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  • 1.
    Aili, Carola
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Lärarna själva sänker sin status1999Inngår i: Pedagogiska Magasinet, ISSN 1401-3320, nr 2, 8-11 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    När lärare definierar ”de avvikande fallen” i sin yrkesutövning i termer av andras kunskapssystem eller andras problem, och därmed också andras misslyckande, så avhänder de sig möjligheten att utveckla en verklig kompetens för den verksamhet de är satta att bedriva. Det hävdar Carola Aili som anser att lärarna saknar ett akademiskt kunskapssystem.

  • 2.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Leden, Ido
    Sektion för reumatologi, Medicinkliniken, Centralsjukhuset Kristianstad.
    Scherstén, Bengt
    Avdelningen för Samhällsmedicinska vetenskaper Lund/Dalby, Lunds Universitet.
    Impact of chronic pain on health care seeking, self care, and medication: results from a population-based Swedish study1999Inngår i: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, Vol. 53, nr 8, 503-509 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    STUDY OBJECTIVE: To explore individual and social factors that could predict health care utilisation and medication among people with chronic pain in an unselected population. DESIGN: A mailed survey with questions about pain and mental symptoms, disability, self care action, visits to health care providers, and medication. SETTING: General populations in two Swedish primary health care (PHC) districts. Medical care was given in a state health system. PARTICIPANTS: A random sample (from the population register) of 15% of the population aged 25-74 (n = 1806). MAIN RESULTS: Among people reporting chronic pain 45.7% (compared with 29.8 of non-chronic pain persons, p < 0.05) consulted a physician and 7.2% (compared with 1.2%, p < 0.05) a physiotherapist during three months. Primary health care was the most frequent care provider. High pain intensity, aging, depression, ethnicity, and socioeconomic level had the greatest impact on physician consultations. Alternative care, used by 5.9%, was associated with high pain intensity and self care. Use of self care was influenced by high pain intensity, regular physical activity, and ethnicity. Alternative care and self care did not imply lower use of conventional health care. Women reporting chronic pain consumed more analgesics and sedatives than corresponding men. Besides female gender, high pain intensity, insomnia, physician consultation, social network, and self care action helped to explain medication with analgesics. Use of herbal remedies and ointments correlated to self care action, visit to an alternative therapist, high pain intensity, and socioeconomic level. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of chronic pain has an impressive impact on primary health care and medication. Various therapeutic actions are common and are partly overlapping. The use of health care among people with chronic pain depends above all on pain perception and intensity of pain but is also affected by ethnicity, age, socioeconomic level, and depressive symptoms. Among people with chronic pain use of analgesics is common in contrast with other types of pain relief (acupuncture, physiotherapy) suitable for treating chronic pain symptoms.

  • 3.
    Andersson, H. Ingemar
    et al.
    Department of Community Medicine, Lund University.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Leden, Ido
    Department of Medicine, Rheumatology section, Central Hospital, Kristianstad.
    Scherstén, Bengt
    Department of Community Medicine, Lund University.
    Musculoskeletal chronic pain in general practice: studies of health care utilisation in comparison with pain prevalence1999Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 17, nr 2, 87-92 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To study the relations between population prevalence of chronic pain and pain-related diagnoses (musculoskeletal and headaches) in primary health care (PHC) and to examine longitudinal variations in these diagnoses. DESIGN: A population-based mailed survey to catch prevalence data and continuous computerised diagnosis registration in PHC. SETTING: General population in a well-defined Swedish PHC district. SUBJECTS: A random sample of 15% of the population aged 25-74, n = 1101. Annual visitors to district physicians at the health centre. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rates of pain-related diagnoses in PHC in relation to population prevalence of chronic pain. Comparisons of the number of individuals (annual visiting rates) with pain-related diagnoses 1987-1996. RESULTS: Population pain prevalence and pain-related diagnoses in PHC corresponded as regards the magnitude and distribution of chronic pain by age and partly by pain location. Compared to low-back and widespread pain, neck-shoulder pain and headaches were less frequent in PHC in relation to reported prevalence. From 1987 to 1996 we found an increasing number of individuals seeking primary care with pain-related diagnoses. The increase was mainly assigned to the groups of fibrositis/myalgia and headache. CONCLUSION: Pain-related diagnoses in PHC reflect partly the occurrence of self-reported chronic pain symptoms in the population. The observed increase in visits with pain-related diagnoses in the last 10 years is due to an increased number of individuals with soft-tissue rheumatism and headaches. Future studies will have to elucidate whether these findings are due to an increase in morbidity or changes in care-seeking and social conditions.

  • 4.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Persson, Lena
    Centre for Caring Sciences, Lund University.
    Hallberg, Ingalill
    Centre for Caring Sciences, Lund University.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Testing an oral assessment guide during chemotherapy treatmen in a Swedish care setting: a pilot study1999Inngår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 8, nr 2, 150-158 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Oral complications are common in patients with haematological malignancies who undergo chemotherapy treatment. A pilot study including 16 haematological patients was carried out to evaluate the oral status using an Oral Assessment Guide (OAG) and to test the reliability of the OAG. The oral assessments were made daily by registered nurses at a Department of Internal Medicine in Sweden. Once a week a dental hygienist made the oral assessments independent of the registered nurses in order to provide data for calculations of inter-rater reliability. All patients had varying degrees of alterations in the oral cavity, especially in the mucous membranes, teeth/dentures and gums. The inter-rater agreement between the nurses and the dental hygienist was good for saliva and swallow, and moderate for voice and gums. Assessments to detect alterations in the oral cavity afford the opportunity for early and individualized interventions and may decrease the risk of oral infections. It is necessary to train the nurses to ensure high levels of reliability in the oral assessments. The OAG seems to be a reliable and clinical useful tool for assessing the oral cavity status and determining changes.

  • 5.
    Aspelin, Jonas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljö med inriktning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Banden mellan oss: ett socialpsykologiskt perspektiv på lärare-elev-relationen1999Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 6.
    Edén, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Petersson, Jan
    Socialhögskolan, Lund.
    Quality of life among early retirees1999Inngår i: Experimental Aging Research, 25(4), 1999, Vol. 25, nr 4, 471-475 s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Explanatory variables concerning poor quality of life (QL) were established among disability pensioners with musculoskeletal disorders and a control group. In both groups health status, leisure time activities, and social network were important for QL. Among the retirees immigration, employment before retirement and a negative attitude to the disability pension were related to poor QL.

  • 7.
    Ekelund, Christer
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för ekonomi.
    Evaluate different market strategies from customer portfolio1999Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Grevholm, Barbro
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för matematik och naturvetenskap.
    Varför och hur revideras kursplanerna för gymnasieskolan?1999Inngår i: Nämnaren : tidskrift för matematikundervisning, ISSN 0348-2723, nr 1, 41-44 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolverket har i uppdrag att kontinuerligt se över kursplanerna. Hösten 1997 började därför ett arbete med fem av programmen, bl a NV-programmet. Det innebär att alla fem kurserna A–E är berörda.

  • 9.
    Grevholm, Barbro
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för matematik och naturvetenskap.
    Wennström, Tomas
    Klippans gymnasieskola.
    Samverkan högskola – skola II1999Inngår i: Nämnaren : tidskrift för matematikundervisning, ISSN 0348-2723, nr 4, 36-39 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Nämnaren nr 3, 1998, inleddes rapporteringen från ett projekt, som Klippans kommun bedriver i samverkan med Högskolan Kristianstad. Deltagare i projektet är lärare från alla skolans stadier och syftet är bl a att öka kunskapen i matematikens didaktik och att stimulera lärarnas lokala utvecklingsarbeten.

  • 10.
    Håkansson, Jan
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Madsén, Torsten
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Centrum för kompetensutveckling.
    PLAN - lärares yrkesutveckling i teori och praktik1999Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 11.
    Jannisa, Gudmund
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Samhällsvetenskap.
    Barretta, Scott
    Go west young man: Bengt Olsson, del 11999Inngår i: Jefferson, ISSN 0345-5653, nr 121, 8-12 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 12.
    Jonsson, Lars J.
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Snazell, Rowley
    England.
    Stewart, Jim A
    Skottland.
    Neon robustus Lohmander (Araneae: Salticidae), a fennoscandian spider found in Scottland and Ireland1999Inngår i: The Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society, ISSN 0524-4994, Vol. 11, nr 6, 251-254 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Jonsson, Lars J.
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH).
    Wilander, Per
    Är getingspindeln, Argiope bruennichi, etablerad i Sverige?1999Inngår i: Entomologisk Tidskrift, ISSN 0013-886X, Vol. 120, nr 1-2, 17-21 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 14.
    Laser Reuterswärd, Anita
    et al.
    Swedish Nutrition Foundation.
    Svederberg, Eva
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Enheten för lärarutbildning.
    Förstår konsumenter förpackningstexter om nutrition och hälsa?: vad visar litteraturen?1999Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition/Næringsforskning, ISSN 1102-6480, Vol. 43, nr 4, 163-168 s.Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 15.
    Leopold, Lennart
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Enheten för lärarutbildning.
    Urspårad lundabohem eller missförstått geni?: kring Gustaf Hellströms bild av Bengt Lidforss1999Inngår i: Gustaf Hellström / [ed] Maria Ehrenberg, Kristianstad: Kristianstads stadsbibliotek , 1999, 37-52 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Ottosson, Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Kanonbåtspolitik med förhinder1999Inngår i: Orientaliska studier, ISSN 0345-8997, nr 100-101Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Persson, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Life stories narrated by people who have had acute leukemia or highly malignant lymphoma1999Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Eighteen former patients in remission after acute leukemia or highly malignant lymphoma were interviewed about their daily life experiences prior to the diagnosis, during treatment and in their current life. The transcribed texts were analyzed from a phenomenological-hermeneutic perspective, expanded by their medical and social history as related in interviews. Living through the disease and treatment meant having been through a severe traumatic crisis that implied an overwhelming threat to their lives physically and existentially. The analysis revealed three groups, according to their evaluation of the entire experiences; Believed in life, fought for it and came through with increased strength; Life goes on, adapted to it and found a balance in existence; Life was over, felt out of control and lost the belief in life. The two first groups ascribed meaning to the experience they had been through, and evaluated it as something inevitable part of life. The third group was not through the crisis and evaluated their situation with bitterness. Their situation had similarities with post-traumatic stress syndromes. This shows the importance of offering long-term help in crisis management.           

  • 18.
    Redfors, Andreas
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Ryder, Jim
    University of Leeds.
    University physics students' explanations of phenomena involving interaction between matter and radiation1999Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This project discusses university physics students’ use of models when explaining phenomena involving interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation. This is a content area which is heavily modelled and appropriate explanations for the chosen phenomena draw upon a number of different models. University physics students are familiar with the phenomena, but they are not generally used as exemplars of scientific models within undergraduate physics education. The data for this study, which is collected during the beginning of 1999, comes from written surveys and interviews. The sample is third year university physics students at different universities in UK and Sweden. Both surveys and interviews have been through a piloting phase.

  • 19.
    Rothstein, Sigurd
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    'Die Stadt ist so niedlich': Bemerkungen zu Ernst Tollers Hörspiel 'Berlin - letzte Ausgabe'1999Inngår i: Stefan Neuhaus o. a. (red), Ernst Toller und die Weimarer Republik: Ein Autor im Spannungsfeld von Literatur und Politik, Würzburg: Königshausen & Neumann , 1999Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 20.
    Sollerhed, Ann-Christin
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap.
    Ejlertsson, Göran
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS).
    Low physical capacity among adolescents in practical education1999Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 9, nr 5, 249-256 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to obtain better knowledge about teenagers' physical capacity and physical activity. The study group consisted of 301 students in upper secondary school, 191 students in practical education (74 girls and 117 boys) and 110 students in theoretical education (57 girls and 53 boys). The adolescents were 16-19 years old and lived in southern Sweden. The study comprised three parts: a questionnaire, seven physical tests (one test to predict maximal oxygen uptake, three strength tests, two flexibility tests and one balance test) and information on each pupil's grades. Pupils in practical education for occupations like industrial- and building workers, mechanics, assistant nurses and hairdressers, all of which are occupations involving physical effort, had lower physical capacity than pupils in theoretical education among both girls and boys. A correlation was found between physical capacity and grades.

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