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  • 1.
    Adam, Christina
    et al.
    Grekland.
    Patiraki, Elisabeth
    Grekland.
    Lemonidou, Chryssoula
    Grekland.
    Radwin, Laurel
    USA.
    Charalambouss, Andreas
    Cypern; Finland.
    Charalambous, Melanie
    Cypern.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Skånes universitetssjukhus; Lunds universitet.
    Katajisto, Jouko
    Finland.
    Stolti, Minna
    Finland.
    Suhonen, Riitta
    Finland.
    Quality of nursing care as perceived by cancer patients: a cross-sectional survey in four European countries2017In: Balkan Union of Oncology. Journal, ISSN 1107-0625, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 777-782Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To explore and compare cancer patients' perceptions on the quality of nursing care in four European countries. Methods: Data were collected in Cyprus, Finland, Greece and Sweden. The sample comprised 596 hospitalized cancer patients. The quality of nursing care was measured using the "Oncology Patients' Perceptions of the Quality of Nursing Care Scale" (OPPQNCS). Patient characteristics were also collected. Analysis of variance was used to examine the effects of country on the perceptions of the quality of nursing care. Results: Patients' age ranged from 18 to 86 years, and 58% were male. The comparison of cancer patients' perceptions regarding the quality of nursing care between the four countries showed a statistically significant difference in the total OPPQNCS scores (p <0.001) as well as in the subscales responsiveness (p <0.001), individualization (p<0.001), co ordination (p<0.001) and proficiency (p<0.001). The Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the OPPQNCS ranged between 0.89 and 0.95. A multivariate analysis of variance for the OPPQNCS controlled by respondents' demographic characteristics revealed that only the patient's country was significantly related with the patients' perceptions of quality care. Conclusion: Quality of nursing care as perceived by cancer patients was high, but differed between the four countries. The impact of the clinical status of cancer patients on the quality of nursing care and managerial factors such as staffing/nursing care delivery models that influence the ability of nurses to offer high quality care should also be explored by more focused studies.

  • 2.
    Bertoglio, Sergio
    et al.
    Italien.
    van Boxtel, Ton
    Nederländerna.
    Goossens, Godelieve A
    Belgien.
    Dougherty, Lisa
    Storbritannien.
    Furtwangler, Rhoikos
    Tyskland.
    Lennan, Elaine
    Storbritannien.
    Pittiruti, Mauro
    Italien.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Skånes universitetssjukhus.
    Stas, Marguerite
    Belgien.
    Improving outcomes of short peripheral vascular access in oncology and chemotherapy administration2017In: Journal of Vascular Access, ISSN 1129-7298, E-ISSN 1724-6032, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 89-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A short peripheral intravenous catheter or cannula (PIVC) is frequently used to deliver chemotherapy in oncology practice. Although safe and easy to insert, PIVCs do fail, leading to personal discomfort for patients and adding substantially to treatment costs. As the procedure of peripheral catheterization is invasive, there is a need for greater consistency in the choice, insertion and management of short PIVCs, particularly in the oncology setting where there is a growing trend for patients to receive many different courses of IV treatment over a number of years, sometimes with only short remissions. This article reviews best practice with respect to PIVCs in cancer patients and considers the necessity for bundling these actions. Two care bundles, addressing both insertion and ongoing care and maintenance, are proposed. These have the potential to improve outcomes with the use of short PIVCs for vascular access in oncology practice.

  • 3.
    Charalambous, Andreas
    et al.
    Cypern.
    Radwin, Laurel
    USA.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Lund University.
    Patiraki, Elisabeth
    Grekland.
    Lemonidou, Chryssoula
    Grekland.
    Katajisto, Jouko
    Finland.
    Suhonen, Riitta
    Finland.
    An international study of hospitalized cancer patients' health status, nursing care quality, perceived individuality in care and trust in nurses: a path analysis2016In: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, E-ISSN 1873-491X, Vol. 61, p. 176-186Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Providing high quality nursing care for patients with malignancies is complex and driven by many factors. Many of the associations between nursing care quality, trust, health status and individualized care remain obscure. Objective: To empirically test a model of association linking hospitalized cancer patients' health status, nursing care quality, perceived individuality in care and trust in nurses. Design: A cross-sectional, exploratory and correlational study design was used. Settings: This multi-site study was conducted in cancer care clinics, in-patient wards of five tertiary care hospitals in Cyprus, Finland, Greece and Sweden. Sample: Out of 876 hospitalized patients with a confirmed histopathological diagnosis of cancer approached to participate in the study in consecutive order, 599 (response rate 68%) agreed to participate and the data from 590 were used for path analysis. Methods: Data were collected in 2012-2013 with the Individualized Care Scale-Patient (ICS-Patient), the Oncology Patients' Perceptions of Quality Nursing Care Scale (OPPQNCS), the Euro-Qol (EQ-5D-3L) and the Trust in Nurses Scale. Data were analysed statistically using descriptive and inferential statistics. Mplus version 7.11 was used to determine the best Trust model with path analysis. Results: Although the model fit indices suggested that the hypothesized model did not perfectly to the data, a slightly modified model which includes the reciprocal path between individualized care and nursing care quality demonstrated a good fit. Conclusion: A model of trust in nurses was" developed. Health status, individualized care, and nursing care quality were found to be associated with trust. The model highlights the complexity of caring for cancer patients. Trust in nurses is influenced by the provision of individualized care. Generating and promoting trust requires interventions, which promote nursing care quality, individuality and patients' health status. 

  • 4.
    Demmelmaier, Ingrid
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Brooke, Hannah L
    Uppsala universitet.
    Henriksson, Anna
    Uppsala universitet.
    Mazzoni, Anne-Sophie
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bjørke, Ann Christin Helgesen
    Norge.
    Igelström, Helena
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ax, Anna-Karin
    Linköpings universitet.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Lunds universitet.
    Hellbom, Maria
    Centrum För Cancerrehabilitering.
    Pingel, Ronnie
    Uppsala universitet.
    Lindman, Henrik
    Uppsala universitet.
    Johansson, Silvia
    Uppsala universitet.
    Velikova, Galina
    Storbritannien.
    Raastad, Truls
    Norge.
    Buffart, Laurien M
    Nederländerna.
    Åsenlöf, Pernilla
    Uppsala universitet.
    Aaronson, Neil K
    Nederländerna.
    Glimelius, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet.
    Nygren, Peter
    Uppsala universitet.
    Johansson, Birgitta
    Uppsala universitet.
    Börjeson, Sussanne
    Linköpings universitet.
    Berntsen, Sveinung
    Norge.
    Nordin, Karin
    Uppsala universitet.
    Does exercise intensity matter for fatigue during (neo-)adjuvant cancer treatment? The Phys-Can randomized clinical trial2021In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 31, no 5, p. 1144-1159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Exercise during cancer treatment improves cancer-related fatigue (CRF), but the importance of exercise intensity for CRF is unclear. We compared the effects of high- vs low-to-moderate-intensity exercise with or without additional behavior change support (BCS) on CRF in patients undergoing (neo-)adjuvant cancer treatment. This was a multicenter, 2x2 factorial design randomized controlled trial (Clinical Trials NCT02473003) in Sweden. Participants recently diagnosed with breast (n = 457), prostate (n = 97) or colorectal (n = 23) cancer undergoing (neo-)adjuvant treatment were randomized to high intensity (n = 144), low-to-moderate intensity (n = 144), high intensity with BCS (n = 144) or low-to-moderate intensity with BCS (n = 145). The 6-month exercise intervention included supervised resistance training and home-based endurance training. CRF was assessed by Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI, five subscales score range 4-20), and Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue scale (FACIT-F, score range 0-52). Multiple linear regression for main factorial effects was performed according to intention-to-treat, with post-intervention CRF as primary endpoint. Overall, 577 participants (mean age 58.7 years) were randomized. Participants randomized to high- vs low-to-moderate-intensity exercise had lower physical fatigue (MFI Physical Fatigue subscale; mean difference -1.05 [95% CI: -1.85, -0.25]), but the difference was not clinically important (ie <2). We found no differences in other CRF dimensions and no effect of additional BCS. There were few minor adverse events. For CRF, patients undergoing (neo-)adjuvant treatment for breast, prostate or colorectal cancer can safely exercise at high- or low-to-moderate intensity, according to their own preferences. Additional BCS does not provide extra benefit for CRF in supervised, well-controlled exercise interventions.

  • 5.
    Holst-Hansson, Annette
    et al.
    Malmö universitet; Skånes universitetssjukhus.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Skånes universitetssjukhus; Lunds universitet.
    Idvall, Eva
    Malmö universitet.
    Bolmsjö, Ingrid
    Malmö universitet.
    The breath of life: womens' experiences of breathing adapted radiation therapy2013In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 17, no 3, p. 354-359Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To describe and analyze how women with breast cancer experience breathing adapted radiation therapy (BART) and to explore how women manage daily radiation therapy.

    Method: Individual interviews were conducted with 20 women treated with BART for breast cancer concerning their perception of radiation therapy. The transcribed interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: 'The breath of life' was the overall theme, as the women experienced the breathing as a way in which to influence their treatment and thus their survival. 'Participating in one's treatment, for good or ill', was the main category with four subcategories, 'Knowing one has done something good', 'Getting an extra bonus - healthwise', The experience of being in control' and 'Being in a high-technology environment'. The breathing technique became the strategy by which they could manage their treatment and gave them a sense of participation which led to a feeling of being in control. The women also felt that breathing benefited their health both mentally and physically. The high-technology environment was experienced as both hopeful and frightening.

    Conclusion: Survival or increasing the chances of survival, are of ultimate importance for a woman with breast cancer. BART requires commitment from the women, which was perceived as offering them an opportunity to participate in their own treatment, for their survival. Increasing the women's possibilities to participate in their treatment benefits their health and welfare during an otherwise turbulent time and allow the rehabilitation process to start during treatment.

  • 6.
    Johnsson, Anna
    et al.
    Lunds universitet; Skånes universitetssjukhus.
    Demmelmaier, Ingrid
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Skånes universitetssjukhus.
    Wagner, Philippe
    Lunds universitet.
    Olsson, Håkan
    Lunds universitet.
    Tornberg, Åsa B
    Lunds universitet.
    A single exercise session improves side-effects of chemotherapy in women with breast cancer: an observational study2019In: BMC Cancer, ISSN 1471-2407, E-ISSN 1471-2407, Vol. 19, no 1, article id 1073Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: To measure changes in four common chemotherapy related side-effects (low energy, stress, nausea and pain) immediately after a single exercise session within the first week after treatment.

    METHODS: Thirty-eight patients with chemotherapy-treated breast cancer, participating in a multi-centre randomised controlled study, the Physical Training and Cancer study (Phys-Can) were included in this sub-study. The Phys-Can intervention included endurance and resistance training. Before and after a single training session (endurance or resistance) within the first week of chemotherapy, energy and stress were measured with the Stress-Energy Questionnaire during Leisure Time, and nausea and pain were assessed using a Visual Analog Scale 0-10. Paired t-tests were performed to analyse the changes, and linear regression was used to analyse associations with potential predictors.

    RESULTS: Thirty-eight participants performed 26 endurance training sessions and 31 resistance training sessions in the first week after chemotherapy. Energy and nausea improved significantly after endurance training, and energy, stress and nausea improved significantly after resistance training. Energy increased (p = 0.03 and 0.001) and nausea decreased (p = 0.006 and 0.034) immediately after a single session of endurance or resistance training, and stress decreased (p = 0.014) after resistance exercise.

    CONCLUSIONS: Both endurance and resistance training were followed by an immediate improvement of common chemotherapy-related side-effects in patients with breast cancer. Patients should be encouraged to exercise even if they suffer from fatigue or nausea during chemotherapy.

  • 7.
    Langegård, Ulrica
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Ahlberg, Karin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Björk-Eriksson, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet; Regionalt cancercentrum väst; Skandionkliniken Uppsala.
    Fransson, Per
    Umeå universitet; Norrlands universitetssjukhus.
    Johansson, Birgitta
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ohlsson-Nevo, Emma
    Örebro universitet.
    Witt-Nyström, Petra
    Skandionkliniken Uppsala; Uppsala universitet.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Skånes universitetssjukhus; Lunds universitet.
    The art of living with symptoms: A qualitative study among patients with primary brain tumors receiving proton beam therapy2020In: Cancer Nursing, ISSN 0162-220X, E-ISSN 1538-9804, Vol. 43, no 2, p. E79-E86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Symptom management in conjunction with proton beam therapy (PBT) from patient's perspective has not been explored. Such knowledge is essential to optimize the care in this relatively new treatment modality.

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the process of symptom management in patients with brain tumor receiving PBT.

    METHODS: Participants were 22 patients with primary brain tumor who received PBT, recruited in collaboration with a national center for proton therapy and 2 oncology clinics at 2 university hospitals in Sweden. Interviews using open-ended questions were conducted before, during, and/or after treatment. Verbatim interview transcripts were analyzed using classic Grounded Theory.

    RESULTS: "The art of living with symptoms" emerged as the core concept. This encompassed 3 interconnected symptom management concepts: "Adapting to limited ability," "Learning about oneself," and "Creating new routines." These concepts were summarized in a substantive theoretical model of symptom management. Despite the struggle to manage symptoms, participants lived a satisfactory life.

    CONCLUSIONS: Symptom management in conjunction with PBT comprises a process of action, thoughts, and emotions. The concepts that emerged indicated patients' symptom management strategies were based on their own resources.

    IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: It is important that PBT facilities develop an approach that facilitates the symptom management process based on patients' experiences of symptoms, as well as their actions and available resources.

  • 8.
    Langegård, Ulrica
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ahlberg, Karin
    Uppsala universitet.
    Fransson, Per
    Umeå universitet; Norrlands universitetssjukhus.
    Johansson, Birgitta
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Skånes universitetssjukhus; Lunds universitet.
    Bjork-Eriksson, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet; Skandionkliniken Uppsala; Regionalt cancercentrum väst.
    Ohlsson-Nevo, Emma
    Örebro universitet.
    Evaluation of quality of care in relation to health-related quality of life of patients diagnosed with brain tumor: a novel clinic for proton beam therapy2019In: Supportive Care in Cancer, ISSN 0941-4355, E-ISSN 1433-7339, Vol. 27, no 7, p. 2679-2691Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: Patients with brain tumors constitute a vulnerable group, and it is important that they receive the highest quality of care (QoC). The study aim was to describe the perceptions of QoC and its association with health-related quality of life in brain tumor patients undergoing proton beam therapy in a newly established clinic.

    METHOD: Data were collected at the start of treatment and after 3 and 6 weeks. Adult patients (≥ 18 years old) with brain tumors (n = 186) completed two self-administered questionnaires: a modified Quality from the Patients' Perspective, which measures perceived reality and subjective importance of care, and the EORTC QLQ-C30. Data were analyzed using parametric and non-parametric statistical tests.

    RESULTS: The perceived QoC was highest for treatment information and lowest for dietician and smoking information, whereas interaction with doctors and nurses was rated as the most important aspect of quality of care. Subjective importance ratings were significantly higher than perceived reality ratings for 60% of items. A better global health was moderately correlated with a higher perceived support for fatigue.

    CONCLUSIONS: A need for quality improvement was identified for several aspects of patient care. Greater symptom distress during the treatment period led to greater perceived importance of symptom support. Ensuring QoC is complex and collaboration with other health care professionals is essential.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The clinic could improve QoC regarding information about possible symptoms, adjust care according to patient perceptions of importance, and involve patients in care decisions.

  • 9.
    Langegård, Ulrica
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Fransson, Per
    Umeå universitet.
    Bjork-Eriksson, Thomas
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Johansson, Birgitta
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ohlsson-Nevo, Emma
    Örebro universitet.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Department of Nursing and Integrated Health Sciences.
    Ahlberg, Karin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Health-related quality of life in patients with primary brain tumors during and three months after treatment with proton beam therapy2021In: Technical innovations & patient support in radiation oncology, ISSN 2405-6324, Vol. 17, p. 5-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Proton beam therapy (PBT) is increasingly administered to patients with primary brain tumors. Benefits of new treatments must be weighed against side effects and possible deterioration in health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The aim of this study was to describe and compare HRQoL, including acute symptom experiences and associated factors, in patients with malignant and benign brain tumors treated with PBT.

    Materials and Methods: Adult PBT-treated patients with primary brain tumors (n = 266) were studied. HRQoL was assessed with EORTC QLQ-C30, QLQ-BN20, HADS, ISI and MFI before, during and three months after treatment. Associations with demographic and medical factors were explored.

    Results: Between baseline and three months post-treatment: HRQoL decreased significantly in the global health/QOL domains physical functioning, role functioning and cognitive functioning in the malignant group, global health/QOL and physical functioning decreased significantly in the benign group, more comorbidity was significantly associated with increased motor dysfunction, leg weakness, headache and future uncertainty. Fatigue and depression were the most frequent symptoms in both groups. Independent predictors of risk factor recognition were age, sex, chemotherapy, comorbidity and education level.

    Discussion: Global health/QOL in patient with brain tumors is very complex and multidimensional. Symptoms are interrelated and related to patient, tumor and treatment factors. It is important to identify aspects of HRQoL that may be affected by treatment. These include both benefits, expected to improve HRQoL, and negative changes such as symptom experience and influencing factors. Evidence-based guidelines are needed for symptom management, and for high quality of care for patients experiencing low PBT-related HRQoL.

  • 10.
    Langegård, Ulrica
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Fransson, Per
    Göteborgs universitet; Umeå universitet.
    Johansson, Birgitta
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ohlsson-Nevo, Emma
    Örebro universitet.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Department of Nursing and Integrated Health Sciences.
    Ahlberg, Karin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Development and initial psychometric evaluation of a radiotherapy-related symptom assessment tool, based on data from patients with brain tumours undergoing proton beam therapy2020In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 796-804Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Currently, no available tool easily and effectively measures both the frequency, intensity and distress of symptoms among patients receiving radiotherapy. A core symptom set (fatigue, insomnia, pain, appetite loss, cognitive problems, anxiety, nausea, depression, constipation, diarrhoea and skin reaction) has been identified and assessed across oncology research to better understand the pattern of symptoms and treatment side effects.

    AIM: The aim was to develop a tool measuring the multiple-symptom experience in patients undergoing radiotherapy and evaluate its psychometric properties (validity, reliability and responsiveness).

    DESIGN: This study has a prospective, longitudinal and quantitative design.

    METHODS: We developed a patient-reported outcome questionnaire, the Radiotherapy-Related Symptoms Assessment Scale to assess the frequency, intensity and distress associated with symptoms. Patients (n = 175) with brain tumours undergoing proton beam therapy completed the Radiotherapy-Related Symptoms Assessment Scale and the health-related quality of life questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) during treatment. We assessed the validity, reliability and responsiveness of the Radiotherapy-Related Symptoms Assessment Scale and evaluated the validity against QLQ-C30.

    RESULTS: There were significant questionnaire-questionnaire correlations regarding selected items, primarily fatigue, insomnia and pain, indicating satisfactory criterion-related validity. The Radiotherapy-Related Symptoms Assessment Scale had fair to good retest reliability.

    CONCLUSION: The Radiotherapy-Related Symptoms Assessment Scale is a valid instrument for assessing symptom intensity and distress in patients with brain tumour undergoing PBT, with psychometric properties within the expected range. The Radiotherapy-Related Symptoms Assessment Scale provides nurses with substantial information on symptom experience but requires little effort from the patient. Additional studies are required to further assess the psychometric properties in patients with different cancer diagnoses receiving conventional radiotherapy.

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  • 11.
    Langegård, Ulrica
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Johansson, Birgitta
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bjork-Eriksson, Thomas
    Regionalt cancercentrum Väst.
    Fransson, Per
    Umeå universitet.
    Ohlsson-Nevo, Emma
    Örebro universitet.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Skånes universitetssjukhus.
    Ahlberg, Karin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Symptom clusters in patients with brain tumors undergoing proton beam therapy2019In: Oncology Nursing Forum, ISSN 0190-535X, E-ISSN 1538-0688, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 349-363Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVES: To explore symptom clusters during proton beam therapy in patients with primary brain tumors and investigate associations among symptom clusters, demographic variables, and comorbidity in this patient population.

    SAMPLE & SETTING: Data were collected from 187 adult patients with primary brain tumors during their treatment periods in the Skandion Clinic in Uppsala, Sweden. Symptoms were assessed with the Radiotherapy-Related Symptoms Assessment Scale, and comorbidity was evaluated with the Self-Administered Comorbidity Questionnaire.

    METHODS & VARIABLES: The study used a quantitative and longitudinal design. Exploratory factor analysis was used to determine the underlying structure of symptom clusters.

    RESULTS: Three clusters were identified.

    IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Building knowledge about how these symptoms interact and are clustered will support healthcare professionals to more efficiently relieve symptom clusters during proton beam therapy.

  • 12.
    Möllerberg, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    Research Institute of Sweden (RISE).
    Langegård, Ulrica
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Johansson, Birgitta
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ohlsson-Nevo, Emma
    Örebro universitet.
    Fransson, Per
    Umeå universitet.
    Ahlberg, Karin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Witt-Nyström, Petra
    Denmark.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Department of Nursing and Integrated Health Sciences.
    Evaluation of skin reactions during proton beam radiotherapy: patient-reported versus clinician-reporte2021In: Technical innovations & patient support in radiation oncology, ISSN 2405-6324, Vol. 19, p. 11-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Skin reaction is a common side-effect of radiotherapy and often only assessed as clinician-reported outcome (CRO). The aim was to examine and compare patient-reported outcome (PRO) of skin reactions with CRO for signs of acute skin reactions for patients with primary brain tumour receiving proton beam radiotherapy (PBT). A further aim was to explore patients' experiences of the skin reactions.

    Methods: Acute skin reactions were assessed one week after start of treatment, mid-treatment and end of treatment among 253 patients with primary brain tumour who underwent PBT. PRO skin reactions were assessed with the RSAS and CRO according to the RTOG scale. Fleiss' kappa was performed to measure the inter-rater agreement of the assessments of skin reactions.

    Results: The results showed a discrepancy between PRO and CRO acute skin reactions. Radiation dose was associated with increased skin reactions, but no correlations were seen for age, gender, education, occupation, other treatment or smoking. There was a poor agreement between patients and clinicians (κ = -0.016) one week after the start of PBT, poor (κ = -0.045) to (κ = 0.396) moderate agreement at mid treatment and poor (κ = -0.010) to (κ = 0.296) moderate agreement at end of treatment. Generally, patients' symptom distress toward skin reactions was low at all time points.

    Conclusion: The poor agreement between PRO and CRO shows that the patient needs to be involved in assessments of skin reactions for a more complete understanding of skin reactions due to PBT. This may also improve patient experience regarding involvement in their own care.

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  • 13.
    Möllerberg, Marie-Louise
    et al.
    RISE Sveriges forskningsinstitut.
    Langegård, Ulrica
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Ohlsson-Nevo, Emma
    Örebro universitet.
    Fransson, Per
    Umeå univeristet; Norrlands universitetssjukhus.
    Johansson, Birgitta
    Uppsala universitet.
    Ahlberg, Karin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Skånes universitetssjukhus; Lunds universitet.
    Managing an altered social context-Patients experiences of staying away from home while undergoing proton beam therapy2020In: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 1157-1163Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To illuminate the experience of an altered social context for patients with primary brain tumours living away from home while undergoing proton beam therapy.

    Design: A descriptive, qualitative cross-sectional interview study.

    Methods: Nineteen patients were interviewed between December 2015-August 2016, either during (N = 7) or before and after (N = 12) their proton beam therapy. A hermeneutical analysis was performed.

    Results: Participants made adjustments to achieve control and well-being during the treatment period. The analysis also revealed two interrelated patterns that helped participants adjust: being part of the family from a distance and seeking affinity.

    Conclusion: It is important that patients receiving treatment far from home find a way to remain a part of their family and find affinity in the altered social context. Health professionals can prepare patients for the treatment period and can implement interventions to promote well-being for both patients and their relatives.

  • 14.
    Möllerberg, M.-L.
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet; Skånes universitetssjukhus.
    Sandgren, A.
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Lithman, T.
    Lunds universitet.
    Noreen, D.
    Lunds universitet.
    Olsson, H.
    Skånes universitetssjukhus; Lunds universitet.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Lunds universitet; Skånes universitetssjukhus.
    The effects of a cancer diagnosis on the health of a patient's partner: a population-based registry study of cancer in Sweden2016In: European Journal of Cancer Care, ISSN 0961-5423, E-ISSN 1365-2354, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 744-752Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this population-based registry study was to explore how cancer influences the health of partners, by examining the onset of new diagnoses for partners, health care use and health care costs among partners living with patients with cancer. The sample consisted of partners of patients with cancer (N = 10 353) and partners of age- and sex-matched controls who did not have cancer (N = 74 592). Diagnoses, health care use and health care costs were studied for a continuous period starting 1 year before the date of cancer diagnosis and continued for 3 years. One year after cancer diagnosis, partners of patients with cancer had significantly more mood disorders, reactions to severe stress and ischaemic heart disease than they exhibited in the year before the diagnosis. Among partners of patients with cancer, the type of cancer was associated with the extent and form of increased health care use and costs; both health care use and costs increased among partners of patients with liver cancer, lung cancer, colon cancer and miscellaneous other cancers. The risk of poorer health varied according to the type of cancer diagnosed, and appeared related to the severity and prognosis of that diagnosis.

  • 15.
    Ohlsson-Nevo, Emma
    et al.
    Örebro universitet; ProtonCare Study Group.
    Furberg, Maria
    Skandionkliniken Uppsala.
    Giørtz, Mette
    Danmark.
    Johansson, Birgitta
    ProtonCare Study Group; Uppsala universitet.
    Kristensen, Ingrid
    ProtonCare Study Group; Skånes universitetssjukhus; Lunds universitet.
    Kunni, Kristin
    Skandionkliniken Uppsala.
    Langegård, Ulrica
    ProtonCare Study Group; Göteborgs universitet.
    Lysemose Poulsen, Rikke
    Danmark.
    Striem, Jörgen
    Skandionkliniken Uppsala.
    Tømmerås, Veronika
    Norge.
    Wilhøft Kristensen, Anne
    Danmark.
    Winther, Dorte
    Danmark.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    ProtonCare Study Group; Skånes universitetssjukhus; Lunds universitet.
    Patients' perspective in the context of proton beam therapy: summary of a Nordic workshop2020In: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 59, no 10, p. 1139-1144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: On 15-16 November 2019, the Skandion Clinic in Sweden hosted the first Nordic workshop on 'Patients' perspective in proton beam therapy'. The workshop was conducted to describe and compare the patient care in PBT clinics in the Nordic countries and to initiate a collaboration, with the target to ensure patient participation and reduce the risk of inequity of access by lowering the barriers for accepting PBT in a distant clinic. The overarching aim of this workshop was to describe and compare the use of patients' perspectives in the Nordic PBT clinics.

    MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve participants attended the workshop, representing Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The participants were registered nurses working in patient care, researchers, physicist and leaders of the Skandion Clinic.

    RESULTS: The consensus of the workshop was that systematic use of patient experiences on individual and group level is essential for developing clinical practice and understanding the overall effects of PBT. A difference in how the Nordic countries use patient experiences in clinical practise was found. The importance of lowering the barriers for participation in national proton trials and proton treatment were emphasized, however, there is a lack of knowledge about individual and organizational barriers to accepting PBT, and further research is therefore needed.

    CONCLUSION: Collaboration between the Nordic countries regarding patients' perspectives in the context of PBT is of importance to compare national differences as well as to find similarities, but most importantly to learn from each other and to improve patient care. Nordic collaboration with focus on systematic collection of patient-reported outcomes in the context of PBT is unique. Collaboration in research offers the possibility to increase the inclusion of patients' perspectives in study protocols.

  • 16.
    Olsson Möller, Ulrika
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Department of Nursing and Integrated Health Sciences. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Forskningsmiljön Man - Health - Society (MHS). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education.
    Olsson, Ing-Marie
    Lunds universitet.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Lunds universitet.
    Beck, Ingela
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Department of Nursing and Integrated Health Sciences. Lunds universitet.
    Rydén, Lisa
    Lunds universitet.
    Malmström, Marlene
    Lunds universitet.
    Barriers and facilitators for individualized rehabilitation during breast cancer treatment: a focus group study exploring health care professionals' experiences2020In: BMC Health Services Research, E-ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 20, no 1, article id 252Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) and related treatment are associated with the risk of developing a wide range of persistent disabling impairments. Despite extensive research in the field and an enhanced focus on BC rehabilitation, up to 34-43% of these patients are at risk of developing chronic distress. In addition, it is known that these patients repeatedly report unmet needs, which are strongly associated with reduced quality of life. However, despite knowledge that patients' needs for support during BC rehabilitation varies greatly, individualized rehabilitation is often lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to explore health care professionals' (HCPs) experiences of current rehabilitation practice and describe current barriers and facilitators for individualized rehabilitation for patients following BC treatment.

    METHODS: A total of 19 HCPs were included, representing various professions in BC care/rehabilitation within surgical, oncological and specialized cancer rehabilitation units at a university hospital in Sweden. Five semi structured focus group interviews were conducted and inductively analysed using conventional qualitative content analysis.

    RESULTS: Three categories were captured: (1) varying attitudes towards rehabilitation; (2) incongruence in how to identify and meet rehabilitation needs and (3) suboptimal collaboration during cancer treatment. The results showed a lack of consensus in how to optimize individualized rehabilitation. It also illuminated facilitators for individualized rehabilitation in terms of extensive competence related to long-term experience of working with patients with BC care/rehabilitation. Further, the analysis exposed barriers such as a great complexity in promoting individualized rehabilitation in a medically and treatment-driven health care system, which lacked structure and knowledge, and overarching collaboration for rehabilitation.

    CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the cancer trajectory is medically and treatment-driven and that rehabilitation plays a marginal role in today's BC trajectory. It also reveals that structures for systematic screening for needs, evidence-based guidelines for individualized rehabilitation interventions and structures for referring patients for advanced rehabilitation are lacking. To enable optimal and individualized recovery for BC patients', rehabilitation needs to be an integrated part of the cancer trajectory and run in parallel with diagnostics and treatment.

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  • 17.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Attner, Bo
    Lunds universitet.
    Englund, Martin
    Lithman, Thor
    Lunds universitet.
    Noreen, Dennis
    Lunds universitet.
    Gunnars, Barbro
    Lunds universitet.
    Thomé, Bibbi
    Lunds universitet.
    Olsson, Håkan
    Lunds universitet.
    Petersson, Ingemar F
    Lunds universitet.
    Sickness absence among cancer patients in the pre-diagnostic and the post-diagnostic phases of five common forms of cancer2012In: Supportive Care in Cancer, ISSN 0941-4355, E-ISSN 1433-7339, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 741-747Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this study was to observe sickness absence before and after the cancer diagnosis among cancer patients with five common forms of cancer.

    Methods Using cohort data, we observed sick leave in the pre- and post-diagnostic phase among patients with colon, rectal, breast, prostate, or lung cancer (n = 2,738). We also identified reference subjects without cancer (total n = 12,246) who were individually matched for age and gender for each specific cancer cohort in order to compare sickness absence between patients with a specific form of cancer and the background population without cancer.

    Results Lung cancer patients had the highest increase in sick days both pre- and post-diagnosis and prostate cancer patients had the lowest increase. Irrespective of the form of cancer, cancer patients had significantly more sick days in the post-diagnostic phase compared to their reference subjects, ranging from 5 (prostate cancer) to 12 times the amount of sick days (colon and lung cancer). One year post-diagnosis, less than half of the cancer patients were on sick leave, except for lung cancer patients where 63% were still on sick leave.

    Conclusion Sick leave among cancer patients seems related not only to the cancer diagnosis and its treatment but also to the prodromal illness in the pre-diagnostic phase, especially for forms of cancer with heavier symptom burden such as colon and lung cancer. Although cancer results in substantial increase in sick leave, it is important to acknowledge that a major part of cancer patients return to work within 1 year after the cancer diagnosis.

  • 18.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    et al.
    Skånes universitetssjukhus; Lunds universitet.
    Attner, Bo
    Lunds universitet.
    Lithman, Thor
    Lunds universitet; USA.
    Noreen, Dennis
    Lunds universitet; USA.
    Gunnars, Barbro
    Skånes universitetssjukhus; Lunds universitet.
    Thomé, Bibbi
    Lunds universitet.
    Lidgren, Lars
    Lunds universitet; USA.
    Olsson, Håkan
    Skånes universitetssjukhus; Lunds universitet.
    Englund, Martin
    Lunds universitet; USA.
    Sick leave of spouses to cancer patients before and after diagnosis2010In: Acta Oncologica, ISSN 0284-186X, E-ISSN 1651-226X, Vol. 49, no 4, p. 467-473Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. The impact of cancer on spouses of cancer patients may be considerable in many aspects. Our objective was to evaluate sick leave in spouses of cancer patients before and after the diagnosis. Material and methods. Using Swedish population-based registries, we studied sick leave of spouses to patients with newly diagnosed colon, rectal, lung, prostate, or breast cancer. We identified the cancer patients via the Swedish Cancer Registry and obtained information of their spouse through linkage with the population register. We assessed the number of sick leave episodes and sick days one year before until one year after the spouses' cancer diagnosis by cross-referencing with Swedish Social Insurance Agency data. We also compared the number of sick days of spouses with the general population adjusted for age, sex and partner status. Results. In general, spouses (N=1 923) to cancer patients had an increase in the frequency of new episodes of sick leave in the months before and after the cancer diagnosis. Spouses of lung cancer patients had most sick leave episodes, and the largest number of sick days per person. In comparison to the general population, spouses in the lung cancer group also had the highest standardised sick day ratio 1.76; 95% confidence interval 1.24, 2.40. The corresponding risk for spouses in other groups of cancer was not significantly increased. Discussion. In Sweden there is often increased sick leave of spouses to cancer patients. It may be due to emotional stress and physical reactions that follow with cancer which needs to be further explored in order to provide adequate support and care.

  • 19.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Attner, Bo
    Lunds universitet.
    Lithman, Thor
    Lunds universitet.
    Noreen, Dennis
    Lunds universitet.
    Gunnars, Barbro
    Lunds universitet.
    Thomé, Bibbi
    Lunds universitet.
    Olsson, Håkan
    Lunds universitet.
    Influence on the health of the partner affected by tumor disease in the wife or husband based on a population-based register study of cancer in Sweden2009In: Journal of Clinical Oncology, ISSN 0732-183X, E-ISSN 1527-7755, Vol. 27, no 28, p. 4781-4786Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose To examine health care use and health care costs among partners of persons with cancer.

    Patients and Methods Partners of patients with colon, rectal, lung, breast, and prostate cancer (N = 11,076) were identified via linked data from the Tumor Registry of Southern Sweden and Census Registry of Sweden. Health care use, total costs of health care, and diagnosis of the partner were studied before and after diagnosis of the cancer patient.

    Results Health care use for partners increased in terms of in-patient care after the cancer diagnosis. A significant increase was seen the second year for partners of patients with colon cancer (risk ratio [RR], 1.55; 95% CI, 1.28 to 1.87) and lung cancer (RR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.26 to 1.79). Psychiatric diagnoses increased after the cancer diagnosis in the total sample, with a significant increase for partners of colon (RR, 2.66; 95% CI, 1.71 to 4.22), lung (RR, 3.16; 95% CI, 2.23 to 4.57), and prostate cancer patients (RR, 1.68; 95% CI, 1.32 to 2.15). Costs of care increased more than the consumer price index the two years after the cancer diagnosis. Costs of care increased most formale partners and especially for younger male partners (age 25 to 64 years) of patients with colon, rectal, and lung cancers.

    Conclusion The results showed increased health care costs and an increase in psychiatric diagnoses after the cancer diagnosis among partners of cancer patients. Further research is needed to learn more about the situation of the partner and to identify persons at risk of psychiatric morbidity. Knowledge is also needed on how to support the partner in the most efficient way.

  • 20.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    et al.
    Skånes universitetssjukhus; Lunds universitet.
    Gunnars, Barbro
    Lunds universitet.
    Olsson, Håkan
    Skånes universitetssjukhus; Lunds universitet.
    Thomé, Bibbi
    Lunds universitet.
    Experiences of living with advanced colorectal cancer from two perspectives - inside and outside2011In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 15, no 5, p. 390-397Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To investigate how life situation by persons with advanced colorectal cancer and their partners is affected by living with the disease and its treatment.

    Method: Separate, individual interviews were made with persons with advanced colorectal cancer (n = 12) and their partners (n = 9) about how their daily lives were affected by the disease and its treatment. The verbatim were analysed using content analysis.

    Results: Living with the illness of advanced colorectal cancer was experienced to be: being inside or outside the healthcare system, striving for normality and becoming conscious of life's value and vulnerability. Living as a partner was experienced as living in an altered relation and as living in the shadow of the disease.

    Conclusions: When one in a partner relation suffers from colorectal cancer, it changes life and life perspective for both partners. Partners need to be invited to and involved in the care. Cancer nursing should focus on supporting the strive for normality in daily life, as the disease and its' treatment may last for a longer period of time. Supporting the partner may benefit the person with cancer as well, to cope along the illness trajectory. 

  • 21.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Strömbeck, Gertrud
    Lunds universitet.
    Löfgren, Anette
    Lunds universitet.
    Bendahl, PO
    Lunds universitet.
    Gunnars, Barbro
    Lunds universitet.
    Adjuvant radiotherapy of women with breast cancer – information, support and side-effects2010In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 147-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to 1) examine the occurrence and burden of side effects over time in the period after post surgical adjuvant radiotherapy in women with breast cancer and 2) explore the women's experiences of given information and need of support to handle side effects. Material and method: 171 women with breast cancer receiving post-surgical adjuvant radiotherapy completed a questionnaire on radiotherapy-related side effects (Treatment Toxicity Assessment Tool OTTAT) at four times between the start of radiotherapy and six months after completion. Comparisons were made between women with breast conservative surgery (group A) and women with modified mastectomy (group B), and for having chemotherapy or not (C+ and C-). Questions regarding the experience of delivered information and support were added. Results: Fatigue was the single most prevalent side effect and, together with skin reactions and pain, it also had the highest mean score over the study period and the largest score increase during treatment. The largest increase during the six months was seen for skin reaction, pain, and dyspnoea. The average score for skin reaction was significantly higher in group B than in group A. A majority of the women experienced the given information and support as satisfying and a need for follow-up of the side-effects was expressed. Conclusion: Nursing for women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant radiotherapy should focus on preventing and treating side effects, and also include the period post treatment. There is a need for developing evidence based guidelines including guidelines for follow-up.

  • 22.
    Stolt, Minna
    et al.
    Finland.
    Charalambous, Andreas
    Finland; Cypern.
    Radwin, Laurel
    USA.
    Adam, Christina
    Grekland.
    Katajisto, Jouko
    Finland.
    Lemonidou, Chryssoula
    Grekland.
    Patiraki, Elisabeth
    Grekland.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Lunds universitet; Skånes universitetssjukhus.
    Suhonen, Riitta
    Finland.
    Measuring trust in nurses: Psychometric properties of the Trust in Nurses Scale in four countries2016In: European Journal of Oncology Nursing, ISSN 1462-3889, E-ISSN 1532-2122, Vol. 25, p. 46-54, article id S1462-3889(16)30085-0Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine psychometric properties of three translated versions of the Trust in Nurses Scale (TNS) and cancer patients' perceptions of trust in nurses in a sample of cancer patients from four European countries.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional, cross-cultural, multi-site survey design was used. The data were collected with the Trust in Nurses Scale from patients with different types of malignancies in 17 units within five clinical sites (n = 599) between 09/2012 and 06/2014. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics, multivariate methods and psychometrics using exploratory factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha coefficients, item analysis and Rasch analysis.

    RESULTS: The psychometric properties of the data were consistent in all countries. Within the exploratory factor analysis the principal component analysis supported the one component structure (unidimensionality) of the TNS. The internal consistency reliability was acceptable. The Rasch analysis supported the unidimensionality of the TNS cross-culturally. All items of the TNS demonstrated acceptable goodness-of-fit to the Rasch model. Cancer patients trusted nurses to a great extent although between-country differences were found.

    CONCLUSIONS: The Trust in Nurses Scale proved to be a valid and reliable tool for measuring patients' trust in nurses in oncological settings in international contexts.

  • 23.
    Suhonen, R.
    et al.
    Finland.
    Charalambous, A.
    Cypern.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Högskolan Väst.
    Katajisto, J.
    Finland.
    Lemonidou, C.
    Grekland.
    Patiraki, E.
    Grekland.
    Sjövall, K.
    Skånes universitetssjukhus & Lunds universitet.
    Stolt, M.
    Finland.
    Radwin, L. E.
    USA.
    Hospitalised cancer patients' perceptions of individualised nursing care in four European countries2018In: European Journal of Cancer Care, ISSN 0961-5423, E-ISSN 1365-2354, Vol. 27, no 1, article id e12525Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe hospitalised cancer patients' perceptions of individualised care in four European countries and compare these perceptions using the patients' socio-demographic characteristics and the Individualized Care Scale. The patients' socio-demographic characteristics used were: education, age, gender, type of hospital admission, previous hospitalisation and hospital length of stay. The Individualized Care Scale has two parts (1) nurses' support of individuality and (2) patients' receipt of individuality. Data (n = 599) were collected in Cyprus (n = 150), Finland (n = 158), Greece (n = 150) and Sweden (n = 141). Multivariate analysis of variance models were constructed and differences in perceptions of individualised care were analysed using the patients' socio-demographic characteristics as covariates. The level of support for individuality and receipt of individualised care was reported as moderate and good respectively. Generally, the highest assessments were made by the Swedish respondents and the lowest by those in Greece. This study revealed some between-country differences in patients' perceptions of care individualisation. These differences, for example, conceptual, educational, based in clinical practice or in the health organisation, require further research. Enquiry into the individualised care perceptions of health care providers and the families of cancer patients would also be useful.

  • 24.
    Suhonen, Riitta
    et al.
    Finland.
    Stolt, Minna
    Finland.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Katajisto, Jouko
    Finland.
    Lemonidou, Chrysoula
    Grekland.
    Patiraki, Elisabeth
    Grekland.
    Sjövall, Katarina
    Skånes universitetssjukhus; Lunds universitet.
    Charalambous, Andreas
    Cypern; Finland.
    Cancer patients' perceptions of quality of care attributes: associations with age, perceived health status, gender and education2018In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 27, no 1-2, p. 306-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the associations between patients' gender, education, health status in relation to: assessments of patient-centered quality and individuality in care and trust in nurses for those <65, (working age) and ≥65 years (older people).

    BACKGROUND: Patients' assessments of the quality of care they receive is essential for the development of the provision of patient care and services. Previous studies have revealed age of the patient is associated with their assessment of care quality attributes.

    DESIGN: The study employed a cross-sectional, multi-cultural comparative survey design.

    METHODS: The data were collected using questionnaires among hospitalised cancer patients (N=876, n=599, 68%) in four European countries: Greece, Cyprus, Sweden and Finland. The data were divided into two sub-groups based on age (cut point 65 years) and were analysed statistically.

    RESULTS: Cancer patients' age, gender and level of education were not related to their assessments of care quality attributes: person-centered care quality; individuality in care and trust in nurses. Sub-group analysis of the older adults and those of working age showed clear associations with patients' assessments of quality of care attributes and perceived health status. The lower the perceived health status the lower the assessment of care quality attributes.

    DISCUSSION: The results suggest that the cancer itself is the strongest determinant of the care delivered, rather than any patient characteristics, such as age, education or gender. Perceived health status, in association with cancer patient assessments of care quality attributes, may be useful in the development of patient-centered, individualised care strategies alongside a stronger focus on people instead of cancer-care related processes and duties.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The findings of this study have implications for cancer care professionals in terms of patient assessment and care planning. The measures may be useful in assessing quality of cancer nursing care. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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