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  • 1.
    Håkansson, Cornelia
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Jämförelse mellan två analyskit för typning av det humana leukocytantigenet HLA-B*572017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Human leokocyte antigen (HLA), a protein present on the surface of our cells, is characterized as antigen-presenting a mechanism vertebrates have developed to locate infected or defect cells. HLA presents peptides which are brought from the cell's inside to be presented for the immune system.

    HIV is a virus that infects cells that express CD4 on the surface, such as macrophages and T-helper cells. When these are decreasing, the immune system gets weakened. Untreated HIV leads to AIDS, therefore are inhibiting pharmaceuticals like Abacavir important. Abacavir has shown good results, unfortunately 5-8% gets hypersensitivity-reactions. Scientists have shown that these reactions are strongly related to the HLA-B*57:01 allele. By screening for this allele, treatment with Abacavir could be avoided for this group of patients.

    The purpose of this study was to compare two different kits, Olerup SSP® HLA-B*57:01 and Inno-train HLA-READY GENE B57, for screening of HLA-B*57 in 20 different DNA samples. These have previously been typed with the established method at the clinical immunology and transfusion medicine, Lund University Hospital. The comparison was based on differences between the kits, both in terms of results, costs and analytical times.

    PCR was run before the samples were separated on gel with electrophoresis. The results were interpreted in accordance to the manufactures instructions. The results showed that both methods could type HLA correctly. All results from Olerup was correct. However, 8 out of 20 samples showed wrong results at the first run with Inno-train. These were correct after a second run. In terms of costs, Inno-train is cheaper per test, but Olerup would be cheaper in the long term. To really determine which kit is most suitable, more analyzes are required.

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