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  • 1.
    Irandoust, Manuchehr
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Government spending and revenues in Sweden 1722–2011: evidence from hidden cointegration2018Inngår i: Empirica, ISSN 0340-8744, E-ISSN 1573-6911, Vol. 45, nr 3, s. 543-557Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the long-run causal relationship between government revenues and spending of the Swedish economy over the period 1722–2011. The results based on hidden cointegration technique and a modified version of the Granger non-causality test, show that there exists a long-run and asymmetric relationship between government spending and government revenues. Our estimation results can be summarized into three main empirical findings. First, the government follows a hard budget constraint and soft budget constraint strategies in the case of negative and positive shocks, respectively. Second, negative shocks to the fiscal budget are removed fairly quickly compared to positive shocks. Third, bi-directional causality between revenues and expenditures offers support in favor of the fiscal synchronization hypothesis. The policy implication is that budget deficit’s reduction could be achieved through government spending cut, accompanied by contemporaneous tax controls.

  • 2.
    Irandoust, Manuchehr
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    House prices and unemployment: an empirical analysis of causality2019Inngår i: International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis, ISSN 1753-8270, E-ISSN 1753-8289, Vol. 12, nr 1, s. 148-164Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    This paper aims to examine whether there exists a long-run causal relationship between house prices and unemployment rates for eight major European countries.

    Design/methodology/approach

    The bootstrap panel Granger causality approach that accounts for cross-sectional dependence, slope heterogeneity and structural breaks is used to detect the direction of causality.

    Findings

    The empirical findings for the overall panel support the presence of unidirectional causality running from house prices to unemployment.

    Practical implications

    The findings are not only important for households but also for policymakers concerned with economic and financial stability.

    Originality/value

    There are only a limited number of studies that have investigated the direct link between house prices and employment or unemployment. Given the increased importance of labor market variables, particularly the choice of the unemployment rate as a key indicator in designing forward guidance and the increased financial stability concerns regarding house price dynamics, it is important to better understand the causal linkages between house prices and unemployment rates. To the best of the author’s knowledge, this paper is the first to apply the bootstrap panel Granger causality approach to examine the relationship between house prices and unemployment rates.

  • 3.
    Irandoust, Manuchehr
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    Innovations and renewables in the Nordic countries: a panel causality approach2018Inngår i: Technology in society, ISSN 0160-791X, E-ISSN 1879-3274, Vol. 54, s. 87-92Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Most studies on the relationship between technological innovations and renewable energy consumption have focused on the role of technological innovations in the link between energy consumption and economic growth, with no deep analysis of direct causality between renewable energy and technological innovation. This study examines the direct causal relationship between technological innovation and renewables in the four Nordic countries by using the bootstrap panel Granger causality approach that accounts for both cross-sectional dependence and slope heterogeneity across countries. The results show a unidirectional causality running from technological innovations to renewable energy in Denmark and Norway, and a unidirectional causality running from renewables to innovations in Sweden and Finland. The main reasons of the divergent results could be energy mix, role of nuclear energy, the different economic structures, and role of policies. The policy implications are that technological innovations play an effective role in renewable energy consumption and renewable energy itself spurs innovations. Thus, speeding up the transition to renewable energy requires investment in technological innovations.

  • 4.
    Irandoust, Manuchehr
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Metal prices and stock market performance: is there an empirical link?2017Inngår i: Resources policy, ISSN 0301-4207, E-ISSN 1873-7641, Vol. 52, s. 389-392Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Most studies have focused on the role of oil and gold prices in the link between commodity prices and stock prices. This paper investigates the causal linkage between metal prices and share values for 10 European countries over the period of January 2011 to September 2016. On the basis of the bootstrap panel granger causality approach, the results show that the metal price index and stock price index are not causally related. The policy implication of this empirical finding is that the financial markets are informationally efficient in the sample countries' equity markets. Thus, the information contained in the metal price index cannot be used to predict the future values of the equity indexes.

  • 5.
    Irandoust, Manuchehr
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Militarism and globalization: is there an empirical link?2017Inngår i: Quality and quantity, ISSN 0033-5177, E-ISSN 1573-7845, Vol. 52, nr 3, s. 1349-1369Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the fact that previous studies have extensively investigated the causal nexus between military expenditure and economic growth in both developed and developing countries, those studies have not considered the role of globalization. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between militarism and globalization for the top 15 military expenditure spenders over the period 1990–2012. The bootstrap panel Granger causality approach is utilized to detect the direction of causality. The results show that military expenditure and overall globalization are causally related in most of the countries under review. This implies that countries experiencing greater globalization have relatively large increases in militarization over the past 20 years. The policy implication of the findings is that greater military spending by a country increases the likelihood of military conflict in the future, the anticipation of which discourages globalization.

  • 6.
    Irandoust, Manuchehr
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Saving and investment causality: implications for financial integration in transition countries of Eastern Europe2019Inngår i: International Economics and Economic Policy, ISSN 1612-4804, E-ISSN 1612-4812, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 397-416Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Numerous studies have been devoted to the Feldstein-Horioka puzzle.However, no consensus has been reached in the literature. This paper examines the causal relationship between domestic saving and investment rates in six transition economies (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Ukraine, Belarus, and Russian Federation). Theoretically, the presence of any type of causal structure between these two series in a country implies that national capital markets are not open; hence capital flows are impeded. Therefore, the paper employs the bootstrap panel Granger causality approach that accounts for both cross-sectional dependence and slope heterogeneity across countries to determine the causal  structure. The findings show that there is a causality between the series, thereby implying that capital is not perfectly mobile internationally in any of the countries under review, but it is more mobile in Estonia, Russian  Federation, and Latvia than Lithuania, Belarus, and Ukraine. The underdevelopment of financial markets in these countries as well as the demand for foreign capital to finance domestic investment projects and the lack of adequate economic and financial reforms might have driven  these results.

  • 7.
    Irandoust, Manuchehr
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    The demand for cinema in Sweden: an application of proportional odds model2018Inngår i: Journal of Arts, Management, Law and Society, ISSN 1063-2921, E-ISSN 1930-7799, Vol. 48, nr 5, s. 351-361Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the determinants of demand for cinema using a randomly drawn sample of the movie-going population in Sweden. A proportional odds model is applied to capture the natural ordering of dependent variables and any inherent nonlinearities. The findings show that individual demand for cinema depends on gender, age, educational attainment, income, marital status, critical reviews, word of mouth, and willingness to pay. The fact that cinema demand is correlated with economic and socio- demographic variables has important implications for theoretical and empirical research in cultural economics and human decision-making processes.

  • 8.
    Irandoust, Manuchehr
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för ekonomi, Avdelningen för ekonomi.
    Wagner on government spending and national income: a new look at an old relationship2019Inngår i: Journal of Policy Modeling, ISSN 0161-8938, E-ISSN 1873-8060, Vol. 41, nr 4, s. 636-646Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The validity of "augmented" Wagner's Law is evaluated using a sample of twelve OECD countries over the period of 1995-2015. The bootstrap panel Granger causality approach is utilized to detect the direction of causality between government spending and GDP, focusing on cross-sectional dependence, slope heterogeneity, and structural breaks. The results show a causal relationship in favor of Wagner's Law in seven countries, thus GDP is long-run forcing to government expenditures and that the causality runs from the former to the latter variable. The policy implication of the findings is that the upholding of Wagner's Law in the presence of aging population growth and increasing demand for welfare services may force policy makers to raise taxes or it leads to excessive borrowing which might affect sustainability of public finances. (C) 2019 The Society for Policy Modeling. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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