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  • 1.
    Ekstrand, Britten
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Hjort, Marie-Louise
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Lindahl, Ingrid
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Early education research: a question of the relationship to the school according to educational journals in Sweden. Paper presented at NERA's 35th Congress, Turkku2007Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 2.
    Ekstrand, Britten
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Malmström, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Nadarevic, Sanela
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Nordin, Andreas
    Linnéuniversitetet, Växjö.
    International research articles as used and misused quality indicators in higher education2009Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 3.
    Fridberg, Marie
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Redfors, Andreas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Preschool children's collaborative science learning scaffolded by tablets2017Inngår i: Research in science education, ISSN 0157-244X, E-ISSN 1573-1898Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports on a project aiming to extend the current understanding of how emerging technologies, i.e. tablets, can be used in preschools to support collaborative learning of real-life science phenomena. The potential of tablets to support collaborative inquiry-based science learning and reflective thinking in preschool is investigated through the analysis of teacher-led activities on science, including children making timelapse photography and Slowmation movies. A qualitative analysis of verbal communication during different learning contexts gives rise to a number of categories that distinguish and identify different themes of the discussion. In this study, groups of children work with phase changes of water. We report enhanced and focused reasoning about this science phenomenon in situations where timelapse movies are used to stimulate recall. Furthermore, we show that children communicate in a more advanced manner about the phenomenon, and they focus more readily on problem solving when active in experimentation or Slowmation producing contexts.

  • 4.
    Garkusha, Natalya S.
    et al.
    Belgorod Institute of Education Development, Belgorod, Russia.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    ПРИРОДА КАК РЕСУРС ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ СОВРЕМЕННЫХ ШКОЛЬНИКОВ: ШВЕДСКИЙ ОПЫТ2013Inngår i: Fundamental Research, ISSN 1812-7339, nr 10, 2954-2958 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article gives an analysis of researches of scientists from different countries over schoolchildrens education arrangement in nature environment. Outdoor education is considered as an educational process and technique that includes ecological education, carrying out open air events, personal and social development, human’s health care, developing sustainable environment. It was revealed that outdoor education promotes good progress in studies; social, emotional and personal development; young generation’s health preservation and improvement. The outdoor education is of particular interest from the viewpoint of possibility of its organisation in Russian schools with the purpose of activation of learning and cognitive activity, developing self-sufficiency in studies, promoting successful socialization and schoolchildren’s value attitude education to the health and environment.

  • 5.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Different ways of handling learning objects in science when pre-school children and their teachers are visiting nature2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to contribute to knowledge about pre-school teachers´ qualitative different ways of handling a learning object in science when children 4-5 years old are visiting nature. Learning is here seen as a change in the learners’ possibility to experience the world in a certain way and it takes place everywhere. It can be both planned and unplanned.The framework used, variation theory, states for learning to occur, critical aspects of the learning object have to be simultaneously discerned and focused on. The learning object is seen as a capability and it can be defined by its critical features. When playing and interacting with others, a space of variation is constituted that decides what is possible to learn concerning a delimited learning object. When teachers make differences in the children’s´ earlier experiences visible it may contribute to, critical aspects that the learner has not been previously able to discern becomes visible. The data is collected by video observations (20 hours). A group of children and their teachers were videotaped during their stay in nature (a total of 9 days). The research builds on ordinary preschool activities and is not an experiment designed by the researcher. A qualitative analysis seeks to discern how teachers can maintain children’s interest of the phenomena and contribute to develop the children´s knowledge. All parents were informed and had to give their written permission for the children to take part in the research. Every time when starting the video recording the children were asked if it was OK to observe them and they were informed it was freely for them to stop the recording whenever they wanted. The teachers were informed they also had permission to stop the observation whenever they wanted. All participants were guaranteed preservation of anonymity. Three qualitatively different ways of dealing with a learning object is found. In the presentation possible reasons for the teachers´ different ways of handling the learning object will be discussed. Implication for practice is to show the teacher´s role in children’s learning of science. The curriculum points out science learning as an important question for pre-school teacher to handle, but teachers often lack a strategy for this mission.

     

  • 6.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Dilemman i praxisnära forskning2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 7.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Learning in pre-school – building on variation2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe qualitatively different ways in which teachers offer children (aged 4-5) to learn about phenomena in nature when visiting nature. The empirical data consist of video observations of children and teachers communicating with one another. 

    Variation theory is presented as a framework for analysing the data. The theory assumes that variation is needed to support learning. However, the variation is not in methods but in variation of critical aspects needed to understand the object of learning. This means that how the specific content of learning is dealt with has effect on student learning. The object of learning can be differentiated in three types, the intended object of learning, the enacted object of learning and the lived object of learning. In this study the interest is about the enacted object of learning, i.e. what it was possible for the students to learn.

    The study identifies two qualitatively different ways to present the object of learning to the students. One way is based on the principle of opening up dimensions of variation and the second way is built on presumed shared previous experience as a resource for making sense of a novel observation.

    The implication of the different approaches for children´s learning is discussed.

                                                                                                                                   

  • 8.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    The important differences between what and how-aspects in a learning situation2004Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 9.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Variation theory - Possibilities in early childhood education2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Holmqvist, Mona
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    What is the difference between a lesson study and a learning study?: empirical findings from an intended learning study that turned into a lesson study2004Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 11.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Pramling, Niklas
    Department of Education, Communication and Learning , University of Gothenburg .
    The educational nature of different ways teachers communicate with children about natural phenomena2014Inngår i: International Journal of Early Years Education, ISSN 0966-9760, E-ISSN 1469-8463, Vol. 22, nr 1, 59-72 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This empirical study analyses the qualitatively different ways in which teachers approach children’s learning in and about nature. The empirical data consists of video observations of children and teachers communicating with one another around natural phenomena found during excursions into a forest. Variation theory is presented as a framework for analysing the opportunities teachers provide for children’s learning. The study identifies three qualitatively different ways in which teachers communicate with children: one based on the principle of opening up dimensions of variation, the second building on presumed shared previous experience as a resource for making sense of a novel observation and the third involving children through using a make-believe playful approach. The implications of these three different approaches for children’s learning are discussed.

  • 12.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Lärares uppfattningar av undervisning och naturvetenskap som innehåll i förskolans verksamhet2017Inngår i: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, Vol. 13, nr 1, 81-96 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the research project is to analyze and describe how pre-school teachers during an in-service training period develop theoretical knowledge about focusing the content when planning for teaching science in pre-school. The variation theory is used for analysis as well as for the planning for teaching in pre-school. The theory can be described in terms of learning object, critical aspects, discernment, simultaneity and differences. 30 pre-school teachers from nine different municipalities participated in the project. The empirical material consists of a questionnaire as the preschool teachers answered in the beginning and in the end of the training period and of group reports. The results can be discussed as a number of critical aspects in relation to teachers'learning as: ways of understand the concept of variation, to discern the object of learning and to discern o shared space of learning.

  • 13.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    The role of science in Swedish pre-schools: how in-service preschool teachers´ change the way they speak about teaching during a science project in pre-school2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Hjort, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Pramling, Niklas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Den blivande förskollärarens formering: en studie av verksamhetförlagda handledningssamtal, argumentationstraditioner och metaforik2014Inngår i: Nordisk Barnehageforskning, ISSN 1890-9167, E-ISSN 1890-9167, Vol. 7, nr 10, 1-18 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie analyserar vi hur erfarna förskollärare i rollen som handledare introducerar förskollärarstudenter i professionen. Studien genomförs mot bakgrund av ett delvis nytt uppdrag som förskolan fått under senare år, som bland annat yttrar sig i att förskolan nu är en del av utbildningssystemet. Med utgångspunkt i det teoretiska begreppet argumentationstraditioner och genom att analysera metaforiken i deltagarnas resonerande, studeras hur erfarna och blivande förskollärare navigerar spänningar centrala för professionen. Deltagarnas betoning av vissa argumentationstraditioner och användningen av viss metaforik diskuteras i termer av vad de implicerar för utvecklingen av de barn som deltar i en förskoleverksamhet som formas av dessa.

  • 15.
    Holmqvist, Mona
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Wernberg, Anna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Generative learning: learning beyond the learning situation2007Inngår i: Educational action research, ISSN 0965-0792, E-ISSN 1747-5074, Vol. 15, nr 2, 181-208 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article an educational action research study, based on a phenomenographic approach, is reported in which unexpected results have been possible to gather thanks to the inductive design of the study. The aim is to describe the ways in which contrasts of critical aspects of a learning object affect the students' generative learning found by analysing three learning studies based on the theory of variation. Variation is in this article defined as the varied ways a phenomenon can be discerned. By contrasting critical aspects (i.e. main features needed to understand a phenomenon) in a dimension of variation, the learning object (i.e. the targeted ability or knowledge taught) can change form and be experienced in different ways that influence the students' ability to learn. To investigate in which ways the contrasts affect the students' learning outcome was the primary focus of the study, but the results also show an interesting pattern of how students' learning outcomes in the short-term and long-term perspective are affected. In this study we have worked with learning study as a method, and the results are based on analyses of three learning studies made up of three lessons each. The results show how one pattern of contrasts allows the students to look critically upon their previous knowledge and make them find new ways of seeing the object of learning. This pattern has also been found to be more powerful in preparing students for future learning, since it seems to generate new learning (generative learning) after the learning situation itself. 

  • 16.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Ad hoc i lärarvardagen med IKT som intention och realitet2006Inngår i: Education widens democracy: Nordisk Förening för Pedagogisk Forskning (NFPF) 34:e kongress, Örebro, Sverige, 9-11 mars 2006, 2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Communication with young children in preschool: the complex matter dealing with child perspectives and curriculum2012Inngår i: 22nd EECERA conference: pre-birth to three: identities, learning, diversities, 2012, 218- s.Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation aims to share results from a study concerning the preschool teacher as a curriculum-maker to preschool. The research question addressed is “what is characteristic for the curriculum offered, as it appears in one teacher’s verbal communication with 1-3 year old children?”. The study is carried out in Sweden and the research area is motivated by the need for knowledge about the implications that a goal-oriented preschool curriculum and broad discretion for teachers might imply for activities in preschool. A qualitative case study with a narrative approach has been adopted and follows the Swedish research council guidelines and ethical rules in social science research. Empirical data consists of videotaped observations of communication between a single teacher and a number of children aged between 1 and 3 during one morning in preschool. The results show that the teacher has an idea of bringing up and to conceptualize children’s near surroundings. Further on there is an idea of inclusion and to teach children different abilities. They also show that the teacher frequently uses questions as a means of communication, where a large number of shifts between different children and different issues are particularly characteristic. Although this contributes to a child perspective, it also implies a teacher-centred position and a fragmented way of exercising the discretion vis-à-vis the curriculum. The findings are discussed and related to curriculum theory and to early childhood perspectives. This research is expected to have impact on understandings of how preschool teachers deal with their teaching assignment for the youngest children in preschool.

  • 18.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Creating curriculum in preschool context: focus on qualitative differences in teachers' communication with the youngest children2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to describe and analyze how teachers ways to communicate with children in preschool contribute to conditions for children's learning and development, and thereby to how curriculum is created. The curriculum as concept (Gundem, 1997; Vallberg Roth, 2001) is used both for the policy documents concerning preschool and for what is actually said and done in pedagogical contexts. Central to the preschool educational work is the communication that takes place between teachers and children. Hundeide (2002) describes communication as a dialogic interaction with verbal, non-verbal and physical interaction between adults and children. This means that adults’, in this case teachers, speech and actions are considered dependent on what children express and a sense of caring is created between people who interact (ibid.). Communication can in turn be said to contribute to the shaping of a social structure which, according to Giddens (1984) takes place at different levels of consciousness and whose duration varies. With that as a starting point communication between children and teachers in preschool can be studied as a contribution to the preschool curriculum is created, maintained and changed over time, but also as a contribution to how children's learning conditions here and now can be understood. The underlying data is from an observational study conducted in Swedish preschool where teachers communicate with 1-3 year old children. 4 teachers were shadowed (Czarniawska, 2007) and filmed during their everyday work in preschool. Ethical issues in research in all events are crucial (Research Council, 2002) and especially when it involves people who, like the youngest children, can not make their case or assess potential research impact (Heikkilä & Sahlström, 2003). This has been the subject of specific ethical considerations in this study. Shiers model (2001) for children's participation has in a qualitative analysis inspired the construction and use of analytical concepts. The study's results show qualitative differences in teachers' communication of content and in how they listen into and make use of children's own expressions. Overall, it contributes to a curriculum in which teachers' awareness of and challenge of children's perspectives and opportunities in conjunction with the formulated intentions of the curriculum seems both limiting and expanding. The discussion highlights the findings related to curriculum theory (Evans, 1975, 1982), social theory (Giddens, 1984), and childhood perspectives (Halldén, 2003; Pramling Samuelsson & Asplund Carlsson, 2003).

  • 19.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Förskollärares kommunikation med de yngsta barnen i förskolan: med fokus på kvalitativa skillnader i hur ett innehåll kommuniceras2016Inngår i: Nordisk Barnehageforskning, ISSN 1890-9167, E-ISSN 1890-9167, Vol. 12, nr 1, 1-16 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to describe and analyze how preschool teacher’s ways to communicate with the youngest children in preschool contributes to conditions for children's learning. Data has been gathered from four Swedish preschools where observations were conducted to study teachers' communication with 1-3 year old children. The results of the study showed qualitative differences in teachers’ communication about a content. One conclusion is that a broad repertoire of ways to communicate seems to favor conditions for children as actors to jointly expand the content in focus. Another conclusion is that the repertoire of children's actions and expressions made possible appears to be related to qualitative differences in teachers’ communication.

  • 20.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Preschool teachers talk about curriculum for the youngest children: What happened to aesthetics in preschool?2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this presentation is to discuss the role of education in preschool for children 1-3 years of age. It´s one angle of a study made in some Swedish preschools in 2009. The main study aims to develop knowledge concerning what the curriculum looks like that is described by teachers working with the youngest children in early childhood education. Focus is on descriptions of the what and the how in the curriculum, eg. what children should learn and how they can learn and also what is characteristic for early childhood education concerning the youngest children. A theoretical mapping of Scandinavian preschool research shows that only a few of the studies concern the youngest children, which contributes to the direction of this study’s interest. An interviewstudy with semistructured questions was carried out with 15 teachers who are working with children 1-3 years old in five different preschools. In this presentation I discuss and analyze some of the findings from the main study related to curriculumtheory and to different paradigms holding childhood perspectives. Childhood sociology, childhood psychology and childhood pedagogy constitutes a background to questions concerning child perspectives and the children and teachers as actors doing preschool. The results show that teaching assignment seem to be unique while the responsibility is to deal with and manage a large amount of care, education and learning on the spot. One concept evolved from the study is “a didactic in terms of the present moment”. It’s closely connected to the didactic questions what, how, why, who, where and when and important aspects are time, concreteness and a child perspective. In these teacher’s descriptions, children’s interests and needs seem to be more strong guidelines than intentions of the curriculum. Corresponding to childhood perspectives (Sommer, Pramling Samuelsson & Hundeide, 2010; Corsaro, 2005), this indicates a view of the child as competent and having the equal rights as adults. Another result is teacher’s sayings that self-esteem and self-confidence are prime abilities for children to achieve before they can learn anything else. This at the same time indicates an opposing view of the child as incompetent to learn until they reach certain amounts of these abilities. Further in these teachers’s outspoken curriculum the role of play is described as essential in preschool as science and mathematics while aestethics is hardly mentioned. I argue that this is can be seen as a sign of an approach to more school-like activities. This is in contrast to  other research where preschool teachers position themselves as being against “schoolifying” in preschool (Enö, 2005). Related to curriculumtheory (Evans, 1982) for the youngest the results show a childcentered position and a broad interpretation of what are characteristic grounds for preschool activities. Teachers in preschool have an important work in order to achieve quality in children’s learning and development (Sheridan, 2001). Therefore it’s essential to discuss what could be the consequences if children never choose or are interested in some pedagogical content as aestethics and if teachers follow children’s intentions more than the curriculum.

  • 21.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Preschool teachers talk about curriculum for the youngest children. What is essential to learn in preschool?2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this presentation is to discuss the role of education in preschool for children 1-3 years of age. It´s one angle of a study made in some Swedish preschools in 2009. The main study aims to develop knowledge concerning what the curriculum looks like that is described by teachers working with the youngest children in early childhood education. Focus is on descriptions of the what and the how in the curriculum, eg. what children should learn and how they can learn and also what is characteristic for early childhood education concerning the youngest children. A theoretical mapping of Scandinavian preschool research shows that only a few of the studies concern the youngest children, which contributes to the direction of this study’s interest. An interviewstudy with semistructured questions was carried out with 15 teachers who are working with children 1-3 years old in five different preschools. In this presentation I discuss and analyze some of the findings from the main study related to curriculumtheory and to different paradigms holding childhood perspectives. Childhood sociology, childhood psychology and childhood pedagogy constitutes a background to questions concerning child perspectives and the children and teachers as actors doing preschool. The results show that teaching assignment seem to be unique while the responsibility is to deal with and manage a large amount of care, education and learning on the spot. One concept evolved from the study is “a didactic in terms of the present moment”. It’s closely connected to the didactic questions what, how, why, who, where and when and important aspects are time, concreteness and a child perspective. In these teacher’s descriptions, children’s interests and needs seem to be more strong guidelines than intentions of the curriculum. Corresponding to childhood perspectives (Sommer, Pramling Samuelsson & Hundeide, 2010; Corsaro, 2005), this indicates a view of the child as competent and having the equal rights as adults. Another result is teacher’s sayings that self-esteem and self-confidence are prime abilities for children to achieve before they can learn anything else. This at the same time indicates an opposing view of the child as incompetent to learn until they reach certain amounts of these abilities. Further in these teachers’s outspoken curriculum the role of play is described as essential in preschool as science and mathematics. I argue that this is can be seen as a sign of an approach to more school-like activities. This is in contrast to  other research where preschool teachers position themselves as being against “schoolifying” in preschool (Enö, 2005). Related to curriculumtheory (Evans, 1982) for the youngest the results show a childcentered position and a broad interpretation of what are characteristic grounds for preschool activities. Teachers in preschool have an important work in order to achieve quality in children’s learning and development (Sheridan, 2001). Therefore it’s essential to discuss what could be the consequences if children never choose or are interested in some pedagogical content and if teachers follow children’s intentions more than the curriculum.

  • 22.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Williams, Pia
    Department of Education, Communication and Learning, University of Gothenburg.
    Communication with young children in preschool: the complex matter of a child perspective2013Inngår i: Early Child Development and Care, ISSN 0300-4430, E-ISSN 1476-8275, Vol. 183, nr 5, 589-604 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses results obtained from a study on the contribution of the preschool teacher as a curriculum-maker in preschool. The research question addressed is ‘what is the characteristic for the curriculum offered, as it appears in one teacher's verbal communication with 1–3-year-old children?’ The research area is motivated by the need for knowledge about the implications that a goal-oriented preschool curriculum and broad discretion for teachers might imply for activities in preschool. This study was carried out in Sweden, and the empirical data consist of videotaped observations of communication between a single teacher and a number of children aged between one and three during one morning in preschool. The results show that the teacher frequently uses questions as a means of communication, where a large number of shifts between different children and different issues are particularly characteristic. Although this contributes to a child perspective, it also implies a teacher-centred position and a fragmented way of exercising the discretion vis-à-vis the curriculum. The findings are discussed and related to curriculum theory and to early childhood perspectives.

  • 23.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Williams, Pia
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Teaching toddlers in preschool2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 24.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Williams, Pia
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Pramling Samuelsson, Ingrid
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Undervisningsbegreppet och dess innebörder uttryckta av förskolans lärare2017Inngår i: Forskning om undervisning och lärande, ISSN 2000-9674, E-ISSN 2001-6131, Vol. 5, nr 1, 90-109 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie analyseras hur förskolans personal resonerar om att undervisa de yngsta barnen i förskolan. Fokusgruppssamtal har använts för att samla data från personal som arbetar med de yngsta barnens verksamhet. Billigs diskursteoretiska termer används i analyser av personalens resonemang om undervisningsbegreppets innebörder. Resultaten pekar mot två diskurser där krav och rättigheter utgör spänningsfält och där ett argument för något kan utgöra motargument i samma diskussion. Undervisning med de yngsta barnen utgör en del av en förskola i förändring. Med det i åtanke förstår vi personalens argument som motsägelsefulla när begreppet undervisning i förskolan beskrivs, något som kan ses både inom en diskurs och mellan diskurser.

  • 25.
    Lindahl, Ingrid
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Diversity: enrichment in children’s dealing with ethical issues2013Inngår i: Journal of Modern Education Review, ISSN 2155-7993, Vol. 3, nr 12, 899-908 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Who will decide, those who are younger or older? Should one always tell the truth? How do people come to an agreement? These questions are the object of preschool children’s philosophical explorations in this study. The aim of the study is to describe and interpret what takes place in dialogues among children and between children and educators in dealing with these ethical issues. A post-modern perspective forms the basis of this study. Everything can be considered from other angles, and something new and unexpected might occur. The child is seen as a competent citizen in the sense of being expert on his or her own life, and having opinions that are worth listening to. The study indicates that it is important that the question being considered is one that matters to the children, and that children listen to the Other’s meaning in a mutual process of deconstruction. Diversity in thoughts and ideas become enrichment in children’s dealing with ethical issues. The acts of the educator characterized by a sensitive ear, tolerance and a critical mind are named “situational sensibility”

    .

  • 26.
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Variation theory in early childhood education – focus on learning. Symposium organiserat vid World association of lesson and learning studies (WALS), september 2013, Göteborg2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 27.
    Malmström, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Aesthetic learning processes in identity work: love of the self and wanting to become2013Inngår i: The International Journal of Arts Education, ISSN 1728-175X, Vol. 11, nr 1, 33-90 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The process of learning to become and adequately respond to the complexities of the Self through handmade productions is unlikely to occur without guidance. The support of this article’s idea is the ‘language turn’ of education from the 70s. It also seems important that students learn about art-action in an image-based global culture, including how images are important forms of human expression and substance in becoming. Thus teachers need to know how they give instructions to stimulate thinking through students’ languages of arts (style). Educational sciences of today support this idea where a Peircean mode of education gives support to a wide concept of the text including semiotic resources other than the verbal language. Researchers thus proclaim a horizontal concept of the text for the same purpose of giving equal epistemological status to verbal and semiotic sign-action. For the purpose of stimulating humans’ becoming, I argue for a pragmatic semiotic perspective and that language and visual action do not only include the linguistic and the figurative picture but also the material used, a wide and horizontal view on communication to cooperation. The students show unique ways of art in action, including means to become unique. MyAesthetic Learning processes in identity work -Love of the self and wanting to become unique.My method to find out about mediation of different themes to connect sign -action and mind builds on a hermeneutic model of mediation made by the author; it is a semio-cognitive re-construction of the sign. The result shows features to the students’ different processes of orientation to sign-mindedness and style through which meanings are accessible to becoming. Another result is that the zone of proximal comm unication between students and students’ pictures/texture and teachers makes a difference to the student’s ultimate unique becoming. The result could be of great importance to school aesthetics in the future.

  • 28.
    Malmström, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Bild och pedagogikens estetiska språk : en analys av nationella styrdokument2013Inngår i: Utbildning och Demokrati, ISSN 1102-6472, E-ISSN 2001-7316, Vol. 22, nr 1, 109-135 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Today visual culture is important in society but not in school. This article outlines some features of guidance in the authorities about how to support children’s aesthetic learning processes in relation to meaning construction and becoming. The purpose is to highlight the aesthetic learning processes from a semiotic approach to the field of knowledge in terms of how well the aesthetic learning processes are formulated in state support and policy documents. The methodology presents a pragmatic discourse analysis made on Government bills in Sweden. The question asked is: How do Government texts support the aesthetic language of education including integrative aesthetic hermeneutic skills? Educational function of qualification, segregated, extended and integrative modes of education, as well as likeness (iconic), relation (indexical) and conventional (symbolic) features of learning are important semiotic resources used as analytical tools in this study. The result shows that aesthetic learning processes and concepts related to it are phasing out. The conclusion is that it is of great importance to challenge a hermeneutic paradigm in support of teachers’ aesthetic education. Socialization into aesthetic self sign and experience of art activity as a language of education is lacking and thus qualification is not taken seriously.

  • 29.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Anthropomorphically speaking: on communication between teachers and children in early childhood biology education2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study a particular kind of figurative language, so-called anthropomorphic speech, is analysed in the context of science activities in a preschool setting. Anthropomorphism means speaking about something non-human in human terms. Can any systematic pattern be seen with regard to when such speech is used? Do children and/or teachers introduce this kind of talking and how is it responded to by the interlocutor(s)? Of 128 instances of anthropomorphism found, 24 were made by the children and 104 by the teachers. Children sometimes respond in line with the introduction of such speech but they also at times reject this way of speaking. Anthropomorphic speech is discussed as a strategy for the teachers in handling the dilemma of how to connect with children’s experiences and terms, on the one hand, and developing children’s understanding, on the other hand.

  • 30.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Children's questions during a science activity in preschool2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study children’s questions during a science activity concerning what soil is, are analysed. The empirical study has its background in research on children’s learning (Pramling Samuelsson & Asplund Carlsson, 2003, 2008) and a new view of the Swedish preschool’s commissions (Ministry of Education and science, 1998; memorandum U2008). Children are seen as active in their own learning and as developing on the basis of their own experiences in communication with the surrounding world (Pramling Samuelsson & Asplund Carlsson, 2003). In preschool, children shall develop knowledge about different contents, areas of knowledge. One such content is science (Ministry of Education and Science, 1998).  Through the history of preschool, the object of learning has seldom been in focus of the activity. Instead, methods and attitudes have been given precedence (Pramling Samuelsson & Asplund Carlsson, 2008).  The ideal of preschool education has over time been characterized as a tradition where children’s development of personality has been given priority over children’s knowledge development (Thulin, 2006). On the basis of Fritzell’s (2004) interpretation of the education concept, it can be expressed as preschool has had its focus on “who you will become” rather than “what you will know”. With the curriculum of preschool and the government’s claim about an emphasised pedagogically task for the preschool (memorandum U2008/6144/S) the concern on children’s learning of different contents in preschool has increased. For these reasons, there is a need of a discussion about what a changed commission can mean and what pedagogical consequences it may have for activities in preschools and teachers actions. Questions about what may constitute a relevant content and didactic are on the agenda (Persson, 2008; Pramling Samuelsson et al., 2008; Thulin, 2006). In teaching contexts, the importance of the teacher’s questions is often pointed out. Several researchers call attention to the importance of so-called open questions where the child generates a reply, in contrast to so-called closed questions where there is a correct and expected answer on behalf of the teacher (Doverborg & Pramling Samuelsson, 2003). In an investigation into what happens with the object of learning in preschool (Thulin, 2006), the analysis of the teacher-child conversation showed a discussing climate. However, when the communication was studied more in detail, a traditional pedagogy of an asking teacher and a replying child was visible. Questions by a child were often met by another (new) question from the teacher and the child’s question remained unanswered. The result of the study (Thulin, 2006) also showed that when the teacher’s questions seemed to get precedence in a learning situation, children risked to be left to their one own search after sense and meaning. The results imply the importance of a more close analysis of what children ask questions about during work with a specific content. In this study, children’s questions during a work with a scientific phenomenon (what soil is) in preschool are studied. Children’s questions are here seen as an expression of their experiences and search for sense and understanding (cf. Marton & Booth, 2000; Siraj-Blachford & Mac Leod-Brudenell, 2003). The empirical data of the study has been generated through video observations of scientific activities in preschool. Twelve children (3-5 years) and three teachers participate in the study. The results are presented on the basis of the focus of the children’s questions and discussed in relation to children’s perspectives, learning and the theme work over time. The results show that children to large extent have the actual (intended) content in focus and that children’s questions constitute an important didactic starting point when interacting about a specific content.

     

  • 31.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Children’s questions during a science activity in preschool2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Communication about natural science in early childhood education in Sweden.2013Inngår i: Research school in Childhood, Learning and Didactics: Framework and ongoing research Part II / [ed] Ingegerd Tallberg Broman, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 33.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    How to deal with a specific content?: Teachers and children communicate about ecological phenomena in a Swedish preschool2013Inngår i: Variation theory in early childhood education focus on learning: focus on learning / [ed] Agneta Ljung Djärf, 2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of a new view of the Swedish preschool’s commissions it has been argued that preschool children (1-6 years) shall develop knowledge of different content areas. For these reasons, there is a need of a discussion about what a changed commission can mean and what pedagogical consequences it may have for activities in preschools and teachers actions. Questions about what may constitute a relevant content and didactic are on the agenda.

    One content area the commission highlighted is natural science and one important aspect of this is to make ecological phenomena visible in children’s everyday life. The aim of the present paper is to report on a study of verbal communication between teachers and children in preschool about ecological phenomena. Children are here seen as active in their own learning and that develops on the basis of their own experiences in communication with the surrounding world. A preschool unit was followed by video observation during two months when working on themes about life in a tree stump. 21 children (3-6 years) and three teachers participate in the study. The empirical data consists of video observations. Focusing the verbal communication the data observations have been transcribed. The transcriptions were analysed from the know-what and the know-how aspect of learning. The result is presented on the basis of the communication of the what-perspective and is discussed in terms of what is noticed and how the children’s understandings are communicated.  The connections between children’s ability to understand and communicate their observations, as well as the role of the preschool teacher dealing with a specific content are finally discussed.

  • 34.
    Thulin, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Att beskriva och analysera kvalitativa förändringar i pedagogers sätt att tala om undervisning och naturvetenskap som innehåll i förskolans verksamhet2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att beskriva och analysera kvalitativa förändringar i pedagogers sätt att tala om undervisning och naturvetenskap som innehåll i förskolans verksamhet

    Qualitative changes in teachers’ ways of talking about teaching and science as content in preschool practice

    Laila Gustavsson och Susanne Thulin, Kristianstad University

    The aim of the research project presented here is to analyze and describe how pre-school teachers during an in-service training period develop theoretical knowledge about focusing the content when planning for teaching science in pre-school. This particular training period can be seen as needed due to a new school 16

     

    law and a revised curriculum for Swedish pre-schools in 2011, where the concept teaching in pre-school is used for the first time and different content areas as mathematics and science is highlighted. The variation theory is here used as a framework for analysis as well as for the pre-school teachers planning for teaching in pre-school (Marton & Booth, 1997). The theory is developed from the phenomenographic approach and can be described in terms of learning object, critical aspects, discernment, simultaneity, variation and a shared space of learning (Marton, 2014). The results in a phenomenographic study is an outcome space of categories describing qualitatively different ways of experiencing the same phenomenon. 30 pre-school teachers from 10 different pre-schools in nine different municipalities participated in the project. The empirical material consist of a questionnaire with open ended questions as the preschool teachers answered in the beginning and in the end of the training period, and of group reports as were written from scientific projects. The study has followed the ethical guidelines of the Swedish Research Council (2002). The results can be discussed as a number of critical aspects in relation to teachers' learning as: ways of understand the concept of variation, to discern the object of learning and a shared space of learning. One important factor to point out concerning the design of in-service training is the importance of keeping together theories of children’s learning and the learning object (science).

    References

    Marton, F. (2014). Necessary Conditions of Learning. New York: Routledge.

    Marton, F., & Booth, S. (1997). Learning and awarness. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.

    Swedish Research Council. (2002). Forskningsetiska principer inom humanistisk och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning [Ethical Guidelines for Humanities and Social Science. Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet.

     

  • 35.
    Thulin, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Helldén, Gustav
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Teachers and children communicate about ecological phenomena in a Swedish prescool2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    On the basis of an increasing awareness about the importance of ecological questions and the need for a sustainable development, it has been argued that Swedish preschool children shall develop knowledge also about natural science. One important aspect of this is to make ecological phenomena visible in children’s every day life. The aim of the present paper is to report on a study of verbal communication between teachers and children in preschool about ecological phenomena. Children are here seen as active in their own learning and that develops on the basis of their own experiences in communication with the surrounding world. 21 children (3-6 years) and three teachers participate in the study. Six of the 21 children do not have Swedish as their first language.  A preschool unit was followed by video observation during two months when working on themes about life in a tree stump and decomposition of leaves. Focusing the verbal communication the data observations have been transcribed. Then the transcriptions were analysed from the know-what and the know-how aspect of learning. The result is presented on the basis of the communication of the what-perspective and is discussed in terms of what is noticed and how the children’s understandings are communicated.  Finally we discuss the connections between children’s ability to understand and communicate their observations, as well as the role of the preschool teacher and education for a sustainable development.

  • 36.
    Thulin, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    An aesthetic dimension of children’s experienced world?2010Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this presentation we want to elucidate children’s own experiences and the other is an aesthetic dimension of learning. In modern education children’s experiences are considered to be a starting point for their learning and development. To take advantage of and make use of each child’s knowledge seems to be a pedagogical consequence in the learning processes. The concept of aesthetics has often got a one-sided interpretation as a methodical support for learning and development. The tendency is to view aesthetic expressions as a method related to children’s development and acquisition of knowledge. The purpose of this study is to find out how aesthetics can be seen as one dimension of children’s experienced world. The study took place in a pre-school setting with children 3-5 year of age. The data consist of video observations in situations where teachers and children work with science content or more specifically they investigated; “What is soil?” The data are analyzed qualitatively. Three categories of children’s experienced world can be discerned and seen as related to three different ways of acting. On a general level one conclusion is, that aesthetics is a natural part of children’s experienced world and that it is of importance for children equal right in their meaning making. Strong or weak aesthetics in a learning situation will be further discussed and problemized.

  • 37.
    Thulin, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Child perspectives and children's perspectives: a concern for teachers in preschool2014Inngår i: Educare 2014:2: Childhood, Learning and Didactics / [ed] Lotta Bergman (huvudredaktör), Ingegerd Ericsson, Nanny Hartsmar, Lena Lang, Caroline Ljungberg, Thomas Småberg och Johan Söderman, Malmö: Malmö högskola , 2014, nr 2, 13-37 s.Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to study and problematize the importance of the communicative approach of teachers related to child perspectives and children’s perspectives as well as the meaning for children's learning. The article is based on empirical material from two observational studies of preschool teachers at two Swedish preschools, children aged between 1 and 6. One theoretical basis of this article is that teachers not only ought to observe the understanding children are carriers of. Teachers also have to make use of the understanding in the continuing learning process to be able to support children's learning. Children need to be given the opportunity to be aware of and experience how their own understanding can be linked to new experiences. The results reveal qualitatively distinct communicative approaches with regard to how teachers verbally engage in and make use of what children are occupied with. The discussion relates this to child perspectives combined with children’s perspectives as a didactic basis.

  • 38.
    Økland Sortland, Merete
    et al.
    Norge.
    Tikkanen, Tarja
    Norge.
    Presthus Heggen, Marianne
    Norge.
    Holter, Kari
    Norge.
    Langholm, Guri
    Norge.
    Broström, Stig
    Danmark.
    Bollingberg, Karen
    Danmark.
    Damgaard, Birgitte
    Danmark.
    Frøkjær, Thorleif
    Danmark.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Ladstein, Sigve
    Norge.
    Grutle Nappen, Kari
    Norge.
    Norddahl, Kristin
    Island.
    Harju-Luukkainen, Heidi
    Finland.
    Staffans, Eva
    Finland.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Kvalitet i barnehagelærerutdanning i naturvitenskap: en fellesnordisk studiemodul2017Inngår i: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, Vol. 13, nr 1, 97-111 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a new joint Nordic study module consisting of a theoretical framework, the kindergarten teacher students’ case study and a reflection talk, in natural science for the kinder-garten teacher education. The module is developed through an interdisciplinary collaboration in the Nordplus network: Learning of science concepts by kindergarten children: Nordic study module for the kindergarten teacher education (NATGREP), with science and quality in the kindergarten teacher education in focus. The introduction describes the Nordic kindergartens shortly, and concepts as quality and competence are shortly discussed. It is followed by the module’s theoretical framework. Then the study module’s development process is described accompanied by reflections of the student’s case studies in relation to the theoretical framework. At the end, the work with the study module is summarised, and the main conclusion is that the study module contributes positively to the students’ skills development, both in science and quality.

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