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  • 1.
    Ekstrand, Britten
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Malmström, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Nadarevic, Sanela
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Nordin, Andreas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö.
    International research articles as used and misused quality indicators in higher education2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 2.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Learning in pre-school – building on variation2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe qualitatively different ways in which teachers offer children (aged 4-5) to learn about phenomena in nature when visiting nature. The empirical data consist of video observations of children and teachers communicating with one another. 

    Variation theory is presented as a framework for analysing the data. The theory assumes that variation is needed to support learning. However, the variation is not in methods but in variation of critical aspects needed to understand the object of learning. This means that how the specific content of learning is dealt with has effect on student learning. The object of learning can be differentiated in three types, the intended object of learning, the enacted object of learning and the lived object of learning. In this study the interest is about the enacted object of learning, i.e. what it was possible for the students to learn.

    The study identifies two qualitatively different ways to present the object of learning to the students. One way is based on the principle of opening up dimensions of variation and the second way is built on presumed shared previous experience as a resource for making sense of a novel observation.

    The implication of the different approaches for children´s learning is discussed.

                                                                                                                                   

  • 3.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Variation theory - Possibilities in early childhood education2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    The role of science in Swedish pre-schools: how in-service preschool teachers´ change the way they speak about teaching during a science project in pre-school2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Hjort, Marie-Louise
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Practitioners' voices regarding pre-school and professional dialogues with student teachers. Paper presented at the EECERA (European Early Childhood Educational Association) Conference, Birmingham 6 - 8 September, 20102010Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Creating curriculum in preschool context: focus on qualitative differences in teachers' communication with the youngest children2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to describe and analyze how teachers ways to communicate with children in preschool contribute to conditions for children's learning and development, and thereby to how curriculum is created. The curriculum as concept (Gundem, 1997; Vallberg Roth, 2001) is used both for the policy documents concerning preschool and for what is actually said and done in pedagogical contexts. Central to the preschool educational work is the communication that takes place between teachers and children. Hundeide (2002) describes communication as a dialogic interaction with verbal, non-verbal and physical interaction between adults and children. This means that adults’, in this case teachers, speech and actions are considered dependent on what children express and a sense of caring is created between people who interact (ibid.). Communication can in turn be said to contribute to the shaping of a social structure which, according to Giddens (1984) takes place at different levels of consciousness and whose duration varies. With that as a starting point communication between children and teachers in preschool can be studied as a contribution to the preschool curriculum is created, maintained and changed over time, but also as a contribution to how children's learning conditions here and now can be understood. The underlying data is from an observational study conducted in Swedish preschool where teachers communicate with 1-3 year old children. 4 teachers were shadowed (Czarniawska, 2007) and filmed during their everyday work in preschool. Ethical issues in research in all events are crucial (Research Council, 2002) and especially when it involves people who, like the youngest children, can not make their case or assess potential research impact (Heikkilä & Sahlström, 2003). This has been the subject of specific ethical considerations in this study. Shiers model (2001) for children's participation has in a qualitative analysis inspired the construction and use of analytical concepts. The study's results show qualitative differences in teachers' communication of content and in how they listen into and make use of children's own expressions. Overall, it contributes to a curriculum in which teachers' awareness of and challenge of children's perspectives and opportunities in conjunction with the formulated intentions of the curriculum seems both limiting and expanding. The discussion highlights the findings related to curriculum theory (Evans, 1975, 1982), social theory (Giddens, 1984), and childhood perspectives (Halldén, 2003; Pramling Samuelsson & Asplund Carlsson, 2003).

  • 7.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Williams, Pia
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Teaching toddlers in preschool2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 8.
    Lenninger, Sara M.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Lunds Universitet.
    Inverting cultures: the pictorial ceremonial of a suicide bomber and the“unhomeliness” of the photographic picture2017Inngår i: 13th IASS-AIS World Congress of Semiotics ” / 10thconference for The Nordic Association for Semiotic Studies (NASS), 2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    On the 14th of January in 2004, Reem Raiyshi killed herself and four Israeli soldiers in a terrorist attack at a border crossing between Israel and Gaza. Soon after the deed, pictures on Reem and her young son were sent to media agencies in Europe - and to circulate on the Internet. Although the picture of Reem is her picture, it is not unique but forms part of a subculture: the ceremonial of the suicide bombers seemed, at that time, to require the pictorial rendering of the perpetrator/victim in his or her declaration of the action before completing the act. Published on Internet, and circulating in mass media, the picture addresses not only the Ego culture of the perpetrator /victim, but also that of the attacked culture. To come into speaking terms with the external culture - or to alter between being "alien" or to be "one of ones own” for teh other – one must submit to a meaning already known by the other culture (Lotman 2009). To insert  “alien” elements, integrated with the meaning taken for granted, can be understood as a strategy in pictorial rhetoric in order to evade norm grounded predictability and invert cultural hierarchies.This case study adds to the complication of when the same picture confirming both to the status of Ego culture and as the “threat” of an intruding other-culture in the dynamics of regulating the perception of “us and them”.

  • 9.
    Malmström, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljö med inriktning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Action research with small children: aesthetic learning processes in contex2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The process of learning to become through handmade productions to sufficient respond to the complexities of the Self is unlikely to occur without guidance from relation with others. The main purpose of this paper is to inquire into teachers’ support to small children’s aesthetic learning processes. How may children’s aesthetic learning processes emerge and support the children’s becoming through questions to and from the children? The article highlights the small children’s approach to science by managing aesthetic material, colour and form and the teachers’ approach to good questioning. The methodology is inspired by deconstructive pragmatism and the design from action research. The methodology is further grounded in Charles Sanders Peirce’s triadic transdisciplinary pragmatic theory of semiotics where the interpretant relation between the child and the teacher is on focus. Understanding that Peirce semiotics, science of signs differs from two-valued logic and thus very well may incorporate feeling and aesthetics.  It was necessary to reconstruct the theories of Peirce for an actual appliance to the area of Aesthetic Learning processes. Mediation of the theme, to connect sign - action and mind builds on a hermeneutic model of mediation made by the author where sign features of icon, index, symbols and logical, social and emotional action codes are a few important tools of analysis.  The result from step one in this research shows that teachers’ questions are made to meet children’s different processes of orientation to sign-mindedness, from differentiation of Self from others as fundamental to more advanced, socially- shared sign meaning. This connects to the importance to relate to children as ‘educater’ in relation to the teacher and a link to relational education. The teachers’ were overwhelmed by the children’s knowledge and were stimulated to progress themselves in questioning. The result from step two shows that teachers’ questioning (to support children’s constructions of meanings to become) may be reachable at different levels of hermeneutic understanding. This support the teachers’ questioning quality of wholeness. This scientific understanding from a semiotic-cognitive perspective on children’s meaning emergence and teachers’ supported questioning and conversation could have consequences for the field of aesthetic learning processes in pre-school in the future.

  • 10.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Children's questions during a science activity in preschool2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study children’s questions during a science activity concerning what soil is, are analysed. The empirical study has its background in research on children’s learning (Pramling Samuelsson & Asplund Carlsson, 2003, 2008) and a new view of the Swedish preschool’s commissions (Ministry of Education and science, 1998; memorandum U2008). Children are seen as active in their own learning and as developing on the basis of their own experiences in communication with the surrounding world (Pramling Samuelsson & Asplund Carlsson, 2003). In preschool, children shall develop knowledge about different contents, areas of knowledge. One such content is science (Ministry of Education and Science, 1998).  Through the history of preschool, the object of learning has seldom been in focus of the activity. Instead, methods and attitudes have been given precedence (Pramling Samuelsson & Asplund Carlsson, 2008).  The ideal of preschool education has over time been characterized as a tradition where children’s development of personality has been given priority over children’s knowledge development (Thulin, 2006). On the basis of Fritzell’s (2004) interpretation of the education concept, it can be expressed as preschool has had its focus on “who you will become” rather than “what you will know”. With the curriculum of preschool and the government’s claim about an emphasised pedagogically task for the preschool (memorandum U2008/6144/S) the concern on children’s learning of different contents in preschool has increased. For these reasons, there is a need of a discussion about what a changed commission can mean and what pedagogical consequences it may have for activities in preschools and teachers actions. Questions about what may constitute a relevant content and didactic are on the agenda (Persson, 2008; Pramling Samuelsson et al., 2008; Thulin, 2006). In teaching contexts, the importance of the teacher’s questions is often pointed out. Several researchers call attention to the importance of so-called open questions where the child generates a reply, in contrast to so-called closed questions where there is a correct and expected answer on behalf of the teacher (Doverborg & Pramling Samuelsson, 2003). In an investigation into what happens with the object of learning in preschool (Thulin, 2006), the analysis of the teacher-child conversation showed a discussing climate. However, when the communication was studied more in detail, a traditional pedagogy of an asking teacher and a replying child was visible. Questions by a child were often met by another (new) question from the teacher and the child’s question remained unanswered. The result of the study (Thulin, 2006) also showed that when the teacher’s questions seemed to get precedence in a learning situation, children risked to be left to their one own search after sense and meaning. The results imply the importance of a more close analysis of what children ask questions about during work with a specific content. In this study, children’s questions during a work with a scientific phenomenon (what soil is) in preschool are studied. Children’s questions are here seen as an expression of their experiences and search for sense and understanding (cf. Marton & Booth, 2000; Siraj-Blachford & Mac Leod-Brudenell, 2003). The empirical data of the study has been generated through video observations of scientific activities in preschool. Twelve children (3-5 years) and three teachers participate in the study. The results are presented on the basis of the focus of the children’s questions and discussed in relation to children’s perspectives, learning and the theme work over time. The results show that children to large extent have the actual (intended) content in focus and that children’s questions constitute an important didactic starting point when interacting about a specific content.

     

  • 11.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Children’s questions during a science activity in preschool2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 12.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Communication about natural science in early childhood education in Sweden.2013Inngår i: Research school in Childhood, Learning and Didactics: Framework and ongoing research Part II / [ed] Ingegerd Tallberg Broman, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    How to deal with a specific content?: Teachers and children communicate about ecological phenomena in a Swedish preschool2013Inngår i: Variation theory in early childhood education focus on learning: focus on learning / [ed] Agneta Ljung Djärf, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of a new view of the Swedish preschool’s commissions it has been argued that preschool children (1-6 years) shall develop knowledge of different content areas. For these reasons, there is a need of a discussion about what a changed commission can mean and what pedagogical consequences it may have for activities in preschools and teachers actions. Questions about what may constitute a relevant content and didactic are on the agenda.

    One content area the commission highlighted is natural science and one important aspect of this is to make ecological phenomena visible in children’s everyday life. The aim of the present paper is to report on a study of verbal communication between teachers and children in preschool about ecological phenomena. Children are here seen as active in their own learning and that develops on the basis of their own experiences in communication with the surrounding world. A preschool unit was followed by video observation during two months when working on themes about life in a tree stump. 21 children (3-6 years) and three teachers participate in the study. The empirical data consists of video observations. Focusing the verbal communication the data observations have been transcribed. The transcriptions were analysed from the know-what and the know-how aspect of learning. The result is presented on the basis of the communication of the what-perspective and is discussed in terms of what is noticed and how the children’s understandings are communicated.  The connections between children’s ability to understand and communicate their observations, as well as the role of the preschool teacher dealing with a specific content are finally discussed.

  • 14.
    Thulin, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Hellberg, Lina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Backman, Anna
    Gothenburg University.
    Science communication in Early Childhood Education: examples from Swedish preschools2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Preschool in Sweden is a voluntary school form entailing education and play. A national curriculum with learning goals regulates educational activities, and prescribes covering science. This mission affects practices, teachers' knowledge, and competences. Didactical approaches, in relation to children's learning are on the agenda. We will discuss and problematize teaching of science based on three research reports. The research adheres to the ethical guidelines of the Swedish Research Council.

    (1) Science communication – children and teachers

    Firstly we report from a design-based research project where viable science practices were developed and implemented with a focus on communication. Collected video data was analysed based on phenomenography and developmental pedagogy. Analysis of teachers’ planning of consecutive activities with children focusing the intended object of learning (forces and motion) is presented. The importance of content,  educational knowledge, and teachers' experiences of their mission is discussed.

    (2) Science communication – children and tablets

    Secondly we report on a study of the potential of tablets as scaffolds in collaborative inquiry-based science learning in preschools. Specifically, we have investigated the role of Time-lapse photography and Slowmation production in scaffolding communication and learning. The theoretical framework is phenomenography  and developmental pedagogy. Video and qualitative data measures were collected. The potential of teachers, children and researchers jointly developing, enacting and evaluating learning processes supported by tablets in preschool is discussed.

    (3) Science communication – booktalks about shadows

    Thirdly we report on a study about opportunities for children in preschool to discern the physical phenomenon ‘shadow’ in conversations from various children's books. The theoretical framework is variation theory with phenomenography as an analysing method. Research results based on children´s perspective will be discussed in order to show how children perceived shadow, when talking about literature that contains fiction, visual art as well as scientific illustrations. 

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