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  • 1.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Nilsson, P.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Bringsén, Åsa
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Positive work experience factors relate to salutogenic health-a survey among Swedish hospital employees2012Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 22, nr Suppl. 2, 156-156 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 2.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Oral health status in geriatric rehabilitation patients2004Inngår i: International Journal of Dental Hygiene, ISSN 1601-5029, E-ISSN 1601-5037, Vol. 2, nr 1, 45-45 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 3.
    Beck, Ingela
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Increasing nurse assistants' focus on residents' situation and needs by applying a palliative care approach in residential care facilities2014Inngår i: Journal of Palliative Care, ISSN 0825-8597, Vol. 30, nr 3, 238- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4.
    Cappelen, Birgitta
    et al.
    Oslo School of Architecture and Design.
    Andersson, Anders-Petter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Musicking tangibles for empowerment2012Inngår i: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, ISSN 0302-9743, E-ISSN 1611-3349, Vol. 7382, 254-261 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we present a novel approach towards understanding and design of interactive music technology for people with special needs. The health effects of music are well documented, but very little research has been done and interactive music technology been developed, for Music Therapy and health improvement in everyday situations. Further, the music technology that has been used, exploits very little of the potential current computer technology has to offer the Music and Health and Music Therapy fields, because it is designed and used based on a very narrow perspective on technology and its potential. We present and argue for a broader understanding of music technology for empowerment and health improvement, building on a multidisciplinary approach and combining perspectives from Tangible interaction design with empowerment and resource oriented Music Therapy. We call this concept MusickingTangibles, inspired by the musicologist Christopher Small's important term "musicking". We further present two Musicking Tangibles we have designed, and argue for their empowering qualities based on user observations.

  • 5.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Larsson, Emma
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Workplace factors predict good health but not good quality of life: a population-based Swedish questionnaire study2006Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 16, nr Suppl. 1, 173- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 6.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Sollerhed, Ann-Christin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Predictors of good quality of life in school children: a population-based Swedish study using a new concept, Positive Odds Ratio2002Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 12, nr Suppl. 1, 53- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 7.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Sollerhed, Ann-Christine
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lower self-perceived competence and less favourable body image in overweight school children2005Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 15, nr Suppl. 1, 172- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 8.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Sollerhed, Ann-Christine
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Lower self-perceived competence and less favourable body image in overweight school children. Paper presented at the 13TH EUPHA CONFERENCE, Promoting the public's health: reorienting health policies, linking health promotion and health care, Graz, 10-12 November2005Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 15, nr Suppl. 1, 172- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 9.
    Furenbäck, Ingela
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Improving the quality of care through communication arena2013Inngår i: International Journal of Integrated Care, ISSN 1568-4156, E-ISSN 1568-4156, Vol. 13, nr WCIC Conf SupplArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Collaboration has become an increasingly more common strategy when developing care sectors while, coincidentally, experience and research show that collaboration development may be problematic in itself. This study aims to achieve better understanding of collaboration processes.

    Method: A local project that aimed at improving the quality of healthcare and social care by developing the co-operation between organizations took place in Sweden, and by using participatory action research, PAR, this process was followed between 2004 and 2008. Material was gathered through participant observation from the perspective of patients, relatives, staff, managers and politicians. A descriptive narrative was compiled and a hermeneutic interpretation was performed.

    Results: Initially, the development of collaboration was impeded due to lack of communication between the participants from various levels within the organizations. With the support of PAR, communication arenas were arranged to handle social interaction as well as different perspectives and conflicts, which led to improved collaboration within the organizations as well as between the care organizations.

    Conclusion: Development of collaboration between organizations reflects how collaboration within one organization works. Collaboration is a social and interpersonal phenomenon, and readily available communication arenas are crucial for its development.

  • 10.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Lund University.
    Sleep and media habits in school children and adolescents2015Inngår i: Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy, ISSN 2167-0277Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to investigate the effects of sleep, television use and texting and computer habits on overweight, enjoyment of school and feelings of tiredness at school in school-age children and adolescents. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Sweden on school children aged 6-16. A questionnaire was distributed to the children (n=3011 in survey I; n=204 in survey II). Children who slept less than the median length of time reported enjoying school to a lesser degree. Fewer hours of sleep were found to be associated with having a bedroom television using the television or computer more than 2 hours a day, being tired at school and having difficulties in sleeping and waking up. Overweight and obesity were found in 15.8% of the study population; obesity alone was found in 3.1%. Relationships between lifestyle factors and overweight were studied using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Having a bedroom television and using the television more than 2 hours per day were found to be associated with overweight but using the computer more than 2 hours a day was not. About 61% of the students aged 16 reported checking Facebook or social media at least once a day and 27% reported doing so for more than 10 times a day. One fourth of the students aged 16 had a habit of sending or receiving text messages at night at least once a week. Texting at night and frequent checking of Facebook and social media sites were related to sleep problems.

  • 11.
    Giacalone, Davide
    et al.
    Danmark.
    Wendin, Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Kremer, Stefanie
    Nederländerna.
    Bom Frøst, Michael
    Danmark.
    Bredie, Wender L. P.
    Danmark.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Otto, Marie H.
    Danmark.
    Skjoldborg, Signe
    Danmark.
    Lindberg, Ulla
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Risvik, Einar
    Norge.
    Health and quality of life in an aging population – food and beyond2016Inngår i: Food Quality and Preference, ISSN 0950-3293, E-ISSN 1873-6343, Vol. 47, nr Part B, 166-170 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In Europe the percentage of citizens aged 65 and over is increasing at an unprecedented rate, and is expected to account for over 30% of the population by 2050. Coupled with an increase in life expectancy, this massive demographic change calls for a major effort to ensure quality of life in our older population. A thorough understanding of the elderly as food consumers, their nutritional needs, their food perception and preferences are increasingly needed. The role of food in healthy aging was a prominent theme at the 6th European Conference on Sensory and Consumer Research, which had quality of life across the life span as a focal point. This short paper is based on a workshop held at the EuroSense meeting, focusing on research from sensory and consumer scientists. The workshop featured contributions focusing on food-related perception, needs and behavior of the elderly, and aimed at demonstrating the relevance of sensory and consumer scientists in promoting food-related well-being in an aging population. The workshop contributions are here reviewed and summarized three main themes: nutritional needs, food perception and aging, and behavioral drivers of food consumption.

  • 12.
    Haatveit, Beathe
    et al.
    Oslo University Hospital.
    Melle, Ingrid
    Oslo University Hospital.
    Jensen, Jimmy
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Sundet, Kjetil
    University of Oslo.
    Vaskinn, Anja
    University of Oslo.
    Simonsen, Carmen
    Oslo University Hospital.
    Andreassen, Ole
    Oslo University Hospital.
    Ueland, Torill
    Oslo University Hospital.
    Are executive functions stable in first episode patients?: one year follow-up study2014Inngår i: Early Intervention in Psychiatry, ISSN 1751-7885, E-ISSN 1751-7893, Vol. 8, 75- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Testing for unidimensionality using the principal component analysis (PCA)/t test protocol in Rasch analysis: a cautionary note2013Inngår i: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 22, nr 1 Suppl., 63-64 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Hagell, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Knutsson, Ida
    Lund University.
    Single-item assessment of perceived health in neurological disorders: verbal response categories vs visual analog scale2013Inngår i: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 22, nr 1 Suppl., 116-117 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Höglund, A.
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Broman, J. -E
    Uppsala universitet.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Palhagen, S.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Fredrikson, S.
    Karolinska institutet.
    Excessive daytime sleepiness in Parkinson's disease: a 10-year longitudinal study2017Inngår i: European Journal of Neurology, ISSN 1351-5101, E-ISSN 1468-1331, Vol. 24, 485-485 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Radiation tolerance in tardigrades: evidence and implications2008Inngår i: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A, ISSN 1095-6433, E-ISSN 1531-4332, Vol. 151, nr Suppl. 1, S33- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Tardigrades belong to the most desiccation-tolerant animals on Earth, and are able to lose practically all water in their cells without dying. Recent investigations have also confirmed a seminal study from 1964 showing that tardigrades have an extraordinary tolerance also to ionizing radiation. The biochemical and physiological mechanisms behind these two tolerance phenomena, and the possible functional link between them, is currently not understood. However, the finding that desiccated and non-desiccated tardigrades show similar tolerances to ionizing radiation suggests that radiation tolerance in these animals is not a physical function of the dry state. Rather, both mechanisms preventing damage and mechanisms repairing damage to cell components are likely to be involved. The possible involvement of DNA repair mechanisms in tolerances of anhydrobiotic animals make them of special interest for understanding naturally evolved adaptations for coping with environmental agents inducing damage to DNA. I will summarize our current knowledge about radiation tolerance in tardigrades and other anhydrobiotic animals, discuss some of its implications for our understanding of desiccation tolerance, and also present some recent data on radiation tolerance in tardigrade embryos.

  • 17. Karlsson, A.
    et al.
    Nilsson, M.
    Holmström, J.
    Hedov, Gerth
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Gastric bypass surgery: patient experiences of psychological and physical perspective2014Inngår i: Obesity Surgery, ISSN 0960-8923, E-ISSN 1708-0428, Vol. 24, nr 7, 1022- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 18.
    Karlsson, Leif
    Högskolan Kristianstad, LärandeResursCentrum.
    Academic quality and internships: students’ account on the value of theory in practice2011Inngår i: Learning Communities: International Journal of Learning in Social Contexts, ISSN 1329-1440, Vol. 1, nr 2, 4-20 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    At Kristianstad University in Sweden it has been decided that all study programmes should have work-placed training consisting of at least a period of five weeks. In different strategy documents the University states that the main reason for this is to raise employability. At the same time the importance of maintaining academic quality is stressed. Interviews were carried out in 2006 with 22 students from The Health Promotion and Education Programme concerning what they perceived as the value and relevance of the concepts that are essential to academic quality, scientific foundation/scholarly activity, critical thinking and reflection, with respect to their practical activities during their internship. The results of the study show that the students perceived the value and relevance of the concepts quite differently. The five different patterns or categories that emerged: undeveloped, separated, performance-oriented, oppositional and participatory all give different prerequisites for developing professional expertise. The study reveals the importance of the students perceiving academic thinking to be important to their practical activities during their internship, but also the significance of a greater interaction between theory and practice for maintaining a better standard of education within higher education and for developing the prerequisites for professional expertise.

  • 19.
    Khalaf, Atika
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Nurses’ views and experiences of caring for malnourished patients in surgical settings in South Western Saudi Arabia (KSA)2012Inngår i: Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0261-5614, E-ISSN 1532-1983, Vol. 7, nr Suppl. 1, 264-265 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 20.
    Koinberg, Inga-Lill
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Engholm, G. B.
    Department of Oncology, University Hospital, Örebro.
    Genell, A.
    Oncological center west health care region, University hospital, Gothenburg.
    Holmberg, L.
    Department of surgical sciences, Uppsala University.
    A health economic evaluation of follow up after breast cancer surgery: result from of an rct study2008Inngår i: European Journal of Cancer Supplements, ISSN 1359-6349, Vol. 6, nr 7, 167- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: We studied the costs of following 264 breast cancer patients, stage I and II, randomised to two different follow-up programmes in a prospective trial, involving, on the one hand, routine follow-up visits to the physician with follow-up visits twice a year or more over five years (PG = physician group), and on the other, specialist nurse intervention with check-ups on demand (NG = nurse group). The trial period was 5 years. The women in the two intervention groups did not differ in anxiety and depression, their satisfaction with care, their experienced accessibility to the medical centre or their medical outcome as measured by recurrence or death.

    Patients and Methods: The analyses were done from different lists representing costs at three hospitals in Sweden according to the principles of a cost minimization study. Result: The cost per person year of follow-up differed between the groups, with €630 per person year in PG compared to €495 per person year in NG. Thus, specialist nurse intervention with check-ups on demand was 20% less expensive than routine follow-up visits to the physician. The main difference in cost between the groups was explained by the numbers of visits to the physician in the respective study arms. There were 21% more primary contacts in PG than NG.

    Discussion: The difference in cost per year and patient by study arm is modest, but transforms to nearly €9,000 per patient and 5-year period, offering a substantial opportunity for reallocating resources since breast cancer is the most prevalent tumour worldwide.

  • 21.
    Lee, N. M.
    et al.
    Tyskland.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Braissant, O.
    Schweiz.
    Schrallhammer, M.
    Italien.
    Petroni, G.
    Italien.
    Schmid, M.
    Tyskland.
    Rettberg, P.
    Tyskland.
    Horneck, G.
    Tyskland.
    The microbiology of tardigrades and its potential role for astrobiological research2010Inngår i: Origins of life and evolution of the biosphere, ISSN 0169-6149, E-ISSN 1573-0875, Vol. 40, nr 6, 555-556 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 22.
    Lindblad, A
    et al.
    Gothenburg University.
    Dahlin-Ivanoff, S.
    Gothenburg University.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet. Gothenburg University.
    Body composition and physical function in healthy community-dwelling older adults in Sweden, a cross-sectional study2014Inngår i: The Journal of Frailty & Aging, ISSN 2260-1341, Vol. 3, nr 1, 65-65 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Limited data are available on body composition (BC) and physical function in healthy adults >80 y, potentially hampering development of reference values. We aimed to study 1) BC and physical function and 2) changes in hand-grip strength over a 4-year period in a community dwelling elderly Swedish population.

    Methods: Apparently healthy, community-dwelling men (n=51) and women (n=51) aged >83y were measured by Sit to Stand-test, hand grip strength, body height, body weight and BC using a Bioimpedance Spectroscopy (Impedimed). The study was approved by the Regional Ethical Review Board in Gothenburg as an addition to Elderly Persons in the Risk Zone (T176-12).

    Results: Mean age 86.5 y, no age difference between sexes. Men and women performed equally well at the Sit to Stand-test. Men were significantly stronger with a mean HGS of 34.1 kg compared to women of 19.5 kg. 15 % had a BMI below 22 kg/m2. According to skeletal muscle index (SMI) 64 % were assessed as having severe sarcopenia (Cruz-Jentoft et al 2010).

    Conclusion: In this healthy elderly population BC and physical function was well preserved compared to previous studies, although many were classified as sarcopenic according to current cut-offs. Results from this study can be used as reference values for healthy community-dwelling elderly in high age.

  • 23.
    Løvereide, Lise
    et al.
    Norge.
    Larsen, Jan-Petter
    Norge.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Measuring life satisfaction in people with Parkinson's disease and healthy controls using the satisfaction with life scale2016Inngår i: Quality of Life Research, ISSN 0962-9343, E-ISSN 1573-2649, Vol. 25, nr Suppl. 1, 150- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Nilsson, Bo
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Music, young people and physical impairment2012Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 22, nr Suppl. 2, 177- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25.
    Orvelius, L.
    et al.
    University Hospital of Linköping.
    Mårdh, C.
    Högskolan Kristianstad.
    Agvald-Öhman, C.
    Stockholm University.
    Wickerts, C.-J.
    Stockholm University.
    Walther, S.
    Linköping University.
    Sjöberg, F.
    Linköping University.
    How large is the proportion of patients that show a significant improvement in health related quality of life after extended period of critical illness?2014Inngår i: Intensive Care Medicine, ISSN 0342-4642, E-ISSN 1432-1238, Vol. 40, nr Suppl. 1, S250- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 26.
    Ponomareva, Yuliya
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Umans, Timurs
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Högskolan Kristianstad, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Managerial discretion: balancing opportunities and threats2013Inngår i: Academy of Management Proceedings, ISSN 1543-8643, nr 1, 13759- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of managerial discretion has previously been discussed in the two distinct fields of corporate governance and strategic management research. Strategy researchers view discretion as a scope of opportunities for managers to act upon, while the corporate governance view is that  discretion is a potential threat for a company. We attempt in this paper to unite previously divergent perspectives on the concept by building a comprehensive model that explains the antecedents of managerial discretion at organizational and environmental levels. Within this framework, we develop a typology of managerial discretion consisting of four distinct categories. We propose that the four categories of discretion will inform situations where managers will have different degrees of influence on organizational outcomes.

  • 27.
    Rosander, Ulla
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Rumpunen, Kimmo
    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, SLU.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Sepp, Hanna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Rosander, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Wendin, Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Could a smoothie, rich in nutrients and bioactive substances, improve school performance?2015Inngår i: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, ISSN 0250-6807, E-ISSN 1421-9697, Vol. 67, nr Suppl. 1, 212- s., 149/1319Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Fruits and vegetables contain vitamins, minerals and other bioactive substances, which are important for intellectual performance. In a previous study it was shown that approximately two third of the pupils were hungry the last lesson before lunch. The average fruit and vegetable intake at lunch was much lower than the recommendations.

    Objectives: The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate effect on attention and school performance of a vegetable smoothie, rich in berries, fruits and vegetables, served at the mid-morning brake.

    Method / Design: In total 250 Swedish children aged 10-12 years participated. The study was designed as a cross-over trial with two study periods of ten schooldays. The children were randomly divided into two groups and were administered either an active smoothie (smoothie 1; group A) or a fruit-based placebo with the same energy content (smoothie 2; group B). Both smoothies were designed to provide 5% of the daily energy. After a three week wash-out period, group A was administered smoothie 2 and group B, smoothie 1. Statistical tests were performed using SPSS package, version 22.0, using Independent-Samples T test. Analysis included processing speed (PTO), concentration performance (CP) and percentages of error (Ep) as assessed by the D2-test

    Results: Preliminary analyses indicate that PTO and CP increased during the intervention period, whilst Ep decreased, for both groups. The effect was stronger in the group drinking the active smoothie, than in the group drinking the placebo. The effect might partly be caused by the addition of water and energy

    Conclusions: Attention, and thereby also school performance, may be improved by mid-morning consumption of a smoothie containing water, energy and preferably nutrients and other bioactive substances.

  • 28.
    Rosander, Ulla
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Rumpunen, Kimmo
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Åström, Mikael
    StatCons.
    Rosander, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön ForFame.
    Wendin, Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Technical Research Institute of Sweden.
    Methodological considerations in a pilot study on the effects of a berry enriched smoothie on children's performance in school2016Inngår i: Food & Nutrition Research, ISSN 1654-6628, E-ISSN 1654-661X, Vol. 60, nr 1, Poster presentation no. P307Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims: In many countries, the consumption of fruit, berries, and vegetables is about half the recommended. Berries contain bioactive compounds that may affect cognitive functions. School children are often hungry and thirsty during the lectures before lunch and this affects performance. Could a berry-smoothie decrease thirst and hunger, and thereby affect school performance? The aim was to investigate if a cross-over design can be used to study the effects of a smoothie on performance in a school setting.

    Methods: Methodological challenges included developing an appetizing berry-smoothie and choosing a suitable experimental design that could be adapted to school conditions.

    In the pilot study, 236 Swedish children aged 10–12 years participated in a cross-over design and were administered either a berry-smoothie or a fruit-based placebo after the midmorning break. Both beverages provided 5% of the daily energy intake. Performance was assessed using the d2 Test of Attention measuring attention span and concentration. Statistical analyses were performed using the Wilcoxon signed rank test in StatXact v 10.3.

    Results: The consumption of both the smoothie and the placebo increased the attention span and concentration significantly.

    Conclusion: The children's performance in the d2 Test of Attention was positively affected by beverage consumption. The effect was attributed to the supplementation of water and energy. In this design, the study did not permit any conclusive results regarding the effect of bioactive compounds on performance. In a coming study, a third group, receiving no beverage, should be included aiming to identify the cause of the effect.

  • 29.
    Rosenhall, Ulf
    et al.
    Karolinska University Hospital.
    Idrizbegovic, Esma
    Karolinska University Hospital.
    Hederstierna, Christina
    Karolinska University Hospital.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Dietary habits and hearing2015Inngår i: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 54, nr Suppl. 1, S53-S56 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Study groups from three age cohorts of 70-75 year-olds were investigated to search for possible correlations between dietary habits and auditory function.

    Design: A cross-sectional, epidemiological study.

    Study sample: A total number of 524 people (275 women, 249 men) were recruited from three age cohorts. The study sample was representative of the general population. All participants answered a diet history and were tested with pure-tone audiometry. Eleven categories of food consumption were related to pure-tone averages of low-mid frequency hearing, and high frequency hearing.

    Results: Two consistent correlations between diet and hearing were observed. One was a correlation between good hearing and a high consumption of fish in the male group. The other was a correlation between poor high frequency hearing and a high consumption of food rich in low molecular carbohydrates in both genders; a larger effect size was seen in females.

    Conclusions: The study indicates that diet is important for aural health in aging. According to this study fish is beneficial to hearing, whereas consumption of "junk food", rich in low molecular carbohydrates, is detrimental. Other correlations, e.g. between high consumption of antioxidants, were not demonstrated here, but cannot be excluded.

  • 30.
    Suhonen, R.
    et al.
    Finland.
    Charalambous, A.
    Cypern.
    Berg, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Katajisto, J.
    Finland.
    Lemonidou, C.
    Grekland.
    Patiraki, E.
    Grekland.
    Sjövall, K.
    Lund University.
    Stolt, M.
    Finland.
    Older cancer patients' perceptions of care guality - an international study2016Inngår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 72, nr S1, 29-29 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Cancer is considered as chronic condition, especially in the older people. Prevalence of cancer is especially high in the Nordic countries and Mediterranean countries. People with cancer are a common patient group in the healthcare system.

    Introduction: User perspective, such as patient assessments of care and care quality are central in developing healthcare services. These assessments have a high value in time when there are reforms in social and healthcare services. One core principle in these reforms is patient-centeredness. Earlier studies have shown that older patients differ from other age-based patient groups in their assessments of care quality elements. They were reported to be more positive in their evaluations.

    Aim: The aim of this study was to analyse cancer patients’ perceptions of patient-centered quality and individuality in care and trust in nurses, and to compare these perceptions between patients in the working age and older people. The research questions were: To what extent cancer patients perceive their care is patient-centered quality care, individualised and do they trust in nurses? Are there differences between older cancer patients and those in working age in their perceptions of person-centered quality of care, individuality in care and trust in nurses?

    Materials and methods: The study employed a cross-sectional comparative survey design. Data were collected using questionnaires among hospitalised cancer patients (N = 876, n = 599, 68%) in four countries: Greece, Cyprus, Sweden and Finland. The following instruments were used: The Oncology Patients perceptions of the Quality of Nursing Care Scale (OPPQNCS), the Individualised care Scale (ICS-patient) and Trust in Nurses. The data were divided into two sub-samples based on age (cut point 65 years): Older patients (n = 209) and patients in the working age (n = 387). Data were analysed statistically using cross-tabulation and chi-square statistics, or paired samples t-test.

    Results: In this study cancer patients’ perceptions about individualization and coordination of care, support of individuality and perceived individuality in care were only moderate. Proficiency and responsiveness as part of care quality were reported well realised. Trust in nurses was strong. Older patients and those patients in the working age did not differ in their perceptions of either patient-centered quality of care, individualised care or trust in nurses.

    Conclusions: The results of this study point out topics that need development in order to provide individualised and patient-centered nursing care. Contradictory to many earlier study results, age was not associated with cancer patients’ assessment.

  • 31.
    Tonetti, Maurizio S
    et al.
    Kina.
    Bottenberg, Peter
    Belgien.
    Conrads, Georg
    Tyskland.
    Eickholz, Peter
    Tyskland.
    Heasman, Peter
    Storbritannien.
    Huysmans, Marie-Charlotte
    Nederländerna.
    López, Rodrigo
    Danmark.
    Madianos, Phoebus
    Grekland.
    Müller, Frauke
    Schweiz.
    Needleman, Ian
    Storbritannien.
    Nyvad, Bente
    Danmark.
    Preshaw, Philip M.
    Storbritannien.
    Pretty, Iain
    Storbritannien.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet (OHAL).
    Schwendicke, Falk
    Tyskland.
    Trombelli, Leonardo
    Italien.
    van der Putten, Gert-Jan
    Nederländerna.
    Vanobbergen, Jacques
    Belgien.
    West, Nicola
    Storbritannien.
    Young, Alix
    Norge.
    Paris, Sebastian
    Tyskland.
    Dental caries and periodontal diseases in the ageing population: call to action to protect and enhance oral health and well-being as an essential component of healthy ageing - consensus report of group 4 of the joint EFP/ORCA workshop on the boundaries between caries and periodontal diseases.2017Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051X, Vol. 44, nr Suppl. 18, S135-S144 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Over the last two decades, progress in prevention and treatment of caries and periodontal diseases has been translated to better oral health and improved tooth retention in the adult population. The ageing population and the increasing expectations of good oral health-related quality of life in older age pose formidable challenges to clinical care and healthcare systems.

    AIMS: The objective of this workshop was to critically review scientific evidence and develop specific recommendations to: (i) prevent tooth loss and retain oral function through prevention and treatment of caries and periodontal diseases later in life and (ii) increase awareness of the health benefits of oral health as an essential component of healthy ageing.

    METHODS: Discussions were initiated by three systematic reviews covering aspects of epidemiology of caries and periodontal diseases in elders, the impact of senescence on caries and periodontal diseases and the effectiveness of interventions. Recommendations were developed based on evidence from the systematic reviews and expert opinion.

    RESULTS: Key messages included: (i) the ageing population, trends in risk factors and improved tooth retention point towards an expected increase in the total burden of disease posed by caries and periodontal diseases in the older population; (ii) specific surveillance is required to monitor changes in oral health in the older population; (iii) senescence impacts oral health including periodontitis and possibly caries susceptibility; (iv) evidence indicates that caries and periodontal diseases can be prevented and treated also in older adults; (v) oral health and functional tooth retention later in life provides benefits both in terms of oral and general quality of life and in terms of preventing physical decline and dependency by fostering a healthy diet; (vi) oral healthcare professionals and individuals should not base decisions impacting tooth retention on chronological age but on level of dependency, life expectancy, frailty, comfort and quality of life; and (vii) health policy should remove barriers to oral health care for vulnerable elders.

    CONCLUSIONS: Consensus was reached on specific actionable priorities for public health officials, oral healthcare professionals, educators and workforce planners, caregivers and relatives as well as for the public and ageing patients. Some priorities have major implications for policymakers as health systems need to adapt to the challenge by systemwide changes to enable (promote) tooth retention later in life and management of deteriorating oral health in increasingly dependent elders.

  • 32.
    Westergren, Albert
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Screening for nutritional risk among home dwelling elderly people without service from the municipality2011Inngår i: Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0261-5614, E-ISSN 1532-1983, Vol. 6, nr Suppl. 1, 87- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Risk factors for malnutrition were frequent mamong elderly persons and calls for preventive actions through information about how to eat healthy. This information can be provided during preventive home visits.

  • 33.
    Westergren, Albert
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Undernutrition, mental and physical factors form a triad of coexisting problems2012Inngår i: Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0261-5614, E-ISSN 1532-1983, Vol. 7, nr Suppl.1, 117- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 34.
    Westin, J.
    et al.
    Computer Science, Dalarna University.
    Stenberg, Georg
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön ForFame.
    Development of a test for spatial working memory in Parkinson's disease: sensitivity to medication induced periodic performance changes2012Inngår i: European Journal of Neurology, ISSN 1351-5101, E-ISSN 1468-1331, Vol. 19, nr Suppl. 1, 551-551 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Spatial working memory is susceptible to impairment early on in Parkinson’s disease (PD). Later on, the wearing off phenomenon of motor function during dopaminergic treatment seems to carry over into working memory.

    Aim: To initialize development of a test capable of capturing the variation in spatial working memory within a patient’s daily functioning.

    Methods: The test consisted of 192 instances of n-back, yes/no tasks, with correctness and latency of response automatically recorded. We collected data from two persons, one PD patient and one healthy control, relatively evenly sampled regarding time-of-day. The patient took levodopa once every three hours and performed tests on 70 occasions (the healthy control on 33 occasions). A frequency band containing period lengths from 2 to 4 hours was defined as the region of interest in regard to the medication cycle. The resulting  time  series  were  digitally  band-pass  filtered allowing only the relevant frequencies to pass. Reasoning that filtering would preserve essential information if the time series were periodic, but eradicate it if they were not, we used as our primary outcome measure the correlations between filtered and unfiltered data.

    Results: Correlations between the pass-band relating to the levodopa intake schedule and the full data were positive and significantly larger for the patient than for the control. These differences applied to both latency and accuracy.

    Conclusion: This supports the hypothesis that the test is able to detect levodopa-dependent variations in spatial working memory.

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