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  • 1.
    Holmqvist, Mona
    et al.
    Dep. of Pedagogical Curriculum and Professional Studies, Gothenburg University.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    What is discerned in teachers' expressions about planning?: similarities and differences between teachers from Sweden and Hong Kong2011In: Education Inquiry, ISSN 2000-4508, E-ISSN 2000-4508, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 497-514Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to find out what teachers say their primary focus is when planning to teach an object of learning. The study is carried out in two different cultural contexts, Sweden and Hong Kong, and based on the framework of variation theory, which has a two-fold focus, namely both what teachers do and what students learn at school.

    Fifteen semi-structured open-ended interviews were conducted with nine Swedish and six Hong Kong teachers in grades 1 to 6. The analysis generated categories inspired from a phenomenographic research approach, where attention is directed towards respondents’ apprehensions of a phenomenon.

    The results showed some clear differences in the way teachers from the two countries talked about how they organise and think about planning, which in turn reveals whether their focus is on students’ understanding or on teacher action. The Swedish teachers’ experienced focus is on activities/methods, and they separate activities and methods from the content, while the Hong Kong teachers have the content in the foreground and do not separate content and act.

    There can be several different explanations of the differences identified; such as that a too general theoretical and surface awareness of concepts of learning makes it difficult to reach a detailed level of the object of learning, i.e. what it actually takes for students to learn exactly this phenomenon or ability. The Swedish teachers seem to underestimate what it takes to learn due to a theoretical framework. Another explanation of this difference in focus might be that teachers need support from each other to deepen the reflections about the subject, thus achieving knowledge of what it takes to understand the intended object of learning. The Hong Kong teachers report frequent opportunities to discuss and reflect over subject-related matters.

  • 2.
    Holmqvist, Mona
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    Arenhill Beckman, Madeleine
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    Hjertqvist, Björn
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    Learning Studies outside traditional school settings: non-bullying as an object of learning in a leisure time-centre2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3. Holmqvist Olander, Mona
    et al.
    Nyström, Marcus
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Göteborgs universitet.
    The image of images as a predictor of viewing pattern for young adults with and without dyslexiaArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 4. Landgren, Lena
    et al.
    Svärd, Helen
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Verksamhetens behållning av learning study2013In: Learning study i förskolan / [ed] Mona Holmqvist Olander, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, p. 145-160Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Holmqvist Olander, Mona
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Patterns of variation: a way to support and challenge early childhood learning?2013In: Creative Education, ISSN 2151-4755, E-ISSN 2151-4771, Vol. 4, no 7A1, p. 33-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose in this article is to elaborate on how the use of patterns of variation designed by variation theory can challenge and develop the early childhood education (ECE) practice. The analysis is based on six learning study (LS) projects conducted in Swedish ECE. A LS is a systematical, theoretical based de- velopment of teacher professionalism, often in close cooperation with researchers. The projects included 17 teachers, 140 children and 7 researchers. The video documented empirical material consists of 16 analysis meetings, 14 interventions and 407 pre-, post-, and delayed posttests. Each project is a concrete example of the use of patterns of variation to increase early childhood learning. In all cases a tendency of qualitative changes in children’s ways of discerning the object of learning could be noticed. The purpose is to search for how this can be understood from a variation theoretical perspective. The main focus is on changed ways of performing the interventions to search for how patterns of variation were used to create and capture the learning situations throughout the projects. One of our findings is that we have seen that it takes more than one intervention for the teachers to capture which aspects of the object of learning are critical in the targeted group, but as the iterative process allows them to try out the design more than once, they manage to find them. The second finding is that the teachers changed focus from taken for granted assumptions of each child to focusing on their own design to facilitate the child’s learning. Finally, the aspect supposed to be discerned has to vary against an invariant background to be discerned by the chil- dren, and to separate the principle from the representation is needed to be able to generalize their new knowledge.

  • 6.
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    "A Giant Pedagogical roll": conclusions from three learning studies conducted in Swedish preschool. Paper presenterat vid The world organization for early childhood education (OMEP) 29th världskonferens, Shanghai2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Focus on play or the object of learning, or both at the same time?: examples from three Learning Studies conducted in Swedish pre-school context2012In: Abstracts book, 2012, p. 20-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish school system offers a curriculum based early childhood education for children aged one to five, and a pre-school class for children aged six. Activities have by tradition been based on play and having fun, thus avoiding structured activities with formal learning objectives. Due to indications that the Swedish pre-school failed to use its resources to stimulate children's learning, the revised curriculum for preschool now contains discernible learning objectives. The aim of the paper is to discuss and exemplify the process of pre-school teachers changed focus during three learning study processes conducted in Swedish pre-school. In total, 13 pre-school teachers working with 95 children aged from two to six and 4 researchers participated. The object of learning in each study were: 1. Geometry (2-3 year-olds), 2. Organic decomposition (4-5 year-olds) and, 3. Twice as (6 year-olds). The empirical material consists of 285 pre-, post-, and delayed post- test interviews with the children, nine planning meetings and nine teaching activities. The result shows that the three learning study processes revealed complications not anticipated when play was used as an, more or less, axiomatic way of framing the teaching activities. During the learning study processes the pre-school teachers awareness of and chosen focus in the teaching activities changed. At the same time a changed focus also could be noticed among the participating children thus making an enhanced learning possible.

  • 8.
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Holmqvist Olander, Mona
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    "A gigantic pedagogical leap": the process of shifts during three learning study projects in Swedish early childhood education2014In: Journal of Education and Training Studies, ISSN 2324-805X, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 19-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish early childhood education (ECE) offers a curriculum-based preschool for children aged one to five, and a preschool class for children aged six years. Activities in these programs have traditionally been based on play and having fun, avoiding structured activities with formal learning objectives. Due to indications that Swedish ECE has failed to use its resources to stimulate children’s learning, the revised ECE curriculum now contains discernible learning objectives. This study analyses the process by which preschool teachers shifted their emphasis when participating in an learning study based on three projects conducted in Swedish ECE practice. In total, 14 preschool teachers, 95 children (2–6-year-olds), and five researchers participated. The objects of learning were: (1) 3D geometrical forms (2–3-year-olds), (2) organic decomposition (4–5-year-olds), and (3) the concept ‘twice as" (6-year-olds). The empirical material comprises 278 pre-, post-, and delayed post-tests, twelve planning meetings, and nine teaching activities. The results indicate that, during the projects, the initial focus on mere play expanded to include a focus on the object of learning. Three modes of change were discerned in how (1) the activities were framed, (2) the learning was perceived, and (3) the learning activities were conducted.

  • 9.
    Nilsson, Lars-Erik
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    "Do I have to say yes?": a positioning theory perspective on prioritizing and dividing work in school2010In: Words of conflict, words of war: how the language we use in political processes sparks fighting / [ed] A. Moghaddam & R. Harré, Santa Barbara: Praeger , 2010, p. 31-45Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Att orientera sig i text och bild: skillnader mellan förmodad och faktisk läsning för läsare med dyslexi2013In: Acta Didactica Norge - tidsskrift for fagdidaktisk forsknings- og utviklingsarbeid i Norge, ISSN 1504-9922, E-ISSN 1504-9922, Vol. 7, no 1, p. artikel 12-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln presenterar en fallstudie rörande skillnader mellan faktisk och förmodad läsning. För att belysa fallet har tre unga vuxna med dyslexi undersökts då de läst faktatexter med illustrationer varvid deras ögonrörelser spelats in. Deltagarna har även intervjuats kring hur de uppfattar sin läsning. Syftet är att avtäcka eventuella skillnader mellan faktisk och förmodad läsning för denna grupp av läsare då tidigare läsförståelseforskning haft fokus på goda läsare. ”Mixed methods” användes vid analys av data. Studiens utgångspunkter är läsning i flera modaliteter, ’the simple view of reading’ samt läsförståelse som ett samtidigt processande av delar av texten på flera nivåer. Resultatet, som redovisas i tre narrativ, visar att läsmönstren är delvis omedvetna samt att bilderna betraktas slumpmässigt varvid integrering av information försvåras. Resultatet visar också på problem med avkodning något som försämrar processandet av texten på flera samtidiga nivåer. Resultatet antyder att instruktioner i framförallt bildbearbetning är önskvärt för gruppen av läsare

  • 11.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Att orientera sig i text och bild: tre läsares vägar över text och bild via ögonrörelseinspelning och intervjuer2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    Double representation, less comprehension?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Gothenburg University.
    "I don’t know what it is to be able to read": students with dyslexia experience their reading impairment2013In: Support for Learning, ISSN 0268-2141, E-ISSN 1467-9604, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 79-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Better understanding of the diverse reading abilities of people with dyslexia is necessary for the design of more effective learning situations, which are vital both to students with dyslexia and to their teachers. Seven individuals with dyslexia currently or formerly in higher education were interviewed about their reading experiences to learn how they themselves understand and describe their reading. The interviews are treated as individual profiles. Although the respondents were adult experienced readers, aware of their impairments, none could identify any strategy for overcoming dyslexia other than investing much time in homework and study. Each profile is unique, yet they share some characteristics, including strong parental support and a refusal to accept the label of ‘stupid’. Teachers need to recognise the diverse effects of dyslexia in order to improve the chances of dyslexic students – especially those who cannot rely upon strong parental support – of continuing to higher education.

  • 14.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Identifying critical aspects from learners' perspective2010In: The 4th International Multi-Conference on Society, Cybernetics and Informatics. Proceedings Volume I: June 29th - July 2nd, 2010, Orlando, Florida, USA / [ed] Carrasquero, J. V., Holmqvist, M., McEachron, D., Tremante, A., Welsch, F., Winter Garden, FL, USA: International Institute of Informatics and Systematics , 2010, p. 24-29Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Jag plockar de bästa bitarna2011In: Skolan och läraruppdraget: att bli och vara lärare / [ed] Mona Holmqvist, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, p. 53-65Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education. Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning Design (LeaD).
    More words say less: comparing quantity and quality in verbal answers in an eye-tracking study with dyslexics2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Möte med multimodalt material: Vilken roll spelar dyslexi för uppfattandet av text och bild?2014Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Non-congruent pictures effects on reading comprehension: differences and similarities in patterns of transition between text and picture among young adults with and without dyslexia2015Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Stand together or fall alone: narratives from former teachers2012In: Narrative Works, ISSN 1925-0622, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 20-40Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2004 as many as 25% of teachers in Sweden, Denmark, and England were willing to leave their profession immediately; in the United States much effort has been invested in studying why teachers leave the profession. In this paper, four teachers who left the profession were interviewed from within the life-story tradition. In the narratives, which were rendered in a poetic style during the analysis, colleagues were mentioned both positively and negatively. The theme of having colleagues, and especially trust or mistrust between colleagues, was thus explored. The existence or non-existence of lateral trust between teachers can be connected both to school development and to student learning outcomes.

  • 20.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Teacher Education.
    Talk about content on two continents2010In: Active citizenship: abstracts, Malmö: Nordic Educational Research Association (NERA) , 2010, p. 62-63Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    The ways students with dyslexia explain their impairment2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Verksamhetsförlagd utbildning i annat land2011In: Skolan och läraruppdraget: att bli och vara lärare / [ed] Mona Holmqvist, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, p. 251-263Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Department of Teacher Education.
    Where to look, when to do it and for what reason?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Wennås Brante, Eva
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Holmqvist Olander, Mona
    University of Gothenburg.
    Nyström, Marcus
    Humanities Lab, Lund.
    Exploring the impact of contrasting cases in text and picture processing2013In: Journal of Visual Literacy, ISSN 1051-144X, Vol. 32, no 2, p. 15-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Multimodal learning materials are frequently met in education assuming enhanced learning outcomes. This study examined whether contrasts in such materials are likely to support reading comprehension for all readers. Young adults (n=46) met either text-only or text+picture material. Participants (19 with low phonological awareness [PA] and 27 controls with high PA) thereafter answered open interview questions to check for reading comprehension. Learning materials were designed to focus readers on aspects critical to understanding the content by the use of contrasts; eye-tracking was used as method. Well-known pictures aided information recall, but contrasts described in the text were most effective for learning.

1 - 24 of 24
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