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  • 1.
    Airey, John
    et al.
    Stockholm Universitet.
    Eriksson, Urban
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Nationellt resurscentrum för fysik, Lunds universitet.
    Unpacking the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram: a social semiotic analysis of the disciplinary and pedagogical affordances of a central resource in astronomy2019In: Designs for Learning, ISSN 1654-7608, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 99-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we are interested in the relationship between disciplinary knowledge and its representation. We carry out a social semiotic analysis of a central tool used in astronomy—the Hertzsprung-Russell (H-R) diagram—in order to highlight its disciplinary and pedagogical affordances. By analysing the relationship between disciplinary knowledge and its representation in this way we claim that it becomes possible to identify potential barriers to student learning—instances where semiotic resources with high disciplinary affordance have low pedagogical affordance for newcomers to the discipline. The astronomy resource that we have chosen to analyse has played a pivotal role in our understanding of stellar evolution and as such it features prominently on all undergraduate astronomy programs. However, like most disciplinary-specific semiotic resources, today’s H-R diagram is the culmination of many years of work by numerous disciplinary experts. Over time, the H-R diagram has been revised and reworked by a number of different actors in order to reconcile it with developing observational and theoretical advances. As a consequence, the H-R diagram that we know today combines many layers of astronomical knowledge, whilst still retaining some rather quirky traces of its historical roots. In this paper we adopt a social semiotic lens to analyse these ‘layers of knowledge’ and ‘historical anomalies’ showing how they have resulted in a number of counterintuitive aspects within the diagram that have successively lowered its pedagogical affordance. We claim that the counterintuitive aspects we identify in our analysis give rise to potential barriers to student disciplinary learning. Using our analysis as a case study, we generalise our findings suggesting four types of barrier to understanding that are potentially at work when meeting disciplinary-specific semiotic resources for the first time. We finish the paper by making some general suggestions about the wider use of our analysis method and ways of dealing with any barriers to learning identified. In the specific case of the H-R diagram, we suggest that lecturers should explicitly tease out its disciplinary affordances by the use of ‘unpacked’ resources that have a higher pedagogical affordance. 

  • 2.
    Andrée, Maria
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Hansson, Lena
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Ideland, Malin
    Malmö högskola.
    Political rationalities in science education: a case study of teaching materials provided by external actors2018In: Cultural, social, and political perspectives in science education: a Nordic view / [ed] A. Arvola Orlander, K. Otrel-Cass, & M.K. Sillasen, Springer, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3. Arvidsson, Å
    et al.
    Hansson, Lena
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Att arbeta med naturvetenskapernas karaktär genom fysikhistoriska berättelser2017Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4. Arvidsson, Å
    et al.
    Hansson, Lena
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Att arbeta med naturvetenskapernas karaktär genom fysikhistoriska berättelser2017Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Arvidsson, Åsa
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Vad händer när fysiken möter estetiken?: att använda StoryTelling med drama i NO-undervisningen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att använda berättelser som undervisningsmetod är ingen nyhet i skolan. Däremot har metoden, av tradition, inte varit så vanlig i NO-undervisningen. På senare tid lyfts, i såväl skoldebatt som forskning, elevers svårigheter med begreppsutveckling i de naturvetenskapliga ämnena. En orsak till problemen, menar många, är att elever inte finner naturvetenskapen meningsfull. StoryTelling är ett undervisningsmaterial och ett arbetssätt uppbyggt kring historiska berättelser kring ett naturvetenskapligt innehåll. Läraren gestaltar till exempel en historisk forskare och i rollen som forskaren berättar hen om sitt arbete. Det primära syftet med StoryTelling är att beskriva naturvetenskapernas karaktär. Jag blev dock intresserad av att undersöka om berättelserna också skulle kunna bidra till att utveckla elevernas begreppsförståelse. Detta har jag i den här studien undersökt genom att berätta berättelsen från materialet i en mellanstadieklass. Jag utgår i min studie från Egans teori om hur "romantic understanding" kan stödja kognitiv utveckling från en konkret och kontextberoende förståelse av omvärlden till naturvetenskapliga, generella förklaringsmodeller. Jag har filmat fyra elevgruppers diskussioner om vakuum och tryck före och efter att jag berättade en berättelse där jag iklädde mig rollen som Otto von Guericke. Gruppdiskussionerna har analyserats utifrån gruppernas användning av nya begrepp och förklaringar samt nya gester och bildliga uttryck. Samtliga grupper förändrar, i större eller mindre utsträckning, sina förklaringar kring vakuum efter att ha tagit del av min berättelse. En del grupper använder också gester och bildliga uttryck från berättelsen under sina diskussioner. Resultaten indikerar att StoryTelling kan vara ett stöd för att utveckla elevers begreppsförståelse i naturvetenskap.

  • 6.
    Aspelin, Jonas
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Forskning Relationell Pedagogik (FoRP). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning grundskola, gymnasium och specialpedagogik.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Relational competence in teacher education: concept analysis and report from a pilot study2019In: Teacher Development, ISSN 1366-4530, E-ISSN 1747-5120, Vol. 23, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A supportive relationship between teachers and students has been shown to have positive effects on students’ performance and social development. Preservice teachers’ relational competence is, however, an unexplored area. The purpose of this study is to contribute to educational research about relational competence in teacher education by introducing a Swedish project which focuses on interpersonal aspects. The study has three parts. In the theoretical part, a conceptualization of teachers’ relational competence using Thomas Scheff’s theory of interpersonal relationships is outlined. In the empirical (pilot) part, a methodology for prompting preservice teachers’ analyses of teacher–student relationships is described, as well as a thematic analysis of their responses. The theoretical conceptualization is then used together with the empirical data in the third part, in order to identify development needs of preservice teachers in terms of relational competence. According to the conceptualization, relational competence includes three sub-concepts: communicative, differentiation, and socio-emotional competence. From the analysis of preservice students’ texts, the article identifies development needs in relation to the three sub-concepts. The concluding discussion focuses on lessons learned from the study regarding how to promote teacher students’ relational competence.

  • 7.
    Beery, Thomas H.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. USA.
    Lekies, Kristi S.
    USA.
    Childhood collecting in nature: quality experience in important places2019In: Children's Geographies, ISSN 1473-3285, E-ISSN 1473-3277, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 118-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A need for a more specific understanding of childhood geographies has motivated an investigation of one activity, childhood collecting in nature. This study examined collecting behavior, places of collecting, and the relationship of these places to environmental connectedness in adulthood. Topophilia is presented as a guide to help consider why children collect in nature and to expand upon a limited understanding of collecting behavior. These ideas are explored with a mixed-method design strategy involving surveys and semi-structured interviews with a sample of Swedish university students. Results show collecting in nature to be a widespread, meaningful, and memorable experience in the formative years of participants. Results also demonstrate potential support for topophilia as a way to understand the childhood collecting nature phenomenon. Implications include recognition of the importance of family to support children’s engagement in the natural world and proximate access to nature as a critical aspect of childhood experience.

  • 8.
    Brink, Ebba
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Wamsler, Christine
    Lund University.
    Adolfsson, Maria
    Trelleborg Municipal.
    Axelsson, Monica
    Kristianstad Municipal.
    Beery, Thomas H.
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Bjorn, Helena
    Lomma Municipal.
    Bramryd, Torleif
    Lund University.
    Ekelund, Nils
    Malmö University.
    Jephson, Therese
    SALA.
    Narvelo, Widar
    Helsingborg Municipal.
    Ness, Barry
    lund University.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    Palo, Thomas
    SLU Umeå.
    Sjeldrup, Magnus
    Bjuv Municipal.
    Stalhammar, Sanna
    Lund University.
    Thiere, Geraldine
    Lomma Municipal.
    On the road to 'research municipalities': analysing transdisciplinarity in municipal ecosystem services and adaptation planning2018In: Sustainability Science, ISSN 1862-4065, E-ISSN 1862-4057, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 765-784Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transdisciplinary research and collaboration is widely acknowledged as a critical success factor for solution-oriented approaches that can tackle complex sustainability challenges, such as biodiversity loss, pollution, and climate-related hazards. In this context, city governments' engagement in transdisciplinarity is generally seen as a key condition for societal transformation towards sustainability. However, empirical evidence is rare. This paper presents a self-assessment of a joint research project on ecosystem services and climate adaptation planning (ECOSIMP) undertaken by four universities and seven Swedish municipalities. We apply a set of design principles and guiding questions for transdisciplinary sustainability projects and, on this basis, identify key aspects for supporting university-municipality collaboration. We show that: (1) selecting the number and type of project stakeholders requires more explicit consideration of the purpose of societal actors' participation; (2) concrete, interim benefits for participating practitioners and organisations need to be continuously discussed; (3) promoting the 'inter', i.e., interdisciplinary and inter-city learning, can support transdisciplinarity and, ultimately, urban sustainability and long-term change. In this context, we found that design principles for transdisciplinarity have the potential to (4) mitigate project shortcomings, even when transdisciplinarity is not an explicit aim, and (5) address differences and allow new voices to be heard. We propose additional guiding questions to address shortcomings and inspire reflexivity in transdisciplinary projects.

  • 9. Christian, Lundahl
    et al.
    Jönsson, Anders
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Klapp, Alli
    Hultqvist, Lina
    Lindh, Julia
    Forsgren, Hanna
    Jaara Åstrand, Johanna
    Fel att låta 24 timmar avgöra elevers betyg2017In: AftonbladetArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Cronquist, Björn
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Fridberg, Marie
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Robotar utvecklar lärandet2018In: Förskoletidningen, ISSN 1402-7135, Vol. 43, no 6, p. 26-26Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Cronquist, Björn
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Fridberg, Marie
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Robotics and early-years stem education: botSTEM framework, toolkit, and implemented activities in Sweden2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    botSTEM is an ERASMUS+ project aiming to raise the utilisation of inquiry-based collaborative learning and robots-enhanced education. The project outputs are specifically aimed to provide in- and pre-service teachers in Childhood and Primary Education and children aged between 4 and 8, with research-based materials and best practices that use integrated Science Technology Engineering Mathematics (STEM) and robot-based approaches, including code-learning, for enhancing scientific literacy in young children. Initial results from the project in terms of a collection of good educational practices summarized in a freely downloadable Toolkit and results from a qualitative analysis of implemented activities during science teaching in Swedish preschools are presented here. The preliminary analysis of the implementations indicate that robots function as motivation factors in young children’s inquiry of science and engineering design technology, in both teacher and children initiated learning situations.

  • 12.
    Devlin, Yuka
    et al.
    England.
    Nicholl, G
    England.
    McRoberts, C
    England.
    Johnston, C
    England.
    Rosenqvist, Dahn
    Laqua Treatment AB, Sweden,.
    Svensson, Britt-Marie
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Mårtensson, Lennart
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    On site landfill leachate treatment: investigations into economical and environmental sustainable systmes for Northern Ireland2017In: Ebook: Proceedings of 11th European Waste Water Management Conference, 2017Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the potential for the Swedish Laqua system to be used as a sustainable method for on-site landfill leachate management in Northern Ireland, specifically the potential to use locally sourced filter materials from Northern Ireland as part of the filter system. Four carbon containing ashes and four types of peat were tested over a 24 hours period by a shaking test with untreated landfill leachate. Considering the results of this screening test, and the economical and sustainable supply of filter materials, one combination of ash and peat was selected to be column tested. Column testing with artificial leachate containing 7 organic pollutants (3 PAHs and 4 PCBs) and 9 inorganic pollutants showed that locally sourced filter materials effectively removed both organic and inorganic pollutants. A subsequent column test with landfill leachate for 13 weeks demonstrated it was feasible to apply the Laqua system with economical locally sourced filter materials.

  • 13.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Digital loggbok för reflektion och lärande under VFU2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under VFU-period i NT-kurs för blivande grundlärare 4-6 implementerar och utvärderar studenterna en av dem utvecklad undervisningssekvens. Projekt har undersökt hur studenterna under VFU interagerar med två kurslärare genom en digital loggbok. 

    Tio skriftliga loggböcker under genomförd VFU-period i grundskolan, årskurs 4, 5 eller 6 har samlats in. Studenterna var ombedda att dagligen ”skriva av sig” om sina erfarenheter. De fick instruktion att skriva fritt om sådant som kändes angeläget. Följande forskningsfrågor formulerades:

    1. Vad skriver studenter om då de får möjlighet att föra loggbok under sin VFU? 
    2. På vilka sätt har kurslärarnas feedback påverkat innehållet i loggböckerna?

    Sammanfattningar av analysresultat med fokus på NT-didaktik presenteras på konferensen.

  • 14.
    Eriksson, Moa
    et al.
    Nationellt Resurscentrum för Fysik.
    Linder, Cedric
    Uppsala University.
    Eriksson, Urban
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Nationellt resurscentrum för fysik, Lunds universitet.
    Towards understanding learning challenges involving sign conventions in introductory level kinematics2018In: Physics Education Research Conference Proceedings 2018 / [ed] A. Traxler, Y. Cao & S. Wolf, Washington, DC: the Physics Education Research Topical Group (PERTG) and the American Association of Physics Teachers (AAPT) , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Coming to appropriately appreciate the meaning of algebraic signs is an important aspect in introductory

    kinematics. However, in this educational context, the “disciplinary relevant aspects” of algebraic signs across

    vector and scalar representations are extremely difficult to discern. Our study explores the “relevance

    structure” that one-dimensional kinematics problems evoked for introductory level university physics

    students across two very different educational systems which have, in PER terms, progressive teaching

    environments: Sweden (n=60) and South Africa (n=24). The outcomes of two previous PER studies are used

    to provide the analytic basis for formulating categories of relevance structure. Aspects of a contemporary

    PER-developed social semiotics perspective (referred to here in terms of communication practices) are used

    to discuss implications for teaching in the given educational context of introductory kinematics.

  • 15.
    Eriksson, Urban
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Nationellt resurscentrum för fysik, Lunds universitet.
    Disciplinary discernment: Reading the sky in astronomy education2019In: Physical Review Special Topics : Physics Education Research, ISSN 1554-9178, E-ISSN 1554-9178, Vol. 15, no 1, p. Disciplinary discernment: Reading the sky in astronomy education-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This theoretical paper introduces a new way to view and characterize learning astronomy. It describes a framework, based on results from empirical data, analyzed through standard qualitative research method- ology, in which a theoretical model for a vital competency of learning astronomy is proposed: reading the sky, a broad description under with various skills and competencies are included. This model takes into account not only disciplinary knowledge but also disciplinary discernment and extrapolating three dimensionality. Together, these constitute the foundation for the competency referred to as reading the sky. In this paper, these competencies are described and discussed and merged to form a new framework vital for learning astronomy to better match the challenges students face when entering the discipline of astronomy.

  • 16.
    Eriksson, Urban
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Nationellt resurscentrum för fysik, Lunds universitet.
    Disciplinärt urskiljande av representationer i matematik: vad ser studenterna och vad ser de inte?2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att lära sig matematik innebär att lära sig "läsa" och "skriva" alla de semiotiska resurser som används för att kommunicera ämnet. Med erfarenheter från andra discipliner, så som astronomi och fysik, vet man att det är svårt för studenter att urskilja disciplinära affordanser av semiotiska resurser och därmed lära sig ämnet och bli en del av disciplinen. Preliminära resultat visar på att detta också gäller för urskiljandet av matematiska semiotiska resurser av olika typ. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten för analys av dessa resurser är en generell hierarki som beskriver olika grader av disciplinärt urskiljande: "The anatomy of disciplinary discernment" (Eriksson et al., 2014). Vi kommer att visa och diskutera ett antal exempel hämtade från funktioner och integraler, där disciplinära affordanser identifieras, både synliga och implicita ("appresented"), av olika komplexitetsgrad och dimensionalitet. Med dessa exempel som utgångspunkt diskuteras möjliga strategier för undervisning och lärande.

  • 17.
    Eriksson, Urban
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Nationellt resurscentrum för fysik, Lunds universitet.
    Pendrill, Anne-Marie
    Lund University.
    Up and down, light and heavy, fast and slow: but where?2019In: Physics Education, ISSN 0031-9120, E-ISSN 1361-6552, Vol. 54, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vertical amusement rides let your body experience the tickling sensation of feeling light, but also feeling much heavier than as usual, due to velocity changes as you move up and down. Family rides offer different possibilities to visualize the forces that are experienced by your accelerating body. This paper presents a number of different ways to view and experience the motion in a small vertical amusement ride. A smartphone includes an accelerometer that can provide a graph of the forces acting during the ride. A movie from the smartphone camera lets students recall the motion which can then be analysed in more detail. The complementary representations may help students develop a deeper understanding of the relation between force and motion. The affordances of these different semiotic resources are analysed in some detail. In addition, we discuss responses from a number of students to questions about where you feel light and where you feel heavy. We find that the experience of the body is an underused resource in physics teaching.

  • 18.
    Eriksson, Urban
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Nationellt resurscentrum för fysik, Lunds universitet.
    Pendrill, Ann-Marie
    Nationellt resurscentrum för fysik.
    Up and down, light and heavy, fast and slow: but where?2019In: Physics Education, ISSN 0031-9120, E-ISSN 1361-6552, Vol. 54, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vertical amusement rides let your body experience the tickling sensation of feeling light, but also feeling much heavier than as usual, due to velocity changes as you move up and down. Family rides offer different possibilities to visualize the forces that are experienced by your accelerating body. This paper presents a number of different ways to view and experience the motion in a small vertical amusement ride. A smartphone includes an accelerometer that can provide a graph of the forces acting during the ride. A movie from the smartphone camera lets students recall the motion which can then be analysed in more detail. The complementary representations may help students develop a deeper understanding of the relation between force and motion. The affordances of these different semiotic resources are analysed in some detail. In addition, we discuss responses from a number of students to questions about where you feel light and where you feel heavy. We find that the experience of the body is an underused resource in physics teaching.

  • 19.
    Eriksson, Urban
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Nationellt resurscentrum för fysik, Lunds universitet.
    Steffen, Wolfgang
    UNAM.
    Extrapolation of 3D and its importance for teaching and learning physics and astronomy: an example from astrophysics2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning astronomy at higher level can be both exciting and challenging. Entering the discipline of astronomy involves learning the way that astronomers communicate knowledge, using a multitude of disciplinary specific semiotic recourses to understand the multidimensional universe. A new-to-the-discipline student will need to learn to “read” and “write” all these resources in her endeavour to learn astronomy and become part of the discipline. In this paper, we present a study where university students and professors are presented by different 2D and pseudo-3D resources—representations of astronomical objects—and asked about how these objects may look in 3D, i.e. we ask them to extrapolate three-dimensionality from 2D inputs. These inputs are 2D pictorial representation and world-class 3D rotating volumetric models presented on flat screens. Data were collected using a web-based questionnaire from 53 participants in four different countries. From the results, we find that all participants struggle to find cues for depth perception in the 2D pictorial representations. As could be expected, the student participants were much worse in doing so than the astronomers, but with one exception: students used the offered motion parallax as their main cue when this was available. The astronomers used many cues in their struggle to perceive depth but surprisingly did not use the presented parallax motion to a large extent. We interpret this as follows: for the students, they lack the knowledge to use disciplinary cues and used the only cue that they know from experience, namely, parallax motion. For the astronomers, they used a multitude of disciplinary cues based on their extensive disciplinary knowledge, and did not find the new cue, motion parallax, as useful as the ones that they were used to use. In this paper, we present and discuss these results and its implication for teaching astronomy.

  • 20.
    Faraon, Montathar
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Business, Avdelningen för design. Södertörns högskola.
    Cronquist, Björn
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Kaipainen, Mauri
    Södertörns högskola.
    Social media affordances in net-based higher education2011In: Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference on International Higher Education (IHE 2011), 2011, p. 11-37Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the attitudes, conceptions and use of social media in net-based higher education. By using statistical and content analysis of data generated by two surveys directed to students (n = 109) and teachers (n = 77) involved in net-based higher education, we explore how social media influence the design of learning context in net-based higher education courses. By applying the affordance theory, we describe actual as well as preferred use of social media from an educational, social, and technical perspectives. The results showed that the potential use of social media have not yet been fully found in the context of net-based higher education. However, the perceived benefit of using social media differs in relation to educational topics. The potential use of social media in net-based higher education courses is discussed.

  • 21.
    Fridberg, Marie
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola. Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education.
    Steen, Ann
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola. Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education.
    Undervisning och lärande i förskolan om kemi- och fysikrelaterade vardagsfenomen2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom ett flerårigt projekt studeras modellbaserad undervisning och lärande i förskolor av kemiska reaktioner och fysikaliska fenomen relaterat till hållbarhet i samhällsfrågor. Forskare arbetar tillsammans med ledning och personal vid förskolor i ett skolområde. Undervisning och lärandeprocesser med och utan stöd av modern informationsteknik implementeras och analyseras. Projektet syftar till att utveckla en teoretisk ram för analys av olika erfarenheter under kemi- och fysikunder­visning i förskolan med fokus på lärarens förhållningssätt och barns agerande. I samverkan utvecklas nuvarande kunskap om hur ny digital teknik kan användas för att stödja samarbete och lärande om kemiska processer och fysikaliska fenomen relaterade till barns vardag och dagens samhälle. 

  • 22.
    Fridberg, Marie
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Pre­school children’s collaborative science learning scaffolded by tablets – a teacher’s view2018In: Journal of Emergent Science, ISSN 2046-4754, E-ISSN 2046-4754, no 15, p. 13-19Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Fridberg, Marie
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Redfors, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Jonsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Pedagogik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU).
    Chemistry and physics in preschool –: teaching and learning through socio-scientific issues2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Giusti, Matteo
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Svane, Ulrika
    Stockholm University.
    Raymond, Christopher M.
    Swedish University Agricultural Sciences.
    Beery, Thomas H.
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    A framework to assess where and how children connect to nature2018In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The design of the green infrastructure in urban areas largely ignores how people's relation to nature, or human-nature connection (HNC), can be nurtured. One practical reason for this is the lack of a framework to guide the assessment of where people, and more importantly children, experience significant nature situations and establish nature routines. This paper develops such a framework. We employed a mixed-method approach to understand what qualities of nature situations connect children to nature (RQ1), what constitutes children's HNC (RQ2), and how significant nature situations and children's HNC relate to each other over time (RQ3). We first interviewed professionals in the field of connecting children to nature (N = 26), performed inductive thematic analysis of these interviews, and then further examined the inductive findings by surveying specialists (N = 275). We identified 16 qualities of significant nature situations (e.g., "awe," "engagement of senses," "involvement ofmentors") and 10 abilities that constitute children's HNC (e. g., "feeling comfortable in natural spaces," " feeling attached to natural spaces," "taking care of nature"). We elaborated three principles to answer our research questions: (1) significant nature situations are various and with differing consequences for children's HNC; (2) children's HNC is a complex embodied ability; (3) children's HNC progresses over time through diverse nature routines. Together, these findings form the Assessment framework for Children's Human Nature Situations (ACHUNAS). ACHUNAS is a comprehensive framework that outlines what to quantify or qualify when assessing " child-nature connecting" environments. It guides the assessment of where and how children connect to nature, stimulating both the design of nature-connecting human habitats as well as pedagogical approaches to HNC.

  • 25.
    Greca, Ileana
    et al.
    Spain.
    García Terceño, Eva
    Spain.
    Cronquist, Björn
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Fridberg, Marie
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Robotics and STEM education for 4-8 y.o. children in Spanish Pre and Primary schools.2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    botSTEM is an ERASMUS+ project aiming to raise the utilisation of inquiry-based collaborative learning and robots-enhanced education. The project outputs are specifically aimed to provide in- and pre-service teachers in Childhood and Primary Education and children aged between 4 and 8, with research-based materials and best practices that use integrated Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics (STEM) and robot-based approaches, including code-learning, for enhancing scientific literacy in young children. Initial results from the project from a qualitative analysis of implemented activities during science teaching in preschools in Spain are presented here. Despite the possible obstacles that preschool teachers initially expressed, the preliminary analysis of the implementations indicates that the proposed STEM integrated framework, including inquiry teaching and engineering design methodologies, can be used with kids as young as 4 y.o. In the case of a project about magnets, the children seem to have improved/used? some scientific ideas, applied these ideas to design a magnetic toy and learnt about spatial orientation through use of robots. Also, the development of the project seems have allowed a fruitful intersubjective communication between teachers and students.

  • 26.
    Greca, Ileana M.
    et al.
    Spanien.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Cronquist, Björn
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Fridberg, Marie
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Robotics and STEM education for children and primary schools – botSTEM2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    BotSTEM is an ERASMUS+ project aiming to raise the utilisation of inquiry-based collaborative learning and robots-enhanced education. The project outputs are specifically aimed to provide in- and pre-service teachers in Childhood and Primary Education and children aged between 4 and 8, with research-based materials and best practices that use integrated Science Technology Engineering Mathematics (STEM) and robot-based approaches, including  code-learning, for enhancing scientific literacy in young children. Initial results from the project will be presented at the conference. 

  • 27.
    Greca, Ileana
    et al.
    Spain.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Cronquist, Björn
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Fridberg, Marie
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Robotics and STEM education for 4-8 y.o children and primary schools2019In: EU corner, 2019Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Gulsrud, Natalie M.
    et al.
    Denmark.
    Raymond, Christopher M.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Rutt, Rebecca L.
    Denmark.
    Stahl Olafson, Anton
    Denmark.
    Plieninger, Tobias
    Denmark.
    Sandberg, Mattias
    University of Gothenburg.
    Beery, Thomas H.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    ‘Rage against the machine’?: the opportunities and risks concerning the automation of urban green infrastructure2018In: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 180, p. 85-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary society is increasingly impacted by automation; however, few studies have considered the potential consequences of automation on ecosystems and their management (hereafter the automation of urbangreen infrastructure or UGI). This Perspective Essay takes up this discussion by asking how a digital approach to UGI planning and management mediates the configuration and development of UGI and to whose benefit? This is done through a review of key issues and trends in digital approaches to UGI planning and management. We first conceptualize automation from a social, ecological, and technological interactions perspective and use this lens to present an overview of the risks and opportunities of UGI automation with respect to selected case studies. Results of this analysis are used to develop a conceptual framework for the assessment of the material and governance implications of automated UGIs. We find that, within any given perspective, the automation of UGI entails a complex dialectic between efficiency, human agency and empowerment. Further, risks and opportunities associated with UGI automation are not fixed but are dynamic properties of changing contextual tensions concerning power, actors, rules of the game and discourse at multiple scales. We conclude the paper by outlining a research agenda on how to consider different digital advances within a social-ecological-technological approach.

  • 29.
    Gulsrud, Natalie
    et al.
    University of Copenhagen.
    Raymond, Christopher
    SLU, Alnarp.
    Rutt, Rebecca
    University of Copenhagen.
    Stahl Olafsson, Anton
    University of Copenhagen.
    Plieninger, Tobias
    University of Göttingen, University of Kassel.
    Sandberg, Mattias
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Beery, Thomas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Jönsson, K. Ingemar
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Research environment Man & Biosphere Health (MABH). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Natural Science, Avdelningen för miljö- och biovetenskap.
    ‘Rage against the machine’? The opportunities and risks concerning the automation of urban green infrastructure2019In: ISPM 2019: Let the People Map. Book of Abstracts., 2019, p. 25-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary society is increasingly impacted by automation; however, few studies have considered the potential consequences of automation on ecosystems and their management (hereafter the automation of urban green infrastructure or UGI). This Perspective Essay takes up this discussion by asking how a digital approach to UGI planning and management mediates the configuration and development of UGI and to whose benefit? This is done through a review of key issues and trends in digital approaches to UGI planning and management. We first conceptualize automation from a social, ecological, and technological interactions perspective and use this lens to present an overview of the risks and opportunities of UGI automation with respect to selected case studies. Results of this analysis are used to develop a conceptual framework for the assessment of the material and governance implications of automated UGIs. We find that, within any given perspective, the automation of UGI entails a complex dialectic between efficiency, human agency and empowerment. Further, risks and opportunities associated with UGI automation are not fixed but are dynamic properties of changing contextual tensions concerning power, actors, rules of the game and discourse at multiple scales. We conclude the paper by outlining a research agenda on how to consider different digital advances within a social-ecological-technological approach.

  • 30.
    Hansson, Lena
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Enligt naturvetenskapen eller enligt mig själv?2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Hansson, Lena
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Naturvetenskap medutgångspunkt i barns frågor och vardagliga situationer2016Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Hansson, Lena
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Teaching the limits of science with card sorting activities2019In: / [ed] Fanny Seroglou & Vassilis Koulountzos, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Hansson, Lena
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Ungdomar,världsbilder och naturvetenskap2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Arvidsson, Åsa
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Heering, Peter
    Germany.
    Pendrill, Ann-Marie
    Lunds universitet.
    Rutherford visits middle school: a case study on how teachers direct attention to the nature of science through a storytelling approach2019In: Physics Education, ISSN 0031-9120, E-ISSN 1361-6552, Vol. 54Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has long been argued that nature of science (NOS) is an important part of science teaching. In the literature, many different approaches to NOS have been suggested. This article focuses on a storytelling approach, and builds on data from audio recordings from three middle-school (school year 6) classrooms. The three science classes are run by three science teachers who have been introduced to NOS and storytelling during a oneday workshop. These three teachers chose to tell the students a story about Ernest Rutherford. The stories told by the teachers, as well as the whole-class discussions afterwards, are analysed with respect to what NOS aspects were communicated. The results show that many different NOS aspects, such as the tentative nature of scientific models, empirical aspects of the scientific knowledge process, as well as human aspects of science, emerge in the context of the story about Rutherford and his work on the atomic model. The results indicate promising possibilities for storytelling as an approach to NOS teaching.

  • 35.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Hansson, Örjan
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Juter, Kristina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    The role of mathematics for physics teaching and learning in upper-secondary school2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this three-year study is to further contribute to the understanding of how relations between Reality – Theoretical models – Mathematics are communicated in different kinds of instructional situations (lectures, problem solving and labwork) in Swedish upper-secondary physics. A developed analytical framework from the pilot (Authors, 2015; 2019) is used to focus the analysis of the classroom communication on relations made (by teachers and students) between Reality – Theoretical models – Mathematics. The framework, results from an online survey to Swedish upper-secondary teachers on views of physics, mathematics and physics teaching, and results from classroom studies at upper secondary school during 2018 will be reported and discussed at the conference.

  • 36.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Hansson, Örjan
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Juter, Kristina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    A case study of the role of mathematics in physics textbooks and in associated lessons2019In: Mathematics in physics education / [ed] G. Pospiech, M. Michelini, & B. Eylon, Dordrecht: Springer, 2019, p. 293-316Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter describes a case study of the role of mathematics in physics textbooks and in associated teacher led lessons. The theoretical framework (Hansson et al. 2015) used in the analysis focuses on relations communicated between three entities: Theoretical models, Mathematics, and Reality. Previously the framework has been used for analysing classroom situations. In this chapter, the framework is further developed and refined, and for the first time used to analyse physics textbooks. The case study described here is a synchronised analysis of a physics textbook and associated classroom communication during teacher led lessons, and contributes with an in-depth description of relations made between Theoretical modelsMathematicsand Reality. With the starting point in this case we discuss future uses of the analysis framework. We also raise questions for further research concerning how physics textbooks support and not support a meaningful physics teaching with respect to the role of mathematics and how relations between Theoretical modelsMathematics, and Reality are communicated.

  • 37.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Hansson, Örjan
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Juter, Kristina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    The notion of projectile motion: a case study2018In: Proceedings of the 42nd Conference of theInternational Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education / [ed] E. Bergqvist, M. Österholm, C. Granberg & L. Sumpter, 2018, Vol. 5, p. 243-Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study adds to research on the use of mathematics in physics classrooms at upper secondary school. The aim is to look closer into what types of transfer do the teacher and textbook set up for the pupils with respect to ways of reasoning from other physics contexts as well as from mathematics. The frame for analysis is an analytical model based on relations made between Reality, Theoretical models and Mathematics (Redfors, Hansson, Hansson & Juter, 2016). Horizontal and vertical transfer is defined as mappings of new information to an activated known structure and as the creation of a new structure in the learner’s mind, respectively (Rebello, Cui, Benett, Zollman & Ozimek, 2007). Transfer occurs within mathematics and physics and also between the topics.We will focus on a physics lecture (40 min, video recorded) in a 3rd year class. When reasoning movement of charged particles in electric fields the teacher stresses hori- zontal transfer from mechanics and projectile motion. The procedure used is focused on analysing movement in “x direction” and “y direction” separately, not explicitly relating movement to the field direction. Whereas the argumentation in the textbook is based on movement in relation to the existence of a field direction. When considering velocity, the main focus is in both cases on a framework where the components of velocity is central.The tangent of a curve is a notion the students in the present study are quite familiar with from their courses in mathematics, which makes an opportunity for transfer from a mathematics context to help understanding physics. However, the notion of tangent is not used in the textbook or by the teacher in relation to velocity. Using the vector concept in this way would require students and teachers to perform a vertical transfer. This has been shown hard for both students and teachers. However, introducing this way of reasoning had made use of an opportunity for structural use of mathematics – an opportunity overlooked by both teacher and textbook.

  • 38.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Leden, Lotta
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Challenging stereotypical images of science: suggestions for the reading of science trade books in the early years2019In: Journal of Emergent Science, ISSN 2046-4754, E-ISSN 2046-4754, Vol. 17, p. 32-38Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Leden, Lotta
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Images of scientists in textbooks aimed at students in need of adjustments2019In: / [ed] Fanny Seroglou & Vassilis Koulountzos, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Leden, Lotta
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Naturvetenskapernas karaktär i barnböcker2017Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 41.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Leden, Lotta
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Pendrill, A M
    Gothenburg University.
    Att arbeta med aktuell fysikforskning på högstadiet2016Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 42.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Leden, Lotta
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Pendrill, A-M
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Att arbeta med aktuell forskning i fysikundervisningen: ett sätt att belysa naturvetenskapernas karaktär2017Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Leden, Lotta
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Pendrill, Ann-Marie
    Lunds universitet.
    Contemporary science as context for teaching nature of science: teachers’ development of popular science articles as a teaching resource2019In: Physics Education, ISSN 0031-9120, E-ISSN 1361-6552Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Leden, Lotta
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola.
    Hur vet man att dinosaurierna hade fjäll?: bilderböcker som utgångspunkt för samtal om naturvetenskap i förskolan2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Leden, Lotta
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola.
    Teaching “nature of science” with picture books for children2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Science education research emphasizes the importance of not only focusing on specific phenomena in the teaching of science, but also on the Nature of Science (NOS). However NOS research has mostly focused on older students, and there is almost no NOS research focusing the preschool level. Research shows that stereotypical images are frequent, in school as well as in media, both concerning scientific knowledge and its processes and concerning researchers. As an example it is common that science is communicated as indisputable facts. This is part of the facts-tradition in school where scientific knowledge processes are often not mentioned. In a similar way a common image of the researcher is a white man, wearing lab coat and glasses, carrying a test tube. A pilot study (Hansson & Leden, 2016) on picture books for children, showed how this kind of stereotypical images of science and scientists often are strengthened, but sometimes also challenged in different ways. With a starting point in the results from the pilot study the aim of this presentation is to describe and discuss an upcoming study which will try out ways to use picture books to raise NOS issues in discussions between children and teachers in a preschool setting. This could mean highlighting issues such as How do we know this? What does the knowledge processes look like in science? Can knowledge change? What do a researcher do and what does he/she look like? Our assumption is that an inclusion of such issues in science teaching is important if common stereotypical images are to be challenged. Discussions about NOS in preschool could be a means to avoid reproducing the facts-tradition, and instead open up for more nuanced images of science and scientists, and thereby open up science for more children.

  • 46.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Leden, Lotta
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Thulin, Susanne
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Forskningsmiljön Barndom, Lärande och Utbildning (BALU). Kristianstad University, Research Platform Collaboration for Education. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap inriktning fritidshem och förskola.
    Teaching NOS in preschool through book talks2019In: / [ed] Fanny Seroglou & Vassilis Koulountzos, 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Hansson, Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Yacoubian, Hagop A.
    Lebanon.
    Nature of science and social justice in science education2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Hansson, Örjan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Hansson, Lena
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA).
    Juter, Kristina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Redfors, Andreas
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    The notion of projectile motion: a case study2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study adds to research on the use of mathematics in physics classrooms at upper secondary school. The aim is to look closer into what types of transfer do the teacher and textbook set up for the pupils with respect to ways of reasoning from other physics contexts as well as from mathematics. The frame for analysis is an analytical model based on relations made between Reality, Theoretical models and Mathematics (Redfors, Hansson, Hansson & Juter, 2016). Horizontal and vertical transfer is defined as mappings of new information to an activated known structure and as the creation of a new structure in the learner’s mind, respectively (Rebello, Cui, Benett, Zollman & Ozimek, 2007). Transfer occurs within mathematics and physics and also between the topics.We will focus on a physics lecture (40 min, video recorded) in a 3rd year class. When reasoning movement of charged particles in electric fields the teacher stresses hori- zontal transfer from mechanics and projectile motion. The procedure used is focused on analysing movement in “x direction” and “y direction” separately, not explicitly relating movement to the field direction. Whereas the argumentation in the textbook is based on movement in relation to the existence of a field direction. When considering velocity, the main focus is in both cases on a framework where the components of velocity is central.The tangent of a curve is a notion the students in the present study are quite familiar with from their courses in mathematics, which makes an opportunity for transfer from a mathematics context to help understanding physics. However, the notion of tangent is not used in the textbook or by the teacher in relation to velocity. Using the vector concept in this way would require students and teachers to perform a vertical transfer. This has been shown hard for both students and teachers. However, introducing this way of reasoning had made use of an opportunity for structural use of mathematics – anopportunity overlooked by both teacher and textbook.

  • 49.
    Hansson, Örjan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Juter, Kristina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Drug calculations in nursing education: is mathematics a problem2018In: Proceedings of the 42nd Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, Umeå, 2018, Vol. 5, p. 244-244Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study concerns the teaching of drug calculations in nursing education. It is part of a larger study and focuses on the first year of a three-year nursing program when the students are introduced to drug calculations. The students who attended the first year on the program was divided into smaller groups. We followed one group where the lecture and problem-solving session was video recorded.It is well known that drug calculations are a critical component in nursing practice. Nurses need to do drug calculations correctly and as part of their nursing education must take a drug calculation test obtaining no errors in the results. However, in spite of drug calculation tests many adverse events occur in nursing practice (e.g., Røykenes & Larsen, 2010). Studies of nursing practice show that mathematics enters practices in a rich variety of ways and that it is not advisable to avoid the complexity of a situation by only using standard methods to capture its visible arithmetic and teach it (Coben & Weeks, 2014). To restrict the teaching to an elementary use of mathematics will not cover all the knowledge that is actually relevant to practice. In routine use, mathe- matical reasoning can be almost invisible and many artefacts in the nursing profession often depends on this invisibility. But at times nurses will need to understand under- lying mathematical models to sort out what is happening or what has gone wrong (Pozzi, Noss & Hoyles, 1998).The results of the current study show that the teaching of first-year students did not support conceptual understanding of mathematics including discussions about mathe- matical reasoning or relevant mathematical concepts. Instead, the students were ad- vised to forget their previous mathematical skills – in particular if they felt insecure about mathematics – and apply “safe” methods with a strong focus on instrumental use. For example, in drug dose calculations a triangular arrangement of dosage (d), concentration (c) and volume (v) was used in relation to the “formula” d=cv, instead of reasoning about how to solve an equation. Discussions about the use of  mathematicsand underlying models were absent in the teaching.

  • 50.
    Hansson, Örjan
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Naturvetenskap.
    Juter, Kristina
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Research environment Learning in Science and Mathematics (LISMA). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för matematik- och naturvetenskapernas didaktik.
    Drug calculations in nursing education: is mathematics a problem?2018In: Proceedings of the 42nd conference of the international group for the Psychology of mathematics education / [ed] E. Bergqvist, M. Österholm, C. Granberg & L. Sumpter, 2018, Vol. 5, p. 244-Conference paper (Other academic)
12 1 - 50 of 91
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