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  • 1.
    Ahlström, My
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Hendriksson, Sanna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Stevic, Bojan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Den hälsosamma kosten: uppfattningar, resonemang och livsmedelsval2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Många konsumenter är idag mycket hälsomedvetna och önskar att äta en hälsosam kost, men möter i sin vardag ett flertal problem. Livsmedelsval kan handla om ställningstaganden och identitet, prismedvetenhet och miljömedvetenhet. Många faktorer påverkar synen på vad som är en hälsosam kost. Livsmedelsvalet blir därför ett komplext vardagsproblem för konsumenten. Det påverkas i viss mån av begrepp från den mediala debatten kring livsmedel, kost och hälsa. Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka vad ett urval av konsumenter äter och vad de anser att de borde äta. Ett ytterligare delsyfte var att studera vad en hälsosam kost kan vara enligt respondenterna i studien. Detta gjordes genom sex semi-strukturerade intervjuer och ett livsmedelsfrekvensformulär på webben med fyrahundra respondenter. Det fanns skillnader mellan respondenternas uppskattade konsumtion av olika livsmedel och deras uppfattningar om hur ofta dessa livsmedel bör ingå i en hälsosam kost. Respondenternas uppfattning om hur den hälsosamma kosten ska se ut samstämmer till stor grad med Livsmedelsverkets näringsrekommendationer från 2004 samt förslaget till Nordiska Näringsrekommendationer från juni 2012. Män och kvinnors uppfattningar om hur ofta livsmedel passar in i den hälsosamma kosten skiljde sig åt. Mäns bild av hälsosam kost inkluderar i högre grad livsmedel som exempelvis korv och processat kött, godis och snacks, medan kvinnors bild oftare  inkluderar frukt, bär och grönsaker. Respondenten var överlag välinformerad och visste hur en hälsosam kost bör komponeras enligt nuvarande riktlinjer.

  • 2.
    Akner, Gunnar
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Multisjuka och bräckliga äldre2015Inngår i: Mat och hälsa: en klinisk handbok, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 105-108- s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Andersson, J.
    et al.
    Norge.
    Hulander, E.
    Norge.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Iversen, P. Ole
    Norge.
    Effect on body weight, quality of life and appetite following individualized, nutritional counselling to home-living elderly after rehabilitation: an open randomized trial2017Inngår i: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 21, nr 7, 811-818 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: We examined if individually-adapted nutritional counselling could prevent > 5% weight loss among elderly patients 3 months after discharge from a rehabilitation institution. In addition we assessed quality of life (QoL) and appetite. Design: An open, randomized trial. Setting: Godthaab Health and Rehabilitation Institution in Bærum, Norway. Participants: Patients identified as being undernourished or at risk of disease-related malnutrition using the Nutritional Risk Screening tool NRS-2002. Intervention: Shortly before discharge, patients in the intervention group received an individually-tailored nutrition plan. During the subsequent 3 months these patients were contacted 3 times via telephone calls and they received one visit at their homes, for nutrition counselling. Focus on this counselling was on optimizing meal environment, improving appetite, increasing food intake, advice on food preparation, and motivation and support. Measurements: In addition to weight, QoL and appetite were assessed using the EQ-5D questionnaire and a modified version of the Disease-Related Appetite Questionnaire, respectively. Results: Among 115 considered eligible for the study, 100 were enrolled (72 women and 28 men), with a mean age of 75 years and a mean body mass index of 20 kg/m2. Two in the intervention group (n = 52) and 5 in the control group (n = 48) lost > 5% of their body weight, giving an odds ratio of 0.34 (95% CI: 0.064 – 1.86; p = 0.22). We did not detect any significant differences in the QoL- or appetite scores between the two study groups after three months. Conclusion: An individually-adapted nutritional counselling did not improve body mass among elderly patients 3 months after discharge from a rehabilitation institution. Neither quality of life nor appetite measures were improved. Possibly, nutritional counselling should be accompanied with nutritional supplementation to be effective in this vulnerable group of elderly. The trial is registered in Clinical Trials (ID: NCT01632072).

  • 4.
    Bengtsson Tops, Anita
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Hansson, Lars
    Landlords experiences of tenants sufferingfrom severe mental illness2013Inngår i: Recovery-Oriented Mental Health Services: Therapeutic, Organisational and Economic challenges, 2013, 194- s.Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background/Objectives

    Persons suffering from severe mental illness (SMI) live – and prefer to live – independently, in either private or public apartment blocks without on-site services. Living in own apartments increase feelings of safety and well-being and function as a robust social status marker. Landlords are important actors in gaining stability and sustainability and it has been found that landlords have a plethora of preconceptions, attitudes, emotions as well as well as ethical dilemmas in offering apartments to this group of persons. Today there is a lack systematic knowledge about the role landlords have come play in providing sustainable housing for these persons. The main aim of this qualitative study was to describe landlords’ experiences of having tenant suffering from SMI

    Methods

    Sixteen landlords in various parts of Sweden participated in open in-depth interviews three years after the government proclaimed a vision zero regarding homelessness among individuals with SMI. Data was subjected to thematic latent content analysis.

    Results

    Landlords experienced being confronted with difficult circumstances such as mismanagement of apartments, sensitivity and provocative behaviors in relation to both tenants with SMI and neighbors. In acute situations landlords tried to collaborate with the community based psychiatric service system but were neglected. As a result and without the knowledge of how to best help they started to provide support to tenants with SMI involving going beyond professional boarders.

    Discussion/Conclusion

    The findings give reasons to conclude that community-based psychiatric services need to be more pro-active in their collaboration with landlords. Also education interventions with a focus on how to best help tenants with SMI need to be developed and implemented.

  • 5.
    Berthelson, Helén
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Näringstillstånd och näringstillförsel vid svår sepsis och septisk chock: Personalens dokumentation och patientens upplevelse under och efter intensivvård2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Bedömning av näringstillstånd och näringstillförsel är komplicerad vid svår sepsis och septisk chock beroende på sjukdomenskomplexitet. Patienternas upplevelser om mat, dryck och ätande under och efter intensivvård utgör en viktig parameter för bedömning avnäringstillförsel men är sparsamt undersökt. Syftet var att kartlägga dokumenterad bedömning av näringstillstånd och näringstillförsel samt undersöka patientens upplevelse om mat, dryck och ätande vid svår sepsis och septisk chock. Metod: Studien genomfördes med case study design där mixade metoder användes. En kvantitativ journalgranskning av näringstillförsel och näringstillstånd kombinerades med en kvalitativ innehållsanalys av fem patienters upplevelser och minnen. Resultat: Skiftande bedömning av näringstillstånd och näringstillförsel framkom, alltifrån detaljerad dokumentation till sparsam och fragmenterad. Fastlagda rutiner för näringsbedömning följdes inte. Etablerade metoder fångade inte risk för näringsproblem. Dokumentation om näringstillförsel var detaljerad under intensivvårdstiden och mer knapphändig under vårdtid på vårdavdelningarna. Patienterna hade unika minnen och upplevelser, av törst, förlorad hungerkänsla och förvåning över hur fort orken försvann, men sedan kom tillbaka.Slutsats: En systematisk och regelbunden uppföljning av näringstillförsel och en individuell, personinriktad vård behövs för förståelse för patientens unika tillstånd vid kritisk sjukdom. Ytterligare studier behövs för utveckling av instrument för detektering av näringsproblem under och efter intensivvård.

  • 6. Blankenau, I.
    et al.
    Dahlin-Ivanoff, S.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    A comparison of body height estimated by different proxy measures in Swedish older adults2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Approximately 40 per cent of older adults living at home are at risk of malnutrition. To detect this condition, body mass index is often used as a tool. The standard way of measuring body height is in a standing position. Height decreases with age and further, many older adults are not physically capable to undergo standing height measures. As height is one of the components in BMI it can be affected by body height decrease which in turn will affect the estimated prevalence of malnutrition risk. There are many different ways to estimate height by proxy measures. The aim of this study was to investigate whether proxy measurements could prove to be useful when estimating height in Swedish community-dwelling older adults. Home visits were made to 51 men and 51 women, who had participated in the randomized, single-blinded health-promoting intervention study, Elderly in the Risk Zone, living in the urban district Örgryte-Härlanda in Gothenburg, Sweden. Body weight, standing height, recumbent height, knee-height and demi-span was measured. An interview was also conducted, retrieving information regarding e.g. height around 20 years of age. T-test and Wilcoxon rank tests were performed and to further examine the results regression analyses and Bland & Altman-plots were conducted. The result showed that between 20 years of age to present age the men had decreased, in body height, on average 3,8 cm and the women 4,9 cm. In both the regression analysis and in the Bland & Altman plots, recumbent height and youth height seem to best conform to standing measured height. In the men, a negative correlation was found between the difference standing and knee-height measure of body height compared to mean values of the two measures in the Bland & Altman plots, though it was the only measurement that did not show any group mean statistical significant difference from standing height by t-test. No negative or positive correlation was seen in the women by the Bland & Altman plots. Demi-span gave an underestimation of body height in both genders. The present results show that body height seems to decrease with age and that besides standing, the best proxy measure is recumbent height otherwise that right knee-height could be used. Different height measurements could affect the BMI classification. Though we need to learn more about what affects the height decrease with age and what proxy measures are reliable. It would be desirable that a larger study would be conducted.

  • 7.
    Brunosson, Albina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen.
    Livsviktigt med hem- och konsumentkunskap2013Inngår i: Skånes fria tidning, ISSN 2001-2349, nr 14/9Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Korvstoppning, ölbryggeri och ostmakeri. Matnörderiet har kanske aldrig varit så stort som i dag. Men betyder det att vi fått bättre kunskap om maten vi stoppar i oss och hur den blir till? Knappast, menar Albina Brunnosson, lärare vid Högskolan i Kristianstad och doktorand i kostvetenskap vid Uppsala universitet. I veckans debatt skriver hon att behovet av skolans minsta ämne är större än någonsin. Inte minst för jämställdheten.

  • 8. Cabrera, C.
    et al.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Eriksson, B. G.
    Wedel, H.
    Eiben, G.
    Steen, B.
    Lissner, L.
    Socio-economic gradient in food selection and diet quality among 70-year olds2007Inngår i: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 11, nr 6, 466-473 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this study was to assess social disparities in food choices and diet quality in a population of 70-year old Swedes.

    Design: Cross-sectional study among participants in the 2000 Gerontological and Geriatric Population Studies in Goteborg.

    Participants: A representative population of men (n=233) and women (n=321) from Goteborg, a city on the south western coast of Sweden.

    Methods: One hour diet history interviews were performed and 35 specific foods and food groups were identified; in addition a diet quality index (DQI) was calculated. Differences in food choices and diet quality scores were tested across educational and socio-economic index categories (SEI).

    Results: Men with higher education and SEI had higher diet quality scores than those with lower socio-economic status, while no differences in DQI were noted in women. Further analysis of women based on their husband's occupational group also yielded no differences in diet quality. When studying individual foods, socio-economic differences were observed in women and men.

    Conclusions: Selection of food varies by education and occupational status in both sexes although socio-economic disparities in diet quality were observed in men only.

  • 9.
    Cederholm, Tommy
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Barazzoni, R.
    Italien.
    Austin, Peter
    Storbritannien.
    Ballmer, Peter
    Schweiz.
    Biolo, G.
    Italien .
    Bischoff, Stephan C.
    Tyskland.
    Compher, C.
    USA.
    Correia, Isabel
    Brasilien.
    Higashiguchi, T.
    Japan.
    Hoist, Mette
    Danmark.
    Jensen, Gordon L.
    USA.
    Malone, Ainsley
    USA.
    Muscaritoli, Maurizio
    Italien.
    Nyulasi, I.
    Australien.
    Pirlich, Matthias
    Tyskland.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Schindler, Karin
    Österrike.
    Schneider, Stephane M.
    Frankrike.
    de van der Schueren, M. A. E.
    Nederländerna.
    Sieber, Cornel
    Tyskland.
    Valentini, L.
    Tyskland.
    Yu, J. C.
    Kina.
    Van Gossum, André
    Belgien.
    Singer, Pierre
    Israel.
    ESPEN guidelines on definitions and terminology of clinical nutrition2017Inngår i: Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0261-5614, E-ISSN 1532-1983, Vol. 36, nr 1, 49-64 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    A lack of agreement on definitions and terminology used for nutrition-related concepts and procedures limits the development of clinical nutrition practice and research.

    Objective

    This initiative aimed to reach a consensus for terminology for core nutritional concepts and procedures.

    Methods

    The European Society of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) appointed a consensus group of clinical scientists to perform a modified Delphi process that encompassed e-mail communication, face-to-face meetings, in-group ballots and an electronic ESPEN membership Delphi round.

    Results

    Five key areas related to clinical nutrition were identified: concepts; procedures; organisation; delivery; and products. One core concept of clinical nutrition is malnutrition/undernutrition, which includes disease-related malnutrition (DRM) with (eq. cachexia) and without inflammation, and malnutrition/undernutrition without disease, e.g. hunger-related malnutrition. Over-nutrition (overweight and obesity) is another core concept. Sarcopenia and frailty were agreed to be separate conditions often associated with malnutrition. Examples of nutritional procedures identified include screening for subjects at nutritional risk followed by a complete nutritional assessment. Hospital and care facility catering are the basic organizational forms for providing nutrition. Oral nutritional supplementation is the preferred way of nutrition therapy but if inadequate then other forms of medical nutrition therapy, i.e. enteral tube feeding and parenteral (intravenous) nutrition, becomes the major way of nutrient delivery.

    Conclusion

    An agreement of basic nutritional terminology to be used in clinical practice, research, and the ESPEN guideline developments has been established. This terminology consensus may help to support future global consensus efforts and updates of classification systems such as the International Classification of Disease (ICD). The continuous growth of knowledge in all areas addressed in this statement will provide the foundation for future revisions.

  • 10.
    Cederholm, Tommy
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Kost, nutrition och hälsa - en introduktion2015Inngår i: Mat och hälsa: en klinisk handbok / [ed] Cederholm, Tommy; Rothenberg, Elisabeth, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 23-26 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Cederholm, Tommy
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Rothenberg, ElisabetHögskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Mat och hälsa: en klinisk handbok2015Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kunskaper och vetenskapligt förankrade insikter kring matens betydelse för människans hälsa tilltar samtidigt som intresset för kost och hälsa ökar hos både patienter och allmänhet. Personal inom vård och omsorg upplever därför ofta svårigheter att orientera sig i flödet av hälsobudskap där buden dessutom kan vara motstridiga. Läkare, sjuksköterskor och annan vårdpersonal har ett kontinuerligt behov av att uppdatera sina kunskaper om mat, nutrition och hälsa. 


    Bokens första del ger råd om nutritionshandläggning vid speciella sjukdomar, t.ex. hjärt–kärlsjukdomar, diabetes och fetma.Dessutom fokuseras nutritionens betydelse vid vanliga kroniska sjukdomar såsom mag-tarm-, njur- och demenssjukdom.Åldrandet, mat och nutrition diskuteras i flera kapitel.Vårdprocessen vid utredning och behandling belyses. Bokens andra del ger kliniskt relevant kunskap om näringslära och kostrekommendationer. T.ex. avhandlas hälsoeffekter och behov av fett, kolhydrater och protein, omega-3-fettsyror och vitamin D,hälsoeffekter av traditionell medelhavskost, och dess nordiska motsvarighet, liksom olika typer av populära koster.


    I den här boken samlas kunskapen hos tjugosex av Sveriges främsta forskare inom nutritionsområdet på ett lättillgängligt sätt för att ge evidensbaserade svar på många av de frågor som möter sjukvårdspersonal.

  • 12.
    Cederholm, Tommy
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Osteoporos2015Inngår i: Mat och hälsa: en klinisk handbok / [ed] Cederholm, Tommy; Rothenberg, Elisabet, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 101-104 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13.
    Cederholm, Tommy
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Ödlund Olin, Ann
    Karolinska universitetssjukhuset.
    Behandling av nutritionsproblem2015Inngår i: Mat och hälsa: en klinisk handbok / [ed] Cederholm, Tommy; Rothenberg, Elisabet, Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 143-150 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 14.
    Cederholm, Tommy
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Ödlund Olin, Ann
    Karolinska universitetssjukhuset.
    Utredning av nutritionsproblem (undernäring och fetma)2015Inngår i: Mat och hälsa: en klinisk handbok / [ed] Cederholm, Tommy; Rothenberg, Elisabet, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 135-142 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15. Copland, Lotta
    et al.
    Liedman, Bengt
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Bosaeus, Ingvar
    Effects of nutritional support long time after total gastrectomy2007Inngår i: Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0261-5614, E-ISSN 1532-1983, Vol. 26, nr 5, 605-613 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background & aims

    Long-term effects of total gastrectomy on nutritional status are not well known, neither is the role of nutritional support. Dietary counselling is usually individualized, but generally not well defined. We aimed to evaluate effects of individualized oral nutritional support long time after total gastrectomy.

    Methods

    Dietary advice was given, aiming for an energy and protein rich diet, using ordinary food and liquid supplements tailored to individual needs and preferences. Counselling was repeated monthly. Body weight and a 4-day food record were obtained at baseline, and thereafter—at month 1, 3, 6 and 12. Body composition, resting and total energy expenditure were measured at baseline and at 12 months.

    Results

    Thirteen of 15 included patients completed the study. Though a trend of weight gain was seen after 1 month, there was no significant weight change at 12 months as weight development was quite heterogeneous. Six patients who remained healthy during the study (all with BMI<25) gained weight (p<0.05), while five patients with intercurrent co-morbidity and two with initial BMI>25 lost weight or remained stable.

    Conclusions

    Nutritional intervention long time after total gastrectomy did not change body weight, body composition or energy metabolism. Intercurrent co-morbidity appeared to have a major impact on outcome, as the nutritional support was more effective in patients who remained healthy and had a BMI<25.

  • 16. Copland, Lotta
    et al.
    Liedman, Bengt
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Ellegård, Lars
    Hustvedt, Bo-Egil
    Bosaeus, Ingvar
    Validity of the ActiReg system and a physical activity interview in assessing total energy expenditure in long-term survivors after total gastrectomy2008Inngår i: Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0261-5614, E-ISSN 1532-1983, Vol. 27, nr 6, 842-848 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is common after total gastrectomy. There is a need for clinically useful methods to assess energy requirements. We aimed to validate measurements of energy expenditure by an activity monitor (ActiReg) and a physical activity interview (HPAQ(modified)), in long-term survivors after gastrectomy for gastric carcinoma, using doubly labelled water as reference method.

    METHODS: Total energy expenditure (TEE) was estimated by DLW (14 days), ActiReg (3 days) and HPAQ(modified) (7 days) in 15 patients. Measurements were repeated after 12 months. Basal metabolic rate was measured with indirect calorimetry.

    RESULTS: ActiReg and HPAQ(modified) both underestimated TEE by 180 (+/-254 SD) and 130 (+/-326 SD)kcalday(-1), i.e. 14% vs. 12%, respectively. However, this was evident only at higher levels of physical activity (PAL(DLW)> or =1.65), whereas at lower levels (PAL<1.65) no difference was found. There were no changes in TEE over time independent of the method used. DLW and ActiReg had approximately the same width of the 95% confidence interval of this estimate, while it was 2.4 times larger by HPAQ(modified).

    CONCLUSION: Both simple methods underestimated total energy expenditure at higher, but not at lower physical activity levels. The ActiReg method appears useful to estimate changes in TEE over time.

  • 17.
    Copland, Lotta
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Ellegård, Lars
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Hyltander, Anders
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Bosaeus, Ingvar
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Muscle mass and exercise capacity in cancer patients after major upper gastrointestinal surgery2010Inngår i: e - SPEN: the European e-journal of clinical nutrition and metabolism, ISSN 1751-4991, Vol. 5, nr 6, e265-e271 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background & aims

    Nutritional therapy has traditionally been evaluated by changes in weight and in food intake, while body composition and function may be of greater clinical significance. We investigated relationships between total body skeletal muscle mass (TBSMM), energy balance and exercise capacity in 41 patients before, 6 and 12 months after curatively intended major upper gastrointestinal surgery.

    Methods

    TBSMM and body energy content were assessed by DXA. Exercise capacity was measured on a treadmill. Energy balance was defined as the difference in body energy content at two points in time.

    Results

    During the first postoperative year average weight loss was 7% although 1 our of 3 patients remained weight stable (WS). Average TBSMM decreased significantly at 6 months (0.9 kg, p < 0.01), but was regained at 12 months, as was exercise capacity. 72% of weight losing patients (WL) lost TBSMM compared to 17% of WS patients, p < 0.01. Both TBSMM and changes in TBSMM, but not changes in energy content, were correlated to exercise capacity, r2 = 0.49, p < 0.001 and r2 = 0.15, p < 0.05 respectively.

    Conclusions

    TBSMM and exercise capacity were clearly related in cancer patients after major upper gastrointestinal surgery, as were changes in TBSMM and exercise capacity. Energy balance was not directly correlated to exercise capacity, but more WS than WL patients increased their TBSMM indicating a possible influence by energy balance.

  • 18.
    Dahl Lassen, Anne
    et al.
    Danmark.
    Thorsen, Anne Vibeke
    Danmark.
    Haapala, Irja
    Finland.
    Lennernäs Wiklund, Maria
    University of Gävle.
    Nyberg, Maria
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Beck, Anne Marie
    Danmark.
    Fagt, Sisse
    Danmark.
    Food at Work around the Clock – The Nordic Model: report from a Nordic Workshop, November 4, 2016, Copenhagen, Denmark2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This report brings together 12 invited presentations and outcomes of a workshop on food and meals for employees working irregular hours “around the clock”. The workshop, “Food at work around the clock – The Nordic Model”, was hosted by the National Food Institute at the Technical University of Denmark on November 4, 2016, in Lyngby, near Copenhagen, Denmark. This was a culmination of the collaboration started in 2015 between researchers from the hosts institute, Gävle University and Kristianstad University in Sweden, and the School of Applied Educational Sciences and Teacher Education in Finland. The workshop was funded by the Nordic Council of Ministers.

  • 19.
    Danielsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Nilsson, Pontus
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Elevers måltider under skoldagen: en undersökning av energi- och näringsintag bland elever i årskurs 32010Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är viktigt att elever i skolan äter tillräckligt mycket mat under skoldagen så att de orkar hålla koncentrationen uppe och kan prestera bra i skolan. Syftet var att undersöka om innehållet av energi (kcal), protein, fett och kolhydrater är tillräckligt i maten som elever i årskurs 3, som är på fritidshem före och efter skolan, äter till frukost, lunch och mellanmål under en skoldag. En kartläggning gjordes över vad åtta elever åt under tre måltider under en skoldag och intaget energi- och näringsintag beräknades i relation till Livsmedelsverkets rekommendationer. Resultatet visade att elevernas energi- och näringsintag var bäst under frukosten, även om det var lågt hos de flesta. Under lunchen minskade energi- och näringsintaget och blev ännu sämre vid eftermiddagens mellanmål. Generellt sett var elevernas energi- och näringsintag för lågt under denna skoldag i jämförelse med Livsmedelsverkets rekommendationer. Slutsatsen är att skolan behöver medverka till att barnen dels äter mer mat, dels äter mer varierat under de måltider som serveras i skolan. 

  • 20. De Carvalho, Irene Stuart Torrié
    et al.
    Granfeldt, Yvonne
    Dejmek, Petr
    Håkansson, Andreas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen.
    From diets to foods: using linear programming to formulate a nutritious, minimum-cost porridge mix for children aged 1 to 2 years2015Inngår i: Food and Nutrition Bulletin, ISSN 0379-5721, E-ISSN 1564-8265, Vol. 36, nr 1, 75-86 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Linear programming has been used extensively as a tool for nutritional recommendations. Extending the methodology to food formulation presents new challenges, since not all combinations of nutritious ingredients will produce an acceptable food. Furthermore, it would help in implementation and in ensuring the feasibility of the suggested recommendations.

    Objective. To extend the previously used linear programming methodology from diet optimization to food formulation using consistency constraints. In addition, to exemplify usability using the case of a porridge mix formulation for emergency situations in rural Mozambique.

    Methods. The linear programming method was extended with a consistency constraint based on previously published empirical studies on swelling of starch in soft porridges. The new method was exemplified using the formulation of a nutritious, minimum-cost porridge mix for children aged 1 to 2 years for use as a complete relief food, based primarily on local ingredients, in rural Mozambique.

    Results. A nutritious porridge fulfilling the consistency constraints was found; however, the minimum cost was unfeasible with local ingredients only. This illustrates the challenges in formulating nutritious yet economically feasible foods from local ingredients. The high cost was caused by the high cost of mineral-rich foods. A nutritious, low-cost porridge that fulfills the consistency constraints was obtained by including supplements of zinc and calcium salts as ingredients.

    Conclusions. The optimizations were successful in fulfilling all constraints and provided a feasible porridge, showing that the extended constrained linear programming methodology provides a systematic tool for designing nutritious foods. 

  • 21.
    Edfors, Ellinor
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Home-living elderly people’s views on food and meals2012Inngår i: Journal of Aging Research, ISSN 2090-2204, 761291- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background.

    The aim of the study was to describe home-living elderly people’s views on the importance of food andmeals. Methods. Semistructured interviews with twelve elderly people. The interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results.

    Respondents described how their past influenced their present experiences and views on food and meals. Increased reliance on and need of support with food and meals frequently arose in connection with major changes in their life situations. Sudden events meant a breaking point with a transition from independence to dependence and a need for assistance from relatives and/or the community. With the perspective from the past and in the context of dependency, respondents described meals during the day, quality of food, buying, transporting, cooking, and eating food.

    Conclusions.

    Meeting the need for optimal nutritional status for older people living at home requires knowledge of individual preferences and habits, from both their earlier and current lives. It is important to pay attention to risk factors that could compromise an individual’s ability to independently manage their diet, such as major life events and hospitalisation. Individual needs for self-determination and involvement should be considered in planning and development efforts for elderly people related to food and meals.

  • 22.
    Edfors, Ellinor
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    "Om man ska ha mat, ska det vara god mat": äldre personers upplevelser av mat och måltider i ordinärt boende2010Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to capture the older persons' experiences in relation to foodand meals in ordinary housing.

    Method:Semi-structured interviews, with twelve older persons, on the basis of the instrument

    "Seniors in the community: Risk Evaluation for Eating and Nutrition, Version II" (SCREEN II). The interviews were analyzed with manifest and latent content analysis.

    Results:Respondents described how past life largely influenced their current experiences and views on food and meals. Increased reliance and need for support arose frequently in connection with a major change in the life situation. The results showed that the SCREEN II is useful for measuring the risk of malnutrition under Swedish conditions.

    Conclusions: Older people's knowledge about good and nutritious food as well as individual needs for self-determination and feeling involved should be considered in planning and development efforts related to food and meals in ordinary housing. SCREEN II can be considered as an appropriate instrument to use in the context of preventive home visits, in order to identify risk factors that can cause malnutrition. Further research in larger samples is needed.

  • 23.
    Edfors, Ellinor
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    "Om man ska ha mat, ska det vara god mat": äldres upplevelser av mat och måltid i ordinärt boende2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Malnutrition, vilket inkluderar både undernäring och övervikt/fetma, är ett vanligt problem bland äldre personer, som kan leda till fysiska och psykiska funktionsnedsättningar. Flertal äldre personer i ordinärt boende som lever ensamma har svårigheter med att införskaffa, tillaga och äta sin mat. Genom förebyggande åtgärder kan uppkomst och försämring av malnutrition, ökat beroende, behov av institutionell vård och försämrad livskvalitet förebyggas.

    Syfte: Syfte med studien var att utifrån äldre personers upplevelser och erfarenheter undersöka och kartlägga mat och måltider i ordinärt boende.

    Metod: Semistrukturerade intervjuer, med tolv äldre personer, utifrån instrumentet ”Seniors in the community: Risk evaluation for eating and nutrition, version II” (SCREEN II). Intervjuerna analyserades med manifest och latent innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Analysen av intervjuerna visade att respondenternas tidigare liv i hög grad påverkade nuvarande upplevelser av och syn på mat och måltider. Ökat beroende och behov av stöd uppkom inte sällan i samband med en större förändring i livssituationen. Resultatet visar att SCREEN II är ett användbart instrument för att mäta risk för malnutrition under svenska förhållanden.

    Slutsats: Äldre personers kunskaper kring god och näringsriktig mat samt individuella behov av självbestämmande och delaktighet bör beaktas i planering och utveckling av insatser kopplade till mat och måltider i ordinärt boende. För att uppmärksamma riskfaktorer som kan leda till malnutrition kan SCREEN II vara ett lämpligt instrument att använda i samband med förebyggande hembesök. Det finns ett behov av mer omfattande forskning inom området.

  • 24. Eiben, G
    et al.
    Andersson, C S
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sundh, V
    Steen, B
    Lissner, L
    Secular trends in diet among elderly Swedes: cohort comparisons over three decades2004Inngår i: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 7, nr 5, 637-644 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The purpose of this study was to compare dietary practices among different birth cohorts of 70-year-old Swedes, who were examined between 1971 and 2000.

    Setting: Göteborg, Sweden.

    Design: Four population-based samples of 1360 70-year-olds, born in 1901, 1911, 1922 and 1930, have undergone health examinations and dietary assessments over a period of almost three decades. One-hour diet history (DH) interviews were conducted in 1971, 1981, 1992 and 2000 with a total of 758 women and 602 women. The formats and contents of the dietary examinations were similar over the years. Statistical analysis of linear trends was conducted, using year of examination as the independent variable, to detect secular trends in food and nutrient intakes across cohorts.

    Results: At the 2000 examination, the majority of 70-year-olds consumed nutritionally adequate diets. Later-born cohorts consumed more yoghurt, breakfast cereals, fruit, vegetables, chicken, rice and pasta than earlier-born cohorts. Consumption of low-fat spread and milk also increased, along with that of wine, light beer and candy. In contrast, potatoes, cakes and sugar were consumed less in 2000 than in 1971. The ratio of reported energy intake to estimated basal metabolic rate did not show any systematic trend over time in women, but showed a significant upward trend in men.

    Conclusions: The diet history method has captured changes in food selections in the elderly without changing in general format over three decades. Dietary quality has improved in a number of ways, and these findings in the elderly are consistent with national food consumption trends in the general population.

  • 25.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Gott liv tarvar god mat2009Inngår i: Livskvalitet öster om leden: om att steka ål, äta socker och bygga hus men också om frukten, supen, bakterien, hälsan & döden, Tomelilla: ÖsterlenAkademien , 2009, 55-64 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 26. Eyre, Sintra
    et al.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Behandling med proteinreducerad kost vid njursvikt: Majoritet av svenska njurmedicinska enheter tillämpar metoden, visar enkät. [Treatment with protein-restricted diet in renal failure. The majority of Swedish renal units practice the method according to a questionnaire]2008Inngår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 105, nr 30-31, 2089-2093 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Olika synsätt präglar den svenska njursjukvården vad gäller det nutritionella omhändertagandet av patienter med njursvikt utan dialys. En majoritet av Sveriges njurmedicinska kliniker använder proteinreducerad kost vid njursviktsbehandling före dialys. Den lägsta proteinnivån vid proteinreducerad kost (0,3 g/kg kroppsvikt/dag) är inte längre i bruk. Den proteinreducerade kosten har »moderniserats« under de senaste 10 åren. Ordination av fasta proteinnivåer har minskat, medan individuellt beräknade proteinnivåer har ökat, vilket överensstämmer med riktlinjerna från Svensk njurmedicinsk förening. Njursvikt leder ofta till malnutrition. Oberoende av synen på proteinreducerad kost bör njursviktspatienter erbjudas kontakt med legitimerad dietist för optimering av näringsintaget i syfte att förebygga malnutrition.

  • 27.
    Faxén Irving, Gerd
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Karlström, Brita
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Geriatrisk nutrition2016 (oppl. 2)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Geriatrisk nutrition utkom första gången 2010. Denna bok är en reviderad upplaga, som har förändrats på flera sätt både avseendeinnehåll, struktur och lay-out. Boken riktar sig både till studenter inom olika vårdutbildningar och till yrkesverksamma inomvård och omsorg av äldre. Den har ambitionen att ge en förståelse för hur åldrandet påverkar kroppens funktioner och hälsan.Fokus i boken ligger på mat, näring och nutrition och de specifika nutritionsproblem som följer med åldrandet. Boken vill ävenge en medicinsk bakgrund till olika sjukdomar som är vanliga hos äldre, vilket är förutsättningen för att förstå sjukdomsspecifiknutritionsbehandling. Boken tar också upp regelverk, organisation och kvalitet samt etiska och kulturella aspekter på nutritionsomhändertagandeav äldre. Helt nytt är ett kapitel om centrala begrepp och termer samt ett separat kapitel om kulturella aspekteroch ett utökat avsnitt som behandlar D vitamin. Boken är faktagranskad av personer med specifika kompetenser inom olikaområden som boken tar upp.

  • 28.
    Faxén Irving, Gerd
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Lukt, smak och aptit2016Inngår i: Geratrisk nutrition / [ed] Faxén Irving, G., Karlström, B., & Rothenberg, E., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 2, 67-78 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 29. Faxén-Irivning, G
    et al.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Nutrition2012Inngår i: Stroke - Patienters, närståendes och vårdares perspektiv, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2012, 23-38 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Fromell, Hilda
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Winter, Regina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Food truck som ett nytt fenomen i Skåne2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Food truck is a mobile restaurant business which originates from the United States, and can now be seen also in Sweden. There are specific guidelines regarding the food that are served from the food trucks rolling the streets of Skåne from 2013. For example the food should be ecological, which is in keeping with the other municipal goals regarding food and meal. The concept is communicated and marketed through social media, which makes it possible to effectively reach many people. Four food trucks are currently active throughout Skåne and those restaurants make their food from scratch. Their communication and marketing is conducted mainly on social media where it is possible to communicate the concept and reach a broad group in a fast and efficient way.

  • 31.
    Giacalone, Davide
    et al.
    Danmark.
    Wendin, Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Kremer, Stefanie
    Nederländerna.
    Bom Frøst, Michael
    Danmark.
    Bredie, Wender L. P.
    Danmark.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Otto, Marie H.
    Danmark.
    Skjoldborg, Signe
    Danmark.
    Lindberg, Ulla
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Risvik, Einar
    Norge.
    Health and quality of life in an aging population – food and beyond2016Inngår i: Food Quality and Preference, ISSN 0950-3293, E-ISSN 1873-6343, Vol. 47, nr Part B, 166-170 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Europe the percentage of citizens aged 65 and over is increasing at an unprecedented rate, and is expected to account for over 30% of the population by 2050. Coupled with an increase in life expectancy, this massive demographic change calls for a major effort to ensure quality of life in our older population. A thorough understanding of the elderly as food consumers, their nutritional needs, their food perception and preferences are increasingly needed. The role of food in healthy aging was a prominent theme at the 6th European Conference on Sensory and Consumer Research, which had quality of life across the life span as a focal point. This short paper is based on a workshop held at the EuroSense meeting, focusing on research from sensory and consumer scientists. The workshop featured contributions focusing on food-related perception, needs and behavior of the elderly, and aimed at demonstrating the relevance of sensory and consumer scientists in promoting food-related well-being in an aging population. The workshop contributions are here reviewed and summarized three main themes: nutritional needs, food perception and aging, and behavioral drivers of food consumption.

  • 32. Hall, Gunnar
    et al.
    Wendin, Karin
    SIK, The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology AB.
    Sensory design of foods for the elderly2008Inngår i: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, ISSN 0250-6807, E-ISSN 1421-9697, Vol. 52, 25-28 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background/Aims: Elderly persons with dysphagia need food that requires little or no chewing, that is easy to swallow and has attractive sensory characteristics. The aim was to investigate how ingredients varied according to experimental designs influence the perceived sensory, chewing and swallowing characteristics of two types of texture-modified model foods. Methods: Meat- and carrot-based, texture-modified model foods were produced. The following parameters were varied: particle size, fat content, starch and egg composition. The samples were studied using sensory analyses, focus group discussions and consumer studies. Results: The design parameters mainly had an impact on sensory texture attributes. The experts in the focus groups selected three products of each type which were regarded as being optimal for older persons. All the products contained a high proportion of egg yolk and a low amount of starch. Older consumers considered all the selected products to be easy to chew and swallow. The differences between older persons in nursing homes compared to those living in their own homes could be linked to health. Conclusions: Optimization of factors influencing food quality through the use of experimental designs in combination with sensory and consumer studies is required in order to meet the needs and demands of older people.

  • 33.
    Hansson, Josefin
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Hånell, Nicole
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Analys av gymnasieelevers frukostvanor2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    När man studerar är det viktigt att kunna koncentrera sig för att tillgodogöra sig sin utbildning. Med en bra frukost kan man öka sin koncentrations- och prestationsförmåga. Det är därför viktigt att äta en hälsosam frukost. För att jämföra hur hälsosam frukostarna är har Nordiska Näringsrekommendationernas stoppljus används för att klassificera livsmedel efter hälsosamhet.

    Undersökningen omfattade 155 elever på gymnasiet från olika inriktningar. De svarade på en enkätundersökning angående sina frukostvanor. Syftet med undersökningen var att studera om det finns någon skillnad mellan elevers frukostvanor kopplat till om de studerar yrkesförberedande eller högskoleförberedande program. Studien syftade också till att undersöka hälsosamheten i frukostarna.

    Resultatet visar att andelen elever som inte äter frukost är ungefär en fjärdedel och andelen skiljer sig inte mellan grupperna. I studien visade det sig också att de som studerar högskoleförberedande program äter en högre grad av hälsosamma livsmedel, klassificerade som gröna i NNR:s stoppljus. Eleverna hade i genomsnitt lika fördelning av livsmedel som bör ökas, bytas ut och begränsas, i sina frukostar. Alltså behöver många minska sitt intag av livsmedel som bör begränsas och öka intaget av de livsmedel som är mer hälsosamma. 

  • 34.
    Hartvig, Ditte
    et al.
    University of Copenhagen.
    Hausner, Helene
    University of Copenhagen.
    Wendin, Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Bredie, Wender L. P.
    University of Copenhagen.
    Quinine sensitivity influences the acceptance of sea-buckthorn and grapefruit juices in 9- to 11-year-old children2014Inngår i: Appetite, ISSN 0195-6663, E-ISSN 1095-8304, Vol. 74, nr 1, 70-78 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The acceptance of novel foods by children is related to a number of factors, and differences in taste sensitivity may form some specific challenges. High sensitivity might be a barrier to the acceptance of sour/bitter products by children. This study investigated the effect of sensitivity to bitter, sour, sweet, and salty tastes on the acceptance of Nordic juices in 9- to 11-year-old children. A total of 328 children were subjected to two taste sensitivity tests for quinine, citric acid, sucrose, and NaCl. Their acceptance of six juices (carrot, rosehip, sea-buckthorn, lingonberry, grapefruit, and aronia) was measured. Bitter sensitivity was found to be significantly correlated to the intake of the sweet sea-buckthorn and lingonberry juices; the most bitter-sensitive children exhibited the highest intake of these juices. The opposite relationship was found for bitter sensitivity and the intake of the bitter grapefruit juice. Sour, sweet, and salt sensitivities did not affect the intake of any of the juices. Liking scores were not affected by sensitivity. In conclusion, bitter sensitivity appears to influence food intake in children to a greater extent than sour, sweet, or salt sensitivity. Bitter-sensitive children exhibited a reduced intake of grapefruit juice and a higher intake of sucrose-sweetened juices. Thus, bitter sensitivity might be a challenge in the acceptance of certain bitter foods.

  • 35.
    Henric, Wichmann
    et al.
    Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset.
    Unosson, Mitra
    Linköpings universitet.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Stene, Christina
    Sånevård Sund.
    Bosaeus, Ingvar
    Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhuset.
    Fortfarande klara brister i nutritionsbehandling på sjukhus: enkätstudie med jämförelse mellan åren 2004 och 20142016Inngår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 113, nr 16, 798-801 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 36. Holm, Karin
    et al.
    Wendin, Karin
    SIK, The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology AB.
    Hermansson, Anne-Marie
    Sweetness and texture perception in mixed pectin gels with 30% sugar and a designed rheology2009Inngår i: Lebensmittel-Wissenschaft + Technologie, ISSN 0023-6438, E-ISSN 1096-1127, Vol. 42, nr 3, 788-795 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Pure low-methoxyl (LM) pectin and mixtures of LM and high-methoxyl (HM) pectin in different ratios were used to produce gels with control over the theological parameter storage modulus (G'). The gels either had similar pectin concentrations and different G' values, or different pectin concentrations and similar G' values. All gels were prepared with 30 g/100 g sugar, in the presence of 0.1 g/100 g CaCl(2), at pH 3.5; these are conditions that favour gel formation of both LM and HM pectin. The gels were compared for their sensory characteristics; specifically sweetness, sourness, thickness, and glueyness. Sweetness was found to increase with increasing storage modulus (G') in pectin gets of similar pectin concentration, but different G' values. Gels with higher proportions of LM pectin were perceived as sweeter than those with low LM pectin ratios. These gels also had increasing loss modulus (G ''), and increasing differences between G' and G '', which indicates that diffusion has a bearing on the perception of sweetness in pectin gels. Thickness and glueyness were mostly determined by total pectin concentration. Thickness also increased with increasing LM pectin concentration while glueyness increased with increasing HM pectin concentration.

  • 37. Holm, Karin
    et al.
    Wendin, Karin
    SIK, The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology AB.
    Hermansson, Anne-Marie
    Sweetness and texture perceptions in structured gelatin gels with embedded sugar rich domains2009Inngår i: Food Hydrocolloids, ISSN 0268-005X, E-ISSN 1873-7137, Vol. 23, nr 8, 2388-2393 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Layered and homogeneous gelatin gels with controlled theological properties were compared for their sensory characteristics, specifically sweetness, hardness, breakdown behaviour and frothing. All gels and layers had a gelatin/water concentration of 5%. The total sugar concentration was 9% in the layered samples and 0, 9,15 or 22.5% in the homogeneous samples. These concentrations corresponded to the concentrations in the single layers. A seven-layered sample with different sugar concentrations in the layers gave a higher early sweetness intensity than a homogeneous gel with the same mean total sugar concentration. All layered gels were similar in hardness, breakdown behaviour and frothing; for the homogenous samples, sensory hardness was decreased in samples with much sugar. These gels also fell into smaller pieces than the sugarless sample. This study shows that it is possible by controlling the sugar distribution within a sample to produce sweeter gels while the sugar content is maintained.

  • 38. Holmer, A
    et al.
    Hausner, H
    Reinbach, H.C.
    Bredie, W.L.P.
    Wendin, Karin
    SP - The Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Acceptance of Nordic snack bars in children aged 8-11 years2012Inngår i: Food & Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-6628, E-ISSN 1654-661X, Vol. 56, nr 10484Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A health promoting diet is suggested to be tailored to regional circumstances to preserve the cultural diversity in eating habits, as well as contribute to more environmentally friendly eating. It may influence consumer acceptance, however, if the components of the diet differs considerably from their habitual food. Objective: This study aimed to investigate whether snack bars composed of Nordic ingredients were accepted by 8-11 year-old Danish (n=134) and Swedish (n=109) children. Design: A seven-point hedonic scale was used to measure the children’s acceptance of five snack bars that varied in their composition of whole grains, berries and nuts. A preference rank ordering of the five bars was also performed. Results: The results showed that samples that were rated highest in liking and were most preferred in both countries were a kamut/pumpkin bar and an oat/cranberry bar. The sample with the lowest rating that was also least preferred was a pumpernickel/sea buckthorn bar. Flavour was the most important determinant of overall liking followed by texture, odour and appearance. Conclusions: Children’s acceptances and preferences were highly influenced by the sensory characteristics of the bars, mainly flavour. In agreement with earlier studies, the novel food ingredients seemed to influence children’s preferences. The Nordic snack bars may have a potential to be a snack option for Danish and Swedish school children, but repeated exposures to the products are recommended to increase children’s acceptance.

  • 39.
    Hommel, Ami
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Bjorkelund, Karin B.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University.
    Thorngren, Karl-Göran
    Department of Orthopedics, Lund University Hospital.
    Ulander, Kerstin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Nutritional status among patients with hip fracture in relation to pressure ulcers2007Inngår i: Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0261-5614, E-ISSN 1532-1983, Vol. 26, nr 5, 589-596 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background & aims

    Patients with a hip fracture often have a poor nutritional status that is associated with increased risk of complications, morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of an improved care intervention in relation to nutritional status and pressure ulcers. An intervention of best practices for patients with hip fracture was introduced, using the available resources effectively and efficiently with a not too complicated or expensive intervention.

    Methods

    A quasi-experimental study of 478 patients consecutively included between April 1, 2003 and March 31, 2004. A new evidence-based clinical pathway was introduced on October 1, 2003. The results from the first 210 patients in the control group and the last 210 patients in the intervention group are presented in this article.

    Results

    The total number of patients with a hospital-acquired pressure ulcer was in the intervention group, 19 patients, and in the control group, 39 patients (p=0.007). No patient younger than 65 years developed a pressure ulcer. There were no statistical significant differences between the groups with respect to blood biochemical variables at inclusion. Patients in the control group had higher arm muscle circumference (AMC) (p=0.05), calf circumference (CC) (p=0.038) and body mass index (BMI) (p=0.043) values. Abnormal anthropometrical tests of BMI, triceps skin fold (TSF) <10th percentile and AMC <10th percentile were found in 12 patients in the control group and in 4 patients in the intervention group. None of the 4 patients in the intervention group developed pressure ulcers. However, 2 of the 12 patients in the control group were affected.

    Conclusions

    It is possible to reduce the development of hospital-acquired pressure ulcers among elderly patients with a hip fracture even though they have poor prefracture nutritional status. Results in this study indicate the value of the new clinical pathway, as number of patients who have developed pressure ulcers during their stay in hospital has been reduced by 50%.

  • 40.
    Håkansson, Andreas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Are food advertisements promoting more unhealthy foods and beverages over time?: evidence from three Swedish food magazines, 1995-20142017Inngår i: Ecology of Food and Nutrition, ISSN 0367-0244, E-ISSN 1543-5237, Vol. 56, nr 1, 45-61 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Unhealthy food in advertising has been suggested as a mediator for the increase in diet-related illness. This study quantitatively investigates changes in food advertising between 1995 and 2014 in terms of food categories promoted, macronutrient content, and percentage of foods classified as heathy or unhealthy from a sample of 7,199 ads from three Swedish food magazines. With the exception of increased alcoholic beverage and decreased carbohydrate-rich-food promotion, no monotonic trends of increasingly unhealthy food advertisement are found. From these findings, it is argued that food magazine advertising is not a mediator of the adverse dietary trend.

  • 41.
    Håkansson, Andreas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen.
    Has it become increasingly expensive to follow a nutritious diet?: Insights from a new price index for nutritious diets in Sweden 1980-20122015Inngår i: Food & Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-6628, E-ISSN 1654-661X, Vol. 59, 26932Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Health-related illnesses such as obesity and diabetes continue to increase, particularly in groups of low socioeconomic status. The increasing cost of nutritious food has been suggested as an explanation.

    OBJECTIVE: To construct a price index describing the cost of a diet adhering to nutritional recommendations for a rational and knowledgeable consumer and, furthermore, to investigate which nutrients have become more expensive to obtain over time.

    METHODS: Linear programming and goal programming were used to calculate two optimal and nutritious diets for each year in the interval under different assumptions. The first model describes the rational choice of a cost-minimizing consumer; the second, the choice of a consumer trying to deviate as little as possible from average consumption. Shadow price analysis was used to investigate how nutrients contribute to the diet cost.

    RESULTS: The cost of a diet adhering to nutritional recommendations has not increased more than general food prices in Sweden between 1980 and 2012. However, following nutrient recommendations increases the diet cost even for a rational consumer, particularly for vitamin D, iron, and selenium. The cost of adhering to the vitamin D recommendation has increased faster than the general food prices.

    CONCLUSIONS: Not adhering to recommendations (especially those for vitamin D) offers an opportunity for consumers to lower the diet cost. However, the cost of nutritious diets has not increased more than the cost of food in general between 1980 and 2012 in Sweden.

  • 42.
    Håkansson, Andreas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Utgör livsmedelspriser en barriär mot en hälsosam kost?2015Inngår i: Ekonomisk Debatt, Vol. 43, nr 7, 22-33 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 43.
    Håkansson, Andreas
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Andersson, Håkan
    Linnaeus University.
    Granfeldt, Yvonne
    Lund University.
    Diet inequality prevails among consumers interested andknowledgeable in nutrition2015Inngår i: Food & Nutrition Research, 27601Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    Previous studies have demonstrated a correlation between diet cost and adherence to nutritional recommendations among consumers in general. This has adverse effects on diet and health inequality. It could be hypothesized that consumers knowledgeable in nutrition escape this correlation.

    OBJECTIVE:

    Investigate whether the previously observed relationship between diet cost and nutritional quality prevails among consumers with an above-average interest in and knowledge of nutrition.

    DESIGN:

    Full open diet registrations of 330 students taking a basic university-level course in nutrition over a total of 780 days.

    RESULTS:

    The consumers with the highest daily average diet cost differ from the lowest cost quartile: The diets had higher micronutrient density, more fruits and vegetables, and lower energy density. The highest cost daily diet quartile had a significantly higher energy adjusted intake of the micronutrients that were on average consumed below the recommendation (vitamin D, folate, and iron for women). On the other hand, alcohol intake was significantly higher among the high diet cost group. The highest diet cost respondents consumed more fish, meat, coffee, and spreads, whereas the lowest diet cost respondents had a higher consumption of cereals, bread, jam, sausage, and milk.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    Dietary differences prevail even in the above-average interested and knowledgeable group. The respondents did not use their higher level of knowledge to break this commonly observed relationship. This suggests that an increased minimum level of knowledge in nutrition may not by itself eliminate dietary inequality.

  • 44.
    Höglund, Evevlina
    et al.
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Albinsson, Berit
    RISE Research Institutes of Sweden.
    Stuhr-Olsson, Gunnel
    Findus Special Foods.
    Signäs, Michael
    Medirest Compass AB.
    Karlsson, Christina
    ICA Sverige.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Wendin, Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Protein and energy enriched muffins designed for nutritional needs of older adults2017Inngår i: Nutrition & Food Sceince, ISSN 2474-767X, Vol. 2, nr 4, 555592Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Disease related malnutrition is a common problem among older adults which results in human suffering and high health care costs. One way to counteract this condition is to offer appetizing and nutritious food products adapted to the needs of older adults. However, macronutrient enrichment of food products is not straight forward as it affects flavour and texture properties. In this study, muffins were fortified with rape seed oil and whey powder to reach increased fat and/or protein content and the nutritional value, sensory properties and physical parameters were investigated. The results showed that ingredients could be added to significantly increase the energy and protein density, but enrichment affected on appearance and other sensory properties. Extra fat made the muffins flat and moist with a smooth and fatty mouth feel, while whey powder addition resulted in high/pointy muffins with shiny appearance, hard texture and altered flavours. For co-addition of fat and protein the effects of added protein dominated. The specific role of muffin/cake batter compounds, and their transformation during the baking process, needs to be further investigated. Hence, more research is needed in order to offer older adult appealing foods with high energy and nutrient density.

  • 45. Jacobsson, A
    et al.
    Nielsen, T
    Sjoholm, I
    Wendin, Karin
    SIK, The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology, Gothenburg.
    Influence of packaging material and storage condition on the sensory quality of broccoli2004Inngår i: Food Quality and Preference, ISSN 0950-3293, E-ISSN 1873-6343, Vol. 15, nr 4, 301-310 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The sensory quality of broccoli stored in modified atmosphere packages was studied. Oriented polypropylene (OPP), polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and low-density polyethylene (LDPE) were used as packaging materials. The LDPE contained an ethylene-absorbing sachet. The samples were stored for I week, either at a constant temperature of 10 degreesC or for 3 days at 4 degreesC, followed by 4 days at 10 degreesC. The atmospheres that were developed inside the different packaging materials during storage differed significantly. After storage, the broccoli was evaluated both raw and cooked using a triangle test and a quantitative descriptive analysis. The triangle test showed significant differences in the smell of broccoli stored in different packaging materials after cooking. No differences were detected in the raw broccoli. The quantitative descriptive analysis showed significant differences in the fresh smell and flavour, the chewing resistance, and the crispness, between samples after cooking. Overall, including all the sensory properties studied, broccoli packaged in LDPE (5% O-2 7% CO2) that contained an ethylene absorber was perceived to be the sample most similar to fresh broccoli. There were no differences in weight loss between broccoli stored in the different packaging materials.

  • 46. Jacobsson, A
    et al.
    Nielsen, T
    Wendin, Karin
    SIK Swedish Inst. Food & Biotechnol, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sjoholm, I
    The effect of packaging material on the sensory properties of broccoli2003Inngår i: Proceedings of the international conference Postharvest Unlimited, 2003, nr 599, 91-95 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Three different commercially available polymeric films were studied to determine their effect on the sensory properties of fresh broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. Italica cv. 'Marathon'). The polymer materials investigated were oriented polypropylene (OPP), polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and one low density polyethylene (LDPE) which contained an ethylene absorber. The fresh broccoli was packaged and stored for one week at 10degreesC or 3 days at 4degreesC followed by 4 days at 10degreesC. The oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations inside the packages were monitored during storage. After storage the broccoli was evaluated according to sensory analyses, i.e. triangle test and quantitative descriptive analysis, by an analytical panel. The panel judged the broccoli according to smell, taste, texture and appearance. The triangle test showed significant differences between the smell of the broccoli samples, stored in the different packaging materials, when cooked. However, no differences between the raw broccoli, stored in the different packaging materials could be detected. The quantitative descriptive analysis showed that the following attributes; fresh smell and taste, chewing resistance, and crispness, differed significantly between the packaged broccoli when cooked. The appearance was shown to be the sensory property of broccoli most affected by the storage conditions, i.e. packaging material used and storage temperature. The results indicated the importance of the packaging material for maintaining the broccoli quality. However, one packaging material that was able to maintain all the studied sensory properties could not be identified.

  • 47. Janestad, H
    et al.
    Wendin, Karin
    SIK, The Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology AB.
    Ruhe, A
    Hall, G
    Modelling of dynamic flavour properties with ordinary differential equations2000Inngår i: Food Quality and Preference, ISSN 0950-3293, E-ISSN 1873-6343, Vol. 11, nr 4, 323-329 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The most common way to analyse sensory dynamic measurements (time-intensity, TI) is to extract some characteristic parameters from the resulting curve such as 'intensity maximum' and 'area under the curve'. In order to get more information from TI data, a general mathematical model was developed. The model was based on the theory for ordinary differential equations. The solutions were characterised by their eigenvalues, which might be correlated to recipe and process. As an example, the temporal perception of chocolate flavour has been measured and modelled. In addition the classical characteristic TI parameters could easily be calculated by the model.

  • 48.
    Johannesson, J.
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. University of Gothenburg.
    Dahlin Ivanoff, S.
    Slinde, F.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Gender differences in practice: knowledge and attitudes regarding food habits and meal patterns among community dwelling older adults2016Inngår i: Journal of Aging Research & Clinical Practice, ISSN 2273-421X, Vol. 5, nr 4, 220-228 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To study gender differences in older adults according to practice, knowledge and attitudes regarding food habits and meal patterns. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Two urban districts of Gothenburg, Sweden. Participants: A total of 297 individuals were included, 102 men and 195 women. They were 80 years or older and living in ordinary housing without being dependent upon the municipal home help services or help from another person in Activities of Daily Life, and cognitively intact, defined as having a score of 25 or higher in the Mini Mental State Examination. Measurements: Telephone interviews regarding food habits and meal patterns were conducted. Results: Almost all participants (99%) ate their main meal at home and men preferred company at meals more often (p<0.001). Women had the sole responsibility to shop for food more often (p<0.000), and generally regarded cooking as a routine or something they just had to do. Among men, few (13%) took a great interest in cooking and 36 % of the men stated that cooking was something they were not capable of performing (p<0.000). Men had company at meals every day more often (71% vs 40%). Respondents stated that loneliness took away the enjoyment of cooking and changed their habits when becoming a widow or widower. Conclusion: Women take greater responsibility for the household than men, regardless of marital status. A large proportion of the men thought cooking was something they were not able to do. The findings in this study may indicate a possible gender difference in the need for societal support.

  • 49. Johansson, Ulla M
    et al.
    Bosaeus, Ingvar
    Larsson, Jörgen
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg.
    Stene, Christina
    Unosson, Mitra
    Nutritionsbehandling i äldrevård - ett bortglömt perspektiv: Enkätstudie visar tydliga brister i omhändertagandet av äldre. [Nutritional therapy in elderly care--a forgotten perspective. A questionnaire study shows clear shortages in the care of the elderly]2009Inngår i: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 106, nr 40, 2538-2542 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sjukdomsrelaterad under­näring har beskrivits i Europa under flera decennier.Europarådet antog år 2003 en resolution med rekommendationer till medlemsländerna kring nutritionsbehandling på sjukhus.En tidigare studie visar att rekommendationerna inte efterlevs inom svensk slutenvård, där flertalet patienter är äldre.Den aktuella enkätstudien, riktad till sjuksköterskor inom särskilda boenden, påvisar sjuksköterskornas ansvar för nutritionsprocessen men även brister i både kunskap och utbildning.Brister har även beskrivits i ansvarsfördelning mellan yrkesgrupper, riktlinjer för nutritionsbehandling och övergripande organisation.En förändrad struktur efter­lyses inom hälso -och sjukvårdsorganisationen. Såväl läkare, dietister, sjuksköterskor som undersköterskor bör vara aktiva i nutritionsprocessen vid särskilda boenden.

  • 50.
    Karlsson, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Vetskap om Veggo-vetenskap: utformandet av en utbildningsserie i vegansk näringslära2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Som ett led i att främja hälsa och en sund livsstil har Studenthälsan på Malmö Högskola tidigare erbjudit sina studenter föreläsningar i allmän näringslära, men vill nu prova en ny inriktning mot vegansk näringslära. Genom ett processinriktat projekt, beståendes av flera delprocesser, planerades en utbildningsserie innehållandes en föreläsning och två praktiska matlagningstillfällen. Dessa genomfördes varefter de utvärderades av de 20 deltagarna som deltog i utbildningen, detta med en semikvalitativ enkät efter föreläsningen och genom en halvstrukturerad intervju efter det ena matlagningstillfället. Responsen på utbildningsseriens utformning var positiv, förslag på flera delar av både föreläsningar och matlagningstillfällen önskades med teman som träningslära, billigt, nyttigt, veganskt och vegetariskt. Materialet kan användas i utbildningssyfte i liknande sammanhang.

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