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  • 1.
    Pajalic, Zada
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Matdistribution till hemmaboende äldre personer ur flera perspektiv2013Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of this study was to gain insight into municipal food distribution from several perspectives: that of the clients, mainly elderly people, and also from the perspectives of different professionals and decision makers. An action research approach was chosen, as the characteristics of this method were deemed to be correct in relation to the basic aim of the study. This thesis is based on four empirical studies. Study I aimed to explore various professionals’ experiences of involvement in food distribution (FD) in order to get a comprehensive understanding of the organization, responsibilities and roles. The results showed that FD is a fragmentary intervention where a comprehensive perspective and clear roles of responsibility are lacking. Study II aimed to gain insight and to describe the experiences of home-living elderly people who receive hot meals distributed by their municipality. The results showed that there were feelings of dependency, and loneliness among the elderly participants, however they also expressed gratitude for the opportunity to have their meals delivered to their home.  Study III aimed to describe how the professionals can identify needs for improvement and improve the municipal FD service to home living elderly people. The need to update and increase the FD recipient’s knowledge in nutrition by sending information letters was found to be an important area to focus on. Evaluation of letters resulted in the decision to continue preparing and distributing information letters to all FD recipients twice a year and to make the information letters assessable on the websites of the six municipalities and county councils involved. Study IV aimed to describe the decision maker’s views on FD and to report their suggestions for which areas reported from studies I-III should be taken into consideration as starting points to improve the municipal FD. The findings resulted in the decisions to monitor the elderly’s health and wellbeing while providing FD and to increase the professionals’ competence and to create a forum for inter-professional communication. In conclusion, this thesis illustrates that there is a necessity to identify the needs for general improvement of FD by involving the participants and to start out from their personal experiences and in their own context.

  • 2.
    Petersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Att göra abstrakta begrepp och komplexa situationer konkreta: en avhandling om deltagarbaserad aktionsforskning i svensk vård och omsorg2009Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation covers the subject of how abstract concepts and complex situations can be concretized through research together with practitioners. The dissertation is based on four empirical studies. The researcher role, the practitioner participation and the methods for data collection and analysis have varied. In study I the concept ‘Närsjukvård’ was explored to understand how practitioners, managers and politicians in hospitals, primary health care and municipalities interpreted the concept. The researcher acted as consultant who collected data by interviews and questionnaires. Practitioners’ participation was limited. ‘Närsjukvård’ was interpreted as accessibility to hospital beds, accessibility to primary health care, collaboration between care providers and continuity and developed home care. Study II aimed to explore how people experienced leg ulcer care. The researcher acted as a consultant who performed the interviews and analysed the data. Although the informants experienced their encounters with the nurses as satisfying, the study illuminated low participation in the care and low practitioner involvement in issues about daily living with the leg ulcer. The findings were brought back to the informants and the practitioners. The project did not proceed towards development and change. In study III the aim was to explore the Swedish concept ‘trygghet’ by using stories from daily life. Four older women were interviewed and the Story Dialogue method was used together with assistant nurses and registered nurses who participated in data collection and analysis. Two themes emerged: Sense of Security and factors strengthening the Sense of Security. Together with the assistant nurses, areas for improvements were identified. Study IV aimed to explore the discharge planning situation in order to generate ideas for development. Members from a discharge planning network participated in the whole research process. Conditions for a successful coordinated discharge planning situation were a system including: the participation of the patient, the competence of the staff and the support from the organisation. The group arranged a workshop about communication and interdisciplinary collaboration. The findings resulted in a form with self-evaluation questions. In conclusion, this thesis illustrates that it is possible to clarify abstract concepts and complex situations together with practitioners. To do this successfully, sense making activities and to start from practitioners’ experiences and their own context are key factors. The studies illuminate that building trust, relationship and sense of participation are essential in health and social care in general and specifically in the participatory action research process.

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