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  • 1.
    Andersson, Anders-Petter
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Cappelen, Birgitta
    The Oslo School of Architecture and Design.
    Vocal and tangible technology for music and health2013Inngår i: Book of abstracts: setting the tone: cultures of relating and reflecting in music therapy / [ed] Gro Trondalen, Oslo: The Norwegian Academy of Music , 2013, 24-24 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Our voice and body are important parts of our self-expression and self-experience. They are also essential for our way to communicate and build relations cross borders like abilities, ages, locations, backgrounds and cultures. Voice and tangibility gradually become more important when developing new music technology for the Music Therapy and the Music and Health fields, due to new technology possibilities that have recently arisen. For example smartphones, computer games and networked, social media services like Skype. In this paper we present and discuss our work with voice and tangible interaction in our ongoing research project. The goal is to improve health for families, adults and children with severe disabilities through use of collaborative, musical, tangible sensorial media. We build on use of voice in Music Therapy and studies by Lisa Sokolov, Diane Austin, Kenneth Bruscia and Joanne Loewy. Further we build on knowledge from Multi-sensory stimulation and on a humanistic health approach. Our challenge is to design vocal and tangible, sensorially stimulating interactive media, that through use reduce isolation and passivity and increase empowerment for all the users. We use sound recognition, generative sound synthesis, vibrations and cross- media techniques, to create rhythms, melodies and harmonic chords to stimulate body- voice connections, positive emotions and structures for actions. The reflections in this paper build on action research methods, video observations and research-by-design methods. We reflect on observations of families and close others with children with severe disabilities, interacting in three vocal and tangible installations.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Anders-Petter
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Cappelen, Birgitta
    Oslo School of Architecture & Design.
    Olofsson, Fredrik
    Designing sound for recreation and well-being2014Inngår i: Proceedings of the International Conference on New Interfaces for Musical Expression (NIME 2014) / [ed] Baptiste Caramiaux, Koray Tahiroğlu, Rebecca Fiebrink, Atau Tanaka, 2014, 529-532 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we explore how we compose sound for an interactive tangible and mobile interface, where the goal is to improve health and well-being for families with children with disabilities. We describe the composition process of how we decompose a linear beat-based and vocal sound material and recompose it with real-time audio synthesis and composition rules into interactive Scenes. Scenes that make it possible for the users to select, explore and recreate different sound worlds. In order to recreate, the users interact with the tangible interface in different ways, as instrument, play with it as a friend, improvise and create music and relax with it as ambient sounding furniture. We discuss composition techniques for mixing sound, tangible-physical and lighting elements in the Scenes. Based on observations we explore how a diverse audience in the family and at school can recreate and improvise their own sound experience and play together in open and non-therapeutic everyday situations. We conclude by discussing the possible impact of our findings for the NIME-community; how the techniques of decomposing, recomposing and recreating sound, based on a relational perspective, could contribute to the design of new instruments for musical expression.

  • 3.
    Bringsén, Åsa
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Staff development talks from a wellbeing perspective2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Wellbeing at work is a complex phenomenon and there are thus also many different strategies that can be used for the enhancement of co-workers wellbeing and individual development. On a yearly basis most organizations have manager/employee dialogues, so called performance appraisal interviews or staff development talks (SDT), which sometimes includes a focus on workers wellbeing. Little is however known about managers’ views and carrying through of SDT:s in relation to a wellbeing perspective.

    Aim

    The aim was to explore managers’ description of SDT implementation from a wellbeing perspective.  

    Method

    Fifteen managers (3 women and 12 men with varying age) at different levels of an inter municipal corporation company participated in three focus group interviews. The participants shared their thoughts about SDT:s in general and described their implementation of SDT:s in particular. The results from the interviews were transcribed and analyzed through conventional qualitative content analysis.

    Results

    All the participants found the SDT:s useful for them in their role as managers of different units of the company. Clarity and concretization were considered important but more or less challenging for them depending on the work at the unit. The results showed that the managers had different approaches characterizing the planning and implementation of SDT:s, which resulted in the wellbeing perspective being more or less in focus during the SDT:s. The identified approaches were named operational and interpersonal.

    Conclusion

    Managers different SDT approaches means that the wellbeing perspective is more or less in focus in relation to SDT:s, despite the managers being located in the same company and having the same information as well as dialogue tools. Communication, reflection and senesemaking among managers is thus needed for strengthening the wellbeing perspective in general, with adherent relation to employees having equal opportunities for SDT:s characterized by a wellbeing perspective in particular.

  • 4.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Nurses wellbeing: an important factor for high quality care in residential care facilities2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lunds universitet.
    Steen Carlsson, Katharina
    Lunds universitet.
    Berg, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Clausson, Eva
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Supporting positive mental health development in adolescents with a group cognitive intervention2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Supporting positive mental health development in adolescents is an important school health concern, but there is a need to investigate the suitability of the interventions used.

    Aim: The aim is to investigate the experiences of school health professionals in conducting a universal school-based programme aimed at preventing depressive symptoms in adolescents.

    Methods: Twenty-two school health professionals participated in four focus groups. The interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    Findings: The overall theme identified in the study consists of ‘striking a balance between strictly following the manual and meeting the students’ needs’. Three subthemes emerged: ‘doing good and sowing seeds for the future’, working with insufficient tools, and ‘personal development as a professional and as an individual’.

    Conclusions: School health professionals conducting the programme found it valuable in a school setting, but considered support from the school administration essential.

  • 6.
    Khalaf, Atika
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Karolinska Institute.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Karolinska Institute.
    Hazzaa, A-H
    Saudi Arabia.
    Discrepancies between actual, perceived and ideal body image among young female university students in southwestern Saudi Arabia2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationale: Body-shape preference is an important determinant of obesity and underweight, but studies on body image among females in the Arab region are, at most, scanty. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of underweight and overweight/obesity among Saudi Arabian female university students, and to investigate discrepancies between their actual, perceived and ideal body shape.

    Methods: This cross sectional study included 663  female students in a university centre in Saudi Arabia. Anthropometric measurements including weight, height, BMI and body image scale (9-figures silhouette) were used. A cross-tabulation was made between “warped self-image” against “subjective goal image”. Regression analysis was used to predict variables related to body image perception.

    Results: The participants had a mean age of 20.4 years (SD 1.5), 16% were underweight and 25% were over- weight/obese.Discrepancy in subjective goal image: 44% wished they were slimmer and 20% that they were heavier than what they perceived themselves. Thus, 36% were happy with their current body shape.Warped self-image: It was 16% that thought they were slimmer and 18% that they were heavier than what they actually were. Thus, in 61% of cases the perceived body image was in agreement with their actual body shape. Cross-tabulation showed that only 23% had an agreemen tbetween their actual, perceived and ideal body shape. Of all variables entered into the regression analysis, only BMI was able to predict how the subject perceives herself in the body image scale (R square = 0.676; p < 0.000). None of the variables entered was significant enough to predict how the subject wishes to look like.

    Conclusion: Discrepancies between actual, perceived and ideal body image is common among the Saudi Arabian female students and can possibly lead to eating disorders and increased  prevalence of underweight oroverweight/obesity.

  • 7.
    Lilja Andersson, Petra
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Ethical aspects of undergoing a predictive testing for Huntington's disease2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 8.
    Maria, Kläfverud
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för samhällsvetenskap och integrerad hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Children in Barnahus - an interdisciplinary research study from childen's perspective: children in Barnahus-before, during and after being in CH2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    When a parent is suspected for child abuse, the court in Sweden appoints a lawyer who can decide about the child’s participation in CH without parent’s knowledge or consent. The lawyer brings the child to CH. A familiar person, for example a teacher, accompanies the child. In the study children and their parents are interviewed about their experience and understanding of CH.

  • 9.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Children in Barnahus – an interdisciplinary research study from children’s perspective: inviting children into partnership in social investigations in context of CH2014Inngår i: Barns stämma: NFBO 2014 Nordiske  om børnemishandling og omsørgssvigt, 26 – 28 aug. 2014, Nuuk, Grönland, Nuuk, Greenland: NFBO , 2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Evidence has emerged indicating that the ideas of inviting children into partnership with their social worker superseded by priorities given to the forensic interview conducted by the police. Social workers experience difficulties in how to orientate themselves in relation to the child.

  • 10.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Children's view of participation in Swedish Children House and right to partnership with the social worker in the social investigatory process2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    While the best interest of the child has a long standing in Swedish social work discourse, it's currently challenged and complemented by the themes of rights and of voice. Current critique of social work and ideas on enhancing the quality of services stress the importance of social workers making contact and enticing the participation of parents and children. Thus making the social investigations more of a participatory venture. Assessments, planning, interventions and reviews should be less a punctuated decision and more of a continuous process allowing involvement by clients/users/customers. In the area of child protection there has been a growth of themes that can make up for the rise of goal conflicts. Several initiatives have been taken to amend this situation. Among those is an idea of social workers working from the perspective of being the child's advocate. There has also been critiques of the outcomes of cases were children are exposed to crime especially acts of sexual abuse. To improve cooperation and processing a new institute the Children's House (CH), inspired by the Children's Advocacy Center model, is developed. In a CH professionals; police, prosecutors, health care and social services collaborate. One of the guiding ideas for CH is that the child should have to go to only one place in the investigation. In an ongoing action research study evidence has emerged indicating that the idea of inviting children into partnership, are at risk of being superseded by the priority given to police conducted forensic interviewing. The social workers report difficulties in knowing how to orientate themselves in relation to the child. Also children have voiced that they do not understand the role of the social worker in the proceedings. The objective of the study is to explore children's understanding of CH.

  • 11.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Current family responses to deployment — the case in Sweden2013Inngår i: Military Families / [ed] René Moelker, Madrid: ERGOMAS , 2013, 59- s.Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been argued that the coincidence of rising unemployment rates and the restructuring of the Swedish Armed Forces from draft based to enlistment have made choice of a military career a tempting alternative for the young. Joining the forces affects the soldier but also his/her relatives, especially partners and children. In the words of a wife interviewed: “We are three in this marriage; you and I and the Armed Forces”. This Action Research study explores the solutions narrated by soldiers, families and parents/relatives in connection with deployment to and readiness to participate in world wide peacekeeping operations. The study design is based on following a contingent in the situation prior to, during and after deployment. The design is open, however, so that in connection with interviews in the current pre deployment phase data from persons who are in and/or have been in deployment are also collected. Sampling uses a mixed model, which involves interviews, participation in meetings and other actions. Soldiers and soldier’s relatives have been and are invited to participate in dialogical interviews, re-narrating and co-creating narratives about their experiences so far and orientation in how to go on.

    Narratives are analysed exploring ‘striking moments’, unique examples, patterns and joint actions. So far, the analysis of the data is in its preliminary stages. But it has been revealed that a well functioning social situation at home seems to be a basic premise for the soldier to perform her/his task. Listening to the web of narratives responses to deployment have emerged. It needs further inquiry however in order to reveal in more detail how social support and the emergent strategies of the families and of the individual family members align themselves in face of the presence of deployment. More data is especially needed with regards to the voice of the children. The researcher has learned that it often takes several meeting occasions to gain the calm and trust needed for entering into a co-creating interaction with the children. Results on mutual responses and strategies in use of soldier and partner, suggest there are four different ideal types of partner and children’s responsiveness.

     

  • 12.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Familjer i turbulens: hur blir det sociala livet för soldater och deras familjer när soldaten ger sig iväg på utlandstjänstgöring i krigsförande områden? Då, nu och sén?2011Inngår i: The Joint Nordic Conference on Welfare and professionalism in Turbulent Times, Reykjavik: FORSA , 2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta handlar om ett nytt forskningsprojekt inom ett område som tidigare varit helt okänt inom socialt arbete i Sverige. På initiativ av veteransoldaternas egen organisation Svenska Fredsbaskrarna startar Högskolan Kristianstad ett forsknings- och utvecklingsarbete i syfte att förbättra det sociala stödet till veteransoldater och deras familjer. Särskilt ska barnens situation och perspektiv beaktas.

    Vi vill inbjuda till dialogiska samtal och reflektioner i ämnet och knyta kontakter i framtida nätverk.

    Under de senaste åren har svenska soldater i allt större utsträckning kommit att delta i utlandstjänstgöring i krigförande områden. Genom hela människans historia har soldater återvänt från slagfält och upplevt sig vara förändrade och traumatiserade. I USA och andra länder har i olika historiska skeenden särskilda veteransjukhus och särskilda stödformer uppstått. I Sverige ska det ordinarie välfärdssystemet också omfatta och kunna möta veteransoldaterna och deras familjers behov. Detta projekt är ett led i att etablera forskning och utvecklingsarbete för att förbättra stödet till veteransoldater och deras familjer. Dels ska inom projektet undersökas de erfarenheter som veteransoldaterna och deras familjer har, dels  undersöka vilka erfarenheter som gjorts i andra länder, också historiskt. Projektet omfattar också aktionsforskning på både individuell och organisatorisk nivå. Soldaterna och deras familjer ska erbjudas delta i nätverksmöten och samtal före, under och efter soldatens tjänstgöringsperioder. På organisatorisk nivå kommer forskargruppen tillsammans med relevanta organisationer bilda nätverksgrupp. Syftet är att undersöka hur det sociala arbetet kan utvecklas för att förebygga, identifiera och hantera de konsekvenser utlandstjänstgöring i krigförande områden kan innebära för veteransoldater, deras familjer och berörda barn.

  • 13.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Inviting partnership in social work and delta-reflecting teams in DPAR2011Inngår i: CARN Conference 2011: Bringing a different world into existence, 2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This research study was done in the framework of a Professional Doctorate in Systemic Practice at KCCF, London, and the University of Bedfordshire, England. It was a study in how dialogical communication and collaboration could improve how social workers, listening to the children’s invitation, could make children’s and other client’s voices heard in social investigations. In all, 55 social workers participated in systemic coaching and this dialogical participatory action research (DPAR) study, conducted for five years in all.

    The research was conducted as an Appreciative Inquiry (AI) process emerging from within the intertwined and reflexively co-created joint actions emerging in two actions projects in where systemic coaching inspired social workers to invite children and other clients into dialogical collaboration called partnership.  In the study these processes became metaphorically talked about as going on cycling voyage tour riding in the peloton. In this dynamic flow of dialogical collaborative joint actions the participants, including the researcher, found the directions how to go on (with whom, when, where, how, with what and why) exploring and reflecting both in the actions during the ride and learning by doing in an ongoing flow of joint actions. Sometimes the peloton stopped for replenishments in the tour, reflecting on the progress and on the impact of the actions as well as the collaboration, exploring from different views and positions. The focus on dialogue developed the participants’ approach in relation to clients and one another and others.  The participating social workers’ awareness of the impact of their own contributions, and their own importance in relation to children and other clients, improved. The expressions listening ears and listening questions were invented, capturing how to place yourself completely at the other participants’ disposal, completely accessible in the mutual responsiveness in the moment. The systemic methods were reflexively influenced and adapted from within the relational dynamic of joint actions in the dialogical interplay, becoming living tools in both the social workers’ practice and the coaching researcher’s practice, facilitating learning-by-doing with methods and approach connected to AI.  One of the living tools was so called ‘reflecting teams’ emerging also into ‘delta-reflecting teams’­ with open narrating included.

     

  • 14.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Listening to the voice of children: inviting to partnership in social work2011Inngår i: Challenging social responsibilities for child abuse and neglect, 2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Listening to the voice of children: systemic dialogical coaching inviting to participation and partnership in social work2011Inngår i: The joint Nordic conference on welfare and professionalism in turbulent times, 2011Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A study in and about systemic coaching in social work – systemic, and, as it unfolded, dialogical coaching (DC), with focus on what the conducted coaching brought forth, generated and created in the context of social work and for the members of the participating social welfare organisations, how the coaching inspired social workers to invite clients and especially children into partnership, making their voices heard, both in the written text and in the process of social investigations.

     

    The study was integral parts of commissions (and vice versa) of the County Administrative Board of Scania, Sweden, in my profession as systemic consultant and supervisor in Sweden. It was a study in how dialogical communication could improve how social workers, listening to the children’s invitation, could make children’s voices more heard in social investigations. In all, 55 social workers in seven municipalities participated in this dialogical participatory action research (DPAR) study, conducted for more than five years in all.

     

    The focus on communication and dialogue in the coaching changed and developed the participants’ approach in relation to clients and one another and others.  In the emerging awareness of how we reciprocally and reflexively co-create occurrences and outcomes, including who we become in relation to one another, the participating social workers’ awareness of the impact of their own contributions, and their own importance in relation to children and other clients, also improved. The expressions listening ears and listening questions were invented, capturing my, the coach’s, participation of placing myself completely at the other participants’ disposal, completely accessible in the mutual responsiveness in the moment – being here and now in the present. The systemic methods and techniques were reflexively influenced and adapted from within the relational dynamic of joint actions in the dialogical interplay, becoming living tools in both the social workers’ practice and mine as coach and researcher.

  • 16.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    När relationer hotar att brista: att lyckas med anhörigskapandet som soldat och anhörig2013Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Samtliga familjer med familjemedlem som valt yrket soldat och officer i Sverige, förväntas fortsättningsvis kunna hantera att den försvarsanställde under långa perioder deltar i internationella militära insatser i krigsområden. Med dessa arbetsvillkor hamnar soldatens relationer under särskilda påfrestningar. Såväl soldater som deras anhöriga förväntas ha förmåga och kunnande att hålla sina relationer levande både på distans, under övningar och utlandstjänstgöring, liksom tiden före och efter sådana perioder.

    Försvarsmakten har genom åren sänt iväg soldater och officerare på cirka 100.000 uppdrag i utlandet. Under lång tid har Försvarsmakten betraktat de försvarsanställda som isolerade individer – inte som ingående i familjesystem. Dessutom har existensen av barn som berörs helt bortsetts ifrån. Först på senare år har Försvarsmakten börjat registrera att soldaten är gift, samboende. Antal egna barn registreras inte varför uppgifter om hur många barn som genom åren berörts saknas. Samtidigt förväntas soldatens anhöriga att på hemmaplan fungera optimalt dels för att inte undergräva soldatens kapacitet i fält, dels för att han/hon ska ha något att se framemot och återvända till. Dessutom, förväntas hemmavarande vuxna att fungera på ett sätt så att inte berörda barn blir ytterligare belastade när en förälder gett sig ut i krig.

    Att se soldaten som ingående i system, familjen och nätverket, innebär både att nya möjligheter öppnar sig och att andra hänsyn behöver tas än dem som idag tas. Familje- och/eller nätverksmöten skulle kunna både mobilisera resurser och göra överenskommelser om hur gå vidare i samskapandet av kommunikation och relationer.

    Ovanstående är utgångspunkter i pågående systemisk, narrativ, dialogisk deltagande aktionsforskning vid Högskolan Kristianstad. Forskningen genomförs som en 3-årig kvalitativ studie där forskningspersonerna och forskaren i dialog utforskar hur deltagarna gör anhörigskapet i relation till varandra och hur de löser de sociala sammanhangen före utlandstjänstgöring, under, efter och sén (efter ytterligare 1 år). Sammanlagt följs ett 30-tal familjer.

     

  • 17.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Responsive understanding from within conducting social investigations in social work2014Inngår i: Beyond professional monologue: rendering oppressed voices audible in reflexive dialogical practice and research / [ed] Gail Simon, 2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In this Dialogical Participatory Action Research (DPAR) study we were exploring and developing dialogical coaching in social work with M.M. Bakhtin as one of the most important inspiration sources. The investigating social workers had traditionally been trained to seek neutral approach and external clarity. In the study the social workers started to invite the children to participate as partners in conducting the social investigations creating increasing mutual involvement in dialogical interplay and collaboration. When the social workers addressed the children, inviting the children and their families into a mutually involving dialogical participation, exploring and inquiring both the risks and the strengths of the child’s relationships, the social workers wanted to obtain a responsive understanding, that is, getting an understanding from within the family system and the child’s perspective. In dialogical conversations it became possible for the social worker to act and support changes improving the lives of the children from within the perspective of the children. Hearing the voice of the child, in the way the child chooses to speak, the social worker was given an idea of the communicative style and orientation in the family as well as of the social conditions, from the child’s point of view, including the child’s strategies in managing his or her situation. In the coaching the social workers explored how every unique speech experience became shaped and developed in continuous and constant interaction with others’ utterances and narratives. In the study was traced, together with participating social workers, examples, ideas and narratives given in the context of the research which were experienced as striking or special events – once-occurrent events of being – examples that emerged for the participants as important and significant for the progress and impact of the projects and the study.

  • 18.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Securing children’s well-being when parent participates in peace-keeping forces abroad: the case of Sweden2014Inngår i: / [ed] Claes Göran Svedin, Nuuk, Greenland, 2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    It is recognised that effects of war can last for generations. There is also an idea that Sweden has stayed out of war for centuries. Increasing involvement in war and turning away from conscription to recruiting personnel on contract assignments have caused new patterns. Among these are the need for family involvement and support systems, including those directed towards the children of the military/veterans. In Sweden the families are not located in campus. Professional expertise is not readily available. Support is largely channelled through organisations serving the general population. Both experience and research in Sweden into this area is scattered. Scientific studies regarding families and especially children have just recently started. This research project started 2012 involving 31 families of Swedish soldiers participating in a contingent in the northern Afghanistan. A total of 116 respondents of which 16 are children have participated. Interviews using a dialogical systemic approach have been conducted prior to, during and after the deployment. The data analysis is in its preliminary stages. An action research approach is part and parcel of the project. This has produced a framework for professional skills education. A course “Social work with Veterans, Soldiers and their Children” (7,5 higher education credits, basic level, rate of study 25%) is given, the first of its kind in Sweden.

     

  • 19.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Securing children’s well-being when parents participate in peace-keeping forces abroad: relationships and social life prior to, during and after deployment abroad — a case in Sweden2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Research project in Social work funded during 2013 – 2015 by Swedish Armed Forces and Kristianstad University following 30 families of Swedish soldiers and officers participating in a contingent in the northern Afghanistan.

     

    This action research study explores the solutions narrated by soldiers, families and parents/relatives in connection with deployment to and readiness to participate in world wide peacekeeping operations. The study design is based on following a contingent in the situation prior to, during and after deployment. The design is open. Data from persons who have participated in other contingents are also collected. Sampling uses a mixed model, which involves interviews, participation in meetings and other actions. Soldiers and soldier’s relatives have been and are invited to participate in dialogical interviews, re-narrating and co-creating narratives about their experiences so far and orientation in how to go on. So far, 120 persons have been interviewed including 15 children. The analysis of the data is in its preliminary stages. Further inquiry needs to be done to reveal in more details how social support and the emergent strategies of the families and of the individual family members align themselves in face of the presence of deployment. More exploration is especially needed with regards to the voice of the children.

  • 20.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Stödet till anhöriga och soldaten som anhörig2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 21.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    The importance of social worker's invitation of children in Children's House, Barnahus, into partnership2015Inngår i: New directions in child protection and wellbeing making a real difference to children's lives, 2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    Children's Houses (CH) in Sweden are inspired by the Children's Advocacy Centre model. They aim to improve professional cooperation in investigating if a child may be victim of serious offence and need of protection, In CH professionals, police, prosecutors, health care and social welfare services collaborate in making the voice of the child heard in forensic interviews. In this ongoing study the aim is to explore the impact of the introduction of CH in social work encouraging the social workers' in their efforts to increase the children's involvement in the social investigation and the assessing processes.

    Methods

    This is a systemic participatory action research study where the emerging findings create foundations for further orientation in how to go on in practice both as participating social worker and researcher. In total 51 social workers have narrated in interviews and other meetings about the social work in the context of CH and children's response to CH. Meetings are recorded and transcribed by the researcher. In keeping with the social constructionist approach in the study, the participants' own understandings and their own constructed narratives are listened to in the content analysis and will speak in reports of the study.

    Results

    The procedure used in CH can create challenges for workers and families. When a parent is suspected, the court appoints a lawyer who can decide about the child's participation without parent's knowledge or consent. The lawyer brings the child from school or the child's day care centre to CH. Social workers report difficulties in knowing how to approach and orientate themselves in relation to the children in CH without disturbing the police proceedings. The children return to school or day care centre abandoned by the authorities and meet their parents alone afterwards without knowing their responses or reactions to the child's visit to CH and participating in the police interrogation.

    Conclusions

    In the on-going study, evidence has emerged indicating that the idea of the social worker involving the child and inviting into partnership, is at risk of being superseded by the priority given in the context of CH to the criminal law proceedings. The importance of the social workers approaching the child, offering support and inviting into partnership, has to be taken into consideration in the collaboration of CH. This is a delicate phase and crucial for if the child is going to invite the social worker into the child's life reaching an understanding from within the child's perspective or not.

  • 22.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Kläfverud, Maria
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Becoming summoned to, visit and exit a "Barnahus" from child perspective2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 23.
    Olsson, Ann-Margreth E.
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Olsson, Sven-Erik
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    In search of the voice of children: social workers as allies and gate-keepers2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    To improve a collaborative work a new institute has emerged in some places in Sweden, the Children’s House (CH), inspired by the Children’s Advocacy Center (CAC) model. In a CH professionals; police, prosecutors, health care and social services collaborate. One of the guiding ideas for CH is that the child should have to go to only one place during the investigatory process. In an ongoing dialogical participatory action research (DPAR) study the intention is to explore the children’s participation and understanding of CH. The aim is to support and secure a collaborative process with respect for the views of the child where the participating child becomes involved and listened to not only as a victim in an interrogation but as an actor.

    In developing evidence-based social work and learning in social work it becomes important that researchers are given opportunity to follow proceedings and listen to different voices including young clients. In the ongoing research project the researchers are participating observing the proceedings in CH and interviewing social workers asking them to mediate contact with participating children and their parents for the researcher. The researchers want to listen to the child’s view about visiting CH, the understanding of the context and the processes before, during and after visiting CH including the process of the social investigation and meetings with social workers.

    Several initiatives have been taken to improve participation within the child protection system, among these to develop social workers and social investigation processes from the perspective of being the child’s advocate. Evidence has emerged indicating that the ideas of inviting children into partnership with their social worker, are risking to be superseded by the priority to the forensic interview in CH, conducted by the police. The social workers report and show difficulties in knowing how to orientate themselves in relation to the children. The researcher’s request asking the social workers to invite the participating children and their parents into research collaboration seems to, so far, made the social workers to gate-keepers protecting the children from initiative reminding them of old abusive stories as well as severe proceedings.  

     

  • 24.
    Pajalic, Zada
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Persson, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Skovdahl, Kirsti
    Hälsoakademin Örebro Universitet.
    Evaluation for change, the decision maker’s involvement in the development of food distribution to home living elderly people2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Findings from international research as well as from Sweden show that food distribution as a single inter­vention involves various professional groups on the various levels in organisation.

     

    The present research is one of several Action Research projects initiated as a result of a resolution on the highest political level aiming at achieving improvements within the care and service through collaboration between different levels in the organisations.

     

    The overall aim of this specific study is to describe the “top-down” perspective i.e. decision-makers involvement in identifying areas for the development of the food distribution chain.

     

    Data was collected in two steps, firstly by individual interviews with decision makers (politicians n=21, one administrative manager and one medical responsible nurse) and secondly by evaluation dialogue in group (n=23) discussion. The group discussions were based on findings from individual interviews and results from two previous studies focused on interviews with various professionals and food distribution recipients.

     

    The findings were that food distribution was seen as a multifaceted system that included three interrelated issues: the administration of work, the professional’s competence in nutrition and the relationship between various professional groups. To achieve a change, the central component of complexity needs to be clarified. When the issues are multifaceted the solutions need to regard the whole picture rather than its parts.

  • 25.
    Persson, Henrik
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Gustavsson, Jacob
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Olson, Anders
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Andersson, Anders-Petter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Design och datavetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    B.E.A.C.O.N. - Beacon Emits Audio from Color, Or Not2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    People who suffer from dementia are often isolated due to lack of ways of communication. In many cases verbal communication can be difficult to perform at all. We created Beacon with the goal to let people with dementia interact with a very simple and intuitive control interface to give them a means of non-verbal communication, and let them take control over the soundscapes that Beacon is capable of producing. In this paper we describe our concept Beacon, its physical form and how the design makes it possible for a person with dementia to control the software by moving around items of different colors and sizes on its surface to create synthesized and sampled sounds. We hope that Beacon will produce positive results among people with dementia, and that the interaction will be rewarding.

  • 26.
    Persson, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Jakobsson, Liselotte
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    A new model for dealing with patients who frequently arrive spontaneously at hospital emergency departments requiring health care: a pilot study2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients who repeatedly seek care directly at hospital based somatic emergency departments take up a large proportion of health care resources, at the same time they appear to experience low satisfaction with the care they receive  The purposes of this pilot study were to describe: I) the development of a team model for taking care of frequent visitors to  a somatic hospital based  ED; II) Eventual changes, over six months, in costs and patients’ health care utilization related to pilot testing the model and III), the team’s experiences of  implementing the model. A mixed method convergent parallel design was used. The development of the model began as a top-down process and later on in the process into a bottom-up approach once the inter-professional team became involved. The new model functioned as a support for all 12 patients included in the study and collectively their visits decreased by a total of 55%. The inference quality description is that such a management induced project may be accepted and actively applied when those involved experience freedom to structure the project. The freedom of being able to structure the model led to steps being taken that were beyond the project’s original limitations.

  • 27.
    Rönn Emsfors, Åsa
    et al.
    Central Hospital Kristianstad.
    Elgán, Carina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Patients' experiences of nursing actions during intravitreal treatment for wet age-related macular degeneration2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim was to identify and describe nursing actions performed by nursing staff in which patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) experience good nursing care.

    Method: An explorative and descriptive qualitative design based on the Critical incident technique (CIT) was used. A strategic sample of 16 patients, aged 61-87 years (eleven women and five men) with wet AMD who received intravitreal treatment were interviewed.

    Results: Two main areas of good nursing care was identified during intravitreal treatment Being perceived as an individual and Creating confidence during visits, each area contained two categories. The two categories in the area Being perceived as an individual were; acting respectfully and being engaged. Acting respectfully was perceived when the nursing staff had a benevolent attitude and answered questions kindly and polite. The patients considered to be seen as an individual when the nursing staff were available for conversation and were present. The two categories in the area Creating confidence during visits were; encourage participation and inspiring confidence. Encouraging participation was perceived when the nursing staff continuously provided information. The nursing staff created confidence and trust by keeping promises and being honest.

    Conclusion: The interaction in the encounter between patient and caregiver is fundamental for patients' experience of good nursing care. It emphasise the importance of personal centred care even though the time for each patient is limited and the nursing staff have a demanding schedule. It would be desirable with specific guidelines for care of patient who gets intravitreal treatment. Without specific guidelines makes it difficult to implement person centred care and more quality time would benefit the patient.

                                                                                                   

  • 28.
    Sundström, Malin
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Blomqvist, Kerstin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Petersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Rämgård, M.
    Malmö University.
    Factors for improving Health and Social Care Planning in Collaboration (HSCPC): a Participatory Action Research project. Oral presentation at Nordic Conference in Nursing Research. Odense 20142014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: A recent project to develop Health and Social Care Plannings in Collaboration (HSCPC) resulted in a new model for care plannings in older persons’ homes. After having used the model for about six months, the management and participating professionals asked researchers for support to evaluate the model. In particular they wanted to know how the older persons experienced the HSCPC and how the model could be improved.

    Methodology: We used a Participatory Action Research approach and invited older persons, their relatives and professionals who had participated in HSCPC. The older persons and their relatives were interviewed individually two weeks after the HSCPC and the profes- sionals from the same care planning took part in focus groups. The professionals and the management were also invited to participate in feedback sessions.

    Results: Older persons, relatives and professionals expressed an overall positive attitude to HSCPC. In particular they appreciated that the meeting was held in the older persons’ homes and that the older persons were able to express their own experiences and wishes. Preparation of the meeting, communications skills during the meeting and follow up’s were areas that should be improved. During the feed- back sessions, professionals and management came up with ideas of how to handle improvement needs.

    Conclusion: The initial development project became an established part of everyday practice characterized by an endeavor to make continuous improvements. Thus, it could be viewed as a triple-helix project.

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