hkr.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
Avgränsa sökresultatet
1234567 1 - 50 av 7156
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Träffar per sida
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Författare A-Ö
  • Författare Ö-A
  • Titel A-Ö
  • Titel Ö-A
  • Publikationstyp A-Ö
  • Publikationstyp Ö-A
  • Äldst först
  • Nyast först
  • Skapad (Äldst först)
  • Skapad (Nyast först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Äldst först)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyast först)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidigaste först)
  • Disputationsdatum (senaste först)
Markera
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 1.
    Augustinsson, Sören
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Forskningsmiljön Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP).
    Germundsson, Lisa
    SLU-Alnarp.
    Lidén, Alina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Avdelningen för ekonomi. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Forskningsmiljön Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP).
    Collaborative learning and evaluation in the multi-actor context of an innovation intermediary: How can intermediary organisations be understood and developed through the lenses of complexity and learning theories2020Ingår i: Farming Systems Facing Climate Change and Resource Challenges, 2020Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 2.
    Håkansson, Andreas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Can high-pressure homogenization cause thermal degradation to nutrients?2019Ingår i: Journal of Food Engineering, ISSN 0260-8774, E-ISSN 1873-5770, Vol. 240, s. 133-144Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although originally developed for fat globule disruption in dairy applications, high-pressure homogenizers are extensively used in other food processing applications. Two newer applications are in forming nanoemulsion for delivering supplemented nutrients and as a preservation technique, both using higher pressures than traditional applications. This has raised concern that friction heat created in the homogenizer causes thermal degradation to temperature sensitive molecules such as nutrients. This contribution uses a numerical model to give insight into temperature profiles for drops in a homogenizer valve and investigates when homogenization at elevated pressures is expected to cause thermal degradation. A fast method for estimating the extent of degradation for a given application is also proposed. It is concluded that no thermal degradation is expected inside the valve, almost regardless of operating conditions, due to the short residence time. Provided that cooling is applied after the homogenizer, degradation downstream of the valve can also be avoided.

  • 3.
    Beery, Thomas H.
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. USA.
    Lekies, Kristi S.
    USA.
    Childhood collecting in nature: quality experience in important places2019Ingår i: Children's Geographies, ISSN 1473-3285, E-ISSN 1473-3277, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 118-131Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A need for a more specific understanding of childhood geographies has motivated an investigation of one activity, childhood collecting in nature. This study examined collecting behavior, places of collecting, and the relationship of these places to environmental connectedness in adulthood. Topophilia is presented as a guide to help consider why children collect in nature and to expand upon a limited understanding of collecting behavior. These ideas are explored with a mixed-method design strategy involving surveys and semi-structured interviews with a sample of Swedish university students. Results show collecting in nature to be a widespread, meaningful, and memorable experience in the formative years of participants. Results also demonstrate potential support for topophilia as a way to understand the childhood collecting nature phenomenon. Implications include recognition of the importance of family to support children’s engagement in the natural world and proximate access to nature as a critical aspect of childhood experience.

  • 4.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Measuring activities of daily living in Parkinson's disease: on a road to nowhere and back again?2019Ingår i: Measurement, ISSN 0263-2241, E-ISSN 1873-412X, Vol. 132, s. 109-124Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder associated with increasing disability and limitations in performance of activities of daily living (ADL) despite availability of effective symptomatic therapy. Following an overview of classical test theory (CTT) and Rasch measurement theory (RMT), the case of a clinical PD trial aiming to demonstrate ADL improvements by using the ADL section (part II) of the Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS) to measure ADL outcomes is considered and central questions related to its validity and interpretation are addressed. It is found that while CTT did not detect any issues, RMT in combination with conceptual considerations seriously challenged the role of the UPDRS II as an ADL outcome measure. Results are discussed from historical, methodological and clinical perspectives. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 5.
    Östlund, Daniel
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning grundskola, gymnasium och specialpedagogik.
    Professional development in formative assessment with students with moderate to severe intellectual disabilities: a summary of four school development projects2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates special teachers and paraprofessionals use of formative assessment for students with moderate to severe intellectual disability (ID). It draws on findings from school develoment projects that contains lesson observations, collection of lesson plans and interviews special teachers and paraprofessionals in four elementary schools in Sweden. A recent project (Anderson & Östlund, 2017) reported that there is still a lack of knowledge in working with formative assessment in the education for students with moderate to severe intellectual disability (ID in Swedish schools. Participants in the study presented represent a wide diversity in the level of education and experience. The special teachers had an academic education - about 5 years - however the paraprofessionals education varied a lot from some years of college education to no education at all. This diversity in the group of professionals has been a challenge in all four projects. The group of students in the participating classes, about 30 students, is in different ages from 6 years to 16 years and has varied forms of disabilities and comes from different cultures and socio-economic backgrounds.The results shows that the participants developed their feedback techniques, providing feedback on a task level, process level and self-regulation level. Another important improvement was the development of  multimodal materials to support the students to get access to the curriculum (fx. Video modelling, visual aids). From an overall perspective the different projects provided a change in teaching culture in all four schools: from a focus on ”taking care” of the students to working with the students PZD in all kind of learning situations.

  • 6.
    Pihl, Håkan
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Högskolans ledning.
    Kvist, Ulf
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Högskolans ledning.
    Har Kristianstad en högskola om tio år?2019Ingår i: Kristianstadsbladet, ISSN 1103-9523, nr 21/1, s. B3-B3Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 7.
    Rask, Marie
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Linnaeus University.
    Swahnberg, Katarina
    Oscarsson, Marie
    Swedish women's awareness of human papillomavirus, and health-related quality of life, anxiety, and depression after a notification of an abnormal Pap smear result: a cross-sectional study.2019Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer Prevention, ISSN 0959-8278, E-ISSN 1473-5709, Vol. 28, nr 2, s. 96-101Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to assess (a) women's awareness of the human papillomavirus (HPV), (b) women's health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and levels of anxiety and depression symptoms, and (c) to compare the outcomes between women who are aware of the sexually transmitted nature of the HPV infection and women who are not. Swedish women who have been notified of an abnormal Pap smear result completed a questionnaire. This questionnaire consisted of sociodemographic characteristics, items on awareness of HPV, and how to cope with the Pap smear result and the instruments: the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Cervical Dysplasia and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Student's t-test, χ-tests, Fisher's exact test, the Mann-Whitney U-test, and Fisher-Freeman-Halton exact test. In total, 122 women participated. The women reported a median (quartile 1-quartile 3) score of 87.6 on the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy - Cervical Dysplasia (81.8-107.0), compatible with a good HRQoL. The median (quartile 1-quartile 3) scores on HADS-anxiety and HADS-depression were 7.0 (4.0-10.0) and 3.0 (1.0-5.3), respectively; however, 48.4% of the women reported anxiety (compared with 20% in a normal population). There were no statistically significant differences in the median scores in any of the scales, including the prevalence of distress between the subgroups. Women with abnormal Pap smear results have a good HRQoL; they can become anxious, but not depressed. Awareness of HPV as a sexually transmitted infection is low, but being aware does not impact on women's HRQoL or on anxiety and depression.

  • 8.
    Irandoust, Manuchehr
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    House prices and unemployment: an empirical analysis of causality2019Ingår i: International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, ISSN 1753-8270, E-ISSN 1753-8289, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 148-164Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This paper aims to examine whether there exists a long-run causal relationship between house prices and unemployment rates for eight major European countries.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The bootstrap panel Granger causality approach that accounts for cross-sectional dependence, slope heterogeneity and structural breaks is used to detect the direction of causality.

    Findings

    The empirical findings for the overall panel support the presence of unidirectional causality running from house prices to unemployment.

    Practical implications

    The findings are not only important for households but also for policymakers concerned with economic and financial stability.

    Originality/value

    There are only a limited number of studies that have investigated the direct link between house prices and employment or unemployment. Given the increased importance of labor market variables, particularly the choice of the unemployment rate as a key indicator in designing forward guidance and the increased financial stability concerns regarding house price dynamics, it is important to better understand the causal linkages between house prices and unemployment rates. To the best of the author’s knowledge, this paper is the first to apply the bootstrap panel Granger causality approach to examine the relationship between house prices and unemployment rates.

  • 9.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Levin, Eliana B
    USA & Colombia.
    Wojcik, Andrzej
    Stockholm University.
    Haghdoost, Siamak
    Stockholm University & France.
    Harms-Ringdahl, Mats
    Stockholm University.
    Environmental adaptations: radiation tolerance2019Ingår i: Water bears: the biology of tardigrades / [ed] Ralph O Schill, Springer, 2019, s. 311-330Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Several studies in different species have documented that tardigrades are among the most radiation-tolerant animals on Earth, surviving doses of ionizing radiation on the order of kGy. Both low-LET and high-LET radiation have been used with no apparent differences in the tolerance of the animals. Tolerance to ionizing radiation in tardigrades also seems to be independent of whether the animal has entered a dry anhydrobiotic state or is hydrated with normal activity. However, when exposed to UV radiation, desiccated tardigrades show a higher tolerance than hydrated animals. Recent studies in several species have shown that tardigrade embryos have considerably lower tolerance to ionizing radiation compared to adults, and embryos in the early stage of development are clearly more sensitive to radiation than those in the late developmental stage. The molecular mechanisms behind radiation tolerance in tardigrades are still largely unclear, but available evidence suggests that mechanisms related to both the avoidance of DNA damage and the repair of damage are involved.

  • 10.
    Smedberg Bondesson, Anna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för humaniora.
    Anna själv2019Bok (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 11.
    Smedberg Bondesson, Anna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för humaniora.
    Mötet: när Lagerlöfs händer rörde Deleddas2019Övrigt (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den första och andra kvinnliga Nobelpristagaren i litteratur beskrevs på liknande sätt av sin samtid och av varandra. Anna Smedberg Bondesson reflekterar över Selma Lagerlöf och Grazia Deledda.

  • 12.
    Pöysä, Hannu
    et al.
    Finland.
    Holopainen, Sari
    Finland.
    Elmberg, Johan
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Gunnarsson, Gunnar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Nummi, Petri
    Finland.
    Sjöberg, Kjell
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Changes in species richness and composition of boreal waterbird communities: a comparison between two time periods 25 years apart2019Ingår i: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Global measures of biodiversity indicate consistent decline, but trends reported for local communitiesare more varied. Therefore, we need better understanding of mechanisms that drive changes in diversity of local communities and of differences in temporal trends between components of local diversity, such as species richness and species turnover rate. Freshwater ecosystems are vulnerable to multiple stressors, and severe impacts on their biodiversity have been documented. We studied species richness and composition of local boreal waterbird communities in 1990/1991 and 2016 at 58 lakes distributed over six regions in Finland and Sweden. The study lakes represented not only local trophic gradients but also a latitudinal gradient in the boreal biome. While species richness tended to be lower in 2016 than in 1990/1991, species turnover was relatively high. Within foraging guilds, local species richness of diving ducks and surface feeding waterbirds decreased, whereas that of large herbivores increased. The number of species gained in local communities was higher in lakes with rich vegetation than in lakes with sparse vegetation. Conservation of boreal freshwater ecosystems would benefit from recognizing  hat large-scale environmental changes can affect local diversity via processes operating atfiner scales.

  • 13.
    Eriksson, Urban
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Nationellt resurscentrum för fysik, Lunds universitet.
    Pendrill, Anne-Marie
    Lund University.
    Up and down, light and heavy, fast and slow: but where?2019Ingår i: Physics Education, ISSN 0031-9120, E-ISSN 1361-6552, Vol. 54, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Vertical amusement rides let your body experience the tickling sensation of feeling light, but also feeling much heavier than as usual, due to velocity changes as you move up and down. Family rides offer different possibilities to visualize the forces that are experienced by your accelerating body. This paper presents a number of different ways to view and experience the motion in a small vertical amusement ride. A smartphone includes an accelerometer that can provide a graph of the forces acting during the ride. A movie from the smartphone camera lets students recall the motion which can then be analysed in more detail. The complementary representations may help students develop a deeper understanding of the relation between force and motion. The affordances of these different semiotic resources are analysed in some detail. In addition, we discuss responses from a number of students to questions about where you feel light and where you feel heavy. We find that the experience of the body is an underused resource in physics teaching.

  • 14.
    Sjöberg, Marina
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Edberg, Anna-Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Rasmussen, Birgit H
    Malmö universitet.
    Beck, Ingela
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Being acknowledged by others and bracketing negative thoughts and feelings: frail older people's narrations of how existential loneliness is eased.2019Ingår i: International Journal of Older People Nursing, ISSN 1748-3735, E-ISSN 1748-3743, Vol. 14, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe how EL was eased, as narrated by frail older people.

    BACKGROUND: Existential loneliness (EL) is an unavoidable part of the human condition. It is a complex phenomenon that has been described as disconnection from life. If EL is acknowledged in the care of older people, the experience of EL can be reduced.

    DESIGN: In this qualitative study, we used an exploratory and descriptive design.

    METHODS: The study was based on 22 narrative interviews with frail older people, 76 to 101 years old, who were receiving long-term care and services. We analysed the data using conventional content analysis.

    RESULTS: Being acknowledged by others, that is, being the focus of others' concern, eased the experience of EL, as did encountering intimacy and having meaningful exchanges of thoughts and feelings. Further, EL was pushed into the background and eased when participants could bracket negative thoughts and feelings, that is, when they could adjust and accept the present situation, view life in the rear-view mirror, be in contact with spiritual dimensions and withdraw and distract themselves.

    CONCLUSION: Existential loneliness can be eased by experiencing meaningful togetherness with others and oneself when something else comes to the forefront, pushing EL to the background. Frail older peoples' opportunities to ease EL may be facilitated by health care staff (HCS) providing person-centred care and create possibilities for solitary time and meaningful togetherness.

    IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: If frail older people's ongoing processes of adjusting and accepting their situation are understood and confirmed by people in their environment, for example, by nurses, family and friends, the experience of living a meaningful life can be supported, which, in turn, can ease EL.

  • 15.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Recension av boken ”Sömn sömn sömn”2019Ingår i: Sömn och hälsa, ISSN 2003-234X, nr 1, s. 57-58Artikel, recension (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 16.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Stress, smärta och läkemedel2019Ingår i: Skolhälsan, ISSN 0284-284X, nr 1, s. 18-Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Över hälften av flickorna och en tredjedel av pojkarna på gymnasiet har ofta huvudvärk, magkont eller ryggsmärta. Elever som dessutom känner sig nedstämda använder smärtstillande läkemedel i högre utsträckning. 

  • 17.
    Ahlin, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Humaniora.
    Nostalgia, motherhood and adoption: two contemporary Swedish examples2019Ingår i: Humanities, ISSN 2076-0787, Vol. 8, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the notion of nostalgia in two recent Swedish narratives of transnational adoption: Christina Rickardsson’s Sluta aldrig gå, 2016, (published in English as Never Stop Walking in 2017), and Cilla Naumann’s Bära barnet hem (“Carrying the Child Home”, 2015). The two narratives deal with adoption from South America to Sweden, include autobiographical content, and enable a comparison between an adoptee memoir (Rickardsson) and a parent-authored text (Naumann). Both texts center on maternal images, but the analysis suggests that Rickardsson’s narrative echoes the borderland nostalgia characteristic of adoptee writing. The adoptee memoirs, being reflective in mode and restorative in purpose, occupy a borderland between the two forms of nostalgia described by Boym (2001), while interrogating the temporal, spatial and affiliative boundaries of transnational adoption. Naumann’s nostalgic enterprise incorporates the mirrors, doubles and ghosts of reflective nostalgia. These representations are a fruitful means to represent the “other” family, and the alternative lives that were left behind in the process of adoption. Ultimately, her text suggests the limitations of the autobiographical mode and illustrates the capacity of fiction to provide a symbolic register in which to articulate the unspeakable aspects of adoption.

  • 18.
    Matusov, Eugene
    et al.
    USA.
    Marjanovic-Shane, Ana
    USA.
    Kullenberg, Tina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Arbete i skolan (AiS).
    Curtis, Kelly
    USA.
    Dialogic analysis vs. discourse analysis of dialogic pedagogy: social science research in the era of positivism and post-truth2019Ingår i: Dialogic Pedagogy: An International Online Journal, ISSN 1600-0110, E-ISSN 1989-1334, ISSN 2325-3290, Vol. 7, s. E20-E62Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this article is to compare and contrast dialogic analysis versus discourse analysis of dialogic pedagogy to address Bakhtin’s quest for “human sciences” and avoid modern traps by positivism and by post-truth. We argue that dialogic analysis belongs to dialogic science, which focuses on studying “the surplus of humanness” (Bakhtin, 1991, p.37). “The surplus of humanness” is “a leftover” from the biologically, socially, culturally, and psychologically given – the typical and general – in the human nature. It is about the human authorship of the ever-unique meaning-making. Dialogic analysis involves the heart and mind of the researchers who try to reveal and deepen the meanings of the studied phenomena by addressing and replying to diverse research participants, other scholars, and anticipated readers (Matusov, Marjanovic-Shane, & Gradovski, 2019, in press). We argue that dialogic science is concerned with meta-inquiries such as, “What does something in question mean to diverse people, including the researchers, and why? How do diverse people address and reply to diverse meanings?” In contrast, traditional, positivistic, science is concerned with meta-inquiries such as, “How things really are? What is evidence for that? How to eliminate any researchers’ subjectivity from the research?” (Matusov, 2019, submitted). Positivist (and monologic) science focuses on revealing patterns of actions, behaviors, and relationships. We argue that in the study of dialogic pedagogy, it is structural and/or functional discourse analysis that focuses on studying the given and objective aspects of dialogic pedagogy. In the paper, we consider, describe, interpret, and dialogically re-analyze a case of dialogic analysis involving science education coming from David Hammer’s and Emily van Zee’s (2006) book. We also discuss structuraland functional discourse analysis of two pedagogical cases, a monologic and a dialogic one, provided by David Skidmore (2000). We dialogically re-analyze these two cases and Skidmore’s research. We conclude that in research on dialogic pedagogy (and beyond, on social sciences in general) both dialogic science (involving dialogic analysis) and positivist science (involving discourse analysis) are unavoidable and needed, while providing the overall different foci of the research. We discuss the appropriateness and the limitations of discourse analysis as predominantly searching for structural-functional patterns in the classroom discourses. We discuss dialogic tensions in the reported dialogues that cannot be captured by discourse analysis search for patterns. Finally, we discuss two emerging issues among ourselves: 1) whether discourse analysis is always positivist and 2) how these two analytic approaches complement each other while doing research on dialogic pedagogy (and beyond).

  • 19.
    Bourmistrov, Anatoli
    et al.
    Norway.
    Grossi, Giuseppe
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Forskningsmiljön Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    Haldma, Toomas
    Estonia.
    Special issue on accounting and performance management innovations in public sector organizations2019Ingår i: Baltic Journal of Management, ISSN 1746-5265, E-ISSN 1746-5273, Vol. 14, nr 1, s. 79-83Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 20.
    Dagner, Viveka
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Clausson, Eva
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Jakobsson, Liselotte
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Prescribed physical activity maintenance following exercise based cardiac rehabilitation: factors predicting low physical activity2019Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 18, nr 1, s. 21-27Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Physical activity is important to reduce mortality, morbidity and risk factors in patients with coronary heart disease. This report evaluates to what extent patients are still physically active following an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation programme 12-14 months post-myocardial infarction and factors predicting why not.

    METHODS: Data from the National Quality Registry Swedeheart with post-myocardial infarction patients ( n=368) admitted from July 2012 to November 2014 were collected with outcomes of physical activity after 12-14 months. Baseline data included demographics, clinical variables, participation in exercise programmes, prescribed physical activity, health-related quality of life and self-reported health (EQ-5D-3L/EQ-VAS). A direct binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify indicators of low physical activity.

    RESULTS: Physical activity frequency per week (PA/week) was low, i.e. zero to three times, in older patients over 64 years ( P=0.00) and in those having problems with pain/discomfort (138 PA/week vs. 195) ( P=0.01), problems with mobility (60 PA/week vs.273) ( P=0.04) and anxiety/depression (128 PA/week vs. 205) ( P=0.04).

    CONCLUSION: Indicators predicting low physical activity can be used targeting improved post-myocardial infarction care outlining person-centred rehabilitation programmes and specialist nursing-led programmes.

  • 21.
    Elhassan, Mohammed
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Wendin, Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Langton, Maud
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Review paper: the appeal of insects as human food -with emphasis on mealworm texture, taste, and flavor2019Ingår i: International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science, ISSN 1878-450X, E-ISSN 1878-4518, Vol. 8, nr 95, s. 1-14Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the search for another appealing source of future food to cover the increasing need fornutrients of a growing global population, this study reviewed the potential of insects as humanfood. Most previous reviews have dealt with insects as a group, making it difficult to evaluate eachindividual insect species as food because of the generalized data. This study assessed some commonedible insects, but concentrated on mealworms. Insects, especially mealworms, have a similar orhigher nutritional value than many conventional food sources. For example, the protein content ofmealworm larvae is reported to be almost 50% of dry weight, while the fat content is about 30% oflarval dry weight. Mealworms can be cooked by different methods, such as hot air drying, ovenbroiling, roasting, pan frying, deep frying, boiling, steaming, and microwaving. Oven broiling inparticular gives a desirable aroma of steamed corn for consumers. Changes in the flavor, taste, andtexture of mealworm products during storage have not been studied, but must be determined beforemealworms can be used as a commercial food source. Factors controlling the shelf-life of mealworms,such as their packaging and storage, should be identified and considered with respect to the feasibilityof using mealworms on a commercial scale.

  • 22.
    Lundin, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap.
    Nagy, Sebastian
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap.
    Khalaf, Atika
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Nilsson, Marie
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Sömnproblem bland cancerpatienter i palliativ vård2019Ingår i: Sömn och hälsa, ISSN 2003-234X, nr 1, s. 46-56Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 23.
    Biörklund Helgesson, Maria
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Gerberich, Johanna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Höijer, Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Nyberg, Maria
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet.
    Wendin, Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL).
    Verksamhetsberättelse Mat- och Måltidsvetenskap 20182019Rapport (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Året inleddes med en ny organisation för Högskolan Kristianstad och bildandetav fyra nya fakulteter. Avdelningen för Mat- och måltidsvetenskapingår numera i Fakulteten för Naturvetenskap tillsammans med avdelningenför Datavetenskap och avdelningen för Miljö och biologi. Det varinte bara för HKR som det gångna året innebar organisatoriska förändringarutan även för vår avdelning.Bitte Müller Hansen gick i pension efter nästan tio år som programansvarigför Gastronomiprogrammet och avdelningschef. Bitte har betytt oerhörtmycket för utveckling av programmet och har lagt ner stort engagemangi såväl utbildningen, som i sina kontakter med studenter och medarbetsmarknaden.

  • 24.
    Östlund, Daniel
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning grundskola, gymnasium och specialpedagogik.
    Barow, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Analysing the assessment of special education needs: views of investigators and decision makers2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research topic/aim:

    As stated by the Swedish Education Act students that who are at risk to miss the objectives of the education is recommended to undergo a special educational needs (SEN) assessment. The SEN assessment is conducted by the student health team (SHT), a multiprofessional group involving staff with medical, psychological, psychosocial and special education competences and assessment should give the school guidance in what kind of support the student should receive. Hjörne and Säljö (2014) points at risks in SHT´s work when adopting an individual focus. This is contradictory in relation to the policy documents, which pinpoint the need of a focus on both the individual and the learning environment. With this background, we have a particular interest in perspectives of SEN investigators in the SHT (special needs teacher) and decision-makers (principals), deepening an earlier study (Barow & Östlund, 2018).

    The aim is to gain knowledge about views on SHT`s procedure, assessing and analyzing SEN and what kind of interventions or support that are suggested.

    The overall research question is: How is the SEN assessment procedure organised and conducted from the investigators’ and the decision makers’ point of view?

    Theoretical framework:

    The study draws on concept on thought styles (Fleck, 1979). Thought styles occur in scientific context as well as in professional communities and in this study, we assume that the SHT´s form thought collectives that are characterized by specific thought styles.

    Methodological design:

    The data originates from 14 semi-structured interviews with SHT staff and principals in southern Sweden. The interview transcriptions were analyzed based on a qualitative content.

    Expected conclusions:

    The findings shows that there are varying thought styles in the data, which relates to both holistic and more individual approaches. Both investigators and decision makers strives toward a focus on the learning environment. However, the structures and systems within the schools and the municipalities is constructed with from an individual/categorical view. Relevance to Nordic educational researchIn the Nordic countries, there are policies that states that all students should be given the support they need. Findings from our research can contribute to further discussion on procedures for securing that students with SEN are investigated with reliable methods and is given adequate support based on the SEN assessment.

    References:

    Barow, T., and Östlund, D. (2018). “The Significance of SEN Assessment, Diagnoses, and Psychometric Tests in Inclusive Education: Studies from Sweden and Germany.” In Testing and Inclusive Schooling: International Challenges and Opportunities, edited by B. Hamre, 231–247. 362 Abingdon: Routledge.

    Hjörne, E. & Säljö, R. (2014). Analysing and preventing school failure: Exploring the role of multiprofessionality in pupil health team meetings. International Journal of Educational Research 63, 5-15

    Fleck, L. (1979). Genesis and development of a scientific fact. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

  • 25.
    Sanagavarapu, Kalyani
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Nüske, Elisabeth
    Germany.
    Nasir, Irem
    USA.
    Meisl, Georg
    England.
    Immink, Jasper N
    Lund University.
    Sormanni, Pietro
    England.
    Vendruscolo, Michele
    England.
    Knowles, Tuomas P J
    England.
    Malmendal, Anders
    Lund University.
    Cabaleiro-Lago, Celia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Lund University.
    Linse, Sara
    Lund University.
    A method of predicting the in vitro fibril formation propensity of Aβ40 mutants based on their inclusion body levels in E. coli2019Ingår i: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 9, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Overexpression of recombinant proteins in bacteria may lead to their aggregation and deposition in inclusion bodies. Since the conformational properties of proteins in inclusion bodies exhibit many of the characteristics typical of amyloid fibrils. Based on these findings, we hypothesize that the rate at which proteins form amyloid fibrils may be predicted from their propensity to form inclusion bodies. To establish a method based on this concept, we first measured by SDS-PAGE and confocal microscopy the level of inclusion bodies in E. coli cells overexpressing the 40-residue amyloid-beta peptide, Aβ40, wild-type and 24 charge mutants. We then compared these results with a number of existing computational aggregation propensity predictors as well as the rates of aggregation measured in vitro for selected mutants. Our results show a strong correlation between the level of inclusion body formation and aggregation propensity, thus demonstrating the power of this approach and its value in identifying factors modulating aggregation kinetics.

  • 26.
    Boork, Magdalena
    et al.
    RISE.
    Enger, Johanna
    Lunds Universitet.
    Hiller, Carolina
    RISE.
    Wendin, Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Bright Communication: Belysningskommunikation med fokus på perception och energi2019Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I syfte att främja effektiv användning av energi för belysning, samtidigt som brukarensupplevelse och ljuskomfort sätts i fokus, har detta projekt utvecklat metoder ochverktyg för att kommunicera kring ljus och belysning. För att tillgodose att ljusmiljöerutformas utifrån ett brukarperspektiv har dagens existerande definitioner avljuskvalitet, som huvudsakligen bygger på tekniska och fysikaliska termer,kompletterats med begrepp och definitioner av ljusets visuella och emotionellakaraktär. Genom en nära samverkan med både belysningsbranschen och beställare iprojektets samtliga faser har målet varit att utveckla metoder och verktyg som är välförankrade och tillämpbara av olika aktörer involverade i processen från ljusplaneringtill implementering och utvärdering av nya ljusmiljöer.Belysning står för en betydande del av den totala energianvändningen i byggnader, runt20 procent för hushåll och 40 procent för lokaler. Energibesparingspotentialen är högoch Europa befinner sig i ett skifte mot mer energieffektiv belysning som följd av båderegler och teknikutveckling. Samtidigt tenderar svenska konsumenter fortfarande attföredra glödljus, eftersom det upplevs ge en bättre komfort än ljuset från modernaljuskällor. För att motivera fastighetsägare och konsumenter att byta till merenergieffektiva produkter är det därför nödvändigt att fokusera mer på ljusets visuellaoch emotionella kvaliteter. Idag saknas dock kunskap, begrepp och verktyg för attkommunicera och mäta visuell ljuskvalitet. Det är denna utmaning som projektet haravsett möta genom metoder för att bedöma objektiva och subjektiva ljuskvaliteter förljuskällor, armaturer och ljusmiljöer och omsätta resultaten i verktyg riktade motbranschen.Projektet har tagit fram en skiss för ett kommunikationsverktyg som baseras påupplevelsemått av ljuskvalitet. Verktyget fungerar som en neutralkommunikationspunkt och stödjer såväl belysningsbranschen som beställare, ochdärmed även slutanvändaren. Genom att minska missförstånden och öka samsynenmellan aktörer i olika delar processen från ljusplanering till implementering väntasverktyget främja ljusmiljöer som både är energieffektiva och skapar en god upplevelseoch komfort.

  • 27.
    Aspelin, Jonas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Enhancing pre-service teachers’ socio-emotional competence2019Ingår i: The International Journal of Emotional Education, ISSN 2073-7629, E-ISSN 2073-7629, ISSN 2073-7629, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 264-283Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A rapidly growing body of research reveals that teachers’ abilities to build positive relationships with students play a vital role in education. However, there is a lack of research regarding teacher education. This article aims to contribute by reporting from a project focusing on pre-service teachers’ relational competence. More specifically, it focuses on a phenomenon labelled socio-emotional competence. The first section discusses meanings of the concept, using a relational framework, and it highlights three aspects: i) the teacher acts sensitively and responsively; ii) the teacher is directly present to the student and manages feelings; and iii) the teacher confirms the student and supports the student’s emotional development. The next section discusses indications of improvement in pre-service teachers’ socio-emotional competence, based on data from an intervention study using digital video as the main method. The findings show that preservice teachers’ relational understandings improved in several respects: they began to use a variety of words for specific emotions, to understand emotions as aspects of interaction, and to support their interpretations with behavioral cues. The concluding section considers why the intervention was successful and why socioemotional competence seems to play a subordinate role in teacher education.

  • 28.
    Wendin, Karin
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Undernäring hos äldre med neurologisk sjukdom2019Ingår i: Neurologi i Sverige, ISSN 2000-8538, Vol. 2, nr 19, s. 28-31Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Maten och måltiderna är viktiga delar av våra liv. Det handlar om allt från hälsa och överlevnadtill social samvaro och kulturella aktiviteter. Vid sjukdom eller plötsliga förändringari livet ställs mycket på ända som kan ha en stor inverkan på vårt ätande och därmed på vårhälsa, vilket i sin tur kan leda till undernäring. Neurologiska sjuk domar och åldrande är vanligaorsaker till undernäring. I denna artikel ger professorerna Karin Wendin och AlbertWestergren, båda vid Högskolan Kristianstad, en översiktlig beskrivning av undernäring,vad det innebär att vara drabbad och vad man kan göra för att motverka undernäring.”Både åldrandet i sigoch neurologisk sjukdombidrar till minskadaktivitet och sannoliktminskad aptit.”

  • 29.
    Baskerville, Rachel
    et al.
    New Zealand..
    Grossi, Giuseppe
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Forskningsmiljön Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    Glocalization of accounting standards: observations on neo-institutionalism of IPSAS2019Ingår i: Public Money & Management, ISSN 0954-0962, E-ISSN 1467-9302, Vol. 39, nr 2, s. 95-103Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper defines and then observes processes of glocalization surrounding the adoption of International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS) for public sector financial reporting. Glocalization can be best understood using sociological institutionalism, because this theory focuses on the retention of identity, and processes of legitimacy, during adaptation (diffusion) of standards. The paper discusses the history of standard-setting for the public sector in New Zealand to explain why this theory has value. IMPACT This paper defines and describes the utility of the concept of glocalization in analysing the implementation of IPSAS, with a New Zealand focus. The value of the paper is in its combination of a jurisdiction-specific experience with an understanding of the broader issues of 'global versus local' and processes of sociological institutionalism. Such studies of IPSAS adoption can offer distinctive perspectives on global processes of isomorphism within neo-institutional theory. This paper explains the advantages of flexible strategies to standard-setters.

  • 30.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Clausson, Eva
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Berg, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan.
    Steen Carlsson, Katarina
    Lund University.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lund University.
    Evaluation of a school-based cognitive-behavioral depression prevention program2019Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 14, nr 2, s. 182-189Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and cost-utility of a school-based cognitive-behavioral (CB) depression prevention program.

    METHODS: A quasi-experimental trial with an intervention group and a control group, with follow-up measurements obtained at three and 12 months after baseline, was conducted. The setting was six Swedish municipalities. The participants were students in grade 8 (median age: 14). A total of 462 students (79% girls) were allocated to the school-based CB prevention program, and 486 students (46% girls) were allocated to the control group. The school-based CB prevention program, Depression in Swedish Adolescents (DISA), was presented by school health service staff and teachers once per week for 10 weeks.

    RESULTS: The main outcome measures were self-reported depressive symptoms and self-rated health; the secondary outcome measures were adherence and cost-utility. The intervention group decreased their self-reported depressive symptoms (as measured by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale) and improved their self-rated health (as measured by the visual analog scale) at the 12-month follow-up more than the control group ( p < .05).

    CONCLUSIONS: Given the challenges of conducting a study in a complex, everyday school setting with baseline differences between the intervention and control group, it is difficult to make accurate interpretations of the effectiveness of the intervention. However, with these limitations in mind, the results indicate that the DISA program is a feasible school-based prevention program.

  • 31.
    Arvidsson, Åke
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för datavetenskap.
    Westberg, Lars
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Transport bottlenecks of edge computing in 5G networks2019Ingår i: Journal of Communication Software and Systems, ISSN 1845-6421, E-ISSN 1846-6079, Vol. 15, nr 1, s. 59-65Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider bottlenecks of TCP throughput in scenarios with edge clouds and 5G cellular networks. By numerical examples from measurements in real networks, we show that edge clouds indeed improve throughput but that several, nonnegligible bottlenecks remain. We therefore devise a concept where edge clouds connected directly to the radio access networkcan increase their transmission rates by relying on built in retransmissions (through quality of service features) and on the built in user fairness (through per-user buffers and scheduler policies). We then return to the numerical examples and show that our solution provides substantial gains and we concludeby identifying and discussing the remaining bottlenecks and the potential of an improved protocol.

  • 32.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Kom till ro och sov gott: sömnvanor, problem och förslag2019Ingår i: Hälsa, nr 1, s. 23-25Artikel i tidskrift (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Barn behöver sova för att må bra. Samtidigt finns många faktorer som kan störa sömnen. Läkemedelsverkets dokument "Sömnstörningar hos barn" kartlägger ungas sömnbehov, och ger också handfasta tips till barnfamiljer som drabbats av sömnproblem.

  • 33.
    Johansson, Maritha
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Magnusson, Petra
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för humaniora.
    Läslyftet i praktiken: analys av ett textmaterial och ett lärarlags samtal2019Ingår i: Acta Didactica Norge - tidsskrift for fagdidaktisk forsknings- og utviklingsarbeid i Norge, ISSN 1504-9922, E-ISSN 1504-9922, Vol. 13, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    ”Läslyftet” är en statlig kompetensutvecklingssatsning baserad på arbetet av Timperley et al. (2007). Syftet är att genom kollegialt lärande utveckla lärarnas didaktiska kunskaper för att förbättra elevernas läs- och skrivförmåga. Denna artikel redovisar en studie av hur satsningen genomförs på en gymnasieskola. Syftet är att förstå och diskutera genomförandet genom att undersöka det pedagogiska material som studeras av lärarna och hur det uppfattas av dem. Det analyserade materialet är 1) artikeln ”Att bearbeta text – före läsandet” (Hallesson & Visén, 2016) och 2) en gruppdiskussion i en grupp av sju lärare, en bibliotekarie och en samtalshandledare, om samma artikel. Studien använder två metoder: en textanalys (Hellspong & Ledin, 1997) av artikeln och en kritisk diskursanalys (Winther Jørgensen & Phillips, 2000) av lärarnas diskussion. Analysen av lärarnas diskussion visar en avsaknad av matchning mellan lärarna och texten. Denna kan delvis förklaras av textanalysens resultat som visar att texten innefattar ett antal abstrakta begrepp och saknar tydlig röst. Analysen av lärarnas samtal visar att samtalshandledaren endast delvis kan överbrygga denna distans till texten. Lärarna utvecklar i samtalet en överenskommelse om att det är svårt att se det som erbjuds i texten som användbart i den egna praktiken. Vår tolkning är att lärarnas mottagande av texten kan beskrivas som motstånd och att de upplever texten som ett hot mot sina identiteter som lärare. I analogi med Timperley et al. (2007) visar vår studie också att kompetensutveckling och kollegialt lärande är komplext och beroende på olika kontextuella faktorer som behöver undersökas ytterligare.

  • 34.
    Hellström, Amanda
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Hagell, Peter
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University.
    Ulander, Martin
    Linköping University.
    Luik, Annemarie I
    University of Oxford.
    Espie, Colin A
    University of Oxford.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linnaeus University.
    A classical test theory evaluation of the sleep condition indicator accounting for the ordinal nature of item response data2019Ingår i: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 14, nr 3Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Insomnia symptoms are common among young adults and affect about 5% to 26% of 19 to 34-year-olds. In addition, insomnia is associated with poor mental health and may affect daily performance. In research, as well as in clinical practice, sleep questionnaires are used to screen for and diagnose insomnia. However, most questionnaires are not developed according to current DSM-5 diagnostic criteria. An exception is the recently developed Sleep Condition Indicator (SCI), an eight-item scale screening for insomnia.

    AIM: The aim of this study was to perform a Classical Test Theory (CTT) based psychometric evaluation of the SCI in a sample of Swedish university students, by taking the ordinal nature of item level data into account.

    METHODS: The SCI was translated into Swedish and distributed online to undergraduate students at three Swedish universities, within programs of health, psychology, science or economy. Of 3673 invited students, 634 (mean age 26.9 years; SD = 7.4) completed the questionnaire that, in addition to the SCI, comprised other scales on sleep, stress, lifestyle and students' study environment. Data were analyzed according to CTT investigating data completeness, item homogeneity and unidimensionality.

    RESULTS: Polychoric based explorative factor analysis suggested unidimensionality of the SCI, and internal consistency was good (Cronbach's alpha, 0.91; ordinal alpha, 0.94). SCI scores correlated with the Insomnia Severity Index (-0.88) as well as with sleep quality (-0.85) and perceived stress (-0.50), supporting external construct validity.

    CONCLUSIONS: These observations support the integrity of the of the SCI. The SCI demonstrates sound CTT-based psychometric properties, supporting its use as an insomnia screening tool.

  • 35.
    Håkansson, Andreas
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Emulsion formation by homogenization: current understanding and future perspectives2019Ingår i: Annual review of food science and technology, ISSN 1941-1421, Vol. 10, s. 239-258Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Emulsion formation by homogenization is commonly used in food production and research to increase product stability and to design colloidal structures. High-energy methods such as high-pressure homogenizers and rotor-stator mixers are the two most common techniques. However, to what extent does the research community understand the emulsion formation taking place in these devices? This contribution attempts to answer this question through critically reviewing the scientific literature, starting with the hydrodynamics of homogenizers and continuing by reviewing drop breakup and coalescence. It is concluded that although research in this field has been ongoing for a century and has provided a substantial amount of empirical correlations and scaling laws, the fundamental understanding is still limited, especially in the case of emulsions with a high-volume fraction of the disperse phase, as seen in many food applications. These limitations in the current understanding are also used to provide future perspectives and suggest directions for further investigation.

  • 36.
    Rantala, Andreas
    et al.
    Lund University & Linneaus University.
    Behm, Lina
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap. Lund University.
    Rosén, Helena
    Lund University.
    Quality is in the eye of the beholder: a focus group study from the perspective of ambulance clinicians, physicians, and managers2019Ingår i: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland), ISSN 2227-9032, Vol. 7, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Quality within all areas of healthcare should be systemically monitored and ensured. However, the definition of quality is complex and diverse. In the ambulance service (AS), quality has traditionally been defined as response time, but this measurement eliminates the possibility of addressing other characteristics of quality, such as the care provided. This study aimed to explore what constitutes quality in the context of the ambulance service as experienced by ambulance clinicians, physicians, and managers. A focus group study was conducted with 18 participants. The three focus groups were analyzed with the focus group method developed by Kreuger and Casey. The participants highlighted patient involvement, information and care, as well as adherence to policies, regulations, and their own standards as representing quality in the AS. This study demonstrates that quality is in the eye of the beholder. As quality seems to be viewed similarly by patients and ambulance clinicians, physicians, and managers, stakeholders should aim for a paradigm shift where patients' experience of the care is just as important as various time measures.

  • 37.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Olsson Möller, Ulrika
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education.
    Winberg, Cecilia
    Region Skåne.
    Magnusson, Lina
    Lunds universitet.
    Kalnak, Nelli
    Lunds universitet.
    Benefits of participating in mastermind groups2019Ingår i: Health Education and Care, ISSN 2398-8517, Vol. 4, s. 1-3Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The academic career path is seldom straightforward. Many health professionals and researchers face stress and uncertain employment opportunities. Joining a collegial support group, a so-called “mastermind” group, is one way to help navigate these challenges. We investigated postdoctoral researchers’ (N=16) experiences with participating in a mastermind group using an online survey. Four themes emerged from their responses: (I) A place that offers conversation in confidence; (II) An opportunity for personal and professional development; (III) A quality break and time for reflection, and (IV) Challenges experienced by mastermind group participants. This study establishes that taking part in a mastermind group can effectively help shift focus from the negative aspects of a challenge faced by its group members to the positive aspects of a potential solution.

  • 38.
    Smite, Darja
    et al.
    Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Numminen, Emil
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Avdelningen för ekonomi. Blekinge Institute of Technology.
    Fair comparison of developing software in different locations: dynamic decision model2019Ingår i: World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research (WRITR), ISSN 1749-4729, E-ISSN 1749-4737, Vol. 8, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    While offshore software development is frequently looked at in simple economic terms, assumed benefits are not always achieved. This can be attributed to unexpectedly high transition costs and a number of extra costs for maintaining a sourcing strategy. When offshoring fails, companies need to revisit their decision. In this paper, an analytical model is proposed to support evaluation of offshoring strategies and decision options. The model focuses on value comparison, and treats outcomes of offshoring relationships more fairly and realistically than a naïve salary comparison. The model is a development of models with extensions motivated by lessons learned from two empirical cases. The model is designed to consider more decision outcomes than previously suggested. In contrast to current practice focusing on economic profits from the salary differences between onshore and offshore, we focus on the differences between expected and realised outcomes by analysing strategic benefits created by options and measuring the same time-value. Finally, consequent decision situations provide a dynamic view on supporting chains of decisions.

  • 39. Jonsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola.
    Barns frågor i lek2019Ingår i: Forskul, ISSN 2001-6131, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 86-97Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie, som ingår i ett övergripande projekt om lekresponsiv undervisning i förskolan, analyseras de frågor barn ställer under lek. Frågor förstås här som språkliga handlingar som gör något till förgrund och något annat till bakgrund. Frågor indikerar därför vad som är i fokus för barns uppmärksamhet och säger något om hur barn förstår vad de leker. Frågor ses som viktiga att respondera på utifrån en ambition att utforma undervisning responsiv på lek. Syftet med studien var därför att bidra med insikter om vad vi kan lära av barns frågor för att kunna utforma och problematisera förskollärares undervisning i lek. Analysen fokuserar barns frågor i 51 videoobserverade leksituationer där barn och förskollärare deltar. Resultatet visar att barnen i huvudsak ställer frågor i och om leken de är engagerade i (94 av 104 frågor; som om) medan övriga frågor (10) handlar om något som aktualiseras av leken men som handlar om förhållanden utanför denna (som är). Implikationerna av detta resultat för undervisning i förskolan diskuteras.

  • 40.
    Åkesson, Bengt
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    Det omöjligt möjligas konst2019Ingår i: KristianstadsJournalen, nr April 2019, s. 58-58Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 41.
    Persson, Christina E
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Hansson, Per-Olof
    University of Gothenburg.
    Welin, Catharina
    University of Gothenburg.
    Strandhagen, Elisabeth
    University of Gothenburg.
    Cardiovascular risk factors in relation to dietary patterns in 50-year-old men and women: a feasibility study of a short FFQ2019Ingår i: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 22, nr 4, s. 645-653Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess the feasibility of a simple new fifteen-item FFQ as a tool for screening risk of poor dietary patterns in a healthy middle-aged population and to investigate how the results of the FFQ correlated with cardiovascular risk factors and socio-economic factors.

    DESIGN: A randomized population-based cross-sectional study. Metabolic measurements for cardiovascular risk factors and information about lifestyle were collected. A fifteen-item FFQ was created to obtain information about dietary patterns. From the FFQ, a healthy eating index was created with three dietary groups: good, average and poor. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess relationships between dietary patterns and cardiovascular risk factors.

    SETTING: Sweden.

    SUBJECTS: Men and women aged 50 years and living in Gothenburg, Sweden.

    RESULTS: In total, 521 middle-aged adults (257 men, 264 women) were examined. With good dietary pattern as the reference, there was a gradient association of having obesity, hypertension and high serum TAG in those with average and poor dietary patterns. After adjustment for education and lifestyle factors, individuals with a poor dietary pattern still had significantly higher risk (OR; 95 % CI) of obesity (2·33; 1·10, 4·94), hypertension (2·73; 1·44, 5·20) and high serum TAG (2·62; 1·33, 5·14) compared with those with a good dietary pattern.

    CONCLUSIONS: Baseline data collected by a short FFQ can predict cardiovascular risk factors in middle-aged Swedish men and women. The FFQ could be a useful tool in health-care settings, when screening for risk of poor dietary patterns.

  • 42.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap. Lunds universitet.
    Sömn och hälsa: conference proceeding 20192019Proceedings (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 43.
    Leden, Lotta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Hansson, Lena
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Nature of science progression in school year 1–9: a case study of teachers’ suggestions and rationales2019Ingår i: Research in science education, ISSN 0157-244X, E-ISSN 1573-1898, Vol. 49, nr 2, s. 591-611Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The inclusion of nature of science (NOS) in science education has for a long  time been regarded as crucial. There is, however, a lack of research on appropriate NOS aspects for different educational levels. An even more neglected area of research is that focusing on teachers’ perspectives on NOS teaching at different levels. The aim of this article is to examine NOS progression in the light of teachers’ suggestions and rationales. In order to obtain teachers’ informed perspectives, we chose to involve six teachers (teaching grades 1–9) in a 3-year research project. They took part in focus group discussions about NOS and NOS teaching as well as implemented jointly planned NOS teaching sessions. Data that this article builds on was collected at the end of the project. The teachers’ suggestions for NOS progression often relied on adding more NOS issues at every stage, thereby creating the foundations of a broader but not necessarily deeper understanding of NOS. Five rationales, for if/when specific NOS issues are appropriate to introduce, emerged from the analysis of the teacher discussions. Some of these rationales, including practice makes perfect and increasing levels of depth can potentially accommodate room for many NOS issues in the science classroom, while maturity and experience instead has a restricting effect on NOS teaching. Also, choice of context and teaching approaches play an important role in teachers’ rationales for whether specific NOS issues  should be included or not at different stages. The article discusses the implications for teacher education and professional development.

  • 44.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Arvidsson, Åsa
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Heering, Peter
    Germany.
    Pendrill, Ann-Marie
    Lunds universitet.
    Rutherford visits middle school: a case study on how teachers direct attention to the nature of science through a storytelling approach2019Ingår i: Physics Education, ISSN 0031-9120, E-ISSN 1361-6552, Vol. 54Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It has long been argued that nature of science (NOS) is an important part of science teaching. In the literature, many different approaches to NOS have been suggested. This article focuses on a storytelling approach, and builds on data from audio recordings from three middle-school (school year 6) classrooms. The three science classes are run by three science teachers who have been introduced to NOS and storytelling during a oneday workshop. These three teachers chose to tell the students a story about Ernest Rutherford. The stories told by the teachers, as well as the whole-class discussions afterwards, are analysed with respect to what NOS aspects were communicated. The results show that many different NOS aspects, such as the tentative nature of scientific models, empirical aspects of the scientific knowledge process, as well as human aspects of science, emerge in the context of the story about Rutherford and his work on the atomic model. The results indicate promising possibilities for storytelling as an approach to NOS teaching.

  • 45.
    Irandoust, Manuchehr
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Saving and investment causality: implications for financial integration in transition countries of Eastern Europe2019Ingår i: International Economics and Economic Policy, ISSN 1612-4804, E-ISSN 1612-4812, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 397-416Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Numerous studies have been devoted to the Feldstein-Horioka puzzle.However, no consensus has been reached in the literature. This paper examines the causal relationship between domestic saving and investment rates in six transition economies (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, Belarus, and Russian Federation). Theoretically, the presence of any type of causal structure between these two series in a country implies that national capital markets are not open; hence capital flows are impeded. Therefore, the paper employs the bootstrap panel Granger causality approach that accounts for both cross-sectional dependence and slope heterogeneity across countries to determine the causal  structure. The findings show that there is a causality between the series, thereby implying that capital is not perfectly mobile internationally in any of the countries under review, but it is more mobile in Estonia, Russian  Federation, and Latvia than Lithuania, Belarus, and Ukraine. The underdevelopment of financial markets in these countries as well as the demand for foreign capital to finance domestic investment projects and the lack of adequate economic and financial reforms might have driven  these results.

  • 46.
    Elhassan, Mohammed
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Wendin, Karin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap. University of Copenhagen.
    Olsson, Viktoria
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Langton, Maud
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Quality aspects of insects as food: nutritional, sensory, and related concepts2019Ingår i: Foods, E-ISSN 2304-8158, Vol. 8, nr 3Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    n the search for another appealing source of future food to cover the increasing need for nutrients of a growing global population, this study reviewed the potential of insects as human food. Most previous reviews have dealt with insects as a group, making it difficult to evaluate each individual insect species as food because of the generalized data. This study assessed some common edible insects, but concentrated on mealworms. Insects, especially mealworms, have a similar or higher nutritional value than many conventional food sources. For example, the protein content of mealworm larvae is reported to be almost 50% of dry weight, while the fat content is about 30% of larval dry weight. Mealworms can be cooked by different methods, such as hot air drying, oven broiling, roasting, pan frying, deep frying, boiling, steaming, and microwaving. Oven broiling in particular gives a desirable aroma of steamed corn for consumers. Changes in the flavor, taste, and texture of mealworm products during storage have not been studied, but must be determined before mealworms can be used as a commercial food source. Factors controlling the shelf-life of mealworms, such as their packaging and storage, should be identified and considered with respect to the feasibility of using mealworms on a commercial scale.

  • 47.
    Törnquist Agosti, Madelaine
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Andersson, Ingemar
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Bringsén, Åsa
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för folkhälsovetenskap.
    Janlöv, Ann-Christin
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    "The importance of awareness, support and inner strength to balance everyday life": a qualitative study about women's experiences of a workplace health promotion program in human service organizations in Sweden2019Ingår i: BMC Women's Health, ISSN 1472-6874, E-ISSN 1472-6874, Vol. 19, nr 1, artikel-id 7Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: In many European countries, women have a higher sickness absence rate than men. Women also report higher levels of work-life conflict, which has a negative impact on women's self-perceived health. Interventions studies on work-life balance literature are scarce. This research adds knowledge about work-life balance by examining female employees' experiences of a newly developed intervention program, the BELE program (Balance in Everyday Life Empowerment program), aiming to enhance the work-life balance and wellbeing of female employees.

    METHODS: All participants in the BELE program were included in the sample (n = 55) of the study. The methods used for gathering data were focus group interviews (n = 8) and semi-structured individual interviews (n = 8). A qualitative content analysis was used for the analyses.

    RESULTS: The results showed that a majority of the participants experienced a process of change for enhancement of wellbeing and balance in their everyday life when taking part in the BELE program. In the analyses, three main themes emerged. Reflecting and strengthening inner resource, Trying to change everyday patterns and habits and Experiencing more balance and well-being.

    CONCLUSIONS: The results point out the importance of awareness and reflection on everyday life to promote work-life balance and wellbeing. The BELE program was described as a wakeup call to one's own life and as an enhancer of empowerment processes and equality in the homes. Moreover, the results showed the need for health education in the workplace focusing on both work and private life to enhance balance and wellbeing among female employees'. The findings indicate that it is important to work at individual and group levels in work-life balance interventions and not merely at the organizational level or in the workplace setting.

  • 48. Rydberg Sterner, Therese
    et al.
    Ahlner, Felicia
    Blennow, Kaj
    Dahlin-Ivanoff, Synneve
    Falk, Hanna
    Havstam Johansson, Lena
    Hoff, Maria
    Holm, Mathias
    Hörder, Helena
    Jacobsson, Tina
    Johansson, Boo
    Johansson, Lena
    Kern, Jürgen
    Kern, Silke
    Machado, Alejandra
    Mellqvist Fässberg, Madeleine
    Nilsson, Johan
    Ribbe, Mats
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Rydén, Lina
    Sadeghi, André
    Sacuiu, Simona
    Samuelsson, Jessica
    Sigström, Robert
    Skoog, Johan
    Thorvaldsson, Valgeir
    Waern, Margda
    Westman, Eric
    Wetterberg, Hanna
    Zetterberg, Henrik
    Zetterberg, Madeleine
    Zettergren, Anna
    Östling, Svante
    Skoog, Ingmar
    The Gothenburg H70 Birth cohort study 2014-16: design, methods and study population.2019Ingår i: European Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0393-2990, E-ISSN 1573-7284, Vol. 34, nr 2, s. 191-209Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To improve health care for older persons, we need to learn more about ageing, e.g. identify protective factors and early markers for diseases. The Gothenburg H70 Birth Cohort Studies (the H70 studies) are multidisciplinary epidemiological studies examining representative birth cohorts of older populations in Gothenburg, Sweden. So far, six birth cohorts of 70-year-olds have been examined over time, and examinations have been virtually identical between studies. This paper describes the study procedures for the baseline examination of the Birth cohort 1944, conducted in 2014-16. In this study, all men and women born 1944 on specific dates, and registered as residents in Gothenburg, were eligible for participation (n = 1839). A total of 1203 (response rate 72.2%; 559 men and 644 women; mean age 70.5 years) agreed to participate in the study. The study comprised sampling of blood and cerebrospinal fluid, psychiatric, cognitive, and physical health examinations, examinations of genetics and family history, use of medications, social factors, functional ability and disability, physical fitness and activity, body composition, lung function, audiological and ophthalmological examinations, diet, brain imaging, as well as a close informant interview, and qualitative studies. As in previous examinations, data collection serves as a basis for future longitudinal follow-up examinations. The research gained from the H70 studies has clinical relevance in relation to prevention, early diagnosis, clinical course, experience of illness, understanding pathogenesis and prognosis. Results will increase our understanding of ageing and inform service development, which may lead to enhanced quality of care for older persons.

  • 49.
    Johannesson, Julie
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Rothenberg, Elisabet
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Forskningsmiljön Food and Meals in Everyday Life (MEAL). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för mat- och måltidsvetenskap.
    Gustafsson, Susanne
    University of Gothenburg.
    Slinde, Frode
    University of Gothenburg.
    Meal frequency and vegetable intake does not predict the development of frailty in older adults2019Ingår i: Nutrition and health, ISSN 0260-1060, Vol. 25, nr 1, s. 21-28Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:: Frailty is considered highly prevalent among the aging population. Fruit and vegetable intake is associated with positive health outcomes across the life-span; however, the relationship with health benefits among older adults has received little attention.

    AIM:: The aim was to examine if a relationship exists between meal frequency or frequency of vegetable intake and the development of frailty in a population of older adults.

    METHODS:: A total of 371 individuals, 80 years or older, from the study 'Elderly Persons in the Risk Zone' were included. Data was collected in the participants' home by face-to-face interviews up to 24 months after the intervention. Baseline data were calculated using Chi2-test; statistical significance was accepted at the 5% level. Binary logistic regression was used for the relationship between meal frequency or vegetable intake and frailty.

    RESULTS:: Mean meal frequency was 4.2 ± 0.9 meals per day; women seem to have a somewhat higher meal frequency than men (p=0.02); 57% of the participants had vegetables with at least one meal per day. No significant relationship was found between meal frequency or vegetable intake and frailty at 12 or 24 months follow-ups.

    CONCLUSIONS:: Among this group of older adults (80+), meal frequency was slightly higher among women than men, and just over half of the participants had vegetables with at least one meal a day. The risk of developing frailty was not associated with meal frequency or vegetable intake. The questions in this study were meant as indicators for healthy food habits.

  • 50.
    Etzerodt- Laustsen, Christine
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap.
    Peterson, Pia
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Westergren, Albert
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i samverkan. Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för hälsovetenskap, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Professionsmedverkan i forsknings- och utvecklingsprojekt2019Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Det kan ta flera år innan ny forskning används i praxis vilket medför att många inte erhåller vård eller förebyggande insatser enligt senaste forskningsrön. Om professioner involveras i forskningsprocessen, kan kunskapen som erhålls bli mer relevant och lättare att implementera i det dagliga arbetet. Vi vill öka förståelsen om hur professioner på bästa sätt kan involveras i forskning och kring vad detta kan bidra med. Vi valde därför att studera hur professioner från vård- och omsorgsverksamheter upplevde att medverka i forsknings- och utvecklingsprojektet Pre-H som samordnas av Forskningsplattformen för Hälsa i Samverkan vid Högskolan Kristianstad. Professionerna är från sju kommuner i Skåne och är med i utvecklingen och implementering av en evidensbaserad modell för förebyggande hembesök. Vår studie ledde till en teoretisk modell som beskriver professioners erfarenheter av att medverka i forskning.

1234567 1 - 50 av 7156
RefereraExporteraLänk till träfflistan
Permanent länk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf