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  • 1.
    Andersson, Pia
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet (OHAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Renvert, Stefan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet (OHAL). Blekinge Institute of Thechology & Trinity College, Dublin.
    Sjögren, P
    Oral Care.
    Zimmerman, M
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Dental status in nursing home residents with domiciliary dental care in Sweden2017Inngår i: Community Dental Health, ISSN 0265-539X, Vol. 34, nr 4, 203-207 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To describe the dental health status of elderly people in nursing homes receiving domiciliary dental care.

    DESIGN: Case note review.

    CLINICAL SETTING: Nursing homes in 8 Swedish counties.

    PARTICIPANTS: Care dependent elderly people (≥65 years).

    METHODS: Clinical data, including the number of remaining natural teeth, missing and decayed teeth (manifest dental caries) and root remnants, recorded by dentists according to standard practices. Medical and dental risk assessments were performed.

    RESULTS: Data were available for 20,664 patients. Most were women (69.1%), with a mean age of 87.1 years (SD 7.42, range 65-109). The mean age for men was 83.5 years (SD 8.12, range 65-105). Two or more medical conditions were present in most of the population. A total of 16,210 individuals had existing teeth of whom 10,974 (67.7%) had manifest caries. The mean number of teeth with caries was 5.0 (SD 5.93) corresponding to 22.8% of existing teeth. One in four individuals were considered to have a very high risk in at least one professional dental risk assessment category.

    CONCLUSIONS: Care dependent elderly in nursing homes have very poor oral health. There is a need to focus on the oral health-related quality of life for this group of frail elderly during their final period of life.

  • 2.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Behandlingsmål vid Parkinson: vad är viktigt för patientens livskvalitet?2015Inngår i: Parkinsonjournalen, ISSN 1104-2435, nr 2, 40-42 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vilka sjukdomsaspekter är väsentligast ur patienternas perspektiv? Vilka mål ska sättas för behandlingen? Livskvalitet, gångförmåga och rörlighet är några av de faktorer som visat sig viktiga att utvärdera.

  • 3.
    Hagell, Peter
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Odin, Per
    Department of Neurology, Skåne University Hospital, Lund, Sweden.
    Apomorphine in Parkinson’s disease: 3rd edition2014 (oppl. 3)Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 4.
    Janlöv, Ann-Christin
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Persson, Irene
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I.
    Berg, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    The lived experience of a 24-hour support center for persons with psychiatric disabilities: making me feel almost like an ordinary person2014Inngår i: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 4, nr 1, 42-50 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study illuminates nine psychiatric disabled persons’ lived experience of a newly established community-based service center open around the clock. This new 24-hour support center (SC) was established in 2011 in a Swedish community to better match and facilitate the disabled persons’ needs. In order to illuminate the disabled person’s experiences individual interview was performed. A phenomenological-hermeneutical method inspired by Paul Ricoeur was used to interpret the texts. After a naive reading, a structural analysis revealed two themes: 1), becoming aware of myself as a person, and 2) having a lifeline and belongingness. The comprehensive understanding was interpreted as meaning “Making me feel almost like an ordinary person”, which incorporated the person’s past with their present together with a direction for the future and hope for a more fulfilling life.

  • 5.
    Lindholm, Beata
    et al.
    Skåne University Hospital, Malmö.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Hansson, Oskar
    Lund University.
    Nilsson, Maria H.
    Lund University.
    Factors associated with fear of falling in people with Parkinson’s disease2014Inngår i: BMC Neurology, ISSN 1471-2377, E-ISSN 1471-2377, Vol. 14, 19- s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:

    This study aimed to comprehensibly investigate potential contributing factors to fear of falling (FOF) among people with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD).

    METHODS:

    The study included 104 people with PD. Mean (SD) age and PD-duration were 68 (9.4) and 5 (4.2) years, respectively, and the participants' PD-symptoms were relatively mild. FOF (the dependent variable) was investigated with the Swedish version of the Falls Efficacy Scale, i.e. FES(S). The first multiple linear regression model replicated a previous study and independent variables targeted: walking difficulties in daily life; freezing of gait; dyskinesia; fatigue; need of help in daily activities; age; PD-duration; history of falls/near falls and pain. Model II included also the following clinically assessed variables: motor symptoms, cognitive functions, gait speed, dual-task difficulties and functional balance performance as well as reactive postural responses.

    RESULTS:

    Both regression models showed that the strongest contributing factor to FOF was walking difficulties, i.e. explaining 60% and 64% of the variance in FOF-scores, respectively. Other significant independent variables in both models were needing help from others in daily activities and fatigue. Functional balance was the only clinical variable contributing additional significant information to model I, increasing the explained variance from 66% to 73%.

    CONCLUSIONS:

    The results imply that one should primarily target walking difficulties in daily life in order to reduce FOF in people mildly affected by PD. This finding applies even when considering a broad variety of aspects not previously considered in PD-studies targeting FOF. Functional balance performance, dependence in daily activities, and fatigue were also independently associated with FOF, but to a lesser extent. Longitudinal studies are warranted to gain an increased understanding of predictors of FOF in PD and who is at risk of developing a FOF.

  • 6.
    Lindholm, Beata
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Hansson, Oskar
    Lund University.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Nilsson, Maria
    Lund University.
    Prediction of falls and/or near falls by using tandem gait performance in people with mild Parkinson’s disease2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate whether tandem gait test (TG) can predict future falls and/or near falls in people with Parkinson’s disease (PD).

    Background: People with PD have balance problems and an increased risk for falls. Although TG has been considered a predictor of falls, no PD-study has controlled results for demographic and disease-specific characteristics or included near falls when investigating falls prospectively.

    Methods: The study included 141 participants with PD (mean age and PD-duration, 68 and 4 years, respectively). Those >80 years of age, requiring support in standing or did not understand the instructions were excluded. TG includes taking 10 consecutive tandem steps along a straight line without walking aids and support, with eyes open. Performance was scored as follows: no side steps=0; one or more side steps=1; unable to take 4 consecutive steps=2. If TG was abnormal ("1 side steps) during the first attempt, a second trial was allowed and the best performance was registered. Anti-Parkinsonian medications were recorded from medical records. All assessments were conducted in the “on” condition. Participants thereafter registered all falls and near falls by using a diary for six months.

    Results: Mean score for UPDRS III was 14 (SD 8.0). The median (q1-q3) daily total levodopa equivalent (LDE) dose (mg) was 400 (286-600). Sixty-three participants (45%) experienced ≥1 fall and/or near fall. The median (q1-q3) TG score was 2 (1-2) for those that experienced falls and/or near falls and 0 (0-1) for those without any incidents. Logistic regression (controlling for age, gender, UPDRS III and daily LDE dose) showed that TG score 2 (OR, 5.40; 95% CI, 1.75-16.70; P=0.003) predicted falls and/or near falls. TG score 1 was not significant (OR, 2.24; 95% CI, 0.84-5.98; P=0.109). This model correctly classified 39/63 (62%) of individuals with falls and/or near falls and 64/78 (82%) of individuals without any incidence, and accounted for 32% of the variability between groups.

    Conclusions: The results suggest that TG may be able to predict a future fall and/or near fall in people with mild PD. Further studies using larger samples are needed for firmer conclusions and establishment of additional properties in relation to other assessments.

  • 7.
    Mårtensson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Söderfeldt, Björn
    Department of Oral Public Health, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University.
    Axtelius, Björn
    Department of Oral Public Health, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Expectations and satisfaction with care for periodontal specialist patients2013Inngår i: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 71, nr 3-4, 799-806 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate expectations on and satisfaction with treatment among patients referred for comprehensive treatment to specialist clinics in periodontology and to explore factors associated with satisfaction in regression analysis.

    Materials and methods. Patients referred for comprehensive periodontal treatment were sampled for the study. The study was based on a questionnaire in a before-and-after design. The first questionnaire was sent to the patients before their first appointment at the specialist clinic. The second questionnaire was sent after  6 months. Three questions were used to measure expectations and four questions to measure satisfaction. The first questionnaire was sent to 273 patients with a response rate of 31% and the second questionnaire was sent to 85 patients with a response rate of 73%. In non-response analysis, no difference between respondents and non-respondents were detected as to age and gender.

    Results. Many of the patients viewed it as important or very important to have healthy teeth (98%) and improved well-being (93%) after periodontal treatment. More than 50% of the patients were satisfied with the relation to the caregiver. When measuring the satisfaction in general, 42% indicated the highest score on the summarized Dental Visit Satisfaction Scale. Having confidence (p ≤ 0.001) and a good relation (p = 0.001) to the caregiver indicated higher satisfaction.

    Conclusion. Having a good relation to the caregiver and having confidence in the caregiver seems to indicate satisfied patients receiving periodontal treatment at periodontal clinics.

  • 8.
    Mårtensson, Carina
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Söderfeldt, C.
    Axtelius, B.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Knowledge of periodontitis and self-perceived oral health: a survey of periodontal specialist patients2013Inngår i: Swedish Dental Journal, ISSN 0347-9994, Vol. 37, nr 1, 49-58 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate changes in knowledge of periodontal disease among patients referred to periodontal specialist clinics. A further aim was to investigate the patients' self- perceived oral health before the treatment. Patients referred to five specialist clinics in periodontology for comprehensive periodontal treatment were consecutive sampled. The study was based on a questionnaire in a before and after design. The first questionnaire was sent to the patients before visiting the specialist clinic and the second was sent after six months. Four questions were analysed, two to measure knowledge about periodontitis and two to measure the patients self- perceived oral health. The first questionnaire was sent by post to 273 patients with a response rate of 31%. The second questionnaire was sent to 85 patients with a response rate of 73%. The results of the study showed a statistically significant improvement of correct answers on the knowledge questions after six months was found for scaling (p = 0.006), X-ray examination (p = 0.001) and increased space between the teeth (p = 0.001). The most frequent self-perceived trouble from the mouth was bleeding gum (70%) and sensitive teeth (51%). In conclusion knowledge of periodontitis improved after visiting the specialist clinic of periodontology. Many of the patients experienced some problems of the mouth.

  • 9.
    Sjödahl Hammarlund, Catharina
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Nilsson, Maria H
    Lund University.
    Motor and non-motor predictors of illness-related distress in Parkinson's disease2012Inngår i: Focus on Parkinson's disease, ISSN 0924-2015, Vol. 23, nr 1, 27-28 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 10.
    Sjödahl Hammarlund, Catharina
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Nilsson, Maria H.
    Lund University.
    Motor and non-motor predictors of illness-related distress in Parkinson's disease2012Inngår i: Parkinsonism & Related Disorders, ISSN 1353-8020, E-ISSN 1873-5126, Vol. 18, nr 3, 299-302 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To identify motor and non-motor symptoms independently associated with distress in Parkinson's disease (PD).

    METHOD: Clinical and patient-reported data from 118 people with PD (mean age and PD-duration, 64 and 8 years) were analyzed regarding associations with patient-reported distress using multiple regressions (controlling for age).

    RESULTS: Non-motor symptoms independently associated with distress were pain, fatigue, sleep, depression and anxiety (R(2), 0.81). The only significant motor aspect was mobility (R(2), 0.31). When considering both motor and non-motor symptoms, fatigue, pain, depression and sleep showed independent associations with distress (R(2), 0.76).

    CONCLUSION: Distress in PD is primarily associated with non-motor features.

  • 11.
    Sjödahl Hammarlund, Catharina
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Nilsson, Maria H
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Motoriska och icke-motoriska prediktorer för patientrapporterad distress vid Parkinsons sjukdom2012Inngår i: BestPractice Psykiatri/Neurologi, Vol. 3, nr 12, 12-15 s.Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Särner, Barbro
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Birkhed, Dowen
    University of Gothenburg.
    Andersson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Oral Hälsa - Allmänhälsa - Livskvalitet (OHAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Lingström, Peter
    University of Gothenburg.
    Recommendations by dental staff and use of toothpicks, dental floss and interdental brushes for approximal cleaning in an adult Swedish population2010Inngår i: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry, ISSN 1602-1622, E-ISSN 1757-9996, Vol. 8, nr 2, 185-194 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the recommendations relating to the use of approximal cleaning aids given by dental hygienists and dentists, the self-care practices in a Swedish population and the ability to remove dental plaque. Materials and Methods: A structured questionnaire was randomly distributed to 500 dental hygienists and 500 dentists and a similar questionnaire was distributed to 1000 randomly selected individuals, divided equally into the following age groups: 15 to 20, 21 to 40, 41 to 60 and > 60 years. A clinical examination evaluating the ability to remove approximal dental plaque was also carried out in a total of 60 regular users of approximal cleaning aids. Plaque was scored before and after cleaning with a toothpick, dental floss or an interdental brush. Results: The response rate was 82%, 79% and 68% for the three groups. The results reveal that dental hygienists give more detailed information about a majority of the aspects that are related to the use of approximal cleaning aids compared with dentists (P < 0.01 or P < 0.001). The majority of the dental staff give recommendations to children and adolescents firstly to prevent dental caries and to older individuals to improve periodontal health. The use of different approximal cleaning aids on a daily basis varied with respect to age group (2% to 42%); dental floss dominated in the younger age groups and interdental brushes in the two oldest groups. In the clinical study, the largest plaque reduction was produced by the interdental brush (83%), followed by toothpicks (74%) and dental floss (73%). Conclusions: The present study indicated the importance of individual recommendations related to the use of approximal cleaning aids

  • 13.
    Wang, T.
    et al.
    Kina.
    Jiang, H.
    Kina.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Wang, JK.
    Kina.
    Wang, L.
    Kina.
    The Minimal Eating Observation Form-II (MEOF-II): cross-cultural validation of the Chinese version for people with stroke2016Inngår i: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice, ISSN 1356-1294, E-ISSN 1365-2753, Vol. 22, nr 2, 207-212 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationale, Aims and Objectives: Eating difficulties are common among patients affected by stroke. A valid, reliable instrument for assessing eating difficulties in people with stroke is needed. The aim of this study was to translate the Minimal Eating Observation Form - version II (MEOF-II) for patients with stroke into Chinese and to comprehensively evaluate its reliability and validity.Methods: The scale of the original MEOF-II form was translated into Chinese using the cross-culture translation method, and 125 participants with stroke were assessed. Data were analysed by content validity index, Cronbach's alpha, correlations and exploratory factor analysis (EFA).Results: Reliability and validity were demonstrated for the scale. A three-factor structure was illustrated by EFA, and construct validity was demonstrated by good convergent and discriminant validity.Conclusions: The Chinese version (Ch-MEOF-II) shows good reliability and validity in this study and can be applicable to assess eating difficulties in people with stroke; The Ch-MEOF-II allows the early recognition of eating difficulties and thus provides guidance of proper clinical interventions. For future study, a confirmatory factor analysis may need to confirm the three-factor structure identified in this study. Furthermore, a cross-cultural comparison can be conducted with the availability of the three different validated language versions of the MEOF-II form.

  • 14.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Blücher, Anna
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Andersson, Håkan
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Lindén, Maria
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Nyberg, Maria
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Pajalic, Zada
    Norge.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Örtman, Gerd
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Högberg, Ann-Marie
    Anhörigas Riksförbund.
    Borgstierna, Catharina
    Bestic AB.
    Stuhr Olsson, Gunnel
    Findus AB.
    Toll, Birgitta
    Borås stad.
    Mer krävs för att undvika svält bland äldre2015Inngår i: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, nr 23 decemberArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 15.
    Westergren, Albert
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Sjödahl Hammarlund, Catharina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Malnutrition and risk of falling among elderly without home-help service: a cross sectional study2014Inngår i: The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, ISSN 1279-7707, E-ISSN 1760-4788, Vol. 18, nr 10, 905-911 s.Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    The aim of this study was to explore the frequency of malnutrition risk and associated risk of falling, social and mental factors among elderly without home-help service. The aim was also to explore factors associated with risk of falling.

    Design

    A cross-sectional design was used.

    Setting

    Elderly persons own homes.

    Participants

    Data were collected during preventive home visits to 565 elderly (age range 73–90 years) without home-help service. Those with complete SCREEN II forms were included in the study (n=465).

    Measurements

    Measurements included rating scales regarding malnutrition risk (SCREEN II) and risk of falling (Downton). In addition, single-items: general health, satisfaction with life, tiredness, low-spiritedness, worries/anxiety and sleeping were used.

    Results

    According to the SCREEN II, 35% of the sample had no malnutrition risk, 35% had moderate risk and 30% had high malnutrition risk. In an ordinal regression analysis, increased malnutrition risk was associated with being a woman living alone (OR 4.63), male living alone (OR 6.23), lower age (OR 0.86), poorer general health (OR 2.03–5.01), often/always feeling tired (OR 2.38), and an increased risk of falling (OR 1.21). In a linear regression analysis, risk of falling was associated with higher age (B 0.020), not shopping independently (B 0.162), and low meat consumption (B 0.138).

    Conclusion

    There are complex associations between malnutrition risk and the gender-cohabitation interaction, age, general health, tiredness, and risk of falling. In clinical practice comprehensive assessments to identify those at risk of malnutrition including associated factors are needed. These have to be followed by individual nutritional interventions using a holistic perspective which may also contribute to reducing the risk of falling.

  • 16.
    Westergren, Albert
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap I. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Sjödahl Hammarlund, Catharina
    Department of Health Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Undernäring och fallrisk - ett förestående folkhälsoproblem bland yngre pensionärer?2014Inngår i: Svensk Geriatrik, ISSN 2001-2047, nr 1, 11-14 s.Artikkel, forskningsoversikt (Annet vitenskapelig)
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