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  • 1.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Umans, Timurs
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS). Linnaeus University.
    The new generation of auditors meeting praxis: dual learning's role in audit students' professional development2018In: Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, ISSN 0031-3831, E-ISSN 1470-1170, Vol. 62, no 2, p. 307-324Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores whether and in what way “dual learning” can develop understanding of the relationship between structure/judgement and explores audit student’s perceptions of the audit profession. Work Integrated Learning (WIL) module, serving as a tool of enabling dual learning, represents the context for this exploration. The study is based on a focus group and individual interviews conducted with students performing their WIL. Our data and its analysis indicates that when in a WIL context, students develop awareness of the use of standards and checklists on the one hand and the importance of discretional judgement on the other. Based on these results, we theorise as to how dual learning manifests itself in students’ experiences and understanding of the relationship between structure and judgement.

  • 2.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    The auditor at work: a study of auditor practice in Big 4 audit firms2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    By combining different aspects of auditing and by focusing on the individual auditor and observing auditors at work, this dissertation explores the auditing concept. It focuses on activities carried out by auditors in local settings and how the macro-level phenomenon of “auditing” is realised in micro-level, day-to-day audit work. In doing this, the following research question is addressed: What does the auditor do? The dissertation includes and discusses certain aspects of auditing. The aspects chosen provide certain opportunities and limitations and are as follows: the audit profession, audit quality, auditing standards, structure versus judgment, the production of comfort, expert systems and trust versus scepticism. The empirical material consists of observations and interviews. The findings suggest that from an auditor perspective auditing includes not only a professional side but also a more commercial side. It appears that auditors combine more traditional tasks such as quality assuring the client’s information and reporting with tasks more directed towards assuring that the client firms’ management is satisfied. The findings also suggests that from an auditor perspective audit quality is about comfort and that making structured judgments seems to be an important action towards reaching a sufficient level of comfort and, hence, to perform high-quality audits. Finally, the findings of this dissertation suggest that much of the “professionalism” in the audit profession lies with the audit firms. Substantial knowledge is “built in” to the audit firm system; an important auditor skill is to be able to operate the system whilst appearance, behaviour and conduct is about adhering to such effort and auditors are influenced by audit firm expectations on how audit work should be done. The consequences of such “audit firmalization”, a concept identified in this dissertation, on the audit profession seem to be an important focus for future research.

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  • 3.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Agevall, Lena
    Linnaeus University.
    Umans, Timurs
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande. Linnaeus University.
    The new generation of auditors meeting praxis2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes an exploratory study of whether and in what way ‘double-edged learning’ can develop from understanding the relationship between structure and judgment and thus capture students’ experience of the audit profession. The study is based on a focus group/individual interviews conducted with students performing their work-integrated learning assignments where they interact with auditors. Identifying two themes defined as Perceiving the profession and auditing and Entering into and forming in the audit profession derived from the data, it appears that when positioned within a work-integrated learning context, students develop awareness of the use of standards and checklists on one hand as well as the importance of discretional judgment on the other. Based on these results, we theorise as to how double-edged learning manifests itself in students’ experiences and understanding of the relationship between structure and judgment.

  • 4.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Collin, Sven-Olof
    School of Business and Economics, Linnéus University, Växjö.
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    Department of Business Administration, Lund University.
    Axelsson, Monika
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Schéle, Charlotta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Why reduce profit?: accounting choice of impairments in Swedish listed corporations2011In: International Journal of Accounting and Finance, ISSN 1752-8224, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 21p. 49-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Positive accounting theory and institutional theory are used in conjunction in order to explain accounting choice. The theory is applied on IAS 36 (impairment of assets), and tested on a sample of listed Swedish corporations. We find that the choice is mainly induced by agency and general business factors and to a slighter degree by institutional factors. Especially, we find that institutional influence will be stronger when it is in the interest of important stakeholders; that impairments can be used as a mean of signalling trust to absent owners and that the institutional element of tradition cannot be tested separately from the agency element of opportunism.

  • 5.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Umans, Timurs
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Gerlofstig, Carl
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Balance between auditing and marketing: an explorative study2013In: Journal of International Accounting, Auditing and Taxation, ISSN 1061-9518, E-ISSN 1879-1603, Vol. 22, no 1, p. 57-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how auditors’ attitudes toward marketing and their views on the importance of marketing affect how they balance their time spent on marketing and auditing activities. The purpose is to understand how changes in the business environment for auditors affect the relationship between the auditing profession and marketing. The study is based on a survey of 711 auditors in Sweden. The findings suggest that auditors with a positive attitude toward marketing spend significantly more time on marketing activities compared to those with a less positive attitude. Furthermore, auditors who view marketing activities as important spend significantly more time on marketing activities. The study controlled for the number of years as approved or authorized auditor, age of the auditor, and firm affiliation. The results indicate that the theoretical distance between the auditing profession and marketing does not exist in practice to the same degree as it used to. The findings of the study have implications for international auditing theory and practice in illuminating the relationship of marketing and auditing in a wider business context.

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  • 6.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Umans, Timurs
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Skog, Peter
    Emily, Theodorsson
    Auditors’ professional and organisational identities and perceived commercialisation in audit firms2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:

    The purpose of this paper is to explain how professional and organisational identities influence auditors’ perception of commercialisation in audit firms.

    Design/methodology/approach:

    The paper is based on a survey distributed to 3588 members of FAR, the professional institute for authorized public accountants, approved public accountants and other highly qualified professionals in the accountancy sector in Sweden, and answered by 374 of the professionals surveyed.

    Findings:

    Findings of the study indicate that commercialisation in audit firms is a three- dimensional construct consisting of market-, customer- and firm process orientations. The results of the study show that the stronger the auditors’ organisational identity, the more influence it has on auditors’ perception of all three dimensions of the increasing commercialisation of their firm. The increasing strength of that professional identity is shown to be reflected in the perception of their firm to be firm process oriented, while no effect is shown on the other two dimensions of commercialisation (market and customer orientations orientations).

    Originality/value:

    The paper presents a new conceptualisation and set of measures of audit firms’ commercialisation and shows how professional and organisational identities influence perception.

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  • 7.
    Collin, Sven-Olof
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Smith, Elin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Umans, Timurs
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Mechanisms of corporate governance going international: outlining a theory of and an initial test of the performance effects2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Globalisation includes international product markets and capital, but also involves internationalisation of corporate governance mechanisms. We propose that internationalisation of governance mechanisms is related to improved performance of the corporation. For example, listing at several stock markets implies pressure to improve information flow and stronger adherence to international standards, which will reduce possibility for slack. Recruiting top managers and board members from an international arena will, among other things, enlarge the market for managerial labour and the market for board members, presumably putting more pressure on present managers and board members, and increase the probability of finding an adequate new manager or new board members. An integrated EU would support the internationalisation of the mechanisms through reducing the transaction costs of Europeanization. An initial test on a sample of listed Swedish corporations indicates that the proposition could be rejected. Two main reasons can be found as an interpretation of the results 1.) that mechanisms with governance functions, such as capital structure and the board have several functions, and that the governance function is not always the most important one, and 2.) that governance mechanisms cannot be analysed in isolation, since they are included in a coherent corporate governance strategy.

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  • 8.
    Collin, Sven-Olof
    et al.
    Linnaeus University.
    Smith, Elin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Umans, Timurs
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    Linköping University.
    Mechanisms of corporate governance going international: testing its performance effects in the Swedish economy, 20042013In: Baltic Journal of Management, ISSN 1746-5265, E-ISSN 1746-5273, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 79-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate how internationalisation of corporate governance mechanisms influences firm performance.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper is based on the data collected from annual reports of the year 2004, from all 239 Swedish corporations listed on the Stockholm Stock Exchange, on which a quantitative analysis was performed.

    Findings – The findings suggest that internationalisation of corporate governance does not have a straightforward influence on firm performance, which can be due to: the fact that mechanisms with governance functions have several functions, of which governance is but one; and the fact that governance mechanisms cannot be analyzed in isolation, since they are included in a coherent corporate governance strategy.

    Originality/value – The paper is the first to investigate the corporate governance mechanisms' internationalisation issue.

  • 9.
    Collin, Sven-Olof Yrjö
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP. Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS).
    Ahlberg, Jenny
    Linnaeus University.
    Berg, Karin
    Linnaeus University.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv.
    Karlsson, Amelie
    Linnaeus University.
    The auditor as consigliere in family firm2017In: Journal of Family Business Management, ISSN 2043-6238, E-ISSN 2043-6246, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 2-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to develop and test a concept of auditor as consigliere in family firms, that captures additional functions to monitoring, those of advice, mediating, and conveying. Design/methodology/approach - The concept is tested through a survey conducted on 309 Swedish auditors. Findings - The data indicate that the consigliere role is generally not emphasized, indicating that auditors primarily perform the monitoring role of the audit. However, the authors do find indications of the auditor performing the consigliere role, through performing the advisory and mediating functions and, to a smaller degree, the conveying function. Research limitations/implications - The survey is limited in response rate and in separating governance situations from consigliere functions. Practical implications - With reservation for professional independence, the auditor as consigliere could be part of the governance of the family firm, but should be trained for this activity. Social implications - Regulators should pay attention to the consigliere role when, for example, stipulating compulsory rotation of auditors. Originality/value - The paper shows that the auditor is more than a monitor in family firms. The consigliere role, even if not at all dominating, has to be considered, at least in family firms.

  • 10.
    Collin, Sven-Olof Yrjö
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS). Kristianstad University, Research environment Governance, Regulation, Internationalization and Performance (GRIP.
    Umans, Timurs
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS).
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS).
    Smith, Elin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi och arbetsliv. Kristianstad University, Research environment Auditing, Organisation and Society (AOS).
    Tagesson, Torbjörn
    Linköping University.
    Producing academic theses: the Kristianstad model2016In: Scientific works / [ed] Ekaterina Astahova, Kharkov, Ukraine: Peoples Ukrainian Academy University Press , 2016, p. 441-462Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    We present a model of supervising bachelor and master theses that we have developed at Kristianstad University in Sweden. It emphasizes 1.) engagement, in that the research engaged supervisor becomes engaged in both the subject of the thesis and the students writing it; 2.) the Humboldt principle, in that teachers and students collaborate for mutual benefit; 3.) the Socratic method, in that the supervisor drives students´ learning through posing questions. The model implies intense and frequent supervision, seminars with students as opponents and respondents, and finally, popular presentation, where the results are presented for an educated public. The examination of the theses have the double function of securing high standard examination and to develop the staff in their supervisory and examinatory skills. The direction of the supervisory team is mainly made through common norms, such as a thesis have to be driven by theory, methodological pragmatism implying that the problem, not the authors preferences, determine which analytical method to use and empirical orientation that theories needs to be tested or evaluated. The model described has shown good results, both in national evaluations and through number of scientific publications.

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  • 11.
    Umans, Timurs
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Collin, Sven-Olof Yrjö
    Linnaeus University.
    Nilsson, Sofie
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Olsson, Emma
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Organization culture and well-being of Swedish auditors2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper explores relationship between organizational context and auditors’ well-being. Where organizational context is explored through the prism of three types of organizational culture: clan, hierarchy, adhocracy and market and well-being represented by job satisfaction, life satisfaction and life balance. The study is based on the survey of 209 Swedish auditors performed in spring 2014, and explored the relationship between organizational context and auditors’ well-being by the means of correlations and multiple regression analysis. Results of the study indicate that clan organizational culture is the strongest positive driver of auditors’ well-being. Study also indicates that hierarchy culture has a positive effect on auditors’ job satisfaction, while market culture has a negative influence on auditors’ life balance. Findings of the study have implications for both theory and practice, in that it established the link between different aspects of organizational context and auditors’ well-being consequently suggesting human resource strategy of managing organizational context to auditing firms.

  • 12.
    Umans, Timurs
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Fjelkner, Annika
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Smith, Elin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi.
    Diversity and learning outcomes in student dyads during work integrated learning projects2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Umans, Timurs
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Schmidt, Manuela
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II.
    Nilsson, Sofie
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Olsson, Emma
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Feeling well by being together: study of Swedish auditors2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As guardians of the public interest, auditors represent a unique occupational group. The paper explores organizational culture as an antecedent of auditors’ well-being, which is assumed to have important consequences for the quality of auditors’ work.This study is based on a survey of 207 Swedish auditors. Using established and validated instruments measuring aspects of organizational culture and personal well-being, the study employed correlations and multiple regression analysis in testing the relationship between the two.The results of the study suggest that increasing the degree of collectivistic organizational culture has a positive effect on three aspects of well-being: job satisfaction, life balance and life satisfaction.This study is the first attempt to explore well-being of auditors and its antecedents represented by organizational culture. Contrary to the expectation that auditors take an individualistic approach to their work, this study establishes that auditors feel best in a work environment characterized by a collectivist organizational culture.

  • 14.
    Umans, Timurs
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Broberg, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Ekonomi. Kristianstad University, Plattformen för forskning om verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och professionslärande.
    Schmidt, Manuela
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II.
    Nilsson, Sofie
    Kristianstad University.
    Olsson, Emma
    Kristianstad University.
    Feeling well by being together: study of Swedish auditors2016In: Work: A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 54, no 1, p. 79-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: As guardians of the public interest, auditors represent a unique occupational group. The group that has shown to experience high level of stress and overload often being associated with environmentally imposed responsibility as well as organizationally imposed performance demands. It is the later aspects, represented by the concept of organizational culture, that is being highlighted in this papers and its relationship to auditors well-beingOBJECTIVES:The paper aims to explore organizational culture as an antecedent of auditors' well-being, which is assumed to have important consequences for the quality of auditors' work.Methods: This study is based on a survey of 207 Swedish auditors. Using established and validated instruments measuring aspects of organizational culture and personal well-being, the study employed correlations and multiple regression analysis in testing the relationship between the two.Results: The results of the study suggest that increasing the degree of collectivistic organizational culture has a positive relationship with three aspects of well-being: Job satisfaction, life balance and life satisfaction.Conclusions: This study is the first attempt to explore well-being of auditors and its antecedents represented by organizational culture. Contrary to the expectation that auditors take an individualistic approach to their work, this study establishes that auditors feel best in a work environment characterized by a collectivist organizational culture.

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