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  • 1. Back, C
    et al.
    Boisvert, J
    Lacoursière, Jean O.
    Charpentier, G
    High-dosage treatment of a Quebec stream with Bacillus thuringiensis serovar. israelensis: efficacy against black fly larvae (Diptera, Simuliidae) and impact on nontarget insects1985Inngår i: Canadian Entomologist, ISSN 0008-347X, E-ISSN 1918-3240, Vol. 117, nr 12, 1523-1534 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A typical lake outlet of the Canadian Shield was treated for 15 min with a high dose (5.28 g/L s−1 of discharge) of Teknar®, a commercial formulation of Bacillus thuringiensis serovar. israelensis. Efficacy on Simuliidae larvae and impact on non-target aquatic insects of this stream were monitored using drift nets, counting plates, and artificial turf substrates along a 1000-m section downstream of the site of application. Compared with a 4-day pre-treatment average for 12-h sampling periods, drift of Simuliidae increased from 64 to 92 ×, with shorter peaks of 133–184 ×, 2–6 h after treatment. There was no evident drift increase in larvae of Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera, Trichoptera, Chironomidae, or dipterous pupae, but larvae of Blephariceridae (Diptera) were severely affected as their drift was increased by up to 50 × and remained high for 3 days. After 30 h the mortality of Simuliidae on counting plates ranged from 95 to 82% in the first 300 m, with detachment rates of 78.5–46.5%. Densities of non-target insect larvae were not reduced on the artificial substrates, except for 2 genera of Chironomidae (Eukiefferella and Polypedilum) which were reduced 26 to 39% of their original density. Drifting larvae of 1 chironomid genus (Phaenopsectra) also showed symptoms of toxemia by B.t.i. The main impact of the treatment was thus seen in 2 Nematocera families (Chironomidae and Blephariceridae) which were mainly exposed to B.t.i. sedimented on the bottom of the stream or attached to periphyton growing on rocks.

  • 2.
    Bak, Søren Alex
    et al.
    Analytical Bioscience, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen.
    Björklund, Erland
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Occurrence of ionophores in the Danish environment2014Inngår i: Antibiotics, ISSN 2079-6382, Vol. 3, nr 4, 564-571 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Antibiotics in the environment are a potential threat to environmental ecosystems as well as human health and safety. Antibiotics are designed to have a biological effect at low doses, and the low levels detected in the environment have turned focus on the need for more research on environmental occurrence and fate, to assess the risk and requirement for future regulation. This article describes the first occurrence study of the antibiotic polyether ionophores (lasalocid, monensin, narasin, and salinomycin) in the Danish environment. Various environmental matrices (river water, sediment, and soil) have been evaluated during two different sampling campaigns carried out in July 2011 and October 2012 in an agricultural area of Zealand, Denmark. Lasalocid was not detected in any of the samples. Monensin was measured at a concentration up to 20 ng·L−1 in river water and 13 µg·kg−1 dry weight in the sediment as well as being the most frequently detected ionophore in the soil samples with concentrations up to 8 µg·kg−1 dry weight. Narasin was measured in sediment samples at 2 µg·kg−1 dry weight and in soil between 1 and 18 µg·kg−1 dry weight. Salinomycin was detected in a single soil sample at a concentration of 30 µg·kg−1 dry weight.

  • 3.
    Beery, Thomas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    People in nature: relational discourse for outdoor educators2014Inngår i: Research in Outdoor Education, ISSN 2375-6381, Vol. 12, nr 1, 1-14 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Outdoor educators are concerned about a perceived human disconnection from nature. There is awareness of a lack of human affiliation, connection, or identity with nonhuman nature and its impact on attitudes and behaviors. This essay raises the possibility that despite our concern, we may contribute toward this disconnection via language that supports a separation of the natural and the cultural. Our ability to separate ourselves conceptually from the rest of nature may be partially to blame for environmental degradation, therefore challenging the nature-culture dichotomy is both useful and constructive. This essay will present examples of how outdoor educators can attempt to get past this problematic dichotomy and motivate more relational discourse within the practice of outdoor education.

  • 4.
    Beery, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Jönsson, Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Upplevelsen av biologisk mångfald2015Inngår i: Vattenriket i Fokus, ISSN 1653-9338, Vol. 2015, nr 4, 39-43 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    En stor del av Biosfärområdet Kristianstad Vattenrikes verksamhet handlar om att ge människor möjlighet att uppleva den biologiska mångfalden i biosfärområdet, med syfte att skapa intresse och motivation att bevara och förvalta de unika naturvärdena. De samhällsvetenskapliga projekt som beskrivs i denna artikel har en stark anknytning till detta mål.

  • 5.
    Beery, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Betydelsen av att uppleva biologisk mångfald2015Inngår i: Biodiverse, ISSN 1401-5064, Vol. 20, nr 2, 16-17 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 6.
    Beery, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Topophilia and human affiliation with nature2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The objective of this study is to explore the co-evolutionary foundation for place-based human affiliation with nonhuman nature, and its potential to support sustainable development at the local level. In particular, we analyse the Topophilia Hypothesis, an expansion of the Biophilia Hypothesis which includes also non-living elements in the environment.

    Methods: The study represents a multidisciplinary conceptual analysis of how biological selection and cultural learning may have interacted during human evolution to promote adaptive mechanisms for human affiliation with nonhuman nature via specific place attachment. 

    Results and Conclusions: The Biophilia Hypothesis has been one of the most important theories of human connectedness with nature, suggesting a genetically based inclination for human affiliation with the biological world. The Topophilia Hypothesis has extended the ideas of Biophilia to incorporate a broader conception of nonhuman nature and a co-evolutionary theory of genetic response and cultural learning. It also puts more emphasis on affiliation processes with the local environment. We propose that nurturing potential topophilic tendencies may be a useful method to promote sustainable development at the local level, and ultimately at the global level. Tendencies of local affiliation may also have implications for multifunctional landscape management, an important area within sustainability research, and we provide some examples of successful landscape management with a strong component of local engagement. Since human affiliation with nonhuman nature is considered an important dimension of environmental concern and support for pro-environmental attitudes, the Topophilia Hypothesis may provide a fruitful ground for a discourse within which scholars from many scientific fields, including human evolution and humanistic geography, can participate.

     

  • 7.
    Beery, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Stålhammar, Sanna
    Lund University.
    Jönsson, Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Wamsler, Christine
    Lund University.
    Bramryd, Torleif
    Lund University.
    Brink, Ebba
    Lund University.
    Ekelund, Nils
    Malmö University.
    Johansson, Michael
    Lund University.
    Palo, Thomas
    SLU.
    Schubert, Per
    Malmö University.
    Perceptions of the ecosystem services concept: opportunities and challenges in the Swedish municipal context2016Inngår i: Ecosystem Services, ISSN 2212-0416, E-ISSN 2212-0416, Vol. 17, 123-130 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A current focus of ecosystem services (ES) implementation is on the municipal level of government where international and national legislation and policies have to be translated into practice. Given this focus, an understanding of perceptions within municipalities of the ES concept is crucial to support the implementation process. Against this background, this paper examines the perceptions of Swedish municipal stakeholders for the ES concept. A 2013 Swedish federal mandate that states that the values of ecosystem services should be considered in relevant decision-making processes, provides a timely context. Current perceptions, preconditions and awareness are explored via interviews and analyses. The results show that the views on the ecosystem services concept and its usefulness are generally very positive. Conceptual knowledge use is perceived as important as is the recognition of monetary valuation of ES. However, clarification of the distinction between implicit and explicit use of the concept by stakeholders is needed. Finally, results indicate that a deeper understanding of monetary valuation of ecosystem services by municipal staff members is connected with a more critical view on monetary valuation. It is concluded that detailed and clear definitions and guidelines are needed in order to support the process of implementing ES in municipalities.

  • 8.
    Beery, Thomas
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Wolf-Watz, Daniel
    Mid Sweden University.
    Nature to place: rethinking the environmental connectedness perspective2014Inngår i: Journal of Environmental Psychology, ISSN 0272-4944, E-ISSN 1522-9610, Vol. 40, nr December, 198-205 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental connectedness perspective posits that direct encounter with generalized, or non-specific “nature,” leads to environmental connectedness and subsequent pro-environmental behavior. This article examines this perspective and proposes a place-based application of the nature encounter-environmental behavior relation. An empirical study using data from a national survey on outdoor recreation and nature-based tourism is presented. Results show a minimal relationship between measures of environmental connectedness and self-reports of environmental behavior. The following examination of the environmental connectedness perspective reveals that environmental connectedness is rooted in a material/objective perspective, neglecting the human domain of perceptions, values, and representations. The environment as “nature” is portrayed as a geographically undefined agent with the inherent power to change human attitudes and behavior. Based on this, the article concludes with a proposed replacement of the elusive concept of nature for the relational concept of place.

  • 9.
    Bohn, Pernille
    et al.
    Toxicology Laboratory, Analytical Biosciences, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen.
    Bak, Søren A.
    Eurofins Denmark A/S, Environment, Vejen.
    Björklund, Erland
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Krogh, Kristine A.
    Toxicology Laboratory, Analytical Biosciences, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen.
    Hansen, Martin
    Toxicology Laboratory, Analytical Biosciences, Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen.
    Abiotic degradation of antibiotic ionophores2013Inngår i: Environmental Pollution, ISSN 0269-7491, E-ISSN 1873-6424, Vol. 182, 177-183 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Hydrolytic and photolytic degradation were investigated for the ionophore antibiotics lasalocid, monensin, salinomycin, and narasin. The hydrolysis study was carried out by dissolving the ionophores in solutions of pH 4, 7, and 9, followed by incubation at three temperatures of 6, 22, and 28 °C for maximum 34 days. Using LC–MS/MS for chemical analysis, lasalocid was not found to hydrolyse in any of the tested environments. Monensin, salinomycin, and narasin were all stable in neutral or alkaline solution but hydrolysed in the solution with a pH of 4. Half-lives at 25 °C were calculated to be 13, 0.6, and 0.7 days for monensin, salinomycin, and narasin, respectively. Absorbance spectra from each compound indicated that only lasalocid is degraded by photolysis (half-life below 1 h) due to an absorbance maximum around 303 nm, and monensin, salinomycin, and narasin are resistant to direct photolysis because they absorb light of environmentally irrelevant wavelengths.

  • 10. Callaghan, Terry V.
    et al.
    Tweedie, Craig E.
    Akerman, Jonas
    Andrews, Christopher
    Bergstedt, Johan
    Butler, Malcolm G.
    Christensen, Torben R.
    Cooley, Dorothy
    Dahlberg, Ulrika
    Danby, Ryan K.
    Daniels, Fred J. A.
    de Molenaar, Johannes G.
    Dick, Jan
    Mortensen, Christian Ebbe
    Ebert-May, Diane
    Emanuelsson, Urban
    Swedish Biodiversity Centre, Uppsala.
    Eriksson, Hakan
    Hedenas, Henrik
    Henry, Greg. H. R.
    Hik, David S.
    Hobbie, John E.
    Jantze, Elin J.
    Jaspers, Cornelia
    Johansson, Cecilia
    Johansson, Margareta
    Johnson, David R.
    Johnstone, Jill F.
    Jonasson, Christer
    Kennedy, Catherine
    Kenney, Alice J.
    Keuper, Frida
    Koh, Saewan
    Krebs, Charles J.
    Lantuit, Hugues
    Lara, Mark J.
    Lin, David
    Lougheed, Vanessa L.
    Madsen, Jesper
    Matveyeva, Nadya
    McEwen, Daniel C.
    Myers-Smith, Isla H.
    Narozhniy, Yuriy K.
    Olsson, Håkan
    Pohjola, Veijo A.
    Price, Larry W.
    Riget, Frank
    Rundqvist, Sara
    Sandstroem, Anneli
    Tamstorf, Mikkel
    Van Bogaert, Rik
    Villarreal, Sandra
    Webber, Patrick J.
    Zemtsov, Valeriy A.
    Multi-Decadal Changes in Tundra Environments and Ecosystems: Synthesis of the International Polar Year-Back to the Future Project (IPY-BTF)2011Inngår i: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447, E-ISSN 1654-7209, Vol. 40, nr 6, 705-716 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the responses of tundra systems to global change has global implications. Most tundra regions lack sustained environmental monitoring and one of the only ways to document multi-decadal change is to resample historic research sites. The International Polar Year (IPY) provided a unique opportunity for such research through the Back to the Future (BTF) project (IPY project #512). This article synthesizes the results from 13 papers within this Ambio Special Issue. Abiotic changes include glacial recession in the Altai Mountains, Russia; increased snow depth and hardness, permafrost warming, and increased growing season length in sub-arctic Sweden; drying of ponds in Greenland; increased nutrient availability in Alaskan tundra ponds, and warming at most locations studied. Biotic changes ranged from relatively minor plant community change at two sites in Greenland to moderate change in the Yukon, and to dramatic increases in shrub and tree density on Herschel Island, and in sub-arctic Sweden. The population of geese tripled at one site in northeast Greenland where biomass in non-grazed plots doubled. A model parameterized using results from a BTF study forecasts substantial declines in all snowbeds and increases in shrub tundra on Niwot Ridge, Colorado over the next century. In general, results support and provide improved capacities for validating experimental manipulation, remote sensing, and modeling studies.

  • 11.
    Ekelund, Nils
    et al.
    Malmö University.
    Bramryd, Torleif
    Lund University.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Palo, Thomas
    Umeå University.
    Wamsler, Christine
    Lund University.
    Implementing the Ecosystem Services Approach at the municipal level: a transdisciplinary project with coastal communities in south Sweden2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden a unique project supported by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency will be developed in close collaboration with coastal municipalities in Skåne, and with a coordinating role by Skåne´s Association of Local Authorities. These municipalities face a range of different environmental challenges, from areas along the eastern coast line facing problems related to the Baltic Sea, to municipalities in the Öresund region. In this study a range of different environmental conditions and related ecosystem services, from vulnerability to floods, erosion and sea level rise to strong pressure on coastal systems from urbanization will be investigated. Research questions and directions are built on cases and scenarios which are a part of the local municipality planning process. The approach will be to study the premises of implementing the Ecosystem Services (ES) in municipal planning and decision making of five coastal municipalities. The present study will analyse past decisions, present planning and future challenges for municipality development and management from the perspective of ES, with the aim of increasing our understanding of the ES concept as a tool for sustainable development. A second aim of the project is to evaluate the potential value of connecting the ES approach to ongoing climate change adaptation in the municipalities. The project will use the six-step approach developed by the Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity framework (TEEB) as the main conceptual frame. This approach includes the following steps: 1) Identifying and agreeing on the problem with stakeholders, 2) Identify the ES which are most relevant and pressing in municipality planning, 3) Collect and identify the information needs and the method to collect the data, 4) Assess expected changes in ES due to decision and input from society, 5) Identify policy options based on changes in ES and 6) Assess social and environmental impacts of 1-5.

  • 12.
    Elmberg, Johan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Att samsas om gäss - visar Vattenriket vägen?2015Inngår i: Vattenriket i fokus, ISSN 1653-9338, nr 4, 12-15 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 13.
    Hansson, Lars-Anders
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Ekvall, Mattias K.
    Lund University.
    Ekvall, Mikael T.
    Lund University.
    Ahlgren, Johan
    Lund University.
    Sidemo Holm, William
    Lund University.
    Dessborn, Lisa
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Brönmark, Christer
    Lund University.
    Experimental evidence for a mismatch between insect emergence and waterfowl hatching under increased spring temperatures2014Inngår i: Ecosphere, ISSN 2150-8925, E-ISSN 2150-8925, Vol. 5, nr 9, 120- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    By combining a large-scale experimental assessment on timing of insect emergence with longtermmonitoring of waterfowl hatching date, we here show that insect emergence is mainly driven bytemperature, whereas there is only a weak effect of increasing spring temperatures on inter-annualvariability in observations of waterfowl chicks. Hence, a change in timing of the mass-emergence of insectsfrom lakes and wetlands, which is the crucial food source for waterfowl chicks, will likely result in aconsumer/resource mismatch in a future climate change perspective. Specifically, we experimentally showthat a moderate increase in temperature of 38C above ambient, expected to occur within 25–75 years, leadsto a considerably (2 weeks) earlier, and more pronounced, peak in insect emergence (Chironomus sp).Moreover, by utilizing long-term Citizen Science databases, ranging over several decades, we also showthat common waterfowl species are unable to significantly adjust their reproduction to fit futuretemperature increase. Hence, based on our data we predict a future mismatch between insect emergenceand waterfowl species basing their reproduction on temperature. This will have a profound impact onreproductive success and population dynamics of many aquatic birds, as well as on freshwaterbiodiversity.

  • 14. Hart, J.R.
    et al.
    Tiev, V.
    Stovin, V.R.
    Lacoursière, Jean O.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Guymer, I.
    The effects of vegetation on the hydraulic residence time of stormwater ponds2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the 19th IAHR-APD Congress 2014, Hanoi, Vietnam, 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Storm water ponds treat polluted run-off from urban areas, highways and agricultural land. Vegetation plays a key role in water treatment, but further understanding is required to identify how vegetation density and spatial distribution within a pond affect the residence time, an important parameter with respect to water treatment. This paper presents results from a preliminary study where the residence time distribution and discharge of a water treatment pond were measured at two stages within the vegetation’s seasonal growth cycle, representing the minimum and maximum states of the vegetation’s density. The results show clear and significant differences between the residence time distribution for the two cases, and highlight the need for further work on the topic.

  • 15.
    Hultberg, Malin
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Bodin, Hristina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Ardal, Embla
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Asp, Håkan
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Effect of microalgal treatments on pesticides in water2016Inngår i: Environmental Technology, Vol. 37, nr 7, 893-898 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The effect of the microalgae Chlorella vulgaris on a wide range of different pesticides in water was studied. Treatments included short-term exposure (1 h) to living and dead microalgal biomass and long-term exposure (4 days) to actively growing microalgae. The initial pesticide concentration was 63.5 ± 3.9 µg L−1. There was no significant overall reduction of pesticides after short-term exposure. A significant reduction of the total amount of pesticides was achieved after the long-term exposure to growing microalgae (final concentration 29.7 ± 1.0 µg L−1) compared with the long-term control (37.0 ± 1.2 µg L−1). The concentrations of 10 pesticides out of 38 tested were significantly lowered in the long-term algal treatment. A high impact of abiotic factors such as sunlight and aeration for pesticide reduction was observed when the initial control (63.5 ± 3.9 µg L−1) and the long-term control (37.0 ± 1.2 µg L−1) were compared. The results suggest that water treatment using microalgae, natural inhabitants of polluted surface waters, could be further explored not only for removal of inorganic nutrients but also for removal of organic pollutants in water.

  • 16.
    Jönsson, Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    ECOSIMP – ett transdisciplinärt projekt om införlivandet av ekosystemtjänstbegreppet i kommunala plan- och beslutsprocesser2015Inngår i: Vattenriket i Fokus, ISSN 1653-9338, Vol. 2015, nr 4, 44-47 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Begreppet ekosystemtjänster har under de senaste åren utvecklats till ett av de viktigaste konceptuella verktygen inom arbetet med att styra in samhällsutvecklingen mot större ekologisk hållbarhet. Kommunerna spelar i Sverige en viktig roll i hållbarhetsarbetet och det Naturvårdsverks-finansierade projektet ECOSIMP utforskar hur förutsättningarna ser ut inom kommunerna att anpassa sin verksamhet till en mer ekosystembaserad förvaltning.

  • 17.
    Jönsson, Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health – Högskolan Kristianstads miljöforskning i Biosfärområde Kristianstads Vattenrike2015Collection/Antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 18.
    Jönsson, Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health och forskningen i Kristianstads Vattenrike2015Inngår i: Vattenriket i Fokus, ISSN 1653-9338, Vol. 2015, nr 4, 2-6 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH) har som målsättning att bedriva bred och samhällsrelevant miljöforskning med stark anknytning till biosfärområdeskonceptet och Kristianstads Vattenrike. Biosfärområdet erbjuder en unik kontext för miljöforskning och under senare år har flera projekt inom MABH utvecklats med Kristianstads Vattenrike som studieområde. Vatten är ett sammanhållande tema inom MABH, vilket är naturligt med tanke på det Vattenrike som omger vårt lärosäte.

  • 19.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Ekelund, Nils
    Malmö University.
    Wamsler, Christine
    Lund University .
    Brink, Ebba
    Lund University.
    Beery, Thomas H.
    Palo, Thomas R.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Science.
    Schubert, Per
    Malmö University.
    Stålhammar, Sanna
    Lund University .
    Bramryd, Torleif
    Lund University.
    Johansson, Michael
    Lund University.
    Implementering av ekosystemtjänst-begreppet i kommunal verksamhet: slutrapport2017Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet ECOSIMP handlar om förutsättningen för att implementera begreppet ekosystemtjänst, i fortsättningen kallat EST-begreppet, i kommunerna, och undersöker bland annat hur kommunala tjänstemän och politiker ser på denna utmaning. En intervjustudie genomfördes med tjänstemän och politikeri de sju medverkande kommunerna. I en studie av Malmö stad undersöktes hur ekosystemtjänst-relaterade begrepp har integrerats i översiktsplaner ochutvecklats till ett verktyg i hållbar samhällsplanering. Ett annat delprojekt handlar om miljökonsekvens-bedömningar (MKB) och behovet av metodutveckling för att integrera ekosystemtjänstansatsen i MKB, där möjligheten att integrera ekosystemtjänster i den så kallade RIAM-metoden analyserades. Projektet innehåller också en analys av arbetet med att integrera ekosystemtjänsteri kommunernas klimatanpassning, så kallad ekosystembaserad klimatanpassning (EbA). Slutligen redovisas en analys av det transdisciplinära arbetssättet inom ECOSIMP-projektet. Resultaten visar att EST-begreppet idag är relativt välkänt i kommunerna och att det finns en övervägande positiv inställning till det och förhoppningar om att det ska skapa större möjlighet till miljöhänsyn. Förståelsen av begreppet behöver dock fördjupas i den kommunala verksamheten och distinktionen mellan implicit och explicit användning av EST-begreppet och den relaterade EST-ansatsen förtydligas. Ett antal hinder och möjligheter för att börja använda begreppet och för att uppnå etappmålet 2018 identifierades också. Bland annat upplevs innebörden av etappmålet 2018 som oklar, och bara en mindre del av de intervjuade i kommunerna ansåg att etappmålet skulle nås. Betydelsen av att politiker och allmänhet får kännedom om, och förståelse för, EST-begreppet betonades också. Malmö framstår som ett bra exempel på hur långsiktigt arbete för en hållbar stadsutveckling kan skapa förutsättningar att integrera ekosystemtjänster i den fysiska planeringen. Analysen av EbA i kommunerna visade att initiativ relaterade till klimatanpassning och ekosystemtjänster oftast inte är samordnade, men de skulle kunna utvecklas i den riktningen genom bättre samordning mellan kommunernas olika enheter och integrering av EbA i den långsiktiga planeringen utifrån kunskap om nutida och framtida klimatrisker. Verktyg för att värdera förändringar i EST till följd av mänsklig exploatering behövs och här föreslås en utveckling av den såkallade RIAM-metoden, som kan erbjuda ett sätt att väga in olika EST i planeringen. Den transdisciplinära analysen visar på värdet av nära samverkan mellan forskning och kommuner kring implementeringen av EST-ansatsen, men också på behovet av politiskt och ekonomiskt stöd för att frigöra tid för kommunerna att delta i sådana projekt.

  • 20.
    Landqvist, Sara
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    ”Kommunerna sitter i en rävsax”: om vilka hinder som finns för återvinning av näringsämnen från kommunala reningsverk.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Avloppsvattnet som når våra reningsverk är fullt av värdefulla näringsämnen, näringsämnen som behövs för att ge oss större skördar. Men idag behandlar vi inte avloppsvattnet som den resurs det är. I detta examensarbete har jag undersökt vilka hinder som finns för kommunerna när det gäller återvinning av näringsämnen från avloppsvatten och -slam. Jag har gjort en litteraturstudie och djupintervjuer med flera personer inom VA-branschen. Även om mitt underlag inte gör att jag kan dra några generella slutsatser tyder mycket på att bristen på initiativkraft på regeringsnivå hindrar utvecklingen inom området.

  • 21.
    Lerstorp, Jessica
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Riskanalys för vattenskyddsområdet i Degeberga2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 poäng / 7,5 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Vattenskyddsområdet för Degebergas kommunala vattentäkt inrättades 1979 och skall innan 2022 uppdateras enligt ny lagstiftning och miljökvalitetsmål som en del av Kristianstad kommuns miljöarbete. Denna rapport har tagit del av befintligt tekniskt underlag från C4 Teknik, Kristianstad kommun, med förslag på utformning av nytt utökat vattenskyddsområde för att därigenom inventera och analysera de riskobjekt som kan utgöra potentiella föroreningskällor för vattentäkten.För att kunna göra en riskanalys för det förslagna vattenskyddsområdet så har miljö- och hälsoskyddskontoret och grundvattenplaneraren på kommunen tillhandahållit information om riskobjekt och deras placering i området. Resultatet av arbetet består av en bedömning av vattentäktens sårbarhet samt föroreningspotentialen hos de specifika riskobjekten i området.

    Vattentäkten är en del av ett betydande grundvattenmagasin som ligger i isälvsavlagringarna i Degebergas södra samhälle. Isälvsavlagringarna har hög genomsläpplighet och är känsliga för föroreningar men har samtidigt hög omsättning. Det gör att vattentäkten är mindre känslig för vattenlösliga ämnen och desto mer känslig för hydrofoba ämnen.Degeberga har en grundvattentäkt med goda tillgångar och mycket bra kvalitet. Det finns ingen reservvattentäkt idag som kan ersätta den så skyddsvärdet är väldigt högt.Syftet med det här arbetet är att ge Kristianstads kommun material som kan stärka behovet av nya restriktioner och utbredning av det kommande uppdaterade vattenskyddsområdet.

  • 22.
    Persson, Christel
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Miljöarbete för framtidens samhällsmedborgare2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 23.
    Persson, Christel
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Andersson, John
    Danmark.
    Geckoödlan och luktroboten: naturen som förebild i ingenjörskonsten2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 24.
    Persson, Christel
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Persson, Torsten
    Hållbar utveckling: människa, miljö och samhälle2011 (oppl. 2)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vår planet befolkas i dag av 7 miljarder människor. Inom en snar framtid kan vi vara så många som 9 miljarder. Hur ska vi leva och fördela jordens resurser så att också framtida generationer kan få ett bra liv här på jorden? 

     Hållbar utveckling - människa, miljö och samhälle är en lärobok avsedd för studier i gymnasieskolans kurser inom ämnena biologi, geografi, naturkunskap och hållbart samhälle. Den är även lämpad som grundläggande lärobok i hållbar utveckling inom lärarutbildningen och tillgodoser de övergripande perspektiven miljö respektive hållbar utveckling. som ingår i all utbildning i skolan och högskolan.

    I denna andra omarbetade upplaga ges en tydlig bild av hur hållbar utveckling har utvecklats från ett snävt naturvetenskapligt ämne till ett brett, tvärvetenskapligt perspektiv. I dag bygger hållbar utveckling inte bara på ekologisk välfärd. Lika viktigt är det att uppnå ekonomisk och social välfärd, vilket är en mycket större utmaning. Därför är också kunskapen i dag om de grundläggande sambanden i naturen så otroligt mycket vktigare.

    Boken har en tydlig utgångspunkt i de internationella överenskommelser som träffats avseende utbildning i miljö och hållbar utveckling. Boken vilar på naturvetenskaplig grund, samtidigt som den behandlar frågeställningar som på ett tvärvetenskapligt sätt berör sambanden mellan resurser i naturen och vår livsstils påverkan på miljö och samhälle. Särskild hänsyn tas till det demokratiska arbetet för hållbar utveckling, som i skolan och högskolan, särskilt lärarutbildningen, kan grundas på ett praktiskt miljöledningsarbete.

    Boken utgör också ett värdefullt redskap för problematisering av frågor om miljö och hållbar utveckling genom att tydliggöra hur olika människor ser på naturen, människan och samhället, etiskt, ideologiskt och på andra sätt. Varje kapitel avslutas med ett antal fakta- och diskussionsfrågor.

  • 25.
    Persson, Christel
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för matematik och naturvetenskap.
    Persson, Torsten
    Miljökunskap för gymnasieskolan2001 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 26.
    Pihl, Håkan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Högskolans ledning.
    Det krävs ett globalt pris på koldioxid2016Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 5 januariArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 27.
    Punzi, Marisa
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Nilsson, Filip
    Lunds universitet.
    Anbalagan, Anbarasan
    Lunds universitet.
    Svensson, Britt-Marie
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Jönsson, Karin
    Lunds universitet.
    Mattiasson, Bo
    Lunds universitet.
    Jonstrup, Maria
    Lunds universitet.
    Combined anaerobic–ozonation process for treatment of textile wastewater: Removal of acute toxicity and mutagenicity2015Inngår i: Journal of Hazardous Materials, ISSN 0304-3894, E-ISSN 1873-3336, Vol. 292, nr 15 July, 52-60 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel set up composed of an anaerobic biofilm reactor followed by ozonation was used for treatment of artificial and real textile effluents containing azo dyes. The biological treatment efficiently removed chemical oxygen demand and color. Ozonation further reduced the organic content of the effluents and was very important for the degradation of aromatic compounds, as shown by the reduction of UV absorbance. The acute toxicity toward Vibrio fischeri and the shrimp Artemia salina increased after the biological treatment. No toxicity was detected after ozonation with the exception of the synthetic effluent containing the highest concentration, 1 g/l, of the azo dye Remazol Red. Both untreated and biologically treated textile effluents were found to have mutagenic effects. The mutagenicity increased even further after 1 min of ozonation. No mutagenicity was however detected in the effluents subjected to longer exposure to ozone.

    The results of this study suggest that the use of ozonation as short post-treatment after a biological process can be beneficial for the degradation of recalcitrant compounds and the removal of toxicity of textile wastewater. However, monitoring of toxicity and especially mutagenicity is crucial and should always be used to assess the success of a treatment strategy.

  • 28. Rydén Persson, Mathias
    Restaurering av våtmarker; Inventering av vadare och andfåglar vid Norra Lingenäset2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 29.
    Schubert, Per
    et al.
    Malmö University.
    Ekelund, Nils
    Malmö University.
    Beery, Thomas H.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Wamsler, Christine
    Lund University .
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Roth, Andreas
    Malmö University.
    Stålhammar, Sanna
    Lund University .
    Bramryd, Torleif
    Lund University.
    Johansson, Michael
    Lund University.
    Palo, Thomas R.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Science .
    Implementation of the ecosystem services approach in Swedish municipal planning2017Inngår i: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, ISSN 1523-908X, E-ISSN 1522-7200Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    While ecosystem-based planning approaches are increasingly promoted through international and national policies, municipalities are still struggling with translating them into practice. Against this background, this paper aims to increase the knowledge of current advances and possible ways to support the implementation of the ecosystem services (ES) approach at the municipal level. More specifically, we analyze how ES have been integrated into comprehensive planning within the municipality of Malmö in Sweden over the last 60 years, a declared forerunner in local environmental governance. Based on a content analysis of comprehensive plans over the period 1956–2014 and interviews with municipal stakeholders, this paper demonstrates how planning has shifted over time toward a more holistic view of ES and their significance for human well-being and urban sustainability. Both explicit and implicit applications of the ES concept were found in the analyzed comprehensive plans and associated programs and projects. Our study shows how these applications reflect international, national, and local policy changes, and indicates how municipalities can gradually integrate the ES approach into comprehensive planning and facilitate the transition from implicit to more explicit knowledge use.

  • 30.
    Schubert, Per
    et al.
    Malmö University.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Bramryd, Torleif
    Lund University.
    Johansson, Michael
    Lund University.
    Brink, Ebba
    Lund University.
    Wamsler, Christine
    Lund University .
    Palo, Thomas
    Swedish University of Agricultural Science .
    Beery, Thomas H.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Ekelund, Nils
    Malmö University.
    Stålhammar, Sanna
    Lund University.
    Ekosystemtjänstbegreppet: en historisk tillbakablick och den förväntade rollen i svensk miljöpolicy.2017Inngår i: Urban Utveckling och Interaktion / [ed] Borén, T., Stockholm: Svenska Sällskapet för Antropologi och Geografi , 2017, 213-237 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 31.
    Stålhammar, Sanna
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Evolutionary psychology and contemporary behavioural framework for environmental policy2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate the extent to which evolutionary psychology is applied in common behavioural frameworks that are used to explain, analyse and promote pro-environmental behaviour and inform environmental policy in the EU context. Such behavioural frameworks have been developed and analysed by for example the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and the Sustainable Practices Research Group.

    Methods: A review of documents was conducted that consisted of contemporary behavioural frameworks related to environmental behaviour as well as environmental policy documents within the EU. We also reviewed previous efforts to link the field of evolutionary psychology to pro-environmental behaviour.

    Results and Conclusions: The results show that contemporary behavioural frameworks for environmental policy lack an evolutionary perspective. Evolutionary-related behavioural theory is mentioned once, as ‘sexual signaling’ theory by the Ecologic Institute (2014). The behavioural theories informing contemporary frameworks and recommendations are predominantly drawing on the fields of social and cognitive psychology, behavioural economics and sociology. The current narrative on behaviour change is primarily focused on personal responsibility and choice, and how these are shaped by individual’s attitudes and values. We argue that an evolutionary consideration of behaviour could be beneficial when designing environmental policies that aim to take into account individuals mechanisms for motivation and behaviour. A combination of instruments that target innate psychological mechanisms could be used to promote pro-environmental behaviour and such instruments could aid policy-makers and environmental campaigners in developing strategies. The evolutionary perspective is to be regarded as a complementary framework for analysis of behavioural change and is not intended to replace the contemporary frameworks.

  • 32.
    Svensson, Britt-Marie
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för matematik och naturvetenskap.
    Mårtensson, Lennart
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för matematik och naturvetenskap.
    Mathiasson, Lennart
    Lund University, Analytical Chemistry.
    Eskilsson, Linda
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för teknik.
    Leachability testing of metallic wastes2005Inngår i: Waste Management & Research, ISSN 0734-242X, E-ISSN 1096-3669, Vol. 23, nr 5, 457-467 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The performance of two tests, a batch test and a percolation test for the characterization of waste as suggested in the EU council decision 2003/33/EC was investigated. The tests were carried out on two solid waste streams from a metal recycling industry. The concentrations of heavy metals such as Cu, Znand Pb were more than one order of magnitude lower than the proposed limit values. Generally, batch test values were equal or higher than percolation test values. With the proposed test procedures both materials could be considered as non-dangerous wastes. The test performance was also investigated using a leachant with higher ionic strength instead of demineralized water as prescribed. The results clearly show a significant increase in the concentration of some heavy metals. Total concentrations of phenolic compounds and polychlorinated biphenyls were less than 1 p.p.m. and 2 p.p.b., respectively. The precision of the batch and the percolation tests were on average 48 and 35%, respectively.

  • 33.
    Tawfiq, Wamid
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Treatment of Graywater as a Suitable Solution to Save Water and Electricity for Iraq's Householders2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Conscious governments in the developing countries try to keep abreast of developments, by offering better services to their citizens; one of the important services is to preserve the natural water resources.

    Implementation of constructed wetlands part of sustainable water resource management and ecosystem is a new approach for water treatment and biological disposal of contaminants, therefore families can contribute to these treatments through the use this system in their houses.

     In order to meet the demand of daily water consumption by separating greywater from wastewater and for its reuse after treatment constructed wetland systems are one of the successful ecological treatments to reduce the concentration of pollutants in greywater. In view of the acute water crisis supply in Iraq, the best solution found for covering the daily consumption of householders is to apply the constructed wetland for treatment of greywater. The implementation of green roofs technique is one of the best ways to intercept rainwater. Especially in Iraq, where this technique can be used to provide thermal insulation, and an appropriate environment, to use the roofs for sleeping at night in the summer season.

  • 34. Tessier, L
    et al.
    Boisvert, J L
    Vought, Lena B. M.
    Lunds universitet.
    Lacoursière, Jean O.
    Lunds universitet.
    Anomalies on capture nets of Hydropsyche slossonae larvae (Trichoptera; Hydropsychidae) following a sublethal chronic exposure to cadmium2000Inngår i: Environmental Pollution, ISSN 0269-7491, E-ISSN 1873-6424, Vol. 108, nr 3, 425-438 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A laboratory study on the sublethal effects of cadmium (Cd) on the net-spinning process of the larvae of Hydropsyche slossonae was conducted in order to assess the potential of net anomalies as an indicator of chronic exposure to Cd. Two major anomalies with different frequency levels were identified after chronic exposure to 0.37, 1.2, 11.6, 21.4 and 43.3 μg l−1 of Cd. The first was a distortion of the midline meshes where the diamond-shape structure is disrupted and the meshes are separated by extra strands (called ‘midline’ anomaly). The second aberration consisted of a distortion of the rectilinear structure of net opening by strands being fused or added over the meshes (called ‘crossover’ anomaly). The midline distortion may be linked to a physiological stress caused by Cd, which can affect the control of the net-spinning process. It was not possible to relate the crossover aberrations to a specific toxic action of Cd, but data indicated that both anomalies are independent from each other and that two modes of action could be implicated. Protein analyses of capture nets have revealed silk polypeptide modifications at the highest Cd concentration tested, indicating a possible effect of Cd interaction with silk proteins. However, neither a gradient-concentration nor a time-dependent response could be established with both aberration frequencies. Silk protein modifications would rather play a secondary role in the appearance of both net anomalies, and mostly at a high concentration level. Finally, the toxicity curves (EC50) show that the sensitivity threshold for both types of aberration ranged from 1 to 5 μg l−1 which is highly sensitive compared with other sublethal effects of Cd on other macroinvertebrate species. Hence, the use of capture-net anomalies of hydropsychid larvae would represent a valuable indicator of sublethal toxicity induced by Cd and possibly by other metals in running waters.

  • 35. Tessier, L
    et al.
    Boisvert, J L
    Vought, Lena B. M.
    Lunds universitet.
    Lacoursière, Jean O.
    Lunds universitet.
    Effects of 2,4-dichlorophenol on the net-spinning behavior of Hydropsyche slossonae larvae (Trichoptera; Hydropsychidae), an early warning signal of chronic toxicity2000Inngår i: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, ISSN 0147-6513, E-ISSN 1090-2414, Vol. 46, nr 2, 207-217 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to assess the potential of hydropsychid capture net anomalies as a bioindicator of chronic toxicity in streams and rivers, the effects of 2,4-dichlorophenol (2,4-DCP) exposure on the net-spinning behavior of Hydropsyche slossonae were examined for anomalies after 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 exposure days to gradient concentration of 2,4-dichlorophenol. The net-spinning behavior was significantly affected when larvae were exposed to 1.0, 10, 25, and 50 μg·L−1, as expressed by the occurrence of two distinct abnormalities. The first one was a distortion of the midline meshes, where the normal diamond-shape structure is disrupted and the meshes are separated by extra strands (called “midline” anomaly). The second aberration observed was called “chaotic” net, where the nets are highly irregular without any real structure or well-defined areas. A good correlation was found between the chaotic net frequencies and the reduction of ATP concentrations in the larvae, indicating possible uncoupling effects of 2,4-DCP on the oxidative phosphorylation process. Toxicity curves demonstrate that the sensitivity threshold of chaotic net frequencies ranged from 3.5 to 7 μg·L−1, which is highly sensitive compared with other sublethal effects of 2,4-DCP on other aquatic species.

  • 36. Tessier, Louis
    et al.
    Boisvert, Jacques L.
    Vought, Lena B. M.
    Lunds universitet.
    Lacoursière, Jean O.
    Lunds universitet.
    Anomalies on capture nets of Hydropsyche slossonae larvae (Trichoptera; Hydropsychidae), a potential indicator of chronic toxicity of malathion (organophosphate insecticide)2000Inngår i: Aquatic Toxicology, ISSN 0166-445X, E-ISSN 1879-1514, Vol. 50, nr 1-2, 125-139 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A laboratory study on the sublethal effects of malathion on the net-spinning behavior of the caddisfly larvae Hydropsycheslossonae was conducted in order to assess the potential of net anomalies as an indicator of chronic exposure to organophosphorus insecticides. Two anomalies were identified after chronic exposure to 0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5 and 1.0 μg l−1 malathion. The first was a distortion of the midline meshes where the normal diamond shape structure was disrupted and the meshes were separated by extra strands (called ‘midline’ anomaly). The second aberration observed was a significant decrease in net symmetry. Both anomalies were highly correlated to the toxic action of malathion, i.e. inhibition of the acetylcholinesterase enzyme (AChE). Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analyses of capture nets did not show any modification of silk polypeptides after exposure to malathion, indicating that net distortions were not related to silk composition. Both anomalies seem to represent the symptoms of the specific toxic action of malathion; nevertheless, they can serve as an index of the physiological condition of the larvae, especially the midline anomaly. The symmetry of the nets decreased significantly after exposure to 0.5 and 1.0 μg l−1. However, the toxicity curves (EC50) showed that the sensitivity threshold for the midline anomaly ranged from 0.11 to 0.28 μg l−1, which reflect more realistic exposure to concentrations expected to occur in the field. Hence, the use of capture net anomalies of hydropsychid larvae could represent a valuable indicator of sublethal toxicity induced by malathion and other organophosphorus insecticides in running waters.

  • 37. Tessier, Louis
    et al.
    Boisvert, Jacques L.
    Vought, Lena B. M.
    Lunds universitet.
    Lacoursière, Jean O.
    Lunds universitet.
    Characterization of Hydropsyche slossonae (Trichoptera: Hydropsychidae) capture net polypeptides2000Inngår i: Canadian Entomologist, ISSN 0008-347X, E-ISSN 1918-3240, Vol. 132, nr 1, 59-68 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A laboratory study on the sublethal effects of malathion on the net-spinning behavior of the caddisfly larvae Hydropsycheslossonae was conducted in order to assess the potential of net anomalies as an indicator of chronic exposure to organophosphorus insecticides. Two anomalies were identified after chronic exposure to 0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5 and 1.0 μg l−1 malathion. The first was a distortion of the midline meshes where the normal diamond shape structure was disrupted and the meshes were separated by extra strands (called ‘midline’ anomaly). The second aberration observed was a significant decrease in net symmetry. Both anomalies were highly correlated to the toxic action of malathion, i.e. inhibition of the acetylcholinesterase enzyme (AChE). Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analyses of capture nets did not show any modification of silk polypeptides after exposure to malathion, indicating that net distortions were not related to silk composition. Both anomalies seem to represent the symptoms of the specific toxic action of malathion; nevertheless, they can serve as an index of the physiological condition of the larvae, especially the midline anomaly. The symmetry of the nets decreased significantly after exposure to 0.5 and 1.0 μg l−1. However, the toxicity curves (EC50) showed that the sensitivity threshold for the midline anomaly ranged from 0.11 to 0.28 μg l−1, which reflect more realistic exposure to concentrations expected to occur in the field. Hence, the use of capture net anomalies of hydropsychid larvae could represent a valuable indicator of sublethal toxicity induced by malathion and other organophosphorus insecticides in running waters.

  • 38.
    Tholin, Måns
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Uppföljning av 4 skånska kommuners miljökonsekvensbeskrivningar: en studie av detaljplaner2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In 2004, a provision was introduced into the Environmental Code, which states that the plans and programs that may lead to significant environmental impact should be tested through an environmental impact assessment. This study focuses on what happens after such a description has been made. Is there anyone monitoring the real impact? And if so, in what regard?By reviewing environmental impact assessments made of Detailed Development Plans, as well as interviews with the municipalities concerned, I wanted to answer the question of municipalities actually live up to the legislative requirements, and how is monitoring sections written in the EIA's. The results show varying quality regarding monitoring sections in the EIA´s and almost non-existent follow-up work after the plan has been prepared.The municipalities that were interviewed all thought that the follow up idea was good, but in practice difficult. The reasons for this are that the law is poorly precise; there is a lack of resources or that the responsibilities within the organization can be a problem according to the municipalitiesOne of the solutions to this problem may be a reporting requirement against the municipalities, as this usually leads to an expanded and more focused work.

  • 39.
    Tjärnemo, Heléne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Södahl, Liv
    Naturskyddsföreningen.
    Swedish food retailers promoting climate smarter food choices: trapped between visions and reality?2015Inngår i: Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, ISSN 0969-6989, E-ISSN 1873-1384, Vol. 24, 130-139 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Food retailers are important actors in the development of a more environmentally sustainable food system. They are powerful in their procurement role and have the potential to promote and encourage consumers to buy climate smarter food. While food retailers have developed environmental visions, policies and goals, a major question is to what extent these commitments translate into action in the products sourced and promoted. This paper aims to explore the ways and extent to which food retailers assist consumers to make climate smarter food choices, more specific to reduce their meat consumption, and to identify potential and perceived difficulties towards doing this. The empirical data is based on interviews with 17 Swedish food retail representatives. The findings indicate that food retailers address climate change in their environmental policy statements and have environmental targets for retail operations, such as energy and transport efficiency and recycling of waste. Moreover, retailers promote and encourage consumers to buy organic, local, and seasonal food and to minimize food waste. No initiatives are taken to help consumers reduce their meat consumption. Yet, there is a growing consensus among scientists that meat production is a large contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. Food retailers seem reluctant to guide consumers to climate smarter food choices if it means reducing the meat range or the promotion of meat. To broaden the range of high quality and more expensive meat is seen as a more feasible option. The meat category is perceived as important to attract new and keep loyal customers.

  • 40.
    Tuvendal, Magnus
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Elmberg, Johan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    A handshake between markets and hierarchies: geese as an example of successful collaborative management of ecosystem services2015Inngår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 7, nr 12, 15937-15954 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    An important task in research about natural resource management is to communicate the utility of different approaches from various settings. Using ecosystem services as a conceptual frame, we study a local solution to alleviate goose-human conflicts in an agricultural region in Sweden. Increasing goose numbers and crop damage led to the foundation of a goose management group (GMG), comprising landowners, farmers, hunters, ornithologists, conservation NGOs, and local and county level administration. The GMG was not given any formal or legal authority. We asked: is this management solution successful? Which problems can be solved and which remain? Can the GMG stand as a model for management of other species and in other landscapes? We interviewed present members of the GMG and analyzed minutes from its meetings. We found that the GMG has autonomy to self-organize and shows adaptive capacity over time in handling variability and complexity in its socio-ecological system. This makes the GMG a sustainable solution for local management of a resource in which goose population growth and legislation are decided at other (national or international) levels. We assessed what constitutes perceived success and found that GMG is geared toward “mediation of opposing preferences” by establishing a figurative handshake between stakeholders. By comparing how four general challenges in ecosystem service management align with formative attributes of the GMG, we discuss in which ways this management solution is applicable to other ecosystem services in other contexts.

  • 41.
    van Dijk, Jiska
    et al.
    Norge.
    Bongard, Terje
    Norge.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    May, Roel
    Norge.
    Beery, Thomas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    The value of nature for growth, development and human well-being – perspectives from human evolution and human behavioral ecology2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42. Whelan, M. J.
    et al.
    Van Egmond, R.
    Guymer, I.
    Lacoursière, Jean O.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Vought, Lena B. M.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Finnegan, C.
    Fox, K. K.
    Sparham, C.
    O'Connor, S.
    Vaughan, M.
    Pearson, J. M.
    The behaviour of linear alkyl benzene sulphonate under direct discharge conditions in Vientiane, Lao PDR2007Inngår i: Water Research, ISSN 0043-1354, E-ISSN 1879-2448, Vol. 41, nr 20, 4730-4740 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Direct discharge of untreated sewage to surface waters is a common practice in many parts of the world. However, relatively little is known about the behaviour of synthetic organic pollutants under these conditions. This paper describes a sampling campaign designed to track changes in water quality in a surface water system in Vientiane (Lao PDR) receiving significant quantities of untreated waste water. The study was based on following in-channel transport using a fluorescent tracer injected as a pulse, with a focus on the anionic surfactant linear alkylbenzene sulphonate (LAS) and ammonia. Water samples were collected at a number of stations with sampling times estimated to coincide with solute time-of-travel. The reduction in LAS concentration with flow-time could be approximated by first-order kinetics with a half life of about 7 h. Free ammonia concentrations decreased more slowly than LAS and remained above the level believed to be toxic for sensitive aquatic species along the entire channel. Changes in the ratios of LAS alkyl chain homologues to total LAS concentrations suggest a preferential removal of longer chain lengths. The role of biodegradation in the removal of LAS was confirmed by the presence of LAS metabolites (sulphophenylcarboxylates, SPCs) which increased systematically (as a fraction of LAS remaining) with flow-time.

  • 43.
    Ångman, Hanna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    I tigerns rike: en landskapsvetenskaplig studie om två underarters populationsförändring och ekologiska värde för landskapet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet är en litteraturstudie och är ett försök att ta reda på två underarter av tigers (Panthera tigris) populationsförändring och anledningen till detta på en tidsskala från 1970 till 2010. De valda underarterna för uppsatsen är sumatratigern och amurtigern. I samband med undersökningen av de två underarternas populationsförändring har fokus lagts på Sumatra och Amurområdet för att kunna få en överblick över de områden där tigrarna återfinns och med den överblicken lättare öppna för att diskutera hållbara bevarandemöjligheter i framtiden.

    Uppsatsen har i huvudsak diskuterats med stöd av tidigare studier, statistikuppgifter och rapporter i ämnet och därefter har det insamlade materialet analyserats och genomarbetats för att försöka nå fram till nya insikter inom tiger- och landskapsforskningen. Jämförande studier med den svenska vargen används som en utgångspunkt för vad som kan ske om tigern fortsätter att minska eller helt försvinner från sina områden.

    Trots brister i det statistiska underlaget finns tecken på att fragmenteringen och befolkningstillväxten är viktiga faktorer för sumatratigerns nedgång. Amurtigern visade sig vara mer tålig för både fragmentering och den ökande befolkning i Amurområdet tvärtemot vad tidigare forskning visat, men då båda tigrarnas utbredningsområde har analyserats på liknande sätt trots stora skillnader i förhållande, miljö och storlek så kan detta spela en stor roll i mina resultat jämte tidigare forsknings resultat. Klart är dock att människors allmänna attityd mot rovdjur i deras närområde, så kallade human-wildlife conflicts, komplicerar bevarandefrågan för tigern då skador orsakade av rovdjuren inte ses på med blida ögon och kan vara dyrt att kompensera för.

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