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  • 51.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Williams, Pia
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Teaching toddlers in preschool2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 52.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Williams, Pia
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Undervisningsbegreppet och dess innebörder uttryckta av förskolans lärare2017Inngår i: Forskning om undervisning och lärande, ISSN 2000-9674, E-ISSN 2001-6131, Vol. 5, nr 1, 90-109 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie analyseras hur förskolans personal resonerar om att undervisa de yngsta barnen i förskolan. Fokusgruppssamtal har använts för att samla data från personal som arbetar med de yngsta barnens verksamhet. Billigs diskursteoretiska termer används i analyser av personalens resonemang om undervisningsbegreppets innebörder. Resultaten pekar mot två diskurser där krav och rättigheter utgör spänningsfält och där ett argument för något kan utgöra motargument i samma diskussion. Undervisning med de yngsta barnen utgör en del av en förskola i förändring. Med det i åtanke förstår vi personalens argument som motsägelsefulla när begreppet undervisning i förskolan beskrivs, något som kan ses både inom en diskurs och mellan diskurser.

  • 53.
    Lenninger, Sara M.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Lunds Universitet.
    Inverting cultures: the pictorial ceremonial of a suicide bomber and the“unhomeliness” of the photographic picture2017Inngår i: 13th IASS-AIS World Congress of Semiotics ” / 10thconference for The Nordic Association for Semiotic Studies (NASS), 2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    On the 14th of January in 2004, Reem Raiyshi killed herself and four Israeli soldiers in a terrorist attack at a border crossing between Israel and Gaza. Soon after the deed, pictures on Reem and her young son were sent to media agencies in Europe - and to circulate on the Internet. Although the picture of Reem is her picture, it is not unique but forms part of a subculture: the ceremonial of the suicide bombers seemed, at that time, to require the pictorial rendering of the perpetrator/victim in his or her declaration of the action before completing the act. Published on Internet, and circulating in mass media, the picture addresses not only the Ego culture of the perpetrator /victim, but also that of the attacked culture. To come into speaking terms with the external culture - or to alter between being "alien" or to be "one of ones own” for teh other – one must submit to a meaning already known by the other culture (Lotman 2009). To insert  “alien” elements, integrated with the meaning taken for granted, can be understood as a strategy in pictorial rhetoric in order to evade norm grounded predictability and invert cultural hierarchies.This case study adds to the complication of when the same picture confirming both to the status of Ego culture and as the “threat” of an intruding other-culture in the dynamics of regulating the perception of “us and them”.

  • 54.
    Lenninger, Sara M.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Lund University.
    When similarity qualifies as a sign: a study in picture understanding and semiotic development in young children2012Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The general goal of this thesis is to elucidate children’s early understandings of pictorial meanings, and how one can know anything about them. My central aim is to explore how picture comprehension develops during children’s first 3 years of life, through semiotic-theory-derived analyses of meaning relations. In so doing, I hope to contribute to the study of both semiotic theory’s psychological basis and the role of semiotic processes in cognitive development: specifically, in children’s experiences of pictorial meanings. In an experimental object retrieval test, including pictures, I show the importance of studying concrete instances of children’s experiences. Among its key results is that, for a group of children who are close to the threshold of being able to use the picture to solve the retrieval task, indexical cuing assists their understanding. One central claims is that the picture sign reflects a dual semiotic process: on the one hand, picture understanding relies on recognition of perceptual similarities; on the other, it draws on communicative processes that are intrinsic to all sign constructions. This duality is particularly interesting when it comes to looking at children’s development of picture understanding. Through similarity relations, children perceive accurate – but initially private and incomplete – understanding of pictures. At the same time though, children are alert to communicative meanings from the start.

  • 55.
    Lindahl, Ingrid
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Diversity: enrichment in children’s dealing with ethical issues2013Inngår i: Journal of Modern Education Review, ISSN 2155-7993, Vol. 3, nr 12, 899-908 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Who will decide, those who are younger or older? Should one always tell the truth? How do people come to an agreement? These questions are the object of preschool children’s philosophical explorations in this study. The aim of the study is to describe and interpret what takes place in dialogues among children and between children and educators in dealing with these ethical issues. A post-modern perspective forms the basis of this study. Everything can be considered from other angles, and something new and unexpected might occur. The child is seen as a competent citizen in the sense of being expert on his or her own life, and having opinions that are worth listening to. The study indicates that it is important that the question being considered is one that matters to the children, and that children listen to the Other’s meaning in a mutual process of deconstruction. Diversity in thoughts and ideas become enrichment in children’s dealing with ethical issues. The acts of the educator characterized by a sensitive ear, tolerance and a critical mind are named “situational sensibility”

    .

  • 56.
    Lindahl, Ingrid
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Encountering without measuring the creative and competent child in preschool. Paper presented at OMEP conference, 6-8 May, Nicosia2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 57.
    Lindahl, Ingrid
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Förord till den svenska upplagan2012Inngår i: Osnes, Heid, Skaug, Hilde Nancy, Eid Kaarby, Karen Marie: Kropp, rörelse och hälsa i förskolan, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 7-8 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 58.
    Lindahl, Ingrid
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Inte lika utan olika - men likvärdiga2013Inngår i: Specialpedagogisk tidskrift, ISSN 2000-429X, nr 4, 19-20 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 59.
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Mårdsjö Olsson, Ann-Charlotte
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Förskolans uppdrag2013Inngår i: Learning study i förskolan / [ed] Mona Holmqvist Olander, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 1, 37-48 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 60.
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Variation theory in early childhood education – focus on learning. Symposium organiserat vid World association of lesson and learning studies (WALS), september 2013, Göteborg2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 61.
    Malmström, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljö med inriktning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Action research with small children: aesthetic learning processes in contex2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The process of learning to become through handmade productions to sufficient respond to the complexities of the Self is unlikely to occur without guidance from relation with others. The main purpose of this paper is to inquire into teachers’ support to small children’s aesthetic learning processes. How may children’s aesthetic learning processes emerge and support the children’s becoming through questions to and from the children? The article highlights the small children’s approach to science by managing aesthetic material, colour and form and the teachers’ approach to good questioning. The methodology is inspired by deconstructive pragmatism and the design from action research. The methodology is further grounded in Charles Sanders Peirce’s triadic transdisciplinary pragmatic theory of semiotics where the interpretant relation between the child and the teacher is on focus. Understanding that Peirce semiotics, science of signs differs from two-valued logic and thus very well may incorporate feeling and aesthetics.  It was necessary to reconstruct the theories of Peirce for an actual appliance to the area of Aesthetic Learning processes. Mediation of the theme, to connect sign - action and mind builds on a hermeneutic model of mediation made by the author where sign features of icon, index, symbols and logical, social and emotional action codes are a few important tools of analysis.  The result from step one in this research shows that teachers’ questions are made to meet children’s different processes of orientation to sign-mindedness, from differentiation of Self from others as fundamental to more advanced, socially- shared sign meaning. This connects to the importance to relate to children as ‘educater’ in relation to the teacher and a link to relational education. The teachers’ were overwhelmed by the children’s knowledge and were stimulated to progress themselves in questioning. The result from step two shows that teachers’ questioning (to support children’s constructions of meanings to become) may be reachable at different levels of hermeneutic understanding. This support the teachers’ questioning quality of wholeness. This scientific understanding from a semiotic-cognitive perspective on children’s meaning emergence and teachers’ supported questioning and conversation could have consequences for the field of aesthetic learning processes in pre-school in the future.

  • 62.
    Malmström, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Aesthetic learning processes in identity work: love of the self and wanting to become2013Inngår i: The International Journal of Arts Education, ISSN 1728-175X, Vol. 11, nr 1, 33-90 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The process of learning to become and adequately respond to the complexities of the Self through handmade productions is unlikely to occur without guidance. The support of this article’s idea is the ‘language turn’ of education from the 70s. It also seems important that students learn about art-action in an image-based global culture, including how images are important forms of human expression and substance in becoming. Thus teachers need to know how they give instructions to stimulate thinking through students’ languages of arts (style). Educational sciences of today support this idea where a Peircean mode of education gives support to a wide concept of the text including semiotic resources other than the verbal language. Researchers thus proclaim a horizontal concept of the text for the same purpose of giving equal epistemological status to verbal and semiotic sign-action. For the purpose of stimulating humans’ becoming, I argue for a pragmatic semiotic perspective and that language and visual action do not only include the linguistic and the figurative picture but also the material used, a wide and horizontal view on communication to cooperation. The students show unique ways of art in action, including means to become unique. MyAesthetic Learning processes in identity work -Love of the self and wanting to become unique.My method to find out about mediation of different themes to connect sign -action and mind builds on a hermeneutic model of mediation made by the author; it is a semio-cognitive re-construction of the sign. The result shows features to the students’ different processes of orientation to sign-mindedness and style through which meanings are accessible to becoming. Another result is that the zone of proximal comm unication between students and students’ pictures/texture and teachers makes a difference to the student’s ultimate unique becoming. The result could be of great importance to school aesthetics in the future.

  • 63.
    Malmström, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Bild och pedagogikens estetiska språk : en analys av nationella styrdokument2013Inngår i: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, Vol. 22, nr 1, 109-135 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Today visual culture is important in society but not in school. This article outlines some features of guidance in the authorities about how to support children’s aesthetic learning processes in relation to meaning construction and becoming. The purpose is to highlight the aesthetic learning processes from a semiotic approach to the field of knowledge in terms of how well the aesthetic learning processes are formulated in state support and policy documents. The methodology presents a pragmatic discourse analysis made on Government bills in Sweden. The question asked is: How do Government texts support the aesthetic language of education including integrative aesthetic hermeneutic skills? Educational function of qualification, segregated, extended and integrative modes of education, as well as likeness (iconic), relation (indexical) and conventional (symbolic) features of learning are important semiotic resources used as analytical tools in this study. The result shows that aesthetic learning processes and concepts related to it are phasing out. The conclusion is that it is of great importance to challenge a hermeneutic paradigm in support of teachers’ aesthetic education. Socialization into aesthetic self sign and experience of art activity as a language of education is lacking and thus qualification is not taken seriously.

  • 64.
    Malmström, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Integrative art: inquiry into meaning in early childhood fine art education2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The background of this article is that the educational sciences of today give priority to a wide concept of the text and researchers in Sweden proclaim a horizontal concept of the text for the same purpose of giving equal epistemological status to verbal and semiotic sign-action. Today’s ‘language turn’ and ‘visual turn’ do not only include the linguistic and the figurative picture but also the materials and its texture. The idea of this study is to inquire how small children use aesthetic materials for action and meaning and what teachers do and think about this. The meaning potential is the tension between the image’s character levels, the child’s lifeworld and the teachers’ subject-specific discourse with the child. The main purpose is to learn about how the zone of proximal communication between children and children’s pictures and teachers might become more stable. Therefore I find the meaning potential of interest to a pragmatic inquiry. The design is inspired from action research. The result features the children’s orientation to sign-mindedness from the ages of one to five as well as the teachers’ reflections on their own progress in meeting young children’s action regarding material to give them support in learning and development.

  • 65.
    Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Jonsson, AgnetaHögskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Förskolans yngsta barn: perspektiv på omsorg, lärande och lek2017Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok handlar om hur man i förskolan arbetar med de yngsta barnen som ibland är en förbisedd grupp trots att de utgör hälften av alla barn i förskolans verksamhet. Dessa barn har delvis andra behov av omsorg, andra sätt att lära och andra sätt att leka än äldre förskolebarn, vilket innebär vidgade krav och nya utmaningar för förskolans anställda.

    Boken har tre övergripande teman:

    - omsorg, empati och fostran

    - undervisning och förskolans innehåll

    - förutsättningar för lek och lärande.

    Kapitlen illustreras med konkreta exempel från förskolan av såväl fallbeskrivningar som redovisning av forskningsstudier. Innehållet bygger på ny forskning och är anpassat efter centrala frågor för arbetet med de yngsta barnen. Boken vänder sig till blivande förskollärare och personal verksam inom förskolan. Den fungerar både för enskild läsning och för diskussion under utbildningen eller i arbetslaget.

  • 66.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Anthropomorphically speaking: on communication between teachers and children in early childhood biology education2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study a particular kind of figurative language, so-called anthropomorphic speech, is analysed in the context of science activities in a preschool setting. Anthropomorphism means speaking about something non-human in human terms. Can any systematic pattern be seen with regard to when such speech is used? Do children and/or teachers introduce this kind of talking and how is it responded to by the interlocutor(s)? Of 128 instances of anthropomorphism found, 24 were made by the children and 104 by the teachers. Children sometimes respond in line with the introduction of such speech but they also at times reject this way of speaking. Anthropomorphic speech is discussed as a strategy for the teachers in handling the dilemma of how to connect with children’s experiences and terms, on the one hand, and developing children’s understanding, on the other hand.

  • 67.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Barn vill veta: vuxna vill styra och lära ut på sitt sätt2012Inngår i: Socialpolitik, ISSN 1104-6376, nr 3, 32-34 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 68.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Children's questions during a science activity in preschool2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study children’s questions during a science activity concerning what soil is, are analysed. The empirical study has its background in research on children’s learning (Pramling Samuelsson & Asplund Carlsson, 2003, 2008) and a new view of the Swedish preschool’s commissions (Ministry of Education and science, 1998; memorandum U2008). Children are seen as active in their own learning and as developing on the basis of their own experiences in communication with the surrounding world (Pramling Samuelsson & Asplund Carlsson, 2003). In preschool, children shall develop knowledge about different contents, areas of knowledge. One such content is science (Ministry of Education and Science, 1998).  Through the history of preschool, the object of learning has seldom been in focus of the activity. Instead, methods and attitudes have been given precedence (Pramling Samuelsson & Asplund Carlsson, 2008).  The ideal of preschool education has over time been characterized as a tradition where children’s development of personality has been given priority over children’s knowledge development (Thulin, 2006). On the basis of Fritzell’s (2004) interpretation of the education concept, it can be expressed as preschool has had its focus on “who you will become” rather than “what you will know”. With the curriculum of preschool and the government’s claim about an emphasised pedagogically task for the preschool (memorandum U2008/6144/S) the concern on children’s learning of different contents in preschool has increased. For these reasons, there is a need of a discussion about what a changed commission can mean and what pedagogical consequences it may have for activities in preschools and teachers actions. Questions about what may constitute a relevant content and didactic are on the agenda (Persson, 2008; Pramling Samuelsson et al., 2008; Thulin, 2006). In teaching contexts, the importance of the teacher’s questions is often pointed out. Several researchers call attention to the importance of so-called open questions where the child generates a reply, in contrast to so-called closed questions where there is a correct and expected answer on behalf of the teacher (Doverborg & Pramling Samuelsson, 2003). In an investigation into what happens with the object of learning in preschool (Thulin, 2006), the analysis of the teacher-child conversation showed a discussing climate. However, when the communication was studied more in detail, a traditional pedagogy of an asking teacher and a replying child was visible. Questions by a child were often met by another (new) question from the teacher and the child’s question remained unanswered. The result of the study (Thulin, 2006) also showed that when the teacher’s questions seemed to get precedence in a learning situation, children risked to be left to their one own search after sense and meaning. The results imply the importance of a more close analysis of what children ask questions about during work with a specific content. In this study, children’s questions during a work with a scientific phenomenon (what soil is) in preschool are studied. Children’s questions are here seen as an expression of their experiences and search for sense and understanding (cf. Marton & Booth, 2000; Siraj-Blachford & Mac Leod-Brudenell, 2003). The empirical data of the study has been generated through video observations of scientific activities in preschool. Twelve children (3-5 years) and three teachers participate in the study. The results are presented on the basis of the focus of the children’s questions and discussed in relation to children’s perspectives, learning and the theme work over time. The results show that children to large extent have the actual (intended) content in focus and that children’s questions constitute an important didactic starting point when interacting about a specific content.

     

  • 69.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Children’s questions during a science activity in preschool2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 70.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Communication about natural science in early childhood education in Sweden.2013Inngår i: Research school in Childhood, Learning and Didactics: Framework and ongoing research Part II / [ed] Ingegerd Tallberg Broman, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 71.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Förskolan och naturvetenskapen2016Inngår i: Naturvetenskap i ett förskoleperspektiv: kreativa lärandeprocesser / [ed] Susanne Thulin, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, 15-29 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 72.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    How to deal with a specific content?: Teachers and children communicate about ecological phenomena in a Swedish preschool2013Inngår i: Variation theory in early childhood education focus on learning: focus on learning / [ed] Agneta Ljung Djärf, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of a new view of the Swedish preschool’s commissions it has been argued that preschool children (1-6 years) shall develop knowledge of different content areas. For these reasons, there is a need of a discussion about what a changed commission can mean and what pedagogical consequences it may have for activities in preschools and teachers actions. Questions about what may constitute a relevant content and didactic are on the agenda.

    One content area the commission highlighted is natural science and one important aspect of this is to make ecological phenomena visible in children’s everyday life. The aim of the present paper is to report on a study of verbal communication between teachers and children in preschool about ecological phenomena. Children are here seen as active in their own learning and that develops on the basis of their own experiences in communication with the surrounding world. A preschool unit was followed by video observation during two months when working on themes about life in a tree stump. 21 children (3-6 years) and three teachers participate in the study. The empirical data consists of video observations. Focusing the verbal communication the data observations have been transcribed. The transcriptions were analysed from the know-what and the know-how aspect of learning. The result is presented on the basis of the communication of the what-perspective and is discussed in terms of what is noticed and how the children’s understandings are communicated.  The connections between children’s ability to understand and communicate their observations, as well as the role of the preschool teacher dealing with a specific content are finally discussed.

  • 73.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Naturvetenskap i ett förskoleperspektiv: kreativa lärandeprocesser2016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I förskolans läroplan har ämnet naturvetenskap fått en framträdande plats. Men när förskolans lärare tillsammans med barnen ska göra naturvetenskap till praktik uppstår många frågor. Vad kan naturvetenskap förstås som? Hur kan uppdraget om naturvetenskap i förskolan realiseras? Hur kan barns erfarenheter och föreställningar mötas och tas tillvara och samtidigt utmanas till fördjupat lärande? Det finns inte ett sätt att göra detta, utan flera.

    Den här boken erbjuder en mängd didaktiska perspektiv som berör såväl valet av innehåll som förhållningssätt och metoder grundade i beprövad erfarenhet och vetenskap.

    Bokens syfte är att synliggöra, diskutera och utveckla kunskap om hur naturvetenskap som kunskapsområde i förskolan kan förstås och få sin praktiska utövning. I bokens olika kapitel ges både teoretiska och praktiska redskap som är användbara vid planering, genomförande, utvärdering och utveckling av innehållsområdet.

  • 74.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Naturvetenskap i förskolan – på skoj eller med allvar?2012Inngår i: Förskoletidningen, ISSN 0348-0364, Vol. 37, nr 1, 25-32 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 75.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Samlingsrapport: för forskningscirkel med Naturvetenskaplig inriktning genomförd på Högskolan Kristianstad HT 15-VT 162016Collection/Antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 76.
    Thulin, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Att beskriva och analysera kvalitativa förändringar i pedagogers sätt att tala om undervisning och naturvetenskap som innehåll i förskolans verksamhet2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att beskriva och analysera kvalitativa förändringar i pedagogers sätt att tala om undervisning och naturvetenskap som innehåll i förskolans verksamhet

    Qualitative changes in teachers’ ways of talking about teaching and science as content in preschool practice

    Laila Gustavsson och Susanne Thulin, Kristianstad University

    The aim of the research project presented here is to analyze and describe how pre-school teachers during an in-service training period develop theoretical knowledge about focusing the content when planning for teaching science in pre-school. This particular training period can be seen as needed due to a new school 16

     

    law and a revised curriculum for Swedish pre-schools in 2011, where the concept teaching in pre-school is used for the first time and different content areas as mathematics and science is highlighted. The variation theory is here used as a framework for analysis as well as for the pre-school teachers planning for teaching in pre-school (Marton & Booth, 1997). The theory is developed from the phenomenographic approach and can be described in terms of learning object, critical aspects, discernment, simultaneity, variation and a shared space of learning (Marton, 2014). The results in a phenomenographic study is an outcome space of categories describing qualitatively different ways of experiencing the same phenomenon. 30 pre-school teachers from 10 different pre-schools in nine different municipalities participated in the project. The empirical material consist of a questionnaire with open ended questions as the preschool teachers answered in the beginning and in the end of the training period, and of group reports as were written from scientific projects. The study has followed the ethical guidelines of the Swedish Research Council (2002). The results can be discussed as a number of critical aspects in relation to teachers' learning as: ways of understand the concept of variation, to discern the object of learning and a shared space of learning. One important factor to point out concerning the design of in-service training is the importance of keeping together theories of children’s learning and the learning object (science).

    References

    Marton, F. (2014). Necessary Conditions of Learning. New York: Routledge.

    Marton, F., & Booth, S. (1997). Learning and awarness. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.

    Swedish Research Council. (2002). Forskningsetiska principer inom humanistisk och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning [Ethical Guidelines for Humanities and Social Science. Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet.

     

  • 77.
    Thulin, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Qualitative changes in teachers’ ways of talking about teaching and science as content in preschool practice2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Qualitative changes in teachers’ ways of talking about teaching and science as content in preschool practicepresentationsformat: Muntlig presentationabstract: The aim of the research project presented here is to analyze and describe how pre-school teachers during an in-service training period develop theoretical knowledge about focusing the content when planning for teaching science in pre-school. This particular training period can be seen as needed due to a new school law and a revised curriculum for Swedish pre-schools in 2011, where the concept teaching in pre-school is used for the first time and different content areas as mathematics and science is highlighted. The variation theory is here used as a framework for analysis as well as for the pre-school teachers planning for teaching in pre-school (Marton & Booth, 1997). The theory is developed from the phenomenographic approach and can be described in terms of learning object, critical aspects, discernment, simultaneity, variation and a shared space of learning (Marton, 2014). The results in a phenomenographic study is an outcome space of categories describing qualitatively different ways of experiencing the same phenomenon. 30 pre-school teachers from 10 different pre-schools in nine different municipalities participated in the project. The empirical material consist of a questionnaire with open ended questions as the preschool teachers answered in the beginning and in the end of the training period, and of group reports as were written from scientific projects. The study has followed the ethical guidelines of the Swedish Research Council (2002). The results can be discussed as a number of critical aspects in relation to teachers' learning as: ways of understand the concept of variation, to discern the object of learning and a shared space of learning. One important factor to point out concerning the design of in-service training is the importance of keeping together theories of children’s learning and the learning object (science).Key-word: Preschool teacher, In-service training, Teaching, Science, Variation theory, Phenomenography

  • 78.
    Thulin, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Hellberg, Lina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Backman, Anna
    Gothenburg University.
    Science communication in Early Childhood Education: examples from Swedish preschools2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Preschool in Sweden is a voluntary school form entailing education and play. A national curriculum with learning goals regulates educational activities, and prescribes covering science. This mission affects practices, teachers' knowledge, and competences. Didactical approaches, in relation to children's learning are on the agenda. We will discuss and problematize teaching of science based on three research reports. The research adheres to the ethical guidelines of the Swedish Research Council.

    (1) Science communication – children and teachers

    Firstly we report from a design-based research project where viable science practices were developed and implemented with a focus on communication. Collected video data was analysed based on phenomenography and developmental pedagogy. Analysis of teachers’ planning of consecutive activities with children focusing the intended object of learning (forces and motion) is presented. The importance of content,  educational knowledge, and teachers' experiences of their mission is discussed.

    (2) Science communication – children and tablets

    Secondly we report on a study of the potential of tablets as scaffolds in collaborative inquiry-based science learning in preschools. Specifically, we have investigated the role of Time-lapse photography and Slowmation production in scaffolding communication and learning. The theoretical framework is phenomenography  and developmental pedagogy. Video and qualitative data measures were collected. The potential of teachers, children and researchers jointly developing, enacting and evaluating learning processes supported by tablets in preschool is discussed.

    (3) Science communication – booktalks about shadows

    Thirdly we report on a study about opportunities for children in preschool to discern the physical phenomenon ‘shadow’ in conversations from various children's books. The theoretical framework is variation theory with phenomenography as an analysing method. Research results based on children´s perspective will be discussed in order to show how children perceived shadow, when talking about literature that contains fiction, visual art as well as scientific illustrations. 

  • 79.
    Thulin, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Helldén, Gustav
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Teachers and children communicate about ecological phenomena in a Swedish prescool2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of an increasing awareness about the importance of ecological questions and the need for a sustainable development, it has been argued that Swedish preschool children shall develop knowledge also about natural science. One important aspect of this is to make ecological phenomena visible in children’s every day life. The aim of the present paper is to report on a study of verbal communication between teachers and children in preschool about ecological phenomena. Children are here seen as active in their own learning and that develops on the basis of their own experiences in communication with the surrounding world. 21 children (3-6 years) and three teachers participate in the study. Six of the 21 children do not have Swedish as their first language.  A preschool unit was followed by video observation during two months when working on themes about life in a tree stump and decomposition of leaves. Focusing the verbal communication the data observations have been transcribed. Then the transcriptions were analysed from the know-what and the know-how aspect of learning. The result is presented on the basis of the communication of the what-perspective and is discussed in terms of what is noticed and how the children’s understandings are communicated.  Finally we discuss the connections between children’s ability to understand and communicate their observations, as well as the role of the preschool teacher and education for a sustainable development.

  • 80.
    Thulin, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    An aesthetic dimension of children’s experienced world?2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this presentation we want to elucidate children’s own experiences and the other is an aesthetic dimension of learning. In modern education children’s experiences are considered to be a starting point for their learning and development. To take advantage of and make use of each child’s knowledge seems to be a pedagogical consequence in the learning processes. The concept of aesthetics has often got a one-sided interpretation as a methodical support for learning and development. The tendency is to view aesthetic expressions as a method related to children’s development and acquisition of knowledge. The purpose of this study is to find out how aesthetics can be seen as one dimension of children’s experienced world. The study took place in a pre-school setting with children 3-5 year of age. The data consist of video observations in situations where teachers and children work with science content or more specifically they investigated; “What is soil?” The data are analyzed qualitatively. Three categories of children’s experienced world can be discerned and seen as related to three different ways of acting. On a general level one conclusion is, that aesthetics is a natural part of children’s experienced world and that it is of importance for children equal right in their meaning making. Strong or weak aesthetics in a learning situation will be further discussed and problemized.

  • 81.
    Thulin, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Att göra bruk av barns perspektiv2013Inngår i: Barndom, lärande och ämnesdidaktik / [ed] Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid & Tallberg Broman, Ingegerd, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2013, 1, 43-58 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 82.
    Thulin, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Child perspectives and children's perspectives: a concern for teachers in preschool2014Inngår i: Educare 2014:2: Childhood, Learning and Didactics / [ed] Lotta Bergman (huvudredaktör), Ingegerd Ericsson, Nanny Hartsmar, Lena Lang, Caroline Ljungberg, Thomas Småberg och Johan Söderman, Malmö: Malmö högskola , 2014, nr 2, 13-37 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to study and problematize the importance of the communicative approach of teachers related to child perspectives and children’s perspectives as well as the meaning for children's learning. The article is based on empirical material from two observational studies of preschool teachers at two Swedish preschools, children aged between 1 and 6. One theoretical basis of this article is that teachers not only ought to observe the understanding children are carriers of. Teachers also have to make use of the understanding in the continuing learning process to be able to support children's learning. Children need to be given the opportunity to be aware of and experience how their own understanding can be linked to new experiences. The results reveal qualitatively distinct communicative approaches with regard to how teachers verbally engage in and make use of what children are occupied with. The discussion relates this to child perspectives combined with children’s perspectives as a didactic basis.

  • 83.
    Thulin, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Ljung Djärf, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Mårdsjö Olsson, Ann-Charlotte
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Förskolans uppdrag2013Inngår i: Learning Study i förskolan / [ed] Mona Holmqvist Olander, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2013, 1Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 84. Wahlgren, S.
    et al.
    Lindahl, Ingrid
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Dinosauriers dans - ett matematikprojekt2013Inngår i: Modern barndom, ISSN 1400-0733, nr 1, 26-29 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 85.
    Økland Sortland, Merete
    et al.
    Norge.
    Tikkanen, Tarja
    Norge.
    Presthus Heggen, Marianne
    Norge.
    Holter, Kari
    Norge.
    Langholm, Guri
    Norge.
    Broström, Stig
    Danmark.
    Bollingberg, Karen
    Danmark.
    Damgaard, Birgitte
    Danmark.
    Frøkjær, Thorleif
    Danmark.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Ladstein, Sigve
    Norge.
    Grutle Nappen, Kari
    Norge.
    Norddahl, Kristin
    Island.
    Harju-Luukkainen, Heidi
    Finland.
    Staffans, Eva
    Finland.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Kvalitet i barnehagelærerutdanning i naturvitenskap: en fellesnordisk studiemodul2017Inngår i: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, Vol. 13, nr 1, 97-111 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a new joint Nordic study module consisting of a theoretical framework, the kindergarten teacher students’ case study and a reflection talk, in natural science for the kinder-garten teacher education. The module is developed through an interdisciplinary collaboration in the Nordplus network: Learning of science concepts by kindergarten children: Nordic study module for the kindergarten teacher education (NATGREP), with science and quality in the kindergarten teacher education in focus. The introduction describes the Nordic kindergartens shortly, and concepts as quality and competence are shortly discussed. It is followed by the module’s theoretical framework. Then the study module’s development process is described accompanied by reflections of the student’s case studies in relation to the theoretical framework. At the end, the work with the study module is summarised, and the main conclusion is that the study module contributes positively to the students’ skills development, both in science and quality.

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