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  • 1.
    Berg, Agneta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Yrkesmässig handledning för skolsköterskor2012In: Skolsköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete / [ed] Eva K Clausson och Siv Morberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, p. 205-219Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Berg, Agneta
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society. Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Bökberg, Christina
    Division of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Secondhand smoking in Swedish municipal home nursing: a qualitative pilot study2012In: Public Health Nursing, ISSN 0737-1209, E-ISSN 1525-1446, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 525-533Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective

    The purpose of this study was to explore licensed practical nurses’ (LPNs’) views of being exposed to secondhand smoke in municipal home nursing care.

    Design and sample

    Using a qualitative approach, data were collected through three focus group interviews with 15 LPNs, smokers, and nonsmokers. Qualitative content analysis was used to interpret the interview text.

    Results

    Exposure to secondhand smoke during working hours, which presents a risk to the health and wellbeing of the LPNs, is a consequence of placing the interests of the smoking care recipients first and the employers’ reluctance to take action on behalf of the LPNs. These factors prompted LPNs to propose solutions aimed at resolving a major dilemma in routine home nursing care.

    Conclusions

    A combination of actions, particularly by managers, is required to improve the working environment for LPNs while concurrently respecting the care recipients’ right to take decisions in their own homes.

  • 3.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Program för att förebygga psykisk ohälsa hos barn: En systematisk litteraturöversikt2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I rapporten sammanfattas det vetenskapliga underlaget för två typer av program: dels de som främst syftar till att förebygga utagerande beteenden hos barn och ungdomar, dels de som i första hand syftar till att förebygga inåtvända problem som ångest, depression och självskadebeteende. Program som har en allmänt hälsobefrämjande effekt, t ex för att förebygga drogmissbruk och våldshandlingar ingår följaktligen inte. Programmen är avsedda att ha effekt, inte bara direkt efter att programmet har avslutats utan även i framtiden. Rapporten har tagits fram på förfrågan av Kungliga Vetenskapsakademien och UPP-centrum (Utvecklingscentrum för barns psykiska hälsa) vid Socialstyrelsen. Båda har efterfrågat en systematisk litteraturöversikt för att klarlägga nyttan med att använda program för att förebygga psykisk ohälsa hos barn.

  • 4.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Dokumentation av skolbarns psykosociala hälsa: en utmaning för svenska skolsköterskor. Poster presenterad vid Andra Nordiska Konferensen i Familjefokuserad Omvårdnad, Kalmar 18-19 maj, 20062006Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Resultatet visar på betydelsen av att utveckla dokumentationen i skolhälsovårdsjournalen till såväl struktur som innehåll och med särskild betoning på den psykosociala hälsan. Resultatet visar även på betydelsen av att utveckla metoder och pröva modeller för att förbättra organisation och samverkan.

  • 5.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Family intervention sessions: one useful way to improve schoolchildren's mental health2008In: Journal of Family Nursing, ISSN 1074-8407, E-ISSN 1552-549X, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 289-313Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the effectiveness of therapeutic conversations with families (through family sessions) in alleviating health complaints among adolescent girls in a school setting. Four girls with recurrent, subjective health complaints and their families were included in the study. Three sessions were held with each family, using genograms, ecomaps, interventive questions, and other family nursing interventions; practicing school nurses were also present. A therapeutic letter was sent to each family at the end of the sessions. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire was used as a pre- and posttest measure. Evaluative interviews were carried out with the families and with school nurses. The families reported feeling relief and described positive affective, behavioral, and cognitive changes as a consequence of the interventions. The school nurses experienced the family sessions as time-saving and easy-to-use tools in their work. Involving the family when schoolchildren's recurrent mental health problems are addressed may reduce future suffering.

  • 6.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Hedin, Gita
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Evaluation of models for health supportive family conversation intended to turn a negative weight development in preschool children2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Obesity in children is a growing health problem in the world. In Sweden, 14-15 percent of 4-year-old children are overweight and 3 percent are obese. Prevention of overweight and obesity is most effective if started as early as possible. Studies have shown the need for involving the family since parents’/guardians’ attitudes and beliefs may be crucial for the development of the child's eating habits and have thus a key role in the preventive work regarding a healthy lifestyle for the children. In Sweden, the Child Health Service (CHS) comprises a comprehensive universal nurse-led CHS program with health surveillance directed to the children and their parents, including parental support. The CHS have the opportunity to pay attention to early development of overweight and implement measures that can contribute to a healthy lifestyle during childhood as well as adulthood. The need for evidence based methods/models to be used in combating child overweight and obesity is obvious. However, there is a lack of evidence based models to prevent the prevailing childhood obesity used by clinical active nurses.

    Purpose: The overall purpose is to evaluate models for health supportive family conversations to families with preschool children with the intent to turn a negative weight development.

    Method: The study has a longitudinal design with health supportive family conversations being evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively. A strategic sample will be applied on CHS centers from different socioeconomic areas in the southern part of Sweden. The models that will be used are the Calgary Family Assessment Model (CFAM) and The Calgary Family Intervention Model (CFIM). The models have its their theoretical foundation in e.g. theories of systems, communication, and change. The study will have a naturalistic approach with a pre-posttest design in which nurses in CHS are trained in the model for health supportive family conversations. Supervision will be provided during the intervention. Children’s IsoBMI and The Lifestyle Behavior Checklist will be used as pre- and post-test and at the 12 month follow-up. Evaluation interviews will be held with the families and the nurses separately.

    Preliminary results: A pilot interview showed that the health supportive family conversations led to increased knowledge and understanding about the family lifestyles related to the child obesity. Involvement of the family lead to a consciousness within the family about ingredients in sweet drinks and food. The fact that the CHS nurse was the one who conducted the conversations were of great importance, since the nurse was well known to the family.

  • 7.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Hedin, Gita
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education.
    Health supportive family conversation: intended to turn Negative weight development in preschool children.2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Janlöv, Ann-Christin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Skolsköterskors utmaningar med att dokumentera skolbarns psykosociala hälsa: en kvalitativ studie2017Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolsköterskors utmaningar med att dokumentera skolbarns psykosociala hälsa – en kvalitativ studie

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka skolsköterskors utmaningar relaterat till dokumentation av skolbarns psykosociala hälsa

    Metod: Sex fokusgruppsdiskussioner genomfördes. I diskussionerna ingick frågor om situationer som var särskilt utmanande att dokumentera samt vad som begränsar och/eller underlättar dokumentationen av den psykosociala hälsan. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för att tolka data.  

    Resultat: Analysen resulterade i ett övergripande tema: Att göra sin plikt och rädsla för att göra fel samt tre underteman: osäkerhet relaterat till den egna förmågan; rädsla för framtida konsekvenser och strategier för att hantera dokumentationen. 

    Slutsats: Skolsköterskor som förlitar sig på sin intuition och som använder en strukturerad dokumentationsmodell ökar möjligheterna till en tillförlitlig dokumentation. För att ytterligare utveckla sina yrkeskunskaper kan regelbunden yrkesmässig handledning vara av stor betydelse. Detta kan i sin tur bidra till ökad forskning och utveckling till förmån för skolbarns psykosociala hälsa.

  • 9.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Familjefokuserad omvårdnad - en modell för skolsköterskor2012In: Skolsköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete / [ed] Eva K. Clausson och Siv Morberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, p. 187-203Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    School health nursing: perceiving, recording and improving schoolchildren's health2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The overall aim of this thesis is to explore School health nursing through school nurses’ descriptions of school children’s health and to analyse factors influencing the recording of schoolchildren’s health in the School Health Record (SHR). An additional aim is to evaluate family nursing interventions as a tool for the school nurses in the School Health Service (SHS).Methods: The thesis comprises four papers. A combination of qualitative and quantitative methods was used through individual interviews with a strategic sample of school nurses (n=12) (PI), a national survey to a representative sample of school nurses (n=129) (PII, III) and the implementation of family nursing models developed in Canada with girls in their early adolescence with recurrent health complaints and their families (n=4) in co-operation with their school nurses (n=2) (PIV). The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used as pre and post test. Evaluation interviews were conducted with the families and the nurses separately. Qualitative content analyses were used to analyze the interview text with the school nurses and the families. Manifest content analysis was used to analyze the free text answers of the survey and the evaluation interview with the school nurses. Descriptive statistical analyses were used to describe demographic data in all four papers. The SDQ was hand-scored statistically.Findings: The findings showed that nurses judged the schoolchildren’s mental health as deteriorated, especially in socially disadvantaged areas and more generally among girls expressed as psychosomatic symptoms. Individual factors related to lifestyle affected the schoolchildren’s physical health, and the mental health was, to a large extent, affected by the school environment and family relations. The latter seemed to be the most important factor affecting schoolchildren’s mental health. The basis for the school nurses judgement of the physical health was health check-ups and the health dialogues. Spontaneous visits were more commonly used to judge the mental health. Recording schoolchildren’s mental health was a challenge for school nurses. Difficulties were related to ethical considerations, tradition, lack of time and the improper structure of the SHR. Fears of marking the schoolchild for life related to the schoolchild itself, the parents or to other authorities/successive caregivers were brought up as hinders for recording mental and social health. Family sessions may be useful within the profession when handling recurrent health complaints among adolescence girls. The girls and their families experienced relief, they felt confirmed and that their feelings and reactions were normal in that situation. The families became aware of their own strengths and possibilities and this was supported by the SDQ which showed an increased well-being. The school nurses valued this way of working and meant that the sessions seemed to start a changing process within the families.Conclusions: The results indicate that school nurses have a deep knowledge about schoolchildren’s health which is not used to its full potential in a public health perspective. However, the experienced difficulties recording schoolchildren’s mental health seem obvious, which would demand developing the SHR for the needs of today. Family sessions in SHS with the school nurse as a collaborator with the family seemed useful and may be transferable to other health problems expressed by the schoolchildren. Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory and other models for health determinants are used to illustrate the school nurse as a mediator working on the bridge over different health streams with schoolchildren’s health on an individual and a population level.

  • 11.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    The role of the school nurse based on Urie Bronfenbrenners ecological systems theory. Poster presented at the School Nurses Interna­tional 17th Biennial Conference, July, 2013, Ljubljana, Slove­nia2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Clarifying school nurses’ role with a heoretical model as premise, can facilitate oth theirs and others’ understanding f that school nurses can provide n their profession. The model can also e helpful in planning and prioritizing in ollaboration with managers and other ecision makers in the system.

  • 12.
    Clausson, Eva K
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Family Intervention Sessions: One Useful Tool for School Nurses to Improve Schoolgirl´s Mental Health2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    School nurses – facilitating and constraining beliefs in documenting schoolchildren’s mental health. Oral presentation at Tredje nordiska konferensen i familjefokuserad omvårdnad, 2010, Kalmar2010Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Högskolan Väst.
    Janlöv, Ann-Christin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Challenges of documenting schoolchildren's psychosocial health: a qualitative study2015In: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 205-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore school nurses’ experience of challenges related to documenting schoolchildren’s psychosocial health in Sweden. Six focus group discussions were carried out. Areas for discussions included questions about situations, especially challenging to document as well as what constrains and/or facilitates documenting psychosocial health problem issues. Qualitative content analysis was used for interpreting the data. The analysis resulted in one overarching theme: having to do one’s duty and being afraid of doing wrong; and three subthemes: uncertainty related to one’s own ability, concerns related to future consequences, and strategies to handle the documentation. School nurses relying on their intuition and using a structured documentation model may increase the opportunities for a reliable documentation. To further develop their professional skills with regular, clinical supervision can be of great importance. This in turn may increase contributions to research and development for the benefit of schoolchildren’s psychosocial health.

     

     

  • 15.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Teider, Karin
    Dokumentation av elevers hälsa2012In: Skolsköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete / [ed] Eva K Clausson och Siv Morberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, p. 121-133Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Köhler, L.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Documenting schoolchildren’s mental and social health: a challenging issue for school nurses. Oral presentation at The Universality of School Nursing: The Privilege of Caring for the World’s Children”, 2009, Monmouth University, West Long Branch, New Jersey, USA2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Köhler, Lennart
    Nordic School of Public Health, Göteborg.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Ethical challenges for school nurses in documenting schoolchildren's health2008In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 40-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explored Swedish school nurses' experiences of school health record documentation. Fifty per cent of a representative sample of Swedish school nurses (n = 129) reported difficulties with documenting mental and social health problems in family relationships, schoolchildren's behaviour, and school situations. Ethical considerations concerning fears of misinterpretation and practical barriers to documentation were expressed as reasons for their worries. Mental and social ill health is an increasing and often dominating problem among schoolchildren, thus proper documentation is a basic issue, both for individuals and for the population as a whole. School nurses obviously need professional guidance regarding documentation and ethical challenges. Systematic effort should be directed towards recognition and support of these nurses' unique opportunities to consider, follow and promote all aspects of schoolchildren's health.

  • 18.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Köhler, Lennart
    Nordic School of Public Health, Göteborg.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Schoolchildren's health as judged by Swedish school nurses: a national survey2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 36, no 7, p. 690-697Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS: To use school nurses' knowledge and experience for a better understanding of schoolchildren's health problems and their association to socioeconomic background and gender. METHODS: Mail questionnaires were sent to a nationally representative, random sample of Swedish school nurses (n=129). The questionnaire included structured and open-ended questions asking for school nurses' judgement of schoolchildren's health status; changes over the previous two years; estimation of schoolchildren's most common reasons for consulting the school nurse; and estimation of factors influencing schoolchildren's health. RESULTS: Swedish school nurses judged schoolchildren's mental health to have deteriorated during the previous two years with increasing health complaints, especially among girls and in disadvantaged housing areas. Disturbed family relations were considered as one important explanatory factor. Girls were more inclined to consult school nurses with subjective health complaints. Boys more often consulted the nurses with physical injuries. CONCLUSIONS: School nurses work closely with the children and meet them continuously during the school age period. They have a genuine knowledge of schoolchildren's health, which should be used even more, both in research and practice. The results may be applicable in other countries with similarly organized school health systems.

  • 19.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Morberg, Siv
    Skolsköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan lång tid tillbaka har skolsköterskan en central roll när det gäller att främja skolbarns hälsa då hon/han möter alla barn och ungdomar under de viktiga skolåren. Skolsköterskan är en uppskattad person och en värdefull tillgång för såväl elever som deras familjer och skolpersonal. Avsikten med boken är att belysa skolsköterskans arbete och visa på fördjupad kunskap om användbara metoder och modeller i arbetet utifrån aktuell forskning.

    Boken vänder sig i första hand till studenter i specialistsjuksköterskeutbildningarna samt till redan yrkesverksamma skolsköterskor. Den kan också vara en källa till kunskap om skolsköterskans arbete för övrig personal inom Elevhälsan samt för skolledare, ansvariga chefer och politiker.

  • 20.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    SkolVIPS: en modell för omvårdnadsdokumentation i skolhälsovårdsjournalen2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    SkolVIPS: en modell för omvårdnadsdokumentation i skolhälsovårdsjournalen2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    SkolVIPS: en modell för omvårdnadsdokumentation i skolhälsovårdsjournalen2010In: Skolhälsan, ISSN 0284-284X, no 3, p. 20-22Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 23.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    Petersson, Kerstin
    Lund University, Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Department of Health Sciences.
    School nurses' view of schoochildren's health and their attitudes to document it in the school health record: a pilot study2003In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 17, no 4, p. 392-398Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study highlights school nurses' view of schoolchildren's health and their attitude to document it in the school health records. A strategic sample of 12 school nurses was interviewed. The interviews were semistructured and analysed with qualitative content analysis. The findings showed that the school nurses' viewed schoolchildren as physical healthy although they called attention to growing problems related to a changed lifestyle. Psychosocial ill-health was however increasing and the most common reason for visiting the school nurse was psychosomatic expressions. According to the nurses' descriptions, health was related to the individual, the school and the family situation. The family situation was mentioned as one of the most important factors of schoolchildren's health. The nurses described no problem to document schoolchildren's physical health. Ethical consideration, tradition, lack of time and the structure of the record were however factors that were said to hinder the documentation of the psychosocial health. In order to promote, protect and recover schoolchildren's health, more research is needed about how beliefs, experience, ethical consideration and resources influence the school nurse's daily work with schoolchildren's health.

  • 24.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs municipality.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    School of Social and Health Science, Halmstad University.
    School-VIPS: a Swedish model for documenting all aspects of school schildren’s health. Poster presented at The 20th Florence Network Annual Meeting, Malmö University, Faculty of Health and Society, the 10th-14th April, 20122012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    School-VIPS may facilitate school nurses’ documentation of schoolchildren’s health. It may also make it possible to compare and contrast children’s health development and to evaluate nursing interventions implemented. School- VIPS may also increase the opportunities for follow-up activities and future nursing research.

  • 25.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs municipality.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    School of Social and Health Science, Halmstad University.
    School-VIPS: a Swedish model for documenting all aspects of school schildren’s health. Poster presented at The School Nurses Interna­tional 16th Biennial Confer­ence, July, 2011, Hong Kong2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

     School-VIPS may facilitate school nurses’ documentation of schoolchildren’s health. It may also make it possible to compare and contrast children’s health development and to evaluate nursing interventions implemented. School- VIPS may also increase the opportunities for follow-up activities and future nursing research.

  • 26.
    Dagner, Viveka
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Jakobsson, Liselotte
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Prescribed physical activity maintenance following exercise based cardiac rehabilitation: factors predicting low physical activity2018In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Physical activity is important to reduce mortality, morbidity and risk factors in patients with coronary heart disease. This report evaluates to what extent patients are still physically active following an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation programme 12-14 months post-myocardial infarction and factors predicting why not.

    METHODS: Data from the National Quality Registry Swedeheart with post-myocardial infarction patients ( n=368) admitted from July 2012 to November 2014 were collected with outcomes of physical activity after 12-14 months. Baseline data included demographics, clinical variables, participation in exercise programmes, prescribed physical activity, health-related quality of life and self-reported health (EQ-5D-3L/EQ-VAS). A direct binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify indicators of low physical activity.

    RESULTS: Physical activity frequency per week (PA/week) was low, i.e. zero to three times, in older patients over 64 years ( P=0.00) and in those having problems with pain/discomfort (138 PA/week vs. 195) ( P=0.01), problems with mobility (60 PA/week vs.273) ( P=0.04) and anxiety/depression (128 PA/week vs. 205) ( P=0.04).

    CONCLUSION: Indicators predicting low physical activity can be used targeting improved post-myocardial infarction care outlining person-centred rehabilitation programmes and specialist nursing-led programmes.

  • 27.
    Edvardsson, Ewa
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    Johansson, Carolin
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    En skyldighet men inte en självklarhet: barnhälsovårdssjuksköterskanserfarenhet av att överväga anmälan till socialtjänsten vid misstanke om att barn far illa2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Kunskapen om att vissa barn far illa finns och Barnhälsovårdssjuksköterskan har en skyldighet att anmäla vid oro eller vetskap om detta. Barn kan fara illa genomföräldrars bristande omsorg, och/eller genom fysiska och psykiska kränkningar. Detta kan ge upphov till livslångt lidande. BHVsjuksköterskans roll är att identifiera och uppmärksammabarn som riskerar att eller far illa, för att dessa barn ska få den hjälp dehar rätt till av socialtjänsten. Syftet med studien var att undersöka BHVsjuksköterskan serfarenhet av att överväga anmälan till socialtjänsten vid misstanke om att barn far illa. Metod: Tio BHVsjuksköterskor intervjuades och kvalitativ innehållsanalys med induktiv ansats användes för att analysera data. Resultat: Studien resulterade i ett övergripandetema, tre huvudkategorier och åtta underkategorier. Det övergripande tematblev "En skyldighet men inte en självklarhet", huvudkategorierna är, Perspektiv utifrånyrkesrollen, Perspektiv utifrån personliga erfarenheter och Mötet med barn och föräldrar. Slutsats: Samtliga BHVsjuksköterskor ansåg att det inte alltid var lätt att se vilka barn som for illa. De upplevde det tråkigt och sorgligt att behöva göra en anmälan. De satte alltid barnet främst och menade att det inte kunde bli sämre för barnet om en anmälan gjordes. En återkommande beskrivning hos samtliga BHVsjuksköterskor som medverkade i intervjun var att de fick en känsla av att något inte stämde.

  • 28.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Tonårsflickors vardag och hälsa2017In: Barnsliga sammanhang: forskning om barns och ungdomars hälsa, välbefinnande och delaktighet / [ed] Bo Nilsson & Eva Clausson, Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2017, 5, p. 79-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Självskattad psykisk ohälsa ökar bland ungdomar och det finns tydliga skillnader mellan flickor och pojkar. Fler flickor rapporterar symtom på ohälsa och dessa skillnader har ökat över tid. Det är fler flickor som rap- porterar att de känner sig stressade och färre flickor uppger att de trivs med livet jämfört med pojkar. Flickor är medvetna om kraven på deras utseende och kravet på att lyckas i livet. De är också medvetna om de könsskillnader som finns både i skolan och media och som påverkar dem. Samhörighet med kamrater och familj är betydelsefullt liksom trygghet i form av tillit till kamrater och att känna sig trygg där de vistas enligt tonårsflickorna själva.

    Detta kapitel kommer att handla om tonårsflickors hälsa och hur tonårs- flickor själva upplever sin vardag, vilket kommer att belysas med resultat från en forskningsstudie, samt diskuteras utifrån ett genusperspektiv och Känsla av sammanhang (KASAM).

  • 29.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Lidell, Evy
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Awareness of demands and unfairness and the importance of connectedness and security: teenage girls' lived experiences of their everyday lives2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Lidell, Evy
    Halmstad University.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Awareness of demands and unfairness and the importance of connectednessand security2015In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Lidell, Evy
    Halmstad University.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Awareness of demands and unfairness and the importance of connectedness and security: teenage girls’ lived experiences of their everyday lives2015In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10, article id 27653Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, a number of studies have demonstrated that stress and mental health problems have increased among adolescents and especially among girls, although little is still known concerning what girls experience in their everyday lives. The aim of this study was to describe the phenomenon of teenage girls’ everyday lives, as experienced by the girls themselves. A phenomenological approach of reflective lifeworld research was used, and the findings are based on eight qualitative interviews with girls aged 13–16 years. The essence of teenage girls’ everyday lives as experienced by the girls themselves can be described as consciousness regarding demands and unfairness and regarding the importance of connectedness and security. The girls are aware of the demands of appearance and success, and they are conscious of the gender differences in school and in the media that affect them. The girls are also conscious about the meaning of connectedness with friends and family, as well as the importance of the security of their confidence in friends and feeling safe where they stay. If teenage girls feel connected and secure, protective factors in the form of manageability and meaningfulness can act as a counterweight to the demands and unfairness of everyday life. For professionals who work with teenage girls, the results from this study can be important in their work to support these girls.

  • 32.
    Ellertsson, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    Region Skåne.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Lund University.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Health Among Schoolchildren From the School Nurse’s Perspective2017In: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 337-343Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate Swedish school nurses’ perceptions of schoolchildren’s health. The study is based on two national surveys in which school nurses responded to questions about schoolchildren’s health in 2015 (n = 181) and 2005 (n = 129). A statistical comparison showed that physical and mental health of schoolchildren in high-risk areas was perceived as worse than that of children in low-risk areas. There were no differences regarding the number of spontaneous visits or consulting reasons related to gender in high- and low-risk areas. A national framework for data collection and reporting of schoolchildren’s health may be important for school nurses to demonstrate the need for increased support in, for example, high-risk areas. By paying attention to factors that can affect schoolchildren’s health, school nurses can also direct health promotion to areas where it is needed. Increased cooperation among school health professionals may also prevent illness and improve health.

  • 33.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II.
    A qualitative study exploring adolescents’ experiences with a school-based mental health program2015In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 15, article id 1074Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Supporting positive mental health development in adolescents is a major public health concern worldwide. Although several school-based programs aimed at preventing depression have been launched, it is crucial to evaluate these programs and to obtain feedback from participating adolescents. This study aimed to explore adolescents’ experiences with a School-based cognitive-behavioral depression prevention program. Methods: Eighty-nine adolescents aged 13–15 years were divided into 12 focus groups. The focus group interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results: Three categories and eight subcategories were found to be related to the experience of the school-based program. The first category, intrapersonal strategies, consisted of the subcategories of directed thinking, improved self-confidence, stress management, and positive activities. The second category, interpersonal awareness, consisted of the subcategories of trusting the group and considering others. The third category, structural constraints, consisted of the subcategories of negative framing and emphasis on performance. Conclusions: The school-based mental health program was perceived as beneficial and meaningful on both individual and group levels, but students expressed a desire for a more health-promoting approach.

  • 34.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Lund University.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Hagell, Peter
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lund University.
    Psychometric analysis of the Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) in adolescents2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 253-259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) in an adolescent population. Methods: The investigation was performed among Swedish students aged 13–15 years (n = 817; 58% girls). The SHIS was assessed for respondent acceptability, and its psychometric properties were evaluated according to classical test theory (regarding unidimensionality, targeting, reliability, and external construct validity). Results: The adolescents found it easy to complete the questionnaire, which was completed in an average of 4 minutes. Exploratory factor analysis, which is based on polychoric correlations, identified one factor, supporting the instrument’s unidimensionality. Floor/ceiling effects were ⩽ 3.3%. Reliability estimates yielded a Cronbach’s alpha value of 0.93; the test–retest reliability (n = 50; 2-week interval) coefficients were 0.89 for the total SHIS score and 0.52–0.79 for item scores. Spearman correlations with other variables were based on a priori expectations (self-rated general health, 0.595; depressive symptoms, −0.773; anxiety, −0.577; and sleep problems, 0.519). Conclusions: Our observations support both the acceptability and the psychometric properties of the SHIS as a brief, unidimensional assessment tool for salutogenic health in adolescents. Further studies using modern test theory are needed to better understand the measurement properties of the SHIS, including the functioning of its response categories and its comparability between adolescents and adults.

  • 35.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Lunds universitet.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Hagell, Peter
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lunds universitet.
    Salutogent frågeformulär för ungdomar2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Våra observationer stöder både acceptansen och de psykometriska egenskaperna för SHIS som ett kort, en-dimensionellt frågeformulär för att mäta salutogen hälsa hos ungdomar.

  • 36.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Att leda ett skolbaserat program för att förebygga depressiva symptom hos ungdomar: DISA-ledares erfarenheter2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Supporting positive mental health development in adolescents with a group cognitive intervention2014In: British Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1752-2803, E-ISSN 2052-2827, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 24-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Supporting positive mental health development in adolescents is an important school health concern, but there is a need to investigate the suitability of the interventions used.

    Aim: The aim is to investigate the experiences of school health professionals in conducting a universal school-based programme aimed at preventing depressive symptoms in adolescents.

    Methods: Twenty-two school health professionals participated in four focus groups. The interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    Findings: The overall theme identified in the study consists of 'striking a balance between strictly following the manual and meeting the students' needs'. Three subthemes emerged: 'doing good and sowing seeds for the future', working with insufficient tools, and 'personal development as a professional and as an individual'.

    Conclusions: School health professionals conducting the programme found it valuable in a school setting, but considered support from the school administration essential.

  • 38.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Att förebygga psykisk ohälsa i skolan: utvärdering av DISA2017In: Barnsliga sammanhang: forskning om barns ochungdomars hälsa, välbefinnandeoch delaktighet / [ed] Bo Nilsson & Eva Clausson, Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2017, 5, p. 111-121Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolan är en värdefull arena för hälsofrämjande arbete enligt såväl gällande skollag som vägledningsdokument för elevhälsan. På många skolor har livskunskap införts på schemat som ett led i det hälsofrämjande arbetet. De senaste decenniernas rapporter om ökande självrapporterad psykisk ohälsa har även lett till lansering av ett flertal manualbaserade (standardiserade) program med syfte att minska utåtagerande beteende, eller för att förebygga stress, depressiva symtom och ångest. Din Inre Styrka Aktiveras (DISA) är ett skolbaserat program som används frekvent på svenska högstadieskolor, framför allt för flickor, men även för pojkar. En utvärdering av DISA är genomförd i form av en doktorsavhandling (Garmy, 2016). I detta kapitel presenteras en sammanfattningav denna undersökning.

  • 39.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    DISA: ett skolbaserat program som förebygger depressiva symtom hos ungdomar2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    DISA – ett skolbaserat program som förebygger depressiva symtom hos ungdomar

    Pernilla Garmya,b, Eva K Claussona, Agneta Berga, Katarina Steen Carlsson b, och Ulf Jakobsson b

    a Fakulteten för Hälsovetenskaper, Högskolan Kristianstad

    b Medicinska fakulteten, Lunds universitet

    Kontakt: pernilla.garmy@hkr.se

    Vad är DISA?

    DISA är ett skolbaserat program som bygger på tekniker hämtade från kognitiv beteendeterapi, och leds av skolsköterskor, kuratorer och lärare. Programmet ges under skoltid, vid ett tillfälle á 2 timmar i veckan under 10 veckor i årskurs 8.

     

    Fungerar DISA?

    Syftet var att undersöka användbarheten och kostnadseffektiviteten av det skolbaserade programmet DISA vas mål är att förebygga stress och depressiva symtom hos ungdomar.

     

    Hur genomfördes studien?

    Deltagande eleverna gick i årskurs 8 (medianålder: 14 år). 462 elever deltog i DISA (79% flickor) och 486 elever gick i jämförelseskolor och deltog därför inte i DISA (46% flickor). Eleverna besvarade enkäter om sin självskattade hälsa vid start och avslut av DISA, samt efter ett år. Eleverna i jämförelseskolorna besvarade enkäter vid samma intervaller.

     

    Resultat:

    Självskattade depressiva symtom minskade och den självskattade hälsan ökade hos de elever som deltagit i DISA i signifikant större utsträckning än hos de som inte deltagit i DISA.

     

    Slutsats:

    Resultatet tyder på att DISA minskar depressiva symtom och stärker ungdomars självskattade hälsa. Kostnaden är låg i förhållande till dess effekt, vilket indikerar att DISA kan anses vara kostnadseffektivt.

    Referens:

    Garmy, P., Clausson, EK., Berg, A., Steen Carlsson K., Jakobsson, U. (2017) Evaluation of a school-based cognitive behavioral depression prevention program. Scand J Public Health. doi: 10.1177/1403494817746537. [Epub ahead of print]

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29226799

  • 40.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    För lite sömn och lång skärmtid har samband med övervikt hos skolbarn2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För lite sömn och lång skärmtid har samband med övervikt hos skolbarn

    Pernilla Garmya,b, Eva K Claussona, Per Nyberg b, och Ulf Jakobsson b

    a Fakulteten för Hälsovetenskaper, Högskolan Kristianstad

    b Medicinska fakulteten, Lunds universitet

     

    Kontakt: pernilla.garmy@hkr.se

     

    Syfte: I studien undersöktes sömn, tv och datorvanor, och övervikt hos elever i årskurs 4.

    Metod: I denna tvärsnittsstudie besvarade 1260 tio-åriga skolbarn en enkät som sömn och medievanor i samband med hälsosamtalet hos skolsköterskan i årskurs 4. I samband med detta besök vägdes och mättes även 1097 av barnen. Beskrivande och analytisk statistik användes.

    Resultat:

    • I genomsnitt sov barnen 9½ timma på skolnätter.
    • Ungefär 40 % av barnen rapporterade att de sov mindre än 9 timmar per natt.
    • I genomsnitt gick barnen och lade sig klockan 21:00 på vardagkvällar, och en timma senare på helgen.
    • I genomsnitt tillbringade barnen 1 timma vid tv:n och 1 timma vid datorn varje dag.
    • Förekomsten av övervikt (inklusive fetma) var 18%.
    • Rekommendationen för skolbarn är att sova minst 9 timmar per natt, och kortare sömn än 9 timmar på skolnätter var associerat med övervikt, och skärmtid mer än 2 timmar per dag, samt sömnsvårigheter och trötthet i skolan.

    Slutsats: Skolbarn som får för lite sömn har större risk för att ha en övervikt och att spendera mycket tid framför tv och dator. Skolsköterskor har en viktig uppgift att lyfta betydelsen av sunda sömnvanor och rimliga skärmvanor.

     

    Referens:

    Garmy, P., Clausson EK., Nyberg P., Jakobsson U. (2018) Insufficient Sleep is Associated with Obesity and Excessive Screen time Amongst Ten-year-old Children in Sweden. Journal of Pediatric Nursing. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2017.11.009.

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29157744

  • 41.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Bra att unga lär sig mer om depression: debattartikel2015In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, article id 150922Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 42.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Steen Carlsson, Katarina
    Lund University.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lund University.
    Evaluation of a school-based cognitive-behavioral depression prevention program2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and cost-utility of a school-based cognitive-behavioral (CB) depression prevention program.

    METHODS: A quasi-experimental trial with an intervention group and a control group, with follow-up measurements obtained at three and 12 months after baseline, was conducted. The setting was six Swedish municipalities. The participants were students in grade 8 (median age: 14). A total of 462 students (79% girls) were allocated to the school-based CB prevention program, and 486 students (46% girls) were allocated to the control group. The school-based CB prevention program, Depression in Swedish Adolescents (DISA), was presented by school health service staff and teachers once per week for 10 weeks.

    RESULTS: The main outcome measures were self-reported depressive symptoms and self-rated health; the secondary outcome measures were adherence and cost-utility. The intervention group decreased their self-reported depressive symptoms (as measured by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale) and improved their self-rated health (as measured by the visual analog scale) at the 12-month follow-up more than the control group ( p < .05).

    CONCLUSIONS: Given the challenges of conducting a study in a complex, everyday school setting with baseline differences between the intervention and control group, it is difficult to make accurate interpretations of the effectiveness of the intervention. However, with these limitations in mind, the results indicate that the DISA program is a feasible school-based prevention program.

  • 43.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Hagell, Peter
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lunds universitet.
    Psychometric Analysis of the Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) in Adolescents2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Jacobsson, Ulf
    Centrum för primärvårdsforskning, Lunds Universitet.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Kartläggning av DISA – ett skol­baserat program för att förebygga depression hos ungdomar. Poster presenterad vid Riksföreningen för skolsköterskors kongress, april 2012, Stockholm2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Depression och annan psykisk ohälsa hos ungdomar skapar stort lidande hos den enskilde och dess närstående, och har också ett samband med lägre studieresultat och ökade kostnader för samhället. Det är därför viktigt att undersöka om skolbaserade insatser för att förebygga depression har effekt.

  • 45.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Nyberg, Per
    Lund University.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lund University.
    Overweight and television and computer habits in Swedish school-age children and adolescents: a cross-sectional study2014In: Nursing and Health Sciences, ISSN 1441-0745, E-ISSN 1442-2018, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 143-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents (6-16 years), and relationships between being overweight and sleep, experiencing of fatigue, enjoyment of school, and time spent in watching television and in sitting at the computer. Trained school nurses measured the weight and height of 2891 children aged 6, 7, 10, 14, and 16, and distributed a questionnaire to them regarding television and computer habits, sleep, and enjoyment of school. Overweight, obesity included, was present in 16.1% of the study population. Relationships between lifestyle factors and overweight were studied using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Having a bedroom television and spending more than 2 h a day watching television were found to be associated with overweight (OR 1.26 and 1.55 respectively). No association was found between overweight and time spent at the computer, short sleep duration, enjoyment of school, tiredness at school, or difficulties in sleeping and waking up. It is recommended that the school health service discuss with pupils their media habits so as to promote their maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

  • 46.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Nyberg, Per
    Lund University.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lund University.
    Insufficient sleep is associated with obesity and excessive screen time amongst ten-year-old children in Sweden2018In: Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, ISSN 0882-5963, E-ISSN 1532-8449, Vol. 39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: This study investigated sleep, television, computer habits, and obesity in school-age children.

    DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional self-report survey of 1260 children in grade 4 (mean age, 10.1) living in southern Sweden (49.1% boys). The heights and weights of 1097 (87.1%) of the children were recorded. Descriptive statistics, bivariate analyses, and multiple logistic regression were employed.

    RESULTS: The median length of self-reported sleep on weeknights was 9.5h. Approximately 40% of the children reported receiving <9h of sleep. The median bedtime was 9PM (21:00). On weekends, the median bedtime was 1 h later, and they delayed getting up by 1.5h. The median time spent watching TV and using a computer was 1 h each. The prevalence of being overweight (including obesity) was 18%. Insufficient sleep (<9h) was associated with being overweight, watching TV, or using a computer for two or more hours each day, difficulty falling asleep, and being tired at school.

    CONCLUSIONS: School-age children who receive less sleep are more likely to be overweight and report excessive television and computer use. A strong and urgent need exists to highlight the importance of healthy sleep and media habits. It is challenging for pediatric nurses and school nurses to teach children and their families about healthy sleep and media habits.

  • 47.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lunds universitet.
    Steen Carlsson, Katarina
    Lunds universitet.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Att förebygga depressiva symptom hos ungdomar: en pilotstudie2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lunds universitet.
    Steen Carlsson, Katarina
    Lunds universitet.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Att förebygga depressiva symtom hos ungdomar: en pilotstudie2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Att främja välmående och psykisk hälsa hos barn och ungdomar är en viktig uppgift för samhället. Psykisk ohälsa, t ex depression och ångest, innebär en försämrad livskvalitet som kan försvåra barnets kognitiva, sociala och känslomässiga funktioner. Att främja en positiv utveckling och förebygga barns och ungas psykiska ohälsa innebär både ett minskat individuellt lidande och minskade samhällskostnader. Förutsättningen är dock att förebyggande åtgärder är effektiva ur såväl hälsomässiga som ekonomiska perspektiv.

    Syfte: Att utvärdera det skolbaserade programmet Disa som syftar till att förebygga depressiva symptom hos ungdomar.

    Metod:

    Studien, som har en kvasiexperimentell design, inkluderade pre-test, post-test och ett-års-uppföljning samt en illustrativ beräkning av interventionens implementeringskostnader. I studien deltog 62 elever i årskurs 8, samt 7 Disa-ledare.

     

    Resultat: En majoritet av eleverna och samtliga ledare var nöjda med interventionen. Eleverna, både flickorna och pojkarna, skattade sina depressiva symtom signifikant lägre efter kursen, och för flickorna bestod denna effekt vid ett-års-uppföljningen. Implementeringskostnaderna för de första två åren var cirka 2000 kr per elev.

    Slutsats: Positiva resultat av det skolbaserade programmet Disa påvisades, särskilt för flickor. Flera elever tyckte att de fått ett nytt sätt att tänka, och att stämningen förbättrades i klassen.  

     

    Svar på frågan “Vad tyckte du om Disa-kursen?”

    ”Mycket bra! Bättre stämning i klassen efter det! Mysigt!” – Flicka

    ”Helt okej, märkte ingen skillnad efter. Mådde i och för sig inte dåligt innan heller.” – Flicka

    ”Den har varit bra, man har fått ett nytt sätt att tänka på.” – Flicka

    ”Intressant och gav perspektiv” – Pojke

    ”Tråkigt” - Pojke

     

    ”Bra att få tips hur man kan undvika negativa tankar snabbt!” – Pojke

  • 49.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Center for Primary Health Care Research, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Steen Carlsson, Katarina
    Lund University.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Evaluation of a school-based program aimed at preventing depressive symptoms in adolescents2015In: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 117-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the implementation of a universal school-based cognitive behavioral program whose target is to prevent depressive symptoms in adolescents. The study had a quasi-experimental design with pretest, posttest, and a 1-year follow-up and provides an illustrative calculation for the implementation costs of the intervention. Sixty-two students (aged 14) and seven tutors participated. A majority of the students and all of the tutors were satisfied with the intervention. The students, both females and males, rated their depressed symptoms as significantly lower after the course; and for the females, this was maintained 1-year postintervention. The implementation costs for the initial 2 years were about US$300 per student. Positive effects of a universal school-based cognitive behavioral intervention aiming at preventing depressive symptoms in adolescents were found, especially among females.

  • 50.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lunds universitet.
    Steen Carlsson, Katharina
    Lunds universitet.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Supporting positive mental health development in adolescents with a group cognitive intervention2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Supporting positive mental health development in adolescents is an important school health concern, but there is a need to investigate the suitability of the interventions used.

    Aim: The aim is to investigate the experiences of school health professionals in conducting a universal school-based programme aimed at preventing depressive symptoms in adolescents.

    Methods: Twenty-two school health professionals participated in four focus groups. The interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    Findings: The overall theme identified in the study consists of ‘striking a balance between strictly following the manual and meeting the students’ needs’. Three subthemes emerged: ‘doing good and sowing seeds for the future’, working with insufficient tools, and ‘personal development as a professional and as an individual’.

    Conclusions: School health professionals conducting the programme found it valuable in a school setting, but considered support from the school administration essential.

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