative study with focus groups. 11 parents have participated. The study´s theoretical framework considers solution focused theory, social constructionism and process within groups.In the study we found that participants generally perceived their participation as positive and that they received confirmation by meeting other parents in the same situation. Participants’ expectations for practical tips and advice were fulfilled indirectly through their participation, but the focus of the parent group was to strengthen the participants themselves by thinking solution-focused. Although the participants did not receive the practical advice they initially expected, the parent group's approach felt to be positive and the participants have understood the idea behind the solution-focused approach. Overall, participants felt that they have become stronger as people and thus also as parents.The study shows that based on the parents’ statements the group leaders have throughout the parenting groups been faithful to the solution focused idea and have implemented this way of thinking within its participants.This study can be seen as a contribute to the development of future solution focused parenting groups. It also shows that there is a need for parenting groups and that this kind of activity can generate positive effects for participants.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Hanna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    ”Något fel är det med honom, han kommer säkerligen aldrig att bliva en god medborgare”: En studie om barnavårdsnämnden, skolan och de avvikande barnen i 1930-talets Malmö stad2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study, a document analysis with a qualitative approach, explores children, under 18years, who have been subject to measures of child welfare in the city of Malmö during theyears 1935-1937. It also explores the school's role in this context. The questions that the studyis guided by is: How was children described in the Child Welfare documents in Malmö duringthe years 1935-1937? And what role did the school have in Child Welfare work and whatmotivated this? The theoretical approaches are Foucaults theories of power, control anddisciplining.It appears from the study that the school and child welfare authorities had a close cooperationwith the purpose to control the upbringing and disciplining of the children. It was through theupbringing that the deviant child would become a "normal", docile and good, industriouscitizen. The school, as well as the board, had to shoulder a part of the upbringing when theparents skills in their upbringing of the children was questioned by society.This study can hopefully provide knowledge and understanding of our social history, it mayhelp us to understand the great changes that have occurred and what is still unchanged.

  • 9.
    Andersson, Johanna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Social student's thoughts about ethical codes2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

     

    The aim of this essay is to gain knowledge of how individual social students believe that ethical codes should be used in social work, and what the individual social students believe that an ethical code should contain. In this essay I have chosen to work on a qualitative approach because I am looking for subjective experiences. I have chosen to use my focused interviews as data collection method. Interviews are a good choice to find out people's experiences of a phenomenon. The result shows that some of the students felt that ethical codes should be used as support for ethical decisions in their daily work. The other students felt that ethical codes should be used in various forms of mentoring groups, which reflected on ethical dilemmas. Finally, I had a question about what the social students felt that the ethics code should contain. The answer to this question was a rather belated response: the rights of clients, responsibilities for social workers, emphasis on what is important in social work, and what characteristics you should have as a social worker.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Kim
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Hiv - En förstummande sjukdom?: socionomstudenters och socialsekreterares attityder till hiv-positiva2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine social workers' and social work students' attitudes towards people living with hiv in Sweden. I will also examine if there is a connection between knowledge and attitudes. The questions at issue are how social workers' and social work students' attitudes can assume to influence on their professional practice and what causes can affect their attitudes towards people living with hiv. The study is based on a qualitative method. The methods have been: conversational interviews with five social workers, who work with family issues and integration, and a focused group interview with four social work students. Both forms of interviews were combined with the vignette method. The theoretical framework of this study is symbolic interactionism.

    The result of the study indicates that both the social work students and the social workers lack adequate knowledge about hiv, however, the respondents are capable of reflecting and are able to put themselves into others' situations and therefore they will not discriminate their clients because of their disease. Results of the study also indicate that there is a great ambiguity among all of the respondents because of the lack of knowledge and adequate education.

  • 11.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Tufvesson, Malin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Barnavårdsutredningar i tid eller otid?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate social workers and managers experiences of ending child welfare investigations within the statutory period of four months. We also investigated their experience of investigation time is used in practice. To get answers for our purpose, we conducted a qualitative study. We strategic selected three social workers and four managers to our interviews.

    The results showed that both social workers and managers have experience with child welfare investigations that are not completed within the statutory time. A township that departed had no experience. Reasons for child welfare investigations not being completed within four months were high case load, staff shortages and that the documentation was neglected due to new urgencies. This was due to an organizational problem. The results showed that there was a distinction between the reasons for an extension of the investigation which is legal with what is stipulated in practice. Our conclusions are that high workload leads to child welfare investigations prolonged longer than the statutory period and that investigations may have lower quality. When laws are not followed and documentation are neglected that affects the client's legal security.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Tufvesson, Malin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Barnavårdsutredningar i tid eller otid?2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13.
    Andersson, Oscar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II.
    Följeforskningsprocessen2015Inngår i: Social mobilisering: lärdomar från fyra svenska städer / [ed] Oscar Andersson, Pelle Amberntsson, Malmö: Universus Press, 2015, 1, 221-259 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Andersson, Oscar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II.
    Slutsatser: empowerment och social mobilisering2015Inngår i: Social mobilisering: lärdomar från fyra svenska städer / [ed] Oscar Andersson, Pelle Amberntsson, Malmö: Universus Press, 2015, 1, 199-220 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Andersson, Oscar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II.
    Social mobilisering: en forskningsöversikt2015Inngår i: Social mobilisering: lärdomar från fyra svenska städer / [ed] Oscar Andersson, Pelle Amberntsson, Malmö: Universus Press, 2015, 1, 15-56 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 16.
    Andrén, Martin
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Gustafsson, Daniel
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    "Folk kommer att dö": Framtida krigsveteraner och hur samhället ska kunna möta deras behov2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of our study is to research what the future help-needs and expectations on the civilian society are among Swedish soldiers before they are sent on their first deployment abroad, especially to Afghanistan. The fact that Sweden sends soldiers to a warzone is something that is new nd research according the help-needs from the returning soldiers are missing.

    This study is based on a qualitative method where the data consists of four focus group interviews with at least two participants in each focus group from three different military bases in Sweden. The results indicate that the soldiers´expectations on the civilian society are low but that they would like to have more support from the civilian society. An important notice during the study, we encountered the fact that the participants in some way feel stigmatized. The results also show that they want the Swedish armed forces to be in charge and provide the care for the soldiers where health professionals involved have som military background. In the results found we also see that they are in different extent thinking and aware of the risks with deployment in Afghanistan and that they are thinking more on the physical risks rather than the psychological.

    One of the final conclusions is that if they really are stigmatized this might be a new group of people for the Swedish social services to work with.

  • 17.
    Awad, Hanna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Ungas syn på integration: En kvalitativ studie om invandrarungdomars syn på integration2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay was to acquire an enhanced knowledge about young immigrants’ point of view of integration. During a former practical training semester I became interested in what the young immigrants thought about their own integration, what their conception was about this issue. I found that it had different meaning to different persons, to some it meant assimilation, to others it meant being able to interact with the opposite gender. To examine this I used interviews and interviewed an amount of young immigrants in different stages of their studies in Swedish. The essential theme throughout the work was to determine what the young people’s point of view was. I found that there is a profound interest from the professionals working with integration, to make the integration process as good as possible for the individuals undergoing it. But the most frequent opinion was that communication is most essential in this issue, the newly arrived young people couldn’t learn Swedish fast enough so that they would be able to communicate with there peers and the rest of the society.

  • 18.
    Backström, Jens
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Obstinat och rabiat eller lat och flat?: En diskursanalys av medias framställning av socialtjänsten.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay was to deepen the knowledge of how child-protection-work is illustrated by massmedia. The essay takes it stand in discourse analysis to explain what image is displayed of social work concerning child-protection that is published in news media during 2007 in one of Sweden’s most read evening-papers. The result of the study is that social workers involved in child-protection-work often are categorized as either too zealous or too uncommitted, in the media. The result reflected the current discourse concerning how social workers do their duties in the modern society.

  • 19.
    Basic, Goran
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Thelander, Joakim
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Lärarutbildning.
    Åkerström, Malin
    Lunds universitet.
    Vårdkedja för ungdomar eller professionella?: en processutvärdering av projektet ”Motverka våld och gäng”2009Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    På uppdrag av Socialdepartementet har SiS under perioden 1 juli 2006 till 31 december 2008 genomfört ett projekt som tog namnet Motverka Våld och Gäng (MVG). I projektet ingick 15 utvalda kommuner, i första hand storstäderna Stockholm, Göteborg och Malmö och deras grannkommuner. I uppdraget ingick att subventionera kommunernas vårdavgifter och att anställa kvalificerade samordnare. Tusentalet ungdomar skrevs in på SiS institutioner från de deltagande kommunerna under projektet som totalt kom att kosta 223 miljoner kronor. Målet med projektet var att de ungdomar som deltog, skulle uppnå positiva och bestående förändringar av sin livssituation, bryta umgänget med kriminella kamrater och förbättra sin skolgång. I uppdraget ingick också att förbättra familjens och nätverkets möjligheter att fungera. Projektet skulle dessutom bidra till att skapa fungerande modeller för samverkan mellan SiS och socialtjänsten. Projektet genomgår två utvärderingar, dels denna processutvärdering, dels en effektutvärdering vars resultat väntas år 2010. Den här redovisade processutvärderingen av MVG-projektet har genomförts av Goran Basic, Joakim Thelander och Malin Åkerström vid Lunds universitet. Materialet består av intervjuer med ungdomar, föräldrar, samordnare, socialtjänstpersonal, institutionspersonal och projektledning. Därutöver har möten observerats och en enkät distribuerats till socialtjänsten.

  • 20.
    Bengtsson Tops, Anita
    Växjö universitet.
    I väntan ...: Rapport om vardagslivet på privata vårdhem utifrån de boendes perspektiv2005Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21.
    Bergsjö, Yvette
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Åkesson, Catharina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Unga sexuella förövare: En studie om den professionella rollen i behandling2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine what professionals tell about stress, rewards, impact and treatment in the professional treatment with young sexual offenders. Eleven qualitative interviews of half-structured design brought up results about the professional role in the treatment process. During the interviews the professionals described which methods of treatment they work with. We examined the methods through literature research, which was added to the study whit the purpose of strengthening the interview data. The professionals consider their work important and meaningful and they feel safe in their working role. They differentiated between the person and the actions in their view of a young offender, which non professionals many times are incapable of doing. There was no single factor causing the development of offensive behaviour, but rather a combination of factors. It was something that the professionals and researchers in the field agreed upon. In the professional work place they experienced both strains and rewards. Signs of stress could occur in terms of powerlessness, not feeling complete in their work. This could be due to work being a burdensome in itself and lack of professionalism working with the young offenders. The rewards in working with youth took many forms, including satisfaction when making progress, and motivated them to continue whit their work and to develop it even more. Methods of treatment for young sexual offenders were cognitive behavioural therapy, psychodynamic theory, individual therapy, group therapy, environmental therapy, aggression replacement training and network therapy. The professionals found themselves having a lot of room for professionalism in their work although it also had challenges. The professionals said that it is always a challenge working whit young sexual offenders.

  • 22.
    Berndin, Rikard
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Mehmeti, Arjeta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    "De öppnade portarna för mig och sa `hej då`": en kvalitativ studie om personers berättelser som frihetsberövande på grund av misstanke till ett brott och tiden efter frisläppningen.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Being detained means that a person loses their freedom and have limited contact with others. Police can on suspicion of a crime arrest a person, in order that the suspected person won´t be able to eliminate evidence. Being convicted of a crime and go to prison is terrible, but what about the experiences of being detained on suspicion of a crime you did not commit? Our purpose with the study is exploring stories of people who have been detained. It´s about their time as detainees to the time they got free from suspicions of the crime. We have done a qualitative study about the voice of those persons who got their freedom deprived. The study was conducted by telephone interviews with different people in Sweden. Eight interviews was conducted, two which were women and the rest men. All of those that got interviewed had different backgrounds and stories. Among the interviewees there was some who had been in a substance abuse or/and criminality period. All interviewed has been detained suspected for a crime but have later been released because the suspicions couldn´t be substantiated. The interviewees have been detained under various and different times, some under a longer time and others shorter. The results show that people who have been detained experienced time as locked up annoying and frustrating. It also indicates that there was not enough of support for the detainees neither during time while they were locked up or afterwards. Furthermore the survey’s results shows that there have been certain mental illness among some of the respondents because of the institution.

  • 23.
    Bing, Vibeke
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Sociala insatser på en familjecentral - en utvärdering2011Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 24.
    Björnsson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Holst, Caroline
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Gärningskvinnan: en kvalitativ studie om frivårdsinspektörers syn på den kvinnliga brottslingen2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    How do probation inspectors describe their female clients and female offenders? Are there any discrepancies in treatment between male and female clients? In what way is the social interaction between female clients and inspectors constructed and described?  These are the issues we have explored in this study. Qualitative semi-structured interviews with a total of nine probation inspectors; six women and three men, were used in order to examine the probation inspectors’ constructions of clients and the construction of interaction between them. By applying Foucault’s theory of power relations, Hirdman’s gender theory and Olsson’s theory of preconceptions when analyzing the results five themes were identified; descriptions of the work of the female client, descriptions of the interaction with the female client, descriptions of the female offender, descriptions of backgrounds why women commit crimes and descriptions of society's view on the female offender. The results of this study show that probation inspectors victimize the female offenders by referring to the impact of external circumstances. The interaction is described to be more difficult when working with female clients than with male clients; which is explained by the deeper and more complex problems of female clients. The interviews also indicate that female offenders in some ways are treated differently than male offenders by their probation inspectors. Conclusively we argue that the female offenders in a higher degree than male offenders violates to the social norms of how to act and behave.

  • 25.
    Braha, Vlora
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Aneta, Larsson
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Arbetsrelaterad stress bland socialsekreterare: en kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares upplevelse av stresssamt hantering av den2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our study is to examine whether stress among social workers is present, and ifso, what strategies they and their supervisors use to manage work-related stress. The study isbased on a qualitative method. The data consist of interviews, with six social workers andthree supervisors. The study’s theoretical framework is based on KASAM, SOC-sense ofcoherence by Antonovsky, demand- control- support model by Karasek & Theorell, stresstheory by Hans Selye and coping strategies by Lazarus. The result of our study indicates thatstress is present among social workers. The common stress symptoms are gastritis, difficultyconcentrating and sleeping problems. The main factors that cause work- related stress arefound to be workload, work environment, involuntary break, and responsibility. The studyshows that stress is not constant and it is manageable thanks to coping strategies that thesocial workers and their supervisors use. Coping strategies that contribute to the reduction ofstress are a supportive chief, social support, reasonable requests, clear leadership andfunctioning family. Social support and support from their supervisors is the most frequentlymentioned copying strategies. Our result indicates that creating a supportive workenvironment is very important for the well-being of social workers.Our result indicates that creating a supportive environment is very important for the wellbeingof social worker.

  • 26.
    Braha, Vlora
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Larsson, Aneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Arbetsrelaterad stress bland socialsekreterare: En kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterarnas upplevelse av stress samt hantering av den.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of our study is to examine whether stress among social workers is present, and if so, what strategies they and their supervisors use to manage work-related stress. The study is based on a qualitative method. The data consist of interviews, with six social workers and three supervisors. The study’s theoretical framework is based on KASAM, SOC-sense of coherence by Antonovsky, demand- control- support model by Karasek & Theorell, stress theory by Hans Selye and coping strategies by Lazarus. The result of our study indicates that stress is present among social workers. The common stress symptoms are gastritis, difficulty concentrating and sleeping problems. The main factors that cause work- related stress are found to be workload, work environment, involuntary break, and responsibility. The study shows that stress is not constant and it is manageable thanks to coping strategies that the social workers and their supervisors use. Coping strategies that contribute to the reduction of stress are a supportive chief, social support, reasonable requests, clear leadership and functioning family. Social support and support from their supervisors is the most frequently mentioned copying strategies. Our result indicates that creating a supportive work environment is very important for the well-being of social workers.

     

     

     

     

     

  • 27.
    Broberg, Joakim
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Lärarutbildning.
    Alvarsson, Marcus
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Lärarutbildning.
    Därför är vi inte med på Idrott och hälsa!: En studie om inaktiva elevers angivna skäl till hög frånvaro och låg aktivitetsgrad i ämnet Idrott och hälsa.2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract

    Forskning har enligt Bouchard m.fl. (2006) sedan länge varit samstämmig om stora hälsovinster av regelbunden fysisk aktivitet. Kursplanen för Idrott och hälsa (Skolverket, 2000) påvisar ämnets huvudsakliga syfte vilket är att stimulera elever till regelbunden fysisk aktivitet och en långsiktig hälsofrämjande livsstil. I en nationell utvärdering av Idrott och hälsa påtalar Eriksson m.fl. (2005) dock att 14,8 % av eleverna i undersökningen inte är med i eller har låg aktivitet i ämnet. Utifrån denna vetskap blev syftet med denna studie att undersöka vad elever i årskurs nio med hög frånvaro och/eller låg aktivitet i ämnet Idrott och hälsa anger som skäl till att inte närvara eller delta aktivt i ämnet. Med detta som utgångspunkt valde vi en kvalitativ undersökning där fem elever med hög frånvaro och/eller låg aktivitet i ämnet intervjuats. Undersökningen utmynnade i en kategorisering där studiens frågeställningar besvarades och analyserades utifrån Deci och Ryans (2000a, b) och Czikzentmihaylyis (1990) motivationsteorier. Resultatet i undersökningen påvisade att elever som är fysiskt inaktiva på fritiden på olika sätt missgynnas i ämnet Idrott och hälsa. Deras bristande erfarenhet av fysisk aktivitet ger upphov till en lägre självupplevd kompetens vilket i sin tur orsakar en lägre motivation till att delta i ämnet.

  • 28.
    Carlson, Tim
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Teljas, Camilla
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Hemmet, kvinnan och moralen: I Malmö stads barnavårdsutredningar 1930-19362011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study, a narrative analysis of it, deals with the term, home, its importance and the use of it by Child welfare investigators in the city of Malmö between the years 1930-1936. Commonly used and acknowledged, home stood for security and order while the term, street, had just the opposite meaning. Living in the countryside symbolized health and sensibility, while city life was considered to be cramped, dirty and immoral. The responsibility of achieving the liberals and conservatives ideal of a sunny, clean and orderly home was given to the woman of the house, as was the task of keeping the home morally correct, and providing the necessary atmosphere for proper upbringing of the children. Consequently, the basis of theory, using Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in regards to the conflicts between the upper and lower classes, and even theories of Jane Lewis of woman´s connection to home and family, have been the grounds for the study. The very detailed results show that home and morals play a major role in the investigations and prove above all, the intimacy between the home and woman.

  • 29.
    Carlsson, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Gustafsson, Rebecka
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Omhändertagandet av små barn: En dokumentanalys av åren mellan 1931 - 19402012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study about children’s welfare and the Child Care Board way of working in Malmö city. We decided to make this a narrative and document analyses where the main focus have been the interactions between human beings, which means everything from the interaction between parents and child as well as the interaction between families and society.

    We wanted to investigate any possible alterations within the working system between 1931–1940. Our analysis showed that there hasn’t been a big change with the Swedish legislation. There had however been a slight change in the reasons as to why parents and society got in touch with Social services and reported any mistreatment in the families.

    There were many people especially from the lower working class that couldn’t afford proper apartments or provide child care for their children. This was the main reason for them to apply to the Child Care Board. Many young single mothers who didn’t have any family to care for them applied to join their infants at the protective homes, this was a special home which was often used as a nursery if the children’s parents where at hospital or for some other reason couldn’t care for them. If Social services found the home situation as bad as to impede the Child development, the secure homes would be used as a safe place until a suitable foster home could be found.

    The closer we got to the 1940s we saw that the reasoning behind society applying to Social services where mostly illness within the family. Tuberculosis had Malmö in an iron fist and both adults and children got the dreaded disease. The World War II started in 1939 which also automatically forced the male population leave their homes, wives and children. This caused problems within the individual families. It meant that a lot of mothers now had to start working in order to support the rest of the family until their husbands returned home. For many of them the only way to survive during time was to allow the children to be taken into foster care.

  • 30.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Lozic, Vanja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Problematizing parents: representations of multi-ethnic areas, youth and urban unrest2017Inngår i: Reimagineering the nation: essays on twenty-first-century Sweden / [ed] Aleksandra Ålund, Carl-Ulrik Schierup, Anders Neergaard, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2017, 209-233 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The causes of and solutions to juvenile delinquency and social unrest amongthe youth in so-called Swedish multi-ethnic urban areas are frequently represented inpublic-institutional discourse as related to migrant parents. These are, the authors argue,consequently exposed to policies for ‘activation’, ‘responsibilisation’ and ‘normalisation’.

  • 31.
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    et al.
    Lindköpings universitet.
    Lozic, Vanja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Petersson, Kenneth
    Linköpings universitet.
    Governing suburban youth: discourses on suburbs, parents and other subjects in multi-ethnic Sweden2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper focuses on current debates on youth in deprived suburbs in Sweden. In the article, interviews withrepresentatives of different organisations involved in managing the situation of suburban youth are analysed. One recurring theme in the interviews is problem discourses representing the parent as a problem. Departing from Foucault´s understanding of governmentality, we analyse the construction of problems, problematization, and solutions, as depicted by the interviewees. The main problematizations are the deficiency of urban space, dysfunctional family relations and parents as passive and culturally different. On the basis of such problematizations the interviewees propose solutions in various ways fostering the parents to become responsible and active subjects, who have internalised current norms and values. In the article, these problematizations are set in genealogical perspective, through relating them to other historical discourses: namely the Philanthropic discourse of poor relief and the policing of families during the late 19th  century and the discourse of problematic suburban youth in the 1980s. These different historical situations illustrate both similarities and differences in the problematizations of the early 2000s. With adopting this genealogical approach we do not claim  that history repeats itself unchanged, but rather we wish to investigate how historical discourses are re-­‐activated and acquire new meanings in new historical epochs. An important conclusion in the article is that the way of developing solutions to the problems of suburban youth in the early 2000s tends to focus on the transformation of individual parents, while structural dimensions get out of focus. What appears is a desire to foster parents and thus to produce a certain kind of subject, namely an active, responsible and cooperative individual, involved in the local community. Such a desire isboth similar and different from the desire found in the late 19th Century and in the 1980s.

  • 32.
    Delfin, Jenny
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Eriksson, Maja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    När räddningen slutar i självmord: en studie om unga flyktingars självmordsbeteende i Sverige, utifrån personals erfarenheter i sociala verksamheter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aim: The number of refugees and unaccompanied children are increasing in Sweden and these people belong to one of the groups that are at higher risk for developing suicidal behavior. At the same time the lack of research on the subject is mentioned several times by different sources. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate suicidal behavior among young refugees between the ages 13 to 18 years in Sweden, from personnel experiences in social services.

    Method: We have chosen a qualitative approach with seven narrative interviews that each lasted for about one hour and were recorded. The interview guide was semi structured. The respondents in this study consist of one student counselor, workers from two child psychiatry departments and four different residential care homes for unaccompanied children and young persons.

    Results and conclusions: The respondents had the understanding that young refugees have been through a lot, lost their families and experienced difficult traumas and a tough refuge. The result from the collected data showed that the personnel thought the cause of the suicidal behavior is the long wait during the asylum process, the trauma they have experienced and lack of social networks. Suicidal behaviors among the young refugees were often thoughts and suicide attempts with pills, through self-starving, hanging, or cutting themselves. We have noticed an opinion that a connection between being a refugee and suicide is possible and that a shorter asylum process might help reduce the suicidal behavior among young refugees.

  • 33.
    Duran, Maria
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Välkommen till den Europeiska Unionen: En litteraturstudie om ensamkommande barn i EU2013Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 34.
    Edlund Lennartsson, Marie
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Löfstedt Pramberg, Anna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    "Det är ett dilemma det där": En studie om skolkuratorers resonemang kring dokumentation i elevvårdsärenden.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The school can be seen as a place that reflects the wider community. Here is a school welfare officer an important representative of the school social work. The main subject of our study is to clarify how the school welfare officers’ talk about documentation in the individual meeting with the pupil. Through individual interviews with five school welfare officers in elementary schools in three municipalities in the southern part ofSweden, we have attempted to explore these main research question.

    In addition to qualitative interviews we have accomplished a survey study that included 178 school welfare officers throughout the country.

    The result of our two studies demonstrates the school welfare officers’ free work where the choice to document or not is wide. Even on those occasions when documentation is an obligation, they have an opportunity to choose how much they should expose the pupil. The study also shows on an uncertainty as regard to record in general and where the written words end up in particular.

    The school welfare officer seems to be comfortable in his/her free role, but still want some sort of guidelines to enhance the pupil’s equal rights. They have an apologetic or justifying way of talking (accounts) about the documentation, which can be due to their free role and the fact that documentation has a tendency to be difficult to interpret in the law. 

  • 35.
    Edvinsson, Diana
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Jönsson, Evelina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Från institution till samhälle: LSU-dömda ungdomars upplevelse av delaktighet i utslussning och eftervård2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of our study is to gain increased knowledge and understanding of how young people who has been sentenced to closed institutional care experience their own possibility to participate and influence the transition and aftercare, and which, if any, importance they believe this has for their readjustment to society. The study is based on a qualitative method. The data consist of interviews with four young persons, of which three, at the time for our interviews, where in the transitionphase, and one had left the institution a few years ago. The study’s theoretical framework is based on Erving Goffmans theory about stigma and the empowerment theory. We have also used earlier studies within the area to understand and interpret our data. The result indicates deficits in terms of the young people’s possibility to participate and influence the planning and implemantation of the transition from the special home of closed institutional youth care.  The youths express a wish to be more involved and be able to influence more, yet at the same time there seems to be an acceptance among the youths concerning the fact that they are not given the possibility to participate, which can be related to a view of themselves as less worthy.

  • 36.
    Edén, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Andersson, Ingemar H.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Ekström, Britt Inger
    Försäkringskassan, Kristianstad.
    Johansson, Yvonne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Leden, Ido
    Centralsjukhuset, Kristianstad.
    Petersson, Jan
    Socialhögskolan, Lunds universitet.
    Return to work still possible after several years as a disability pensioner due to musculoskeletal disorders: a population-based study after new legislation in Sweden permitting "resting disability pension"2006Inngår i: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 26, nr 2, 147-155 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Different strategies have been used to stimulate a return to work (RTW) among individuals suffering from long-term ailments. In Sweden a new law on "resting disability pension" permits disability pensioners to go back to work without jeopardising their benefits. In this study different variables related to RTW during 2000 by means of this legislation were identified among disability pensioners with musculoskeletal disorders. Individuals in the study group, when compared to a control group, had more often been disability pensioners for several years, had additional education, estimated their previous job to have been physically strenuous to a lesser degree, were more satisfied with the treatment at the social insurance office and had a more positive self-image. This study shows that it may be meaningful to continue/resume rehabilitation efforts and to try to motivate an individual suffering from musculoskeletal disorders to return to work even after several years as a disability pensioner.

  • 37.
    Edén, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Petersson, Jan
    Socialhögskolan, Lund.
    Quality of life among early retirees1999Inngår i: Experimental Aging Research, 25(4), 1999, Vol. 25, nr 4, 471-475 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Explanatory variables concerning poor quality of life (QL) were established among disability pensioners with musculoskeletal disorders and a control group. In both groups health status, leisure time activities, and social network were important for QL. Among the retirees immigration, employment before retirement and a negative attitude to the disability pension were related to poor QL.

  • 38.
    Ericsson, Anna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    4 kap. 2§ Socialtjänstlagen, varför och till vad?: en deskriptiv studie av bifall och riktlinjer.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    På 1800-talet var fattigvårdslagstiftningen uppdelad i en obligatorisk och en frivillig del och så är det fortfarande. I denna uppsats är det paragrafen i nutida lagstiftning om socialbidrag, som kan jämföras med den frivilliga delen från 1800-talet, som ställs i fokus.

    Syftet har varit att undersöka vad paragrafen används till, om där är någon variation gällande demografiska variabler eller ändamål, och vilka riktlinjer kommunerna ger till beslutsfattarna.

    Urvalet av kommuner till undersökningen av bifall till bistånd uppgår till fem kommuner. När det gäller riktlinjerna som ges till beslutsfattarna, har jag samlat information från 47 kommuner i varierande kommungrupper över hela landet. De blev utvalda av praktiska skäl efter vilka som hade publicerat sina riktlinjer på internet.

    Resultatet av denna studie är att användningen av paragrafen inte är så omfattande och det finns indikation på att det finns en större variation när det gäller riktlinjerna för beslutsfattare. Studien gav även en indikation på att det finns problem i det svenska samhället när det kommer till att få tillgång till ett ställe att vara på, både när man lever och när man dör.

  • 39.
    Ericsson, Ulf
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Ehliasson, Kenth
    Bengtsson Tops, Anita
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Meaning in work and emerging work identities of housing support workers: a quest for a comprehensible plot2016Inngår i: WORK: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 53, nr 2, 367-376 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Work and employees are often marginalized in studies on community-based psychiatric care and support systems. This paper highlights the role of the worker at congregated supported housing for people with severe mental illness (SMI). Housing support workers (HSW) are a fairly new professional role and have developed as a result of major changes in Swedish mental health care and services. The development of new roles is not unproblematic and raises intriguing questions.

    OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe housing support workers’ experiences of meaning in their work, and in addition illuminate how the work identity of HSWs can be negotiated and constructed.

    METHODS: Four focus group interviews were conducted with a total of 25 participants. Additionally, three follow up sessions were conducted with the same participants. The material consists of employees from four different sites. The intepretation of the material was inspired by a constructionist approach.

    RESULTS: The analysis generated three themes: to do a good job, everyday needs and the formal role. The work identity for HSWs is complex and not easily interpreted.

    CONCLUSIONS: The experience of an unclear assignment affects the description of what is meaningful and important—the work identity and significant affiliations for HSWs. In the long run, this fragmented world can have negative implications for the HSW.

  • 40.
    Fagberg, Jennie
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Karlsson, Emelie
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Våld och förtryck i hederns namn: om skolkuratorers kunskap och erfarenhet till ungdomar som utsätts för fenomenet hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to explore high school and collage school counselors knowledge and experience of honour related violence and repression. Our study is based on a qualitative method with interviews. The main question in our study is to examine the school counselors education in how to provide support to the exposed adolescents.

    We have conducted six interviews with school counselors in the southern Sweden. We have used a semi structured interview technique with questionnaires that have been a support to us during the interviews. The results of our study showed that some of our respondents knew that they had limited education and knowledge in honour related violence and also that they wanted more experience about the problemarea. Other respondents said that they had experience enough about the problemar ea. The results also show that the respondents believe that there is more honour related problems in the adolescents families than what the counselors find out about, and that some of the respondents didn´t even know in wich way they could provide help to theese students.

  • 41.
    Gadzo, Erna
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Löfgren, Johanna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Le Magourou, Claire
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    En studie om frivårdens insatser.: Före detta kriminella och handläggares upplevelser av dess stödinsatser.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Mycket finns skrivet i ämnet frivård och återfall, varför det finns anledning att ytterligare se på hur frivårdens stödinsatser uppfattas av före detta kriminella, frivårdsanställda samt kamratorganisationen Kriminellas Revansch i Samhället, vilken frivården samarbetar med. Frivården har en tämligen hög återfallsstatistik hos de före detta kriminella som frivården fått i uppdrag att återanpassa till ett laglydigt liv. Särskilt hög är återfallsstatistiken hos de individer som haft kontakt med frivården mer än en gång efter att mer än en gång blivit lagförd för brott. Denna undersökning har sökt svar på hur frivårdens insatser uppfattas för att se på vad som eventuellt kan göras bättre i dagsläget. Frivårdsanställda och före detta kriminella, varav några medlemmar i KRIS, har intervjuats för att på så vis få en nyanserad bild av verklighetens uppfattningar. Resultatet visade att frivårdens stödverksamhet tycks sakna verktyg för att hjälpa till synes omotiverade individer. Det framkom också att i de fall de före detta kriminella kände sig negativt stämplade av handläggarna fungerade stödinsatserna sämre. Detta eftersom ett personligt bemötande enligt informanterna, ansetts viktigt för stödinsatsernas verkan. Personligt bemötande påverkar inte huruvida handläggare på frivården kan kontrollera brottsbelastningen fysiskt hos den stödbehövande, men har likväl upplevts som ett stöd av före detta kriminella individer. Lekmannaövervakare synes vara en insats väl värd att satsa på, visar denna undersökning. 

  • 42.
    Gagner, Helena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Socialarbetare: professionell medmänniska eller byråkrat?2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how social work professionals view their professional role and how they think about the concept of social work. I also wanted to investigate what they believe characterize a professional social work. For the purposes of this study, I chose a qualitative approach in which I interviewed five people linked to the social work. The theories which I have assumed in the analysis of the results are power theory, organization theory and professional theory. The results of this study show that the respondents believe that a professional social work is performed by someone who has training and experience in the field. They believe that social work is characterized by words such as development, change, relationships and help.

    The results of the study also show that the social work involves a gamble between power and help just as Skau (1993) raises in the book between power and help. It is the organization, in which the social worker is employed, that sets the guidelines and framework for the formulation of social work. Although social workers often find themselves in bureaucratic organizations, they have a wide discretion and collaboration with other agencies is a necessity in order to help people with social problems.

  • 43.
    Gergelj, Viktoria
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Rossander, Sandra
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Ätstörningens ansikten: en kvalitativ studie om upplevelser och erfarenheter av att kunna anpassa sig till ett friskare liv2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study which purpose is to examine the experiences of the recovery process after a treatment for eating disorders.                                                         

    The questions we have decided to examine are; how did the women adapt to a healthier life after treatment, what are the women's perceived experiences of the aspects related to identity and identity work, and what external social influence was seen as important for their adjustment process to a healthier life?

    Methods: We have used computer-supported and semi-structured interviews. There were a total of nine women who took part in the study.                                                                                                                    

    Results: Majority of these women have been recovered from their eating disorders, but some still have major or minor problems. They found it rather difficult to adjust their life's without an eating disorder.

    Conclusions: Increased self-awarness led to greater control over the eating disorder. The women could begin to confer the new features that they identified with. The social network is described as having been a major factor in the recovery process.

  • 44.
    Giertz, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Aktiveringens effekter och evidensbaserat socialt arbete2009Inngår i: Aktivering: arbetsmarknadspolitik och socialt arbete i förändring / [ed] Johansson, Håkan & Hornemann Møller, Iver, Malmö: Liber , 2009, 175-200 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 45.
    Gradner, Wictor
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Mahfoudh, Tara
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    "Det ser inte bra ut": en studie om uppfattningen av gatutiggeri i Kristianstad2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Begging as a phenomenon has again become a hot topic of debate both in the public and the media. Actions have been discussed and motions have been given to social authorities in the country. During the last two years people from other parts of Europe who engage in street begging have been seen on the streets of Kristianstad.

    The purpose of this paper is to find out the individuals, certain authorities and other participants experiences of people begging in public places in Kristianstad. We have used a combination of qualitative, quantitative and literature review method and we have a social constructionist perspective as a basis. The participants and authorities we have included in the study are the police, the social services, security guards, a shop owner and two other assistance agencies. Interviews have been carried out with participants and authorities, and a survey has been done by individuals. A series of articles and history books have been reviewed since the begging is a historical phenomenon as well as a contemporary.

    The results show a clear division into two camps regarding experiences and opinions about street beggars and begging as a phenomenon. The majority expresses dissatisfaction and many propose measures and actions. Our final discussion is marked by our own thoughts and values ​​that emerged during the work, which we tried to moderate through the rest of the essay.

  • 46.
    Gren, Anette
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    0hlsson, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    De osedda barnen: Kvinnors upplevelser av förälder/föräldrars alkoholmissbruk och alkoholmissbrukets påverkan under barndom och vuxenliv2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This article seeks to examine the effects alcohol abuse have on the growth of women and how, as adults, their lives are affected by this. It tries to encourage a better understanding and knowledge of these experiences and how instances of support and help have influenced the subject’s life, from childhood through to adulthood. Through 10 qualitative interviews of adult women, all affected by childhood alcohol abuse, the article tries to get a better understanding of how these women coped under these circumstances. The article attempts also to better understand how the women’s experiences of support during childhood have benefited them and how they feel as adults today.

  • 47.
    Hallgrimsdottir Strandberg, Elsa
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Åldrande i ett mångkulturellt samhälle: En kvalitativ studie av äldre invandrares tillgång till samhällsinformation och deras deltagande i aktiviteter riktade till äldre medborgare.2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In light of the European Union`s 2012 theme year: Active aging and solidarity between generations I wished to gain an understanding of weather elderly immigrant are provided with equal possibilities and access to local community information as the majority population and their participation in activities arranged for senior citizens in the municipality where they live. I have done this by meeting with those who work in this capacity. I also chose to meet with representatives for immigrant organizations in the local community to enquire of their work with senior citizens within their own ethnic group. This is a qualitative study on a phenomenological ground based on nine interviews and four observations. I have had two theories to help me analyze my empirical material. Globalization theory is a good groundwork to understanding the changes in modern multicultural societies where I have looked at the work of Anthony Giddens first at hand. The theory of KASAM by Aaron Antonowsky explains how the sense of coherence helps people to remain positive and satisfied in old age despite their failing health and unfavorable circumstances at times. I have found that the municipality where this study is preformed has a multicultural focus in their manor of spreading information. Yet many ethnic groups seek information verbally from friends and family rather than seek it through the official channels which may be more common among the majority population and immigrants that have established themselves in the society. Still all those whom I interviewed agreed that spreading information through direct contact always is the most effective way to get information across to people. I found that the local community meeting places for senior citizens have no immigrants attending on a regular basis. I did meet a group of senior migrant citizens with their origin in various nationalities that gather under the supervision of a cooperation project that has integration and public health as its main goal. All the participants in their activities for senior citizens started coming through personal invitation from the project leader or other group participants. With regards to the theme year those working with senior citizens were aware of it but haven’t had any specific focus on it in their work except for a few that participate in a regional public health project. They all agree that a theme year for active ageing and solidarity is an important milestone to recognizing the needs for recreation and showing respect to those who are beyond the age for retirement.

  • 48.
    Haskel, Jenny
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Svenska veteraners upplevelser av livssituationen efter genomförd internationell insats2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The main focus of this study was to investigate how Swedish military veterans experience that events during an international service affect them after completed mission. This also includes the contact with their relatives. Secondly, this study deals with the course of the crisis, personal defense mechanisms, cumulative stress and post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD).

    The study was performed using a qualitative method and comprises individual interviews with six Swedish veterans. The responders were all men of different military positions, who participated in one or more international missions during 1993 to 2011.

    The results of this study show that, according to the veterans, the return back home is the most strenuous part of an international mission. With all the new experiences that an international service brings fresh in their memories, it is hard to re-adjust to the life of a civilian.

    In connection with the return back home, different degrees of stress reactions were also commonly seen, for example sleep disturbance, restlessness and exhaustion. One of the veterans being interviewed was also affected by post-traumatic stress syndrome, although healthy again at the time of the study.

        

     

  • 49.
    Hildebrand Gyllerup, Emma
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Carlsson, Sara
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    tills tron skiljer oss åt: hur uppväxten inom Jehovas vittnen påverkar de sociala relationerna2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to explore how interpersonal relationship can be affected by groing up in a New Religoius Movement such as Jehovah’s Withnesses and how it has affected them both in their youth and today. The aim was also to explore if there were people in the respondents' environment that was significant to them during their childhood and which support our respondents have received if they were in need of it.We have not found any previous research on children's social relationships within the Jehovah's Witnesses. We therefore believe that this study is of high relevance to both society and also for all the professionals who come into contact with these children. To discover a child in need, knowledge about how their social environment looks like is crucial. We chose to conduct qualitative interviews with six former Jehovah's Witnesses. The main theories we have assumed is the theory of social interactionism and cognitive dissonance.

    The vast majority of our respondents have grown up in a strong relationship with their faithful family and assembly. They believe that they have had a large social network but still felt alone in their concerns and thoughts. Several of the interviewees have experienced dissonance when their beliefs collided with societal values and norms. Some of our interviewees have only had contact with other witnesses (aside from the inevitable contact through school) because they have been taught that "worldly people", or non-Witnesses, are evil and their enemies. Others have had several relationships with people outside the organization and have never experienced this as wrong or strange. The genuine cohesion they experienced during childhood has had a sharp end in connection with the respondents' exclusions, when virtually all the faithful witnesses chosen to turn their back on them. Following the exclusion, several interviewees sought professional help in the form of therapy and they all allege that their upbringing has had negative consequences for them in adulthood.

  • 50.
    Hurtig Åkerberg, Alexandra
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    De ensammas sjukdom: tankar och önskemål kring stöd vid viktreducering2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Obesity and overweight is the worst public health related disease today, and it is a constantly increasing problem in societies all over the world. In Sweden the number of overweight persons has been doubled in the last 20 years. Today about 500 000 persons suffer from obesity and overweight.The aim of this study was to investigate obese and overweight people´s thoughts and wishes regarding what support they would like, in order to be able to successfully manage a weightreduction. The study is qualitative and conducted through six interviews, the material was analysed with content analysis. The result of the analysed interviews led to four categories:offered support, wished support, are you strong enough to find support by your own and mental wellbeing.The conclusion of this study is that overweight person’s biggest wish is to get continuous and personal support from the health care system. Sometimes the support needs to be life long. This is what all the interviewed persons think is most important in order to be able to handle a weight reduction. A common understanding among the participants was also that the society needs to take more responsibility in order to prevent more people from getting overweight,and to help people who already are overweight. A feeling of stigmatization is something that all the interviewed feels on a daily basis.

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