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  • 1.
    Andersson, Malin
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Engervall, Magnus
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    The Relationship Between Mindfulness and Work-Related Stress2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Stress is both a health risk and an economic risk for our society. Employers search for ways to offer possible stress reducers for their employees. Mindfulness as a stress reducer is a fairly new research area but with a good amount of research papers suggesting that mindfulness programmes over several weeks are successful in reducing subjective perceived stress as well as physiological stress, such as blood pressure and cortisol levels. This study aims to examine whether mindfulness could show positive effects on stress at work, after only one mindfulness session, compared to being on an extended break. Measurements includes the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Questionnaire (SMBQ), blood pressure and pulse. The results show that engaging in one single mindfulness session does have an effect on lowering blood pressure as well as lowering perceived tension, which is one of four parts of the SMBQ. 

  • 2.
    Johansson, Stina
    et al.
    LTH Teknik och Samhälle.
    Siotis, Camilla
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön ForFame.
    Barn och unga i kollektivtrafiken2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Rosander, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön ForFame.
    Bäckström, Martin
    Lunds universitet.
    Personality traits measured at baseline can predict academic performance in upper secondary school three years late2014Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 55, nr 6, 611-618 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study was to explore the ability of personality to predict academic performance in a longitudinal study of a Swedish upper secondary school sample. Academic performance was assessed throughout a three-year period via final grades from the compulsory school and upper secondary school. The Big Five personality factors (Costa & McCrae, 1992) - particularly Conscientiousness and Neuroticism - were found to predict overall academic performance, after controlling for general intelligence. Results suggest that Conscientiousness, as measured at the age of 16, can explain change in academic performance at the age of 19. The effect of Neuroticism on Conscientiousness indicates that, as regarding getting good grades, it is better to be a bit neurotic than to be stable. The study extends previous work by assessing the relationship between the Big Five and academic performance over a three-year period. The results offer educators avenues for improving educational achievement.

  • 4.
    Sonnby-Borgström, Marianne
    et al.
    Malmö högskola.
    Jönsson, Peter
    Lunds universitet.
    Svensson, Owe
    Gender differences in facial imitation and verbally reported emotional contagion from spontaneous to emotionally regulated processing levels2008Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 49, nr 2, 111-122 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous studies on gender differences in facial imitation and verbally reported emotional contagion have investigated emotional responses to pictures of facial expressions at supraliminal exposure times. The aim of the present study was to investigate how gender differences are related to different exposure times, representing information processing levels from subliminal (spontaneous) to supraliminal (emotionally regulated). Further, the study aimed at exploring correlations between verbally reported emotional contagion and facial responses for men and women. Masked pictures of angry, happy and sad facial expressions were presented to 102 participants (51 men) at exposure times from subliminal (23 ms) to clearly supraliminal (2500 ms). Myoelectric activity (EMG) from the corrugator and the zygomaticus was measured and the participants reported their hedonic tone (verbally reported emotional contagion) after stimulus exposures. The results showed an effect of exposure time on gender differences in facial responses as well as in verbally reported emotional contagion. Women amplified imitative responses towards happy vs. angry faces and verbally reported emotional contagion with prolonged exposure times, whereas men did not. No gender differences were detected at the subliminal or borderliminal exposure times, but at the supraliminal exposure gender differences were found in imitation as well as in verbally reported emotional contagion. Women showed correspondence between their facial responses and their verbally reported emotional contagion to a greater extent than men. The results were interpreted in terms of gender differences in emotion regulation, rather than as differences in biologically prepared emotional reactivity.

  • 5.
    Thuen, Frode
    et al.
    Norge.
    Masche-No, Johanna G.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Psykologi.
    Raffing, Rie
    Danmark.
    Do heterosexual couples with children benefit equally from relationship education programs despite various backgrounds?: effects of a Danish version of the prevention and relationship education program (PREP)2017Inngår i: Scandinavian Psychologist, ISSN 1894-5570, Vol. 4, nr e12, 1-21 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Little is known on whether the effects of marriage education programs such as the Prevention and Relationship Enhancement Program (PREP) hold across genders or are moderated by risk factors (participants’ parents’ relationship instability, participants’ low level of education, being unmarried, previous relationship counseling, who initiated program participation, having many children). This trial of 889 participants revealed medium to large improvements in relationship satisfaction and communication from baseline to posttest. Only a few tentative moderating factors were identified. Women who were at risk, as indicated by previous relationship counseling, even caught up with others without such risk at the outset. However, men with little higher education did not improve on all measures. Thus, overall, PREP appears applicable for the prevention of intimate relationship problems in a broad range of circumstances. One of the strengths of this study includes the examination of PREP effects in a real-life application across an entire Scandinavian country.

  • 6.
    Torrance, Mark
    et al.
    Psychology division, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK.
    Johansson, Roger
    Department of psychology, Lund University.
    Johansson, Victoria
    Lunds universitet.
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Institutionen för svenska, Göteborgs universitet.
    Reading during the composition of multi-sentence texts: an eye-movement study2015Inngår i: Psychological Research, ISSN 0340-0727, E-ISSN 1430-2772Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Writers composing multi-sentence texts have immediate access to a visual representation of what they have written. Little is known about the detail of writers’ eye movements within this text during production. We describe two experiments in which competent adult writ- ers’ eye movements were tracked while performing short expository writing tasks. These are contrasted with condi- tions in which participants read and evaluated researcher- provided texts. Writers spent a mean of around 13 % of their time looking back into their text. Initiation of these look-back sequences was strongly predicted by linguisti- cally important boundaries in their ongoing production (e.g., writers were much more likely to look back imme- diately prior to starting a new sentence). 36 % of look-back sequences were associated with sustained reading and the remainder with less patterned forward and backward sac- cades between words (‘‘hopping’’). Fixation and gaze durations and the presence of word-length effects sug- gested lexical processing of fixated words in both reading and hopping sequences. Word frequency effects were not present when writers read their own text. Findings demonstrate the technical possibility and potential value of examining writers’ fixations within their just-written text. 

    We suggest that these fixations do not serve solely, or even primarily, in monitoring for error, but play an important role in planning ongoing production. 

  • 7.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Head teachers: street level bureaucrats or pedagogues?2003Inngår i: Psychological constructivism and the social world / [ed] Chiari, Gabriele & Nuzzo Maria Laura, EPCA Publications , 2003, 213-219 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
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