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  • 1.
    Abazi, Jeton
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Sohani, Armin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Enticing consumers to enter fashion stores: a sensory marketing perspective2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    During the past years, there has been a re-emergence of sensory marketing in the paradigm of marketing. However, there is a lack of empirical studies done on the subject. Furthermore, the previous literature has focused on whether senses affects, rather than how they affect. Therefore, the purpose of this thesis is to study how sensory stimuli affects the consumers’ choice of entering physical fashion stores.

    This thesis is based on sensory marketing, consumer behaviour, and retail marketing theory. The theoretical framework in this thesis consists of an adapted sensory-stimuli-response model with the five main senses of sensory marketing as stimuli, emotional response of arousal and pleasure as organism, and entering or not entering as response. A qualitative research strategy was used to study the phenomenon.

    The empirical findings and the analysis showed that touch, sight, and sound were effective in enticing the consumer to enter by affecting their arousal. Furthermore, scent was on the opposite side as it was only affective in creating disinterest when bad. Lastly, taste displayed potential which warrants further research.

    This thesis might be of value for companies looking to implement sensory marketing as part of their marketing plan.

  • 2.
    Abdel Ghani, Rania Mahmoud
    et al.
    Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Parturient needs during labor: Egyptian women’s perspective toward childbirth experience, a step toward an excellence in clinical practice2011Inngår i: Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, ISSN 2090-4304, Vol. 1, nr 12, 2935-2943 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Every woman giving birth has expectations. Identifying women’s expectations, wishes, needs and fears enable the health care provider(s) to work toward a common goal of safe and positive childbirth experience.

    Aim:

    The aim was to determine women’s preferences and needs during labor.

    Design:

    Analytic- cross sectional study.

    Setting:

    El Kasr- Aini, - Cairo- University Maternity Hospitals.

    Sample:

    A random sample of 400 women were recruited in the present study with the following criteria; age ranged between 20-30 years old, can read and write, primigravida, nulliparous woman with singleton low risk pregnancies, in the third trimester, up to 37 weeks of gestational age, no previous abortion and free from any medical complains.

    Procedure:

    Data collection took place in the antenatal clinic, each interview administrated questionnaire took a time between 10-15 minutes. Mothers completed the questionnaire in the antenatal clinics during their waiting for medical examination.

    Results:

    Twenty two need requirements emerged from the women's perspective. The highest ranked needs for parturient women during labor are; maintaining privacy through all procedures of 86.5%, accessibility of nurses demonstrate empathy of 67.5%, availability to ventilate and expressing fear and anxiety of 57.5%, quick response to request of 67.5%, frequent monitoring of 52.8%, accessibility of caring medical staff of 47.2% and short delivery of 52.8%.

    Conclusion:

    Despite good general coverage of labor care among women, there were clear variations in the type of management given to them or needed by them. This study confirms that different factors predict the multidimensionality of childbirth satisfaction.

  • 3. Abdel Ghani, Rania Mahmoud
    et al.
    Khalaf, Atika
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    A structured evidence-based approach to decrease cardiovascular complications among pregnant women with rheumatic disease: a pilot randomized controlled trial2010Inngår i: An annual Research Day in King Khalid University, 2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 4.
    Abdel Ghani, Rania Mahmoud
    et al.
    Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University.
    Khalaf, Atika
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Berggren, Vanja
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Abdel Fadeel, Nagwa
    Faculty of Nursing, Cairo University.
    A structured evidence-based approach to decrease cardiovascular complications among pregnant women with reumatic disease: a pilot randomized controlled trial2010Inngår i: Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Science, ISSN 2078-0273, nr 1, 8-15 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Recent reports from the developing world have documented rheumatic fever (RE) incidence rates as high as 206/100 000 and Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) prevalence rates as high as 18.6/1000. The high frequency of RHD in the developing world necessitates aggressive prevention and control measures. Aim: The aim of the study was to examine the effect of intensive antenatal follow up program on decreasing cardiovascular complications among rheumatic pregnant woman. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: This study was conducted at El Kasr-EL Aini, maternity hospital- Cairo- University Hospitals. Sample: A total of 100 rheumatic pregnant women that attended the antenatal clinic at El Kasr-EL Aini, maternity hospital who could read and write, had functional class I and II cardiac disease, primigravida, nullipara with single fetus were recruited to this study and assigned randomly into two groups. Procedure: Women who met the inclusion criteria were interviewed and baseline assessment was done. The intervention was an intensive antenatal follow up program for decreasing cardiovascular complications among rheumatic pregnant woman. Patients in the study group (SG) were offered an intervention at three levels, basic, intermediate and comprehensive. Evaluation of the program was carried out in term of assessment of maternal and neonatal outcome. Results: There were several significant differences between the study group (SG) and control group (CG). In the SG, antepartum complications was less common, gestational age at birth was higher, postnatal hospital stay shorter, birth weight higher, more had vaginal deliveries with episiotomy, fewer had caesarean section, forceps deliveries and termination of pregnancy, and cardiac class was better at follow up as compared to the CG. Conclusion: The difficult issues in pregnancy complications by cardiac disease are best managed through a team approach. Establishing a pre-pregnancy plan will foster a better therapeutic relationship between all parties and allow for better understanding of the patient’s beliefs regarding pregnancy, her disease and attitude towards medications.

  • 5.
    Abdel–Khalik, Jonas
    et al.
    Storbritannien.
    Björklund, Erland
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Plattformen för molekylär analys.
    Hansen, Martin
    USA.
    Development of a solid phase extraction method for the simultaneous determination of steroid hormones in H295R cell line using liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry2013Inngår i: Journal of chromatography. B, ISSN 1570-0232, E-ISSN 1873-376X, Vol. 935, nr September, 61-69 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The H295R in vitro cell line produces the majority of the steroidogenesis, for which reason it is commonly used as a screening tool for endocrine disrupting chemicals. Simultaneous determination of the precursor cholesterol and key steroid hormones could give a broad insight into the mechanistic disruption of the steroidogenesis. Steroid hormones have primarily been extracted from H295R incubation medium by means of liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) and the obtained recoveries and matrix effects have typically not been stated or assessed. In the present study a solid-phase extraction (SPE) method was developed and validated for the simultaneous extraction of cholesterol and five key steroid hormones pregnenolone, 17-hydroxyprogesterone, testosterone, cortisol and aldosterone from H295R incubation medium, and finally detected by LC-MS/MS. Cholesterol was recovered at a level of 55.7%, while steroid hormone recoveries ranged from 98.2 to 109.4%. Matrix effects varied between -0.6% and 62.8%. Intra-day precision was deemed acceptable, but the inter-day precision for pregnenolone and aldosterone exceeded the precision limit of 15% RSD. Although LLE has been the most frequently used extraction method in H295R studies, however, our investigation has shown that SPE may relatively easily extract and recover steroid hormones, potentially replacing LLE.

  • 6.
    Abdel–Khalik, Jonas
    et al.
    Institute of Mass Spectrometry, College of Medicine, Swansea University.
    Björklund, Erland
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Hansen, Martin
    Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Stanford University.
    Simultaneous determination of endogenous steroid hormones in human and animal plasma and serum by liquid or gas chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry2013Inngår i: Journal of chromatography. B, ISSN 1570-0232, E-ISSN 1873-376X, Vol. 928, nr June, 59-77 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Analytical methodologies based on liquid or gas chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry for the simultaneous determination of two or more endogenous steroid hormones in human and animal plasma and serum has received increased attention the last few years. Especially in the clinical setting steroid profiling is of major importance in disease diagnostics. This paper discusses recent findings in such multi-steroid hormone procedures published from 2001 to 2012. The aim was to elucidate possible relationships between chosen analytical technique and the obtained analyte sensitivity for endogenous steroid hormones. By evaluating the success, at which the currently applied techniques have been utilized, more general knowledge on the field is provided. Furthermore the evaluation provides directions in which future studies may be interesting to conduct.

  • 7.
    Abdel-Khalik, Jonas
    et al.
    England.
    Björklund, Erland
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Plattformen för molekylär analys.
    Nielsen, Frederik Knud
    Danmark.
    Hansen, Martin
    Danmark.
    Incorporation of (14)C-cholesterol in human adrenal corticocarcinoma H295R cell line and online-radiodetection of produced (14)C-steroid hormone metabolites2017Inngår i: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, ISSN 0731-7085, E-ISSN 1873-264X, Vol. 145, 569-575 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study demonstrates the addition of (14)C-cholesterol to the human cell line H295R will in-situ form radiolabeled steroid hormones allowing for new mechanistic and metabolic insights. The aim of the present study was to in-situ radiolabel steroid hormones from cell line-incorporated (14)C-cholesterol using the OECD guideline 456, H295R steroidogenesis in-vitro assay. Radiodetection of the steroid metabolites of the steroidogenic pathway allows for an improved understanding of the various enzymatic mechanisms involved without necessarily being dependent on quantification. Generated radiolabeled steroids were analyzed using HPLC hyphenated with a Flow Scintillation Analyzer (FSA). H295R cells were incubated with radiolabeled cholesterol and cell media were collected and prepared by solid phase extraction and analyzed with HPLC-FSA. For successful radiolabeling of the steroids in the steroidogenesis of H295R cells, radioactive cholesterol may potentially only need to be added just before the cells are incubated for 72h in well plates. Based on the obtained HPLC-FSA chromatograms, and confirmation of the observations by studies in the literature, a qualitative time profile for the production of steroid hormones was estimated. Multiple radiolabeled steroid hormones were identified by means of analytical standards and UV (ultraviolet) co-chromatography, though the elucidation of multiple metabolites remains unresolved. Although online radiodetection proved to suffer from suboptimal sensitivity, the concept of radiolabeling the steroidogenesis in H295R cells with (14)C-cholesterol and detecting the radiolabeled steroid hormones online was proved and may assist in further toxicological studies.

  • 8.
    Abegão, Daniel
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Roger, Kevin
    Laboratoire de Physique et Mécanique des Milieux Hétérogènes & Laboratoire de Colloïdes et Matériaux Divisés, ESPCI, Paris.
    Holdaway, James
    Lunds universitet.
    Nilsson, Lars
    Lunds universitet.
    Vernhet, Aude
    Campus SupAgro-INRA, Frankrike.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Praktisk-estetiska ämnen. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Cabane, Bernard
    Laboratoire PMMH, CNRS-ESPCI, Frankrike.
    Schillén, Karin
    Lunds universitet.
    Nylander, Tommy
    Lunds universitet.
    Characterization of three tanninic samples: an approach to the tannin-tannin and protein-tannin colloidal interactions2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Addressing smoking during pregnancy: the challenge to start from the woman's view2004Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 10.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Uncovering tensions in an intersectoral organization: a mutual exploration among frontline workers2007Inngår i: Aili, C., Nilsson, L-E., Svensson, L.G., Denicolo, P. (eds), In tension between organization and profession: professionals in Nordic public service, Lund: Nordic Academic Press , 2007, 247-259 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Agevall, Lena
    Linnéuniverstitet.
    Immigrants caught in the crossfire of the projectification of the welfare sector: short time solutions of long term problems2010Inngår i: Diversity in Health and Care, ISSN 1759-1422, E-ISSN 1743-4904, Vol. 7, nr 3, 201-209 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article we use two immigrant projects, operating in a Swedish context, as a basis for discussing and analysing the potential of joint projects as a tool for change in human welfare service organisations that target the general public. The extensive use of projects in the development of a slimmed-down public sector can be seen as originating from the contradictory promises of projects regarding flexibility and rationality in the new public management context. Projects are also used as a way to obtain more resources for specific long-term needs, but they are seldom implemented as intended in the regular 'mainstream' organisation. Therefore the long-term development of social services and healthcare for immigrants remains inadequate. It appears that politicians, managers and civil servants prefer to focus on the positive aspect of projects to legitimate the organisations and to bring about change by targeting and steering activities. However, they tend to overlook the negative consequences of using projects, and there is a risk that a backlash will undermine the legitimacy of organisations. Citizens and participants in general, and immigrants in particular, experience frustration and distrust as a result of the short-term nature of project-based action. The problems that the projects were expected to address may remain, or even increase.

  • 12.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Andersson, Joyce
    Springett, Jane
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Building bridges or negotiating tensions?: experiences from a project aimed at enabling migrant access to health and social care in Sweden2009Inngår i: Diversity in Health and Care, ISSN 1759-1422, E-ISSN 1743-4904, Vol. 6, nr 2, 85-95 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A current challenge for many European countries is to enable forced migrants to access health and social care that meets their needs. One solution is to use paraprofessionals - that is, trained individuals who are not professionals - to act as bridge-builders between minority communities and the health and social care sectors. This paper explores the development of a quality improvement project in Sweden. The project aimed to recruit and train forced migrants who had lived in Sweden for more than five years to act as bridge-builders. The aim was to use their unique experiences and knowledge in two ways - to work with service staff in developing new ways of working, and to become culturally competent paraprofessionals working with their own communities. This paper focuses on how an understanding of the role evolved as the participants reflected on their experiences and undertook an inquiry process culminating in the development of three possible models of what the task of a bridge-builder should be in developing culturally appropriate health and social services that are responsive to the needs of forced migrants. The conclusion reflects on what was learned and how the experiences from this project may be useful for others who are struggling with the same kind of problem in Sweden and in other countries.

  • 13.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Bing, Vibeke
    Backa Läkarhusgruppen Göteborg.
    Föräldraskapande och professionell följsamhet på familjecentralers öppna förskolor: en programteori2011Inngår i: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 88, nr 2, 122-132 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Familjecentralens verksamhetsidé för öppna förskolan på familjecentraler – formulerat som en hypotes - har utvärderats steg för steg genom samla in data på sammanlagd sex familjecentraler för att pröva hållbarheten i hypotesen. Utvärderingen visar på ett föräldraskapande bland småbarnsföräldrar genom att de lär sig om barn och föräldraskap, får möjlighet att utöka sitt sociala kontaktnät och att bara vara i en trygg omgivning där socialt stöd finns till hands. De får tillsammans med andra känna sig ’good enough’ som en vanlig förälder med ett normalt barn. Professionell följsamhet utmärker personalens arbetssätt. De bedömer den ”mognadsgrad” som föräldern befinner sig i för att söka stöd och anpassar sitt förhållningssätt till föräldern genom fysiskt avstånd och djup i samtalet. På så vis kan pedagogiska, sociala och psykologiska mekanismer triggas igång och förklara de resultat som föräldrar upplever för dem själva och deras barn. Artikeln avslutas med en omformulerad hypotes om öppna förskolors verksamhet på familjecentraler.

  • 14.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    A salutogenic perspective could be of practical relevance for the prevention of smoking amongst pregnant women2002Inngår i: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 18, nr 4, 323-331 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: to use empirical data to assess the theoretical relevance of using a salutogenic, instead of a pathogenic, perspective to prevent smoking during pregnancy. DESIGN: quantitative study, a questionnaire was completed during the first trimester of pregnancy and an interview was conducted after the baby was born. SETTING: a geographically defined area in the south-east of Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: all 395 women in the study area who were pregnant during the study period 1994-1995. FINDINGS: the women were categorised according to their smoking habits. A significant difference in the sense of coherence (SOC) score was shown between smoking and non-smoking women in indicators of bad health. Women who relapsed to smoking showed a lower level of SOC, particularly in the manageability component, than others. The SOC score was higher in the whole study group than in other comparable, non-pregnant populations. KEY CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: a salutogenic perspective could be used in antenatal care as a basis for encouraging pregnant women to stop smoking. This could enhance the SOC by making smoking more understandable for the woman, by discussing smoking as a way of coping, and by encouraging the woman's own capacity and motivation to stop smoking. Starting a dialogue about smoking from the woman's point of view could do this, with the midwife and the woman exploring together the woman's thoughts about the smoking problem.

  • 15.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Smoking patterns during pregnancy: differences in socio-economic and health-related varaiables2000Inngår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 10, nr 3, 208-213 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The objective of this study was to assess different smoking patterns during and after pregnancy and relate these patterns to socioeconomic conditions and different health issues such as symptoms, drug consumption and health care use. Methods: The study group included 337 pregnant women from a district in south Sweden. A questionnaire was filled in during the first part of pregnancy and an interview was conducted after the baby was born. The women were categorised according to their smoking habits. Results: The categories defined were continuers, relapsers, decreasers, quitters and non-smokers. Among relapsers three symptoms, difficulty in relaxing (OR 4.48), restlessness (OR 9.59) and dysphoria (OR 3.98), were more common than among non-smokers. All three musculoskeletal symptoms were most common among continuers. Among quitters the OR for backache was 2.05, for numbness In the arms and legs 2.76 and for tearfulness 2.92. Educational level was relatively high among quitters and few had a smoking partner. Among smokers (decreasers, relapsers and continuers) 24% used drugs regularly, compared to 5% among non-smokers. Conclusions: To prevent smoking during pregnancy awareness of the relations between different smoking categories and symptoms could make it easier for hearth personnel to individualise support. A possible starting point is to discuss how to cope with different symptoms occurring during smoking cessation. Women with predictors for continued smoking during pregnancy, such as low education, unemployment, a smoking partner and multiparous, should be focused on more intensively and preventive strategies suitable for their special needs should be developed.

  • 16.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University.
    Gerdner, Arne
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University.
    Sense of coherence of reindeer herders and other Samis in comparison to other Swedish citizens2013Inngår i: International Journal of Circumpolar Health, ISSN 2242-3982, E-ISSN 2242-3982, Vol. 72, 20633- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Samis are indigenous people in north Europe. In the territory called Sápmi (Lapland), reindeer herding is the traditional base for the Sami economy. The relation between living conditions and positive health of the Swedish Samis has been sparsely studied. As health is closely linked to sense of coherence (SOC), an understanding of the background factors to SOC may contribute knowledge that might be useful in promoting living conditions and health.

    METHODS: The study examines relations between the level of SOC and background factors from surveys in a Sami population (n=613) in comparison to a non-Sami population (n=525) in Sweden, and in comparison between 2 subsamples of Samis, that is, herders and non-herders.

    RESULTS: There are more similarities than differences between the Sami and non-Sami populations. However, dividing the Sami population, reindeer herders had significantly lower SOC, and in specific the subcomponent manageability, that is, less ability to use available resources to meet different demands in life, compared to non-herders.

    CONCLUSIONS: In addition to age and health, predictors of SOC are related to the life form of reindeer husbandry and the belonging to the herding community.

  • 17.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Samarasinghe, Kerstin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Open pre-schools at integrated health services: a program theory2013Inngår i: International Journal for Integrated Care, ISSN 1568-4156, Vol. 13, e014- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Family centres in Sweden are integrated services that reach all prospective parents and parents with children up to their sixth year, because of the co-location of the health service with the social service and the open pre-school. The personnel on the multi-professional site work together to meet the needs of the target group. The article explores a program theory focused on the open pre-schools at family centres.

    Method: A multi-case design is used and the sample consists of open pre-schools at six family centres. The hypothesis is based on previous research and evaluation data. It guides the data collection which is collected and analysed stepwise. Both parents and personnel are interviewed individually and in groups at each centre.

    Findings: The hypothesis was expanded to a program theory. The compliance of the professionals was the most significant element that explained why the open access service facilitated positive parenting. The professionals act in a compliant manner to meet the needs of the children and parents as well as in creating good conditions for social networking and learning amongst the parents.

    Conclusion: The compliance of the professionals in this program theory of open pre-schools at family centres can be a standard in integrated and open access services, whereas the organisation form can vary. The best way of increasing the number of integrative services is to support and encourage professionals that prefer to work in a compliant manner.

  • 18.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Springett, Jane
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Dynamic between partners and pregnant women in relation to smoking cessation2008Inngår i: Research focus on smoking and women's health / [ed] Tolson, K.P. and Veksler E.B., New York: Nova Science Publishers , 2008, 303-314 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 19.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Springett, Jane
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Karlsson, Leif
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Håkansson, Anders
    Department of Community Medicine, Lund University.
    Ottosson, Torgny
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Some lessons from Swedish midwives' experiences of approaching women smokers in antenatal care2005Inngår i: Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, E-ISSN 1532-3099, Vol. 21, nr 4, 335-345 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: to describe the qualitatively different ways in which midwives make sense of how to approach women smokers. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: a more person-centred national project 'Smoke-free pregnancy' has been in progress in Sweden since 1992. Using a phenomenographic approach, 24 midwives who have been regularly working in antenatal care were interviewed about addressing smoking during pregnancy. FINDINGS: four different story types of how the midwives made sense of their experiences in addressing smoking in pregnancy were identified: 'avoiding', 'informing', 'friend-making', 'co-operating'. KEY CONCLUSION: the midwives' story types about how they approached women who smoke illustrated the difficulties of changing from being an expert who gives information and advice to being an expert on how to enable a woman in finding out why she smoked and how to stop smoking. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: health education about smoking that is built on co-operation and dialogue was seen by the midwives as a productive way of working. The starting point should be the lay perspective of a woman, which means that her thoughts about smoking cessation are given the space to grow while she talks.

  • 20.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Springett, Jane
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Karlsson, Leif
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ottosson, Torgny
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Making sense of the challenge of smoking cessation during pregnancy: a phenomenographic approach.2005Inngår i: Health Education Research, ISSN 0268-1153, E-ISSN 1465-3648, Vol. 20, nr 3, 367-378 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In general, most women are familiar with the need to stop smoking when they are pregnant. In spite of this, many women find it difficult to stop. Using a phenomenographic approach, this study explored Swedish pregnant and post-pregnant women's ways of making sense of smoking during pregnancy. A total of 17 women who either smoked throughout pregnancy or stopped smoking during pregnancy were interviewed. Five different story types of how they are making sense of smoking during pregnancy were identified: smoking can be justified; will stop later; my smoking might hurt the baby; smoking is just given up; smoking must be taken charge of. Based on the study it is argued that the approach used in health education in relation to smoking cessation in antenatal care needs to move from information transfer and advice-giving to the creation of a dialogue. The starting point should be the woman's knowledge, concerns, rationalizations and prejudices. A model is suggested in which a woman may move in a space on three axes depending on life encounters, dialogue and reflections on meaning. The goal in health education would be to encourage movement along three axes: 'increase of self-efficacy towards control', 'increase awareness by reflection on meaning of the smoking issue' and 'avoidance of defense of the smoking behavior'.

  • 21.
    Abrahamsson H, Kajsa
    et al.
    Department of Periodontology, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Krok, Lena
    Department of Periodontology, Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    The Public Dental Service, Västra Götaland.
    Evaluation of the Dental Hygienist Beliefs Survey: test-retest assessment in a group of general dental patients2012Inngår i: International Journal of Dental Hygienie, ISSN 1601-5037, Vol. 10, nr 1, 30-35 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective:  To evaluate the Dental Hygienist Beliefs Survey (DHBS) and the test–retest reliability of DHBS in a group of general dental patients.

    Material and methods:  The DHBS, which is a questionnaire constructed to assess patients’ specific attitudes towards dental hygienists (DHs), was distributed together with the Dental Anxiety Scale adapted to specifically assess fear of DH treatment (DHAS). It was hypothesized that DHBS would correlate with DHAS and gender. The questionnaires were consecutively distributed to 80 patients at their first visit and after a clinical examination performed by a DH student. Retest assessments of DHBS were conducted approximately two weeks later in conjunction with the next visit at the DH student and before treatment (scaling session). The final study sample included 77 adult general dental patients in treatment at an education clinic for DH students.

    Results:  The results verified a statistically significant correlation between DHBS and DHAS. The DHBS sum of scores showed high internal consistency with Cronbach’s a coefficient of 0.88 and 0.91 at the first and second assessments, respectively, and the test–retest reliability of the DHBS was acceptable with intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.76. No statistically significant association was found between DHBS and gender.

    Conclusion:  The results suggest that the DHBS is a reliable and stable scale to use to assess patients’ specific attitudes towards DHs. Moreover, DH beliefs are associated with fear of DH treatment.

  • 22.
    Abushahba, Faleh
    et al.
    School of Dental Science, Trinity College, Dublin.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Polyzois, Ioannis
    School of Dental Science, Trinity College, Dublin.
    Claffey, Noel
    School of Dental Science, Trinity College, Dublin.
    Effect of grafting materials on osseointegration of dental implants surrounded by circumferential bone defects: an experimental study in the dog2008Inngår i: Clinical Oral Implants Research, ISSN 0905-7161, E-ISSN 1600-0501, Vol. 19, nr 4, 329-334 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of gap width and graft placement on bone healing around implants placed into simulated extraction sockets in the mandibles of four beagle dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four Ti-Unite implants (13 mm x 3.3 mm) were placed on each side of the mandible. Three implants were surrounded by a 1.35 mm circumferential and a 5 mm deep gap around the coronal portion of the implants. A fourth implant was inserted conventionally into both sides of the mandibles as a positive control. The gaps were filled with either Bio-Oss, autogenous bone or with a blood clot alone. The study design was balanced for animal, side and modality. Ground sections were prepared from biopsies taken at 3 months, and computer-aided histometric measurements of bone/implant contact and area of bone within threads were made for the coronal 5 mm. Data were analysed using analysis of variance. RESULTS: The mean bone/implant contact was 9.8 mm for the control and ranged from 9.3 to 11.3 mm for the three test modalities. The corresponding values for area within threads were 1 mm(2) and 1-1.2 mm(2). Modality had a significant effect on both bone/implant contact (F=16.9; P<0.0001) and area within threads (F=16.7; P<0.0001). CONCLUSION: The results of this study suggest that both autogenous bone graft and Bio-Oss played an important role in the amount of hard tissue fill and osseointegration occurring within marginal bone defects around implants.

  • 23.
    Adam, Christina
    et al.
    Grekland.
    Patiraki, Elisabeth
    Grekland.
    Lemonidou, Chryssoula
    Grekland.
    Radwin, Laurel
    USA.
    Charalambouss, Andreas
    Cypern; Finland.
    Charalambous, Melanie
    Cypern.
    Berg, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Sjoval, Katarina
    Lund University.
    Katajisto, Jouko
    Finland.
    Stolti, Minna
    Finland.
    Suhonen, Riitta
    Finland.
    Quality of nursing care as perceived by cancer patients: a cross-sectional survey in four European countries2017Inngår i: Balkan Union of Oncology. Journal, ISSN 1107-0625, Vol. 22, nr 3, 777-782 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To explore and compare cancer patients' perceptions on the quality of nursing care in four European countries. Methods: Data were collected in Cyprus, Finland, Greece and Sweden. The sample comprised 596 hospitalized cancer patients. The quality of nursing care was measured using the "Oncology Patients' Perceptions of the Quality of Nursing Care Scale" (OPPQNCS). Patient characteristics were also collected. Analysis of variance was used to examine the effects of country on the perceptions of the quality of nursing care. Results: Patients' age ranged from 18 to 86 years, and 58% were male. The comparison of cancer patients' perceptions regarding the quality of nursing care between the four countries showed a statistically significant difference in the total OPPQNCS scores (p <0.001) as well as in the subscales responsiveness (p <0.001), individualization (p<0.001), co ordination (p<0.001) and proficiency (p<0.001). The Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the OPPQNCS ranged between 0.89 and 0.95. A multivariate analysis of variance for the OPPQNCS controlled by respondents' demographic characteristics revealed that only the patient's country was significantly related with the patients' perceptions of quality care. Conclusion: Quality of nursing care as perceived by cancer patients was high, but differed between the four countries. The impact of the clinical status of cancer patients on the quality of nursing care and managerial factors such as staffing/nursing care delivery models that influence the ability of nurses to offer high quality care should also be explored by more focused studies.

  • 24.
    Ademi, Aida
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    Stigborn, Ammeli
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle.
    To audit or not to audit: How is auditing being used in banks' credit rating processes?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Credit rating systems are complex processes and involve mainly two parties; a company and a bank. The complexity of a relationship between a company and a bank lies in the fact that a company usually has access to more information about the company than the bank. Hence, an auditor acts as a third party who validates the information involved in credit rating processes. The purpose of this dissertation is to explore how auditing is being used in credit rating processes and to identify the role auditing has. In addition, this study recognizes the use of auditing in both Denmark and Sweden, with a goal to compare and explore the differences between the countries.

    In order to collect secondary data, Danish and Swedish banks were interviewed. To be able to explore the rather newly discovered relationship between auditing and credit rating processes, this study was carried out with an exploratory research design. In addition, this study is based on assumptions stated in the Agency Theory, the Positive Accounting Theory and the Stakeholder Model. Because the intention was to use existing theories, a deductive research approach was suitable.

    The empirical findings imply that auditing is being used in banks’ credit rating processes to validate the information and to reduce the risk. The trustworthiness of auditors and the relationship between a company and a bank influence banks’ perceptions regarding the creditworthiness of companies. The role of auditing is rather common in Denmark and Sweden, whereas the amount of accessible information is higher in Sweden than in Denmark. The pattern is that more information diminishes the risk and implies that the role of auditing is less important.

    This study is limited to only taking the bank’s perceptions of auditing into consideration, leaving out other stakeholders. Moreover, the examination is restricted to Danish and Swedish banks. The findings are interesting for banks and small companies to consider, because they explain the importance of auditing other components such as customer relationship. As a conclusion, the findings would be appropriate for Swedish banks to review in order to evaluate possible consequences of the statutory audit.

  • 25.
    Ademovski, Seida Erovic
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet (OHAL).
    Mårtensson, Carina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet (OHAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Persson, G. Rutger
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet (OHAL).
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet (OHAL).
    The effect of periodontal therapy on intra-oral halitosis: a case series2016Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051X, Vol. 43, nr 5, 445-452 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of non-surgical periodontal therapy on intra-oral halitosis 3months after therapy. Material and methods: Sixty-eight adults with intra-oral halitosis were included in a case series. Intra-oral halitosis was evaluated at baseline, and at 3months after treatment using the organoleptic scores (OLS), Halimeter (R), and a gas chromatograph. Results: Significant reductions for OLS (p<0.01), total sum of volatile sulphur compounds (T-VSC) (p<0.01) and methyl mercaptan (MM) (p<0.05) values were found after treatment. Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) levels were not significantly reduced. The numbers of probing pockets 4mm, 5mm and 6mm were significantly reduced as a result of therapy (p<0.001). Bleeding on probing (BOP) and plaque indices were also significantly reduced (p<0.001). For the 34 individuals with successful periodontal treatment (BOP<20% and a 50% reduction of total pocket depth) reductions in OLS (p<0.01) and T-VSC scores (p<0.01) were found. Eleven individuals were considered effectively treated for intra-oral halitosis presenting with a T-VSC value <160ppb, a H2S value <112ppb and a MM value <26ppb. Conclusion: Non-surgical periodontal therapy resulted in reduction of OLS, MM and T-VSC values 3months after therapy. Few individuals were considered as effectively treated for intra-oral halitosis.

  • 26.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Umans, Timurs
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS). Linnaeus University.
    The new generation of auditors meeting praxis: dual learning's role in audit students' professional development2017Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores whether and in what way “dual learning” can develop understanding of the relationship between structure/judgement and explores audit student’s perceptions of the audit profession. Work Integrated Learning (WIL) module, serving as a tool of enabling dual learning, represents the context for this exploration. The study is based on a focus group and individual interviews conducted with students performing their WIL. Our data and its analysis indicates that when in a WIL context, students develop awareness of the use of standards and checklists on the one hand and the importance of discretional judgement on the other. Based on these results, we theorise as to how dual learning manifests itself in students’ experiences and understanding of the relationship between structure and judgement.

  • 27.
    Aghazadeh, Ahmad
    et al.
    Uppsala Käkkirurgiska Centrum.
    Persson, G. Rutger
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    A single-center randomized controlled clinical trial on the adjunct treatment of intra-bony defects with autogenous bone or a xenograft: results after 12 months2012Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, ISSN 0303-6979, E-ISSN 1600-051X, Vol. 39, nr 7, 666-673 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Limited evidence exists on the efficacy of regenerative treatment of peri-implantitis Materials and methods Subjects receiving antibiotics and surgical debridement were randomly assigned to placement of autogenous bone (AB) or bovine derived xenograft (BDX) with placement of a collagen membrane. The primary outcome was: evidence of radiographic bone fill and the secondary outcomes included reductions of probing depth (PD) bleeding on probing (BOP) and suppuration. Results 22 subjects were included in the AB and 23 subjects in the BDX group. Statistical analysis failed to demonstrate differences for 38/39 variables assessed at baseline. At 12 months, significant better results were obtained in the BDX group for bone levels (p < 0.001), BOP (p = 0.004), PI (p = 0.003), and suppuration (p < 0.01). When adjusting for number of implants treated per subject, a successful treatment outcome PD≤ 5.0 mm, no pus, no bone loss and BOP at 1/4 sites the likelihood of defect fill was higher in the BDX group (LR: 3.2, 95 % CI: 1.0 to 10.6, p < 0.05). Conclusions Bovine xenograft provided more radiographic bone fill than autogenous bone. The success for both surgical regenerative procedures was limited. Decreases in PD, BOP, and suppuration were observed.

  • 28.
    Ahlin, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    "All we wanted to do, now that we were back in the world, was forget": on remembrance and forgetting in Julie Otsuka's novels2015Inngår i: American Studies in Scandinavia, ISSN 0044-8060, Vol. 47, nr 2, 81-101 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article considers Julie Otsuka's representations of the World-War-II internment of Japanese Americans in When the Emperor Was Divine (2002) and The Buddha in the Attic (2011) from the perspective of collective remembrance, thus highlighting the interconnectedness of remembrance, forgetting, silence and race. Remembering and forgetting are understood as contingent on one another, and on the ideological currents and countercurrents that affect the construction of collective remembrance. The article argues that the content and form of Otsuka's novels mediate the cultural silence of the internment. In addition, they illustrate the changing nature of the narrativized remembrance of the internment as accounts of the lived experience of the Japanese Americans who went to camp are being replaced by trans-generationally transmitted, imaginatively recreated memories. The historical silence of the incarceration and its aftermath is sometimes explained in terms of "Japanese culture," but such a description risks reducing the impact of the racialization of Japanese Americans, and obscuring its effect on resistance. Finally, the analysis demonstrates that in Otsuka's texts, remembrance of the internment is characterized by a negotiation between repressive erasure and restorative forgetting.

  • 29.
    Ahlin, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    On the Legacy of Maxine Hong Kingston: The Mulhouse Book2014Inngår i: American Studies in Scandinavia, ISSN 0044-8060, Vol. 46, nr 2, 97-100 s.Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Ahlin, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    The British slave trade2008Inngår i: Encyclopedia of Blacks in European history and culture. Vol. 2 / [ed] Eric Martone, Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press , 2008, 487-491 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 31.
    Ahlin, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    The doctor and the pastor: on love and evil in Hjalmar Söderberg's Doctor Glas and Bengt Ohlsson's Gregorius2012Inngår i: Forum for World Literature Studies, ISSN 1949-8519, E-ISSN 2154-6711, Vol. 4, nr 2, 260-275 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Ahlin, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    The Harlem renaissance: depicting the "New Negroe"2009Inngår i: African-American poets / [ed] Harold Bloom, New York: Bloom's Literary Criticism , 2009, New ed., 147-164 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 33.
    Ahlin, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    "We don't think of these things here": on teaching African American texts in Sweden2007Inngår i: European scholars teaching African American texts / [ed] Simcikova, Karla, Ostrava: University of Ostrava , 2007, 33-44 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 34.
    Ahlin, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humaniora.
    Writing and Identity in Jane Jeong Trenka’s Life Narratives2017Inngår i: International Adoption in North American Literature and Culture: transnational, transracial and transcultural narratives / [ed] Mark Shackleton, Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, 121-142 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter explores the connection between writing and subjectivity in Jane Jeong Trenka’s two memoirs, The Language of Blood (2003) and Fugitive Visions (2009), suggesting that the two texts participate in a dialogue in which questions that were raised in the first work are revisited and reconsidered in the second. The result is a multilayered and at times conflicted life narrative, which offers no simple solutions to the complex questions of identity raised. While Trenka’s texts address the unspeakable aspects of adoption and the inability to recover parts of the past, they also address the materiality of adoption. Common adoption myths, such as the discourse of rescue, and the myth of color-blindness, are debunked. The chapter argues that there is a tension in the texts between the representation of adoption as trauma with individual as well as societal implications, and adoption as a productive site generating questions of identity and origin of universal relevance. Placing the form and act of narration in focus, the analysis suggests that the adoption narrative may function as an empowering imaginative space for the production of identity. In addition, the paper traces how sensory experiences are used to re-enact the past—or even instill new memories to replace the perceived gaps in the narrative of the past. The two texts suggest that an engagement with and translation of the non-verbal aspects of identity into text can provide acts of self-authorization that demonstrate the restorative potential of the transnational adoptee’s life narrative.

  • 35.
    Ahlin, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humaniora.
    Freij, Maria
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humaniora.
    Feedback and (self-) assesment2016Inngår i: Högskolepedagogisk debatt, ISSN 2000-9216, nr 2, 79-86 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 36.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Appreciating literature: a focus on lexis in second language reading2014Inngår i: Text analysis: culture, framework & teaching: conference proceedings from the Text Analysis Symposium at Kristianstad University, April 2014 / [ed] Jane Mattisson, Maria Bäcke, Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2014, 88-96 s.Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The appreciation of literature depends on the reader’s ability to understand the author’s use of words — how they are used individually to express explicit and indirect meaning, how they are used in partnership with others to make up set phrases, and how meaning can be distorted for literary purposes by changing a phrase or the order of words in a phrase, all within a specific cultural context. The educated first language reader, familiar with the context, is equipped to read between the lines and achieve a fuller understanding of the text in question. However, for second language readers, lacking that lexical and cultural knowledge, the situation is different and they are at a disadvantage in terms of being able to understand a work of literature. Teachers of English can help their pupils by drawing their attention to words — which words are used and how they are used. Support for this assertion can be found in the research into second language vocabulary acquisition. This tells us that readers need to know at least 95% of words in a text in order to understand that text, and that words must be encountered many times if they are to be learnt. The point of actively working with words over a period of time is twofold: firstly, to increase the reader’s lexical resource in terms of both number of words known and depth of knowledge about them, and secondly, by so doing, to increase the reader’s ability to understand, and therefore appreciate, literary texts. With reference to The Great Gatsby, I will illustrate how teachers of English to university students can extend their learners’ lexical knowledge and appreciation of literature.

  • 37.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humaniora.
    Making a difference: Storyline in teacher education2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 38.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    ‘Storyline’: a task-based approach for the young learner classroom2013Inngår i: ELT Journal, ISSN 0951-0893, E-ISSN 1477-4526, Vol. 67, nr 1, 41-51 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Storyline approach is little known in language teaching contexts although it has much in common with task-based education. Learners play the parts of characters in an unfolding narrative, collaborating on tasks in small groups, a method which combines the use of language skills with practical work. A word often used by participants in a Storyline topic is `fun′. This article reports on a study in which I attempted to identify the features that particularly appealed to a class of Swedish 11–13 year olds, and how working in this way impacted on their learning of English. The data show that learners were strongly motivated by particular tasks and that the experience of taking part in a Storyline brought specific language benefits.

  • 39.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Storyline: developing communicative competence in English2013Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    What do you do when someone dumps rubbish in your street? How do you deal with anti-social neighbours? How do you organize a street party? These are some of the questions faced by a class of 11–13 year olds working on “Storyline, Our Sustainable Street”. For five weeks they took on the roles of families who had moved into a newly built street in the fictive English town of Danbury. Working on tasks linked to the syllabus for English, they developed their skills in speaking, listening, reading and writing – and had fun.

    Developing communicative competence in English is of central importance in the Swedish curriculum Lgr11. This book presents the results of a study into the impact of the Storyline approach on the second language classroom. It also provides excellent guidance for teacher education students and teachers of both younger and older pupils (aged 9–16) in how to adapt this Storyline for their own classes.

  • 40.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Storyline: the importance of "fun" in the young language learner classroom2015Inngår i: UZRT 2014: Empirical studies in applied linguistics / [ed] Stela Letica Krevelj & Jelena Mihaljevic Djigunovic, Zagreb: FF press , 2015, 81-90 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 41.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Storyline: the importance of `fun´in the young language learner classroom2014Inngår i: UZRT 2014: Empirical Studies in Applied Linguistics / [ed] Letica Krevelj, S. & Mihaljevic Djigunovic, J., Zagreb: Filozofski fakultet u Zagrebu , 2014, 81-90 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 42.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humaniora.
    Teacher education: developing language proficiency, self confidence and motivation through the story line approach2016Inngår i: Lärarlärdom 2016: Högskolan Kristianstad / [ed] Claes Dahlqvist & Stefan Larsson, Högskolan Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 43.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Teaching young learners through Storyline: `The more fun it is, the more you learn!´2016Inngår i: Modern English Teacher, ISSN 0308-0587, Vol. 25, nr 1, 62-64 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 44.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    The Storyline approach: promoting learning through cooperation in the second language classroom2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Storyline approach a fictive world is created in the classroom. Learners create and take on the role of characters in a story (lasting typically for four to six weeks), which develops as they work in small groups on practical and theoretical tasks linked to the curriculum. The approach offers conditions considered to promote second language development in young learners, namely an engaging, meaningful and motivational context in which communicative language skills are practised holistically. The word learners most commonly use to describe learning English through Storyline is `fun´; one aspect of the work which rates particularly highly is group collaboration. This presentation is based on a research study, Storyline, Our Sustainable Street, in which a class of Swedish 11-13 year olds created families who moved into a new street in a fictive English town. During the course of the Storyline the families took part in a project to live in a more sustainable way, and also had to deal with the problems of illegal rubbish dumping and anti-social neighbours. I will demonstrate how cooperative principles are integral to group tasks in Storyline and how, through cooperation, communicative language skills are developed.

  • 45.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    The Storyline approach: promoting learning through cooperation in the second language classroom2015Inngår i: Education 3-13, ISSN 0300-4279, E-ISSN 1475-7575, Vol. 43, nr 1, 40-54 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Storyline approach, a fictive world is created in the classroom, with learners working in small groups, taking on the role of characters in a story. The story develops as they work on a range of tasks which integrate the practical and theoretical content of the curriculum. This article reports on a study based on the syllabus for English, in which a class of Swedish 11-13 year olds took on the roles of families who had moved into a new sreet in England, and highlights the role played by cooperative group work in the second language learning process.

  • 46.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humaniora.
    The storyline approach in teacher education2016Inngår i: Lärarlärdom 2016: Högskolan Kristianstad / [ed] Claes Dahlqvist & Stefan Larsson, Högskolan Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2016Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    For many primary student teachers, English at school was characterized by a diet of textbooks, public teacher correction and peer ridicule. Such students approach English in teacher education with a lack of enthusiasm, even dread. If we are to produce competent, enthusiastic professionals, this must change. In English didactics, the objectives at Kristianstad University are 1) that students develop language proficiency and theoretical knowledge 2) understand how English can be taught creatively and be able to demonstrate this in practical and written assignments.

    Classroom relationships are often said to lie at the heart of successful language learning (Stevick, 1980). One example of a relational pedagogy, which fosters cooperation and mutual support, is Storyline, in which a fictive world is created in the classroom. A story develops as learners, in small groups as characters in a story, work on a range of meaningful tasks, combining theoretical and aesthetic subjects. At Kristianstad University, student teachers work for two weeks intensively on a Storyline about families moving into a new street in a fictive English town, using English in different ways. At the same time, they analyse what they are learning and how. This has a number of benefits. By working with Storyline, as opposed to just reading about it, the students experience its pedagogical benefits, and not just for the teaching of English. At the same time, their proficiency develops, not least because they are working closely and intensively together on motivating tasks in a supportive classroom atmosphere.

    Hattie (2009) contends that achievement is higher where there is enjoyment. Storyline helps to raise achievement levels because it engages affectively and cognitively, helps to forge closer classroom relationships and through practical work makes visible abstract content (for example, educational and linguistic theories), thus facilitating student learning, as this paper will demonstrate.

  • 47.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    `When it's fun you learn more!´: Storyline and the young language learner2012Inngår i: English for young learners - forum 2012: proceedings from the conference in Uppsala 19 June 2012 / [ed] Maria Allström, Annamaria Pinter, Uppsala: Centre for Professional Development and Internationalisation in Schools, Uppsala University , 2012, 28-38 s.Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    In the Storyline approach a fictive world is created in the classroom. Working in small groups, the learners create characters to people a story, speaking and writing in role. The story develops as the learners work on open key questions, based on curriculum content and integrating linguistic and practical skills. A word often used by participants in a Storyline topic is `fun´. I investigated which features of the Storyline approach particularly appealed to a class of 11-13 year-olds who took part in Our Sustainable Street and what impact working in this way had on their learning of English This paper reports on that study, which concluded that the Storyline approach offers significant benefits for the development of communicative competence, and shows how Storyline can meet the requirements of the curriculum.

  • 48.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Young learner writing and the Storyline approach2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 49.
    Ahlquist, Sharon
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Lugossy, Réka
    University of Pécs, Hungary.
    Stories and Storyline2015Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 50.
    Aili, Carola
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Lärarutbildning.
    Breaks for stress and breaks for rest: a study of teachers' work breaks. Paper presenterat vid Nordisk Förening för Pedagogisk Forskning (NFPF) 33:e kongress, Oslo, Norge.2005Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
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