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  • 1.
    Berggren, Vanja
    et al.
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Sektionen för hälsa och samhälle, Avdelningen för Hälsovetenskap. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön PRO-CARE. Högskolan Kristianstad, Forskningsmiljön Mat, måltid, hälsa i 24-timmarsperspektivet.
    Gottvall, Karin
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Global Health (IHCAR), Karolinska Institute.
    Isman, Elisabeth
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Global Health (IHCAR), Karolinska Institute.
    Bergström, Staffan
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Division of Global Health (IHCAR), Karolinska Institute.
    Ekéus, Cecilia
    Department of Women's and Children's Health, Division of Reproductive Health, Karolinska Institute.
    Infibulated women have an increased risk of anal sphincter tears at delivery: a population-based Swedish register study of 250 000 births2013Inngår i: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 92, nr 1, s. 101-108Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To investigate the risk for anal sphincter tears (AST) in infibulated women. Design. Population-based cohort study. Setting. Nationwide study in Sweden. Population. The study population included 250 491 primiparous women with a vaginal singleton birth at 37–41 completed gestational weeks during 1999–2008. We only included women born in Sweden and in Africa. The African women were categorized into three groups; a Somalian-group, n = 929, where over 95% are infibulated; the Eritrea-Ethiopia-Sudan-group, n = 955, where the majority is infibulated, compared to other African countries, n = 1035, where few individuals are infibulated, but had otherwise similar anthropometric characteristics. These women were compared to 247 572 Swedish-born women. Methods. Register study with data from the National Medical Birth Registry. Main outcome measures. AST in non-instrumental and instrumental vaginal delivery. Results. Compared to Swedish-born women, women from Somalia had the highest odds ratio for AST in all vaginal deliveries: 2.72 (95% CI 2.08–3.54), followed by women from Eritrea-Ethiophia-Sudan 1.80 (1.41–2.32) and other African countries 1.23 (0.89–1.53) after adjustment for major risk factors. Mediolateral episiotomy was associated with a reduced risk of AST in instrumental deliveries. Conclusion. Delivering African women from countries where infibulation is common have an increased risk of AST compared with Swedish-born women, despite delivering in a highly technical quality healthcare setting. AST can cause anal incontinence and it is important to investigate risk factors for this and try to improve clinical routines during delivery to reduce the incidence of this complication.

  • 2.
    Ny, Pernilla
    et al.
    Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University.
    Dykes, Anna-Karin
    Molin, Johan
    Dejin-Karlsson, Elisabeth
    Utilisation of antenatal care by country of birth in a multi-ethnic population: a four-year community-based study in Malmö, Sweden2007Inngår i: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 86, nr 7, s. 805-813Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in use of antenatal care in a multi-ethnic population in Malmö, Sweden, over a 4-year period. Age, parity, cohabiting status, use of an interpreter, and tobacco-use were examined to assess the potential effects of confounding factors. Methods. A 4-year (2000–2003) retrospective community-based register study was performed. Low-risk singleton pregnancies (n = 5,373) registered for antenatal care at 5 municipal clinics and at the delivery ward at Malmö University Hospital were included, and divided into 6 subgroups by country of origin. The odds for utilisation of antenatal care were analysed by means of logistic regression. Results. Significantly increased odds of lower utilisation of planned antenatal care were found among some groups of foreign-born women. Women born in Eastern and Southern Europe, Iraq and Lebanon, and Asia had fewer antenatal visits than recommended, and all foreign-born women (except for women born in Iraq and Lebanon, and South and Central America) had a late first visit compared to Swedish-born women. Foreign-born women had, in general, fewer unplanned visits to a physician at the delivery ward, but women originating from Asia, Iraq and Lebanon, and Africa had higher utilisation visits to midwives at the delivery ward compared to Swedish-born women. Conclusions. Foreign-born women had lower utilisation of planned antenatal care. Approximately 50% of women had higher utilisation of care, by making unplanned visits to the delivery ward. This puts strain on both economical as well as staff resources. The delivery clinic at the hospital level is not intended to handle routine visits, and, moreover, some of these women do not receive the full benefits of planned routine antenatal care.

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