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  • 1. IIiev, Nuray
    et al.
    Börjesson, Malin
    Behm, Lina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Department of Nursing and Integrated Health Sciences. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Forskningsmiljön Man - Health - Society (MHS).
    Hälsa och levnadsvanor bland äldre personer (77+) i Skåne: En tvärsnittsstudie2021Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Den åldrande befolkningen och den förväntade livslängden ökar såväl i Sverigesom i resten av världen och kraven på välfärdssystemet ökar. Forskning visar attdet är möjligt att förebygga sjukdom genom att påverka ogynnsamma levnadsvanoroch att främja goda levnadsvanor skapar förutsättningar och möjligheter att åldrasmed hälsa. Således är därför satsningar på hälsofrämjande och sjukdomsförebyggandearbete angeläget för att minska samhällets kostnader men även för att äldre ska bibehållasin hälsa och förmåga till egenvård.

    Syfte: Att kartlägga oberoende äldre personers (77+) hälsa och levnadsvanor samtstudera skillnader utifrån ålder, kön och demografiskt läge.

    Metod: En icke-experimentell tvärsnittsstudie med kvantitativ ansats som baseras på ett urval av 876 oberoende äldre, oberoende av vård och omsorg och som var hemmaboendei ordinärt boende i någon av de sju nordöstra kommunerna i Skåne, södra Sverige.

    Resultat: Oberoende äldre skattade sin hälsa som god (76,3%) och deltagarna som var81 år och äldre skattade sin hälsa signifikant högre än de som var yngre. En signifikant skillnad har kartlagts gällande alkoholkonsumtion utifrån ålder och kön samt tobakgällande ålder.

    Slutsats: Kartläggningen av oberoende äldres hälsa och levnadsvanor utifrån ålder, kön och demografiskt läge visade uppmuntrande resultat. Hälsan och levnadsvanor under åldrandet kan påverkas av flera faktorer. Med utgångspunkt från resultatet ärdet viktigt att distriktssköterskan samtalar och stödjer äldre till hälsosamma levnadsvanor.Fortsatt forskning förespråkas för att främja ett hälsosamt åldrande hos oberoende äldre personer.

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  • 2.
    Le, Cai
    et al.
    Kina.
    Ma, Ke
    Kina.
    Tang, Pingfen
    Kina.
    Edvardsson, David
    Australien.
    Behm, Lina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). lina.behm@hkr.se .
    Zhang, Jie
    Kina.
    Yang, Jiqun
    Fu, Haiyan
    Kina.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Lunds universitet.
    Psychometric evaluation of the Chinese version of the Person-Centred Care Assessment Tool2020In: BMJ Open, E-ISSN 2044-6055, Vol. 10, no 7Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: This study aims to test a Chinese cross-cultural adaptation of the English version of the Person-Centred Care Assessment Tool (P-CAT) and evaluate its psychometric properties.

    DESIGN: P-CAT was translated/back-translated using established procedures before the psychometric evaluation of the Chinese version was made.

    SETTING: Two hospitals covering urban and suburban areas of Kunming in the Yunnan province of China.

    PARTICIPANTS: 152 female hospital staff completed the survey.

    MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Construct validity and reliability, including internal consistency and test-retest reliability, were assessed among a sample of hospital staff.

    RESULTS: The factor analysis resulted in a two-component solution that consisted of two subscales. The corrected item-total correlations for all of the items ranged from 0.14 to 0.44, with six items not meeting the cut-off level for item-total correlation (>0.3). The Chinese P-CAT demonstrated strong reliability, with a Cronbach's alpha of 0.91-0.94 for the scales and a test-retest reliability coefficient of 0.88 for the overall scale scores. The intraclass correlation was 0.92 (95% CI 0.90 to 0.95).

    CONCLUSION: P-CAT appears to be a promising measure for evaluating staff perceptions of person-centredness in Chinese hospital environments. The results show that P-CAT can be a useful tool for improving the quality of healthcare in terms of person-centred care in the Chinese context.

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  • 3.
    Rosén, Helena
    et al.
    Lunds universitet.
    Behm, Lina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). lina.behm@hkr.se .
    Wallerstedt, Birgitta
    Linnaeus universitet.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Lunds universitet.
    Being the next of kin of an older person living in a nursing home: an interview study about quality of life.2019In: BMC Geriatrics, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 19, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: The length of stay in nursing homes before death in Sweden has significantly decreased, and nearly one-third of people die within 6 weeks of entering a nursing home. Support for the next of kin is one of the cornerstones of palliative care, but the principles are not always adhered to as recommended when caring for the elderly, which can affect the quality of life of their next of kin. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of quality of life among the next of kin of older persons who live in nursing homes before an educational intervention of palliative care.

    METHODS: This is an explorative qualitative interview study with 40 next of kin using qualitative content analysis performed at baseline before the implementation of the principles of palliative care in nursing homes.

    RESULTS: The next of kin's experiences of quality of life were expressed in three themes: Orientation to the new life situation, Challenges in their relationship and the Significance of the quality of care in the nursing home. The next of kin experienced a sense of relief, although the older person was constantly on their minds, and they could feel lonely. The difference in the couple'slife situations was experienced as burdensome by the next of kin. The challenges in the relationship were described as stressful, related to a guilty conscience and the older person's vulnerability. The nursing home could be a context facilitating good relations. The perceptions of quality of care in terms of person-centredness affected the quality of life of the next of kin.

    CONCLUSIONS: The findings show that four factors are decisive for the quality of life of next of kin: the relationships within the family, the degree of relief that nursing home care entails as compared to home care, the older person's health status and whether the care is person-centred. Increased knowledge and education regarding palliative care in nursing homes are needed to better meet the needs of next of kin. Implementation of palliative care should take into account the need for support for next of kin.

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  • 4.
    Westergren, Albert
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Department of Nursing and Integrated Health Sciences. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Lunds universitet.
    Persson, Magnus
    Lunds universitet.
    Behm, Lina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Department of Nursing and Integrated Health Sciences. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Forskningsmiljön Man - Health - Society (MHS).
    Next of kin participation in the care of older persons in nursing homes: a pre-post non-randomised educational evaluation, using within-group and individual person-level comparisons.2021In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 1-15, article id e0244600Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Next of kin participation in care is a cornerstone of palliative care and is thus important in nursing homes, and outcomes following interventions need to be evaluated using robust methods.

    OBJECTIVE: To use within-group and within-individual analytical approaches to evaluate the participation of next of kin in care following an intervention and to compare the outcome between the intervention and control groups.

    METHODS: A pre-post intervention/control group study design was used. The educational intervention, directed towards staff members, focused on palliative care. The Next of Kin Participation in Care scale comprises the Communication and Trust subscale and the Collaboration in Care subscale, with nine items each. In total, 203 persons (intervention group: n = 95; control group: n = 108) were included. Three different analytical approaches were used: 1) traditional within-group comparison of raw ordinal scores and linearly transformed interval scores; 2) modern within-individual (person-level) interval score comparisons; 3) comparisons between the intervention group and control group based on individual person-level outcomes.

    RESULTS: Within-group comparisons of change revealed no change in any of the groups, whether based on raw or transformed scores. Despite this, significant improvements at the individual level were found in 32.9% of the intervention group and 11.6% of the control group for the total scale (p = 0.0024), in 25% of the intervention group and 10.5% of the control group for the Communication and Trust subscale (p = 0.0018), and in 31.2% of the intervention group and 10.5% of the control group for the Collaboration in Care subscale (p = 0.0016). However, a significant worsening at the individual level in Collaboration in Care was found in 35.1% of the intervention group but only among 8.4% of the control group (p < 0.0005).

    CONCLUSION: The intervention seems to have a positive impact on next of kin participation in care in nursing homes, especially for communication and trust. However, some next of kin reported decreased participation in care after the intervention. Modern individual person-level approaches for the analysis of intervention outcomes revealed individual significant changes beyond traditional group-level comparisons that would otherwise be hidden. The findings are relevant for future outcome studies and may also necessitate a re-evaluation of previous studies that have not used individual person-level comparisons.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study is part of the intervention project registered under Clinical Trials Registration NCT02708498.

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  • 5.
    Westergren, Albert
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Behm, Lina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Forskningsmiljön Människa - Hälsa - Samhälle (MHS). lina.behm@hkr.se .
    Lindhardt, Tove
    Lunds universitet & Danmark.
    Persson, Magnus
    Lunds universitet.
    Ahlström, Gerd
    Lunds universitet.
    Measuring next of kin's experience of participation in the care of older people in nursing homes2020In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 15, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Lack of conceptual clarity and measurement methods have led to underdeveloped efforts to measure experience of participation in care by next of kin to older people in nursing homes.

    OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the measurement properties of items aimed at operationalizing participation in care by next of kin, applied in nursing homes.

    METHODS: A total of 37 items operationalizing participation were administered via a questionnaire to 364 next of kin of older people in nursing homes. Measurement properties were tested with factor analysis and Rasch model analysis.

    RESULTS: The response rate to the questionnaire was 81% (n = 260). Missing responses per item varied between <0.5% and 10%. The 37 items were found to be two-dimensional, and 19 were deleted based on conceptual reasoning and Rasch model analysis. One dimension measured communication and trust (nine items, reliability 0.87) while the other measured collaboration in care (nine items, reliability 0.91). Items successfully operationalized a quantitative continuum from lower to higher degrees of participation, and were found to generally fit well with the Rasch model requirements, without disordered thresholds or differential item functioning. Total scores could be calculated based on the bifactor subscale structure (reliability 0.92). Older people (≥ 65 years) reported a higher degree of communication and trust and bifactor total scores than younger people (p < 0.05 in both cases). People with a specific contact person experienced a higher degree of participation in the two subscales and the bifactor total score (p < 0.05 in all three instances).

    CONCLUSION: Psychometric properties revealed satisfactory support for use, in nursing home settings, of the self-reported Next of Kin Participation in Care questionnaire, with a bifactor structure. Additional research is needed to evaluate the effectiveness of the scales' abilities to identify changes after intervention.

    TRIAL REGISTRATION: The KUPA project has Clinical Trials number NCT02708498.

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