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  • 1.
    Aili, Carola
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Hård styrning är inget framgångsrecept2012Inngår i: Kristianstadsbladet, ISSN 1103-9523, nr 2/7, B4- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den ökade kontrollen i dag gör inte att de elever läraren har i dag når bättre resultat, sannolikt når de sämre resultat, eftersom lärares hantering av den allt mer omfattande dokumentstyrningen sker på bekostnad av att komma väl förberedda till nästa dags undervisning.

  • 2.
    Arenhill Beckman, Madeleine
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Tullgren, Charlotte
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    To discern a learning object teacher's development during a Learning Study in Swedish school age educare settings2012Inngår i: Abstracts book, 2012, 47-48 s.Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses upon teacher’s development during a Learning Study among children in Swedish school age educare. The aim is to explore and describe in what way Learning Study could affect teachers approach to the learning object and thereby develop their teaching. The study is performed in school age educare settings which is an after-school activity for students in need of childcare during the afternoon. School age educare is a part of the Swedish educational system, regulated by the government, and led by school age educare teachers specially trained for teaching in this setting. A learning study among children in the age group of nine to eleven years, and what influences as learning object was carried out. Two teachers participated in the Learning Study and their conceptions of influences were documented. Data consist of audio recorded interviews and dialogues between researcher and teachers. The study is based on variation theory and the concepts of discernment, simultaneity and variation (Marton & Booth, 1997; Marton & Pang, 2006). While learning it is important for the learners to discern critical aspects of the learning object, discern different aspects simultaneously and variation and contrast in representation forms. Within variations theory learning is defined as gaining knowledge about the world and an assumption is that different people experience things in different ways (Marton & Booth, 1997). That means that an aspect could be critical for one individual but not for another who has already experienced this aspect. A critical aspect is thus critical just as long it is not discerned by the learner. Once the learner has understood the aspect it is no longer critical and a new critical aspect could occur. The result shows that the teachers’ participation in a learning study enabled them to discern the learning object in a different and more complex way. Some critical aspects were illuminated and teachers’ awareness increased and changed to a different way of discerning the terms. The result also shows a new awareness among the teachers when describing their work to their children.

  • 3.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Vetenskapsteori och vetenskapsfilosofi2012Inngår i: Tillämpad kvalitativ forskning inom hälso- och sjukvård / [ed] Granskär, M. Höglund-Nielsen, B., Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 15-26 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Ericsson, Ulf
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Pettersson, Pär
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle.
    On the organisation of sustainable prerequisites for the subjective well-being and growth of individuals2012Inngår i: Vulnerable Groups & Inclusion, ISSN 2000-8023, Vol. 3, 18938- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The effects that work has on individuals are not unknown. The importance of work in terms of the subjective well-being and growth of individuals through their work, however, is not as extensively discussed and documented. Risk factors and unhealthy factors have long been discussed at the expense of positive conditions for well-being and personal growth. We like to call work with that type of potential regenerative work. Hence, that is the type of work that we have chosen to focus on in this study. The following research objectives have guided us through the study: Which everyday work processes may contribute to sustainable prerequisites for the subjective well-being and growth of individuals? The study takes an explorative approach to two workplaces - a care unit at a hospital and a manufacturing company. Our aim is to increase the understanding of prerequisites for the well-being and growth of individuals through their work. Three themes emerged in this type of regenerative work: performance, general overview and participation, and dialogue. These themes are problemised by looking at their potential in relation to the organisation of the work. Prerequisites for performance, general overview and participation, and finally dialogue prove to be more efficient in contexts where the complexity of the work and organisation is acknowledged and where there is room for inter-subjective sense-making and self-organising.

  • 5.
    Ekstrand, Britten
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Ett helhetsgrepp för ökad genomströmning i nät- och distansundervisning.: en internutredning. Dnr2012-111-33.2012Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Ekstrand, Britten
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Recent developments in educational research in several European countries, Part I and II: developments in Sweden2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 7.
    Holmqvist, Mona
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Brante, Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Tullgren, Charlotte
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Learning Study in pre-school: teachers' awareness of children's learning and what they actually learn2012Inngår i: International Journal for Lesson and Learning Studies, ISSN 2046-8253, Vol. 1, nr 2, 153-167 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The aim of this paper is to describe pre-school children’s learning during a Learning Study, and their teachers’ awareness of each child’s learning possibilities in relation to what they actually learned. The aims of the study are twofold; firstly we focus on how to design Learning Study in pre-school settings, and secondly we study young children’s (aged 4-5) learning.

    Design/methodology/approach - The data consists of three videotaped interviews with each participating child (n=39), three videotaped interventions and one videotaped interview each with three pre-school teachers.

    Findings - The results show 1) an increased learning outcome in all three groups, 2) there is a discrepancy between what the children actually learned and the teachers’ awareness about the children’s possibilities. The teachers’ awareness of the children’s learning possibilities differ from what the children actually learned.

    Originality/value - Learning study is usually used in school settings, but this paper shows its potential also in pre-school settings. Beside this, the results indicates that there is a risk that if teachers’ expectations are too high or too low, they will affect children’s abilities to learn in either a positive or a negative way by not offering the children sufficiently challenging tasks. By the use of Learning Study the teachers became aware of this discrepancy and were able to reassess their expectations for each child according to their abilities.

  • 8.
    Holmqvist, Mona
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Tullgren, Charlotte
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Brante, Göran
    University of Gothenburg.
    Variation theory - a tool to achieve pre-school curricula learning goals in mathematics2012Inngår i: Curriculum Perspectives, ISSN 0159-7868, Vol. 32, nr 1, 1-9 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 9.
    Nilsson, Lars-Erik
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Bekämpa fusket genom att förebygga2012Inngår i: Kristianstadsbladet, ISSN 1103-9523, nr 30/6, B4- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Studenter fuskar. Det bör lärare uppmärksamma och bekämpa om vi skall kunna lita på utbildningsresultaten.

  • 10.
    Nilsson, Lars-Erik
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Till försvar av det transcendentala handledningsvåldet: en diskussion kring relationen mellan handledare och doktorand i forskarutbildningar2012Inngår i: Högskolepedagogisk debatt, ISSN 2000-9216, nr 2, 93-108 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Här tar Lars-Erik Nilsson vid med vad han kallar ett Försvar för det transcendentala handledningsvåldet. Han menar, med utgångspunkt från kanske främst Biesta, att det alltid förekommer ett våld i en pedagogisk lärandesituation, då utbildning går ut på att skapa individuella subjekt. Vidare framhåller han ur ett positioneringsperspektiv att vi som individer alltid befinner oss i situationer där vårt handlande sätter ramar både för oss själva, men även för andra i situationen, vilket i sin tur innebär att våldet mellan olika individer finns där även om det mer sällan är tydligt aggressivt. Den diskretion som den handledande har och måste utöva, behöver en tillit från den handledde för att få någon nämnvärd effekt, trots att handledaren inte i någon starkare mening vet något om vad som kommer att bli resultatet av handledningsverksamheten. Det finns alltså alltid ett mått av okunskap eller risktagande i den process man ingår i.

  • 11.
    Petersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Coordinated care planning in public health care in Sweden2012Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to describe, increase the understanding of, and contribute to a theoretical development of how to look at care planning in public health care in Sweden. By transferring some of the medical care from hospitals to a patient's actual home in the 1990s, valuable beds at hospitals were made available to other patients. Patients who have been properly medically treated at hospitals should be discharged from the hospital as soon as possible. This enables a transferral of aftercare to the patient's home or to a municipally organised living accommodation for e.g. the elderly. In order to make sure that patients receive continued care after their discharge from the hospital, Sweden introduced a law concerning co-ordinated care planning (SOSFS 2005:27). This law prescribed that professionals at hospitals should work together with the patient, close kin and caretaker representatives (primarily in the patient's municipal) in order to agree on the need for continued care. In practice this means that an assistance administrator (the person who makes decisions concerning municipal care efforts) a nurse from the municipal home health care system, a nurse from the hospital department at which the patient was admitted, alongside with the patient and his or her close kin should form a care planning team who meet in order to plan the continued need for care. Ultimately the doctors have formal responsibility. In addition to this law, there are agreements between the county council responsible for the medical care and municipals responsible for home health care, well prepared routines for practical approaches, as well as IT support making sure that information is properly transferred to safeguard the safety of the patient and smooth processes (Region Skåne 2011). Despite legislations, governing and control, there are a number of problems when it comes to actual co-ordinated care planning, why is that so? (Augustinsson 2010; Judge 2003; Czarniawska and Lindberg 2006; Lidén 2009; Lindström 2011). This was the basis of the research assignment, i.e. studying actual events behind co-ordinated care planning and developing theoretical models that may be of use to the care planning team. Rather than focusing on the research objective, we asked "What happens in the process of co-ordinated care planning?" This question formed the basis of ten semi-structured interviews with nurses working with co-ordinated care planning at a hospital. We focused on events, interpretations, experiences and emotions in order to follow up with questions that could offer more details on descriptions and analyses. At the introductory phase of the analysis of the transcribed interviews, we asked the following questions "What is going on here?" and "What do the natives [professionals] think they are up to?" From these analyses of the empirical material (interviews as well as documents) and previous theoretical viewpoints of researchers and their knowledge of the field, one overall question emerged: "What happens in the gap between formal structure such as legislations, routines and standardised procedures, and the informal meaning actual co-ordinated planning processes?" The empirical material also included observations of mutual meetings at the hospital between nurses working with co-ordinated planning. The empirical material, based on the answers to the questions above, have later been addressed from various theoretical aspects in order to open up and create new perspectives on events and new theoretical models. This approach means that neither empirical material nor theories are taken for granted. The conclusion of the study, albeit preliminary, is that too many routines and regulations in a co-operation will make professionals unable to see solutions found outside of the predetermined boundaries. The detail level of regulations may be such a problem. This has been frequently discussed and is a known phenomenon among researchers studying knowledge development, safety and quality in organisational work (Dreyfus and Dreyfus 2003; Weick 2009).

  • 12.
    Samarasinghe, Kerstin
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Arvidsson, Barbro
    School of Social and Health Sciences, Halmstad University.
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    FoUrum, Research and development unit in county of Jönköping.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University.
    The promotion of family wellness for refugee families in cultural transition: a phenomenographic study2012Inngår i: Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, ISSN 1925-4040, E-ISSN 1925-4059, Vol. 2, nr 4, 92-104 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To illustrate how nurses can promote family wellness and facilitate acculturation for involuntary migrant families as conceptualized by bilingual interpreters and cultural mediators with own past refugee experience.  Due to the nature of involuntary migration and accompanying acculturation, refugee families face a complex transition, exposing them to vulnerability in cohesion and family function. Involuntary migrant health needs are largely managed within the Primary Health Care sector where Primary Health Care Nurses (PHCN) play an important role. Additionally, bilingual interpreters and cultural mediators with personal experience of being refugees and subsequent acculturation play a critical role in bridging the language and cultural gap between migrant families and PHCNs.

    Methods: The study is descriptive and explorative in design with a phenomenographic approach. Data was collected in Southern Sweden utilizing in-depth interviews with ten bilingual interpreters and cultural mediators originating from the Balkans, Kurdistan, Eritrea and Somalia. A contextual analysis with reference to phenomenography was used in interpreting the data material.

    Results: Three separate themes illustrated the meaning of family wellness: a sense of belonging to the new homeland, the maintenance of self-esteem and stable family interrelationships. The analysis demonstrated that the way ex-refugee bilingual interpreters and cultural mediators perceived of how to promote family wellness, fell into three qualitative different conceptions: (1) Promotion of family wellness is the responsibility of the family itself, manifested in its attitude in wanting to adjust to change, (2) Promotion of family wellness is the consideration of those outside the family and is marked by understanding and respectful attitudes, (3) Promotion of family wellness is a societal responsibility to which successful integration is a prerequisite.

    Conclusions: The promotion of health of involuntary migrant families in cultural transition is complex due to families, other members of the society and society at large all contributing to family wellness in the process of acculturation. For nurses to facilitate a healthy transition for involuntary migrant families, a holistic approach working with the entire family in a psychosocial way and cooperating with other health care professionals, community authorities and ethnic organizations maybe a future direction in encounters with involuntary migrant families with health problems. Adopting a family system approach will enable nurses to provide culturally and transition-competent quality care by enabling stabilizing interfamily relationships through supportive conversations about changes and its subsequent reactions and possible coping of the family as a unit. Further research in order to enhance health promotion would preferable take on a participatory approach.

  • 13.
    Tullgren, Charlotte
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Learning Study projects in Swedish Childhood Education: possibility and challenge2012Inngår i: Abstracts book, 2012, 97-98 s.Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally Swedish pre-schools have been awarded full value, where a path of development and education has often been included. School preparatory learning was rarely emphasized (Brembeck, Johansson & Kampmann, 2004). In recent years pre-school has been given a clearer and partially changed mandate related to children's learning and development (Swedish National Agency for Education, 2010). This new tradition of increased focus on learning and goal achievements is challenging for the teachers (Ljung-Djärf & Tullgren, 2010). With this background the aim of the presentation is to give an overview of Swedish Learning Study projects among pre-school children and how these could impact on the teaching and learning in pre-school settings. The presented studies are Learning Studies and consist of two or three micro-cycle studies. Theoretically they are based upon variation theory and the concepts discernment, simultaneity and variation (Marton & Booth, 1997; Marton & Pang, 2006). When learning it is important for the learners to discern critical aspects of the learning object, discern different aspects simultaneously and whit variation and contrast in representation forms. In the studies special focus is put on generative learning (Holmqvist, Gustavsson & Wernberg, 2007) which could be described as the ability to develop knowledge about the learning object beyond the learning situation in the learning study. The studies show that it is possible to accomplish a Learning Study among young children. Learning Study offers the children, and the teachers, to put focus on a certain object of learning. Also more complex and compounded learning objects are possible for the children to gain and develop knowledge about. Learning Study not only enables the teachers to be aware of their on expectations of the children´s learning, but also spot the importance of the teachers and the teaching when it comes to the children´s learning.

  • 14.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Time to care? : Pictures from a social care organisation2012Inngår i: Raising Constructivist Voices: anticipating 21st century challenges, 2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

     Swedish municipal social care managers and their staff often feel inadequate in their efforts to live up to legal requirements, organisational quality objectives, and their own professional ideals

    This study reports from a constructivist and participative project in which Swedish social care managers reflected over their work and their managerial role by the use of repertory grid interviews, personal diaries and group discussions.

    The qualitative phenomenological analyses of the extensive material show that the managers construed time as a crucial factor in relation to their work situation and managerial role, the staff members and the quality of the services produced.

    The results give a vivid and nuanced picture of the managers’ experiences of time consuming work processes, time shortage, time thieves and other time related difficulties, but also of time managing strategies and alternative solutions.   

    Managers’ insights regarding their own work are of major importance in terms of performance and efficiency and their personal health. In this project the managers’ meaning making processes were supported by the use of constructivist techniques.

  • 15.
    Österlind, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Tullgren, Charlotte
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Bäckström, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Relation or evaluation?: Swedish preschool teachers' expressions concerning quality work2012Inngår i: The 40th Annual Congress of the Nordic Educational Research Association, 8 – 10 March 2012: abstract book, Aarhus: Department of Eduation, Aarhus University , 2012, 160- s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish preschools are welfare institutions required to achieve and demonstrate high quality. The preschool teachers are responsible not only for the quality of the daily activities at the preschool, but also for the evaluation and development of these activities. The latter can be problematic especially in times of diminishing financial resources. This raises question on how quality is defined and evaluated.

    Our analysis of the national steering documents showed two coexisting discourses concerning quality and quality work in the Swedish preschools: I) a relational discourse within which quality was closely related to relations and reflections, and II) a new public management (NPM) discourse within which quality was related to measurability and effectiveness.

    A following study of discursive expressions of quality and quality work among preschool teachers showed that the participants’ statements to a high extent corresponded with the relational discourse found in the national steering documents. The teachers regarded themselves responsible for maintain good relations to the children and their parents, and to their colleagues. The relational discourse was to some extent challenged by the NPM discourse. This discourse was found in statements stressing a correspondence between activities and curriculum, and the local guiding principle: perform, evaluate, and develop. Evaluations were made by mandatory reports to the municipal administration and locally produced inquiry forms to the parents.

    In this paper we present a study which aims to explore discursive expressions about how quality could be achieved in preschool work among preschool teachers. The methodological frame of reference is inspired by critical discourse analysis, which enables the study of discourses and their relations to socio cultural practices, hereby allowing a critical perspective on society. Data was collected during a seminar where preschool teachers reflect upon their work and how they define quality or lack of quality.

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