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  • 1.
    Andersen, Anna-Eva
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Moberg, Catherine
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society.
    Bengtsson-Tops, Anita
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Lund University.
    Lesbian, gay and bisexual parents' experiences of nurses' attitudes in child health care: a qualitative study2017In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 26, no 23-24, p. 5065-5071Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe lesbian, gay and bisexual parents' experiences of nurses' attitudes in child health care.

    BACKGROUND: Lesbian, gay and bisexual people are often reluctant to disclose their gender identity for fear of discrimination. This fear may lead to avoidance of healthcare for themselves or their children and may negatively affect families' health and well-being.

    DESIGN: A qualitative inductive design was employed.

    METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 lesbian, gay or bisexual parents (11 mothers and 3 fathers) with child health care experiences in southern Sweden. Interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    RESULTS: Two themes were identified. One, a 'sense of marginalization', included lesbian, gay and bisexual parents' experiences of heteronormative attitudes among child health care nurses which led them to feel alienated and questioned as parents. Another, 'being respected for who you are', included experiences of being respected and included at child health care appointments.

    CONCLUSIONS: Findings paint a complex picture of lesbian, gay and bisexual parents' interactions with child health care nurses in that they experienced both positive and negative attitudes. Knowledge gaps about lesbian, gay and bisexual families within the child health care field must be filled.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Child health care nurses should work with the entire family to provide the best care for the child; however, discrimination in health care is common and often caused by a lack of knowledge. The number of children living with same-sex parents has increased more than ten-fold since the end of the 1990s. It is therefore important to explore lesbian, gay and bisexual parents' experiences with child health care nurses' attitudes to improve quality of care.

    The full text will be freely available from 2018-11-29 13:59
  • 2.
    Augustine, Lilly
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Psykologi. Jönköping University.
    Lygnegård, Frida
    Jönköping University.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University.
    Linking youths' mental, psychosocial, and emotional functioning to ICF-CY: lessons learned2017In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 40, no 19, p. 2293-2299Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: Linking ready-made questionnaires to codes within the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Children and Youth Version with the intention of using the information statistically for studying mental health problems can pose several challenges. Many of the constructs measured are latent, and therefore, difficult to describe in single codes. The aim of this study was to describe and discuss challenges encountered in this coding process.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire from a Swedish research programme was linked to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Children and Youth Version and the agreement was assessed.

    RESULTS: Including the original aim of the questionnaire into the coding process was found to be very important for managing the coding of the latent constructs of the items. Items from the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Children and Youth Version chapters with narrow definitions for example mental functions, were more easily translated to meaningful concepts to code, while broadly defined chapters, such as interactions and relationships, were more difficult.

    CONCLUSION: This study stresses the importance of a clear, predefined coding scheme as well as the importance of not relying too heavily on common linking rules, especially in cases when it is not possible to use multiple codes for a single item. Implications for rehabilitation The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Children and Youth Version, is a useful tool for merging assessment data from several sources when documenting adolescents' mental functioning in different life domains. Measures of mental health are often based on latent constructs, often revealed in the description of the rationale/aim of a measure. The latent construct should be the primary focus in linking information. By mapping latent constructs to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Children and Youth Version, users of the classification can capture a broad range of areas relevant to everyday functioning in adolescents with mental health problems. The subjective experience of participation, i.e., the level of subjective involvement, is not possible to code into the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Children and Youth Version. However, when linking mental health constructs to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Children and Youth Version codes, the two dimensions of participation (the being there, and the level of involvement) need to be separated in the linking process. This can be performed by assigning codes focusing on being there as separate from items focusing on the subjective experience of involvement while being there.

  • 3.
    Bertills, Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University.
    Augustine, Lilly
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Psykologi. Jönköping University.
    Measuring self-efficacy, aptitude to participate and functioning in students with and without impairments2018In: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, E-ISSN 1469-591X, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 572-583Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Including vulnerable groups of students such as students with learning disabilities in mainstream school research, require ethical considerations and questionnaire adaptation. These students are often excluded, due to low understanding or methodologies generating inadequate data. Students with disability need be studied as a separate group and provided accessible questionnaires. This pilot study aims at developing and evaluating student self-reported measures, rating aspects of student experiences of school-based Physical Education (PE). Instrument design, reliability and validity were examined in Swedish secondary school students (n = 47) including students, aged 13, with intellectual disability (n = 5) and without impairment and test–retested on 28 of these students. Psychometric results from the small pilot-study sample were confirmed in analyses based on replies from the first wave of data collection in the main study (n = 450). Results show adequate internal consistency, factor structure and relations between measures. In conclusion, reliability and validity were satisfactory in scales to measure self-efficacy in general, in PE, and aptitude to participate. Adapting proxy ratings for functioning into self-reports indicated problems. Adequacy of adjustments made were confirmed and a dichotomous scale for typical/atypical function is suggested for further analyses.

  • 4.
    Bertills, Karin
    et al.
    Jönkoping University.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönkoping University.
    Dahlstrom, Orjan
    Linköping University.
    Augustine, Lilly
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Education, Avdelningen för psykologi.
    Relationships between physical education (PE) teaching and student self-efficacy, aptitude to participate in PE and functional skills: with a special focus on students with disabilities2018In: Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, ISSN 1740-8989, E-ISSN 1742-5786, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 387-401Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Students with disability show an increasing incidence of school failure. Quality teaching and appropriate support may foster high self-efficacy, a predictive factor for successful school outcomes. Physical Education (PE) can provide students with a context in which self-efficacy and participation are promoted leading to improved academic achievement. The transition into secondary school can be challenging for many students with increased educational demands, developmental changes and individual social identification coinciding. A disability may add to the challenge of success.Methods: Three groups of students, aged 13 years and enrolled in Swedish mainstream schools were targeted (n=439). Groups included students with 1.A diagnosed disability, 2.Low grades in PE (D-F) and 3.High grades (A-C) in PE. Questionnaires were collected and analyzed from 30/439 students with a diagnosed disability (physical, neuro-developmental and intellectual) from 26 classes, their classmates and their PE-teachers (n=25). Relationships between student self-reports and PE-teachers' self-ratings were investigated. Also examined was the potential to which students' functional skills could predict elevated general school self-efficacy, PE specific self-efficacy and aptitude to participate in PE. Results were compared with the total sample and between the three target groups (n=121).Results: For students with disabilities, better self-rated teaching skills were related to lower student perceived general school self-efficacy, PE specific self-efficacy and aptitude to participate in PE. The impact of classroom climate in PE was more obvious among students with disabilities. Perceived functional skills were associated with elevated general school self-efficacy, PE specific self-efficacy and aptitude to participate in PE. Better socio-cognitive functional skills had an overall positive effect on all outcomes. Students with disabilities reported results similar to the total sample, the D-F group scored lower and the A-C group higher than the total sample and the disability group. Elevated self-efficacy in PE is six times less probable in students with disabilities, compared to the A-C group.Conclusions: Our findings that better teacher planning and grading skills, are detrimental to students disadvantaged by disability is contradictive. Improving the establishment and communication of adapted learning standards at the transition to secondary school is a crucial and a predictive factor for promoting positive school experiences for students with disability. Students with disabilities need to be assured that the intended learning outcomes can be reached by doing activities differently than their typically functioning peers. Consideration of class composition is suggested as a means of promoting a positive learning climate, which would particularly benefit students with disabilities. Allocation of resources to support student socio-cognitive skills would improve experiences for the D-F group and likely promote a positive learning environment.

  • 5.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Hedin, Gita
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Evaluation of models for health supportive family conversation intended to turn a negative weight development in preschool children2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Obesity in children is a growing health problem in the world. In Sweden, 14-15 percent of 4-year-old children are overweight and 3 percent are obese. Prevention of overweight and obesity is most effective if started as early as possible. Studies have shown the need for involving the family since parents’/guardians’ attitudes and beliefs may be crucial for the development of the child's eating habits and have thus a key role in the preventive work regarding a healthy lifestyle for the children. In Sweden, the Child Health Service (CHS) comprises a comprehensive universal nurse-led CHS program with health surveillance directed to the children and their parents, including parental support. The CHS have the opportunity to pay attention to early development of overweight and implement measures that can contribute to a healthy lifestyle during childhood as well as adulthood. The need for evidence based methods/models to be used in combating child overweight and obesity is obvious. However, there is a lack of evidence based models to prevent the prevailing childhood obesity used by clinical active nurses.

    Purpose: The overall purpose is to evaluate models for health supportive family conversations to families with preschool children with the intent to turn a negative weight development.

    Method: The study has a longitudinal design with health supportive family conversations being evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively. A strategic sample will be applied on CHS centers from different socioeconomic areas in the southern part of Sweden. The models that will be used are the Calgary Family Assessment Model (CFAM) and The Calgary Family Intervention Model (CFIM). The models have its their theoretical foundation in e.g. theories of systems, communication, and change. The study will have a naturalistic approach with a pre-posttest design in which nurses in CHS are trained in the model for health supportive family conversations. Supervision will be provided during the intervention. Children’s IsoBMI and The Lifestyle Behavior Checklist will be used as pre- and post-test and at the 12 month follow-up. Evaluation interviews will be held with the families and the nurses separately.

    Preliminary results: A pilot interview showed that the health supportive family conversations led to increased knowledge and understanding about the family lifestyles related to the child obesity. Involvement of the family lead to a consciousness within the family about ingredients in sweet drinks and food. The fact that the CHS nurse was the one who conducted the conversations were of great importance, since the nurse was well known to the family.

  • 6.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Hedin, Gita
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Oral hälsa och folkhälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education.
    Health supportive family conversation: intended to turn Negative weight development in preschool children.2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Clausson, Eva
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Janlöv, Ann-Christin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Skolsköterskors utmaningar med att dokumentera skolbarns psykosociala hälsa: en kvalitativ studie2017Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolsköterskors utmaningar med att dokumentera skolbarns psykosociala hälsa – en kvalitativ studie

    Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka skolsköterskors utmaningar relaterat till dokumentation av skolbarns psykosociala hälsa

    Metod: Sex fokusgruppsdiskussioner genomfördes. I diskussionerna ingick frågor om situationer som var särskilt utmanande att dokumentera samt vad som begränsar och/eller underlättar dokumentationen av den psykosociala hälsan. Kvalitativ innehållsanalys användes för att tolka data.  

    Resultat: Analysen resulterade i ett övergripande tema: Att göra sin plikt och rädsla för att göra fel samt tre underteman: osäkerhet relaterat till den egna förmågan; rädsla för framtida konsekvenser och strategier för att hantera dokumentationen. 

    Slutsats: Skolsköterskor som förlitar sig på sin intuition och som använder en strukturerad dokumentationsmodell ökar möjligheterna till en tillförlitlig dokumentation. För att ytterligare utveckla sina yrkeskunskaper kan regelbunden yrkesmässig handledning vara av stor betydelse. Detta kan i sin tur bidra till ökad forskning och utveckling till förmån för skolbarns psykosociala hälsa.

  • 8.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    The role of the school nurse based on Urie Bronfenbrenners ecological systems theory. Poster presented at the School Nurses Interna­tional 17th Biennial Conference, July, 2013, Ljubljana, Slove­nia2013Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Clarifying school nurses’ role with a heoretical model as premise, can facilitate oth theirs and others’ understanding f that school nurses can provide n their profession. The model can also e helpful in planning and prioritizing in ollaboration with managers and other ecision makers in the system.

  • 9.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Högskolan Väst.
    Janlöv, Ann-Christin
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Challenges of documenting schoolchildren's psychosocial health: a qualitative study2015In: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 205-211Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to explore school nurses’ experience of challenges related to documenting schoolchildren’s psychosocial health in Sweden. Six focus group discussions were carried out. Areas for discussions included questions about situations, especially challenging to document as well as what constrains and/or facilitates documenting psychosocial health problem issues. Qualitative content analysis was used for interpreting the data. The analysis resulted in one overarching theme: having to do one’s duty and being afraid of doing wrong; and three subthemes: uncertainty related to one’s own ability, concerns related to future consequences, and strategies to handle the documentation. School nurses relying on their intuition and using a structured documentation model may increase the opportunities for a reliable documentation. To further develop their professional skills with regular, clinical supervision can be of great importance. This in turn may increase contributions to research and development for the benefit of schoolchildren’s psychosocial health.

     

     

  • 10.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    SkolVIPS: en modell för omvårdnadsdokumentation i skolhälsovårdsjournalen2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    SkolVIPS: en modell för omvårdnadsdokumentation i skolhälsovårdsjournalen2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 12.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Teider, Karin
    Vänersborgs kommun.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    SkolVIPS: en modell för omvårdnadsdokumentation i skolhälsovårdsjournalen2010In: Skolhälsan, ISSN 0284-284X, no 3, p. 20-22Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 13.
    Dagner, Viveka
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Jakobsson, Liselotte
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Prescribed physical activity maintenance following exercise based cardiac rehabilitation: factors predicting low physical activity2018In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Physical activity is important to reduce mortality, morbidity and risk factors in patients with coronary heart disease. This report evaluates to what extent patients are still physically active following an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation programme 12-14 months post-myocardial infarction and factors predicting why not.

    METHODS: Data from the National Quality Registry Swedeheart with post-myocardial infarction patients ( n=368) admitted from July 2012 to November 2014 were collected with outcomes of physical activity after 12-14 months. Baseline data included demographics, clinical variables, participation in exercise programmes, prescribed physical activity, health-related quality of life and self-reported health (EQ-5D-3L/EQ-VAS). A direct binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify indicators of low physical activity.

    RESULTS: Physical activity frequency per week (PA/week) was low, i.e. zero to three times, in older patients over 64 years ( P=0.00) and in those having problems with pain/discomfort (138 PA/week vs. 195) ( P=0.01), problems with mobility (60 PA/week vs.273) ( P=0.04) and anxiety/depression (128 PA/week vs. 205) ( P=0.04).

    CONCLUSION: Indicators predicting low physical activity can be used targeting improved post-myocardial infarction care outlining person-centred rehabilitation programmes and specialist nursing-led programmes.

  • 14.
    Edvardsson, Ewa
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    Johansson, Carolin
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    En skyldighet men inte en självklarhet: barnhälsovårdssjuksköterskanserfarenhet av att överväga anmälan till socialtjänsten vid misstanke om att barn far illa2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Kunskapen om att vissa barn far illa finns och Barnhälsovårdssjuksköterskan har en skyldighet att anmäla vid oro eller vetskap om detta. Barn kan fara illa genomföräldrars bristande omsorg, och/eller genom fysiska och psykiska kränkningar. Detta kan ge upphov till livslångt lidande. BHVsjuksköterskans roll är att identifiera och uppmärksammabarn som riskerar att eller far illa, för att dessa barn ska få den hjälp dehar rätt till av socialtjänsten. Syftet med studien var att undersöka BHVsjuksköterskan serfarenhet av att överväga anmälan till socialtjänsten vid misstanke om att barn far illa. Metod: Tio BHVsjuksköterskor intervjuades och kvalitativ innehållsanalys med induktiv ansats användes för att analysera data. Resultat: Studien resulterade i ett övergripandetema, tre huvudkategorier och åtta underkategorier. Det övergripande tematblev "En skyldighet men inte en självklarhet", huvudkategorierna är, Perspektiv utifrånyrkesrollen, Perspektiv utifrån personliga erfarenheter och Mötet med barn och föräldrar. Slutsats: Samtliga BHVsjuksköterskor ansåg att det inte alltid var lätt att se vilka barn som for illa. De upplevde det tråkigt och sorgligt att behöva göra en anmälan. De satte alltid barnet främst och menade att det inte kunde bli sämre för barnet om en anmälan gjordes. En återkommande beskrivning hos samtliga BHVsjuksköterskor som medverkade i intervjun var att de fick en känsla av att något inte stämde.

  • 15.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    To promote health in children with experience of cancer treatment2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    To promote health in children with experience of cancer treatment2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Tonårsflickors vardag och hälsa2017In: Barnsliga sammanhang: forskning om barns och ungdomars hälsa, välbefinnande och delaktighet / [ed] Bo Nilsson & Eva Clausson, Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2017, 5, p. 79-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Självskattad psykisk ohälsa ökar bland ungdomar och det finns tydliga skillnader mellan flickor och pojkar. Fler flickor rapporterar symtom på ohälsa och dessa skillnader har ökat över tid. Det är fler flickor som rap- porterar att de känner sig stressade och färre flickor uppger att de trivs med livet jämfört med pojkar. Flickor är medvetna om kraven på deras utseende och kravet på att lyckas i livet. De är också medvetna om de könsskillnader som finns både i skolan och media och som påverkar dem. Samhörighet med kamrater och familj är betydelsefullt liksom trygghet i form av tillit till kamrater och att känna sig trygg där de vistas enligt tonårsflickorna själva.

    Detta kapitel kommer att handla om tonårsflickors hälsa och hur tonårs- flickor själva upplever sin vardag, vilket kommer att belysas med resultat från en forskningsstudie, samt diskuteras utifrån ett genusperspektiv och Känsla av sammanhang (KASAM).

  • 18.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Lidell, Evy
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Awareness of demands and unfairness and the importance of connectedness and security: teenage girls' lived experiences of their everyday lives2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Einberg, Eva-Lena
    et al.
    Halmstad University.
    Lidell, Evy
    Halmstad University.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Awareness of demands and unfairness and the importance of connectednessand security2015In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 10Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Ellertsson, Ann-Sofi
    et al.
    Region Skåne.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Lund University.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Health Among Schoolchildren From the School Nurse’s Perspective2017In: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 33, no 5, p. 337-343Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate Swedish school nurses’ perceptions of schoolchildren’s health. The study is based on two national surveys in which school nurses responded to questions about schoolchildren’s health in 2015 (n = 181) and 2005 (n = 129). A statistical comparison showed that physical and mental health of schoolchildren in high-risk areas was perceived as worse than that of children in low-risk areas. There were no differences regarding the number of spontaneous visits or consulting reasons related to gender in high- and low-risk areas. A national framework for data collection and reporting of schoolchildren’s health may be important for school nurses to demonstrate the need for increased support in, for example, high-risk areas. By paying attention to factors that can affect schoolchildren’s health, school nurses can also direct health promotion to areas where it is needed. Increased cooperation among school health professionals may also prevent illness and improve health.

  • 21.
    Eriksson, T. Gerhard
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment.
    Masche-No, Johanna G.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Psykologi.
    Dåderman, Anna M.
    University West,Trollhättan.
    Personality traits of prisoners as compared to general populations: signs of adjustment to the situation?2017In: Personality and Individual Differences, ISSN 0191-8869, E-ISSN 1873-3549, Vol. 107, no 1, p. 237-245Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two recent studies have challenged the well-established belief that offending behaviors are inversely related to the personality trait of conscientiousness. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore prisoners’ levels of traits according to the Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality compared to control groups, with a focus on conscientiousness. Two separate samples of inmates in Swedish high-security prisons were investigated in three studies. Inmates and non-inmates completed a Swedish-language translation of Goldberg’s (1999) International Personality Item Pool questionnaire (IPIP-NEO, Bäckström, 2007). Male inmates (n = 46) in Studies 1 and 2 scored higher on conscientiousness than non-inmates (norm data based on approximately 800 males, and a students’ sample), which conflicts with previous results. Study 3 further explored the conscientiousness differences on the facet level. Male and female inmates (n = 131) scored higher on order and self-discipline (even after an adjustment for social desirability) than students (n = 136). In conjunction with previous findings, these differences are interpreted as being either temporal or enduring adjustments to the prison environment. It is suggested that researchers and clinical teams should cautiously interpret the FFM factor of conscientiousness (and its facets) when planning the further treatment of inmates.

  • 22.
    Fismen, Anne-Siri
    et al.
    Norge.
    Smith, Otto Robert Frans
    Norge.
    Torsheim, Torbjørn
    Norge.
    Rasmussen, Mette
    Danmark.
    Pedersen Pagh, Trine
    Danmark.
    Augustine, Lilly
    Kristianstad University, School of Education and Environment, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Ojala, Kristiina
    Finland.
    Samdal, Oddrun
    Norge.
    Trends in food habits and their relation to socioeconomic status among Nordic adolescents 2001/2002-2009/20102016In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    In the Nordic countries, substantial policy and intervention efforts have been made to increase adolescents' consumption of fruit and vegetables and to reduce their intake of sweets and soft drinks. Some initiatives have been formulated in a Nordic collaboration and implemented at national level. In recent years, social inequalities in food habits have been attracted particular governmental interest and several initiatives addressing the socioeconomic gradient in food habits have been highlighted. However, few internationally published studies have evaluated how trends in adolescents' food habits develop in the context of Nordic nutrition policy, or have compared differences between the Nordic countries.

    Methods

    The study was based on Danish, Finnish, Norwegian and Swedish cross-sectional data from the international Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children (HBSC) study, collected via three nationally representative and comparable questionnaire surveys in 2001/2002, 2005/2006 and 2009/2010. Food habits were identified by students' consumption of fruit, vegetables, sweets and sugar sweetened soft drink. Socioeconomic status (SES) was measured with the Family Affluence Scale (FAS). Multilevel logistic regression was used to analyze the data.

    Results

    Trends in fruit consumption developed differently across countries, characterized by an increase in Denmark and Norway and more stable trends in Sweden and Finland. Vegetable consumption increased particularly in Denmark and to a lesser extent in Norway, whereas Sweden and Finland displayed stable trends. Decreased trends were observed for sweet and soft drink consumption and were similar in Norway, Sweden and Finland. Sweet consumption decreased across all survey years, whereas soft drink consumption decreased between 2001/2002–2005/2006 and was stable thereafter. Denmark displayed an increase between 2001/2002–2005/2006 followed by a similar decrease between 2005/2006–2009/2010 for both sweet and soft drink consumption. Socioeconomic inequalities in fruit and vegetable consumption were observed in all countries, with no cross-country differences, and no changes over time. Small but not significant cross-country variation was identified for SES inequalities in sweet consumption. Reduced SES inequalities were observed in Sweden between 2005/2006 and 2009/2010. SES was not associated with soft drink consumption in this study population, with the exception of Denmark for the survey year 2009/2010.

    Conclusion

    Different trends resulted in increased country differences in food habits during the time of observations. In survey year 2009/2010, Danish students reported a higher intake of fruit and vegetable consumption than their counterparts in the other Nordic countries. Finnish students reported the lowest frequency of sweets and soft drink consumption. Despite the positive dietary trends documented in the present study, the majority of Nordic adolescents are far from meeting national dietary recommendations. Our findings underline the need for more comprehensive initiatives targeting young people's food habits as well as a more deliberate and focused action to close gaps in social inequalities that affect food choices.

  • 23.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Aktuellt kunskapsläge om spädbarnsmassage: systematisk litteraturöversikt 2006-20112012In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 29-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: Reviewing the scientific literature 2006-2011 on infant massage.

    Background: The study is a follow-up of a literature review of studies on infant massage published 1995-2005, in which it was shown that infant massage has a favorable effect on weight gain, health, sleep and behavioral development in infants and on parental-infant interaction.

    Methods: A computer-aided search utilizing the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Pubmed and CINAHL was conducted in January 2012, the MeSH term «infant massage», limited to clinical controlled trials (CCT) for infants aged 0-23 months, being employed.

    Findings: A total of 29 articles were found, concerning 1670 children altogether who satisfied the inclusion criteria, 18 of the studies concerning preterm infants. Results in five different areas are taken up: weight gain (n=8), analgesia (n=5), health (n=5), behavioral development (n=7) and depression prevention in mothers (4).

    Conclusions: No harmful effects of infant massage were reported. It was found to have positive effects on children's growth, health and behavioral development, and to have beneficial effects on the mothers' psychological well-being when they gave their children massage. It is concluded that parental education in infant massage is a cost-effective and health promoting measure.

  • 24.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    School nurses' Experiences in working with students with mental health problems2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Lund University.
    Sleep and media habits in school children and adolescents2015In: Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy, ISSN 2167-0277Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to investigate the effects of sleep, television use and texting and computer habits on overweight, enjoyment of school and feelings of tiredness at school in school-age children and adolescents. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Sweden on school children aged 6-16. A questionnaire was distributed to the children (n=3011 in survey I; n=204 in survey II). Children who slept less than the median length of time reported enjoying school to a lesser degree. Fewer hours of sleep were found to be associated with having a bedroom television using the television or computer more than 2 hours a day, being tired at school and having difficulties in sleeping and waking up. Overweight and obesity were found in 15.8% of the study population; obesity alone was found in 3.1%. Relationships between lifestyle factors and overweight were studied using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Having a bedroom television and using the television more than 2 hours per day were found to be associated with overweight but using the computer more than 2 hours a day was not. About 61% of the students aged 16 reported checking Facebook or social media at least once a day and 27% reported doing so for more than 10 times a day. One fourth of the students aged 16 had a habit of sending or receiving text messages at night at least once a week. Texting at night and frequent checking of Facebook and social media sites were related to sleep problems.

  • 26.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Sleep, television, texting and computer habits and overweightness in schoolchildren and adolescents2014In: Psychology of habits / [ed] Robin Mazzariello, New York: Nova Science Publications , 2014, p. 29-44Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter provides a synthesis of three earlier published studies (Garmy et al. 2012a; Garmy et al. 2012b; Garmy et al. 2013) (survey I) as well as previously unpublished results from a survey conducted in 2013 among students aged 16 (survey II).

    Objective: The aim was to investigate the effects of sleep, television use and texting and computer habits on overweight, enjoyment of school and feelings of tiredness at school in school-age children and adolescents.

    Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Sweden on schoolchildren aged 6, 7, 10, 14 and 16. A questionnaire which had been satisfactorily tested for validity and reliability was distributed to the children (n=3011 in survey I; n=204 in survey II).

    Results: Children who slept less than the median length of time reported enjoying school to a lesser degree. Fewer hours of sleep were found to be associated with having a bedroom television, using the television or computer more than 2 hours a day, being tired at school, and having difficulties in sleeping and waking up. Overweight and obesity were found in 15.8% of the study population; obesity alone was found in 3.1%. Relationships between lifestyle factors and overweight were studied using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Having a bedroom television and using the television more than 2 hours per day were found to be associated with overweight, but using the computer more than 2 hours a day was not. About 61% of the students aged 16 reported checking Facebook or social media at least once a day, and 27% reported doing so more than 10 times a day. One fourth of the students aged 16 had a habit of sending or receiving text messages at night at least once a week. Texting at night and frequent checking of Facebook and social media sites were related to sleep problems.

    Conclusions: Educating schoolchildren and their parents regarding matters of optimal sleep and how media habits affect sleep, overweight and learning is considered an important task.

  • 27.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Sömn,, SMS och sociala medier hos ungdomar2014In: Psykisk Hälsa, ISSN 0033-3212, Vol. 55, no 4, p. 46-49Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Sömnstörningar hos barn2015In: Skolhälsan, ISSN 0284-284X, no 1, p. 28-29Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Tema sömn: Skolbarns sömnvanor2012In: Barnbladet, ISSN 0349-1994, no 5, p. 20-26Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Tonårssömn: Ungdomars sömn och dygnsrytm2012In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 109, no 1219Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 31.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Utvärdering av DISA2016In: Skolhälsan, p. 11-12Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Utvärdering av DISA: ett skolbaserat program för att förebygga depressiva symtom hos ungdomar2016In: Barnbladet, no 4, p. 32-33Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Andre, Bengt
    Läkemedelsverket.
    Anrsvik Malmberg, Kerstin
    Barn och ungdomspsykiatri Stockholm.
    Gullberg, Ninna
    Läkemedelsverket.
    Hägglöf, Bruno
    Umeå universitet.
    Sömnstörningar hos barn: kunskapsdokument2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett möte med experter på barns sömnproblem genomfördes i februari 2014 varvid detta kunskapsdokument togs fram. Kunskapssammanställningen och rekommendationerna har tagits fram gemensamt av experterna och bygger på konsensus bland deltagarna. Läkemedelsverkets ansvar var att facilitera mötet samt att tillsammans med experterna sammanställa kunskapsdokumentet. Som stöd för kunskapsdokumentet finns bakgrundsdokument som respektive författare ansvarar för. I bakgrundsdokumenten finns, förutom detaljerad information om varje ämnesområde, även referenser. Socialstyrelsen medverkade vid expertmötet, liksom i framtagandet av kunskapsdokumentet. Inför mötet har SBU (2013) identifierat kunskapsluckor inom området, vilka publicerats i SBU:s databas över vetenskapliga kunskapsluckor, se www.sbu.se. En vetenskaplig kunskapslucka innebär att systematiska litteraturöversikter saknas eller att de visar på osäker effekt. Man fann att detta gäller "Melatonin till barn som har flera funktionsnedsättningar och sömnproblem", "Melatonin som behandling av sömnproblem hos barn med adhd" och " Melatonin för i övrigt friska barn med sömnproblem". SBU konstaterade tidigare (2010) att "Effekten av alimemazin vid behandling av sömnbesvär" också är envetenskaplig  kunskapslucka.

  • 34.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II.
    A qualitative study exploring adolescents’ experiences with a school-based mental health program2015In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 15, article id 1074Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Supporting positive mental health development in adolescents is a major public health concern worldwide. Although several school-based programs aimed at preventing depression have been launched, it is crucial to evaluate these programs and to obtain feedback from participating adolescents. This study aimed to explore adolescents’ experiences with a School-based cognitive-behavioral depression prevention program. Methods: Eighty-nine adolescents aged 13–15 years were divided into 12 focus groups. The focus group interviews were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results: Three categories and eight subcategories were found to be related to the experience of the school-based program. The first category, intrapersonal strategies, consisted of the subcategories of directed thinking, improved self-confidence, stress management, and positive activities. The second category, interpersonal awareness, consisted of the subcategories of trusting the group and considering others. The third category, structural constraints, consisted of the subcategories of negative framing and emphasis on performance. Conclusions: The school-based mental health program was perceived as beneficial and meaningful on both individual and group levels, but students expressed a desire for a more health-promoting approach.

  • 35.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Lund University.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Hagell, Peter
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lund University.
    Psychometric analysis of the Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) in adolescents2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 253-259Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) in an adolescent population. Methods: The investigation was performed among Swedish students aged 13–15 years (n = 817; 58% girls). The SHIS was assessed for respondent acceptability, and its psychometric properties were evaluated according to classical test theory (regarding unidimensionality, targeting, reliability, and external construct validity). Results: The adolescents found it easy to complete the questionnaire, which was completed in an average of 4 minutes. Exploratory factor analysis, which is based on polychoric correlations, identified one factor, supporting the instrument’s unidimensionality. Floor/ceiling effects were ⩽ 3.3%. Reliability estimates yielded a Cronbach’s alpha value of 0.93; the test–retest reliability (n = 50; 2-week interval) coefficients were 0.89 for the total SHIS score and 0.52–0.79 for item scores. Spearman correlations with other variables were based on a priori expectations (self-rated general health, 0.595; depressive symptoms, −0.773; anxiety, −0.577; and sleep problems, 0.519). Conclusions: Our observations support both the acceptability and the psychometric properties of the SHIS as a brief, unidimensional assessment tool for salutogenic health in adolescents. Further studies using modern test theory are needed to better understand the measurement properties of the SHIS, including the functioning of its response categories and its comparability between adolescents and adults.

  • 36.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Lunds universitet.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Hagell, Peter
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lunds universitet.
    Salutogent frågeformulär för ungdomar2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Våra observationer stöder både acceptansen och de psykometriska egenskaperna för SHIS som ett kort, en-dimensionellt frågeformulär för att mäta salutogen hälsa hos ungdomar.

  • 37.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Att leda ett skolbaserat program för att förebygga depressiva symptom hos ungdomar: DISA-ledares erfarenheter2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Supporting positive mental health development in adolescents with a group cognitive intervention2014In: British Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1752-2803, E-ISSN 2052-2827, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 24-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Supporting positive mental health development in adolescents is an important school health concern, but there is a need to investigate the suitability of the interventions used.

    Aim: The aim is to investigate the experiences of school health professionals in conducting a universal school-based programme aimed at preventing depressive symptoms in adolescents.

    Methods: Twenty-two school health professionals participated in four focus groups. The interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    Findings: The overall theme identified in the study consists of 'striking a balance between strictly following the manual and meeting the students' needs'. Three subthemes emerged: 'doing good and sowing seeds for the future', working with insufficient tools, and 'personal development as a professional and as an individual'.

    Conclusions: School health professionals conducting the programme found it valuable in a school setting, but considered support from the school administration essential.

  • 39.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Att förebygga psykisk ohälsa i skolan: utvärdering av DISA2017In: Barnsliga sammanhang: forskning om barns ochungdomars hälsa, välbefinnandeoch delaktighet / [ed] Bo Nilsson & Eva Clausson, Kristianstad: Kristianstad University Press , 2017, 5, p. 111-121Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolan är en värdefull arena för hälsofrämjande arbete enligt såväl gällande skollag som vägledningsdokument för elevhälsan. På många skolor har livskunskap införts på schemat som ett led i det hälsofrämjande arbetet. De senaste decenniernas rapporter om ökande självrapporterad psykisk ohälsa har även lett till lansering av ett flertal manualbaserade (standardiserade) program med syfte att minska utåtagerande beteende, eller för att förebygga stress, depressiva symtom och ångest. Din Inre Styrka Aktiveras (DISA) är ett skolbaserat program som används frekvent på svenska högstadieskolor, framför allt för flickor, men även för pojkar. En utvärdering av DISA är genomförd i form av en doktorsavhandling (Garmy, 2016). I detta kapitel presenteras en sammanfattningav denna undersökning.

  • 40.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    DISA: ett skolbaserat program som förebygger depressiva symtom hos ungdomar2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    DISA – ett skolbaserat program som förebygger depressiva symtom hos ungdomar

    Pernilla Garmya,b, Eva K Claussona, Agneta Berga, Katarina Steen Carlsson b, och Ulf Jakobsson b

    a Fakulteten för Hälsovetenskaper, Högskolan Kristianstad

    b Medicinska fakulteten, Lunds universitet

    Kontakt: pernilla.garmy@hkr.se

    Vad är DISA?

    DISA är ett skolbaserat program som bygger på tekniker hämtade från kognitiv beteendeterapi, och leds av skolsköterskor, kuratorer och lärare. Programmet ges under skoltid, vid ett tillfälle á 2 timmar i veckan under 10 veckor i årskurs 8.

     

    Fungerar DISA?

    Syftet var att undersöka användbarheten och kostnadseffektiviteten av det skolbaserade programmet DISA vas mål är att förebygga stress och depressiva symtom hos ungdomar.

     

    Hur genomfördes studien?

    Deltagande eleverna gick i årskurs 8 (medianålder: 14 år). 462 elever deltog i DISA (79% flickor) och 486 elever gick i jämförelseskolor och deltog därför inte i DISA (46% flickor). Eleverna besvarade enkäter om sin självskattade hälsa vid start och avslut av DISA, samt efter ett år. Eleverna i jämförelseskolorna besvarade enkäter vid samma intervaller.

     

    Resultat:

    Självskattade depressiva symtom minskade och den självskattade hälsan ökade hos de elever som deltagit i DISA i signifikant större utsträckning än hos de som inte deltagit i DISA.

     

    Slutsats:

    Resultatet tyder på att DISA minskar depressiva symtom och stärker ungdomars självskattade hälsa. Kostnaden är låg i förhållande till dess effekt, vilket indikerar att DISA kan anses vara kostnadseffektivt.

    Referens:

    Garmy, P., Clausson, EK., Berg, A., Steen Carlsson K., Jakobsson, U. (2017) Evaluation of a school-based cognitive behavioral depression prevention program. Scand J Public Health. doi: 10.1177/1403494817746537. [Epub ahead of print]

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29226799

  • 41.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    För lite sömn och lång skärmtid har samband med övervikt hos skolbarn2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    För lite sömn och lång skärmtid har samband med övervikt hos skolbarn

    Pernilla Garmya,b, Eva K Claussona, Per Nyberg b, och Ulf Jakobsson b

    a Fakulteten för Hälsovetenskaper, Högskolan Kristianstad

    b Medicinska fakulteten, Lunds universitet

     

    Kontakt: pernilla.garmy@hkr.se

     

    Syfte: I studien undersöktes sömn, tv och datorvanor, och övervikt hos elever i årskurs 4.

    Metod: I denna tvärsnittsstudie besvarade 1260 tio-åriga skolbarn en enkät som sömn och medievanor i samband med hälsosamtalet hos skolsköterskan i årskurs 4. I samband med detta besök vägdes och mättes även 1097 av barnen. Beskrivande och analytisk statistik användes.

    Resultat:

    • I genomsnitt sov barnen 9½ timma på skolnätter.
    • Ungefär 40 % av barnen rapporterade att de sov mindre än 9 timmar per natt.
    • I genomsnitt gick barnen och lade sig klockan 21:00 på vardagkvällar, och en timma senare på helgen.
    • I genomsnitt tillbringade barnen 1 timma vid tv:n och 1 timma vid datorn varje dag.
    • Förekomsten av övervikt (inklusive fetma) var 18%.
    • Rekommendationen för skolbarn är att sova minst 9 timmar per natt, och kortare sömn än 9 timmar på skolnätter var associerat med övervikt, och skärmtid mer än 2 timmar per dag, samt sömnsvårigheter och trötthet i skolan.

    Slutsats: Skolbarn som får för lite sömn har större risk för att ha en övervikt och att spendera mycket tid framför tv och dator. Skolsköterskor har en viktig uppgift att lyfta betydelsen av sunda sömnvanor och rimliga skärmvanor.

     

    Referens:

    Garmy, P., Clausson EK., Nyberg P., Jakobsson U. (2018) Insufficient Sleep is Associated with Obesity and Excessive Screen time Amongst Ten-year-old Children in Sweden. Journal of Pediatric Nursing. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2017.11.009.

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29157744

  • 42.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Bra att unga lär sig mer om depression: debattartikel2015In: Svenska Dagbladet, ISSN 1101-2412, article id 150922Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Steen Carlsson, Katarina
    Lund University.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lund University.
    Evaluation of a school-based cognitive-behavioral depression prevention program2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and cost-utility of a school-based cognitive-behavioral (CB) depression prevention program.

    METHODS: A quasi-experimental trial with an intervention group and a control group, with follow-up measurements obtained at three and 12 months after baseline, was conducted. The setting was six Swedish municipalities. The participants were students in grade 8 (median age: 14). A total of 462 students (79% girls) were allocated to the school-based CB prevention program, and 486 students (46% girls) were allocated to the control group. The school-based CB prevention program, Depression in Swedish Adolescents (DISA), was presented by school health service staff and teachers once per week for 10 weeks.

    RESULTS: The main outcome measures were self-reported depressive symptoms and self-rated health; the secondary outcome measures were adherence and cost-utility. The intervention group decreased their self-reported depressive symptoms (as measured by the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale) and improved their self-rated health (as measured by the visual analog scale) at the 12-month follow-up more than the control group ( p < .05).

    CONCLUSIONS: Given the challenges of conducting a study in a complex, everyday school setting with baseline differences between the intervention and control group, it is difficult to make accurate interpretations of the effectiveness of the intervention. However, with these limitations in mind, the results indicate that the DISA program is a feasible school-based prevention program.

  • 44.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna.
    Hagell, Peter
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Environment PRO-CARE, Patient Reported Outcomes - Clinical Assessment Research and Education. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Sjuksköterskeutbildningarna. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lunds universitet.
    Psychometric Analysis of the Salutogenic Health Indicator Scale (SHIS) in Adolescents2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Nyberg, Per
    Lund University.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lund University.
    Overweight and television and computer habits in Swedish school-age children and adolescents: a cross-sectional study2014In: Nursing and Health Sciences, ISSN 1441-0745, E-ISSN 1442-2018, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 143-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents (6-16 years), and relationships between being overweight and sleep, experiencing of fatigue, enjoyment of school, and time spent in watching television and in sitting at the computer. Trained school nurses measured the weight and height of 2891 children aged 6, 7, 10, 14, and 16, and distributed a questionnaire to them regarding television and computer habits, sleep, and enjoyment of school. Overweight, obesity included, was present in 16.1% of the study population. Relationships between lifestyle factors and overweight were studied using multivariate logistic regression analysis. Having a bedroom television and spending more than 2 h a day watching television were found to be associated with overweight (OR 1.26 and 1.55 respectively). No association was found between overweight and time spent at the computer, short sleep duration, enjoyment of school, tiredness at school, or difficulties in sleeping and waking up. It is recommended that the school health service discuss with pupils their media habits so as to promote their maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

  • 46.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Clausson, Eva
    Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Nyberg, Per
    Lund University.
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lund University.
    Insufficient sleep is associated with obesity and excessive screen time amongst ten-year-old children in Sweden2018In: Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, ISSN 0882-5963, E-ISSN 1532-8449, Vol. 39Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: This study investigated sleep, television, computer habits, and obesity in school-age children.

    DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional self-report survey of 1260 children in grade 4 (mean age, 10.1) living in southern Sweden (49.1% boys). The heights and weights of 1097 (87.1%) of the children were recorded. Descriptive statistics, bivariate analyses, and multiple logistic regression were employed.

    RESULTS: The median length of self-reported sleep on weeknights was 9.5h. Approximately 40% of the children reported receiving <9h of sleep. The median bedtime was 9PM (21:00). On weekends, the median bedtime was 1 h later, and they delayed getting up by 1.5h. The median time spent watching TV and using a computer was 1 h each. The prevalence of being overweight (including obesity) was 18%. Insufficient sleep (<9h) was associated with being overweight, watching TV, or using a computer for two or more hours each day, difficulty falling asleep, and being tired at school.

    CONCLUSIONS: School-age children who receive less sleep are more likely to be overweight and report excessive television and computer use. A strong and urgent need exists to highlight the importance of healthy sleep and media habits. It is challenging for pediatric nurses and school nurses to teach children and their families about healthy sleep and media habits.

  • 47.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Jakobsson, Liselotte
    Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health. Kristianstad University, Faculty of Health Science, Avdelningen för sjuksköterskeutbildningarna och integrerad hälsovetenskap.
    Experiences of cancer rehabilitation: a cross-sectional study2018In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 27, no 9-10, p. 2014-2021Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cancer rehabilitation experiences of working-age cancer survivors.

    BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors have extremely complex needs, spanning physical, vocational, and sexual domains. Although cancer rehabilitation services have been found to eliminate or reduce these strains, these services are often underutilized.

    DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was employed.

    METHODS: A survey of persons over the age of 18 with a cancer diagnosis, enrolled in the Social Insurance Agency in a municipality in southern Sweden (n =168, 68% women) was conducted.

    RESULTS: Patients who used the cancer rehabilitation service (57%) were generally satisfied with it. Of participants, 26% reported not having received an offer of rehabilitation. Of those who reported that they received information about cancer rehabilitation services, most also reported that they received this information from a healthcare service professional (69%): for example, from the oncology nurse or the oncologist, whereas 20% claimed they received the information from the administrator of the Swedish Social Insurance Agency. A minority of children and family members of patients received support from the healthcare system.

    CONCLUSIONS: More efforts should be taken to reach patients in need of cancer rehabilitation. Additionally, more attention should be directed toward family members and young children.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: More than one in four patients claimed to not have received an offer of cancer rehabilitation, and an even greater number of patients claimed that their spouses and children had never received an offer for this service either. Hence, there is a communication barrier that needs to be overcome. Health providers should be aware that information needs to be repeated several times, and presented both orally and in writing. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

    The full text will be freely available from 2019-03-31 14:03
  • 48.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lunds universitet.
    Steen Carlsson, Katarina
    Lunds universitet.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO). Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Att förebygga depressiva symptom hos ungdomar: en pilotstudie2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Lunds universitet.
    Steen Carlsson, Katarina
    Lunds universitet.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Forskningsplattformen Hälsa i samverkan.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Att förebygga depressiva symtom hos ungdomar: en pilotstudie2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Att främja välmående och psykisk hälsa hos barn och ungdomar är en viktig uppgift för samhället. Psykisk ohälsa, t ex depression och ångest, innebär en försämrad livskvalitet som kan försvåra barnets kognitiva, sociala och känslomässiga funktioner. Att främja en positiv utveckling och förebygga barns och ungas psykiska ohälsa innebär både ett minskat individuellt lidande och minskade samhällskostnader. Förutsättningen är dock att förebyggande åtgärder är effektiva ur såväl hälsomässiga som ekonomiska perspektiv.

    Syfte: Att utvärdera det skolbaserade programmet Disa som syftar till att förebygga depressiva symptom hos ungdomar.

    Metod:

    Studien, som har en kvasiexperimentell design, inkluderade pre-test, post-test och ett-års-uppföljning samt en illustrativ beräkning av interventionens implementeringskostnader. I studien deltog 62 elever i årskurs 8, samt 7 Disa-ledare.

     

    Resultat: En majoritet av eleverna och samtliga ledare var nöjda med interventionen. Eleverna, både flickorna och pojkarna, skattade sina depressiva symtom signifikant lägre efter kursen, och för flickorna bestod denna effekt vid ett-års-uppföljningen. Implementeringskostnaderna för de första två åren var cirka 2000 kr per elev.

    Slutsats: Positiva resultat av det skolbaserade programmet Disa påvisades, särskilt för flickor. Flera elever tyckte att de fått ett nytt sätt att tänka, och att stämningen förbättrades i klassen.  

     

    Svar på frågan “Vad tyckte du om Disa-kursen?”

    ”Mycket bra! Bättre stämning i klassen efter det! Mysigt!” – Flicka

    ”Helt okej, märkte ingen skillnad efter. Mådde i och för sig inte dåligt innan heller.” – Flicka

    ”Den har varit bra, man har fått ett nytt sätt att tänka på.” – Flicka

    ”Intressant och gav perspektiv” – Pojke

    ”Tråkigt” - Pojke

     

    ”Bra att få tips hur man kan undvika negativa tankar snabbt!” – Pojke

  • 50.
    Garmy, Pernilla
    et al.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Jakobsson, Ulf
    Center for Primary Health Care Research, Faculty of Medicine, Lund University.
    Steen Carlsson, Katarina
    Lund University.
    Berg, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Platform for Collaboration for Health.
    Clausson, Eva K.
    Kristianstad University, School of Health and Society, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap II. Kristianstad University, Research Environment Children's and Young People's Health in Social Context (CYPHiSCO).
    Evaluation of a school-based program aimed at preventing depressive symptoms in adolescents2015In: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 117-125Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the implementation of a universal school-based cognitive behavioral program whose target is to prevent depressive symptoms in adolescents. The study had a quasi-experimental design with pretest, posttest, and a 1-year follow-up and provides an illustrative calculation for the implementation costs of the intervention. Sixty-two students (aged 14) and seven tutors participated. A majority of the students and all of the tutors were satisfied with the intervention. The students, both females and males, rated their depressed symptoms as significantly lower after the course; and for the females, this was maintained 1-year postintervention. The implementation costs for the initial 2 years were about US$300 per student. Positive effects of a universal school-based cognitive behavioral intervention aiming at preventing depressive symptoms in adolescents were found, especially among females.

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