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  • 1.
    Garkusha, Natalya S.
    et al.
    Belgorod Institute of Education Development, Belgorod, Russia.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    ПРИРОДА КАК РЕСУРС ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ СОВРЕМЕННЫХ ШКОЛЬНИКОВ: ШВЕДСКИЙ ОПЫТ2013Inngår i: Fundamental Research, ISSN 1812-7339, nr 10, s. 2954-2958Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article gives an analysis of researches of scientists from different countries over schoolchildrens education arrangement in nature environment. Outdoor education is considered as an educational process and technique that includes ecological education, carrying out open air events, personal and social development, human’s health care, developing sustainable environment. It was revealed that outdoor education promotes good progress in studies; social, emotional and personal development; young generation’s health preservation and improvement. The outdoor education is of particular interest from the viewpoint of possibility of its organisation in Russian schools with the purpose of activation of learning and cognitive activity, developing self-sufficiency in studies, promoting successful socialization and schoolchildren’s value attitude education to the health and environment.

  • 2.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Att bli bättre lärare: hur undervisningsinnehållets behandling blir till samtalsämne lärare emellan2008Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis reports results from a study that focuses on teachers’ professional development during an in-service training period.   The aim is to analyse and describe how the teachers talk about and handle lesson content. The first question concerns changes in relation to a specific object of learning. The second question concerns how they relate to a theoretical framework and the third question concerns differences in the students’ learning outcome and if it can be understood in relation to the teachers’ development.   The variation theory is the theoretical framework that is used for lesson planning as well as when analysing results. The basis of the study is that learning always is the learning of something and that the teachers’ activity as well as the students’ activity constitutes the space of variation that decides what is possible to learn concerning a delimited object of learning, i.e. the enacted object of learning. The object of learning is seen as a capability and it can be defined by its critical features. The constitution of the meaning aimed for the critical features of the object must be discerned. The intentional object of learning describes the teachers’ intention with the lesson, and the lived object of learning is what the students really discerned. The theoretical assumption is that learning always assumes an experienced variation where learning is seen as a change in the learners’ possibility to experience the world in a certain way. You have to have experienced a phenomenon’s variation to understand its meaning, i.e. what we experience is how something differs from something else.   The method is Learning study and it can be described as a hybrid of the Japanese Lesson study and Design experiment. A Learning study is theoretically grounded and the primary focus is on an object of learning. The learning study group consisted of three teachers and most often two researchers. Each member had equal status in the group. The object of learning seen from the teachers’ perspective was the variation theory that was gradually introduced by the researchers. The empirical material was generated from audio-taped discussions and from videotaped lessons.   The findings should be seen as a contribution to the discussion about teachers’ professional development. The teachers participated in a collective construction of professional knowledge and it can be stated that the teachers had no problem changing their discussions to focus on a specific object of learning when the theoretical framework was used in relation to their own practices. Another finding is that the change in how the teachers handled the object of learning influenced the students’ learning in a positive way although the results were subtle.

  • 3.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Different ways of handling learning objects in science when pre-school children and their teachers are visiting nature2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to contribute to knowledge about pre-school teachers´ qualitative different ways of handling a learning object in science when children 4-5 years old are visiting nature. Learning is here seen as a change in the learners’ possibility to experience the world in a certain way and it takes place everywhere. It can be both planned and unplanned.The framework used, variation theory, states for learning to occur, critical aspects of the learning object have to be simultaneously discerned and focused on. The learning object is seen as a capability and it can be defined by its critical features. When playing and interacting with others, a space of variation is constituted that decides what is possible to learn concerning a delimited learning object. When teachers make differences in the children’s´ earlier experiences visible it may contribute to, critical aspects that the learner has not been previously able to discern becomes visible. The data is collected by video observations (20 hours). A group of children and their teachers were videotaped during their stay in nature (a total of 9 days). The research builds on ordinary preschool activities and is not an experiment designed by the researcher. A qualitative analysis seeks to discern how teachers can maintain children’s interest of the phenomena and contribute to develop the children´s knowledge. All parents were informed and had to give their written permission for the children to take part in the research. Every time when starting the video recording the children were asked if it was OK to observe them and they were informed it was freely for them to stop the recording whenever they wanted. The teachers were informed they also had permission to stop the observation whenever they wanted. All participants were guaranteed preservation of anonymity. Three qualitatively different ways of dealing with a learning object is found. In the presentation possible reasons for the teachers´ different ways of handling the learning object will be discussed. Implication for practice is to show the teacher´s role in children’s learning of science. The curriculum points out science learning as an important question for pre-school teacher to handle, but teachers often lack a strategy for this mission.

     

  • 4.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Dilemman i praxisnära forskning2006Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 5.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Learning in pre-school – building on variation2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe qualitatively different ways in which teachers offer children (aged 4-5) to learn about phenomena in nature when visiting nature. The empirical data consist of video observations of children and teachers communicating with one another. 

    Variation theory is presented as a framework for analysing the data. The theory assumes that variation is needed to support learning. However, the variation is not in methods but in variation of critical aspects needed to understand the object of learning. This means that how the specific content of learning is dealt with has effect on student learning. The object of learning can be differentiated in three types, the intended object of learning, the enacted object of learning and the lived object of learning. In this study the interest is about the enacted object of learning, i.e. what it was possible for the students to learn.

    The study identifies two qualitatively different ways to present the object of learning to the students. One way is based on the principle of opening up dimensions of variation and the second way is built on presumed shared previous experience as a resource for making sense of a novel observation.

    The implication of the different approaches for children´s learning is discussed.

                                                                                                                                   

  • 6.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Learning study i ämnet svenska2006Inngår i: Holmqvist, Mona (red). Lärande i skolan: learning study som skolutvecklingsmodell, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, s. 141-150Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 7.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Lärarfortbildning i klassrummet: Learning Study som fortbildning2005Inngår i: Forskningsarbete pågår: Nationella forskarskolan i pedagogiskt arbete (NaPA) / [ed] Erixon, Per-Olof, Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2005, s. 58-79Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 8.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Olika närhet till naturen: en beskrivning av I Ur och Skur-förskolor med olika närhet till naturen1996Rapport (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 9.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    The important differences between what and how-aspects in a learning situation2004Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 10.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    The object of learning: preschool children develop their knowledge about scientific phenomena when visiting natural environments2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to contribute to knowledge about how pre-school children aged four to five focuses their attention to scientific phenomena when visiting nature and the teacher’s role in further develop the children’s knowledge about the phenomena. Science is in the preschool curriculum in Sweden pointed out as an important area to develop children´s knowledge of. In this study learning is seen as a change in the learners’ possibility to experience the world in a certain way and it takes place everywhere. It can be both planned and unplanned.The framework used, variation theory, states for learning to occur, critical aspects of the learning object have to be simultaneously discerned and focused on. The learning object is seen as a capability and it can be defined by its critical features. When playing and interacting with others, a space of variation is constituted that decides what is possible to learn concerning a delimited learning object. When teacher´s make differences in the childrens earlier experiences visible it may contribute to, critical aspects that the learner has not been previously able to discern becomes visible. Childrens stay in nature is videotaped and a qualitative analysis seeks to discern how children pay attention to scientific phenomena and how the teacher can maintain children's interest of the phenomena and contribute to develop the children´s knowledge. In this presentation the very first findings of the analysis will be discussed.

  • 11.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Vad hände?: Yngre barns försök att förstå sin omvärld utifrån ett naturvetenskapligt innehåll2016Inngår i: Naturvetenskap i ett förskoleperspektiv: kreativa lärandeprocesser / [ed] Susanne Thulin, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2016, s. 83-91Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 12.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Variation theory - Possibilities in early childhood education2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 13.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Variation theory as a tool for planning ana analysis of literacy lessons in Swedish education: teachers' development during an in-service training2005Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 14.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Holmqvist, Mona
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    What is the difference between a lesson study and a learning study?: empirical findings from an intended learning study that turned into a lesson study2004Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 15.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Lärarutbildning.
    Holmqvist, Mona
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för Lärarutbildning.
    Marton, Ference
    University of Gothenburg, Learning and teaching unit.
    Teachers' understanding and use of a learning theory2010Inngår i: Active citizenship: abstracts, Malmö: Nordic Educational Research Association (NERA) , 2010, s. 57-58Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 16.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Ways of dealing with children's questions about nature: a study based on Swedish preschool practice2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP).
    Ways of dealing with science learning: a study based on Swedish early childhood education practice2016Inngår i: International Journal of Science Education, ISSN 0950-0693, E-ISSN 1464-5289, Vol. 38, nr 11, s. 1867-1881Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish school system offers curriculum-based early childhood education (ECE) organised as preschool (for 0–5-year-olds) and preschool class (for 6-year-olds). The intention to create a playful and educational environment based on children’s perspectives, interests, and questions is strongly based on historical and cultural traditions. This article develops knowledge of ECE teachers’ approaches to science-learning situations. The study applies a phenomenographic approach. The analysis is based on approximately 9.5 hours of video documentation of teacher-led and child-initiated Swedish ECE science activities. We identified two descriptive categories and four subcategories dealing with science-learning situations: (A) making anything visible, containing the three subcategories (Aa) addressing everyone, (Ab) addressing everything, and (Ac) addressing play and fantasy; and (B) creating a shared space for learning (Ba) addressing common content. These categories are related to how efforts to take advantage of children’s perspectives are interpreted and addressed in educational practice. The article discusses and exemplifies the use of various categories and their potential implications for ECE learning practice.

  • 18.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Pramling, Niklas
    Department of Education, Communication and Learning , University of Gothenburg .
    The educational nature of different ways teachers communicate with children about natural phenomena2014Inngår i: International Journal of Early Years Education, ISSN 0966-9760, E-ISSN 1469-8463, Vol. 22, nr 1, s. 59-72Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This empirical study analyses the qualitatively different ways in which teachers approach children’s learning in and about nature. The empirical data consists of video observations of children and teachers communicating with one another around natural phenomena found during excursions into a forest. Variation theory is presented as a framework for analysing the opportunities teachers provide for children’s learning. The study identifies three qualitatively different ways in which teachers communicate with children: one based on the principle of opening up dimensions of variation, the second building on presumed shared previous experience as a resource for making sense of a novel observation and the third involving children through using a make-believe playful approach. The implications of these three different approaches for children’s learning are discussed.

  • 19.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Fakulteten för lärarutbildning, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola.
    Education for sustainability in Early Childhood Teacher Education (ECTE)2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Early Childhood teacher education (ECTE) in Sweden is a 3½ year long education on an academic level. In Sweden the Parliament and government have overall responsibility for higher education. They decide on which rules are to apply to higher education and they also set out goals and guidelines. However universities have a great freedom of movement within the regulatory framework set out. They are e.g. free to decide how to organise their studies. The aim of the study presented here is to discuss how students answer on a survey concerning education for sustainability. In the first and fourth semester the ECTE students at Kristianstad University are particularly directed to learning about sustainability and education for sustainability. Critical aspects of sustainability and education for sustainability are pointed out by the teachers and by the textbooks. The survey will give answer to questions about what aspects of sustainability the students had discerned in the fifth semester. The first results of the survey indicates that the students’ experience is that the ECTE had developed their knowledge about sustainability although we can see there still are aspects that are not yet discerned. This indicates the importance of problematizing sustainability from a didactic perspective in relation to ECTE.

  • 20.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Lärares uppfattningar av undervisning och naturvetenskap som innehåll i förskolans verksamhet2017Inngår i: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 81-96Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the research project is to analyze and describe how pre-school teachers during an in-service training period develop theoretical knowledge about focusing the content when planning for teaching science in pre-school. The variation theory is used for analysis as well as for the planning for teaching in pre-school. The theory can be described in terms of learning object, critical aspects, discernment, simultaneity and differences. 30 pre-school teachers from nine different municipalities participated in the project. The empirical material consists of a questionnaire as the preschool teachers answered in the beginning and in the end of the training period and of group reports. The results can be discussed as a number of critical aspects in relation to teachers'learning as: ways of understand the concept of variation, to discern the object of learning and to discern o shared space of learning.

  • 21.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Naturvetenskap i en flerspråkig miljö2017Inngår i: Undervisning i flerspråkig förskola / [ed] Heidi Harju-Luukkainen & Anne Kultti, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2017, 1, s. 125-146Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förskolan i Norden har på relativt kort tid förändrats från en enspråkig till en flerspråkig miljö. Utmaningen ligger i att göra flera språk till en tillgång i verksamheten och till redskap för alla barns lärande.

    I boken Undervisning i flerspråkig förskola diskuteras hur förskolan, och därmed samhället i stort, kan skapa likvärdiga utvecklingsmöjligheter för alla barn, oavsett språkliga erfarenheter. Bokens kapitel berör samtal mellan förskollärare och barn i gemensamma aktiviteter men också flerspråkiga elevers skolprestation efter avslutad grundskoleutbildning. I boken redovisas flera studier från Sverige, Finland och Norge. Tematiken i denna bok begränsas därmed inte heller till att endast relatera till att lära sig majoritetsspråket. Det är hög tid att lämna enspråkighetsdiskursen med fokus på individers kunskaper i ett språk och gå vidare till en mer informerad och relevant förståelse av språk, undervisning och lärande som integrerade företeelser.

    Den här boken ger redskap för att förstå och utveckla undervisningen i en flerspråkig förskolemiljö. Boken vänder sig främst till studenter på högskolenivå inom förskolans område, men den passar även för fortbildning av förskollärare.

  • 22.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    The role of science in Swedish pre-schools: how in-service preschool teachers´ change the way they speak about teaching during a science project in pre-school2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 23.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Wernberg, Anna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Design experiment, lesson study och learning study2006Inngår i: Holmqvist, Mona (red). Lärande i skolan: learning study som skolutvecklingsmodell, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006, s. 29-50Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 24.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Wernberg, Anna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Learning study: potential way to study teachers' development in professional skills2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 25.
    Holmqvist, Mona
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Wernberg, Anna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Generative learning2006Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    By contrasting critical aspects in a dimension of variation, the learning object can change form and be experienced in different ways which influence the students’ ability to learn. To investigate in which ways the contrasts affect the students’ learning outcome was the primary focus of the study, but the results also show an interesting pattern of how students’ learning outcome in short and long time perspective are affected. We have worked with learning study as a method, and the results are based on analyses of three learning studies made up of three lessons each. The results show how one pattern offers the students to look critically upon their previous knowledge and make them find new ways of seeing the object of learning. This pattern has also been found to be more powerful in preparing students for future learning, since it seems to generate new learning after the learning situation itself.

  • 26.
    Holmqvist, Mona
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Wernberg, Anna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Generative learning: learning beyond the learning situation2007Inngår i: Educational action research, ISSN 0965-0792, E-ISSN 1747-5074, Vol. 15, nr 2, s. 181-208Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article an educational action research study, based on a phenomenographic approach, is reported in which unexpected results have been possible to gather thanks to the inductive design of the study. The aim is to describe the ways in which contrasts of critical aspects of a learning object affect the students' generative learning found by analysing three learning studies based on the theory of variation. Variation is in this article defined as the varied ways a phenomenon can be discerned. By contrasting critical aspects (i.e. main features needed to understand a phenomenon) in a dimension of variation, the learning object (i.e. the targeted ability or knowledge taught) can change form and be experienced in different ways that influence the students' ability to learn. To investigate in which ways the contrasts affect the students' learning outcome was the primary focus of the study, but the results also show an interesting pattern of how students' learning outcomes in the short-term and long-term perspective are affected. In this study we have worked with learning study as a method, and the results are based on analyses of three learning studies made up of three lessons each. The results show how one pattern of contrasts allows the students to look critically upon their previous knowledge and make them find new ways of seeing the object of learning. This pattern has also been found to be more powerful in preparing students for future learning, since it seems to generate new learning (generative learning) after the learning situation itself. 

  • 27.
    Holmqvist, Mona
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Wernberg, Anna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Institutionen för beteendevetenskap.
    Learning pattern2005Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 28.
    Holmqvist, Mona
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Wernberg, Anna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Nor to lead or to be led: praxis-oriented basic research within the field educational science and teaching2004Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 29.
    Holmqvist, Mona
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Wernberg, Anna
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö.
    Variation theory: an organizing principle to guide design research in education2008Inngår i: Handbook of design research methods in education: innovations in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics learning and teaching / [ed] Kelly, A.E., Lesh, R.A., Baeck, J.Y., New York: Routledge , 2008, s. 111-130Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 30.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Ljung Djärf, Agneta
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Ways of dealing with science learning: a study based on Swedish early childhood education practice2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish school system offers curriculum-based early childhood education (ECE) organised as preschool (for 0–5-year-olds) and preschool class (for 6-year-olds).The intention to create a playful and educational environment based on children ’s perspectives, interests, and questions is strongly based on historical and cultural traditions. This article develops knowledge of ECE teachers ’approaches to science-learning situations. The study applies a phenomenographic approach.The analysis is based on approximately 9.5 hours of video documentation of teacher-led and child-initiated Swedish ECE science activities. We identified two descriptive categories and four subcategories dealing with science-learning situations: (A) making anything visible, containing the three subcategories (Aa) addressing everyone, (Ab) addressing everything, and (Ac) addressing play and fantasy; and (B) creating a shared space for learning (Ba) addressing common content. These categories are related to how efforts to take advantage of children ’s perspectives are interpreted and addressed in educational practice. The article discusses and exemplifies the use of various categories and their potential implications for ECE learning practice.

  • 31.
    Ljung-Djärf, Agneta
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning Design (LeaD).
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Variation theory in early childhood education – focus on learning. Symposium organiserat vid World association of lesson and learning studies (WALS), september 2013, Göteborg2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 32.
    Thulin, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Att beskriva och analysera kvalitativa förändringar i pedagogers sätt att tala om undervisning och naturvetenskap som innehåll i förskolans verksamhet2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att beskriva och analysera kvalitativa förändringar i pedagogers sätt att tala om undervisning och naturvetenskap som innehåll i förskolans verksamhet

    Qualitative changes in teachers’ ways of talking about teaching and science as content in preschool practice

    Laila Gustavsson och Susanne Thulin, Kristianstad University

    The aim of the research project presented here is to analyze and describe how pre-school teachers during an in-service training period develop theoretical knowledge about focusing the content when planning for teaching science in pre-school. This particular training period can be seen as needed due to a new school 16

     

    law and a revised curriculum for Swedish pre-schools in 2011, where the concept teaching in pre-school is used for the first time and different content areas as mathematics and science is highlighted. The variation theory is here used as a framework for analysis as well as for the pre-school teachers planning for teaching in pre-school (Marton & Booth, 1997). The theory is developed from the phenomenographic approach and can be described in terms of learning object, critical aspects, discernment, simultaneity, variation and a shared space of learning (Marton, 2014). The results in a phenomenographic study is an outcome space of categories describing qualitatively different ways of experiencing the same phenomenon. 30 pre-school teachers from 10 different pre-schools in nine different municipalities participated in the project. The empirical material consist of a questionnaire with open ended questions as the preschool teachers answered in the beginning and in the end of the training period, and of group reports as were written from scientific projects. The study has followed the ethical guidelines of the Swedish Research Council (2002). The results can be discussed as a number of critical aspects in relation to teachers' learning as: ways of understand the concept of variation, to discern the object of learning and a shared space of learning. One important factor to point out concerning the design of in-service training is the importance of keeping together theories of children’s learning and the learning object (science).

    References

    Marton, F. (2014). Necessary Conditions of Learning. New York: Routledge.

    Marton, F., & Booth, S. (1997). Learning and awarness. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum Associates.

    Swedish Research Council. (2002). Forskningsetiska principer inom humanistisk och samhällsvetenskaplig forskning [Ethical Guidelines for Humanities and Social Science. Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet.

     

  • 33.
    Thulin, Susanne
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Qualitative changes in teachers’ ways of talking about teaching and science as content in preschool practice2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Qualitative changes in teachers’ ways of talking about teaching and science as content in preschool practicepresentationsformat: Muntlig presentationabstract: The aim of the research project presented here is to analyze and describe how pre-school teachers during an in-service training period develop theoretical knowledge about focusing the content when planning for teaching science in pre-school. This particular training period can be seen as needed due to a new school law and a revised curriculum for Swedish pre-schools in 2011, where the concept teaching in pre-school is used for the first time and different content areas as mathematics and science is highlighted. The variation theory is here used as a framework for analysis as well as for the pre-school teachers planning for teaching in pre-school (Marton & Booth, 1997). The theory is developed from the phenomenographic approach and can be described in terms of learning object, critical aspects, discernment, simultaneity, variation and a shared space of learning (Marton, 2014). The results in a phenomenographic study is an outcome space of categories describing qualitatively different ways of experiencing the same phenomenon. 30 pre-school teachers from 10 different pre-schools in nine different municipalities participated in the project. The empirical material consist of a questionnaire with open ended questions as the preschool teachers answered in the beginning and in the end of the training period, and of group reports as were written from scientific projects. The study has followed the ethical guidelines of the Swedish Research Council (2002). The results can be discussed as a number of critical aspects in relation to teachers' learning as: ways of understand the concept of variation, to discern the object of learning and a shared space of learning. One important factor to point out concerning the design of in-service training is the importance of keeping together theories of children’s learning and the learning object (science).Key-word: Preschool teacher, In-service training, Teaching, Science, Variation theory, Phenomenography

  • 34.
    Økland Sortland, Merete
    et al.
    Norge.
    Tikkanen, Tarja
    Norge.
    Presthus Heggen, Marianne
    Norge.
    Holter, Kari
    Norge.
    Langholm, Guri
    Norge.
    Broström, Stig
    Danmark.
    Bollingberg, Karen
    Danmark.
    Damgaard, Birgitte
    Danmark.
    Frøkjær, Thorleif
    Danmark.
    Gustavsson, Laila
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik.
    Ladstein, Sigve
    Norge.
    Grutle Nappen, Kari
    Norge.
    Norddahl, Kristin
    Island.
    Harju-Luukkainen, Heidi
    Finland.
    Staffans, Eva
    Finland.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för lärande och miljö, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Kvalitet i barnehagelærerutdanning i naturvitenskap: en fellesnordisk studiemodul2017Inngår i: NorDiNa: Nordic Studies in Science Education, ISSN 1504-4556, E-ISSN 1894-1257, Vol. 13, nr 1, s. 97-111Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a new joint Nordic study module consisting of a theoretical framework, the kindergarten teacher students’ case study and a reflection talk, in natural science for the kinder-garten teacher education. The module is developed through an interdisciplinary collaboration in the Nordplus network: Learning of science concepts by kindergarten children: Nordic study module for the kindergarten teacher education (NATGREP), with science and quality in the kindergarten teacher education in focus. The introduction describes the Nordic kindergartens shortly, and concepts as quality and competence are shortly discussed. It is followed by the module’s theoretical framework. Then the study module’s development process is described accompanied by reflections of the student’s case studies in relation to the theoretical framework. At the end, the work with the study module is summarised, and the main conclusion is that the study module contributes positively to the students’ skills development, both in science and quality.

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