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  • 1.
    Abbas, Ismail
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Huseni, Saranda
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Tandtrådens effekt på plack och gingivit2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med litteraturstudien var att undersöka tandtrådens effekt på plack och gingivit. Metoden som användes var en kvantitativ allmän litteraturstudie där sökningen av vetenskapliga artiklar gjordes i den medicinska databasen PubMed. Litteraturstudiens resultat sammanställdes utifrån elva vetenskapliga artiklar. Tandtrådens effekt på plack och gingivit utvärderades, i form av reduktion av: plackmängd och blödning hos såväl barn, ungdomar som vuxna individer. Tio av artiklarna visade att tandtråd hade en effekt på ovanstående parametrar medan den kvarstående artikeln inte kunde visa några sådana effekter. Slutsatsen är att användning av tandtråd i samband med tandborstning har en effekt med avseende på reduktion av plackmängd och gingivit. Ytterligare forskning krävs för en noggrann utvärdering av tandtrådens effekt.

  • 2.
    Abdul Jabbar, Mashahel
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Elshebani, Noor
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Metoder för tobaksavvänjning2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Tandvården har goda möjligheter att få kännedom om patienters tobaksvanor eftersom flertalet människor besöker tandvården regelbundet. Det finns därför goda möjligheter att utföra tobaksavvänjning med de som röker eller snusar. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa metoder som finns för tobaksavvänjning och vilka resultat dessa metoder ger. Sökningen gjordes i databasen Pubmed och begränsades till artiklar som är publicerade under de senaste tio åren och till studier som har utförts inom tandvården. Litteraturstudien inkluderade åtta studier. Resultatet visade att det finns flera olika kombinationsmetoder som används för tobaksavvänjning. I tre artiklar har 5A metoden använts i kombination med nikotinersättningsmedel. I övriga artiklar användes fem olika kombinationsmetoder med olika uppföljningstider. I en av kombinationsmetoderna beskrevs två metoder. Utöver dessa metoder fanns en metod för snusavvänjning. Resultatet visade skillnader i lyckandefrekvens med upphörande av tobaksvanor. Tolv månaders avvänjning och uppföljning i två av kombinationsmetoderna samt metoden för snusavvänjning gav högst lyckandefrekvens (36 %, 25 % och 30 %). Lägst lyckandefrekvens var 7 % efter tolv månaders uppföljning i en av 5A metoderna. Studiens slutsats är att det finns få publicerade studier om tobaksavvänjning inom tandvården som är baserade på utvärdering av tobaksavvänjningsmetoder som är utförda på patienter. Uppföljning och rådgivning samt stöttning har betydelse för resultatet.

  • 3.
    Abushahba, Faleh
    et al.
    School of Dental Science, Trinity College, Dublin.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Polyzois, Ioannis
    School of Dental Science, Trinity College, Dublin.
    Claffey, Noel
    School of Dental Science, Trinity College, Dublin.
    Effect of grafting materials on osseointegration of dental implants surrounded by circumferential bone defects: an experimental study in the dog2008Inngår i: Clinical Oral Implants Research, ISSN 0905-7161, E-ISSN 1600-0501, Vol. 19, nr 4, 329-334 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of gap width and graft placement on bone healing around implants placed into simulated extraction sockets in the mandibles of four beagle dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four Ti-Unite implants (13 mm x 3.3 mm) were placed on each side of the mandible. Three implants were surrounded by a 1.35 mm circumferential and a 5 mm deep gap around the coronal portion of the implants. A fourth implant was inserted conventionally into both sides of the mandibles as a positive control. The gaps were filled with either Bio-Oss, autogenous bone or with a blood clot alone. The study design was balanced for animal, side and modality. Ground sections were prepared from biopsies taken at 3 months, and computer-aided histometric measurements of bone/implant contact and area of bone within threads were made for the coronal 5 mm. Data were analysed using analysis of variance. RESULTS: The mean bone/implant contact was 9.8 mm for the control and ranged from 9.3 to 11.3 mm for the three test modalities. The corresponding values for area within threads were 1 mm(2) and 1-1.2 mm(2). Modality had a significant effect on both bone/implant contact (F=16.9; P<0.0001) and area within threads (F=16.7; P<0.0001). CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that both autogenous bone graft and Bio-Oss played an important role in the amount of hard tissue fill and osseointegration occurring within marginal bone defects around implants.

  • 4.
    Ademovski, Seida Erovic
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet (OHAL).
    Mårtensson, Carina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet (OHAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Persson, G. Rutger
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet (OHAL).
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet (OHAL).
    The effect of periodontal therapy on intra-oral halitosis: a case series2016Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051X, Vol. 43, nr 5, 445-452 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of non-surgical periodontal therapy on intra-oral halitosis 3months after therapy. Material and methods: Sixty-eight adults with intra-oral halitosis were included in a case series. Intra-oral halitosis was evaluated at baseline, and at 3months after treatment using the organoleptic scores (OLS), Halimeter (R), and a gas chromatograph. Results: Significant reductions for OLS (p<0.01), total sum of volatile sulphur compounds (T-VSC) (p<0.01) and methyl mercaptan (MM) (p<0.05) values were found after treatment. Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) levels were not significantly reduced. The numbers of probing pockets 4mm, 5mm and 6mm were significantly reduced as a result of therapy (p<0.001). Bleeding on probing (BOP) and plaque indices were also significantly reduced (p<0.001). For the 34 individuals with successful periodontal treatment (BOP<20% and a 50% reduction of total pocket depth) reductions in OLS (p<0.01) and T-VSC scores (p<0.01) were found. Eleven individuals were considered effectively treated for intra-oral halitosis presenting with a T-VSC value <160ppb, a H2S value <112ppb and a MM value <26ppb. Conclusion: Non-surgical periodontal therapy resulted in reduction of OLS, MM and T-VSC values 3months after therapy. Few individuals were considered as effectively treated for intra-oral halitosis.

  • 5.
    Adriaens, Laurence M
    et al.
    University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Alessandri, Regina
    University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Spörri, Stefan
    State Hospital of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland.
    Lang, Niklaus P
    University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Persson, G. Rutger
    University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland & University of Washington.
    Does pregnancy have an impact on the subgingival microbiota?2009Inngår i: Journal of Periodontology, ISSN 0022-3492, E-ISSN 1943-3670, Vol. 80, nr 1, 72-81 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: We investigated clinical and subgingival microbiologic changes during pregnancy in 20 consecutive pregnant women > or =18 years not receiving dental care.

    METHODS: Bacterial samples from weeks 12, 28, and 36 of pregnancy and at 4 to 6 weeks postpartum were processed for 37 species by checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization. Clinical periodontal data were collected at week 12 and at 4 to 6 weeks postpartum, and bleeding on probing (BOP) was recorded at sites sampled at the four time points.

    RESULTS: The mean BOP at week 12 and postpartum was 40.1% +/- 18.2% and 27.4% +/- 12.5%, respectively. The corresponding mean BOP at microbiologic test sites was 15% (week 12) and 21% (postpartum; not statistically significant). Total bacterial counts decreased between week 12 and postpartum (P <0.01). Increased bacterial counts over time were found for Neisseria mucosa (P <0.001). Lower counts (P <0.001) were found for Capnocytophaga ochracea, Capnocytophaga sputigena, Eubacterium saburreum, Fusobacterium nucleatum naviforme, Fusobacterium nucleatum polymorphum, Leptotrichia buccalis, Parvimonas micra (previously Peptostreptococcus micros or Micromonas micros), Prevotella intermedia, Prevotella melaninogenica, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus anginosus, Streptococcus intermedius, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus sanguinis, Selenomonas noxia, and Veillonella parvula. No changes occurred between weeks 12 and 28 of pregnancy. Counts of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (previously Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans), Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia (previously T. forsythensis), and Treponema denticola did not change. Counts of P. gingivalis and T. forsythia at week 12 were associated with gingivitis (P <0.001).

    CONCLUSIONS: Subgingival levels of bacteria associated with periodontitis did not change. P. gingivalis and T. forsythia counts were associated with BOP at week 12. A decrease was found in 17 of 37 species from week 12 to postpartum. Only counts of N. mucosa increased.

  • 6.
    Agerbaek, Mette R
    et al.
    University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Lang, Niklaus P
    University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
    Persson, G. Rutger
    University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland & University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
    Comparisons of bacterial patterns present at implant and tooth sites in subjects on supportive periodontal therapy. I. Impact of clinical variables, gender and smoking.2006Inngår i: Clinical Oral Implants Research, ISSN 0905-7161, E-ISSN 1600-0501, Vol. 17, nr 1, 18-24 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: (I) To compare the oral microflora at implant and tooth sites in subjects participating in a periodontal recall program, (II) to test whether the microflora at implant and tooth sites differ as an effect of gingival bleeding (bleeding on probing (BOP)), or pocket probing depth (PPD), and (III) to test whether smoking and gender had an impact on the microflora.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected from 127 implants and all teeth in 56 subjects. Microbiological data were identified by the DNA-DNA checkerboard hybridization.

    RESULTS: PPD> or =4 mm were found in 16.9% of tooth, and at 26.6% of implant sites (P<0.01). Tooth sites with PPD> or =4 mm had a 3.1-fold higher bacterial load than implant sites (mean difference: 66%, 95% confidence interval (CI): 40.7-91.3, P<0.001). No differences were found for the red, orange, green, and yellow complexes. A higher total bacterial load was found at implant sites with PPD> or =4 mm (mean difference 35.7 x 10(5), 95% CI: 5.2 (10(5)) to 66.1 (10(5)), P<0.02 with equal variance not assumed). At implant sites, BOP had no impact on bacterial load but influenced the load at tooth sites (P<0.01).

    CONCLUSION: BOP, and smoking had no impact on bacteria at implant sites but influenced the bacterial load at tooth sites. Tooth sites harbored more bacteria than implant sites with comparable PPD. The 4 mm PPD cutoff level influenced the distribution and amounts of bacterial loads. The subject factor is explanatory to bacterial load at both tooth and implant sites.

  • 7. Agerbaek, Mette R
    et al.
    Lang, Niklaus P
    Persson, G. Rutger
    University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland & University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.
    Microbiological composition associated with interleukin-1 gene polymorphism in subjects undergoing supportive periodontal therapy.2006Inngår i: Journal of Periodontology, ISSN 0022-3492, E-ISSN 1943-3670, Vol. 77, nr 8, 1397-1402 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Interleukin-1 gene polymorphism (IL-1 gene) has been associated with periodontitis. The present study examined the subgingival microbiota by IL-1 gene status in subjects undergoing supportive periodontal therapy (SPT).

    METHODS: A total of 151 subjects with known IL-1 gene status (IL-1A +4845/IL-1B -3954) (IL-1 gene) were included in this study. Clinical data and subgingival plaque samples (40 taxa) were collected. These taxa were determined by the checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization method.

    RESULTS: Gender, smoking habits (n-par tests), age, and clinical periodontal conditions did not differ by IL-1 gene status. IL-1 gene-negative subjects had a higher total bacterial load (mean difference, 480.4 x 10(5); 95% confidence interval [CI], 77 to 884 x 10(5); P <0.02). The levels of Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (mean difference, 30.7 x 10(5); 95% CI, 2.2 to 59.5 x 10(5); P <0.05), Eubacterium nodatum (mean difference, 4.2 x 10(5); 95% CI, 0.6 to 7.8 x 10(5); P <0.02), Porphyromonas gingivalis (mean difference, 17.9 x 10(5); 95% CI, 1.2 to 34.5 x 10(5); P <0.05), and Streptococcus anginosus (mean difference, 4.0 x 10(5); 95% CI, 0.2 to 7.2 x 10(5); P <0.05) were higher in IL-1 gene-negative subjects, an observation specifically found at sites with probing depths <5.0 mm.

    CONCLUSIONS: Bleeding on probing did not differ by IL gene status, reflecting clinical SPT efficacy. IL-1 gene-negative subjects had higher levels of periodontal pathogens. This may suggest that among subjects undergoing SPT, a lower bacterial load is required in IL-1 gene-positive subjects to develop the same level of periodontitis as in IL-1 gene-negative subjects.

  • 8.
    Aghazadeh, Ahmad
    et al.
    Uppsala Käkkirurgiska Centrum.
    Persson, G. Rutger
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    A single-center randomized controlled clinical trial on the adjunct treatment of intra-bony defects with autogenous bone or a xenograft: results after 12 months2012Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051X, Vol. 39, nr 7, 666-673 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Limited evidence exists on the efficacy of regenerative treatment of peri-implantitis Materials and methods Subjects receiving antibiotics and surgical debridement were randomly assigned to placement of autogenous bone (AB) or bovine derived xenograft (BDX) with placement of a collagen membrane. The primary outcome was: evidence of radiographic bone fill and the secondary outcomes included reductions of probing depth (PD) bleeding on probing (BOP) and suppuration. Results 22 subjects were included in the AB and 23 subjects in the BDX group. Statistical analysis failed to demonstrate differences for 38/39 variables assessed at baseline. At 12 months, significant better results were obtained in the BDX group for bone levels (p < 0.001), BOP (p = 0.004), PI (p = 0.003), and suppuration (p < 0.01). When adjusting for number of implants treated per subject, a successful treatment outcome PD≤ 5.0 mm, no pus, no bone loss and BOP at 1/4 sites the likelihood of defect fill was higher in the BDX group (LR: 3.2, 95 % CI: 1.0 to 10.6, p < 0.05). Conclusions Bovine xenograft provided more radiographic bone fill than autogenous bone. The success for both surgical regenerative procedures was limited. Decreases in PD, BOP, and suppuration were observed.

  • 9. Akimoto, K
    et al.
    Becker, W
    Persson, G. Rutger
    University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
    Baker, D A
    Rohrer, M D
    O'Neal, R B
    Evaluation of titanium implants placed into simulated extraction sockets: a study in dogs1999Inngår i: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, ISSN 0882-2786, E-ISSN 1942-4434, Vol. 14, nr 3, 351-360 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of gap width on bone healing around implants placed into simulated extraction socket defects of varying widths in 10 mongrel dogs. All premolars were removed and the alveolar ridges were reduced to a width of 7 mm. Nine weeks later, a total of 80 implants, 10 mm long by 3.3 mm wide, were placed into osteotomy sites prepared to 3 different diameters in the coronal half, simulating extraction sockets. Three experimental sites, with gap sizes of 0.5 mm, 1.0 mm, and 1.4 mm, were created; the control sites had no gap. The depth of each defect was measured at the time of implant placement. All implants were stable at the time of placement. The dogs were euthanized 12 weeks after implant placement, and blocks containing the implants and adjacent bone were submitted for histologic evaluation. Clinically, all control and test sites healed, with complete bone fill in the defect. Percentages of bone-to-implant contact were measured histologically. As the gap widened, the amount of bone-to-implant contact decreased, and the point of the highest bone-to-implant contact shifted apically. These changes were statistically significant (P < .001). No statistically significant differences in bone-to-implant contact were found between the sites when the apical 4 mm of implants were compared. Within the limits of this study, the simulated extraction socket defects healed clinically, with complete bone fill, regardless of the initial gap size. However, the width of the gap at the time of implant placement had a significant impact on the histologic percentage and the height of bone-to-implant contact.

  • 10.
    Alhag, Mohamed
    et al.
    School of Dental Science, Trinity College, Dublin.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Polyzois, Ioannis
    School of Dental Science, Trinity College, Dublin.
    Claffey, Noel
    School of Dental Science, Trinity College, Dublin.
    Re-osseointegration on rough implant surfaces previously coated with bacterial biofilm: an experimental study in the dog2008Inngår i: Clinical Oral Implants Research, ISSN 0905-7161, E-ISSN 1600-0501, Vol. 19, nr 2, 182-7 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to investigate whether osseointegration can occur on rough implant surfaces that previously had been coated with bacterial biofilm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The premolars on both sides of the mandible in four beagle dogs were extracted. Following 3 months healing, three titanium implants Ti-Unite, Nobel Biocare were partially inserted in the left side of each mandible. Some threads protruded from the tissues into the oral cavity. Plaque accumulated on the exposed part of the implant. Following a 5-week healing period, the contaminated parts of each implant were treated using three different techniques: (1) swabbing with citric acid for 30 s followed by rinsing with physiological saline, (2) cleansing with a toothbrush and physiological saline for 1 min, and (3) swabbing with 10% hydrogen peroxide for 1 min followed by rinsing with physiological saline. The treated implants and one pristine implant (control) were installed to the full implant length on the contralateral sides of the mandibles. Following 11 weeks of healing, the dogs were sacrificed and biopsies were obtained. Ground sections were prepared for histomorphometric analysis. RESULTS: All treatment modalities were associated with direct bone-to-implant contact on the portion of implant surface previously exposed to the oral environment. CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate that rough surfaces, which were plaque contaminated and cleaned by different methods, can re-osseointegrate.

  • 11.
    Andersson, Linda
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Paulsson, Lina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Klinikchefens uppfattning om tandhygienistens kompetens2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 poäng / 22,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine the competence of dental hygienists among Clinic Director´s within the Public Dental Service and Private dentists in the county of Skåne . The study was quantitative and consisted of an electronic questionnaire sent out to all Clinic Directors in the county of Skåne. A total of five hundred and thirty eight questionnaires were sent out. The inclusion criteria were the Clinic directors who employed dental hygienists who had obtained their professional degree during the last four years. Twenty nine Clinic directors responded to the study.

    The results showed that in general clinic directors are pleased and feel that dental hygienists are proficient in periodontology and dental caries diagnostics. There were two clinic directors who felt that dental hygienists should have more knowledge in the fields of endodontics and pedodontics.

    The Clinic directors were asked if they wanted to add a certain skill or specialty to the competence of dental hygienists. Two of the clinic directors said that they would like to see dental hygienists be able to measure blood and sugar levels if needed.

    In conclusion, this study shows that most of the clinic directors thought that the dental hygienists had good knowledge and skills within their operating range. The result of this study must be interpreted with caution because of the low response rate.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Användning av en munbedömningsguide på inneliggande sjukhuspatienter2003Inngår i: Svensk sjukhustandläkartidning, ISSN 0348-0011, Vol. 28, nr 1, 23-25 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 13.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Assessments of oral health status in frail patients in hospital2004Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The general aims of this thesis were to evaluate the usefulness of an oral assess¬ment guide and to determine the oral health status among frail patients in hospital settings. A further aim was to analyze possible factors that may be associated with oral health status, with special focus on the relationship between oral health and nutritional status among elderly rehabilitation patients. The Oral Assessment Guide (OAG) was used in patients with haematological malignancies undergoing chemotherapy. In further studies a Revised Oral Assessment Guide (ROAG) was used among geriatric rehabilitation patients. The inter-rater reliability of the OAG between registered nurses at the ward and a dental hygienist (DH) was good, as well as between a registered nurse and a DH using ROAG. Problems in the oral cavity were detected in all patients with haematological malignancies undergoing chemotherapy. Problems related to mucous membranes, teeth and/or dentures were most frequent. Oral health problems were also a frequent finding among the geriatric rehabilitation patients. The frequency of oral health problems was significantly lower at discharge compared to admission. Oral health problems were more often found among patients that stayed for longer periods at the hospital, were more dependent on help with daily activities and suffered for dysphagia, than among the healthier patients. Oral health problems were more common among the patients being at risk of undernourishment, suspected to be or severely undernourished (UN), than among the well-nourished patients. Problems in oral health status were significantly associated with the occurrence of respiratory diseases, living in special accommodation, being UN and being a woman. The highest Odds Ratio (OR) was found in problems with gums in relation to the occurrence of respiratory diseases (OR 8.9; 95 % CI 2.8-27.8). OAG as well as ROAG were found to be useful for assessing oral health status in frail patients at hospital. Oral health problems were a frequent finding among the patients. The use of an oral assessment tool on a routine basis may facilitate the detection of problems which otherwise can be hidden, and can serve as a guide for initiating individualised oral health procedures.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Bedömning av munstatus2006Inngår i: Munvård inom vård och omsorg / [ed] Öhrn, Kerstin, Andersson Pia, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, 23-40 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 15.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Evaluation of oral health status using an oral assessment guide in geriatric rehabilitation patients and in patients with haematological malignancies2002Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Evaluation of oral health status using an oral assessment guide on geriatric rehabilitation patients and in patients with haematological malignancies2003Inngår i: The first national conference on dental hygiene research in Sweden / [ed] Hovius, Marjolin, 2003, 180- s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Implementering av en munbedömningsguide på äldre patienter inneliggande på sjukhus2004Inngår i: Tandläkartidningen, ISSN 0039-6982, Vol. 24, 25-27 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 18.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap III. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet.
    Munhälsa2014Inngår i: Omvårdnadens grunder: hälsa och ohälsa / [ed] Anna-Karin Edberg, Helle Wijk, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 2, 301-331 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet.
    Munhälsa2009Inngår i: Omvårdnadens grunder: hälsa och ohälsa / [ed] Edberg, Anna-Karin, Wijk, Helle, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 349-380 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 20.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Munhälsa och ätandet2006Inngår i: Munvård inom vård och omsorg / [ed] Öhrn Kerstin, Andersson Pia, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, 53-66 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 21.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Munhälsans inverkan på ätandet2003Inngår i: Westergren, Albert (red.), Svårigheter att äta, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2003, 55-66 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 22.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Munhälsostatus hos patienter som vårdas på sjukhus2004Inngår i: Tandläkartidningen, ISSN 0039-6982, Vol. 96, nr 10, 62-65 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den 23 april 2004 försvarade tandhygienist Pia Andersson avhandlingen ”Assessments of oral health status in frail patients in hospital” vid odontologiska fakulteten, Malmö högskola. Fakultetsopponent var professor Tony Axéll, Specialisttandvården, Halmstad. Handledare under avhandlingsarbetet har varit professor Stefan Renvert, Högskolan Kristianstad och professor Ingalill Rahm Hallberg, Vårdalinstitutet, Lund. Det övergripande syftet med avhandlingen var att utvärdera ett formulär för att bedöma munhälsan på patienter som låg inne på sjukhus och att undersöka förekomsten av problem i munnen. På äldre patienter inom rehabilitering undersöktes dessutom om det fanns samband mellan munhälsostatus och relaterade faktorer som ålder, kön, boendeform, civilstånd, sjukdomsorsak vid inskrivning till avdelningen, läkemedelsintag, funktionsstatus och nutritionsstatus med fokus på sambandet mellan munhälsostatus och nutritionsstatus.

  • 23.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Munvård hos äldre vid olika sjukdomstillstånd2006Inngår i: Munvård inom vård och omsorg / [ed] Öhrn Kerstin, Andersson Pia, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, 83-100 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 24.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Utvärdering av munhälsostatus med användning av en munbedömningsguide på geriatriska patienter och på patienter med maligna blodsjukdomar2003Inngår i: Tandhygienisttidningen, ISSN 1102-6146, Vol. 23, nr 1, 23-25 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 25.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Vidgade perspektiv inom oral hälsa2011Inngår i: Tandhygienisttidningen, ISSN 1102-6146, Vol. 31, nr 2, 52-53 s.Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 26.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Bjurbrant Birgersson, Ann-Marie
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Wårdh, Inger
    Institutionen för odontologi, avdelningen för gerodonti, Karolinska Institutet.
    Kvalitetsindikatorer för munhälsa2007Inngår i: Idvall, E. (red), Kvalitetsindikatorer inom omvårdnad, Stockholm: Gothia , 2007, 45-56 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 27.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Research Center, Public Dental Service, Region Västra Götaland.
    Abrahamsson, Kajsa H.
    Department of Periodontology, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Psychometric properties of the Dental Hygienist Anxiety Scale in a group of general dental patients2013Inngår i: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 71, nr 3-4, 877-882 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective.  The aim of the present study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Dental Hygienist Anxiety Scale (DHAS) in a sample of adult general dental patients.  Materials and methods.  The DHAS is a questionnaire adapted to assess fear and anxiety of dental hygienist (DH) treatment. The DHAS contains four items and the sum of scores range from 4 (no anxiety) to 20 (extreme fear). A convenient sample of 80 patients in treatment at two DH programs in Sweden were consecutively included in the study. The DHAS was distributed together with questions regarding self-perceived oral health and experience of dental care at the first visit after a clinical examination performed by a DH. Re-test assessments of DHAS were conducted ∼ 2 weeks later in conjunction with the next visit to the DH before treatment (scaling session).  Results.  The results verified a significant positive correlation between the average DHAS sum of scores and global fear of DH and dentist treatment, perceived pain during the last DH treatment and female gender. The DHAS sum of scores had a high internal consistency, Cronbach's  coefficient of 0.89 and 0.87 at the first and at the second assessment, respectively. The test-re-test reliability of the DHAS sum of scores was acceptable, with an intra-class coefficient of 0.82 and Kappa coefficients between 0.49-0.78 for the four single items in the DHAS. Conclusions.  These results suggest that the DHAS has acceptable psychometric proprieties and is a valid and reliable scale to assess anxiety in DH treatment.

  • 28.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    University of Gothenburg.
    Karlberg, Gunn
    Karlstad University.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    Karlstad University.
    Clinical correlates of oral impacts on daily performances2010Inngår i: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, ISSN 1601-5029, E-ISSN 1601-5037, Vol. 8, nr 3, 219-226 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between oral health measures and oral health-related quality of life as captured by OIDP (oral impacts on daily performances).

    METHODS: The study was performed in three dental clinics in Sweden and included 204 patients, 43.8% men and 56.2% women (aged 20-86 years), consecutively recruited in connection with their routine dental examination. The patients were interviewed using the OIDP followed by a clinical examination. Four bite-wing radiographs were taken in two of the clinics (n = 154). A self-administered questionnaire provided information about socio-economic data.

    RESULTS: Subjects >or=60 years had significantly more missing teeth, lesser maximal jaw opening, higher number of sites with alveolar bone loss and proportionally more filled teeth than younger individuals. Impacts related to the oral health that affected their daily life were reported in 39.7%. Multivariate logistic regressions analysis showed that missing teeth (>or=10) and a limited jaw opening (<40 mm) were significantly associated with having one or more impact as measured with the OIDP [odds ratio (OR) 6.50, 95% CI 1.48-28.43 and OR 2.87, 95% CI 1.03-7.96, respectively].

    CONCLUSIONS: Individuals with diminished functional oral health status (missing teeth and limited jaw opening) had significantly more often one or more oral impacts on daily life than those with fewer than 10 missing teeth and a jaw opening >or=40 mm. The OIDP instrument may be valuable for use in routine dental check-ups in patients with related problems to determine possible oral impacts on daily life.

  • 29.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Johannsen, Annsofi
    Arbete mot tobaksbruk kartläggs2009Inngår i: Tandläkartidningen, ISSN 0039-6982, Vol. 101, nr 7, 62-63 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskning visar att tandvårdspersonal har bristande kunskaper i hur man hjälper patienter att sluta röka och snusa. En studie pågår därför för att öka kunskapen om metoder för tobaksavvänjning.

  • 30.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och Folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet.
    Johannsen, Annsofi
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Dental patients' perceptions and motivation in smoking cessation activities2016Inngår i: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 74, nr 4, 285-290 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    The aim of the present study was to investigate smokers' perceptions of and motivation for smoking cessation activities in dentistry.

    Materials and methods

    Patients who smoked were consecutively recruited from general as well as specialist dental care clinics in Sweden. After a dental visit the patients completed a questionnaire about self-perceived oral health, smoking habits, motivation, reasons to quit and not to quit smoking, support to quit, smoking cessation activities and questions about smoking asked by dentists and dental hygienists.

    Results

    The sample consisted of 167 adult patients (≥ 20 years) who smoked daily. During the last 6 months, 81% of the patients had experienced oral health problems. The most common complaints were discolourations of the teeth, periodontal problems and dry mouth (38%, 36% and 33%, respectively). Improved general health was a major reason to quit smoking (89%). It was also stated that it was important to avoid oral health problems. 71% of the patients preferred to quit by themselves and 16% wanted support from dentistry. High motivation to quit smoking was reported by 20%. Occurrence of periodontitis during the last 6 months was significantly associated with being highly motivated to stop smoking (OR = 3.0, 95% CI = 1.03-8.55).

    Conclusions

    This study revealed that, although it was important to quit smoking to avoid oral health problems, the patients were not aware that tobacco cessation activities can be performed in dentistry. Periodontal problems seem to be the most motivating factor among the patients who were highly motivated to stop smoking.

  • 31.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Lingström, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Att åldras - ökad risk för karies?2008Inngår i: Dentalmagazinet, ISSN 2000-0073, nr 1, 33-36 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 32.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Persson, Lena
    Centre for Caring Sciences, Lund University.
    Hallberg, Ingalill
    Centre for Caring Sciences, Lund University.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Testing an oral assessment guide during chemotherapy treatmen in a Swedish care setting: a pilot study1999Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 8, nr 2, 150-158 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Oral complications are common in patients with haematological malignancies who undergo chemotherapy treatment. A pilot study including 16 haematological patients was carried out to evaluate the oral status using an Oral Assessment Guide (OAG) and to test the reliability of the OAG. The oral assessments were made daily by registered nurses at a Department of Internal Medicine in Sweden. Once a week a dental hygienist made the oral assessments independent of the registered nurses in order to provide data for calculations of inter-rater reliability. All patients had varying degrees of alterations in the oral cavity, especially in the mucous membranes, teeth/dentures and gums. The inter-rater agreement between the nurses and the dental hygienist was good for saliva and swallow, and moderate for voice and gums. Assessments to detect alterations in the oral cavity afford the opportunity for early and individualized interventions and may decrease the risk of oral infections. It is necessary to train the nurses to ensure high levels of reliability in the oral assessments. The OAG seems to be a reliable and clinical useful tool for assessing the oral cavity status and determining changes.

  • 33.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Rahm Hallberg, Ingalill
    Lorefält, B.
    Department of Medicine and Care, Division of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University.
    Unosson, M.
    Department of Medicine and Care, Division of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Oral health problems in elderly rehabilitation patients2004Inngår i: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, ISSN 1601-5029, E-ISSN 1601-5037, Vol. 2, nr 2, 70-77 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A combination of poor oral hygiene and dry mouth may be hazardous to the oral health status. However, systematic assessments in order to detect oral health problems are seldom performed in the nursing care of the elderly. The aims of this study were to investigate the occurrence of oral health problems measured using the Revised Oral Assessment Guide (ROAG) and to analyse associations between oral health problems and age, gender, living conditions, cohabitation, reason for admission, number of drugs, and functional and nutritional status. One registered nurse performed oral health assessments using ROAG in 161 newly admitted elderly patients in rehabilitation care. Oral health problems were found in 71% of the patients. Thirty per cent of these patients had between four and eight problems. Low saliva flow and problems related to lips were the most frequent oral health problems. Problems in oral health status were significantly associated with presence of respiratory diseases (problems with gums, lips, alterations on the tongue and mucous membranes), living in special accommodation (low saliva flow, problems with teeth/dentures and alterations on the tongue), being undernourished (alterations on the tongue and low saliva flow) and being a woman (low saliva flow). The highest Odds ratio (OR) was found in problems with gums in relation with prevalence of respiratory diseases (OR 8.9; confidence interval (CI) 2.8–27.8; P < 0.0005). This study indicates the importance of standardised oral health assessments in order to detect oral health problems which can otherwise be hidden when the patients are admitted to the hospital ward.

  • 34.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Rahm Hallberg, Ingalill
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Comparison of oral health status on admission and discharge in a group of geriatric rehabilitation patients2003Inngår i: Oral Health and Preventive Dentistry, Vol. 1, nr 3, 221-228 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to compare oral health status on a geriatric rehabilitation ward among patients who were assessed using the Revised Oral Assessment Guide (ROAG) on admission and at discharge; and to investigate in what respect the oral health procedures (OHP) suggested in ROAG were applied when oral health problems were detected. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Registered nurses on the ward performed oral health assessments using ROAG with 107 patients on admission and at discharge. When oral health problems were detected measures to be taken were suggested using ROAG. RESULTS: Oral health problems were common among the patients on admission (86%), as well as at discharge (51%). The frequency of the problems was significantly lower at discharge compared to admission. The OHP that were recommended in ROAG were completely followed when saliva flow-related problems were detected. Regarding other oral health problems, measures other than the recommended ones were often performed. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that the oral health was better at the end of the hospital stay compared to admission.

  • 35.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Rahm Hallberg, Ingalill
    Department of Nursing, Medical Faculty, Lund University.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Inter-rater reliability of an oral assessment guide för elderly patients residing in a rehabilitation ward2002Inngår i: Special Care in Dentistry, ISSN 0275-1879, Vol. 22, nr 5, 181-186 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to test the inter-rater reliability of a revised oral assessment guide (ROAG) for patients residing in a geriatric rehabilitation ward. A consecutive sample of 140 patients was recruited for the study. Oral assessments were performed for 133 newly admitted patients by one registered nurse (RN) during a period of six months. A dental hygienist (DH) carried out 103 oral assessments during the same half-year. For 66 patients, the RN and the DH performed independent assessments. There was an agreement between the RN and the DH in the majority of the independent assessments, except for tongue and teeth/dentures. The percentage agreement exceeded 80 percent. Inter-rater agreement measured by Cohen's Kappa coefficient ranged from moderate to very good and percentage agreement had a range of 58 to 91 percent. The agreement was highest in assessment of voice and swallowing (91%). Assessments of teeth and dentures seemed to be most difficult for the RN to evaluate. ROAG was found to be a clinically useful assessment tool. Additional education and training is needed to improve the reliability of the oral assessments and should include continuous support from a dental hygienist as well as a pictorial manual on how to use the ROAG.

  • 36.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Rejnefelt, Ingrid
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Munhälsa hos äldre med demenssjukdom2005Inngår i: Tandhygienisttidningen. 25(3), 2005, Vol. 25, 64- s.Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 37.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet (OHAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet (OHAL). Blekinge Institute of Thechology & Trinity College, Dublin.
    Sjögren, P
    Oral Care.
    Zimmerman, M
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Dental status in nursing home residents with domiciliary dental care in Sweden2017Inngår i: Community Dental Health, ISSN 0265-539X, Vol. 34, nr 4, 203-207 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the dental health status of elderly people in nursing homes receiving domiciliary dental care.

    DESIGN: Case note review.

    CLINICAL SETTING: Nursing homes in 8 Swedish counties.

    PARTICIPANTS: Care dependent elderly people (≥65 years).

    METHODS: Clinical data, including the number of remaining natural teeth, missing and decayed teeth (manifest dental caries) and root remnants, recorded by dentists according to standard practices. Medical and dental risk assessments were performed.

    RESULTS: Data were available for 20,664 patients. Most were women (69.1%), with a mean age of 87.1 years (SD 7.42, range 65-109). The mean age for men was 83.5 years (SD 8.12, range 65-105). Two or more medical conditions were present in most of the population. A total of 16,210 individuals had existing teeth of whom 10,974 (67.7%) had manifest caries. The mean number of teeth with caries was 5.0 (SD 5.93) corresponding to 22.8% of existing teeth. One in four individuals were considered to have a very high risk in at least one professional dental risk assessment category.

    CONCLUSIONS: Care dependent elderly in nursing homes have very poor oral health. There is a need to focus on the oral health-related quality of life for this group of frail elderly during their final period of life.

  • 38.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Johannsen, Annsofi
    Karolinska institutet.
    Strategier för tobaksavvänjning: det osynliga munhälsoarbetet2011Inngår i: Tandhygienisttidningen, ISSN 1102-6146, nr 3, 26-27 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 39.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Westergren, Albert
    Department of Nursing, Medical Faculty, Lund University.
    Karlsson, Siv
    North-east Skåne Health Care District, Central Hospital, Kristianstad.
    Rahm Hallberg, Ingalill
    Department of Nursing, Medical Faculty, Lund University.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Oral health and nutritional status in a group of geriatric rehabilitation patients2002Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 16, nr 3, 311-318 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this study were to evaluate the oral health status and nutritional status in a group of geriatric rehabilitation patients, and to analyse the relationship between these two parameters. Nurses at the ward performed structured assessments of oral and nutritional status using the Revised Oral Assessment Guide and the Subjective Global Assessment form in 223 newly admitted patients. Most oral health problems were found among patients who stayed longer at the hospital and were more dependent on help as compared with the healthier patients. Thirty-four per cent of the patients were either severely undernourished, at risk or suspected to be undernourished (UN). Oral health problems were more common among UN patients (p < 0.0005) compared with well-nourished patients. The most frequent oral health problem was found on teeth or dentures (48%). Problems related to the tongue and lips were also common among UN patients (56 and 44%, respectively). Oral health status was correlated (r = 0.32) to nutritional status. Problems with swallowing had the strongest association to the nutritional status (OR 6.05; 95% CI 2.41-15.18). This study demonstrated that poor oral health status was related to undernourishment.

  • 40.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Wickholm, Seppo
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Johannsen, Annsofi
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Svenska tandhygienisters arbete med tobaksavvänjning2010Inngår i: Tandhygienisttidningen, ISSN 1102-6146, Vol. 30, nr 5, 45- s.Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 41.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Öhrn, KerstinHögskolan Dalarna.
    Munvård inom vård och omsorg2006Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Munvård är en viktig men ofta eftersatt del av vård och omsorg. Allt fler människor behåller sina naturliga tänder långt upp i åldrarna, vilket medför att behovet av hjälp med munvård ser annorlunda ut idag jämfört med för ett par decennier sedan.

    Boken ger kunskap om den friska munhålan, de vanligaste sjukdomarna samt hur man kan förebygga och behandla dessa. Den beskriver också undersökning av munnen och hur fynden dokumenteras. Andra ämnen som tas upp är munhälsa och nutrition, munvård för patienter med cancer och andra sjukdomstillstånd samt etik och bemötande.

    Munvård ger en god teoretisk grund och lämpar sig särskilt väl för sjuksköterskestudenter och andra inom vård- och omsorgsutbildningarna samt för redan yrkesverksamma inom området.

  • 42.
    Andersson, Rebecka
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Smajli, Dorentina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Självupplevd oral hälsa hos patienter som strålats mot huvud- och halscancer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att belysa hur patienter som strålats mot huvud- och halscancer upplevde sin orala hälsa efter avslutad strålbehandling. Studien är kvalitativ och består av intervjuer med åtta informanter. Intervjuerna har utförts med hjälp av en intervjuguide. Intervjuerna spelades in på bandspelare och varade i ca 10-20 minuter. Intervjumaterialet har analyserats med en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet av studien visade att majoriteten av informanterna upplevde sin orala hälsa negativt efter avslutad strålbehandling, dessa benämns i fysisk effekt och psykisk begräsning. Informanterna upplevde smärta samt muntorrhet efter avslutad strålbehandling. Resultatet visade även att nutritionsbegränsingar uppstod och att de var tvungna till att göra kostförändringar, även sväljning och tuggning försvårades. Informanterna upplevde generellt att det var jobbigt att äta i stora sammanhang då rädslan för att sätta maten i halsen förekom. Strålbehandlingen påverkade även informanterna psykiskt genom att de ofta var låga i humöret. Slutsatsen av studien visar att dessa patienter upplever smärta, har problem med att äta och påverkas psykiskt samt att de hämmas socialt.

  • 43.
    Appelgren, Emma
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Henningsson, Josefin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Icke-kirurgisk behandling vid tandimplantat: allmän litteraturstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe non-surgical treatment options for the diseases mucositis and peri-implantitis found in present literature. The literature review also illustrates the effect of the treatment opptions on soft tissue with mucositis and peri-implantitis surrounding dental implants. The study reviews twelve scientific articles that have been processed from the aim of the study. The result shows six therapy options, Er:YAG laser, air abrasive, ultrasonic device, hand instruments, hand instruments in combination with antibiotics and hand instruments in combination with clorhexidin. The following methods are described according to how they are used and how they affect the soft tissue surrounding dental implants. The therapy options showed some improvements with reduced pocket depth, bleeding on probing (BOP) and gain in clinical attachment level (CAL). Several studies accentuate the importance of good self-care and regular visits for supportive care which have an impact on the survival of the implants and in avoiding progress of disease. All of the therapy options have positive effects but to different extent and it is not concluded how long the positive effect remains in the soft tissue. 

  • 44.
    Arkoazi, Nadia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Rantzow, Veronica
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Oral hälsa hos barn med och utan astma2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Astma är en kronisk inflammatorisk luftvägssjukdom som är vanligt förekommande i alla åldersgrupper. Över 300 miljoner människor världen över beräknas ha sjukdomen.

    Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att undersöka om den orala hälsan hos barn med astma skiljer sig från den orala hälsan hos barn utan astma.

    Metod: Metoden som användes var en allmän litteraturstudie och litteratursökningarna gjordes i den medicinska databasen PubMed. Resultatet baseras utifrån en sammanställning av 13 vetenskapliga artiklar. Artiklarna var kliniska studier och 11 av dessa hade en kontrollgrupp där barn med och utan astma jämfördes. Övriga två artiklar studerade antingen hur den orala hälsan påverkades av kombinationsbehandling med specifika läkemedel eller jämförde den orala hälsan hos barn med olika duration och medicinering mot astma.

    Resultat: Några av de inkluderade studierna fann att barn med astma hade en ökad kariesförekomst jämfört med barn utan astma, medan andra studier visade att det inte fanns någon skillnad mellan grupperna. Avseende plack, blödning och kariesrelaterade bakterier var resultaten också motstridiga. Barn med astma som medicinerades med β2-stimulerare kombinerat med kortikosteroider hade ett minskat salivflöde och en ökad nivå av kariesrelaterade bakterier.

    Slutsats: Det finns motstridigheter kring om den orala hälsan hos barn med astma skiljer sig från den orala hälsan hos barn utan astma. Kombinationsbehandling med β2-stimulerare och kortikosteroider medför ett reducerat salivflöde och en ökad nivå av kariesrelaterade bakterier hos barn med astma.

  • 45.
    Aweida Hafez, Hanna
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Savo, Narin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Diabetes mellitus typ 2 och parodontit hos äldre2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 46.
    Axelsson, Linn
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Jonskog Eriksson, Elinor
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Sambandet mellan parodontit och KOL2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic lung disease. The disease is the fourth leading cause of death and more than 5 percent of the adult population worldwide is affected.

    The aim of this study was to investigate the association between periodontitis and COPD.

    Search for material for the literature review was done in the medical database PubMed where the keywords were: "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease" and "Periodontal health or periodontal disease". The result is based on twelve studies that were extracted and analyzed. The studies have investigated pocket depth, attachment loss, plaque index, bleeding on probing and bone loss. Ten studies compared a COPD group with a healthy control group, one study compared two COPD groups and one study examined a COPD group and a group with other lung diseases.

    Most studies found that people with COPD had a higher incidence of pocket depth, attachment loss, plaque index, bleeding on probing and bone loss. The conclusion of the literature review is that there is an association between periodontitis and COPD and that smoking is a link between the two diseases.  

  • 47. Badersten, Anita
    et al.
    Birkhed, D
    Lundgren, T
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Tandhälsovård1986 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 48.
    Baeshen, H.A.
    et al.
    Department of Cariology, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg.
    Kjellberg, H.
    Department of Orthodontics, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg.
    Lingström, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Birkhed, Dowen
    Department of Cariology, Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg.
    Uptake and release of fluoride from fluoride-impregnated chewing sticks (miswaks) in vitro and in vivo2008Inngår i: Caries Research, ISSN 0008-6568, E-ISSN 1421-976X, Vol. 42, nr 5, 363-368 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose was to investigate the uptake and release of fluoride (F) from F-impregnated chewing sticks (miswaks). In the first series, 3-cm-long pieces were impregnated in 1, 2, 3 and 4% NaF solutions for 3 h, 1 day and 3 days (10 pieces/test). There was a dose-response effect with respect to both impregnation time and the concentration of the F solution. In the second and third series, totally 40 miswak pieces were impregnated in 3% NaF for 1 day and 3 days; the outer layer (bark) was separated from the inner spongy part (pulp) and analyzed separately. F was released from both parts, but somewhat more was released from the bark than from the pulp; a plateau was reached at around 30 min. In vivo, 9 healthy subjects used three products for 2 min in a crossover design: (1) a miswak impregnated in 3% NaF for 1 day, (2) a miswak impregnated in 3% NaF for 3 days, and (3) 1 g of F toothpaste (containing 1,450 ppm F as NaF) on a toothbrush. The highest F concentration at the approximal area was obtained after using the miswak impregnated in 3% NaF for 3 days compared with the other products (p < 0.05 or p < 0.01). To conclude, NaF-impregnated miswaks produced a rapid release of F in vitro as well as in vivo and may be an interesting vehicle for home care use for caries prevention in countries where they are used regularly.

  • 49.
    Barbu, Sandra
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Dirland, Joy
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Undersköterskors uppfattning om oral hälsa och munvård på cancerpatienter: en kvalitativ studie2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att belysa undersköterskors uppfattning om oral hälsa ochmunvård som utförs på inneliggande cancerpatienter.En kvalitativ studie har tillämpats med en intervjuguide som underlag. Åtta informanterintervjuades i anslutning till deras arbetsplats och intervjuerna varade 10-20 minuter.För att analysera intervjumaterialet användes en kvalitativ innehållsanalys.Resultatet redovisas utifrån temat ”oral hälsa hos cancerpatienter viktigt men lågtprioriterat”. Att hjälpa patienterna med den dagliga munhygienen, upplevde inteinformanterna som något obehagligt utan såg det som en självklar del i sin yrkesroll.Informanterna upplevde även att den orala hälsan inte prioriterade och att det var svårtatt utföra munvård när patienterna nekade hjälp.Studiens slutsats visar att informanterna uppfattar den orala hälsan som en viktig del förpatientens välbefinnande men att munvård inte är det första som prioriteras hoscancerpatienter.

  • 50.
    Bashara, Haitham
    et al.
    Dublin Dental School and Hospital, Division of Restorative Dentistry and Periodontology.
    Wohlfahrt, Johan Caspar
    Department of Biomaterials, University of Oslo.
    Polyzois, Ioannis
    Dublin Dental School and Hospital, Division of Restorative Dentistry and Periodontology.
    Lyngstadaas, Staale Petter
    Department of Biomaterials, University of Oslo.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Claffey, Noel
    Dublin Dental School and Hospital, Division of Restorative Dentistry and Periodontology.
    The effect of permanent grafting materials on the preservation of the buccal bone plate after tooth extraction: an experimental study in the dog2012Inngår i: Clinical Oral Implants Research, ISSN 0905-7161, E-ISSN 1600-0501, Vol. 23, nr 8, 911-917 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of a novel bone substitute system (Natix®), consisting of porous titanium granules (PTG) and a bovine-derived xenograft (Bio-Oss®), on hard tissue remodelling following their placement into fresh extraction sockets in dogs. Material and methods: Six modalities were tested; Natix® granules with and without a covering double-layered Bio Gide® membrane; Bio-Oss® with and without a covering double-layered Bio Gide® membrane; and a socket left empty with and without a covering double-layered Bio Gide® membrane. Linear measurements, indicative of buccal bone height loss, and an area measurement indicative of buccal bulk bone loss were made. The statistical analysis was based on the Latin Square design with two blocking factors (dog and site). Tukey's post hoc test was used to adjust for multiple comparisons. Results: Histological observation revealed that while bone formed around both the xenograft and the titanium particles, bone was also noted within titanium granules. Of the five modalities of ridge preservation techniques used in this study, no one technique proved to be superior. Conclusion: The titanium granules were observed to have promising osseoconductive properties.

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