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  • 9301.
    Östlund, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Specialpedagogisk forskningsmiljö (SpecPed). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Anderson, Lotta
    Kunskapsbedömning i träningsskolan2015 (oppl. 1)Bok (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns mycket kunskap om bedömning men det finns relativt lite skrivet specifikt för lärare och rektorer i grundsärskolans inriktning träningsskolan. Kunskapsbedömning i träningsskolan, behövs ett speciellt material för det? I alla skolformer ska elevernas kunskaper bedömas i relation till kunskapskraven men i träningsskolan behöver bedömningen också göras utifrån elevens förutsättningar. Hur kan lärare konstruera bedömningsuppgifter för att tillgodose elevernas skilda kognitiva förutsättningar men ändå utmana varje elev så att ett lärande sker? Ambitionen med det här materialet är att stödja lärare i träningsskolan i just detta.

  • 9302.
    Östlund, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Anderson, Lotta
    Malmö högskola.
    Professional development in assessment for learning (AfL) for students with developmental disabilities2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reports on a research and development project in a Swedish primary school with seven self-contained classes for pupils with developmental disabilities (Compulsory school for students with intellectual disabilities). In the recent decades there has been an overall movement towards more collaborative forms of developing the pedagogical practice in Swedish schools and this project draws on collaboration between the professionals in the school (special teachers and paraprofessionals), the municipality and researchers from two universities (Kristianstad university and Malmö University). The aim with the project was to contribute to the teachers and the paraprofessional’s professional development within in the field of assessment forlearning (AfL) with the purpose to improve the students achievements. Research by Black & Wiliam (1998) and Hattie (2008) has shown that assessment for learning (AfL)/formative assessment is a powerful tool to improve students’ achievements, but there is not much research conducted in this field in relation to students with developmental disabilities. This research and development project can hopefully contribute with new knowledge in this field. The data material is drawn from observations, interviews, group discussions and documents produced in the project and were collected in a Swedish primary school over a period of 12months.. Analytically, the paper is inspired by Biestas (2010) ideas of education and the model in which Biesta refers to three functions of education: (1) qualification, which involves providing participants with the knowledge, (2) socialization, which is concerned with integrating individuals into existing social, cultural and political orders through the transmission of norms and values; and (3) subjectivation, which concerns the process of individuation, or becoming a free subject of action, responsibility and independence. Preliminary results indicate that both teachers and paraprofessionals has developed their educational philosophy and has developed the ability to give students feedback that the helps the students to improve their learning. From a student perspective, the students has, through the professionals' changed way of giving feedback and informing the students about their achievements, become more engaged and involved in their own learning and have become more aware of the educational goals they are working towards and also more aware of the strategies about “how to get there”. The project has also been working for peer feedback developed with the support of the use of Ipads and smartboard as tools to give the student opportunities to reflect on their own and their peers' learning by watching videotaped lessons.

  • 9303.
    Östlund, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Anderson, Lotta
    Malmö högskola.
    Professionell utveckling inom “Bedömning för lärande” i relation till elever med kognitiva funktionsnedsättningar2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study reports on a research and development project in a Swedish primary school with seven self-contained classes for pupils with developmental disabilities (Compulsory school for students with intellectual disabilities). In the recent decades there has been an overall movement towards more collaborative forms of developing the pedagogical practice in Swedish schools and this project draws on collaboration between the professionals in the school (special teachers and paraprofessionals), the municipality and researchers from two universities (Kristianstad university and Malmö University). The aim with the project was to contribute to the teachers and the paraprofessional’s professional development within in the field of assessment forlearning (AfL) with the purpose to improve the students achievements. Research by Black & Wiliam (1998) and Hattie (2008) has shown that assessment for learning (AfL)/formative assessment is a powerful tool to improve students’ achievements, but there is not much research conducted in this field in relation to students with developmental disabilities. This research and development project can hopefully contribute with new knowledge in this field. The data material is drawn from observations, interviews, group discussions and documents produced in the project and were collected in a Swedish primary school over a period of 12months.. Analytically, the paper is inspired by Biestas (2010) ideas of education and the model in which Biesta refers to three functions of education: (1) qualification, which involves providing participants with the knowledge, (2) socialization, which is concerned with integrating individuals into existing social, cultural and political orders through the transmission of norms and values; and (3) subjectivation, which concerns the process of individuation, or becoming a free subject of action, responsibility and independence. Preliminary results indicate that both teachers and paraprofessionals has developed their educational philosophy and has developed the ability to give students feedback that the helps the students to improve their learning. From a student perspective, the students has, through the professionals' changed way of giving feedback and informing the students about their achievements, become more engaged and involved in their own learning and have become more aware of the educational goals they are working towards and also more aware of the strategies about “how to get there”. The project has also been working for peer feedback developed with the support of the use of Ipads and smartboard as tools to give the student opportunities to reflect on their own and their peers' learning by watching videotaped lessons.

  • 9304.
    Östlund, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Kristianstad University.
    Andersson, Helena
    Malmö högskola.
    Ohlsson, Lisbeth
    Malmö högskola.
    Assarson, Inger
    Malmö högskola.
    Skolors strävan efter inkluderande lärmiljöer2015Inngår i: Från idé till praxis: vägar till inkluderande lärmiljöer i tolv svenska kommuner. Forskarnas rapport / [ed] Susan Tetler, Stockholm: Iofus , 2015, , 17 s.57-71 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9305.
    Östlund, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Specialpedagogisk forskningsmiljö (SpecPed). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Barow, Thomas
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    The significance of pedagogical investigations, diagnoses and psychometric tests in inclusive education: comparative studies from Sweden and Germany2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The similarities and differences between the Swedish and German education systems arguably make a comparison between these two countries in the context of inclusive education a promising field of research. This is even more significant when it comes to the assessment of special educational needs (SEN), where a comparative approach may contribute to a deeper understanding about the relation between inclusive approaches and categorisation processes in education. The concept of SEN in Sweden is based on the student’s risk to miss the learning objectives of regular school. In contrast, Germany applies a multiple concept of SEN, which could be based on the students’ failure in school and/or a disability. While in Sweden, SEN are assessed by a “pupil welfare team” consisting of special educators, headmaster and various experts, in Germany the assessment process is carried out by a special education teacher and the class teacher. The countries also differ in who takes the final decision of a SEN statement for a student. In Sweden it is made by the headmaster, where as in Germany it is the school supervising authority. Being aware of these differences between the two countries, questions about the significance of medical diagnoses and psychometric tests in pedagogical investigations arise. With this background, the contribution to the symposium consolidates and contextualises the results of research studies on the assessment of special educational needs in the Swedish county of Scania and the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. In both countries, five cases with varying geographical and social environment were selected. Study 1 analyses the content of 50 assessments which led to an SEN statement. Study 2 draws on interviews with pedagogical investigators and decision makers from the two countries. The focus is lies on the SEN categorisation processes, the allocation of resources and future education. The findings from this research contribute to the discussion on whether inclusive education can be based on a de-categorised special education, or if it promotes medical diagnoses and psychometrical tests.

  • 9306.
    Östlund, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Lärarutbildning.
    Rosenqvist, Jerry
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Lärarutbildning.
    "Det går med små, små steg, man tänker inte på det förrän man börjar prata om det": en utvärdering av särskolan och resursskolorna i Lunds kommun 20062008Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9307.
    Östlund, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Thimgren, Pia
    Malmö högskola.
    Stödjande strukturer och aktiviteter2015Inngår i: Från idé till praxis: vägar till inkluderande lärmiljöer i tolv svenska kommuner / [ed] Tetler, Susan, Stockholm: Ifous , 2015, , 13 s.111-123 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9308.
    Överström, Ann
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Interaktion mellan de yngsta barnen och lärare i förskolan - i ett emotionellt perspektiv 2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Oppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med undersökningen är att utifrån lärares beskrivningar belysa interaktion mellan de yngsta barnen och lärare i förskolan i ett emotionellt perspektiv.

    Det lilla barnet är beroende av en relation för att komma igång med sin emotionella ut-veckling. Det specialpedagogiska perspektivet kan bli aktuellt om barnet inte får sitt be-hov tillfredställt genom en nära och trygg kontakt med en vuxen.

    Arbetet ger en översikt över tidigare forskning om anknytning inom det psykodynamiska perspektivet samt interaktionistiska perspektivet. Kunskaper i utvecklingspsykologi och de vuxnas förhållningssätt anses viktigt i arbetet med förskolans yngsta barn. En stor ut-maning är att möta varje barn utifrån dennes förutsättningar och behov.

    Den kvalitativa intervjun med semistrukturerade frågor har valts som metod och mål-gruppen består av åtta lärare i förskolan från två kommuner. Resultatet visar att närhet och trygghet är begrepp som dominerar beträffande barnens behov och lärares förhåll-ningssätt. Goda möjligheter till interaktion finns och då mest i rutinsituationer. Hinder för interaktion är stora grupper där situationsbunden stress kan förekomma och här är den bästa metoden att dela barnen i mindre grupper. Slutsatsen är att det finns goda möjlighe-ter till interaktion genom ett professionellt förhållningssätt och tillfredställande metoder.

  • 9309.
    Økland Sortland, Merete
    et al.
    Norge.
    Tikkanen, Tarja
    Norge.
    Presthus Heggen, Marianne
    Norge.
    Holter, Kari
    Norge.
    Langholm, Guri
    Norge.
    Broström, Stig
    Danmark.
    Bollingberg, Karen
    Danmark.
    Damgaard, Birgitte
    Danmark.
    Frøkjær, Thorleif
    Danmark.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Ladstein, Sigve
    Norge.
    Grutle Nappen, Kari
    Norge.
    Norddahl, Kristin
    Island.
    Harju-Luukkainen, Heidi
    Finland.
    Staffans, Eva
    Finland.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Kvalitet i barnehagelærerutdanning i naturvitenskap: en fellesnordisk studiemodul2017Inngår i: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, Vol. 13, nr 1, 97-111 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a new joint Nordic study module consisting of a theoretical framework, the kindergarten teacher students’ case study and a reflection talk, in natural science for the kinder-garten teacher education. The module is developed through an interdisciplinary collaboration in the Nordplus network: Learning of science concepts by kindergarten children: Nordic study module for the kindergarten teacher education (NATGREP), with science and quality in the kindergarten teacher education in focus. The introduction describes the Nordic kindergartens shortly, and concepts as quality and competence are shortly discussed. It is followed by the module’s theoretical framework. Then the study module’s development process is described accompanied by reflections of the student’s case studies in relation to the theoretical framework. At the end, the work with the study module is summarised, and the main conclusion is that the study module contributes positively to the students’ skills development, both in science and quality.

  • 9310.
    Østermark Sørensen, Helle
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Work and non-work related determinants of Danish workers mental health problems: A mixed method study2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to identify work and non-work related determinants of mental health problems in Danish workers´ from a pragmatic integrative perspective. A convergent mixed method design consisting of a quantitative (n=391) and qualitative strand (n=10) with integrated interpretation was applied. The determinants of workers´ psychological distress was found to be multi-facetted and multi-contextual. Both strands identified high demands/effort and low social support/reward as important determinants both within and outside the workplace. Moreover it was found that it is the interaction of strains across context that facilitates mental health problems rather than a single element. The mixed method design contributed with an expanded perspective on the complexity of mental health problems among the Danish workers.

  • 9311.
    Šmite, Darja
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Wohlin, Claes
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Aurum, Aybuke
    University of New South Wales.
    Jabangwe, Ronald
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Numminen, Emil
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Offshore insourcing in software development: structuring the decision-making process2013Inngår i: Journal of Systems and Software, ISSN 0164-1212, E-ISSN 1873-1228, Vol. 86, nr 4, 1054-1067 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A variety of new forms of business are enabled through globalization and practiced by software organizations today. While companies go global to reduce their development costs, access a larger pool of resources and explore new markets, it is often assumed that the level of delivered services shall remain the same after implementing the sourcing decisions. In contrast, critical studies identified that global software development is associated with unique challenges, and a lot of global projects fail to mitigate the implications of a particular global setting. In this paper we explore offshore insourcing decisions on the basis of empirical research literature and an empirical field study conducted at Ericsson. By analyzing decisions in two different cases we found that each offshore insourcing decision consisted of deciding what, where, when, how and why to insource. Related empirical research and field observations suggest that not all combinations are successful and alignment between different decision points has thus a prominent role. To address these concerns we built an empirically-based insourcing decision structure, which outlines a logical path through the decision options and helps selecting an offshore insourcing strategy that targets creation of the necessary alignment. The key element of the proposed approach is a structured and well-defined decision-making process, which is intended to support managers in their decision-making. The usefulness of the proposed approach is evaluated in an additional empirical case of a new offshore insourcing decision.

184185186187 9301 - 9311 of 9311
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